Learn to Write a Nonfiction Book Proposal That Sells | Jennifer Keishin Armstrong | Skillshare

Learn to Write a Nonfiction Book Proposal That Sells

Jennifer Keishin Armstrong, Writer @ Entertainment Weekly, BBC Culture + more

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6 Lessons (35m)
    • 1. Why Book Proposals?

      4:42
    • 2. Focusing Your Idea ... in Words

      7:58
    • 3. Marketing Yourself and Your Work

      5:44
    • 4. Selling Your Idea

      7:45
    • 5. Tackling the Heavy Writing

      5:37
    • 6. Approaching an Agent

      2:56

About This Class

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Want to sell your nonfiction book -- you know, for actual money! -- BEFORE you spend years slaving over the manuscript? Then this class is for you. If you have a great idea for a memoir, how-to, history, or other kind of based-on-truth book, here's where you can learn how to develop and shape that concept into a proposal that gets you a literary agent ... and a book deal. Writers who want to take their careers to the next level, complete with publishers and advances, can take the first step here. We'll cover how to break your idea down to its salable bites, sell your own credentials, put together a marketing plan, and write your all-important sample chapters. 

Students will write their 300-word introduction in this class and get valuable peer feedback on this most critical part of the entire proposal -- the part that gets potential agents and editors to keep reading. Get your motivation jump-started, and get going on that long-gestating book idea today. 

Transcripts

1. Why Book Proposals?: - Hi, - My name is Jennifer Cation Armstrong, - and this is my skill share class about how to write a book proposal. - I myself have sold three books on proposal and wanted to tell you a little bit about why - you'd want to do that instead of writing the whole thing and then submitting it to agents - or publishers. - Mainly, - the reason is money, - and that's why we're all here. - You want to be able to have resource is to go out and do your research and eventually then - write the book while at least you have some of your advance on hand so that you can live - and eat, - which is every writer's dream. - So it's much better than the situation with novels where you have to write the whole thing - before you can even sent that to people. - But this means you have to be able to sell your idea from the start without showing people - the whole wonderful finished product. - Obviously, - it's gonna be wonderful. - You have to show them ahead of time, - but it's gonna be wonderful. - So that's why we're here today, - and the first step in doing this is that you need to figure out your idea. - Presumably you have at least a basic concept of what you might want to write about. - But here we're talking about really making sure you sell it and sell it in the first page - of the proposal because they're not gonna keep reading if they don't like what they see in - the beginning. - So before you even write one word, - you need to figure out exactly what your idea is and what makes it special. - So first, - obviously, - you're gonna want to figure out where your book fits in the nonfiction world. - First, - really, - In a basic way, - Which is, - Isn't it more? - Is it how to is it history? - Is it something else altogether? - So first, - figure that part out. - And that's pretty easy, - because if you're talking about your own life and telling a story, - that's memoir. - If you're doing more of a step by step, - how you could do something, - how to improve your life. - Those are very popular, - that sort of thing because you're an expert in something, - then it's a how to book, - and you might be doing more of a history or journalism thing, - which is what I dio and that could mean that you're gonna go out and talk to a lot of - people to report on a trend or a specific phenomenon or a social movement or more of - historical kind of peace, - where you're gonna be piecing together what happened in the past and telling a story about - that so that that's the first step. - And then that'll be pretty clear. - Probably once you have a good idea of what you even want to read back then you want to look - at similar books that are out there, - ready to yours? - Of course, - yours is very, - very special. - But you know that there's gonna be some books out there that are kind of comparable. - When I was first researching my proposal for a book about the Mary Tyler Moore Show, - I looked at books like Peter Biscuit Tins, - Easy Riders, - Raging Bulls because that was about movie making. - In the 19 seventies, - I looked at this wonderful book about the making of breakfast at Tiffany is called Fifth - Avenue 5 a.m. And those were kind of my templates from the beginning to the end, - uh, - both in the proposal process and even in the writing process, - Boat right now just worry about the proposal process. - Get a few of those books were a way read them. - Figure out how yours fits in with them and also how yours is different from them. - Obviously, - in my case, - the subject matter is very different, - so that wasn't too hard. - But in other cases, - maybe you'll get a bunch of books about modern dating because that's what you want to write - about. - But you want to figure out how your book fits into that and is different and offer - something new and unique. - So that's really gonna help you to figure out things like where you fit in the marketplace - when you have to write your marketing plan later and even how you sell yourself. - So right now think about that and think about what makes your idea stand out from all other - ideas that are already out there and you'll start having a good idea of where you want to - go in the first pages of the proposal. - So next we're gonna talk about how to do that. - How to tackle those first couple of pages when you really have to sell the book 2. Focusing Your Idea ... in Words: - Hi, - I'm Jennifer. - Occasion Armstrong. - Welcome to the second part of my skill share class about how to write a book proposal. - So we talked a little bit in the first segment about figuring out what your idea is. - But here we're gonna really talk about focusing your idea in words, - which really is the part that is important here. - So one way that people often think about this is what they call an elevator pitch. - So if you think about what you would tell a person a very important person who you want to - impress, - who you met in an elevator, - you only have whatever 30 seconds, - maybe a minute tops to tell them what you would tell them about your book idea. - Because this would be the thing that would get them the most excited and want to give you - hundreds of thousands of dollars right away to start working on this. - So that's what you want to think about. - You have your potential publisher or agent in an elevator. - You have 30 seconds. - What would you tell them about your particular project? - That's what you want to think about here. - You want to make it the most exciting, - the most interesting, - the freshest, - the newest, - the best. - Sometimes people think of this also in those quintessential movie pitch terms, - but it often works where you say this is like X meets y. - So you could say, - You know, - this is like e pray Love meets the Gilmore Girls, - which would be a great way to describe a memoir project of some kind. - So think about those terms as well. - Even though it's a little bit cheesy, - it can often help people understand what you're talking about, - what your vision is. - And, - of course, - I highly recommend using Onley bestsellers and big successes in those pitches because you - do not, - as much as it might be like a wonderful but failed project. - That is not a thing you want to invoke. - You can't do a big song and dance about Well, - my mind would be better. - And here's why. - Are you know, - minds gonna be more successful in? - Here's why. - The minute you start comparing it to things that are failed, - you are doomed. - So never ever do that. - But if you can think of giant blockbusters that you can compare it to and contrasted to, - that would be fantastic. - So that's another way to think about it. - If you've got a title in mind, - that catchy title that would really help if you've got a good one. - You know, - I'm imagining the author of Wyman Love Bitches. - If you had that from the beginning, - that's a how to book about dating. - Uh, - I will refrained from commentary. - Besides, - say, - Wow, - that's a great title. - You get it, - you understand it. - It's catchy. - You can see it on the bookshelf. - You can see why people would pick it up. - So if you have a title like that, - that's great. - Sometimes you don't. - I know that for almost. - I think all of my projects I didn't really have a title to begin with to start out with, - and we figured it out over time. - So it's not always necessary. - But if you've got to catch you one, - that's fantastic. - Go with that. - Um, - the main thing to think about and I cannot emphasize this enough, - and I'm also very surprised when I see clients come to me for editing work on their but - proposals who don't do this. - Um, - you must leave with the most interesting part. - First period I think what it is is that people it's really hard for people who are excited - about an idea and all of its multiple layers and nuances to really boil it down. - You can end up wanting to tell people about all of the little in announcing its like, - Well, - it's subtle. - And it's this, - but it's, - you know, - you don't People often resist what I was talking about before saying, - It's eat, - pray. - Love means to Gilmore Girls, - you know, - they want to say no, - but mine is so much deeper than that. - And it's not just a big blockbuster, - but this is the beginning stages. - You just started talking about this book. - You're not gonna be talking about it for very long if you do not hook people right away. - So you really if this means you have to go and talk to a couple of your friends about this - idea and ask them what is actually the most interesting part of this, - get them to tell you get some feedback that can really help because if you're selling, - say, - a personal journey of redemption that tell us that right away you don't need to get into - all the nitty gritty details. - That's the stuff people like. - You want a hint on that kind of archetypal big idea part of it first, - and then you can tell us all the subtleties later. - The main thing is, - and this is the part that really a lot of us writers resist because we are artists and we - don't like this, - but you have to think like a marketer. - And I know this is hard in these beginning stages especially. - And this is where you know, - I'm sometimes envious of novelists because they can just wallow in their art from the very - beginning and then later worry about the marketing part, - whereas this for us, - we actually have to think about it beforehand. - That's why people give us money beforehand. - So you have to remember you're asking people to give you money. - Hopefully, - a lot of money. - The more money, - the better. - As far as you're concerned, - I'm sure that means you have to market this thing. - That's what this is about. - You are, - in fact selling out, - so you need to just deal with that right away. - To some extent you are. - Hopefully you're not selling out your values. - Your just, - you know, - selling your work. - And you have to think of it this way from the very start. - So think like a marketer. - I know it's hard. - I know it's a key. - You just have to do it. - Um, - one of the things that's really effective for me as a writer is that I'm pretty good mimic - in terms of looking at another voice in reading and kind of imitating that. - And I think a lot of us are usually pretty good at that. - If you're good at reading. - So look at the back of books. - Go back to those books that you picked out in the beginning that are similar to yours and - see how they're marketing. - Copy was written on the back of the book and kind of mimic that. - So you're going to get a little more of that, - Possess a little more of that Mercury is that we might resist a little bit, - but you're gonna be painting it in pretty broad strokes that get people's attention. - The sexiest parts. - That's what you wanna be fixed on right now. - So if you have to, - you kind of put yourself in another mind and another body think, - How would a marketer market my book and think that way? - That will really help. - And in fact, - this is basically what you're gonna do for your project. - For this class, - you're gonna write a 300 word or so quick hits intro to your book proposal, - which is essentially very similar to what you would see on the back of a book or also in - the catalog copy that the publisher would eventually use to describe your book to potential - book buyers. - So think that way. - Um, - this is we're gonna make big promises for the book. - Hopefully, - big promises you can keep, - Don't you know, - hype it too much in a way that makes you think in this book, - really hear all of this stuff, - but salad as much as you can, - so keep it realistic, - keep it believable, - but sell the big parts sell benefits. - That's what people are looking for when they're looking to first take you on as a client. - If they're an agent and also later give you the big bucks for your book proposal if they - are a publisher, - so next we're going to talk about kind of a little more of the meat of the proposal, - the marketing and selling of yourself 3. Marketing Yourself and Your Work: - Hi, - I'm Jennifer Cation Armstrong. - And this is part three of my skill share class about how to write a book proposal. - So next we're gonna talk a little bit about view. - We're gonna talk a little bit about the author, - and that is you in this case. - So there will be a section in your book proposal called Something Like about the author, - and this is where you're gonna have to sell yourself a little bit. - And if you were not already very uncomfortable with the whole selling part in the first - part, - you're gonna be even probably more uncomfortable with us. - I know, - but it's another skill that we have to kind of learn as writers, - even though we tend to be introverted at not loving the part where we have to sell - ourselves off. - Luckily, - this part will not be too long. - Just maybe a page or two. - No worries, - no big deal. - Don't stress. - This is again where you can kind of try to diss, - embody yourself a little bit and think of yourself from the outside and think what is cool - about me can actually be a really fun ego boosting exercise. - Hopefully and think about what you bring to the project. - Why do you want to do it? - What is the passionate connection you have to the project? - Why should they let you do this is essentially what you're looking for. - So if you have personal experience with the topic, - of course you should lead with that and build up much as is reasonable and accurate. - So especially if you're selling more of a more based project. - This is where you're really gonna talk about your own personal story and history with this - topic and sell the drama. - Sell the conflict. - You know, - if this has to do with your troubled childhood, - this is your chance to finally get something good out of that and sell that part and, - you know, - go with it. - If you're an expert in the topic at hand, - if you have a lot of professional experience with it, - please, - by all means build that up. - Mention it as much as possible. - If you also have great reading experience. - This is where you'll talk about that as well. - So this is real. - See those long lists of you know her work has also been published in X y and Z major - publications. - Whatever you've got, - bring it here. - You can also do things like include usually links at this point to your work. - You know electronic links. - If you have actual clippings of your work, - you might want toe. - Include that as well, - whatever you've got. - If it's relevant if if what you have published in the past bears a connection to what you - want to write here, - shows off your style a little bit. - Shows off your expertise a little bit, - shows off your credibility. - You can mention it here. - You can include some way of the person actually getting the work and reading it. - If you've been on television and talked about the subject, - that could be great to include as well if you've got maybe links to some video online, - something like that. - So anything that's really gonna sell you as your own entity as an author as a credible - source, - as someone they can send out to talk about this thing once it is completed, - and as someone who has a base of maybe already followers, - that's another thing you want. - Sell if you've got it. - If you've got big followings on Facebook or Twitter, - you convention that any of those things that kind of show, - why someone wants to let you write a book on this topic and why they should think that they - might actually make their money back. - That's ultimately what they're looking for. - So the more you can sell yourself as that person that better. - You want to show some personality within reason. - You know you don't want to go too crazy, - but you wanted to find a match. - The tone of the overall project. - If it is a serious work, - you want to be serious. - It's funny. - Feel free to be a little bit funny and whimsical. - You know, - show kind of the arc of your life show interesting little things about you that might be - relevant later when they're trying. - Teoh sell media on interviewing you, - so anything like that is great if you're in a band, - even if it's not that great. - But you're writing about music or pop culture, - you convention that, - you know, - if you have a couple of little hobbies here and there that are really interesting you - convention. - Those look at some other author bios again. - Go back to those books that you picked out beginning that are similar to yours, - and you can look at how those authors present themselves and present yourself. - Similarly, - though, - this might be a little bit longer than the ones that end up on the back of book. - Once again, - you can always go back to those that whenever in doubt, - I say Always look back to your original models for this book, - and the other thing that comes up is whether you should read it in First person or third. - I tend to write mine. - And third, - I think that might go to the whole idea of kind of diss embodying yourself from it. - Looking at yourself from an outside perspective, - it can allow you to essentially brag a little bit more comfortably. - It's a strange effect, - but see which one feels more comfortable to you. - I tend to like third person, - even though under normal circumstances, - I do not like talking about myself in third person. - So those are all things to consider. - As with everything else in this book proposal, - lead with the best staff, - give it all you've got. - Next, - we will be talking about the marketing section of the proposal 4. Selling Your Idea: - Hi, - I'm Jennifer Cation Armstrong. - Welcome, - Teoh. - The fourth part of my skill share class. - How to write a book proposal? - This section. - We will talk a little bit about the marking section of your proposal. - So believe it or not, - we haven't gotten there yet. - I know we've been talking a lot about marketing, - but now comes the actual section. - And actually, - usually it's a couple sections of the proposal that have to do with marketing because once - again, - this is all about selling. - I know it's depressing, - but it's true. - So you want to think first about your place in the market, - which we talked a little bit about in the beginning when we were looking at books that are - similar to yours. - You actually kind of view these as the competition in this case, - once you start reading the proposal, - which sounds kind of silly, - I know. - But really, - what you're doing is you're placing yourself in the market within these books, - so they're trying to actually envision this book on the same shelf with these other books - and seeing where it fits it. - So think of it that way. - And there usually is a section called something like about the competition, - and this is where you're going to pick what is known in industry parlance as your cops or a - guess that could be sure for either competition or comparison titles. - That's really what it's supposed to be. - So think long and hard about the use. - Like I said, - never pick anything that didn't sell extremely well because that will be the first thing - they do. - They're going to look up sales numbers, - which you do not have access Teoh, - unless you have some special position or powers that I don't have. - Because most people have Teoh be subscribed to both scam numbers in order to get them, - and it usually costs a lot of money. - So you have to kind of guess usually, - if something has been a bestseller, - it is labeled as such for it quickly. - They were happy to tell you that once it's actually true, - so make sure you just stick with things that clearly did pretty well have been labeled - bestsellers that sort of thing. - You also want titles that have come out in the last five years or so because, - you know, - nobody wants to hear about a book that syllable 20 years ago doesn't matter. - And for the markets completely different. - So, - believe it or not, - you do actually want there to be similar books out there to yours. - Not exactly the same, - but similar. - Because while it seems like you'd want the freshest, - newest, - greatest craziest idea ever, - it turns out that really you don't because they want to have some indication that there is - an interest in the market to begin with. - I have come up with ideas in the past that my agent has said like, - Well, - yeah, - that's a nice idea, - But you know, - this certain segment of the audience doesn't tend to buy books, - and that's why their books on it. - So if you notice there's no books on the topic at all, - like nothing anywhere near what you're trying to do, - just be cautious and try to figure out some way to fit years into a place where there have - been some books selling in the last five years or so. - I mean, - to whatever degree of books have been selling in the last five years, - that's a different topic, - but that will be one part where you'll actually basically you have to do a little tiny - paragraph. - Long or so book reports on 3 to 5 of thes comp titles, - and usually what you'll do is you'll summarize this idea behind each book quickly, - and then you'll write a sentence or two about how yours is similar and how yours is - different. - So, - you know, - mine was pretty easy, - because I was able to just say, - My book will also show behind the scenes drama at the making of a television show similar - to how easy writers raging Bulls took us behind the scenes of several popular movies of the - seventies. - But mine will be about a TV show called Mary Tyler Moore Show, - so that's pretty easy. - But in other cases, - you may be, - you know, - kind of suddenly position. - You're positioning yourself against these other ones. - So, - you know, - you might say I have a more optimistic take on the dating scene than Wyman Loaf itches or - something like that. - So think about that when you're first picking out your model books and as you go forward, - then you're also gonna do a section that is about publicity plans, - which I know again this seems crazy, - right? - Like first of all. - You're just a writer. - Why should you be planning an entire publicity campaign? - That's not your purview. - And also, - this book hasn't even been sold. - And now suddenly you're talking about which talk shows you should be on. - I mean, - it seems a little bit silly and crazy, - but it's connection become first. - Well, - cause for a moment of these, - you can imagine yourself on the Today show. - But also, - you do need to show them essentially where your book fits in. - In the publicity world, - right? - So, - again, - this is kind of like a vision. - You're trying to help them see what you see in this book idea, - including where you see it ending up in a reasonable publicity campaign. - You know, - it's okay to shoot a little bit high. - Of course. - Why not? - I mean, - sure, - I look great, - but I would love to be on the Today show. - But that's not exactly a groundbreaking idea that you can offer. - The publisher, - like the publisher, - has basic plans, - and they know how to publicize a book in the most basic terms. - You're trying to show them either why your book is worthy of those big shots like the Today - show or The New York Times Book Review. - Or, - even better, - that you have your own unique ideas that you can bring to this and that you will be willing - to help with the publicity and be engaged with it and offer thoughts and effort and time So - you can really go a little bit with the kind of wish list for publicity. - But even more so emphasize what you personally will do. - You know, - you could say you could do the third person thing again. - You could say the author will, - uh, - you know, - finance room book tour in thes following cities which most of us finance are on book tours - at this point. - So sorry to tell you that, - but it's true. - But if you can kind of indicate that you're willing to go to certain places where you have - following so her family and friends, - that would be great. - If you have actual ideas for great, - you know, - events, - fun events that might get attention. - I know my publisher was very excited when I mentioned the idea of having a Mary Tyler Moore - Show trivia night at a little bar. - You know something that they might not have thought of that You can think of and you know - you can get a crowd up. - Teoh could be really great or another thing that went over really well with my publishers. - WAAS me talking about very specific pieces that I could pitch and reasonably write for - publications I've written for in the past, - or from my beauty particularly interested in these pieces because I'm working journalists - and I pitched stories all the time and write them so anything that you have the leverage to - actually do yourself. - And it seems reasonable that you could provide the interesting, - new, - unique ideas that they wouldn't think of. - That's what you're really aiming for in this section again. - What can you do for them so that they can give you all of this money? - Keep thinking about the money Next up. - We will be talking about the bulk of the proposal in some ways, - which is the sample chapter sample chapters that you will provide after the proposal, - part 5. Tackling the Heavy Writing: - Hi, - I'm Jennifer Cation Armstrong, - And this is the fifth installment of my skill share class How to write a book proposal. - And this part is the most important part in a lot of ways, - even though, - obviously, - you would have needed to get them to keep reading this far in order to see your sample - chapter. - But the sample chapter is the big audition. - It's everything. - It's, - You know, - this is where you got to bring it all. - Bring the juice. - So, - really, - show off what you can do here. - You want to give the potential agent or publisher a great idea of what your book is - actually gonna be like, - Why readers who want to keep reading it. - You want to have the sense of like, - Oh, - my God, - I wish there were more here, - So show them really what you could do. - Give them a great idea of the tone and the voice that you intend for the actual final book - . - You wanna have all the drama? - All If it's funny, - you want it to be as funny as possible. - This is just it right here. - Um, - you often will include at least one chapter. - That's like your introduction or your first chapter. - It just makes sense to start the story at the beginning. - It may not, - but often it does. - And that's what I've always done is to write kind of the intro chapter with a little bit of - , - you know, - juicy background type stuff and drama, - but then also giving an overview of the book and kind of the vision and the thesis - statement. - So that is often what you end up doing again. - Look to those books that you chose at the beginning of this process as your models and see - what they do for their first chapter, - their first real media chapter. - And maybe you can do something similar for your first sample chapter, - and then usually you're gonna included least one other chapter, - because that will give them the rial idea of what they're gonna be getting. - If they can see two chapters, - you can pretty much tell what a book is gonna be like. - These may not be as complete end, - full and long as they will end up in the final book. - You're not committed to these for life, - but you do you want to give them a really good sense as best you can, - a sense of what this book is gonna be like and its finished form. - So that means if you are telling a family drama in a memoir type book, - you know, - bring the biggest drama, - bring the best stuff. - I know that it's really hard, - but you're gonna have to do it eventually. - Hopefully, - if you get this deal, - so you might as well do it now and show them what you got the best stuff you've got. - If instead, - this is a more research based book, - then do some research Get on the phone, - even if you can't travel yet, - even if you can't afford that yet, - without in advance, - you can at least get on the phone with some people, - do some preliminary interviews. - That's what I've always done is I've always done a couple of preliminary interviews with - key people who could tell me good stuff. - I could construct construct scenes. - I would always use, - um, - reading as much research as possible within reason before writing my sample chapters, - even just to show them like here some scenes here is what I envision scenes being like - looking like Here's how I would approach it. - Here's the basic idea behind my book, - so you really want to give it to them as much as possible. - It could be particularly challenging. - When your book involves a lot of interviewing. - I know that that's what I do. - So you know, - perching people when you don't have a book deal. - Yeah, - carry tough, - But it's a simple as a purging people who are pretty accessible and saying, - Look, - I'm looking into a book idea researching a book idea. - I would love to talk to you a little bit more about it. - Oftentimes they're willing to help you out. - In that way, - you don't wanna lie and say You already have a book deal if you don't. - But many people have been willing to help me out over the years, - So think of it that way. - Find who you can get us many interviews done as you can to construct some decent chapters. - You want this to be your best work possible? - I can't emphasize that enough if no that I keep saying that, - but it's just really true and oddly difficult for people. - Teoh. - Sometimes, - except when I talk to people about reading book proposals like Well, - I just you know, - it's like why even bother to put your full into it until you get the deal? - But you're not gonna get the deal if you don't put everything into it, - So do your best. - Make sure you also have some wonderful honest friends. - Colleagues, - whatever give you some feedback before you send it out, - Really? - Take it to heart. - Hopefully, - you know, - encourage them to give you the best, - most honest feedback possible. - Hopefully, - you can get some from your classmates in this class. - On the short piece you write for this, - but for the longer piece, - you know, - for the whole thing. - I recommend having some outside perspective, - just if for no other reason than to make sure that you aren't so deep into the subject that - you're not really selling it correctly anymore, - but really just the whole thing. - You know, - punctuation, - grammar, - writing, - selling. - Everything needs to be there. - Everything needs to be as good as it can be. - So you want to put the time in and the effort in before you send it out, - even to agents, - much less than your agent sending it out to publishers. - So please just make sure you keep that in mind. - Give it your best shot and hopefully you will get a great deal in the final section. - We're gonna talk about getting that actual agent. 6. Approaching an Agent: Hi. My name is Jennifer Cation Armstrong, and this is thes sixth and final segment of my skill share class about writing a book proposal. So I just wanted to leave you with a few words about actually finding an agent. Once you've completed this thing and it's as good as possible, you're going to start sending it out to potential agents in order to get one to sign you and hopefully, eventually get you that big book deal. So once it's really, really great. What you want to do is find some agents who represent similar books and send this off to them. You're not gonna convince some agent who does something completely different to suddenly take on your book. I mean, maybe that'll happen if you meet someone at a party, but that's cut the best initial approach. So find out again. Go back to those books that you've been looking at as your models from the beginning. Often you can find out who someone's agent is just by looking in the acknowledgements. Any nice author with a good relationship with his or her agent will usually thank that person in the acknowledgements. So look there. That's the best place to do it. If not, you can always do some Google researching to and see if you can figure out who some of these indigenous. But that's usually bust perch. Find people who represent similar ones. You can say it. Write on your cover letter Then I loved your work. You know, with such and such author. I've written a similar book about this, etcetera. Here's the proposal. Um, so that's the basic idea. You know, put as much research into it as possible before you just start sending up blindly. There's a lot of agents out there, and they all do different things and, you know they prefer if you seem like you actually know who they are and what they do is supposed to just blindly starting with, you know, the A is and kind of going down the list. Um, expect rejection. It happens. It happens to the best of us. It happens to all of us. We all have rejection stories. We have lots of rejection stories. That's what this business is all about. So expected here, too. Sometimes you'll get some very nice rejection with actual, you know, quality advice that goes along with it. Feedback. That's always nice. Um, sometimes you'll hear. I like it. But here's my problem with it. If you fix these things, I will reconsider it. That could be great. Teoh highly recommend doing that if someone gives you that feedback because they don't just say that, Um, but no matter what, definitely keep going. You know, I always say it's kind of like data, and you just have to, like, issue all reason and just keep going out there despite all of the rejections, especially if this is a project you really believe in. There's a 1,000,000 stories out there about authors who were were rejected a 1,000,000,000 times before they ended up selling a huge blockbuster. So keep going, and I hope this helped.