Learn to Speak: Conversational Spanish | Scott McElroy | Skillshare

Learn to Speak: Conversational Spanish

Scott McElroy, Mr

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12 Lessons (1h 45m)
    • 1. The Benefits of Learning Another Language

    • 2. The Spanish Language

    • 3. Much More than Just Hola!

    • 4. Age, Location and Where You're From

    • 5. Likes, Dislikes and Hobbies

    • 6. Directions & Landmarks

    • 7. Countries of the World

    • 8. Transport and Times

    • 9. Meeting Up with Friends

    • 10. At the Café: Ordering Food

    • 11. Body Parts & Common Illnesses

    • 12. Conclusion and Further Learning


About This Class

The course is designed to help everyone from the ab initio stage - those who have never learned Spanish before - to those wanting to brush up in preparation for an upcoming holiday or business trip. The course is audio based using a bilingual speaker (myself) and it will be supported with on-screen transcripts for easier learning and better retention.


1. The Benefits of Learning Another Language: Hello, everyone, and welcome to learn to speak conversational Spanish for beginners to intermediate level. Now this course has been a collaboration between myself. Scott McElroy on My Good Friend on Spanish aficionado Jonathan Pryce. In this first lecture, we will be having a look at the benefits of learning under the language. So sit back, grab a pen and paper. If you want to make some notes on, Let's get Started. All that remains me to say is Bienvenido, and off we go. So let's take a look at why we would learn another language. Well, as someone who's learned a language for a large part of my life, I believe it allows a lot better communication. And from a personal point of view, this includes holidays. For example, if you're on holiday on, there's a situation where you lose something or you have a problem with your room or perhaps a problem with another person that it's always useful to be able to chat to the people in charge to get any issues resolved as quickly and smoothly as possible. You can also make for more productive business trip if you travel abroad for work purposes and perhaps you meet up with business clients, then armed it a little bit of language. You can break the ice much easier on bring down any language barriers that also exist. Also, you have more chance of discussing business or personal matters on a level that your clients will appreciate. Clients are gonna feel more at home on the ease with you. If you attempt to speak their language on this more often than not India's and towards you again in the same kind of area, having some of the local language can help you to integrate socially much more easily. This doesn't need to be fluency. Personal experiences showing that just a little bit of language will go a long way towards making the locals more accepting of you. And I'll generally help your cause much more than just shouting or slowing down your mother tongue in the hope that they're going to understand you. Our fourth point there talks about immersion into the culture. Now this includes things like day trips and cultural tours of cities or landmarks on now, these are gonna be enhanced hugely if you can understand what your guide or the locals are telling you about it. It might be that you find yourself in the middle of a Spanish festival and you don't know what it's all about. But I'm with just a little bit of language would be able to last the people around you. And once you understand the aim of the celebration, you can relax and enjoy it a bit more. Finally, if you choose to learn Spanish or any other language for that matter there, when you choose to learn another language at a later date, you're gonna find that it's much easier because you already have strategies in place to take in the inter nations and accent the grammar and, of course, the vocabulary off the new language. So as a final note, remember, it's never too late to learn. If you're sitting there thinking you can't do it because it's been a long time since you went to school or since you learned Spanish previously, then really, don't worry, we're going to start from scratch, starting from very basic. I'm working our way up to more advanced Spanish, So just remember that language learning should be fun. No need to stress. And when the guide you through this course is pain free as possible and you can work at your own pace. Now, with that said, I shall see you want electricity. Bye bye. 2. The Spanish Language: welcome back to learn to speak conversational Spanish. This is lecture to and in it we're gonna have a look at the Spanish language itself. So its different intricacies. A very brief look at the grammar side of things. Although I know this course doesn't focus on grammar at such, but it definitely can be useful to know about it at least. And we're going to check out the similarities and differences between Spanish and English. So let's take a look. So the tenses, the different Spanish tenses they used to determine whether an action takes place in the past, the present or the future very much like in English. However, each conjugated verb in Spanish has a different ending dependent on which Tencent users Spanish consists of six main senses with six verb endings for each subject by which I mean you he she or it we you plural On day. This is very different to English because in English are only difference isn't s that we add to the end of he she or it. So, for example, here you can see the verb to play on. We have I play you play on. He plays with an s on the end. Then we go on to have we play, You play and they play. So as you can see, the S on the end is the only difference. However, in Spanish that all have different endings, which I appreciate conceive a little bit dawn to him. But it's something that will be looking up together, and that's our own pace, so there really is no need to panic. Luckily for us, if we can't remember the tricky past and future tense, Zenden's then simplified versions of these do exist. And they are, if anything, just is commonly used as a grammatically correct version by which I mean the version that you see in a textbook, particularly when we're speaking the language rather than right to that. Okay, so in Spanish, we have l love. Now this can be quite tricky. It's often still tricky for people who have been learning Spanish for five years or more, and interestingly, it's also not uncommon to hear native speakers getting it wrong. Sometimes as well. We use l and now because every Spanish now has agenda by which I mean every now and is the the classified as masculine or feminine, which is something that we obviously don't have in the English language. Now it's not always obvious whether a word takes L ola, and unfortunately, there's no rule that we can learn to make sure we get it right every time. You just have to learn it through experience by using the language and by practicing as often as you can. And hopefully this reputation will mean that you can recall the gender of each now as and when you need to use it. Now let's take a look at some of the most common difficulties that non native people have. We learned in Spanish for the first time. First of all, we have what is probably the most common difficulty, which is coming to terms with El and LA on No, in which one to use. As I mentioned previously. This is still the case with some people have been learning the language for a long time, so we can't expect this to happen overnight. It's true Late does take hard work and dedication. Secondly, we have the rolled R sound on the throat, E j sound, by which it sounds that are very common in spoken Spanish I'm particularly when these appear midsentence, they can be quite tricky. So, for example, we take the Spanish phrase loss or horse model on is, which means brown eyes, and you can see that both sounds appear in that phrase, and they could be quite difficult to produce for new learners and finally becomes of what is becoming more and more common in modern day language. Let him encounter in slang words now. These, along with many variations of accents coming from Spanish Week in South American countries , can make your learning journey that little bit more difficult. But armed with our insider knowledge, they can still become incredibly valuable in your learning. The key is being able to pick out slang words that you maybe don't recognize identify its meaning, perhaps by asking the native speaker or, in some cases, and I should express a nobody caution with this. But in some cases, using Google translation function on, then commit the words of memory so that it doesn't trip you up again in the future. And here we've got a little inspirational slide for you to prove that language learning isn't always as hard as it may see. So just think of all the Spanish, whereas you already know some of those onscreen have become almost daily utterances now in English on Especially if, like me, you're a bit of what Brits would call a foodie or someone who enjoys food from around the world. Some of these items then would be very recognizable indeed. So we've got words like salsa, chili, Beretta, All of these that words have originated from Spanish. And they've made their way into our own language as these foods and the names of migrated across the world. So if you sat there thinking you don't understand any Spanish, you don't know any Spanish, then you can think again because I'm sure you will know these words that are on screen. And finally well, we understand that in the beginning, any new language can sound incredibly fast. Very, very difficult on a little bit inaccessible. But please don't panic If you follow the steps we're gonna go through throughout the duration of this course and you familiarize yourself with words or phrases that we're going to go about learning, then you're gonna find out. Sounds slower and slower. The more you try. Trust me on this one, you are going to start to understand more on more as you progress, you'll also be able to pick out words that you recognize as you're watching on your overall understanding of the language is going to become much better. So now that we've had a chance to look at some of the characteristics of the Spanish language, let's get started with learning some. I'll see you in the next lecture. Bye bye. 3. Much More than Just Hola!: Hello, everybody. Welcome back to this. Learned to speak conversational Spanish course. This lecture is focused on our greetings and pleasantries, but you're gonna be key to start a conversation. So we're now going to be speaking a little bit of Spanish for the first time. Don't worry. Take it at your own pace. And don't forget that if you want to pause it to make a few notes and you don't need to watch the whole video in one go, there is a ports function to help with this. So let's take a look at what we're going to be covering. So we have our hellos on goodbyes. This is our first real look at Spanish and usually the first thing that you'd say to somebody when you meet them. So started from the top. We have Allah all, uh and this is our first encounter. This is what we'd say for hello. It's quite formal. There are less formal versions, but in our former situation, we would say allow I Dios. I have yours now. In our general conversation, this is how we would say goodbye. Adios. Get down. Get the How is it going? This is something we do use what close friends on we'd say Get down. So if we were meeting up with a friend and we just say How's it going? How's it going? That means I get that Allah kettle. So to put the two together. All a kettle. Hey, how you again? We're close friends. This is something you'd say. We're meeting up. Moving on. We have our personal questions so we can use these when we meet up with somebody. And we want to ask them how they are or even how their family is. So we can ask Go more estas go more estas? Which is How are you? This is quite general. We can use this with people we know or people we've met before. Good boy Star one down there. Go away, Star. You see No s on the end. How are you formal? So something we'd say to somebody. Maybe we've not met before. Or maybe an elder person. Get the hell as we just be looking at a K town. So how are you the game? That's our informal. Okay, I Okay, I What's new? So again, something we'd maybe say with friends. Something that's a little bit more day to day colloquial get a and finally Guettel too familiar. Kittel Tu Familia. How is your family? So something maybe we have friends we've had for quite a long time, and we know their family. This is a nice question. We might use their toe, ask about them pleasantries. Now, in my personal experience, when you walk into a shop in rural restaurant in Spain or actually in most European countries, for that matter, the custom is very different to that of the UK. It's quite common for the staff to say hello, T answer, inquire as to whether you need any help, and then when you leave and they'll often send you on your way with a cheery goodbye and thank you. These words then, might be useful for you to know. So let's take a look at them. So we have Gadhafi s draftee s, which is our thank you. And if you look on the right hand column there, we do have our phonetics that we've actually created ourselves to make it easier for you to say. So try and follow that as we say, the words in Spanish graft es more chess Garath es. Thanks a lot. Or thank you very much. Much as graph. Yes, Graphia Steinway. Well, and interestingly in Spanish thievy sound is actually pronounced as a be served. Gadhafi s dating the label. Thanks again. No, I decay. It's nothing. Or don't worry about it. No, I decayed. Did another You're welcome Day Nada de nada. Or it's my pleasure or my pleasure in Can Todd. Oh, in can toddle. Pleased to meet you. This is quite a nice one If you're meeting someone for the first time or if you're leaving and you like to say it was very nice to see Vanessa, Mickey and can Tad o So let's move on and have a look at how we can put some of these things into practice. So en el telefono on the telephone. Now there's a slightly different protocol in Spanish compared to English, whereas we generally start a core with hello and end it with good by the Spanish phrase in this very slightly different as you can see. So we have Digga Digga and that's how we start our conversation. So instead of saying hello, we would literally start a conversation with the words speak Digga. Then we move on. The person on the other end of the phone would generally say we don't have large gun. And then we put the name in there so it could be Scott when people are gone, Scott for five or whatever some of you may already know. This is our Spanish phrase for please. Very useful. Want to know? Especially if you're gonna be polite while you're abroad. So try and follow the fanatics underneath. We have play, though. A block, corn and in our name, por favor. Brilliant. Number three, we have Ah, thank you. And goodbye. Graph the ass. Adios. Get Athey s adios. Thank you and goodbye. So, as you can see, if you are going to be using a telephone in Spain, or you do need to ring somebody, then this is going to be very useful. So do take note of these, especially the words that are hello and so literally speak and thank you. And goodbye. These air high frequency words. They're gonna be very useful to you time and time again. So please make sure you do make a note of them. And that's all for this lecture. It was quite a short lecture. But I will see you in the next lecture. Thank you for joining me. Bye bye. 4. Age, Location and Where You're From: Welcome back to lecture for in this lecture, We're going to be looking at age location on where you're from. So talking about yourself, I'm talking about your origins. Okay, so our first stop in this category is age. If we take a quick look at the bottom of the screen that we can see my short note on saying your age in Spanish instead of saying I am such and such years old in Spanish, we say I have so many years. This is the same rule that we'd follow in French. So if you already have any experience in that language, you'll already be familiar with this anomaly. If not thing. You're gonna need to remember this as it's a fixed rule which doesn't change, and you should really try to commit it to memory as soon as you can. If you do say I am, he said, if I have, it doesn't really make sense. Now I'm sure native speakers will get the gist of what you're trying to say, and they will understand. But please do try and remember the rule and go about it the correct way. Just definitely better. If you're learning to memorize something correct than to memorize something that's wrong. So to speak about our age. We have the following phrases so that start from the top. We have Grant does and use mayonnaise Cuentos on yours. Teenies. Now the eagle eyed amongst you will notice that these questions have an upside down question mark at the beginning on a normal question mark at the end. Now, this is protocol for Spanish. If you just put the question mark at the end for your own notes, this is going to be fine. But if you wanted to be correct in the eyes of the Spanish or in the eyes of Spanish speakers, then you really do need to separate it with two question marks one upside down at the beginning, on one normal question mark at the end. So we have Cuentos and yours Tenis. How old are you? Cuantos Sanyo's d n a l O A A. Yeah. Now the double l sound in Spanish pronounced as a y. So we have Cuentos and yours D n a l Oh, yeah a How old is he or she dango And then we're gonna had a number and yours. So I am so many years old or quite literally, I have so many years tango number, which we're gonna have a look at in a moment and yours l or a r TN a on a number and use L A t any and use he or she is so many years old. So now that we looked at that, let's have a look at some numbers. So counting down from the top as you can see on the left, we have our numbers in English on the right hand column. As usual, we have some of our fanatics to help. So, counting down from number one, we have, you know well, no doors does trays race Glatter Glad Tre think of think of saves Saiz. See if they see 80 What job? Oh, Joe, The way bay in the way be And that's all be sound again. No way be the eighth DS Now the set in this instance is a soft sets on f sound the T hate sound death. So uno dos race Quatro Cinco Saiz See a or Choe Web E ds. That's our numbers. 1 to 10. And if you could memorize em Congratulations. Let's move on so numbers 11 to 20. These are quite important because they don't really follow a pattern after this. Once we breach 20 there is a pattern that will show you later. But the moment these are slightly different. So again, starting from the top and using the fanatics on the right to help. We have Jonesy. I don't see Dorsey, Dorsey, Tracy, Tracy, Dorothy, Get or say Keen. See, Kinsey, That's our 11 to 15. See how to see sound at the end of the CE sound is a th in English on thing. Dorothy, Tracy, Get or C Kinsey. OK, moving on these next numbers are literally 10 on, then our number after. So for 16 maybe 10 and six So you can see the A c there to begin in d i e. C just minus the We'll replace that with I and then we have safe's, which would be honorable for six. So let's have a look. The FAA Saiz Yes, this yet the a Theo Yes, in the way and Bank D painting, which is our number for 20 benty. So let's run through. There was one more time and see if you can follow them along with May Day, if they say's the eighth associating the s e o true d a scene away. Be baby Well done. Let's put them all together one final time. I won't say, though. Say, Trace a Cat or C Kim thing. The F he say's the SEC 80 DSE or Choe DS in a way way, Banque de 11 to 20. Well done. Congratulations. Let's move on. So our numbers 20 plus that is follow a very similar pattern, as you can see to the 10 plus six we had for 16 for 20 plus we have 20 on then our second number so bane to, you know, you can see the words 20 and we could see the world one in there. It's very simple patent, So let's see how it follows. So 21 vein, too, you know, being the dose Banque de Trays, baby, you know, painted does bank the trace. And then that we continue with our numbers we had here. So Beatty, Quattro Beatty syncope it. This is and so on and so forth. Number 30 we have trained her train toe number 40 watt range, Guarin. Uh 50. We have think winter theme cuenta se sent, uh, se sente said then, uh, said tent Uh, o gente gente? No. Then, uh, no event. Ah, CNN, CNN. And that's a look at how we form our 2122 23. It's the same for 31 32. 33 all the way down to 91 92 93 then we have our numbers. 20 plus congratulations and let's move on. So let's say where we're from. This is very useful. If, for example, you go abroad to work in a school on your class, want to know a little bit about you? Similarly, this could take care if you were on holiday and he could get talking to some locals or holiday reps and someone or so forth. So let's take a look about how we could not only talk about our own origins, about the origins of others on how we can ask of the people where they come from. So from the top there we have dead on the Erez. They don't day Erez, and that's where are you from? In the singular form. So if we're asking one person, they don't they Harris, where are you one person from? They don't day stories they don't day Soy is where are you from? If you're asking a group of people or more than one person, they don't. They size. So where are you from? So today. So today I am from So if you're gonna talk about where you're from and so most day so most day we are from so most day so we can move down a little bit to the countries that we can see at the bottom. Now there are just a couple of examples. We're going to cover this more in depth later on in another lecture. So I just had to these examples for now. So large spaces lost by you says that's our Spanish for countries on. We start with England era in black Terra, which is England. A Spagna Espana, which is Spain for Anthea Francia Friends Dahlia Italia. This is our world for Italy, Los Estados Unidos, Los Estados Unidos, the United States or America, South Africa, South Africa, South Africa. Gonna Canada. This is Canada on Australia, Australia. As you can see, some of these words look very similar to the words in English and This is what we call coordinates, and he's a very handed because it means that in spoken language and also in written language, we have ways that we can listen to or we can look at on that we recognize. So these generally help towards recognising or understanding before sentences or the jest of something that we're trying to read or listen. So so again very, very handy. And if you do want to do some research into carbonates piece, feel free. There are lots of them in Spanish, and they're gonna be very useful. And finally we come to our location phrases. Now these air for when you want to be a little bit more specific about your location within the country itself or where you live in relation to the layout of your city. This could be a little tricky if you live in a big country like the U. S or Russia. But for a country like the UK or even Spain, where we are quite small and quite departmental ized, then this could be really quite useful. So let's take a quick look. So I 1st 1 there before we start. Let's just explain that our is our in the So it's the equivalent off in the on the word day At the end, you can see d. D is our equivalent in English. Off off of the word off. So from the top, I'll not day day I'll not today in the north off I was sure day How sure day in the south off I left the day less than a day in the east off I love West. They, Lois they in the west off so very useful Talking about geographic location moving answered a little bit more specific for your town San throw day I have same through a day in the center of so town centre will be very useful. I last halfway rusty Alas, halfway rusty. Now this is change from Al to Al s because we're talking about plural. The word halfway Russ in Spanish is a plural word. So instead of al, we changed to Al s So Al Assaf, whereas day on the outskirts off again, as you can see gonna be very useful if you're talking about your town or city. So that's it. We're going to leave it there for now. Please do go back over these lectures. Make sure that you have some of this vocabulary firmly planted in your head. The more you practice, the more you are going to learn on Understand? On retain for later use. So I shall leave you for now. And I shall see you in the next lecture. Thank you very much for joining me. Bye bye. 5. Likes, Dislikes and Hobbies: Hello and welcome back. This time out, we're gonna be looking at talking about our likes, dislikes and hobbies. So given opinions on discussing personal preferences now, this was always my favorite topic in school. Because you do get to talk about yourself. You get to express yourself and you get to say, What makes you the person that you are. So let's take a look. Okay, so let's start on a positive note on take a look at how to express our likes for this purpose. We have our main central verb, which in this case is goosed our which is the verb in its raw on conjugated form. And it means to like underneath co star. We have our first look at a conjugated verb. Now conjugation just means that the verb has been taken out of its raw form and it's being changed to reflect the person. Persons also object that performing the verb and also to the point in time which we're talking about for example, the past, the present or the future and we're left with make Busta megastar. So this is our ghost are which is being conjugated to reflect the I'm the person like in something. So that's the me part and that it's happening in the present tense reflected in the end in off the verb. So to say I like we say Migo sta Then we move on and make it a little bit more impressive by adding megastar moocher, me gusta macho or I really like. Now this one is very useful if you have a strong preference towards something or somebody and it could be used in lots of different situations. So Megastar Morcha and finally we have may encanta, may encounter. This means I love. That's when we want to say stronger than I've just like or I really like. If you really, really, really like something that you love, something may encounter now. As you can see, there is a note at the bottom there, and it says that the Spanish language uses the verb in Kantar to mean love. So from May encanta, the on conjugated version is in contact now. This means love when we're talking about an object or an action. However, if you want to talk about living another person, then the verb does change. So we're talking about this. We use the get air, which is our modern verb and something that's making its way into the language. More recently, as quite a new word Get air. All we have Ammar, which is our traditional Amaar So somebody will have already heard the word Damn! Oh, damn you! And this is our way of saying I love you to a person in the more traditional way. So Amaar is a traditional verb and can air is modern And that's what talking about loving another person. Now let's go and take a look at our dislikes very much the obvious place to go next. After looking at likes and again, you can see that our focus is gonna be on the verb costar. But we're gonna manipulate it this time to turn it from a positive to the negative. Luckily for us, this is much some pleasant and never been to a negative. In French, for example, that's all we need today. Is that the word? No in front of our I like. So if we skipped back a step to see how form the phrase I like, we can see that it was me gusta flipping forward again. We can see that we turn this race negative by adding no and it becomes no megastar. No, my biggest there. Now, how easy is that? Remember, incredibly easy. And it's definitely gonna be really, really useful for you, a really easy rule to remember there that could be turned to your advantage in lots of different situations. And it's a similar story when we look at the next phrase, which is no main cantor. No may encounter. We can see we've I didn't know to our May encounter that we had in the previous slide. It's no May encanta now. I appreciate that I don't love doesn't really sound right in English as an English speaker because we'd usually just say, I don't like or I hate Bryn Spanish, but we can use this normally encanta for times when I don't like isn't quite strong enough on I hate is a little too strong, so it's a nice little gap filler or phrase and very useful to know. And speaking of, I hate we come to our final phrase, which means just that, and to say I hate we would say Odio Oh, do you now? The keen eyed among you might notice that there's no reference to May at the beginning, like the ones that make Costa or may encanta. But for this we don't need it. It's simply audio. So it's about these phrases into practice. We can now go one step closer to creating short sentences, using what we've just learned, and then add in a verb in its infinitive form. Or as I said before, in its raw on conjugated form. So using this formula, some good examples for expressing personal likes and dislikes would be made ghost there. Who got I like to play? Who got That's a verb to play the megastar who got megastar affair So I like to do megastar affair and no megastar bear no megastar bear. I don't like toe watch again. Very useful these razors writing down using a set phrases if you wanted to, and I'm sure you concerned these your advantage in lots of situations. And here we've got a short list of some more commonly used verbs or tricking used to express our likes and dislikes. So as you progress, I'm going to include a little bit more Spanish into our visuals as well, just to keep you motivated So in our Espanol column on the left, there we have who get our who got which is what we've just seen, which is the verb to play Who got I said? I said to the verb to do or to make go man Go man, It would have ah, to eat, baby the bad of ah, to drink there Bath This is a verb to watch or to see andare or coming up and are coming are over to walk Yeah, e is a verb to go Very easy to remember that one. Just two letters over to sleep We have done here for me so verb to sleep Bente Pinter of the paint and there Bear, which actually doubles up with the verbs to watch and see also means to look now coming out to these verbs a great full sentences for context. Well, let's take a little look at some examples of hobbies that will be able to use in your day to day life, which, after all, is partly the aim of this course. And as a side note, it's always useful to know that where you see an accent over a letter, This is the syllable that we're going to stress or exaggerate. So we're gonna put more emphasis on this Terrible Then we would beforehand. So we have barely a television bear like television is to watch television E al bar ive Albar. So to go to the poor book to go to the Bar e 15 as you're e al him. Now, as you has two champions, they're working out in the gym. Or we can say that there s a f c c o at their efforts issue. So to exercise bottom left, we have at their deportees a fair deport days. So to play sports in general or underneath, we have who got our football Hougaard all football to play football. Next up, Pindar simply on its own, being tired so to paint. And finally we have dark when I balta dar when I Balter said to go for a walk. Now, if you look in a dictionary, the verb die actually means to give. But in this case, we do use it to walk or to go for a walk. So we have some more examples that we can use on. These are a little bit more general, not necessarily focused on hobbies on Let's Take a Look. We have practica land, not ASEAN, Braque de Gar, Natasha Lyonne. That's our swimming. Or to do swimming or literally to practice swimming, be a hard border and window. Be a far poor El Mundo's. That's up to travel the world. Ive seen a here out, seen a so to go to the cinema. Quite useful. One. There's something I'm sure we all do. Goemaere in one restaurant. Go on air and one restaurant to eat out or to go the needs in a restaurant. Dorney door. Me to sleep. Quite simple. One something I'm sure we all enjoy doing as well, loafing. Anything like me with a three year old daughter, you might not get much of it. Finally, we have here a la playa e f Allah player. So to go to the beach again. We don't really have the climate in the UK, but we do manage it one or two days a year. If you're going to Spain, I'm sure this one's gonna be much more useful for you than it would in the UK. So now let's move on to expanding our sentences and saying why we dislike or like something . So in conversation we would more often than not given opinion, followed by a reason. It's not really enough in conversation. Just to say I like to play football were usually expand it by adding a reason. So to progress onto an opinion, we first need to use a connective word in English. We'd say I like to go to the beach because it's relaxing, and in Spanish we follow the same rule. So to be able to elaborate on our opinion, we need to use a Spanish word for because which, if you look at our word in yellow, there you'll see is part okay, Park Gae Pour que. Now this word is going to be useful in thousands of situations. Just think how many times you say in a single day to think how many times you say the word because so as you can see, that is gonna be really, really useful. Where to keep its a high frequency word. So again worth making a note of. And it's a great want to practice use in and to commit to memory. So now what? Don't we know this word? Let's take a look at some of the reasons we can use to say why we like or dislike something . And, as always, we can use the fanatics in the right hand column to help our pronunciation. And it's also a handy guide to print out this one. It's something you can state with you and you can talk to friends of us. So start in top left in our Espanol column. We have s Aboudi, though s robbery, though. So in English with that would be it's boring s Ah, Boeri, though s bueno para la salud es bueno para la salud. It's good for your health. Conversely, underneath we have modelo para la salud s a Marlow para la salud. It's bad for your health. So for this, we could be talking about smoking anything like that s Modelo para la salud may relax May rela So it relaxes me. May ray laugher may goose there. So theologies are make Busta soc Ali they are I like to socialize. So make us that we've already seen And now that the south really there is of ah to socialize Next we have made ghost that again going off their hand They know Webber make Busta go north there. Ah, Saint Day Nueva. I like to meet new people and finally we have It's fun are English. It's fun In Spanish is S D Burti, though s de Burti though, so it's for something again which we can add to the end of anything to say that we're enjoying it. So now that we've seen all the components that we need to be able to discuss our likes, dislikes and hobbies, let's take a look at how to put it all together to create full sentences that we can use in our conversational Spanish. So first of all, we need our opinion, which is what we looked at way back in the beginning of the lecture. So we have our choice of McGleish there. No megastar may encanta on audio. Next, we need off. So as you can say, we had like self Umar in there, which is a verb to smoke or smoking moving on. We have our word for because which I'm sure all of you will be itching to commit to. Memory is but gay. And finally we finish off with our reason. So let's put all that together and make it flow nicely. And so for our first example, we would have mega wish there. Which means I, like practically are Lana Kathy on which is to go swimming or to do swimming por que, which is our word for because And finally the final element s bueno para la salud all together. Then make Busta Practica our land. Por que es bueno para la salud May go stop bracket dick are Lana por que es bueno para la salud. So I like to go swimming because it's good for the health. Really good, Fraser. And as you can see, broken down into single elements so that you could make it easier on yourself. And you can start to create your own sentences. Moving on. I'm going to go through these as full sentences now because we already know how they're put together. No mega stop from our parquet Melo Burrell. A salute, No me gusta fumar por que es malo para la salud. So I don't like smoking because it's bad for the health under that's we have main cantor here, Roszina Park, a megastar Sociology. There are may encanta year roszina por que me gusta sociology. So I love to go to the cinema because I like to socialize. And finally there one of our negatives audio audio, which, if you remember, is I hate or the open tart parquet is abuelo audio Peter, but ks aboot. Either I hate painting because it's boring, a little bit negative to finish on there, but I do apologize so that we have him. That was our section on likes, dislikes and hobbies as always. I'm sure your benefit from revisiting the lecture from time to time to recap some of the language. But for now, I suggest practicing it. Whenever you get the time to make some good notes, make sure it sticks and I'll see you in the next lecture. Thanks for joining me, but by 6. Directions & Landmarks: Hello again. Welcome to this lecture on directions and landmarks on it. We're going to be looking in depth that the kind of Spanish we can use for finding our way around and that could include navigate in your town, your city or even your university campus. In fact, anywhere you might need to follow directions or fine points of interest. So let's take a look at what we're gonna be learning. Now. An excellent starting point to this topic is took over our basic directions. Now, these are gonna be of use to you whether you're driving a car looking for a shop or restaurant in a town or even if you're pointing someone to a certain bookshelves in the library. So you do really well to make a good note of these sense of commitment to memory by revising them often. So, first off, we have Allah, GSK, Ebola. Allah is scared. The that's left or on the left. Allah s Khairullah Dylan Today, Daylan Today in front off the land today Allah, Director, I love the director. That's right. Or on the right on. Glad they're richer. They trust day. They trust they is ah, behind Dicterow. nasty. And finally a lot a day allowed are the next two. So you can see there. Bob is next to the box a lot today, So now we have our basic directional vocabulary. Let's take a look at how we could ask somebody for directions like we would if we were lost . So to do this we need to use a question, our phrase that you can see in yellow there. It's the Politis way to ask somebody for directions, and this is generally most used. So we would say. But don't let me. They have done that, may, don't they, Esther? And in our place for five or served under me. Done the Esther part aboard and again, you can use the fanatics of the bottom if that's helpful. Pair of Donna Me, don't they, Esther? And in our place for five. Or that's great. So let's move on to have a look at some places. So I have compiled a little list there underneath to give a few examples. So start from the top. We have l Aeropuerto L. I R a Puerto says the airport la Estancia in the trays lavishness you on the train is the train station as Superman Gado as super mercado. The supermarket La Iglesia la Iglesia is I wear for church there. Great. If you're on a touristy trip to Barcelona, for example, which has some great cathedrals and churches as Bob L by, there's a bar lacto Backe Arria left a back area so tobacconist laptop back area and finally lost 70. Theo's lost their be Theo's the toilet Los se RV Theo. So if we take a look at our phrase again, we can have some of these into the main phrase. So we would say to somebody, but I don't know me. Don't esta el Aeropuerto for five or so. Excuse me, where is the airport, please? Otherwise we could have there. Don't let me. Don't esta like Glazier performer again. Another useful phrase there. As you can see these things to slot into the main phrase I'm leaving only now have some town related vocabulary. So we have or not three that well enough. Three Dad, which is our word for city una three Dad who in Puebla when Pueblo star word for town and we have health in through there last week in Central they last week that which is our words . There are phrase for the city center, and it's worth noting that something like City Centre would be marked up on road signs. So it's definitely want to look out for if you're lost and you can find your way there to the city. Sense of weather is usually an information center or something similar. Speaking of which, we're now moving on to landmarks and tourism. Now, this is something which is gonna be very useful, especially if you're on holiday or maybe a short bit of downtime if you're on a business trip. So starting from the top left, we have a lot off Athena Deck door is more LA off fifth thinner day stories more so. That's our information office, as I was saying previously, our information centre or the Tourist Information Centre, as it's sometimes known. El Castillo. So a double l making the wife sound again there. El Castillo. This is a castle La Iglesia Iglesia, which is our church, which we looked at previously. L seen a l theme A which is our word for cinema again, something we see it already. El Centro Comercial, a san True Come with me, I'll now This refers to something that's very similar to a mall in America, so it's gonna be in one shop. It usually refers to a shopping center where there's more than one Establishment Cafe Cafe , which is our were therefore cafe. Just as we would have a coffee outside baby and was there and was there, which is a museum. And again, as a say in Spain, a lot of the big cities do so have some awesome museums, and a lot of it centers around what not or art in some format. So please do check them out. If you are there, I would urge you to go there really are a great day out on l parquet add part of gay. So park So something where we might go for a walk around. Doesn't that certainly have to have swings and roundabouts? You can just be a park to go for a nice walk, A nice open area l Parky so road directions the next, and he's gonna be super useful if you're taking the car with you on your trip. These raises will probably suit you as well if you're on foot because a lot of time people will give you directions as if you were driving. So first of all we have are little pictures, As you can see on the way this workers were gonna start from the circle at the bottom. And I'm gonna give you the direction to where the road is, whether it's right or left on, how many roads or we're gonna go. So let's take a look and a little bit more detail. So our first picture there, As you can see, it's taken the first left on in Spanish. We would say lap Premera got you, Alice Kaela. Now Allah e g. Adlai we've seen before, which is on the first slide about directions. And that's our word for on the left. So Lap Premera guy a allergy scared Premera there where we can probably already gauge, Which means the first. So we have the first on the left Lappi America. He had a scare there in the middle of we have last June that got a lot of nature Last segunda a holiday which is our second road on the right. On the right, we have latte Sarah Kay ally Scarola Latiff There a key ally Ski Ebola. So the third road on the left unless it apply, it was on the right. We could just change. Allies get lap to Allah. Dacha bottom left. We have LaGuerta at the lecture like quarterback i a l a director Fourth, turn on the right and finally we have our Spanish there for straight ahead or continue straight ahead. Siga Total Director Siga Dodo Director Sig Atala Director Which is great there If you want something you just to go straight down the road It's a very useful stuff there to think on and to make notes about and keeping with our theme of roads here we've got some road and driving related words that could be very useful while you're out and about. For example, we have una Rotunda una rotunda which is our Spanish for around about Sanyal Day. Pari Scindia departure which is a road sign. Los Samer for us Lost semaphore owes which traffic lights on the right we have on a Tasco We're not Tasco which is a traffic jam. Bottom left. We have like a black guy A which is a road next that we have El Camino as Camino or we can say La Barrera Lab a Rada, which is a path la foto Peaster Let outdoor piece there, which is a motorway. And finally, there we have our zebra crossing or across in the road. Crossing is El Paso de estaba El Paso Day Faivre. So it sounds a little bit like the words ever in English. It was very easy to remember. Now, in our final section for this topic, we're gonna have a look, at example dialogue that I think's gonna be incredibly useful to you as a guide in case you ever find yourself lost and need to ask for directions. Now, it's also a great way of putting together some of the vocabulary that we've looked at in this lecture. So let's take a look. And don't forget that if you want to pause after each line to repeat after me, then that's gonna be a great way of practising these phrases. So we do have I don't know me donde esta la iglesia for five or they're doing that, May, don't they, Esther, let glazier por favor. So excuse me, where is the church, please? Simple question that you might ask if you find yourself lost. So it's gonna be very useful to remember Pair of Donna me don't nest. I like lazy a part of our theory. Alas, Ziganda, you scared? She every olusegun DACA Allah scare the So take the second road on the left again Completely believable response that someone would give to you Phiri Alesci going back A ally Scarola So take the second road on the left A star lejos Jackie estar lejos Jackie So is it far from here again? A very useful phrase there that you might want to ask a starlet Host Jackie Is it far from here? No style Diez Minutos Jackie Ascent through No estar the f minutos Taqi Al Centro. No, it's 10 minutes from here in the town centre again. Really useful to know. And finally there we have our sign off. Something we'd say at the end of the conversation. Barley, Bali, again obese on barley grass. Yes, yes. Biograph. Yes. Okay. Thank you. Bali is a very much used word in Spanish and you will hear people say at the end of phrases and you'll hear it say as a source of right. Okay, let's move on. Site word. Biograph Yes. Okay. Thank you. So let's put it all together. Pearler me don't they asked. I like lazy a performer serialised Uganda. Que alli scared pistoleros. Jackie No, I started. Yes Minutos, Taqi Al Centro Bala Graphia. And then we might want to sign off with at your show or something similar. But you can see there. That's gonna be a very useful exchange for you to listen to, To listen to the game. And it's something I could easily become a reality if you're on holiday and you get a bit lost. So my advice to you be to listen to it a few times to really cement the phrases in your mind on that way, if you ever find yourself in the situation, then you're going to feel a little bit more secure than you would if you didn't speak the language. So I have That's being really useful for you, as I say. Listen to it. Game. Make some notes. If that helps and I shall see you in the next lecture. Thanks for joining me again. But by 7. Countries of the World: thank you for joining me here in, like, 27 Now, this lecture is gonna be in a slightly different format, but we're gonna be covering the names of a lot more countries than we saw previously. And also some questions about countries to later on. So it's gonna be a love it shorter than the other lectures. But please do bear with me on Let's get started. So let's start with our general phrase that we're gonna use when talking about countries or about the world, which is our word for the world. Telemundo and Moonda. Spanish there for the world. Lush bases, Los bases. That's our general word. Therefore, countries, when we're talking about countries of the world, lost continent days lush Conte named days. So I gained zooming out there to our continents and to say what continent are countries in ? We put n before it so for example, England era, which is England esta and Europa England. A rice tha in Europa. So England is in Europe. As you can see England era England s star. So is and which is our web therefore in and Europa, which is our word. Therefore, Europe on moving on Now we're gonna have a look at some individual countries. So to start with, we have England area England. Terra. This is England. It's Gothia. A score thier So Scotland Galleys, galleys. Which is a word for whales there. Air Lander e Arlanda on island, Reynaud. Cunego, Elleray. No Rudeina. It's a great Britain. United Kingdom. Los Estados Unidos, Los Estados Unidos to the United States or North America. Cannella, Canada. It is Spanish for Canada. Make you go, Mexico. But I feel Brazil. Brazil for Anthea Francia says friends Espana a Spagna. So I Spanish there for Spain. Good. Want to know Al Ammonia? I LaMagna to Germany, Italiana Italia, which is Italy? Ruth? Yeah. Marussya, which is a Spanish there from Russia. Sweetser Sweet Switzerland Dress Yeah. Graphia Just Greece most of the year. Oh, Studio Austria! Put the girl Portugal, Portugal. Good Koebnick. That's remember Australia, Australia, Australia? No, Emma Selander. No Ebola Philander Just New Zealand. Kina Gina. So where there for China happen happen? So I Spanish there for Japan so even on into talking about the country itself. So how can we begin to talk about our own country and ask about all the peoples origins Well, fella, we can ask the quiet pIease Erez, they acquired by ease. That is so what country are you from? As we can see our upside down and right way up. Question marks there as well. They quiet bias. Erez, What country are you from sure today? Sorry day. So I come from or literally I am from And then we got our country. Sorry, they me bias s grounded. Or begin you meet bias esque around there. Meet biases began you. That's my country is big and my country is small. When pace your appeal, we'll base Europeo a European country. So tell me about any European country there to say that it is indeed a European country on pace. Good Opio. And finally have one piece Fuehrer the Europa. When bias fuera that Europa. So that's how we would say a country outside of Europe. So a non European country is on base Fuera de Europa. Well, that's it for this lecture. I hope that's being useful for you. I'm very glad you stuck with it, as I say, a little bit shorter or the lectures and maybe a little bit more simplistic, but never fear. We are moving back onto the hardest off in the next lecture, which is where I'll see you next, So I'll see you there. Bye bye. 8. Transport and Times: Hello, guys. Welcome back to let you ate in this lecture. We're going to be looking at transport times on within this. We're gonna be focusing on all kinds of different aspects of probably transport. They're gonna help you get around. If you find yourself in a Spanish speaking country now, this would be an excellent guide to print out and take with you on your travels. But in the meantime, let's take a look at what we're going to learn. So let's look at the most common type to transport some of the easier Obviously going to be familiar with, especially if you live in a big city on something you might even uses on a daily basis. So obviously this is gonna be very useful. So let's take a look at what we've got. So first off, we have l out a bush allow taboos. So what if a bus l train l train useful if you're an English native, because it sounds very much like our own word terrain. When Barco When Barker a boat l Metro l Metro. This is very good. If you live in a big city, it has a lot of big cities have a metro on the ground. L tre m'bia lt Zambia This is a trump system and Enomoto when the moto which is our motorbike so more here we have one Koji, when coach, which is called will not be on will not be on which is off every plane appear appear which means on foot. Who in taxi easy to remember our international weather when taxi Finally, when I basic later, when a basic later or we can show enough to win a PC. So now let's move on to sometimes able vocabulary. Now that picture on the left, there is a nice piece of re Aaliyah. It's a genuine Spanish times able to familiarize yourself with just in case you plan on taking public transport when you find yourself in Spain. So in terms of vocabulary we're gonna need let's take a look at what we've got. So every top where there in yellow or R E o one or R E. O. Is our we're for a timetable Now. This could be a timetable in school. It could be a timetable for bosses and commit answer for anything so or audio. It's very useful word to know next up are days of the week, so we start there in yellow with loonies. Loon is which is Monday. Marti's Marti's mere Kali's mere Kali's weather is weather is B. Aaron is B. Aaron is obese on the Sabai, though shot by, though. And finally Domingo Domingo. So a days a week there obviously useful in any context. But it's great to know Loonies! Martez Merkel is quarvez be earners. Sabado Domingo Finally, let's finish off the last two. In yellow, we have El fin de semana Elfin day Chamalla semana There's a word for week on Elfin Day is at the end off so El fin de semana and to finish up last back Kathy own A's last back Kathy own is now we say holidays. But this literally means anything like a national holiday. You could be a national day. It could be a religious festival where the transports being disrupted, we would say less back Kathy onis Now times. Now, this is something which is gonna be useful, obviously outside of the topic of transport, but something which, if you're faced with a timetable or schedule, then you're definitely gonna be better off knowing. So first We're gonna start with a very useful question when inquired about public transport and have to ask him what time it is at the moment. Good starting point to see when the next bus or something would be. So to ask this, we would say better knowing that may que or a s por favor a pair of the enemy que or rice pour five. Or And obviously we have our fanatics at the bottom there. If you want to read with me there, don't know me Que aura s por favor and this literally means Excuse me. What time is it, please? Then normally the person will reply using this formula. So unless on then they give you the time for which we have some examples at the bottom. So we have starting from the left. So last door three. So last, Dorothy, Quite literally. It's 12 o'clock. So last, Dorothy. Next up, Escalona. Escalona. Now a little note to the bottom. There s is used for one oclock on only one o'clock. So we don't need this anywhere else s Lola. So unless or Choe ik arto So unless auto quarto. So it is eight and 1/4 or more familiar in English. It's 1/4 past eight. Solis or Joy Cuarto So last door say E Malia. So last Dorothy E. Malia. So it's 12.5. Or in English, it's half past 12 Sonesta theme, Abia and finally on the right there. So last month, E Minnows Cuarto Soreness Own thing Minnows cart. Oh, literally, It's 11 minus 1/4 or again more familiar in English, it's 1/4 to 11. So unless born 30 minutes cuarto So now let's have a little bit of a more in depth look at different times. Now this again would make a really good prints out to carry with you or literally just to revise from. So if you want to do that, please do check out the full course, PdF in the extra section, and you be able to find it there for now there. Let's have a look at our new time vocabulary. So we have and maybe Odiah and made the Odiah, which is our midday la media gnocchi. LeMay Deano G, which is midnight again. Don't forget to use the fanatics to see how we say LeMay the G, so unless and that we would have a number now, he thinker. So it's five past whatever that number would be. For the purpose of this, let's use or sure, which is eight torture. So let's go choice Cinco That would be it's five past eight. So last torture E quarter. So let's torture e quarter. It's quarter past eight. So last torture E. Malia. So last July. Malia, it's 1/2 past eight. Sonus watcher may not spent a single so last torture minnows painted thinker, so it's 25 minutes to eight or it's 25 to 8. So less macho minutes quarter. So that's what your minnows character. It's 1/4 to 8 in this case and so less or Jermaine O Thinker. So that sort Germanos thinker. So it's five minutes to eight. So let's take a look now at some more general times of the day. So instead of focusing on specifics, we're not gonna talk about the general timeframes we'd refer to in everyday situations. So starting from the bottom left there we have LeMay d and G lam a the energy something we just see in there. Which means midnight Lonmin Yana, Lonmin Yana, Now the end with the accent over there actually makes an end. Why style sound So Lonmin Yana the morning and made the or the year l maybe, Or the Yeah, midday or middle of the day Latter day latter day, which is I would therefore afternoon. Finally, we have land gnocchi land, not J, which is always therefore nighttime. I'm finally we're going to run through some of the useful phrases we might need when we're asking or when we're talking about transports and times. So festival will start with our question that you can see at the top there. Now don't forget the double l sound and Spanish actually makes a y sound. So we'd have a K or a yoga. A proximal taboos, obviously because what that for train or tram? Bia a k or a yoga? An approximate out of us. At what time does the next bus or as a trainer Metre arrive a que aura, Sally el ultimo tren a que aura! Sally Alu Timo Train! What time does the last train leave and old demo his last and terrain a que aura? Yoga Albion que aura! Yoga Albion! At what time does the plane arrive? So very useful that if you're gonna pick up some relatives upwards and friends or even business associates from the airport at K Aura, Biega, l'Abbe, Ian. And don't forget we could also change that train or bus or anything that suits our needs. NBA, they trained time in photos appear. Wouldn't be on the train time in photos appear a 30 minute journey on foot. Now, this is gonna be useful if you're asking someone for directions and you ask them how far it is or even if you just wanted to calculate your journey, time won't be a here. The train time, you know, does appear. And finally, there are most useful. If we are actually traveling, Kiss Sierra wouldn't be a state the either. So I would like a one way ticket or we can have Key Sierra would be a take the Eder Ribalta Key Sierra will be added either key Sierra on be. It didn't either Vuelta, so I'd like a one way or a return ticket again. Very useful to know is that just about wraps up this transport in times lecture. Thank you for joining me. And if you've got this far, then congratulations. You do really well. Keep it up and I shall see in the next lecture. Thank you for joining me again, but by 9. Meeting Up with Friends: Hello again. This time around, we're gonna be looking at meeting up with friends. And as you can see down the bottom there, we're going to focus on vocabulary. That'll be helpful when socializing with your amigos. Now, please do bear with this lecture because, as you're going to see, it is quite wordy. However, it is a really nice and really useful topic Dick over. So please do give it your full attention and you'll be up and running in no time. So I think a good starting point for this is gonna be talking about friends. So, starting from the left, there, with our lovely little picture we have when, Amigo. When? Amigo? Yeah. When the Amiga Houna Amiga. Now this changes because of gender win. Amigo refers to a male friend one that Amiga refers to a female front. Does amigos or does Amigas? Does Sami yours does Sami gas Now this refers to two friends dos amigos prefers to two male friends. Does Emmy gas refers to two female friends? If it's a mixture our friends, we have one female, one male. Then we take the masculine. For that we've always stick with Dos amigos. Now I do apologize if that comes across the sexist, but I don't make the rules for this. It's a longstanding rule on we just use the mail to refer to a mixed group of friends. Finally, that algunos amigos on Ghana's Amigas I'll go No Samudio's I'll Go Nass have you guys that this refers to when there's more than two friends. So a group of friends algunos amigos, will be a group of male friends. Algunas amigas, a group of female. And again, if it's a mixture of male and female, we would stick to the male version. Algunos amuse a small note there at the bottom in Spanish. As with the other things we've just seen the word for boyfriend Isn't Nobile on? The word for girlfriend is no BIA. Now this changes again because agenda So the masculine were the No B O prefers to the boyfriend, and no BR refers to the girlfriend. Now in Spanish. We have two main verbs that we can use when talking about meeting with friends. The 1st 1 is you can see there in yellow is the verb k dot, which is used when we're me in with friends for a night out or something similar. So, in other words, something which is pre planned or premeditated. Secondly, we have the verb corn out there now, like the previous example. God knows there is used when we meet people for the first time. So, for example, when you head out to a pub or bar when you get talking to somebody you've never met before for this we'd use our second verb, which is going off there. So to put these into some kind of concepts for you with a couple of examples at the bottom . So the fast one boy, a kid are Commies, amigos al pub boy. Takeda called me some egos al Pub. So I'm going to meet up with my friends that I already know at the pub. 2nd 1 There go Northey, I'll go. No, Sammy goes the way. Waas Carnesi I'll go nose amigos. No way bows. So I met some new friends. There's obviously people I didn't know before, so we would use the verb going out there. So have that's clear for you. If not, please do drop me a quick question and I'll try and clear up for you. So now Let's take a look at some activities you might go and do with our friends. Now, this is gonna be really useful when we're talking about what we like to do or where you went last weekend. But also, it's gonna be useful. If you're trying to make plans with some new friends you meet on your travels, then these activity phrases are really gonna be ideal. So starting from the top left, we have Domar will not Copa. Oh, Damar, una cerveza Our verb there being tomorrow, which is the verb to take. And why not? They're less. That is a word for beer Now, before that, obviously you saw when I Cooper, this is just a general word for a drink would not have. Aretha is our word for a beer. Next up we have Celia Biff. Yes, there, Celia Def yester which is to go out partying to go Clement Here the picnic here, the picnic just to go and have a picnic here. Al him. Natgeo here at him. Natgeo to go to the gym here on Restaurante he around the restaurant day to go to a restaurant. And finally, the ever which has made its way into modern Spanish. So theologies are Cynthia Lee there are, which is literally our were to socialize or to hang out. As you can see, there's again a little note of the bottom there on All it says is that it might be a good idea. Good practice for you to try and create your own senses is using these activity words. So we've given you a basic structure there that you can use. So Mannion at boy are, which means tomorrow I am going to. Then you're gonna add an activity. Andi, if you feel adventurous, you can add Call me Sammy. Gosh, which just means with my friends. So for a full example, there we have money. Ana boy. A Scalia defeats that. Comey Samios man Yana boy Australia def. Yes, Doctor mis amigos on. This would mean tomorrow I'm going to go partying with my friends, So why not try and come up with a couple of for yourself? A little bit of repetition on these new phrases that you're gonna be putting together is going to really help with pronunciation is gonna help with your confidence, and it's gonna help your general language journey so Go on, give it a go. And if you come up with some good ones, feel free to pop them in the discussion section. So next up, organizing the meat up. Now, this is probably the word is part of lecture. But I promise you that is very interested. And it is actually a really useful section for you Now. I realize this might look a bit dawn to do this length and complexity, but please do stick with it, and it really will pay off if you're unsure about any other pronunciations. And obviously you've got the homemade fanatics as usual in the right Time column has always any further questions for that. Then please do feel free to ask myself for Jonathan. Then we'll get back to you soon become So I left hand column there in the espanol section We're going to start with a question that might come in useful if you tryin to plan Events were friends, so we have EST Ashley Bremen and I put a lot today again, it's our question. So we have the upside down question marks the beginning and then the question mark at the end s tax levy Ramayana poor laterally. Which means are you free tomorrow in the afternoon? So if you were asking someone if they had any plans and he wanted to make some with them, this would be a good question to lead with est. Actually Bremen ya not part of that today. Our next question there is. Have you got anything planned for tonight? Dennis? Algo plan Jalloh paradise. Donald J tiene is algo plan Yaddo, part Tristano j external Js this night or tonight. So have you got anything planned for tonight? Key. Erez. Celia s Tomonohana key. Erez, Sally of Estermann Yala. So do you want to go out somewhere this morning? Great. If you live with friends, maybe And you want to go on break the day up a little bit. Kerry Celia Rest Ammonia. Amos kiddo. I care or a Most kids are So so what time do you want to meet? Great less If you're making plans and you're gonna meet someone elsewhere. Kor a Mosqueda, though. Don't take it. Ambush. Don't They gave Jamus. Where do you want to meet again? Paired with the question above these would be very useful if you're gonna meet someone in town say Don't take it ammo. And finally, with a little bit more specific kid almost are seen a last year. Kinamore Seracini last the eighth. So shall we meet at the Santa Clock at the cinema? This is obviously a little more specific. You obviously change out the in A for something else, some of the landmark that you'd meet up and ambush. I've seen it at last, the eighth on my natural progression. We've now got someone responses. You can expect to either be given if it's you who's been invited somewhere or receiving. If you're the wonder in the planet No, obviously someone could give you a simple yes or no answer. But I always think it's best to be our with nice, full phrases so that you can better explain yourself on, obviously, to make sure that you don't come across as a bit rude with just a one word answer. Now I know somebody is quite long strings of words. So what we're gonna do is gonna break them down into small relevant so that we can practice each bit and then we're gonna put it all together. So just offers off in the left hand column A game we have C. It's totally breast on O J si Esto libera estan oci? Yes, I'm free tonight. See? Is our well for guess Estoy I am Lee Beret Library Free s Donachie tonight. Siesta. Really very estan Okay. Yes, I'm free tonight. Lo siento Paranoia story Leave raised a fin de semana lost siento There are no estoy libera s. They feel they say Mama Lucy Internet Really useful phrase. A really high frequency one that you may want to note down actually means Sorry, but this could be useful if you're asking for directions. And you wanted to interrupt. Somebody has got a 1,000,000 uses, so definitely, definitely making over this somewhere. There are were therefore boat No estoy liberally noise. Toy library. I am not free. Yes, they feel they say Moloch this weekend. See, may go story a macho Celia. Continue. See me gustaria much. Joe Celia County. Go. Yes, I'd really like to go out with you. May go start a year is a variation on megastar that we saw earlier. Celia is the world to go out. County, go with you now. This next one might not actually apply to you This is mainly for people who are underage and can't drink in the country. But we're gonna go ahead of the anyway because it's always useful to know. And you can always of course, adapt it to be talking about your own Children. No puedo here own club? No. So by stand a vehicle, not whether yet. Own club. No soy based on TBS I can't go to a club. I'm not old enough. No puedo Aaron club No show best and TVs Oh, see me in Cantabria Celia Magnon A poor LaMagna See may encanta area Sell your money on a par LaMagna Now they have an anomaly. This one The word for tomorrow on the web for morning in Spanish are both the same word man Yanna So see yes being can't carry a cell year. I love to go out, man Yana por la manana Tomorrow morning no Nokia Rosselli arrested. No estoy can Sado. No, No Caro. Celia estan Okay. Estoy can Sado. No, I don't want to go out tonight. I'm tired now. This is a very useful excuse. If you don't want to have to give your true excuse, this is one toe. Have in the background that you can just pull out whenever needed. No, No, Kara. So I don't want to sell year of other game to go out a standard J tonight. Historic Ansaldo. I'm tired. So there you have it. Great stuff that covers our meeting up with friends for a cavalry well done for getting through it. As always, you can go back over it and solidify your learning that bit more. But for now, believe it here. And I'll see you all in the next lecture. Thanks again. Bye bye. 10. At the Café: Ordering Food: Hi, everyone. This time we're gonna be looking at our topic in, like, a feat that a year or at the cafe more specifically, we're gonna be talking about ordering food and drink are making reservations. Now it's a nice day by elected this one compared with Lecter nine, which was a little bit more intensive. So let's take a look at this at our own pace again, as usual on let's take a look at some of the useful words and phrases. So to start with our nice and basic cafe based vocabulary. So right from the top there we have one cafe cafe, which is just are simple way for cafe tengo hambre tengo hambre. Just our word for I'm hungry and menu and may know underneath that we have blood on El Dia Plateau del dia Dish of the day one plateau Kellyanne Today one plateau Kellyanne Day, which is a hot dish on day one. Plateau free or we're Platt off Frio. Now you may recognize some of these. Of course, Dish of the day is something that we use in restaurants in the UK as well, especially on the hot dish and cold dishes. Could be. If we're going for something like Spanish tapas, you might get a mixture of the two. However, if you just wanted a distinction between the two, then we can have on Plateau Kelly NT or Plateau Free you. So let's move on now to place an order. Now there's no change, really to how we order food again. It's gonna depend on our set in. So for in a fancy restaurant, there's likely to be some table service in Spain. Otherwise, if you just popping into McDonald's because, well, let's face it, they're everywhere now. Then you'll be put in this World Cavalry into practice at their service counter. Regardless into scenario, however, your phrase is it gonna be the same. So let's take a look at what they are. So we have something we've seen already. Mega study. Yeah, megastar. A year coming from a ghost that make a study? Yeah, I would like midway tape on air may point a pawn there. Could I have so another way of order make born a make burning I'll half again into the variation nurse or three quite useful phrases I would like could I have on. I'll have will not bury TBA. We're not very TVA. So a starter this could refer to a drink or a starting bill's neck, A plateau principle and plateau principle. That's our main course. The principal Blake. The main plate on elbow story elbow story that's our dessert and post three. Now the next selection of words is something which is very important, but which that I realized very recently after moving to friends that in my own school and they were completely missed out. Now some of you might already know for my other Unicorns doesn't say that my fair special ism is French on when I move up to front straight from a levels, I soon realized that I had absolutely no knowledge of these words. Now this made quite the 1st 3 days in the host on his house. Quite awkward, because every meal time I had to explain that I needed a particular instrument to eat my soup or whether it was that they were feeding me, and I just didn't know the words for it. So it's quite crazy to think that this is something so basic and get it was missed out. But let's just make sure that we know them, so we're gonna move on. We've made sure that you got your own selection of words here to go armed with. And let's take a look at how we would say them So the most basic to start with on plateau one plateau that's a plate. Nice cock dates again. It looks very similar to the English word on plateau when boil wooden board, it's a ball or a simple one bar on Bozzo. When bazaar, which is a glass so we might want a glass of water in Basel, will not die for when a, which is a cup or mook and then moving down to the more fiddly instruments for eat our food on 10. Adore when 10 Adore, which is a folk when caccia When. God Geo, which is aware for knife Huanuco, Jara or Nacua Jarrah, which is a tablespoon or a soup spoon. What a big spoon on on a coach. Herita When a good job. Rita, which is our smaller spoon on most often referred to as a teaspoon. So now let's take it one step further and have a look at some of while food words. Now, obviously, there's gonna be flight. Well, if you read it out and you need to be able to read the menu Or, of course, if you're doing the shop in so that you could eat properly Either way, it is it gonna be equally important. So our first word is our generic term for fruit. On that is a left route there, Love Furuta. Just fruit in general. Left last year, Doris Last Bear, Doris, which is our generic word again for vegetables. Last their doors love pasta Pastor, which is very easy to remember Pastor La Pizza Because who doesn't like pizza? La Peter, I'll be steak hell be steak which is steak or beef steak. Let l be steak and last. But that has freed us. That's but that has freed us, which is our chips. Or if you live outside the UK, it's fries, french fries, Couple more common foods. Here we have una amber geisha or now amber Geisha, which is a burger hamburger, beef burger Yunus, our teacher Una certa. This is very common in Spain. They really do love anything sausage orientated. So when Assad teacher does something like the Surita, so it's a similar when asked about. That s well, nice about that ass. Which is our word for potatoes at a time. L palm just bread. Oh, wait for cheese, though, which is a gay so and gay. So I'm finally on this page that we have l boyo and boy Oh, which is why we're there for chicken. I know we have a few more foods for you and Hamelin again, something very popular in Spain. And Harmon if someone and Spain really does have some of the best ham around. So something like Serrano, it's a great hand that you can get direct from Sprain and come on, Larry's, Larry's or Latino era. Let's turn error, which is beef over you race Latino era l chocolaty l Joeckel at day, which is our time there for chocolate bottom left. We have solid there, which is lying Saleh in Salada in the middle one. However, when waiver it is an egg, I'm Finally, we finish up with one book Ideo Orden book addio, which is a sandwich. I'm moving from food to drink. Now we're gonna take a look a couple of alcoholic drinks on. Why not now? These are gonna be useful If you're popping out with friends for the evening on, These are adult friends, of course. So let's have a look we've got. Wouldn't ask that of a PSA una cerveza, which is a beer. Of course, you do have the option of ordering by the name or brand of the beer, but would not that Aretha is the General Theater when Vice So Davino when bars or D'Avino as we just saw in bars? Or there is theory word for glass when buyers are they being are now this is generic. For wine, we can ask for red wine, white wine, Rosie one. This is just generic for a glass of wine. Una cita on a cedar, which is a cider, and finally that we have on whiskey. Wouldn't whiskey my personal preference there shining through. Next up. We have our soft drinks, so we start off with the most basic that we have in Basel de Agua Wooden bars all day. Igor, it's a glass of water. Would not Coca Cola would not? Coca Cola, which is a cola in general, one Thelma day. No Karanka on a summer day now rancor that this is an orange juice when Thermo they're being aware for juice on the right, have been aware for orange. So in orange juice. Next up. Similarly, we have a month or more. Date Montana Orenthal, More date Montana, which is an apple juice manthan a. There be in the world for apple bottom left when we want to grand the scale we have una hora de agua Nanahara the Agua on Phyllis. It's a picture of water or a jug of water that we place in the middle of the table. Next up on a limb on Allah una lima nada, which is a lemonade on finally that we have with the Agua God in Gaza. We're not argo out corn guys. So a sparkling water. Fizzy water. Okay, so let's imagine now that we've sat on had, Ah, lovely lunch which we've ordered using our new vocabulary. What do we do about paying up? Well, we're gonna need some of our phrases that we can see here, So let's take a look. So get in the first question, may play Darla cuenta por fav. Or may point a dar la cuenta por favor. So could I have the bill, please, like went there there being the word for Bill? Maybe. Where did our, like, cuenta por fav or I went at the end for please, Gwen Toys Guan Toys. So how much is it or how much is that cuenta ways? On the night that we have the heart? When I prop Una, they have won a pro Pena. So to leave a tip, they huh? Wana, Perot Pena. And finally, there's something which is familiar to anyone who eats are in Europe, especially. We have our V A T, which is our tax applicable to food and drink on in Spanish. We would say L Eva and Eva, which just stands for the 80 badly in Spanish L Eva, so this would usually be added to the total at the end either way, and finally, we've got some really useful vocabulary for you to learn. So this is all related to dining out on their be another handy guide that you could print out and carry with you in case you find yourself in a situation where you get a bit stuck. But for now, let's have a look through it together. So to start, we have por favor, something I know we've seen, but here is part of our very useful little prince. Eat this, but I come party if para come party. So that's to show Para come party it. La Quinta Black Queen, as you saw earlier on the previous slide, like Wente, the Bill Una Bro Pena or now Europeana, which is I went for a tip when provincial When pro betcha. It's our way of saying, have a nice meal very similar to the French for bon appetit which way we use more widely these days. Brain protect you L manu del Dia L manu del Dia. So set menu a menu of the day. And they knew that the young you see some of the bistros and small pope is will offer these around about lunchtime and they're usually a very good price. And Maynooth a press yours. Feagles, Elma new. They press yours. Finkel's the fixed price menu, which would usually be something like a starter. Main dessert for one price. L'm a new. They pressed the oars. Feagles. And finally, there We have lanista. Damien knows least that baby in Laos, which is our wine list, is quite straightforward. There just a list of wines that we offer in the establishment least that they mean us. So that's all for this lecture. Well, don't I'm making it through another one on, as always. Let's move on to another topic and I shall see there. Thanks for joining me again. Bye bye. 11. Body Parts & Common Illnesses: so welcome to lecture 11. This is our penultimate lecture. On this time we're gonna be looking at body parts and general illnesses. Now, this is because, unfortunately, things don't always go to plan. And there are gonna be times when you might need to see a doctor or up to the hospital. I appreciate there's never a nice scenario, but it can be made to feel 10 times worse if you're stuck in a foreign hospital with a language barrier stopping you from understanding what's going on. So by arming ourselves with just a little bit of language, we can once again feel that a bit more relaxed about the situation if we ever find ourselves in it. So let's get started. So let's start with the human body. Now. I apologize for the picture, but it is the only one I could find that fit the purpose. So let's take a look. So starting on our left there we have lack a beta la cabeza did. I went for the head like a baby. And but also el brazo. Whether for arm and a brothel LaPierre Now LaPier Erna so went for neck lower. Rodia La Rodia, the weather for me. O Mara L umbra. It is our shoulder. La mano lamanna. So where they're forehand l s Tamargo ls Tom ago through the way The stomach on l p A L p A weather for foot. So moving on to more specific features we have our head there on We're talking about facial features again. I apologize for the picture, but let's take a look. So we have l bello l fellow so well for her Landry's Learn a wreath. God knows La Boca la Boca. Um, mouth, that's all for us. Los Ojos Eyes last already has less or excess our ears and finally lack Kara like Kara. So whether for face. So now if things are really bad thing, you need to talk about anything that's going on internally. Then we have some of arm or internal organ words here, so let's take a look. We can start with loss. Pull more nous. Los Pullman is as our lungs, and you go Ighalo. So liver el cerebro is there a bro? Ah, brain Elkann, Athan and God hath earn it is the heart Los Arena Bonus. Los Arena. Ynez is the kidney's. Finally at a storm ago ls Storm ago our stomach and now seeing a doctor. So let's move on to things doctor related. That is something which I think you should always go on with. When you're traveling on, it's very, very important to at least have a basic understanding. So this might be one of those towns, and you might wanna print out the slide again and take the PdF with you. Let's take a look at what made it might need if we need to see a doctor. So when medical When medical. So word for Dr When medico one consultoria one consul tore eo at Dr Century or click when Consulate Orio would a feta on a theater. It's an appointment so we can expand that to win a feta. Cornell Medical would have feet that Connolly maybe go on appointment with the doctor. Last minute. Athena's less made the theme nurse so medicines and you wanna open Raytheon would not opiate atthe urine on operation. So great a lot of useful words that we might need if we're seeing a doctor moving on a game now, all of what we learned so far in this topic is pretty brightness if we can't, then get to a doctor, surgery or clinic and tell them exactly what is wrong with us. So with this in mind, let's take a look at our set phrase there in yellow. So to say, what part of our body is hurt and we use the formula, Tango, doll or day? Plus, our body partner hurts so literally. What we're saying is I have pain off the on the body parts. Now, this one phrase is gonna be really useful in the vast majority of cases that would have you see in a doctor. So it is a really good phrase to know on as for body parts, where we've got some examples here. So we've got Tengo the Lord the Hunter tengo dollar. They have Fanta. I have a sore throat. De cabeza take a base. That would be I have a headache, Tango, Dolor, database, tangle, dollar day or a huh? Tengo dolor. They already, huh? Have Eric. And so when we have the Ohio Day, p a did the aim tastes the spiral that the s Tom ago. So all of those, we would start with tangled dollar or day and then we can add. Those are so tangled. The Lord, they aspire there I have a sore back. So now that we've got a little bit of our vocabulary we might need it's time to have a look at how we go about booking ourselves in for a checkup. It's quite simple, really. We have our set phrase there in yellow again that we can use a lot times so we can say mega study. Yeah, organ ether on a feta bought off a bar. May goosed Ali. Yeah, organise our una feta por fav or and we have our fanatics. They're broken down for you again. Met gustaria origami. Serve una cita por favor. Quite literally. I would like to book an appointment, please. And that leads us on nicely to the final part the topic which is putting it all together. So what we've done is we created a dialogue which reflects how a typical phone call to a doctor surgery would go. It's important that, you see, this is a whole day. Look, so you have an idea of what responses to your own lines in the conversation might be, So don't panic. We actually have a translation on the next line as well. So let's take a look and start with our receptionists here. So we have the receptionist would say Vega Vega, which is, as we've seen when we did the NL telephone section means speak or talk to me, ***. So our caller would then say me gustaria organise are in a theater concern Yoro, senorita. And then we have ah, doctor's name nurse. So that's to say, Smith, when I think that concern your Smith por favor hola me gustaria organised are in a theater concern Your Smith perv aboard on a receptionist would say they're queer, though Cuando Carrie they acquire though e quando Carrie our call over then say Luna's CS foreseeably loonies CS perceive Lee receptionist would then answer that with Puerta de Lune is a rational way, way late Come be any on the corner was a C may come being a grass. Yes. See, may come being a grass. Yes. Then either yours, then other of yours on a call with them. Finish up with Adios. So let's take a look at what all that means. Don't panic. We do have a translation, as I say, and I flicked back and forth between the Spanish and English so that you can see both sides . So we started with the receptionist Digga. Hello, was our translation there. Hello. Hola may go study? Yeah. Organdy thought on a seat there. You can send your Smith por favor. Hello. I'd like to arrange an appointment with Mr Smith, please. They acquire Low e Gwanda Carrie. Okay. When do you want to come in or when would you like reflect back one second? Now we have Gwanda. Okay? And that's when would you like deck left? No, that just means okay. Or of course, loonies. CS foreseeably Monday. If that's possible point A lunar is a lesson away. Let cumbia We could do one day at night. If that works for you See may come be any grass. Yes, yes, that's great. Thank you. Then other of yours. You're welcome. Goodbye. And then our caller finishes there with Ayash. It's of course, it's goodbye. So let's put that all together for you one last time without me saying receptions and call unless just listen to the full transcript. Digger Ola megastar Reorganise are on a feat that concern your Smith por favor de Kuebler Cuando Kerry lunacy explosively. What? Ellen s a lesson away. Away the Colombian seem a community graph. Yes. Had another yours? Yours. So I have that's been really useful for you. Don't worry. If it sounded a bit fast, you can always go back and listen to it again in the game. This ready is something that is gonna be very, very critical if you do for a little whilst abroad. And I hope this example here has gone some way to put in your mind at ease. As you say, Do listen back to it because it's very good practice on as always. I will see in the next lecture to finish up. Okay. Bye bye. 12. Conclusion and Further Learning: Hello again. On First of all, let me congratulate you on making it this far on completing the course. Now I really hope that you've enjoyed it as much as myself and Jonathan have enjoyed making it, and I hope that you found it useful and informative. Your language journey. So any feedback or questions that you might have can be posted in the discussion section of the course and will always do our best to get back to you as soon as we come. And on that note, I know we both be enormously grateful if you could take 30 seconds before you leave the course page to leave us a little review so that other learners conceal that we're doing a good job and they could join our little community with confidence. Now it's really straightforward to do. If you just scroll to the top of the course page and towards the top right hand side of the page, you'll see a little but Mark Wright to review. If you just click that, then you can pop in a star rating out of five. And obviously we're hoping that that will be five stars Onda Little line or two about what you loved about the course. Now, before we leave you, people are always asking us where we can go from here. So you've taken on the basics of the spoken language, which is obviously awesome. And it's obviously going to be very useful if you go into a Spanish speaking country for a short while and maybe give just a bit stuck for ideas on how to expand from here. Well, personally, we'd obviously say, Don't stop here now. There's always more you can learn with the language and they constantly evolving and changing. So whether you wanted to know progress to a more technical side of the language such a grammar or you want to keep building up a knowledge of nouveau covering phrases, whatever it is or we'd say is, don't stop learning now. Another option, of course, would be for you to visit a Spanish speaking country in order to improve your current knowledge. No, if you're in the US than you've got an awesome opportunity to pop over the border into South America and to pick up some new and in some cases, slightly different vocabulary and phrases, along with obviously cultures and traditions. Now visiting the country and speaking to Native is gonna teach you infinitely more than we could ever do through a video course, even if it was 100 hours long. Things like slang, colloquial, Spanish, even Spanish that specific to the region you find yourself in. We're never going to be able to convey all that, so we definitely urge you. If it's a possibility to go abroad and keep up your language journey again, the further option would be simply to revisit this course from time to time. That's especially useful if you're not in a position to go abroad. Or maybe you're just not using the Spanish yet then by revisits in the course, you're constantly reminding yourself of what you've learned, and that means that you're repeating the language time and time again, which, as we've shown, is hugely beneficial inland with learning. Don't forget by enrolling on this course, you've got lifetime access to it, so you've got absolutely no danger of losing your materials or principal sheets. And finally, don't forget that Jonathan and I are actually also a form of learning resource. Now there's a word or phrase he just can't seem to manage. Then please, Please don't hesitate to ask those writer discussions area or even by a personal message, and will always try our best to help you out. So for one last time, thank you very much for letting us come along for the ride in your language learning journey. We hope we have helped you in some small way to get you up and running on. All that's left for us to say is good bye. We have to speak to you very soon in our discussions area on Thanks for joining us. And yes, bye bye.