Learn to Draw Flowers: 6 Wildflowers You Need to Know | Isa Down | Skillshare

Learn to Draw Flowers: 6 Wildflowers You Need to Know

Isa Down, Artist, Educator, Author

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12 Lessons (55m)
    • 1. Intro/Trailer

      1:13
    • 2. Petal Shapes Overview

      4:04
    • 3. Cosmos Flower

      6:06
    • 4. Coneflower

      5:29
    • 5. California Poppy

      7:43
    • 6. Cornflower

      5:27
    • 7. Queen Anne's Lace

      2:55
    • 8. Aster

      2:29
    • 9. Filler Foliage

      2:19
    • 10. Sketching Layouts

      7:21
    • 11. Final Project

      8:52
    • 12. Wrap Up

      0:44
31 students are watching this class

About This Class

Hi everyone! Isa here with Poppy and Gray Co. 

In this class, I’m going to show you how to illustrate 6 of my favorite wildflowers step-by-step, and at the end, we’ll work on a final project together that combines the flowers from the lessons into a gorgeous art print surrounding a quote. 

I’ve provided two different typography templates for this quote—so no lettering skills are needed! You can pick which layout you like the most, and print as many copies as you’d like.  You can turn your project into a gift (the holidays are coming up!) or for personal use. 

I love to draw wildflowers – they’re each so unique, and have such beautiful lines and character to them.  My favorite part?  Once you know a few basic wildflowers, you can create endless art pieces with them, from wildflower fields to bouquets to single flowers. 

Once you know these flowers, you can create any combination your heart desires, your personal use or gift options are endless!

SUPPLIES

  • Ink pen(s)
  • Pencil
  • Eraser
  • Paper
  • Printable template (optional)
  • Colored pencils, watercolor, markers, etc. (Optional, if you want to add color to your flowers)

 

WHAT YOU’LL LEARN

I will show you my illustration techniques for  5 wildflowers.  While I will touch on shading techniques for creating light and shadow in your drawings, I will not go in depth.  If you are wanting to learn more about shading, check out my Shading 101 class.  For this class, I will assume you have these skills.

Once you know how to draw these 5 wildflowers, I will take you through my process for creating a cohesive and balanced layout.  For the final project, you can choose from two templates: a circular wreath template, or a template that you can use for bouquets or wildflower fields.  We will draw our new wildflowers onto the pages with text in a fun composition that will make a great gift!

OVERVIEW OF WILDFLOWER LESSONS

Lesson 1: Petal Shapes

Lesson 2: Cosmos

Lesson 3: Coneflower

Lesson 4: California Poppy

Lesson 5: Cornflower

Lesson 6: Queen Anne's Lace

Lesson 7: Aster

Lesson 8: Final Foliage

Lesson 9: Sketching Layouts

Lesson 10: Final Project

Transcripts

1. Intro/Trailer: everyone needs to hear with Poppy and Graco so excited that you've joined my class on how to draw a wild flowers. I will be taking you step by step through six of my favorite wildflowers to draw, and at the end of our class, we have to project choices. One is you can draw a wreath around a quote, and the other is You can draw more of a wildflower field around that quote. I provided a template for the quote, so no hand lettering is needed, and you can pick whichever one that you prefer to draw. And our projects will be a culmination of taking the six wildflowers, along with some filler foliage and leaves and grasses, and creating our own special project. Understanding how to draw basic wildflowers is such a useful tool. If you're wanting to create anything, whether that's for yourself or as gifts for your loved ones, you do need to have those basic skills of some fundamental wildflowers, and that is what this class will provide for you. I am so excited to get started, so let's not Dalli any longer, and let's just go ahead and get started in class and I'll see you there 2. Petal Shapes Overview: e just wanted to briefly go over the different pedals that you'll see in the flowers. Because as I'm drawing them and you're drawing them with me, I just want you to be able to look at each individual pedal and know exactly what they look like. I will also be uploading a pdf with he's drawn out so you can use it as a reference guide. If you want to print that off or just have it next to you on your computer, well, you're drawing. So the first pedal that we're gonna look at is the cosmos pedal. The basic shape is for the pedal to if this is the center of the cosmos. Well, just imagine a center area there, the cosmos pedal will come off in a bit of a curve, and the top is almost like a square side, but it has these little divots in it. Then it will curb back down. And if you're doing it with a curve and the pedal, go like this and then connect the curves here. So these are the basic pedals that you're gonna be using for the cosmos flower. Next is the cone flower. So if This is the base of the cone flower, with the Centre Court coming up here. What you'll see further along in the video. It's very similar to a daisy and how it comes away from the center, and it has one little dip at the end of the pedal, and against narrow Maura's, it gets back to the base similar to the cosmos. Let's also look at the corn flower petal, which is a little more jagged and has some more angles to it. So again, if this is the center area of the corn flour, cornflower comes up a curb and has a little spike to it, almost like a little flame coming up with a few more in the center and then another claim on the other side. And there's multiple variations of that as well, just depending on the angle that you're coming into it from. So this one has a bit of a fold on the side of that little. That's the corn flour for the Astor again, here's the center. It's very similar to the cone flower, or to a daisy is just much narrower and when were elongated. But it does have that little dip at the end, um, similar to become flour and to a daisy. As I mentioned for the California poppy, the shape of the pedal is almost like a cop. I feel like the base down here. If this is the center, um, or the base of the pedal and it comes up and has a little bit of a wave to it, it's depending on whatever angle you're coming from. So for this one, it would be more closed. Flower because of the ships are gonna be looking at. You're going to do one with this being the center that's more open. It's a much wider shape of the pedal, with a few gentle curves to it. And last but not least, we have the Queen Anne's lace and that they're just like little clouds just build on each other. It's almost like a three or an E depending or W and M, depending on which angle that you're going from, just has that nice little gentle dip it in the middle and they just build around each other . So, like I said, I will be posting these in a pdf form. You can go ahead and print those off and use the most reference guide while you go through the videos or if you're wanting to practise the shapes of the pedals before you start the class. 3. Cosmos Flower: so the first flower were drawing. Today is the cosmos, and the first thing I'm going to do is give a general map on my page with just a light pencil outline of where I want that flower to go and the orientation that I'm picking out for the flower. Um, after you've been drawing for a long time, you may not need to do this pencil outline, but I like to do what Just to give myself a general idea of the layout. And it's especially helpful if I'm doing lots of flowers together, which will be doing in our project later on in this class. So let's go ahead and start getting that habit now, while we're learning to draw these flower in the beginning, I will start with the centre any flower, really, but especially with the cosmos, because it has such a little bundled center and they're really just These little half half oblongs are almost like a sea, like a long C shape that just build on top of each other into the shape the center of the cosmos. I like cause knows, because you can draw them into any picture that you have lots of flowers in or on their own , of course. But if you're doing something like a reviewer Wildflower Field, you can really add a lot of death and change the dynamics of the drawing really easily by adding a cosmos because they're so easy to do from the different angles. And they're just very simple. But they had a lot of power and color to a drying. You could make a big or small, depending on what we need to add to you're drawing. So once I have the center, then I will usually start with the pedals that come out closest to me just to give myself an idea. The angle of the flower. You decide what kind of folds you want and leave. If you're needing help with any shading or thinking about having draw folds or curves and your petals or leaves, please check out my shaving one of one class because that's where you'll learn all of this information because most are great one for the overlapping pedals as well, just to give you a little bit more in depth. And if you look at a cosmos, you'll notice they don't have very smooth edges at the top of the pedals at the apex of the pedals, so make sure that if you're drawing a flower, some of them will have much smoother tops on. One big characteristic of the cosmos is that they just really have kind of squiggly tops of their pedals. For instance, if you're looking at a Days Inn held on this, we only have one or two deaths on them versus this cosmos, which is a lot more dense. You could really make it a simpler, as complex as you like. If you want to have twisting pedals, curving pedals, really anything you want, you can go ahead and that in there now, for the purpose of this class, where you will just do a couple of pedals just to show you how they look. They come out almost like he's very well on little tenderly type pedals wrap around each other in themselves. If you look up a picture of pedals of the cosmos, you could really see there's a couple of varieties so you can always pick which one you're running to draw as well. This one is pretty simple and straightforward, which is kind of fun, and has a lot of a little bit more of a free form. Feel to it, J I always really enjoy. You Feel like you're needing anything else. You have your pedal seeking. Just come in. Do these belong Arms off with this done to give it a little bit more dimension, man, you're gonna go ahead and cheap your cosmos. Go ahead. In a race here, Guideline, you are drawn to give your general shape. Make sure you wait until you're think has completely dried. Of course, if you're using a micro depends, some ink dries almost assumes you put the pen on paper, which is really nice. But if you're using a different type of pen, just make sure you're giving enough time to dry it, and there is your cosmos flower. 4. Coneflower: next hour we'll be drawing is a cone flower, and days will be your ECA nations, your black eyed Susans, different flowers like that. And what I love about the cone flower, um, is that you really get a lot of different color variation with a similar flower structure so you can draw a whole bunch of the EU's into your wildflower field. Your bouquet. You're res, anything that you're wanting to add a little bit more depth or filler flower, too. And while you're doing that, you can do a whole bunch of different colors. You can get your more auburn and yellow colors or the purple color back in Asia, and you could just have a lot of depth and color with one flower. So the first thing I'll do with the coat in flour, of course, is I drew my outline for a general idea of where on the paper. I'm gonna put it like I said, that's a little bit more important for me later on, if I'm sketching out what I want my wreath to look like a wild flower field or something like that and then the cone. Part of the cone flower is very similar shape as the center of the cosmos, which is that half see, I guess that's a backward see that's a little bit more elongated, and then it comes up like a cone. Thus the name cone flower. And if you're wanting to add a little bit more depth for shadow to one side of your flower more to the center of your flower, you could just add a little bit more of those half circles on one side. If you're just wanting to add a little bit more of a shadow to give it a little bit more depth, you'll see that both times my outline and you're much bigger than the actual flower that I ended up dry on the inside, which is totally fine. It's up to you. I like to do it that way just to give myself a general idea of where in putting it, um, without having to over we commit to it, and then I can just take go from there and have an idea. We're putting everything well, you can keep it really long and thin like this one, or if you look at something more like an econ atia, you tend to be a little bit wider at the base, so you can always just add more on the side of your wanting to do that. It's really up to you, depending on the look you're going for. And they do have these kind of Jaggi mark sticking out the side of them. And from here it's almost like the pedal of a daisy, except instead of coming just directly out from the flour up to the side, they come downwards off of it, and they have that little dip very similar to daisy petal. You know how to drive Daisy. It's really quite simple to draw cone flower and vice versa as well. If you have your own flower down, that you're pretty set on drawing Daisy were very similar, leaves her petals on their flower before months. You're done with your cone flower and because Dr you can come in and erase your guideline that you were trying with your pencil. If you're wanting to do more of a guideline with your pencil, you're certainly welcome. Teoh sketch out the whole the whole flower with your pencil just to give yourself a better idea. And if you come through When you realize you know I'm shaded does looks pretty good, but just feeling I'm missing things doesn't quite look right even always Come back, Leader, Add some extra pedals here. There. Just a little bit more depth. There is my cornflower. All right, let's go ahead and learn our next flower. 5. California Poppy: flowers California body, and I'm going to go ahead and show you a couple different angles at the poppy. First violin will be a little bit more open. Do one that's half open. That's not on its side again. I start in the middle of the flower. This one has a similar shape to the center. I just make a little bit longer and narrower than the other two flowers, which is that sort of long see close to see. We're gonna have this one sort of partially open when you go down, joined the stem. I'm gonna go ahead and just like in a couple of spots, where have the branches come out? Tend to draw the branches closer to the end most of the time. So the next one will be open but kind of turned away from us in the face of California. Poppy has this little, almost like a little cup that's holding. It is how I like to think of it that's holding up the flower, and that's part of the stem. And all the flowers that we've drawn so far are really fun because we got to have a little bit of freedom with how we want them to look by which I mean they don't have very specific the old to there, but they have a very specific feel about what I mean is they don't have one way that the pedals could go in one way only like you might have with something like orchid or more instruction flower like that. These pedals are very whimsical and soft, and they can really go in any direction so you can take the general shape of the pedal and turn it into 100 different versions of the flower just by twisting and are adding a fold here, a slight term of the beef. There means once you know the general shape of the flower, you can really do anything again. We have the little cup stem of this, and then this one's gonna be you turning away from us a little bit more more on that side. So an important thing to know any time you're learning a new flower, of course, is how Maney pedals doesn't have. What is the general feel and shape of that pedal? Does it have little bits of little debates and curves at the top? It doesn't have a smooth edge. These are the questions you're gonna want to be thinking about. These guys have a very similar leave to the cosmos except a little bit more density to them that long, Almost like tendril coming off and just building on each other, rocking around and curving all over. The first few times that drew these pedals, I had a very specific reference photo in front of me. Now I just way now that I know the general shape and feel is the a lot more freedom and how I want my flowers toe. Look, these pedals are great to use for filler as well. Say you're doing a wreath and you have a little bit of white space and you're needing a little bit more filling near your California copy. You can just go ahead and throw some of these leaves in when they wrap around each other. Really fill it in nicely again when you're done with your flower race. The guideline that you've given yourself There you go. There's your California poppy 6. Cornflower: No way will be doing is the corn flour. I love this one because it has such a beautiful color to it. It's really gorgeous blue. So if you're wanting to add a bit of a blue into your drying, this is a really wonderful way to do it. Now the center of the corn flour is a little different than what we've been doing so far. It has more of ah long. It's a little long spikes in the center way, way to color. The man These long stakes are almost a TV blue, a little bit of a pink mike purple tip to them. Then from here come the pedals of the corn farmer. They're very angular, different from what we've been drawing so far. Even with this, you can add little proves to the pedals. You don't have to look the same summer folding up. Some are curving away God giving you that artistic freedom to create any doing these in color. You're really beautiful. Straight id blue lines in here that you can really captured very well in color. You can't capture quite as well with the ink just because you can't show the contrast between them. You can certainly get this. Try it. And look, these are strange. And when I'm doing the shooting lines, like with the others were really buried. A lot of lines. These ones. I'm trying to do a lot more longer shade lines to give the appearance of that station that you see in the flower that you would be able to see if you were doing a color. The color variations. I'm just having a in our body. Excuse me. Race your guideline from here. Pencil that you did at the beginning. There is your corn flour. 7. Queen Anne's Lace: I'm gonna show us Queen Anne's lace. We'll start with our general shape number flower. I like the green and place because it gives you a bit of an airy feel and adds a broader flower than the everyone's that I've been sure you very simple way so often. The stamp of the Queen Anne's lace you do. Why curves smaller? Steffen's coming up, the shorter, a bit taller. Well, coming from this central point and at the top of those, my little branches that come on and the fires themselves are these little cloud like flowers, a very puffy and ferial and light and areas. So make sure as you're drawing them, you're not drying them to condensed. The little cloud, like the years aren't to tighten drawn together so they don't just look black on black that you do get that ferial feel to them because it is such an open and cereal flour, you will be seeing, well the way through the power. So you'll be seeing these all of the clouds at different parts and the holes of the fire, and you would normally see in a flower it was more dense. And, of course, once you're done drawing in your flowers, you can erase the guideline from your pencil in your ankles. Drive the mirrors, your Queen Anne's lace. 8. Aster : and last far will be drying together. For this class is the Astor, and the Astor flower is another one of those flowers where you have a few little variations to it. So you can always go to Google and look up faster flower and see the different variations that confined. Some have more dense pedals together, and other ones have just different colors in the hole, slightly unique in their own way. But you can add a lot of different variety just with one flower these air another really easy and great one to add. And he started. Okay, wreath, red flower field, whatever you like again, they have that kind of half see center that I'm just building out around. It's a little bit wider this time, then with the other flowers and the leaves that come off with, Um, the pedals that come off of them are very stand and problem. They have a lot of them. No, I'm having this one tilted a little bit. The pedals closest to me are gonna be a little bit shorter, compared Teoh one's farther away. - There's your 9. Filler Foliage: wait. Just look over a couple of grasses that I like to use. If I'm wanting to add any filler, there's two in particular that I use all the time. One is, Ah, long grass that's wider on the base and skinnier and pointy at the top. This one is so fun to add, really almost any drawing, and one of my favorite things to do with it is to have it fold down just over a little bit . So what I did was they went up in that curve down to the point, and instead of stopping here and coming down on this side, I just barely crossed over that initial line and then curved down, and it gives it the illusion that it's folded towards you. It is another great way to add a lot of depth, especially if you're doing something like a wild flower. Field is probably what I would use this for more than for a wreath when I love to use injury. Is this wispy one with these little petals at the end? So simple, but as a lot of elegance to Marie and delicacy. So if you re this and more angelic, agreed this could really great. Want to add to it? Number one. I like Teoh on a lot. It's a central stock, the petals coming out another side, and you can either make it really dense with the curved pedals, each layer touching each other. Keep it really dense worry. Keep it more spurs. Sometimes I'll add too little pedals on one side or bigger pedal, smaller one and kind of offset each other or not have it perfectly symmetrical. But any variation of that is a really good option again to add filler to your race or your well flower field. 10. Sketching Layouts: you might be wondering why I was drawing the outline with my pencil on all the flowers if I wasn't really using it that much. And that is because I will be using it when I start thinking about what I'm wanting to draw with all these wildflowers that I know how to drop. So if we're looking at our project and we have our writing, what if she is a wild flower? I'm just going to sketch it out. Of course, we are going to be printing it off from our materials. But just to give myself the general idea of what I'm wanting to draw, I'm going to go ahead, think about different shapes of the flowers. Um, for example, maybe I want to put a couple of cone flowers over here. You got to give yourself a general idea of the shape look of them without committing to anything. Yet Maybe queen ends lace over on this end with California poppies. Maybe some cosmos up here. Maybe I made this Queen Anne's lace a little bit too tall. So this is when you can really think about where you want your drawings to be. Maybe I want this to be a cosmos instead, and queen and slices coming in lower. Maybe a couple of my cornflowers we're here. And if I'm wanting to add any feeling to it, now is the time to give me myself an idea of is she grasses or weeds that I may be having. All right, So this could just be one idea of what you might be drawing with your well flowers that you know how to draw with the quote that I have provided for you. So when you go ahead and you print off this quote from the material section of this class, you can take your sketch that you drew to move things around in your sketch before you really committing to anything and see what general size and layout that you're looking for . Okay, Now, if you're taking yeah, the other one and you're wanting to do more of a wreath where the quotas center Keeping in mind that you're just sketching out very rough handwriting. This is nothing fancy that anyone's gonna see unless you're teaching the class and then everyone's going to see it. E. I tend to give myself a general outline if I am, um, drawing the actual reef or not if I want. If I'm going to be doing this is my project. And I print out the piece of paper that has the quote in the nice, um, handwriting on it. Then I will either take a compass and draw in a circle or if I don't have a compass, I might use a bowl or cup or anything that has around bottom to it to give myself this shape that I want. No, slowly are lightly sketched that in with my pencil. Just it Give me a guideline. Otherwise, I would never be able to do a wreath because it would always not very all belong. And so I'm gonna do the same thing here where I'm just kind of giving myself an idea. We're gonna put the he's going home, Flowers over there. I might get myself more of Ah, here's my Cosmo's. Now, my mate still stick with the general outline, but sometimes I sketch them out a little bit more. Maybe over here gonna have Nicola from your poppy is have a couple appears, Well, few Queen Anne's lace cropping out of here, then corn flour just get some blue. Well, I generally like to clip my flowers together. I'm doing a reef. I do like to have some balance and have them in different places of my reef and not just stick Doble in place stirs and it's up to you. How does he want your wreath to be? Also, you're just wanting to stick really with it on a curve. If you're wanting to come out a little bit more, that is really up to you and the aesthetic that you're looking for. Well, once outside grasses and again, this is really just a rough sketch of what I think I might want to do. And it gives me an idea of the layout of things. Once I start actually drawing it in, it's always gonna look a little bit different. Um, I hope it looks different since this is the roughly sketched in. But also the sizing of things is going to be different. You're gonna find yourself with less and more space and different areas of it. So this is really just to give you a quick guideline of what you're looking for and really the reason behind why I had to draw the shapes behind the flowers. Um, of course you can. I do it this way where you're kind of doodling in, um, the the shape of the flower a little more, or you can keep it very minimal. You know, with here's the cone flower, here is my corn flour with his jagged edges. Here's a couple of California poppies is just really up to you for what you want to end up doing for it, and then you can go ahead and print it on nice paper and go ahead and draw your final project. And if you want to add color to it, I highly recommend doing that. That would be wonderful, wonderful idea, and I would love to see it. 11. Final Project: So for final project, I'm going to be working through the reef version of this that is available as a template for you. And then I will be you showing you at the end of the video what I ended up doing for wild flower field as well. What I have with me to do the project is a pencil, my pen, my eraser. I have the template that I had sketched out for myself when I was looking at the different layouts and thinking about what I might want to do just to keep us inspiration. I'll have this next to me. And then I also have this compass, even use a bowler cupper anything to make the circle that you want in the center. And I just printed off my typography template with the quote that says, Do you suppose she has a wildflower just printed it on regular printer paper just for the purposes of this class. If you want to print it on something thicker or better quality, you're certainly welcome to do that or if you have really great hand lettering skills than please feel free to create whatever quote or hand lettering that you would like. And also, if you don't want to do, use the typography template. But you do want to have a wreath or well, if I were a field, you could, of course, just draw onto a blank piece of paper and not worry about having the quote in there as well . So I always like to give myself the circle to work with. Otherwise, my shapes, my Reeves would end up very ah belong and not look like Greeks at all. So I'm gonna go ahead and do that, and then I'm just gonna very basically sketch out where I think I might want the difference flowers and leaves and filler foliage into my reef. I like to sketch it out simply so that I could get myself a general idea of where I'm wanting my flowers to be, so that I can change it if I feel like it's not really working very well for me. But at the same time, I don't want to overly commit just in case. As I'm drawing, I feel that I want something else for course. Once you start drying with the pen, you are a little bit more committed than with the pencil. I'm gonna be speeding this video up just so you can watch how I have generally done it without having to sit through hours of watching me do this. So if when you're done with your project, you have any questions or something isn't clear to you, please feel free to get in touch with me. And I'd be happy to clarify anything for you that might be a little bit using E. Just want to make a quick now here as I'm doing that layout, even though I'm doing this in black and white, I am thinking about the color potential in case later on. And do you want to commit and color it? So keep that in mind while you're sketching out and planning the layout of your wildflower field or of your reef, it's a little bit more important in the reef. Just given the structure of the re throws a wild flower field, you would just kind of expected to be a little more wild and free. But just keep in mind where you might be having your different color schemes. If you are going to be anything in my possibility, I don't at this point is I have only sketched out where I want my things with flowers to be . I have some cosmos, my corn cone, flowers. I have my cornflowers up here. Some queen ends, lease asters and California poppies. So I've sketched these out, and what I'm going to do is go ahead and color in my flowers first, just the outlines of them. And then once I see what they look like, really fleshed out, I'm going to be able to add in my filler foliage. But I won't add that until the end. I know, for example, I'm gonna have some over here because there's a blank space over there. I'll probably have some up here and over here for sure, and then it just more interspersed in between. So let's go ahead and draw you flowers way. Basic layout of my wreath drawn out, and I have the outlines of my flowers strong. They're gonna go ahead in the race, the guidance that I had drawn in there with pencil, where I had sketched out a generally do you have money where I wanted the flowers. I did end up changing a couple of the flowers while I was drawing on, seeing the shapes more clearly, just two very at the shapes of pedals and leaves a little bit. There were a few places where when I thought I wanted just didn't work very well there. And there are a couple places where I ended up adding in some other flowers as well. So as you can see, this is already looking really fantastic and wonderful. And I am just gonna go ahead and add a couple more flowers here and there and added in some foliage and filler leaves. And then I will shade it in and I will show you the final product. All right, everyone, here is my completed reef that I did using the six wildflowers and filler foliage that you learned in this class. I did end up adding a couple extra flowers and some foliage to this. Since I had stopped filming and then did the shading as well. I will be uploading this into the class project sections. You can take a closer look, and that's also where you can see my wildflower feel that I did around the quote but surprised the wildflower fields that intro to all of the videos that you've been watching. So you already have an idea for what that looks like. But if you want to see it up close, you can go ahead to the class project section. And of course, I would love to see your project, so make sure you upload them. And if you post them on instagram, be sure to attack me at Poppy and Graco so that I can see them and share them in my stories . 12. Wrap Up: Now you have finished your final projects and I'm so excited to see them. Make sure you upload them in the class project section of this class. And if you want to post them on instagram, I do often share those in my stories on instagram. So if you're wanting a little shout out, make sure you just tag me in your post on instagram so that I couldn't see it. Like I said, I really look forward to seeing the projects that you create end whether they're black and white or color or anything that you've created from this class. I'm always available for any feedback or to answer any questions, so definitely don't hesitate to get in touch with me, and I look forward to seeing you in my next guest.