Transcripts
1. Introduction: Hello, my name is Svenja and I'm going to be your instructor for this course. In this class, you are going to learn how to create a simple geometric shape on a stone. It will look similar to this one, a triangle, which is contained in a circle, which is contained in another bigger triangle. But as you can see, instead of simply designing the form with lines or brushstrokes, you will only be using dots. The so-called dot painting is the perfect combination of two different aspects. On the one hand, you do not need any special or prior skills to do this. You don't even need to know how to draw, because you only really need to learn how to place a simple dot. So intellectually it's not challenging, which is nice when you want to relax. But on the other hand, this method needs your full concentration and involvement because the small size of the canvas and the delicacy of the dots. Throughout the progress of the course, you will learn what materials you will need to create geometry on stones. After this, you will learn how to create a stencil for the geometric shape to transfer it onto the stone. After this preparation, you will learn a different type of dotting techniques that we will also later use in the project. Then you will be ready to start with your project and create your own dotted geometry stone. I'm looking forward to working with you.
2. Materials: To partake in this course, you need a couple of different materials and tools. First of all, you will need a stone with a relatively flat surface. It can have some small cracks and bumps. The shape and size of the stone does matter too much, but the bigger and smoother surface, the easier will the project be for you. I will be using the large stone for this project. You will also need some acrylic paint for the background of the stone and the dotting. You can use any kind of acrylic on multi surface paint and a tray to pour the color in. The paint has to be of a rather liquid consistency. Like this one. I will show you later how to mix your paint into the right consistency. The paint from the small tubes is very thick in my experience, let's try this out. The paint doesn't lose its shape and stands up in spike. That means the paint doesn't have the correct consistency. If you paint is too thick, you can thin it down with a few drops of acrylic medium. Or you can also use a small amount of water. If you want to follow my lead closely on this project, you will need three colors for the design. Black for the background, white for mixing and highlights, and also green paint. I will be using a lighter green or turquoise color and a darker green. But you can also choose a different set of colors if you like. As I said, we will also be making a stencil of the geometric form. To make this stencil, you will need paper, a ruler, and a compass, a pencil and eraser, and a pair of scissors. I will also use a medium-sized brush to get the background onto the rock and a cloth to clean my tools and cotton swaps to erase mistakes. You can see that in the design, I have used dots in different sizes. Some are a little bigger, about two millimeters big, and others are really, really tiny. The dots are easily achieved with so-called dotting tools. Like this one. It has a small positive that when dipped into paint, will leave behind a small size dot on the surface. A bigger, nominally leave behind a bigger size dots like this one. But we will talk about this in detail a little later. I will be using for different dotting tool sizes. My smallest ones, the biggest size is about two millimeters. If you don't have dotting tool, you can also easily improvise them. You can use toothpicks, pencil tips or pens as dotting tools. Let's try this out. This one leaves a very small dot, and this one is a little bit bigger. Just try them out before you start and organize them by size, so you know which wants to use when.
3. Dotting techniques: You will use different kinds of dotting techniques for this project. The basic one you have already seen and maybe tried out also. You dip the tool l
or improvise tool into the paint. When you have the bigger dotting tools than about half of the head of the dotting tool. With the really small ones, it doesn't matter too much. And then you gently touch the surface with it. It is important to hold the tool perpendicular and to not press it down too hard onto the stone or the paper. Let me do it again. I'm not changing the pressure or the angle of the dotting tool. And we'll get the same size dot as before. When I put two little paint on the tool or change the pressure I put on it, the dot size might vary like him. And we don't want that. This dot is a little bit bigger than the ones before. You can also move the tool around like that to get a larger sized dot. When we use to basic dotting technique. We always wipe the tool after a couple of dots, so the paint dose not built up. And we also get new paint after every dot. So that is the basic dotting technique. You can do the same thing with your improvised tools. We will also use a technique called Walking dots for this project. For that, you dip the tool into the paint. And without taking new paint, I create several dots. The dots get smaller and smaller because the pain runs out. That is called Walking the dots. Sometimes we will also dot onto a pencil outline. And we will want to start out with bigger dots and end with really, really small ones. For that, you start out with a bigger tool and you will dot directly onto the line so half of the dot is on both sides of the outline. You walk the dots with the bigger dotting tool and then change to a smaller one. Then you use the walking dots technique again to the end of the line. In the end of the project, we will also use another advanced technique, which is called double-dots. For that, you have a base dot. The dot needs to be dry for this. And with a smaller dotting tool, you add another dot in a different color onto the middle of the base dot. Like this. This is called a top dot. When you have a smaller base dot like here, the top dot needs to be even smaller than that. When you make a mistake, it's easiest to directly wipe away the dot with the cotton swab. When you wait too long and the paint has already dried, you can simply paint the area over which the background color. This time you will have to wait till the paint has tried before you can continue.
4. Making the stencil: So first, what we have to do is to get the shape, outline the big triangle onto the stone. We have to measure how much space we have on our surface. I take the set square. I can see, I have about nine centimeters in length and also in height, you will have to see how much space you have and adjust accordingly. So I take this away. Now that I know how much space I god, I will draw the geometric shape I want to append onto a piece of paper and make myself a stencil from it. Then I can transfer the form onto the stone. To make a stencil at home, you will need paper. I use the study one of Le Penseur and a compass and a passes. We will start out with the equilateral triangle. And I have already calculated that all the sides of the triangle will be nine centimeters long. I will measure and then Moglen nine centimeters here. This is the beginning and this is the end. And now I'll take the compass and I set it on nine centimetres exactly. We want to determine whether the third, the other edge of the triangle. And for this, I stick the needle on the starting point. And now what I will do, I will draw a kind of half circle around this point. And then we will do the same thing on the other side and run the other point. I stick the needle here and I repeat what I just did. The 2.5 circles should intersect and you should come out with a graphic that looks like this. Now we have located our three points of the triangle. First, second, third, if you connect the point exactly with a ruler or a set square from here to here, and then the other site. Alright, so now we have our spaceship already. And afterwards we have to find the midpoint of each of the three lines. I will just measure them and I will mark the point at 4.5 centimeters, half of nine centimeters. Let's call these points a, B, and C. So then I am going to connect these points with the opposite side of the triangle. But let's start here. I will connect a and two. And then we do the same here with one and see, you can see that the lines intersect. And the last one to the top, this land should also intersect the first lines. And that is where the middle point of the triangle is located. Now that we've got the midpoint, we can fit a small circuit into the triangle. It should just touch the points a, B, and C. I'm just measured the diameter for you. The diameter is about 2.6 centimeters. So I draw the circuit inside the triangle. With doing so, I found the last point for my geometric form. Let's call them D, E, and F. Connect these points with my set square and they will form a smaller triangle. Each side of this triangle is 4.5 centimeters loan. Now that we have our form offset, we need to get it onto the stone. For that, I take a pair of scissors and carefully cut the big triangle out.
5. Preparing the background: We will use the cut-out as a sensor to get the outline of the triangle onto our stone. And make a little hole into the middle point of the stencils and hold it down in the position I want to draw it on and market onto the stone with the pencil. I do this. So when I accidentally slip with the cutout, I can easily put it back into the right spot. Then I hold the stanza down with one hand and with the other, I'm OK, the outline onto the stone. We could also try to grow the lines with the ruler. But because of the uneven and rounded surface of the stone, that would be very tricky. Before we draw the other lines of the form, we repent the triangle on the stone with acrylic paint as our background. I'm using a medium-sized brush and met acrylic paint in black. But you can also use a different color if you like. Just make sure to really paint into the corners and that you can't see the stone underneath anymore than that in drag. Okay.
6. Transferring the outlines: Now that we have prepared our background, we have to get the circle and the small triangle onto the black surface. First of all, I will mark the middle point with the pencils to the holes that are cut into this tensor. And holding the cutoff down with one hand, I also mark the points a, B, and C on the stone, just like that. Now we have to connect these points again with points 123, as we did before. For that, I take a flexible rule, as I call it, which is actually just a straight piece of paper. And they use it to connect these points. Once again, there'd be a little bit more difficult than on paper because the surface of the stone is not even. Now you have two options about how to continue. You can either cut off the circle of the sensor and then transferred onto the background or what I will do now, you can also use the compass and draw the circle onto the stone with the same diameter as before of 2.6 centimeters. For the small triangle, you can auto cut it out, or like me, just use the flexible ruler to connect the points D and F. Now that the shapes had been transferred onto the stone, We can start and conducting.
7. Color mixing: And we'll create this design in a monochromatic color scheme. A monochromatic color scheme is derived from a single base you and extended using a shaped stones and tins. I am using white acrylic paint and I will mix for different kinds of green. To get the tinned offer. You have to mix it with white. And we'll show you how I mix my paints for the red color and consistency. As you can see, I have added white acrylic paint into each of the trays as a base that will make my colors nice and bright. Then I add the color that is called dried green to all of the trace. First one, the first time will still write only a little into the first tray. And then the last one. To get the darker green color. I will also add a darker green to the last to trace. That paint is called viridian green. The green paint that I use is a little bit too thick for the dotting. So I will add some drops of acrylic medium to it that will thin down the paint. You should also make sure that you append is not to take otherwise at some water or even better acrylic medium to it. The Pinterest have the consistency of bottleneck. Now, I will mix my colors really well, and I'm using my dotting tool for this. And just make the first queen in the lighter. So I will add more white paint to it. And the last one I want to make it a little darker. So I'm small, viridian green into the pit. Nice. So now I have four different kinds of green. I will refer to the colors as green 12, for green one being the lightest and for the darkest.
8. Dotting the outlines: Now that the shapes have been transferred onto the stone, We can start with the dotting. I am using four different dotting tool sizes for this design. These are actually the smallest ones that I have. The biggest dot size is about two millimeters. If you don't have dotting tools, you can also use to pigs or Pinto tips to make this design. I will refer to my dotting tools as dodging tools. One to 41 being the smartest says. Then I also have cotton swabs on my work treble to erase mistakes and a cloth to wipe down my dotting tools. First of all, I will do the outlines of the shapes that we have put onto the background. I will begin the floating in the middle. I will start out with white paint and dotting tool size three. I did the tool inside the paint and a place. My first book, right in the middle, where all six lines intersect. And we now dotted lines that come from the edges of the triangle. The lines that go from D, E, and F towards the emitter. Alright? So I place each dot with dotting to assess three onto the lines next to the central dot and one dot next to bees. You can take new color onto the truth of this. Don't forget to wipe down the tool in between. Now what I will do, I will use a technique called walking shots for that. Color onetime onto the tool and then dot several dots. With that, the dots will become smaller and smaller because the paint runs out. And we'll do that on each side of the lines with dotting tool size tool, we've got three more dots on each of the three lines. Now I do the same walking dot technique, but I will use dotting 2s1. And I will walk the dots until the lines reached the edge of the triangle. The paint will run out in the end and only leave this tiny, tiny dots on the line. I managed to get about nine more dots onto the line. Really loved this effect. Next, I will draw the outline of the small triangle. I want to achieve the same effect that the dot becomes smaller towards the edges. So I start out with dotting tooth size tool and I stop in the middle of the line close to where the triangle will intersect with lines coming from a, B and C. I play some dots with dot into assess tool and then I walk the dots with dotting tool size one to the edges of the small triangle. Now let's take a look at the outline of the larger triangle. I replace the dots onto the outline of the shape of the dot is on the background and halfs on the stone. I will leave the part of the outline with a circle, Mr. triangular, undaunted funnel. I will start out with dotting tool size four. Then I will change to three. And then after 22. And we'll walk the dots to the end of the triangle with dotting tool size one again. And then I do the same at the other two sides. Now it looks quite interesting. The rest of the outlines that are still undoubted so far, I want to dot with green in the lightest tool. Let's start with the middle again. There are three more lines inside the small triangle that intersect with the middle point. These lines I will dot first. But this time the dots should become smaller towards the center, not towards the edges as before. So I begin the process inside the triangle with dotting tool size three. And I only dot one dot on each line like this. Then 11 dot width size too. The rest adult with size one, and I managed to fit about three to four more dots onto the line. Now do the same thing with the same lens that are outside the small triangle. This time the dots should become smaller when they come closer to the outside. Adopt the remaining outlines inside the big triangle in the same manner. But this time I start out with dotting two of size four and then change to three. And then I walk the dots with dotting tool size two of them. Now we are nearly done with the outlining, only the surplus left. I adopted the circle with dot into a size two also. And left the part of the triangle where the circle intersects with the big triangle and dotted. The DOD should become smaller towards this part. So I added this dots with the walking dots technique again. Now the outline of our geometric shape is done and I can recommend you to let the pen drive before you continue, because now we will fill the shapes in with models. And when you make a mistake, it would be much less of a hazard to clean up when the outline is dry. Okay.
9. Filling in the shapes: The step from the middle again and fill in the small triangle. First, I start out with green one and I changed to a darker hue line by line. So what you will have to do, u dot alongside the white lines inside the triangle. You first start out with a bigger dotting tool, then change to a smaller one, and then block the dots to the edge of the triangle. I always try to fit the dots as closely to the outline dots as possible. You can fit a new dot kind of in-between to the side of two outline dots like this. And in a straight line. I always try to imagine a threat that is tightly taught between the first dot of the new line and the edge of the triangle. And that you can do it in a straight line without adding the all-time with pencil lines first. Repeat that process on both sides of both, free of the white outline lines. And you make a mistake, you can wipe the nine away with the dam coordinate slope. When the surface has dragged, you can read dot-dot-dot again. Now we'll do the same process again next to the newly dotted line. This time we can use green tool once you Jacqueline before, you can try to fit the dots next to an in-between the dots of the previous line to that again, on both sides of the lines. The last row use green A3 and replicate the same thing as before. I still have a little bit of space here inside the triangle, but I will leave it as it is. That will give a little bit more contrast to the outset of the triangle that we will dot after this. Now I want to turn the circuit and I've got my first line in reinforce my data stream. And every dot along the outside of the triangle, the dot should start to the site of the light green outline and they should become smaller towards the edges again. First apply some bigger dots and then walk the dots to the end of the line. Then duplicate that process with green three. And after that with green tool, you can also add a row with green one, but I decided to leave that part of the circle unpainted. Okay, now we are nearly done with this project. We only have to fill in the big triangle. I chose two dot alongside the shape of the circle. But instead, you could also dot next to the light green outline if you like that piton. Anyway, I start with Greenfield and I dot alongside the shape of the circuit. I start in the middle and become smaller towards the sides. I repeat this with green 32 and the last line I dotting green one. I'll leave the tips of the triangular undoubted again.
10. Adding details: At his point, you can stop also, but I wanted to add some highlights and details to my design. I add double dots to all the straight outlines that I have dotted it in green one. That means I will add a smaller dot onto a base dot in a different color. Or actually only to the bigger ones. Some of the smaller ones will be too tiny to do that. I will take my dotting size 1 and dip it in white paint. I do this to make these lines stand out a little bit more. Make sure that the base dots are completely dry before you attempt this. The last thing I will do is, I will add some dots at the parts where the circle intersects the big triangle. The parts still looks a little bit empty so far. With dotting tool two add three dots on each side in green four. On top of the middle ones, I dot one dot in green two that works kind of an extension from the light green outline. And at last I create some double dots in white. And three more walking dots that also work as an extension of the same line like this. Now, on geometric design is finished. After it has dry it, you can gently rub away the pencil outlines with an eraser. I hope you enjoyed this video. I hope to see you again soon.