Learn Indie Filmmaking By Making a Short Film | Olaf De Fleur | Skillshare

Learn Indie Filmmaking By Making a Short Film

Olaf De Fleur, Filmmaker & Creative Coach

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27 Lessons (1h 21m)
    • 1. Class Intro :: Learn Indie Filmmaking

      2:24
    • 2. Class Project :: Short Film

      3:31
    • 3. Your Idea

      2:05
    • 4. Idea Tool :: Fairy Tale

      0:31
    • 5. Breakdown and the 3 Acts

      1:46
    • 6. Theme :: The most Important tool

      2:31
    • 7. Genre :: Identify Your Genre

      1:09
    • 8. Outline

      4:13
    • 9. Outline Tool :: Change

      1:19
    • 10. Outline Tool :: Storyboard

      0:48
    • 11. Screenplay

      2:10
    • 12. Screenplay Format

      4:07
    • 13. Screenplay :: Physical Expression

      1:09
    • 14. Screenplay :: Writing Demo

      2:10
    • 15. Production

      2:12
    • 16. Cinematography :: Visual Style

      2:02
    • 17. Cinematography :: Angle Tool

      2:21
    • 18. Directing

      7:21
    • 19. Directing Tools : Failsafe and Blocking

      3:26
    • 20. Editing

      1:47
    • 21. Editing Process & First Impressions

      1:45
    • 22. Edit :: Final Cut Pro

      12:06
    • 23. Edit :: Davinci Resolve

      9:58
    • 24. Color

      3:44
    • 25. Export :: exporting your film and making backups

      1:09
    • 26. Lesson Recap

      1:30
    • 27. Thank You & Goodbye

      1:49
160 students are watching this class

About This Class

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My name is Olaf. I am a do-it-yourself filmmaker with a two-decade experience. In this class, I'll share all the tools that I've learned by completing twelve feature films. In this step-by-step guide to Indie Filmmaking, you'll teach yourself how to complete a short film independently through manageable action steps.

This class is for anyone who is starting or has done a couple of film projects; in either case, this class will deepen your understanding of creative filmmaking. Your Class Project is doing a 1-3 minute short film.

Every filmmaker is unique, and because of that, I'll share the fundamentals of what I've learned - for you to develop your optimal workflow. All you need for this class is a camera, something to write on, and a computer to edit your film. Here are some of the things you'll learn in this class:

  • Experience hands-on a complete production cycle of a film project
  • The fundamentals of filmmaking
  • Develop your personal style as a visual storyteller
  • Receive tips that can save you from unnecessary agony
  • Complete a film on a micro-budget

Everything starts with your Idea, and that's where we'll start. We'll dive into tools like Theme and Genre to extract it. We'll explore how to Outline before you start writing your Screenplay. We'll discuss Production, Cinematography, and Directing before hitting the post-production phase.

This course will not only demystify the filmmaking process, but it'll also illuminate your creative strengths and help you identify areas of improvement as an Indie Filmmaker.

This class comes with a certificate. When you've completed your film, you can send it to me for review and you'll receive a confirmation of completion.

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Testimonials 

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- "Olaf's experience and compassion is a unique resource for all who are open and ready" Giancarlo Esposito, actor, Breaking Bad

- "Olaf's coaching helped me realize I was ready to write my first film. What for many years seemed daunting, became possible because of his expertise and warrior spirit." Suilma Rodriguez, actress

- "Olaf's ability to see beyond the surface is like conjuring. I am forever grateful for his pragmatic, and expansive guidance." Jesse Megan Eidsness, CEO of Wild Love Apothecary

- "I mentored Olaf and I'm happy he's spreading his wisdom" Dr. Jeff Spencer, The Cornerman Coach

Transcripts

1. Class Intro :: Learn Indie Filmmaking: Hello, my name is Olaf. I am filmmaker with over two decade experience. I've made feature films and documentaries that are written, directed, and produced. I've sold original concepts to major studios, directed for Netflix and sold remake rights to my films. In this class I will share my tips, tricks, and secrets with you. The more films I do, the more experience I gather. I've nothing to do with all this experience. I want to give it away to you. My burning passion is for improved communication. When you get an idea, that is a form of a message. Filmmaking is a way to decode that message. In this class, we will be side-by-side as I guide you from lesson to lesson through the steps that have enabled me to complete over 12 feature films. I'm going to be teaching you or rather, you're going to be teaching yourself. How do you get familiar with all the phases of film making through doing your own film independently? Regardless if you're a beginner or you've just made films, this course will help you deepen your skill as a visual storyteller. This course is a confidence maker. In today's society, visual storytelling is probably the biggest language we have. It is vital to become better at speaking that language in order to improve your communication to the world, to yourself and others. Starting in this course will be really easy because we're just going to be starting with your idea. All you need for this class is a camera, something to write on, and a computer to edit your material. We'll start with your idea, we move into outlining, and into screenwriting, directing, cinematography, producing, editing, and coloring. I'm really excited to share all my experiences with you, and I cannot wait to see what kind of films you want to make. So come on, let's go. 2. Class Project :: Short Film: Thank you for joining this class. Let's list out the resources, go over some of the restrictions and what you need specifically to start doing your own independent film. In this class, you're going to be doing your own short film. The maximum length I recommend is three minutes utmost, one minute at a minimum. The most important thing and the whole point of this class is to keep things manageable throughout or keeping things manageable in order for you to become confident in your own ability to finish your own film independently. After this course, we're thinking about the future, the long run, that distance, the marathon, I can go on and on. Every film big or small is made with the same process. We are going to be imitating and learning that process by doing exactly your own film independently. We'll be doing kind of a DNA process of any project you will take on in the future. It doesn't matter if you're a beginner or you've done some film priorities in the past. This course will deepen your understanding and knowledge of the process to prepare you for future endeavors. Let's get specific on what you need for this class. You need a camera. It could be your phone or anything you get your hands on. You need a microphone. It can be a part of the camera or again, anything you can get your hands on. That's the key phrase of independent film making. Something to write with or on. Then you need a computer and an editing software to edit your film. Let's talk a little bit about the restriction frame for this course. We are talking about one to three minutes short film. Keep it as simple as possible because the main point is to finish the course. You can make the one to three minutes as big or small as you prefer. As long as you don't get stuck into overthinking. You find ways to continue. The minimal requirements you can get away with for this course is you hold an iPhone and recording a documentary about something that interests you. You're going to edit it and finish it. Version two would be you having an iPhone or a camera that you borrow from a friend. You do a little bit more elaborate version of your film, maybe a couple of actors and so on and so forth. Then maybe version 3, you would have a big camera that you were able to get somewhere. That they want to shoot something of what you might consider as a big production. The most important thing is do not get stuck on the fence of overwhelm. That is, don't produce yourself into something that isn't manageable. One of the most important things in film making is sharing your work. That is the end goal anyway. As we move through the course, share your progress as we go along. I will be hold your hand through each lesson, through each phase of this class, until I eventually, let go. Sorry, we'll be starting with a very simple step, thinking about the idea you want to do for this class, your film. We'll be talking about that in the next lesson. See you there. 3. Your Idea: Welcome to your first assignment. Your first assignment is fairly easy. I hesitated a little bit there. It is simply thinking about an idea for this class and write down everything you know about it. It is important here to flesh it out a little bit. I'm not a great fan to start this class with something so abstract and irrational as an idea, but of course that is our foundation. When you've done that, in the next chapters, we are going to use all exciting tools to try to harvest this idea into structure. Brainstorm. Use a tool of your preference: a pen, a pad, computer, drawer, or just close your eyes and use your imagination. Before you do that, let's talk about the concept of what an idea is. An idea is a little bit like a rainbow. The process of making a film is based out of mathematics, gravity, the laws of nature on Earth. We can measure. We can even measure a rainbow. A rainbow arises in certain meteorological conditions. We can analyze and calculate why the light appears like it does. We can scientifically explain a rainbow. Even though a rainbow is made out of numbers, it still has the ability to lift the heart. Film-making and all the umbrella techniques of film-making, writing, editing, and so on, are these meteorological tools for you to analyze. We don't have to be shy towards our ideas. They are the shy ones. We are the parents and we have to learn to say hi and get to know them. What are they trying to say? They always have a message, and that is the treasure. Stop here for a second and write down everything you know about your idea. 4. Idea Tool :: Fairy Tale: A great way to think about your story or test it, develop it, is to think of it as a fairy tale. Starts by using the phrase, "Once upon a time, " and see where it takes you. I've used this tool millions of times. If you can't explain your story like you would to a child, then you really have to take a second look at it. 5. Breakdown and the 3 Acts: In this chapter, we're going to break down the film process a little bit and over simplistic terms and talk about a three act structure. Let's break down a little bit the filmmaking process. Something takes place in a specific location, somebody is there to record it, that recording goes into editing software where you shot by shot, form a scene and the collection of scenes is perceived as a film. This might seem obvious and maybe even a little bit naive but we really need to break down all the sections of the filmmaking process to understand it. We all know that everything is made out of a beginning, middle and end. Time is made out of a beginning, middle and end. Humans basically think in times of one two three beginning, middle, and end. You've thought about your idea, you may be written down a little bit. The next phase is to figure out a clear beginning, a clear middle, and a clear end. Everything we do has three acts, for example if you go to the store, you have to go out of the house, you go into the store, say hi to the clerk, you get out of the store, beginning, middle and end. Everything has three acts and now it's time for you to place your idea within that structure. 6. Theme :: The most Important tool : In this chapter, we will be talking about theme, which is probably the most underrated tool and also the most complicated tool that we use in our film-making. Theme is an unless endeavor of exploring it, researching it, and trying to understand it and by that, theme becomes a fantastic tool. Theme always comes in a form of a question, why does this happen? Why does that happen? It ties into your beliefs in life, your values in life. If you find a very personal theme or a personal question, then you're also securing that the film that you're doing, it has meaning that it's not just another film sequence out there in the world but it means something to you. Theme relates to purpose and meaning, why we are here. So make sure that the theme that you discover is important to you. A theme is the undercurrent of a story, is the question or questions in the background that will follow it throughout. I sometimes think of a theme like it's a song or a wish from your heart. One example of a theme is, what are the consequences of isolation? What are your personal consequences of being isolated? Then that can start to pour into other departments of your film, like cinematography. They start to shoot on either angles. The costumes, what represents isolation, and so on and so forth. Theme is really like the fountain of everything that keeps giving you ideas, resources, and helps you figure out how to execute your film. You're trying to decode yourself. What is your message? What is your story stand for that is valuable to you? If you don't think about your theme or contemplate it quite a bit, then you can easily get stuck in what I call a what happens mode. This happens, then this happens. Theme will help you realize why do things happen in your story? What is the undercurrent of action in your story? One of the biggest payoffs about thinking about your theme is that you do not always fully understand it. By that, I never stop questioning it or thinking about it, what it could really be, that will contribute greatly to your story's development. 7. Genre :: Identify Your Genre: In this chapter, you will learn about the value of genre. Genre is what helps the audience identify your story, and it helps them leap into it more quickly. An example of a genre are drama, thriller, horror, romance, even documentary is genre. Social media story is a genre. A common response against genre is, why do I have to pick a genre? My answer is, you don't have to. But you will always eventually end up in one or two genres, whether you like it or not. It is better to decided it beforehand. Genre is also a tool that can help you with how you tell your story. Imagine a person walking from their home towards their car. How do they do that if it's a comedy? Do you see the bright colors? Do you see there is mounts? What happens if you change it into a horror film? Suddenly there's rain. 8. Outline : In this chapter, we'll talk about your outline and some of the challenges that come with writing an outline, and also throw in several tools that you can use when working through it. Let's talk about the outline. It is definitely not my favorite thing in the world, however, I know how much it's going to cost me if I skip that phase or if I try to hurry through it. That is, if I try to just start to write the idea immediately, I know I'm going to run out of steam pretty quickly. This comes from experience. Just the very thought or thinking about doing a list in the vicinity of your idea, can come across a little bit like an insult to that idea. How dare you define me? One of the joys of making a film, working with your idea, is that we love to be surprised, especially about our own ideas. Because of this, we often fear making an outline or listing out, flashing out our idea because we're afraid that we demystify it. However, this is contradictive by the works. The more detailed you list out your film, the more profound the level of your surprise will be. I sometimes think of an outline like I'm building a tunnel deep into the unknown. Making a form of a list in an outline is a way of writing down everything that you know about the idea, and when you do that, it moves out of the way in order for new points to arrive. When you write lists and you're thinking about the outline, doing the outline, it is a form of relief for the idea that you're working on. There are several ways to keep in mind before you do your outline. The most important thing to keep in mind when doing it is to decide the level of depth in detail before you begin. It can be useful to start with an outline that only has chapter headings. Then you can move into bullet points and then into paragraphs. This is a great way to leave the detailed approach for later. It is of great importance and I don't use that word lightly. It is of great importance that you only use one method at a time because a common mistake is trying to do or use two methods at the same time. When you do that, you annihilate your approach. Even though there is a certain value in being confused, I recommend testing this out. This is often called the snowflake method, where you build from a headline to a bullet point to a paragraph. You snowflake it out. Be aware of what method you're using before you use it. Even though we're talking about the outline in this chapter, there are certain extra ways you can go on about detailing your outline. Elements like synopsis, treatment, even log line. The outline is more in our case, in the Indie filmmaking case, the outline is more of work tool. If you're doing an application for any film fund or seeking support, then it would be a good idea to do log line synopsis and treatment and do a little document on your whole thing. However, just now, we're just sticking with a rough form of your outline until you are happy and until you feel that you're ready to start the screenplay. I'll stop right here and do your outline. I know it's a lot to ask because the outline is never going to be perfect. But again, that's film-making. We're always dealing with imperfection. It comes with the job description. Stop right here and do your outline before you continue. 9. Outline Tool :: Change: Changes is obviously what makes story. Something is in a certain situation in beginning and then it changes. Changes has a form of transformation in it. Whenever you check off your script, think about it in terms of plus and minus. It is a little bit like electricity you have minus, you have a plus. For example, if we have a character who is afraid to lose the affection of a loved one, that will be a minus. But in order to understand that minus, we would have to have seen the plus. We would have to see the main character where he or she is receiving kindness from a loved one in order to be at risk to losing it. Changes, and the more clarity you have in your changes introduces a form of stakes. The more clear the minus and the plus, the setup and the payoff, the higher the stakes. 10. Outline Tool :: Storyboard: If you ever feel stranded with your idea, there are some methods of loosening up a little bit. One of the methods is to do a form of storyboard for your idea. That is, you can do some doodling that only you understand, which is fine. You can also take things and just place them on the floor and literally walk into your story. You can even go to some other locations you want to format or locations that are similar to that. Take photos and draw into the photos or characters. 11. Screenplay : In this chapter, we're going to start to prepare for your screenplay. Let's break it down into several processes and analyze it a little bit before we start. Writing a screenplay is just like anything else. It is three or four, depending on how it work, processes that you eventually combine. So let's break everything down. These processes are, you start with writing the headline like you've already done. After that, you can go to headline and add some bullet points, after you do the bullet points you can do even more bullet points on through the bullet points. From there you can start analyzing the structure of the scene, deciding in which order it occurs, how it begins, the middle of it, the end of it. Then you have to formulate it into a screenplay format. The scene in a film has a reflective structure of the completed version. That is, a scene has three acts, a beginning, middle, and end. You can choose if you arrive in the middle, in the beginning, or at the end. You can even decide to show the beginning and the middle and leave before the scene ends. Allowing the audience to draw their own conclusions on what happened. I want to emphasize again how important it is to decide the beginning of your scene, the middle of your scene and the end of your scene, regardless of where you actually start. Even though this might seem very obvious and easy, that is precisely why it's tempting to ignore it. Usually, we just want to jump in and write. But ignoring this exercise as I'm sure you'll find out, is a little bit like coming up with a game plan, when the game is already started. 12. Screenplay Format: Regarding the screenplay format, whenever I write a scene for the first time, I write it cleanly, I don't attend to spelling errors or even think about format. I just write through it. When I've done that, then I move over to screenplay mode. When you're in screenplay mode, you are a little bit of an engineer because you've got a structure, interior, exterior characters with uppercase and so on and so forth. You're using the mindset you're using when you write the script is more like an architect. When you write the raw material of your idea, it needs to be away from the architect. When you write a scene, you start by telling the audience or the reader if it is inside or outside, interior/exterior. After that, you name the location, house and then the time of day. After that, it is really up to you how you continue. An example would be, we say, where we are, we give a description of something inside the house, for example and then we start focusing on a person. It is just an example. One method that I often use when I write a screenplay, is I think in terms of zoom in or zoom out. When I start a scene, we could see light coming from a kitchen and then zooming in. We see who was in the kitchen and what are they doing and we can do reverse. I can start in the kitchen, somebody's making coffee, and then I go back and see how they are affecting the environment. Now I'm going to show you a couple of clips from a web series at it, with some friends. You're going to see the scene as it plays out and then you're going to see how it was written at the same time. Subject is confirmed and flagged, accurate intentionally. He should be ready for the reception, unit code 1322. Thanks Kentuc E1571, erase and confirm. Here, need batteries? No man, I'm good. Can I see that? Marcus and Moses. Yeah, over in Brooklyn on Pacific Street. It's a LBB situation, so hurry. Thank you for giving me this important assignment. Stop with the sarcasm let's get going. Where to? I'd like you to stop here a little bit and make an attempt to write a version of a scene of a choice from your screenplay, and start by writing it in a flow mode and then practice bringing that one, only one scene into the screenplay format. Use interior/exterior, characters uppercase and so on and so forth. Have fun. 13. Screenplay :: Physical Expression: As you already might know, or you probably suspect, physical expression is the biggest currency you have. In terms of screenwriting, when you want to convey information about your characters. A novel can reveal the inner most thoughts of a character. While in a screenplay, you would go about hiding it in order for the audience to draw their own conclusions. For example, in a novel a character would say that they feel sad. In a screenplay we will put it in, you guessed it, physical expression. The audience want to be a part of the metamorphoses of watching your film, of de-layering it with you, because we all know how it feels when we give it everything through exposition. Remember physical expression, portraying things visually in terms of how people stand, how they walk, the tone and the voice and so on. That is one of the biggest assets you have. 14. Screenplay :: Writing Demo: To show you a little bit higher working for you to practice that script format. I've thought about a film and one scene in the film and the scene that we're about to go through is about a little girl who has a monster under her bed and her parents do not believe her. So let's walk through it slowly. So before I write the scene, I'm going to write some bullet points. First I would think of the theme. What is a monster under a bed? It is fear and what is fear, is it something we're afraid to face? So coming from the theme, maybe there's a mirror in the room and the little girl is looking at herself in the mirror, and there is in the background, we see the bed, and we see some darkness and maybe coming from the scene, because we are talking about fear and not facing it. She can have her eyes closed, open, close, something like that, and maybe when she closes her eyes, her fear can magnify. So when I start the scene, I start with the location, the time of day or night, in this case, the main character and her age, and from this point, I'm just going to go I ignore spelling errors and kind of fly with it. So when I write the scene, I kind of on purpose, and this taken years of practice, you really have to focus to ignore spelling errors. It is a big one, is kind of thinking about spelling really can take you out of it. So it just go with it and after you've done it, I recommend waiting at the here too, revisiting it and then polishing it. 15. Production: You have completed your script, now it's time to break it down and prepare for production. One great analogy that I heard about production, it is a little bit like camping. You want to be able to foresee everything that can come up and make sure that you have everyone on board and all the items needed for happy family or solo camping. In baby language, production is essentially about one thing, making lists and making calls related to those lists. Because we're doing a small project in this class, I'm not going to list detailed worksheets or something like that, because we're keeping it simple. We're only focusing on doing this small project, a manageable project from a to b and finishing it. At this stage, I recommend that you do your lists in reverse. Look at your script and work backwards from that. If it's on the page, then you need to organize it and arrange for it. If there's a specific location, a specific actor, there's no magic formula or magic call or magic list you can make, your screenplay nominates your list making, and the calls thereof. How many actors do you need? How many locations? How many items, wardrobe, and so on? What is your technical equipment? When you prepare for your film, a part of the training in this course is to call random people firsthand and negotiate. When you do a film, this will become a vital skill to be able to communicate clearly to your team and negotiate with your environment. Take a break here, I always have a break, stop right here, and look at the screenplay, each and every scene, and make a detailed list, an action list of what you need to do. I'm going to spare you the suspense, do it. 16. Cinematography :: Visual Style: In this session, we'll go over some of the visual styles you can use for your film and discuss several ways on how you go about finding the right one for you and your film. It is important to make your cameras setups coherent throughout. This will help the audience get into the story and they'll start to trust you. That is, they'll start to trust the narrative style. There needs to be a consistency in how you tell your story. If you break that consistency, there needs to be a strong emotional and narrow the reason for that. The aim here is to keep the camera behind the story. Helpful analogy there could be, we all know when the music gets too loud in a scene, It's feels a little bit like that. You want to keep the music low enough and you want to keep this cinematography consistent so it stays behind and support the story. I want you to think about a style for your film a visual style. Pick one style and stick with it. Just as an example, here is a clip from my film city state. Notice the consistency in the handheld style designed by the cinematographers. My advisors tell me there's a cultural convention in town. It seems its effect in business in a big way. I'm taking care of that. These gentlemen are showing a particular interest in your business. All of it. Despite their funny acts there was no doubt they were joking. I'm not in the habit of buying goods that are personal sell-by date. [inaudible]. At this moment, I'd like you to write down what kind of a visual style you would like to have for your film. You can think about if it fits to your theme? You can think about a similar film that you'd like in the same genre and just research it a little bit. 17. Cinematography :: Angle Tool: In this chapter, we'll talk about how you set up your shots and give you some options thereof. You might be filming this film yourself, or you have a trusted ally that is on the camera for you. It doesn't matter if you're using your phone or if you use a camcorder. When it comes to cameras setups, we're going to focus on frames that are efficient when it comes to editing them. That means that you're always going to be shooting on an angle. This is the basics of film making. For example, if you shoot directly towards an actor, your next set will be 90 degrees on the same action. You just have to keep your corners checked. This technique will help you immensely when it comes to editing the material and enables you to control the time of the scene. If you want to shorten this unit length in the scene, because when you shoot on an angle, it means that you can shorten pauses or you get lengthen passes in a scene, be it dialogue or action. I always want to start with a disclaimer. Whatever I'm saying is the way I think. For example, in terms of cinematography, if you want to do your filming one shots or even just one shot. Fantastic. What I emphasize when I approach a film project is practicality. Practicality means control in time. Controlling time in edit is really important because you can control the time of the product, of the film, of the art that you're doing. The best way to control time is to shoot on an angle. My people spoken to your uncle, Yovan. Apparently, you ought to be trusted. I've set up safe transportation for the shipment. I'm aware of risks. Well, awareness isn't exactly the same as realizing a situation. My employer is fronting you a substantial amount of product. We may have an amicable relationship with your uncle, but that doesn't mean you won't find your head in a ditch if you, [inaudible] the usual bullshit, we say these things. 18. Directing: You've finished your script, you made a shortlist and now you're ready. Maybe not. It doesn't matter. You don't have to be, to direct your film. Let's go over some directing tips and do and don'ts and does and finding your own method. There is a logic in say about directing because the way it is executed very much depends on the characteristics and personality of the individual holding that responsibility. Because of that, it is hard to define with precision a clear to do approach for directing. On one end if a film doesn't work, the director is usually responsible or made responsible. If we work from that end that means that the director is responsible for everything. Doesn't sound fair, does it? Now sorry. Stephen I need this on record. What the director? [inaudible] There isn't much pep talk to be done here. Your job as a director is to make the world you're conveying as real as possible. From there, you can easily guess where your focus needs to be from actors, sets, costumes, makeup, light, and so on. Just like in production, we'll work in reverse. If we want something to appear on screen in a specific way, our job is to find the effective methods to manifest that. Here is a short clip from a film I directed called Malevolent. If you can control your mind. You can control your attitude, and how you handle a situation. Then you can begin to control the situation. Repeat your goal in your mind, visualize it, make it happen. Be proactive. Take charge, and remember that you are amazing. Regarding directing, one of the tips I can give you is prepare, prepare some more and prepare some further more. No director in the history of film making has ever said, "I got too much time to film this scene." I want you to aim at becoming the first. You're not going to make it, but you're going to make your life and others easier. Directing is one of these things that are unique to each individual that takes it on. There are several rules of thumb that you keep in mind when you direct, and I'm going to list them out here so you can hand pick the ones that apply to you. Working with actors, listen to your actor, get to know them. The more you do, the more you'll be able to create rapport, and before you know it, they'll be ready to stand on their heads for you. It's helpful reminder or tool, whatever you want to call it. When it comes to directing, is do not line and read for the actor. If you're not getting the performance you want, you can not do that because acting is just like you doing your new film. It is a discovery process. Yeah. If an actor however, asks you specifically for a line written, you can do it otherwise not. I was probably scolded in my first film pretty severely, and I thank God, it was my first film. Whenever I direct the scene, each and every time it's like you're doing something for the first time. Just before I filmed the scene, I have thought about it in my head quite a bit how I want to shoot it, but my fail-safe method is always, what is the one-shot that will make this scene work. In my head, I worry about what if all the cameras break down, and what if something happens and we can't shoot more than one shot, then I always think about, if I had to make this scene work in one shot, what shot would that be. That's what I think about, and I start by filming that shot. I'll shoot that shot again, until I'm happy with the performance. If I held my fail-safe shot, that when I edit the film again. If I only have this shot than a single work, then I'm free to experiment after that. When it comes to directing and organizing a shoot, blocking is a big part of making it successful in terms of time and efficiency. Blocking in baby language is the travel that the cast does around the scene. You can decide beforehand different actors are supposed to start there and there. If you do that, that is what we call blocking. You can decide beforehand what they want to do, but you can also just go into the location and decide it on the spot. Like when you walk into a location, you can see how it's structured, and the third option is to have the cast go into the location and having actor see now, then they might find their way naturally, throughout the location. You've set up a camera with a cinematographer. There is an actor in front of the camera. The actor has clear directions where he or she can move, they know their lines and it's your job to say action and observe. After you do that, you adjust the camera, the light, and discuss the performance with the actor. A good way to approach directing is always thinking that if something isn't working, it is only because you have not communicated properly what you want. I'm not saying this so that you as a director will feel at fault. This is a practical advice. I'm saying this because when the film is a clumsy in external process, which is the essence of creativity. Your job is to parent that process to the best of your ability. Sometimes you just do mistakes or others do mistake. As a team leader, it's your job to keep the process on track and get it back on there, if it falls off. 19. Directing Tools : Failsafe and Blocking: Whenever I direct a scene, each and every time, it's like you're doing something for the first time. Just before I film the scene, I have thought about it in my head quite a bit how I want to shoot it, but my failsafe method is always, what is the one shot that will make this scene work? In my head, I worry about what if all the cameras breakdown and what if something happens and we can't shoot more than one shot? Then I always think about, if I had to make this thing work in one shot, what shot would that be? That's what I think about and I start by filming that shot and I shoot that shot again and again and again until I'm happy with the performance, and if I have my failsafe shot, when I edit the film I feel like, if I only have this shot then the single work, then I'm free to experiment after that. When it comes to directing and organizing a shoot, blocking is a big part of making it successful in terms of time and efficiency. Blocking in baby language is the travel that the cast does around the scene. You can decide beforehand different actors are supposed to start there and end there. If you do that, that is what we call blocking. You can decide it beforehand what they want to do, but you can also just go into the location and decide it on the spot. Like when you walk into a location, you can see how it's structured and the third option is to have the cast go into the location and have them act the scene out and they might find their way naturally throughout the location. You've set up a camera with a cinematographer. There is an actor in front of the camera. The actor has clear directions where he or she can move, they know their lines and it's your job to say action and observe. After you do that, you adjust the camera, the light, and discuss the performance with the actor. A good way to approach directing is always thinking that if something isn't working, it is only because you have not communicated properly what you want. I'm not saying this so that you as a director will feel at fault, this is a practical advice. I'm saying this because films are clumsy and external process, which is the essence of creativity, your job is to parent that process to the best of your ability and sometimes you just do mistakes or others do mistakes. As a team leader, it's your job to keep the process on track and get it back on there if it falls off. 20. Editing: Even though all the processes in making a film are really important, I would place editing as more equal than others. Because editing can save your film, it can save a disaster shooting, it can save your creative soul. Because editing can easily become overwhelming, I want you to think about it as Lego chips. Your material is made out of Lego chips and you're just going to build something out of it. Now, I want you keep that image in mind because again, it can get easily overwhelming working in the editing phase. I'm also going to drop in the usual disclaimer here because editing, unlike all the other departments, is extremely subjected to taste. The method that I'm going to be sharing with you here is just my method of how I organize the material after a shoot in the editing phase. As always, I encourage you to find your own recipe towards how you organize yourself. Here's a little peek into my editing process. I organize my material, I look at my material and I look for strong first impressions and you shot that moves me when I looked at it, so I lock my material and I create a bin for each scene, then I decide on what scene I'd like to edit first. That can vary quite a bit depending on the project. I try to do something that I cannot look forward to and that I'm excited about. When I found a scene that I want to start with, I go. What feel, does that scene have? How do I build it? Is it a slow scene? Is it a fast scene? What shots would best express that feeling? 21. Editing Process & First Impressions: Whenever I start editing a film, I always use two methods. The first method is looking at all the clips, analyzing all the clips, listing them down, doing it in an organized manner. But I always combine it with another method, which is what I call the somehow method. I just go in there, I find my favorite scene that I looked forward to edit. Then I edit it and then I have a lot of fun editing the scenes that I have to edit in order to make my favorite scene work. So it's nice to combine these two; the engineering method and then somehow method. Regardless of what method works best for you, I always recommend going through the ordeal of working through on the material, locking it, marking it. The main method that I do here when I do the lock is finding first impressions. That is probably the biggest and the most important tool that you will ever have. If a shock moves you when you look at it, even though you've done the script and you've seen it when you film it, if it still moves you, when you look at it on the screen, then place a little star next to it. As you work through the material, these first impressions will fade. So it is really important further down the line in the editing process that you've marked them because they are going to be your guiding light throughout the edit. Whenever you use [inaudible] grade performance or something just simply moves you in a strong matter, mark it down as a first impression. 22. Edit :: Final Cut Pro : I'm just going to skim through some of the techniques I use by going through a simple scene. There are a lot of great editing classes and tutorials out there and I'm just going to show you a little bit of how I work. In this scene, a man, my friend, their dog has a massage ball and his dog stolen it from him and he's trying to get it back. When we begin the scene, the dog already has the massage ball, so I decide to arrive late into the scene. Then we're just going to see a battle scene between a man and a dog fighting over a ball. Hello and welcome to a brief editing example. Right now, I'm in final cut 10. Final cut is known for its magnetic timeline but because, I'm showing you a general example, I'm not going to use magnetic timeline. I want to simulate how you would do this in any editing software, be it Premier, Da Vinci or even iMovie. Let's see over here. Right here I have my editing window. This is how much I will see of each shot. I've only selected two shots. These are two long shots and I'm going to make a little scene out of it. Right now, I have selected three clips here that I want to start with. Let's look at these three clips in a row and see what they're about. Ah-ah. Give me the ball, bringing it here. Bring me the ball. Bailey. She took our ball? Bailey. Bring me the ball. Bailey. All the three clips have the same message. Deril is asking for his ball. I'm going to take this cut here and just play around with it. I'm just going to overlap it like so. Notice that the sound is going to overlap. See what happens? Bring it here. Bring me the ball. Bailey. She took our ball? Bailey. Let's play with this a little bit. Ah-ah. Give me the ball. Bring it here. Bring me the ball. Bring me the ball. I'm going to take this sound here and I'm going to use the eraser here, which we can select from here. The shortcut is B so I'm just going to go here and push B. I'm going to chop the sound here. I'm going to take the sound away here and this sound is. Bring me the ball. Bring me the ball. Go again. Ah-ah. Give me the ball, bring it here. Bring it here. Notice the little dot that appears here, I'm going to fade it out like so. Bring it here. This one I'm going to fade a little bit like so, I'm going to place it, let me see. Bailey. Bailey. We see him say, this sound has to mark it, and push N and push N. Here's where he says it. This we need to see. Let's take this one here and see what happens if you place it over here. Ah-ah. Give me the ball. Bringing it here. I just want to shorten this cut all the way over here and see how it happens. See it kind of looks at us. Maybe I don't want that. I'm going to skip*** ahead here. Select that and look at the gap and see what happens. Play it. Ah-ah. Give me the ball. Bring it here. Bailey. She took our ball? Bailey. It's pretty good. I'm happy with this cut. Bring it here. Bailey. The immediacy of the sound coming directly at the cut helps the cut. Bring it here. Bailey. She took our ball? Right here, I have my voice coming in, so I'm going to delete that. I always do this just to smoothen the sound. Here, we had put the cite. Bring me the ball. Bring me the ball. Maybe you can use that again. Let me see. Play it. Ah- ah. Give me the ball. Bring it here. Bailey. Maybe it gets good over here. Let's see what happens. Ah-ah. Give me the ball. Bring it here. Bailey. Bring me the ball. That's pretty good. There's a little bit of a sound jump, and I'm always uncomfortable with that. I'm going to smoothen the sound even more. Bring me the ball. That's nice. Bring me the ball. Bring me the ball. Now, I'm going to check if I'm happy with these two cuts. Ah-ah. Give me the ball. Bring it here. Bailey. Bring me the ball. Now, clip number 3 was what? Bring me the ball. Bailey. There's a lot of repetition here but we'll live with it, hope so. Selecting these two. When I select these two, just by the way, I clicked this one and I clicked the option button or command. I hold that in and then I select both of them. I release it and then boom. Let me see how this works. Bring me the ball. Bring me the ball. Sound jump. Always goes on my little editing nerves when I hear sound jumps. Bring me the ball. Okay. Bring me the ball. Bring me the. Even more. Do we have something here? The ball. Oh, he's still in this mush mush. I don't know what that word was, but let's see it. What if we do that? Oh, bring me the ball. That was nice. It's a little accident that happened right there. Oh, bring me the ball. Bailey. I'm happy with these three cuts here. Right now, we're into act two of this major battle. We already setup in the first section act one, where we established dog. The dog has taken a ball and the so-called owner is trying to get it back, and there is stalemate right there. In act two, we're going to bring in an engagement. There's going to be a conflict. Here I'm going to do a mid point of the scene which is false victory. We jump in time and a man, Deril my friend, is now close to the dog and makes an attempt to get the ball. Give me the ball. Failed attempt and right here we have. Come here Bailey. Come here. Come here. Well daddy need a massage. Can daddy get a massage? We place that right here. Just notice I'm just going on gut feeling. Well, daddy. Here's how I have a little jump cut. I have a little cut of the dog right here. I'm just going to place it right here. Come here. Well, daddy need a massage. Now, I have a little bit of a pleading. Here, we had the first section of our scene. I'm just going to move this one because I'm happy with it, right over here and check the next session. There will be this one here, which I've already edited. Let's look at that. Bring me the ball. Bring me the ball. Give me the ball. I'm going to get that ball. Give me the ball. Notice in this section here, he tries again, to get the ball, but this time around there's an escalation. There's a change. Bailey the dog snaps at its owner, snapping. We have escalation. This is section 3. Let's look at the final section which I've already edited with the same process that I've shown you. Come here. Good girl. Come on mama. You're not going to give me? Come here. Come here. You're not going to give me the ball? Did you tried to snap at me for a ball? Why are you snapping at me girl? I'm going to get the ball. I know you right? They're friend now. He's teasing her to get the ball. Now, let's place all these sessions together. I already showed you in detail how I edited this part. Then I went a little quicker here, then I had already edited these ones here. I'm just going to place them all together and see what happens. Right now, we have the scene here. What I'm going to do, I'm just going to place an atmospheric sound in the background. I go up to my bin, and I've made it ready right here. It's going to throw all that clip right over here, boom. First one is complete. Here we go. I'll just place it right here. Now, we have atmospheric sound. Ah-ah. Give me the ball. Bring it here. Let's go crazy and put some music into it. I've already made that right here. Let me see. That's the music. I'm just going to find some high notes on the music. Now, we have a scene, boom. Ah-ah. Give me the ball. Bring it here. Bailey. Bring me the ball. Bailey. Don't chew up the ball. Come on, bring it here. Give me the ball. Bring me the ball. Come here Bailey. Come here. Come here. Well, daddy need a massage. Can get daddy get a massage? Bring me the ball. Bring me the ball. Give me the ball. I'm going to get that ball. Give me the ball. Come here. Good girl. Come on mama. You're not going to give me? Come here. Come here. You're not going to give me the ball? Did you try to snap at me for a ball? Why are you snapping at me girl? I'm going to get the ball. I know you right? 23. Edit :: Davinci Resolve : Here's a little bonus editing demonstration that I made in that resolve with material that are shot in the rain here in Iceland. You can download all the material for this lesson on the class website. Have fun. Here I have opened telling to resolve 16, which we can get for free. We're just going to do three quick demonstrations of the sample material that comes with the class, where you can practice a little bit of editing and a little bit of thinking. Let's import our material. Here we have the material that you're going to have for this course, opening up all the material and throwing it in here. Here we have the material and now I'm just going to grab it, all of it and put it in here. Nothing fancy. Let me see, this the first shot. Play it, slow motion. This is a mirror, a car mirror. I've got that here. Notice that I'm not going to do anything fancy here. I'm not going to label anything. I'm just going to go very clean at it. Here I have this shot and I'm thinking this is a mirror and you say play and let's just count 1, 2, 3, stop. Here we go. That's here. I'm going to just select this area here. Push the delete button, like so. Next shall we have what is that? What on Earth is that? A plausible rain. My input could be here. Who's the razor here? Like so and nothing else in this shot. Delete. This also rain and the crown, this calmness. It's reversed. So we're going to have to flip it. Once. Could take, drag this here, like so starting in here, go 1, 2, 3, that was the second part of the shot. I'm not going to use that is quite a long shot here. [inaudible] 1, 2, 3, goes away. What is the shot? It's going to rise. 1, 2, 3. So nice. Another shot;1 ,2 ,3. It's nice that we see the wipers there. Anything else in the shot that I want? Maybe the turn here made music. Not here. 1 , 2 , 3. That is nice. Now I have edited down the shots here. We have the reverse one shot. This one here. Let's reverse it and then we go into Inspector and then we flip it, I think it's here. Like so. Let's make a story out of these clips here. Remember, we're always doing the three acts. What could be act number 1? Once upon a time, there was rain. This is my first act. Once upon a time, there was rain. Let's go to act 2. That will be, and there was a car in the rain. It turns out that there's not only rain, but that there's a car in the rain. The car makes a decision to drive in the rain. We're missing one shot for that. Let me see. Where was that? We'll go right here. I am going to skim through it. The car starts to move. Shade the two acts now. Once upon a time, there was rain. Let's go to act 3. This shot. Because we aren't fully established the car, we have rain, rain, car, car. Let's see the city from the eyes of the car right here. This code here, it turned out there was a car in the rain and the car decided to take a ride in it. When the car decided to take a ride in the rain, this is probably nothing that we need for a moment. When the car decided to take a ride in the rain, it's saw the cities, it saw streets and buildings and more buildings. We've made a little short film. We've made a 24 second film. Now I'm going to add some sound effects. I've got three rain effects and then I have windscreen wipers right here. Check this one. Whenever I click this one, I double-click it, and then I push the space button. Click this one. Here we go. Here we select the place and just push either the razor here or the letter B. Let's check this out. Let's say that we're happy with this and I'm just going to lower this falling down here, like so. Say we happy with this. Let's check this rain effect to see what happens when we put on this car here. That's nice. Script like that. Let's just say that. When you switch sounds like that, you are creating time. For example, if we're here and this faith, this one out, like so. Where we have the windscreen wipers right here, double-click, play, space button. I'm just going to drag this clip right down here and let's check it out. It's a little bit too fast. We can keep it that fast if it want to keep the sound in real time. We can also right-click it and go into change clip speed. Just come up to 50 for fun and see what happens. I'm just going to keep it like that, but very low. Here, I'm just going to stop it right here on this one here. Here I would like to have a new sound. There is a rain effect we're not used, which is car interior. Check it. A little bit too aggressive, but we don't care because we're making a creative short film. Notice how the sound is going to help the cuts quite a bit. Fade in the sound a little bit here. Here, I would like to change time. We'll jump in time. What I'm going to do is press the letter B to edit it. Then I'm just going to go randomly somewhere in this sound here and make it jump and make it a little bit lower as well. See what happens. Here I would like to change time again. Then let's squeeze this one, for example, up again, like so. See what happens. We made a little microfilm using the material. Now have fun doing your own version or preferably shooting some simple material yourself and putting it together. 24. Color: In this section, we're going to color our scene here. I just want to mark. This is the usual disclaimer. I'm no color specialist. But for the sake of this video and the whole Do It Yourself Filmmaking, I'm just going to show you how I would, for example, do this one. Let's look at the first shot here. We've two shots on the same camera in the scene, "Give me the ball." I can probably use a similar setting. Let me find first a reference shot. What is the shot I would like to use as a center point of the whole color correction. Let's use this one. You go up to here to this little nifty color thing here. I'm not going to do anything fancy, I'm just going to go over some of the basics. We have Exposure, Saturation and Color. I am going to start with the exposure. In this I'm going to light that very high. Strong highlights, I'm going to take them down quite a bit. Check taking down the midpoint downs and give it a little bit of faded look, like so. Please check this fatal like this. There we go situation. I'll take that down and nudge like so and bring up perhaps the blue a little bit. Blue on the highlights like so. That is this one shot here. It's going to take this one and I copy it. "Copy". Then I would go into this one here. Then I use the same setting and I paste the attributes and then I can select it what I want to paste here. I don't want to mess with the position, I just want to color like so. Turn these two here. I'm going to select all the shots except for these two here. I'm going to "Paste" the attributes, again, only the color ones like so. I'm just going to check it now. Give me the ball, bringing it here. Bailey. Bring me the ball. Bring me the ball. Bailey. Don't chew up the ball. Come on, bring it here. Bring me the ball. Come here Bailey. Come here. Come here. But daddy needs massage. Can daddy get a massage? Bring me the ball. Bring me the ball. Give me the ball. I'm going to get that ball. Give me the ball. Come here. Good girl. Come on mama. You not going to give me the ball. Come here. Come here. You're trying to snap at me for a ball? Why are you snapping at me girl? I'm going to get the ball. 25. Export :: exporting your film and making backups: In this chapter, we are going to discuss exporting your film and some backup strategies. So now, hopefully, you've edited your film, you've put some color into it, and now you're going to export it. There are some great technical videos again, on how you export it specifically, and every editing software has an export function. What I would say is, when you export it do some backups. That is, export your film like you want it to be with sound and color you want. But also export several other versions which is, one version with no color, just the sound, just the dialogue if you have dialogue, just the music until it all separately. This way, in case you lose any of your raw material, you can always use these little chips to re-establish the film or edit it if you want to fix it. 26. Lesson Recap: Congratulations on completing this course. I bet you've learned a lot about the creative process, your strengths, your weaknesses. What I'm doing is simply giving you a form of my strategy or my methods if you want to make films. What you're going to be doing is cross fertilizing your own version of the creative process of making a film. That is the whole point. Making is not something stale, it's an art form that is meant to develop with each individual. What we have been doing is basically going through as neutral as possible some of the fundamentals for you to learn to create your own system for your next project. What we have done, just a quick recap. We have started with an idea, something abstract, we have used a theme, genre, outlining the possibility of storyboarding. From there we went into screenwriting mode. We learned about writing and flow, bringing it over to the format of an actual screenplay. From there, we moved into cinematography and production to directing. After that, we moved into editing, coloring, and then we exported your film, and now you're here. 27. Thank You & Goodbye: I just want to say how important it is for me and how grateful I am that you've taken this course. It has big value to me because the more films I do, the more I understand the value of sharing my experience and how important it is for me to share it and I wouldn't be able to do it unless there was some hopefully interest to it. I say it's from the bottom of my heart. Thank you. When you've completed your film, share it here in the product category so I can check it out and others can check it out. Remember, we're doing films for others to see. Also if you have any questions about the core sharable film-making post them here and I'll do my very best to respond to them as quickly as possible. I'd really appreciate if you leave a review for this class, hopefully positive. I encourage you to go out there and create your own system of film-making. Create your own stories. Be vulnerable, take chances, be silly, be ridiculous but after that structure it, hopefully I didn't ruin it. Thank you so much. What inspired you to become a director? When I was 20, I broke up with a girl, you discovered all things about yourself. You ask yourself serious questions and I found this answer to express myself through films.