Learn Hiragana | Japanese for Beginners | Andy Watabe | Skillshare

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Learn Hiragana | Japanese for Beginners

teacher avatar Andy Watabe, Learn Japanese with me!

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

17 Lessons (1h 10m)
    • 1. Course Introduction

      1:08
    • 2. Overview of Hiragana

      4:09
    • 3. Dakuten and Handakuten

      1:22
    • 4. Long and Short Vowel Sounds

      2:13
    • 5. Double Consonants

      0:50
    • 6. Sutegana

      2:09
    • 7. a i u e o ใ‚ใ„ใ†ใˆใŠ

      3:38
    • 8. ka ki ku ke ko ใ‹ใใใ‘ใ“

      6:55
    • 9. sa shi su se so ใ•ใ—ใ™ใ›ใ

      6:56
    • 10. ta chi tsu te to ใŸใกใคใฆใจ

      7:39
    • 11. na ni nu ne no ใชใซใฌใญใฎ

      4:53
    • 12. ha hi fu he ho ใฏใฒใตใธใป

      8:41
    • 13. ma mi mu me mo ใพใฟใ‚€ใ‚ใ‚‚

      5:01
    • 14. ya yu yo ใ‚„ใ‚†ใ‚ˆ

      5:09
    • 15. ra ri ru re ro ใ‚‰ใ‚Šใ‚‹ใ‚Œใ‚

      5:15
    • 16. wa wo n ใ‚ใ‚’ใ‚“

      3:36
    • 17. Project

      0:35
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About This Class

Do you want to learn Japanese? The first thing you'll want to learn is the alphabet. This course covers the hiragana alphabet. You'll learn how to read and write some everyday words in Japanese. You'll find videos with explanations, example words, and practices so you can memorize hiragana quickly and efficiently.

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Meet Your Teacher

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Andy Watabe

Learn Japanese with me!

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Konnichiwa! My name is Andy. I am a Japanese instructor with a Master's Degree in Foreign Language Teaching. Come learn Japanese with me!

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Transcripts

1. Course Introduction: Hi, my name is Andy Watanabe and welcome to my online Japanese course. In this course, you'll learn how to read and write the heater cannot alphabet. If you're just starting to learn Japanese, then this course is the perfect place to start. What is Hiragana? The Japanese writing system basically involves mixing and matching three different types of alphabets. Hiragana, Katakana, Kanji. Hiragana is considered to be the most basic of the three alphabets. And it's the first alphabet that you'll want to memorize as a beginner Japanese learner. The first few videos of this course will cover a basic overview of Hiragana. We'll talk about what sound each character makes and the phonetics of the Hiragana alphabet. After that, we'll go through each individual character using example words so that you can commit the characters to memory. The project section of this course will include some practice sheets or you can print out and practice writing the characters on. By the end of this course, you'll be able to read some everyday words that are written in heat or Ghana without further ado. Let's get started. 2. Overview of Hiragana: Hiragana consists of 46 individual characters. Hiragana is considered to be a phonetic alphabet, which means that in general, each character represents one sound. Oh, and by the way, in most Hiragana charts, we read the characters from top to bottom and right to left. The characters and the first column represents the five basic vowel sounds are ee, oo. Or. The next columns follow the same vowel pattern, but they add a consonant sound in front. For example, the second column is red car key CPU core. Here's a quick read-through of each Hiragana character. Ee, oo or car, Qi Qu care. Si su se so Ta Te to talk. Na Ni Nu, know ha he who owe me more? Yeah. You yo the new the law. Law. All right. Off the bat. You may have noticed that some of the characters are pronounced send away you wouldn't expect. For example, this character in the S column is pronounced sheep. These characters in the T column are pronounced t, and this character in the age column is pronounced hu. These characters are in the R column, but think of the R as a soft T or D sound as in butter or putting. Also, this character is written as wall, but it's pronounced like the o vowel sound. Lastly, the final character in the alphabet is, which is the only character that does not contain a vowel sound. When writing the Hiragana character, you'll notice that there's a specific order to follow when writing each line or stroke. In reality, not everyone always follows the correct stroke order when reading Japanese. But when you're first learning the characters, It's important that you use the correct stroke order. This is because using a consistent stroke order will help you memorize the characters faster and it'll improve your handwriting. Also, stroke order follows a general pattern that applies to all of the Japanese characters. So if you get used to using the correct stroke order when you're learning Hiragana, you'll have an easier time learning the stroke order for katakana and Kanji in the future. Before we end this video, Let's go over the Hiragana chart one more time, but this time, repeat each character after me. Ah, ee, oo or car. Q0, q2, care, called C to say. So. Ta Te two to two. Na Ni Nu know ha he. Who? Hair. Oh, la me. More. Yeah. You yo know. The new the law or 3. Dakuten and Handakuten: In addition to the 46 Hiragana character, as you learned in the last video, you'll come across Hiragana character is with a duck 10 or 100 duct in the dark then and hand duct and changes the consonant sound of the Hiragana character. They're attached to. A key, k with a duck then becomes the goo gai, go see Sue. So with an arctan becomes x0, x0, x2, x2. T to the top with a dark dam becomes Da Ji Zu, the dough. Notice that these characters G and G are pronounced the same along with these characters x2 and x2. Ha, he, who has hope with a dark dam becomes bar b bu, ball with a 100. Ok, then they become par pee poo pair plot. In summary, there are 25 variations of characters that can be created using the dark 10 and 100 octane. You'll want to memorize these in addition to the original 46 characters. 4. Long and Short Vowel Sounds: In Japanese, we have both long vowels and short vowels. Here's an example of a word with a long vowel or Boson, which means grandma. Notice how the bar and the art character together elongate the sound. Removing the R would create a short vowel sound or Boson, which means end. Can you hear the difference? Or boson? Or boson? Here are a few more examples. T psi, which means small. The CI and the eat characters together create a long e sound. Ci side. Who sent, which means balloon. The who in the room together create a long oo sound. Who's got CE, which means student. To elongate the S sound and a character. We will place an e after it. Got que se. Although sun, which means father, to elongate the o sound, we usually place an after it, auto sun. There are however, a few words where you can use a o character to elongate the all sound. For example, Cody, which means ice. In addition to long and short vowel sounds that are whispered vowel sounds in Japanese, take for example the word, which means like. Notice how we didn't really pronounced oo sound in. It's common for the ee and oo sound to become d voiced, or whispered in Japanese. A few more examples include Scott. Scott Rigoletto was I must. To summarize, we pronounce long vowels by elongating the vowel sound. The meaning of a word can change in Japanese depending on whether it includes a short vowel or a long vowel. In addition, there are times when the ee, oo sound becomes whispered in some words. 5. Double Consonants: In addition to long vowels, Japanese has double continents, which we write using a small suit character. Here's an example, sac, which means author. Notice how we add a short pause when reading the small to suck cup. You'll want to move your mouth in position to say the cop, but pause before actually pronouncing it. Suck. Compared the word sock got with the word sukha, which means hill or incline. Can you hear the difference between the two? Got socket? Here are a few more examples of words that use the double consonant. Got, Goal. Seek, keep, debt. 6. Sutegana: In addition to the small humans, the small versions of the characters you yoke. These small characters are referred to as stick on up. Whenever you see a small ya, you, where you're placed after a character, you would blend the vowel sound with the yeah, you or your, for example, key with a small Yeah, becomes, yeah. There are 36 possible characters that can proceed. A small yeah, you or your. Here's a read through of those combinations. Repeat after each one. Qa, QB, QC, you go sue. So do job to do. Joe. Yeah. New York. Xia, Xu show via view. Your PAR piu. Pure, meow, meow, meow. Yeah. New Deal. To summarize the videos we've watched so far, the Hiragana alphabet has 46 characters. In addition to those 46 characters, there are 25 doctrine or conducting characters and 33 possible stick on a combinations. Now that we've gone over the basic pronunciation of Hiragana, you can practice reading and writing each individual character using the next 10 videos. In order to improve your pronunciation. Be sure to listen closely and repeat after the audio in the videos. You can also practice writing the words that using the practice sheets in the project section of this course. 7. a i u e o ใ‚ใ„ใ†ใˆใŠ: In this video, we'll go over the five vowel sounds in Japanese. The first character will learn is, is for. The next step after we'll learn is e. E. E is for the new. You'll often see e at the end of adjectives. For example. Read this word. The next character will learn is ooh. Ooh. Ooh is for read this word. The next character will learn is it is for n p to be read the following words. The final character will learn in this video is 0, 0, 0 is 4, 0 0, 0. 0 is often used as a plane is marker for objects. For example, for sushi. Read this word. Test yourself, try writing the following words on a piece of paper. Yet, 0, 0. 8. ka ki ku ke ko ใ‹ใใใ‘ใ“: In this video, we'll go over the k column. Key. K. The first character will learn is caught. Caught. Caught is for. The character can be used to mean, or for example, nickel. Adding a duct into cot changes the pronunciation from cot to GAAP. Gaap. For example, GSC said, read the following words. The next character will learn is key. Key. Key is for Kino core. Key. Key. When typed, you may see this third, fourth stroke connected for some fonts, though I'm writing key, you always want to keep them separate. Adding a duct into key changes to the pronounciation from key to. For example, ginkgo. Read the following words. The next character will learn IS curve is for adding a duct enter could change. It's the pronounciation from CU, two, Good, Good. For example, the Gucci. Read the following words. The next chapter we'll learn is Kit. Kat is for adding a duct into ket changes the pronunciation from k to get. Get. For example, could I get read the following words? The final character will learn in this video is called col. Col is for coil. Adding a documented changes the pronunciation from the two gold. Gold. For example, EEG, go. Read the following words. Test yourself. Try writing the following words on a piece of paper. I've got, I've got a gal. Who conquer, conquer a goal. A goal. 9. sa shi su se so ใ•ใ—ใ™ใ›ใ: In this video, we'll go over the S column. She says salt. The first character will learn is sock. Sock. Sock is for sudden. Like with the character key. There are times when you might see the second, third stroke connected in SOP. You'll want to be sure to keep them separate when writing SOP. Adding a duct into SOP changes the pronunciation from SOP to Zap. Zap. For example, caused. Read the following words. Psyche calls up. The next character will learn is sheep. See. She is for single. Adding a duct into sheep changes the pronunciation from sheep to G. G. For example. Read the following words. The next character will learn is Sue. Sue is for sushi. Adding a duct into soup changes the pronounciation from soup to zip. Zip. For example, near Zuni. Read the following words. The next character will learn is set. Set is for Sendai. Safe good. Set. Adding a duct into set changes the pronunciation from set a to Z. For example, she read the following words. Costs caused. The final character will learn in this video is salt. Salt is for soda. Adding a duck down to Salt changes the pronunciation from salt to salt. Dissolved. For example, hizo could read the following words. Iso group counseling. Test yourself. Try writing the following words on a piece of paper. She got she got as you got Susie. Susie sake, I, II, III, IV causes it. Causes Esau. Esau. Good. Console. Console. 10. ta chi tsu te to ใŸใกใคใฆใจ: In this video, we'll go over the T column. The first character will learn is top. Top. Top is for Tom logo. Tie. Top. Adding a duct into top changes the pronunciation from the top to dot. Dot. For example, Diigo. Read the following words. And I got good. The next character will learn is cheap. G is for cheesy. Adding a doctor in to cheat changes the pronunciation from cheap to G. G. Note that this is the same pronunciation as a sheet with it, OK, then there are very few words in Japanese, I use two characters, G. One example is high analogy. Read the following words. The next character will learn is two, is four. Adding a duct into changes the pronunciation from x1 to x2. X2. Note that this is the same pronunciation as suit with a duck then x2. There are very few words in Japanese, they use the character Xu. One example is Kanazawa. To remember that we use a small to represent a double consonant sound. For example, Goal. Seek. Read the following words. To Zika. I've got goal. The next character will learn is 10. Ten is for 10. K gummy. You'll often see ten at the end of commands. For example, meat, they're not dead. Adding a duct into text changes the pronunciation from 10 to debt. Debt. For example. Then shop. Read the following words. The final character will learn in this video is top. Top. Top is for a character tall can be used to mean M. For example, most move soon that I didn't get ducked into top, changes the pronunciation from the top to DHAP. Don't. For example, EDL. Read the following words. Sought door, door. Good to test yourself. Try writing the following words on a piece of paper. Digoxin. Digoxin. She's she's got a goal. Goal today. Good day. Good to go. Door to door. 11. na ni nu ne no ใชใซใฌใญใฎ: In this video, we'll go over the n column Na Ni Nu. The first character will learn is not. Now. Not is four. Now lotto be Nasser be. Now. Read the following words. Sorry, not Nagai. The next character will learn is neat. Nein, nein, nein, nein gene. Read the following words. The next character will learn is note, is for nearly good enough. Read the following words. The new key. Ten new GUI. The next character will learn is net. Net. Net is for Nicole. Resuming. Read the following words. Or the final character will learn in this video is not. No. No is for no MIMO. Naughty. Note. Read the following words. Kino column. Test yourself. Try writing the following words on a piece of paper. Saigon. Saigon. Tiny, tiny. 12. ha hi fu he ho ใฏใฒใตใธใป: In this video, we'll go over the age column. Ha, he, who or the first character will learn is Ha. Ha. Ha is for high enough. Adding a duct into hot changes the pronunciation from hot to Bob. But for example, or by adding a 100 duct end to hop changes the pronunciation from the hot to pop. Pop. For example, hub. Read the following words. So the next character will learn is he? He? He is for adding a duct into heat changes the pronounciation from heat to beat. Beat. For example, wasabi. Adding a 100 duct into heat changes the pronunciation from heat two. For example, in B2. Read the following words. The next chapter we'll learn is food. Food is for who sent who you. Remember that the continent in who is pronounced close to an f sound. Adding a duct into who changes the pronunciation from boop. Boop. Boop. For example. Adding a 100 duct into who changes the pronunciation from who to put. For example, Uki. Read the following words. The next chapter we'll learn is head. Head. Head is for heavy. Head. Adding a duct into head changes the pronunciation from head to bet. Bet. For example. Adding a 100 oxen to hit changes the pronunciation from head to pet. For example. Read the following words. His salt. Now, the final character will learn in this video is. Hope is for Han or C. Adding a duct into changes in pronunciation from whole to hole. For example, sabo. Then adding a 100 duct into h4 changes the pronunciation from the hole to hole. For example, some the following words. Or C. Baur see sheep for. Test yourself, try writing the following words on a piece of paper. Or hashing. Or has she? But Cu by Cu, Sip. Sip by r could be after B, E, E became cipher. Cipher. Key. Fubar key. Keep, keep pests. So hope beta1, beta2. Both see sheep. Sheep. 13. ma mi mu me mo ใพใฟใ‚€ใ‚ใ‚‚: In this video, we'll go over the n column. The first character will learn is ma, ma, ma, ma, ma, ma. Read the following words. The next character will learn is me, me, me, me, me, me. Read the following words. Sassy me. The next character will learn is murder. Murder is for mercy. Three of the following words. The next character will learn is net. Net. Net is for Megan. Read the following words. The final character will learn in this video is more. More is for mommy. Read the following words. Test yourself. Try writing the following words on a piece of paper. 14. ya yu yo ใ‚„ใ‚†ใ‚ˆ: In this video, we'll go over the y column. Yeah. You the first character will learn is yup. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. When a small yacht is placed after a character, it blends the vowel sound. Sound. Here are the possible combinations of characters with a smaller yup and Zhao. Zhao. Zhao. Zhao. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Read the following words for me, I guess. Yeah, psi dagger. The next chapter we'll learn is u. U is for you. When a small u is placed after a character influenza vowel sound with you. Here are the possible combinations of characters with a small u cubed. You should. And you should do new view. And you read the following words. My yoga. You may queue. The final character will learn in this video is your job, is for your good. When a small York is placed after a character, it blends a vowel sound with your. Here are the possible combinations of characters with the smaller your job, shop. Job, job, job. Your shot. Read the following words to your. Test yourself. Try writing the following words on a piece of paper. My, you get my, you get show, you show you. 15. ra ri ru re ro ใ‚‰ใ‚Šใ‚‹ใ‚Œใ‚: In this video, we'll go over the R column, D nu naught. The first character will learn is not. That is for. Now you remember that the r sound in Japanese is pronounced like a soft t or d, like in butter or putting. Read the following words. The next chapter we'll learn is indeed need is for nice too. Read the following words. The next character will learn is new, is for new Sue. Sue. Then you'll see you at the end of a lot of verbs. For example, read the following words. The next character will learn is net. Net. Net is 4. Read the following words. The final chapter we'll learn in this video is no. No, no, no, no. Read the following words. Food or test yourself. Try writing the following words on a piece of paper. Cutout.com dot au. Do you do 16. wa wo n ใ‚ใ‚’ใ‚“: In this video, we'll go over the last few characters. The first character will learn is walk. Y is 4 plus ib. Read the following words. The next character will learn is all. O is for tail. Tail. Remember that is pronounced just like the vowel sound in. This character is used to mark a direct object in a sentence. Consequently, he will mostly only see all in sentences and phrases rather than individual words. Read the following words. Tail, tail, tail. The last character is is for. A character is the only Hiragana character without a vowel sound. You'll never see a word begin with. Read the following words. Single. Test yourself. Try writing the following words on a piece of paper. Seeing consent. 17. Project: Now that you've learned all of the Hiragana characters, see if you can write all 46 characters by memory, you can print out a Hiragana test sheet in the project section of this course. Consider uploading your worksheet. That project section when you're done. Being able to read here are going to fluently will take time and practice. As you practice reading words and sentences, reading Hiragana will eventually become second nature. Now that you have a field for Hiragana, the next step would be to learn the katakana alphabet. Good luck and thanks for watching the course.