Learn German the interesting way - Introducing yourself | Andy Gobel | Skillshare

Learn German the interesting way - Introducing yourself

Andy Gobel, Professional German teacher

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8 Lessons (32m)
    • 1. Why should I take this course?

      1:09
    • 2. The beginning part 1

      3:16
    • 3. The beginning part 2

      4:31
    • 4. Saying hello and goodbye

      4:10
    • 5. Formal/Informal speech

      5:54
    • 6. Verb endings and personal pronouns

      6:58
    • 7. Word order

      4:19
    • 8. Congratulations

      1:28

About This Class

This course is perfect for people who are interested in German language and culture

AND

who would like to have a good time while learning something new!

In 30 minutes, you will learn how to

- say hello and goodbye in different contexts

- have a simple conversation including questions and answers about yourself

- differentiate between formal and informal speech and when to use what

- use verbs and the correct word order

We start with a realistic dialogue, while all the following lessons provide basic grammar and useful vocabulary directly related to it (the dialogue is part of a story between two people meeting in Berlin, which is developing through my courses).

At the end, you´ll be able to apply what you´ve learned in a creative way!

Transcripts

1. Why should I take this course?: 2. The beginning part 1: In this first part, you will learn how to have a simple conversation, including questions and answers about yourself. For this, we will listen to a first dialogue. This dialogue will also serve to find out some more things about basic German grammar over the next lessons. So let's start with our first conversation in German. In this situation, a woman arrives running at a bus station because it has just started to rain which, by the way, is not a completely unusual situation in Germany. A young man is already sitting there waiting for the bus. But next to him, there is still a free seat. Hello, This here No high. Hello Is here still free? Hello Ist here. No high, Not really bitter, Of course, please. Not to a leash. Bitter dunker. Zo and Miss a hapless Veta Goiter. Thanks. Such a miserable weather today. Dunker zoo and Mr Ha Bliss Veta Goiter. Definite teeth about here is just talking. Definitely. But here it's Try definitely TIF about here. Is this talking? Does Vetter Here is V to Hauser. The weather here is just like home. Does Vetter Here is V to Hauser Vaux here Common Z where do you come from? Vaux here? Common Z ish comma house England House London Oh, here comes to I come from England from London. Where do you come from? Ish Comma house England House London Oh, here comes to do ish comma house Kern Arbour is born here Zeit dry mourn Atten I come from Cologne but I have lived here for three months Literally We say I live here since three months. Each comma else Cone, are you only hear Zeit tie more Norton End of the beginning. Part one. 3. The beginning part 2: of us must do in Belene. What do you do in Berlin of us? Must do in Berlin he spins to Dende each to deal Deutscher Litter Tour under university Ted Fast McKinsey in Belene. I'm a student. I study German literature at the university. What do you do in Berlin? He spins to Dent each to deal Deutscher Literal tour on their university Ted Vaz Mackenzie in Berlin, he harbor in contact. I have a concert e hub in concept into sunt thus Martians eba who flee Interesting. What do you do for a living into the sun? Thus Martians eba hoefl ish He spin mosey kervin each peel a clove ear in einem just for you I'm a musician. I play piano in a jazz trio He spin Mosey Curren each Bilic love ear in einem just for you Each mark jazz one is to dust Contact I like jazz. When is the concert each mark Jazz One is to dust Contact um Zone Turk or after in a train Hast du tsai it on Sunday at eight in the A train. Do you have time? This jazz club really exists in Berlin. One of many interesting places with good life music. Later on, I'll give you some more insiders Tips about Berlin. I'm zone talk from Asked him a train Hast to sigh it. Yeah. Each Harbert site that is to mine, Boss. V ist he Anoma? Yes, I have time. There is my boss. What's your name? Literally. We say. How is your name? Yeah. Each harbored site that is to mine. Boss v East, the Anoma my nama ist honor. Becca on TV heist too. My name is Anna. Becca. And what's your name? She uses the other phone to ask for a name, which is literally. And how are you called my Nam? Er ist honor. Becca. Who ve heist too? Each high Sadat of it just owned businesses on tac. My name is David by and see you on Sunday. Now here again He's saying I am called David. Each high said Davitt tress on bit's on talk. Yeah, This done? Yes. See you then. Yeah, this done. All right. David and Anna met coincidentally at a bus stop. And it seems they will meet again over the next lessons. We will talk about all the relevant grammar aspect here so that you will be able to have a conversation like this, too. But first, let's have a look at some greetings and useful expressions to start or end a conversation in a friendly way. 4. Saying hello and goodbye: in this lesson, you will learn the most common ways off saying hello and goodbye in different situations and contexts. The informal greetings don't refer to a certain time off the day. Hello. Hello, Helou. Hi. Also pronounced like in English But in German more used by younger people Clues d The literal translation here would be greet you and this is used for people you are close to Gusti. The formal greetings changed depending on the time off the day. Gutin Morgan Good morning. Used until noon. Gutin Morgan Gutin Talk Good day. Oh, good afternoon. Used until six o'clock. Gutin talk Gutin are binned. Good evening. Gutin are banned. The beginning of a conversation can also include to ask someone how he or she is the informal way would be here The gate bestir and the formal way V gate us in and the gate a steer we get us in and a good and simple answer could be shoot. Oh dear. Good point Owned in in both mean good And you good on the year Good Won't in in how good dunker. Also good things off. Shoot! Dunk! We will talk about when to use the informal or formal speech in another lesson. And if you're not sure what is appropriate, you can simply use the short form, the gates, the gates. At the end of your conversation, you can say truth by juice chow, which doesn't need a translation. Although it's Italian. So this is better. This done this boat. See you later. See you then. See you soon. Literally. This means until later. Until then until soon. This should better. He's done this, but and a more formal way would be off. Vida Zine. Goodbye off, Vida Zine. All right, Now you know how to say hello and goodbye in an appropriate way. In the next lesson, we will talk about the informal and formal way of speaking in German. See you there. 5. Formal/Informal speech: this lesson will cover the difference between formal and informal speech, including how to build it and when to use it for this. Let's have a look at some examples that were used in our dialogue. David asked Ana Vaux here. Common Z. Well, she asked him. Vote here comes to both questions mean Where do you come from? Later? Both ask What do you do in Berlin? But David asks her voce McKinsey in Belene and she asks him Thus must do in Berlin. The difference is do is the informal you and C is the formal you. Let's have a look at some more examples. Harbin Z Morgan site. Hast du Morgan side. Do you have time tomorrow? The high Cincy The heist too. What's your name? Literally. How are you called? Vona NZ. Volvo wants to do where do you live? Thus Martians eba who flee thus must do. Hopefully What do you do for a living? So as you can see, every form needs another verb ending, and we will find out more about that detail in the next lesson. Realizing this difference, which doesn't exist in English, might let you ask yourself, but how the hell do I know when to use which form? Let's go back to our situation to understand better why they use different forms. David used Z because he didn't know honor before, and he didn't want to be in. Polite Z is used with people you don't know yet. For example, if you talk to someone in a shop in a restaurant, at the doctor or on the street like here, sometimes even if you already know people, you still use the, for example, at work because it creates a polite and professional atmosphere. So going to the same working place or restaurant for the second time doesn't change the use off Z automatically. By the way, Z can be used speaking to one or more persons in a formal situation, and it's always written with a capital S Anna used do. When she talked to David because he's a young man, Maybe he was even still going to school so that she said, do spontaneously because she felt that a formal way would be inappropriate if she had talked to an unknown person off middle age. She certainly would have used Z two. So do is used when you talk to people you are close to like friends or family, but also with young people and Children. It creates a personal and friendly atmosphere. It's plural foam. You guys in English is Yeah, if you are not sure if do RZ is appropriate in a particular situation, it is better to choose Z. For example, when someone meets his boyfriend's or girlfriend's parents for the first time, it can be better to say Z in the beginning. After some time, this Z can change into a do expressing a closer relationship because it's quite common for people to offer to say do after a while. In this case, this offer would have to come from them because they are the older ones. We even have a funny verb for speaking informally or formally, Dotson and Z eats. And given the huge cultural challenge off being neither impolitely nor unnecessarily distant, my advice would be relax. Most people in Germany are tolerant about that when they notice that you are not a native speaker. All right, now you know when to use the formal or informal you. And this is, by the way, also a first step to understand the Germans better and not only their language. In the next lesson, we will have a closer look at the different verb endings we have already noticed. Here. See you there. 6. Verb endings and personal pronouns: In this lesson, you will learn how to use a verb the so called conjugation. This is crucial because every complete sentence has at least one verb and their endings change according to the personal pronoun used such as I you he she it in the singular and we you they in the plural to simplify things, I have chosen a verb we already know common to come. I used to colors here because a verb can be divided into two parts. Come is the verb stem which doesn't change here. The n ending is the so called infinitive form and you find all German verbs written like this in the dictionary. The three possible perspectives in the singular are first person singular fish comma I come ish comma second person singular do comes You come do comes third person Here s Z comment. He it she comes Here s Z content the same perspectives using the plural uh, first person plural via common. We come via common second person plural year. ComEd you in the plural of home come year Comment third person plural Z z common they come and also you come in a formal way If you remember the former lesson Z z common. The first thing you can notice here is that they come and the formal you come have exactly the same form. Although the formal Z is written with a capital s, there's no way to differentiate between them by listening. Now you might think again. But how can I know? Well, in 19 9% the context will help you to understand which one was used and there's even 1/3 z she in English. You can recognize that one easily because of the different ending T. Anyway, we can see that there are some endings occurring more than once. If the stem of a verb ends with a D like in finned in to find or a t like an r beytin to work the congregation is a bit different. Each fender I find ish fender do finned ist you find do finned ist yeah s z fend it he it she finds there s Z, defend it via Sinden we find via Sinden ear fend it you in the pool find year finned it z finned in they are you and the formal way find Z finned in as you can see, there's an e added between the stem and the ending. And this only happens when the verb ends with a T like in Finn dist and finned it respectively are by test and are bite it. Okay, let's have look at some examples. Which one of the following sentences do you recognize from our dialogue ish comma? Our spelling? I come from Berlin. Fish comma our spelling. Ah, by test do here. Do you work Here are by test do here air fended baleen span int he finds Berlin exciting air offended Baleen spun int vera spilling Um, some stark tennis. We play tennis on Saturday. Veer spilling. Um, some stark tennis come to hear our Italian. Do you come from Italy? Come to hear house Italian for us moderns eba who flee What do you do for a living? Asking in a formal way Russ Mackenzie for Hoeflich. All right, now you know how to build the verbs with their personal pronounce. Looking at these examples, there's another aspect that we will give attention to in the next lesson. The order off personal pronoun and verb seems to be changing depending on if there is a question or an answer. See you in the next lesson. 7. Word order: in this lesson, we will talk about the different word orders in German. The ver position is particularly important here. We differentiate between three cases. A simple sentence has the verb always in position to it follows the subject which is in position one, for example, Z vaunt in Berlin. She lives in Berlin. Z won't in billing Have it are by to tighter David works today. Have it are bite it, Heitor. He harbor I in concept. I have a concert each harbor in contact All these phrases start with a subject followed by the verb. The subject is the main information or the main character of a sentence. It always has a direct connection to the verb and defines its ending. That's why we say the won't and David are bite it. Third person singular of the verb. But if Harbour first person singular off happened to have the so called Yes, no question has its name from the options. You have to answer this question. Yes. Oh no. Here the verb is in position. One followed by the subject, for example. I want the in between. Does she live in Berlin? And literally we say lives. She in Berlin. I want the in between I bite it. Davitt Goiter Does David work today? Our bite it Davey Toit er hast du ein concept. Do you have a concert? Hast du ein concert. As you can see, the order of subject and verb is simply inverted in comparison to the statements before the third option is another type of question called w question. Its name comes from the fact that all the question woods in German start with a w like in our dialogue fun of us V who for here and many others A w questions starts with a question word. Then the verb comes in position to followed by the subject in position three, for example of our home Won't Zeon Belene Why does she live in Berlin? The home won't Thean building one are blighted. Davitt Heitor, When does David work? Today? One are blighted. Davitt, Heitor vote has to do and concert. Well, Do you have a concert? Volvo has to in contact. The difference between these questions is easy to understand. If you ask where do you live? The answer, yes or no? Just wouldn't make any sense either in English or in German 8. Congratulations: first of all, my congratulations on having finished this course. You did a great job making your wave through a course, and hopefully you had some fun to. Now you have an excellent basis in German on which you can build. The story of David and Anna, which has only just begun, will continue in my next course. Naturally, this course will also contain plenty of interesting material to keep you motivated to learn more German. But now settle back and reward yourself by listening to the Song Dynasty site by the Berlin Band Seed. You'll find a lovely official life version on YouTube and don't forget to turn up the volume. Chorus means this'll Time is your time and you think you're not ready yet. But every day calls your name, you know you have no choice by