Learn English with sentences - If clauses | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

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Learn English with sentences - If clauses

teacher avatar Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

46 Lessons (2h 22m)
    • 1. Learn English with sentences If clauses Introduction

      0:53
    • 2. 1a Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 1

      3:36
    • 3. 1b Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 1

      3:02
    • 4. 1c Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 1

      3:05
    • 5. 1d Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 1

      3:30
    • 6. 1e Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 1

      3:09
    • 7. 2a Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2

      5:53
    • 8. 2b Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2

      3:01
    • 9. 2c Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2

      3:25
    • 10. 2d Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2

      3:02
    • 11. 2e Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2

      3:09
    • 12. 2f Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2

      3:00
    • 13. 2g Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2

      2:54
    • 14. 3a Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3

      3:20
    • 15. 3b Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3

      4:00
    • 16. 3c Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3

      2:57
    • 17. 3d Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3

      3:39
    • 18. 3e Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3

      3:23
    • 19. 3f Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3

      3:11
    • 20. 3g Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3

      2:58
    • 21. 3h Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3

      3:30
    • 22. 3i Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3

      3:12
    • 23. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part a

      2:45
    • 24. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part b

      2:56
    • 25. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part c

      2:42
    • 26. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part d

      2:39
    • 27. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part e

      2:43
    • 28. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part f

      2:42
    • 29. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part g

      2:50
    • 30. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part h

      2:43
    • 31. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part a

      2:53
    • 32. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part b

      2:49
    • 33. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part c

      2:48
    • 34. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part d

      3:04
    • 35. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part e

      3:12
    • 36. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part f

      2:45
    • 37. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part g

      2:57
    • 38. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part h

      2:45
    • 39. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part a

      2:52
    • 40. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part b

      2:56
    • 41. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part c

      2:50
    • 42. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part d

      3:03
    • 43. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part e

      3:29
    • 44. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part f

      3:20
    • 45. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part g

      3:00
    • 46. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part h

      3:00
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About This Class

In English, there are three types of if-clause, and if you can get to grips with them, they are very useful.

In this course, you’ll find hundreds of example sentences written by native speakers to help you to understand these features of the English language. As well as the example sentences, I’ll show you how to form each of the if-clauses and you’ll also learn a little trick to make your sentences sound fancier.

Meet Your Teacher

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Kieran Ball

Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

Teacher

Hello, I’m Kieran and I’m a language tutor based in the UK. I have created a series of online courses that you can use to learn to speak French, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese. (I also have some English and math courses)

Have a look below to see all the courses I currently have available. I try to add a new course at least once every other week, so check back regularly to see if the next one is ready.

I hope you enjoy :-)

Happy learning!

Kieran

See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Learn English with sentences If clauses Introduction: in English. There are three types off, if clothes, and if you can get to grips with them, they are very useful. In this course, you'll find hundreds of example sentences written by native speakers. Toe happy to understand these features off the English language as well as the example sentences. I'll show you how to form each of the if clauses, and you'll also learn a little trick to make your sentences sound fancier. I have split up the sentences into small groups so you can spend just a few minutes each day revising them. The more you see this sort of a structure, the more comfortable you'll become with using it. Feel free to write down any sentences you like and to use them in your own conversations. Happy learning. 2. 1a Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 1: type one. The first type off, if close, is made up off three things. Firstly, the word if then the simple present tense and then the will future tense. But what are each of these parts? Well, the word if is obvious. But let's have a quick look at the two tenses that you use with this structure. The simple present tense or you have to do to form the simple present tense in English is take the verb and put a subject pronoun in front of it. The subject pronounce our I, you, he she it, we and they instead of a subject pronoun, you can also place a name or any noun in front of the web. Two, for example. I speak. You go. We eat, they laugh, the Children left. These are all examples of the simple present tense. There are a few things you need to remember to do with this tense. When you put the subject pronouns he she or it in front of a verb, you have to add an s to the end of it. For example, he sings, she drives it rains the words he she and it are classed as the third person singular. If you use a singular name or a singular noun in front of a verb, it's also classed as the third person singular. So you have to put an S on the end of the verb with those two. For example, Steve works Jane ones. The food smells with the web. Have you don't add an S. Instead, it becomes Has he has she has it has Peter has Mary has the dog has the second thing you need to be aware of when using the simple present tense is that the verb be is very irregular. It goes like this. I, um you are, He is. She is. It is. We are, and they are, so just be very careful with that verb. It's very common, though, so you'll hear plenty of example sentences using this web. The third thing that you have to be aware off with this tense is how to make it negative. We have to do is put dumb in front of any of the verbs with 1/3 person. Singular words though you have to add doesn't Instead, for example, I don't eat meat. She doesn't speak Italian. We don't want it. You don't smell with the VEB be you Put the word not after it instead. I am not here. He is not French. We are not friends. 3. 1b Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 1: the will future tense. This is another extremely simple tents in English. In fact, it's so simple. It's even easier than the last. Hence we looked at We have to do to form his tents is put the word will in front of any verb and then a subject pronoun At the start. There is nothing else to remember With this tense. It's really as simple as that. There are no irregular verbs for no extra letters you need to add. For example, I will think you will be. He will complain. He will watch. It will rain. We will leave. They will pay to make this tense Negative. All you have to do is put not after the word will. I will not sing. You will not be. He will not complain. She will not watch. It will not rain. We will not leave. They will not pay. If you want to sound less formal, however you can say wimped instead of will not The word won't is a contraction off will not . I won't think you won't be. He won't complain. She won't watch. It won't rain. We won't leave. They won't pay. So that's the two tenses for this. If close, all you have to do is put them together. Like in these simple sentences. If I leave early, I will beat the traffic. The first half is the simple present tense on the second half is the will. Future hints. If you tell me everything, I will try to help you. If you don't come with me, you won't get any ice cream. If he doesn't pay the bill, the electricity will be turned off. If she thinks we're all here, she won't come. It's time now to practice. I'm going to give you a sentence with some gaps on after the gap Our port a verb in brackets. Try and use the verb to fill in the gap by conjugating it either into the simple present tense or the future tense. Here's an example. If hard now I won't have to do is much tomorrow. So use the very work to fill the gap. You can use the second half of the sentence to help me to figure out which person to use. If I work hard now, I won't have to do is much tomorrow 4. 1c Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 1: see if you can complete this if closed. If the time. I will go to the supermarket later. If I have the time, I will go to the supermarket later. If I have the time you tomorrow. If I have the time, I will call you tomorrow. If enough time, he will do it for you. If he has enough time, he will do it for you. If they find one it If they find one, they will get it. If my phone I will send you an email. If I don't find my phone, I will send you an email. If Maria will you tell her where I am? If you find Maria, will you tell her where I am? If you see Peter May if you see Peter, will you call me? If pull, I'll tell him where you are. If I reach Paul, I'll tell him where you are If you want me to leave. If you want me to leave, I will go contractions instead of using Will in the future tense. You can't contract it instead. For example, instead of saying I will go, it is perfectly fine to say. I'll go as well. I will contracts to ill and you can put any verb on the end of that. You will becomes your he will. He'll she will. She'll it will. It'll we will, will they will becomes veil. So in the last example sentence, we could have said instead, If you want me to go, I'll leave. And it sounds a little more natural on less formal than If you want me to go, I will leave. 5. 1d Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 1: see if you can complete this if close using a contraction. If you tell me what you want it for you. If you tell me what you want, I'll cook it for you. Switching around the two parts the two main parts off the first type of, if close except for the word if are the simple present tense. Andi, the future tense. So far, we've only been using them in that order. For example, if I leave now, I won't be late. If I leave now is a simple present tense. I won't be late. Is the future tense? You might have noticed that I've been putting a comma after the fairest part off this. If closed, you should always put a comma after the simple, present tense part before introducing the future tense. However, you don't have to stick to this order of doing things. If you want to spice up your if clauses, you can do so by switching them around. It's perfectly fine to put the future tense first, and then the simple present ends afterwards. When you do it this way around, you don't need a comma. So here are the two ways to say the example Sentence. If I leave now, I won't be late. I won't be late if I leave now. So have a go at switching around these sentences so that the future tense appears first. If I have the time, I will go to the supermarket later. I will go to the supermarket later if I have the time. If I have the time, I will call you tomorrow. I will call you tomorrow if I have the time. If he has enough time, he will do it for you. He will do it for you if he has enough time. If they find one, they will get it. They will get it if they find one. If I don't find my phone, I will send you an email. I will send you an email if I don't find my phone. If you find Maria, will you tell her where I am? Will you tell Maria where I am If you find her If you see Peter, will you call me? Will you call me? If you see Peter, If I reach Paul, I'll tell him where you are. I'll tell Paul where you are If I reach him. If you want me to go? I leave. I'll go if you want me to leave. If you tell me what you want, I cook it for you. I'll cook it for you if you tell me what you want. 6. 1e Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 1: Let's do a little more practice. See if this time you can fill in the gap and then switch the sentence around. If now we'll get there on time. If we leave now, we'll get there on time. We'll get there on time. If we leave now. If you take me for lunch you with your work. If you take me for lunch, I'll help you with your work. I'll help you with your work. If you take me for lunch, we will send it to you tomorrow. If now we will send it to you tomorrow. If you order now. If you order now, we will send it to you tomorrow. If you tell me what you want you to get it. If you tell me what you want, I will help you to get it. I will have you to get it if you tell me what you want. The train. If they leave early, they will catch the train If they leave early. If they leave early, they will catch the train. You will have some company. If with you you would have some company if he goes with you. If he goes with you, you'll have some company. If to go, she won't go. If he doesn't want to go, she won't go. She won't go if he doesn't want to go. If my hand, I'll show you the way. If you take my hand, I'll show you the way. I'll show you the way. If you take my hand, we'll find it more easily. If together, we'll find it more easily. If we go together. If we go together, we'll find it more easily. If together I'll drive for half of the journey. If we go together, I'll drive for half of the journey. I'll drive for half of the journey if we go together. 7. 2a Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2: type two. So the first type of if Klaus used the simple present on the will future. Now let's have a look at the second type off. If close to form the second type of clause, you'll need to be able to use the simple past on the conditional. If you're not sure what these are, panic. Not the simple past tense for regular verbs, the simple past tense is pretty simple. We have to do is put e. D on the end off the verb. For example, visit becomes visited. Paint painted open opened, jump jumped, Look walked, pull pulled, Push pushed. If a verb already ends in the letter E, you just add a D Close becomes closed. Breathe, breathed, save saved, Capture captured. If a verb ends in a y, you change the y two i e. D. For example. Study becomes studied. Worry worried. Score E scurried copy copied. Very buried. So the three rules are you. Add e. D to the end of most verbs to form the simple past tense. If a VEB already ends in an e. U just at a D. And if a verb ends in a y, you change the Why to an i e d irregular verbs. Unfortunately, in English, there are a lot off irregular verbs that don't follow these patterns. Here are some of the most common irregular verbs in English In the simple past tense come, came, become became begin began. Bring brought Choose chose dig dog Do did drink, drink Dr Drove he eight Full Phil feel Phil. Find found. Forget forgot. Get got, go Went, grow, grew, Hang Hung have had no new leave Left. Lose lost make made run run SE said. See Sul send sen. Sit fat sleep. Slept, Speak spunk, Swim, swim, Take talk, Teach told Tell told. I think thought, understand, Understood where New Right wrote. And then finally, here are five irregular verbs that don't change at all in the past. Tense cost, cost. So it's the same in the present and the past tense. Koot quote. This next one read in the past tense becomes red. It's spelt the same. It just changes how it's pronounced. So read in the present tense read in the simple past tense put, put and set said. So these five verbs don't change at all. In the past tense. The only one that you have to think about is read becomes read. The pronunciation is slightly different, but they're spelt the same. 8. 2b Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2: the negative simple past tense locally to make the simple past tense. Negative. It's quite simple, or you have to do is put the word didn't in front off the normal verb because the word didn't already shows the past tense. You don't need to use the past tense off the next verb, so you can just use the normal verb after the word didn't. Here are a few examples of turning past tense verbs. Negative. So he walked becomes he didn't walk. And so we used the word didn't. And then we use the normal Web, not the past tense of the verb walk He didn't walk. I ate, becomes I didn't eat and so ate is the past tense. But it goes back to eat because the word didn't in the negative already showed. Was that the past tense? I didn't eat. She danced. She didn't dance. We laugh becomes we didn't laugh. They had becomes. They didn't have Maria spoke. Maria didn't speak. You bought becomes you didn't buy. So that's how to make the simple past tense negative. You just place didn't in front of the non negative version off the verb. The web be now the B was very irregular in the simple present Tense. Well, now it's duly irregular in the simple past tense. It's quite an irregular verb all round. So in the past tense the baby becomes I waas you were he waas She waas it waas we were And they were I was you where he was she was It was we were they were And so really these two forms Waas and were there waas for I he she and it And we're for you We and they now the verb e also does its own thing in the negative past tense instead of putting didn't in front of the verb You put the word not on the end of it and so we get I was not You were not He was not She was No, it was not. We were not And they were not to make it less formal. What we can do is contract the word not on added to the verb in front And so we get I wasn't you weren't He wasn't She wasn't It wasn't. We went and they went 9. 2c Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2: now you will be extremely pleased to know after the complicated past tense that the conditional tense is very easy. It's virtually identical to the future tents. The only difference is instead of putting the word will in front of the verb you put the word would there is nothing else to remember. With this tense, it's really that simple. There are no irregular verbs or no extra letters that you need to add. And so here are some examples I would think you would be. He would complain. She would watch. It would rain. We would leave. They would pay the negative conditional to make this tense negative. All you have to do is put the word, not after the word would. So we get. I would not think you would not be. He would not complain. She would not watch. It would not rain. We would not leave. They would not pay. If you want to sound less formal, what you can do is say, wouldn't instead of would not the word wouldn't is a contraction off would not. So we get I wouldn't think you wouldn't be. He wouldn't complain. She wouldn't watch. It wouldn't rain. We wouldn't leave, they wouldn't pay. So that's the two tenses for this if close or you have to do is put them together. So here are some example sentences using the second type off If close. If I left earlier, I would beat the traffic. So we start off with the simple past tense I left and then the second part we have the conditional I would beat. If I left earlier, I would beat the traffic. If you told me everything, I would try to help you. So we have the simple past tense with you told and in the conditional I would try. If you didn't come with me, you wouldn't get any ice cream. And so now we have a negative simple past tense. You didn't come and so don't forget that to form the negative simple past tense you use the word didn't and then the normal. They're not the past tense of the verb. So you don't say you didn't came. You say you didn't come and then the conditional for the second part It's also negative we have you wouldn't get if you didn't come with me. You wouldn't get any ice cream if He didn't pay the bill, the electricity would be turned off. So we have. He didn't pay. Is the negative past tense And then the electricity would be is the conditional. If he didn't pay the bill, the electricity will be turned off. And then one more we have. If you thought we were all here, she wouldn't come. So we have the past tense, she thought. And then the conditional tense. She wouldn't come if she thought we were all here. She wouldn't come. 10. 2d Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2: it's time now to practice the second type off. If clause, I'm going to give you a sentence with some gaps on day after the gap. Are port a verb in brackets, Try and use the verb to fill the gap by conjugating it either into the simple past tense or the conditional. Here's an example to start off with. If hard now, I wouldn't have to do as much tomorrow, so use the verb work to fill the gap. You can use the second half a sentence to help you figure out which person to use. So the second half is I wouldn't have to work as much tomorrow, and so that's the conditional. So it's I wouldn't so we can say if I worked hard now I wouldn't have to do is much tomorrow. And so we say I worked in the simple past. If I worked hard now, I wouldn't have to do is most tomorrow. So have a go at least once. If the time I would go to the supermarket. If I had the time, I would go to the supermarket if I had the time you every day. If I had the time, I would call you every day. If enough time, he would do it for you. If he had enough time, he would do it for you if they found one it. If they found one, they will get it. If to Maria she would think I was angry. If I didn't speak to Maria, she would think I was angry. If it to Peter, he would give you his opinion. If you showed it to Peter, he would give you his opinion. If Paul home, we would all be happier if poor went home. We would all be happier if harder we would finish on time. If we tried harder, we would finish on time. If you wanted me to leave. If you wanted me to leave, I would go. 11. 2e Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2: contractions instead of using wood in the conditional tense, you can contract it instead. For example, instead of saying I would go, it is perfectly fine to say I'd go as well. So instead of saying I would you could say I'd you would you'd he would he'd she would she'd it would. It'd, we would. We'd and they would becomes they'd And you can put any verb on the end of that. I had to go your go. He'd go, she'd go it go, we'd go. They'd go in the last example from the last less. And we had If you wanted me to leave, I would go. Well, you could have said it instead. If you want me to leave, like to go. So see if you can complete this if close. If you told me what you wanted it for you, If you told me what you wanted, I'd cook it for you. Or you could say I would cook it for you. And so you haven't got to contract, but it makes it a little bit less formal. Switching around the two parts just like with the first type of If clause, you can switch around the two parts off this if clause as well. So far, we've only been using them in this order. If I left now, I wouldn't be late. Which is the simple present tense and then the conditional tense. You might have noticed that I've been putting a comma after the first part off this. If close, you should always put a comma after the simple past tense part before introducing the conditional. However, you don't have to stick to this order of doing things. If you want to, you can switch the two parts around. Just remember that that when you do it this way around, you don't need a comma. So here are two ways to say the same sentence. If I left now, I wouldn't be late. I wouldn't be late if I left now. So have a go at switching these sentences around so that the conditional part appears first . If I had the time, I would go to the supermarket. I would go to the supermarket if I had the time. If I have the time, I would call you every day. I would call you every day if I had the time. If he had enough time, he would do it for you. He would do it for you if he had enough time 12. 2f Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2: have a go at switching the centers is around. If they found one, they would get it. They will get it if they found one. If I didn't speak to Maria, she would think I was angry. Maria would think I was angry if I didn't speak to her. If you showed it to Peter, he would give you his opinion. Peter would give you his opinion if you showed it to him. So just to point out that when you switch the sentences around, if 1/2 of the sentence has a name, then what you should do is put the name at the start. So the first half should always have the name. So in this sentence we've got, if you showed it to Peter, he would give you his opinion. Well, when we put he would give you his opinion of a start. We should change the heat to the name Peter would give you his opinion, and then the if you showed it to Peter where that becomes. If you showed it to him, Peter would give you his opinion if you showed it to him. So that's just when you have two parts off the claws that are both referring to the same person on 1/2 has a name, and the other half refers to the name as he or she. You should always put the name in the first half. So if you showed it to Peter, he would give you his opinion. Peter would give you his opinion if you showed it to him. Try and switch around this sentence. If Paul went home, we would all be happier. We would all be happier if Paul in whom If we tried harder, we would finish on time. We would finish on time if we tried harder. If you wanted me to leave and go, I'd go if you want me to leave. If you told me what you wanted, I'd cook if you I'd cook it for you if you told me what you wanted. Now let's do a little more practice with some gaps. See if this time you can fill in the gap and then switch the sentence around. If now we'd get there on time. If we left now would get there in time. We get there on time. If we left now, if you took me for lunch you with your work. If you took me for lunch, I would help you with your work. I would help you with your work if you took me for lunch. 13. 2g Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 2: see if you can fill in the gap on this sentence on then switch it round. So the other half of the clothes is at the start. We would send it to you tomorrow. If now we would send it to you tomorrow. If you order now. If you order now, we would send it to you tomorrow. If you told me what you wanted, you get it. If you told me what you wanted, I would help you get it. I would have to get it if you told me what you wanted. The train. If they left early, they would catch the train if they left early. If they left early, they would catch the train. You would have some company. If with you you would have some company if he went with you. If you went with you, you would have some company. If to go, she wouldn't go. If you didn't want to go, she wouldn't go. She wouldn't go if you didn't want to go. If to go to Rome, I would go with you. If you wanted to go to Rome, I would go with you. I would go with you if he wants to go to room. We'd find it easier if together we'd find it easier if we work together. If he works together, we'd find it easier. If together I would drive 1/2 of the journey. If we went together, I would drive 1/2 of the Jenny. I would drive for half of the journey if you went together. 14. 3a Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3: type three. We've now seen the first type of F clothes, which uses the simple present on the will future tense. We've also seen the second type of If Clause, which uses the simple passed on by the conditional tense. Now let's have a look at the third type off clothes for this. If close, you'll need to use the PLU perfect tents on and the conditional perfect. Let's have a look at them now to form the pooper that tents in English. We needed two parts. We need the word hod, and we need the past participle. Let's start with the easy bit hod we have I had you had he had she had it had we had and they had. So we have to do is put the subject pronoun in front of the word had on the word had is the same for all the subject pronounce. Once you have said they had bit, we have to add the past participle. Now, For the most part, the past participle is the same as the simple past tense that we learned in the last if close explanation. The majority of the time, you simply port e. D. On the end of the verb on the same rules about verbs that end in an E or why also exist here. So most of every Just add e d for example, visit becomes visited in the past Participle paint becomes painted open opened, jump jumped, Woke, walked, pull pulled, push pushed And again, just like with the simple past tense If a verb already end in the letter e, you just add a d So close becomes closed, breathe becomes breathed, save becomes saved and capture becomes captured. Similarly, if a verb ends in a why you change the why to an I e d just like before. So study becomes studied. Worry worried Score e screed copy copied, very buried. Once you have the past participle, you put it after the hard part and then you have the plu perfect tense. So here are a few examples I had visited. We had closed, they had walked. And so that's the plu perfect tense. You have the word hod the men a passport, Izabal and you form the past participle for the most part, in the same way as you form a simple past tense. You just add e g to the end of the Web. All if the VEB already ends in an e u just at a D or if the very bins and why you change the y toe I e. D 15. 3b Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3: We've just learned that forming the past participle in English is basically the same as forming the simple past tense we have to do is add e d to the end of the verb or if the verb already ends in an E, then you just add a d. Or if the VEB ends in a y, you change the y to an i e. D. Now that's all fine and dandy. But just like with the simple past, there are quite a few irregulars in the past. Participle the past participle irregulars are a lot of the time different to the simple past. Irregulars. I'll start by giving you the irregular past participles that are the same as the simple past tense. So, for example, bringing in the simple past was brought well. The past participle is also brought. Dig becomes dog feel felt find is found. Hang becomes home. Cost is cost so it's the same quote is cooked. Read in the past is red. Put is put, set is set. Have becomes had leave becomes left, lose becomes lost. Make becomes made. SE becomes said send becomes sent. Sit is sat sleep becomes slept, teach becomes taught tell becomes told. Think becomes thought and understand becomes understood. So those 22 verbs are irregular, but they are the same In the simple past tense as they are as past participles, it starts to get a little bit trickier with the following verbs. These next verbs are different to the simple past tense. So these verbs do their own thing when they become past participles. Become as the past participle is become. Come is come, begin becomes begone Choose becomes chosen Do becomes done. Drink becomes drunk, Dr becomes driven, Eat is eaten full is fallen Forget forgotten, get gotten, go gone grow becomes grown No becomes known Run doesn't change It's just run, See, seen, speak spoken swim, swim, take taken where wound and right becomes written So these 21 verbs do their own things So if you go back to the simple past tense you can compare them So these past participles are completely irregular The best thing to do is to write a list of all the verbs that we've been doing on Put them on the left side of a piece of paper, then in the middle, right down the simple past tense off all those verbs and then on the right hand side, right down the past participle, and that way you'll see which ones are different and you can start to learn them. 16. 3c Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3: We've just learned then that to form the plu perfect tents you take the word had on port a passport visible on the end. So here are a few examples I had written a letter to Mary We had swum in the ocean. They had spoken to me, they had done everything. You have eaten a lot of food. Now let's have a look at the negative plu Perfect tense to make the plu perfect. Tense Negative. You just change Had toe hadn't. And then you put a past participle On the end He had walked becomes he hadn't walked I had eaten becomes I hadn't eaten She had done she hadn't done We have left We hadn't left they have had they hadn't had Maria had spoken Maria hadn't spoken You have bought You hadn't bought the web be was irregular in the simple present tense The simple past tense And now it's also irregular As a passport Izabal the web be becomes bean as a passport Izabal So the plu perfect off the baby is I had bean You have bean. He had bean, she had bean. It had bean, we have bean and they had bean on to turn had bean negative. You can do it in the same way as you turn Any other plu Perfect verb. Negative. You just change. Had inter hadn So I had bean becomes I hadn't bean you had bean you haven't bean he had bean becomes he hadn't bean. She had bean. She hadn't bean it had bean becomes it hadn't bean we had bean becomes we hadn't bean and they had Beene becomes they hadn't bean. You might have noticed in all of these negative examples that the word hadn't is actually a contraction because it has an apostrophe in the middle. Hadn't is the short form off had not. So instead of saying I hadn't Bean, you could say I had not bean. But it sounds a lot more formal until you can either say I hadn't Bean or I had not Bean, but hadn't is fine. It's a bit more informal, but it's used a lot more in everyday spoken English 17. 3d Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3: the conditional Perfect. The conditional perfect is extremely similar to the plu Perfect. The only difference is that instead of having the word hod you have to use would have, then you just put a past participle on the end. Locally, the past participles are exactly the same as those we looked at in the plu. Perfect. So, Harris, um, example sentences in the conditional perfect tense. I would have sung you would have bean. He would have complained. She would have watched. We would have left. They would have paid. So the conditional perfect. You always have the phrase would have. Then you just put a past participle on the end to make this tense Negative. Well, you have to do is say, Wouldn't have instead of would have. I wouldn't have some. You wouldn't have Bean. He wouldn't have complained. She wouldn't have watched. We wouldn't have left. They wouldn't have paid. So that's the two tenses for this. If close the plu perfect Onda, the conditional perfect we have to do is put them together and then you get sentences like these. If I had left earlier, I would have missed the traffic. So you use the word if then the plu perfect tents, then the conditional perfect tense. If you had told me everything, I would have tried to help you. If you hadn't come with me, you wouldn't have gotten any ice cream. If he hadn't paid the bill, the electricity would have Bean turned off. If she had known we were all here, she wouldn't have come. And so you always use the word if then the blue perfect tents and then the conditional tense. Andi, just like before. If you put if first and then the blue perfect tense, you need to put a comma after the plu perfect tense phrase. And then you put the conditional phrase after the comma. So if she had known we were all here comma, she wouldn't have come. This changes if we switch it around, but we'll have a look at that in another lesson. So it's time now to practice. I'm going to give you a sentence with some gaps. On day after the gap are put a verb in brackets, try and use the web to fill the gaps by conjugating it either into the blue perfect tints or the conditional perfect tense. So here's an example. If harder yesterday I wouldn't have had to do as much today. So you use the very work to fill the gap. You can use the second half of the sentence toe happy to figure out which tents on which person to use. So the second half is I wouldn't have had to do as much, which is the conditional perfect. So we need to form the PLU perfect. And I is the person we need to contradict the verb in two. And the answer is, if I had worked hard yesterday, I wouldn't have had to do as much today. So see if you can do this one. If the time I would have gone into the supermarket if I had had the time, I would have gone to the supermarket. 18. 3e Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3: see if you can complete this if close. If I had had the time, you yesterday. If I had had the time, I would have called you yesterday. If enough time, he would have been it for you. If he had had enough time, he would have right for you if they had found one it. If they had found one, they would have bought it. If to Maria, she would have thought. How is angry? If I hadn't spoken to Maria, she would have thought I was angry. If it to Peter, he would have given you his opinion. If you have shown it to Peter, he would have given you his opinion. If pool home, we would have all been happier if Paul had gone home, we would have all been happier if harder We would have finished on time. If we had tried harder, we would have finished on time if you had asked me to leave. If you had asked me to leave, I would have gone. Now, instead of using, would have in the conditional perfect tense You can contract it too would have instead. So you get rid of the hate and the A and you put an apostrophe V E on the end of wood. So, for example, instead of saying I would have gone, it is perfectly fine to say I would have gone as well Similarly, in the plu perfect tents you can contract there had and just put apostrophe d on the end off all the persons, for example, I had spoken. You could say, as I'd spoken, you had spoken. You'd spoken, he had spoken, could become he'd spoken, She had spoken, she'd spoken. So the last question we did was if you had asked me to leave, I would have gone well contracted. What you could do is say, if you'd asked me to leave, I would have gone. And this is a much more informal way off speaking in English. 19. 3f Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3: see if you can complete this if close. If you had told me what you wanted it for you. If you had told me what you wanted, I would have cooked it for you just like with the 1st 2 times off. If close, you can switch around the two parts of this close to So far we've been using them in this order. If I have left earlier, I wouldn't have been late. Which is the plu? Perfect tense Going first, Onda the conditional perfect tense last. If you want to, you can switch the two parts around. Just remember though, that when you do it this way around, you don't need the comma. So here are the two ways to say the same sentence. If I had left earlier, I wouldn't have been late. So that's using the plu. Perfect tense first, Andi the conditional perfect tense. Second, I wouldn't have been late if I left earlier on. So if you use it this way around, you don't need the comma. So have a go at switching around these sentences so that the conditional perfect part appears first. If I had had the time, I would have gone to the supermarket. I would have gone to the supermarket if I have had the time. If I had had the time, I would have called you yesterday. I would have called you yesterday if I had had the time. If he had had enough time, he would have been it for you. He would have been it for you if he had had enough time. If they had found one, they would have bought it. They would have bought it if they had found one. If I hadn't spoken to Maria, she would have thought I was angry. Maria would have thought I was angry if I hadn't spoken to her. If you had shown it to Peter, he would have given you his opinion. Peter would have given you his opinion if you had shown it to him. 20. 3g Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3: have a go at switching this sentence around so that the conditional perfect tense appears First, if Paul had gone home, we would have all been happier. We would have all been happier if Paul had gone home. If we had tried harder, we would have finished on time. We would have finished on time if we had tried harder. If you had asked me to leave, I would have gone. I would have gone if you would ask me to leave. If you had told me what you wanted, I would have cooked it view. I would have cooked it for you if you had told me what you wanted. Let's do a little more practice. But this time, see if you can fit in the gap and then switch the sentence around. If an hour ago, we would have arrived on time. If we had left an hour ago, we would have arrived on time. We would have arrived on time if we had left an hour ago. If you had taken me for lunch, you with your work. If you had taken me for lunch, I would have helped you with your work. I would have helped you with your work. If you are taking me for lunch, we would have sent it to you today. If it yesterday, we would have sent it to you today if you had ordered it yesterday. If you had ordered it yesterday, we would have sent it to you today. If you had told me what you wanted, you get it. If you had told me what you wanted, I would have helped you get it. I would have had to get it if you had told me what you wanted. 21. 3h Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3: see if you can fill in the gap in this. If clothes on, then switch it around the train. If they had left early, they would have caught the train if they had left early. If they had left early, they would have caught the train. You would have had some company. If with you you would have had some company if he had gone with you. If he had gone with you, you would have had some company. If to go, she wouldn't have gone. If she hadn't wanted to go, she wouldn't have gone. She wouldn't have gone if she hadn't wanted to go. If to go to Rome, I would have gone with you. If you had wanted to go to Rome, I would have gone with you. I would have gone with you if you wanted to go to room. We would have found it easier. If together we would have found it easier if we had worked together. If we had worked together, we would have found it easier. If together I would have driven for half of the Janney. If we had gone together, I would have driven behalf of Jenny. I would have driven for half of the journey. If we had gone together, the third type off if close, has an alternative form, this could be used in slightly more formal situations. Normally the third type of f close Look something like this. If I had known you were coming, I would have baked a cake. However, you can change it slightly if you fancy instead of saying if I had, you can say had I so if I had known you were coming, I would have baked a cake in more formal situations could become Had I known you were coming, I would have baked a cake And you can also do this after switching the two parts off this If close around, I would have baked a cake had I known you were coming. So instead of saying if I had, you could say had I in third type off If clause so have a go at turning this sentence into its alternative. More formal version. If I had had the time, I would have gone to the supermarket. Had I had the time, I would have gone to the supermarket 22. 3i Learn English with sentences If clauses Type 3: see if you can turn this if close into its alternative. Slightly more formal version. I would have called you yesterday if I had had the time. I would have called yesterday. Had I had the time. If he had had enough time, he would have been it for you. Had he had enough time, he would have been it for you. They would have bought it if they had found one. They would have bought it. Had they found one. If I had seen Maria, I would have told her the news. Had I seen Maria, I would have told her the news. Peter would have given you his opinion. If you had shown it to him. Peter would have given you his opinion. Had you shown it to him. If he had gone home, we would have all been happier. Had he gone home, we would have all been help you. We would have finished on time. If we had tried harder, we would have finished on time. Had we tried harder. If you had asked me to leave, I would have gone. Had you asked me to leave, I would have gone. I would have cooked it for you. If you had told me what you wanted, I would have cooked it for you Had you told me what you wanted. And so to make this third type off. If Klaus sounds slightly more formal, you can use its alternative form. And you do this by changing. If I had into had I and then you can put the past participle on the end of that. Similarly, if you had becomes had you if he had or if she had becomes had he or had she If we had, you can change to Had we, Andi, if they had becomes had they. But again, this is only optional. You can use it if you want to sound a little bit more form. 23. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part a: Now we've seen all three types of If Klaus, let's practice them. Try and fill in the gaps with the verb that's in the brackets. Andi, we'll start off with the first type of clause if you like this song, you the album. If you like this song, you will look the album. If in front, we will follow you. If you go in front, we will follow you If you call me today, you tomorrow. If you call me today, I'll call you tomorrow. If we help them it. If we help them, they will appreciate it. If any suggestions, will you let me know if you have any suggestions? Will you let me know if you don't go now late. If you don't go now, you'll be late if you'll get wet. If it rains, you'll get wet if you'll need in a brother if it rains your needed on brother. If out of money, you won't be able to buy anything. If you've run out of money, you won't be able to buy anything. If tomorrow I'll show you the ropes. If you come tomorrow, I'll show you the ropes. 24. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part b: if I have enough money, You were sweet. If I have enough money, I'll buy you a sweet If it all now I'll be free later. If I do it'll now. I'll be free later If I tell you now. It later. If I tell you now, you'll forget it later. If I go tomorrow, backed by Friday. If I go tomorrow, I'll be back by Friday. If use them now. I won't have any money left. If I get you some now, I won't have any money left If you a cake. Do you happen with dinner? If I make you a cake, will you help me with dinner? If you go to the shop? Me a sweet. If you go to the shop with you, buy me a sweet. If I think of anything you know later. If I think of anything, I will let you know later. If I take some of your business cards with me, them out for you. If I take some of your business cards with me, I'll have them out for you. If them I will tell them you're looking for them. If I see them, I will tell them you were looking for them. 25. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part c: if to yours at around 5 p.m. We'll get it finished. If I come to yours at around 5 p.m. We'll get it finished. If to leave would you let me know if you want to leave? Will you let me know if I use it all it? If I use it all, I will replace it If we use too much you some more. If we used too much will buy some more If something interesting, I'll take a picture for you. If I find something interesting, I'll take a picture for you. If do this, will you keep it for me? If I give you this, will you keep it for me? If I tell you a secret not to tell anybody If I tell you a secret, will you promise not to tell anybody? If I work hard this week Next week off? If I work hard this week I will take next week off If you will. You come and fetch me if I call you Will you come and fetch me If I try my hardest. If I try my hardest, I will succeed 26. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part d: if I feel ill Poem. If I feel I will come home. If it gets cold, my jacket on. If it gets cold, I put my jacket on. If you leave anything behind it to you, If you leave anything behind, I will send it to you. If we don't call them more read. If we don't call them, they will get worried. If of anything, we will let you know. If we think of anything, we will let you know if my phone I just get a new one. If my phone breaks, I'll just get a new one. If it won't matter too much, if I lose it, it won't matter too much. If sunny tomorrow we will go for a picnic. If it's sunny tomorrow, we will go for a picnic. If too cold, we won't go to the beach. If it's too cold, we won't go to the beach. If I don't get it now to get it later. If I don't get it now, I'll forget to get it later. 27. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part e: If we paint the walls white, I feel for how big it is. If we paint the walls white, we'll get a feel for how big it is. If to the shops with me, I'll get you a little treat. If you come to the shops with me, I'll get you a little treat. If the first paragraph I'll read the second paragraph. If you read the first paragraph, I'll read the second paragraph. If boring will. Tenant Eva, if it's boring, will turn it over. If too scary, I'll turn it off if it gets tooth Gary out in itself. If the dogs don't go out for a walk. Boisterous. If the dogs don't go out for a walk there, get boisterous. If out now will miss the end of the film. If we go out now, we missed the end of the film. If they call, you know if they call, I'll let you know if it's too hot. They talked for you. If it's too hot, I got to talk to you. If too cold, put it in the microwave. If it's too cold, our post in the microwave 28. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part f: If you go to the shop, miss a milk. If you go to the shop, will you get me some milk? If now we won't be hungry later. If we now we won't be hungry later. If thirsty, I'll make you a drink. If you're thirsty, I'll make you a drink. If I thought enough, if I sell enough, I'll retire. If me to go with you, I won't do. If you want me to go with you, I will do. If this mess I work more effectively. If I tidy this mess, I work more effectively. If we do it together sooner, if we do it together, we'll finish sooner. If you want to see what it's like, you want to show you. If you want to see what it's like, I'll take you and show you. If you read this book amazed. If you read this book, you'll be amazed if too many tablets you'll get deal. If you take too many tablets, you'll get Hill 29. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part g: If enough, you'll get a headache. If you don't eat enough, you'll get a headache. If you eggs, I will make you a sum, which is that of an omelet. If you don't like eggs, I will make us sandwiches. Have an omelet. If the park closed, we'll go to the lake instead. If the park is closed, will go to the lake instead. If the wind, I hope we'll have to go home if the wind gets soap, will have to go home if you finish your homework tonight to do it over the weekend. If you finish your homework tonight, you won't have to do it over the weekend. If good grades, you won't have to retake the exam next year. If you get good grades, you won't have to retake the exam next year. If this cake will have to buy another one from Markham Julie, if we eat, this cake would have to buy another one for Mark and Julie. If this, we'll have to go back and stop it. If this doesn't work, we'll have to go back and stop it. If this color, I'll get it in another one for you. If you don't like this color. I'll get it in another one for you. If it you will just have to take it back. If it doesn't fit, you will just have to take it back. 30. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 1 Part h: if coffee you'll love this If you like coffee, you'll look this if we start now finished in an hour. If we start now, will be finished in an hour. If the book down, I'll read it for you. If you get the book down, I'll read it for you. If we go to the library, a book for the holiday. If we go to the library, will get a book for the holiday. If find what you were looking for in here, we will look next door. If you can't find what you're looking for in here, we will look next door if you can play the guitar, the ukulele quite easy for you. If you can play the guitar, the ukulele will be quite easy for you. If you already speak Spanish by in Portuguese. If you already speak Spanish, you will get by in Portuguese. If me, I will speak more slowly. If you don't understand me, I will speak more slowly. If the lottery I will buy a new car. If I win the lottery, I will buy a new car. If I eat any more. If I eat any more and explode 31. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part a: Now let's practice the second type off if close, See if you can fill in the gap. If this song you will love the album If you like this song you would look the album If ahead first I would follow you If you went ahead first I would follow you If me today I would call you tomorrow If you called me today I would call you tomorrow if we help them it If we helped them, they would appreciate it if you have any suggestions. Me? No. If you have any suggestions would you let me know if you didn't go now? Late. If you didn't go now, you'll be late if you'll get wet. If it rained, you'll get wet. If you're needing them, brother, If it rained, you'll need an umbrella. If out of money you wouldn't be able to buy anything if you run out of money, you wouldn't be able to buy anything if I were here tomorrow. You? If I were here tomorrow, I'd show you 32. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part b: see if you can fit in the gap in the sentences. If I had enough money U S wheat, If I had enough money, I'd buy you a sweet If I did it all now free later. If I didn't or now I'd be free later. If you Now you'll forget it later. If I told you now, you'd forget it later. If tomorrow I'll be back by Friday. If I went tomorrow, I'll be back by Friday. If I got you some now. Any money left? If I got you some now, I wouldn't have any money left if you a cake. Would you have me with dinner? If I made you a cake, Would you happen with dinner? If I knew what you liked? You're something nice. If I knew what you liked, I'd buy you something nice. If anything, I would give it to you. If I found anything, I would give it to you. If some of your business cards with me, I'd have them out for you if I took some of your business cards with me. I've had them out for you. If then I tell them you're looking for them. If I saw them, I tell them you're looking for them. 33. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part c: if I came round at 5 p.m. We it finished. If I came round at five pm would get it finished if you wanted to leave. You know, if you wanted to leave, would you let me know if I used it? All it? If I used it all, I would replace it. If we use too much yusimil if we use too much, would buy you some more. If something interesting I take a picture for you. If I found something interesting, I take a picture for you. If I gave you this it for me. If I gave you this, would you keep it for me if I told you a secret not to tell anybody? If I told you a secret, would you promise not to tell anybody? If hard this week I would take next week off. If I worked hard this week, I would take next week off if you would. You come and fetch me. If I called you, would you come and fetch me? If my hardest I would succeed If I tried my hardest, I would succeed 34. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part d: try and fill in the gaps in the sentences. If I felt ill home, if I felt ill, I would come home. If it cold, I'd put my jacket on. If it got cold, I'd put my jacket on. If you left anything behind it to you. If you left anything behind, I would send it to you if we didn't call them worried. If we didn't call them, they would get worried if we thought of anything. Do you know if we thought of anything, we would let you know if my phone broke a new one? If my phone broke, I'd get a new one. If I lost it it too much. If I lost it, it wouldn't matter too much if it was sunny tomorrow we for a picnic. If it was only tomorrow we would go for a picnic if it were too cold. We to the beach. If it were too cold, we wouldn't go to the beach. If it now, I'd forget to get it later. If I didn't get it now, I'd forget to get it later. 35. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part e: see if you can fill in the gaps in these practice sentences. If the walls white would get a feel for how big it was if we painted the walls white would get a feel for how big it was If to the shops with me on get you a little treat If you came to the shop with me I'd get you a little treat If the first paragraph I'd read the second paragraph if you read the first paragraph I'd read the second paragraph If it were boring, we it over. If it were boring with 10 it over If too scary at 10 it off If it got too scary at 10 itself. If the dogs didn't go out for a walk, Boy stirs If the dogs didn't go out for a walk that get boisterous If we went out now the end of the film if we went out now would miss the end of the film if they called. I You know if they called, I'd let you know if it were too hot. I it took for you. If it were to heart, I could talk for you. If it were to cold, I it in the microwave. If it were to cold, I put it in the microwave 36. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part f: have a go at filling in the gaps in these practice sentences. If to the shop I would get you some milk. If I went to the shop, I would get you some milk. If now we wouldn't be home related. If we ate now, we wouldn't be hungry later. If thirsty, I'd make you a drink. If you were thirsty on make you a drink. If enough, I'd retire. If I sold, you know I'd retire if me to go with you. I would do If you wanted me to go with you, I would do if this mess I'd work more effectively if I tidy this mess at work more effectively. If we did it together sooner if we did it together would finish sooner If you wanted to see what it was like you and show you If you wanted to see what it was like, I take you and show you If you read this book Amazed If you read this book, you would be amazed if you took too many tablets. You? If you took too many tablets, you'll get ill 37. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part g: have a go at filling in the gaps in these practice sentences for the second type off if close. If you didn't teach enough a headache. If you didn't teach enough, you'll get a headache. If you didn't like eggs, us sandwiches, that of an omelet. If you didn't like eggs, I'd make you a sandwich instead of a novel it. If the park were closed, We to the lake instead. If the park were closed, would go to the lake instead. If the wind got up, we to go home. If the wind got up, would have to go home. If your homework tonight you wouldn't have to do it over the weekend if you finished your homework tonight, you wouldn't have to do it over the weekend. If good grades, you wouldn't have to retake the exam next year. If you got good grades, you wouldn't have to retake the exam next year if we ate this cake to buy another one for Mark and Julie. If we ate this cake would have to buy another one from Mark and Julie. If this would have to go back and stop it. If this didn't work, would have to go back and stop it. If you didn't like this, color it in another color for you. If you didn't like this cooler, I'd get it in another color for you. If you would just have to take it back. If it didn't fit, you would just have to take it back. 38. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 2 Part h: have a go at filling in the gaps in these practice sentences. If coffee Your look This if you like coffee. You look this If now would be finished in an hour. If we started now, we'd be finished an hour if you got it for me. It for you. If you got it for me, I'd read it for you If you went to the library. A book for the holiday. If we went, the library would get a book for the holiday. If you couldn't find what you're looking for in here, we next door. If you couldn't find what you're looking for in here we would look next door if you could play the guitar. The ukulele quite easy for you. If you could play the guitar, the ukulele will be quite 80 view If you already spoke Spanish by in Portuguese If you already spoke Spanish, you would get by in Portuguese. If me, I would speak more slowly. If you didn't understand me, I would speak more slowly If I won the lottery a new car. If I won the lottery, I would buy a new car if any more I'd explode if I ate anymore, had explode 39. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part a: Finally let's practice the third type off If close If you had like this song the album If you had like this song you would have looked the album If you had gone Now I follow you If you had gone now, I would have followed you if you'd called me today I you tomorrow If you had called me today I would have called you tomorrow If we had helped them If we had helped them, they would have appreciated it. If any suggestions would you have let me know if you had had any suggestions? Would you have let me know if now you would have bean late If you hadn't gone now you would have bean late if you would have got wet. If it had rained, you would have got wet if you would have needed number other If it had rained, you would have needed an umbrella if you'd run out of money able to buy anything. If you were out of money, you wouldn't have been able to buy anything if I had been there today. You If I had been there today, I would have shown you 40. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part b: have a go at filling in the gaps in these practice sentences. If I had had enough money U S wheat, if I had had enough money, I would have bought you a sweet. If I don't it all now free later. If I don't it all now. I would have been free later. If you yesterday you would have forgotten it by today. If I had told you yesterday, you would have for gotten it by today. If I had gone today, backed by Friday. If I had gone today, I would have been back by Friday. If you seem more trainers, I wouldn't have had anybody left If I had got you some more trainers, I wouldn't have had any money left If you a cake, would you have helped me? We didn't know if I had made you a cake. Would you have had your dinner? If you were coming? I'd have baked a cake if I had known you were coming out of bed to cake. If I had thought of anything you If I had thought of anything, I would have told you. If some of your business cards with me, I would have had it out for you. If I had taken some of your business cards with me, I would have had them out for you. If then I would have told him that you were looking for them. If I had seen them, I would have told them you were looking for them. 41. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part c: try and filling the gaps in these practice sentences. If to your house at around 5 p.m. We would have got it finished. If I had come to your house at around 5 p.m. We would have got it finished. If so much you wouldn't have had a headache. If you hadn't drunk so much, you wouldn't have had a headache if I had to use it all it. If I had used it all, I would have replaced it if we had used too much you some more. If we had used too much, we would have bought you some more if I had found something interesting a picture for you. If I had found something interesting, I would have taken a picture for you. If you this would you have kept it for me. If I had given you this, would you have kept it for me? If US secret would you have told anybody If I had told you a secret? Would you have told anybody if hard this week, I would have taken next week off. If I had worked hard this week, I would have taken next week off if you would. You have come and fetch to me. If I had called you, would you have common? Fetched me? If I had tried my hardest, If I had tried my hardest, I would have succeeded. 42. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part d: fill in the gaps in these practice sentences. If I felt ill home, if I had felt ill, I would have come home. If cold. I have put my jacket on. If I had got cold, I'd have put my jacket on. If you have left anything behind it to you. If you had left anything behind, I would have sent it to you if we hadn't called them worried. If we hadn't called them, they would have been worried if of anything, we would have let you know if we had thought of anything. We would have let you know if my phone I would have just got a new one. If my phone had broken, I would have just got a new one. If I had lost it it too much. If I had lost it, it wouldn't have mattered too much. If Sunny today we would have gone for a picnic. If it had been sunny today, we would have gone for a picnic. If too cold, we wouldn't have gone to the beach. If it had bean too cold, we wouldn't have gone to the beach. If it now I would have forgotten about it later. If I hadn't finished it now, I would have gotten about it later. 43. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part e: try and fill in the gaps in the sentences. If there was white, we would have got a feel for how big it was. If we painted the walls white, we would have got a feel for how big it Waas If to the shops with me I would have got you a little treat. If you had come to the shops with me, I would have got you a little treat. If you had read the first paragraph, the second paragraph If you had read the first paragraph, I'd have read the second paragraph. If boring, we would have turned it over. If it had bean boring, we would have turned it over if too scary out of turned it off. If it had got too scary out of turn it health. If the dogs hadn't gone out for a walk Boisterous If the dogs hadn't gone out for a walk, they have got boisterous. If we had gone out now the end of the film if we had gone out now we would have missed the end of film if they called. I you know, if they'd called, I have let you know if it had been too hot I it took for you. If it had been too hot, I'd have to look for you. If it too cold, I'd have put it in the microwave. If it had bean too cold, I'd have put it in the microwave. 44. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part f: trying for the gaps in these practice sentences. If me, I would have got you some milk. If you had asked me, I would have got you some milk if we had eaten earlier. Hungry? Now? If we had eaten earlier, we wouldn't have being hungry. Now, if thirsty I have made you a drink. If you have bean thirsty, I'd have made you a drink if I'd sold enough. If I sold enough, I'd have retired. If you want me to go with you, if you want me to go with you, I would have done. If this mess I would have work more effectively If I tidy this mess. I would have worked more effectively if we had done it together sooner. If we had done it together, we'd have finished sooner. If you wanted to see what it was like you and shown you. If you wanted to see what it was like, I'd have taken you and show you if you'd read this book. Amazed If you'd read this book, you'd have been amazed if too many tablets you would have got ill. If you had taken to me tablets, you would have got killed 45. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part g: try and fill in the gaps in these sentences. If you hadn't eaten enough a headache. If you haven't eaten enough, you would have got a headache. If you hadn't liked eggs. I us sandwich instead of an omelet. If you hadn't liked eggs, I would have made you a sandwich in seven omelet If the park had been closed. We to the lake instead. If the park of being closed, we would have gone to the lake instead. If the wind Oh, we have had to go home. If the wind had got up, we'd have had to go home. If your homework tonight, you wouldn't have had to do it over the weekend if you finished your homework tonight, you wouldn't have had to do it over the weekend if to get good grades. You wouldn't have had to retake the exam this year. If you've got good grades, you wouldn't have had to retake the exam this year if we had it in this cake to buy another one for Mark and Judy. If we had it in this cake, we would have had to buy another one for Mark and Julie. If this we have had to go back and stop it. If this hadn't worked, would have had to go back and stop it if you hadn't like this color you a different one. If you hadn't like this color, I have brought you a different one. If you would have had to take it back if it hadn't fit, you would have had to take it back. 46. Learn English with sentences If clauses Practise type 3 Part h: have a go out filling in the gaps in these sentences. If you had like coffee this if you had lights coffee, you would have looked this if Alia we have been finished by now. If we'd started earlier, would have been finished by now. If you have got the book for me, it for you. If you have got the book for me, I have read it for you. If we had gone to the library a book for the holiday if we had gone to the library We have got a book for the holiday. If you haven't been able to find what you're looking for in here we next door. If you hadn't been able to find what you were looking for in here, we would have looked next door. If you have been able to play the guitar, the ukulele quite easy for you. If you have been able to play the guitar the ukulele would have been quite eating view if you had already spoken Spanish by in Portuguese. If you had already spoken Spanish, you would have got by in Portuguese. If you haven't understood me most lately if you hadn't understood me, I would have spoken most lately. If I had won the lottery a new car. If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a new car. If anymore, I have exploded. If I had eaten any more, I'd have exploded.