Learn Arabic through Questions and Answers | Haytham Ibrahim, Prof. | Skillshare

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Learn Arabic through Questions and Answers

teacher avatar Haytham Ibrahim, Prof., Founder of Aralingo Apps

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

13 Lessons (1h 56m)
    • 1. Introducing the course

      3:28
    • 2. Is this course right for you?

      1:53
    • 3. Vowels in Arabic are confusing, can you explain it more?

      14:53
    • 4. Why short vowels are so ‎important at the end of ‎words?‎

      9:38
    • 5. What’s the meaning of the ‎word “‎نَحْو‎” in Arabic ‎language?‎

      11:30
    • 6. What’s the difference ‎between ‎أَصْدِقَاءَهُ‎ ‎أَصْدِقَاؤُهُ‎ ‎‏ ‏أَصْدِقَائِهِ

      25:07
    • 7. I have heard different ‎pronunciation of the letterجِيم ‏‎ ‎ Which One is Correct?‎

      6:01
    • 8. Does the word order matter ‎in Arabic language?‎

      5:46
    • 9. What is the small character ‎I always see in some words ‎like “But” in Arabic ‎

      9:09
    • 10. How to Use Possession With the Dual ‎المُثَنَّـى‎?‎

      10:18
    • 11. What is the Semi-‎Sentence ‎شِبْه الجُمْلَة‎ in ‎Arabic Language?‎

      11:38
    • 12. I’m confused! Is the word ‎ ‎مَعَ‎ a noun or preposition?‎

      5:13
    • 13. Course conclusion

      0:56
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About This Class

From my long experience with my students at the university, I found out that one of the best ways to learn Arabic language is through asking questions & understanding their typical answers.

Unlike other Arabic courses, this Arabic course is designed in special order to make you not to feel lost or frustrated during the course.

You will get full access to 2+ hours of comprehensive contents recorded in high quality full HD video lessons.

This Arabic course introduces Arabic grammar and Arabic morphology of the Arabic language using new approach in learning Arabic.

This Arabic course is designed to help you move quickly between theoretical learning and practice sessions which helps you to build your confidence to speak Arabic.

I have created this series of Arabic courses - Learn Arabic language using the Q & A method – in the form of questions and their typical answers and I’m sure that you will learn new Arabic grammar rules, techniques and vocabulary from this series.

Meet Your Teacher

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Haytham Ibrahim, Prof.

Founder of Aralingo Apps

Teacher

Hi there,‎

This is Haytham Ibrahim, highly qualified Arabic language lecturer. I’m an expert in TAFL ‎‎‎(Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language.)‎

Maybe — if you are interested in learning Arabic language — you have come across my name ‎‎before. I’m the Author of the Real Arabic Courses and founder of Aralingo Apps.‎

I have been teaching Arabic to Arab natives and non-natives for more than 12 years.‎ I’m certified as an Official Mind Map Licensed Instructor (BLI)‎

I have taught 1000s of students Arabic language at many universities and institutes using my own methodology.‎ I have created and designed all of my courses according to:‎

‎1— CEFR (Common European Framewor... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introducing the course: Welcome to the course, lay in Arabic language using the Q and a method, Part 1. In this video, I will introduce you to the course. From my long experience with my students at the university, I found out that one of the best ways to learn Arabic is through asking questions and understanding the typical answers. I believe that when you ask a question, it means that you don't know the answer. Or at least you want to get full understanding of certain points. While you are listening to the answer. You are using your full concentration to understand it. Once you know the answer, it sticks into your mind and it will be difficult to forget in the future. Every time you ask new questions, you are learning something new. And in the same time you are linking the new information you got with what you already know. Moreover, the good thing is that it confirms on what you already know. And as I've mentioned, it sticks into your mind. I have created this series of courses, learn Arabic using the Q and a method in the form of questions and the typical answers. And I'm sure you're well learn new rules, techniques, vocabulary from this year's. How to get most out of this course. I'll commend you to do the following while watching each lesson. Grab a piece of paper and pencil and start to write down your notes after me. Writing down your notes while watching videos is very important to complete the learning process. Repair it, and succeed. Repetition is the key learning tool because it helps transition as kel from the conscious to the subconscious through repetition as skill is tracked and absorbed over time and gradually becomes much easier. Repetition and memory are good friends who when you learn Arabic, first you have to understand, then to learn. And the finally, you will have to remember what you have learned in order to be able to communicate. Repetition is an essential part of the learning process. As I have mentioned earlier, learning Arabic through asking questions is fruitful. So if you have any questions related to any topic in this course, feel free to post it, and I will try my best to answer it soonest. Thanks for watching. And now let's move to the next lesson. 2. Is this course right for you?: Welcome to the course. Lay in Arabic language using the Q and a method par to him. Before you start, you might have, this question. Is discourse right for you? This question is important for you to know from the beginning if this course will help you in your learning journey. I have created this course using this new technique to help you understand Arabic grammar and rules in new exciting way. This course is for a serious learner who wants to acquire new skills in Arabic language quickly using this amazing method. However, this course is not designed for you if you're still in the early stage in Arabic language. So I can't say that this course is not right for you. If you're still in the beginning of your journey and still learning the alphabet and the basics. This course is not for you. If you are learning Arabic just for fun or you don't want to get deeper into Arabic language to taste IT security. This course is not for you. If you are not interested in learning Arabic using new teaching style. If you still in the early beginning of learning Arabic, I recommend you to take my best-selling course, the ultimate Arabic cause Level 1. It will be the right spot for you. Thanks for watching, and now let's move to the next lesson. 3. Vowels in Arabic are confusing, can you explain it more?: Welcome to the course, lay in Arabic language using the Q and a method part when the kitchen vowels in Arabic or confusing, Can you explain it more? When you start your journey and learning Arabic language from the beginning, you need to know that learning Arabic language resembles learning mathematics in some way. In Arabic, you take the root of a word, which is called a giver of that word, which normally consists of three root letters. Hello off. And then you start using certain techniques to generate new words and new meanings. Man, in related to the route, who I am, you are learning Arabic grammar and national. You will find out that Arabic grammar and rules are similar to mathematical equations. And in most cases, Arabic grammar rules are straightforward, like one plus one equals two. However, there are few exceptions to that equation, but you can master these exceptions easily if you follow my system. When a firm, any Arabic word, you will use five important tools. I like to call them variables, because they are changeable according to the meaning you want to generate. These variables are as follows. Number 1 prefixes. Remember that the prefix is one or more letters come before the root number two suffixes, and they come after the root. Number three. The three short vowels for Obama and the Castro. Number four, the three long vowels, lf, well, and yeah. Number five, the sucrose soon, as soon. Having the skill to differentiate between vowels at the end of each word is essential for you to be able to understand the correct meaning of the word. And it helps you to understand the general structure of the sentence as well. Let's have a closer look at the short of vowels. I'll hierarchy and sounds. A sweat in Arabic language. I have created a simple chart to help you to fully understand vowels in Arabic without any confusion. Remember, the word vowel in Arabic is called Halakhah, which means a movement. This name was not selected randomly, or by luck. It has been carefully. Selected by Arabic grammarians. During the early stage of Arabic grammar development. Arab grammarians tend to carefully select each term to reflect the meaning of the function, the meaning or the function of that term. That's why you will find that the name given to a rule tells you the function or the meaning of that rule. As you will learn in this course. When we apply this on the Arabic word Halakhah, which means movement. As I have mentioned earlier. This name was given because when we pronounce any Arabic letter with a vowel, actually we are moving our tongue and lips in a certain direction to produce that sound so that the Arabic word hierarchy matches or fits the real meaning of what we do when pronouncing Arabic litters with different vowels. Here is a simple short of vowels in Arabic hierarchy that it is categorized into three types. Short vowels, long vowels, supplementary diacritics. For the short vowels, we have fat half, Dhamma, Castro, and didn't win. For the long vowels, we have three letters, lf. Well, and yet for the supplementary adequate x, we have two, Kuhn and shut down. The first short vowel is called fat. And we need to know or to learn more about the war. And the y are up. Grammarians choose this name for this short vowel. The word fat comes from the verbiage, the FDA who? Fatah, which is written like this, comes actually from the verb, yeah, FTA, WHO in the present tense and fatter have in the past tense. When we bought the hurricanes here, we have yet the home, which means to open. So here this verb is in the present tense and very Madeira. And it means he opens. And the verb, the fat is in the past tense, which means he opened. As you can see from the verbiage nafta, which means open or he opens, the word is generated fat HA, which means opening. And when we compare this to what we are doing when we pronounce a little with, you will find that we are opening the mouth wine or when we pronounce Alito with fat HA. For example, when we have the little bear with a fat HA, which is written like this, you just open the mouth when you pronounce this letter with fat by saying bad, bad. So the name fat or the fat ha, was not choosing randomly or by luck. It has a meaning and purpose. The second short vowel we have here is the short vowel dhamma. And similarly, the word dharma comes up from the verbiage or don't move, don't match, which is written like this, comes from the verb. In the present tense. Past tense is done math. Let's put the haircut here. So, yeah, DOM, and the one in the past tense, the verb your don't know, literally means to gather or to collect. And in the past tense is done man. And when we apply this on the word llama, and when we pronounce a letter with dhamma, you will find our vet, the wheat we are gathering or collecting the lips forward when we pronounce that letter. So for example, when we have the little bear with Obama, when we pronounce this letter, you will find that we are governing the lips forward. Boo, boo. That's why the word dogma was choosing carefully to describe the shape of the mouth when we pronounce a letter with one man. The third short vowel we have here is the customer. The customer is the third short vowel, and also it comes from the verb 0. So we have Cassandra, and it comes from the verb yak. See you in the present tense and QSR in the past tense to federal muddy. When we bought the hierarchy that we have yet to see you and hear the past tense is casserole. That's what we have here. Cassandra. So Katsura comes from the verb be yaks 0. So what is the meaning of the verb yaks you? Yeah, CSIRO in Arabic has many meanings. One of these meaning is to lower down or to break. As you can see from here, when you pronounce a letter with Cassandra, you will find that we are lowering the lower jaw. That's why when we say, for example, bear with gastrula, which is written like this, you have to say B. B. So as you can see from here, we are lowering the jaw. As you can see, we have to say B. That's why the name Castro was carefully choosing to describe the shape of the mouth when we pronounce a letter with customer. So what about the three long vowels? I'll hurricane a Toile. You should know that the three long vowels I'll hit Okay, it or Teuila are different from the three short vowels. I'll hurricane on Coursera, as they are letters. Not character anymore that have done and the customer are characters. But I'll hurricane Coahuila or letters. Elif. Well, and, yeah. And actually they are playing very important rule in Arabic language, especially in CRF, which means morphology, and also in now, which means grammar or syntax. The long vowels, I'll hierarchical Coahuila, are playing in two directions. Any of them can play as a long vowel and a consonant. But how? Let's take few examples to learn the difference. The word color. As you can see from here, it is written like this color, which means he said in the past tense. And the word mad. As you can see from here, in the verb, we have LF, and it is a long vowel. That's why you need to say it correctly as color. Don't say color. Why? Because of the long vowel l. If we have here after the cough, call, the other words we have here is Achmat. As you can see from here, the little LF comes in the beginning of the word and it is a consonant. It is not long vowel anymore. So I'll have here is a longer vowel in the verbal Karla. And if here is a consonant in the word Ackman, the long run, well, next example, we have the verb IACUC, which means he says in the present tense, your cool new. And the word western wasn't. As you can see from here, we have Yangzhou Lu has a well and the Wason has a well. But there is a difference between the two wells. Your cool new at the verb in the present tense means he says, What is a noun? And it means weight. Or sometimes also it means a scale. So as you can see, there is a difference between the two vowels here. The first, well, in the verbiage Bu, Lu is a long vowel. That's a wow. That's why you need to elongate the sound of the little cough, which it comes immediately before the long vowel, wow, goo. But when it comes to the word wisdom, you will find that we are not elongating the sound of, well, we say was non-linear, say, so where, where, but here you have to say Yaakov, Gu, Lu as a long vowel. So the first one here is a long vowel. The second row here is a consonant. What about the long vowel? Yeah, let's take example. We have the verb ERB. Oh, yeah, biro means to sell in the present tense. And do we have the verbiage ERBB2, which means he goes in the present tense. So as you can see, we have one-year here in the Verbit yeah, Bureau. And we have one year here in the beginning of the verb, you have hubbub. Of course a very BIBO has two. Yeah, the first one is for the prefix, and the second one is the longest vowel. When we bought the hurricane, here, we say, yeah, be 0. And here you have all. The second year in the verb. Elbo is a long vowel. That's why we need to elongate the sound of the letter Bear by saying, yeah, B, Yeah, B row. But here in the verb yes, taboo, we say, yeah, the Hubble. Yeah, yeah, yeah, Hubble. As you can see from here, it is not a long vowel, it is a consonant, but here is a long vowel. Thanks for watching, and now let's move to the next lesson. 4. Why short vowels are so ‎important at the end of ‎words?‎: Welcome to the course, lay in Arabic language using the Q and a emitter part 1. In this video, you will learn the answer of the following question. Why short vowels are so important at the end of words? In order to understand this question, you need to learn more about word case ending, especially noun case endings. So let's explain this 1 first. So what are known case endings in Arabic language? In general, the word in Arabic can take different vowel when it's lost letter depending on its position in the sentence. So you can find the same word used as a doer file. Predicate, hover, subject, MOOC data, or object Mofolo and behave. And in each case, you will find the same word taken, different vowel, Hanukkah on its last letter. The viral on the last letter of the word will depend on its function or rule in the sentence. And in order to know that rule or that function, we need to use the short vowel at the end of the word to clearly indicate that rule or function. And that's why we use the three short vowels. I'll hierarchy Al-Jazeera, fat, high, dhamma, and Cousera to differentiate between different rules of the same word in the sentence. Let's take few examples. Have a look at the word authority Bu, the student in the following three sentences. The first sentence we have here is and lemme, lemme Almaden issue at par Lieber, the instructor told the student. Second sentence is Dalai Lama autonomy Bu at darpa. Dalai Lama are poly Bu at darpa. The student learn the lesson. The third sentence we have here, our toolkit, a Minotaur. He be our toolkit, Minotaur DB. I took the book from the student. So in general, we can say that noun case endings are little markings, had a cat that are, attach it or added to the last letter of words to indicate the words grammatical function or rule. That is, if a word is the subject of a sentence, which means a MOOC data, you use asserting case ending short vowel on that last letter of that word to indicate that if a word is the object of a verb, you use another case ending, and also it is a short vowel on that last letter. To indicate that, and so on. As I have mentioned in this regard, nouns in Arabic are divided into three case endings. Have a look at the following simple chart. Isn't in Arabic can be MTSU, which means accusative. Metaphor, which means nominative, or Missouri, which means genitive. Depending on the noun position in the sentence. The first one, which is HAL, it'll not be or MTSU. Accusative case ending. Words that fall into accusative case must be under certain categories, such as Alma for OWN, be the object or the accusative of specification, which is at Tommy's. Let's get back to our example. Number 1, alpha male modality x2 bar or lever, Alabama, Almodovar issue a DBA. The instructor taught the student. As you can see from here, the word a pod IBA comes as an object, which means Mofolo be. The symptoms we have here is Joomla fill layer because it starts with the Alabama. Then the doer of the sentence is a modality sue, the instructor or the teacher. And the one who got affected by the verb is a, DBA, which means the student, and it is Mofolo and B, since homophobia, he must be amongst OOP or accusative, or the time. In this case, we have to use the fat on top of the last letter in the word a tall IBA, that student, because it is Mofolo and B. If it comes into the second case ending, which is Hal at a raphe or more for the nominative case ending. Words that fall into nominative case must be under certain categories, such as the subject and file or the doer of a verbal sentence Al Joomla alpha layer. The subject and the predicate. I'll hover of a nominal sentence. I'll Joomla, Alice me. Let's get back again to our code or our example. Number two, Dalai Lama or poly Bu at darpa. Dalai Lama authority Bu at darpa. As you can see this sentence or this Joomla is Joomla for your LEA, because it starts with the verb Dalai Lama, which means to learn. And the door here is a poly Bu. That's why we have to use the Dhamma on top of the last letter, in this case of the word or tolerable. So authority boo here is fed on my iPhone while I'm at a raphe of non-metals lawyer auto ala. So as you can see from year since the award or poorly BU is door, we have to use Dodoma on top of the letter. The third case in the holla to or Missouri genitive case ending. Words that fall into genitive case must be under certain categories, such as the object of a preposition, which means the noun that comes after any preposition must be in the genitive case. The second term of genitive construction and mode off, Elaine and Medan LA, he must be true over the time. Let's get back to our example number three. Our hub to hub toolkit. I mean up to be, as you can see from this example, this is Joomla, fairly, Yeah, because it starts with the verb has to, I, took and the world of Paul II B, which comes here at the end of the sentence, is preceded by the word men. The word limen is a preposition, harder for Joel. And as you have learned earlier, the noun that comes immediately after harmful germ must be in the genitive case, since the order BY comes after men, which is hard for Azure in this case. So autonomy is Isman module, while Amazon Jordi, alcohol. That's why we have to use the cosine here below the little bear. The last letter in the word are all dB. Remember, as you can see, short vowels at the end of words are very important. Understanding word position in the sentence will help you to choose the correct short vowel at the end of the word and vice versa. And actually, if you want to speak Modern Standard Arabic in the right way, you need to be familiar with the case ending system. If you want to get deep understanding of word case endings, I recommend you to enroll in my courses, the ultimate Arabic course, starting from level 3 to level seven. I have explained this topic in full details with many examples. Thanks for watching, and now let's move to the next lesson. 5. What’s the meaning of the ‎word “‎نَحْو‎” in Arabic ‎language?‎: Welcome to the course, lay in Arabic language using the Q and a method Part 1. In this video, I will answer the following question. What's the meaning of the word? In Arabic language? In general, the word none has many meanings in Arabic depending on the context. For example, direction, sight, way, manner, fashion, corresponding to similar too. Like. And of course it means grammar. The original meaning of the root, let us know how well is direction. In all the Arabic grammar books, the word was used to express the meaning of to show someone the way or direction. Later, it also had the meaning of, for example. So what we call grammar now as now wars in old times, just a way to show people how Arabic language works. The Arabic word is a noun, and it can be used in different ways depending on the context. As I have mentioned earlier, as in the following examples. The first example we have here is the word now when it comes as an adverb. So the word marijuana can be used as an adverb of place or adverbs of time. Therefore, McKeon, larval, Xamarin, which is often not entirely correct, treat it as a preposition, harmful jar. And in this case, the word always ends with the short vowel fat. Now where we will take example on this shortly. Number 2. And now I'm in the genitive case when the word network is connected with a true preposition, harder for one little preposition like the expression Bina, when. In this case, the world now where is treated as a noun isn't. Which implies that the word Northwind takes the genitive case ending. As you can see, we have done when Kosla here under the letter well, when which is then when Kosla, as we have mentioned now in this case, and it becomes a small maroon bar e while AMA to luxury Astra. Here are many examples on this. Let's start with example 1. When the word is connected with a true preposition, harmful, just have a look at the following example. An Abu. Latae phone Maxwell, whether the he Abu lottery phone Nehiyawak. Well, at the he, the father is nice with his son. In the example above, the word not is used as a preposition, Harper journal, and not as a noun anymore. But how to know this? If you could use a pseudonym word to the word Nala, like the one-letter preposition, which means with or by, depending on the context, then you could rephrase the sentence above as follows. Abu latae phone, bewildered, he, he. So as you can see from here, we have replaced the word Noah with the preposition by Abu, latae, phone BY melody, the father is nice with his son. As you can see, the meaning is still same as we have used it with the word Nehiyawak. Let's take another example. Have a look at the following sentence. Elmo Li Mu latae phone. When see Me, Elmo limo lottery phone. Now when the CME, that teacher is nice as breeze, Elmo, limo, Latifah, Marijuana, CME. In this example, the word NADH is used as a preposition and not as a noun anymore. You could use a synonym word to the word Nehiyawak in this example, like the word myth, which means like or similar. And you could rephrase the sentence above as follows. Mu latae for MSL and see me. Elmo limo, lovely phone, misled, NUS email, the teacher is nice, as brief. As you can see from here, we have used the word misled, which means like or as. And it is used here as a synonym of the word Nehiyawak. So you could say Elmo I Lemuel, a tree for nasa when the CME or a homo and LUMO Latif wouldn't miss Lund ICME. Another example we have here, Example 3. Have a look at the following sentence. John Maxwell. A list sue, not the thief came to or towards the kids. In this example, the word naphtha is used as a preposition and not as a noun anymore. You could use a synonym word to the word nanowire In this example, like the word ELA, which is preposition and it means to or towards. And you could rephrase the sentence above as follows. Suit. The shoe, the thief came to or towards the kids. So as you can see from here. We have replaced the word Nagoya with the preposition ELA. So Jack, a list through a trolley or the, in this case, or journalists through email or through the thief came to or towards the kids. Have a look at the following example. Example 4 was all show directly fee. We assess RTI Elia surety. Well, so Allah, for the UT fee now, we assume IT allow surety. My friend arrived around 10 o'clock. So the word now when this case means around. In this example, the word not-we, as you can see, it takes a customer underneath the little well, is not a preposition, not harmful jar. And it is actually a noun, isn't. And since it is preceded by the two letters, preposition fee, it will be in this case, genitive, which means higher lateral jury. So the typical syntax of the world now we, in the example above is Isman, Missouri, BARDA, harmful geography. While our metal JRD Alcazar is one, Missouri gone bad or harmful germ theory fee while I'm to luxury castro, as you can see from the example here, we have the word, now, we press proceeded by the preposition fee, harmful journal. That's why the word now we in this case is Isman module. So the world now in this case is a noun in the genitive case by default. Why by default? Because it is preceded by the two litre preposition fee. And the sign of being genitive is that Castro below the last letter of the word. Now, we, another example we have here, Example 5. Have a look at the following sentence. Ok, OK tube, ALA had, and now we write in this way or like this way. So as you can see from here, we have the word now Hawaii, and it is already modified because it has al-Islam, as you can see from here. So in this example, the word and we is not, a preposition is not harmful because it has al-Islam, as you can see, and it is actually a noun, isn't. And as you can see, it takes the definite article al-Islam in the beginning. And since it is preceded by the bread position, either it will be in the genitive case, Hal, a to D. So the word, and we in that sentence is a position, which means battle. So again, October. This is the preposition we have here, has an NADH, we write in this way or like this way. So now we have a common expressions used with the word. Now, let's take the first one. Now where I had Azara I am, and where I had a Asherah, which means approximately 11 years. Now, well, I had Azara, I am an NASW home Satie. If you're a jewel in now where HMD seti Juleen, about 5000 men. When MEN ala means complete or perfect. Well as valley down. Now, hurry seaward of Nash was Shockley e ensure Nash was shuttle t to the east. Nash was Shamash, Ollie North really narrow, rather be with Nashville umami forward. A moose stock belly, way ahead to the future. Now what? Healy inside. Now while the BCT land words. Thanks for watching. And now let's move to the next lesson. 6. What’s the difference ‎between ‎أَصْدِقَاءَهُ‎ ‎أَصْدِقَاؤُهُ‎ ‎‏ ‏أَصْدِقَائِهِ: Welcome to the course, lay in Arabic language using the Q and a method par to m. In this video, I will answer the following question. What is the difference between the following three words? As he asked? Who? Asked the question? Who? Which means his friends? The expression above means his friends. And to answer this question, we can say that all of them are equal to each other in terms of meaning. However, it depends on the function and the position of each of them in the sentence. Let's analyze this word first, then we take example for each case. Step 1. The singular form of this word is the word for the year. You can say so the econ, if you want to use then Windham at the end, which means efferent. And of course it is a noun isn't. For step two. So far you have learned that the noun, which means a lesson, has three case endings. Missouri, more for, or MTSU, depending on what position in the sentence. So let's apply this on the singular form of the word. So the, which means a friend. And now let's write it down. So the word Sadiq, if it comes as month, OOP, which means accusative, it will take the fat at the end or 10 when fat, high sodium, like this. And then when we put the hurricane that, let's write it. The other option with the wind, fat HA. And as you can see, this is Solexa. And here so that you can, both of these two words are equal and it means a friend. But in the accusative case, which means monsoon. As you can see, we have fat here on the curve and the mean fertile here at the end of the word to indicate that the word is in the accusative case ending, which means month. Oop. If it's a UA, we will replace the fat how with doma. So we will say Saudi who. And if it comes with Dan wins. So the con, the market, so the Cool. So the Yuko and here, so the Yukon. So the cough which comes at the end here is the most important letter in the word because it indicates the word the position. From here we can know the word the position in the sentence. So this word is in the nominative case because as you can see, we have done here, so the UCO, Orton Windham, so the cone, which means our friend. The third case ending is degenerative, which means a module. And in this case, when we apply it in the singular word for the UK, we will have it as Saudi pay with Coursera and wisdom when Kosla it could be so the Qin. With the haircut. So the three and here, so the thin, so the word saw, the play here means afferent, and it is in the genitive case, or mature because it has customer below the little cough, the last letter as you can see, then when Castro in this case. So the Qin efferent. So as you can see for singular nouns, we have three case endings, monsoon, Martha, and measured depending on the word, the position in the sentence. Now, let's add the attach it pronoun to the world, a friend, which means Sadiq, and see how it looks like in the three case endings. Let's write down them. So the UK in the monsoon case, as we have mentioned, accusative should be written as so the car. Now we want to add the attach it pronoun who do this work, which means his friend. And when we bought the havoc that you have, so the ICA, and here we have who. If we write the result of this equation, we will get the word saw the car who? So the core who would the haircut again? So the God who, which means his, his friend. His friend. So the WHO. But the word position in this case is MTSU because we have the fat hat on top of the cuff here, which comes immediately before the attach it pronoun who. Similarly, if we apply it on the nominative case over the world, saw the UK, it becomes so the Cu plus h2. So saw the cool in the nominative case. Plus h2 equals saw the call, who saw the COO, who hear the haircut. So the cool, assuming that the word, the position in the sentence is more for nominative. And then we have the attach a pronoun who, which means his. In this case we will get the word Saudi cuckoo, which means his friend as well. But in the nominative case, because as you can see, the little cough which it comes immediately before they attach a pronoun has other map. So the coup, the last case in the year which is Missouri, when we apply it here, we say so DP with carceral plus h2 equals saw the E. Remember that in this case the x Kosla, because of the Cassandra, is the most strongest short vowel, so it makes the hair to take us as well. So, so the key plus h0 equals so deity he, have you noticed that we cannot say who anymore. In this case, you cannot say so directly who, as you can see, difficult to pronounce. So here saw directly. So directly whi, which means his friend as well. So as you can see from here, the cough which it comes immediately before the letter her or their tetrapylon her. The customer. So it indicates that the water position in the sentence is majeure or genitive. That's for the three case endings when we apply them after we add the attach it pronoun to the world, so the UK. So the next step is now, let's convert the word. So the UK, which means afferent in the singular form to a broken pluralism or tech CEO. And then we will apply the three case endings on the broken pleura as well. So the word Sadiq to convert it into a broken pleura, it becomes so, so the EEOC is the singular form efferent. So now when we convert it into jama taxi, it, it becomes us decor. Us decor, which means friends. So this one is singular male and this one many males, as you can see from here. And there could be mixing between males and females as well, because this is chemotaxis, broken plurals. So now we have the new world, which year, which we have here is as the car. Or a, D or E depends on the word opposition in the sentence. So now we want to add the attach it pronoun to that word to the New World, the block employer as the car. Let's apply this. The word us, which is written like this, as we've mentioned, Ms. friends plus the attach it pronoun who. If we consider the first case ending, which is MTSU, we need to put the fat her on top of the oscillator here, which is Hamza. So we have plus H2O. So in this case, we will get us the call. Who asked the who, which means his friends. So as you can see from here, we have added that THE pronoun at the end of the world. And we kept the Hamza on top of the fat hat on top of the Hamza, because the Hamza in this case is the last letter in the word as the car. So as the core plus h2 equals. And in this case it is monsoon accusative. Now, let's make it win or assuming that the word deposition is morpho, which means nominative. So we will write the word acid decor like this, which means a friend. Plus h2 equals. It's about the haircut first. So we say us because it's a nominative, assuming that the word deposition is nominative morpho. So we have to put the dome on top of the Hamza. Now we add the attach a pronoun who to what is the result? Of course, you are going to say us. The core, woo, hoo, like this, right? As decor OU. When we bought the haircut like this. And in this case, this one is wrong. Why it is wrong? Because one of the rules of writing the Hamza when it comes in the ruminative their case and therefore is to both the Hamza on there. Well, that's why the correct way of writing is to write it on a well, like this way as the core. Woo hoo. And here is the Hamza. That should be both here and there. When you bought the haircut, you still need to put the other muscle, us. Woo hoo. And in this case, is the correct way to write the word as decor or who has a broken pleura with the attach a pronoun in the nominative case. The next case ending is the genitive. And then let's write the word us again. Like this. Plus j0. This case, remember that we have to put the cursor underneath the head. So what is the result? If it's in the genitive case, it means that the last letter in the word should take Cousera. That's why the core E like that Plus he. So now we are going to write it down again. After we add the attach a pronoun, you will find that it should be written like this. Does decor like this. And then when we bought the hurricane, but it's about the market here as the core yhe. And actually this is wrong. Why it is wrong? Because the word ends in Hamza and the Hamza in the genitive case, when it is written, it should be written on a air before it gets attached to the head. So the correct way to write this work is to put the Hamza own a year like this. I asked the core. He. Now this is the correct way to write the Hamza us decor yhe, which means his friends. And in this case, this is the one which should be written that this one is totally wrong. This is the correct way. So Us II, he means his friend, and this word is in the genitive case majeure as decor, who is his friend, means also his friends. And it is in the nominative case, which means a more for us the call who which written, is written like this. And it means his friends, and it is in the accusative case Munsell. Remember, the world, the US, which means a friends, is called Isman mandudo on lengthen noun because it ends with a lift and Hamza. So now it is the time to learn how to do the typical syntax analysis. I'll airdrop of the three words as the who, who, who has the E in the three case endings, monsoon, Martha, and module. Let's start with the first case, which is accusative while U2 and not B. And in this case the word is us, whom his friends. Have a look at the following example. You are below us. Who fischeri, your color blue as the God who we shared a, which means he meets his friends in the street as a whole. Now, let's do the typical syntax analysis to the sentence above. Your color blue as the core, who? Fishery. Let's take it word by word. The first word we have here is you are below your Pablo is a verb and the sentence is a verbal sentence which mean Joomla fairly, because it starts with the verb, your car blue, which means to meet. So your car blue is very in medallion. And it is more for, as you can see, we don't have any particles before this verb to make it match, Zoom or oop. Simply because it has Obama, as you can see on top of the last letter here, which is numb. So Fairlearn medallion, microphone, where I learned motto roughly, and the sign of being Martha is a dhamma to a raw hero to Haiti. As you can see, we have a clear dome on top of the laws that are here, which is numb. Well for you. And the door is hidden. Dom urine, urine, talk Dino, who, who we are. And the door here is estimated by the pronoun who or how did we know? Because the verb starts with a air. So if the verb starts with the year, remember it is conjugated or 3D with Hua. Who are your car below? So your color blue is an active present tense verb of the verbal sentence, and it is indicative. And the sign of being indicative is declared dumber on top of the last letter of the word, which is lamb in this case. And the new word is hidden and estimated by the pronoun he. Next word in the same sentence is us because WHO as the cow here is MFA Roland be. And once we say MAF road and B, we must same on Sue, accusative why? Because and macro will be or the default the Arab of homophobia is to be accusative MTSU. And once we say monthly, we still need to find the Ulama. So while Amazon knows B and the sine of being month OOP is alpha H2 avoid or to Allah? Heavy. But there is a high still. In your own mood. Possible it is an attach a pronoun, Babylonian, fema, Halley's JRD above. The hair here works as mud off the Leahy. So as the car, who is an object, and of course it's a noun of the verbal sentence in the accusative case by default, as we have said. And the sign of being accusative is the clear fat. Where at the end of the word, as you can see, we have hams, we have fat here on top of the Hamza here as the call. Then. And the hair or the attach it pronoun hair is built on behalf of the govern noun, Madame, Leila, Hey, fee is harmful, George. So it is a prepositional particle that makes the following noun to be in the genitive case. That's why the word as shared Erie, which comes after fee, is Isman margarine, but the fee of 30 feet, while our motto is Tesla. So a noun, the watershed theory is announced in the genitive case by default, because it is preceded by the two little blip position fee. And the sign of being genitive is the customer below the last little of the word, which is i-in, in this case, a share, which means the street. The second case ending is the nominative, which is Hal at roughly or more for. And in this case we will take the word us decor, who? Have a look at the following sentence. Us decor or who? It will Beatty jack us the car, or who? Etl Beatty, his friends came to the house. So now let's do the typical syntax analysis and error up to the sentence above. Let's take it word by word. The first word we have here is the verbage, which means to come or to arrive. So Jarrod is very modern, and since it's fairly modern, it must be my bunny. Here it is. Funny. Little Malcolm, alphabet, Hattie, avoid karate or equity. The clear fat had that comes on top of the lost bits are here in the verb. So Jack is an active past tense verb, and it is in decline bubble. And the sign of being in decline bubble is declared fatwa at the end of the word acid or who has friends. As you can see, we have Dhamma here on top of the Hamza, on top of the well, us because ux because it's a file. So the word us because of who has two sections. The first one is 0 and the second section is that THE pronoun here. So the first section, as the CO is fair island, it's a doer. And the ones you say file, you must say more for nominative. Why? Because morpho or nominative is the default Rob of the fluoride. We still need to find the sine or the ulama. That's why we said while ulama to refer and the sign of being more Four is AbdominalA to avoid or to other HDTV, Dhamma to avoid or to a hurry. But we still need to do the Arab for the head. That's why you have said, well, o, and the head is domineering motto soon at tetra pronounce my bunny, fema Hal leisure mode off. So the word us, the car. As the car is a dewar noun. Of the verbal sentence in the nominative case by default, and the sign of being nominated is declared. Bomber. The end of the word and the attach a pronoun hair is built on behalf of the governed noun, Almodovar. The next word in the same sentence is the word ILA. Ila is harmful germs. It is a prepositional particle that makes the following noun to be in the genitive case. That's why the phonon word we have here is L by T takes a customer. It is Isman margarine, but the ELA while ulama to Germany orchestra. So l by t is a noun in the genitive case by default, because it is preceded by the three letters, preposition, ELA, and the sign of being genitive is the customer, which it comes below the last letter of the word, which is the little bear. As you can see from here, I'll buy the house. The next case we have here is case 3, which is the genitive case ending while U2, W0, and highlight will generally according to the word or applying it on the word us, the core becomes us because he, he. Have a look at the following example. Salaam to us because he, he, the verbs a lump T2 means to shake hand or to greet someone. So it's a lump to Allah as the car. He, his friends, as you can see, the words as the core is preceded by harmful gender, Allah. That's why it is in the genitive case. So now to understand this one, Let's do the typical syntax analysis. A layer up the sentence above. Salaam to Allah as the claw, he led to take it word by word. The first word we have here is Salaam T2. As you can see, this word is divided into two parts. The first one is the verb is a lemma. The second one is the attach a pronoun 2, which is called the old-fashioned of the door. So now let's do the Arab. So it's a lama is fairly long mountain. And once you save you a lot more than you must say my belief. And it is mapping Alice to Kuhn. As you can see, there is a super cool on top of them in here. Why us to Coon? Because lead to solely here beta in fact, because it attach it to that of the fact that the doer, what a dummy urine motto Ceylon webinar, urinal or dummy fema handler offer. So as you can see from year the tear, which it comes in at the end of the verb or attached to the verb, represents the doers, represents the fat. So Salaam T2 is an active past tense verb and it is in decline bubble, and the sign of being in decline double is the so-called, why does the cone, because it is, attach it to the tear of the two words that will fall. And the tail of the door itself is an attach it pronounced built on behalf of the door, fema handler, alpha, alpha. The next word in the sentence is Ala. Ala is harmful jar. So it is a prepositional particle that makes the following noun to be in the genitive case. The next word we have here is us because he, as you can see, this word is divided into two sections. The first one is us decor. The second one is they attach it pronoun he. So as the core ie, the first one is Isman module and why? Because it comes after ADA. So S moon module1, bada Allah, while Amato, Jerry Al-Qa'ida, as you can see, we have costs right underneath the Hamza and attach a pronoun, dummy or on. My balloon, fema has removed off the Leahy, the here which comes after or at the end of the word as it works on behalf of the modality Leahy. So as because he is a noun in the genitive case by default, why? Because it is preceded by the three preposition Ala and three-letter preposition alpha. And the sine of being genitive is the customer below the last letter of the word as the E, and the letter hair, which comes as an attach a pronoun is an attach a pronoun and it is in decline, double, or uninflected. And it works on behalf of the government noun. Thanks for watching. And now let's move to the next lesson. 7. I have heard different ‎pronunciation of the letterجِيم ‏‎ ‎ Which One is Correct?‎: Welcome to the course, lay in Arabic language using the Q and a method Part 1. In this video, I will answer the following question. I have your different pronunciation of the letter gene. Which one is correct? In Modern Standard Arabic, the latter regime is pronounced it Jar. Jar, which is called in Arabic algae Mu Almohads Pasha. Let's learn more about the origin of pronouncing the letters Gim in Arabic. Pronouncing the letter G depends on the country and even depends on the region. Have a look at the following chart of the three types of pronunciation of the letters Jim. The first one we have here is algae and we'll call her urea. Second one is LGM, was share media. Third one is algae, Moodle Cora Shia. Again, algae and we'll call her yeah. Algae moshe media and algae molecule Rashida. Let's take it one by one. The first one we have here is algae ammonia, urea. It is pronounced as the letter G as an English words like girl and game. As you can see from the word car here, which is the relative adjective, which means in this part of the world, Alcoa hero Cairo, capital of Egypt. Since 100 years, people of Egypt where pronouncing the little Gim, like the way of algae. Algae and Wilco hernia is originated from Yemen. Albumin. Urea is the default pronounciation of the liturgy him in the following countries, Egypt, Yemen, Oman, and Sudan. The second type of gene is algae and we share media. And it is pronounced as sharp as in the following word. Germ. Germ. As you can see from the word as share me, yeah. Which is a relative adjective, Nisbett of the world as sham, which means beloved sham countries. Alveolus Sharma, Yeah, is the default pronunciation of the letter GM in the following countries. Syria, Palestine, Jordan, and Lebanon. The third type of GM is algae and rural Russia. And it is pronounced as char. Char as the English word, like Jennifer. As you can see from the word Alcoa Shia, which is a relative adjective Nisbett of the word Quraysh, which means the name of the famous tribe of Christ in our work. Albumin fascia is the default pronunciation of the letter Gim in the rest of Arab countries. So now let's take a few examples to learn how to differentiate between the three types of gene. As we have mentioned, we have three types of gene. The first one is urea, second one is algae machine Armenia, third one is algae moon Kuroshio. Have a look at the following example. The order Jamie, the word Jameel literally means beautiful. And if we pronounce it according to the a gym alcove area, we will say gamete. Gamete. And according to the gym ischaemia, we are going to say Jameel. Jameel. And according to the gym alkalosis, we would say Shamil Jameel. As you can see, there is a small difference between algae most shammy and algae will crash. Another example we have here is the word Moire, which means total. So we say Nuwa, according to algae, will call urea magma, which means total. According to the algae him a share me or we say much memoirs. Memoir. According to alkalosis area, we say Muslim law, Missoula. The next example we have here is the word in C ij, and according to a Zoom Eukarya, we say NesC, Nessie. And according to a shammy or we say message. Message, according to algae will call Russia, we say message, message. There is another question here. Which Gim should I use? Well, if you are learning Modern Standard Arabic, you shall consider algae. And if you are willing to learn Egyptian dialect, for example, you shall consider a GML Korea. And if you are willing to learn Arabic, you shall consider LG moshe media. Thanks for watching. And now let's move to the next lesson. 8. Does the word order matter ‎in Arabic language?‎: Welcome to the course, lay in Arabic language using the Q and a method par to m. In this video, I will answer the following question. Does the word order matter in Arabic language? In most situations in Arabic, the word order does not affect or change the meaning of a sentence. However, sometimes it does, and that would be for the purpose of Bolivar rhetoric. However, there are exceptions, and it depends on the context and the intention as well. Important. You need to know that there is a grammatical trick called an occlusion. And it means that the usual word order or sequence is change it in order to give more emphasis to a certain word. How to do this in Arabic language? In most cases, you can do this in Arabic through two techniques or two methods. The first one is at TACC, deem what here, which literally means bringing forward and backward. Second technique, or second method, is through using the separated pronouns. Obama era women fossa, and attach it. Pronouns are bomber, rule, mood, tosylate. And we can use a dhamma and Ullman fasciola and Adorama tosylate to tell a certain meaning or to make it more emphasis on the certain meaning rather than another meaning in the same sentence. Let's take examples. Have a look at the first sentence we have here, John Paul II, Bu Zaydan. Out thoroughly Bu Zaydan, the student Zaydan came. The symptoms are above, can be rephrased as follows. Jazz I don't thoroughly woo Zaydan authority Bu Zaydan, the student came. So as you can see, the first sentence is Jet Li Bu Zaydan, the student Zaydan came. And the second sentence is Zaydan, authority boo. So what is the difference between the two sentences above? In Arabic sentences, word order can show importance of the word that comes first in the sentence. In the first sentence, Jan, apparently Bu Zaydan, the word the student, which means our tolerable, is most important word in the sentence. So you can say it is the main focus point in the sentence. And the name of the student, which is Zaydan, is the second important word. That's why in this sentence, the word authority Bu came first and the word Zaydan comes after or came after the word authority soluble. In the second sentence. They don't authority Bu, as you can see, the name of the student is the most important to mention, rather than the word the student, which means our soluble. That's why the name of the student they don't appears before the word autonomy Bu, which means the student. So as you can see from these two examples, it depends on the importance of the word in the sentence. If you wanted the name of the student to be mentioned first, USA jobs as a automatable. If you wanted the word the student to be mentioned first, simply say Jack are totally Bu, Zai. Don't. Have a look at the following two sentences. The first one we have here, duct Lu Zaydan, cabbie urine, dark blue. They didn't cabbie run. The income of xydA is big. The sentence above can be rephrased as follows. Xy you don't. Gabby urine, Zaydan, dark blue cabbie urine, which means zygotes, income is big. So what is the difference between the two sentences above? In the first sentence that Lou Zaydan Caviar on the word income, which means dowry, is the most important word in the sentence. Or as I've mentioned, you can say it is the main focus point in the sentence. And the name of the person, which is Zaydan, is the second important word in that sentence. However, in the second example or sentence, they don't. Dark blue, Abu Dhabi, Iran. The name of the person is the most important to mention, rather than the word income, which means dark blue. And that's why the name of the person Zaydan appears before the word doc loan in this case. Thanks for watching, and now let's move to the next lesson. 9. What is the small character ‎I always see in some words ‎like “But” in Arabic ‎: Welcome to the course, lay in Arabic language using the Q and a method Part 1. In this video, I'm going to answer the following question. What is the small character I always see in some words like the word but which means lacking in Arabic. First, you need to learn more about the dagger elif. Elif, ooh, I'll hinge area, which is written as a short vertical stroke on top of an Arabic letter. The dagger olive indicates a long sound where the letter Aleph is normally not written. For example, when you say the word they had, which means this and recommend which means merciful. As you can see, there is a small dagger, elif, written here on top of the letter meme, which we call it an elephant injury. And there is another dagger, LF written here on top of the letter had the purpose of this small dagger LF above the letter is to elongate the sound of that litter. That's why here when you pronounce the word merciful, which is right, man, as you can see, we have elongated the sound of the letter mean because of this dagger olive. Similarly for the word had, had, as you can see, we have elongated the sound of the little hair because of the dagger leaf. So it is wrong to say Rodman. Rodman. You have to say raw man. It is wrong to say Heather. Heather. The correct one is to say have had, which means this for singular mail. The dagger LF occurs in only a few modern words, but these include some common ones. It is seldom written. However, even in fully vocalized tickets. Accepting the Holy Quran, the letter Aleph woes at first. More rarely market then the other long vowels. And hence, it happens that at a later period after the invention of vowels hurricane that it was indicated in some very common words merely by fat has. Most keyboards don't have the dagger Aleph. For example, the word a law, which is written like this way with the shut down and on top of the shed that there is a dagger. A lift is usually produced automatically when typing on the keyboard. We can say that it is predefined. Because there is no letter or there is no character for the dagger olive in keyboards. That dagger olive and fatter, there are two possible ways of representing the dagger LF in modern editions of the Holy Quran. The first one in the, in the edition printed in the Middle East. That dagger elif is written with fat high as in the following example, when you say the word man, you will notice that there is a small dagger elif, that should be on top of the fat high here and should be written like this. Are rough man. As you can see from here when we put the dagger elif, here, are rough men. So as you can see, the mean which comes here, takes effect. And on top the fact how we have the small dagger olive in the editions are printed in South Asia, including back Stan, India and Bangladesh. The dagger at if or elif ALH injury is written with our data as in the following example. The same or do we have here is man. And it should be written with a dagger elif, and no fat on top of the mean. Our Rachman, which is written like this. When we bought it here. You will find that there is no fat on top of the mean. So our rough man, the Arabic word, but which means lacking. However, it is pronounced with the long vowel Aleph, immediately after the little lamb. But usually is not written with the long vowel Aleph, like this. So this is wrong. And it is always written like this. And don't forget to both the dagger elif here on top of the leg. So if we rewrite this word again, it could be written like this. And the dagger elif comes here lurking. So when you pronounce this word, you need to elongate the sound of the letter M because it has a dagger, a leaf on top of it. Kin, which means, but as I have mentioned earlier, in the early beginning of the Arabic language is script. The original Arabic letters had no vowels. Hurricane that eventually some vowels came to be market with letters. But in the Holy Quran, we still have many words in which the vowels are not market. Maybe you don't notice this because the Holy Quran is fully vocalized. However, some words, including grammar words and Quranic words, are still spilt the original way and vocalized with the dagger LFO, LFO, and re-injury. As in the following examples. As you can see, the word or law, there is a small dagger, elif, which comes immediately on top of the shadow on the little lamb. Have there is a dagger, a lift on top of the head. And Heather, as we have mentioned, means this is a demonstrated prolonged for near objects. Singular male, heavy. He means this for a singular female. As you can see, there is a dagger, a leaf on top of the letter as well. The next word we have here is the word Leica. Valley gametes that, and it is for, for objects, for singular mail their Leica. So there is a dagger, LF comes immediately after the letter, then that's why you need to elongate the sound of the letter, then they're Leica. Another word we have is the word ELA. Ela. As you can see, there is a small dagger LF comes immediately on top of the Lamb ELA. And the next word which we have learned already is the word man, the merciful. Man, the merciful. And also the word lacking. As you can see, there is a dagger, a leaf on top of the little lamb. Next word we have here is e. E, which means these four pleura mail her old E for near objects. As you can see, there is a small dagger, a leaf on top of the little hair. That's why we need to elongate the sound of this lesson when we pronounce it. Next, what do we have here is the word Hula, YWCA. Ywca. So there is a small dagger LF comes immediately on, on top of the little lamb here, so that we need to elongate the sound of the Little Lamb when we pronounce this word. So we say ICA. Another word we have here is the word the hack. As high. As you can see, there is a short smallest stroke, which is the dagger LF comes immediately after on top of the little hair. And in this case you need to elongate the sound of the letter head by saying how the heck other means thus. So let's read them again. Has heavy. They're DKA, ELA, Iraq man lurking. Ica. Hey, thanks for watching. And now let's move to the next lesson. 10. How to Use Possession With the Dual ‎المُثَنَّـى‎?‎: Welcome to the course, lay in Arabic language using the Q and a method par to m. In this video, I will answer the following question. How to use position with dual in Arabic? And in order to learn how to make position with dual, you need to know two important issues. The first one is how to form the dual. The second one is the rule of possession who when applied on the dual. Let's start with number one. How do is form? In other words, we can say how to convert singular noun to do a noun in Arabic, you need to add a certain suffix at the end of the singular noun according to the following equation. Singular noun plus the suffix LF noon, or the suffix yet noon equals dwell. Now, the suffix al if noon is used, if the word position in the sentence is nominated, Martha, and the suffix yet noon is used if the word, the position in the sentence is accusative, which means among soup, or genitive, which means war. Remember to both the Castro underneath the noon in the two cases. Remember that do announce in Arabic are following the three case ending. Mtsu, which means accusative. More four, which means nominative, and the mushrooms, which means genitive. As I have mentioned earlier. If the word position in the sentence is monsoon means that we are going to use the noon as a suffix. And if the word position in the sentence is more for or nominative, it means that we are going to use the elif known as a suffix. And if the word, the position in the sentence is majeure, which means genitive, we will use the noon as a suffix. Let's apply the rule on the word Mohak acid, which means accounted Mahasi. So according to the previous rule, we are going to add the suffix LF noon first. So Mohak ACIP, let's write it. Sip plus the first suffix, which is LF noon equals more, has IBA, knee. More. Cba. Knee, which means two means Accountants. Let's abort the haircut here. So the first one is sip plus the elif known remember to please a customer here underneath the moon. We get the word Mahasi by ni has the Bernie, which means do males accountants. So that's for the first case, assuming that the word deposition is nominated, which means more Four, That's why we have used the elif known as a suffix in this case. So now the second suffix we have is diarrhea noon. And we apply the equation. So we have the word muthos IP. Plus they are known as the suffix equals c by the knee. Has the beanie. Let's about the Holocaust year. Has it plus the noon as a suffix, equals c baby knee. Remember to place a customer underneath the noon. So Mahasi by any means also to males accountants. But what is the difference now between Mahasi bernie the first one and the second one? Mahasi by many, as I've mentioned, it is all about the word position in the sentence. As I've mentioned, the word position of the first one, Mahasi bernie indicates that the word is in the nominative. That's why we have used elif noon, Martha. And in the second case, Mahasi by ni, indicates that the word deposition could be month, OOP, or majeure. That's why we have used the noon as a suffix in this case. No, has he beanie. So now how to apply possession on singular noun. Have a look at the following example. We have used the same word, which is Mahasi, and we have added the word as Shaniqua, which means the company to this word Mahasi. So when you say more, Has he was sciatica means the accountant of the company. As you can see from this word Mahasi, it could be with fatter depends on the word deposition in the sentence. And in this case we are going to say Mahasi Bashar rickety. And it could be with dhamma. Depends on the position. So we are going to say Mahasi Bu as Shaniqua or Mahasi Boucher rickety or the bends Also in the position it could be with Kosla Mahasi be shoddy CATI, the accountant of the company. So as you can see from here, the word muthos, if it is a singular and it takes three case endings depends on the position in the sentence. And according to this, it might take fat, dumb orchestra according to the position of the word in the sentence. However, the word shall rickety always takes a customer here because it is Rudolph II Leahy, in this case, the accountant of the company. So that's for singular. What about dual? If we wanted to apply the rule of dual, we will use the same structure here, but for dual accountants to accountants. So when we converted the singular accountant to dual, we had two options. And if noon or area known as the suffix. So now if we wanted to edit here, we are going to say Mahasi Bernie as usual, the first one with the elif, known as the suffix CBA, knee. And then we need to add the word as Charaka he write as shared equity. But actually. This is totally wrong. You cannot do this way. Why? Because when you add the, what do you do that position or L milky yeah. For the dual, you have to drop the letter noon from the word. That is why here it is wrong to keep the noon here at the end of the word, then you add the word Shaniqua. So what is the correct one? In this case, you simply say Mahasi buy and then you just add the word Ashoka. So CBA, there is no known anymore here and just add the word as Shariati, like this way. So when we bought the hurricane, we are using C bar and a shortcut is still Madoff Elijah here. And in this case it means the two maids, accountants of the company. Remember, there is no news anymore here with the dual y because this is the rule. So whenever you add or you make precision for dual, you have to drop the known from the end. Don't say Mahasi bernie a Shaniqua dots wrong. What if we used, if we want to use the second suffix, which is noon, we will do the same and we have to drop the known from the dual as well. Let's write it down. So we are going to say cba. There is no noon, Ussher rickety like this. So Mahasi buy a share. Ducati means the two, the two males accountants of the company. So the word a shortcut is still text color underneath there tomorrow Botha, because it is still Madame villa here. But the word the Mahasi by, as you can see, we have dropped in the noon. There is no news anymore at the end of the word as usual. Why? Because we have it offer here. We have made position Mahasi by a shell rickety, the two main accountants of the company. So there is a common mistake here. As I mentioned, many people have seen the keep the noon as it is at the end of the dual, when they are when you do position or when they make an offer, that's totally wrong, as you have seen from this example. So if we apply the position on dual, you have to write it as I said, like this Mahasi by a shoddy Catie and there is no noon anymore. The word Mahasi, by which he means the two males accountants of the company. That's for the first case, which is adding elif, known as a suffix. And in the second case, as you can see, we have Mahasi by Mahasi by which he means that there is no known also here in this case, before we add the word Shaniqua t. So Mahasi by a shadow, Katie literally means the two males accountants of the company. Mahasi buy a share, ducati. Thanks for watching and now let's move to the next lesson. 11. What is the Semi-‎Sentence ‎شِبْه الجُمْلَة‎ in ‎Arabic Language?‎: Welcome to the course, lay in Arabic language using the Q and a method par to m. In this video, I will answer the following question. What is the semi sentence? She drew a young lady in Arabic language. The word ship means like, similar, same, or semi. And the word Joomla is a sentence. So the expression Samy sentence means sheep who? Joomla. In Arabic, we have two different types of sentences according to the following chart. I'll Joomla. The sentence could be movie IDA or Shibuya kinda. The word demo Frida literally means useful. And in this case the algebra Elmo feeder means useful sentence. And ship will Joomla means semi sentence. And I'll drink, they'll move IDA, or the useful sentence, is categorized into two types. Joomla is via, which means nominal sentence. And Joomla for LEA, which means verbal sentence. For ship will Joomla, or the semi sentence. It could be in two types. The first one is VRF, followed by Almodovar Leahy. The second one is JAR were Missouri, which means a preposition followed by a noun. That useful sentence. And Joomla Elmo feeder consists of two or more words and it provides a full, complete meaning. They use a full sentence, algae and they'll move. Ida has two types, as we have mentioned. The first one is the nominal sentence and juvenile Isthmia. The second one is the verbal sentence which is assumed earlier. The semi sentence. The semi sentence or sheep whole Joomla, can be categorized into two types, as we have mentioned earlier. The first one is an adverb, followed by Rudolph II Lehi, or a Dava construction. The second type is a prepositional sentence, which consists of a prepositional particle, helpful jar, followed by a noun, which is a small module. Let's take examples to learn. The two types. Have a look at the following sentence, As-Sahab, but to follow the As-Sahab or to focally Beatty, which means the cloud above the house. In order to understand the semi sentence here, she pulled Joomla, we need to learn how to do the typical syntax analysis. As the harbor to follow Carol Beatty. Let's take it word by word. The first word we have here is the word As-Sahab or two as the habit two here comes in the beginning of the sentence and it is a noun. That's why this type of Joomla is Joomla Isthmia, a nominal sentence and the humerus me, it has two essential parts. The first part is unmoved data, which I mean the subject. The second part is I'll hover, which means the predicate. That's why the word as a habit to in this case is the MOOC data because it comes in the beginning of the sentence. So as the harbor 2 is MOOC data, and since it is NACADA, it must be him or for nominative. Why? Because the nominative case is the default iraq of the MOOC. And once we say more for we still need to find the ulema, the sign. That's why here we say while alarm at all raphe and the sign of being nominative is a bummer to avoid hero to a heavy, the clear dogma that comes at the end of the word. So as you can see here, we have bomber on top of that. The more outta here, the last letter in the word As-Sahab or to the Cloud. So as the habitude is a subject noun, offer the nominal sentence in the nominative case by default. And the sign of being nominative is the clear bomber. Ere the end of the world. The next award in the same sentence is the word for car. As you have learned earlier, Foucault is czar forma can. And once we say solve for MacKinnon, we must say mom, Sue, why? Because the monsoon or the accusative case is the default era of the adverb. And then once we save on food, we still need to find our lemma. So while ulama to noss B and the sine of being accusative is FAD H2, avoid or to Hirohito. As you can see from here, we have a fatter on top of the course, which is the last letter in the word for car, which means above. So the word folk is an adverb of place in the accusative case by default. And the sign of being accusative is declared fat at the end of the word. The next word in the same sentence is the word albedo t. Remember that you have learned earlier that any word comes after the adverb must be mode off the Leahy. That's why the word LBT is Moldovan elite. And once we say mood often illegally, we must say majeure. Why? Because majeure is the default in Arab of the mood of the genitive case. We still need to find the Ulama. So while ulama to jewelry and the sign of being genitive is Alcatraz. And then we still need to say where she bool juvenility, focal Beatty, fema has a hover. It'll move that. Remember that we have declared the MOOC data in the beginning, which is the word as the harbor too. But we still need to find the Hubbard. And in this case, the Hubbard is Shibuya Joomla, the same sentence, focal Beatty. And it is built on behalf of the harbor in this case. So. The word LBT is a noun in the genitive case by default. Why by default? Because it is most often Elijah and the mode off in IE must be genitive because it is the second part of it offer construction. And the sign of being genitive is that Cassandra at the end of the word L by T, then we still need to say that the same a sentence she pulled Joomla is in decline bubble or an inflicted. And it is built on behalf of the predicate. I'll hover over the nominal sentence. And Joomla is media. Let's take another example. Have a look at the following sentence. Al-qa'ida, ala tau will at the Alcala mu L upto will at the, the pen is on the table. In order to understand this semi sentence or Shibuya Joomla, let's do the typical syntax analysis. Let's take it word by word. The first word in the sentence is the word al column. Remember that the sentence is Joomla is media nominal sentence because it starts with a noun which is alkali. Move the pin and I'll column we're, is moved because it comes in the beginning of algebra is media. And once we say MOOC data, we must say more for nominative. Why morpho? Because the default aerobe of the MOOC data is to be nominated and we still need to find the ulama. That's why here we see why alarm matter, referee, and the sign of being Martha is Obama to avoid hero to Allah. Really he, the clear Dhamma. As you can see, we have Dhamma on top of the last letter of the word aisle column, as you can see from here, which is mean in this case, I'll color moon. So the word aisle column is a subject noun of the nominal sentence in the nominative case by default. And the sign of being nominative is the clear bomber at the end of the war. Next word in the same sentence is Ala. Ala is harmful. Germ is a prepositional particle that makes the following noun to be in the genitive case. So the noun that follows helpful jar always is Moon module. That's why you will find that the next word which is upto we let t is, Isman, maroon, badda, other. While lambda 21, lambda two is L Cassandra. So it is, It's moon, neuron, bada, bada Allah, we should write it here. While our metal jewelry and the sign of belonging in the genitive case is orchestra. As you can see, we have a customer underneath the Mahabharata, which is the last letter in the word orthogonality. So two-wheeler t is gone bad Allah while to Jody and Kosla is still need to mention the Hubbard because we have mentioned and looked at it already. So here we need to say where she, bool Joomla, t, Alpha Tau, we let t on the table, fema HAL layer off right harbor ill MOOC data. So ala tolerability, a ship or Joomla CMS sentence works here on behalf of the Hubbard. So the word are tolerability is a noun in the genitive case by default, because it is preceded by the letter, that, three-letter, three-letter preposition, ala. So it is a noun in the genitive case by default, because it is preceded by the three-letter preposition alpha. And the sine of being genitive is Orchestra While customer, because it is singular, which comes into, you know, the last letter of the word. And the semi sentence, ship whole Joomla is in decline bubble or an inflicted, and it is built on behalf of the predicate of a juvenile Izmir, or of the nominal sentence. Thanks for watching, and now let's move to the next lesson. 12. I’m confused! Is the word ‎ ‎مَعَ‎ a noun or preposition?‎: Welcome to the course, lay in Arabic language using the Q and a method par to m. In this video, I will answer the following question. I am confused is the word ma. And now an old preposition. This question is one of the questions that don't have 100% clear answer. But in this video, I'm going to make it very clear for you. Is math and noun isn't or preposition harmful germ. Firstly, you need to know that there is a debate going on. But most of Arab grammarians think that man, which means with is a noun. But Rama is rather announce Islam, then a preposition morphogen. The word man has the following features. The first feature here is the word map can take then when at the end of the word, which is an essential feature of nouns, That's why we should consider me as a noun. For example, have a look at the following sentence. To label man. To man, the students came together. So as you can see, the word man comes year at the end and deliberate and when fat. How on top of the last letter here, which is i, followed by the elif, often when Fatah man, which means together. The second feature, a particle or hearth, is by definition in decline double, which means money, which means that it always stays the same no matter what position or case. For example, when we say ELA and Phi, all of these are prepositions and they take the same vowel at the end of the world, regardless the position any of them has. The third feature. The world map can be treated as a noun of place or a noun of time. This means that the function or the word ma can function as an adverb of place, which means Tsar for mechanic, or adverb of time, which means Zarif was a man, as it has the adverbial meaning. Have a look at the following example. When man comes as adverbs of time that it was a man. Jet Li Bu mash rookie. There are totally Bu mash Rookie, which means the student came at some rice, or literally means with Sunrise. So Jarrod, tolerable mash rookie. Another example here is when ma is an adverb of plays that trauma can yes. Listen or totally Bu Man so directly. Yeah. Schlissel, tolerable. So the UC student sits with his friend. As you can see, MAR comes here as an adverb of place. Therefore, McKeon. The fourth feature we have here, the word that comes after me is the second part of it offer construction, which is called Madame Eli he. And it has to be in the genitive case, which means the module by default. So the word that comes after MA must be Rudolph II Leahy. Have a look at the following example. Jet Li Bu, the see a poly Bu, Malmo elderly see that student came with the teacher. So as you can see, the word Muda VC comes here, aftermath. And it takes a customer by default underneath the little scene because it is most often illegally. Remember that mood often Elaine must be image rule all the time. That's why we have carceral underneath the letter scene at the end, Almodovar VC. So from above, you should know that the word man should be treated as harmful jar, or Preposition. And it has three syntax cases. The first one is ma, is treated as an adverb of place, which means our pharmacon. You have learned earlier. Second, ma is an adverb of time. Therefore, as a man, as you have learned from the previous examples. And the third case here is to be circumstantial expression or hair. Thanks for watching. And now let's move to the next lesson. 13. Course conclusion: Welcome to the course. Lay in Arabic language. Viewing the Q and a method, part 1. Congratulations, you have completed the course, learn Arabic language using the Q and a method part one. I hope you have enjoyed the course and get ready for part two, which is coming soon. If you have any questions related to any, listen, please post it and I will try my best to answer your questions soonest. I wish you good luck and learning Arabic language. Sometimes.