Learn Adobe Photoshop CS6 from Scratch | Richard Sneyd | Skillshare
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54 Lessons (3h 31m)
    • 1. Welcome to the Course!

      1:20
    • 2. What Will I Learn

      1:46
    • 3. A Quick Look at the Photoshop Interface

      7:37
    • 4. Magic Wand and Transform Tool

      7:02
    • 5. Rectangular Marquee Tool

      3:19
    • 6. Eliptical Marquee Tool

      6:22
    • 7. Polygonal and Lasso Marquee Tool

      6:58
    • 8. Quick Selection

      4:05
    • 9. Crop Tool

      2:10
    • 10. Eye Dropper Tool

      2:40
    • 11. Colour Sampler Tool

      1:18
    • 12. 10 Ruler Tool

      3:29
    • 13. Notes Tool

      3:59
    • 14. Spot Healing Brush

      4:32
    • 15. Healing Brush

      2:34
    • 16. Patch Tool

      1:22
    • 17. Content Aware Move Tool

      5:02
    • 18. Red Eye Removal Tool

      3:28
    • 19. Brush Tool

      7:28
    • 20. Pencil Tool

      9:29
    • 21. 19 Color Replacement Tool

      4:26
    • 22. Mixer Brush Tool

      5:51
    • 23. Clone Stamp Tool

      6:21
    • 24. Pattern Stamp Tool

      5:10
    • 25. History Brush and History Pane

      3:58
    • 26. Art History Brush

      3:12
    • 27. Eraser

      1:37
    • 28. Background Eraser Tool

      3:09
    • 29. Magic Eraser Tool

      2:14
    • 30. Paint Bucket Fill Tool

      5:18
    • 31. Gradient Tool

      7:05
    • 32. Blur Tool

      5:20
    • 33. Sharpen Tool

      5:06
    • 34. Dodge Tool

      5:06
    • 35. Smudge Tool

      2:54
    • 36. Burn Tool

      2:44
    • 37. Sponge Tool

      5:03
    • 38. 36 Vector Graphics and The Pen Tool

      12:05
    • 39. 37 Freeform Pen Tool

      6:20
    • 40. 38 Add Anchor Point Tool

      3:27
    • 41. 39 Delete Anchor Point Tool

      1:59
    • 42. 40 Convert Tool

      1:19
    • 43. 41 Horizontal Type Tool

      3:58
    • 44. 42 Vertical Type Tool

      1:34
    • 45. 43 Horizontal Type Mask Tool

      2:46
    • 46. 44 Vertical Type Mask Tool

      3:45
    • 47. 45 Path Selection Tool

      1:49
    • 48. 46 Direct Selection Tool

      1:15
    • 49. 47 Rectangle Tool

      2:01
    • 50. 48 Rounded Rectangle Tool

      0:54
    • 51. 49 Ellipse Tool

      1:04
    • 52. 50 Polygon Tool

      1:23
    • 53. 51 Line Tool

      1:30
    • 54. 52 Custom Shape Tool

      3:18
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About This Class

Adobe Photoshop is the industry standard software program in all fields of development and design, from game, web and app development to fashion design and beyond. This course will teach you everything you need to become comfortable and proficient in the use of all the key tools available in Photoshop CS6. Progressing through a string of lesson reinforcing mini projects, you will learn the function of each tool, lesson by lesson, including a practical application that makes the benefit of learning the tool clear and instant.

This Photoshop course includes extensive coverage of:

  1. The move tool
  2. All of the marquee selection tools
  3. All three lasso selection tools
  4. Magic wand and quick selection tools
  5. Crop tool, perspective crop tool, slice tool and select slice select tool
  6. Eye dropper tool, color sampler tool, Ruler tool and note tool
  7. Spot healing brush, healing brush, patch tool, content aware move tool and red eye tool
  8. Brush, pencil, color replacement and mixer brush tools
  9. Clone stamp and pattern stamp tool
  10. History brush and art history brush tools
  11. Eraser, background eraser and magic eraser tools
  12. Gradient and paint bucket tools
  13. Blur, sharpen and smudge tools
  14. Dodge, burn and sponge tools
  15. Pen, freeform pen, add anchor point, delete anchor point and convert point tools
  16. The various text tools
  17. Path selection and direct selection tools
  18. All of the vector tools
  19. Hand & Rotate view tools
  20. Zoom tool
  21. Color swatches
  22. Quick mask mode
  23. Standard and full screen mode toggles

You will also learn how to work with all of the most important panes, including:

  1. Layers
  2. Navigator
  3. Actions
  4. Adjustments
  5. Brush
  6. Brush presets
  7. Channels
  8. Character
  9. Character Styles
  10. Paths
  11. Color
  12. Swatches
  13. Styles

In just a few short hours of exciting and enjoyable instruction, you will have mastered the fundamentals of Adobe Photoshop CS6! Let's get started, sing-up now!

Transcripts

1. Welcome to the Course!: you're hello and welcome to this comprehensive introduction toe Adobe Photo Shop, CS six I'm Richards Need, and I'll be your instructor. Adobe Photo Shop is without industry standards off program of Choice When it comes to big map Ngetich used by photographers, designers of all sorts and from all industries professionals on the amateurs alike. Make no mistake. Everyone should not have to use force in this fast paced course. We take a hands on approach to learning all of the key tools and techniques almost learned to become proficient on flexible usage door before the show. By the end of the course, you will have learned health repair or or damaged photographs. Ain't using the artistic creative tools and brushes, work with vector graphics and, well, pretty much do anything your heart desires. Wouldn't reason in Adult Cordish up CS six. So what are you waiting for? Go from zero to hero. Sign up now and learn it'll be photo shop. CIA six from scratch. It's not a decision you're liable to regret 2. What Will I Learn: and welcome once again to learn Adobe Photo Shop CS six from scratch money, interest rates need and I'll be your instructor. So as you can see, I am founder and CEO of Cyber Mid Games. In addition to that, I've been a lecturer on I. C T trainer. If you want to think of it in those terms for quite a long time now, I've taught subjects as diverse as trading, modeling and animation to two D graphic manipulation. Image processing, desktop audio. Andi. It'll be Photoshopped off course Web development, etcetera. So I've been working at photo Shop for a very long time. So now that you know who I am, what will you learn on this course? So the learning outcomes? By the end, of course, you will understand and be able to work with all of the core features of Adobe Photoshopped . You'll be able to use every single tool on the tools pain and understand them what their purpose is. There's always a practical application on the course, and to make it clear you'll be up to transform and scale graphics. You'll be able to enhance photographs and other images. With these, you'll be able to work with text and much, much more days. Just a few highlights. You're going to be able to work with voter shop. You'll understand photo shop at the end of discourse. And of course, there will be an advanced class that will come along soon. If you want, Teoh, get into even deeper content. But you will learn everything you need to know and to get going with voters up here. Okay, So without any further ado, let's get started with our lessons. 3. A Quick Look at the Photoshop Interface: So let's launch for the shop CS six. We're going to have a very quick overview, basically off the interface for the shop, without going into any major depth off exploration with regard to any of the particular tools starting at the top, we have the usual menu bar file added image. Later type select filled the review window on help immediately blowed up. We have this bar, which is referred to as the Options bar on displays options for the presently selected tool . Where do we select tools? Of course, these options are displayed well. They're displayed in what was previously referred to as the tools palette but is now refer to as the tools palm. Now the terminology. Police aren't going to hunt you down if you still use the term tools palette. But I just thought it pointed out an official photo shop terminology. It's now referred to as the tools panel on. If you have had some previous experience but older versions of photo show, then you will notice that the standard is now a single column display for the tools palette . I was still use that term because it's coming the used in the vernacular of Photoshopped terminology so we can switch between the traditional. It might call it a two column display on a single display for using this double arrow key on the left, simply a matter of preference. I actually quite like to sing single column display, so I am going to stick with it for the duration of these tutorials. Now the actual tools in the tools palette Let's take a look. The first full you'll see is the select our move tool. The hockey, as we can see in our tool tip, is V. You want to become familiar with these hot keys as a speeds up your workflow with voter shop. Then we have D marquee selection tools are elliptical. Marquee selection Tool is a specific one that selected. Right now the default is rectangular marquee selection tool. You'll notice that we have this pop up menu sub menu showing multiple related tools. We didn't that same drop down. Well, to access that simply click on hold any of these tools that has that little white arrow pointing to the bottom. Right? See it just there, you see a few of them. Quite a few of them have that arrow, so related tools or just grouped there for our convenience, and you can choose between 21. The heart key is also referenced, so M is the hot Kafer to mark a selection. Tools. Polygon selection, Glassell Selection on magnetic lasso selection tool Hot keys L it will open or whichever tool was last used on. You could see that every time I changed my tool. The options bar is updated to reflect the options for that tool. Crop perspective. Crop slice tools. I select tool. I drop her, which is used for selecting a cooler from our campus to be reused in some way. Color sampler, ruler and notes tool again. Just a cursory glance here. Spot healing brush healing brush patch to a content aware move to and read I to. All of these tools are specifically designed not exclusively, but specifically designed for editing on improving the quality or photos so holiday snaps and that kind of thing. But any photo they can also be used in other contexts. Once you understand algorithmic Lee what's happening in the background, then they can be open aid to you pretty much any industry and any application before the show brush tool pencil to cooler replacement to and mixer brush tool. We have the clone stamp on patterns. Time tool history, brush arc Bush erased her back on the racer Magic Eraser. Radiant and paintball could, which were used to fill the campus right about a solid cooler, agree to a solid cooler or a Grady ated quarter value from one to another. You can use complex radiance radio, great aunts, etcetera, blur, sharpen, smudge, dodge, burn, sponge. Now we get to our vector tools disk rail line. And then this second gray line delineates. A group of four men use dealing with vector related tools on objects, so we have basic path manipulation tools. Here, a path has an element of the vector, of course, horizontal type to a vertical type tool, etcetera. These air texts, tools text is a form of vector object, part selection, direct selection on. Then we have our actual vector drawing tools. We can make these ah different types of vector shapes by default. It like rectangle rounded rectangle, ellipse, polygon to line to custom shape, toe question. Shape to is where the real power comes and want me to find our own shapes, hand tools, wrote it You two and zoom tool. Then we get down here to decoders watches. We can change our foreground color. Just click and then selected different value. You can change the Q by clicking and dragging on this right hand bar, you can change the saturation by dragging horrors. Yeah, horizontally. The level of saturation of cooler from white to fully saturated, basically is one your work. And then vertically, we can change the love, the brightness from black to wipe to full brightness. So you have these tree sort of values that you're balancing there here, saturation and brightness. We can also, of course, change the background in the same way. And interestingly enough, then we have this little button here, which could be used to switch the two color values. And under time, the hot key for which is X piping X on the keyboard will also do that. Okay, so that's a very quick look at the basics of forward a shop. Of course, we have all these odor panels or windows like the navigator swatches layers acceptable. We're going to examine them in their own videos. So the last thing we're going to do in dispute has created a brand new document, but clicking file new on Let's make it something like 1024 by 1024 square and the power of to just because I like it. Click OK on. What I want you to do is just start drawing Andi, experimenting with somebody's options that you see. Just have a little bit of fun, See what you can come up with. They are, of course, going to learn to use all of this stuff properly in later lessons. When you're happy enough to move on, I'll see you in the next lesson. 4. Magic Wand and Transform Tool: in this lesson would be taking a look at some of the marquee selection tools that photo shop offers. Let's find some images to work with just to learn. So I've searched puppies here in Google images. Andi, just complete. Find a particularly cute little fella that we can manipulate in some way. Okay, say this guy, it's going to copy it, right? Click copy, image control end to create a new documents by default. It'll have the dimensions of the image. We copied it. Enter control V to paste. So let's look at adding an additional object to this image. No, to search this time or a beach ball. Find one that I think wolf it. Using all top to switch between two windows, like in sight a match. Say this. Now I'm going to copy this copy. This image controlled and created a document again on paste. First thing we need to do if you want to take that beach ball and put it into this image is removed. The white background. Now, this is an ideal image to demonstrate the use of the magic wand toe. So we select our magic. Want to just under the polygonal selection toe the seat up. We have all of these options above, like sample size, tolerance. Anti alias continued, contiguous, etcetera, for a selection of simple as this. And I don't think we won't need to worry about any of that. The background liras. Well, you can see that we have a solid white background layer. So when I deleted the contents of that form player, you couldn't see it happen. I'm going to go back and do it again. So delete the background there. Just so everyone sees was happening. There's no background layer anymore, are selected to with magic one tool, this white area, because it's all solid white. The Magic Oneto had no problem selecting it. And if I went to something of the more obscure say, I want to select its blue area where you can see there are different shades of blue here and white streaks never denounced. So if I come in here, it's not going to get it to waited. I wanted to automatically because it's you know this is a computer on its working according to an algorithm on algorithms are not perfect so we can increase tolerance said. That's a turkey I'm then it is in large in the areas that we select. Set it to 60 C with doctors getting closer. So that's the point of tolerance. Tolerance determines how close the pixel value has to be to be included in pixel body. It has to be to include to be included in the selection. Okay, 16. So that's elects the background and hit the leaky. That checkered pattern and Photoshopped means transparency. That's without represents. Now I can click and drag this tab to float my window, go to D, move or select tool whatever you want to call it and click and drag that ball into this world. Of course, the ball is far too big. You want to delete that source image because I no longer needed click? No, because I don't need to save it. How do we scale this ball down? Well, we're going to use the transform tool holds to control key on your keyboard on while it's held pressed tiki, and that's going to bring you in to transform. That's one happy. Here's another one. Hold Alz on the middle mouse scroll out so you can see what you're doing. So all to middle moment, Mount Scroll. We'll zoom you in and out. You can also used assume tool here if for some reason maybe you don't have a middle mouse. Well, so it was him out, Draman, etcetera. Another way of doing that is to come up to the navigator here. Unjust slide in and out like this. I tend to use the Navigator quite a bit on the Alz scroll. I never used us, so if you want to, you can. But I find that and the hockey and the Navigator are more intuitive ways of doing it. Now I'm going to click the top left corner and hold Ault and shift, and that's going to keep the scale proportional. Clicking outside with rotates. That's my driving. I want to zoom in holding, also on scrolling the Met the middle mouse wheel again, this little anchor points determines de center of rotations. If I put it over here, say at that point, and then I think outside on drag, it's going to rotate around that point. So that's a handy tip. Okay, so the idea here is that he's chasing the the ball. That's what we're trying to imply with her image again When you're scaling, hold shift to keep it proportional animal to hit, enter not demonstrates to you softy magic one tool Onda copying and pasting on merging two images in one way or another demonstration quite a bit. Okay, in the next lesson will look at some of theater selection tools like Rectangular Marquis, etcetera. I do classify the magic want to as a marquee tool. And because you're marking out an area to move the same way you do with these tools, that just uses a difference written matter. 5. Rectangular Marquee Tool: Let's learn to use the erect time. Get a marquee tool known to come in on search for something that has a rectangular form straight box for now. Picture frame. Maybe this is not going to make a lot of sense, so just putting that out there. But I'm just going to use a demonstrate exactly how we can use this tool to isolate areas in an image. So again, control end. To create new documents, it would automatically adopt the dimensions of the imagery Copied Control V Chip based Now Marquis Rec Time. Get a marquee tool. What we need to do is click at the top left and then drag out to the bottom, writes on. When you're happy with your selection, you can hit control C to copy and look down at your layers being here or panel or window pane panel window. Whatever turned me like on control V to paste. Now, if you leads the background there on, delete the layer from which you copied, leaving only to copy layer the seed out. We have transparency around the rim, so we copy to the frame out. We also want to select the center area here which should be empty on. We can hit the delete key and then pick elsewhere, too. Remove that selection and we'll float this time used to move Tool, which I've access to. Using the wiki to drag and drop that frame to our document is the document we used in the previous lesson on the magic wand on Transformed tools. You can use any document you like. If you close that one out, that's fine. Okay, so in fact, it makes a little more sense than we tought it would, which is great. I'm not going to use a shift here. I'm just going to drag this to fit because the distortion isn't going to be a big problem. It's minimal all to scroll to zoom in so I could make sure that I'm dragging it to be correct. Extremity over here is Well, okay, so that's fine. I'm quite happy with that. When you're happy Kid Pinter, Andi will apply the transformation. So here we have our nice little picture that we put together, and it's in its picture frame, so that demonstrates the use of direct. I'm getting a marquee tool in our next lesson. We learned to use the elliptical marquee tool 6. Eliptical Marquee Tool: let's learn quite quickly how to use the basic function off the elliptical marquee tool. So we're going to get desire this time. But now we've worked on a cursory level with layers. We will have, of course, dedicated lessons on layers. But quite simply put, we have a layer stuck which become viewing are layers pain over here on the right hand side and as we've been editing, we've been adding and removing layers. So we have to default background layer, which is locked, what can be unlocked and removed that will. Here we have the dog layer, which we can hide and show. We have the ball layer which can also be hidden on shown. If you look to the navigator here, but you can see elements air being hidden on, then re displayed as be tall Golder visibility. Then we have the frame at the very top, so I'm going to select dog layer because pixels I want to edit are on that layer. And that's the rule of thumb. When you want to manipulate your documents, select the layer that the pixels you wish to manipulate belong to. Another way of doing that is to right click on the picture. There you want to edit on layers, which have pixels opaque pixels. Visible pixels in that area will be visible in the menu, in this case, the background layer one, which is the dog layer on there, too. So there one is the layer with her dog. We're going to select that, and I'm going to come over here to drop down for our marquee tools. Click and hold to show to drop down menu here. We're going to switch to elliptical tools on. I'm very simply, just going to give him 1/3 eye. That's what we're gonna do. So one thing I might do just to improve the quality of this quickly is increased the fetter and then change the feather to six. And it's just going to help to blend more rather than looking to sharp when we move it. So if I just copy and paste, you'll see that we actually have a new layer here now called Layer, for which I can taco visibility for as well. However, it's sitting exactly at the point where we copied it from, so we can't see that if I click and drag it over we can put an eye on his forehead. So are we getting creative? Here we go. Tree eyes. This Dhaka's You could go further. I am Yes, You could go further and give him multiple eyes. That's probably a little too much. And you do that by holding Alz clicking and dragging and I let you make multiple so some kind of spider dog I don't Don't do that. You will notice in Photoshopped that by default you cannot do multiple undoes. You hit control Z to undo and control Z to redo So back a step over to step back, step forward a step the hot K from multiple undoes his control evolves Z hold control out autopsy and it will do multiple undoes. Okay, so I'm happy with tree eyes so there by adjusting the feather Basically, that's often to the edge of our selection. So the pixels closer to the extremities of the political selection that we made and we're less opaque or more transparent, so they blend better into layers behind, which meant that we didn't have hard edges to demonstrate that even better. I'm going to make a Notre selection here. What? I'm going to set the federal 1st 20 Then we're gonna make a selection. I'm going to copy and paste it. Just make sure you have the right layer selected, which is the dog layer. Layer one control C control be. And if we moved out, you can see it has a very hard edge. It is on the atheist, but it's a very hard egx on. That's not what we wanted to yeah, for our results, whereas this one has a very nice soft edge, as you can see. So that's the value of working with the feather in our elliptical tool and other tools as well. So I'm just going to delete this extraneous layer which we don't really need on. I am the happy winter tree. I'd alien dog chasing his ball, but the picture frame great. So you might want to save this document as we'll be using it a different points, truth course, Just to learn the basic tools in Photoshopped, I'm going to save it as alien dog. So I have, of course, my own directory system on my computer, man, you use your own. Just remember where you have saved it on. Everything should be Okay, Alien dog PST PST is Photoshopped data, or that's what I think of it as its deep, proprietary format of photo show. So your photos up documents are saved in that former PSD, you can change the format of the menu. We're going to leave it in PSD because when we open it and as a PSD file then will have everything here will have all of our layers in tact on your sort of smart filters or anything else that we may have applied but still beating. Okay, that's that. Next we'll learn about are polygonal selection tools and in the last hole tool as well. 7. Polygonal and Lasso Marquee Tool: in this lesson, let's explore how to effectively use the polygonal selection on the lasso selection tools, which are groups in our third menu. Down in the Tools pain Last suit on polygonal selection Magnetic lasso is just a variation of the lasso tool data helps to find. The edge of objects will explore Dad at some point as well, but these two are more fundamental tools. So first, let's look at the lasso to make sure to update dog layer is selected. Those women on What we'll do is we can make an approximate selection off the area off the tail like this. The closer you, our the more accurate this is going to be okay now. Obviously, we do not want a Feder of zero. What we're going to do is we're going to refine the edge here, increase that radius a bit, not by much. Leave it zero. For the moment, this is a visual process. So you're going to move things up and move things down. And I watched the results on the screen. I'm smoothing here, which is going to have it a better effect. I want a fetter a little bit contrast very low contrast my shifty edge out slightly. Take Okay, that's modified my selection. Now I can click control, see to copy and control V to Paste. Go to my move tool and give him a second tale. I can hit control t two going to transform and drag my anchor point Teoh down to the pivot point. That would be logical for detail, Just sort of moving back like that. So, you know, kind of like tales from Sonic and Sonic the Hedgehog. That sort of team two tails. You could, of course, duplicate that again. You can hold all to click drag to make a duplication. Also control T holding all time clicking will also move the anchor point as well as clicking directly on it and driving it around on. Uh, there's no he has tree tales. So propeller tales pushing through the water. Great. So we have learned the basic function of the last tool that what about this polygonal lasso tool? Okay, let's find an image demonstrated doggies tax, But I'm looking for something that has a cubic form. Perhaps this variety snacks will do. I'm gonna copy. Maybe not, actually, just because it seems to be a PNG. What? We want to see J Peg to work from for the moment. So dog snacks box. Okay, You know, that's the kind of thing I'm looking for, right? Click copy, image as usual control, then to create a new documents on Troll V to paste. And we're going to use our polygonal selection tool to make a rough selection of this. So polygonal selection is to find points, which means that come in on a quick at one spot, quick about another spot and then another spot on the another spot on. I just keep doing this until I've so acted as accurately as possible. The area Well, the image that I want to select or two separate on return to the original point when you see that little circle appear like So now that means that when you click your going to complete the shape of your selection quick and now completed the shape control C and controlled, we will make a new image on. I can drive that new image over to my doctor. I was late this now because I don't need it anymore. Have extracted the pixel data that I wanted to use great. So I am put tubby snacks, some kind of a treat on the side here, You know the draft. Bring it a pyre in the stack. So it sits so it sits above all of the dog layers. What? I might leave it inside of the frame or outside of the frame? I don't know exactly. Maybe outside of the frame. So the frame is on your mantelpiece and the doggy stocks, Or such decided that demonstrates working with the polygonal selection as well as the lasso selection toe. So by now, I imagine you're beginning to feel let a measure of comfort and familiarity with the selection tools and voter shop and the selection tools are very important. So, having grasped this, you are actually making great progress towards mastering the basics. Off photo shows the six on deputy version of photo shop because these are fundamental tools that will always be a major part of the process. Work with photo shop under image manipulation 8. Quick Selection: Let's take a look at quick selection, which is a more programmatically sophisticated selection algorithm or mechanism would in stencil. It's in the drop down for a magic wand. So quick selection is what we want to use here at the top. Options by are You can see, of course, that we have additional on subtraction modes for our painting Onda new selection, etcetera, and have cases that relate. We're just gonna learn the basic use of it for a moment. So I'm going to click here, and we're going to do what we can to select this happy looking chap in the background just by clicking and dragging to paint our selection. And probably Photoshopped does its best to interpret what we're asking it to do. Come on, remove dispute. Beholding old, which will automatically switch to tea subtraction mode. We can use D to square bracket keys beside the peaky, just to the right of the peaky, to decrease and decreases to decrease and increase relatively de size off our brush that we're using to paint the selections so we can get in and be a little more precise about it again, holding all to switch to its attraction when I need to. So it keeps guessing and it gets more accurate. And the more we do it because you can see that certain areas that have been selected were not, in fact desired because we're attempting to remove him again. And so our selection becomes more and more precise, as you can see Ault Middle Mouse scrolling here. Okay, now, that's not bad. So, practical application of this well, here is one I want to While I'm still in the quick selection tool I'm going to right click within my selection, and I'm going to choose filled. And what I'm going to do is I'm going to fill it with cooler. I'm going to fill it with the color black, so I'm going to turn him into a Solu it. Here we go. I've done that on the same layer. Now, you could, of course, control Z undo that. Create a brown new layer, do the same team for the good black, depending on what you want to do. You could want to have two versions, one but it on and made it off. So you just plug a lot on on. Uh, I'm going to grab the paint brush tool, which we haven't examined yet, but the two square brackets that were used for enlarging on decreasing the size of the brush and for our quick selection to also work on this on remind paint. But I for 1/4 here, which is white. I'm just going to put it in a little question. So who could dis be there something you could use in, uh, a family or pope quiz or that kind of thing. So a quick demonstration off the quick second election, too, and also a little bit of fill in there for good measure. 9. Crop Tool: No, let's take a look at the crop tool. We've already learned to work with the magic wand, which is why we're moving past that. So what does cropping do? Well, the easiest way to explain it is to demonstrate it. That's find a family some kind. Okay, this is a good example where it might use cropping there, an infant variety of water areas in which cropping could be useful. Now this is just taking a moment to load because it's actually quite a large image. So here we are. Copy image, come over before the shop control, then based in now. Obviously, this is quite a large family. Say this is a smaller family within the family on We want to have a nice little picture frame filled with them. Well, that's not hired to do. Just take your crop to choose your top left corner or your top right corner. Start with the left and when you're happy with your bottom right hand corner release, you can also click and drag to this. Reposition that slightly until you're happy hit, enter and now we have the specific area of the larger image. W want to use the rest of it has been deleted. It's redundant. It's gone. That's what crop does. It creates a smaller image from a larger image. In the next lesson will take a look at a quick selection, which is also in the magic wands drop down. 10. Eye Dropper Tool: coming back to our alien dog document. Let's take a moment to examine the purpose of the eyedropper tool, which is in the same drop down that we've been working with and using the ruler tool. So the eyedropper tool he won't stop for, well put simply, three. Eyedropper tool allows us to pick a color sample from document. So if I zoom in here and I quite like the shade of red and I want to reuse that shade of red, well, I could I to come over to my color swatches that sort of eyeball it, try to match it as best I can. Like this looking from one to the other. That's more time consuming, and it's less accurate than this. I meant it. I can simply use the eyedropper tool to select decoder onion seed. It's updated in my foreground. Swatch liken. Change it to anything I want in the documents just by clicking on the pixel that they would like to match, and you can come over and use your brush or your pencil to to paint that cooler. Handy tip. When you're using any one of these artistic tools, the brush tool or the pencil toe. If you hold Ault, that will automatically go to decoder. Bigger for Eddie. I dropped toe like optical did picker to, but the official term is I cover, so you don't need to come over here and click on it. You can just hold all on select a color and then, yeah, paint away. That's so now that I've done that, I don't do it because it's not a desirable result. It just demonstrates the purpose of the eyedropper tool you can either select from the menu , as we said, is just to recoup to M recap and then switch to the brush or somewhere drawing toe and apply it to the campus. Or else you can just go into your brochure, your pencil or whatever it is holdouts on Select your colder value and then draw. So that could be a handy way of working with a M, an intentionally limited color palette within your document, choosing to replicate a cooler in some other part of that document, they called a picker to 11. Colour Sampler Tool: you will have noticed that in the same menu as we find the eyedropper tool, we have a colder sampler to now. It might seem like a very similar to So what is the difference? Well, let's come over to our colder sampler here, and you will notice that when we click on a certain pixel to get a cooler sample, it's marked as number one. So if its market number one, then I must mean that there could be a number two under Can be. I can click somewhere else. Now I have a number two. You can actually do this four times, so click here and then here. So we have four samples. 12 tree for you will also notice. Tucked. The color swatches have not been altered to adapt on you tease. So the colder sampler toe, like the Ruler tool, is an analytical tool. It's used basically to just provide us with reading for the orgy B values of those points. That's the purpose Off D Color Picker Tool or two colder sample to the eyedropper tool takes 1/4 value, imports it into our foreground. Swatch in the next lesson will take a brief look at the notes tour 12. 10 Ruler Tool: next, let's take a look at the ruler tool. We're going to need a particular type of image to demonstrate this tool effectively. And don't search for a crooked picture. Fans. Okay, tough edge. Now we're going to use the crop tool, which we've already I learned a little bit about. Just isolate frame itself. Forget about the rest that. Okay, so this is all that's left of her image now the Ruler Tool, which is part of this drop down for eyedropper colder sampler and note. The hot Kafer, which is also I. If it's the last selected tool in that drop down, it's primarily an analytical tool. So we click on drag between two points and then release, and that creates a line. And then, in the info feed out here in that pain were provided with an angle between the two points 23.9, in this case, lying distance 76.56 Now you might be wondering what unit that's in. Well, the unit is relative can be configured according to preferences, so click to edit preferences window on. We go to unit on rulers, you'll see that rulers are currently set to be in pixels now. For you, the default might be centimeters or something like that. So depending depending on which measurement best suits your needs, you can just set it here. But I'm going to stick with pictures because that's what I'm thinking in that moment. So I'm happy with that. So an angle of 23.9 on a length of 76.56 pixels I concede Acti with in pixels is 70 so horizontally 76 host vertically and 30 pixels. Okay, so, as we said, primarily an analytical tool, it also gives us the origin X and Y point, therefore to tree and 15 it also has another purpose. So I've marked out the line here of my of my tool or my frame on. Now I want to make that frame straight. So I found line here off an aspect of this image that should be straight. And having found that I can use the straight layer to on it will automatically straighten out that image for me. So again, problem. Do it. To use that feature, come to your rule toe, find a line that you know should be a horizontal line on the market. I don't think straighten layer that's going to just the entire layer accordingly, removing that rotational distortion that's the ruler to. 13. Notes Tool: Now let's take a look at de notes to which is the final option in destructor. That's such to note to first thing, when you click, you add a positional note, so the process basically used to click over the area that you're adding another boat. For instance, if I wanna add a note about this ball quick on the ball, I want to add a note about the office digital Terrible I on this dog. Then I can click on that. And if I want to say something about the framed and I can put a note, which is distinctly already frame, then we can select a note making indicate the water so you can see here basically, that the idea of notes decided to remind yourself about certain aspects of your image, no matter what your industry or your location and whatever else the purpose of your using photo shop or just creating this document is. And it's just happy to be able to have these reminders also for collaboration. If you're collaborating with writers but in a company or something along those lines, you can say, OK, whatever your name is, Bobby. So I am Bobby and just what I'm saying body, so to sit enter to commit that. And then you can see that under notes I have the author's name Bobby appearing this frame. It is very special, and you have okay for it because of that. Go and then the I Bobby again. So what's Bobby saying? Uh bested Geo. Third. Hi. It's a rare there for value. Go crazy when the ball you won't be quite so grandiose. Notice my multicolored ball. You will. Now when you click on a note, you can see daughter's name on what he's written. So this frame is very special. Have a bit about the vestigial I and something about the ball. You can also cycle true your notes, but using these arrows on, you'll notice that the highlighted no changes in the document as well. Eso so not print at its most of these tools aren't their analytical order for retrieving information from the document. They don't change visual print out over the document, but it can be useful for a collaborative purposes. But this use of notes. So in our next lesson, we will move on to some of these healing tools which are specifically designed to help us to improve the quality of our photos 14. Spot Healing Brush: Now we're going to begin a serious of lessons that involve improving the quality of our photographs using this group of tools here, the spot healing brush, healing, brush, patch on content, aware move tools as well as a red eye to. So we'll begin at the top and work down. This lesson is going to be on the spot healing brush tool. Now we don't have any documents. Open interim defies interface, let alone on the that would be suitable to demonstrate to use of these tools. So let's find him spot here them to. I'm going to find suitable image to demonstrate this. So it's really good for removing acne from photographs. That's one of the strong points of this tool. So that's copied this image and keep it for the next few lessons because it probably will use it again. Don't just close it out. I mean, it's not hard to go on copied over from the Internet again. I have to, but just to save you the border did crow that stipulation. Now we have our spot healing brush selected. So what do we do? Well, like with any brush based tool and this is a brush based tool. We can increase the size. The hardness spacing can be set Centrum, But one of the quickest ways to change the size of your brush is to use the too hot keys, which we mentioned before there to the right of the peaky. The two square bracket keys. The left one goes down under the right one goes up in size. Then we can simply click on an area. And, well, it's almost like magic, isn't it? So you can. The tip I would give to you on using this is to reduce the size of your brush to a point where it just encompasses the blemish so you don't have to manipulate too much or the pixel data. So, for instance, that's about the size of the pimple here that I want to add it. I could go in like this, but then that's going to message my pixels because it's too large of an area. That's just not a good idea. Adapt the size of the brush to decides of the affected area and then click. You can also click and drag to do streaks. Just I'm going to make this a little softer. Even then it is now. The softer to brush is as a rule of thumb, the easier it will blend. These were the result will bend. Okay, so there are other tools we can use to further improve this image. But to see what we've done that's coffee down image again and paste it. So that's before. And this is after before. After you see it like that, it really is America improvement. So these spot healing brush to is an excellent toe for working with acne and little blemishes like that in the skin. It can also be used for other things and motor industries. But this is one of the most common applications of tool and the intended application. You can see up off his lead up in the options buyer that we have a few settings that we can manipulate, like proximity, match, create texture on content, aware in practice, just leave it and content aware. And this is a very particular reason why you need to use one of these that are tools. But that would be a more advanced lesson than that would cover something, and this gives you the functional use of the tour so fantastic. The next lesson. We're going to look at the healing brush tool, which is a related to but just work slightly differently and can be used in conjunction with the spot healing. 15. Healing Brush: Now let's learn to work with the spot healing. Brush his sister to the healing brush. Now the healing brush is a little different. Instead of just clicking and painting around an area like we do with the spot from healing brush to automatically healed a section, we get that earlier like so the healing brush chooses source on pain stat source over to your target, similar to the clone stamp brush, which will learn to work with later. Now that's just hide at the original image, which is at the top here. Come down to the image that we've been improving and we're going to choose a source, say, Just appear on. We can just paint over these red areas to improve the tone, which is something that the spot he'll rush struggles with. You want to reduce the hardness down to around nine? Yeah, mine. Mine isn't bad. It was last time you want to end up with. Here is hard lines because this is an organic object. It's a human face. There shouldn't be any real hard lines. You want everything soft. Okay, so that's the difference. Okay, two semis spot healing brush. You just click on an area on it automatically inter plates from the data off the pictures around that area to perform here. The election in the healing brush. We tell it where to take the sample data from So we holdouts and click somewhere to choose our source. No me click and drag to apply it. Those air the to healing brushes the next tool would be looking at will be the patch toe, which is also were related to. 16. Patch Tool: next we look at the patch to Pashto is very similar to the healing brush tool. It does the same job, but it just uses a slightly different method of doing it. It's basically a combination of the last sort tool on the healing brush tour. You remember that D that's so too, allows us to draw a selection of something like that. Well, the patch tool allows us to draw around the area that we wish to repair status, freckle and then drag to a source, which we can use it and repair it. When you're happy with this or should release, you see that it's updated over here. Let's try it again. Draw around us more, then dragged down to an area. All right, you would like to use the pixel data to repair the damage on distribute. So that's the patch to a combination of lasso and healing. 17. Content Aware Move Tool: Now let's learn how to use D content aware. Move to This is a fairly recent addition to photo shop. We're going to need to find a suitable practice image. So say at her, too. Let's try small to Okay, maybe this a copy image full and create new documents. Okay. Control V to paste. Now. Cults Middle Mouse Scroll To zoom in there on what we can do is just select our content were moved to a from the drop down menu the stack second last option in the menu that we're currently working with now, first step to uses to select the area off the image that you want to move match it fairly closely to the shape. I didn't have to be exact Necessarily. Okay, Next thing is just to click and drag it to this place where you wanted to go. Now when I release it could sit out of here on moves it over there. But it hasn't left a hole. Now why hasn't it left a hole? Let's see what would happen if I use just a regular last suit to select an area and then moved. It leaves a hole in the image So this is a special tool de content aware Move toe on. Basically, it takes into account the pixel data around the area that removing Andi it generates, then a filler just to blend in that area when you've moved, whatever it is that you're moving this taste, it was a tattoo. Let's do that again. So you highlight the area that you want to move damn it to content aware tool selected. You just click and drag it wherever it is that you want to put it. Say you just want to move down the back of it. And then it was doubted. It puts it in for you, and it looks at the pixels around the area that you just sort of couldn't paste it from. It feels that in 40 automatic, very handy tool, very, very useful, and for doing things that would have been much more tedious and time consuming before this tool was actually provided before the show. One thing you have to be aware of is that it's not always going to be 100% accurate. For instance, we have this here here now that doesn't connect annual hairs and just seems out of place. What we can do is come in perhaps, but the clone tool or with one of the healing tools, I'll try a healing tool for now, Spot healing at De Select Tattoo first. Now I like to Syria, but that should just sort of for us. So it's the combination of all of these tools. It's really going to being the best results. Obviously, Disney Street landed a little bit better on day. One tool that we could actually use to do that would be the clone stamp tool, which we'll be learning in a subsequent lesson. So will now move on to the Final two in this drop town, which is the red eye toe or the red eye removal. 18. Red Eye Removal Tool: in this lesson, we'll learn how to use the red eye tool to remove red eye from photographs so that search for some good source images to repair somebody's have been engineered. I'm trying to find a genuine one. That's a genuine one. Copy, image show and trophy. Okay, this is a very easy tool to use. Select red eye from the menu. Just drug. A marquee selection around the red eye area. It's really a simple stop. May has to do with a couple of times to fully remove it. Okay, so before and after before and after, let's try one more se em the baby. Yeah, evens control. And to pay the new documents, enter click OK troll V to paste from the clipboard. Make sure read I to is selected. And then, Greg, your marquee selection around it again, it might take more than one try. Keep driving around the red areas you go became bigger somehow. Okay, before and after before. Enough. That's the red eye to, uh, two barometers which could be tweaked at the top here, mostly for experimentation. You can see it works pretty much off the cart. What do you do? Have a suit parameters to experiment with. Okay, so that finishes our exploration off at these five tools. Next, we'll be looking at deep brush. Pencil could replace and extra bushels. 19. Brush Tool: in this lesson will begin learning to work with the brush tool immediately. Below are hell brush and red eye menu. Here we have the brush pencil cooler replacement on mixer brush tools, so let's learn to work with brush Tool We have that selected Now on will create a new document. I'm just going to make it 5 12 and 5 12 Old Middle Mouse rolling to zoom in. And don't you see that when we create new documents as an aside and we automatically have a solid background layer there, which is locked and you unlocked out layer by double clicking it, I'm giving it a name. It could be the default name like Okay, you see that little padlock goes away now, so that's not like the padlock we apply ourselves to lock that we apply ourselves, which could just be talking along and off. That first default lock over the background there can only be removed by double clicking it on and committing to a name. No, the brush tool paints whatever foreground color you have selected onto the canvas upon the options bar we can see from left to rights. We have some default options for with our brush. So these are some presets that we can use that's were playing around with them just to get the sense of them. But here you can choose between all of the different. Russia's Dot are loaded into Photoshopped at this time, so this brush is in the shape of a leaf, and it has some scattering enabled color variations, so you can see creating this nice foliage effect experiment with the bushes that you have in your version of stencil and some of these brushes, obviously you probably do not have. I would have downloaded them from pockets from packages, online brush packs or some of them are custom brushes that I created myself. So working with advanced features of brushes will be a later lesson. We'll have a whole section basically on brushes, but this is just a brush tool on the basic settings to comment that so brushes generally have to set basic settings. They have a size setting, which is dynamic diameter of the brush that can also be set by using the to square bracket keys beside the peaky, just to the right of the peaky and keyboard. The left one will reduce decided size of your brush in the right, one will increase it. Or you can set it here like that and hardness. So here we have a continuum between soft and hired, so choose how softer how hard you want to brush to be. Multiply dark and cooler. Burn these air blend modes for the data that we're painting on two layer on. Basically, it determines how we want it to interact with the pixels that are already there. So if it she was multiply, that's going to have a different effect. Benefit you screen, etcetera capacity zero opacity means or one apostle D. That means there'll be very little actually being painted because it'll be so transparent and then fall a passage means it's completely opaque on them. We should be able to see completely solid pixel data being painted onto the screen. That's what that means. Okay, And then here we have the pressure for a possibly, which is only really relevant. If you're working with Wake on Tablet, we can also mess with a flow rate. So if I turned down the flow, I'm going to just erase everything that I have by, uh, filling it with white, so I just had control A to select all. No, just Teoh. Use a Phil here on the Phil is going to be a cooler fill of solid white. Okay? And OK, there. Now we haven't Uncluttered screen. So we're low flow setting versus a medium go setting versus, ah, high flow setting. You can see what this main. The effects here is almost the rate at which color is dropped onto the canvas and also to flow from the center out to the periphery. So the flow of our ink is what we're taking up here, and in essence or to flow of our paint from the brush or from the pen or whatever analogous real world I didn t want to think of artistically to to canvas. That's kind of what we're controlling. So it's more of an artistic setting than anything else. And then here we have our Arab rush setting and which allows us to have a buildup effect on what that means is that a click on one spot on it continually shoot this paint out? Does Sam this color onto the canvas as if you were using spree? It's very kind of painters like that. So that's the Arab brochettes. With that does you can turn that on and off at will. So without it on by default, there is no build of effect. It'll only continue to paint as you move. So if I hold still and is nothing coming out? Okay. Oh, so those are all the basic settings for the brush to next? We'll take a look at the pencil toe. 20. Pencil Tool: continuing with our examination of some of these artistic tools in the tools, pots or pain in photo shop CS six animal sort of versions of photo shop. Let's take a moment to examine the function off the pencil tool. So we've selected it from do you? Uh, the drop down menu and we're going to create a new document now one of before, but 1 to 4 is fine. Really. Any resolution here? What we find because we're just going to use just to demonstrate certain contact. Actually, let's go a little bit low rez With this, I'm going to say to 56 by 256 and maybe you could do the same now, because we're specifying are dimensions in pixels? The resolution is irrelevant. Resolution is for print if you're designing for the monitor. So if your Web design or you know your design and graphics were computer game or anything that's going to be viewed on screen, then on your measuring, therefore in pixel data, then resolution really becomes irrelevant. Andi, that's enough for now. So that's click OK and there is our blank document. Also, Middle Mouse Assume in and out. Yeah, find so the last thing you want to do is just unlock this background layer. I always do that because it's good practice to remember to do it at a straight away, and then you can create a new, transparent layer above it. So you see, we have two solid white background and they have this empty top player, and as we draw on it, the new content on the background are kept separate, which is just good practice. You. You could very easily get yourself into a very sticky situation if you didn't follow that precedence. Dad m that practice. So just do you'll save yourself enough a lot of heartache if you do. He used the hockey, of course, for the eraser, so just talking he will bring up the eraser. You can write about anything that you've created anyway, trying to understand the difference from the pencil underbrush. Well, it's very analogous to the difference between a pencil and a brush. In the real world, the pencil is generally sure, whereas the brush is given to more cool. I always have a very large brush it the moment. Let's bring it down. I'm using to square brackets to the right of the peaky on the keyboard as hot keys for him enlarging on, making smaller the diameter of the brush, so enlarging and reducing the diameter of the brush. So we paint much more organic. And which soft reforms with the brush. Where is with the pencil? That's sharper. Look at the options panel just up here. Let's see what a difference. So with the brush, you have your presets, and then you have the option of changing size and hardness and, again, a number of these little presets. Here you have your mother modes, which is a blend mode for the pixel data. We looked briefly at that before, not in detail yet on. We have the capacity setting from completely transparent to complete your peak, and here we have one. Anyway, off our pressure settings, flow airbrush, and then we have a pressure for science setting. If we go to the pencil to you can see we lose flow on a pencil so there's no spill pencil to. In other words, it's pretty much always hard because it's designed to be hard to pencil. You can't really get it to behave like a brush because we have another tool for that very purpose. The Bristol. So the pencil tool is really designed for heritage to design. So where would that really come in handy? Well, of course, it has all kinds of applications. If you're a graphic designer and you're designing something that needs to have that kind of scripted Lee look and with the pixel showing heritage, or if you're designing something that is school theme, they're, you know, sort of age appropriate to a younger generation. Then you have these tools at your facility to use as you wish on the pencil to is a very useful in Florida, another area where it really comes into its stride. Um, is pixel art kicks? The large is basically where you come in. I'm producing down my damage to one pixel here. That's where you come in on. Did you paints each individual pixel? It's used very often these days in a retro game design directoral aesthetic. That's my little picture back. So if you want to do that kind of work, then the pencil tool is a way to do it. One tip is and under preferences, Andi, we're going to general. You can see that and we have this image interpretation option by default. That's usually set to something like by cubic one of these cubic settings, I think by cubic automatic is the default. When you're working with pixel art, it's important that you change this to nearest neighbor. I'll demonstrate. Wait, I do. I leave it at em by cubic automatic for a minute. So as we said, we kept ripped our content separate from the background white layer. Now say I want to rotate him on. This is pixel are keeping one. So I want to keep everything share. I hit my control t hockey to bring up to transform too great. And then I rotate him to where I want him to be on a hit. Enter. But what's just after happening? Well, what's happened here is that when I rotated him on, if you scale him, it applies algorithms by cubic by the knee or whatever it might be trying inverter Pilate to shape because usually when we do things like that photo shop, we want to keep the curves as smooth as possible. So photo shop Excuse me. Photoshopped, by default is sort of set up to do that so when you're rotating things and photos and things that that anything that sort of organic and realistic and keeps it as a curvilinear and a soft as possible. But in this specific application, we actually don't want that to happen because it destroys our art. So how did you get around it? Well, just on my action. And now what we have to do is go back to our preference is here on under general. You can also have control K on keyboard. That's the hot key we need to switch to nearest neighbour, our nearest neighbor. As you can see, preserves hired edges, so that's perfect. That's what we want for our image interpretation. When we're working picks it back. You may also want to come back here and switch it back to buy cubic automatic when you're working with something else. Some other application of voter shop. Okay, what's happening here is that, and the nearest neighbor setting has not been automatically filled in in the options pan panel cane. Logically, that should have happened, but it didn't so we just have to do it again. That way, just be aware of that. There's the general setting what you do need to tweak for pixel art. But when you're using the transform tool, which is controlled T, you always have to come up here and switch it to nearest neighbor. And that's going to preserve your heritage. Is there? We go. So we still have our heritage is. And if I scared that open down, moved in anyway, it would still keep those heritages. So that's how we work with the pencil tool. That's the difference between the pencil tool on and the brush to. In our next lesson, we'll look at the color replacement. Thank you for watching. 21. 19 Color Replacement Tool: What's the color replacement tool all about? Well, the color replacement tool makes it easier for us to change the General Hugh general colder value over an area of an image. But I was building over into other areas of the image, which we don't want to damage. We don't want to change to basic, cooler value of you. I'm going to use this little turtle. Just search cartoon images there is. You can use anything else that you would like. It's probably easier to Father will want to follow along with the same image on control and to create a new document automatically. It takes the dimensions over the image on our clipboard. I click OK on control V to paste. Okay, now, se. I want to change the green here without damaging on the desert areas. Well, the cooler replacement to a sort of designed to allow us to do that. So what it does is it combines a selection toe with a painting tool so it gives us a paint brush just like the brush tool does. But when we choose a color value, I don't know and say we want to make this his shell. Maybe not think yellow. He's a He's a scaredy turkel. It will. If we come in here and paint around, you can see that it is actually not damaging any of the black areas for wanting, because it understands, based on the difference in brightness and saturation values and things like that, that you actually don't intends to alter that. So you can see it's even leaving in the shuttle's. There's a shadow area. It's not damaging the shadow area. It's just changing the basic cooler value, which is really what we wanted. So what we can do is just keep going around with this tool and one long drag multiple drugs and you'll notice, even as a drag over to the white, it's not generally spilling over. It can happen if you go to fire, like just in that case there, so control Z to undo that. But you can slightly over the edges and sort of generally will understand that you don't really want to do that. But if you go to fired and you know it is a computer, so it's not infallible, you have to work wit the system, and that's a very handy way of changing the cooler value of a certain elements off. I am an image, so let's try it again with a different color this time. Maybe he's seen a girl that he really, really likes on. He's gone a little bit right in the face. We're still going to use cooler. You can change the mode to hue, saturation and luminosity on. There are multiple settings that you can edit as well. We work for tolerance before, which basically controls the level of sensitivity of the tool. So lower tolerance means it's more sensitive and higher. Tolerance means that it's less sensitive at the moment. The tolerance value is working for us. If it ain't broke, don't fix it. It's a very bright red, so literally just painting likable with the paintbrush. But you can see it's not spilling, and that's the value, really, of the cooler replacement tool. It's using these algorithms to do what we would have had to do ourselves. Otherwise, here we go and embarrassed Churchill, but a big brown show. Obviously, that's a tool that could be very useful in certain situations. Now you know how to use it. The next to that will examine will be the mixer person. Thank you 22. Mixer Brush Tool: this lesson will be taking a closer look at the color mixer brush tool. To do that, let's find an appropriate source image to manipulate. So this time, instead of Googling, we're going to go to a very useful website called Seeds e c g textures dot com. I want to come over to scrap here on what is going to find an image with some different colors that we can use to him. Just see how this colder mixer brush actually works. Okay, so this one I quite like when I'm going to do is print screen on the keyboard. Moreover, it photo shopped control, and for a new documents, enter Control V to Paste on. We're going to use the crop tool, which we've already learned how to use just two isolates in that area. There you go. No. The color mixer brush are just a mixer Purse to her shorts is the last tool in this drop down of brush related tools. What does it do? While the color mixer brush from top to bottom has been designed to emulate as closely as possible by Rhea World painting experience, which means that we have wetness settings and load settings and mixed settings intimate like this, which try to simulate what it would be like if there was actually paint on the brush interacting with paint below. So you have settings to control how dry or how wet the paint is that's already on the campus. And then how dryer with the pink is on the brush itself on held on a mix you can paint dirty or you can paint clean, which means it's like that's either you've paint, you've washed your brush on. Then you paint me again and there's no colder on the brush from your previous strokes, or you haven't under color from the previous strokes, carrying over. So basically as closely as possible, emulating the rial world painting experience that would in actual brush and actual paints on an actual comes. That's the that's the best way to explain it. Let's see how that works in practice. As we said, we have wetness settings that controls the witness of the paint on the campus, not on the brush itself. Now we have load, but you can turn up or down the easiest way when you're learning quota shop and even when you're you know experience before the shop is to use these presets. So wet, heavy mix. Let's see what happens when we swirl around with the brush air. Thank you. It's smaller. Could I? So you can see conceded at all of these colors being mixed in together. We're getting quite a blurry result, of course, that could be altered. You come over here and turn spacing down, you'll get a much better swirl. Okay, so the thing to take away from this is that it's a ziff. The pink is wet on the canvas on the brush, the paint on the brushes, mixing with the paint on the compass. That's the basic idea here. So we said about em. They're being certain preferences that your concept. So this is the one for him cleaning the brush after each stroke. That means that paints that have picked up here while I'm working with the red won't carry over. If you come over here to yellow, you can see that's true because there's no red. But I do that. What if I turned us off? So now I'm going to paints over here, but my read on my white and come over to the yellow this time will carry over. It does because there was a little bit of red paint still on the brush. Easy. So that's an important setting. What are you going to paint dirty or paint clean? So if it's on, I'm painting clean. It's often painting dirty on those air. All of the basic settings for working with do you? Uh, the colder mixer brush? My suggestion is experiment with this. It's a great way of creating artistic looking images, even just from photographs. You can create something that looks very much like a painting just from a photograph if you're not really an artist, but you want to get that artistic effect. There are all kinds of uses for the stool on. Now you know the basic use of it. Okay, so time to you. 23. Clone Stamp Tool: next, we're going to learn to use D clone stamp tool that search in Google for beautiful seen electricity. Like Go to images on. Here we go. Beautiful scene. We don't want to electricity line there. How do we get rid of it? The clone stamp tool is ideally suited to this kind of task. Copy the image. Come over to photo shop as usual control and to create a new document. Enter click OK, Control Control of eat based here. Let's learn to use Disclose Stop tool Now before we actually start clone. Stamping it away. What we might just do lead the redundant background layer and we're going to create a new transparently or both. On this is did layered electrical Teoh paint all of our new cloned content to on how we're going to do that now is that instead of having current layer set for dissembling, we're going to sample all layers, and that's going to take the content from below, and it's going to paint it into new layer on. This is called nondestructive editing because, say, we were painting a really important image, like a photograph that we took because we're professional artist at the animal some kind of a wedding, her or something to that effect, and we needed to do some editing. Well, we wouldn't want to destroy the source image. So even though we're making improvements, maybe a situation, we need to come back to the original source image. So nondestructive editing means that all the changes that you make air on extra layers on the basic image is still there at the bottom. So I just thought I'd get that basic point in there. Nondestructive editing now. But the clone stamp tool does is it's look, it's a brush is well, you can change its size and its hardness and everything else what it does. It takes content from one area. Andi paints it to another area we choose to source holding Ault. So hold all. So you get this little target symbol. Click on the point from which you want to paint your content right, and that's going to even though we have. You can see the top there selected. That's going to take content from all of the layers with Paige pixels in that area because we have all layers selected sample all theirs. I was going to paint it to this layer only that's Dicky to understanding it. Now we have sample all their selected. I'm going to reduce the size. It was slightly. We'll zoom in on. We'll just use a bit of panache. So you obviously need to use your brain here. I think about about what's going to blend well and what isn't in different parts of the image. - So you can see I'm using all to select different spots based on what I think is going to help to blend it all in nicely. And then I'm painting onto this new image and to demonstrate that and you can see all the changes have been made. If I hide the top there, the original, it's still there. So we haven't actually gotten rid of that. So this is nondestructive editing in practice. Okay, don't avoid getting any kind of hired edges, you know, pertinently, we don't want to introduce elements ritual. Jarah would the aesthetic of our image. That's the very reason, after all, over attempting this lying out because it doesn't fit. Okay, so how is that looking? Could use a little more refinements on. We will put another more refinement. However, Okay. Certain Notre brushes such as M the Blur tool may be more useful. That's so that demonstrates the basic use of the tool. I'm not going to Yeah, bleed over into lessons which haven't been covered yet, asshole. Just to demonstrate the value of the tool on dusted before on Battisti after pretty effective. Okay, so dot is de clone stamp to a covert. Next, we'll take a look at the patterns time. 24. Pattern Stamp Tool: in this lesson, we'll take a look at the function off the pattern. Stempel to begin, will create a new blank document. I'll make it 5 12 by 5 12 dimensions. Click OK, so the pattern stem to us in the same drop down. It's a colon stamp to They're the only two tools in that drop down and present as of CS six . So I wanted to do well. It's basically the paint brush tool boat with patterns that's effectively just wanted. This depending on your version of Photoshopped, I met or not, you are familiar, but patterns. You probably only have these 1st 2 patterns here there today for the ones that come with for a shock, I have downloaded a few extras. We'll learn how to do that in a moment. So basically, you have this repeating pattern on no matter where you paint on the canvas and maintains to structure on the flow of that pattern is he and you just choose which parts are showing in which packs aren't continues to repeat. That's really all there is to it. That's the pattern stamp tool seed idea you could make any shape on. It continues with the pattern. Okay, The only really, uh, significant alteration of we should be aware of is the impression of setting, which basically blurs it on, gives it this kind of wormy look. So you might want to try that and see what kind of effects you can get. But you're different patterns. Obsessed Impression is studying beyond thes simple matters deep. Only way to make something substantial with that tool. It's a download or create your own patterns caused these default to aren't very useful. How do we get them? Well, you could come in here. Just search free Photoshopped patterns on the common little packs. Okay, so let's just go for the 1st 1 Soft flour stripes, Quick down little book. See what we have not extracted because it is it. Well, if you don't have any kind of a program that can extract Zip files and just down the jays, it because it's free, just Google JSA pits freely available online extract to you Go. Now we have little I think P and G's or J Pigs, PNG's of each image, which is nice. But the one file that we're interested in here, above all it's is this patterns vile, which is a p a t file for pattern. We're going to import that into Photoshopped or just remember where it is. So it's in our downloads. Soft leather stripes soft are stripes holder. Well, come here to photo shop again and in my patterns, drop down. Click on this little toggle on. We're going to import new patterns, so load patterns is what you want to click on on. We will go two downloads under sprouts to wherever it is that you saved your patterns. So flower you go. We can now paint with these patterns as well. That's it. We still have our Impressionists setting on, so let's turn that off. So this is active quite a large pattern to get the full effect. Let's create a larger image to paint with Nagel. That's the pattern stamp tool In a nutshell. 25. History Brush and History Pane: in this lesson, we'll learn to work with the history brush. We'll also learn how to use the history pain as the history breast depends on the history. Let's search Bali in Google images. This one will do nicely. Just copied out over as usual control and trophy to pace. Okay, So what is the history? Bush? Oh, as the title suggests, it is a brush. So it adds content Pixel Compton to campus. But at what it does is that it allows us to select a previous state, both the image and then paint from that into another state of image and slightly abstract concept. But when you see it in action that it'll be easier to understand. So this is our little history tab here. If you don't see that, then come over to window and click on history. The window dropped down a little here. Okay, so you have to create snapshots of different stages of demons. So this is the original image going to click on this little camera. I want to create a snapshot of that. So snapshot one, Artis. Okay, we're going to edit this image in a simple way, but going to use a filter to do that filter gallery on will use a palette knife just stroke size slightly. Okay, Now we have this more artistic looking render. We still only have one snapshot. Well, that snapshot, that's the original image. Let's come back down. Suit to filter effect, I'm a create a Notre snapshot like this. So snapshot one snapshot to their wanted she original. And two is the image having being processed with polit life filter. Now, what the history brush allows us to do, just make sure you have that selective, not the art history brushed. The history brush is to take this snapshot, which is our current state of the image I'm making Click here to make this our history brush source. So set the source for the history brush. It even tells you in the tool to on Then we can paint back in. So you see, we can blend artistic which Yeah, but processed or be them Should I say we can blend photo realistic with creative or artistic or stylized very easily using that to I don't do a few of those to say we wanted to have that the left artistic looking on the rights. Semi realistic. Well, you can just come in and paint back in left. I see. And that's the basic function of the history brush to Just remember, you have to create snapshots. He was in this little book off the different stages so you can paint between 26. Art History Brush: Now let's take a look at the art history brush, which is very similar in principle to the history brush found in the same drop down. But with a twist on that on the twist is that it applies a stylization to content that we're painting campus. So as with the history first we need the history pain open to work with it properly. No, let's change this image in some way. First, they will create a screenshot. So Spain shot. We have this or snapshot, I should say. So we have this snapshot now, and that's the original image, and then we'll apply a filter of some kind. So filter Connery okay for of pastels. Great. There's a roof pastels image. That's great snapshot of battles. So we have the two snapshots original and the copy. Now, as with the heart history brush, you click on the history states, which you want to paint too on. Then you tick here, the history state that you want T history brush, in this case, the art history Bush to take its content from. So we're taking content from the own stylized image and painting into a stylized image. What were stylized the content of copying over. So just be aware of that. Now we'll come over to the brush tab. I'm just gonna make sure there's no spacing here, just 1% spacing, because otherwise the effect won't be as nice as it could be. Being changed. Shape off our brush as well, just to create some kind of interesting look. Onda tight shorts. Tight, medium tight, long etcetera. These are all stylization matters that we can use approaches. What about jobs? What effect is that? Having it's not as discernible as we would like to be. Let's try a different brush just to make this a little more obvious. Okay, so you can see it's sort of roughly matching the content. What it's creating an unusual artistic effect as we do it. So unlike the history brush, which just pay much copies it over, this creates a stylized effect, which we can tweak depending on which brush that we want to use that kind of thing. That's the only real difference between the heart history Russia and a history brushes the stylization. Okay, so that's the art history discovered 27. Eraser: there is a real quick lesson on the eraser brush. This is one of the easier brushes. Are one of these your tools to learn? It's just like using a rubber in school when you're drawn doodles, except you have a few extra settings. You can change the size as with any other Bristol on the hardness on a mold, brush, pencil block capacity and flew. So, yeah, deletes two content from the layer. Did you have selected? The reason we have white in the background is because there's a white background layer here . That's why that's true. True, when you concede that there's a certain amount of softness in this increase hardness to full and thats much to remove all of this office at the edges. So what are these other ones about? Pencil will make completely 100% hard. Don't you know anti alias on D Block? We'll just stay the same size. It doesn't go up or down in size. It's just like an actual eraser. You can change the size. You can change any settings. It's just like a river. So it's a block. It's solid. The block is very useful for pixel art applications. Okay, that's the eraser Tool is really nothing more to it. 28. Background Eraser Tool: Now let's take a look at Deep Background Racer Tool, and it'll be Photoshopped CS six on monitor versions of Photoshopped, as well as opposed to the eraser tool, which just indiscriminately kills pixels. Basically on your selected layer, the background eraser tool, based on whatever settings that you configure it appear on the options bar tries to eliminate what it thinks are background pixels as you use it, leaving the foreground alone. Now what that's really useful for is if you're trying to take yeah, say an image like this and remove the white background so you can superimpose it into some letter image. You could come in with the magic wand tool and everything else and just do that. And I would like the background here so you can see. But the magic want to isn't smart enough to get all these bits in here, so we still have all these white areas left. So how do we get them? Well, the background eraser tool has sort of being designed for this very task in similar tasks. So what we do is we take our race or tool, but shoes are desire, tolerance. You can turn tolerance very low if you want to be careful not to delete any of the hair, but then it's probably not going to do anything either. So there is a trade off for sure. Let's go down again. Here we go. Okay. If you consider. Even though my brush is overlapping some of the foreground content, it's not killing it now. If you four sugar rush over that area, then it will start to lead it. So we're only talking about little overlaps here. Incidental overlaps if you deliberately push to close brush over a foreground area than the brush will think that you're telling it to do to destroy that content and will some. You've got to be buryem. Careful about how you used to push that. Okay, I find out for this type of task. Anyway, low tolerance is usually the best approach. Okay, so we've made some progress there, so it's still fiddly, but it does make it a little bit easier, as opposed to just using eraser tool by itself. Okay, so that's the background eraser to 29. Magic Eraser Tool: in this lesson, we learned how to use the magic eraser tool on what differentiates it from the order eraser tools. First thing I'm going to delete this background layer, which is redundant. What I've done is Googled Family Photo on described on that Looks like it's from a catalog . You can select anyone you like, even one from your own family catalogue photo if you wish. So we're going to select the Magic Eraser, which is at the bottom of this list of erasure tools. What it basically does is combines the magic one tool with the eraser tools were added and using the magic, want to select and then hitting the delete key. You're using the eraser to rip it all out. You just click. Once on, it does its best using tolerance and the anti using and all of the different settings that you provide. It does its best to erase that content. It's not perfect, but it's pretty good. As you can see now. If the results has been a little over ambitious your field and you can scale that back so you can have control Z. You can increased tolerance a little go to maybe 60 and then use it on. You might find the Duchess to prove that a little bit I am, or you can reduce it. You can go to 12 on, uh, try again and you might just get a slightly better result. In fact, we have a better results. That's it was a damaging d to Steve here. There's only marginal damage now when we can repair that very easily using discos that we've learned on this course. So you can use that eraser tool in conjunction with theater eraser tools to just Dan tidy up whatever might have been left. Um, yeah, great soda is deep benefit on the functionality of the magic eraser tool as opposed to the functionality of theater eraser tools. 30. Paint Bucket Fill Tool: in this lesson, we're going to learn about D paint book to or To Filtered and Photoshopped CS six. Firstly, we need to find an appropriate image to demonstrate this tool. So we're going to search for a butterfly wings. As usual, we'll copy the image. Great. A new document with same dimensions as the image in the clipboard and then paste from the cardboard but should control the no who will lead our background layer Well, just quickly used the magic one tool which we've already learned to delete that outside area. Okay, you could also have use the magic eraser toe to do the same thing. Okay, so what does to fill, tool do or the paint book it too, Which is the second in this little drop down here? Well, it takes the foreground color, whatever value that may be. Andi using the mode, you can also switch it to a pattern, I should say, and then using the selected mold. So what Blend motor using with new pixel data that you're inserting in two D image the a pass ity setting so from transparent to completely opaque somewhere around there, let's leave that at full capacity on tolerance, which controls the sensitivity. Basically, so it's intense. Sensitivity is set to be very low at the moment, which means that lonely Phil pixels, which are the same color value or very, very close in circular value. If we increased its value, then it will be less sensitive and fill a larger area in this image. However, it's not going to be much of a problem because we basically have. I saw that black and salted white here with him, just a little bit radiation, as you can see between those Duke older values caused by the anti alias in effect, that user fill tool. First, we'll have to change the color mold, which is just an incidental ting. It's not part of the lesson, so let's change it two or g b, which is monitor color. It was in the gray scale format, but it's OK now on we'll just use de magic eraser to remove that greenness. Here we go. Now we're flying. Okay, So if I click anywhere in this large white area here, firstly, all off the white pixels that are touching each other in that area are going to be turned to the foreground color, which is red depending then, on tolerance value. How sensitive or how tolerance that we've set the tool to be. That's going to affect how many or what level of greatness is acceptable. So you see, you have these little great let's hear some of them will probably return. Read on. Some of them will not, depending on the talent. So okay, obviously tolerances at a point where it's it's not, am accepting a huge amount of variation. Eso We might just increase the tolerance to about 40 and we're still not getting I am here . What we want didn't 20. So that's the idea. High tolerance means that it's going to be less sensitive. Low tolerance means it's going to be more sense, so tolerance and sensitivity. You can think of those as being the inverse off the theater. They're opposite sides of the same and curb okay, and then anti alias is just setting, which decides whether or not or determines whether or not your field is going to be blurred in or out are not. So if you set that, then it's going to. Obviously, the eat over heritage is if you turn off anti alias thing that won't on that is pretty much all there is to to filter. Okay, In the next lesson, we're going to take a look at the Grady Int tool. 31. Gradient Tool: in this lesson will be learning to use degrading toe to fill in areas of our image with a Grady ation from one color value to another are even multiple color values are possible, so we'll start with the simplest of all, which is just from one color value to another, in this case, black to white. Now with the Grady Int tool selected. Obviously it's in the drop down with Paint. Book of Tool. Let's have a look at our options by from left to right. So we have presets over here we have on the form or the type of grading that we want to use . We can have a linear grade into a radio radiant, which comes from the center out. We can have an angle radiant a reflected Grady int on the Diamond Grady int. Now, out of all of these, the two ones that you would most after news, if any of them besides Linear will be radio grading so linear Grady int on the radio grading. They're really to to most common types. But you might experiment with theaters on uncertain special case scenarios, and they may prove useful for some design project rotor now enough with the spiel. How does it work? Well, this indicates, despite here indicates de radiation. So if I click on drag away, I know that the black is going to come. Might just restrict up for a second, so it's easier to see. So I've made a selection with my elect elliptical marquee tool. So to Grady Degrade, Ian should be restricted just to that. Now you can see, depending on how fire you drag your line. That's going to, uh, determined and the radiation level, whether it's tied or whether it's based, whether it's mood or sharp. And you also determined the direction of the Grady. And so, hey, want to really smooth Grady and start from the left on drag old way over to the right, and I should give you a nice, smooth ingredient. What if I want to? On start with Black and end would white? Well, I can untech this reverse check box. In your case, this may or may not have been checked. It reverses the order, so if you're starting a black, you'll start with Dwight exactly you to start up to you to random work back. If reverses ticked so we want ticked it. And now we want to begin with black and end with Dwight. So what's deter? Well, let's turn that off and see. Okay, so if I turn on dinner, you can see that we have these, um, slightly variegated coder values overlapping in the lines over radiant. If we turn off, did you? And then we don't have that that effect on transparency. My presence has turned on, but with a past he turned to 100. That's not going to, uh, change much. So he turned down the a passage e Then we can introduce a little bit of transparency. You see that you cannot build up effectively pull multiple times in different directions. Okay, so that's the basic use of degrading to, uh, customizing your own Grady INTs That's going here, Andi, let's choose one of these one That may be closely matches what it is that we're trying to achieve. Okay, so in the radiant editor, we can have multiple markers. This you can click below Toe Avenue one. Give it a nuclear value until you're introducing a new color into your radiant. You cannot his money of these as you like and if me whatever color you like. And they're out of positions on Deke. Radiant scale. We're going to determine exactly how you're radiant is rendered on you. Add it to your compass. Okay, that's great. Another selection this time. Rectangular in form. And thats which in our Grady into to a radio radiance and drag out from the center. That gives us, sir, perhaps more interesting, at least known. Unusual effect. Still, the capacity and turn off transparency. You want to get rid of transparency altogether. Okay. And that's the radiant In our next series of lessons will be looking at the Blur sharpened smudge tools and how they can be used in the editing of photographs and deter and just like that. 32. Blur Tool: Let's take a moment to begin learning to use off D Blur certain on its much tools. We'll begin with the Blur, too. Now let's create a new document that will make it 400 by 400 pixels. Don't worry about resolution when I sure that decoder mode is RGB, we're going to divide this up into quarters. Quick tip for finding the center. Turn on the crop tool when the crop tool is on. You have this little center pivot, and you can drag out then from your rulers a guide If your routers aren't showing hit control or on keyboard or commander where I believe for Mac, so one from the top and one from the left on now we have the center point under will be quite easy for us to divide this canvas into quarters. We want to turn on snapping, so I could easily snap to those guides we go to snap. Make sure it's ticked in this case. It is on under snap to select guides. Now, when I could drag over to do guides, my selection will snap. Do it. You should experience the same thing if you're not seeing your diet to my click on view and show. And make sure that guides is ticked as well. There is a hot key for that control on Semi Colon. Now what we're going to do. It's just create something that will show us the functionality over D. The Blur tool. Okay, a few different solid colors. That's what we're going for the G. He jumps to paint Booker. If that's the one selected in the menu, make sure it's not great. Int Okay and then white over Terra on black. Over here, we can now hide de Rudy. Guides and thrillers control lower heights. Rulers and control. Yeah, semi colon hides two guides. Take your blur, too, and take a look at the options. Simple enough size and hardness and brush. Same options that we have for all brush based tools. Land mode, which you're obviously familiar. Were it not this time or, at this point, strength. So that's basically M. How powerful the effect will be is that 45%. So what gets blurred? Well, the values of the pixels get blurred into the Children, you see, so the black pixels want under D M area of influence, which is this circle here are becoming redder because they're taking the value of two pixels to the left, inside of the circle of influence. And conversely, on left the red pictures or taking on some of the black? No, this will happen here, but the white as well. So not only is GM the saturation on and the brightness or darkness of the pixel taken into account stick older also was taken to a council. All of those values get mixed. Okay, so if I whacked us up to 100 that'll hence the effects. Obviously, if I blur in an area that's already one solid colder, nothing's going to happen because you're not giving the algorithm money dated toe work. It's all based on the contrasts over the core values of the pixels within the area of influence, which is dictated by this little circle here. Okay, so that's how the lure to it works. It could be very useful. And when we're editing photographs on, if we need to soft in a certain area, save somebody's face, some area of the face perhaps may have become a little shepherd and should be, and I should be soft. The blur, tool, soft and stings and photographs. It's good for that. Okay? No, we can also do the exact opposite. We can sharpen things on. That's what we're going to cover in the next list. 33. Sharpen Tool: in this lesson, we'll set about learning to use D sharp into, and it will be four to shop CS six. Let's find inappropriate blurry image even photo this girl Do copy image troll end, Creating the documents control to pace from the good board. Great two layers That's good in the background layer because it's redundant now that we've copied over content from the clipboard selectee sharpened tool from the blusher. Smooth drop down menu own D tools bar or the options bar. I should say, Excuse me, we have the usual brush options. Change the size. You can change the hardness versus softness left a softness hard. Is that right? Is hardness and you can choose any area on that continual on a number of preset brushed styles and types. Okay, so this is fine. I'm just gonna reduce the size of it. And you have mode change that to normal Took. For now, strength is self explanatory. One controls the strength to strength of the effect applied to two pixels on the compass fighters tour. Okay, that zoom in nice and close all to middle amounts. Scroll is the easiest way you can use the navigator also and I'm just going to increase the size of brush lately and quick and drag. And that's obviously an exaggerated effect just to get making clear what we're doing here. Whereas when we burn image, we make the transition between one cooler value to another in adjacent pixel, softer unless extreme on me sharpen the converse is true. So we make the change sharper. Make it more extreme may make it harder. So blur is soft on sharpen is hard gives us hard edges or hard transitions. Okay, so can be used is to money kind of Ah, your visual benefit when we're editing this image. Well, if we constrain ourselves done, yes is probably the best answer to that and say we want to make just deep the perimeter of this squirrel a little bit clearer, more distinct from the background. Well, what I can do is just crap a softer brush increased the size on. If you don't want to affect the background, and you might just have to make a selection, I'm gonna try to quick selection tool here. So select my squirrel or the general area of squirrel anyway, hold all to remove areas from that selection. That's this precise as I need to be here because we're not demonstrating, could selection toe. We're demonstrating the sharpened. Now, that's just sharpen the entire squirrel. Okay, he does. Look shepherd in the background, isn't it? And if you want to extension weight that effect just on the edges and use a smaller brush and just run around the rim practice, that'll give you an even sharper effect on the border. So that is the sharp in two. In the next lesson will take a look at this much. 34. Dodge Tool: Let's begin our examination of the tools in the Dodge burn on spoons struck down, which deal with the lighting in our images. We'll begin with the Dodge Tool, which allows us to enhance the highlights or delighting and the brightness, I should say over images broader darkening, where to pick up the pixels within the influence of the tool. Okay, so have preloaded an image with poor lighting, in contrast, so we can demonstrate now the tech makes and the function of the tool. So before we start painting, let's take a look at the options bar. So we have our Dodge tool selected has it all brushed based tools. We can affect the size hardness, and we can choose any one of these presets here, so I'm going to leave it soft and large on the range that we want to effect. It's going to be shadows at the moment, as opposed to mid tones or highlights exposure. We will set to a very low value, such as 19 or 18 maybe 18 17 eating. And that's going to place a limit the amount of our effect to just 18% in one stroke so we can can't go above 18% stroke. If we release and stroke again, then of course we can go about that. Now let's find some shadows too brightened up with it. So as you can see, it is frightening shadow areas in accordance with the exposure setting that we provided. I'm using my bracket keys to right at the peaky too. Change the size of my brush on the fly. You notice as we do this, that we are also improving the contrast in our image. Be careful not to him. Over Do this. Some areas are supposed to be dark. Might just be a little too dark. Okay, Turn down the exposure that a bit more. You might try somebody. Attar ranges like mid tones just demonstrated. Take the difference and highlights Course you have to have highlights to accentuate them. Let's go back to shadows for denials. Here it Okay? Yeah, And then you might want to come in with this margin. The blur tools soft and not a bit. You think it was a little too far. Okay, so that's the idea. We used the Dodge Tool to enhance the brightness within our image. Targeting one of three ranges either shadows, mid tones or highlights. In our next video, we'll be examining to burn toe 35. Smudge Tool: in this lesson, we'll take a look at T smudge tool, and it'll before the shop. CS six. It's much too, in many respects, is quite similar to Deep Blur tool. The key difference between the two is that this march to actually displaces the pixel start . It's that Aaron it's affected area. So when I click and drag with this much tool, especially if de strength setting is high, this is just to demonstrate. It actually pulls. You can see the content over generally speaking for practical applications, especially when it comes to editing photographs. They want up destroying quite low and a technique that's more commonly used. We want tohave low hardness. Choose a soft brush, low hardness, zero hardness even and and just adapter size as you go. Planned vote should be normal. Strength should be reasonably low on as we go. We can adapt the size airbrush using square brackets to the right of the peaky so we could make it smaller and larger to fit the area that we're editing. So click on, just pull back and fort. So what we're doing here is that we're using this much tool to enhance poor skin, skin is quite porous. So what we're doing is we're smoothing that out by smudging the pixels. This is quite an effective way of treating poor skin and a photo shop in a photograph. Forgive. You may need to. You may need to do a little repair it. Torrey work afterwards with sharpened tool because it may excessively blur the image so you might take a shot. Until then. Just come into somebody's spots here and sharpen a specific details slightly and about to drop distracted dot and we still have our I still have this image on the clipboard so pasty old version, and now we can see it before and after. So before, quite pores after much smoother. And that's one of the practical applications of D smudge tool. You can improve poor skin as well as using it for all sorts of order, things that may require you to smart pixels on the campus. Okay, 36. Burn Tool: in this lesson, we learned how to use the burn, too, to enhance shadows on dark areas within our images. This court to, of course, is used in conjunction with the Dodge Tool, which enhances highlights and bright areas. So of here on the options bar, we can see that the burn tool is selected. We have two usual options that are available in all brush based tools. Size hardness on all of these presets here, we're going to use a soft tool, are soft brush on a. We can set the range to shadows, mid tones or highlights. We're going to target the shadows. Want to make some of the darker exposure controls, the percentage of darkening that you could be applied in one brushstroke. So we're going to leave that it around se 18 and then find some dark areas that we want to make a little bit darker. So make my brush head a little smaller and it was dark, and in there I might just turn down the exposure slightly. And, as you can see him, something making dark areas darker, that's what the burn tool does, Therefore, enhancing to contrast with the image. If used correctly, we can switch between dodge and burn to achieve desire prisons. Okay, so that is to burn too 37. Sponge Tool: In this lesson, we'll be learning how to work with the sponge tool and photo shop. See a six. The sponge tool can be used to eider, improve or detract from saturation within an image order to add to or take away from the saturation. Whether or not it's improvement is a subjective concept, really. So what we're going to do is search for a high saturation photograph. Firstly, this image demonstrates the difference. High saturation means that every pixel is, um, imbued with a lot of color. This will be medium saturation on this below saturation to some color, but it's mostly just value using so high saturation photography. Okay, let's work with this image saturation, and this image is overblown. It looks almost cartoonish, stylized, not really that I might be the desired effect, but we're going to assume that that isn't Onda. Take it upon ourselves to improve saturation in the image using this bunch. Now we have a sponge selected up here on the options buyer. You can see the usual options for size and hardness and a number of presets for the brush head that you want to use. We have modes now. The two principal modes are de saturated saturate, so we want to work with the saturate first. There's much that needs to be saturated here, but we'll create a situation where we can learn the alternate option, which is saturate. Make sure the saturated selected for now flow, which you've seen before and brushes well, turned out reasonably low. Okay on, then. I'm going to just enhance increased the size of my brush head using the brackets beside to peak heat air into two square brackets. And then much has increased up a little bit more around to 60 area. Andi airbrushed effect is turned on, so there should be an airbrush buildup effect on. Do you can see that, M I'm going to step back, control Z one time and duplicate this quickly just so we can easily have the performed after. So I want to leave the bottom one alone. We're going to edit the top one. Okay, Now, let's do you saturate some of this. You will likely do this with multiple strokes. Okay, So before and after before and after. Quite a difference. Which one of those looks more believable to you dot Third up. I leave that up to your own discretion now, does this saturate alternative mold can be used to Dan Increase saturation that. So if you feel we've overdone it in certain spots, then you can turn down the flow and just had a little saturation back into those areas. We don't take all the color out of the image, do me. So this kind of high saturation, overblown looking photographer comes in and out of order. And but you always want to know how to a writer. Add two or decrease from detract away from the saturation in your pixel data on that's really what this bunch to this one. 38. 36 Vector Graphics and The Pen Tool: in this lesson, we'll begin our examination off the vector. Graphic tools provided in Adobe Photo Shop, CS six. Now we must note at this point that photo shop is primarily a bit map editing software, so it is not designed to cater primarily for vector graphics. However, it does have a group of tools and that can be used to that end usually if you were going to get involved in a vector. Graphic production are the professional scale you could use for the shop to an extent, but you would want to learn something like illustrator or Escape because those air dedicated vector graphic programs. So that said, everything between this great line on disgrace line deals with vector graphics, or sir, from some form of vector data and Photoshopped. So these are all of your tools for that. In the first drop down, we have pen tool freeform pen to that anchor point to the lead anchor point to a convertible. Next, we have the text tools, horizontal vertical horizontal type, mask on vertical type, mask tools, pat selection, direct selection and finally rectangle tool, rounded rectangle politic, elliptical or ellipse tool polygon line on custom shaped tool. Okay, so I've preloaded an image of Garfield. I'm sure you know him, and I'm just going to demonstrate one of the simple uses of Pento now looking appear on the options pain or the options bar. We can see that we have a number off criteria that we can configure. We can change between shape and path here. So what's the difference? Well, apart doesn't render on eating. It just defines the area open objects so you can see that I'm getting this gray line here. That sort of helping to define the area. Garfield. But there's nothing filling in between it. So while I can see this little gray line just to help me mark him out, So as the designer, you've got to be able to see where your pass is going. So that's just like an aid to the designer in photo shop. Um, while I can see that and that would not appear in the final image, you can see that, for instance, in the Navigator. So in the Navigator preview, there's no bad, but the shape is what's rendered from the but what a colder value of some kind of rig, radiant or whatever type of Phil you're using. Okay, so that's kind of the difference, Really. Between the path and the shape, the shape is the extent version off Part of the park defines the shape, but the shape is what you actually see, as you know, your end product. Okay, So how come use depend, tool mark out, the shape will go back to shape here of Garfield's. Well, we'll set her stroke to be black because he has a black stroke on. Must have to fill to be. I am some kind of a yellow. Maybe we can all we can't. Of course, change this later. So this is just roof, okay? And what we're going to do is follow the contours of closely as possible placing new anchors each point. Did you place is called an anchor, So ah, started this corner. I'm not place one here, and then I'll drag as I place it to create the curve. So this is called a busy acre. Okay, this needs to calm down. Stroke thickness was too high. Okay, Now, I'm not going to follow the exact contours in this image because it would just take a little too long him. Instead, I'm going to do an approximate version. Okay, so we need to further subdivide. There you go. It's a little better that zoom in so we can see a little more closely what it is that we're doing here. Okay. It should be pretty clear at this point anyhow, Dheepan tools is for marking out points which define a shape. So what if I want to come back to one of these other points and that it wants have already been placed? Well, they can do that with the direct selection tool. So if I grab this points, for instance, I can I can edit the busier curve with the handles. What if I want? I want to move one handle. Well, I can do that by holding shift on key Or Alter should say on the keyboard to move, say, to write a handle independently off the left handle. So let's see that again. I'll grab an anchor point here. The rest selection toe, click on a point. Okay. It has to be a point that has curves. Of course, this point has curves. So say I want to move this left handle independently by default. That move together, they stay like a straight line. If you want to move it independently, you have to hold ALDS and then drag it that differed or alter the shape. So using depend tool on direct selection toe come in and we can define speaking women on flying the shape of an object, I think further refine that defined shape. So the refining of the shape really comes down to the direct selection tool because you can go back and select anchor point you've already placed on improve on those. So your motors have come back to depend. Tool on. I've clicked on the last point to begin creating my AM my lines again. I won't do that. You can. Still, nothing is lost here. Okay, The key to getting these them shapes correct is to click on, not release, but to drag again like this immediately. Now, obviously, this is not going to be perfect right off the back. But we're going to do is come back in with the direct selection toe and using got halt key that we learned about. We can move each handle independently to refining the shape. So we can't do that while we're placing with pen tool. Really? What? We can do it afterwards as an edit. Okay, what I'll do is I'll just finish off the lake because we don't want this lesson to go on forever doing. I want to drop the feel on this layer so we can see underneath. Okay. You can always undo the placement of an anchor by either compressing control Z control policy. If you need to get multiple Lendus, just click on the last anchor point to begin placing from there again. Okay? And that's our roof shape created and again, if designing this seems a little bit off, then you can come in with the direct selection tool and starts manipulating those anchor points direct selection to him, which is the white one. Okay, so in our next lesson will take a look at the free form mental ana. We might also explore some more of these options at the Options bar, but we've already explored the basic seven weeks. So the pats defines to shape the shape is what actually renders to the screen to fill. Obviously, it's d feel colder in between here, the stroke is the border around it with a strange change. The stroke thickness. Here the stroke taught style coming, Alter dare, and that's really all you need to know. So that is the pan tool and the basics of vectors. Yeah, covert. One other point. I guess it's that you can cover. You can fill with more than just a solid, colder, even used radiance. So come in here if I wanted to on using quantitative radiant that actually slightly works because the original immature uses blends orange and yellow on disk. Radiant here is using blends of orange. So that's it. Basic vector graphic teary I am, I might just throwing their that because D Vector graphic is defined by this mathematical pat with anchors and curves and handles and everything else that means his image is infinitely scalable. So that's why vector graphics air so popular in the games industry and an illustration on in so many industries now, because wonder, clean and simple, they're easy to edit. Later, it's nondestructive editing, so that's key. It's nondestructive editing actor core really on its infinitely scaled open Now that's not true of pixel data that you should know at this point if you scale the pixel image down and up again. It's going to get very blurry, and you're gonna lose a lot of detail. That doesn't happen with factor graphics. So that's the real benefit. Defective graphics. What you lose with vector graphics is high fidelity or high detail. Instead, you have these kind of solid coolers or radiance. It finds itself more to cartoonish design. Great in the next lesson will look at the free form. 39. 37 Freeform Pen Tool: in this lesson will be taking a look at the free form into which is the second option in Depend to drop Down now, in the previous lesson we created Does victor shape by defining the part using depend tool , we filled it with Grady in between yellow and orange. Which makes sense because the image debt were using as a reference here is of Garfield and his co utterings air based on blends of yellow and orange. So it's appropriate. Now we're going to use the same sort of style. But instead of using depend tool used to free form until to define our shape. Firstly, on the Options bar, make sure that shape is selected, not path, because they want to create the shape as we work with our path. If we just created a path by itself, it would be abstract, would have the path, but it wouldn't be rendering to the image. We'll change our Phil to the same Grady int as we used with previous vector image. I will reduce the size of our stroke. Now we'll just start dragging how to shape, click and drag as you would with the brush or pencil tools just to define shape. Quick tip. The closer you are zoomed in easier. This will likely be for you. Okay, so that needs to be cleaned up. I need to brought in front of Garfield. So let's start that again. But this time we're going to turn on the magnetic option. We're going to get in Justus close as we can while keeping the entire hand on the screen. Now, one of donors have clicked once and isn't dragging you around. This magnetic setting is sort of doing its best to find the edges. You can click yourself to tell it explicitly as well. That's going to do its best to find the edges damage today. There we have a shape created, but of course it's not matching the shape of the hand below perfectly, is it? So it needs a bit of a little bit of work. First, we're going to drop to fill on this graphic, so make sure you just have to layer selected on you. Drop the feel feel value so you can see what's underneath. Basically around 50 should be fine. Then we can take our direct selection tool. Come in, read it and move anchor points around and also manipulate too busy. A curves holding shift and holding control will give you different options to further to find the shape. Control allows you to move one handle independently of theater, which is something that you will need to do on points. I'm doing quite a lot. We can also add an anchor point. I think so, but the ad anchor point to which does have its own lessons well, but we just needed to do it here. So back to direct selection tool and you can continue to refine into shape and holding Alz . Hold control and peeling use away from each other. Just fire too sharp for dish object. It's not a sharp object. Okay, so that's a lot better. Great. Mostly the same options as the pen tal the free for mental. The main difference is the magnetic setting, which will try to find the edges of an object. What is not perfect, so it requires a lot of direction on intelligence on your part 40. 38 Add Anchor Point Tool: the previous two lessons we used sport pentacle on the freeform pen tool to define the two vector shapes that you can see here. The mantle was used to create the foot and the free form until was used to create the hands with Thomas. Okay, firstly, let's make sure that the Phil is set to 100% for the moment, at least on both of these and we might just rename them so quickly. Double clicking on the name of layer allows you to rename that layer. This one is the hand, so we'll just call it hand quickly. And then this one here is the church on that one. I don't know what it even exists. It was duplicated at some point by accident. I would imagine so here we have the hand on the foot would fulfill. Now what we're going to do is learn how to use the add anchor point tool to improve. First, we need to select a pat so we'll select the part of the foot. We can use his at anchor point to to improve this part, make it a little bit more accurate, maybe more detailed. So you just click on the pot to add new points. That's really all there is to it. If you hold all too, you can click on a point to remove it. That's often is that And at a point here, and I could take my convert to just busy a curves. And then if you come over to the hand, we can do much the same thing. I might drop the filling this a little bit again, and we'll go back to the at anchor point to on Well, at a point right here. I just took it in, Uh, and that one there, Um, maybe here is Well, then we can come over to D direct selection tool, and we can grab those newly created points and just move them a little. We need to holding all to weaken, grab these handles and move them independently. To further define the shape off our object. I'm going to encourage you to experiment with these tools, the at anchor point to as well, adding and removing points and converting them, manipulating their busy curves to see what kind of shapes you create. When you're comfortable with that, damn them, we'll move on. Teoh did lead anchor point word anchor points tools. These will not be long lessons 41. 39 Delete Anchor Point Tool: way have learned in previous lessons, we can use the various pen tools and anchor point and conversion tools in the Latinos to define shapes. Yeah, better shapes in our our quarter shop documents. These shapes and turner, defined by paths on the paths, are defined by anchor points, which are these little dots. Just use our direct selection tool to look into the path. So each one of these little spots here, these points they're called anchors anchor points on the's little handles, pulling out while day to find the busy A curves, which are the curves that are connecting these points so two points can be connected by straight line. Or else you can have one of these busy a curves and testifying with handles. So adding and removing these anchor stone is a really important point, really important part of the process of creating detailed on visually pleasing vector graphics within Photoshopped did lead Anchor Point Tool allows us to remove anchor points and that we no longer want tohave in document. So if you've made an error and you believe that the image would look better without a certain anchor point, then you can come in on, you can simply click on it with the Delete anchor Point tool to remove it. I'm actually damaging this graphic, but we're just doing it to show you how it works. So come along and click. Whichever anchor points you feel need to be removed from your path. That's lead anchor, Part two. Very simple, obviously the converse of the ad anchor point. 42. 40 Convert Tool: really simple to use to convert point to, which is the final tool in our pen tool related drop down list. Using all tear to, uh, Middle Mount Scroll in to convert toe, it simply used to manipulate to positions of objects of anchor points on door handles. Primarily wouldn't a pass, which, of course, defines the shape of our shape, its form so you can click on a Nike appoint on manipulate, busy occur. You can click directly on a Bessie, a handle to manipulate that. I think so. If you so wish, that's to convert to very simple. It just allows you to manipulate the best day curbs on, then directly manipulate a position of the handles, which define goes busy and curves in your shapes. Within photo shop. CS six. 43. 41 Horizontal Type Tool: Let's take a brief look at the text tools and photo shops here. Six. At the top of our text drop down. We have the horizontal type tool, which nine times out of 10 is the one that you will be using. I'm going to reduce the size of my text quickly because it's just overblown. And we're going to say Gar Fields now are texts. It seems to be in white, so that's changed up to black here. Okay, now let's manipulate the front something a little more Garfield in Perhaps I'm missing in the Eater. MM. Remove selector texts and increase the size care field. It hitting T on your keyboard will bring you to the text to, and you can click in side of any text field, then begin editing it. So we've used some of these options on the option by already. Let's take another brief look. We have the font selection tool here, or option font size or text ties, a few little alterations that we can apply such a sharp, crisp, strong and smooth alignment. Left justified and right, we'll leave it at left and then we have character settings. So we come in here. Now we can manipulate the size of the text right there. That's only relevant if you have multiple lines of text in one field, it spaces them out vertically. I'm going to just drag out this text box a little bit more, so we have space to work with. Select my text on, uh, this will create space between the characters themselves. If you want to do it out for some reason, and that will allow you to sector text again on, we can stretch it vertically to make the characters taller. If you so wish, excessive use of this future will distort and will damage the visual. So just be mindful that we can also do this horizontally so stretched to characters horizontally. If you see some reason to do that, you don't have to do it to them all. You can do it toe woman individually to add emphasis to that particular character. If you want to do that when you're working with your type, I'm down here. Then we have a few settings like him, you know, and bold metallic, all uppercase things like that. So that character yeah, you know that tool for minute taking two characters. The character pain is a really important part of working the text. That's how you customize things. Really, really. So you want to get familiar with that? We will take a look at these order tools board, really literally 99 times out of 100. You're going to be using the horizontal cite tool on them. You'll be working with your character settings over here and your options on the the options bar as well. Of course. Okay, so that's text in photo shop CS six. 44. 42 Vertical Type Tool: this lesson. Let's take a look at the vertical Type two, which is, for all intents and purposes, virtually identical to D horizontal type two. In terms of all of the options available and working, the character type and all that stuff. The only difference it is a key difference, however, is Dad D characters air space vertically instead of horizontally, so there are only certain situations where you may wish to do something like this. You're going Teoh. Reduce the size of my text, first of all, on reduce just spacing, - you know. So that's the only difference between D horizontal type to land the vertical type. Everything else character settings, paragraph all of that stuff remains the same. It just bases it vertically instead of horizontally. 45. 43 Horizontal Type Mask Tool: Now let's take a look at the type mask tools during the second, the third on the fork options and are types dropped out. So, like horizontal and vertical type tools, the horizontal and vertical type mask tools well disliked selectee, horizontal one. For the moment they create take text, which you can configure in terms of D fonts and font type and style, and things like that de size of your text, your phone scale on alignment, character. Everything that you could do would be the type tools you can do with the type mask toes. The key difference is that the type mask tools I would just select their Garfield there for a moment. Heidi's The mask tools are designed to create a selection. Andi, that's electric and then be used to create a mask for your layer. So a layer mask of some kind. It's not designed to create text. Yeah, as an object, it creates a selection from the text that you defying. So I say cat amazing number to scale that up a little. Now that I've switched back to my selection tool appear my move toe. It's converted that into a selection, a marquee selection. So that's one great way of creating a sophisticated selections. Andi, if I was going here saying that that hasn't mask now clicking the mask button, add layer mask button on my layers, pain then that masks just that content so you can see how you could create some very interesting effects using de horizontal flight mask, tool or diverse type mask. 46. 44 Vertical Type Mask Tool: Okay. So in our last lesson, we took a look Acti horizontal mask to our type mask tool, I should say, Well, the vertical type mass tool, as you could imagine, is almost identical, except D type is vertical and horizontal. So that's demonstrate that just to make it perfectly clear, drag out selection area for our type nine will type in. And let's just figure our text quickly. The higher draft go away. Just reduce that down, because that's not spacing it appropriate there. Okay, so that's better Spacing. Amazing cat most. That's all of that. I will make it just little bit fatter. Okay, now we can, of course, change the layout of those textbooks in any form, any matter we wish and then increased the size of the texts to suit. Let's bring up our character. Wouldn't know again on when I get all over case make it strong. I would like to switch tm alignments. My God. Okay, okay. And then, just like with horizontal selection tool. If you go back to our move tool horizontal type mask to visit and we go back to our move tool selection tool, it converts all of that into a selection on with that, we could do a lot of things. We can copy and paste art to a different layer. I just trouble see Control V, and we have that on a separate layer now. Or we could add a layer mask on show only that selected region so you can see the usefulness both the horizontal and vertical type mask tools for making interesting text based selections. 47. 45 Path Selection Tool: in the next two lessons, we're going to take a look active path on direct selection tools, which can be found in the menu directly below the textiles. We'll begin with the PATH selection tool on to learn how to work with these tools. We're going to create a new document. We can make this documents say, 5 12 by 5 12 pixels. Now we're going to create some kind of a vector objects, so I'll just come in here. I'm created in the lips of some kind. Okay, now we're going to change to combine shapes and drag out a second. You can see that it joins those two parts to get her into one shape. So we have two pots. Defining this shape on the PATH selection tool allows us to grab one or the other I manipulated. Moving around. It will not, however, allow us to manipulate the individual anchor points or too busy acres. To do that, we have to use the direct selection toe, which we'll learn next 48. 46 Direct Selection Tool: in the previous lesson, we seemed how you can add multiple parts to the same shape as we don't hear where to ellipse. But what if you want to manipulate Andy individual anchor points within a part? Well, as we learned again in the previous lesson, we can take the path selection tool to choose apart. To work with. You can move that pat around, do whatever it is you want to do in terms of the positioning of that path. But then, if you want to interfere with the soap data, which would be the anchors and the busy curbs, you need to direct selection toe so we can drive the anchors around like that. Yes, yeah, we can drive the anchors around. We can manipulate the handles and all of that sort of thing to create more customized shapes, and that's really it. Deep at selection tools selects an entire path, whereas the direct selection to allows us to go in and select anchors on handles on customize the shape off a path that way 49. 47 Rectangle Tool: Let's take a look at the Vector Object Creation menu over here on the left, you can see that we have a number of basic primitive shapes that we can create. We have the rectangle to the rounded rectangle to the ellipse to the polygon tool, the line tool and then the most powerful of all the custom shape toe. Let's begin with direct angle tool appear on the options bar. You can see that we can I d. Created as a shape path or in pixels. So Rast arised would be that option there what we're going to stick with shape because that's the vector and that we love. And the shape is what's rendered. So we white use path and some specific situations will become a little bit more advanced in their use and understanding for the shop. What shapes the way forward? For now, Phil can be solid radiance pattern or just empty. Let's keep it solid. I decided to read. Stroke is black. We can change that as well to a grating, enter to a pattern or to all sorts of things on, we'll keep it reasonably small. Maybe just around one. You can just type that in. If you wish. Andi, maybe use a dashed stroke and then we'll be click and drag is just going to create. We zoom in there, you can see it's rendering to to canvas. It's created it that red rectangle with the dash. Andi, if there's anything about that click back on D M, the vector layer that was added, when we created this shape you can come in on. You can increase the thickness of the stroke if you feel the need. Whatever you want to do to Chris, might these options and make it look the way that you want it to look. 50. 48 Rounded Rectangle Tool: rounded rectangle tool in photo shop is the second in the drop down menu for effective creation options. You can see it here on direct angle tool very much the same as direct angle to accept that we have a radius option in the options bar and that controls the level or the measure of roundness to the corners of around the direct angle. So that's it said to say to 20 pixels and then drag out a rounded rectangle and you see it's round it out to the measure of 20 pixels. If we double that, then of course that's going to accentuate the effect. And that is the difference between the rounded rectangle on the rectangle to 51. 49 Ellipse Tool: I think this lesson will quickly learn how to use the Ellipse tool. The third option in our vector creation dropped down here so much like theater vector creation options that we have there. It creates disaffected shape with a fill on a stroke value which we can change to whatever coolers we wish. We can change the thickness of our stroke. Here we can change between solids dashed on Dawson. We can also and this is not in the rectangle or around the rectangle tools. We can change the width and height apartment Parametric Lee, which is quite unique to this tool. And then when we're ready, we can go in and manipulate the anchor points and add anchor points and create whatever shape it is that we want to create from this primitive 52. 50 Polygon Tool: Let's learn toe work with the polygon creation to in our vector shape creation to will drop down here. It's the fourth option. So what are the key differences with this vector tool as opposed to theaters? Well, we have the usual option shape, path, fill, stroke, strokes die on holidays, things. The main difference is this side's option. We're creating a polygon hair, so we need Teoh. Tell it exactly how many sides you want. So if this is going to be some kind of an octagon, then we'll go with eight. I'm a great it's like so okay, if I wanted to be a little hierarchical higher, I didn't like that. You want the triangle? You can set up a tree and of course, you can come in and change different values at any time. Nasty hauling, gone creation tool 53. 51 Line Tool: Let's take a look at the line toe, one of the last options in our vector shape creation menu here. Second from the bottom. You see it. It's a line toe. Most of the same basic settings as tutor tools, shape or path, even pixels for pasteurized lines. That's what you're looking to do. This going to change my foreground color to black so you can see that's actually being added to the existing layer, which is a rest arised layer. It's a bit more data. That's not what we want to do, just demonstrating that you can, so we'll go back to shape. We have a fill in. A stroke on all of that stuff will change that to yellow and destroy black. Drag it out. Okay, what controls how thick this is. And this is the rial option that is unique to this tool. And that's wait. We want to manipulate our weight so you can make a dinner, but we can make it thicker, like so that's lying toe in our next lesson, we'll take a look at her final option in this drop down, which is the custom shaped 54. 52 Custom Shape Tool: Let's take a look at the final option in our drop down here off vector creation tools. So we have our custom shape, too, as the last option custom shape tool takes a pre defined or user to find shape that allows us to draw it out to the canvas in the same way that you can draw any one of these orders, such as direct angles on the Ellipse sort of polycom on. Then we can edit them in the exact same way we can change to fill on the stroke. We could change the stroke thickness sort of stroke style. So that's exactly how that works now. The real power, however, comes into play here with D custom shape toe on Lee when we learn how to define our own shapes. So that's learn how to do that quickly. Here. Why don't you just create sort of an unusual little shape? Honey selection can be used to do this. That's the key point. I'm just creating around them an oblique selection here to demonstrate the technique. So I've created this election on what I need to do next. He's come over here to my pots menu on Define apart from that selection on, you need to click the make work pat from selection button, which is right here. It's a circle with four anchor points. You see, now that we have, ah, work path on the campus, but we have no shape. Is nothing rendering? Well, we don't want that to be a shape yet. We have what we need. Just make sure that the work patterns selected not to shape from the heart So they want the work pat selected. You know what is because the grey outline is rendering you can come over here to edit on. We're going to define a custom shape on. You can see from the preview that it knows that to use the path that selected over here and I call this one squiggles, Then I could come back to my add custom shaped tool. I just select squiggles from the menu. It should be at the bottom. And there you go. Now, as I said, this can be used with any selection. So, for instance yeah, at an earlier time, I used this to create a shape that was based on islands, my home country, on how I did that is, I just found an image of Ireland's on. I selected Ireland's in that image, probably using quick selection or magic wand or a combination thereof. And then I created my path, created my custom shape in the same way that we just did on. It's now available to me to use as a vector shape whenever I need it, so that custom shape to on defining custom shapes from Pat's. That's very powerful. That's probably the one left you out of the series of lectures on vectors that you should really take something.