Landscape Design - Create a Design for Your Own Garden | Robert Pavlis | Skillshare

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Landscape Design - Create a Design for Your Own Garden

teacher avatar Robert Pavlis, Instructor of all things gardening

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (1h 41m)
    • 1. Introduction to Landscape Design

    • 2. Design intro P1 US comp

    • 3. Design Sketch Plan P2 Us comp

    • 4. Design Site Survey P3 Us comp

    • 5. Design wants P4 US comp

    • 6. Design Bubble Plan P5 Us comp

    • 7. Design Prelim P6 US comp 2

    • 8. Create a Final Garden Design Plan

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About This Class

This course is designed for gardeners who want to create a better looking garden. I'll walk you through the the landscape design process and help you create your own design. 

Meet Your Teacher

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Robert Pavlis

Instructor of all things gardening


My name is Robert Pavlis and I live in southern Ontario which is hardiness zone 5 in Canada and US systems. I have been gardening for more than 30 years – I stopped counting at 30! I am a Master Gardener and speak about gardening at many local gardening events and horticulture meetings.

I wave written several books in including Building Natural Ponds, Garden Myths Books 1 and 2, and Soil Science for Gardeners. I also publish two blogs GardenMyths and GardenFundaments as well as teach local courses in gardening and garden design.

A few years ago, I bought 6 acres of land and have developed a large private garden called Aspen Grove Gardens. We now have about 3,000 perennials, grasses, shrubs and trees.

I am a plantaho... See full profile

Related Skills

Lifestyle Garden Design Other

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1. Introduction to Landscape Design: Welcome to landscape design. It's great to have you join us. Have you ever stood in a garden and looked around and said to yourself, boy, I wish my garden looked like this. Or maybe you went for a walk out in your garden and you thought to yourself that kids have left home. I don't really need all of this grass anymore for them. The play on, or maybe you're interested in garden have changed. You wanna convert those perennials into a vegetable garden. Or maybe you want to start a new shade garden, or what about a water feature? Wouldn't that be great? You're here because you want to change in your garden. But the big problem with gardeners is that they don't know how to the process. Most people will approach this the wrong way. They'll go into the garden and make a change. They'll add upon the latter new guard, change the fan, put it in a new gate. That will never get you to a good garden design. The way you design the garden is to design the whole space at one. And you go through a very rigorous process. Now it's not a difficult process. It's actually a lot of fun and anyone can learn the process. That part's easy. You just have to be disciplined enough to go through the steps in the process so that you end up with a complete design. And only then will your garden look really special. That's what this course is all about. We will take you through that process. I put this course together to teach gardeners how to develop much better gardens. I actually started this course about seven years ago and I had been giving out locally. It has been a great success. It sells out every year. So I've decided to put it online and make it available to everybody. I think the reason this course is so successful is that I go through the process along with you. I actually take a garden that has very little in it, and I design it from scratch. And I go through every one of those steps, come up with the various drawings that are needed. And I give you reasons of why I'm doing that. What goals and my trying to meet what are my wants and needs in the garden. And I break up that process into discrete steps. In each video, I introduce you to the step, show you how to do it. You actually watch me doing it. And then I give you a homework assignment and you go off and do it yourself. Then you come back in the next video and we do the next step. That process gives you really good insight into the process. Landscape design means different things to different people. Some people think it's all about picking the right plan for that special spot. And that's not really landscape design. Now plants are important. Picking the right plant is also important, but the design is all about the space. It's creating a place for that special plant, not picking the plant. Landscape design is also not about building thing. This course is not going to teach you how to build decks and how to make walkway. Instead, what we'll do is help you put the deck in the right spot and make it the right shape that's designed. I've specifically designed this course for the gardener. This course is for the person who wants to design their own garden. And they're really not interested in learning how to make a lot of complex drawing on learning the right shape for a deciduous tree. That's not really that important. I would prefer that you spend the time thinking about the design rather than spending hours and hours learning how to draw it properly. But we will make drawings, as you can see behind me. But we're gonna keep it simple and you need no drawing skills for this course. My promise to you is that if you participate in the course and do the homework, you will end up with a great design. Now it's up to you take the next step and start this course. We're going to have a lot of fun designing your garden. 2. Design intro P1 US comp: Now let's talk a little bit about how this course is structured. I've created seven key videos, numbered one to seven that are called landscape design. It's important that you watch these from start to finish. If you jump in and watch number three before number two, you're going to be confused because three is based on knowing everything into. So start on number one, and that's the video you're on right now. The focus of this course to create the garden design. Make the drawing as you see behind me so that you can take the drawings and implemented design in the garden. I've also created a complimentary course that goes along really well with this one. And that one is called landscape design ideas. In it I look out various design principles like scale and focal points. How do you use views in the garden to draw the visitor through the garden? In another course, we'll also talk about things like style. Do you want a Japanese style or an English cottage style? Which one should you pick based on your property and the house at your end? I think it's a great idea to take both courses simultaneously as you're working through the steps on this one and doing the various drawing, you can watch some of the lectures in the other one, which will give even deeper insights into decisions you're making. In this course. I've created a special e-book to compliment this course is called Garden Design Workbook. It's a PDF that you can download and you'll find a link to it in the resources section, I strongly recommend you download this at the beginning of the course and use it as a reference and a resource material through out the what is Garden Design. I looked for a really good definition of this, and quite honestly I didn't find one, so I made one up in my own garden. Design is satisfying the wants and the needs in an artistic way to create a pleasing outdoor space. There are three key words here. Wants and needs are absolutely crucial to this process. I can sit down and draw a really fancy looking garden. But if that garden doesn't meet your wants and needs, it's a terrible design. It looks good, but it doesn't meet the requirements you have. So we're going to spend some time talking about these wants and needs. And you're going to have to decide what those are for you. There's no right or wrong answers here, but we have to design a space for you. The third important word there is space. When we're designing outside, we have to always think in three-dimensions. We not only have the ground where you normally plant things, but we also have that vertical space above the ground. And a lot of designers ignore that vertical space. We have to think of our gardens kinda like an indoor room. When you're designing an indoor room. You're putting in the carpet on the floor. You're painting the walls, you're putting pictures on the walls. You're hanging lights in the ceiling. You're doing a three-dimensional design and we have to do the same thing in the garden. Don't think of the garden is a flat area. It's three-dimensional space. Now I'm going to show you three Gardens. I want you to focus on the garden itself, not the house that's behind the garden. Look at the Garden and ask yourself one simple question. Which of these gardens you like? Now each of these gardens are very different. The first one is very informal. It's kind of a cottage garden lock, lots of plants, lots of flowers all kinda jumbled together. There's lots of things to see in this garden. The second one is a Japanese garden with water and a waterfall. There's very little color here except shades of green, but that gives you this Calm feeling. The third one is a very modern design, straight lines, very few colors, not alot of planting. Now the question is, which of these do you like the best? And it doesn't matter which one you pet. There is no right answers. The whole point of this exercise is to point out one of the most important things about garden design. When you're designing a garden for yourself, you have to design it for you. Nobody else. It doesn't matter what the rest of the class thinks. It doesn't matter what the person down the street thinks. It may matter what your spouse thinks. If this is your perfect garden, go with pink flamingos. Now most garden designers would consider this a pretty bad design, but even I use some pink flamingos in my garden. And a very special way which you'll see in the course. The key is you've got to design for yourself. In order for you to do that, you have to start learning about yourself. What are your likes, your wants, what styled you'll like. And some of the exercises that I'm going to take you through will help you develop that understanding of yourself. Now what does design process look like? Well, the one I use looks like this. Now the terms used here are changed by a lot of people. Some people have a five-step process, some people have a seven step process. But all professional garden designers pretty much use the same process even if they change the naming somewhat. We start out with a sketch plan, which is a rough drawing of what you now have in the garden. Then we take that and we create something called the site survey. It's a more exact drawing of your property so that everything is in scale. We then draw bubble plan, which is a very, very rough drawing. Aware we might position things in the garden if you want to patio, for example, where are you going to put that patio? If you want a vegetable garden, you want it at the back of the property, are at the front of the property. Then we fine tune that and develop some preliminary garden plan. Now this is where the real designs starts to enter the picture. We'll draw different kinds of preliminary designs using different shapes, using different designs until we emerge with the one that we like the best, the one that meets our personal wants and needs the best. And then we'll go make a final garden plan, add in all the details and fine tune the drawing. Each one of these steps has a separate video. And in those videos, I'm going to do the work and show you how to make these drawings and these various plans. And then I'll send you off to do your own work through this process, you should be aware of the fact that you don't have to do everything yourself. There are professionals out there to help you with certain aspects of the process. And sometimes these names can get a little confusing as to what they really are. So we have someone called the landscape architect. This is Salaam with professional education and certification and their job is to do the design and the drawn. They plan the garden, but they don't implement anything. A friend of mine is a landscape architect and he jokes about the fact that the heaviest thing he ever lifts in a garden is a pencil. There's also someone called a landscape designer. Do the same job as an architect. They make the drawings and do the designing, but they generally have less formal education, but they still might be certified a garden designer, jelly has less formal training, focuses more on the plants themselves and less on the whole garden design process. The landscape contractors, the woman who actually implements all of that, they'll do your plantings, they'll build the deck. Now a lot of those will also do design for you, but they're usually not trained in doing the design. Their real expertise is in implementing. So they're not the best person to hire to, to do a design for you. As you can see, you can do the design and hire someone to do the implementation. Or you can hire someone to do the design and you can do the implementation. Now here's the homework for this video. Download the ebook, tour your own guard. I want you to walk around the garden and start thinking about the changes you might want to do. Take pictures from various angle. It's really handy to have those pictures inside at your desk when you're trying to do the design work. And last of all, startup picture file, go on the internet, gets your favorite books, magazines. It doesn't matter any place where you can see pictures of guard and start flipping through them. Just look for pictures that you like. You see something you like, take a picture of it and start filing it. Now you might not like the whole garden, maybe you just like the walkway. You don't have to think that the whole picture is good. It could just be one aspect. Could be a special plant, could be a statute. Maybe it's a certain pathway the way they've laid the brick. And you really like that. Just take pictures of things you like. We're going to use this picture file later on in the design process. 3. Design Sketch Plan P2 Us comp: Welcome to part two of landscape design. In this video, we're going to go out and have a look at the garden i'm going to design in this course. And then I'll show you how to do a sketch plan. As part of the homework from last week, I asked you to go around your property, the garden you're going to design and have a look at what's there, what you might want to change, try to get a feel for some of the problems that you're going to have to correct with design. I want to do that with you now with my property. First, I'll go through the property and show you all the pictures, and then we'll come back, go through the set again. The second time I'll do some critique. Let's see. For standing at the front of the property, looking down the space between the House, we're going to design for the one on the left and the neighbor. As you can see, there's very little space down here. And we're really not going to try to do too much. This is the opposite corner of the house. You can see that this is a corner lot. So there's a street in front of the house and one beside the house. Now the one beside the house is pretty noisy, so busy road. So we have to take that noise into consideration when we're doing the design. What can we do to reduce the noise? The focus in this program is going to be on the back yard. But let's go have a look at Here's the side of the house. You'll notice that there's a gas meter there. There's several error events and there's a couple of small windows along the side of the house. The owner has planted a few trees, but there hasn't been much landscaping done. At the corner of the house. You see this down spout. Now whenever you see water coming off the roof, you have to take note of that drainage is one of the big issues you have to design for. You'll notice that the back corner of the house has a basement window with a window well around it. We're going to have to take that into consideration because we don't want to block the light from getting into the basement, so we kinda have to leave this area open. We also don't want to remove that metal that's around the window. If we do that, then we might have a drainage issue with water running into the basement. So when you see something like this, it's best to just leave it alone and do a design around it. Also have a look at this big wall. This role actually belongs to the subdivision, not to the homeowner, so we can't change that wall. Here's a view into the backyard. A few trees have been planted, but they're pretty young at this stage, any of them could easily be removed. Here's a look at the back corner. You can now see the detail of the brick wall. It's interesting that when I give this course, most of the people in the audience hate this wall and want to get rid of it. Personally, I don't mind the walls so much, but I hate that back fence. It looks just like every other fence in the neighborhood because it's really boring. So as we go through the design process, we should think about ways of hiding either the fence or the wall, depending on the one that you like the least, there are a couple of trees here. We may or may not keep those, even though something is already there. Don't let that stop you from creating a design. It excludes it. Some of these things are quite easy to replace. We're now standing in the back corner looking towards the street. Here's a look at the back of the house. You can see a couple of windows and a door. And the one thing you'll notice is that the door is several feet above grade. There's no way to get out of this house to go into the backyard. So clearly this is an important thing we have to solve. The back of this house also has some windows, so we need to keep that in the back of our minds. We want to create a view from inside the house. That's really nice. Here's a view down that back fans. You can see several of their neighbors here. Nobody has put up a privacy fence. So as one big field, be really nice when we're finished with the design that we get some privacy the neighbors out of here. You'll also notice that the neighbour has a high deck. And when they're out on that deck there looking down at the back yard. So whatever we do in our yard, we're going to have people looking down into it. This is our design process and we're in step one of that, create a sketch plan. A sketch plan is a very rough drawing of your garden with all the dimensions put on it. This is really just a tool that will allow us to make a better looking drawing and one that's to scale. So it's a stepping stone towards the final design. Let's make a sketch plan of this garden. Take any regular piece of paper. It doesn't matter what you're using for this. And do a rough drawing of your property, include things like fences, trees, gardens, the house, anything that's going to be important in this space, put it on the piece of paper. Don't worry about doing it to the right scale, but try and get the location sorta correct. Step one is to simply draw the pieces that you have. So in my case, I have a house and that's the most prominent part here. It has roughly this kind of a shape. Now I'm not going to design the front of the garden. We're going to focus on the back. So I don't really have to draw anything in the front of the house, so I'm only entrusted in this back portion. I have a brick wall over here, a fence at the back. The other thing that's important to draw on here is the property line. Even though there's no fence on this side, I still want to indicate where my property ends because I can't design past that. So the property line runs somewhere in here. Now this property has three trees over here. These two seem completely out of place and I don't think we're going to keep those. They just seem like an Place for anyone to plant trees. So I'm going to leave that out. If you have things like goals sheds that you know, you're going to take out because they're crappy lugging. Don't put those in on the drawing. Just draw things that you think you're going to keep. Now there's a tree in the back here. I may or may not keep it. So for now I'm going to put it in. Again at this stage, I'm not worried about the exact location, but I want things more or less in the right place. Now let's come back to the house because there are some other things that we do want to include in this. For instance, at this corner, I have a down spout. Now that's important, not because it's going to be big part of my design. But this is a place a water comes down. And one of the things we have to do in design is figure out what's going to happen to this water when a gush is odd of here, we have to build that into our plan. There's another one over here, and a couple more at the front of the house that we can ignore. Now what about these symbols that I'm using? There are probably standard symbols for all of this, but we don't have to use them. Put something in that makes sense to you. Now, at the back of this house, somewhere in the center, we have a door and I'll just mark that door. We also have a couple of windows here. Now the windows are important because when we're designing the garden, the way it looks from inside of the house is almost as important as outside of the house, particularly if you live in colder climates, you spend more time here and you will hear. So this view is more important than this view. Now we don't have to worry about windows on the upper level is quite so much, but these downstairs ones are important. In here we have a kitchen knock, and so we're going to spend a lot of time here looking out this window. There are also a couple of small side windows. How you put a w there to tell you that these are Windows. There's also water tap here. The water tap is important because that's how we're going to irrigate the whole property. And the back half of this property, this is the only source of water in here. There's a window in the basement and one of these wells that goes around the windows. So we can mark that in. We're probably not going to want to move that. Otherwise we won't get any light into the window and we might even get water running in there. So that's kind of a permanent fixture. We don't really want to touch that. Out here somewhere. There is a gas meter. That's important because service people have to be able to access the property and come and read this meter. So we have to be careful about what we put in front of it. The idea here is to put anything on the drawing that will help you decide what the final design is. The next step is to get some measurements in here. We can use a tape measure to measure the width of the house. And in a few minutes I'll show you how to use that tape measure measure. This came out to 23 feet. So that's the width of the house. Now how accurate do you need to make these measurements for the kinda design we're going to do. Plus and minus of foot is close it off. Now when you actually go and do some construction here, if I'm going to put a deck at the back of the house, I'm going to want to measure this a little more accurate to make sure it fits. But for the purpose of the design process, to the closest foot is accurate enough. I also wanted to how far this brick wall is from the house. And I just simply measure the out along here. And that turned out to be 18 feet. I'll also want to know where these windows are in these doors and how wide those are. Turns out this door is 2.5 feet. This window's a two-foot window. This one goes 4.5 feet. Now I know how far this wall is from the house. Now figure out how far the back fence is it. Easiest way to do this is to pick one of these corners of the house. Those are your main points and everything else is relative to that. So we can figure out this distance. We know how far back the fences and that worked out to 40 feet. The other distance we want to know is where does this corner line up with this wall? We know it's 18 feet this way. But what is the distance from the end of the wall to the end of the house. So that's this distance here, worked out 18 feet. So far we've been dealing with things that are nice and square and that makes them measuring easier. But sometimes you have things that aren't square. So let's say that this back fence wasn't at right angles to the wall, that the back fence actually came this way. Well, what you would do is draw a line down here and then measure from this point out to the fence. Measure from this point out fans, and measure from this point out to the fans. Have you have those three distances. You'll know exactly where to put this diagonal. For this tree, we want to know where it is also, an easiest thing to do is just simply measure these two distances, five feet and four feet. Now there's one other thing that's important to add to this drawing. If you remember the back door, it was quite a bit above grade and that's something we're going to have to deal with. So the height of this is important for us to know. So the elevation here was three feet. And our final design, we're going to have to find some way to get the person who's standing three feet above the grass down to the garden level. So we're almost finished. We've got the sizes and distances of everything in the garden. But there's one other thing we really should look at, and that is the slope of the whole property. Now if you're on a very flat property, course, you can ignore this, but this properties not perfectly flat. If we have a look at this picture and look at the back fence, you'll notice that the fat seems to be pretty straight coming across. But as you get closer and closer to the corner with a wall, as you can see, the top of the fence starts making little jags and it comes lower and lower and lower. The reason for that is that there's a slope, it's higher on the right side and lower on the left side. And when the ground slopes, it's important for us to take that into consideration. Now show you how to measure slope in a few minutes. So what I found is that the slope in this part of the garden is about two inches per ten feet. But once we get down to about here, it increases to six inches per ten feet. And there's a drop-off towards the wall. And that's going to become really critical on this design. And I'll explain that in a future video. Once you've got the drawing to this stage, you're finished with your sketch plan. It's pretty rough. Don't worry about that. We don't have to worry about neatness here. What's important is that we get all the dimensions on. Let me give you a few tips to make it easier to create your sketch plan before you started. See if you have a survey of your property. Here, it'll show your property lines, the front curbs, the position of the house, and it includes a lot of the measurements. If you have that, start from there, save you doing a lot of measuring. What do you use to do this measuring? I mean, if you have a laser, that's great, you can use that. There are also some tape measures, this dough and I use just a real cheap one from the dollar store. And there are some of these that are really long. You can do a 100 feet or more. You don't need one of those for this project. Any tape measure that you have, we'll work. This one happens to be 16 feet long, so I can't measure anything longer than that. So what do I do then? Well, that's pretty simple. Let's assume you have a tape measure and it's only six inches long and that's the most that we'll measure. But I want to measure from here all the way over to here with this dinky little thing, I just go to the yard, measure this part and put something here. Now that could be a stone or a piece of wood, a stick, or if you have a friend helping you, they just put their foot there that you measure from there to there. And you do it again and again and again. And then you measure the last little piece and you just add it all up. In fact, when I'm doing this, what I do is I just take this take a ten feet long and I just eyeball where I'm ending and I just stare that spotlight, I move over another ten fees. Don't go by a special ruler for this project. So how do you measure slope? Well, here's a pretty simple way. You need three things. You need a ruler, you need a level, and you need some sort of board, preferably one that straight. So in this picture I have a two by four that's eight feet long. I put the level on top of it and I take one end of the board and I lay it on the ground. Then I take the other end of the board and left him lowered until its level. I then measure the distance between the board and the ground. So let's say the measured distance is three inches and my board is eight feet long. I now know that the slope is three inches every eight feet. Then I take this board and move it along a feat. So I put the one end where the ruler is and move the ruler down to the other end of the board. And I can work my way along, along and measure the slope every eight feet. And this is accurate enough for the kind of work we're going to do. There's another way that you can measure slope if you have a fence going across the property. So this is the view, the back corner of the property. If you have a look at the top of the fence going from right to left, you'll see that a jogs down a bit and then you go across and it jogs down a bit. The reason for that is the fact that the ground slopes here. And in fact, towards the left corner there's a bit of a swale is a low spot there and that was put in on purpose. All the water runs down to this spot and then it runs along the brick wall to the street and that's how the water leaves the property. So the slope in this area is pretty important. If I want to know what the slope is, I can just measure the drop in the top of the fence posts here, fence posts or a feet apart and the drop between each one looks like it's three inches, four inches, something like that. So if I have a fence going in the right direction, I can get slope that way. But the previous way I showed you to get slope that works anywhere in your property, in whatever direction you want. It is important to measure the slope. Humans are extremely bad at looking at a piece of property and seeing the slope. Our minds are designed to make everything horizontal and so our minds correct, slope that's there. So don't trust yourself. What if you have a curve on the property? How do you measure that? Let's say this is the back fence and in front of that we have a flower bed. The flower bed goes something like this. How are you going to measure that? Pick a point along here like this corner and measure out to here. Then go over low bed, maybe three feet, maybe five feet. The smaller the curve, the more measurements you have to take. So go over low bit and measure this. Repeat that process. You need the distance from there to there, as well as the distance from here to here. With those two numbers, you can find this point precisely. Once you have these points, you can guess at the in-between line here, and there'll be close enough for this purpose. Here's your homework assignment. Prepare a sketch plan for the property or working on, keep working on that picture file. Keep collecting pictures of gardens and things in gardens that you like. And then watch the next video called Garden Design Secrets. Have fun making your sketch plan. 4. Design Site Survey P3 Us comp: Come to garden design. And this video, I'm going to show you how to make a site plan. Here's our design process and we're now in step to creating this site survey. What we're going to do is take your sketch plan and redo it, being a little neater and putting things into the right location based on the distances between things. We want to create a drawing that to scale. In order to do this, you're going to need some graph paper. Doesn't really matter what type you use. You'll see that I is a fairly simple graph paper, but you do need some type of graph paper in order to locate things properly. So let's get going on this site survey. Before we can get started, we have to decide how big this piece of paper needs to be. Now, when I looked at my sketch plan, the back property line, the wooden fence is about 45 feet long. But when I count up the number of squares here, I only have 32. So if I make each square one-foot, I'd have to draw this way down here off the paper. Now you can do that. You can take two of these pieces of paper and join them together with some tape and make it larger. Now in my case, I also have to do the same on the side. So I'd actually need four pieces of paper to do this drawing. That's if I use one square for every foot, there's a big advantage to try and get your drawing onto one standard size paper. And the reason is that once we have the site survey complete, we're going to make many copies of this. And if it's all on one paper, it's so much easier to make those copies. So when I'm going to do rather than take for these and glue them together, I'm going to change the scale a little bit. I'm going to make each square here equal to two feet. And if I do that, I have room coming down here of about 64 feet and I only need 45 feet. So that's going to fit just right. If you wanted to remind yourself what you're doing, you can write that right in here, one square equals two feet. What I like to do is start in one corner of the lot. Now I could start at the back corner here or even corner of the house. And this case, I'm not exactly sure where the house goes relative to the back fence. So I'm gonna start with this back corner. There's a fence here and that concrete wall here. And I'll just put a dot here to represent that back corner. The back fence is 45 feet long. Each square is two feet, so I need 22.5 square. So I'm just going to count down these squares. 123, so on. And I just put another dot right here. I then go and identify all of the other areas. Now to save me some time in the video, I've gone ahead and done that and put some blue pencil marks here so I know where they are. But let's go through the process a little bit. The next one I would identify is this brick wall. Brick wall is 58 feet long, which brings me right to here. The distance from the brick wall to the house is 18 feet, which would be here. And the distance from the fence to this back corner is 40 feet. So this is the corner of the house. This is the other corner of the house. This back tree here is five feet down this way, 2.5 squares, four feet this way, so that's two squares. So the tree is located right here. Now go and identify the other areas, the doors, the windows, the electrical outlets, the water out, and so on. And just put dots to identify the corner. For now, I now have all the key points marked. So what I'll do is I'll take a ruler now and make all of these straight lines that will make the drawing look a little neater than the sketch plan. Let me go ahead and do that for you. There's a few other things we can mark in the property line runs along here. We have an electrical outlet here. We have water here. There is a window well here. I also want to mark the direction of the property. In this case. This is north. The reason I do that is I have some idea where the Sun is relative to North. I know it comes up in the East, comes across the sky and goes down in the west. So that will help me a little bit when I'm trying to design this. I know the sun is coming mostly here. There's a window here, here, here. And here. This is the door in your drawing ed, in anything that you think will be useful for your design work on this property. There's a sidewalk running along this wall. So we want to keep that in mind if we're trying to create some privacy here. We also have this slope factor. So from about here to here, we have a slope of 06 inches per ten feet. The slope here is pretty minor, so we can think of that as being flat property, but this end does slope down. So now this is the completed site survey for my property. Everything is in scale. The size of the backyard can be easily seen relative to the house. Now when I do any kinda drawing, I'll know how big of a space I have. This is 20 squares, which is 40 feet. Well, if I put a patio back here that's 20 feet long, they'll take up half the space. And that's why it's important to make this drawing to scale. This represents our starting point. Now we can start the fun stuff of actually designing. Here's the homework assignments for this video. I want you to go and make your own site survey. Once you're happy with it, make several copies, you're going to need those in the next steps in the process. If you are also taking my landscape design ideas course, have a look at the sun map video. It will show you how to make a son map and that will be useful for the next lesson in this course. 5. Design wants P4 US comp: Welcome to another episode of landscape design. This one is all about DOT wants and needs. You're probably sitting there saying, geez, I've watched several of these videos and we haven't started designing anything yet. What do we gotta get going? And I understand that feeling. It's one of the biggest mistakes gardeners make. They want to get going with the design. They gotten a garden, they start planning, or they just start buying plants and putting places. And then a year or two down the road, they evaluate their property and they say, it's not such a great design. Why didn't I think about putting a water feature in? I should have made my deck bigger. That pathway over there is too small or it's cooled in the wrong direction, the more upfront planning you do, the better your final design have some patients were getting real close to starting the design. But before we can do that, there's some important questions you have to answer. What are your goals for the design? And that's what this program is all about. Designers talk about form and function. What are these things? Well-formed describes how something looks. It's the prettiness of the thing. Function is how does it actually perform? How do you use it? How does it meet the real requirements? So let me give you some examples of the garden. Let's say you're designing a walkway to get people from the curb to your front door. There are two obvious ways you can do this. You can have a straight line pathway from the curb to the front door. You can also have a pathway that meanders around the property and eventually he gets to the front door. The first of these is very functional. When the delivery guy gets to your house, he wants to get to the front porch as quickly as possible and get out of there. He doesn't want to meander around your property. However, the meandering pathway can be much more interesting. It adds mystery to the journey. It allows you to put interesting things and various focal points. You have to decide which of those is more important to you, form or function. Let me give you another example. In the property I'm designing in this course, we have a back door that's three feet above grade. Somehow we have to get a person from inside the house out into the garden. I can do that with a high deck that's three feet off the ground and then have some steps from the deck to the garden. I can do that with steps going directly from the house right down to grade. The fact that I've provided a way to get to the ground, that's the functional part. The form part is how do I actually do it? How big of a deck do I have? What material do I make the deck, God, how big are the stairs or the stairs right against the house or at the end of the deck. That's how form and function work together and they're both important in the design process, which is most important. Well, that's an ongoing debate that we're not going to solve here. My personal belief is that function always comes first. You have to make the garden work for you. Once you have those functional things in place, you can focus on form, get out your style, do it anyway you want, provided it meets the requirement. Now in this course, I've tried to change the terminology a little bit to make it a little more obvious. And I like to use the words wants and needs. So what is a want and need? Well, let me tell you a little story to illustrate this. A number of years ago, my wife came in from outside and she looked at me and she said, Dear, the garage door needs painting. I was startled. I mean, I come in there every day and I didn't see a problem. So I went out to look at the garage door. There was no peeling paint. It was a white color. There was nothing wrong with it. So I went back inside and said, dear, I don't think the garage door needs painting. She looked at me and she said, yes, it does. I don't like the white color. Here's a great example between wants and needs. For me, painting the graduate door was not a need. It was barely a wand. I put it at the bottom of the list of wants. Why would I paint a graduate door? That's perfectly fine. And never did get painted before we can go and design to know what our wants and needs are. And we have to prioritize though. Now to help you along with this, I've made some questionnaires and I've put those into landscape design workbook. You haven't downloaded that, do that now, it has to listen there. One is a list of questions that establishes your needs and the other is a list for your won. These are just guides. Come up with your own question and your own answer. All the lists do is help you think through the process. Now let me go through a couple of examples. So this is from the needs list. How do you get from the garden to other parts of the property? In other words, when you're out in the garden either for pleasure or for work, you're doing some weeding and watering. How do you move around the property? It's important that when the design is finished, you're still able to do that movement. And in most cases you want that movement to be fairly efficient. I don't want to go the opposite of the property just to come back a long way to move over a couple of feet. Do you need an electrical outlet for power tools? You do. Where's the most convenient place to put it? Does the house already have an outlet and can that be used due to a lot of woodworking. And so you want a shed at the back corner with hydro and how will your requirements change over the next 510 years? A lot of people have young kids and so you need a lawn area for them to play. But maybe ten years from now there'll be in college. And now you want to use the garden differently designed for today and also for ten years from now. Let's have a look at a couple on the wants list. Do you like gardening? How much should the garden be? Mostly low maintenance. Are you a plan, a hallway, unlike working with plants, this will help you establish your own desire for being in the garden and working there. I love plants. So my design is focused on having lots of different plants. And I enjoy being out there waiting. Some people don't want that. They just want a garden to look at and that's fine. But it's important that you understand what you really want. Do you like bright colors are muted colors. This is like two camps of gardener. I really don't like muted colors. So when I pick a plan, it's a bright yellow, bright blues, maybe some reds. How you find the reds kinda doll because there are dark color and they don't do so well beside the green, I like things that pop. So like big plants because they pop. But what is your personal style? So here's the homework for this video. Get a copy of the Garden Design Workbook and go through the both the wants list and the needs list. Make a list of your wants and needs on two separate lists, and then go and prioritize both of those lists. You're not going to get everything on that list into your garden. By prioritizing it, you'll know which ones you really need to focus on and the ones at the bottom of the list, well, they may or may not make it into the design. And then watch the next video, which is all about creating bubble plan. We're finally going to start designing in the next video. 6. Design Bubble Plan P5 Us comp: Welcome to landscape design. If you made it this far, you're going to be happy to know that we're actually going to start designing. You have your site survey, you have your wants and needs lists ready to go. It's time to put all that together. If we have a look at the design process, we're now ready to start step three, the bubble plan. And in this video, I am going to show you how to do a bubble plant. Let's get going. Time to start laying this out and getting an idea what we might want to do with this garden. And when I do this, I always start with the most important things and work towards the less important ones. When I looked at this property, the one thing that stood out for me was the fact that you couldn't get out of the back door into the backyard without falling three feet. So the number one requirement for me is something back here to make that transition easier. And the most obvious answer is some sort of a deck. Now at this point, don't try to draw it in. We're just going to use what we call bubbles. Basically circles and ovals try to get the size sort of correct, but don't put a lot of effort into doing that. There's no point putting a circle this bag and saying, well, that's our deck. We're not going to make it 40 feet long, but it's going to be somewhere in this ballpark. We need a deck here or something similar so that I can walk out here and get to here. This might just be a set of steps going down to a patio, but I need something here. The other thing that's really important for this homeowner is to have a vegetable garden. Now, vegetable garden needs lots of sun and that's pretty easy. And this property, because it's all sun, remember, north is up at this end. So this end is South. Anything along here is going to get lots of sun from the south and from the web. So we could put the vegetable garden anywhere we want. But you know what? Vegetable gardens aren't the neatest looking garden. If I put the vegetable garden node here, it's very functional. But every time I'm sitting at the breakfast, not looking out and drawing my garden, I'm going to see an ugly vegetable garden, and I don't want to see that. So this area is sort of prime real estate and it's an area we don't really want to put our vegetable garden. A much better place is over here. It's kinda hidden from the main windows. So if this isn't quite as pretty as this, That's okay. It still gets lots of sun. And the other thing that's important is this water tap. It's really easy to get water from here into our vegetable bet. And vegetable beds need more watering than all of your other landscape. So being near water is a great idea. I think this can be for Vantage. There you can see as we draw these circles were sorted, defining what the areas will be used for, but we're not putting any kind of detail in there as to what they might look like. One of the problems people have with this kind of design is that they try to visualize the finished garden and you shouldn't do that at this stage. We're just working with very vague concepts. So what else are we going to do with this garden? Well, I think the garden needs some sort of a destination when I come out of the house and I'm sitting on my DAC or patio, there should be something in the garden a draws me out into it. Otherwise, I'm just going to sit here and look at it and maybe that's okay. But I think this garden is going to be much better if we have a destination somewhere in this area farther away from the house. So I'm thinking something back here, some sort of a patio. Or maybe Ann Arbor. Don't know what's going there. But let's put something in this corner to draw the person out. The other thing to keep in mind is that this back fence is pretty ugly and we want to hide that. So putting something in front of it is a good idea. Now if we're going to get there, we have to have a pathway. I could put a direct pathway like this, but boy, that's kind of boring. So maybe something more like this. And while I'm thinking about pathways, how do I get from the front of the property to the backyard? I got my vegetable bed here, going to have to do something over here. I'm going to have to allow people to come into my backyard from the front. I don't want them going through the house all the time. So there's gotta be some sort of a path through here over to my deck. That's far my visitors that come around the corner come and see me on my deck and sit down and have a beer. So these pathways are practical things, but they allow us to join these other areas. It's really important to think about how people are going to move through the space, as well as what they're going to see when they're in this space. You might remember that this property has no fence here. And if I'm standing here and looking this way, I just see one back yard after the other, and I don't wanna do that. I want to have some separation, some privacy. So we've got to do something here to provide privacy. And what are we gonna do about this side of the house? There's not much space over here. We've only got a few feet, but I'm thinking this might be a good place to hide some of our tools and so on is a pretty small space. And I don't think I want a big shed sticking out here. It's kinda ugly, but I could put maybe a smaller shatter something here. At least the place to put a few thing. And if I do that, then I need pathways to get there. So this is a natural pathway here. As I'm doing this, I go back to my list of needs and wants, and I try to pick the next most important thing off that list and figure out where I'm going to put it. I still have lots of space here. I could put perennial beds in here. I could put a rose garden if that's what I'm interested in. I also have space over here. So there's still lots of areas that I can do something with. But when I go back to my needs and wants list, this satisfies most. I have my vegetable bed, I can get out of the house. I have an interesting backyard because I have a destination and I'm getting some privacy from my neighbors. So that's a pretty good start. What I want you to do is take out another blank site survey and go through the process again, try to do some completely different, even if at first it just doesn't make any sense. And then a third, 1, fourth, 1, the more of these that you do, the more likely it is that you will end up with a good design. So here's your homework assignment. I want you to create several different bubble plan. I've only created one in the program to show you how it's done. But it's really important that you make several of these move things around in different parts of that guard. Once you're finished that process, pick the one that you like best. That's going to form the basis of the rest of the design process. So spend the time you need to get this step right if you're taking my other course called landscape design ideas, have a look at the video called Garden styles. It will help you decide on the garden style you want to use, and that will be helpful in the upcoming lessons. I'm really looking forward to showing you what kinda designs I've come up with for my guard. 7. Design Prelim P6 US comp 2: In this lesson, we're going to create a preliminary plan of our garden. Save a quick look at our whole design process. We've created the bubble plan, and now we're going to take that and turn it into a preliminary plan. The Bogle plan that you've selected gives you an idea of roughly where things go in the garden and how big they are, how much space are they going to use? But in that process, we didn't make any decisions about the shape of things. If we're going to have a patio, is that rectangular? Is it square kind of material? Are we going to use in that patio? We haven't made any of those decisions yet, but we're going to start doing that now. We're going to use the bubble plan as a guide to locate things. And now we're going to make some more refined decisions about what is going to go and each of those spaces, the bubble plan is just to guide. If during this process you come up with some great ideas and want to change that, feel free to do that. But in the back of your mind, always keep that wants and needs less than mine. When we're finished this process, we want to have as many of those wants and needs in our plant. Feel free to be creative, but keep our goal in mind. Now there are several approaches to making this preliminary plan. You can just sit down and start drawing and there's nothing wrong with that process. Many of us tend not to be that creative and that includes me. And I find that a process works better than for me to just sit at a blank page and start coming up with ideas. In this video, we're going to use a process that's based on shape. We're going to pick a shape like a circle, and we're going to use that to guide us through a design process. Then we're going to pick a different shape, a rectangle, and we're gonna go through the same process again using rectangles. Then I'm going to do a third plan using triangles and trapezoid by focusing on one shape at a time, you tend to create cohesiveness in the garden. One area looks like it belongs to another area. This is a very common principle in design. Stick to one type of shape, but you don't have to follow that rule. There's nothing to say that you can't put rectangles and circles into the same garden. To start this process, I'm going to create a preliminary plan using circles. I go back to my site survey and start with that. And I'm going to start in the area that I think needs to be solved. First, this area outside the back door, I can see two different options here. I could make a low patio and then a set of steps going down to that Patty. I could also make a deck, something that's at the same height as this doorway. If you remember, this is three feet above the ground. So I'd put a deck here that's three feet above the ground. Both of those will work and neither is right. You need to go back to your needs and wants and the style you like. Personally, I don't like to come out to a set of steps to go down to the patio when I'm having a barbecue or I have some friends over and we're having some drinks. I'm going in and out of this door quite a bit. I like to have this at the same level. The same is true when I barbecued. I want a barbecue up here. And as so much easier to move your kitchen material in and out when these are at the same level. So I lean towards a deck, but decks are kinda boring. And decks work best if they're straight lines. So I'm thinking something different. I've got on the internet and I found several pictures of raised areas that are kind of curved and made out a rocks. And I kinda like that. So that's what I'm thinking. I'm thinking of a shape, something like this. Raised up three feet. And then I'll put some steps here to take me down to grade level. The surface can be made out of patios, stones. The key here is to start thinking about what you might want, but a lot of these things are going to still change. We're just exploring ideas to see how they fit in the space. As you're drawing these in, try to get the size approximately correct. We still have squares on this piece of paper and we know each one of these is two feet. So we can look at this and say, okay, we know how big this patio is and that will suit our purposes. If I had a really big family, well, I might need to make this bigger. The other area I want to focus on is over here. I have to have a way to come in from outside to go to this patio. The most natural way to do this is to simply create a pathway. Now at this stage, we don't know what we're going to make that out of yet. We're just trying to position it and get a feel for the size of it. But this allows my visitors come around, grew up on my patio. Now this ends pretty open right now. We have people walking across a sidewalk here. We have another sidewalk in front of the house. Lots of people are able to look into this open garden. So we want to put a fence or we want to close this off somehow. But if you remember the bubble plan, we want a vegetable garden here. We don't want to reduce the amount of light this gets. So rather than a traditional fence here AND gate, I'm thinking something a little lower, something like a wrought iron gate that rod iron material less light come through and so still gets lots of light in my vegetable garden. Over here. I want a destination. I want something over here to draw me out here. And I'm thinking something like a PR goal, a nice round structure, a gazebo. Maybe. I've got a tree in the middle here, but this tree can come out without too much trouble. I've kept the shape, I'm still doing curves and I have a destination. I've probably drawn this a bit on the small size, so only about ten feet across and I might wanna bigger than that. The thing to do is to think about what you're going to do here is this set-up for a couple of people to have comfy chairs and have a drink? Or do I want the whole family of ten people out here having a barbeque that will determine how big I need to make this. Now of course, I need to have some way to get from here to here and two here. So we'll put another pathway. What about this area in here? What we can do lots of things there. If I'm a plant person, I might turn that into a large perennial garden and I can have a 100 different perennials growing there. If I like fruit trees, I might put it in a couple of apple trees. Go back to your wants and needs list and figure out what you want to add to this garden. One of the things that works really well in a garden is try and make rooms separate this area from this area. One of the things that does is make the whole garden looks so much bigger. So I'm thinking of some shrubs here. Six foot, eight foot tall shrubs. What that will do is block the view between here and here. So when I'm sitting on the patio here, I might see the roof of this gazebo, but I won't be able to see the whole thing that adds mystery to the guard. It also gives me a real definite place to go that's separated from this. So I kinda like this. The other thing that's on my list is a pawn. Now I have a couple of options. I could put a pond over here. That would be an interesting idea. I can always put a pond in here over here, so I still have lots of options for that. But I'm kind of leaning towards putting it here. What I like about this is that I'll be sitting here and I'll be able to see the pond that will draw me into the garden. Once I'm at the pond, I'll see the fuzzy ball and be drawn around the corner to the fuzzy ball. So now I've got a couple of focal points in my garden. How about this side? We wanted something to block the neighbors. I also like to have a native woodland garden, sort of a shady area. Right now. I have sun everywhere all day long and that's a bit too much sun. It would be nice to get some shade into this. So how about some trees? Will put some taller trees in here. And underneath that will put a wildlife garden, a nice shady area. You'll block the neighbors of you. Give me some shade in the garden and give me something interesting to see from the patio. We're gonna put some utility stuff in here later. Better figure on a path coming this way. Now I've still got an area here. I could put it in another garden. I have little areas all over the place here where I can still add plants if I want. But I've taken this to the point where I'm starting to see a finished garden. I have my main areas of interest. I can see how they connect together. So in my mind, it's starting to look like a garden. I can start visualizing the final design. And that's as far as I want to take this, a preliminary garden plan is just that it's pulmonary, it's an idea. It's a sketch of things that I just might do. Or I might erase the whole thing and start over again, do some completely different. Let's try making a different preliminary plan. This time we're going to use rectangles and straight lines. We're still going to use our bubble plan. Those are basic outline. What we're going to change the way things look. We still want a deck here. I still like to have this high. So let's put a deck in here. And we'll need some steps. I still lead a pathway to go from the front of the house to this deck. But rather than curvy pathways, we want to use rectangles and squares. So one of the things that I really like is just using some patio stones, but rather than use the common rectangular patio stones. How about if we make the shape like this, more like a rectangle? That I'm drawing this fairly quickly. So you don't spend a lot of time watching me draw, but you can take your time and make this a little neater. It's kind of obvious to take the pathway to here, over here, and up the steps. But that's kind of boring. But if we put something more interesting here, we're interested in having a pond. But at one, if we replace the pond with a fountain, this would be an excellent place for a fountain. When you design a garden with linear lines, it tends to look much more formal. And a nice fountain here adds to that form a look. And I'll put something in the metal. Some lady with water sprouting out of her hands. I still like the idea of putting a vegetable bed over here and using wrought iron here. But now this will have to be a more formal design. Maybe it's a little taller with a really fancy gate. We don't wanna get too carried away with the details, but having some idea that this will be a rod iron helps us visualize this. Over here. We still want our getaway, but now it's going to be a rectangular place. It's great having elevation in the garden. And this is all fairly flat except we do have a slope here. Well, what if we take this, we raise it up just a flood, just enough to give it a little more character. And then we add a step here to go into it with some big posts in the corners. Put some fancy top on it. Again, the details come later, but some sort of a wooden structure that we can sit under. And remember this garden is really sunny, so we want the roof on here to give us a shady area to set. Well, let's continue our pathway here. As you're designing this, think about the views that people will have and the focal points. So I'm sitting on the deck here looking out on my guard. We can put something right at the end of this pathway to draw my attention and to get me to walk into the garden this way. So this would be a perfect place for some sort of statue, a big piece of art that will draw me down here. And once I'm here, Then I looked this way and see this structure and I will go this way. So think about where the views are and where the focal points are. My last design, I'd put in some shrubbery here to try and separate these and make this into a separate room. And I really liked that idea, so I'm going to use it again. Bunch of 12-foot shrubs in here. But this time I think I might make another entrance to my structure back here. So now when the visitor comes in, they'll come through this gate. They'll see this fountain. There'll be attracted to here that can either come up on the deck for a beer or maybe they'll come straight through down to here where we're having a party, like benches in the garden. And I like to put benches where there's a nice view and this seems like a perfect place for a bench. And if we put a little pathway over to it, we attract people to it. So if I'm at the fountain, I look this way, I see a nice comfy bench. Will put our trees back in here because we want this area nice and shady. So we'll have shade around our bench. Now I have a place to sit. Look at the fountain. From sitting on the deck. I have a nice view this way. I have artwork here and I still have spaces in the middle here to plant things. One of the things you have to decide is how much of a gardener ru, is this space for you to grow plants? Is this space mostly to look really good, but below maintenance, this kinda design here can be very low maintenance. And I don't need to put a lot more plants in here. If I put mostly gravel in these areas, take out all the lawn. I have a very low maintenance garden that looks really nice all year long. Now we still have this deck and right now is completely open. It's really sunny here. So I'm thinking of covering it up. Puts him beams across. Now we have a shady area here, but I don't have a sunny area anymore. So that's a trade off. I have to decide, do we leave this Sonny? Do I cover it up, make it shady? Maybe I leave this open and let this be a sunny area so I can barbecue in the shade. And if I want to go sit in the sun, I have some nice easy chairs here. I kind of lay out in the sun. I really liked the idea of this fountain here because it actually solves another one of my problem. If you remember this is a sidewalk here, next to the sidewalk is a fairly busy road. So there's a lot of traffic running down here all the time. And you can hear it from this backyard by putting a fountain between here and the road. This fountain will dulled and noise. You're going to hear moving water instead of moving car. And that makes this garden much more pleasant. So I really liked the idea of moving water. This part of the garden is now looking very formal. And if you remember, we're going to put vegetables here. Okay, that is the exact opposite of formal. So one of the things I could do, put a hedge in here. You know, those box would hedges. Whenever you see those in a garden, they just screen formality. The box would hedges would also hide some of the messy vegetables here, while at the same time telling the visitor that this is a formal garden. There's one other thing I'd like to do here. If you remember, this area here can be seen by the neighbors who have a high deck. So when they're sitting out on their deck here, they can view right into our deck. And I'd like to do something about that. So one of the things we can do is put a big arbor on here, a nice tall structure, and we can have vines growing up this part here. So that'll give us some protection from the neighbors got going in at our lunch. So that's starting to look pretty good. Lots of design decisions still to be made, but I'm starting to get a feel of what it might look like and where things might be. I like this design to, but don't pick one of these too soon. Drop a couple more. I'm gonna do one more for you. The last two preliminary plans were pretty traditional. One uses rectangles and the other uses circles. And both of those work, they make very pleasing gardens, but try to do at least a couple drawings that are kind of outside the box, use weird shapes and see what you come up with. Sometimes it's the weird shapes that make the most interesting garden. So let's try something a little different here. We're going to go with a back yard deck and we're going to put it on ground level rather than raised up, see how that works. But rather than the traditional shape, we're going to do something a bit odd. We're going to give it a kind of a trapezoid Locke who put some steps in here. And in fact, what I think will do with this is we'll make it partially raise. If we raise this up about a foot above grade, then we have fewer steps here. When I need to go from here into the garden, we can add an extra step down. So we've kinda split the steps between here and here, that makes it a little easier. Now we're gonna do something that seems a little odd, but works really well in a small garden because it makes that garden looks so much bigger. Rather than making traditional boards going this way or this way. We're going to follow this angle here. And the boards of this DAC are going to be laid like this. When you put the decking in on an angle to the house, the deck will appear as if it's much larger than it really is. So this is a great little trek for small backyard. Now I'd still like to get some water features in here. So I have kind of an idea of something that will look kind of weird, but having it would be really great, lucky. And that's really one of the things you wanna do with these preliminary garden plans. Try the really weird stuff and see if you might like it. This, I'm going to be a pond. I'm thinking of a fairly shallow pond. And over here, why don't we put in kind of a waterfall, a modern-looking waterfall. You'll just be a shelf where the water rolls off and drops down, say two feet. That will give us a lot of noise, which will help dead end traffic going along here will also give us something really interesting to look at when we're sitting on our deck. It adds movement to the garden, which is always nice. But how do we get from here to the rest of the garden? Something that I've seen that I really like is to actually put the walkway right over the water. So we're gonna put some rectangular stones in the pond. And the way you get over to the other side is you actually walk across this bridge. This adds some more character to the pond, kinda splits the left and right side up a little bit, makes a little more interesting to right side here we can leave alone and we can fill it with water lilies. Or if you're not really a plant person, you could very easily put some sort of a fountain in here. Or maybe just a statue because we already have water falling here. Maybe a statue here would be good. I like plants. So if it was me, I put lots of water lilies in here and a whole collection of them. Now if you put the water lilies here, you don't want to have moving water here because water lilies liked to have calm water. Having a drop over here is okay because by the time the ripples come here, it won't bother the plants. The other thing I'd like to try with his garden is to kind of split it in half, kinda make two separate rooms. So we have this side of the garden and we have this side of that guard that will make the whole thing appear so much bigger. So I came up with this idea. Along arbor was or cross pieces over the top. And you'll be able to walk up and down this Arbor. So you'd be able to walk from the deck across the bridge into an opening in the arbor. And then you'd better go left or right. And this Arbor will cover up with roses for my favorite calamitous. We're going have command us growing all over here. Any kind of volume of work that will give us a wall here so that you actually can't see much through it. Arbor won't be completely solid. So you'll have glimpses from this side to this side, but you won't be able to see the whole thing adding some mystery to the garden. So the person walks across here and we could come out here, but that's not that interesting. I think what we're going to do is block this off. And we're going to make the person walk this way and come out here, put a walkway in here. I don't know what this is yet. Could just be gravel, could be patio stones. It could mimic this. And we make blocks here. Lots of options here, but this is the pathway. And then what we're gonna do is we want another piece at the end here, this destination pace. And we'll follow the same lines that we have here. I think we'll leave this open so we get sun here, maybe put some shade here. So we'll want to put something on top, some sort of being some sort of a roof system. Again, at this point, I'm not entirely sure what this will look like, but there are lots of options here. In the middle here, I want to put a special garden. Years ago I went into some Japanese gardens and I just love some of their design. So what I'm going to do in here is put in a sand guard and this will have a wall, small wall going all the way around the outside. So you can't walk in that area. This will get covered with gravel and we use quarter-inch gravel for that. And then we'll get some really nice Mohs covered rocks in here, maybe another one here. And these sand gardens in japanese gardens are designed to be very minimalistic, but they represent the ocean. So the sand is a water, and these rocks are islands and these gardens are designed to be viewed from outside the garden. You never walk in here. In fact, once this is done, then we'll rake this and put waves in here. Very traditional Japanese garden. You'll be able to view it from here. You'll be able to see it as you walk across here. And if you're sitting over here, you might be able to glimpse some of these rocks through the Arbour. We've still got to put our vegetable garden here. Some sort of a gate system will have some sort of a pathway going in here. Andar deck. And remember we're gonna make the deck about a foot up off the ground, so we need a little step here. So I'll be able to come into the garden like this, go on the deck. We can put another step over here to take us to our utility area around here. That's starting to be really entrusting. Now once I'm in the arbor, these things are great for directing the person's view. And so what we wanna do is we want to put something in trusting here and here, kinda destination points. So I'm thinking maybe a statue here. This will be a pretty vague one. Ideally, it's going to be 56 feet tall. Maybe it's a shorter statue, but it's on a pedestal and we want to raise it up. So when I'm in here and I look down here, I see something really interesting. And we'll extend this out so I can actually go to it and visit it. I also want something here. And remember, we have their neighbors that are gawking at us and we want to close this off. And I still like the idea of sort of a woodland area with trees here. But let's put a pathway here. Come around like this. All the way around to the other side. Since this is a woodland garden, maybe we'll, we'll just use wood chips here rather than actual patio stones. And maybe we'll put some logs in here to kind of direct the person so they can see that this is a pathway. And then over here it's put a bench. And there'll be trees in here. And this will be a shady, cool place to have a seat. And you'd be able to look back through the arbor all the way back to the other end and see the statute. So we'll line up the bench and the statue along this line here. That's starting to look really good. We still have some areas that we can use for planting. So we've got this whole area here. We could put some shrubs in here, kinda hide our statute from the public. It has a lot of things going on in this garden, so there's lots of interests. We have a big pond, we have splashing water to cut down the noise from the traffic. May have a Japanese garden here which people really enjoy. This is going to be such a surprise for new visitors who've never seen this garden. They're going to come along here and suddenly, wow, there's this big japanese garden sitting here. It's also a very low maintenance designed. We do have a pond which is a little bit of work if we put comatose on here there very little work. Who knew them in the spring. That's about it. This is very low work, except cleaning off some leaves if they fall on here. Woodland gardens are also low maintenance. So this actually a very low maintenance Garden. A couple of things to point out about this garden. We do have the shapes position, then we have some ideas, but we haven't made all of the decisions yet. We don't know what we're going to make this pathway out. We don't know what we're gonna do over here is a pathway, but we don't know how we're going to make it yet. There's lots of different designs for the arbor. So flexibility there. Over here, we've got a variety of different construction designs we can pack. So although we're getting close to the design, it's still preliminary. Here. Now watch me create three preliminary plans for my garden. It's your turn. Take your bubble plan and start drawing. Make as many of these as you want. You'll probably start some of these sketches. And then halfway through you say this as I'm working on throat in a garbage, that's great, that's part of the process. Each one you do will improve the final plan. So make lots of mistakes. The more plans your work through, the better your final garden design will be as you're doing that, keep your wants and needs in the back of your mind. They have to be the driving force for creating this guard. The other thing that will be very useful at this point is your picture file. You'll notice that as I was going through my drawing, I put up some of the pictures from my picture file to show you what I was thinking in my mind, I had seen something in a garden are really liked and I thought, well, I'm going to use that. I'm going to take that idea and put it into my plan. It's not a bad idea to go through your whole picture of file before you even start the process. That way it's fresh in your mind. Use those ideas that you've collected and start putting them into your design. Now this whole process is a little complicated. You've got your bot plan, you've read all those landscape design ideas, got your picture file, your vision in your mind. But the goal here is to put all that together. It's not an easy process, but it is a lot of fun. Don't get frustrated with it and understand that it's an iterative process. Then put the whole thing aside even for a couple days, let it settle in your mind, then come back and started again. Don't rush this process. So your homework for this video is to create as many preliminary plans as you want and then pick the best one. See you in the next video. 8. Create a Final Garden Design Plan: Welcome to the last video and landscape design. Today I'm going to reveal my final garden plan. Even though this is the last video in this series, there's a lot more to learn about landscape design. I've created a separate course called landscape design ideas. If you haven't taken that course, you'll find that one provides a lot of complementary information to this one, and it will make you a better garden designer. This is our garden design process. We're now in the last step of the process. We've got our preliminary plans created and we're going to select the best of those, and we're going to use it to create a final plan. We're going to do that by fine tuning our decisions and making our drawings a little more accurate. It's important that we get the size of everything correct, even something as simple as a pathway. Now it's time to decide is that pathway three feet wide or five feet wide because it affects the design, is that pathway made up of grass or crushed stone or pavers. All of those decisions now have to be made and then we'll add those to the final drawing. Now up to this point, I've suggested you do all your drawing it on a single piece of paper. And that's a good idea up to this point. But now I'm going to suggest that you go to a bigger piece of paper. In my case, I'm using each square to be equal to two feet. And it would be better if I go to each square equalling one foot. It does mean I have to use more paper and in my case, I actually have to take four pieces and glue them together. But by going to a larger format like that, you're going to get more accuracy in your drawing. And that's actually very important for the benefit of the course. I'm going to stick to one piece of paper, mostly because I need one piece to fit into the landscape design workbook. But if I was doing this for myself, I would make a much larger drawing. So here are my three preliminary plan. One based on circles and rectangles, and one on triangles and trapezoids. I have to pick one out of these. I think the design using rectangles would make the nicest looking garden is very formal, very neat, low maintenance, but I think it would fit this space so well. It's not the design I would peck because I'm the type of Gardener that likes lots of plants. And quite honestly, the formal garden is a bit boring to me. But if that's your style, I think it would be an excellent choice. Their design I actually liked the best is the one that uses triangles and trapezoids. It's a really interesting garden and people who come to it for the first time will be blown away. It's so different than anything else you've seen the neighborhood. And FAO was me choosing a garden style for me. That's the one I would peck. Unfortunately, I'm picking a designed for the purpose of the course, and I want it to appeal to a large audience. And I think most gardeners would pick the design using curves and circles. It's still a very interesting design. It's a great layout that gets people into the garden, has a lot of interesting things in it. But I think it's a design that most people will pick. So that's the one I'm going to use for the rest of this course. Let's have a look at my final plan. At the back corner, I've decided to go with her because Ebola, the round shape compliments the garden. And it looks very different than those straight walls heading towards the corner. In fact, I really don't like that back corner, so I'm going to put a shrub in there to try and hide it and soften that corner because EPA will be made with vertical posts so that it remains quite open. It's going to be raised up about a foot. And there's a couple of reasons for doing that. One is that a raised platform adds interests to the garden. But I have another reason for doing that. If you remember this back corner slopes down towards the wall, we can't change that slope. That slope is there to drain water away from the property and out to the street. And in fact, the local by-laws make it illegal to change that swale. We have to keep it by raising the gazebo up. I can use footings To make the gazebo floor level without affecting the slope of the ground. We have a couple options for the roof. I could make a completely solid, but I think that will be too much shade. I think the ideal solution is an open roof with a lot of cross beams. So we get a good amount of shade, but we still have lots of light coming in. I'm going to grow vines up the posts. And at least one of those posts will have a grapevine and that will go over top of the roof and add some extra shading and interests to the whole cuz evil the area is going to be made large enough so that we can put a table and several chairs there should be large enough so that a family of four can go out and have a meal there. Area B, that space between the gazebo and the house is going to be filled up with tall shrubs. I went to a wall, a shrubs up pretty much hides because CBO, the house, These will be blooming deciduous shrubs similar to a Laila. Lie logs are very fragrant to give you a very nice flower early in the year. And then the bushes become quite thick with leaves. And that's what I want HER a want because Ebola to be hidden from the house. I'm going to run a hydro line from the back of the house out to the gazebo. Now that's the first thing that will have to be done before any other construction starts in this area. Line has to be buried about four feet deep. It will bring a 120 volts to the conceivable. And I've marked out with a little e with a circle around it using that outlet will be able to light because Siebel, so that can be used at night. It will also run the pump for the waterfall and I'll add extra lighting on the shrub in area B, I'll see this wall a, shrubs that are lit up. The water feature will be a small pond and waterfall, but it'll be designed to look as natural as possible. It's always hard to try and put a waterfall on a flat property. It just never really looks right. And waterfalls will be positioned so that the rays area for the waterfall was yet to Bath and it will be mostly hidden by the shrubs in area B. That kind of solves this problem of having a waterfall in the middle of a flat property. The reason I'm adding the waterfall is to add some noise into the card. I want you to try to muffle the sound of a car is going pass the property. The other reason for having a waterfall is that when you're sitting on the deck, you'll be able to hear it, but you're not really going to be able to see it because it's kinda hidden behind the shrubbery that's going to draw you out into the garden to go towards that waterfall. Back fence is quite visible so far and has kinda ugly. So I want to do something to hide it. And there's a couple of options where I've put the d, I could very easily put a really nice statue and that will tend to draw the eye away from the ugly fats. If the gardener is really into art, that's probably a good choice. Another option is to plant shrubs along that border, and I think that's actually the better off. Let's hide the fence with a bunch of shrubbery. And maybe we can combine the two bunch of shrubs with a statute in the middle of the shrub. That's the best of both worlds. Section II, the area along the property line will become our shade garden. I'm going to get three large deciduous trees and bring them in and plant them in that area that will give us some immediate shade. It will separate us from the neighbors and provide an area to have a woodland garden. The walkways will be made with quarter-inch irregular stone edged with brick. This design is fairly informal and will match the rest of the garden. Now the reason I'm using quarter inch stone is that in my experience, that's the one that will have the least amount of weeds. And if you go with something finer like crushed stone or screening, that's a perfect we'd bad and I wouldn't use that go with larger stone. I also don't like P grab, although it makes a nice sound as people walk on it, walking on it is actually more difficult. The quarter inch crushed stone packs down nicely and gives you a really nice surface. We're still going to put our vegetable garden where I placed the eye. But there is an issue there that we haven't really discussed yet. We have that swale coming along the wall and we can't take that out when I propose is to build a slightly raised wall using bricks, but leaving a space between that wall and the brick wall. Water is really important for the vegetable garden and we have a handy tapped to use right there. But in an effort to conserve water, when I'm planning to do is to put a rain barrel at the base of the down-spin, which is right at the back corner. So we'll have a rain barrel right in our vegetable garden, and we can use that for watering. I'm going to put a second rain barrel at the other down spout at the opposite side of the guard. Then I'm going to connect these two rain barrels with a hose. What that does is in effect, give me two green barrels in my vegetable garden. As I drain down the barrel that's at the vegetable garden, it will suck water from the other barrel and they'll both go down together and it gives me lots of water for watering my garden. The entrance to the garden will still use that rod iron metal fence. But I've decided to make it a little more interesting. I'm going to add a little arbor around the gate and add some interest to the property. And it gives me another place to grow some phi. I love those climatic. So this would be a perfect place for four kilometers growing up the harbor. As far as the debt goes to the back of the house, I've decided to make it mostly rectangular, but I think we'll cut off the corners just to give it a bit of a rounded feeling. I still like the idea of coming out of the house and stepping right on the deck. So we're going to raise this desktop in addition to making it more convenient for coming in and out of the house, it also does a couple of things for us. One is that it's going to make it very easy to put a garden hose underneath it and connect my two rain barrels. We live in a cold climate and in winter those rain barrels have to be emptied or they'll freeze and crack. Same with the hose. But by having this deck raised up, it'll be really easy to just lay that hose on the ground. I don't have to do anything special to hide it on the side that's facing the neighbors. I'm still going to put some sort of structure up there and put vines on it. I went to high that side of the deck from the neighbors. The side of the property is very narrow and there really isn't room to put a shed or anything out there for tools. But one thing we can do is we can build something underneath the deck. It's only three feet tall, but that's big enough to put some sort of a cart there that you can pull out and get at your tools. So there'll be some storage there for gardening material. There you have it. That's my final design. And I'm pretty happy with it. I think this garden is very functional. It's relatively low maintenance, but it does have room for a lot of plantings. It's a gardeners garden. And once those plants mature a bit, I think this'll be a great looking garden. I hope you're really happy with the design you are creating and I wish you all the best when you implemented. I know you're going to have one of the best gardens on the street.