Korean for Absolute Beginners 2 | Keehwan Kim | Skillshare

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Korean for Absolute Beginners 2

teacher avatar Keehwan Kim, Language teaching professional

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Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

59 Lessons (6h 56m)
    • 1. Course Introduction

      1:37
    • 2. Sino-Korean Numbers

      9:49
    • 3. Native-Korean Numbers

      10:11
    • 4. Review Lesson - Number Systems

      8:53
    • 5. Large numbers 100 to 1,000

      6:46
    • 6. Large numbers 10,000

      6:54
    • 7. Counting in Korean

      7:50
    • 8. Review Lesson - Large numbers & Counting

      8:10
    • 9. Days of the week

      6:59
    • 10. Date

      5:57
    • 11. Review Lesson - Days of the week & Date

      6:25
    • 12. Counting months

      5:58
    • 13. Time

      7:07
    • 14. Review Lesson - Counting months & Time

      6:04
    • 15. Pronouns - I and you

      7:38
    • 16. Pronouns - he and she

      6:17
    • 17. Pronouns - we and they

      6:57
    • 18. Review Lesson - Pronouns

      9:56
    • 19. Present tense - Formal

      8:43
    • 20. Present tense - Polite 1

      7:39
    • 21. Review Lesson - Present tense 1

      5:08
    • 22. Present tense - Polite 2

      7:35
    • 23. Present tense - Polite & Casual

      7:27
    • 24. Object particles - 을 & λ₯Ό

      6:25
    • 25. Review Lesson - Present tense 2

      8:35
    • 26. Negative Form

      10:11
    • 27. Question form

      6:20
    • 28. Review Lesson - Present tense 3

      6:40
    • 29. Irregular verbs - 'γ…‚' λ°›μΉ¨

      6:44
    • 30. Irregular verbs - 'γ„·' & 'γ……' λ°›μΉ¨

      7:28
    • 31. Review lesson - Irregular verbs 1

      5:30
    • 32. Irregular verbs - 'γ…‘' vowel 1

      6:45
    • 33. Irregular verbs - 'γ…‘' vowel 2

      7:43
    • 34. Irregular verbs - 'γ…Ž' λ°›μΉ¨

      5:05
    • 35. Review lesson - Irregular verbs 2

      7:49
    • 36. Sentence Practice Introduction

      1:33
    • 37. Sentence Practice 1: Adding ~μ•„μš”

      10:58
    • 38. Sentence Practice 2: Adding ~μ–΄μš”

      9:18
    • 39. Sentence Practice 3: Verbs ending in 'γ…£' and 'ν•˜λ‹€'

      7:47
    • 40. Sentence Practice 4: Irregular verbs γ…‚, γ„·, γ……

      9:54
    • 41. Sentence Practice 5: Irregular verbs 'γ…‘'

      8:09
    • 42. Sentence Practice 6: Irregular verbs 'λ₯΄' & γ…Ž

      8:26
    • 43. Sentence Practice 7: Negative verb form

      8:43
    • 44. What: 무엇 (뭐)

      11:41
    • 45. What: 무슨

      4:22
    • 46. Review Lesson: 무엇 (뭐), 무슨

      6:01
    • 47. Who: λˆ„κ΅¬

      7:36
    • 48. When: μ–Έμ œ

      7:29
    • 49. Review Lesson: λˆ„κ΅¬, μ–Έμ œ

      6:17
    • 50. Where: μ–΄λ””

      9:15
    • 51. How: μ–΄λ–»κ²Œ

      6:51
    • 52. Review Lesson: μ–΄λ””, μ–΄λ–»κ²Œ

      6:44
    • 53. Which, what kind of: μ–΄λ–€

      8:22
    • 54. Which: μ–΄λŠ

      6:31
    • 55. Review Lesson: μ–΄λ–€, μ–΄λŠ

      6:05
    • 56. Why: μ™œ

      4:09
    • 57. How many: λͺ‡

      5:04
    • 58. Review Lesson: μ™œ, λͺ‡

      5:37
    • 59. Wh-words as Indefinite pronoun

      6:29
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About This Class

This course covers some of the most essential aspects of Korean language for beginner learners.

The content of this course includes:

  • Korean numbers (both Sino-Korean and Native-Korean numbers)
  • Use of Korean numbers (counting, telling the time and date)
  • Use of pronouns in Korean
  • Verb conjugation in the present tense
  • Use of objects
  • Forming negative statements
  • Forming questions

You will learn all these important concepts through guided speaking practice, as well as handouts which you can download for further practice.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Keehwan Kim

Language teaching professional

Teacher

Hi everyone!

My name's Keehwan Kim and welcome to my teacher profile page.

I have been a language teaching professional since 2005, and I have been working as a language learning content producer, working for the likes of BBC Learning English as a content producer.

I love everything about teaching and learning languages. I think best analogy of language learning is of trying to go up an escalator that's coming down. You have to work hard to make forward progress, and if you stop trying, it's easy to lose all that progress you have made.

Many of us live in environments where interacting with the language you're learning is extremely difficult, but I hope my courses help you to engage with the language you're trying to learn and help yo... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Course Introduction: hi there. And welcome to the second course in our Korean for absolute beginners. Siri's I'm new instructor Kim given. Now, if you took our first course, then you would have learned how to read and go and how to form basic sentences in Korean. And our second course is going to build on this and help you develop further knowledge off the basics in Korea with first going to look at the number system in Korean will learn to number systems yes to number systems, Sino Korean and Native Korean numbers. And we'll look in detail how these numbers are used in Korean language. After that, we're going to learn how pronouns are used in Korean, and then we'll spend quite a bit of time looking at Vogue conjugation rules in the present . And then we'll look at how objects used in Korean differences. Finally, we're going to wrap up the course by learning to form negative sentences and questions in Korea. While the aim of this course is to help you develop the fundamental knowledge in grammar, we want you to learn by doing rather than just listening. So every lesson involves guided speaking practice as well as independent speaking practice to help you learn the lesson content. There are also review lessons at regular interval, with further speaking practice for all the different concepts to stick in your mind. And don't forget to download the exercise sheet after each review. Lesson to practice writing Korean. We've packed a lot in this one course, So when you're ready, dive in and we'll get learning more Korea. See you soon. Bye bye. 2. Sino-Korean Numbers: hi there. And welcome to the lesson on numbers in Korean now one of the most important aspect. So Korean language is that because of the history off, using Chinese characters as a writing system before the creation of hunger. Even to this day there are many words in Korean which have Chinese origin, and this is something that you will need to learn more about as you continue to develop your vocabulary knowledge. And one of the biggest influences of Chinese is in the number system. Now Korean language has to number systems. The number system that is influenced by Chinese is called Sino Korean numbers, and the other, which is based on Korean language, is called Native Korean numbers. Now I know it seems a little strange. Why would you have to number systems? Why make it more confusing than it already is? But that's just how it is. And unfortunately, both number systems have very specific uses, so you can't just learned one and use that for everything. It doesn't work that way in this lesson. We're going to start things off by learning the Sino Korean numbers, and we'll learn to say the numbers 0 to 99. So let's begin. Now. Sino Korean numbers are really easy. Because if you can master the numbers 0 to 10 you've mastered almost the entire number system because most of the other numbers are basically a combination off these small numbers. So well, first to a listening repeat, Practice off the numbers 1 to 10 and we'll do this practice twice. So if you're ready, listen and repeat after me. Young it it e some so. Oh, you to pyre. Cool. Sit. Okay, that was great. Let's do that one more time. Repeat after me, young it it e some so. Oh, you to pyre Cool ship. Okay, that was great. Now let's do an independent practice off saying numbers 1 to 10. Try to say the numbers by yourself first, and then listen to me saying these numbers, Okay, So if you're ready, let's begin. Young young it it It is e e Sam. Sam. So so or or you you to to pyre pyre. Cool, cool Sip ship. Fantastic job. Well done. Now let's move on to numbers 11 to 99 Now Saying the numbers 11 2 99 is really simple. As I mentioned already saying the big numbers in Sino Korean number system is all about combining the smaller numbers. For example, to say, number 14 you basically have to say number 10 and four together. So 14 in Korea is ships, huh? Ships, huh? And you basically apply the same rule to all the other numbers. Now, to give you another example to, say, 28 in Korea, you first make 20 by saying two and 10 which is easy it and then you say eight in Korea, which is power. So 28 in Korea is e ship pattern. He should. Okay, so let's look at one more example to say 86 1st you make 80 by saying eight and 10 together , which is pay a ship. And then you say number six in Korean, which is you. So 86 in Korean is passion you not that difficult, right? Okay, so let's practice saying numbers 11 2 99 The 1st 2 lines will be a listening repeat practice, and in the next six will be independent reading practice. However, I will put numbers 1 to 10 on the screen so that you can use it as a reference So if you're ready, let's begin Some ship seven ship new. He's it. He's it. Or ship or ship? A pirate ship Partnership. Easy bowl. Easy bowl or ships higher or ships higher. Paris. Um you Paris? Um you That was brilliant. Well done. Okay, so in this final practice, we're going to do to independent speaking practices. The first is all numbers 0 to 10. And the second is a numbers 11 to 99. So this is a simple practice or saying the numbers. So if you're ready, this begin with the first practice. These are numbers 0 to 10. Let's begin. Young, young it it it it e e Sam Sam. So so. 00 you you to to pyre pyre. Cool, cool ship ship That was fantastic. World on. Now let's do the second Independence Speaking practice or numbers 11 to 99. Remember that these large numbers are formed by combining the small numbers. So if you're ready, let's not. It's have manship. It's having manship Cruise ship cruise ship, you sip you zip Kroosee bowl Kroosee bowl Sam ship Oh, Sam Manship Power e c B e c b Fantastic job today. Well done you did really well in today's lesson, we learned the Sino Korean numbers. First, we learned the numbers 0 to 10 and then we learned the numbers 11 2 99 and how they are formed By combining the smaller numbers together in the next lesson, we'll learn about the Native Korean numbers. So I'll see you soon again in that listen, but why? 3. Native-Korean Numbers: hi there. So in this lesson, we're going to learn about Native Korean numbers and we'll learn to say numbers 1 to 99. So let's begin now. In native Korean numbers, there is no word for zero. But if we need to say zero with native career numbers, we actually use the word for zero from Sino Korean numbers. So first, we're going to practice saying numbers 1 to 10 in native Korean numbers. This is a listener repute practice. So if you're ready, let's begin. Uh, Hannah to to said, Net Castle, your Assad. Here you go. Your daughter, I hope. Yeah, Okay, great job. But let's do that Practice one more time. This is a listening repeat practice as well. So if you're ready, let's do it again. Hannah to said Net Castle, your Assad. Here you go. Your daughter, I hope. Yeah, that was great. Now let's do an independent speaking practice off the numbers 1 to 10 in Native Korean numbers to try to recall what we just practise in a list and repeat practice. So if you're ready, let's begin, Hannah Hannah to To said. I said Net Net Castle ties up your thought your Assad if you go. Here you go. Yard oh Yard. Oh, I hope, I hope. Yeah, Yeah. Great job. Well done. Now, in native Korean numbers, there are specific words for double digit numbers that end in zero. These are numbers like 2030 40 and sort. Now, this aspect of having specific words for double digit numbers that end in zero is actually quite similar to English as English. Also has words like 2030 40 and so on. So let's practice these numbers by doing a listening repeat practice. So if you're ready, let's begin. Sumer, it's harden by hand, Shin yes and eat and yard and ah, and that was great. But let's try that one more time in a listening repeat practice. Are you ready? Here we go. Sumer. It's harden by hand, Shin yes and eat and yard and ah! And that was great. Now let's move on and learn to say the numbers. 11 to 99 Now to say numbers 11 2 99 In native Korean numbers, you basically have to just combine the double digit numbers that end in zero with the single digit numbers, for example, to say, number 13. You basically combine 10 and three together, which are yo and set. So 13 in native Korean numbers is Joosep to give you a few more examples to say 27. Is Sumer illegal? To say 43 is violence head to say 89 is Jordan Hall. So now that you have a good idea on how these numbers are formed less to a guided practice , the 1st 2 numbers will be a listening repeat practice. And the next six numbers will be an independent speaking practice. Okay, so if you're ready, let's begin. Sodden, sodden, pass out. Sumer Sumer, Hinn Hinn Yes and yes and similar illegal, similarly illegal Shin Hannah Shin Hannah Yes, and to Yes and to that was great wot done in this final practice will do to independent speaking practices. The 1st 1 is on the numbers 1 to 10 in the 2nd 1 is on the numbers 11 to 99. So let's start with the 1st 1 and we're going to do an independent speaking practice. All the numbers 1 to 10. So if you're ready, let's begin. Hannah Hannah to To said said Net net. Castle Castle, your thought your Assad. If you go There you go. Yodo Yard. I I hope, I hope. Yeah, yeah, that was great. Well done. Now let's do the second Independence speaking practice, and this time it's on the numbers 11 to 99. Remember that we formed these numbers by combining the double digit numbers with zero and the single digit numbers. So if you're ready, let's begin by hand by hand, eat and eat. And similarly, Assad. Similarly, Assad sodden it ago, sodden it ago by the NCAA, sought by the NCAA sought Eden. Your daughter eat in the old daughter. That was great. It was not easy, but you didn't really. Well, in this lesson, we learned the Native Korean numbers. First, we learned the numbers 1 to 10 second. We learned that double digit numbers that end in zero and third. We learned the numbers 11 2 99 which have formed by combining the double digit numbers with zero and the single digit numbers. In the next lesson, we're going to review the two number systems we have learned so far, so I'll see you in that lesson. But by 4. Review Lesson - Number Systems: Hello there. So, in this lesson, we're going to review the two number systems we have learned so far. Let's begin with a Sino Korean numbers. Okay, so let's start off by doing a listening. Repeat, practice off the numbers. 0 to 10. Let's begin. Young it, it e some so. Oh, you to pyre. Cool ship. That was great. Now that you're warmed up a little bit less to an independent speaking practice off the same numbers. So this is an independent speaking practice. Off the numbers. 0 to 10. Are you ready? Let's begin. Young. Young It it It is E e Sam! Sam. So so Oh, or you you to to pyre pyre. Cool, Cool. Sip ship. Okay, that was great. Now let's do one more independent speaking practice. But this time on the numbers 11 to 99. Remember that these numbers are formed by combining the numbers 1 to 10. So if you're ready, let's begin. Sam C B Samueli be two ships are two ships are ship cool ship. Cool. Paris Siebel. Perishable. Easy, muche. Easy Mu. All ships our warships are. That was brilliant. Now let's move on to reviewing the native Korean numbers. Okay, so we're going to review the Native Korean numbers, and we'll first start by doing numbers 1 to 10. Let's first to a listening Repeat, practice off these numbers. If you're ready. Let's begin. Hannah to said Net Castle, your Assad. Here you go. Your dire, I hope. Yeah, that was great. Now let's practice the same numbers again. But this time, this is an independent speaking practice. So you ready this? Try that again. Hannah Hannah to To Said said Net Net Castle ties up your thought. Your Assad. Here you go. Here you go. Yard oh Yard. Oh, I hope, I hope. Yeah. Yeah, that was great. Well done. Now, if you recall Native Korean numbers have specific words for double digit numbers that end in zero. So let's first to a listing. Repeat, practice off these numbers. You ready? Let's begin, Sumer. Sudden! My hon Shin. Yes. And Eden Yard and Ah, hand. That was great. Now let's practice these numbers again. But this time this will be an independent speaking practice. You ready? Let's begin. Simmer, Simmer. Sodden Sudden Barton Barton Shin Shin! Yes and yes And Eden. Eden. Yarden! Yarden! On our own that was fantastic. Baudone. Now the final practice off this review lesson is on the numbers. 11 2 99 for native Korean. Others remember that we formed these numbers by combining the double digit numbers that ended zero and the single digit numbers. So if you're ready, let's do an independent speaking practice off the numbers. 11 to 99. Let's begin, Harden yells out. Suddenly else hot, you're do yo do similar net. Similar net Eden has hot Eden has out. I had to. I didn't do it! Shing yada Shin Yaddo. That was brilliant. Fantastic effort today, well done. In this lesson, we review the two number systems in Korean and practiced all the different ways of saying numbers. 0 to 99 in the next lesson will start learning how to say bigger numbers in Korea. So I'll see you soon in that lesson. But why 5. Large numbers 100 to 1,000: hi there. So in this lesson, we're going to learn how to say numbers using pick meaning 100 ton meaning 1000. So let's begin now. The first thing you need to know about saying numbers above 100 is that we only use signer Korean numbers for numbers above 100. There are words for numbers above 100 in native Korean, but we never used these. So we only have to learn the words for above 100 for Sino Korean numbers. And when we say numbers 100 above, we again combined smaller numbers together to form larger numbers. Let me explain what I mean by this now in Korean, 100 is pick, pick, pick. Let's practice saying this first repeat after me pick, pick. That was great. Now if we try to say 150 in Korea, we basically follow the same pattern we used to form double digit numbers. So first we say 100 which is Peck and then we say 50 which is a warship. So 100 and 50 in Korea is pick warship. Let's look at two more examples to say 458. We first have to say 400 which is Harbeck. And then we say 50 which is worship and then eight, which is power. So 458 in Korea is Harbeck or ship. Another example that follows his pattern is 623. Which would be you. Peck the ship, Sam. Pretty simple isn't Okay, so let's do a few listening. Repeat, practice off the numbers in the 100 range. Repeat after me. E bec Sam Beck, Sabic sabic ship sabic e ship Sabic. Easy bull. Fantastic job won't on. Okay, so the next large number unit is Chung, which means 1000. So let's first to a list and repeat practice off saying Chung, repeat after me Chun Chun, that was great. Now similar to pick to say the numbers in the 1000 range we basically combined chung with other small numbers. So to say, 1250 we would say chung e beg worship and to say, 4328. We would say that tongue Sam, beg the ship power. So, as before, is just a case of putting the small numbers together to form larger numbers. Let's practice saying the numbers in the 1000 range. Repeat after me or ton you chung two ton chicken John E bec to turn pro Beck to jump Arabic ship. Fantastic. Joe won't on. Okay, so in this final practice will do to independent speaking practices. The 1st 1 on saying the numbers in the 100 range in the 2nd 1 on saying the numbers in the 1000 range. So we'll do the 1st 1 This is an independent speaking practice. So try saying the numbers by yourself first and then listen to me saying that so if you're ready, let's begin. E beg e beg Quebec! Quebec Oh, back nukes Ship over. Yuk ship Sam Back Worship Sam back Cruise ship PIRA Becks Huh? Manship Pira Becks, huh? Manship Chili, Baggy ships high cherry baggy ships high. That was great. Well done. Now let's through the second Independence speaking practice. And this time we're going to practice saying the numbers in the 1000 range. This is an independent speaking practice. So you go first and then listen to me saying the numbers Are you ready? This begin Satyan Satyan! Could Chun Good chun Could Chun's Harvick Could Chun's Harvick, Eaton para Beck, Eaton para Beck or Ton per Arabic or ton parodic or tons Harvard Cruise Ship or tons Harbeck worship. Amazing job Today won't on. So in today's lesson, we learned to say the numbers in the hundreds and 1000 range. In the next lesson, we'll learn to say the numbers above 10,000 so I'll see you in that lesson goodbye. 6. Large numbers 10,000: Hello there. So in this lesson, we're going to learn how to say the numbers 10,000 and above. So let's begin now. Korean word for 10,000 is man and man is a very important world because we can add words that mean 10 shit 100 pick, 1000 tongue to make 1,100,010 million. Now these numbers are obviously very big numbers. But if we're talking money tree terms in Korea, remember that Ping man on a 1,000,001 is only about $1000 your luncheon career could easily cost mine on 10,000 won, which is again only about $10. So the use of man in Korea is very common now to say the numbers 10,000 and above. It's again about putting together the small numbers to form larger numbers. For example, to say, 15,000 we say mine would turn to say, 245,000. We say he ships Hammond Woodson to say 742,300. We say two ships Hamon. It turns handbag. However, what makes learning mind tricky is that this world man doesn't exist in English, so it takes a bit of time getting used to saying man. So why don't we do a listening repeat practice off saying numbers using this word by repeat after me man e Man, Salmon Ciman, Sam Xinmin, Sam seem Newman. That was fantastic. Well done. Let's now look at the numbers in the 1,000,010 million range. And remember that saying these numbers is all about putting the small numbers together. Let's look at a couple of examples first to say 2,500,000 in Korean. It's bebek pushing man and to say, 35 million, 650,000 in Korea is some tongue Lubeck. You can ship my again. These are really big numbers. But saying such large numbers isn't unusual. One way of looking at it is that this first number could describe someone's monthly wage, and the second number could describe someone's annual salary. So using such big numbers isn't that unusual in Korea? Okay, so let's now do a listening repeat practice off saying the numbers in the 1,000,010 million range. Repeat after me. Ping hman e Bagman, e Bec, Awesome Man, Ton Man or Ton Man or Tunney. Beg always in man, That was great. Wot done. Now the next large number word is which refers to 100 million and we can combine OC with ship pick tongue to say she buck 1,000,000,000 Hey, cook 10 billion and China which would be 100 billion. However, unless you're buying a house, you're probably not going to use this word oc so we're not going to practice this. But I just wanted to let you know that this number word exists. Let's move on to the final practice. Okay, So let's review what we learned today We're going to do to independent speaking practices. The 1st 1 is on the numbers in the 10,000 and 100,000 range and the 2nd 1 is on the 1,000,010 million range. We'll begin with the 1st 1 So if you're ready, let's through the first independent speaking practice. Here we go. Salmon, salmon Pyman, Pyman Easy man. Easy man Chih xinmin to Xinmin to see woman to see Borman Cheer ship Woman Proton! Cherish it, Woman Patton! Great job. Well done. Now let's move on to the second Independence speaking practice. And this time we're going to practice the numbers in the 1,000,010 million range. So if you're ready, let's begin. Sam Brangman Sam Brangman You Penman, You penman Ton man, Ton Man, Sat Sundman, Satyan Hman Saturn's Ham Being Man, Saturn's Ham Being Man, Saturn's Ham back Trish Inman, Saturn's Ambac, Trish Inman. Brilliant effort today. Well done. So in today's lesson, we learned to say the numbers above 10,000. Using the word man in the next lesson will actually start learning how to use numbers in Korea. So I'll see you soon again in that lesson, but why? 7. Counting in Korean: hi there. So in this lesson, we're going to learn how to count things in Korea. So let's begin now in English when we want to count. Uncountable now owns. We use certain counting words. For example, if we want account uncountable noun paper, we use the word sheet, and if we want account hair, we might use the word strand. And the way we count things in Korean basically follows the same rules off, using certain counting words to count things. However, unlike English, Korean language doesn't have the concept off countable and uncountable. Announce. So, whatever now and you want to count, you have to use a certain counting words so naturally in Korean, we have to learn many different counting words to count. Different now owns. Now let's start with the most common word, which is care. We use care to count most in animal objects. So if you're ever unsure what counting word to use with a certain object, then you should use care. Now we can use care to count things like this. Penn Hunger one pen 10 hunger. So first we stayed, the noun we're counting and then the number word, and finally we state the counting word when we count things, we always use native Korean numbers. However, as you may have noticed already here, the number one Hannah has changed its form to hand. And this changing form happens to numbers 1 to 4 and 20. So Hannah becomes hand two, Becomes two, said becomes, say that becomes nay and Sumer becomes sumo. However, things get a little bit tricky when we start counting above 100 because native Korean numbers go up to 99 only. So to count, above 100. We generally switched to Sino Korean numbers. But when people count above 100 it's very common for people to actually use Sino Korean numbers and Native Korean numbers together, particularly when the counting between 101 and 109. So people will say things like Pick, hang, gay or pick eagle okay, and to count above, 110. There is no fixed rule on whether you need to use Sino Korean numbers and Native prime numbers together or just Sino Korean numbers, but I think it's much safer just to use signer Korean numbers. When you're counting above 110 it's a little confusing, but I imagine that you probably won't need to count above 100 too often. But if you do try to follow the rules that I've explained in this video, for now, let's focus on counting things using smaller numbers and first will practice counting up to 10 using the word K. Repeat after me. Hunger two. Gay It's a gay. They gay pass up gay. You also gay. You two go gay. Your daughter gay, I hope. Gay, you already gay? That was great. Now let's look at some other counting words now. Using appropriate counting words is really important off course, because you're a second language learner. If you were to make a mistake, Koreans will generally be quite forgiving. However, if a Native Korean person were to make a mistake, it not only makes that person seem foolish, but it can also be quite offensive and causing. Offence mainly happens when you're counting people. For example, Koreans find it really rude when you count people using the word K. Also in Korea, there are two different counting words. When you count people, one is more polite, the other is more general, so if you use them inappropriately, it can cause offense to people. Here are some of the more common counting words Young Young Poon Poon, body body Pyung Young 10. 10 Kwon Kwon Tung Tung It's higher, Sarah Charlie Color. Now, obviously, that's a lot to remember. So we'll focus on these three and care for now and we'll learn the rest as and when the opportunity arises in our future conversation courses. Also as mentioned before we use Myung in a more general sense. But when we want to be more respectful and polite, we use Okay, So let's practice these three counting words Young Putin and Muddy Repeat after me. Hm young? Yeah, I'm young 21 yard open. Say Mahdi name Adi. Fantastic job. Well done. Now let's to the final practice. In this final practice, we're going to do one independent speaking practice on using the words care Young Hoon and Muddy you will see prompts on the screen and I like you to complete the phrase using appropriate native Korean number and also the appropriate counting word. So if you're ready, let's begin pass on Myung Pass on Myung to Myung to Myung You're open. You're open, Eric, Open it ago. Open yours. Okay, You're not gay hunger. Hunger. Your daughter Maddie. Your daughter Maddie. They're muddy. Name Adi. Fantastic job today did really well done. So in this lesson, we learned to count in animal objects people, animal fish and insects using the words care Byung moon and body in the next lesson will review the numbers above 100 the rules of counting covered in this lesson. So I'll see you soon in that lesson. But why? 8. Review Lesson - Large numbers & Counting: hi there. So in this lesson, we're going to review everything we learn in the last three lessons. First will review the numbers above 100 and then we'll review how to count things in Korean . So let's get started. First. We'll do a listening repeat practice off the numbers in the hundreds and 1000 range. And remember that to say these numbers, we use the words Peck, Meaning 100 Chung meaning 1000. So this is a listening repeat practice. So let's get started. Pick Sam back ton or ton Sam John or turns him back. Okay, so that was great. Now let's do an independent speaking practice off the numbers in the hundreds and 1000 range. So you're going to go first and then you can listen to me saying the numbers. Are you ready? Let's begin. E bet E bec sitting back, sitting back, You beg you back Eaton sitting back. Eaton sitting back. Samsung, you peg Samsung, you pick. What's Johnny Beck? What's Johnny Beck? That was great. Wot done. Now let's move on and review how to use the word man. Okay, so this time we're going to do it. Listen, repeat practice off using the word man. Remember that we can attach ship, pick ton to man and say 1,100,010 million. So we're going to say a lot of big numbers. So if you're ready, let's do this listening. Repeat practice. Here we go, man. Cool man Xinmin, Sam's Inman Salmon ship Kumin or being Man Sat Youngman Saturno Brangman That was great wot done. Now let's do an independent speaking practice off using the word man, If you're ready, let's begin. Silliman Chairman Crewman Kuhlman Yuks in Man Yuxin Man The ship Chairman The ship Chairman Chili Ship Kuhlman Chili Ship Kuhlman Yu Ping Man Yu Ping Man Some Thomann Some Thomann Samsung You brangman Samson, you penman! That was fantastic! Well done. Final review of the lesson is on counting words And our focus was on learning the words care young hoon end body which we used to count objects, people and animals. We also learned that to count things we use Native Korean numbers and we also learned that numbers 1 to 4 and 20 change their form when counting things. So Hala becomes hand tour becomes too said becomes said net becomes there and Sumer becomes sumo So let's now do a listener Repeat practice using two of the counting words care and muddy. Repeat after me Hunger. Say gay your Assad Marry your own body. Great job Now This time, let's do a listener Repeat practice off the counting words which we used to count People remember that we used young to count people in a more general sense. And we use Poon to be more respectful. This is a listening repeat practice. So if you're ready speaking to Myung your dad I'm young Pass up one de Boon Well done. That was great! Now the final practice is an independent practice on a live four counting words using the prompts on the screen I like you to use the correct native Korean number and also used the correct counting word. So this is an independent practice which means that you speak first and then you can listen to me next. Are you ready? Let's begin. Pass on young Pass on young hand Young ham! Young Eric, Open it Open You open you open two gay to gay You're so gay! You're so gay! Se Muddy Samadi, Your dark gay Your daughter, Ok, fantastic job. Well done. You did really well today. In this review lesson, we review the numbers above 100 using man, and we also reviewed how to count things using counting words and also Native Korean numbers. Now we're going to continue the theme of numbers and focus on learning how to say the time and date so all season again. But why? 9. Days of the week: Hi there. Great to see you again. Now, in this lesson, we're going to focus on how to say that days of the week. But we're also going to learn how to count the number of days. So let's begin now to say that they of the week we attached the syllable that represents that particular day to the word your oil and the syllables that represent that there. The week originate from Chinese characters, and each syllable has its own meaning. The Chinese characters and their meaning are on the screen, but you don't have to memorize thes. They're just on the screen for your reference. What you do have to memorize are the Korean syllables that represent the days of the week. Such as while. Why Sue? So we'll do a listening repeat practice off the days of the week. You ready? Let's begin. Water. You're here. Hi. Oh, yah! So your your mortgage earlier Cu Mulia toyou. CDO era A lot of the syllables that represent the days of the week end with a pattern And because the following syllable begins with an e in the patch, him sound carries over. So why you're ill becomes war your it. Let's practice that days of the week one more time and keep in mind about the constant sound that carries over to the following syllable. So if you're ready, let's begin Water. You're here. Hi Oh yah! Sue your your mortgage Earlier cu Mulia toyou CDO era That was great. Now let's move on and learn how to count the number of days now the important word when counting days is the word. This word originates from Chinese characters and it means day. So to say how many days we simply put a signer Korean number in front of the world to say how many days like this salmon, three days, Hamid. It's as simple as that. The only thing you need to be mined for is that in Korea, the word it doesn't need to change into a plural form. Let's listen to a few more examples shipped. It'd 17 days, ship chitter. You get six days, you get it. He ships higher 24 days. Egypt's higher. Okay, so I think now you probably have a pretty good idea on how to count days. But we do listen, repeat, practice off what we've learned so far Repeat off to me, Samir. You get pot editor. She better ship Sayeda. He's in new gear. That was great. Now let's move on to the final practice. Okay? So we're going to do to independence speaking practices the 1st 1 on the days of the week and the 2nd 1 on counting the number of days In the first practice, you will see an English prompt. And I like you to say the days of the week in Korean, obviously. Okay, so if you're ready, let's begin. Warrior Warrior, here. Hi. Oh, it high Over here. Sirio! Sirio Yah! More Goya more go here. Come, Yulia. Kunio it toi toi et oya e d o a. That was great. Well done. Now let's do the second independent practice on counting the number of days you'll see an English prompting the screen. And I like you to say the number of days in Korea. Okay, so if you ready, let's begin it. It it it you get, you get she better she be ships. Higher ship, sire. Easy, bitter Easy. Bitter Easy powder. Easy partier. Amazing job. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned that days of the week in Korea, and we also learned to count the number of days using Sino Korean numbers in the next lesson. We're going to learn how to say that dates in Korean, so I'll see you soon again. But by 10. Date: Hi there. Welcome back. So in this lesson, we have one objective, and that is to learn how to say that dates in Korea. Let's get started. An important word we used to talk about the date is the word. While this word originates from the Chinese characters and it means month and to say what month it is, we say Sino Korean number plus one. So to say, January, it's it'll to say February. It's he want and to say March. It's similar. However, there are always exceptions, because to say June and October, we have to remove the patch him from the number word and then add one. So it's not you go, it's you want and it's not she boy, it's she wa Okay, so let's first practice saying the months in Korean Repeat after me eat are e wa sam water psy war y you are zero paddle Cruella She waas CBR c B y. That was great road on now, saying that dates in Korean is really simple. You first say the month which we just practiced and then say that date number by using Sino Korean numbers, plus the world in which we learned in the previous lesson. So the first of September is who are ill. 17th of May is a warship Cheddar, and the 25th off December Is she be were easy. Boy, it's really not that difficult. But as with anything, you just need a little practice. So let's do a listening repeat practice off saying the dates. Repeat after me gruel oil Cruel, easy Bill. Who are party or ship? Samir? She be WASI Bitter CB were easy. Boy, that was great. Now let's move on to the final practice In this final practice we're going to do to independent speaking practices. The 1st 1 is on the months of the year and the 2nd 1 is on the date. So we do the 1st 1 but we won't practice the months in order. So if you're ready, let's begin. Sam are Sam or Cruella Koo? Are he wa she waas paddle paddle she be Will she be were Siderar sido That was great. Now let's do the second Independence speaking practice And this time you're going to need that important word which means they get it. Are you ready? Let's begin. You are see better He wasa better you are easy beer. You are easy Beer. Perot. Quit patter. Queer Power Shmuger Power Shmuger! Cheetos! Higher Chihuahuas! Higher. She be Role is shipped. It'd she be. Role is shipped. It'd fantastic job today won't in this lesson. We learned the months of the year in Korean and we also learned to say that date in Korean . In the next lesson, we're going to learn how to count months in Korea. So I'll see you soon again. But why? 11. Review Lesson - Days of the week & Date: hi there. So in this lesson, we're going to review what we learned in the previous two lessons. Talking about the days of the week and the date. Let's begin so we'll begin with the days of the week. Now, if you recall, the days of the week is about attaching the syllable that refers to a particular day to You were. So let's do a listening repeat practice off saying Monday to Sunday. Let's begin Water. You're here. Hi Oh yah! So your your mortgage earlier cu Mulia toyou. CDO era. That was great. Now let's review how we count the number of days to count the number of days we use Sino Korean numbers with the word it which means day. So let's do a few listening. Repeat, practice off how we count the number of days. Eat it. Hi it You get it? She bear. See, boy here he's a partier. That was great. Now let's do an independent practice or what we practice so far. The 1st 3 lines will be on the days of the week and the last three will be on counting the number of days. So if you're ready this practice Morgan where. Borger. Here. Hi Oh, you high Oita toi toi partier potted. She better she better. Egypt's higher. The ship's higher, fantastic job won't on. Now let's move on and review how to save the date first. Let's review how we say the months in Korean to say a particular month in Korean, we say a signer Korean number that refers to a particular month with the word while, which means months. So if you're ready, let's do a listening repeat practice off. How to say the months in Korean, Sam or sour? You are cool. See what CeBIT order? That was great. Well done. Now let's review how to say that dates in Korean to say that dates We first state the month using one of the expressions that we just practiced and then to say the number date. We use the expression that we use to count the number of days. So it's a signer Korean number in the word it. This is a listening repeat practice on how to say the date. Let's begin psy war. Is she better? Sour? Easy, Better school were who are some new getter. Sam Ori ships higher CBD Oil Party that was great. Well done. The last practice off this review lesson is an independent practice on saying the month and saying that date the 1st 2 lines will be on saying the month and the rest of the practice will be on saying the date. So if you're ready, let's begin. Paddler Parro, she wa she wa powders Seabury pot Or is she better See why? Oy see why Oy you are Sim. You get ur sim you gator CB worry ships Higher CB were Egypt's higher great job today won't on in this lesson We reviewed how to say that days of the week, how to count the number of days, how to say the months in Korean and lastly, how to say that dates in Korean. In the next lesson, we're going to learn how to count the number of months in two different ways. So I'll see you soon in that Listen, but why 12. Counting months: Hi there. Welcome back. So in this lesson, we're going to learn two different ways to count months in Korea. So let's begin. The first way of counting months is to use the word while which means month. And we learned this word in the previous lesson and to count the number of months we put the counting word care in front of why. So we say K y And then we use a Sino Korean number to indicate the number of months in front of Kois. So to say, five months, we say or get where? Okay, why? To say 10 months. We say ship care wire should care what and to say Eight months. We say Paraguay water. How you get what, and that's all there is to it. So let's go straight into a practice off counting months using K Y. Repeat after me, it's hard gay one or gay y you get what? Google wa sipg A while that was great wot done. Now let's look at the second way off counting months in Korea. Now, the second way of counting months is to use the native Korean word Tired means month and because this is a native Korean word. We also use Native Korean numbers. So to say, five months, we say, pass out there to say two months. We say to diet and to say, 10 months. We say Yoda, sometimes to say three months and four months instead of saying said I ended their which are both correct. Karim's often say Suck their and Dr and these words sock and knock refer to numbers three and four. But they're only used to count months and then never, ever used in any other context. Okay, so now you have a pretty good idea on how to use the word power. Let's do a speaking practice. Repeat after me. Hand I through thy ned. I yours. Are there your handout? That was great. Well done. Now, both expressions care, war and power are commonly used in everyday speech in Korea, however, care what is a little more for more than time. So, in official documents such as property contracts with a state that duration of your stay, you more likely to seek a were used then. Okay, let's move on to the final practice. In this final practice, we're going to do to independent speaking practices. The 1st 1 is on using the word care one. And the 2nd 1 is on using the word we'll begin with the 1st 1 on using Kor. Remember that with care. What? We use Sino Korean numbers. So if you're ready, let's begin. Sorry. Gay. What? Sorry. Gay What? Ugo Ugo Chili get while Chile Gay wire Sick girl. Whoa! Shit guy wire Eager wir e g a y or gay y or gay? Whoa, that was great. Wot done. Now let's do the second Independence speaking practice And this time we're going to practice using. And of course, there is a native Korean word. So we use native Korean numbers. So if you're ready, let's begin Honda Honda pass out there has out there If you go up there, you go die your Onda your and I to die to die said I said, I awesome job today. Whoa! Done In this lesson, we learned to count months using the phrases care our entire. And we also learned that we use Sino Korean numbers with Karen and Native Korean numbers. With Pat in the next lesson, we're going to learn how to tell time in Korea. So I'll see you soon in that lesson. But why 13. Time: Hi there, Welcome back. So in this lesson, we're going to learn how to tell the time in Korean. And we're also going to learn how to count hours, minutes, and seconds. So let's begin. Now to talk about time. There are two very important words. One is xi, which means our, and the other is Pune, which means minutes. And telling the time is very similar to saying that date. Because to tell the time, we say blank, she blank Boone. And each plank, we say a number word that refers to the hour and the minute. Here's an example. Yara she is having she'd been 1030. Yara. She is homeownership one. Now, I don't know if you noticed there already, but there is one unusual aspect to telling the timing Korean. And this is the use of both number systems. To save the hour. We use native Korean numbers. But to say the minute we use Sino-Korean numbers, here are a few other examples too. She open 200, five to SHE open urine. She been 1110 urine she shipped been Paso she pan, 530 TASO sheet pan. So as you can see, we use native Korean numbers to say the hour and Sino-Korean numbers to say the minute. And in the final example, we have this word pan. Pan means half in Korean, and we use this word indicates 30 minutes past the hour. So Takahashi pan means 530. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice of telling the time in Korean. Repeat after me. Fancy. Has been pan, been ship. That was great, well done. Now let's look at how we count time in Korean. To count time in Korea, there are three very important words. She can, Pune and Cho. Now this word Chaconne is made up of xi, which means our and can, which means duration. So she began refers to the whole duration of the hour. And then we also learn this word Pune, which means minute. And the final word is true, which means second. Now, listen to the following examples that use these words to she began to hours to Chaconne. Starship been 40 minutes. Spaceshipone, ocho, five seconds, ortho. So as you can see to count the hours in Korean, we use native Korean numbers and to count the minutes and seconds, we use Sino-Korean numbers. So let's do a speaking practice of counting the hours, minutes and seconds using Chaconne, Pune and CHO repeat after me. Say she can pass or she can. Satiable been Sammy ship. That was great. Well done. Now let's do the final practice. Okay, so in this final practice, and we're going to do two independent speaking practices. The first one is on telling the time, and the second one is on counting the time. We'll begin with the first one on telling the time. Remember that we use native Korean numbers to say the hour and Sino-Korean numbers to say the minute. So if you're ready, let's begin. Paso, she is. Has it been has it been ERCC1, Yossi, CBO, Boone. See pan. The pan to CSP, bone to bone. Yada. Yada. Been fantastic job, well done. Now let's do the second independent practice. And this time we're going to practice counting the time. Remember that we use native Korean numbers to count the hours, and Sino-Korean numbers to count the minutes and seconds. So if you're ready, let's begin. Keegan, Keegan. Keegan, Keegan. Egypt. Egypt been all ships haben, haben, ship to ship, to ship. Cho, CHO, great job today. In today's lesson, we learn to tell the time in Korean, and we also learned to count the hours, minutes, and seconds. In the next lesson, we're going to review how to count the months and also review everything covered in this lesson. So I'll see you soon again in that review lesson. Bye bye. 14. Review Lesson - Counting months & Time: Hi there, Welcome back. So in this lesson, we're going to review how to count the months in Korean, how to tell the time and how to count hours, minutes and seconds. That's a lot to get through. So let's get started. We learned to count months using k1, and we learned that we use Sino-Korean numbers with Carol, and we use native Korean numbers with time. Let's do a listening repeat warmer practice of using cable and tire. Repeat after me. It'll pass out. Yeah. That was great. Well done. Now let's do an independent speaking practice of using k1 and tire. And in this practice the key is to use appropriate number was with K12 and higher. So if you're ready, let's begin. Yada, yada, yo yo today. That was great. Well done. Now let's move on and review how to tell the time and how to count the hours, minutes, and seconds. To tell the time, we use the words xi, which means our, and Pune, which means minute. And the key aspects of telling the time is that we use native Korean numbers with Xi and Sino-Korean numbers with PAN. So let's do a listening repeat practice of telling the time in Korea. Or C or C pan. Been great job, well-done. Now we also learn to count hours, minutes, and seconds in Korean using the words she, can and CHO. And we also learned that we use native Korean numbers to count hours, and we use Sino-Korean numbers to count minutes and seconds. Let's do a listening repeat practice of counting the hours, minutes and seconds. Repeat after me. De Sica Sica and sheep been easy bobbin, amnesic shadow. That was great, well done. Now this is the final practice of this review lesson, and this is an independent practice on telling the time, counting the hours, minutes, and seconds. Think about what number system you have to use when telling the time. And also when you're counting time using Chaconne, Pune, and CHO. So if you're ready, let's begin. Puzzle. Puzzle. Dag. Dag To she began to see again. Again. Again. Easy, easy, open. You can, you can show some great efforts that I won't. In this lesson, we reviewed counting months in Korean, telling the timing Korean and counting the hours, minutes, and seconds. Now, I think that's been a pretty in-depth coverage of numbers in Korean. So we're going to move away and turn our attention to the elements that make up the Korean sentences. So I'll see you soon again. Buh-bye. 15. Pronouns - I and you: hi, everyone. So in this lesson, we're going to look at the use of pronouncing Korean. Now. We've already seen the use of pronouns in some of our previous lessons will be formed sentences using the pronoun I. But I think it'll be good to focus on learning exactly what pronouns I in Korean and how they used. So that's what we're going to do. Let's first begin with a pronoun I first. Unlike English, Korean doesn't have different pronouns for subjects and objects in a sentence. So in that regard it's a little easier. However, there are two different forms of the pronoun I formal form and an informal form. The formal form is chart and we use chart with the particle. And then however, when we use the particle car, chaw changes to check. So in sentences they looked like this child. Then something human. Nida Cheka something You, me neither. The informal form of I is not and similar to the formal form that is used with a particle. And then But when we use the particle car now changes to today. So in sentences they looked like this nine in something you mia, they got something you, mia. Now, the important thing to keep in mind is that the pronounce that n char change form when they use with a particle car. So with that in mind, let's go into a practice of using these pronouns with different particles. This is a listening repeat practice off the sentences we have seen so far. Childrens hunting naming Nida. Check something naming Nida Dannon something. Neemia, They got something, Neemia, that was great. Let's move on and look at the pronoun you. The use of you in Korean is very different from how it is used in English. In general, the use of you implies that you and I are off equal level. So unless you're talking to your friend who is the same age as you, using you becomes rather inappropriate. However, when we're talking to friends who are of the same age, all those who are younger than us, we can use law. That is the most commonly used form of you. But you mustn't use this with people who are in a more senior position than you. As you can come across quite in polite. Here are some example sentences using the don't in something you mia Non In something you mia they Garzon singing Mia. They got something in media. As you can see here, the pronoun door changes today when it's used with a particle car. However, the pronoun there which means I and the pronoun there, which means you sound the same. And although based on the context, you can work out whether they're means you or I to avoid confusion, people often just say Bulger rather than beggar like this. No guys hunting you, Mia. No guys something you mia However, it should be stressed that the use of Naga is in speech only in written text issue. Right, ***. So let's do a speaking practice off these sentences using London and yoga. Repeat after me Don't and sons and anemia, Dogus hunting, Neemia Don't and Sons and Neemia Dogus hunting Neemia. That was great. Now, as I mentioned already know is only every used with people who are of the same age, usually with friends. So when Koreans address people who are older or who they aren't familiar with, Koreans generally don't use a pronoun you. In many textbooks, you will see words like Panjin and Cuda. But Panjin is only ever used between married couple and also in written texts, so it's rarely used in everyday speak. Also could there is a term of endearment, so you might see this word used in musical lyrics when someone is trying to express their love to another person, so it's really used in everyday speech. If you talk to people in a more senior position or people who you aren't familiar with, you will most likely address them by their title, such as their job title or family title, or just not use you entirely if it's unnecessary. So the important things to remember about using the pronoun you is that we used know when we're talking to people of the same age or those who are younger than us. And if we're talking to people who are in a more senior position, we either address them by their title or not use any pronounce if it's unnecessary. Okay, so that's enough of me lecturing. Let's move on to the final practice. In this final practice, we're going to do one independent speaking practice using the prompts on the screen and depending on whether the sentences used the particles in, then or eager. I'd like you to use the appropriate form of the Pronounce I or you and complete the sentences. Also, when you use you with the particles E car. Please use law in this practice as this is more common in everyday speech. Okay, so if you're ready this begin the practice, John. In something you mean Nida Thonon son saying naming Nida Dogus hands anemia though Guys hunting you Mia tega something Neiman Nida Check. Got something. You mean Nida nine and sons Anemia. Nine in something EMEA They guys hunting EMEA. They got something EMEA don and something EMEA. Norman's hunting you mia. Great effort. Well done. In today's lesson, we looked at two forms of pronoun I and the different ways in which the prone on you is used in Korea. In the next lesson, we'll look at how the pronouns he and she I used in Korea. So I'll see you soon in that lesson. But why 16. Pronouns - he and she: hi there. So in this lesson, we're going to look at the pronouns he and she in Korean. Let's being when you look at Korean textbooks, he and she are often translated as COO and Kenya, but these words are rarely used in everyday speech. The word could means that. And when we refer to people in the third person, we often use coup and announed that refers to that person. This now is commonly some form of title, such as a job title or family title. So we might say something like coups hunting him, that teacher who's hunting him. We can also say Ananda, that man and creator, that woman. And although these terms are formal, they're not very respectful terms, so you shouldn't use them if you need to be polite. Another common term is a tingle, that friend and coaching go is a very common way or referring to somewhat in a very friendly way. But this is a rather casual way or referring to someone in third person. So again you shouldn't use this term if you need to be polite. Okay, so let's practice using all the different ways off, referring to someone in third person in sentences. Repeat after me Who Something human peach out in McCoy Oh, his hunting human pH at Edinburgh. Lawyer Coonan Zanten P chatterbox Oyo Conan's and then p chatter about oil. Julio Down in P Charity ball. Goyo Kuhio, John in P. Chowdhury Ball. Goyo could single None, Pete added above I o could Singin in peace added above Oyo, that was great. Now let's look at the formal way off, referring to someone in third person Kuban Kuban. We saw this word Poon in an earlier lesson on counting people. We can use point when we're referring to people that we need to be respectful to, such as teachers. And we can also use put when we're not sure what title to use when referring to certain people and when we're not sure it's better to be respectful than to use casual language and potentially causing offence. Lastly, we can use Poon to refer to both men and women. Let's practice using Poon in sentences. Repeat after me coupon in P chattering Montoya coupon in peace at Royal Coupon in p Charitable Boyo Coupon in peace Animal, boyo. That was great. Well done. Now let's look at the casual way or referring to someone in third person. Okay, Okay. Que is a shortened form off who? I And although the word I means a kid, we used care to refer to our friends or those who are younger than us. But we should never use care when referring to people in a more senior position. Also, care can be used to refer to both men and women. And although K is spelled with a Y glide year in far, speech is pronounced as care. Okay, there's practice some sentences that use K repeat after me Canon Pediatric logo Canon P. Saramago Canon Pizza Tebogo can then p. Chatumongol Great job won't on Let's do the final practice In this final practice, we're going to do one independent practice off using the pronouns we used to refer to he or she using the prompts on the screen I'd like you to complete The sentence is using appropriate now. So if you're ready, let's begin. Could Chingoka ph other above i o Could Chingoka p chatterbox Oyo cu hack singing P chatterbox yoyo ku Boxing in P chatterbox boyo Cooper Union P chatterbox Oyo coupon in P chatterbox boyo Kenan Ingoglia, Canon Ingoglia Kenan pH Other mogul. Kenan P. Chatter Boco Great job today, Water In this lesson, we looked at how we can express he and she in Korean. In the next lesson, we'll look at how we can express we and they in Korea. So I'll see you soon again in that lesson, but why? 17. Pronouns - we and they: Hello there. So in this lesson, we're going to look at the pronouns we and they in Korean. Let's start the standard form of the pronoun we is Woody. Woody is the same for both the subject and the object of the sentence. However, Woody has a formal form and an informal form. Let's look at some sample sentences using both forms would in in kombu hail wooden in kombu , hail tiene in Congo tie and then combo. So these sentences mean the same. But Choi is formal and Woody is infallible. One other important point to note is that in everyday speech, Woody contracts with a particle and then so Woody and then becomes wouldn't. But he does not contract with a particle within. And of course, these to pronounce can be used with a particle car as well. So let's do a speaking practice using Choi and Woody Repeat after me, Woody, then kombu. Hail would in n kombu hail Chilean in kombu hail So in in kombu Hail! Would you, guy Pete adding more oil? What do you got? Pediatric ball? Goyo Toy Guy Pediatric logo. So you got pizza dribble Goyo. That was great. Well done now the last point. Enough about the pronoun we is that the formal form HIV, when used in sentences that here sound in the second syllable almost disappears. So that's something to keep. You might, as you do the speaking practice later, Let's now move on and look at the pronoun they in Korea. Okay, Firstly, in many textbooks, they is translated as could but similar to the pronoun he or she being translated to coup in Kenya could. It is rarely used in everyday speech, but we use this word in a slightly different way to say they the word to is a plural marker , and we can attach to too many different now owns to make those now is plural. For example, the word hacks ing means student. And if we say taxing the it becomes students and the word cabin means bag. And if we say cavender, it becomes bags. So in Korean rather than saying, couldn't we say coup? Axing the those students could cavender those banks and quitting good. Those friends Here are some example sentences that use these expressions who hacks ended in Congo. Hail those students study could hack saying that in kombu here could single Darren pH Arable bio. Those friends eat pizza Could single that in peace Added Involve oil Now I do want to highlight that because there isn't one word that means they in Korean. There are other ways of referring to a group of people in third person. However, what I've just told you now is the most common way off. Referring to a group of people in third person. So we'll do a speaking practice off using cu noun to Let's practice the sentences we have seen in this lesson. Repeat after me cu taxing that in kombu Hail who axing the then kuhm boo hail could single that in Peter Bo Goyo could single that then Peter everybody boyo. Creole jagged in kombu Hail creo jotted in Congo Hail Could I'm judge it in p charitable, boyo, Could I change other than pizza? Everybody Oyo Great job. Well done. Let's do the final practice In this final practice, we're going to do one independent speaking practice of using the pronouns we and they we learn from this lesson using the prompts on the screen. I'd like you to complete the sentence is using appropriate now owns pronounce or any plural markers that you need to use. So if you're ready, let's begin trying in kombu Hail China in kombu Heo Woody guy kuhm boo! Hail Woody guy kuhm boo Hail toying in peach added above oil Toying in pediatric above Oyo could hack saying that in combo hail could hack saying that in kombu hail Could ching good it in p chatterbox Oyo kitchen Gordon ph Saramago que yo Chadderdon kombu hell creo chatted in Congo Hail. Fantastic job today. Well done. In this lesson, we looked at how we can express we and they in Korea. Now the next lesson is a review lesson. And we're going to go over all the different ways of saying, I you he she and we've a so Susan again in that review, listen, but why 18. Review Lesson - Pronouns: Hi there. So this is a review lesson on all the different pronouns that we learn over the past three lessons. There's a lot to get through. So let's get started. First we learned both the formal and the informal form of the pronoun I char. And now and then we learned that informal form of the pronoun you, which is No. We're going to do a listening repeat practice off these pronouns, but remember that these pronouns change their form depending on what particle they use with . So, as you do the practice, please pay attention to the pronouns and see how their former changes. So if you're ready, let's begin. Turn in something You mean Nida Tonin Something humanly there, Chair guy Something humanly there a guy, Something you mean Nida Nannan Something EMEA. Lannan something You mia. They got something in media, their guys something EMEA, Dornin something in here, Don. And something in me a Loga something you mia doll guys hunting EMEA That was great. Now let's do an independent speaking practice. You will see sentences with blanks and I like you to complete the sentence is using appropriate forms or the pronouns I and you. So if you're ready, let's begin. There goes hunting EMEA their guys hunting EMEA John in something. You mean Nida Jonathan's hunting? You mean Nida dog something? Neemia? No guy something. Neemia, Take something. You mean Nida? Check something New Media nine and hunting Neemia Donnan's Hunting Neemia don't and something Neemia Donnan's Hunting Neemia. Great job. Whoa! Done. Now let's move on and review the pronouns He and she We learned the several ways of saying he and she in Korean. The most common way wants to say cu plus now. But we can also be more formal and respectful by saying Kuban. But we can also be more informal and casual by saying care. Let's first do a listening repeat practice on all these different ways of saying he and she repeat after me could single none. Pizzeria McCoy Oh, quit Singleton Ph At or above Oyo Kupchak singing kombu Hail Who Axing and kombu Heo coupon in sons and a meal coupon in Sons and give me a Kuban in peace Karen McCoy Oh, Cuban in Peach Caramel Kenan, Tinga, Kenan, Tinga, Kenan Peter Ramada Kenan Pediatric moga Great. Now let's do an independent speaking practice and similar to before. I like you to use the prompts on the screen and complete the sentence is using one of the expressions we just practiced. So if you're ready, let's speaking. Could Chingoka p chatterbox Oyo could Chingoka p chatter McCoy Oh Kuban in PGA Adorable Goyo Cooper Union PH everybody Oyo Kupchak Sing in P chatterbox, boyo Cu hack singing P chatterbox Oil Canon Ingoglia Canon Ingoglia Kuban Sons Enemy Ale Cuban sons Enemy ao Canon P chatter Mogul. Canon P. Chowdry Mogul. That was great. Wot done. Now let's review how to say we and they in Korea. Okay, so in the previous lesson we learned that there is a formal and an informal form of the pronoun we which are Choi and Woody. And we also learned that to say they we say cu plus now and the plural marker to So let's first to a listening repeat practice off some of the sentences that use we and they in Korean toying in Cumbria tiene en kombu. Hail would in in kombu hail. Wouldn't then combo tell you guy peace animal boyo Toy guy Pediatric oil could hack saying that in kombu hail who taxing that in kombu hail could single that in Pisa. Imola Kid singled, then pizzeria Barbara could I'm judge it in peace. Arable Goyo could I'm judge it in pizza in Mongolia. That was great. Now let's do an independent speaking practice and same is before using the prompts on the screen. I'd like you to convict the sentences using appropriate now's and the plural marker, too, if necessary. So if you're ready, let's begin China in Cambodia, China and kombu Heo Kitchen Budarin P Jarome Ago Kitchen Budarin Ph Saramago What do you got? Congo. Hail. What do you got? Kombu. Hail Could hack Sing that in kombu Heo could taxing Darren Kombu Hail Woody Nen P chatter McCoy Oh, Woody Nen p chatter McCoy Oh, could undulated in peach Saramago could I'm jutted and peach Adam ago. Fantastic job today. That's the last practice Well done. In this lesson, we reviewed all the different ways of expressing I you, he she and we they we're now going to move away from pronounce and focus a little bit more on learning about Korean verbs. So I'll see you soon again, but by 19. Present tense - Formal: hi there, and welcome back. Now all Korean verbs can change into formal, polite and casual forms, and they follow very strict rules of conjugation. In today's lesson. We're going to learn more about formal verb endings in the present tense. Now, as the name was suggest, Formal Verbund. Things are used in very formal settings, such as in job interviews, all by people who need to speak formal language, such as news readers. Let's find out how we can change verbs into formal forms in the present tense. Okay, so to help us along, let's use these verbs mock that which means to eat and kombu. Hedda, which means to study. These are infinitive forms. The base forms off these verbs, the infinitive forms of Korean verbs all and in time, and the parts other than car are called verb stents. So in this work, the verb stem years Bach, and in this verbs, the verb stem is kombu. How we conjugating verbs depends on two factors. One is the Valle used in the final syllable off the verbs them, and the other is whether the final syllable of the verb stem has a patch in or not and the two main ways of forming formal Verbund things is all about the pattern. First, when a verb stem has a patch in, we simply add some nida to the verbs, then to make it into polite form. For example, this verb Baca the verb stem is Bach, and it has Cheok as Patch him. So we add similar to mock to make Moctar into the formal form. So the former form of block that is boxing Nida Boxing Nida Also remember that this Sydney that has a people as a patch in but we read it as if it has me unless patch in So it's not box Nida is Moxon neither. Moxon Nida Let's look a few other examples The verb you that means to read and this verb has cut button. So here we add some need that to the verbs then So the formal form of it that is instant media. Another verb is Datta, which means to put or lay and applying the same rules. The formal form is those cinemedia those cinemedia. Finally we have the verb doctor which means to mix and again applying the same rule. The formal form off SAPTA is socks and media socks. Um, Nida. Okay, so now that you have a pretty good understanding off the first way of changing verbs into formal forms, let's do a speaking practice. Repeat after me. Look, that looks in nida it. That isn't nida. No time. No Cimini that socked their socks in Nida. That was great. Well done. Now let's learn the second way of changing verbs into formal forms. Secondly, if the final syllable of a verb stem doesn't have a patch in, then we add peer to the final syllable as a patch him. And then we add Nida at the end to make it into formal form. So in this verb combo, Hedda, the final syllable off the verbs them is hot and it doesn't have a patch in. So we add pupils patches. And then we add the that at the end to make this verb into a formal form. So the formal form off combo Hatta is kombu Hamida. Let's look a few other examples. The verb chador means to sleep and the verb stem chat doesn't have a patch him. So we add pube as patch in and then we add need A at the end. So the former form off chador is Tom Nida. Another verb is machida, which means to drink the verb stem The final syllable. She doesn't have a patch in. So we had pupils pat him and then we had a leader. So the formal form off Machida is mashing leader. Finally we have the verb shida which means to rest and its formal form is Shim Nida. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice off applying the second way of changing verbs into formal forms. Repeat after me Kombu had a combo Have Anita Cada Cam Nida, my CDA Bison Nida she die. Shame, Nida, That was great! Whoa dung! Now we've learned the two main ways of changing verbs into formal forms. But as with many things in grammar, there is always an exception. The third way of changing verbs into formal forms is an exception to the rules we've learned so far. Now, when the final syllable over verbs then has Leela's patch him, we don't simply add some Nida to the verbs. Then we actually remove Lear about Tim and replace it with pure but him. And then we add leader to make that verb into a formal form. For example, the verb Pirata means to sell. But we don't simply add Sunita to power. We actually remove Lille but him, replace it with pube and then add leader at the end. So the former form off Prada is Canada. Also to that means to lift something and its formal form is Tim Nida. And another verb is Qaeda, which means to change or replace. And the formal form is Cam Niedere. Now it's always better to practice to learn these difficult rules. So let's do a speaking practice on the third way of changing verbs into formal forms. Repeat after me Pirata, Pam, Nida Qaeda Come Nida To that Tim Nida Luda Nida. That was great. Wot done. Let's move on to the final practice. In this final practice, we're going to do one independent speaking practice and you have to apply the rules we've learned today and change the verbs on the screen into the formal forms. Remember that if the final syllable off the verb stem has a pattern, then we simply add Cindy that to the verbs them. If the final syllable of herbs then doesn't have a patch him, then we add pube as patch in and then add Nida in the final rule, which was an exception, was that if the final syllable of a verb stem hasn't Lear last patch in? Then we replaced Lille with Pierre and then add indeed a to make that verb into formal form . Okay, so with those rules in mind, if you're ready, let's do this Independent speaking Practice box Boxing Nida It is simply there Daughter does Cimini there Chadha Tam, Nida she die him Nida Machida Marcin Nita to the Tim Nida Buddha Nida Great effort today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learn three different ways of changing bulbs into formal forms. In the next lesson will look at how we can change verbs into polite forms. So I'll see you soon again in that lesson. But why 20. Present tense - Polite 1: hello there. So in this lesson, we're going to learn about making verbs into polite forms. Now, polite verb endings are the most commonly used in Korean language, so this is going to be a very important lesson. There are two ways you can make verbs into polite forms. One is by adding, are your to the verbs then and the other is by adding or your to the verbs. Then, in this lesson will focus on learning toe add. I owe to the verbs. Then now we add, I owe to the verbs them to make that verb in so polite form when the verb stem has the vowel letters are. Or however, even when the verb stem has the vowel letters are or there are certain rules to follow. When conjugating these words, let's go through each one first. If the verbs them has the vowel letter are or and has a patch in, we simply add are your to the verbs them to make that verb into a polite form. For example, the verb parada means to sell the verb stem has the vow Letter R and Lille as patching. So we simply add, I owe to the verbs them to make this verb into polite form. So the polite form off Prada is Parro patio, the verb notes. That means to put away the verbs. Them has the vowel letter or and here as patron. So we simply add, I owe to the verbs them. So the polite form off Datta is the y o y o. Let's look at two more examples. Book That means to Fry and his polite form is poor Chiyo, Chiyo and Tap. That means to find or look for, and it's polite. Form is tattle tale tattle io. Okay, so let's practice the first way of changing verbs into polite forms. Repeat after me, Pyla patio daughter. Do I owe booked? I poke io. Check their Taddeo. That was great. Now let's look at the second way off changing verbs into polite forms. Now the second way of adding are your to a verb. To make that verb into polite form is when the verb stem ends with a vowel letter R and has no patch in. We simply add your to the verb stem to make that verb into a polite form. For example, the verb chador means to sleep. The verbs, then chat ends with a vowel letter are and there is no patch in. So we add your to the verb stem. So the polite form off chador is Chae. Oh, let's look a few other examples. The verb cada means to go and it's polite form is Kaio Chiyo. Another verb is Manetta, which means to meet and the polite form off Manetta is banned. Nao, my nail! Finally, the verb Kanada, which means to finish the polite form is good nail. Good nail. Okay, so let's practice the second way off. Changing verbs into polite forms. Repeat after me. Cada Cheil Cada Chiyo Mlada man, I o good nada. Good, Niall. Excellent job. Whoa! Done. Now let's look at the final way of adding hyo. Okay, So the final way is when the verb stem ends with a vowel letter or and there is no patch in than the volatile or combines with the valets are in our and then we add your to the combined form. For example, the verb poor. That means to see the verbs that has the vow letter or so this all combines with our to make par and then to the combined form. We add you so the polite form or porta, is piau pile. Another example is the verb order, which means to come. The verb stem ends with a vowel letter or and there is no Pattyn. So all combines with our to become why and then we add your to the combine form to make that verb into polite form. So the polite form off order is while why 01 last example is the verb solder, which means to shoot as in shoot guns or shoot arrows and the polite form off soda is cyle cyle. Okay, so let's practice this final way off changing verbs into polite forms. Repeat after me poured a pile order while soda sile. That was great woda. In this final practice, we're going to do one independent speaking practice, and all you have to do is change the verbs on the screen into polite forms. Remember the three different ways of adding Ayotte evolves to make those verbs into polite forms. First, if the verse them has the vow, letters are or in a Pattyn, we simply add, I owe to the verbs. Then, if the votes them ends in our and there is no patch him. Then we simply add your to the verbs. Then finally, if the verb stem has the vowel letter or and there is no pattern than all combines with our and then we add your to the combined form. So with that in mind less to the final speaking practice Dota the y o put the book I o Pirata Potter, you tadaa Cheil cada Chiyo Sada. Hi. You for the pyro or there. Why you're so that silo. Great effort today. Well done. In this lesson, we looked at how we can change verbs into polite forms by adding I or to the votes. Then in the next lesson, we have a review lesson and will review formal verb endings and everything we learned in this lesson. So Susan again, in that lesson, But why 21. Review Lesson - Present tense 1: hi there, and welcome to the review lesson. Now, in this lesson, we're going to review what we learned about formal and polite verb endings in the last two lessons. So let's begin. First, we learned that all formal verb endings and with leader. But if the final syllable off of herbs them has a patch him, then we add some Nida. If it doesn't, then we add people as pat him, and then we add leader. At the end, However, there is always an exception because if the patches is Lear, then we remove Lille and then add people as patch him and then we add Nida at the end. Okay, so with that in mind, let's first to a listening repeat practice or formal verb endings. Mocked our boxing. Nida it. That is some Nida Congo had a tadaa cam Nida Qaeda Come Nida to that Tim Nida. That was great. Now let's do an independent speaking practice. I'd like you to change the verbs you see on screen into formal verb endings. So if you're ready, let's begin book the box in Nida, suck their socks. Um Nida Kombu Hatta kombu ham Nida Masi di by some Nida Partida, Pam Nida Luda whom? Nida That was great. Well done. Now let's look at how we can add I or two verbs to make those verbs into polite forms. Now we had iota verb stems to make those verbs into polite forms. When the final syllable off the verb stem has the vow, letters are or but there were three main rules to follow. First, if the verb stem ends with a pat him, then we simply add I owe to the verbs them. Second, if the verb stem ends with a violet are and there is no pattern, then we simply add your to the verbs them. Lastly, if the verb stem ends with a vowel letter or then all combines with our to become what and then we add your to the verbs them to make that verb into a polite fall. So with those rules in mind, let's first to a listening repeat practice off changing verbs into polite forms by adding ill repeat after me Paradigm patio, Gupta Poke io cada Chiyo, manana man I o. Pour their pile. Or that while great job well done. Now let's do an independent speaking practice and this time Samos. Before I'd like you to change the verb you see on screen into polite forms by adding I o So if you're ready, let's do this Independent speaking practice. Paolo di Pado, Your poor guy Piau my nada man Nao Chata Tadzio Sauder Sile Tadaa Tile. That was great. Well done. Okay, So in today's lesson, we reviewed how we can change verbs into formal forms and also into polite forms by adding I or to the verbs. Then in the next lesson, we'll look at how we can change verbs into polite forms by adding, Are you so I'll see you soon again in that lesson, but by 22. Present tense - Polite 2: hi there. So in this lesson, we're going to continue learning about making verbs into polite forms. But this time we're going to do that by adding oil to the verbs them. Before we learn that if the final syllable off the verb stem has the vowel letters are, or then we add our your to the verbs them. But if the final syllable of the verb stem ends in a vowel letter other than our or then we add, are you? There are, of course, some rules. We have to follow Celestica each one carefully. First, if the verb stem ends with a patch him, then we simply add oil to the verbs Them. A good example is the verb Baca, which means to eat the verb stem. Bach ends with a patch in Cheok, so we simply add all your to the verb stem. So the polite form off box that is mogul you, let's look a few other examples. The verb it that means to read devotes, then ends with a cup at him. So we simply add oil to the verb stem. So the polite form of it that is in Nagoya. Another example is the verb doctor, which means to mix. And here again we add oil to the verbs then. So the polite form off doctor is Sock Oyo and finally the verb to that which means to lift . And we saw this verb in one of the earlier lessons. The polite form of to that is to die. Oh, to Dahlia. Okay, so let's do a listening repeat practice off the first rule off adding oil. Repeat after me book that ball, Goyo it that in a Goyo so that sock oyo food I t lawyer that was great. Now let's look at the second way off adding oil to Bob's. The second rule is on the verb stems, ending in violators air and air and all. And your When the verb stem ends in these vows and there is no patch him, then we simply add your to the verb stem to make those verbs into flight forms. However, there aren't that many verbs that end in all or your, so it's more important to remember about the verb stems that end in a Oh, let's look at some examples. Sever means to count, as in count the number of things and the polite form offs Header is sale and another example is the verb Saadeh, which means to stand and the polite form off Sada is soil. We also have cada which means to turn on as in turn on the light and the polite form off Kata is Kaio. And lastly, the verb data which means to pay the polite form of data is Dale. Okay, so let's do a listening repeat speaking practice off applying the second rule off adding oil to verbs. Repeat after me said, uh, Sale Saada, Saar Yo Skalde, Calio, NEDA Dale. That was excellent. Load on. Let's look at the final way of adding oil to Bubs. The final rule is on the verb stems that end in the Vow letter when the verb stem ends in a vowel letter, who then who combines with all to become wall and then we add your to the combined form to make that verb into a polite form. For example, the verb cure that means to raise as in, raise animals and raise Children. The verbs them ends in a vowel letter away. So who combines with all and then we add your to the rest of the verb stem. So the polite form off Cuba is key, will you? Another example is the verb pale, that which means to learn, and the polite form of pale that is Pedroia. Also the verb to that means to delete. And the polite form is cheap Arroyo and finally, the verb choda means to give. And the polite form is oil. Okay, so it's always better to do a speaking practice for complicated rules to stick. So let's do a list and repeat practice off the third way off adding oil to Bubs. Repeat after me, Kilda Key Y o paled uh, pain, will you? You die fuel oil to that oil. Excellent job. Load on unless we want to the final practice. In this final practice, we're going to do one independent speaking practice, and I'd like you to change the verbs you see on screen into the polite forms. Remember that today, we learned to add, are your two verb stems when the final syllable off the verb stem ends in a vowel letter other than our or but there were some rules we had to follow first. If the verb stem ends with a pattern then we add oil to the verb stem. Second, if the verb stem ends with a vowel, letters, air or your, then we add your to the verbs them. And lastly, if the verb stem ends with a vowel letter, all then walk combines with our to become war. And then we add your to the verbs them to make that verb into a polite form. Okay, so with those rules in mind, let's do this speaking practice book that ball go you it that it Goyo to die to dollar Your Saadeh saw you, Kilda Calio Ned Ah, there you paled are pay Arroyo qudah T y o Cuba Key, will you great effort today won't on. So in today's lesson, we learned to add are your two verbs to make those verbs into polite forms. In the next lesson, we're going to learn to more ways to make verbs into polite forms. And we'll also look at how we can make verbs into casual forms. So I'll see you soon again in that lesson, but by 23. Present tense - Polite & Casual: hi there. And welcome back. Now, Before we get into today's lesson, I just want to mention that so far we've learned many ways of changing verbs into formal and polite forms. And trying to remember all these different rules can be quite tricky. And clearly it's not going to happen overnight. And I know this because I am also taking a photo shop course, and I always find myself watching the same lecture again and again because I'm not using that skill on a daily basis. So even if you can't clearly remember what you learn in one of the earlier lessons, don't worry, because it's quite normal. But what I would advise is for you to take that lesson again and do the speaking practice in that lesson so that you build up familiarity with difficult concepts. So with that in mind, let's go into today's lesson where we're going to learn to more ways of changing verbs into platforms, and we'll also look at how we can change involves into casual forms. Okay, first, if the verb stem ends in a vowel letter E, then e changes to yard and then we add your to the verbs them to make that verb into polite form. For example, the verb machida means to drink, and here the verb stem ends in the volatile E. So we change e to yard and then we add your to the verbs them to make this verb into polite for so the polite form off Machida is by show you my show. You let's look a few other examples. The verb Talita means to stop someone from doing something. And the polite form of Barletta is my oh my yoyo. Another example is the verb candida, which means to own something, and the polite form is casual. You catch Joyo. The final example is the verb cheetah, which means to hit something. And the polite form is child child. Okay, so it's a pretty simple rule, But let's do a speaking practice off applying this rule. Repeat after me, my Sita, my show You my leader, My yo yo Qaida cajole you Si Di choi. Oh, that was great. Let's look at the final way off changing verbs into polite forms in Korea. Now, one of the most common verbs in Korean is had a which means to do something, and in Korean. We often combine and now and had a two former verb that describes doing that. Now, for example, the noun kombu means study, and this now combines with Hata to become Congo Hedda. And this is a verb that means to study. Let's look a few other examples. The word chung's or is a noun meaning cleaning but tongues or had a is a verb that means to clean. Another example is the word your D, which is a noun meaning cooking. But you already had a is a verb that means to cook. And finally, the word so young is a noun that means swimming and so young had a is a verb. That means to swim now, to change these verbs into polite forms. We change how to hair, and then we add your So we go from Hodder to hail. So kombu Honda is kombu. Hail, tongues or Hodder is tongues or hail. You already had a his your e hail. And lastly, so young Haida is so young. Hail. Okay, so let's do a speaking practice off applying this way off, changing verbs into polite forms. Repeat after me. Kombu had a combo. Hail tongues or had a tongues or hail. You already had a your d hale. So young had a so young hail. Okay, that was great. Now let's look at how we can change verbs into casual forms. Now changing verbs into casual forms is really simple All Korean verbs in their polite form and in your and to make these verbs into casual forms, we simply remove your from the polite form. So the casual for mothball Goyo is Margo para you is patter key Wyo is Chihuahua, and your e hail is your hair. It's really that simple. So let's do a speaking practice off changing verbs into casual forms. Repeat after me ball Go, You boggle T Y o Kiwa patio Pata. You already hail Yordy hair. That was great. Well done. Unless we want to the final practice. Okay, so in this final practice, we're going to do one independent speaking practice on what we learned today. So remember that to change verbs into polite forms. If the verb stem ends in a vowel letter e, then e changes to yard. And then we add your at the end for verbs that end in Hader Hader changes to hail into form casual verbs. We simply remove your from the polite form. So with those rules in mind, let's do this. Independence speaking Practice by Leader by yo yo Carty Die Kodjoe, you Tschida child Kombu had a kombu Heo Chung's Ohata tongues or hail you already had. Ah ut Hail pat I you pata t will you tur ut hail ut hair Great job today. Well done. So in today's lesson, we looked at two more ways of changing verbs into polite forms. And we also looked at how we can change Bob's into casual forms. In the next lesson, we're going to learn how we can use objects in Korean sentences. So our Susan again in that lesson, But why? 24. Object particles - 을 & λ₯Ό: Hi there. And welcome back now, You've already seen how objects are used in sentences in previous lessons, but we're going to have a little bit more focused on learning the object particles will and blue in this lesson. Now, the basic function off Alu is to indicate that the noun is they're attached to Are the objects off the verb in that sentence less the kind of example sentence that uses a little particle. Channon Pangaribuan, Goyo I eat bread tone in Bangor McCoy Oh, this sentence is made up off three components. The subject Thonon, which is made up off the pronoun i char and the topic particle. And then the verb ball Goyo, which is the polite form off Octa, which means to eat, and the object banner. And this is made up off bang, which means bread and the object particle, as mentioned before the basic function off a little is to indicate that the noun is they're attached to are the object of the verb in that sentence. And in this sentence, the verb is bald oil, which means to eat and the verbs object is banged bread. And to indicate that bang is the object of the verb. It is attached to the particle. Now we use the particle will when the now it is attached to ends with a pattern. And here the World Bank ends with an even back him. So we use it. However, if the now the particle is attached to doesn't end with a patch him, then we use a little. Here's an example. Sentence Tonin P Chetumal Goyo. I eat pizza. So then P chatter above oil. So as you can see the final syllable or Peter, which means pizza doesn't have a patch him. So it goes with a particle little let's look a few other example sentences. Tonin, PBM, Barbara, boyo. I eat PB in Pop John in PB and Barbara Malvolio Tonin Banana dribble Goyo I eat banana. Go on, then fine and addle above Ohio. So in the first sentence, peeping pap ends with Pierre button. So it goes with a particle. However, in the second sentence, banana doesn't end with a patch in. So it goes with a particle little. The last point regarding the particles alone is that in every day speech, Koreans often omit the object particles. So rather than saying Cornyn people improbable, Koyo. They will often say Tonin PVM Pam, a lawyer. Although there is no object particle in the second sentence, the fact that PBM bat is the object off the verb Margot is pretty obvious. So you can just omit the object particle. Okay, so let's do a listening. Repeat practice off sentences that use object particles. Repeat after me. Tone in Bangui. McCoy Oh, tone in Banbury Bergoglio shown in Guatemala Goyo, Tonin, Guantanamo Goyo, Tonin, Pizza Dribble, Goyo Tone in Pisa Everybody, Boyo. Tonin PBM Problem ago Tonin PB in Babylon. So and then find out that a ball boy, Tom, then by nine out of McCoy. Oh, so then limey on their body oil Tom, then limey on Imago. That was great. Now let's move on to the final practice. Now, in this final practice, we're going to do one independent speaking practice. You will see sentences on the screen, but in each sentence, the object particles will be missing. And based on whether the object ends with Apache more not I'd like you to complete the sentence is using either the particles or little. Remember that if the object ends with a pat him then use the particle. The if it doesn't, then you use the particle little. Okay, So with that in mind, let's do the final practice. Tonin Banana Turbo Koyo Chown in banana adobo Goyo Children in Bangui McCoy Oh Children in Bangor Imo Goyo shown in Peep in Barbary Ball Goyo shown in Peep Imbaba above Oyo Children in Sag Water Bowl Goyo Children in Saguaro Rebo, Goyo Tonin, Limey on their M O Koyo Children in Lima on everybody Oyo Children in Peach at a ball Goyo telling then P chatterbox Oyo. Great job today. Well done In today's I said we learned how to use the object Particles will end little. The next lesson is a review lesson, and we're going to review how we change verbs into polite and casual forms and the use of a little from today's lesson. So I'll see you soon again in that review lesson, But why 25. Review Lesson - Present tense 2: hi there. So in today's lesson, we're going to review what we learn in the three previous lessons on verb conjugation and the use off object particles. There's a lot to get through, so let's get going now. We can make verbs into polite forms by adding oil to the verbs them. And we do this when the verbs then doesn't end in a vowel letter. Or but there were three very important rules to follow. First, if the verse name ends with a Pattyn, then we simply add are your to the verb stem. Second, if the verb stem ends with the violators, air A or are your, then we add your to the verbs them. Finally, if the verb stem ends with a vowel letter, who then who combines with our to become a war? And then we add your to the combined form? Okay, so as a warm up, let's first to a listening repeat practice off adding value. Repeat after me both their ball Goyo it that Aegaleo said that Seo Sada Soyo Kelda Calio pail that pay Arroyo to you that t y o great job. This time, let's do an independent speaking practice this is a simple practice, and you just have to change the verbs you see on the screen into polite forms by adding value. So if you're ready, let's begin it. That it Bergoglio Sabga, Sock Goyo deadeye Nao Sada Soyo Kildare. Calio chilled. Uh, Arroyo Jude I. Choi. Oh, fantastic job. Well done. Now let's look at two more ways of changing verbs into polite form. And then also look at how we can change verbs into casual forms. Okay, so two lessons ago we learned to more ways of changing verbs into polite forms, and we also learned a very simple way off changing polite forms into casual forms. First, if the verb stem ends in a vowel letter e, then e changes to yard, and then we add your to the verb stem to make that verb into polite form. Second, for the verbs ending in Hader Hader simply changes to hail. And lastly, to make verbs into casual forms, we simply remove the your at the end of polite forms of verbs. OK, so let's first to a listening repeat practice on these ways of changing verbs. My Sita, my show, you Cartagena casual yo kombu had a combo Heo tongues or Honda tongues or Hail ball Goyo waga t Will you t wa That was great. Well done. Now let's do an independent speaking practice. And this time, Samos before I'd like you to change the verbs you see on the screen into either polite forms or casual forms. So if you're ready, let's begin the practice by CDA By show you she die. Choi Oh, tongues, Ohata, tongues or hail You already had a your e hail pado u patta t will you t wa That was great wot done. Let's now review the use off object particles in Korean sentences. We use particles little with downs to indicate those now as the objects off the verb in that sentence. But we use particle if the object ends with a pattern. But if it doesn't, then we use the particle little less first to a listening Repeat practice off using end little in sentences. Repeat after me, John in Banbury Ball Goyo Tonin by Neymar Goyo Tonin Keeping Barbara Bob Boyo Tonin PB improbable Oyo Tonin Lamb Janell Magglio It's on in Lima on their mobile tonen hard watery bog Oyo telling in hot water McCoy. Oh, Tonin. Pizza delivery boy. Oh, Tonin Peter McCoy. Oh, Tonin. Bilonog So and then by now not about oil. That was great world on. Let's now do an independent speaking practice using prompts on the screen. I'd like you to complete each sentence using appropriate particles. Think about whether the object ends with a pattern or whether it doesn't. So if you're ready, let's begin. John In Banbury McCoy Oh, Children in Bangui More Goyo Shonen Ciguatera Ball Goyo Tonin, Saguaro Bergoglio, Tonin Bananarama Goyo Tonin by nine Honorable Goyo Tonin Chicken animal. Koyo Jonan, Chicken Animal. Goyo Tonin Lie Munim Odoyo shown in Lima on El Mago. Children in Hemberger Dribble, Goyo John, then Hemberger Dribble Goyo. Great effort Today water In today's lesson, we looked at more ways of changing verbs into polite forms, and we also looked at how we can change verbs into casual forms. We also review the use off object particles and little in the next lesson. We're going to look at how we conform negative statements in Korea. So I'll see you soon again in that Listen, but why 26. Negative Form: hi, everyone. So, in this lesson, we're going to look at how we conform. Negative statements in the present tense. Now in Korea, there are two different ways to fall negative statements. So we'll begin with the 1st 1 now in our Korean for absolute beginners won cause. We learned that the negative form of the Korean beef up either is Anita. This part Annie means no, and we use the contracted form of Annie, which is on to form negative statements for all other verbs. Here's an example. Sentence John in Suitor and Mashallah. I don't drink alcohol. Tonin, Suitor and Mashallah. So, as you can see, we simply add on in front of the verb Azeglio to make this statement and negative statement . Let's look a few other examples. Tonin, Tigger and you go, I don't read books. Tonin. Tigger, I need to go. Tonin Peach Other. I'm logo. I don't eat pizza. John N. P. Data on logo tone in Colombo on a Oh, I don't study so then combo And now related to this final example. Many Korean verbs are comprised of noun plus had a such as Congo Honda, which means to study, and it's the verb used in the sentence. But there's also Chung's Ohata, which means to clean, and you already had a which means to cook. And for these verbs, we don't add on in front of the verb phrase, but it's added in front of had a So it's not on gumbo, Hedda, but it's combo another. However, there are two exceptions, and these air in the verbs to ah Honda, which means to like and Shirahata, which means to hate. And this is because the words to our and shadow are adjectives rather than ounce, so we can add on in front of the phrase, so to make these verbs into negative statements, it's not to one another, but Andrada, and it's no shadow. Another it's and Shirahata. Okay, so let's do a listening repeat practice or forming negative statements using on, and we'll practice forming negative statements. Informal, polite and casual statements. Tonin Sooner and Joe Anita Tonin Pseudo and Johann Nida Children Checker Newsome, Nida Sean in Tiger, I knew certainly die Children Peter and local Hill Charlyne P chatter and Mogo. Till then combo inhale. So then kuhm boo and hail nine in Sutor. I'm measure Ni Lin sooner and measure Now then peach, other arm mogul now and then p each other and moga. That was great. Now let's look at the second way of forming negative statements. The second way of forming negative statements is to use key and time and tap means do not. And we can use this structure tea and tough to form negative statements like this Tonin pseudo verbosity. And I are I don't drink alcohol. Tonin, Souder, Basiji and I owe. So as you can see, we ad t to the verb stem. And then we add anta at the end in the sentence answer is used in its polite form and i o let's look a few other example sentences. Channon, Checkered e g and I. Oh, I don't read books. Tonin Integrity and I, O Tonin come Bahaji and I Oh, I don't study Tonin. Kombu has a and I John in P chatterbox John I o I don't eat pizza. Tonin P chatterbox Tianna. Lastly, we can make these statements formal, polite and casual by conjugating untapped Like this Shonen Checker et and Cindy. There Children taken 80 and I owe none in check it in China So the formal form is handsome . Nida. The polite form is an I O. And the casual form is Anna. So with that in mind, let's do a list and repeat speaking. Practice off using T anta to form negative statements. Repeat after me, John in Sudan Rapacity and Sumida Tonin Soudelor battered G Answer me that Thonon Tegal Itchy and Sumida Tonin Checker Utensil Media Tonin P Chatterbox Tian Ohio Tolin P chatterbox Ya Nyayo Tonin come Buhagiar and I O John in Colombo nine in pseudo devices Guiana Don in Superbikes Jonah Now then P Chatterbox Tianna 9 11 p chatterbox Tianna. Great job. Well done. Let's move on to the final practice. In this final practice, we're going to do to independence being practices. The 1st 1 is on the use of on to form negative statements and the 2nd 1 is on the use off key and tap to form negative statements in the first practice, I'd like you to unscramble the words and form appropriate negative statements. Remember that these statements could be formal, polite or casual. So if you're ready, let's begin. John in Sutor. I'm mature. John in Sid on my show. John in checkered. I knew some neither. Tonin Tenggara, Nusa Nida down in p chatter on Muggle. Now and then, Pete added on Mogul Tonin combo and am Nida Tonin combo. And am Nida Nannan checker. I need to go nine and take what I need to go. John in Cedar and Maxim Nida Tonin Serial and Mass Media. That was great. Well done. Now let's do the second Independence speaking practice on the use off Key Anta and same as the 1st 1 I'd like you to unscramble the words and form appropriate negative statements. So if you're ready, let's begin. Tonin Sydor, Basiji and I O Tonin Suitor by C J and I O nine in p chatterbox. Jonah Now and then P chatterbox Jonah Thonon Tegra Each and some Nita John in Tigger Duty and simply there. Shonen Combo, Tonin Kombu Hodja and I O nine in Syria by Sudjana nine in Situ by Hannah John in P. Chatterbox Handsomely Day, John in P. Chatterbox Johnson Nida Fantastic job Well done In today's lesson we looked at how we conform negative statements by using on nt Antah in the next lesson, we're going to look at how we conform questions in Korean, So I'll see you soon again in that lesson, But by 27. Question form: hi there. So in this lesson, we're going to look at how we conform questions in Korean. Now questions in Korean differ depending on the level of formality. So we're going to first look at for more questions Now. Forming four more questions in Korean is really simple. You just have to change one syllable in the positive statement. So let me demonstrate this using this positive statement. Tonin Peter out of the box Simply there, I eat pizza John in P chatterbox in Nida. So to former question using this statement, I would change pat at the end to God and say the question with a rising tone at the end. And if I want to ask you, I wouldn't use a pronoun since I'm already speaking to you. So I would say P chatterbox and Nika do you eat pizza? P Chatterbox and Nika, however, for more questions are only ever used in very formal settings, and I personally very rarely use it, so you may never use it at all. But people who work in the service sector, such as flight attendants or people who work in the restaurant, often do use this type of question. So it's worth being aware off this question for, as you may be asked questions in this way, let's look a few other examples. Souder by Sinica, do you drink Soudelor biting Nika Hunger. Welcome, Dominica. Do you study Korean Hangu? Bakambu, harmonica, something? Dominica? Are you a teacher? Something you mean, Nika? As you can see in this last example, we also use the same way or forming formal questions for the Korean beef up. Okay, so let's do a listening repeat practice off saying formal questions. Repeat after me. P chatterbox in nica p chatterbox of Nika Sydor by Sinica Sudova Sinica Hang Google Com Boom Nika Hunger Girl Combo harmonica. Something name in Nica. Something you mean Nika. That was great. Now let's look at how we conform. Polite and casual questions Now polite and casual questions look the same as positive statements. So there is no change in the sentence structure, but there is a difference in the intonation. In positive statements. The tone falls at the end of the statement. Listen to the following examples. Tonen, Ph other bogo Tonin, Pediatric bergoglio nine in something in here done in something in here, so as you could hear the tone falls at the end of the statement, but in questions, the tone rises at the end of the question. And this rising tone is what indicates what you're saying is a question. Listen to the following examples. Peter Bo Goya, P. Jabalya. No guy. Something EMEA. No guy. Something EMEA. So clearly the tone rises at the end to indicate that these statements or these questions, are questions. One other point to note is that when asking polite and casual questions in speech is more natural to ask questions without using object particles. So rather than asking peace out Herbal Goyo, it's more natural to ask Peter Bergoglio. Okay, so with that in mind, let's do a listening repeat practice off asking polite and casual questions. Repeat after me, Pete Sabo, Goya P. Jabal Goyo Dog or something You mia No guy. Something Neemia Soon by So you sued by Show You Hangu. Garcon, Blue hair, Hangu, Bakambu Here. Great job. Let's move on to the final practice. In this final practice, we're going to do one independent speaking practice and using the prompts on the screen. I like you to form formal, polite or casual questions remember to say the questions with a rising tone at the end. So if you're ready, let's begin. Sydor by Sinica. Souder by Sinica No guy something in here. No guys hunting. EMEA, Hangu, Bakambu Hail, Hangu Bakambu Hail Something You mean Nika? Something in me, Mika Sued by Celje Syria My Celia P. J Bokel Peach Tebogo Fantastic effort today. Well done. In this lesson, we learned how to form formal, polite and casual questions. Now, before this course ends, we have one more lesson of review lesson on negative statements and forming questions. So our Susan again one last time before the end of the course. But why? 28. Review Lesson - Present tense 3: Hi there. So this is the final lesson of this course and we're going to review what we learned on forming negative statements and questions in Korean. Let's begin. We learn two different ways to form negative statements. One was to use an in front of the verb, and the other was to add T antenna to the verb stem. So we do a warm up listening repeat practice on both ways of forming negative statements. But we'll stick to using polite verb endings. Repeat after me. Turn in a mobile. Mobile. Shannon Khumbu, Ohio town in Como hija and Shannon. Shannon. Shannon binary about Jana, John Lennon, binary box. Yeah, that was great, well done. Now let's do an independent speaking practice. And in this practice, you have to unscramble the words and form correct negative statements. So if you're ready, let's begin. Ciao. Ciao. Great effort. Well done. Now let's review how we form questions in Korean. To form questions in a formal way, we have to remove tab at the end of the positive statement and replace it with God. And we have to say this question with a rising tone at the end of the question. However, to say questions in a polite and casual way, the form doesn't change at all, but we have to say the question with a rising tone at the end as this rising tone is what indicates what we're saying is a question. Okay, So let's first do a listening repeat practice on saying formal, polite, and casual questions. Repeat after me. Boxing Nika, PGE2, a box and Nika something. Mmm, Nika something naming Nika. Supervisor. Supervisor. Check your ego. That was great. Well done. Now let's do an independent speaking practice. And this time using the prompts on the screen, I'd like you to form appropriate, formal, polite, and casual questions, making sure to say each question with a rising tone at the end. So if you're ready, let's begin. Hexane in Nika Huck singing Nika, BBM bumper boxing, Nika, PBM bubble boxing Nika. Fantastic job today. In this lesson, we reviewed how to form negative statements and questions in Korean. And that's the Hi everyone, Sorry to interrupt my last words in this lecture, but I basically gone to say how this is the final lecture of this course. However, this course has been updated with additional content. So this is not going to be the last lecture. And in the next unit, we're going to learn about irregular verbs in Korean. So I hope you're ready to learn more about Korean verb conjugation patterns in the present tense. See you in the next unit, buh-bye. 29. Irregular verbs - 'γ…‚' λ°›μΉ¨: Hi everyone and welcome back. In the previous unit, we learned the regular patterns of changing Korean verbs into polite forms in present tense by adding IO and oil. However, there are numerous verbs that don't follow these patterns. So in this unit, we're going to learn irregular patterns of changing Korean verbs into polite forms in present tense. First, in this lesson, we're going to focus on verbs whose stem ends in P batching. So let's begin. Now before we start looking at how we change verbs that end in peer batch them into polite forms. One thing to note is that Korean adjectives function like verbs. And for this reason, Korean adjectives are often called descriptive verbs. For example, yebbeuda means to be pretty. So instead of just meaning pretty, it also includes the meaning of the verb to be. So do keep this in mind as we're going to also include certain descriptive verbs as we look through irregular patterns. Okay, So if a verb stems that ending period button, we remove the peer Batson and add either Y0, warrior. However, while there are many verbs where we add Y0, there are only two verbs where we add Y0. One of them is the verb top-down, Top-down, which means to help. And with this verb, we remove the peer, batch him, and then add Y0. So the polite form in the present tense for top-down is Tojo to Y0. Similarly, COPD, that means to be pretty or to be beautiful. And applying the same row, we remove the PI button and then add Y0. So that becomes quiet. Quiet. Okay, so let's first do a listener repeat speaking practice of conjugating the verbs that end cope that. Repeat after me. 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00. That was great. Let's now look at the second rule. For many other verbs that end in P or baton, we remove that peer button and then add a Y0. For example, the verb. That means to pick up as into pickup something off the ground. And with this verb, we remove the peer batching and then add YOU. So the polite form in present tense for that is 20. 20. Similarly, di means two grill. And the polite form of cookie is Kuo, crude oil. And that means to lie. And the polite form of that is duo. Duo. Also top-down means to be hot. And the polite form of top that is POJO, Tojo and cool map that which means to be thankful, the polite form is Kamaroi you. Okay, so let's now do a listening repeat practice of changing these verbs into polite forms. Repeat after me. To do that, do I owe coma, coma oil? That was great, well-done. Now, one thing to keep in mind is that these rules regarding verb stems ending peer Batson are not absolute rules as there are many other verbs that end in PU PD bactrim actually follow the regular pattern of conjugation. For example, the verb chapter means to grab, and the polite form in present tense for chapter is chapter, also the verb, that means to wear, and the polite form in present tense for IEP, that is Ebola. Ebola. Do keep in mind that the rows we have learned in this lesson are not applied to all the verbs that end in via patching. In this final practice, we're going to do one independent speaking practice and you have to apply the rules we have learned in today's lesson and change the verbs into polite forms in present tense. Remember that there were two verbs where we remove the peer Batson and then add Y0. For all other verbs, we remove the PI of button and then add volume. So if you're ready, let's begin the practice. 00 00 00 00 00, 00 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00. Excellent job saying Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned how to conjugate verbs whose stem and in pupa Tim, into polite forms in present tense. In the next lesson, we're going to learn how to conjugate verbs whose stems and in ticket or she'll patching. See you soon again. Buh-bye. 30. Irregular verbs - 'γ„·' & 'γ……' λ°›μΉ¨: Hi everyone and welcome back. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to conjugate verbs whose stems and in triggered or she Apache him into polite forms in present tense. Let's begin with verbs whose stems and integer patching. Similar to peer, but there are many verbs whose stems and in TV button and follow the regular pattern of conjugation. For example, the verb that means to close and it's polite form in the present tense is ta-da. Ta-da. Also the verb that means to believe. And it's polite form in the present tense is ba-da, ba-da. However, there are altogether five verbs that follow a different pattern. If a verb stem ends in a teacup, but Tim, we remove the trigger button and add a Lear batch him, and then add IO or audio. One verb we add I2 is the verb. Good at that and get at them is to realize. And the reason why we add IO to get at that is because it's verb stem ends in a vowel. So we remove the trigger button, add Lille by Tim, and then add IO. So the polite form in the present tense for data is gathered. Rio, Gedaliah. However, for all other verbs, we add audio because the verb stems end in vowels other than or so called dat to walk becomes CTO, CIO. Cto to that listen is 30. Two, move that to ask becomes Buddha IO, Buddha 30 and ship that to load is shit, oh shit. So aside from the verb gada, that for all other verbs, we add audio to the verb stem. Okay, so let's now do a listener repeat practice of changing these verbs into polite forms in present tense. Repeat after me. 00 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00 00. Excellent job. Well done. Let's now look at how we conjugate involves who stands and in here button. Similar to verbs whose stems and in PIP and TV patch him. There are many verbs whose stems ending Sherpa chain that follow the regular pattern of conjugation. So the verb, which means to laugh changes to rosario. Rosario, and the verb which means to take off clothes, changes to oil, palm oil. However, there are altogether six verbs that follow a different pattern of conjugation. If a verb stem ends in Sherpa chim, we remove the shield, patch him, and add I0, I0. And there is only one verb where we add IO. And that's the verb which means to get better, to be cured. And the reason why we add IO to the verb, that, that is because the verb stem ends in a vowel. So the polite form in the present tense for that, that is 90. 90. For all other verbs, we add our job because the verb stems and then vows other than or R. So the verb, which means to build changes too, TO GO, could draw a line changes to CU REO keoyo it that to join, changes to yoyo. Yoyo, put that to pour, becomes poor yo puedo and taught that to start becomes char, char 30. So aside from the verb, not therefore all other verbs, we add audio to the verb stem. Okay, so let's now do a listener repeat practice of changing these verbs into polite forms in present tense. Repeat after me. Not 90, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00 00. Fantastic job. Well done. Let's now move on to the independent practice. In this practice, we're going to do one independent practice of changing verbs whose stems and in ticket and ship at him into polite forms in present tense. Remember that with verbs that end in, triggered by Tim, we've removed the teacup batching, add Lear but Shem, and then add I0, I0. And the only verb where we add I2 is the verb get at that, which means to realize for verb stems that end in Sherpa chimp, we remove the shield, patch him, and then add I0, I0. And the only verb where we add I2 is the verb, but not that, which means to get better. Okay, so with that in mind, let's begin the practice. 00 00 00 00 00 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00. Not 90. Fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned how to change verbs whose stems ending ticket, or she'll patch him into polite forms in present tense. In the next lesson, we're going to review what we learned over the last two lessons on changing verbs, who stems and in peer, ticket or she Apache him into polite forms in present tense. See you soon again. Buh-bye. 31. Review lesson - Irregular verbs 1: Hi everyone and welcome back. In this lesson, we're going to review what we learned over the last two lessons on irregular patterns of conjugation for verbs whose stems and then pip triggered and she'll patching. So let's begin. First, we learned that if a verb ends in a peer button, we remove the peer button and then add y o or Y0. And there are two verbs where we add why O2, and these were the verbs that end cope that all other verbs we add volume. However, as mentioned in the lesson, there are verbs that end in P button that follow the regular pattern of conjugation, such as the verbs that end cap that. Okay, So with that in mind, let's first do a listener repeat practice of applying these rules to 200. 200, 00 00, 00, 00, 00, 00. That was great. Well done. Let's now do an independent speaking practice. And I'd like you to change the verbs on the screen into polite forms in present tense by applying the rules correctly. So if you're ready, let's begin the practice. Top 20. 20. Excellent efforts, well done. Let's now look at verbs whose stems ending t get OCO patching. In the previous lesson, we learned that if a verb stem ends in a teacup Batson, we remove the TV ad libitum and then add IO or audio. And the only verb where we add I2 is the verb I get at that, which means to realize for verb stems ending in COPD, we remove the Shift button and then add IO or audio. And the only verb where we add I2 is the verb, which means to get better or to be cured. Okay, So with that in mind, let's first do a listener repeat practice of applying these rules. 00 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00 00. That was great. Well done. Let's now do an independent speaking practice. Have a go at changing the valves on the screen into polite forms in present tense. And afterwards you can listen to me and check to see whether you change the verbs correctly. If you're ready, let's begin. Get that, get caught. Not now yo char. Char, your excellent job today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we reviewed how to conjugate verbs who stands and in period t, good or sociopathy him into polite forms in present tense. In the next lesson, we're going to learn how to conjugate verbs whose stems and in the vout into polar form in the present tense. See you soon again. Provide. 32. Irregular verbs - 'γ…‘' vowel 1: Hi everyone and welcome back. In this lesson, we're going to learn the irregular verbs whose stem ends in a vowel with no patching. So let's begin. Okay, so first, if a verb stem has a single syllable and ends in a vowel, we remove the vout and add audio, so the verb, that means to use or to write and to change this into polite form in the present tense, we remove the vowel and then add all you. So the polite form in the present tense for the verb Sudan is soil. Soil. Let's take a look at few more example. The verb that means to turn off, and it's polite form is Goryeo. Goryeo. And the descriptive of q, that means to be big and it's polite form is coil, coil. And lastly the verb, that means to open one's eyes. And it's polite form is Dojo, Tojo. Okay, so with that in mind, let's now do a listening repeat practice of changing these verbs into polite forms. Excellent job, well done. Let's now take a look at the second rule. Now second pepsin is for when the verb stem has two or more syllables. And how we conjugate these verbs depends on the syllable before the last syllable is formed. If syllable before the last one in the verb stem uses vowels or, or, ah, then we remove the vowel in the final syllable in the verb stem and then add IO. So this pattern is kind of related to the regular pattern of adding IoT verb stems that end in vowels. Or for example, the verb means to be hurting or to hurt. And as you can see, the syllable before the last one uses the vowel ah. So we remove the vout in the final syllable in the verb stem, then add IO. So the polite form of the verb output, that is our PIO, our PIO. Here's another example, the verb that means to save or to collect. And as you can see again, the syllable before the final syllable in the verb stem uses the vowel or. So. Again, we've removed about in the final syllable in the verb stem and then add IO. So the polite form of the verb, more, that is, more I, O, Y0. Let's take a look at few more examples. The descriptive part, Buddha means to be busy and it's polite form is pack bio, pack bio. The verb. That means to lock, and the polite form is Chang Gei, Xiang Gei Wo. And lastly, put them in is to be hungry and is often used with a noun pair, which means stomach. And we form Pago put that. And the polite form of Pago CPU, that is Pago PIO. Pago PIO. Okay, So with that in mind, let's now do a listening repeat practice of changing these verbs into polite forms. Our PIO, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00 00. Fantastic job. Well done. Let's now move on to the final practice. In this final practice, we're going to do one independent practice and you have to apply the rules we have learned in this lesson. Change the verb you see on the screen into polite forms in present tense. And today, we learn to patterns of changing verbs whose stems and then the vowel oo into polite forms in the present tense. First, if the verb stem has a single syllable, then we remove the vowel and then add all your. Second. If the verb stem has two or more syllables than if the syllable before the last one uses the vows or R. Then we removed about in the final syllable in the verb stem and then add Io. Okay, so with that in mind, let's now do the independent speaking practice. 00 00 00, 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00. Buddha. Buddha. Boy, yeah. Oh, great job today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned to patterns of changing verbs, who stands end in a vowel, into polite forms in the present tense. In the next lesson, we're going to learn another pattern of changing vowel. So stem ends in a vowel, oo. And we're also going to learn how to change verbs who stem ends in the syllable lu into polite forms in present tense. See you soon again. Buh-bye. 33. Irregular verbs - 'γ…‘' vowel 2: Hi everyone and welcome back. In this lesson, we're going to learn another pattern of changing verbs whose stem ends in a Vout into polite form in present tense. And we're also going to learn how to change verbs that end in the syllable lu into pearlite forming present tense. Let's begin. Okay, so as we learned in the previous lesson, verb stem has two or more syllables, and the syllable before the last one uses the vows or R. Then we remove the vowel in the final syllable of the verb stem and then add IO. Well, the first rule that we're going to cover in this lesson is that if the verb stem has two or more syllables, and the syllable before the last one uses vows other than or R. Then we remove the vowel in the final syllable in the verbs stem and then add all your, for example, the descriptive. But yet due that means to be pretty. And the syllable before the last one uses a vowel other than 0. So we remove the vout in the final syllable in the verb stem, then add ru. So yet Buddha becomes yet boy, you yet boil. Let's take a look at few more examples. Keep Buddha means to be pleased. And the polite form of keep Buddha is keep boy, you keep bio. Sci is to try hard. And the polite form of Sudan is SR. Sr. And lastly the descriptive of silica, that means to be sad. And the polite form is silk, silk polio. Okay, So with that in mind, let's first do a list and repeat practice of changing these verbs into polite forms. Yep. Yep. Keep, keep bio. Sio. Super, super fantastic job. Well done. Okay, so let's now consider verb stems that end in the syllabus. If a verb stem ends in a syllable, learn depending on whether the syllable before the last one uses vows or are. We removed about in the final syllable in the verbs stem? Add leery about Shem to the syllable before, and then add I0, I0. And as before, we add IO. If the syllable before the last one uses vowels or if not, then we add all your, for example, the verb border, that means to not know. And in this verb, the syllable before the last one uses the vout or. So, we removed about in the final syllable in the verb stem. Add leery about Shem to the syllable before the last one, and then add IO. So the polite form of the verb border, that is bullae, you would like to give another example, the verb that means to roll as into rollerball. And in this verb, the syllable before the last syllable in the verbs stem uses a vow other than or ah. So we remove the oo vowel in the final syllable in the verb stem. Add little batch him to the syllable before, and then add audio. So the polite form of flu, that is colonial. Colonial. Let's take a look at few more examples. The verb that means to choose, the polite form is Julio. Julio. And the verb that means to carry as into carry something to somewhere. And the polite form of data that is not alive. Now. On the other hand, the glue that means to press and the polite form is due law. You do lie 0. And the verb, that means to bring up, and the polite form is kilo. Kilo. Okay, So with that in mind, let's first do a listening repeat practice of changing verbs who stands and in the syllable lu into polite forms in present tense, repeat after me. 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00 00. Excellent job. Well done. In this final practice, we're going to do one independent practice and you have to apply the rules we have learned in this lesson and change the verb you see on the screen into polite forms in present tense. First, we learned that if a verb stem has two or more syllables and the syllable before the last one uses about other than or R. Then we remove the vout in the final syllable in the verb stem, and then add all your for verb stems that end in the syllable lu, depending on whether the syllable before the last one in the verb stem uses vows or we remove the about in the final syllable in the verbs, then add leery about Tim to the syllable before, and then add i, 0, 0, 0, 0. So with all that in mind, if you're ready, let's begin the practice. Sio. Yep. Yep. 00 00 00 00 00 00 00, 00 00, 00. Fantastic efforts today. Okay, so in today's lesson, we looked at another way of changing verbs whose stem ends in a vowel into polite form in present tense. And we also learned how to change verbs whose stem ends in the syllable lu into polite forms in present tense. In the next lesson, we're going to learn how to change verbs who stem ends in a consonant here into polite forms in present tense. See you soon again. Buh-bye. 34. Irregular verbs - 'γ…Ž' λ°›μΉ¨: Hi everyone and welcome back. In this lesson, we're going to learn the irregular pattern of changing verbs whose stem ends in a consonant here into polite forms in present tense. Let's begin. First of all, generally there aren't that many verbs that end in here batching, however, there are various descriptive verbs that end in here, but Shem. And when we change these verbs, we remove the hip batching and then add E0, for example, the descriptive of E dot.me to be like this. And when we change this into polite form, remove the heel, batch him, and then add E0. And this forms IDEO, IDEO. And generally when verb stems that end in here, but Shem change into polite forms, they end in a o. However, there is one exception to this rule, and that's the descriptive of higher, higher, which means to be white. If we change how data into polite form, we remove the hip but Tim and then add E0. And this forms high A0, high A0. So this verb ends in Yale. And the reason for this is because in higher, the verb stem ends in the y glide. Yeah, when we add E0, it forms jeo rather than a 0. So do keep that in mind. Let's take a look at few more examples. The verb Chadha tab means to be like that, and it's polite form is Charlie. Charlie you ought to be in a certain states. And it's polite form is Odeo. Odeo and Dora time means to be yellow and it's polite form is 1. And lastly, product means to be blue and it's polite form is patio party. Oh, okay, so with that in mind, let's first do a listening repeat practice of changing verbs. Stem ends in the consonant here into polite forms in present tense. Repeat after me. 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00 00. Patio. Great efforts. Well done. Now, before we move on to the final practice, similar to some of the other patterns we have learned, this rule regarding verb stems that end in here, potassium is not an absolute rule as there are various verbs that end in here, pats him that follow the regular rules of conjugation, such as true, which means to be good, and it changes to 200. And also the verb, which means to put down, and this changes to the Y0. So do keep that in mind. Okay, so in this final practice, we're going to do one independent practice of applying the rules we have learned in this lesson and changing the verbs on the screen into pearlite forming present tense. And today we learn one pattern where if a verb stem ends in a consonant here, we remove the head and then add E0. And generally this results in forming the verb ending eo, but for the descriptive data, it results in forming Yale. Okay, So with that in mind, if you're ready, let's begin the practice. 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00, 00, 00 00. Fantastic job. Well done. Okay, So today we learn how to conjugate verbs whose stem ends in a consonant here into Poli form in present tense. That's safe for all the irregular patterns. And in the next lesson, we're going to review what we learned over the last three lessons. See you then, bye bye. 35. Review lesson - Irregular verbs 2: Hi everyone and welcome back. In this lesson, we're going to review what we learned over the last three lessons on changing verbs whose stem ends in a vowel, oo, the syllable lu, and here putting into polite forms in present tense. Let's begin. Three lessons ago we learned three patterns of changing verbs whose stem ends in a vowel into polite form in present tense, first, if a verb stem has only one syllable and ends in the vout, do we remove the vowel and then add all your second? If a verb stem has two or more syllables and the syllable before the last one uses vows or. Then we remove the vowel in the final syllable in the verb stem and then add Io. Okay, so with that in mind, let's first do a listening repeat practice of verbs that follow these patterns. Good. That was great, Well done. Let's now do an independent speaking practice. This time, I'd like you to change the verb you see on the screen into polite forms in present tense appropriately. If you're ready, let's begin the practice. Siddhartha saw your Goguryeo. W0, our PIO, boda, boda, boda, part bio. That was excellent, Well-done. Two lessons ago we learned another way of changing verbs. You stem ends in a vowel into polite form in present tense. And we also learned how to change involves whose stem ends in the syllable lu into Poli form in present tense. First, if a verb stem has two or more syllables and the syllable before the last one uses a vowel other than or. We remove the vowel in the final syllable in the verbs stem and then add all your second. If a verb stem ends in a syllable lawyer, then depending on whether the syllable before the last one uses vowels or are, we remove the vowel in the final syllable in the verbs stem? Add little batch him to the syllable before, and then add either I0, I0. Okay, So with these patterns in mind, let's first do a listening repeat practice of verbs that change in these ways. Sio. Yep, yep. Keep Buddha, keep bio, border, Bulawayo. Great job, well-done. Let's now do an independent speaking practice. And same as before. I'd like you to change the verbs you see on the screen into polite forms in present tense appropriately. If you're ready, let's begin the practice. Yep. Yep. That was excellent, Well done. Okay, So in the previous lesson, we learned how to change verbs whose stem ends in a consonant here into polite form in present tense. And for these verbs, we remove that here, but Tim add E0 and this results in forming a 0. However, one exception was the descriptive data and this changes to hire you. And this is because the verb stem of higher ends in the wide glide vowel. Yeah, okay, So with that in mind, let's first do a listener repeat practice of changing verbs that end in here but him into polite forms in present tense. Hi, I'm hi, eo. By regatta, by regio. Dora. Great job. Well done. Let's now do an independent speaking practice and same as before. I'd like you to change the verb you see on the screen into polite forms in present tense appropriately. If you're ready, let's begin. Charter. Chart 80 or higher. Higher. Dora, do radio. Patio. Fantastic efforts at a well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we reviewed how we change verbs that end in the vowel, syllable. And here patch him into polite forms in present tense. And that's it for this unit on learning irregular verb conjugation patterns. 36. Sentence Practice Introduction: Hi everyone. Over the next several lessons, we're going to put into practice what we learned on verb conjugation patterns and the use of object particles to practice formulating sentences. So we'll go over what we learned on using object particles to mark the object of the verb and how we conjugate verbs into polite forms by adding ION, REO, and how we conjugate irregular verbs into polite forms. And because the most common language form we use in everyday use is the polite form, we're going to focus on forming sentences with a polite verb ending and not practice the formal and casual forms. Now, one other thing to point out is that because we're going to practice forming sentences with a lot of different words, you'll naturally going to come across many new words. So before you take each practice lesson, please download a vocabulary list from the resources section for each lesson and have a quick look through the words you're going to see in the lesson is absolutely not necessary for you to memorize all the words, but just have a quick read through and familiarize yourself with the words you will see in each lesson. The first couple of lessons have pretty long list. But as the lessons go on, we do reuse many of the words again. So the list will get shorter with each lesson. Okay, so that's it for this lesson on the introduction of this unit. And the next lesson is the first sentence formulation practice lesson. 37. Sentence Practice 1: Adding ~μ•„μš”: Hi everyone. In this unit, we're going to put into practice what we learned on using object particles and verb conjugation patterns on adding AY Yoyo to form a Korean sentences. And in this first lesson, we're going to focus on using verbs. We add I2. And if you recall, there were three key patterns. First, if a verb stem ends in vowels or are with Patch him, we add IO. Second, if a verb stem ends in a vowel r with no patch him, we just add your. Lastly, if the verb stem ends in a vowel or with no patch him, we add IO. And there are going to be three practices. The first is a guided practice and all you have to do is conjugate the verb correctly and form the full sentence. In the second practice, you will practice the exact same sentences, but as well as conjugating the verbs, you also have to use appropriate object particles. Lastly, the third practice is the same as the second practice, as you have to use the correct object particle and conjugate the verbs correctly. However, the sentences will have different subjects and objects. Use the same verbs. Okay, so let's go into the first practice. In this practice, you will see standard sentences with a subject and object of the verb and a verb like this. Charmin, single man, nada. I meet a friend town in Canada. And as you can see, the subject uses the topic particle. We use the object particle with the object of the verb. The verb is in its infinitive form, man, ADA. And all you have to do is focus on conjugating the verbs into their polite forms by adding IO appropriately. So with the sentence, we need to conjugate the verb and say char, then single, bond, 90, Cheonan singular Caribbean 90. Now there are altogether ten sentences. So if you're ready, let's begin with the first one. Son Zheng Neiman, sunshine name and Chicago. Tb2. Tb1, TB2. Sue GNN, GNN, E, E psi chon. Then she get a tiny town and she gathered on man and Gaia, on man and kimchi report Gaia. So Naaman cargo. So Neiman cargo go excellent job, well done. Okay, so in the second practice, we're going to practice the same sentences, but as well as conjugating the verbs, you also have to use the correct object particle. So you need to use the particle low if the object doesn't end in Patch him. But if the object does end in part Tim, we use the. So if you see a sentence like this, you need to say char, then Ching, good, man, Nia. So you add the particle low and conjugate the verb money to buy 90. Okay, So with that in mind, let's practice forming the same sentences. So Neiman, TB2, TB1, and TB2. So GNN, GNN E, E psi man and Bruno, Oman and Brunerian. Excellent efforts, well done. Okay, so in this final practice, we're going to continue practice sentences that use the same verb we have seen in the two previous practices, but the sentences will use different subjects and objects. And same as the second practice, I'd like you to say the full sentence by using appropriate object particles and learn and also conjugate the verb into their polite forms by adding ir appropriately. Okay, So if you're ready, let's begin the practice. E is hexane, son Zheng Neiman. Hemorrhage. Hemorrhage. Chon in young children, young water by our fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in this first practice lesson of this unit, we practiced forming sentences using verbs that change into polite forms by adding IO. In the next lesson, we will look at verbs that change into polite forms by adding all your See you then, Bye, bye. 38. Sentence Practice 2: Adding ~μ–΄μš”: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to continue with a sentence forming practice using the patterns we learned previously on i, o, n. And in this lesson, we're going to focus on using verbs. We add all your two. And there were three key patterns. First, if a verb stem ends in vowels other than or with Patch, him, we add all your. Second. If a verb stem ends in a vowel, a, our OER with no patch him, we just add your. Lastly, if the verb stem ends in a vowel oo with no patch him, we add audio. Okay, So with that in mind, let's go into the first practice. In this first practice, same as the previous lesson, we're going to practice forming sentences that have a subject, object and a verb. And in the first practice, the focus is on conjugating the verbs into their polite forms by adding all your appropriately and completing the sentences. Okay, So if you're ready, let's begin the practice. Hexane then. Young and tornadoes hail to Melbourne and Samsung name and sons only men cannot jitter QIO, Shannon's hygiene, hygiene, energy, Gaia on Nina. Nina integrity, son Zheng, name and check a sudden saying name integrity. Great job, well done. In the second practice, same as the previous lesson. We're going to practice the same sentences, but as well as conjugating the verbs correctly, you also need to use appropriate object particles. Remember that we use low if the object doesn't end in potassium, but if it does, then we use the. Okay, so let's begin the practice. The men take a KaiA on Nina's integrity, Gaia on Nina integrity guy on Samsung Neiman, sons and name1. Hygiene, hygiene, energy, Gei Yang didn't binary Malcolm. Great job again, well done. Okay, So this is the final practice in this lesson, and the same as the previous lesson. You will practice new sentences, but we'll practice the same verbs, so same as before. I'd like you to say the full sentence by adding appropriate object particles and conjugate the verbs correctly. Let's begin the practice. I didn't I didn't pitch added above ion. 0, 0. So GNN, Sue-Je name, Amen. Amen and pungent. Fantastic job today, well done. Okay, today we practiced forming sentences using verbs that change into polite forms by adding all you. In the next lesson, we will practice forming sentences with verbs whose stems ending e, n. See you soon again. 39. Sentence Practice 3: Verbs ending in 'γ…£' and 'ν•˜λ‹€': Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to practice forming sentences using verbs whose stem ends in a vowel, e, n, hat. And these verbs change into polite forms in the following ways. First, if a verb stem ends in a vowel, e, e changes to your, and then we add your. Second. If a verb stem ends in hada, then changes to hail. Okay, So with that in mind, let's go into the first practice. Okay, so same as before. In the first practice, your focus is on conjugating the verbs appropriately. Okay, so this time, let's go straight into the first practice. Chon then make Judah, Judah Kalman, daddy, daddy, towel and then bye. Bye. Sons and name1 hack saying sunset name and Hank Sanger Qiang. Comm then a matter key data column, no matter how. Great efforts well done. In the second practice, same as before, you will need to use appropriate object particles and also conjugate the verb to complete the sentences and to reiterate, remember that we use the object politics. If the object doesn't end in potassium, but if it does end in Potsdam, then we use the particle. Okay, So if you're ready, let's start the practice. Kalman, Ciao, Italia son Zheng naming hexane. Son Zheng him and hexane archaea and bacteria by Sharia bins. Bins on NCBI. Excellent job, well done. Okay, So this is the final practice and same as in the previous lesson. You will practice new sentences, but the verbs will remain the same. So to complete the sentences, you need to use appropriate object particles and conjugate the verbs appropriately. Okay, so let's begin the practice. Surgeon and the surgeon and Panera Tang, China and Sam, Sam, John and John. Peter Pan and competitive ISIL. Han Zheng, the murky OK. John then sons and numeric key archaeal on Nina, charter data on Nina and toddler. Daddy. Fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we practiced forming sentences using verbs whose stem ends in a vowel e. And in the next lesson, we will practice forming sentences with irregular verbs. Stem ends in consonants, T, good, and shield. See you soon again. Buh-bye. 40. Sentence Practice 4: Irregular verbs γ…‚, γ„·, γ……: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we will continue with the practice of forming sentences using the verb patents we learned previously. And in this lesson, we're going to focus on using irregular verbs whose stem ends in a consonant, ticket, and shield. Now, each of these verbs follow a specific pattern to change them into polite forms in the present tense. First, if a verb stem ends in P, M, we remove the patch him and add y 0, 0, 0, 0. We add 10 to that end and add Y-O-U-R to all other verbs. Second, if a verb stem ends in ticket, but Tim, we remove the patch him and add leery about Tim, and then add I0, I0. And we only add IO to the verb gada and add audio to all other verbs. Lastly, if the verb stem ends in shear, we remove the shield by Tim and add i 0, 0, 0, 0. There is only one verb, we add I2, and that is not bad for all other verbs. We add audio. Okay, So with that in mind, let's begin the first practice. In this practice, same as the previous lessons. You need to say the full sentence by conjugating the verbs appropriately. And in from this lesson, instead of using topic particles in then we will use subject particles ICA. So do keep that in mind. Okay, So if you're ready, let's begin. Hexane. Hexane. You immediately get RIO masters Sagar guy to take I need to mobile. Hexane. I'll copy the Amaka copy, Rachel. I0. I0 got 100. Apogee guy. That was excellent, Well done. In the second practice, same as the previous lesson, you need to conjugate the verbs into their polite forms and also use appropriate object particles. And remember that we use if the object doesn't end in patching. But if the object ends in potassium, we use the. Okay, So let's begin the practice. You already saw a guy called urease Haida Cauchy require a copywriter on my computer to check guy Hungary, Czech, I hunger to Y0. Hexane hexane masseuse saga. Masseuse saga. Tomorrow. Bonnie. Hexane. Hexane EPA mobile Buddha. I got I got. That was excellent. Again, well done. Okay, So this is the final practice in this lesson. And same as before. You will practice new sentences but use the same verbs. And as before, I'd like to say the full sentence by adding object particles and the conjugating the verbs appropriately. Okay, let's start the practice. Key Zues, son Zheng N0 M0 law the order. The order. Hexane T guanine. Guanine on nega, reply on nega, I0, I0. Cheng Yi, butter to Y0. Tell me a fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we practiced forming sentences using irregular verbs that end in consonant t. Good, and she'll, in the next lesson, we will practice forming sentences with irregular verbs whose stem and then the vowel. See you then, bye, bye. 41. Sentence Practice 5: Irregular verbs 'γ…‘': Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to practice forming sentences with irregular verbs that end in the vowel. And there are three key conjugation patterns. First, if a verb stem has a single syllable and ends in a vowel, then we change to all your. Second. If a verb stem has two or more syllables and ends in a vowel, then if the syllable before the last ends in vowels, all we remove and we add i, o. Lastly, if a verb stem has two or more syllables and ends in a vowel, then if the syllable before the last ends in vowels other than all, we remove x2 and then add all you. Okay? So with that in mind, let's go to the first practice. Okay, So this is the same practice as before. You need to complete the sentences by conjugating the verbs or descriptive verbs appropriately. If the sentence uses descriptive verbs, that will not be an object. Okay, So if you're ready, let's begin. Ta-da. Ta-da, hexane. Hexane, each party. Party. Son Zheng N0, M0, compute totter, Gaia, sunshine, Amy computer Gaia. Your ys, I've got papaya, your ISACA. T guanine. Guanine. Excellent efforts, well done. In this second practice, same as the practices from the previous lessons, you need to conjugate the verbs into their polite forms. And if the sentence has an object, please also use appropriate object particles. Okay, So let's begin the second practice. Party. Party, Yeah, pie chart. Chorea. Chorea T guanine. Guanine uno time Gaia. Gaia. Pumped by your heart, by hexane. Hexane. Computer, a computer guy. Excellent job again, well done. Okay, So this is the final practice in this lesson. And as always, we will practice different sentences, but use the same verbs and descriptive verbs. And as before, if the sentence has an object's, please use appropriate object particles. Okay, So if you're ready, let's start the practice. Huck saying E Porter Gaia, Gaia, gaia, Amaka, heteroatom Gaia. Gaia. What do you guys do now? Tb. Tb. Excellent job today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we practiced forming sentences using verbs that end in a vowel. In the next lesson, we will practice forming sentences with irregular verbs whose stem and in the syllabus and hit by batching. See you soon again. Buh-bye. 42. Sentence Practice 6: Irregular verbs 'λ₯΄' & γ…Ž: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to practice forming sentences with verbs that end in the syllabus. And here patch him. And there are three key conjugation patterns. First for verbs that end in syllable lawyer, if the syllable before end in vowels or are, we add leery about Tim to the syllable before last? Remove the vowel in the final syllable of the verb stem and then add IO. However, if the syllable before the last one ends in a vowel other than or R, then we follow the same process, but add audio to the verb stem. Lastly, if a verb stem ends in here, patch him, we remove the here, but Tim, remove the vowel and add a 0. The only verb where we add jeo is the descriptive data. And this is because the verb stem ends in the wide glide. Wow, yeah. Okay, So with that in mind, let's move on to the first practice. Okay, So just as we have done in the other lessons in this first practice, you have to complete the sentences by conjugating the verbs appropriately in their polite forms. Let's begin the practice. Sunday saying name, P2. P2. Nicea guy. Hi. Hi. Hi. Hi. Hi, money. Excellent job, well done. In the second practice, same as the practices from the previous lesson. You need to conjugate the verbs into their polite forms and also use appropriate object particles if the sentence has an object. Okay, So let's begin the second practice. I do like AIGA, P2P guy that son Zheng, The me tongue. Hi money. Nicea guy could, Nicea guy. Colombia, Chegg, arpeggiator, call Liao. That was great again, well done. Okay, So this is the final practice in this lesson. And as always the sentences in this practice or new, but use the same verbs. And you need to change the verbs into their polite forms appropriately. And you also need to use object particles if the sentence has an object. Okay, So let's begin the final practice. Hexane E. Porter, the taxi guy, the guy that took study guide. Huck saying, Take care. Somebody, somebody. Taiga high, a fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we practice forming sentences using verbs that end in the syllabus and also hit him. In the next lesson, we will practice forming sentences with verbs in the negative forms. See you then, Bye, bye. 43. Sentence Practice 7: Negative verb form: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to practice forming sentences with verbs in the negative form. And there were two ways of forming verbs in negative form. First, we can simply add and which means not in front of the verb. The only exception is the verb made up of noun plus Hadar. With these verbs we add an infant of hada. So for Khumbu to study, It's not uncommon. But Khumbu. Second, we can simply add a T and tattoo a verb stem to form negative forms. So bulk G and tap means do not need and is polite form is g and i o. So the polite form always ends in t and i o. Okay, so with that in mind, let's begin the practice. We'll start with practicing using. And in this practice, you will see sentences with verbs in the infinitive forms. And I'd like you to add an and form the verbs into polite negative forms. So for John and Mary bought that it would become town in our mug. Now the tricky part of this practice is conjugating the verbs into polite forms as we're not focusing on one particular type of verb. However, to keep the practice a little easier, we'll just focus on the regular pattern of adding i 00. Yo. Okay, so let's begin the practice. Challenge in TB. Tb, um, bye T guanine, guanine toner and then copy a match. Cheonan copywriter means n and p data are mug. I mean soon np.array a mug. I'm Jody. Excellent efforts while in the second practice, you're going to add a CI and tattoo verb stems and form negative forms. You also have to use the polite form of CI, which is NIO. So do keep that in mind. Half of the sentences in this practice are from practice one, but they will also be some new sentences. Okay, So let's begin the practice. Carbonate is Haji, benzene and carbon is hace, Cheonan, TB2, TB1, and TB2, Pooja and China. And in QGIS, QGIS chon in computer science and computer on Nina's Hejinian, on linens, how genetic Jana, Cheonan, Cheonan urea. Shinzen and NIL, Shinzen and T Guanine. Fantastic efforts, well done. Okay, So this is the final practice in this lesson, and we're going to practice forming negative sentences using both methods we have practiced in this lesson. Now, depending on the prompts you see on the screen, I'd like you to say the correct form of negative sentence. Adding either or. All the sentences are sentences we have seen already in this lesson. So hopefully this practice shouldn't be too difficult. Okay, so let's begin the practice. Key data, EEG, Shinzen and singular data are being Xun and Charmin, your DRG and Cheonan, your DIG NIL. Char then QG, Cheonan, QGIS. Hi, I'm saying that integrity, TB2, TB1, and TB2. T guanine. Guanine. Fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we practice forming negative sentences using either. In the next unit, we will learn about WH words in Korean. See you then, bye, bye. 44. What: 무엇 (뭐): Hi everyone and welcome to the unit on learning the WH words in career. In this unit we're going to learn all the different WH words in Korean language, such as what, who, and when. In each lesson, we're going to come across some new vocabulary in the example sentences. And in the resources section, there is a vocabulary list sheet for each lesson. So do download the vocabulary and have a quick read through the words that you will see in the lesson so that you can better understand the example sentences when they do appear on the screen. In this very first lesson, we're going to learn the Korean word for what? Let's begin. The Korean word for what is boo. Boo. However, what is quite formal and while it's totally fine to use what in writing and also in certain formal settings. In everyday speech is far more common to use the contracted form. The contracted form is Mott. However, this shield Batson is generally removed and we just say bore. Now how we use more to form questions depends on what we're asking about. Consider the following two questions using what, what do you like? What came? Now, if you are a native English speaker, you will probably just form these questions instinctively without too much thought as to what you're asking about. But these two questions have fundamental differences. The first question is asking about the object of the verb alike. So if the other person were to respond, there might say, I like apples. And the information we wanted was the object of the verb apples. The second question is asking about the subject of the verb came. So if the other person were to respond, they might say a letter came. And the information we wanted was the subject of the verb a letter. Now, inquiry. And if we're forming the first question where we're interested in the object of the verb. Bore is used with the object particle. However, if we're interested in the subject of the verb, more is used with the subject particle. Let's start by looking at using ball with the object particle. Here's an example question. Bordeaux chore. Hey, what do you like? Mortar to wire? In this question, more is used with the object particle live because board doesn't end in pats him. And then we have the verb chore, hail, the polite form of chore Hadar, which means to like. And the meaning of u is inferred based on the context. Now, in this question, we use more with the object parts can learn because what we're asking about is the object of the verb, a Chihuahua hail. We're asking what the other person likes. So if the other person were to respond and say, I like apples, they would say char and then how Grado to our hair. I like apples, China's Hawaii. Hawaii. So the information we wanted to find out is the object of the verb, sagwa, apples. Here are two more example questions that follow the same pattern. Border you guys. What are you reading? Border you guy on top and then chapter do you guys I'm reading a magazine, ton and tap generated guy. Mortar pile. What are you watching? Border by our char then two pi, I'm watching a drama, Cheonan to dark matter by again, the meaning of the pronoun you is inferred based on the context. And the questions are about the object of the verbs in the Goryeo to read and a PIO to watts. So the information we're after is the object of the verb in the responses, which are tap G, magazine and to drama, drama. Now, one other point to note is that present form of Korean verbs can be used to indicate the present continuous tense. So these questions are about what the other person is reading and watching. Now, before we move on to the speaking practice, there are a couple of things to note. First, if we use what we would need to use the object parts could do as what ends in pats him. So we would say blue oscillator. However, with more, we say border. This mortar is sometimes used in his contracted form more, but the use of more is highly informal. The other point to note is that quite often the particle is dropped from the questions as based on the context is usually quite obvious what the question is about. So we often say, boy, you got 30 or more bio. However, dropping the particle is more common in speech than in writing. Now, in our speaking practice, we will practice using more with the particle. Okay, So with that in mind, let's first do a list and repeat practice of these questions that use more with object particles. Great job, well-done. Let's consider using bowl with a subject particle car. Here's an example question. Morgan was CYA. What came more Galois CYA. In this question, more is used with the subject part called car. And we haven't learned how to conjugate verbs into past forms yet. But was sayo is the past and polite form of order, which means to come. So why soil means came? And we use a subject particle with more because what we're asking about is about the subject of the verb. We're asking the subject that came. So if the other person were to respond and say a letter came, they would say plunging was CYA, letter came, Kanji go Isiah. So the information we're after is the subject of the sentence, Punjab a letter. Let's consider two more example questions. Morgan. Yep. Bye. What's pretty more guy at Baia cocci? Yep, via the flower is presi goes by Morgan J. What is homework? Morgan J, L, swaggy J. Math is homework swaggy sub j. Now, as mentioned in an earlier lecture, Korean adjectives function like verbs, which is why they're called descriptive verbs. And in the first question, yet bio polite form of yebbeuda doesn't just mean pretty. It means to be pretty. And in this question, we're asking what's pretty? And the answer is the subject of the response called flower. The second question uses E that which functions like the English verb to be. This question is asking, what is homework? And the answer is SEWA math, which is the subject of the response. So remember that if we're asking about the subject of the verb or the descriptive verb in the question. More is used with the subject particle. One last point to note is that although dropping the object particle is common in speech, the subject particle is rarely dropped. So do keep that in mind. Okay, So let's now do a speaking practice of these questions. Morgan was SIAH more Galois sire. Morgan? Yep. By Morgan J. L. Excellent job, well done. Now, although we're learning how to use more with objects and subject particles when more is used with EDA, which functions like the verb to be. It can be used slightly differently. For example, to ask, what is this? In Korean, we would ask egos, she more ego Shibuya. So Bohr is attached to the polite form of E dot da you. So there are also other ways of using born. However, in this lesson, we'll focus on using more with object particles and subject particles. Okay, So let's now move on to the independent practice. In this practice you will see questions with blanks. And depending on whether the English question is asking about the object of the verb or the subject of the verb. I'd like you to use either an object particle or a subject particle and say the full question. Okay, So if you're ready, let's begin the practice. More more more, more, more, more Gaia. Gaia. Border. Border at AIA. More guard nada Gaia. More Gadara, Gaia. Excellent job, well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned the Korean word for what, what, which is more commonly used as more in speech. In the next lesson, we will learn another way of saying what in Korean. See you then, bye-bye. 45. What: 무슨: Hi everyone and welcome back. In this lesson, we're going to learn another way of saying what in Korean? Let's begin. Consider the following question. What song do you like? What song do you like? In this question, we've used what's in front of the noun sung and inquiry. And when we want to use what infants of nouns we don't use. What more from the previous lesson. Instead, we use booze and mucin. So in Korean, This question would be mucin. Mucin no way out. So just like the English question, we use boson in front of the noun, meaning a song. So Busan norepi means Watson. Let's take a look at two other example questions. Boson, Messiah, what foods did you order? Bosons. Bosons, heck, what bird is flying away? Bosons. So in each question, we've used Busan in front of the nouns in music, food, and his head bird. And depending on whether we're asking about the object of the verb or the subject of the verb. We use either an object particle or a subject particle with a noun used with mucin. Okay, So with that in mind, let's first do a speaking practice of these questions. Excellent job, well done. Let's now do the independent practice. In this practice, you will see questions with blanks. And all you have to do is add a boson in the plank and say the full question is a pretty simple exercise. Okay, so if you're ready, let's begin. Boson tagger, Gaia, boost integrity, Gaia, loosen. While I was in charge while Busan. Busan young adults while mucin to diameter pipe bosons. Excellent job, well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned how to use what infants of nouns in Korean by using boson. Now in Korea, the two main words we use to mean what are, what Bohr and mucin. But depending on the context, we can also use various other words to mean what in Korean. So do keep that in mind. In the next lesson, we will review what we learned on how we use bought more and Busan from this lesson. See you then, bye bye. 46. Review Lesson: 무엇 (뭐), 무슨: Hi everyone and welcome back. In this lesson, we will review what we learned on the use of what war and Busan from the previous two lessons. Two lessons ago, we learned that what means, what inquiry and however, what is quite formal. So in everyday speech, we use the shortened form. When we form questions using one or more, depending on whether we're asking about the object of the verb or the subject of the verb, we need to use either an object particle or a subject particle with one or more. So let's first do a list and repeat practice of questions that use more with either an object particle or a subject particle. Border, border, border, Bye. Morgan was more guy yet by war gas. That was great, Well done. Let's now do an independent practice. In this practice, you will see questions with blanks. And depending on whether the English question is asking about the object of the verb or the subject of the verb. I'd like you to use either an object particle or a subject particle and say the full question. Okay, So if you're ready, Let's begin. Border, Bodh Gaya, border, mageia, border. Border that AIA. More got more Gadara via excellent job, well done. In the previous lesson, we learned that to form questions where what is used in front of nouns? We use mucin. Mucin when we form these questions depending on whether the question is about the object of the verb or the subject of the verb, we need to use appropriate particles with a noun used with boson. Okay, so let's first do a listening repeat practice of questions that use mucin. Mucin. Mucin. Excellent job, well-done, less than I do the independent practice. Same as in the previous lesson. You will see questions with blanks. And all you have to do is add boson in the plank and say the full question. Okay, let's begin the practice. Loosen or service has CYA boson or service has SIAH mucin mucin, mucin, mucin, mucin drama. Fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we reviewed what we learned in the last two lessons on using what Bohr and boson to mean what in Korean. In the next lesson, we will learn how to use who in Korean. See you then, bye bye. 47. Who: λˆ„κ΅¬: Hi everyone and welcome back. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to say who in Korean. Now the Karim word for who is new goal. New goal. And similar to what more, depending on who we're asking about, we have to use either object particles or subject particles with new goal. Let's first take a look at how we use object particles with do go. Here's an example question. Do good, Chihuahua, Hey, who do you like? Do-gooder edge while. So as you can see, we've used Du Gu with the object particle. As we're asking about the object of the verb, a Chihuahua hail, the polite form of Chihuahua Hidatsa like. And to answer this question, the other person might say, char then been suited to why? I like Min Soo Cheonan been sewerage awhile. And in this response, the information we are interested in is been sue, the object of the verb, Chihuahua hail. Let's take a look at two more example questions. Do gooder by Messiah. Who did you meet? Do-gooder, my Messiah. Do-gooder key diarrhea. Who are you waiting for? Do-gooder key data? In the first question, we have Manasseh, the past form of money to meet and we're asking who the other person met. In the second question, we have key Dahlia, the polite form of key daddy, that to weigh four. And we use this verb to ask who the other person is waiting for. So in both questions we're asking about the objects of the verbs. So we use Du Gu with the object particle. Now quite often do-gooder is contracted to do good, but this contracted form is highly informal. Additionally, object particles are often the method from questions. So we can also just ask do Cu by nasa and do Uchida. Okay, So with that in mind, let's practice asking these questions that use Du Gu with the object particle. Do-gooder. Do-gooder to wire. Do-gooder by Messiah. Do-gooder, key data, AIA. Excellent job, well done. Let's now take a look at how we use new goal when we're asking about the subject of the verb. Here's an example question. Do been sued a Chihuahua, who likes Min Zu dukha beam search. While now, when we use Du Gu with the subject particle, it becomes do go car. However, we never use this long form and we always use the contracted form, Ducca. And to answer this question, the other person might say, Suchi been sewerage wife. Susie likes beans, Sue-Je gab in sewage away. And in this response, the information we are interested in is Suchi, the subject of the verb, Chihuahua hail. Let's take a look at two more example questions Do been added by nasa. Who met me that Ducca be narrated by nasa? Do key daddy Aya, who's waiting for Shinzo, do catch in Zurich. Okay, so these sentences use the same verbs we saw earlier, but this time, rather than asking about the objects of the verb, we are asking about the subjects, as in who made meaner and who is waiting fortune x2. Now, one last point to note is that although we can drop the object particle from do-gooder, subject particle cannot be dropped from dukha. So do keep that in mind. Okay, So let's now do a speaking practice of these questions that use new Gu with a subject particle, car. Do got been sued a chihuahua. Do gab into nature while do God be narrowed by nasa? Do catch in Zooter key daddy, AIA. Excellent job, well done. Now one thing to keep in mind is that similar to what end more Du Gu can also be used in different questions structures. But for this lesson, we're focusing on using Du Gu with an object particle and a subject particle. Let's now move on to the independent practice. In this practice, you will see questions with blanks. And depending on whether the English question is asking about the object of the verb or the subject of the verb. I'd like you to say the full questions using either do gooder or Dukkha. If you're ready, let's begin. Do-gooder chore there has CYA, do-gooder to the SIR. Dugata. Dugata. Dugata. Dugata. Dugata. Dugata. Dukha, Yuri, SIR. Do-gooder, carrot, China. Do-gooder had a China fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned how to use who in Korean, which is due. In the next lesson, we will learn the Korean word for when. See you then, Bye, bye. 48. When: μ–Έμ œ: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to say when in Korean. Let's begin. The Korean word for when is on J and J. And similar to other WH words, we would use different particles depending on what we're asking about. However, generally, when is not the object of a verb. So unjust is rarely, if ever used with the object particle. Let's first take a look at how we use on j with EDA functions as the verb to be in English. Here's an example question, saying ED on j, when is your birthday? Sanctuary on j are saying any means birthday. And Anja is attached to the polite form of e die jojo. And this question means when is your birthday. However, we can also ask this question like this on Jager, hang EDAR, on J guys hanging DAO. Now this question has the same meaning. It means when is your birthday? And in this question formats on j is used with the subject particle. And this question is grammatically correct, so it's perfectly fine to ask this question. However, there is a slight difference in Newtons as the second question focuses more on the date rather than the other person's birthday. So we would use the second question, when we have perhaps forgotten someone's birthday and we want to take when that person's birthday is. So the second question format is used in more specific situations and in general is more common to use the first question format to ask when something is. Here are two more example questions. Chewed up shaky on J. When is the graduation ceremony? Chalked up CG on JR, patio on j. When is the party party guy on J, L. So in the first question, we're asking when toured up sick graduation ceremony is. And in the second question, we're asking when Patty party is. Okay, so let's first practice asking these questions. Saying ED on J. Sang ED on J. Toured up shaky on j. Party guy on J. Excellent job, well-done. Let's now consider how we use on there with regular verbs to ask when someone does something. Now, when we ask when someone does something, the response could be something like, I get up at eight, AM, I go to France tomorrow? We are meeting next week. So the response could relate to a specific time or a certain time expression that relates to a specific date. Therefore, when we use on j with regular verbs to ask when someone does something on j is not used with any particle at. So here's an example question. On j and i, o. When do you get up on Jay Leno? In this question, IDA and i o is the polite form of Eden ADA, which means to get up. So to ask, when someone gets up, we can just use on jet and the verb. However, the question can also have additional elements. Here are two more example questions on J put higher. When do you go to France? On J and J, y, when he's Mina coming Benin on johayo. In the first question, put answer. Air means to France. So on. Put unsafe higher means. When do you go to France? In the second question, we have the sentence subjects at the start of the question. And depending on the context, the subject could be used with topic or subject particle. But in this question, the subject is used with the topic particle. So when we ask the other person or some other person when they're doing something on j is not used with any particle. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of these questions. On J. And J. And J put KaiA Benin on GYN. Excellent job, well done, less. Now do the independent practice. In this practice you will see questions with blanks and all you have to do is fill in the blank with Anja and say the full question. Okay, So if you're ready, let's begin the practice. Sue RB on j. So RB on J, six Sigma on J. Chunyang, 60-pound j are taken. She Ghani on J, taken Shivani on J, and J. And J. Seaberg, IL on J, and J. Suchi on J. Isiah, Sushi guy on jet on Isiah. Fantastic efforts today. Well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned how to use when in Korean, which is on j. In the next lesson, we will review the use of Du Gu and on j from this lesson. See you then, bye-bye. 49. Review Lesson: λˆ„κ΅¬, μ–Έμ œ: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to review what we learned over the past two lessons on the use of Du, Gu, n, and j. Let's begin with the Korean word for who is new goal. And depending on who we're asking about, new goal can be used with an object particle or a subject particle. So we can say. So let's first do a listening repeat practice of questions that use new goo in these ways. Dugata, dugata, dugata, dugata, dugata, dugata. Key data. That was great, Well done. Let's now do an independent practice. In this practice, you will see questions with blanks. And depending on whether the English question is asking about the object of the verb or the subject or the verb. I'd like you to say the full question using either do gooder or dooga in the blanks. If you're ready, let's begin. Do-gooder, taught there has CYA, do-gooder, dugata. Dugata. Dugata. Dugata. Dugata, new Josiah. Josiah. Do guy has CYA. Do guy, do-gooder. Do-gooder, had a child. That was great, well done. Now the Korean word for when is on J and how we use undulate largely depends on whether it is used with EDA, which functions as the verb to be, or regular verbs. When Anja is used with IDA, it is attached to eat that. But when it's used with regular verbs, it's separated from the verb and is not used with any particle. Okay, so let's first do a list and repeat practice of questions that use on J. Sang ED on J and J. And J. And J and J. Great job, Well done. Let's now do an independent practice. In this practice you will see questions with blanks and all you have to do is say the full question using on J in the planes. Okay, So if you're ready, let's start the practice. So RB on j. So RB on J. Tanya, Tanya oxic, Saigon J. Taken she Ghani on J, taken shiny on J. And J. And J. And J. Sue-je, Han ISIL. Isil. Fantastic job today, well done. In this lesson, we reviewed the use of Du, Gu and on j, which mean who and when in Korean. In the next lesson, we will learn how to use the word for where in Korean. See you then, bye bye. 50. Where: μ–΄λ””: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to say well in Korean. So let's begin. Now in English, when we talk about the location of something, we use various prepositions, most commonly in on an act. So we might say things like, I live in Seoul. The book is on the desk. Min-woo is at home. So prepositions help to locate where someone or something is. Similarly in Korean, when we talk about the location of things, we use various particles. In this lesson, we will learn two of the most common particles, air and SR. Let's first take a look at air. Now, we've already come across this particle in an earlier lesson when we saw the phrase, put answer air. So air can be used to mean 2. However, another key function of air is used to say where something is located. Functions similar to in, on, at, in English. So using this particle to ask where something is, as in where something is located, we can ask, or DEA is CYA, where is it? Or da is Saya. To ask where someone or something is located, we use our D with the particle air, and we also use the verb is sayo, the polite form of eta. It that is a verb that has many uses in Korean. And one of the most common uses is to talk about where something is located. So it can function similar to the English verb to be. And although we use data to say what something is, we don't use IDA to say where something is. Instead we use it. Now to specifically ask where a certain noun is. We can also ask mins or none or the Isiah. Whereas Min Zu bins sooner or D a CYA. End to respond to this question, we can say bin soon again, she bear Isiah, Min Zu is at home, means in a and T base CYA in this intense cheaper means at home. So TBA means is at home. So we can say where someone or something is by using noun plus air structure in front of is soluble. Let's take a look at two more example questions using or the chair Egan or the Isiah. Whereas the book taken or D a CYA or the heirs had IR. Where do you live? Rds had IR. The first question asks Where check book is located. And as you can see in the second question, we can also use the verb had IO, the polite form of solid add, meaning to live with RDA and ask where someone lives. Now with a particle air, we can also use the verbs children j to j has to exist. Door to door, to put or to lay and up and up that to not be. Okay. So with that in mind, let's now practice the questions we have seen so far. Or the air Isiah means soon and RDA is CYA, checkin or DEA is CYA or DAS had IL. Excellent job, well done. Now, as we have learned, we use the particle air to say where something is located, as in where something exists. However, when we want to talk about doing something at a particular location, we don't use the particle air. Instead, we used a particle SR. So to say, I study at the library in Korean, we would say char none, torso Guan ASR, Cheonan torso Guan as our torso. Guan is library. And to talk about studying at the library is used with a particle SR. Now, then to ask where someone's studies, we would ask or DSR, Khumbu haha, whether you study or DSR. So addi is used with the particle ASR to ask where someone does something. Here are two more example questions. So GNN or DSR, Tara CYA, where does Susie grow up? Surgeon or DSRs had Messiah or DSR Bulgaria. Where do you eat? Or DSR Bulgaria. So each time to ask where Susie grew up and where the other person eats, we use RD with SR As we're asking where someone did or does something, rather than just talking about where something is located. And unlike the particle air, which can only be used with a handful of verbs, questions that use SR can be used with many different verbs. Okay, so let's now practice asking these questions that use or DSR. Dsr, DSR. So GNN, all DSR, DSR, Bulgaria. Great efforts, well done. Now one thing to keep in mind is that RD can be used where the various particles, it can be used where the subject, topic, and object particles, depending on the question we're asking. And it can also be used with various other particles. However, for this lesson, we'll focus on using RD with the particles air and SR. Let's now move on to the independent practice. In this practice you will see questions missing the particles. And depending on the English questions, I'd like you to use either air or SR and say the full questions. Remember that we use air to say where something is located, where something exists, and we use SR to talk about where someone did or does something. Okay, so let's begin the practice. Been Xun in RDA, is CYA been soon and RDAs CYA or DSR. Dsr. So GNN RDAs had Iowa. So GNN ideas had IO or DSR, DSR carbanion, carbanion or DAC, Shinzen and or DSO. Shinzen and RDS on doing a fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned how to use where in Korean, which is or the. And we focused on how we use our D with the particles, air and ASR to talk about where something is located and to talk about doing something somewhere. In the next lesson, we will learn the word for how in Korean. See you then, bye bye. 51. How: μ–΄λ–»κ²Œ: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to say how in Korea, the Korean word for how is care or care, that here batch him in Dar combines with key in the following syllable. So this is pronounced or care, or care. Now this word is made from the descriptive verb. And we use a dot to talk about how something is and care is a suffix we can add to various descriptive verbs to make them into adverbs. So adopt care essentially means how something is done. So we can use it in questions in the same way as how in English. Let's take a look at an example question. Care, banded iron. How do I make rice? Poverty or doc commanded AIA. Path means cooked rice. And man did I0 is the polite form of that, which means to make so poverty or duck care button that I am means how do I make rice? The meaning of the pronoun I would be inferred based on the context. Depending on the context, this question could mean, how do I, how do you, or how do we? Let's take a look at two more example questions. She bear or KaiA. How do you get home? She bear or doc Kaguya soup, jazz, dog care they are. How do I submit homework? Suggested or duck canal? In the first question, she bear means to home. So here the particle air means two. And the question is asking how the other person gets home. But do note that the meaning of the pronoun can change depending on the context. In the second question, we're asking how I Nao, submit soup chair homework. Now, one key usage regarding our care is that the position of AutoDock care can change. And we can position at the start of the sentence and say, or dog, cat, she bear Gaia. And the important thing to note is that the meaning of the two questions is exactly the same. When we position our duck care at the front of the question, we are focusing a little more on how something is done rather than the other elements such as chip, home or subject homework. However, regardless of where our top k is positioned, there is very little difference in newtons. Now, there are two more points. Note regarding the use of AAC doc care. First, Auto care is not always used in the same way as the English word how? For example, when we ask for people's personal information, such as name, age, or phone number, we use this phrase or dot care TSA 0. And this is a very polite and respectful way of asking what something is. So to ask someone's name in a very polite and respectful way, we say song AMI or doc care TSH, song I, me or Takeda say L. And this is loosely translated to mean, what's your name. So although in many situations we do use Ketamine, how auto care can also be used in ways that differ from the English word. How? The second important point to note with is that in Korea, there is another expression which is pronounced in the same way and this is or dot care. Now, auto care is a shortened form of AutoDock care hair. And this loosely means what do I do or what am I supposed to do? And this expression can be used in many different situations where you're not sure what you can do to help the situation or even to express sympathy towards the other person. So the use of meaning, how an OT dot k, meaning what do I do, is very different. Though, as I've mentioned already, they are pronounced in the same way. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of questions that use auto, meaning how excellent job, well done. Let's now do an independent practice. In this practice, you will see questions with blanks and I'd like you to add in the plank and say the foo question statement. This is a fairly simple practice. So if you're ready, let's begin. Tb. Tb or top k, k hat. K hat. Copyright. Copyright or doc cam and compute totter or computer or top-k. Fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in today's lesson, we learned how to use how in Korean, which is dark. In the next lesson, we will review what we learned on the use of Oddi, where and how. See you then, Bye bye. 52. Review Lesson: μ–΄λ””, μ–΄λ–»κ²Œ: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to review the use of all the where and how. Let's begin with are the two lessons ago we learned that all the means where when we use RD in questions, it can be used with many different particles. But two of the most common particles we use with the ASR. When we want to ask the location, the existence of someone or something, we use RD with the particle a. On the other hand, when we want to ask about doing something at a particular location, we use RD with the particle SR. So with that in mind, let's first do a list and repeat practice of questions that use Aldi with the particles a, ASR or the Isiah, been pseudonym or D, a CYA. Or the heirs had IL, or DSR. Surgeon or DSRs had our CYA, or DSR, Bodh Gaya. That was great, Well done. Let's now do the independent practice. In this practice, you will see questions missing the particles. And depending on the English questions, I'd like you to use either air or SR and say the full questions. Okay, if you're ready, let's start the practice. All ds2 postorder or DSR. Surgeon, or the surgeon or the CAL. Be nonane or DSR, eat a banana in our DSR UDL, carbanion or the Isiah carbon and RDAs SIAH, chin Cernan or the ASR. Shinzen and our DSO. Great efforts, well done. In the previous lesson, we learned that outdoor air means how and the use of auto K is pretty simple and we can use it in the same way as how in English, the position of auto care can be right next to the verb. But if there are other elements in the sentence, auto care can be positioned at the front of the question. And although auto k is commonly used to mean how in certain Korean questions, auto care can be used more similar to what in English. Additionally, Auto k is pronounced in the same way as dot k. But the second AutoCad means, what do I do or what am I supposed to do? And over these two words are pronounced in the same way. They are used in very different situations. Okay, So let's first do a speaking practice of questions that use or Duck Duck care, poverty or doc cam and she bear dot or dot care data. That was great, well-done, less than do the independent practice. In this practice, you will see questions with blanks and I'd like you to add auto k in the plank and say the full question. Okay, So if you're ready, let's begin. Tb. Tb, vacua, vacua. Copy. Copy there. Hangzhou God or care pairwise, hunger or TOC care pairwise. Compute totter or Gaia, combinatorial or toxic Goya. Excellent job today, well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we review the use of all the where and how. In the next lesson, we will learn how to say which in Korean. See you then, bye-bye. 53. Which, what kind of: μ–΄λ–€: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to say which in Korean. Let's begin. Now in Korea. And there are two ways to say which and one of them is done. Done, I've done can be used in various ways. And in this lesson, we'll consider is two main uses. First of all, we can use outdone like which in English. This means that when we use are done with generally talking about something from a limited number of choices. So if I'm looking at the top ten music charts and I want to ask the other person and which song the other person likes of the top 10 choices, I can ask a ton to y. Which song do you like? Dundalk? Hawaii. Dalda means a song, so we can use outdone with daughter, and this means which sung. Now, one other point to note is that in this question, or done, or is the object of the verb Chihuahua. Like so it's used with the object particle level. However, we can also use w1 plus noun with the subject particle when it's the subject of the verb. Here's an example question. Ought done. Hack saying he would rob Isiah. Which student asked, or Tanakh saying Buddha CYA in this question are done hexane? Which students is the subject of the verb Buddha pass CYA, the past form of Burpo that to ask. So it's used with a subject particle ie. Let's take a look at two more example questions. Or done. Yet buyer, which car is pretty done by? Don Young wider, pass CYA. Which movie did you watch? Or ton young wide-area to pass CYA? In the first question, are done. Which car is used with a subject particle? Because we're asking about the subjects of the descriptive but yet barrio, the polite form of yet Buddha, meaning to be pretty. The second question or done Yamaha, which movie is the object of the verb past? So, the past and polite form of poor that meaning to see, look or what. So often Yamaha is used with the object parts. Cool. Okay, so let's first do a list and repeat practice of these questions that use or done as which I've done already. Done heck saying he, Robert Isiah. All done. Yet buyer or done your wider pass CYA. Excellent job, well-done. Now, one use of done is to talk about something from a limited number of choices. However, another way we use are done is to ask about the characteristic or quality of something. When we use are done in this way. It's similar in meaning to what kind of in English. Here's an example question. Ought done. Chihuahua, Hey, what kind of song do you like? Hawaii? Now this question is exactly the same as the earlier question asking which song the other person likes from a limited number of choices. However, in a situation where we're asking the other person about the kind of song he or she likes, rather than a song from a set of choices, we can ask the same question. And in that situation, or done means what kind of we can also use are done to ask about the quality of something or personality of someone. Here's an example question. Been Cernan, duns hi Ramy a, a, what kind of person is Min Zu means Noonan or tons had AMI a, a. In this question, we first take the person we're asking about and then add tons Haram to EIA. Oh, the polite form of EDA, which functions like the English verb to be. And this is a common way to ask about someone's personality. So this question is similar in meaning to what's Min Zu like in English. Let's take a look at few more example questions. All done takers has CYA, what kind of book did you buy? Are done? Tigers, Messiah. So GNN or tons had what kind of person is Susie? Susie CNN or tons had Qi Zheng children are done young while What kind of movie is parasite? Key S21, autonomy and YL. So in the first question we are asking what kind of book the other person has bought. In the second question, we're asking about the personality of Suzy. The third question asks what kind of movie Parasite is. Okay, so with that in mind, let's now do a speaking practice of these questions. Done, done. Done. So GNN, tons, keys and children are done. Great job, Well done. Let's now do the independent practice. In this practice you will see questions with blanks and all you have to do is add, are done and say the full questions. If you're ready, let's begin. Autumn caseloads. Autonomic tag has done. Done, done. I mean, nn duns had a, a, a, a, a, a fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned how to use Ogden to mean which and what kind of. In the next lesson, we will learn another way of saying, which in Korean, see you then, bye bye. 54. Which: μ–΄λŠ: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn another way of saying which in Korea and in the previous lesson, we learned that we can use are done to talk about something from a limited number of choices. And while are done can be used in this way. And using Ogden in this way is very common in Korean. Koreans tend to think of as being more closer meaning to what kind of. So if we see a sentence without any context, Koreans were think of Ogden as what kind of rather than the width. On the other hand, the other word we have for which is on the, on the on there can also be used in various ways, but just like done, we use honor to talk about someone or something from a limited number of choices. So on the end are done can be used in the same way, and in many situations they can be used interchangeably. Slight difference between the two is that we use honor when the range of choices is more limited than Ogden. But in everyday usage, this difference is not differentiated in how they're used. Let's first consider how an OT done can be used in a similar way. And then we'll look at how they're used differently. Here are a couple of example questions on the care, Jada, Chihuahua haha, which season do you like on their cage? Other two away. On the neo-Gothic mashes CYA, which beverage is delicious on the New York gaba as Messiah. In the first question, honor is used with care Joe, meaning season. And we've used a phrase on their cage with the object particle as andragogy is the object of the verb Chihuahua, hail or like. In the second question on there is used with the meaning of beverage and we've used a phrase or num, num with the subject particle as anomia is the subject of the descriptive of masisseoyo, the polite form of Bashidang to be delicious. Now an important point to note is that in these questions on it can be changed with Ogden and the meaning of the questions would be exactly the same. However, in certain questions, it's more natural to use Honor rather than Ogden. Here's an example question on what nationality are you. Although not as hard, I mean, in this question on there is used with a noun phrase, Das hat m, which literally means country person. But we use that as Haram to refer to one's nationality. And EAR is the polite form of EDA, which functions like the verb to be. So the literal meaning of this question is, which country person are you? But it can be loosely translated to mean, what nationality are you? What's your nationality or even where are you from? Now, in this question, we always use honor and not OT done. And it sounds very unnatural if we asked done that. And the main reason why it sounds so unnatural is because when we say done that, we tend to associate or done to the meaning of what kind of. So rather than asking the name of the country, well done that as seems more related to the characteristic or quality of a country. Now, this difference in UN's can be very tricky to master. And at this stage, you shouldn't expect yourself to really understand the differences just yet. However, for now, I think having this awareness is important. And as you come across more questions that use are done and honor, you'll be able to see and understand different situations where we use these words are done an honor. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of these questions that use on, on the, on the, on the excellent job, well done. Let's now do the independent practice. In this practice you will see questions with blanks and all you have to do is say the full questions by using honor in the blanks. If you're ready, let's begin. On the on the on the top. On all these hanging on there that is hanging EDAR. Fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned how to use honor as which in Korean. In the next lesson, we will review what we learned on the use of done n on the See you then, Bye bye. 55. Review Lesson: μ–΄λ–€, μ–΄λŠ: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to review the use of w1, which, what kind of N on a meaning which lets begin with, are done. Two lessons ago we learned that outdone can be used as which in Korean. So we can use it to talk about someone or something from a limited number of choices. Additionally, we can use, are done to ask about a certain characteristic or quality of something. And when we use outdone in this way, is similar to what kind of in English. Okay, So let's first do a list and repeat practice of questions that use dun, dun, dun Huck saying he Barabbas CYA. Done. Yet. I've done, has been done, is had army a key Zheng children are done. Great job, well-done less now to the independent practice. In this practice, same as in the lesson. You will see questions with blanks and all you have to do is add up done, and say the full questions. Let's begin the practice. Done. Autoencoder to Y0. Done sigdang a Messiah or tantric Danielle, Messiah, or tensegrity to y. Dun, dun, dun, dun, dun. Sold and our tangos, yeah, I mean, I've done this, had army a mean and an excellent efforts. In the previous lesson, we learned that we can also use honor to mean which and talk about someone or something from a limited number of choices. And in many questions you can use on all done interchangeably. However, because outdone is more closely associated to the meaning of what kind of with a certain questions is more natural to use on them. Okay, So with that in mind, let's first do a listener repeat practice of questions that use on the on the cage. On their cage order to y on the new guy says Saya on that was great, Well done. Let's now do the independent practice. In this practice, same as in the lesson. You will see questions with blanks and all you have to do is say the full question by using honor in the blanks. Okay. Let's begin the practice. On the on the on the body. On the 90s, hanging on and that is hanging EDAR on the audio. On the moon Jagger. Fantastic job today, well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we reviewed the use of outdone as width and what kind of an on-air as width. In the next lesson, we will learn how to use the word for y in Korean. See you then, bye bye. 56. Why: μ™œ: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to say why in Korean. Let's begin. Why in Korean is where, where, and how we use where is the same as y in English. When we form questions using where it's not used with any particle. Let's take a look at an example question. Where P gone? Hey, why are you tired? Where pico name? In this question we've simply used where with the descriptive pico nail, the polite form of pecan Hulda, meaning to be tired, and the meaning of the pronoun that u is understood through context. Let's take a look at two more example questions. Why did you buy the bag? Whereas Messiah, we're Gaia. Why are you going to school hotkey where we're guy out? So in these questions we have extra elements. In the first question, we have the object of the verb, the bag. The second question, the destination of one's movement, hack, go to school and their position in funds of the sentence. However, we could also switch the order of these extra elements and where and say where and where vacua. And when we have where at the front of the question, there is more emphasis on the meaning of where y. However, in many situations both questions can be used interchangeably. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of these questions that use where, where p, where p goal and a l. That was great. Let's now do the independent practice. In this practice you will see questions with blanks and all you have to do is add where? Say the full question. If you're ready, let's begin. Middle zone. Where medicine and way they are. Where eBay site, where where? Where chatter. Chatter whereas Isiah mean alga where it was CYA. Fantastic job today, well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned how to use y in Korean, which is where. In the next lesson, we will learn how to use the word for how many in Korean. See you then, bye bye. 57. How many: λͺ‡: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn how to say how many in Korean. Let's begin inquiry and to say how many questions we say meow, meow. So let's first take a look at a couple of example questions using Miyagi was Saya, how many people came? A Miyagi was Saya. Has Saya. How many did you buy the octet? It has, has CYA. Now, as biota refers to how many is always used with a counter word. Beyond is a counter word for people and care is a general counter word for objects. So gum Yang means how many people and k-means how many things. And as you can see by these two examples, depending on whether we're asking about the subject of the verb or the object of the verb. The phrase made up of an account. A word can be used with a subject particle or an object particle. Now one thing to be careful of here is pronunciation. The sound of cheered him in changes to mmm sound in the first question because of the medium in the following syllable. So this is yum, yum, yum, yum. In the second question, the sound of t is not pronounced, but key up in care is pronounced as a tense consonant. So this is, we are, we are. Let's take a look at two more example questions. Check. How many books do you read? Check with your corner. Yeah. What time is it? We are CAR. In the first question, we use the counter word Quan and we use quanta account books. And as shown by this question, we can also add the noun related to the counter word in front of me Up. Next we have used with a counter word is c, which means time, and the verb is jeo, the polite form of EDA, which functions like the verb to be. And this question is a standard way of asking time in Korean. Now the literal meaning of this question is, how much time is it? But it's loosely translated to mean that what time is it? So in Korea, there are times when functions a little different to the English phrase, how many? Let's now do a speaking practice of these questions that use yeah, Miyagi was CYA be our getters has CYA check your corner? Excellent job, well-done, less than do the independent practice. In this practice, you will see foo questions with blanks and similar to practices we did before. You just have to add it, be out and say the full question. Okay. So if you're ready, let's start the practice. We are Sadie. Sadie AR. Okay, guys. Pdo. Haha. We have Kaguya, PDO, a pure, January's Hezekiah, pure, but January's Hezekiah. We are bunch on ISIL, bunch on ISIL. Young we can Messiah, Yamaha, Columbus CYA. Fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned how to say how many in Korean, which is we are. In the next lesson, we will review what we learned on the use of where, why, and how many from this lesson. See you then. Bye bye. 58. Review Lesson: μ™œ, λͺ‡: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to review what we learned over the last two lessons on the use of where, why, and how many. Let's begin with where. Two lessons ago we learned to use where as y and the way we use where is the same as y in English. The only thing to note is that when a question has extra elements other than the where and the verb, the position of where and the extra element can change. And when we use where at the front of the question, there is a little more focus on the meaning of where y. However, in many situations, these questions can be used interchangeably. Okay, so let's first do a listening repeat practice of questions that use where, where p, where p, hat go away, Gaia. That was great, Well done. Let's move on to the independent practice. In this practice, same as in the lesson. You will see questions with blanks and all you have to do is add, wear and say the full question. Okay, let's begin the practice. Medicine and where? Medicine and way they are. Where eBay site where she base. Where where's has CYA chatter with us? I mean, I mean, I got a fantastic job, well done. In the previous lesson, we learned to use as how many. Now as means how many or how much is always used with a counter word. Additionally, we can also use nouns that relate to the counter word in front of me out in a question. In some questions however, the odd functions different to how we use how many in English, such as VARCHAR, which is loosely translated to mean What time is it? Okay, So let's first do a listener repeat practice of questions that use yeah, Miyagi was getters. Check. That was great. World are less now do the independent practice. In this practice you will see foo questions with blanks and similar to practices we have done before. You just have to add and say the full questions. Okay. So if you're ready, let's start. We are Sadie. Sadie, a PDO. January. January's had been torn ISIL bunch on ISIL. Young Messiah, Yamaha, Columbus. Fantastic job today. Well done. Okay, so in this lesson we'll review the use of where as y and beyond as how many in Korea. And in the next lesson, we will learn how some of these WH words in Korean can also be used as indefinite pronouns. And indefinite pronouns are words like someone and something. See you soon again, buh-bye. 59. Wh-words as Indefinite pronoun: Hi everyone. In this lesson, we're going to learn how Korean WH words function as indefinite pronouns. Now, indefinite pronouns are words like something, anything, someone and anyone. And they are used in positive, negative, and questions statements. Now, Korean WH words can function as indefinite pronouns. So what any short-term form more means what? But in certain statements, they can also be used to mean anything or something. Now to fully understand how words like blood is used as indefinite pronouns, we need to start looking at more complex sentence structures. So at this stage, we want to look at every aspect of how, what and more are used as indefinite pronouns. But in this lesson, we'll learn a one way we can use a certain WH words as indefinite pronouns in questions. Now when questions statements consist of a W-H word and a verb, it can be a W-H word question or a yes-or-no question, depending on the word we stress. First, if we stress that W-H word, it becomes a W-H word question. Here's an example. Boss Isiah, what did you buy more SAS CYA. In this question, we have more meaning watts and the verb SAS sayo, the past form of sada, meaning to buy. And when a question consists of these two word forms, if we stress that W-H word, we form a W-H word question. So this means what did you buy? However, if we stressed a verb and raise the tone at the end a little bit more, it becomes a yes or no question, and more becomes an indefinite pronoun, meaning something. More. Messiah. Did you buy something more? Messiah? So as you could hear, as we stressed the verb and raise the tone at the end a little bit more, the question becomes a yes-no question and the more means something. Listen to the two questions again. Bores Isiah, most Isiah, Mosiah, Mosiah. Okay, so let's take a look at other questions like these. And I do have to speak more naturally to get this stress right. So I won't be saying these questions slowly. New Google and nasa. Who did you meet? Dogma Mosiah, Newcomen, nasa. Did you meet someone? Dogma nasa, Shinzen and or diego Mosiah where the chin Zuko Shinzen and Diego Garcia. Shinzen and audio Messiah. Did Kinsey go somewhere? Shinzen and audio Messiah. So as you can hear when we're stressed that W-H word, we formed WH word questions, but when we stressed a verb, we form a yes or no question. And that W-H word becomes an indefinite pronoun meaning someone or somewhere. Also, as you can see in the last question, as well as the WH word and the verb, the question can also contain the subject. Okay, so let's now do a speaking practice of these questions. Listen carefully to how I stress different words in the question. Most. Messiah, Messiah. Excellent job, well done. Let's now do the independent practice. In this practice, you will see full Korean questions statements. And depending on whether the English question is a W-H word question or a yes or no question. I'd like to stress the appropriate word and say the question correctly. Remember that we stress that W-H word to form a W-H word question. And we're stressed a verb if we want to form a yes or no question and change the WH word into an indefinite pronoun. Okay, So if you're ready, let's begin. Mobile Messiah. Messiah, medicine and RDA Gaia mean xenon, RDA Gaia means in an RDA KaiA, been Xun and RDA KaiA. Excellent job today, well done. Okay, so in this lesson, we learned how to stress different words in questions to form wh word questions and yes or no questions, and use WH words as indefinite pronouns. That's it for this unit on learning WH words in Korean.