Journey Through Jordan, Travel Tribe Culture Series | Kelsey Betzelberger | Skillshare

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Journey Through Jordan, Travel Tribe Culture Series

teacher avatar Kelsey Betzelberger, Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

13 Lessons (32m)
    • 1. TTCS Jordan Intro

      2:20
    • 2. Travel TribeJordan Introduction

      1:23
    • 3. Jordan Fun Facts & History

      5:03
    • 4. People Jordan

      2:47
    • 5. Amman

      2:46
    • 6. Food & Daily Life Jordan

      2:50
    • 7. Petra Introduction

      0:57
    • 8. Fun Facts Petra

      2:14
    • 9. Petra's Treasury and More

      3:46
    • 10. History & The Nabataean Empire of Petra

      1:26
    • 11. Travel Tribe Petra Conclusion

      0:55
    • 12. Travel Tips Jordan

      2:51
    • 13. Travel Tribe Jordan Conclusion

      2:49
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About This Class

Welcome to Travel Tribe's Journey Through Jordan course!

In this dynamic, fast-paced course, we will explore the history, language, food, culture, traditions, celebrations, geography, animals and famous sites of Jordan. The course then dives into the construction, history and fun facts about one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, Petra.

Students explore local traditions and fun facts that shape this country into the exciting and dynamic place that it is today. Students discover the major cities, learn how to fit in like a local, and check out what to explore in each region (Amman, Aqaba, Petra), and how to make the most of Jordan if you're only in town for a few days.

Whether you are planning for a post-Covid vacation, wanting a virtual adventure, or planning your next long-term-digital-nomad destination, this course is for you!


Some of the fun-fact topics we will explore:

  • What is the weather and climate like?

  • What are the two important seas of Jordan, and why are they special?

  • What societies influenced Jordan, and what is the national language and religion?

  • How is the capital city Amman evolving and changing? 

About The Author

My name is Kelsey Betzelberger, and I have been teaching for over 10 years. I was trained as an opera singer at Northwestern University in Chicago, and visited 45 countries around the world while performing at opera houses in Italy, Germany, England, Argentina, France, Croatia and the Netherlands. I also teach German, French, and music, and I have lived in seven different countries with my husband and our three well-traveled, geriatric cats.

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Kelsey Betzelberger

Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler

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Transcripts

1. TTCS Jordan Intro: Welcome to this travel Type History and Culture course, journey through Jordan, The Travel Tribe culture series, where we will explore Petra and more. I'm Kelsey buffalo burger, and I've traveled to 45 countries while singing opera around the world. In this dynamic, fast-paced course, we will explore the history, culture, food traditions, animals and weirdest and most intriguing things of this spectacular country. Make sure to reference your Travel Tribe culture series travel planner to help you organize your thoughts and the coloring pages for your enjoyment. Discover all this and more in this Travel Tribe History and Culture course. Make sure to bring your travel journal. As the saying goes. Traveling makes you speechless and then makes you a storyteller. We're going to use, I'll place viral way. We're going to have fun and play, or getting on a plane, maybe eating food or let's see friends, Let's see Spain, Let's see me. Do I split? Let's see three. So let's say come up be, let's see China, Let's see Russia travel, trip. Let's go. Let's see France. Let's see. Let's do it. Let's see. Let's see Colombia. Yeah. Let's see. Let's see. Let's go let's get started. 2. Travel TribeJordan Introduction: Welcome to the timeless country of Jordan. An aerobe nation on the east bank of the Jordan River, packed full of ancient monuments, nature reserves, and sunny Seaside resorts. Jordan sits at the crossroads of the Asian, African, and European continents. But it's technically considered part of the Middle East. Roman amphitheaters. Crusader castles, and Christian mosaics are just some of the fascinating attributes that this vibrant country has to offer. Your travel the world worksheet is available for your reference at all times during the course. A blank sheet is also provided for optional self-study. The Travel Tribe travel planner is used throughout the course as a way to note the food, clothing, holidays, must see sites, major cities and their attractions, and fun facts or pro tips that should be kept in mind when exploring. There are also some coloring pages provided for your enjoyment. Let's get started. 3. Jordan Fun Facts & History: Jordan is in the Middle East, surrounded by Lebanon, Israel, Syria, Iraq, saudi Arabia. Here is among its capital city and the ancient city of Petra. The second of our seven wonders of the modern world. The North era of desert comprises around 75 percent of Jordan. But Jordan's dry landscapes are not the only scenery. The sizzling, Sandy country has to offer. Jordan is also revered for it's salty sea. At the lowest point on earth, droves of swaying palm trees and bursts of springtime of flowers and scattered among the hills. An Arab nation on the east bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is defined by ancient monuments, nature reserves, and Seaside resorts. Over 9.8 million people live in Jordan. The Jordanian DNR is the currency and they drive on the right side of the road. For many years, the ruling queen of Jordan was Queen nor an American born queen who married King Hussein. The current leader is their son, king of doula the second. The capital of Jordan is a mine. The official state religion is Islam. Yet several places in Jordan are important to Christians. The site where John the Baptist baptized Christ is believed to be enjoyed it. People in Jordan speak Arabic and English. The Dead Sea, which is occupied by both Jordan and Israel, syncs to a whopping 1414 feet or 431 meters below sea level. The Earth's lowest, 0.1 of the world's saltiest bodies of water is colorful, sticky, and surreal. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan as a small, young country located on land of ancient biblical significance. One of the most liberal Arab countries, but also a country with very few natural resources. Jordan's claim to fame is the ancient archaeological site. Petra, a red stone capital city that dates back to around 2300 years ago. Jordan occupies an area rich in archaeological remains and religious traditions. The Jordanian desert, home to hunters from the late Stone Age or earlier than 10000 years ago. And their tools have been found widely distributed throughout the country. Highly influenced by the Greeks, then the Roman Empire, and then finally, the Muslim empires starting in the seventh century. Jordan is a new country on ancient land, separated from Palestine by the Jordan River. This small region has played a leading role in biblical history. The early biblical kingdoms of Moab, Gilly ad and a DOM lie within its borders, as well as the famous city of Petra. Under the rule of the Ottoman Empire until 1918 and later the United Kingdom, Jordan finally became an independent kingdom in the year 1946. Woohoo, May 25th is Jordan's Independence Day, which is celebrated by grand displays of fireworks, religious ceremonies, and an official national celebration for the royal family. 4. People Jordan: The overwhelming majority of locals are aerobes, mainly Jordanians and Palestinians, with a significant population of Bedouin who were the largest indigenous group before the Palestinians arrived in the 20th century. The national languages, Arabic and Islam, is the official religion. Virtually the entire population is Sunni Muslim. There is a small percentage of Christians that live in Jordan, most of which adhere to the Greek Orthodox Church. The normal life expectancy in Jordan is 75 years, but the population structure is predominantly young. Nearly a third of the entire population is made up of people under the age of 15. Live birth rate is very high in comparison with the rest of the world. And Jordan's population is growing about twice as fast the world's average. Although not necessarily known for its wildlife. Jordan offers a surprisingly diverse plant and animal population. Due to the desert landscapes, only the most hearty and adaptable creatures can survive. Mainly the camel who can go without food or water for up to six months. The Asiatic jackal, the Desert Fox, the striped hyena, and wolves are some of the larger mammals found in Jordan. The Arabian are white Oryx. Jordan's national animal was almost completely extinct in the wild by the mid 20th century. The sunny, crystal-clear waters of the Gulf of Aqaba are ideal for the growth of coral. There are around 230 species of coral, as well as over one hundred, ten hundred species of fish. Sea cucumbers, starfish, sea horses, stingrays, man to raise turtles and dolphins that make the Gulf of aka a diverse underwater sanctuary. A popular diving destination for tourists. 5. Amman: Around four-fifths of all Jordanians live in urban areas. Most towns have hospitals, banks, government, internet, private schools, mosques, churches, libraries, entertainment facilities and newspapers. The main population center is the country's capital of Amazon, with roughly 2.1 million people. Around 20 percent of Jordan's entire population of over 10.2 million. Despite its rapid growth, especially over the past 10 years, the hypnotic city of Amman retains much of its old character. The capital of Jordan, Amman is a modern city with many ancient ruins. The Bronze Age Amman citadel includes the pillars of the Roman temple of Hercules. And the eighth century Omayyad Palace, known for its large dome and the ceiling of its palatial complex. Nearby the 6000 seat Roman theater is a second century stone amphitheater that dates back to when a bond was called by its earlier name, Philadelphia. The Greeks founded new cities in the area, modern-day Jordan, including its capital of Amman, roughly 2300 years ago. A mine was established in our world so long ago that it can even be found in the Bible. As Rabat, a bond. The buildings in our mind are covered with thick white limestone or sandstone, and the majority have balconies. Buildings are not allowed to be built more than four floors above the ground. The largest museum is the Jordan Museum, which houses much of the delicate and irreplaceable archeological findings in the country, including some of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 2300 year-old Jewish manuscripts, the Neolithic limestone statues of I-I'm guys owl, an ancient archaeological site, and a copy of the Mesha Stele, an ancient artifact from your 840 BCE. Nightclubs, bars and lounges are popping up all across the skyline, changing the city's old image as someone conservative. And now alcohol also is widely distributed. 6. Food & Daily Life Jordan: Considered the coronary capital of Jordan. A New York Times article described Ambani cuisine as a culmination of several Arab of regional styles writing that it combines the bright vegetables from Lebanon, crunchy for levels from Syria, yummy kebabs from Egypt, and most recently, spicy meat dishes from Jordan's neighbor, Iraq. The countries cuisine features dishes with beans, yogurt, garlic, and olive oil. Jordan's two most popular dishes, arm PSAT Khan, lamb and rice with a yogurt sauce. And months off. Normally served in a large platter meant for communal eating. Mod stuff is a dish of tender meat layered with extremely thin flat bread. And towering piles of aromatic rice. Both in the Sachen and months off are served in large portions on holidays and special occasions. Everyday meals though, include flatbread with vegetable depths, grilled meats, and hearty students, usually served with sweet tea or cardamom flavored coffee. Jordan, an integral part of the Arab world, shares a cultural tradition common to neighboring countries. For example, family is of central importance. Village life revolves around religion, relatives, agriculture and hospitality. Urban dwelling Jordanians enjoy many aspects of modern popular culture. From theatrical performances to rock concerts, do operas, to ballets. The Ministry of Education distributes free books to students in public schools and enforces mandatory education until the age of 14. Jordan's oldest institution of higher learning is the University of Jordan, established in Amman in 1962. And one of the 20 universities in this capital city. Large towns have movie theaters with both era and foreign films. Younger Jordanians frequent internet cafes in the capital where they sip espresso while surfing the web. 7. Petra Introduction: In how good it since prehistoric times, Petra, nicknamed The Rose City, has two temples and monuments carved into the surrounding some baked pink sandstone cliffs situated between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea. Our second wonder of the seven wonders of the modern world was an important cross between a Rabia and Egypt. More than 2000 years ago. Petrus buildings carved into the towering red rocks. And it is one of the world's most famous ancient cities were early Eastern traditions combined with classical architecture. 8. Fun Facts Petra: The city of Petra, the ancient archaeological site of the Nabataean is one of the most exquisite archaeological sites in the world. It is a 149 miles or 240 kilometers south of Jordan's capital city, Amman, and 75 miles or a 120 kilometers north of the Red Sea town of aka, famous for its rock-cut architecture and advanced water supply system. Petra is also called the rows, the city, because of the color of the pinkish red stones from which it's carved. It became a unesco World Heritage site in 1985. And it is one of the richest and largest archaeological sites in this type of red sandstone. Dating back to around 300 BCE. It was the capital of the Nabataean Kingdom, a wealthy political state known for its riches collected from selling spices. Carved directly into the red, white, pink sandstone cliffs. Petra is sometimes called the Lost City. In spite of its being such an important ancient kingdom. After the 14th century, Petra was completely lost to the Western world for hundreds of years. It was rediscovered by the traveler Johan Ludvig boycott in 1812. On a mission to recover the rows city. He dressed up as a Bedouin or a nomadic Arab animal herder and convinced the locals to escort him to the ancient metropolis. 9. Petra's Treasury and More: Petra is approached through a mile long high walls, seek a crack in the rock, forcibly separated by tectonic pressure. Just when it seems like you might have gotten lost or maybe taken a wrong turn, even though there's nowhere to turn. The most impressive of Petrus sites comes into view. The Treasury, known as our caused a towering at a 128 feet or 39 meters high. A sophisticated piece of engineering as tall as a twelv storey building. Carved out of sandstone to serve as a to the Treasury, gets its name from a rumor that an ancient pharaoh hid his treasure in the top earn. A temple with an ornate Greek style Facade. Archaeologists recently discovered at the Treasury had even more secrets to share. The stone passageway along the Sikh sinks below the sand 300 meters before it ends, leading archaeologists to discover a secret burial chamber below the famous structure. Inside a Levin, bodies were found complete with areas to display items needed for the afterlife. This breathtaking city captivated scientists see yet again and provided years of research and priceless artifacts from the ancient world. An extensive water system, including dams, rock carved water channels, and ceramic pipes were used to sustain the ancient cities large population. From the Treasury, the out her seek holds more than 40 tombs on this street of facades. Just before the 2000 year old 8500 seat theatre. A set of steps leads to the high place of sacrifice. Hilltop alter, a steep 45-minute climb away. The high place of sacrifice that dates back to biblical times is a fantastically well-preserved site. More than 1 million people visit Petra every year, 80% of them from foreign countries. An entire town. Why do you mousa has been developed in order to cater to people coming to visit Petra. Petra is also a 147 miles or 236 kilometers from the Jordanian capital, amman. Petrus Rose Red Sandstone facades, tombs, and temples became known around the world through its brief appearance. The 1989 film, Indiana Jones and the last crusade. 10. History & The Nabataean Empire of Petra: It is not known precisely when Petra was built, but the city began to prosper as the capital of the Nabataean empire from the first century BCE, which grew rich through trading frankincense, myrrh, and spices. Petra grew quickly being located along the ancient trade routes between Arabia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean Sea. The capital became very wealthy and powerful, and Petra prospered as a center of the spice trade Between China, Egypt, Greece, and India. The city's population swelled to between 10000 and 30000. Petro was later seized by the Roman Empire. But it continued to thrive until two devastating earthquakes destroyed much of the city and the population shrunk dramatically. The ancient capital was eventually abandoned altogether. 11. Travel Tribe Petra Conclusion: A poet penned Petra as a rose red city, half as old as time. The words conjure up images of an ancient civilization. The carved their history into the bright sandstone rocks, protecting well-kept secrets of this cradle of civilization for centuries to come. Take a moment to write down in your travel journal why you think Petra might have been abandoned for so long and why? It might have been like during its as the capital. 12. Travel Tips Jordan: Here are some things to keep in mind when traveling in this part of the world. Jordan is one of the most water-scarce countries in the world. The countries renewable water supply concurrently only meet about half of the populations water demand. And the groundwater being used is twice as fast as it can be replaced. Do be cautious about your water usage in Jordan. Tap water here is somewhat safe to drink, but for a shorter trip, it might be better to stick to bottled water or even better, bring a bottle with a travel filter from home. Illegal trails. Some of the hiking trails are illegal when walking around the beautiful sandstone of Jordan, especially near Petra. The scenes of someone's sitting per, curiously on the edge of a cliff overlooking the ancient city of Petra. This trail that leads there is illegal. Those pictures are also illegal. So make sure to do your research so that you don't unintentionally contribute to the deterioration of these precious resources. Clothing, make sure to be mindful of the common dress in Jordan. As a somewhat conservative country, it's important that both women and men make sure to wear loose fitting clothes, long pants, and long sleeves shirts, even when hiking in the hot sun. Eating, Jordan is not the cheapest destination as tourism is a huge industry, and meal and accommodation prices can vary widely. Most only accept cash as well. So make sure to get some local currency from the ATMs. Jordan travel pass. The Jordan travel pass will save you lots of money, even if you're only coming for the day. It's an excellent value and nearly all tourist sites are covered by it. Animals. If you have legs and are able to walk, don't take the donkeys or the horses. These animals are worked all day long, usually with little water or care to their open wounds or frothing mouths. In case you don't know, frothing coming from the mouth and wounds covered in flies are huge red flags. These animals are thirsty, exhausted, and should not be used by people who are simply quote, unquote, tired. Don't listen to what the people say about how the animals feel. Look at the animals themselves. And as with all travel, try to learn some phrases before your trip. Speak slowly when using your native language. Smile, be patient and have fun. 13. Travel Tribe Jordan Conclusion: An ancient country weaving its way through biblical stories, priceless monuments, meaty, aromatic cuisine, and a swiftly increasing population of restless young people. Jordan, the home of the ancient city of Petra, is a beautiful combination of determination. Antiquity and Sons soaked deserts. A mix of the ancient and the modern. Jordan is full of artistic young minds, traditional values, and buckets of spices. Feel free to write down your thoughts in your travel journal about how daily life and Jordan might differ from your own. And what you might like to see in this tiny country. Now that you have filled out your travel planner, feel free to share with the class. You're welcome to also post your coloring pages. Thank you for traveling with the Travel Tribe for future research. Some of my favorite travel books are a year in Provence by Peter male under the Tuscan Sun by Francis maze, wild by cheryl strayed, CouchSurfing in Iran by Stephen North cat, who went to Paris by Peter gathers. For future traveling adventures. Traveled drive in the search bar. The next course in your travel journey is the history and culture of France and an exploration of Germany. I had day in class. I look forward to seeing you at your next Travel Tribe adventure.