Journal Publishing: Design and Sell Your Own Low-Content Books | Rebecca Wilson | Skillshare

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Journal Publishing: Design and Sell Your Own Low-Content Books

teacher avatar Rebecca Wilson, Writer and Designer

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (1h 6m)
    • 1. Introduction

      1:14
    • 2. Finding a Subject

      3:35
    • 3. Keyword Research

      4:11
    • 4. Listing Concepts

      2:03
    • 5. Draw Your Ideas

      2:36
    • 6. Journal Structure

      2:30
    • 7. Designing in Canva

      20:48
    • 8. Designing in InDesign

      13:20
    • 9. Cover Concepts

      2:17
    • 10. Design Tool Options

      2:09
    • 11. Printing and Selling

      11:28
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About This Class

Are you ready to dip your toes into the world of print-on-demand publishing with a product that is beautiful, functional, and doesn't take too long to make? Creating custom journals is a part of my business and I'm so excited to show you how to do it too!

I've published a lot of stuff over the years – traditionally, academically, and self-published. There's a lot of pros and cons to every method, but nothing gives you creative control quite like the DIY approach.

Even though I love writing books, I'm really a designer at heart. I love making really beautiful products, and every time a total stranger tags me on Instagram showing off something of mine they've purchased, I kind of want to burst into tears (of joy, of course)!

For me, making paperback journals has been the perfect blend of creative and technical design. 

I was hesitant to get into the journal-making space because there are a lot of "gurus" out there telling you to crank out hundreds of low-content (and low-quality) journals to try and make a profit. They create dozens of "brand names" they publish under, and rely on trends rather than creating thoughtful, intentional products.

Luckily, it turns out that like most things, you can make this publishing niche work for you. I want to see this more quality products in this market, and that's what I'm here to help you create! My own journals have been Amazon Bestsellers, reached customers around the world, and (best of all) have gotten some really kind and lovely feedback.

Oh, and the best part of mastering this publishing skill? You'll actually learn all the necessary skills to self-publish any kind of paperback book. So if you're thinking about self-publishing a novel, a poetry book, a children's book, or any other project, you'll find this course packed full of transferrable skills. How awesome is that?

I'll walk you through all of the steps necessary to create your journal. Set it up with a print-on-demand supplier, print a bunch of copies and sell them yourself, or just make a single paperback for your own enjoyment! There's no wrong option.

This is the perfect moment to explore self-publishing. Let's make something cool together!

Meet Your Teacher

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Rebecca Wilson

Writer and Designer

Teacher

Hey there! I'm Rebecca, and I'm a writer, designer, and full-time maker of creative things. I'm really immersed in the world of books and digital publishing and love designing handy things for self-published authors. 

My background is in research, as I was a PhD student before dropping out and starting my own company. Sometimes I miss those (extremely stressful) days, but I love that I get to put my old research into my new books! I write historical fiction and fantasy, as well as non-fiction. My books are published by Lucky Sprout Press and are under the name R.E. Wilson.

I'm the host of Digital Maker Radio, a biweekly podcast for people who make cool stuff online, for both fun and profit. I also (very irregularly) blog at The Lucky Sprout.

My design business ... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hey there, I'm Rebecca from The Lucky Sprout and welcome to my class on creating really cool journals or work books using digital tools. I'm really excited to share this process with you because making journals is something that's so fun to do. And even though I love writing, I love making journals a little bit more because the bookmaking process itself is really interesting. So if you think it's interesting too, and you're in for a treat, creating a journal is actually fairly easy and straightforward once you understand all the specifications and the technical information that you need to make your product. In this course, we're going to go all the way from concept to finished product. So first we're going to start with developing a journal idea and figuring out if that's something that people do want to buy, then we'll look at how you can break that idea down into content for your journal's interior. We'll create two different files: an interior file, which has the pages of the inside of the book, and a cover file. Finally, I'll share with you some different printers and distribution information so you can decide how you're gonna get your book out to your audience. This course is designed for anybody interested in making a journal or a workbook for pretty much any purpose, whether it's to complement a business or a workshop that you run. Whether you have an idea for something you think people could really use, or whether you're just doing it for fun. This course is going to be really quick and actionable so you can get started creating your journal really quickly. So with all that being said, let's get started and good luck on creating your very first journal project. 2. Finding a Subject: So let's start by finding a subject for your journal. Now before you get started making your journal, I would encourage you to spend a bit of time thinking about the viability of your concept. Self-publishing journals or some folks call them low content books became a bit of a trend a couple of years ago, thanks to the print-on-demand services primarily offered by Amazon. Amazon allows people to do is to upload a cover design and an interior file and then sell a book that they print and shipped out to customers. Over the last couple of years, this system has been massively abused by people making quick and cheap covers that they think will capitalize on a trend or hit a target demographic. And combining it with a recycled interior file, usually just lined pages or a really generic interior. The Amazon market is supersaturated with these books, which may make some sales. But these types of books really take a quantity over quality approach as if making this course there hasn't been a crackdown on this particular practice on Amazon. I will update you if that changes, but rumors are really circulating that there will be some changes to what they allow in the near future, specifically pertaining to the quality of submissions. So this is why I think it's really important to make a considered well-designed product that serves a specific purpose. Additionally, Amazon is only one distribution channel for these types of products. So there are plenty of other options for printing that we will talk about later in this course if Amazon is not for you. So a practical journal should hit at least one of three criteria. It should help somebody solve a problem. It should help someone simplify a process, or it should create a fun or positive experience for somebody to use. So let's think of a couple of examples for each of these criteria. A journal that helps someone solve a problem might be a workbook for creating blog posts or for planning a home renovation or an anxiety journal. A journal that helps someone to simplify a process might be a medical logbook journal for planning and keeping vacation details and memories in or a car maintenance logbook that you keeping your glove box. A journal that creates a fun or positive experience might be a guided journal, an activity book for kids, or meditation workbook. Your project can hit one of these criteria, two of them or even all three. But making sure that you're considering the function of your project is important in making sure that it's something that people could actually see themselves are using. We don't want to clutter up bookshelves with journals that nobody actually wants to use. Next, I would encourage you to validate your idea further by thinking about your audience and what they specifically need. And the first place that I recommend you turn to in order to validate your idea is yourself. There are two reasons that you can trust your own judgment on a concept. One, if you can identify that this journal is something that you would like to use or enjoy. The odds are pretty good that someone else would like it to. And 2, if you're creating something that solves a problem or fulfills a need that you personally have, that you'll be going a really good position to understand exactly what this journal needs to contain. This will be really useful in the next lesson when we start to pull together ideas for the interior content. You can also think about what your audience or your client needs. Specifically, if you're creating a product that ties into a business or an online platform, think about things that you know how to do really well or systems that you've built to manage a certain type of project or to use a particular skill. If there's something that will be useful to one of your clients or your audience. Chances are good that their needs aren't especially unique. There may be plenty of people out there who would like to have a tool like a journal to help them out or to enhance an experience. So once you've got a pretty solid idea, you can then look online to see what competition is in that niche and whether it's something that people are looking to buy. 3. Keyword Research: Next, let's talk about doing keyword research for your journal. If you're creating a journal with the intention of sharing it directly with an audience or with clients that you know want it, then you may not need to do keyword research to figure out how to sell your journal. However, if you want to make it available to a wider public to purchase, you'll want to check it. What can a competition there is and whether there's also a demand for your product. It doesn't matter if you're going to be selling your journal on Amazon, on Etsy or on your own website. Using effective keywords means that people who are looking for something like what you've made will find it. Luckily, we can use those big distribution sites as a research tool to find out what people are looking for. So let's go to Amazon to do some investigating. Note that here I'm going to use the American Amazon website because they do way more sales and other countries stores and have a better database to search. Amazon search bar auto-fill feature is really helpful to us because it tries to guess what you're going to type in based on what people are commonly searching for. So if you go and type in the word meditation, for example, and that a space which indicates that you're about to add another word. It will suggest the most common words that follow. Here we can see that journal is on the list. This means that people are commonly searching for this keyword. If we click on meditation journal, it will take us to the results for this search. Here we can see that this is a really competitive keyword because there are over 50 thousand search results. It'll be hard to stand out from the crowd if you're just using this basic keyword to label your product. Of course, this is only showing you what's in the Amazon store. You might be a lot more successful selling a meditation journal directly to your Instagram followers if you teach meditation classes or if you have a yoga studio. However, using the Amazon website as a research tool can give us a lot of good ideas. So let's look down this page and see what kind of information we can gather. So first of all, notice the styles of cover. These journals are all really colorful and use mostly pastel tones and often feature of floral design. These are trends in the particular niche that are worth noting. We can also notice the prices. These books are all mostly between $520, but I see a lot of them sort of in the middle of this range. This can give you an idea of what a customer might be expecting to pay for a product like this. Now if you're trying to get into a niche like meditation journals and you want to sell your book on a big site like this, you might want to consider getting a little bit more specific with your keywords and subject. A great way to do this with journals is to add the word for and then it had demographic at the end. Amazon might offer you that suggestion here. So if we type this in, we see that it suggests men as a demographic meditation journals for men. This suggests that this is a popular search term. So let's click on it. What do we see here? Well, none of the items that come up are actually a meditation journal for men. We have a gratitude journal, some other types of things, but not the specific thing that we were searching for. This tells us that people are searching for meditation journals for men, but aren't finding exactly what they want. This could indicate a niche that nobody else is filling. Of course, you can also type in demographics that you specifically want to cater to and see what comes up. Let's say that you want to create a meditation journals specifically for moms. If we change the keyword, we get about 10 thousand results. But again, we aren't seeing exactly what we're searching for, the closest thing as a couple entries down and we have a mindfulness book for mothers. So again, something that doesn't necessarily have a product already fulfilling its niche. Specifically. Of course, Amazon is just one source of information. You can do similar searches on any platform that you can sell products on. There are also websites and software that you can use to look at keywords and our competitiveness, like Google Trends, Kw finder, refs or publisher rocket. Make sure you keep a list of your viable keywords for your project as you find them. These will be useful if you're listing your book for sale anywhere later, you can use these keywords in the listing title, the journal description, and any keyword slots at the website you're selling on allows. If you're going to be selling your book and physical locations or at events, this can still be helpful to give you copy or content that you will use in promotional materials, signs, or an event descriptions. It's all about making sure people understand what the journal is about and who it's for. 4. Listing Concepts: So now that you've got a solid idea for your journal, it's time to get started making it. First of all, I think it's important to make a list of all the things that you want to include in your journal. That way you're not just trying to invent things to fill a page. Let's use my house plant journal as an example. I knew that at the beginning of this book, I wanted there to be a place for someone to write their name inside the cover in case the book got lost. This is a pretty common thing in journals and diaries. Next, I wanted to include a copyright page so that the book look professional so that I could assert my copyright over the content inside the books, since it's all original. A copyright statement can be really simple, even just the copyright symbol, your name, and the year is enough. Next, I wanted to title page that showed the name of the journal. I also included a logo and the name of my publishing imprint here, but that is optional. So that's it for the front matter. Next, we can move on to the interior of the journal. For this book in particular, I wanted three sections. A place to inventory my plants, a place to write about each individual plant, and some blank pages for notes and things. Think about what sections you want your journal to have. Is it going to be divided up into sections like chapters? Are you going to be creating a template or a worksheet that gets repeated many times. Is each page going to be unique? There's no wrong way to do it. So do it make sense for your specific idea. Once you've figured out your sections, tackle each one and make a list of what they should have. My individual plant profiles were the most complicated section. So my list included the scientific name, the common name, water, sun and humidity requirements, fertilizing, reporting measurements and where you got the plant from. Having all of these specific boxes outline ahead of time, makes it way easier to turn them into a worksheet later. Do this for each of your sections or your specific sheets. If you're doing up a book with repeating pages, this might not take very long to think up. If you're doing a more complex book, you should budget a little extra time to figure out all of the details that you're going to want to include. Once this is done, you can move on to creating a concept for the pages. 5. Draw Your Ideas: So after you've figured out what you want each page to contain, I think it's really helpful to draw out some concept sketches before you take it to the design software. Of course, you can tinker around with your ideas in Canva or InDesign if that's more appealing to you. I've just found that it's a lot faster to formulate a layer before approaching these programs. There are two ways to approach this, depending on what tools you have available to you. If you have an iPad, you can sketch out your ideas in an app like GoodNotes or Procreate. I like using GoodNotes, especially because it's easy to move your doodles around and to resize them. If you don't have a tablet, you can of course achieves the same thing using paper and pencil. Start sketching out what you want your pages to look like. Will there be boxes with prompts to fill them in? Prompted the top of the page and line pages following. There's really no limit to the creativity you can apply to this. But if you need to get inspired, check out what other journals or books you have at home. You can go to a bookstore and examine their guided journal section, or even hop onto Pinterest and look for worksheets on a specific topic. These might give you some great design ideas that you can adapt. So let's demonstrate everything that we've talked about in a little example. Let's say that I'm creating a journal that is a daily diary or a logbook. I want each page to be a worksheet that I can fill in every day. First, let's make a list of the things I wanted to include. Since it's a daily diary, I wanted to include a space for a date. I'd also like it to include a mood tracker because I think that's a nice thing to monitor. I'd also like it to have a space for a to-do list and some blank lines for writing a short journal entry. This is enough for a fairly simple journal that we can design together in this course. Next, let's make a quick sketch of how the page should be laid out. I'm going to lay out the pages using boxes because I like making my journals feel very modular. First, I want the date to be at the top of the page. That's one of the four things I want to include here. So with three left, I think I'm going to divide the rest of the page into two columns. Since the journal lines will need the most space, I'll put those on one side. That means that I'll put the mood tracker on the other side. And this is going to be a very simple box with a prompt encouraging me to draw or write how I'm feeling that day. Below that, I'll make a blank to-do list with some little boxes to check off. So I think this is a good plan. Now it'll be so much easier to go into the design software and create the concept. Of course, you can decide to skip this step and just tinker with your layout on your computer. But this is the way that I've found. Easiest to get the interior is done. I tend to modify it indefinitely if I start from the computer. So now that we've got our concept ready to go, you can head into the next lesson to create the interior file. 6. Journal Structure: Now we're going to start talking about structuring the interior file. As you prepare to create the interior file for your journal, the first thing to consider is how big the book is going to be. For the most part, this is going to be determined by the options made available to you by the printer or distributor that you want to use. Most journals and trade books are six by nine inches. This is a pretty good size because it's portable, but also comfortable size to write in. When you're setting up your document to create the interior file, you're going to want to be aware of two measurements. The page bleed and the margins. Bleed is basically a little extra room on all sides of the document that will act like a buffer, stop anything important from getting cut off. The margins are the spaces between the printed material on the page and the edge of the paper. This is usually whitespace. Now when you're setting up your document, remember that books have a spine that require a little extra room. The margins for your pages should be larger on the spine side of each facing page. Basically every other page will have a different spine facing margin. This is really easy to set up in software like Adobe InDesign. And if you have that to work with, I would really recommend it. I'll show you how to set it up in another video. If you're using something like a Word document, you can also adjust the margins there. If you're going to use a tool like Canva to create your pages, you're going to have to remember to adjust your text or graphics to be slightly off-center on each page. Canvas is fairly easy to work with if you're going to be using a lot of repeating templates, adjusting many templates will be a bit challenging. And this application, however, you can still get some good results. If this sounds confusing, don't worry, each of the printers and distributors that we'll look at in the production lessen, have plenty of instructions and even templates for setting up your interior files. I'll provide you with all the links you need in that lesson. And if you're keen to get started on the interior file before you finish this course, you can skip ahead to that lesson to find the printer that you want to work with and get the parameters that you need. Inside the file. You'll also need to include page numbers. You'll have to put these in yourself as your printer won't do it for you. Note that some printers, particularly the highly automated ones like Amazon, may have an issue processing blank pages in your document if you have any trouble uploading your files, see what kind of error is giving you and check if your page numbers or blank pages are the issue. Sometimes this is the case if your page numbers don't start on the right-hand page. So once you've figured out the specification of the journal that you want to make, you can start creating the interior file in the software of your choice. In the next few videos, I'm going to show you a couple of tips and tricks for creating cool interior files in InDesign and in Canva. So both paid and a free option. 7. Designing in Canva: So in this video, I'm going to show you how to use Canva to create a template for your journal to make the interior file. So it's pretty straightforward, but Canva does have some limitations compared to InDesign. However, it is free to use. So I've made some of my journals and this was no problem. So let's just go over what we're going to include. So we're going to be making the little template that we did in a previous lesson for a daily journal with it some tracking. So it'll include four components, the date, little mood trackers and blank, blank pages, and then a to-do list. So let's get started here in Canva create a design. I'm going to make this as if I'm making a book that is six by nine inches, which I said is sort of a common trade books. So it's going to inches. I'm going to do six inches wide, nine inches tall. Because of course we're designing one page at a time, so we just need the dimension of one page. So when it pulls this up, what we need to activate or make it visible right now, I guess is the margins and the bleed. So we can do that right here in File and you click on Show margins. Now this dotted line is going to be invisible on your actual product, but just shows you where the margins of the page are. And then we click on File and say Show Print lead. And there we see a little bit of a bleed around the edge here. And so as we talked about earlier, the bleed is important because it'll stop things from getting cut off if you want something to run across your full design. So let me give you a little example. Let's say we want to do this line here across the whole width of the page. And we want it to go basically from one host to another. You want, let me change the color of that so you can see it easier. So if you want it to go across the whole page and reached the edge of either side of the book. You wanted to extend into the bleeds that you make sure that it doesn't accidentally stop a little earlier, there's a white gap when you didn't mean that to be a gap. So that's why the bleed is helpful or if you have a picture that you want to go off the edge of the page or right to the edge, you want it to fall into the bleed a little bit. So the downside to Canva is that we can't adjust any of these margins or the bleed. It's kind of is what it is. And that's not too big of an issue. I mean, these are generally generous margins, so we're not going to have the issue of anything falling off the page. The only concern is that you can't adjust the gutter margin, which let's say that this page is on the right-hand side of your book. You would want this side here on the left to be a little bit wider, the margin to be wider because that's the side where that binding is going to be. So there could be glue or stitching here. So when you open your book up, you want it to be the person opening it to be able to see the full page and not have some bit lost in the margin. So that's what having a little bit of a wider margin is important. And like I said, you can't adjust that here. But all you have to do is simply be aware that you may want to nudge your content over a couple. And I'll show you how to do that. You kind of just to make the template, simply make everything in the center. And then when it's done, we're going to highlight everything and give it a few taps on the arrow key and just move it over to or it's the right. So now that we have our page kind of laid out, we can start adding some components. So let's start at the very top. We wanted there to be a date box right up here. So what I have to do is go into elements. And we're going to look for a square, maybe we can find a square to work with. So there's a couple of options here. Now. This square, and we can click on it, has pretty thick borders. And that could be okay, depends like what your design you're looking to do. But I don't really want them to be that fixed. I'm going to look for a different square. I think there was one there that I can use and gets one I've used before. Actually, we've got a sin one here, sorry now modelling way squares. And this one, I can't tell if it has any effects on it. Let me zoom in a little bit. Because some of them. Yeah. Okay. So you can see this one sorry, I'll make it darker again so you can see properly, this one looks like a proper thin square, but it has these little cut out and sort of more like a jagged appearance in that system design feature, which if that's the look you're cool with and find, but that's not exactly what I wanted. There is a one here that has rounded corners, but I could, I think that's nice. Kinda softens to look a little bit. So I think we're going to go with this one for our purposes. So again, so I'm zoomed and we can see we're working within the margin. And I'm going to just make this box slightly smaller, but let's drag it to the top and change this to be more of a small rectangle. Looks, it can't go that small. So let's shrink the corner and drag this state boxes a little bit big. So we'll just make it maybe but that big. So I'm going to click and drag it. So the red pink line appears that indicates that about the center of the page. And I'm just gonna plunk it right there. So there's a little bit of space on either side right now. And you can see that because I shrunk this graphic down, the lines actually gotten pretty thin. So I think that'll look quite nice when it's printed. So I think this looks pretty good. Now I wanted to say date here, a nice big font so that this is easy to write in. So let's go into the text and I'm going to add some here and just put deet actually like the font is using. But let's try and change it up just to be different and see something that looks pretty interesting and collect this abuela. Let's do this font. And I'm going to make it the same color. It's sort of an off gray color. Now note that unless you specifically select color pages, these will all be gray scale. So you can certainly have colored pages in your file. That usually is a slightly more expensive option, but it may not be a huge difference. So let's leave it there. I think that looks okay. This might be a little bit of a big box. Still. Shrink it down a little bit. Oh, and note that this font, size 18, who, that's way too big. So a typical font that you see in a book is about size 12. For a heading or maybe a thing like this. I'm going to use the size of 14 because I think that's kind of larger than the normal printing, but it's still looks not oversized when it's printed out. So I'll kinda put it maybe up here and make this box a little bit smaller and drag it so it's long again, kinda centered again. This can be a little bit fiddly job, but like I said, having that little sketch on paper, that's what I'm using as reference here right now, is really helpful because I'm not questioning what I'm sphere should be doing, what it should be adding. Okay, So this is pretty good. I like the date box. Next below this we have two columns. So right here when I have the mood tracker low at a to-do list and I run this sideline pages. So let's tackle the line pages first. I want them to be in a box, a lot like this one. So I'm actually going to click on that one and then duplicate it. And drag it down on your lineups. It's the right size and I'm just going to shrink this. So let's say there maybe a little bit more. And then I'm going to drag it down the rest of the page. So let's zoom out a little bit just so we can see that. There we go. So, you know, it's a little bit of a weird shape, I guess, for line pages, but it can be a long and narrow journal entry. And then just to be tidy, Let's make all the boxes at once just so we can make sure everything's laid out properly. So I'm gonna duplicate this again, drag it right beside. Now you can see this margins a little bit big. I'm just going to adjust these guys to TNC bit to make them both the same size. There we go. So you can see they all kind of lined up. The margins are relatively similar in size. I left a little space at the bottom for some reason. And this one isn't actually going to be one big box. I'm just going to make this one shorter. That can be our mood tracker appear. We'll duplicate it. Again. The guides are making it really easy to snap into the right position. Because that box, this will be our to-do list right down here. So there are kind of outline the page, so that looks pretty good. Now we just have to add all the elements on top of this to kind of give this some structure. So let's start with the line pages. Like I said, we can go into elements. Actually, there's a couple of different ways you can do this. I want to show you two ways and you can do what's easiest for you. It's good elements and just get a line. So here's a line. This one's pretty thick, but just a second, I'll show you you can make it thinner. It's not intuitively easy, but if you shrink it down like this, and then, oops, grab it, grab the end and drag it. That is how you make it slightly thinner. So we can drag it over here and I think that looks pretty good. You know, it's a little bit thick actually. Let's see if I can zoom in and make that a bit smaller. Make it thinner. And they can grab the end. Hopefully. I'll zoom in more. There we go. And drag it to about there. You can use a little just to put that see it lies in the center of this box we're working with. And then consumed beca to a 100. It's only a matter of duplicating and then lining it and duplicate and a line. It's going to try and make it the same size as this can be a little bit of a fiddly part. You can also use the arrow keys on your keyboard to slightly adjust instead of dragging it. I do find this a little bit fuzzy, but now I can select maybe all three at once. And then I can, I'll just duplicate them and I can drag this duplication of all three. So you can kind of exponentially speed it up like that. Another way I'm going to show you another way to make the lines is to view the text box. So let's add more text here. And instead of doing words, you can just shift and underscore. Now this font has the little breaks in it. Let's see if maybe another font would change that. And a select them all. Okay, So this font, orange, very thin, it doesn't have any breaks in between the dashes, so we could actually just use that. And you can probably make the font even smaller and that should shrink the line. Yep, so size 12 looks good. Okay, so let's make this right in line there. And I'm just going to add some more underscores because it's going to make the center, isn't it? Center can just add more underscores until we get the link we want. Then you can hit Enter and do it again. And over and over. Now the difficult to hear this, it's just a slight fatally thing is that the height of the line is going to be based on the size of the font. So typically you want something around the size 18 to create enough spaces for handwriting to go in. That's the actual ideal space. But he is, we want the line to be thin reason to size 12 font. So all we have to do, I'm going to select this and they're going to go into spacing right here. And we're going to just adjust the line height a little bit. So that can kind of push it down so that there's more space between each line will go all the way to ensure good enough. So there you go. So now I hit Enter and do more of my lines. I can actually just copy and paste them in a natural line. So that's the width we want. Let's just highlight this whole thing. And we'll hit Command C for copy, enter, Paste, Enter paste and paste. Actually gotten accidental lines in there. But that's the gist of it. Let me just try and highlight this one again. Paste, Enter, paste, Enter paste. So this is probably a more expeditious method of making your lines. But you see, you know, there's two options. If for some reason you didn't want to use the textbox and the ego. So that'll keep you pretty even in line. And even. So let's actually delete these sort of different ones up here. This guy up here. And I'll just finish this out just to make it look nice. Okay, so let's zoom out and just show you what we're working with. So now we have all of these lines, pages here in a little box that looks pretty nice for writing in. So let's move over to the other side and actually let's do it to the toolbox first because we can use as very similar method for this. So we can create another text box or we can even actually just duplicate this one. Drag it over here, and kind of put it in the middle. Some space for the top line. I'm just going to erase a bunch of these lines because we don't need that many. Just like going to fit that we had to take it one more. There. Yeah. Okay. So this is the beginning of our to-do list. And I'm actually going to move this down because maybe I want to write the word to do at the top. So what font that we use here, Let's grab this text, duplicate it, drag it down, and we don't have to remember how to reset everything with the right fonts and move it up a little bit to do list. Now what we want as little boxes along here. So again, there's two ways you can do this. One is to go and grab a Unicode box. So basically Unicode just means a little icon or text. Character that will be recognized no matter what software you're using. So you can just find Unicode by going out to Google. I'm just gonna do that really quickly and copying a Unicode box to show you what I mean. Okay, so I've copied a Unicode box. I'm going to zoom in on the to-do list and we're going to look at this up-close. So what I'm gonna do, I'm going to show you it's going to mess up my alignment for a second, but I'm going to do is paste that character that I got. And it's a little square. So it kinda did bump all my lines a little bit weirdly, but let's just tidy that up and embrace that. So now there's a little square there. So I'm just going to adjust that to make it a little bit more uniform. And you can go through and do that for all of the lines if you'd like. And that way you can have bucks. Now if you find that box is too small, you can try a different font. It will change based on the font. Or you can do a different method, which I will show you in a moment. Okay, so we've got three examples there. I think that looks pretty good, pretty crisp. And like I said, it's attached to the text-box, so that makes it quite easy to move around and maneuver. But let's say you want your boxes to look different, maybe you wanted circles. You can also find a circle, Unicode, I'll include the Unicode character below this lesson actually is you can just copy and paste it here instead of googling it. But maybe you want something different. So let's go into elements and just find a box. Just mentioned, I guess I wanted to square. And let's pick this one right here. Oops, very large. Can see it. Let me zoom out. It's that big, so we're going to make an itty-bitty. Let's zoom back in. And there it is. And I also want to make it dark. So you can see that's the box looks like this is the Unicode one. So alternately you can maybe make this a little bit narrower. And you can drag this on top. So there you go. So you could have this and you can adjust the position. I put the text in front of that backwards. Now the box is on top so I could duplicate that. Click and drag it, aligned it up automatically. So you can do that and you can do with the grouping thing. Generally select two of them, duplicate and drag like that. So I kind of like a look at this bigger box personally. So I'm going to go through and do that for this whole to-do list and really quick and I'll get a formatted up for you. So there we go. The to-do list is all formatted and looking pretty good with all these little boxes. And again, you can have two different methods to do that. That's just the one that I like better because I like those bigger boxes. So now all we have left to do is make the mood tracker and I'm gonna make it pretty simple, but there's a bunch of different options here, of course. So let's look at a few different ways you could do it. I'm going to copy the date again and we've adhere to the middle. And I'm going to change it to say the words. Today. I am feeling with some dots. So now you can basically just leave it at that and say the pages done. You could also do a couple options. So maybe you want to do like, you can circle how your feelings. Let's do a happy face. Here we go. Nice little happy face. Let's do the dark color. You could do happy face and then we could do like other options like faces. Going to rethink how it did look a bit abrupt day one. But you can see Canada has both paid and free options and all of these little faces can have a dollar sign beside them and I'm not interested in paying for them right now. So let's just do a sad face. And you know, obviously if you were doing this, you could add many different emotions. You can create your own little graphics and import them using that color. Could include anything you like. So there you go, you can circle how you're feeling if you wanted to add that. I think I'm just going to leave the prompts as it is. What can write income and feeling. But you can add in lots of different little elements. So that's basically it for laying of the simple page. If I was doing page numbers on Canva, you do have to do them manually. There's no patient of a feature, so I would just grab my little text so duplicate it and get down to the bottom. And then line it up with the center of the page and see the margin line. So that's the margin right here. You can put the page number, can only put it right on the margin line personally. And maybe let's say this is page 12. There we go. And actually, I'm going to change that to a size 10 because the patient aversion usually quite small. And again ran the margin line from the center. There you go. So this is how I would, I'm going to zoom out just to show you. This is a basic page formatted in Canva. So the last thing to do is to adjust those margins. So remember that this, Let's say that this is page on the right-hand side of your book. You want to make this margin a little bit bigger. So all we're gonna do because everything is perfectly centered right now based on the central line, we're going to grab the whole document, just highlight it, click and drag. Now we have everything selected and I'm going to use the key on my keyboard and tap the arrow key. I'm gonna move it over. I think I don't know the exact measurement. Every tab would be a millimeter or so. I'm going to do it maybe five times. Let's just do that and see how far it goes. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. So it's a little bit better. Maybe. Egn 8, 9, 10. Okay. So there you go. Everything is more aligned towards the outside of the page, right over here versus the inside of the page. And I think this will look pretty good. It doesn't have to be an exact science. Just make sure that you're not going over too far on the margin and that this one is bigger than that one. But I don't really want to go beyond this outside margin because it might start to look weird on the outside of the page. So if you are creating a full book here in Canada, what you can do is you can duplicate this page by clicking, clicking here on Copy page. It makes a second version of it right there so you can edit that one. If this was going to be side-by-side, like if at the whole book was just this template that I would make a left-hand side of the page by highlighting all of this. And I would move it back to the center to start almost center line and then just simply tap on the left key ten times this exact same number. Remind you, 12345678910. There we go. So now we have something that has a wide margin here and a wide margin here. And you can imagine them side-by-side so that the spine side would have the wider margin. If you're gonna make other pages in your e-book here in Canada, you can add other pages in. You can make your title page, your cover image, whatever you wanna do, just follow the same idea. Figure out, make your image or your text in the center of the page. Figure out what side of the book it's going to be on and then just highlight everything. Tap it over as many times as you feel necessary to the left or right, depending on which side of the book It's on. When you're done that you just gonna go up here to download. It's going to suggest PDF Print. And then you can include the crop marks and the bleed. So that's if you included some some bleed here, you can include that if there's nothing in the bleed, you don't necessarily need to use this. It's just this is going to make sure that you get that stuff that goes over the edge of the page. Select all pages if you want, and then you can hit Done and download it and then you're ready to send it to your printer. So I hope that was helpful and that you're ready to make something pretty cool in Canva. 8. Designing in InDesign: In this walkthrough, I'm going to show you how to set up a journal interior file in Adobe InDesign. So this is paid software. So if you have a subscription or you want to get one, you can also get a student account. He has student e-mail, which is a little bit more affordable. This is a very versatile piece of software and can create book interior is pretty easily and do a nice job of it. So we're going to just go into Create New right here. And we're going to be using the little journal outline that we did in the previous lesson, which is a daily tracker. So it's going to be six inch by nine inch book. So first of all, let's create the custom dimensions. And we're going to be using inches, so inches here. And it's going to be six inches wide and nine inches tall. And we want Facing pages checked off. This means that it's going to lay it out to look like a book, which is really helpful for our purposes. And let's see, we're going to go down to margins right here. And we're going to adjust these right here. So first of all, we will make sure the link is not on here so that they can be different. So I'm going to say that my book, my theoretical book here is going to be 200 pages. Now I looked up these specific margins with bleed that I need for that particular number of pages. And I'm using the numbers that Amazon provided for their printing service, but it's going to be fairly similar across the board. So in this case, we want the inside margin. Now inside is going to be the one that attaches to the spine. So that's going to be the wider margin. So this one is going to be 0.5, which had already is listed out. So that's great. We're going to make the other ones a little bit smaller. We're going to make these ones all point 375. So we're just gonna go in and adjust that really quickly. 375. And then we've got the bleed. It can be added separately, but the numbers that I'm using have bleed incorporated and we don't need to worry about that. So okay, now that we're ready to go, we can hit Create and it's going to open up our file using those custom dimensions and he react. So what I'm looking at here is a page just like the page and how the page would look in the book. So you can see the margin here on the left-hand side because this is the first page. So imagine it's really the first good read off to you with the cover. And it has the wider margin here because that's the edge is going to be in the binding. And the rest we have a fairly normal size margin right here. So since over here we can see the layout of the book. If you add a couple more pages, they go into Facing pages like this. So this is really helpful because then you can know what pages are going to be facing each other. You can plan for Landsat or two pages. It makes it really easy. Of course, you can do two pages in any software, but Adobe just makes it really logical to request. So on this front page, this is a pure by the single. And if I was doing a full journal layout right now, this is where I put the sort of this journal belongs to page six I like including those that's optional. You could put a piece of artwork here. You can put a quote, you can do whatever you like, but I like to put a little box here. We can write you can put your personal information. And then on this page down here, the first Facing pages, this is over here on the left is where I would do like a copyright page. And on the right is where I would do a title page. So again, if you were using a different software, you can still create the same pages. It's just easier in Adobe because it shows you where the margins are, where the spine is, and it lets you visualize it a little bit better. So since we're just doing a single page, I'm just going to work up here on this one. And I'll create my template up here to show you how simple you can make it. So first of all, let's remember what I want to include in this template. I want to have four elements. There's a date box, some lined pages for journal entry, a section for a mood tracker, and then a to-do list. So we're going to start with a date box right at the top of the page. And we're going to use a little box to make it. So I'm going to click over here on the rectangle frame tool. And I'm going to just click and drag it and make it about the size I think. Looks great. So that's good. I'm gonna grab the arrow and I'm just going to adjust that sits in the center. You can see the purply blue line there is the center of the box. So it's making sure that it's centered within the margins, not within the whole page. And that's important to make sure everything is lined up properly. And of course, if this big blue X I find quite distracting sometimes. So you can go into View and click overprint preview. And that turns that off. So the box is invisible, so we wanna make sure that we have some visibility. We're gonna go into Properties and we're going to add the stroke. It's at 0 points right now. I'm going to put it at a 0.5, C or 0.5 because I think I want a thin box. And now you can see there's a box there. And again, if you turn the overprint preview back on, um, it, the blue boxes there, which just helps you see the box a little bit better. But I'm going to turn it off for now. So that's what the size and shape I want. And again, the color. If you are doing a typical journal that's going to be all a black and white or grayscale interior. You certainly can make colored pages and you can add as many colors as you like, but that will be a slightly more expensive option. It would be like super expensive war, but it will be an increase in the cost of the printing process. So now we've got our first box may let's add some text. So I'm going to go over here and grab the text box. And I'm going to put a box right here. It's not going to be huge. And I'm going to write deed with colon. And we're just going to grab that. And I'm going to actually going to stay in the text. I'm going to select this and just going to adjust the size. So it's a size 12 right now, which is kind of a standard text on a page or in a book size. So that works well. I'm going to make it up to 14 just because I wanted to be a little bit bigger because it's more of a heading. Then I'm going to look at the font options I have here. Now this selection up here are fonts that are used recently and many of them are ones that I've imported into the software from. I use deaf font.com to get my fonts mostly. And I pick ones that are available for free for commercial use or I paid for the licenses. So I'm just going to say I like this Sunday fonts, so let's use this one for a project. Now I'm just gonna go and grab the arrow. I'm going to make this box a little bit snug or to the size of the text. And then I'm going to drag it to be centered in this big box. So there we go. I think it's yeah, that looks good. Okay. So now we have this box done. We can move on to the other two. So instead of just creating new boxes and adjusting all those things again, I'm just going to use copy and paste. So I click on this big box here and it Command C and copy it. And then I'm going to paste it. And here we have it here. So no line it back up. But we want something that we wanted to work in two big columns here. So I'm going to grab the arrow and make it, so there's the halfway mark right there. And make it just slightly less than halfway and move it. Little bit closer to that box. So now I'm going to grab this bottom of the box and make it down to the bottom of page. So there's one column, so that's pretty good. This is where I'm gonna put my line pages so that someone can write a journal entry. And over here I'm going to copy it again, copy and paste. And I'm going to drag it because it's all the alignment tools. It will automatically click into place where it thinks it's lined up. So luckily, that seems it's a lot of work adjusting. So now we have two matching columns. Now on the left-hand side, That's why I want to have two different boxes, one for the mood tracker and one for the to-do list. So I'm going to grab it and I'm going to make it shorter. This is going to be for the mood tracker. So let's put that right about there. And again, copy paste. And I'm going to put it right there. It's checking the margins for me and I'm going to make that one the same length as the other column. Okay, So this is basically the structure of my page and how it's going to look. So quite like this module relate with the boxes. That's sort of my style. But of course you don't have to use boxes if you don't want to, you can simply add text. You can add lines and all sorts of different things. So I'm going to show you, Let's first do the lines for this box right here. So the easiest way to do it is to make a text box. And I'm going to make it the size of this whole box and slightly smaller just to fit inside. And so what you're gonna do here is something that's a little trick that it's actually quite easy to make the lines. So we're gonna go into paragraph styles here. And I'm going to click and basic paragraph is fine. And I'm going to click this plus right here and create a new paragraph style. Okay, so let's go into this paragraph style. One is the new one we just made. I'm going to hit the edit button right here, the little pencil. We're going to name it ruled lines. And now we're going to go into basic character formats. The font is fine, that doesn't really matter. I'm going to make a size 18. Because size 18, you can adjust this, of course, to suit you. But size 18 is basically the space that are going to be between the lines where you do the handwriting. And I find size 18 is a comfortable size that your lines don't feel too cramped or to y. So we're going to leave it at that. And then we're going to go down to paragraph rules. So we're going to click rule on. And that's gonna let us pick the weight. Now I like to do a 0.5 that's the same width as the boxes. So to look uniform and you can pick the color. So often, if you are going to be doing lines, you don't want them to be as dark as everything else. So you can always pick a different color. And you can go in and customize your colors in Adobe if you want to do something different. So let's just leave the next color right now to keep it simple. And everything else looks good. So let's hit OK. Ok. So now we have this blinking line here. So we're just going to hit Enter a couple of times. And every time we hit enter, It's just making a new line for us. And we could do that all the way down to the bottom of the box. And there we go. So now we're going to rule lines, which was pretty easy. Now our lines are all set and the journal section of the page is done. So let's move over to work on the to-do list next. So I'm going to grab the text box and I'm going to make another box here and really a little bit of room at the top because I want to put some words in a bit. And it's going to fit the size of the box. And we're going to make sure that we are over here on ruled lines again. So instead of just hitting the Enter key and making a bunch of paragraph lines like this. We're going to insert a little Unicode character. And I've copied and paste Unicode character, That's a box because this makes nice little checkbox. So I'm just going to paste that here. And you can see there's a little box now. And of course you can change the font of that if you wanted to look different style wise. But you see problematically. And zoom in here, you can see that the lines are touching, which doesn't look very great. So I'm going to do to modify this for the to-do list is go over here into our paragraph styles again, go back to our ruled lines page. And we're gonna go back to Paragraph Rules. Remember that this little box over here called offset. And we're just gonna go down, one-click and it gives you a negative 0.0625 inches and hit Okay, and there we go. So it's just basically push this line down a little bit. So now we can hit Enter and paste, Enter, paste and paste, and just do that over and over again until we fill up this little to-do list box. Oops. Oops, Enter. And there we go. Very nice. So that wasn't too hard. So now we have our to-do list filled out and I want to put at the top here just the words to do lists. I'm going to grab this box, copy and paste, and then drag it, and then choose the text To Do list. And there we go, It sort of at the middle. So all that we have left to do is to create the mood tracker. So we're going to grab this again. I'm going to copy and paste, put it right at the top of this box. I'm gonna make this a little bit bigger because I want this to be a prompts to fill in this box. So what we're gonna do is the prompt is today I am feeling the symbol Gypsies can kind of adjust that to be more in the center. That's good. And there we go. So now this is a box that someone can just write in and fill at the prompt based on how much space they need or want. You can also add in little graphics or pixels. You can draw something that they can circle if you want it to be a circling option. But this is basically it is creates a nice little template to work with. And of course it is offset on the right side of the page, which is perfect for the binding. Believing that we didn't add it. Here is a page number. I'm just grabbing the text box right here and I'm going to drag a little box at the bottom in the center. And you go up to Type and then insert or where is it? Insert special character markers and current page number. So there it says one. And you can always adjust the font if you want to make it smaller. Usually like to make a page numbers of size 10 and then grab the arrow and you can readjust. Actually I'm going to make this centered as well. Here we go. And then I'm going to grab the arrow and make sure it's lined up in the center of the margins. So there we go. It says page one and now we are done our template for our journal. So basically you can just make as many of these as you want. And then you go over to pages. You can see how many pictures or pages you have in the file. And when you're done, you can simply File Export. And you're gonna export it as a PDF. And then you're ready to upload it to your printer. So this is a pretty straightforward design. Of course, you can get more complicated and you can add artwork, you can add graphics. You can do as many things as you can imagine with it, as long as it's fitting within the margins. So I hope that was helpful and that you're now feeling confident in creating something pretty cool in InDesign. 9. Cover Concepts: So now that we have an interior file for your journal, we're ready to start working on the cover. Creating the cover of your journal can sometimes be even more labor-intensive than doing the interior file. Remember that you're not just creating a front cover image, but also the spine and the back cover. So here's my house plant journal. You can see that the cover, the spine, and the back are all part of the same image. If I open the book up, you can see how it looks. This is what the file looks like when I send it to the printer. It's one large rectangular graphic that has all of the texts and images required on it. There's also a space for the barcode on the back is going to go with print on demand printers. You'll usually find that there's no flexibility about where the barcode goes. So be sure to account for this. If you're doing a complicated design, all of the printers will provide you with specific guidelines on what sizes these images need to be. For example, Amazon has a cover page template generator where you can tell them what size you want your journal to be and how many pages it will be. The page number is important because that determines how wide the spine of your book is and therefore how wide the overall cover graphic needs to be. That's why it's important to either design your interior file first or at least to know exactly how many pages it's going to be before you get to this step. In terms of what actually goes on the cover, that's really up to you. However, if you're going to be selling your journal on a platform like Amazon, which is mainly a book distributor, not a journal distributor, It's important that you put the name of the product on the cover. So if you're making a menu planning book, for example, that covers should say something like menu planner or my menu planning book, or even something more creative. You can certainly try forging ahead without words in the cover of your journal if you wish. But in my experience, having a label on the cover seems to gain more attention and gets processed faster by Amazon. However, if you are selling somewhere else, your cover is really up to you. And you may want to get some inspiration by browsing online bookstores, Pinterest, or social media. Depending on your budget, you can also hire someone to design the cover for you. Just have the size specifications ready and have some ideas about the style of the field or the colors that you wanted the cover to have. I do think creating your own cover is fun and fairly easy if you're willing to watch some video tutorials, gather some inspiration and take the time to play around with concepts. But as always, take the path that makes the most sense for you and your project. 10. Design Tool Options: Next, let's talk about some different design software options. There are lots of different tools you can use to create your own cover. You can use Canva, again, which offers a lot of font and graphic elements for you to work with. Make sure that no matter where you're sourcing your images or your artwork or your fonts from, you've either paid for a commercial license or they are available for you to use commercially for free. And this is the case with the elements in Canva and the fonts as well. If you're going to be using Canvas or you can type in the dimensions when you create your cover. Using millimeters is usually the most precise way to get the measurements right. I like to create two pages in the document and keep the template. And the second one, you can click and drag it up whenever you need to measure. Also, adjust the transparency of the template so that you can see your own design through it. You can do this same technique and whatever graphic design software you like to use. Personally, I like to do all the artwork for my covers in Procreate on the iPad, I create a file with the right dimensions for the cover, important the template, and then create it as a semi-transparent layer that I can turn off and on whenever I need to check my alignment. Make sure that the elements of your cover and your back cover are centered based on where the center of that section is. Again, the template is really helpful for this to ensure that you stay inside the margins. I actually like to export the artwork for my covers out of Procreate, put them in my Google Drive and then open them in Canvas on my desktop. I think the Canvas tools for inserting text are actually really easy to navigate and it's faster for me than booting up adobe. Of course there's no wrong way to do it. So use whichever tools are easiest for you. Once your cover image is complete, you can export it in the format that your printer requires, usually the one that has a high-quality PDF, but do check to be sure. Below this video, I've included a list of different websites where you can get graphics, illustrations or photos to use in your design. Some of them are free and some of them are stores and marketplaces where you can purchase elements. Again, just make sure that you have the commercial licenses for the images or that they are royalty free. 11. Printing and Selling: Finally, let's discuss printing and distribution options. When you have your project ready to go, it's time to send it to a printer. And there are tons of different options out there. So I'll be covering a couple of different options that are fairly accessible. I'm sure you can also find local printers or businesses in your area that might be able to help you create a printed product to. One popular market for creating journals, as I've mentioned before, is Amazon. A little while ago, Amazon self-publishing platform, which is called KDP or Kindle Direct Publishing, merged with Createspace, a print on demand company. Now you can join Amazon KDP and create a paperback right there. Essentially what you're doing is creating a product to be printed and sold whenever someone buys it through Amazon. This is not the easiest way to create a journal that you're planning to sell in places other than Amazon. But it could work in a combination strategy if you wanted to go about distributing that way. So what you have to do is upload a whole listing for your book, including the title, description, keywords, and other metadata. If you've purchased or received an ISBN from the agency in your country that manages those, you can enter them here. That's an international standard book number. You can also get a free ISBN for Amazon for your book. Again, this is really great if you're selling on Amazon exclusively, but this ISBN can't be used outside of the Amazon platform. So now you upload your cover file, your interior file, and you can review it in the book reviewer. This gives you a chance to make sure that your cover spine is lined up and then all of your margins are correct. If you see something is off here, you can go back into the original file and adjust it. If this is your first journal making experience, you'll probably find that it takes a couple of tries to get it right. But don't worry, it does get easier with practice. You then set the price for your book and then Amazon allows you to either order and author copy to approve or hit submit, and they'll review the book files and approve it for sale. If you order an author copy, your book won't be a pre-sale yet until you go back and hit the Approve button, it can take a week or two for that author copy to arrive depending on where you're located and how busy they are. All the author ordered copies are printed in the US, even if you're located in another country. When a customer orders went on the front end, it'll be printed wherever is nearest to them, usually in their own country. This is confusing. I know the author copy arrives with a band around the front stating that it's not for resale. This is just so that people don't use the system to make a single book for their own purposes at the discounted rate. It can be annoying as it doesn't give you an offer copy that you can photograph for promotional purposes, but it does give you a chance to double-check that your book looks exactly as you intended. So once you've reviewed this, you can hit Submit and wait for your book to go live in the store. Again, you don't necessarily have to do the proof copy first, but the option is there. Once your book is live, you can order bulk copies from them for you from your KDP dashboard. You'll only pay for the printing costs of these books rather than all the profits. You'll also have to pay shipping for these books. And there are no deals here. I find that one book shipped from the USA and Canada cost about $6, and then every subsequent one adds on to dollars. And these are US dollars. When I'm calculating the cost of the product to sell it in person, I factor in that shipping costs to the base cost of the book to create a material cost. Also, note that these author copies of the books, even if they aren't proof copies, do come from the USA only and they take a lower priority than normal orders and the printing press. So it can take a little while, maybe two weeks and my experience to get the books shipped to you. If you need a copy really quickly, you might want to consider just buying one at retail cost from the store. It'll get printed and shipped within two days. Usually, of course, you will be paying royalties to yourself in this. So at the end of the day, you may be paying about the same cost to have it printed and shipped as you would by ordering it through the KDP dashboard. However, that will depend on which country you're ordering from. Since the variable is the cost of the shipping of the author copies, I do find it rather, and knowing that there isn't flat rate shipping available for this. And of course it is easier to order large volumes through the kVp dashboard. If you are selling books using kVp, you receive your royalty payments two months after the sale is made. So if you sell a book in January, you'll get paid at the end of March. This is just something to keep in mind as the long pay cycles may be determined for some people, however, you do get access to a vast number of Amazon shoppers by using this platform. So there are both pros and cons. Moving aside from Amazon, there are some other websites where you can print your books on-demand, and these include Blurb and Lulu. I like both of these services personally. And a great tip is that you can sign up for their email list right now and you'll start receiving an e-mail discount codes almost immediately. I usually get one or two e-mails a week from blurb with anything from 20 to 35 percent off my order. So definitely wait for one of those for your books. So let's look at blurb first. Blurb has a store for several different countries, so you can find yours and see the local currency listed. Blurb is able to print many different kinds of books, from paperbacks to hardcovers, photo books, magazines, and they even have a specific notebook category. They also offer tools to help you set up the interior, adding lined pages, pages, or custom pages. So there's a lot of options here. Blurb is nice to work with because they have their own software that you can download called book, right? That will help you design your book and import your cover. They also have a plug-in for Adobe products so you can create your book right in InDesign using their plug-in. If that's the software you like to work with. Using Blurb, you get a couple of different customization options, hardcover or soft cover, and also a handful of paper choices. The price per unit goes up based on how many pages your journal has, what quality upgrades you want to add. They do offer discounts on volume orders, so you can order one copy to start or a 100 copies. If you're ordering over 300 units, you can actually contact them about different features that you can unlock at that level, they can do embossing gold foil, bookmark, ribbon, and lots of other really neat things. But again, these are only for large quantities. So you'll have to contact them to design that product rather than using their online tools. Also, as I mentioned before, they have a lot of email discount codes. So do try and get the best deal you can with the site. Their customer service has been very helpful when I contacted them before. In terms of integrations, Blurb has a couple of options. First of all, you can sell your book in the blurb online store. So you can send the link to that to customers and receive royalties rather than holding inventory. Blurb also does have an integration with Amazon, but this is only for their photo books, not their trade books, which is where kept journals are categorized. Blurb also integrates with Ingram, which is the largest distributor of books to physical bookstores. This is only for trade books, which sounds great. However, Ingram recently became very strict about what kind of journals or low content books that allow into their program. So this doesn't look super promising for our purposes. Additionally, though, you can integrate blurb with Kickstarter. If you're creating a book that you want to crowdfund for, you can use this service to help make the process smoother and to get accurate estimates for the cost of manufacturing your book. The main benefit of using Blurb is that you can order a large volume of books that have your own ISBN and don't have any amazon branding. If for example, you found an independent bookstore that wanted to carry your journal, they may not be super excited to find the shipment arriving at an Amazon box because amazon is the biggest competitor to small bookstores. So that's just some food for thought. Another site similar to blurb is Lulu.com, which also has stores for different countries that you can work from. This company provides authors and book creators with a ton of different tools and guides to create cool things. I think the easiest way to create a journal with this platform is by using Lulu express. This dream allows you to upload a PDF cover and a PDF interior, which is what we've been focusing on in this course. There are still plenty of awesome design options here. In fact, Lulu gives you the most options. And if any of the printers were talking about, they have a large range of sizes as well as paper types and weights. They also offer five different types of binding, which is one of their best features. They offer perfect bound, which is a pretty typical looking glued binding. Coil bound, which is punched with a spiral coil. This is appealing for some journals as you can really open up each page properly. They offer cakes wrap, which is a typical hardcover. Note that this option does come with a dust jacket, so the case rap is sort of a hard interior. And then there's also linen wrap, which is the second hardcover option that also comes with a dust jacket. This one just has a linen cover and no artwork on it with an embossed spine. You get a choice of six different linen colors and black, gold or white spine embossing. And if your book is small enough, they also offer saddle stitch binding, which is where you have some exterior stitching visible. All of these could be attractive for different journal projects. So again, think about how your customer is going to be using this book and what format might be most comfortable for them to write in or durable if they're going to be carrying it around. Lulu does also offer volume discounts and they do have regular coupon codes and promotions going around. In terms of integrations, you can't actually connect to Lulu express with any integrations like Amazon or Ingram. However, you can't go through the regular Lulu.com website, which is where you should go if you want to use their integrations. We lose also has her own online store like blurb, which you can sell your book through. However, I have the same concerns about distributing your journals through Ingram and Amazon here as with Blurb, they are getting more strict about this type of content. So you may face some challenges in finding sales through these channels. If you want to publish on Amazon, I would suggest you go directly through them. However, do your own research and experiment with it if this is the route you wanna go. Again, a benefit of Lulu is that if you want to order large volumes, you can get some good discounts and you can use your own ISP DNS. If Lulu has a type of binding or book cover that you're really keen on using. This may be an edge for this platform over blurb. You can use both websites pricing estimators for your project to see if there's a difference in cost. Make sure you're checking whether the price is in your local currency or US dollars. Another option for getting your journal printed is to use a local business printer like Staples. They offer book printing and binding using a range of different finishing options. I think this is best if you were creating a journal or a workbook for an event or a workshop for example. Staples provide some information on the services in their finishing services category. Copy and print center align. If this is something you're interested in doing, the best thing would be to go into a store and ask them what finishing options would be best for your specific project. You may also be able to see samples ahead of time. There are also other business printing stores that offer this service like UPS. Most cities will have local businesses that offer printing and binding services, which probably will be simple like coil binding. So do consider shopping local when you can. Finally, you can certainly distribute your journal online. Many folks will be happy to purchase the digital file and printed themselves. If this is your only method of distribution that don't worry too much about the margins are putting in multiples of each worksheet template into the file. Your customer can print as many page as they want. You can sell digital files like this on Etsy or on your own online store. You can also give them away for free if you're doing a promotion for business. There are a lot of different options for getting your book printed, of course, and these are just a few that I recommend checking out if you're getting started. Each method has some pros and cons. So be clear on how you want to share and distribute your journal, how you can reach the people who would love it, and how your customer is going to use the product comfortably.