Japanese Course for Absolute Beginners (Letters, Alphabet) | Allison Williams | Skillshare

Japanese Course for Absolute Beginners (Letters, Alphabet)

Allison Williams, Japanese Instructor

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45 Lessons (6h 17m)
    • 1. Self-introduction

      1:18
    • 2. Introduction of the course

      3:47
    • 3. The Beginning

      9:01
    • 4. The Introduction of Gojuonzu (Japanese Alphabet)

      5:28
    • 5. 「あ」row: the five vowels

      15:25
    • 6. Japanese Intonation System

      20:10
    • 7. Common mistakes

      4:23
    • 8. か Row and “Consonant + Vowels”

      13:24
    • 9. か Row Vocabulary

      5:07
    • 10. Culture Note: Japanese Currency

      3:18
    • 11. さ Row Part 1

      11:43
    • 12. さ Row Part 2

      9:58
    • 13. さ Row Vocabulary

      6:13
    • 14. た Row Part 1

      8:21
    • 15. た Row Part 2

      8:03
    • 16. た Row Vocabulary

      5:38
    • 17. な Row

      16:17
    • 18. な Row Vocabulary

      6:08
    • 19. は Row

      15:27
    • 20. は Row Vocabulary

      6:00
    • 21. Culture Note: New Year's in Japan

      4:04
    • 22. ま Row

      13:15
    • 23. ま Row Vocabulary

      4:25
    • 24. や Row

      10:46
    • 25. や Row Vocabulary

      4:24
    • 26. ら Row

      14:08
    • 27. ら Row Vocabulary

      5:52
    • 28. わ Row

      8:56
    • 29. わ Row Vocabulary

      6:00
    • 30. The Last Hiragana: ん

      5:54
    • 31. Culture Note: Sushi

      3:16
    • 32. Diacritical Marks and Five New Consonants Part 1

      13:16
    • 33. Diacritical Marks and Five New Consonants Part 2

      14:09
    • 34. Diacritical Marks and Five New Consonants Part 3

      11:42
    • 35. Contracted Sounds – Small Hiragana Part 1

      3:18
    • 36. Contracted Sounds – Small Hiragana Part 2

      10:51
    • 37. Contracted Sounds Vocabulary

      11:11
    • 38. Double Consonants – Small “つ”

      7:59
    • 39. Long Vowels

      15:47
    • 40. Katakana

      3:55
    • 41. Katakana Word List

      8:25
    • 42. Culture Note: Bowing in Japan

      2:45
    • 43. Daily Phrases Part 1

      8:00
    • 44. Daily Phrases Part 2

      8:39
    • 45. Conclusion

      1:05
85 students are watching this class

About This Class

"Japanese Course for Absolute Beginners (Letters, Alphabet)" is designed for Japanese beginners to master Hiragana and Katakana (Japanese Letter), the most essential and fundamental part of Japanese language. With a strong foundation of Hiragana and Katakana, students can go further learning of Japanese (N5 level to N1 level).

Distinct from the traditional teaching method, this course not only enables you to master how to pronounce and write each Japanese letters, but also provides you with various supplementary knowledge:

  • English-based instruction creating a totally foreigner- friendly environment especially for beginners;

  • The proper ways to do self-practice after class;

  • The downloadable PDF learning material of each section with corresponding writing practice;

  • Culture note session that explains aspects of the culture and everyday life of japan, and deepens your understanding of Japanese culture;

  • Vocabulary builder that enables you to practice pronunciation and acquire a basic level of Japanese words on completing the whole lectures;

  • The learning of daily phrases that are frequently used in daily life in Japan

  • Comprehensive guidance that helps you to avoid common mistakes students tend to make to each Hiragana and Katakana.

Each of your comments and questions will be carefully handled and students are totally welcome to discuss anything related to the course.

The upcoming N5 and N4 course is being recorded and will be available soon! N3, N2 and N1 courses are also scheduled.

Transcripts

1. Self-introduction: corn is You are finished. The online home or curative There, your causal. Hello, everyone. Welcome to Felicity. Online Japanese. My name is Allison, your instructor off this course after living in Japan for years and currently at work in a traditional Japanese treating company in charge of international cells with Japanese people . Well, I could still remember the day when I got my JLP t one certificate. That was a long time ago. And besides, my daily job in the office have been also intensively engaged in language education for seven years with various experiences business translator, business interpreter and Japanese instructor. All of my experience contributed to my profession. Ality enabled me to understand want my students really need and how to provide the most beneficial course. What I attached most importance to is the interaction between me and my students. 2. Introduction of the course: Japanese is a language which seems so mysterious and complicated. As you see so many different Japanese letters and endless conjure. You may always be thinking like, Gosh, this language is just for those people who are gifted not for me, but that is all. Before you meet us, you called the most dedicated team on this planet to help you master and enjoy this language after you finish the whole serious full discourse following us, step by stab. You were so expected to speak and communicate include and natural Japanese to read and understand Japanese articles with abroad. Will cavalry to master formal and informal Japanese and to pass NJ LPD from that wolf I to level one. We simply covered each step off Japanese language listening, speaking, reading and writing. Besides, the course is totally foreigner friendly. All the accountant is conducted in English, together with English based downloadable learning materials. Double all of this. The whole series for this force is closely linked to NGL. Bt new Japanese language proficiency has it see risk is correlated. Toe are certain levels your practice with a course and make progress. You've spewed up your Japanese ability comprehensively and you passed NJ LPD will kick the whole serious off this course on the most essential part of this language, Tarragona and Tarragona. But that doesn't mean you have to start on Lee from it if you've already acquire some basic Japanese four. If you want to include your Japanese more, you can always go to other course in our Siri's with corresponds to the labral lachter. Japanese comprehensive content, Considerably constructed learning materials Close correlation to NJ LPD Totally foreigner friendly environment It's Saturday. It's several. All of this will probably make you think that this course it's so exciting and it really is . Here are some short segments from the lessons you will be learning. There is a service civic order to do each stroke. Reverse order, practice key kooky kooky cop. Imagine the shape off a tsunami itself. Make a curve and you do it back to indicate that fishy here is the object or getting Katie's got in this lecture. We're gonna talk about dia critical marks and nerve. Five New continent in Japanese sung pH. Mark one used got few pure soon place tonight in it. Any questions you have after class, Have your assignments checked by our professional team that, or you get a customized feedback and sheer any insides you have with each other. Or you can also judge if I will look better in another style of clothes in front of the camera. Should you have any questions? Don't hesitate to leave them on the review and Q and a box. We simply read and answer any one of the questions you come from. You are spending the up kami several hours with May to explore the world of Kenya, Ghana and Ghana, and I'll see you guys soon in the next video. 3. The Beginning: that's not traditionally online. Your home or course it's your call. Hello, everyone. Welcome to Felicity. Online Japanese. In this lecture, we're gonna talk about some fundamental knowledge off Madonna and Kata Khanna. How many kinds of characters air there in Japanese writing system? How to distinguish them? And what's the futures off them and the differences between them? We won't go too far. Just the fundamentals. Okay, let's get it started soon. You must. They were hiding must in Japanese language. We got three types of characters Aragona, cada, Ghana and county. And when you're faced with this language, basically you can see all of this three types of characters anywhere. For example, here this sentence in Japanese means won't come to Felicity online Japanese off course. Now you don't understand the grammatical logic behind it. If you aren't totally a beginner, you may think this through like lines. This strokes air just like something from another planet. But don't worry, because now we're just trying to know how to distinguish different characters. The only thing you gotta know is first. Here it is one sentence in Japanese and second in this sentence we got three type of soft characters, and that's it to make a simpler I'll just erase the beginning part. Now what I'm gonna do is directly tell you that 12345 this five characters we got here they are kata Ghana. And here, the last five characters they are, while the remaining part here 12345 They are just covered and warmer thing. You can generally call Hida Ghana and cada Ghana as cannot. So when people say canna, it could be either hit Ghana or Kata Khanna or both of them. Now let's take a close look at them and tell me how you feel about them and how they're different from each other. Exactly. It's not so difficult to find that Hiro Ghana has a smooth and kind of relative shape, while Cada Khanna has rather street lions. And you don't need my help to distinguish Kanji because they're simply the most complicated ones with a lot of strokes. Okay, let's go back and use another example here, also a sentence, so core hell normally you don't need my help that march to understand here we got a county and that's check hit a Ghana so they're more roundish so you can feel the smoothness from them. This one and this one. These two characters, they are hidden Madonna and the remaining part here more street lies, right? They are Kategaya. Good. Let's use another example. So here, this enters. So the country first. So here we got one country with a lot of strokes. And how about Hida Ghana? Rounded shape Smoothness. So 123 So three off Um they are and the remaining part also they are with more street lines . That means they are that kind of good. Impressive. You've already got to know how to distinguish three different characters in Japanese. Let's go back to this four characters round his shape their hidta Ghana and all of them together makes a word it means welcome in Japanese. And this five characters ST Lion they are kata can also together to make a word online in Japanese and the county part here will talk about it later. Now we know this four together makes a word in Japanese. The thing is like How can we know how to read them? Actually, this characters each often represents a specific sound itself and this leads us to the next point off this lecture hit Ghana and Tarragona. They are just like English ladders in an alphabet. There represents sounds you can't nor English in a systematic away without alphabet and similarly will build a strong foundation for our Japanese. If we start our system from here. Ghana and Ghana and normally one cannot represents only one sound, that is to say, the pronunciation of a certain hitter. Ghana More Tarragona It's fixed. It won't change. For example, if I directly tell you the pronunciation of this hero Ghana is it needs no matter where you see this here Ghana, there's Onley always Wow way to pronounce it. It is. And this is really important because this makes Japanese pronunciation systems super easy. If you compare this to the pronunciation of English ladders, for example, the first ladder off alphabet A. There's so many ways to pronounce it. It could be cat late certificate Father were calling. Okay, here we got another word in Japanese in means blue. So these three characters there hit a Ghana all of them together make a word. So the pronunciation off this three together is Ah we e So I told you guys The pronunciation of this hero Ghana is so even if we prove this one into a word, the pronunciation itself won't change. It will remain the same. Always repeat after me. Oh ye our good. Now let's go back to this five country we got here. Here we can translate all of them together as Japanese classroom. So we've also got to know how to read them together. Actually, in daily life there are around 2000 county Better frankly used. It is kind of impossible for us, even for Japanese people to memorized how to pronounce a Waltham. And that's why in Japanese were always use hit a Ghana here to represent the pronunciation of kanji simply by putting them on the top of kanji or below. And that's why we've got several here. Adana here, up here. So all of this means that the first thing we're gonna do is to memorize the pronunciation of each Khanna. It could be just a little bit difficult from the first beginning, and that's why you got me here as your instructor, we're gonna master them soon. And besides the features that can be easily found from their appearance. Remember that Ghana is normally used for congregation in these function words and native Japanese words better not covered by kanji and cada Ghana. It's normally used for writing loan words and foreign names. For example, here, Japanese word for online. It's just written in cada cama as online and conjure, where China Chinese characters they represent not just sound, but also meanings and mostly conjure used. For now it's and the stamps off the verbs and objectives. You can also find the points at mention here on our pdf, and it will be better if you guys point them out and always keep them with you. Dear Rina Cores. It's gonna help a lot. Now the problem is all of this kata Ghana or Ghana, they seem complicated. How exactly are we going to know Old off? Um, is there any way is there any systematic away to follow? There is, And that's why Japanese people event ID for Jew owns several 100 years ago. Winner English Letters from Alphabet and We Master Hero Ghana and got a card from Georgiou owns Congratulations on the progress you've made so far. Just after the first video. I'll see you guys soon in the next lecture 4. The Introduction of Gojuonzu (Japanese Alphabet) : from this lecture, we will officially start our journey off Japanese alphabet Georgiou owned. The first thing we're gonna do is to read this incorrect Japanese pronunciation out loud. This four kanji here to gather means or do on the Japanese alphabet. And as I have mentioned in the last lecture, weaken right here Ghana on the top of a kanji to show the way to pronounce simply because she got now they represent sound off course. Now you don't understand which sound they represent, but it doesn't really matter. You can use this Roman ization down here to give you a hint. Now just follow me for two. George, you one more time, Georgiou Bones, It's impressive. Now let's get it started. Sergey Must they were hiding massive. How does cojones look like? Let's check it out. So this is gold. You owns it. As you can see here, cojones is just a chart in which different Khanna are listed together. They're listed in some specific ways. And once you memorized this chart, you'll have the scale to transcribe all of the Japanese sounds. You can also find it on our pdf. Keep that with you. Well, it may seem a little bit overwhelming to nerd this big chart. But that won't be a problem if you guys just follow me. How Gradually guide you to master it. Firstly, we got to know that in cojones it there are 46 Canha and there are the city ways to call each line the line from the left to right. We call it a row. That means we can call this line the first row. They find 1/3 rule and the fifth rope. And normally we can also use their first Kanna in a certain line to cola row. For example, the pronunciation off this Ghana here, which I think probably a lot of a lot of you guys know is that means you can also call the first row as arrow. Similarly, the lying from top to bottom, the vertical line, we call it ah, column or a class and just like rules we got here, you can call this bird E. Coli. The first column this taken one and the 3rd 1 And you can also use the first kind of we got here to call them. And remember, there are 10 rows and five classes in guardians, and some of you may have already noticed that if we multiply 10 by five, we got fruity. And actually the pronunciation off 50 in Japanese is called you. And that's why this chart is called. Georgiou owns it. But why? There's always 46 Khanna in Go Jones. Well, we will cover this part in the upcoming lectures. After we understand how to call each horizontal and vertical line, we're gonna know that there are some features off the first rope, which is e a. They're just of the house in Japanese and in the next lecture, what's been sometime know Ernie and practicing this five house simply because they are super important. And after we finished the first row, where we start from the second road, all Kitchel guys, a systematic, all mastered toner cojones and even to do, review and exercises by yourself. In fact, apart from the first row from the second road to the final one, all of them are made from a really easy wall that is constant plus balls. But how exactly is consonant plus vows mean in Japanese language, While we will figure that out after we master the five hours first. And this concludes the introduction off cojones have made here before. We finish this lecture. No past that. The cojones you guys see here, it's made off. All hit Ghana. Where is the Kahane? We have nerd in the last lecture, actually, to each Lagana we got here, there is always a cross pounding Cata Ghana. Normally, they look different, but they share the same sound just like English ladders. There is opera case ladders and lower case letters. While that means if we change each Tarragona here into a corresponding cata Ghana, we will have a kata Khanum version off Georgiou. Well, master the Kata Khanna version of cojones in really quickly after we finish cojones with Hiro Ghana here. Spectacular while start to nerve the five vows the first rule from the next lecture. Congratulations on the progress you've made so far. I'll see you guys soon in the next video 5. 「あ」row: the five vowels : in this lecture, we're gonna talk about the five vowels in Japanese from the first roll off court. You on Imagawa communal. Been cuny Heidi muscle. Okay, this is the first roll off cojones. And it's also called r 05 Ghana. We got here physical In traditional Japanese language education system. There are two things we're gonna deal with in order to master H. Khanna. That is how to pronounce and how to write. And besides the traditional way to guys students, I'll also add some supplementary knowledge to make the whole no earning process more diversified. Now, please have your pen with you because we're gonna practice writing them together. Now let's get it started from the first Kanneh. Notice that sheer also on your pdf handout. It is a hit Ghana with the order off strokes, that means to our certain canna there is a big order to do each stroke and how you may feel like, really, that sounds difficult. But now, let me tell you, if you are able to write all the English ladders, you won't have any difficulty writing hero Ghana or cada Ghana. Why? How many strokes are there for the most difficult Kanneh. Four strokes for the easiest one. Only one stroke. That's means to all the kind of work out here. The strokes just vary from 1 to 4 while in English ladder. If I just pick up the ladder a 123 We've already got three strokes here. And if you do letter E like this 1234 there are four strokes now. You feel it's not that easy. It's simply because you haven't got used to them. And it well, it's just a matter off time and habit. Okay, let's check out the first hit Ghana before we start writing it first. Read this after me. Remember, whenever you pronounce in Japanese, there is no need to open your mouth too wide. And you're shooting either reading too loud. Now, repeat this after me, huh? Good. Now let's check how to write it. The first joke here from the lab to write and make it straight on the second stroll starts from here a little bit on the LAPD off the middle and make it down to the bottom. And the 3rd 1 we do a little bit curve from here to the right and then make it back. Okay, I will do this again. 123 and repeat it after me. Excellent. Now let's move to the 2nd 1 Okay, We got two strokes to this hit Adana. This time, let's write it first. The first joke start from here and we make it down and backward a little bit. And the second drug stroke. It's just a dot a long one. Okay, let's do it again. One, two, and they repeat. It's up to me. He he he very good before we moved to the third. Here, Ghana. Let's go back to the 1st 1 for a while. Now tell me how to read this here. Ghana. And if we put this to hit a gonna together, actually that makes a word in Japanese, which is I I that means L O v e love. And I think a lot of you guys know how to say I love you in Japanese and actually is just from the first to hear a Ghana. We have a radon er at this moment. I stayed in instead it Come on, let's put more emotion in this. I stayed in, I stayed here. That's do it one more time instead of extraordinary. And now let's check this heat are gonna again. And I'll just do it like this. Every time we finish a certain row in cojones, I'll always provide your guys some really used for words. And once you finish all the hit Ghana, you will acquire a certain level of vocabulary. Now let's go to the 3rd 1 Okay, this is the 3rd 1 First it's represents the sound of the first joke is just a dart. And let's do the taken one. Start from here and make a curve and do it back. Good one more time, Juan to let's Revis one point here. It's not to basically not to move your lips. That's do it one more time. Good. Now let's come by in the 1st 3 Lagana we have nerd here. So now this is the three hitter gonna We've already nerd from here. Okay, What's this one? How about this one e And who, if we combine them together, that makes he who again? He who? Normal time. He great. Now let's go to the 4th 1 off the valves. Okay. The number off the stroke here is to one end to Okay, The 2nd 1 is a little bit complicated. Okay, How? We'll do this again. The first look here, one longer 10.1. And the second stroke starts from here to the right, and you make it down to the left and do it back and finish this. Okay, let's do it again. 12 Good. And this kid a Ghana represents the sound of Okay, repeat this after me. Impressive. So, together with the 1st 3 hit, I gonna weep. Nerd, Here it is again. Good. Now let's move to the fifth foul here. Okay, Here. We got three strokes. 123 It has taken one from the top to the bottom and no stop. Make a curve to the right and drag bag. This is the third stroke, which is a dot Okay, let's do this again. 123 again. 123 And then let's pronounce this Ghana, please. Good. Remember, whenever you practice with me with a lecture, writing at least repeat five times to each hit a Ghana and where you just start like today , you may feel like Oh, I'm not writing. I'm actually drawing the things that I write looks so strange and not good. In fact, when I first started learning Japanese, I did feel the same way. The Ghana Road was so ugly, I thought, But that's okay because it is just a the three big period of time that everybody have to go through. And it only takes three or four days, and after one week when you ride them again, you will feel it's really reading natural to write. Um, that's why every day after the class, you gotta practice writing them again for at least another 10 times to make herself totally accustomed to Japanese writing system. Okay, now let's go back, and I have already put them together and repeat each hit. Ghana after me twice. Now let's read them together again. Good. You've been noticed that when I lied you guys to go through all of them, they're resist the Pacific Internation. I used to read them. Which is he? If we make it to glad like this, he food for it sounds just a little bit weird and it feels like something wrong. And it will be so boring for us to follow and also this closely links to the Internation system in Japanese, which I'm gonna talk in the next lecture. Okay, let's do it again. In daily life, Japanese people speak Ghana at a relatively fast beat. So this time, let's do it faster. Good. Let's do it again. Time. Okay. Good On. This is called standard order practice. You simply read them from the left to the right. And why should get totally used to standard order practice. We're gonna do reverse order practice. That means we start the first characters from here and to the lab. That makes again time a impressive. And after you totally get used to the reverse order practice, we could come by in this two practices together, and that is called Lincoln Practice. Okay, what is Lincoln practice? We start from left to the right before we go back from the right and we're only read the final here are gonna hear once. Let's do it. Okay. Again. One more time. He he good. And after we are down here with the Lincoln practice, you guys must have failed that There has already been a lot of improvement, hasn't it? The problem now is if you can only practice with a specific order. Later on, you'll find that your spelling speed in Japanese could be relatively slow Simply because Japanese words are made from here are gone a week and irregular order. And this leads to us to the random practice. And now you guys were expected to pronounce the hit a Ghana, I point out randomly. Okay. What's this one? Good. How about this one and tell me this one. Good. And how about this one? Nice. And the final one here, which is impressive and from stand order practice to random practice. This sad of practicing methods at mentioned here should also be conducted by yourself after class in order to consolidate the knowledge you get from this lecture. And even if we've just finished on Lee, the 1st 5 Lagana in Guardians, we've already got Sava words to nerd in the next lecture together with Japanese information system. Congratulations on the progress you've made so far. And I'll see you guys soon in the next video 6. Japanese Intonation System: in this lecture, we're gonna talk about some words richer, made just from the five vowels. We've nerd in the last lecture, and I'll also introduce to you guys the Japanese intonations system, which I think is really essential and necessary to master. When we just start this language, it will create a really good foundation of our Japanese. And since today, it is the first time for you to get to know the information system in Japanese. I'll spend a little bit more time expanding just for the first time. Now let's take a look. The first vertical line we got here means the pronounce in Asia, the pronunciation off each where it represented by hit a Ghana and then the second line here, this number 123 or zero. They are related to the information system. They mean the accent will talk about that in detail later. And apparently the final lines here, it means the meaning. Okay, let's start from the first word first. What's the pronunciation off this hit a Ghana. He good. And how about this one? So if we combine them together, that makes I I actually if you guys still remember and I hope you dio This is the word I've mentioned in the last video in these love and how to say I love you I said it. I stayed a good Okay. Now the remaining part is here Before we go back to this number here, let's have a general and brief introduction off Japanese intonations system, which is the pitch accent. All syllables are pronounced basically either in high or low pitch. Unlike English stress accent, in which stressed syllables tend to be pronounced longer and louder in Japanese, each syllable is pronounced approximately equal inland and stress, for example, Here, the first suitable is on the 2nd 1 Is he? If we use the same pitch to read this word, it would be like I e i i. If we make the first edible high lower and the 2nd 1 higher, it will become e e. Well, of course, this way to pronounce this word is wrong. And if we make the first syllable higher and the 2nd 1 lower, then I I I This is the correct pronunciation and you must have or also realized in Japanese . Actually normally one hero, Ghana makes only one suitable and Now let's go back to this number. And this time I think you guys can understand this. And actually this number in Japanese is called accent mark or pitch mark. It means the position of our certain Tarragona, after which the remaining pitch were pitches, will get lower. This is really important, so I'll just repeat this again. It means the position of our certain here are gonna after which the remaining pitch were pitches well, get lower, for example, when it it's one a single enemies. The first Tarragona, the first suitable, is higher than the 2nd 1 because after the first suitable, the peach watches drop. And that makes this one higher and the 2nd 1 lower. And that's why it is pronounced as I am. All of this means if you suddenly say a word to a native Japanese with a wrong pitch accent , for example, if you want to say love. But you said I to a Japanese here, where she was simply not understand what you are talking about. It should be. I do it again, and few the peach accent I fight Good. Okay, Now, in order to make you guys totally understand this system. We're gonna practice more. For example, we got three sheet are gonna here, actually, in Japanese. There's no such a word. But it doesn't really matter because we're just trying to practice the information system and offers. Tell me how to read this one. Okay, how about this one? He How about this one? Okay. As that mentioned, if the pitch mark, it's one a simply means from the first After the first suitable, the sound would drop. That makes the first suitable higher and the remaining peaches low. Where and if we pronounce this 30 Ghana following this logic, it should be Hey. Okay, Feel that again. Okay, let's make it faster for yet. Oh, yes. Oh, yeah. Good. Following this logic, let's think about what would happen if the pitch number we got here is to now it's time to give you guys another rule of Japanese inclination. You can also find it on the pdf handout which is, except for the first situation in which we use pitch. Mark won. The second suitable is always higher than the 1st 1 This is also super important. Sell. Repeat it again. Except for the first situation in which we use Pitch Mark won the second suitable is always higher than the 1st 1 And that means if the pitch mark is, too, there are two things for us to keep in mind first, just like the rule itself. It's not March. It's not Mark one. So the second syllable is higher than the 1st 1 And as half assed I have May Shin's, the number itself is the position after which we have to know where our pitch from the 2nd 1 So this makes this word pronounced as oh yeah, for years. Let's do it again for four years. Still, the future again for year. Good now my talented audience. Let's level up the difficulty here and think about what will happen if the pitch mark we got here is three. As I told you guys, there are two things we have to keep your mind first. The peach mark is three instead of one. That means there's a rule, right. It means the second suitable will be higher than the first syllable, and it should be like this. And at the same time, this number itself means after the third suitable, we have to drop our pitch. We have to do it, though. Where from the next one. But luckily we only have three here are gonna here. So even if we want to drop the suitable pitch, there's no hitter Ghana for us to drop the page from. So this makes this three guard not to be pronounced as four years. Oh yeah, Few. About the pitch. Let's do it again for years or year. One more time or year. Good. Now I think the exercise we got here is enough. Let's go back to the word list here and then check out the 2nd 1 First, tell me the pronunciation of this hit a Ghana. Come on, it is a and there's one good he Hey, and then the meaning off this word. It's house and AIDS. And now and then notice that the pitch mark in the pitch accent system. The pitch mark here we got is to So there are two things we have to keep in mind. First pitch mark two instead of one. That means this second pitch is higher than the 1st 1 So it will go up for like this and at the same time, the number two itself means we have to lower. Our voice will have to lower our pitch after the 2nd 1 But luckily there are only two here are gonna in this word. So we do have 1/3 1 to drop. And this makes this word. Yeah. Yeah, Good. And following this logic step by step, let's check out the 3rd 1 And first tell me the pronunciation off this hero Ghana. Good, It's all. How about this one? A good and about How about this one? He actually I have also mentioned this in the practice video and the Emmys Blue in Japanese . And also we got the same pitch mark here, which is to so the meaning are the same. It means from the second pitch after the second page, we have to lower our pitch. Right? So we have to drop our pitch from this, say considerable and at the same time, because this is not the first. This is not pitch mark one. So the second syllable will be higher than the 1st 1 And this makes the pronunciation off baseball cavalry to be Oh, I feel that again. Oh! Oh, you good. And now listen. This time. That's do it quicker. Let's check out the 4th 1 First, tell me the pronunciation of each hit. A Ghana we got here a couple of this one and good. And how about this one? He again, he and this word in Japanese simply means no. And then check that peach mark we got here is pitch mark three ph mark three. So two things we have to remember. Keep in mind. This is not pitch mark one. It means the second suitable. That pitch is higher than the 1st 1 And the number three itself means we have to drop our pitch after the third suitable. But luckily, we only got three hit a Ghana invisible cavalry. So there's no 4th 1 for us to drop our pitch from. And this makes this vocabulary to be pronounced as e e. That's make it quicker yet. Yeah, Good. Okay, Now let's check the final word here. You may think Oh, we got a zero accent mark here. And what does that mean? That's that mean we need to drop our pitch and make a lower after the number zero suitable What? It sounds not correct. And this leave us to the final inclination rule. We got unearned today, which is if the pitch mark is zero. It means from the second suitable. The second Fida, Ghana, the Peach were pitches will remain the same and never get lower. It won't get lower, and that's why it is called pitch mark zero. Well, it sounds a little bit abstract. Let's just use this three Shit Ghana to practice this rule well, you have to understand the correct pitch Mark is, too. It means the second syllable is higher than the first pitch and the pitch will drop after the second syllable. And this makes away. Now. What is the pitch mark is like here? Zero as information except for a Mark Juan, the suitable will always be hired. The second syllable will always be hired in the 1st 1 and at the same time from the say considerable, the pitch will remain the same and never cat lower. And this makes the pronunciation off this word. Let's say if the correct one is zero and it makes the pronunciation to be like Howie, how you off course, The Japanese people will never understand what you're talking about unless you do this accent with Internation Mark two, which is a way our let's do the correct intonation to this word again. How will Ah, we good? And the pitch mark system will always be with us whenever weiner new words. And actually, this is one of the most identifiable futures off Japanese vocabulary system. Okay, less to one were exercise. Suppose there is a word like this and the pitch mark zero. So how should we pronounce this word? This is not peach Mark Juan. So the second pitch will be higher than the 1st 1 And at the same time, from the second syllable, the pitch one never drop. And this makes this poor kid. I got not to be pronounced as how you how you let's do it again and feel the pitch. How you how you're good. Okay, Now let's check out to the final word in the word list. First tell me how to pronounce this hero Ghana Good. And how about this one? Who who good and then in Japanese, in these on something. And actually in Japanese, this word is and now it means location. Just remember, it means on something and represent location and then the pitch mark we got here is zero. It's not pitch mark one. So the second syllable will be higher than the 1st 1 And since its mark zero So from the second suitable, it will always be the same level of pitch and never drop. But luckily, however, were on Lee got to hit Ghana in this word, so we won't have any issue off whether we're gonna drop this sound from here. We're not. And that's why we should pronounce this word as one more time. Good. Okay, this word list is finished. And now let's read them from the 1st 1 Tell the end. Okay. Repeat. It's up to me first. This is Mark one. Okay. Feel the pitch. I i for more time. Okay, that's taken one pitch, mark two. Yeah. Yet? Yeah. Good. And the 3rd 1 also marked too. Repeat up to me again. Ah, we good. And then how about the next one? Peach Mark three. He Yeah, do it faster. He Yeah. Okay. The final one pitch mark zero. We will never drop our boys with Don't drop our page from the second syllable. Who good. Now don't forget about the five vowels will have already inner, which is also the first row in cojones. So that's also do a letter B review off the first road in cordials. Repeat, up to me, he Hey. And then we do it as standard order practice. He again he time he now reverse the order. A good time. A who? He Okay, now we combine this two orders. He okay? Really impressive. You guys were really doing an amazing job because so far you've totally mastered the $5 in Japanese and more than 85% off Japanese inclination were accent system. But before we moved to the second row off cojones, we have to be really careful about this five essential bowels because so many students are actually making some mistakes. And it will be better if you guys get a were often and try to avoid. Um So what are the common mistakes students turn to make? I'll see you guys in the next video 7. Common mistakes : corn finished the online Homo cures. It's a Yoko. So hello, everyone, this is Elson will come back to Felicity Online, Japanese. In this lecture, we're going to talk about some common mistakes that students turned to make regarding to the five balls. Before that. Let's review them a little bit. Okay, One more time. He okay, First common mistake people make. It's always open our mouth too wide when we do the vaults in Japanese, especially when it comes to it. Shouldn't be down there and instead open your mouth to an extent in which you can just clearly pronounce them. And that's enough. But this doesn't mean that you just do not move your mouth at all. It should be good. Second, common mistake we turn to make is about this hero Ghana. Look at my mouth carefully noticed that there is little movement on the lives. It shouldn't be down as this is not correct. Just like what? English speakers due to the pronunciation of you. Yes, we say Jew with a really noticeable leaps movement. But basically we hardly move our lips to this hero Ghana. Good third mistake is rely too much on rumen ization. you guys must have noticed that always put some English ladders to each. Here are gonna down here while they only serve as the pronunciation rapturous. They are just Haines. You have to gradually nerd to pronounce each Tarragona without the help from Roman ization . And whenever you try to practice them only focus on the structure and appearance off each hit a Ghana and you don't turn to the pronunciation wrappers until you forget how to pronounce. And indeed, actually, there are some opinions that we don't need to know how to write here again. And as long as we can just say the words out loud because when we communicate with simply, don't ride them. We don't write our content off our communication Well. Personally, I think this point of view is kind of irresponsible to the students, Free for the simple reason that if you do like this, totally avoid Japanese writing Simpson. You will meet a lot of problems when you know grammar later on, and you simply won't be able to read Japanese at all. The fourth mistake. Ignore the information system, as I have mentioned in the last video in Japanese language, the Peach accent off each word is actually one of the fundamental elements to a certain word. Without a correct intonation. It will be really difficult for Japanese people to understand you again if you want to say house in Japanese, but you end up with saying, E, no one will understand you unless you do it in a correct way, which is and it is. Do feel unclear to the peach accent system. Go back to watch the last video several times or leave your comments to us. We simply read and answer each autumn. Okay, we'll start the second roll off, cojones it from the next video. 8. か Row and “Consonant + Vowels”: that's on Call Mutual Finished the online. Your home security. It's a Yoko. So Hello, everyone. Welcome back to Felicity. Online Japanese. In this lecture, we're gonna nerd the second row off coach who owns it. And as I've mentioned from the second to the final hold, them are made in a really easy rule that is cause indent plus voles. And after this video, once we understand this continent plus follows system in Japanese from the third row to the final one will finish them in a really quick and clear way. Now let's get it started. We must They were hiding. Okay, this is the second role. And do you remember the first hero Ghana off the first row? It is, and I've mentioned the constant plus ball system. But how exactly does it work? Let's get to know it. I'll directly give the continent off this rule, and that is Come on, it's not OK, OK, it is the continent. So we got to do it as And if we combine this continent with the first vault, we will get the pronunciation of the first kid are gonna here. So let's try it, cop. One more time So this is how we do it together. Cop again got good and we use the same methods to do this. Second here are gonna in the second row. So this hill Adana is heat. And if we combine this to sound together Hey! Okay. I was high a key, The 3rd 1 So this he's gonna It is who who remember, Do not move your lives again. So if we do this to together, the cousin is so we can do it as who could koot all the time. Cook Good. So following the same logic, we won't do the next one, so Okay, good. It can't. And how about the last one? So the pronunciation of this hill a Ghana in the first row is 00 and the continent off this row is so together or cool. Good time for cool together. Can't que and this one Cool. Ok, let's combine all of them. Car key could k cool. Nice one time car key. Koot k Cool again. Car que could care. Cool accident. Now you realize you don't need my help that much toe Understand how to pronounce this five here are gonna together. It's simply because we've already mastered the five balls here. So in the upcoming videos, I won't spend much time anymore extending how the constant plus vowel system work. Instead, I'll just directly give you the Chris pounding constant to each row. Okay, now, let's do it again. Cop Ki Kim k cool. Good. Now hold your pain with you and we Wellner how to write them. Now let's move into the first Tarragona off the second row. And that's practice a little bit by Consul int plus vaults And then good car again. Car, car. Okay, good. Now let's know how to write them. No case the order off the strokes. One, 23 Okay, I'll do again. So the 1st 1 starts from here and we do it back and finish. And the 2nd 1 is straight to the bottom. A little bit to the left and the 3rd 1 got a longer that. Okay, I'll do this one more time. 123 And this here Ghana is called car. Good. Okay, Now let's try the 2nd 1 So constant class ball. And what's the pronunciation of this hero? Ghana? He So we do. He came que king. Okay, Now, let's try to ride it. So this is the first stroke. 2nd 1/3 1 end. We finished this. Okay, one more time. 1234 Okay, one more time. The first line, the second lie. And the 3rd 1 And we finish this good. Okay, Now let's review a little bit about the first kid. A Ghana. Tell me how to read this. It's cop, good cop. And how about this one key? So this time, let's combine them together. Cockayne. Cocky one more time. Cocky, cocky. Good. Ok, now is the time for the third heat. I got No, we got here first. Let's read it. So who? Who, coot and the way to right this hero Ghana. It's super easy Onley Wine stroke! And that is We start from here and we make it to the center and we drank it back. OK, One more time. One stroke! No! Stop! Okay, one more time. Once joke Amazing On this is Coo coo. Okay, now, this time, let's combine the three Ghana we already know in this video and they are okay. Coun Okay, good. Now let's do it together. Kiku Cop! Kiku, get faster! Cop who? Kiku. Good. Okay, Now it's come for us. Tuner. The fourth Tarragona in the second row. And this time let's start from the way to Right. Okay, There are three strokes in this Hit a Ghana, and they are one to end. Three. Notice that in the end, off the first stroke, here it is a little bitty hook shaped. But do not extend this part too long on Lee. Do it a little bit. One to end suey. Okay, One more time, Juan. 23 And now tell me how to pronounce this Hida Ghana. So the pronunciation is okay. Okay. Okay. Could Okay. And now we're almost there. And we've nerd for Austin. And that was time to combine them again. Okay. Cop Ki ku. Ok, Car key. Khoo Kay Cop Ki ku. Ok, ok, there's comments. Do it faster. Okay, Kiku K. One more time. Cup Kiku K. Okay. And this one brought us to the final one off the second row in Go Jones. And first let's nerve the pronunciation of diphtheria. Ghana. So we used this constant plus ball, and that is for Cain. Okay, let's do it again. Cool, Cool. Good. And the way to ride this hill. Organize also really easy. There are totally two strokes. Okay, Now practice with your pen. With me one to Okay, let's do it again. One to notice. Here. If you want to avoid this part. Who Hooks shaped part? It's totally OK. But if you want to do like this on Lee, do it a little bit. Do not do that too long and far away. Okay, One more time. 12 Okay, One more time. One to goods and tell me the pronunciation of this. You are gonna again Cool. Cool. Good. Okay. Now have proof. All of them together. And first read each hero Ghana in the second row. After me twice. Car king Que coun. Okay, okay. Who? Cool. Always remember, Do not open your mouth to white. Okay, let's do it one more time. Cop key kook A court as admissions in practice video In previous video, there is several ways to practice them. And the first order we call that standard order. So let's do the standard order now. Cop key. Kook a call. Okay, Faster cop. Kiku, Kick core. Good. Now reverse order practice. Cool. Kooky cop. Okay. Key one more time. Cool K Kooky cuff. Okay, If we combine this two orders together, Lincoln practice. Let's do it again. And remember Onley pronounce this word. This here cannot once cop key key. Okay, Cop Kiku k kooky cop of it this time. Faster Kiku k court care. Kooky cuff. One more time. Cut Kiku kick core care. Kooky car. Wonderful. Now we've already finished the second role in cojones in the next lecture will practice our pronunciation through several Japanese words. And they were just made from the hit Ghana Week. Nerd, so far, congratulations on the progress you've made and I'll see you guys in the next video. 9. か Row Vocabulary : Okay. Welcome back to Felicity. All in Japanese. And here we got several Cap Hillary, which is made from the hit Ghana that we have nerd for the first and second row. Okay, now let's check it out one by one. So the 1st 1 first tell me the pronunciation of each year. So how to pronounce this one cop? And how about this one key? Good. And here we got a pitch Mark zero. And that means we should do this book helper with a pronunciation as cocky, cocking, cocky on assembly, amused per semen English and let's go to the 2nd 1 So first tell me how to read this here. Ghana And with one pitch mark, we do it so together, Emese Rad. Okay, now let's go to the 3rd 1 So first tell me how to read this. Hit Ghana Que que? Okay. Then we got again the peach mark one. That means the first syllable will be higher than the 2nd 1 So lucky again, it means bottom in English on this speech. Mark two. And let's use peach Mark two to pronounce this one. Okay. First key you could keep you keep. Remember this is super important. If you do this word with peach Mark one that will become kicker. Kick it. The meaning off this to sound were totally changed. So please be careful. Let's do it again, Kiku. And it means Crease Ataman. Okay, Now let's do the 5th 1 So first tell me how to pronounce this here are gonna good. Okay. And with a pitch mark two. You can you can, You can. Good and simple Lian means pound. And then this leads us to the final one with a peach mark one. So how to do this one? Cool, cool. And with one pitch mark that makes cool coin coin. Coy time Coe. An interesting thing is that this word also means love. Remember in the previous videos, we talked about this word. Okay. With a peach mark one. How do we do it? We do it. I This also means laugh. But the difference between this word and this word is that this l o v e love means the general love and this one this love especially it's related to the love off relationship between the people. Okay, Now, let's do this word again. Coin coins and then go back to this one again. I I I know how to say I love you. I said I said it. Good. Now let's through it from the 1st 1 Tell the end. Repeat after me twice. This is zero cocky, cocky one and one again. Key. And to you could you could and to again you can. And finally we got we got another one here that is coining coin, Good and literally. We've already finished the 1st 2 roles in Georgia who owns it. Normally, I would recommend that after this video stop for a while to do some review off the 1st 2 rows. But if you have a really good ability to absorb, new knowledge is totally okay if you just go to the next one. Congratulations on the progress you've made so, bar, I'll see you guys soon. 10. Culture Note: Japanese Currency : That's a more genki that's got cure more Karoo channels so that the whole noted You're hoping your smash. Oh, hey, this is hello. Everyone won't come to culture no session today. Let's talk about Japanese currency. Hey, Theo Yen is the official currency off hand. It is the third most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar and the euro. It is also widely used as a reserve currency. And this country we got here means yen in Japanese. Don't forget, we always use here Ghana to represent the pronunciation of a certain country simply by Uprooting them all the top or below. And here we haven't heard this conjure. But it doesn't matter. Just use this Romana vision down here for pronunciation reference. Can't repeat after noon and and and good and how to say mommy in a general way. In Japanese, it is, well, comic. Repeat after me. Well, comic, normal time, comet or comet. And just like most off the other countries in the world, there are two forms off Japanese currency bank notes and points. Theo Kurban Siri's off Japanese banknote consists off 1000 yen. 5000 and 10,000 yen notes. Why do we have on them? 10,000 in banknotes are Portrait Off You. Katie Fukuyama, a philosopher and the founder off K or University. 5000 yen banknotes are portrayed off each yo humility. A writer and point and 1000 in banknotes are portrayed off Hideo, a bacteriologist who devoted himself to yellow fever research. The current Siri's off coin conceits off 15 10 51 105 100 coins. According to the current exchange rate, 1000 is around $9 additionally, reached the sales tax at 8%. In daily life, you're gonna be getting a lot of changing. Depend. And that's why people here always keep a coin purse with every day. The types off Japanese coins are twice as many up as bad off Japanese bank notes. That's why if you come to Japan either for travelling or living, one of the biggest challenges for you is to manage all types off the coins and also human wander. How exactly expensive is here in Japan. Don't worry. We'll talk about that. The prize in Japan in the future culture, notes Sachin, and this is the culture note for today. I'll see you guys in the lectures 11. さ Row Part 1: Now let's move to the third role as the continent old. Their school s okay. Repeat this after me. Good as what we've done in previous lectures. If we come buying the continent with the five balls we got here, we will get the corresponding Tarragona in a certain rope. So now let's first review the five altogether. Oh, okay. Lincoln practice. Good. Now let's try to pronounce the new hero Ghana before we're practice. How to ride them. Okay, now let's go to the 1st 1 So the continent we got here is and the corresponding hero Ghana off the ball is if we use this one to combine this one will get stuff. Good. Okay, Let's do it. Stop. So stop one more time. Stop and else keep this one for a while. And also l sleep this one. Don't worry. We will go back to them. It's simply because the way to pronounce them it's a little bit special. So let's directly move to the 4th 1 So the corresponding ball here is a and on. We will use the same method to come by in this to sound. Let's do it. So I said se. Okay, one more time. Sit. Good. And now you're gonna tell me how to pronounce the final while we got here. So we got or asked of all so we'll do. Soul Seoul. Good. Okay, one more time. So So now let's practice all of this three. He's gonna together. So remember, do not rely too much on the Romana invasion I wrote here. Okay, One more time. Saw. Say so. Se good. Total guys. The way to pronounce this to shoot a gun. It's kind of special. But now let's try first to prove the continent and the vaults together and see what's gonna happen. So let's go back to the second hero Donna we got here. If we use the same way as we've been doing to this hit a Ghana we will use took on buying he so we can do he seen see? See? And this sounds, it's just like the pronunciation of English ladder, see. But unfortunately, we actually don't have this sound in Japanese. And the cracked way to do this here are gonna is she she first try our best to repeat after me several times. She see she As you've noticed, we don't have this suitable She in English. And that's why maybe a lot of English speakers tend to find this pronunciation. Not easy, but it's ok will master the wages in this lecture and this here it's kind of close to the pronunciation off this English word. Shame she. So we use this rumen ization to provide reference she But remember, it is on Lee rapturous. And I'll tell you, if you have no difficulty doing she you can actually pronounce this here are gonna in a perfect way. Now police listen and try to compare the pronunciation off this hero Ghana with she and feel the differences between them. She see she now police tell me first. Let's just read this word out loud several times. Shame she good. One more time. She and this time try to feel the lives movement. Whenever we do this word she okay leaps movement. She feel that again? She okay won't do this word again. But this time feel the movement off our tongue. We actually ruled up our tongue a little bit. Whenever we do this word Shame, shame, feel it. She okay. Two things to feel. Lips movement and Tom Movement But how can we create the link between them now? Let's birth. Try to move the lives movement. Let's try to pronounce this word. She without lips movement. So it will be like from she to she. Good. It sounds a little bit weird, but it's totally okay. Actually, we are making a lot of progress. And now remember how you do she without leaves movement Remember how you feel when you do she And let's remove the movement off our tongue this time relax a little and put it black like this and we will get the perfect criminalization of this. You're gonna So we will do from she to she from she to see. Okay, now let's repeat the whole process again. First we pronounce incorrect pronunciation off this English word. She she two things. First we have to notice. Actually, we are moving our lives when we do she second thing. We always rode up our town a little bit. Whenever we do she so we kind of first remove our lips movement from this English word. So it will be like from she to she. And then gradually, if you get used to this sound, we remove our town movement. So it will be like from she to she and from she to she shame she wonderful. Why should get the correct pronunciation of this here are gonna you'll notice Actually, the continent off this hero. Gonna It's not. But that means there is another way to practice this hill Adana simply by starting with the correct continent only. And then we come buying, least of all we got here. He will get she one more time. He see she So it all depends on your own situation. If you can quickly imitate this continent, you can practice with the second method. And if you can just use the first method starts from Xi and gradually moved to see. Okay, now repeat this op Timmy again. She see? See? Good. Now let's talk about this. You gotta we'll compare with she she easier for English speaker to get the correct pronunciation, I think again, let's first try to combine the continent. We got here with the cross funding ball and let's see what what happened. Remember, basically, don't move our leaps whenever we do this balls and if we combine them together we will get to Sue Sue times food soon. But in Japanese, the correct way to pronounce this here are gonna is soon. So try to repeat after me first. And if you can't do it this quick first Onley do this continent and keep your brief, like one more time again. And gradually you can do food. Okay, let's do it one more time. Good. And once we can make this since sound with try to decrease the time you spend on the continent and make a shorter should be like and even shorter, normal time, shorter food. Well, you do this until you feel comfortable to do and warm a little tip. Just smile a little bit whenever you do. This here are gonna because it will make the pronunciation sounds much better. So we will do, son one more time. Good 12. さ Row Part 2 : Before we start writing them together, we won't practice how to read them together. So first, follow me. Uh, so star see se Smoot Smile it a bit soon. Se So So? So now let's do it at Standard Order Star. She suits there. So come on, you can do it. She said So one more time. She said So Now reverse order practice. So she saw Good Try it. Sources say she stopped. Good one more time. So sick, she said. Now let's do Lincoln practice combined a Waltham together. But we're only read the final while soul wants. Okay, now let's do it. She sued Sick. So she Come on, Do it. Okay, good again. Star. She serves it. So said she saw OK. Faster. She said So sick. So she she said she Good. Now let's move back to the first hero Ghana off the third role and how to pronounce this one stop. So now hold your pen with you. And let's practice writing them together. So remember there are always strokes in a specific order, So police please follow the order off the strokes. Okay, now let's write it. One, two and three again. Juan to three here. If you want to do it, it's OK. But Onley do it a little bit. Do not make it too long. Okay, now let's do it one more time. One to three. Good. And how to pronounce this heat I got. Now it is soft. So now let's do the 2nd 1 And remember the pronunciation off this hero. Ghana, it is, should see on the way to write. It's super easy on Lee. One stroke. And now let's do it together. Start from here and we'll finish like this. We'll get one more time. One one more time. One. And the pronunciation of this kid a Ghana is shame. Shame. See good. So before we move to the 3rd 1 will always review the first to hit a Ghana and combined them together. Let's do it. And she she if we combined them together, she one more time. Staff she one more time. Stuff she stashing. Good. Now let's move to the 30 Ghana. The correct pronunciation of this one is stood smile a little bit good and two strokes. We got here for this regatta, the 1st 1 from the lab to write one and to make a circle here and do it back. OK, one more time. One to Okay, Now let's do it one more time. One and to repeat the pronunciation after me. Good. This time, let's come by. The 1st 3 here are gonna here. Stop seafood. Make it faster. Stop Shoes, Suit stuff. She's one more time. She How about this one? She and we got stop here she good. Now let's move to the fourth hit A gonna invest role and tell me how to pronounce this hero Ghana We got and we got So say said say the way to do it. It's really easy Three strokes So let's do the practice together one to three. Always remember the hoop shaped part You can always do it Or if you don't want to do it, don't do it. But whenever you do it like this, do not extend this part to law only a little bit. Okay, One more time. One to three again. One to Siri and the pronunciation. Okay, Now this kind Let's combine this for Kenya. Ghana. We've nerd in this lecture. So repeat after me. So stop. And how about this one? See, she and we got the 3rd 1 as smooth and say a sit together. She sews, Say one more time. Stop she say Good one more time I saw she suit said Good. Now let's move to the final hero Ghana. Off this row, The pronunciation of this hit Ghana is for so one more time. So soul. So on the way to write it. Even though it's there is only one stroke for this year, it's kind of complicated. Let's try our best and repeat after me. Okay, start. Come here and do it back and make it to the right again and make a curve one more time. One stroke. Good. Try that again. One more time. One stroke. Let's do this. You've got no one more time one's joke and occurred No stop in between and the correct pronunciation of this Ghana. So now let's practice all of them together. And first we do standard order practice and repeat after me. Stop! She soon said so good. One more time. Stop! She sued. Say so. One more time, she suit. Say so And now we do reverse older practice and follow me. As so say, Sue, she stopped so say she stopped. OK, do it faster. So say she stopped. And now Lincoln Practice Remember, Will Onley do the final ones saw once And here we go. So she suits Say so. Say she Good. Try it. Start she say so she stuff now this kind Let's make it even faster. Stops chiefs and six all say sushi Good. One more time Shoes good. 13. さ Row Vocabulary: Now let's practice our pronunciation and try our best to nurse several new words we got here. And before we get everything started, let's review a little bit the 50 Ghana with Justin er in the previous lecture. Okay, repeat after me. Sorry. So she se se so soul and we'll link them together. Stop. She say so. One more time she suits. Say so. Okay. Now let's check the word list and the first word we got here. It means generally it means alcohol. And they can especially refer to Japanese alcohol, which is stuck A and we got a peach Mach zero. Here. Remember, this means from the second syllable, the peach will be higher and it will never get lower. Okay, Now let's read this together. Suck it, Suck it one more time. Suck a good one more time. Suck a. Okay, now let's check the second. Worried here. So we got four seasons with a peach mark Two. That means we need to do the pronunciation off this word as time she she key And we also got here Sushi. One of famous type of Japanese food sushi is a Japanese dish off specially prepared we lingered rice, usually with some sugar and salt, combined with a variety of ingredients such as seafood, vegetables and occasionally tropical fruits. Styles up sushi and its presentation vary widely by the key ingredient. It's sushi rised. We're gonna talk about sushi more in our culture notes section. And now that's trying to pronounce this word and follow me Notice we got peach mark one here. It means we cannot do this word as sushi. This is the wrong intonation is that we need to follow pitch mark one. So it should be like swishing one more time City again, Sissy In Japanese people actually, at this here, Ghana in grounders, this word to make it sounds better and polite and they actually they share the same many on the pitch Mark here should be to and repeat after me. So she one more time for sushi and similarly actually, we can also add all in founders this word alcohol. So it will be like and notice the peach mark here is zero. OK, do it after me one more time or suck it more suck it and how to pronounce this one one more time we'll sushi good Now let's move to the next one. And we got swept here and with a pitch mark one. So it should be pronounced. As I'll say. I say, Don't do it. As I say, OK, correct. Way is good. One more time and this leads us to the final word. Lie first. Repeat after me. Who sold? Who sold one more time? Roussel and the Peach Mark here is one Let's do it again. Who saw? So it means lie. And generally, actually, it can be a crease to express that you are so surprised at something. It's like a English we say. Are you kidding me? You gotta be kidding me. Or really? So when this happens, you're going to say who saw? Okay, Repeat after me. Who? So one more time. Who? So who is so good? Okay, now let's review all of them from the first beginning. Tell the end and repeat after me. Okay. Suck a Okay. And the 2nd 1 she sicky Or so she hasta Roussell who saw. And now officially, we've already finished their learning off stock. Your the third row, Ingo Jones, and congratulations. So much on the progress you've made so far, and we're gonna talk about the next rule. Top you'll and I'll see you guys soon in the next video. 14. た Row Part 1 : in this lecture, we're gonna talk about the fourth row in Gorge owns it, which is part role. And now I'll give you the continent off this rope and it is not t we do it as repeat after me several times and now repeat first after me, the five evolves, we gods a four time Hey, move full. And if we use the sound to combine the first vow here, we can get the pronunciation of the first kid a Ghana. So let's try it. Oh, Pop. And just like the previous video house, keep this kid a Ghana and also else keep this killer gonna It's simply because the pronunciation off switch to here I gotta It's kind of special and complicated. So let's start from the 4th 1 and the cross bonding balls here is a So if we do good one more time and 10 10 good. And similarly, we can get the pronunciation off. The final here are gonna here, and that is good poll. And now let's combine this three feet. I got together and read them out loud Polls. Hey, Cole, one more time. Power take a toll. Good. Now let's go back to the second hero, Ghana, off this road and the way to pronounce this hit Ghana is kind of special. But now let's try to combine the continent off this rule with the corresponding involved. And let's see what's gonna happen if we used to come by in e, we can get he 10. He t t It's really, really close to print to the pronunciation off English ladder T But unfortunately again, we don't have this tea sounds in Go, Jonesy. And the correct way to pronounce this kid are gonna actually it is she now try to repeat after me, see? But we also don't have this cheese sounds. She sounds English and ah, lot of English speakers also tend to find this pronunciation a little bit difficult. But how? How we find this Quran Alsatian. We got this word for you. And first repeat after me and few the status off your mouth when you do this word. Okay, let's do it Cheap, Chief. One more time. Cheap focus, anger, leaps, movement and the movement off our town Cheap, cheap. And then this time, try to we remove your lips movement alittle bit so from cheap too cheap again from cheap too cheap, cheap. And then gradually we've let our town like this and we can get the perfect pronunciation of this hero gonna so from cheap, too sheep and then fled the town a normal time. She if you can quickly get the correct cause a mint off this hill a Ghana, which is you can also directly combine the sound with this Chris bounding ball and that is he she chain to good. Now let's move to the next Kita Ghana the 3rd 1 we got here. And first that's trying to use the constant plus vowels rule to this hit Ghana. So we got here and we use this to come by in this vault who and we can get to to again, to and in Japanese. We don't have this to sounds. And actually, the correct pronunciation of this kid's gonna s okay. First repeat after me several times soon, One more time. If you have a little bit difficulty in finding the cracked filling off during this sound, try to get it from this famous word tsunami. Repeat up to me tsunami, tsunami. And now we only need this part and they share the same accent and pronunciation tsunami. And you can also use the shape hope tsunami to help you memorize that structure off this Aragona. Okay, Now repeat after me. Now that's trying to come by and hold them together. She soon pig poll one more time, Pop. She Cole again. She sued coal this time faster! And we do reverse order. Pull G! Come on! Pull to t linking practice top Good. 15. た Row Part 2 : back to the first kid I gather here and let's practice writing them together. And we got four strokes in this hit Ghana and they are one to three four. It's a little bit difficult from the beginning, but it's OK. You'll get used to this one. Let's do this again. One start from here to the 3rd 1 and the fourth stroke. Okay, let's do it one more time. One to 34 And the correct pronunciation of this he's gonna is Now let's do the 2nd 1 And remember the pronunciation off this hero Ghana is super super important and repeat after me . See if you have any difficulty in doing she sounds go back to the first part off this lecture. Okay, One more time. She she and there are two strokes off this hero Ghana, and they are the 1st 1 and the 2nd 1 Okay, Now let's write them again. One to okay, one more time. One two starts from here and you draw it back down and you make occur. Okay? One to. And this kid a Ghana is now That's quickly read them out loud together. Qazi Tazi, Patsy Tazi One more time Patsy. It's time for the third here, Ghana in this role. And the pronunciation of it is suit one more time. Remember this word? Tsunami, Tsunami. And here we can get suit, tsunami and the way to right This here I gotta is also really easy on Lee Wine stroke one occur and it is like this. Okay, one more time And imagine the shape off a tsunami itself. Make a curve and you do it back. OK, one more time. One stroke. So not me. Well down now let's reap the three heat. I got not together. See, she top she Let me remind you here, when you do Chi's sound Absolutely no leaps movement Do not do it like she she This is not correct. Ok, repeat after me one more time she she good pop suits time and make it quicker Hot seats Ok , now it's time for the 4th 1 We got also only one stroke for this hit Ghana and it is starts from here and you make it to the right and you make occur. Okay, one more time. One's joke One more time. Why stroke and no stop. One stroke and constant plus Vaal. So it is 10. One more time. Okay, it's time to read the 1st 4 Kenya. Ghana. We've got here together. Let's do it, cheese. She soon this'll come faster. Good. Try it. She to take time. The big one. And it is cool again. T Poor's pull tall And we got two strokes here and they are the first rule here. And the 2nd 1 I'll get practice with me again. One to one more time. One to remember when you do this back like this make it hard, Rozental Like this. We'll get one more time one to and the pronunciation of this hit Ghana is pain. We're almost there. Let's read them together. T Pol cheese again. Do it faster, Teoh Port! Good This time Reverse order practice and do it faster. Poor pits of cheap up One more time Poor picks up And in the end we won't link this to orders together And it is parts to port. Please Good t pore one more time And this time do it faster! Partied soup A poor pits top again partied super poor pits! I can't Let's move to the word list 16. た Row Vocabulary : Let's practice our pronunciation and nerve some new words together. And before this, that's review. This five here are gonna a little bit She okay? The first. The first word we got here. It means some with a pitch mark, too. So we need to pronounce this word as who topped one more time. Who talk. Okay, Now let's go to the 2nd 1 And it means under something. It represents position in Japanese. And we got peach. Mark zero. And first tell me, what's the pronunciation of this killer gonna it? Is she she? How about this? One top? Okay. With pitch mark zero, we do it as she Good. Now let's move to the next one. And in these father with a pitch mark too. So we do it one more time, and now the next one is a later be long. Let's try it first and tell me the pronunciation off this ship. And how about this one? Good. And in this one cop. And how about this one? See, it means subway in Japanese and with our peach Mach zero. So we need to do it As she caught it, she cut it. Since we got four kids are gonna in this world. I'll expect a little bit together with the pitch mark. So we got pitch Mark 02 things we have to keep in mind. First, this is not peach mark one. So the second syllable that page off the second syllable should be higher than the 1st 1 Let's do the review a little bit. And then the Death nation off pitch mark zero means from the second syllable that peach off the reminding syllables were never top or get lower. So it it should be like this. And then we have the pronunciation and peach accent off. This word s she Koppett. She copped it to feel the pitch accent. She cut it to for more time. She she cut. It's good. And me's subway. Okay, now the next one move in with Peach Mark too. So we do it as King Sicky Normal time key kid. And how about the final one? First tell me how to pronounce this. It is pool and the 1st 1 is school with a pitch mark one. It means stop toe. So so, so good. Nets review a little bit off this pitch mark one that that the nation of peach mark one is the pitch after the first syllable. Warby lower. So it should simply be like this. And this will make the peach accent off this vocabulary to be so to call so tall, so good. Now let's practice all of them again from the first beginning. Tell the end top! She cut it. She cut it. She caught it one more time. She Koppett too feel the pidge. She Koppett. Good. It's a king! The key! And we got the final one. So toll. So so good. Congratulations on the progress you've made so far and we will start the next row N go, Jones. And I'll see you guys social in in the next video. 17. な Row : in this lecture, we're going to talk about the truth row Ingo Jones and the constant off this room is notice . This is not English, that ladder. And so please do it too. Okay, repeat after me several times, no time. And remember the constant plus balls rule we got. So if we come by in the constant in a certain role with the corresponding balls, we can get the Tarragona in a row. So now let's use the same way as we have been doing to the other Rose and gets the correct pronunciation off each year are gonna in this role. So that starts from the 1st 1 So if we first tell me what's the pronunciation of this killer Ghana? It is If we use to come by and not we can get. Not for more time. Not not Not good. So similarly, we can get the pronunciation off the second heat are gonna as me. Me He needs need one more time Me good. And tell me the pronunciation of this one. The third heat I gotta in this row so we can do it as new. Remember the way we do this ball, it's not to move our lips too much. So first, repeat this after me. Who? Who? And then we use this one to combine with this one. So we get no new new new. Okay, one more time. New, new and using the same way We can get the pronunciation off the fourth Kitagawa here so we can do it as met one more time. May good. And how about the final one? So this ball is all so we can do? No, no, no, no. Look at one more time. No. Now let's read all of them together using the standard order. Now me Nu mai know Try it. Okay, now me nu name No. One more time. Not me. New may know Wall down Now let's go back to the first kid. I gotta and tell me the pronunciation. It is not Not not one more time. Not okay. We got four strokes in this hit a Ghana and they are one to three. And for notice, the 3rd 1 is just a longer dot Okay, let's do it one more time. One to three for you make occur and you do it back. Ok, now let's do it. One more time. One to three are longer dots. And for okay, this one is a little bit difficult. Let's do it one more time. One to three four And the pronunciation off this he's gonna It is not Not good. Now let's move to the next one. So we got three strokes for the second heat I got not here. And now let's write them together first. OK? Follow me with your pen. One, two and three. Look it one more time. One to three. Always remember this kind of who shaped part. If you want to do it, do it a little bit. Do not do It's too far or too long. Or you can also just avoid this. Okay, let's do it. Do this one more time. One, 23 And tell me the pronunciation of this heat. Agata, it is me, Me, me kid. Now let's combine this to here are gonna We've heard in this lecture together and the first killer gonna is not not And the 2nd 1 me, me And if we now let's do them together, ok? Not me, not me. Not need one more time. Not need good. And here So we got a pitch, Mark One So actually, in Japanese, if you come by this to shit, I gotta together. It makes a word in Japanese. It means what? And the pitch mark off. What in Japanese is one? It means we need to lower our pitch after. Not so. If we put them together as a word, it should be like, not me. Me. Not me, not me. Non e. Good. Now let's move to the 3rd 1 So we got twos. Jokes here for the third Ghana and the correct pronunciation of this he's gonna It is No, no. Who knew? One more time. New and the way to right This here It's a later be complicated. That's trying our best one to. And there is no stop and tell the in here we make a circle clockwise and it would do it like this. Okay, one more time. One to make a big curve to the right and to the last spike Another one and we're dragging back. Okay, Now let's do it one more time. One to and we finish this. Okay, Now let's do it again. One to and that's it. Please practice this. You're gonna several times, even after the class. Okay? The correct pronunciation of this one is no again. Good. It's time to combine the 1st 3 Shit I got together. Let's do it. No, I mean new together. Not need new 11 time. Not me. New. And here we got peach Mark one. If we use peach mark one to combine, the 1st 2 here are gonna wake out what in Japanese. And that is not me for my time. Nanny non e Good. Now let's read the 1st 3 Shit, I got away. Got here again. Not need new faster. Not need new time now Need new good. Let's check the 4th 1 And first tell me the pronunciation of this killer gonna It is Mitt. No former time. Do not open your mouth to White May. And we got two strokes for this hero Ghana. And now let's try it together one and two. And there's no stop in between. And we make a curve like this are circle and we finish to the right. Okay, One more time. One. And to this one is a little bit difficult, but it doesn't matter. It's just a matter of time and habit. Now let's do it one more time. One and to no stop till the end. Okay, again one and to know Stop and that's it. And tell me the correct pronunciation. All this you're gonna it iss may Good job. Now it's time to combine the first Porky Lagana in this rule together. Let's do it. Not me, No Good. And then let's do it in standard order. Not me. New med for more time. Not me. New next. Now me nu! Okay, this home faster, Not me. New name, Not me New Nay, kid. Now let's move to the final one. Now we're almost there and that's trying the final Hagatna in this road And the pronunciation of this hero, Ghana, is No, no, no Normal time, No. And the way to write it. There is only one stroke in this heat. I gotta that's true it So start from here and make a big curved clockwise like this and that's it. The tip here is this point should be in the center off this part. Okay, now let's do it one more time stops from here. One stroke. There's no stop in between and that's it. Okay, now let's do it. One more time starts from here. Wild stroke. Okay, again. One's joke and know stuff. And the pronunciation of this. No, no, no. Good job. Now let's come by old thumb together and repeat each year. Gonna after me twice. No, not me. Me, man. No, no. And then we do standard otter practice. OK? Not me. New name. No good again. Now me, Nu Mai. No. One more time. This happen faster. Not me. New name? No good then that's do it as reverse order. Okay. No name New knee. Not again. No name. Knew me. Not for more time. No new me. Not faster. No Mainoumi Not good. If we combined the two orders together. Lincoln practice. Here we go. Not me. New name, No name. Knew me not. Please Good. No. Me new name. No name. Knew me Not okay. Faster this time. Not the new name. No new need. Not for me. One more time. Not the new name. No name. New need not. Don't forget. After the Lincoln practice, we can always randomly pick up the hill a Ghana and read them by ourselves. Okay, now let's try it So tell me the pronunciation of this. You're gonna It is new. Knew? How about this one? No. No. And this one? Me, me. And how about this one? Okay, we got nay. Nay. And here No, no, no Ni nu Mai know. Amazing. Now let's check the wordless off. This five kids are gonna in the next video. 18. な Row Vocabulary: Now let's check out the word list here and before this. That's review A little bit off the five. Ghana. Repeat after me. No, me New may. No. Not need. New May know time now. Need new names? No. Good. Now let's check it out. So the first word we got here, it's summer with a pitch mark too. So we pronounce this this to heat are gonna together as not suit, not suit, not suit one more time. Not suit. Good. And the next one west and with a pitch mark zero. You see, when you say BC Okay, the next one dog page mark too. So we need to do this. Vocabulary asked. You knew He knew You knew. New Look, Let's go back. You knew e news. Good. And the next one cat with a peach mark one. It means we have to lower our page from the 2nd 1 So that makes Nicole Nicole from the time Nicole. Good, Nicole. Okay, the next one elder brother with a peach mark one. So we'll do the same rule to this combination of two chicana honey on me one more time on me, and we got this. You're going to hear me. I mean, I mean army good. And the next one is elder sister. But the pitch markets different. It's pitch mark zero. So we need to do this to heat. Got together? Asked Honey Hot me, honey. And here may may my name on the Hubble. This one on me, on me, on me. Good. How about the next one in Mies Horan with a piece mark too? We do it as no. One more time, Susan. Oh, and here we got No, no, no pitch mark to know. So you know Good. And the next one is the one that told you guys in previous lecture. It means what in Japanese. But it is pitch mark a pitch mark one. So it should be like not me. Not me here. Not no me, Not me, not me. And so far, we've completed the 1st 5 rolls in Gorge owns it. And before we moved to the next row, let's review all of them together a little bit and please follow me. Hey, full next one car key kook A cool car key key cop. Okay, She said so. She suits a school, she pay attention to this too. Should I got that? See? See? Sooth next one. She pull, She she pop again? Pay attention to this too. She she so soon? Good. And this one? Not me. New name? No, not me. New name New me? Well down And in the lax lecture we're gonna start the next Rolling Gorge owns the witches Haro And congratulations. So much on the progress you've made so far. I'll see you guys soon in the next video. 19. は Row: This is Elson. And welcome back. And in this lecture, we're gonna talk about this sixth road in go Jones's heart roll and the continent off this row is okay. First, repeat after me. Okay, One more time. One more time again. Okay, Now let's nerve the pronunciation. Those this five here are gonna in a really quick way. And now let's go to the 1st 1 So if we use this continent to combine this ball so we get one more time, huh? Huh? Good. And how about this one? So we can get she? Could he she she and else keep this one for a while, and later on, we'll go back to this one simply because the way to do this here are gonna it's a little bit special. Now, let's check out the 4th 1 So the Chris founding ball we got here is a So if we combined them together, we can get Hey, hey. Good. And how about the final one? So it should be like, good hole. Now let's read the poor kid. I got together. Hey, hey! Whole time she Hey, one more time. Good. Now is time to go back to the third shit. I got a week out here. Now let's first try to combine the constant off this rule with this Ghana this ball together who? What time? So if we put them together, it will be like, who, Who, who? But unfortunately, we don't have this who sound in Japanese and the correct pronunciation of this year. Ghana is food who? It may sound a little bit difficult for English speakers, but first, just try your best to repeat this sound after me several times food, food And actually we can get the correct pronunciation from this word in English food. And that's why the rumen ization off this hero. Ghana is a few, but remember, it is on Lee for reference because the pronunciation of this you're gonna it's similar to it now. Police feel the boom, the movement off your teeth and lips when we do this word food, food, notice that actually our operative touch our under leap. Whenever we do this word again. Food, feel the touch food. And this time, let's remove the final first out at the end of this word so it will be like school food good. And this time If we remove the movement that our operatives are touching the under leap, we can get the perfect pronunciation off this hero Ghana. And that is who who? One more tip. Let's go back to this out. Who, when we do who sound actually the air from inside of our mouth just come comes out directly without any obstacles. Who who? But when we do the correct pronunciation of basically gonna crew, we can fuel the air coming from inside. It's being holding back and restricted a little bit. In other words, it's not that easy for the air to go out. Now that's few the air and do this here again. Who, Who? Who? Wall down. OK, now it's time to combine old them together and make a standard otter practice. She who? Horrible time. She Hey whole this home faster, huh? He who? Hey whole! Okay, let's go back to this. He's gonna again and tell me the correct pronunciation. It is food who good. Now let's know how to write the first Tarragona in this row and we got three strokes in this hit a Ghana and they are one to three starts from here and we make us our code to the right. We'll get one more time. One, two and three again, Juan to to me And this here, Ghana. It's read as good. Now the 2nd 1 And first let's pronounce this. You gotta together. So she she we got she. And there's only one stroke to this hill. Adana. Its kind of long and there's no stop in between That's practiced this together. One stroke. And here we got a U shaped curve and it would do this to the top. And we're finished like this. Okay, one more time. Why stroke and no stop u shaped formal time. Why stroke and the pronunciation off? This kinda she she Good. Now let's move back to the 1st 2 together, OK? Huh? She she hockey. Hockey one more time. Hockey. He good job. And here we are. We got this specially pronounced Tarragona and the correct way to do this pronunciation as food food One more time. Good. And we got four strokes to this heat. I got that. And they are start from here. One two Serie for. Remember this part and this part do not do which too long or you can just simply escaped. Um, look at one more time. One to Siri for one dot a longer dot And here also a longer dot We'll get one more time. 123 A little bit for again. One to staring four. And this hit Ghana is food. Who One more time? Good job. Now let's read them together. Hot. She food food together Hot She food one more time, huh? He who? Faster, huh? She food again, huh? She food Good. Now let's move to the fourth hit a Ghana in this road. And this is the fourth Tarragona in this role. And now first, let's try to pronounce this hit Ghana. So we got the consulate here as and the corresponding volleys here. So we do it as hair on this is Hey, we called on Lee. One stroke for this hit a Ghana and its easy stuff from here. Do it a little bit up and then down. Okay, one more time. Why? Stroke and no stop. One more time, one stroke and no stop. And the correct pronunciation of this he's gonna is Hey, good job. Now the 1st 4 hitter got together and they are Ha ha. She She who? Who? Hey! Hey! Okay, together. Ha! He who hit formal time? Ha! He who? Hey, again, Han shi hoo! Hey, Normal time, huh? She who had. Good. Now let's move to the final one. So we got four strokes for this hit Ghana, and that's try first. So follow me. 123 for make occur on. Do it to the right Formal time one to Siri the third line. End four. What's high? One, 23 and four. Okay, one more time. One. Pay attention to this part. Do not make it too long to three. And four way and hell to pronounce this he got Now it is whole wall down. Now let's review all of them together and please read after me twice for each. Got, huh? Huh? She she who? Hey, hey! In the final one whole Good. Now let's come by old. Come together and make the standard order practice. So please repeat after me. Ha! She who head whole time, huh? He who had whole one more time, huh? He threw Hey, whole! Okay, now let's do it in reverse Order whole head. Who She hot. Try its whole head who she hot time Whole head. Who? He Ha! Good. Now let's come buying and use that link in practice. Han Shi hoo! Hey, Hey. Who she hot? Okay. Ha! He food. Hey, whole Hey, who he hot, please. Good. Now, this time, let's do it in more in a faster way. Okay, Hot. He head hole. Who? He hot one more time. How he food Hawker Who He hot. Good. Now let's check the word list for this shit. Ghana This five, kid. I got it together. I'll see you guys in the next video. 20. は Row Vocabulary: Now, let's nerve the word list for this five. Ghana on before we start the wordless Let's try first review this five feet. I got it together. And please repeat after me. He Hey, whole together. Ha! She food had whole good. Okay, the first word we got here, Mother with a peach mark one and double how we got here. So we need to do it as huh huh? Please don't pronounce this word as Ha ha ha ha. Because why? Because we got a peach mark one here. Okay, one more time, huh? Ha ha. Good. In the next one, flower with a peach mark too. So we do it as it's I'm not hot one more time, Hana. The next one means person were men. So with a peach mark to first tell me how to pronounce this, he's gonna it Is she he? So she he told time again she told Okay, now let's move to the next one. Clothes with pitch mark too. We do it as who could One time ku. Okay, now let's check the right side. This word is chopsticks, and please notice here the pitch mark iss one and first tell me how to pronounce this. You're gonna It is huh? And how about this one? She and with a pitch mark one ha HAC hashi One more time, Hashi. Good. And you also notice here. Actually, it seems like the next ball cobbler is totally the same with this one. But notice here we got a totally different peach mark. It is peach mark two, as I have told you. Huge mark accent. It's one off the most fundamental elements that of a cavalry house. So if you change the peach mark, it will change the meaning sometimes. Now let's check this word. It means bridge in Japanese and it has a pitch accent as pitch mark too. So we need to do this word as HAC HAC time hashi. It means bridge. And how about the previous one HAC HAC hashi? Okay, now let's go to the next one. I'm skillful with pitch mark to hit top. Hit up one more time. Hit that. Hey! Okay, the next one. So pitch mark one who time? Whole whole who Now let's go back to this two words. Notice that if you change the type off the pitch mark accent actually The result is that the meaning will change. So in daily life, if you talk to Japanese people with around pitch mark accent, there will be two situations to results. The 1st 1 is simply Japanese. People cannot understand you or they may understand you in another way. Okay, Now let's read them from the first beginning. Tell the end. Uh huh. Ha ha! Honda. He he told Fuku Fuku Hi. She hushing Husi Ha! She HAC I see. Hit that hit up whole time Whole Good. And now let's review again This five heat I got on together. Ha! He who had a hole whole Hey, whom he hot Ha. He who had a whole head? Who he hot. Good. Congratulations on the progress you've made so far. And in the next video, we're gonna talk about the next row in cojones. It I'll see you guys soon 21. Culture Note: New Year's in Japan: Hello, everyone, this is Elston won't come to culture. No session for sure, not to this new year. It's so around the corner. And today, let's talk about the biggest home Call me holiday in Japan New Year's in Japanese, it is called or showing that always remember, we always use hit Adana two represents the pronunciation of kanji simply by putting them on the top of ecology or below. We haven't finished turning over there. He not gonna We got here yet, so just turn to the rim room and ization down here for rapturous and repeat after me. Or sure, that's that again or sure, not good. Unlike most other Asians who go by the lunar calendar, Japanese celebrates New Year's Day on January 1st, and most businesses are closed on and around New Year's Day, and New Year's A is called Old New Soak. Up here in New Jersey, ELISA and people try to finish their seasonal tours by this state, cleaning the house thoroughly, writing greeting cards, name, natural and so on. So here we got greeting cards. Name, natural again. Name natural good dinner for New Year's. It often includes here, post e cosi soba the special new does, as long do does symbolized the desire for longevity here, and many people go to Kenya, the shrines and temples. Okay, here we got ginger and they go there for the first worship off the New Year, which is hot summer day. This is likely to be their own visits to shrines and temples for the years since Japan is a largely secular society. When saying goodbye to someone you do not expect to see again until the New Year, the traditional parting race s your auto. She will have a happy new Year. Will you meet somebody for the first time in the new year? You say they must stay close. I must. Happy New Year or Okay, let's review a little bit. So the 1st 1 you're or so you say this before the New year and after the new year, you see someone for the first time, Happy New Year. The first way to say that I came up there again or soon. Good and special dishes called or city duty are eaten for New Year's or city Rio de each dish. It's sad to signify a particular wish. For example, black being for the Allegiance and Health Herbie role for having Manny offspring and so force Children expect to receive. Richard gives off money from their parents, grand parents, aunts, uncles and even family gas again, New Year is coming soon. I wish you a Happy New Year Newey Auto Seawall. And this is the culture notes for today. I'll see you guys in the lectures. 22. ま Row: the invest lecture. We're gonna talk about this rowing go, Jones. And it is called my row. Okay. And now I'll tell you the continent off this five Ghana together. So first police repeats the continent after me for more time. Much. Okay, so just like what we have been doing, If we use money to combine each corresponding balls, we can get the pronunciation of Hida Ghana in this rope. So now let's do it. So the 1st 1 So if we used to come combined with way, we can get Ma Ma Ma. Good. And how about the 2nd 1? You tell me. It should be me. Good. Me One more times me. Now, you guys few. It's getting easier, right? So let's finish this five regatta in a really, really efficient way. How about the next one? So we got who here? So if we use this to some together, it should be like time Move. Okay, so this hero gonna is Move, move. Okay, now let's move to the next one. And here we got a And if we use if we approach and it together, it should be like man man, OK? Formal time. May May. And actually this word this you're gonna itself. It's a word in Japanese and it means ice. Okay, again, man Man. And how about the final one? So issued. We should do it as means more One more time. More good. Now this time let's come by and all of them together and do it as ah standard order me. Move man more ma me. Move may more faster Ma me Move more! Ok, reverse order more may move me My more may move me my wonderful Now let's take a look How to write them now that's practice. The first killer Ghana Ma, how to write it? Okay, there are three strokes in this kid a Ghana and they are one to end. Three. Make a curve like this and do it back to the right. Formal time one to and three make occur and do it back. Ok, one more time. One to three and the pronunciation of this heat Ghana is ma Good. So now the second hit I got no we got here and how to pronounce this kid I got now He me, me, me I mean And from this he Lagana we've already also got one new word. And it is me. I mean me. It means ears. I'll repeat up to me. Me, me, me, me. Good. And we got two strokes for this Tarragona. And they are one. And to we'll get one more time, please practice with us. One, two. Okay, again. One end to and how to pronounce this killer Ghana. It is me means and how to say ears in Japanese. Me, me, me, me Good. Now this time to heal got together. And the 1st 1 is the 2nd 1 Me Good, me and together My me time. Mommy! Faster, Mommy. Good. Now let's move to the 3rd 1 So the 3rd 1 And first let's try to pronounce this. He's gonna together. So who move? Always remember, because we don't Basically, we don't move our lips to this vote. So that means we don't move our lips either For this kid are gonna okay again. Who? Huh? Okay, now that's trying to write it. So we got three strokes for this hero Ghana. And they are the 1st 1 allying and starts from here the 2nd 1 And from this point, make a circle like this and we finished the second stroke and a final stroke. It's simply are longer that Okay, One more time. One to three more. Multi. 12 three. Be careful about here. Don't do the 2nd 1 has this order. This is wrong. Don't do like this. This is wrong. So we need to do it as, like this. Wake up, circle clockwise and do it up back. Okay, so let's do it together. One more time. One to and three. And how to pronounce this? He's gonna It is Well done. Okay, let's read them this three feet got together. Okay. Together. Ma Me, ma me. Move again, Ma me! Move this time. Faster, Mommy, Move! Former time. Mommy, Move! Okay, now let's move to the 4th 1 So the fourth here, Ghana, in this role and how to pronounce this is Hagatna May man, and remember this shit. Ghana itself is a word in Japanese. It means our eyes. So please repeat after me, man May, man, and we got two strokes for this. You're gonna It's a little bit complicated, so don't forget to use your pdf hand out and practice with us together. Okay? Now, let's do it. The first stroke and the 2nd 1 make a big curve to the right and down here and do it back to the left. One more time. The first stroke. And if they can stroke, there's no stop in between. And that's it. Okay, good. One more time. One and to two strokes. And how to pronounce this. His Ghana man may good. So here we go. We got four kids. I got no here. And now let's do with all of them together. So mouth for me. Me, me, me. Move No, man! Man, man. And now let's come by all of them together. Ma me Move, man. Good. One more time, Ma Me. Move! May 1 more time. This time. Faster me. Move, man. Good. Here we got the final hero Ghana in this road and how to pronounce this. He's gonna It is more if we double actually in Japanese. If we double this hero Ghana, it will be like more. And in Japanese, it means peach. Please repeat after me. More, more, more good. And how to write this kid? I gotta We got three strokes. And now let's do it together. The 1st 1 second and the 3rd 1 Okay, Now let's do it one more time. One A big hook shaped part two and three Normal time. One. Make a big curve and do it back two and three. How to pronounce this hit? Ghana It is Good job. Now that's combine the all of this five feet are gonna together Now let's practice Old Botham together on the first police repeat each year are gonna after me twice Me, Me, me, me I mean me Move, man man More, more! So what is peach more? More? Okay, now this time, let's do standard otter practice Ma me Move, man more! One more time, Mommy! Move, man! More Faster! Mommy! Movement! Move! OK, reverse order! Practice more May move me My normal time more may move me My faster, More med Move! Meet my OK Now it's time to link them together So we do it as my meat movement. More men moved me My Klis! Good Mommy Movement More men moved me My Okay, one more time, Mommy Movement movement moved me my well down And now let's check the word list 23. ま Row Vocabulary: now that starts our wordless before it. Let's review a little bit to this five gone a week out here, so please repeat after me. No, Huh, Man More again, ma me. Move May more. They put them together. Mock me. Movement movement Moved me. My Okay, Now let's do the wordless together. So the first word we got here it is now with a peach mark one. So it should be like e ma e mail. Even Emma. Good. So tell me the pronunciation of biscuit I got into me. It is ma way. We also got it here. And it means horse with a peach mark too. So we do it like Houma, Houma, Houma for more time. Now let's check the next one and that Hold, you guys, The media off this to heat. I gotta to gather Mies here with a peach mark to it means it should be down in Japanese as Mimi. I mean me, me, Me. Okay. The next one c with a peach. Mark Juan, Move me! Who, me? Rumi? Normal time. Who? Me? So this Ghana, It is me. Me. Okay, now let's move to the right side. Off This wordless And again we got a pair of words just like what we did in the previous video. And they don't have the same pitch Mark. That means the name, the mini off. All of this two word is different from each other. And the 1st 1 pitch mark one. So it should be done as ah, man, a man. Remember, it is pitch mark one. We need to drop our fish after the first syllable. So the second pitch will be lower than the 1st 1 We do it as ah mei. Good Army Army. In Japanese, it means rain. And the next one with a peach mark zero. So it should be like, how many? How many? Me? It means candy. Good. Now let's reach this two words together. The 1st 1 I'm in the 2nd 1 Good. So the next word here, it means thing with a peach mark zero. It should be down as No, no, no. One more time. So here this Hagatna. And this leads us to the final word in this word list with a pitch mark zero. It means peach. Ok, repeat after me. More, More, More, more, more! Good. Now let's start from the first beginning. Tell the end and review them together. Please repeat after me. So the 1st 1 he now fema me, me, me, me! Oh, me, me, for me. Ah, May I mean man me more Morneau and a final one. Move, move, move! Good! And in the next lecture, we're gonna talk about the next Rolling Cojones. Congratulations on the progress you've made so far. I'll see you guys soon in the next video. 24. や Row: Hello, everyone. Welcome back to Felicity. Online, Japanese. And by this lecture we've already coverage from the first room to the morrow. So we've finished the 1st 7 rolls together and before we move into the next role Yaro So we need Teoh review this to this three Rose together a little bit. Now, please follow me, okay? Not me. New may know, not me. Smooth. No name. Knew me. Wonderful. Now that's moved to the next one. Ha row. Okay? Huh? She who had holes one more time, huh? He food Head hole. Hey, who she hot Pay attention to this hero Ghana simply because the pronunciation of this, you know gonna it's a little bit special. Okay, repeat this after me again, huh? And how does say clothes? So could who could? Good. And now let's do the next one. Ma mi movement again. Ma me Move may move, man. Move me, Ma. Wonderful. Now let's move to the next row in this lecture, we're gonna talk about the A throwing George owns it and you guys notice here. We only got three. Hit a Ghana here in this role, and we will finish this rule in a really, really quickly. And the constant off this row is okay yet? Okay, first, please repeat after me. Yeah, Yes. Don't say it. Is why. OK, it's not an English ladder, OK? Yeah. So tell me how to come by this continent with our sound, so it should be like Yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah. Good. And now let's first try to combine this continent with evil. Let's see what what happened. Okay, so yeah, he Hey. Hey. He so Actually, the result is the same. Even if we try so hard to combine this continent with this ball, it doesn't change the final combination off the pronunciation. So that's why there's no such a aragona in this position. So we will escape here, and we moved to the next position in base rope. Okay, now, this time, let's combine the continent with so we can get Yeah, you you you good. And now let's try this position again. Actually, in modern Japanese, there's no such a hero Ghana in this position. But that's gross. Try. So if we use this continent plus a what? What happened so first and yeah, yeah, so we can get actually, year sounds. But in modern Japanese. Maybe Japanese people think this pronunciation. It's so difficult to do so. Gradually they abandoned this pronunciation. So there's no in this position. There's no such a cheetah. Ghana to represent yes, out in Japanese. Okay, Now let's do the 3rd 1 So it should be You'll get you'll. You'll time you'll. Now let's read this three. He got No, We got here together. Yeah, you You're Yeah, you your A normal time. Yeah, you You Well, down. Now let's practice writing them. So the 1st 1? Yeah, Yeah. We got three strokes here for this hero Ghana. Let's practice. So the 1st 1 make a curve and do it back and the second dot and the search stroke one more time. One, two and three. Okay, One more time. One to three. One thing I got a talent. Is that here in this picture? Actually, between the first stroke and the second stroke, there is no crossing between them, but actually in daily life, most off people will write this hero Ghana in this way. So there is a cross between the first stroke and the 2nd 1 so let's check it out one to three. So in daily life, Most off people in Japan. Right? This here are gonna in this way. But it doesn't matter if you want to write it in this super standard version, it is totally okay. Now let's practice again together. 12 three and how to pronounce this You're gonna Yeah, yeah, yeah. Did so here. The second here are gonna in this role and it is Here. You, You! One more time, you and we got two strokes for this hill. Adana, And they are one to notice. Here, there's no stop. Okay, now let's do it again. One, Do it back. Make occur. And the second stroke. Now let's do it one more time. 12 And how to pronounce this. Hagatna. You You! Yeah, Good. Now that's practice. This too. Should I got together? And we got here? Yeah, Yeah, yeah, yeah. And how about this one? Food. You, You Together? Yeah, You. Yeah, You. Yeah, you good. Now let's check the final heat. Ghana in this row. So this one is the final hero Ghana in this rope. And tell me the pronunciation of this hit Ghana. It is your you're your and we got two strokes for this hero Ghana. And now let's write it together. 1st 1 start from sheer one and to make up her to the right. And we finished the second stroke. Good. One, two. There is no stop and finish one more time. One to truly right and make a circle. Good. One more time. One and the second stroke and tell me the pronunciation. It is you you'll You're good. Now it's time to combine this. Three feet got together now. Police repeat each sheet. I cannot twice after me. So the 1st 1? Yeah. Yeah. And you Here. You'll You're Yeah, you. You're Yeah. You your normal time. Yeah, you you'll and outlets reverse the order. So it should be like you'll you? Yeah. You'll you? Yeah. Good. Now linking order. Practice? Yeah. You You'll You? Yeah. Time. Yeah. You You're you? Yeah. One more time. Yeah. You You're you? Yeah, Wonderful In. That's lecture. We're going to talk about the wordless off this row. I'll see you guys soon 25. や Row Vocabulary: Now, let's check out the wordless we got here. And before it. Let's review this three she's gonna together and please repeat after me. The 1st 1 is Yeah, yeah, kids. And the next one you you and we got here. You're You're Yeah, you You're Yeah, you you'll Okay, now let's move on. Teoh the words. So the 1st 1 is Mountain with a peach mark too. So we need to do this word as Yeah, Yeah, Here's yeah, yeah, yeah, OK, the next one, we got a pitch. Mark zero here. It's kind of long. This book. How? But we We got four here. I gotta together. So now let's review a little bit about the pitch accents system. So we got peach mark zero here. It means from the second syllable, we will always keep our pitch off the syllables and never drop it. And the second syllable is higher than the 1st 1 So we do the accent off this vocabulary as yeah Ku Seoul. Koot Crusoe Could time. Yeah, OK, let's go back. So it means appointment or promise in Japanese. Do it one more time. Yeah, Shusaku. Okay, good. So the next one rest weren't vacation with a peach mark three. So we need to do this book. Cavalry ass? Yes. A Me? Yes. To me. For more time. Yes, to me. Just me. Now, let's check the right side off this word list and dream with Peach Mark too. We need to do it as you may. You may. You may. And here we got wind turn and peach mark to here. So the same pitch accent this one is. You met so similarly. Who you Who? You for more Time for you. And here Reservation Peach Mark zero from the second suitable. We keep our pitch. Yeah. Your Yeah, Yeah. Here. Reservation. Now let's start from the first beginning. Tell the end and practice all of them together. Yeah, yeah, yeah. Kruzel could one more time. Yeah. Ku Seoul Coo coo coo! Yeah, Kruzel could good. And how about this one? You have sumi me, me on this one. You may you may, you may through you Who you through you and your Yahoo. Yeah, And now let's go back again to this three here on business. You. How about this one? Yeah, And help on this one. You'll So Yeah, you you're you? Yeah. Yeah, you You're you Good job. And after this lecture, we only got another true rose to go. Congratulations on the progress you've made so far. I'll see you guys soon in the next video. 26. ら Row: in this lecture, we're gonna know this row and we're almost there. And the continent off this row for this five Lagana is okay. Noticed this English ladder are English rep presents the constant off route. But in Japanese, it is not like this. First, that's review a little bit about this to English word. And could you please repeat after me the pronunciation of this two word? The 1st 1 is called Rod You, your town rods and the next one a lot. A lot. When we do this else on English, there is a strong connection between your town and your palate. Let's do it again, lot and let's go back to this word rod. But in Japanese, this continent should be pronounced in between Off this to Constant a English and issued Be close to the l sound, but it is not that strong. So now let's soft in the connection between our town and our palate and do this on again. So it should be from a lot, lot to lot a lot. Okay, you that again from a lot lot to that. Okay, we used this feeling to pronounce this constant. Okay, now, let's so tell me the first the pronunciation of the first kid Icona. So it should be combined combined by this tube. So the vow is so we do it as that That don't do it like la la This is not correct. Okay, Again. Good. And similarly, we can get the pronunciation of the 2nd 1 as the be good. And how about the 3rd 1? So it should be again. Do you? Don't move your lives, Luke. Good. And we use the same mastered to do the work you're gonna in this role and that is that Do it. Let one more time let good and we do the final hit. A Ghana in this row as no law. Good. Now let's start from the beginning till the end be new lay law again. The new law one more time We do that. Okay, Now let's do it with reverse order Do Lee Normal time Law Ley knew Lee. Now let's know how to write each autumn, the 1st 1 we got here. So the pronunciation of it is not okay. We got two strokes here for this hero Ghana and they are the 1st 1 here one dot longer that . And the second stroke. A C shaped curve. And we finished the 2nd 1 Okay, now let's do it again. One to with a C shaped part. Good. OK, one more time. One and to and how to pronounce this Kira Ghana it is that not good. Now let's check the 2nd 1 The 2nd 1 we got here only two strokes for this hero Ghana. Now let's first. Right. This here are gonna so the 1st 1 starts from here. One stroke straight. And the 2nd 1 always remember this part. Hook's ship are only do it a little bit. Okay, One and to one more time. One and this taken stroke. And the pronunciation off this hit Ghana is okay. The the remember Do not do it as Lee Lee. This is not correct again. The the good. Now let's come by. In the 1st 2 heat I got that we got here and they are the 1st 1 Not the 2nd 1 The again not be together a lot lately. La ley One more time. La ley Lally. Good. And now let's know how to write The third here are gonna in this role. Okay, the 3rd 1 here, Onley. Why stroke the first part of this one stroke. It's kind of like a V shape are part of that. And we do a curve like a C. And we closed this theme. The shape. Okay, one more time. Why stroke part of the combined with the sea and we close it. Okay, One more time. One and no. Stop. Look at one time Z shape and C shape on. We close it and tell me how to pronounce this hit. Ghana it is do all the time. Do you? Good. Now let's come buying the 1st 3 heat I got together now the three together and the 1st 1 It is that the 2nd 1 the the 3rd 1 due on the 1st 1 we got two strokes one and to hear, see shape it is that reverse c shape. So please don't feel confused. And also the same one here. A reversed one. A reverse See? And it is closed in the end. Okay, now let's read them all of them together that the do you together la the do one more time The do one more time, Lee. Good. Now let's go to the 4th 1 now the fourth here in Ghana in this role On first tell me the pronunciation of this. He's gonna it. Is that good? One more time. That again? That and we got two strokes for this. You know Ghana the 1st 1 starts from here, goes straight to the bottom and the 2nd 1 a little bit longer. There's no stops in between. And we finished the second stroke to the right or get one more time to stroke. We got here two strokes one and to notice. Here, the second stroke, we got starts like a V shaped part and we do a curve to the down and to the right and the pronunciation of this killer Kinda it iss they at what time lit. And here, maybe you guys will feel so familiar with this Hit a Ghana it like with nerve. This one in previous videos. Actually, it is not the one we've nerd. Is this a and please tell me how to pronounce it? It is neck good name. And what's the difference between this to hit Agata Onley? The ending part here we make a circle and do it back to the right. And here instead, without any circle, we simply finish it to the right. And the pronunciation of this one is net men. And how about this one? It is that that well down Here we go. The 1st 1 is not a 2nd 1 The 3rd 1 do you? And how about this one? Let and together the blue led What time La Li Lu Lei feel the inclination here La the new lead. Okay, one more time. Lee do lay. Good. Now let's move to the final here Ghana in this robe. Now the final one here This one And this one is the 3rd 1 They look similar, right? Okay. First pronounced this he's gonna with me. It is for my time. No. And we also only got one stroke only one stroke for this here Ghana starts from here on Make the shape part and a reverse. See part Notice the difference between this to hit Ghana. We close this deep part, make a curve and we close this but here it's only a reversed See? Okay, one stroke and there's no stop. One more time, One stroke. And this here are gonna it iss no How about this one? It is. Do you one stroke? Okay, again do. And no, No. Well done. Now let's come by all of them together. Now let's move to the 1st 1 It is a lot. And the 2nd 1 the the end Luke blue and we've got here. Let and a final one Law pay attention to this to similar Waas. This one is due And the other one law. Okay, now let's do it with standard Order. Do you know again, lock the loo leg law, The key for this pronunciation is the constant off this role. It shouldn't be pronounced as rock re roof read role either issue to be pronounced too close to the English ladder l it shouldn't be down as a lot. Li Lu let law is that soft in the connection between your town and to a palette and we do it as the do no good. Now let's do it as reverse order law. Let do the lot on my time. Law Du Li la again! No, they do the lot good. Now let's do Lincoln practice. Remember the final heat are gonna hear Onley pronounce this here Gun that waas Okay, here we go. Live the do let go. Let do the lot again. Lee do lay. No, Les du Li la I'm a time faster. Do so they do Really amazing. And then in the next video, we're gonna talk about some mcalary which are made from this I'll see you guys doing. 27. ら Row Vocabulary: Now let's check out the word list and before it let's review this five Lagana a little bit . So police Repeat after me the let and we got the final one. Little bubble This one it is Liu. OK, together the blue Let Law one more time. La the boo lay law. Okay, Good. Now let's go. Let's move to the wordless we got here the 1st 1 Cherry blossoms Japanese Sakoda. So the pronunciation with up pitch mark zero We should do it as coup de la OK, one more time. Start Cuda again. Saku, do not do it with other pitch mark pronunciation Either Sakoda or Sokota. It's not correct. We'll get one more time. Start crewed up. Start crewed up good. And the next one it means she can Or bird in Japanese with pitch mark zero. So we need to make our Internation higher from the 2nd 1 party again, Cody. One more time. Pretty good. And the next one spring pitch Mark one we got here. So it should be lower from the second Suitable, huh? All the time. Hot it this year. I don't know. We got here, Luke. Okay, One more time. How did. How do notice this to Hillary gonna together? If you do it as how do how does the meaning will be totally changed to another vocabulary? So please be careful about this Internation. Former time. How did good next one bath were public And with peach mark too. We do it as poodle. This one more again, poodle. One more time, poodle. And don't get confused by the difference between this. Here are gonna end this one, this one We close this reverse c shape. And while this one is open and so good And at the same time as I've mentioned Japanese people normally at a vow called all in front of announcements to make it sound more polite and beautiful so we can do it as well. Feudal food should be peach mark to all food off again. Or food. All good. And now let's may as check the next one cloudy weather with peach mark zero. It should be more the again to Morty Humadi. Time more, The again Humadi. So what's the reverse weather? It's cloudy. So we got Sonny Fine weather. Good weather with pitch mark too. We do it as huh? Big here the again. The hot it hot it. And how about the next one night pitch mark when we got here? And this one is So we pronounced this to hit gonna together as a word with peach. Mark Juan, you're Did you order for more time? You're do again. Notice if you do this with this word with another pitch Mark, let's say pitch Mark zero Yoda. The menu will totally be changed. So please be careful again. Your orders. One more time. You're did You're okay. The final one day time. So we got nighttime and daytime. Peach Mark two. He did normal time. You do again, You do good. Now that starts from the first beginning. Tell the end. Start crewed up. Sakura, pour the party. Party How? How did How did in the next one who know food? All poodle here. Cloudy. Two more d commodity again. Crew motive. Hot it hot Next one. You're Did you do good? You do. And the final. What we got here? He do he do formal time? He do Well done. And in the next lecture we won't be officially learning the final row. Inigo Jones. Congratulations And I'll see you guys soon 28. わ Row: welcome back. And now we're officially no earning that Bino role in Go Jones and the continent off this rule ISS What? What you've noticed here in this three positions, there's no hitter Ghana, simply because the pronunciation off the combination between this continent and this three balls are special. And that's why Japanese people, gradually, they make that this three position without Aragona. But now let's first try to combine the continent with the corresponding balls we got in this lion. Okay, Now let's do the 1st 1 So this kid's gonna is so if we use work to come by and it should be What? Good? What? What? So this here are gonna we got Here it is What? Good. And if we use the same system to do this vow we can get he we we just like English Where w e we and help of this one. This here gun itself is so if we use work to come by a route, nothing will change. So it will remain the same. It should be, huh? And how about this one? So we can get wet? Good. And in modern Japanese, there's no this three pronunciation and this leads us to the final Here are gonna in this role and we combine the continent we get me. So this is what and we got We get rule. But in daily life, Justin, Japanese people normally don't pronounce this. He's gonna ask Walk instead, majority off us. We do this here are gonna ask. But sometimes people also do. This here are gonna s me. Well, if you ask me, what's the difference between this to pronunciation? Just simply remember, keep that in your mind. This pronounce Asian. It's more appreciable and super standard. So normally we do it as well. It's totally okay if you want to do this here, are gonna ask. Okay, so this one we got here. What? And this here or not? Here it could be all. Or now let's practice writing them. Now that's practice writing this you're gonna together we got two strokes for it. The 1st 1 a street lion starts from here to the bottom. And the second stroke is only to be longer. There's no stop in between and again we make a reverse c shape. Okay, true strokes One more time one and thoughts from here to reverse the shape finished one more time. One and to and the pronounce the Asian off this hill a Ghana it is What what good. And some of you may again few confused by the strokes we got here the two strokes. Because we've nerd to other similar ones in previous videos. And they are this too. So tell me the first pronunciation, This one it is may for more time, Mitt. And if we change the continent, keep the ball, we can get a bit The 1st 1 May May. And here it is that that and this one is what? Wow, the only difference between all of them is here And pay attention to the difference again, Mitt. They and we got Wow. What Good. Now let's go to the next one. Now this here are gonna first. We got three strokes for it, and they are the 1st 11 And to do it back street vertical E, straight And in the 3rd 1 Okay, one more time. One to and this time C shape. Okay, one more time. One to and three. And if we come buying the constant with all bow, we can get the super super standard version off this pronunciation. It is war the but normally remember in daily life we do it in cash away as okay. And actually, this hero Ghana we got here is a really special on Dingo Jones. Before we get into more knowledge, let's review a little bit about the hit Ghana itself. Remember the futures off Lagana that I mentioned in the introduction video? First, just like English alphabet Hiro, Ghana. They represent sound in Japanese. Besides, Ghana is used for conjugation endings, function words and native Japanese words that are not covered by kanji. However, for this hero Ghana, it is on Lee used dramatically as a function word where we call this hero Ghana a particle are particle that indicates the object in the sentence. For example, here, this two here are gonna We've nerd Sischy such installation Japanese on this three he got together. It means a verb in Japanese, it is to eat. So if we want to say to eat something in Japanese, let's say, for example, here we want to say to it sushi. And then we proved this particle this here Ghana Gramatica, Lee after this to Ghana to indicate that Sischy here is the object off the whole part. So sexual Tabata, it means to eat fishy. So here it's on. Lee used grammatically. Anyway, we're gonna talk about more this hero Ghana in our upcoming video in our grandma session. Anyway, keep in mind that this year Ghana the pronunciation either or well, it's on Lee used grammatically. Now let's move to the word list off this to hit a Ghana law and rule. 29. わ Row Vocabulary: now the word list as I've mentioned this hillock, Anna. Normally we don't use this Lagana unless we do it grammatically so in the wordless. There's only three where it's and they're not made from this hit Ghana. Now let's check all of them out. So the 1st 1 I in Germany's with a peach mark zero. It means from the second peach we have to hire our pitch and never dropped that. So this makes this word What she what I see again And the 2nd 1? Additionally, we're at a killer, Gonna cute after and this also makes another word and then many off. This word is also I the do Chris between Fatah See? And what a cushy it's on Lee, that the 2nd 1 it's more polite and more respectful. Now please repeat after me also the same pitch mark zero. So we don't drop our page and we keep this higher from the 2nd 1 So it should be top Who she what you see? What? That Christie. A polite version off What I see watashi Let's go back and do it again. What? That Chrissy What is she good Now let's move to the next one young with a peach mark too. So it means after this a considerable We have to drop our pitch and making lower. So this makes the second syllable higher. The 1st 1 and the 3rd 1 lower. So it should be like What car? He What guy again? Walk. I good. And please pay attention to hear if you pronounce this word in other way, for example, walk I the many will totally change. It should be like walk. I walk. I good. And now let's go back to the big chart off code cojones and review all of them together a little bit. Now let's review all of them together. The first role. Our role. Uh hey, who? Okay, linking order. Who? Tell me the tip for this role. It is this year. We don't move our lives when we pronounced this year. So one more time. Who is a good the next one? Car key. Khoo Kay Cool. Linking practice car key kook A court kit Koot key cop. Next one I saw say so. Okay, link it. I see. Say so. Said she. Okay, the next one part role. Pop limpy linking practice part suit suit, pick, pick, Pop. And the next one, not me. New name nor link it. Not me. New name, No name. New knee. Not good. That's moved to the next one. And it's hot role Hot. She who head whole again This kid. I got not. Huh? One more time. Okay. Linking practice. Hot heat. Who head hope hit food He hot while down in the next one my, me loot met more Lincoln practice mock me move Made more men moved me And in this rule, we only got three feet Ghana. And they are Yeah, you your yeah, you you're you and the next one la the do they know length. Um they do low the and the final roll off, Jones. And to hear are gonna we got here they are. What? And again what? And remember here you can also do it as it's a standard version. Normally we do it okay again. What good 30. The Last Hiragana: ん: and this leads us to the final hit a Ghana in Go Jones notice here we actually got one working Ghana. It is at the bottom, off the cojones simply because it is really special in order to make it easy to understand and simpler. Just remember, there are two futures for this hit a Ghana first. We can use it to start a word. Second, it is always used with another hero, Ghana. And now that's practiced the pronunciation of this one and the way to write it. Now let's check. The pronunciation of this kid's gonna first. It should be pronounced as again. Yeah, it sounds Ali to be weird because, as I've told you, normally we don't use this word separately. It always it's always following other shit Ghana to make words. So now first that's pronounced this one. It's sound okay. And then we got one stroke for this hit Ghana. It's kind of like English ladder edge. That's the ending part. Here is longer, too. The rights as do it. Why stroke? There is no stop and we do it to the right. From what time? What a stroke again. One and the pronounce the Asian off this special hero Ghana is Now let's check the wordless Onley for this hero Ghana. And we got three words here in this world list. The 1st 1 Japan. So with a peach mark two, the second suitable the peach off that shoe should be the highest because we have to drop our page after that. So this makes me Hey! Huh? Me, whole If we do it faster me home again Me whole me home Time me home. Feel the combination off this hero Ghana and the hero gonna before this one again. Me home, New home. And this means Chip Head. The next one book we removed the first kid are gonna knee and this makes book in Japanese with a peach Mark Juan! So we have to drop our peach after the first Tarragona. And this makes this word hole. Mm. Whole home home one more time Home and inmates book. How about the final one weather again? Pitch Mark Juan. So we have to lower our pitch from the second suitable. The second hit a Ghana. So it should be like 10. So this is 10 Kanke. Final time hankies again. You're the pants King Key. Good. This is whether now let's review all of them together. Me home, Me home the next one. Home. Home. Good. Here. The pitch again, Pinky. One more time. Hanky again 10 key kid. And this concludes all the fundamental content off gold. You on the congratulations. Standing ovations for your progress. Well done, all of you guys. And actually, as you guys have noticed from the horse content column, this is not our last lecture off this course. Even though we've literally completed cojones, we still have some additional knowledge to again on before that. That's close. This lectured by reviewing the word would you owns it a little bit together. And this time, as we've been getting increasingly used to the hillock on a system in Japanese, we will feel so different. So please take a look at this word for a while. And how do you feel about that? Yep. Now we're familiar with this with this and with this we're familiar with so many in part of them. But we've also got this one this one and the small You They are strange to us. What do this Two dots we got here. What do they mean? It's the small here are gonna hear the same meaning with the normal hit Ghana. And also, as you've noticed from the rumen ization we got here, we actually haven't nerd this continent. This one and this one. How can we use here are gonna to represent them? Well, we will figure a way off them out from the next videos. 31. Culture Note: Sushi : Yes, I'm a Yankee Day. Scott Child, North York Also cure. See this? Hello, everyone. Welcome to culture note session in this video, Let's talk about here. Sushi. We're thinking off the most famous type of Japanese cuisine. It might be a proper it to suggest sushi in Japanese cuisine. Sushi is vinegar rice, usually topped with other ingredients, including fish, various meats and vegetables. Actually, outside of Japan associates, sound has missed understood to mean the raw fish by itself or even any fresh raw seafood dishes in Japan. Sliced raw fish Allah home is called here. See me see me good and it is distinct from sushi, as sashimi is the raw fish component, not the rice component. And the word sushi itself comes from an outdated grammatical form off a word that is no longer used in other contacts. Literally sushi muse. It's sour, the common ingredient across all different kinds of Citian. It's sushi rise, the variety insist, arises from the different feelings and poppies, condiments and the way this ingredients were improved together so the same ingredients may be assembled in a traditional were a contemporary way, creating a very different final result. There are various types off sushi sushi is served roading side naughty. It's called market sushi or Rose sushi, made with poppies late on, top of hand formed clubs of rise. It's called Mignini Felling Stop into a small punch off. Right over is called me Not easy. She and poppies served, scattered over a bowl of sushi rice. It's called Sierra she. Although there are many high class fish restaurants, there is a popular in Japan to enjoy sushi with a reasonable price for only 100 yen per plate. It is called Chi Ben's. She at a kite. Un's she shop place with two pieces off sushi each go around slowly on a conveyor belt. Even if you can read the manual, you can just pick the ones that look good to it, which makes it easy off pours. If you make another, the sushi shafts will make it crash for you Honest thought. It's pretty much safe to say that near every major train station here in Japan, there is always a chi pins she restaurant, and this is the couch in notes Sachin for today, and we got Seishi here, how to say that in Japanese sushi and sashimi sashimi, and I'll see you guys in electors 32. Diacritical Marks and Five New Consonants Part 1: in this lecture, we're gonna talk about dia Critical marks and nerve. Five new continent in Japanese. And they are first police repeat after me good and did. But that again, the thing is that how we can use here Ghana system to represent this continent. And that's why we use Dia critical marks. And they are the marks, this truth and small circles without here and actually with a pair off short that Agnos stroke we got here, we can change the, um voiced constant this one into the voiced one. Good. And similarly, if we add this to small dot this two strokes too, the envoy's continent, we can change it into. And if we do the same thing to this road tot row, we can get it as dot ro and also to this role. The constant here is if we use this to 0.2 strokes, we can change this continent into but from to. But and the special thing for this road, how row is that? If we use a small small marks here, the circle mark, we can also chance the continent into this one. Okay, now, that's practice the pronunciation. So the first rule we got here. If we use the marks to this rope Caro, then the whole carro will be changed into got rope. So please repeat after me. So it is from car Kiku Kit Court into God. Okay to Okay, Go. You simply just changed the continent. And at two dot here, I'll get one more time. God. Okay, good. And now else keep this room. And I also skip this road is because the pronunciation off this for here are gonna It's a little bit special, will go back to them later. And now let's directly move to this rope. So it is from here. It is from high row. And if we at two strokes in Haro, we can change it into but Constant. And that makes please repeat after me. Uh huh. So it is from huh? He who had hoped to big food full again, be at the same time, fuel the intonation again, be booed. They both good. And if we use this small circle mark here, we can also change this role. How row into a row with the continent. So it is from hot. He who head hole into P pay pull Okay. Together, Pop P. Putin, pay pull one more time, Pa P. Putin pay poll. And they are with the DIA critical mark off small circle. And now let's go back to the 2nd 1 and the 3rd 1 Please try your best to repeat after me. And then the continent we got here it is. And we come buying this with evolves we can get, see, say so again. It's ah se. So first, try it. It's, uh see. So let's go back to this constant. It is actually English. There's no such a continent. So there are a lot of ways to teach the student to imitate this constant. And today just imagine that you're using all of your strength to squeeze a towel or something like that. And you do, like, well, one time use. Use all of their power, you to do it as sound. Okay, now let's do it again. We're trying so hard to make it tighter. Okay, one more time on this is the continent. Okay? Feel that. And now, now let's do it again. Okay. So if we combine this exist out with the vowels e route Oh, we can get for example here. Uh what time? Try it. Time it's up and I'll first escape this too. And we do the same thing to this one. We can get it normal. Time sit. I feel that Now let's do it again. So it should be. That's it. What time is it? And similarly, we can do this one as so. So if you have any difficulty first Onley, try all your best to do this continent and from two. So for more time it's a little Okay, here we got this one. It's up. And so now let's go back to the second hit a Ghana. The pronunciation off this hero Ghana in Japanese It's kind of special. We can use the English English letter G to get the correct pronunciation and in Roman ization system the reference for this, you know Actually it's J I. That is she see first repeat after me again. So when we do g sound English, our lives are moving again g g together with the movement off our town. So we removed all of them. We can get from G to see again. It is from G to one more time. See, I see and also this one. The pronunciation is really, really close to the continent itself. And the room an ization reference is the you and it should be pronounced as first repeat after me. So the cousin in itself is again. So it's from this continent and we do it as soon from two. So if we come by all of them together, it is some G soul again. So few this greasy off the towel and try your best to practice this sound in Japanese Now this continent Did we create this continent simply by adding this to little 0.2 strokes to this rope part row So it's from pop she pulled to this role and now that's first try to read all of them. Repeat after me one more time. Okay, Now let's start from the first picking this one. The cross bounding ball is so if we do this sound to come buying ah sound we can make it as dot that, uh dot And similarly, if we do this here Ghana with and it, we can do it as dead. And how about the final one? It is don't go. And now let's go back to the 2nd 1 and actually the second here in this role. It shares the pronunciation with the previous role in the same position. They share the same pronunciation. That means this year I just I just told you guys, we can get it from G. So from G in from G to G. So at the same time, this hero Ghana, it is also pronounced as see. So they share the pronunciation this one again, G and they swing the same and similarly in X Kira Ghana, Ghana The same. So the pronunciation off this hero Ghana, it is the same with this one. And now let's view the squeeze again sound So we do so this one is and this one is the same . So that means the pronunciation of this hero Ghana It is also and that makes all of this five gonna together asked one more time this to special one. See Think about English ladder G o K c and this one the same pronunciation with the previous rope So together again g day one more times faster, g Good. Now let's ner each rope with the corresponding mcalary 33. Diacritical Marks and Five New Consonants Part 2 : So now let's nerve the wordless and together with the practice for the pronunciation. And first tell me once this five Ghana and they are cop Keating. Kook it court. As I have mentioned in previous video, If we use that, I a critical marks Two dots, two strokes. Here we can change the continent from two. Good. So please repeat after me for this. Five key could cool time G g go. OK, reverse order. Googie got again. Googie. Now linking order Practice Cocky. Normal time. G get kooky. Got this time Faster, Kaki. Bukit Gorka Googie! Well down now. Let's move to the word list we got here and the 1st 1 Foreign country pitch Mark zero. We have to make our peach higher from the sake unsuitable. And that makes this work you're gonna together as e call Cute guy. You Coco Kioko could feel the pitch and repeat after me. E Cole Kook guy Cocoa! Okay, Foreign country. Next one, Bank peach Mark zero again. So we need to hire our page. And this for killer Ghana. It is cool again. Cool! The second suitable here is sound so g cool again. You cool une call pay attention to this. Here are gonna we got here? It's a combination off court. And who? But when we pronounce this to, he's gonna together. We don't do this to as Coal Chorou. This is not correct. Instead, we combine the sound and we make it longer key. Okay, again, room coal Cool again. Cool. We're gonna talk more about the longer evolves in the upcoming videos. Repeat this after me again, Ginko. Good at the next one Engineer Peach Mark one we got here. So after the first suitable, we have to drop Arpege. And that makes the pronunciation of this to here are gonna together as okay, see from the time. Okay, Casey. Again, Casey. Good. In the next one. Furniture. Pete's mark one again. So car good again. Congo Time car Good Congress candidate. Good. The next one. Healthy peach. Mark one. So first tell me the pronunciation of this hero Ghana. It is in the 2nd 1 So after the first suitable, we have to lower our pitch. Okay, key together. King Key time, June key again. Kinky. Actually, this full cobbler. It's really essential because in daily life it's frequently used when we want to greet others. And English. We say, How are you doing? Are you doing good? And in Japanese? We ask other people, Are you healthy to share our concert for other people? So please repeat after me or getting Keith Scott again. Walking key, this cop. And here this three hit Ghana as a word. Is this for cavalry with Nurse Year? Okay, again, repeat after me or getting Kitty's got or getting kids got. And if you want to show your concern to your friend, you don't have to make this greeting this long. You can simply use this word kinky. Normal time. Kinky. It's like, What's up? How are you doing? I'm doing good. Okay. Again. Well, getting keys got good The next one. Rice ors. Generally, we can use this word to refer meal in Japanese Ph mark one we got here. So the highest peaches here? Cool. And after that, we lower our pitch. So go. Ha! Cool! Hot together. Go hung One more time. School hot. Go home. Good. Now let's review off them from the first beginning till the end guy ankle Could kioko could gin cool call. And here, Congress, Congress, Kinky Yankee or getting key this Scott or getting key this Scott, Go home. Go home. Good. Now let's move to the next one. Now let's check this to roasts together on first tell me the origin off this to roll that's pronounced all of them together. It is she suit said so And pop she If we use the dia critical mark the two small strokes to them then we can change the Chris bounding continent. Okay, so the continent off the first road is keep sound in Japanese and at the same time the 2nd 1 is the sound. So now let's pronounce this to Rose together with the correct continent. See, Say it again. So notice that as I've mentioned the pronunciation off the 2nd 1 and 3rd 1 are kind of special. So the rumen ization off the 2nd 1? Actually, it's J i t. And the 3rd 1 is at the same time this to hear Lagana. They share the pronunciation and this this to the same they share the pronunciation while their rest the rest off. Hm. This six year are gonna simple Ybor pronounced by our continent plus ball system so I won't write the Roman is Asian here again. So now let's repeat the pronunciation off all of them. And please follow me. G suit. So link it again. Please think about your squeezing a towel and you make it. You try our best to make it tight. Saland again. I think it is good. Next one. This can be pronounced with their sound and the Chris founding balls again. She Lincoln practice one more time. Three. Some of them may have a crash in, like as long as this to hit a Ghana and this to hit a Ghana. They shared the pronunciation. What's the difference between them? Just keeping mind to make a singular just keep in mind. Normally in daily life, we don't use this hero Ghana, and we don't normally more than 95%. We don't use this to hear a Ghana to represent sound. So whenever you hurt G sound and the sound, the first reaction from your mind should be this to hit Ghana instead off this too. Okay, again. Good. Now let's try to pronounce this word list. The first cavalry seat with a peach mark zero. So that means we don't drop our pitch from the second syllable. And this here so sticky. This three hitter got together as a word. Gothic. Normal time key. Good. The 2nd 1 Front and back pitch mark one. So from the second suitable, we have to drop Arpege. And how about this hero? Gonna here? That's it. They think about the squeezing. Is it thing? Well, time thing good. And how about the 3rd 1 map pitch? Mark Juan. So the second syllable must be lower than the first syllable. So we do it. Ask she this. He'd have gone up. Good. Let's move to this side. Visible cavalry University were college. So with a peach mark zero We don't drop Arpege from the 2nd 1 Let's try it. Not God you got could dying to time dying are good And the next vocabulary also pitch Mark zero phone or a phone call in Japanese pitch mark zero. So how about this? Hit a Ghana? It is that that What? That what together then what? Then what? Normal time Then what? Good the final one window in Japanese Pitch mark as one. So the first syllable must be higher than the next one. And that makes the pronunciation of this to Hillary. Gonna as a word as my door. My door model model could Now let's review all of them together. It's all sticky. Single thing, chief it good dying. I could feel the pitch dying to dying a Could the next one doing What thing? What model? Model? Extraordinary. Now let's go to the next one. 34. Diacritical Marks and Five New Consonants Part 3: now this to Rose Lessner, both of them together. And first please review a little bit off hot row. So they are, huh? Who'd head whole if we use the DIA critical marks 2.2 strokes. Then Chris pounding Constant will be from two, but no. And if we changed this mark into a small circle one, we can get the continent as good. So now let's directly read all of them. Spot the boot bag full far. Be food Fair Reverse for big boot. Big linking practice. Be booed. Bed four Big boot. Be good. And the next role we got here with the constant as so it should be pronounced as part she Putin Pit Normal time Pa P. Prue Pick Pull! Reverse order! Pull pig poop! Pee pot again. Poor pick Poopy Pop Lincoln Practice Pop pee poop! A poor pick Poopy pop! Normal time pop P to pay. Poor pick Poopy pop. Good job. Now let's go to the wordless Here the first word market and tell me the pronunciation of biscuit Ghana It is but Bob and Peach Mark Juan. So the highest pitch is here, the first suitable. So it should be e she? It's the bottom. It's a normal time. He next one wasabi, the famous one of the most famous ingredients in Japanese food. And we normally use this wasabi to be with or sushi or sashimi. And we're gonna talk about more this being our culture note videos. Okay, now let's practice the pronunciation Peach mark one. So the highest pitch is is the first suitable. So we do it as what be Wat. Stop. Be together. What's not be what's I be? And this is gonna be man the next one peak pick or swine pitch mark zero. And how about this kid? A Ghana. It is food so together. Good. Now let's move to the right side. This word convenient Peach Mark one. And this here are gonna be so it should be. Bear the okay. Combine all of this. Three gun as a word. Finally, former time. Feel the pinch. Finley. Ben Lee. Faster family. Good. Next one. Starving. Extremely hungry. Peach. Mark one. So the highest accent here pitch the first suitable pant. Cool. Pay. Cool. Okay. Four syllable here. The highest one. Pay cool. Pay cool. Come by. All of them together. Faster. Pickle pickle pickle pickle for more time. Peco Pickle Good this year, pit okay and the final one Worry or anxiety, and this is also Ah, highly used one of a cavalry in our daily life. First. Now let's first that's practice the pronunciation with a peach mark. Zero. So we hire our page from the 2nd 1 She pop this kid, pop she pot faster. Soon pie again. It means worry or anxiety in Japanese. If you want to say Don't worry about that, there's no worry. We normally say it in tonight. In it. Please repeat after me here simp ice tonight in it. Don't worry, there's no worry if you If you want to say that in a really gentle and softer town, we can say she impasse tonight in it. If you want to make it normal town, we can remove this final hit Adana simply by saying it as she impersonated, seemed high. Snyder or softer, soon passed night. In it. She passed night in it. Good. This working Lagana together. Okay, now let's review all of them from the first beginning. It's about it's about what Stop Eat Wasabi Buddha barely. Family pickle pickle, pickle, pickle shoot height and this Grace Paice night in it. Don't worry. Sympathise Night in it. Or senpai Snyder Senpai! Snyder. Good. Let's review all of them together now. The 1st 1 good Lincoln practice and the next road Remember the continent? They should be You, the squeezing off the towel. Squeeze that. Okay, so we do it as t Lincoln practice the next one it is Did so we do it. Ask time linking practice time notice here. Two pairs were hit Ghana. We got here this to here. They share the pronunciation at the same time. This too. They share the pronunciation. But normally in daily life we only use this to hillock and to represent the sound. So there's hell I can offer g sound. And this he did not offer sues sound. Okay the next row. Big food be food Full length. Um food. Full movie. Okay. Food for food and the final row. Here, Pop, you poop it. Pool pop you Prue Pair pool linking practice Pop pee! Poop it! Pull pit poopy pot Normal time! Faster! Poppy pooping Pull pin poopy pot! Extraordinary! Now let's go back to the court. Who owns the word itself? and check the China Ghana off Cojones it again. And now this time let's check whether we can a few different or not. Now let's reviews this word George Jones again. First, repeat after me. If you feel confused, get reference from this romanticization. Okay, Court. You time court. You owns it again. What? You And now we get familiar with this to dot their i's to dot here and this too. So tell me the pronunciation of this heat I got together it is not suit. It is. How about this one? So instead of saying it as a whole, it is cool with good sound. And how about this part? And it is. And actually, the remaining part is here. The question What does this small here are gonna mean? And we're gonna talk about this in the upcoming videos and actually, they represent the contracted sound in Japanese. The small hit a Ghana. I'll see you guys to win 35. Contracted Sounds – Small Hiragana Part 1: Hello, everybody. Welcome back in this lecture, we're gonna talk about these small Hyla Ghana and the contracted sounds in Japanese. First, let's go back again to this word would you owns following the end of last lecture Noticed that here we got a small head are gonna a small you. Let's just take this part separately. And the second gonna here is a small one. How should we pronounce this too, when they are in normal sides? So we seem collegis read this to together. It is g plus you so we do it as g you Do you notice that when we do gee, you sound There are two syllables g and you And then when we make the 2nd 1 smaller, we simply come buying the pronunciation of both off. Um, and make it faster, shorter into one suitable. So it should be like Jude to only one suitable jute. So it is from G. You too, June again from two u two jute to you, June, do you jute? Good? And this kind of sounds in Japanese. We call them contracted sounds. Now let's go back to this word again and the pitch mark off this work is actually four. That means remember here, even though there are two hit a Ghana, it is one suitable. So after the fourth suitable, we have to drop our pitch. So 12 three, and four. So after here, we have to drop our pitch. And from the second pitch, we had to hire our pitch. And that makes the pronunciation off. All of this. You're gonna together as school Jew who all former times slower. Cool, Jude, The 2nd 1 should be higher again. Failed a pitch. Cool Ju well together Court You amazing again. What? You owns it one more time. Court You owns it and notice here the valve is huh? When you do, Jude And who together we don't do it like Ju. Instead we come by in both of them and we're gonna talk about this longer evolved phenomena in our upcoming videos. One more time. Court you good 36. Contracted Sounds – Small Hiragana Part 2: The thing is that can we make each here Ghana in court? He owns a small one, and the enter is no. And this leads us to the first point here. Actually, we can only make three here Ghana into small waas. And they are? Yeah, you end. You'll second To make contracted sounds were on Lee put the small here are gonna after the ladders in the second column in Go Jones in the second column is the Tarragona Wister, Vowel off. Now let's take a look. Now let's check it. Remember, there are two point. The first we only have three heated enough for us to make them smaller. And they are actually. Yeah, you You notice Here this three feet are gonna wake out here. They are in the same row in cojones to this 31 more time. Yeah, you, you We can make them into small waas. And we can put this three small hyla gonna after the ladder in this column in this column and the way Don't uproot this three small one after e That means Okay, this one, This one and this one, we do it small to make contracted sounds and from here. I'm to you Here. We can put this three small. Gonna after each often to make contracted sound. For example Here, the first unit on we got here is key. And the 2nd 1 is here. Yeah, Normally I write a normal side off. Yeah, issued Be key. Yeah, yeah, yeah. And if we combine them together to make it one suitable, we should do it from Kia too. Feel that only one suitable faster camp. And we used the same system to do the 2nd 1 from Key. You too. Que cute? Cute. And how about the 3rd 1? Now it's your time to tell me it is cure. Good. Cool. There's when we got here. This one, you're you're And how about this one key your cure. Keep your cure. And similarly, we can do the same to each hit Ghana we got here. And now that we already know how to write them, I was just guy do guys through the pronunciation off each roll. Okay, Now let's check the 2nd 1 So we come buying. Yeah, you Your will make them smaller and we put them after this is like that to make contracted sounds. So this one Shut up shot shoot! Shoot. And the 3rd 1? Sure, sure. Together Xiaoshu short xiaoshu short time. And how about the 3rd 1? So first tell me the pronoun station off this hill. Adana She chop true? Sure. Good to be difficult. True to your chalk again, your chore This one to you Shoot you chew together Statue chul Reverse torture top Good. And then the next one the pronunciation of this hillock on a it is Meet me so, Nia No good. Yeah. How about this one Need you knew You knew And the last one we got here New new together. Nonunion. Yeah, New Newell Noon again? Yeah. New new New. Okay, repeat this three basic small killer gonna again. Yeah, You. You'll get used to this one more time. Yeah, you You one more time. Yeah, you You're OK. Now let's move on. So the next row we got here Well, you small Yeah, you you to combine He sound to contract it to make the sound contracted. Yeah. He, uh, shop a little time shop. And how about this one? You shoot you Hugh. One suitable. He'll he'll kill together. Yeah, Hugh Hugh. Good. Yeah, Q Your reverse, your huge shot. Good. And similarly, we can get the pronounce the Asian off the contracted sounds off the next one. So please tell me the pronunciation of biscuit Ghana. It is me together that makes yeah good. Yeah. How about this one, You mute One more time. You knew the last one. Mule. Well done again. New reverse order. New mutant New new. And then the last row here in this side, the the So we're used This one lead to combine the small young. So it should be Leah. They are here that there. And similarly we can get good view. And this one dual together. Yeah, I do do one more time. They are. Do do Lincoln practice. They are new. New, new Good. Yeah, I do do do that. Well, down now. This side don't forget with also in Japanese continents we also can use this. It is called dia critical marks. We used them to make different continent. So we also have this continent good sound. So simply by adding two strokes to this hero Ghana so we can make it from key into key. So if we come by in this three, he's gonna together. We can similarly get Yeah, cute. You'll good. So it is from cute. Pure too. You kill the only difference when we've item it is here the dia critical marks, two little dots, too little strokes. And similarly we can get this road and it is job to Jewell one more time. Ju Joel again. Job to job. It is from this here, Ghana. The original sound She from C to G sound t Good G you Jew do your job to Joel Juju. Oh, good. And also this one. Actually, there are two ways to at the DIA critical marks the 1st 1 we can add. Just like what I told you in previous videos we can add the same. The two strokes were a small circle so this continent is but sound. And how about this one? It iss so that makes this role as Yeah. You you'll good. Now you realize you are getting faster again? Yeah, You You're Yeah. You fuel a few. Yeah. So this hill Agana is be. And how about this? This one? It is peak. So from he to plant so together the contracted sound cute, pure, excellent again shop Pude Pure, normal time shot Cute, pure Lincoln Practice shot up. Yout pure pew. Now you feel like it is really easy to master this several charts. It's simply because we've already nerd how to pronounce the fundamental hit a Ghana. And we just use a little bit our ability and we can, er this pronounced Asian in a really quick manner. Now the remaining part off this lecture is to nurture their related will cavalry. 37. Contracted Sounds Vocabulary : Now let's check the big word list here. Please don't feel that. Oh, my God. We have to memorize so many will cover. It's a little bit overwhelming, but actually, we don't have to memorize the meaning. All of that. Why we're doing this practice. It's because we have to make ourselves used to the Japanese pronunciation system on the writing system at the same time. The rule of the pitch marks we got here. So what you're gonna do is just to practice, focus on the pronunciation and trying to get used to that and at the same time, just check the meaning and just remember as many as you can. So now let's start again from the beginning. The 1st 1 distance peach Mark one. And we got a contracted sound here. So it is cool. Do not do it as key Audie. This is not correct, because the seconds he's gonna here is together with the 1st 1 and both of them together. It's one set of also issue should be down as pure from a time cure. So the 1st 1 hired the 2nd 1 lower cuny cuny for more time. Purity Good. There's taken one picture pitch. Mark zero. Tell me the pronunciation of this hit Ghana this to heat it together as one suitable it is shop. She, uh, shop shop. So the 2nd 1 should be higher Shushing Shashi hashing this one Is she again? She and this shop she shot shushing Good. The next one. The first place pH Mark one. And this contracted sounds it is Shoot, shoot, shoot! So together shoe Ye shi she the first place again she could and dealing with pitch Mark Juan Sure, the 2nd 1 is lower. Sure. Lee Shorty shorting your short sure shorting Shorty Good and t ph Mark zero. And tell me the pronunciation of this true shit are gonna together as contracted sounds Chop Guia top Chuck or tap or top? Good. And the next one saving money again. Peach Mark zero Tell me the pronunciation of this to hit. I got together Chul, your Children. True. So pitch mark zero. So from the second, remember here this one is the second suitable. So from the second syllable, we have to higher Arpege choking again, choking here and together Chul Ki choking, looking good The next one 100 pitch mark too. So it should be done as Yeah. Cute. Yakut? Yeah, he got shot. Yeah, Yeah, together. Which mark to Yakut? Jack, You 100. Good. Now let's move to the other side. So this objective subtle pitch mark zero and tell me the pronunciation. Here it's new. Your mule. You'll come on practice that No, you're so together The mule team. You'll feel the pinch. Feel the intonation again The mule And this one Peach mark one And it means Dragon. Actually, this dragon it is not the traditional concept of dragon in Western culture. It is in the Is that in the Asian culture. So police compare a little bit and tell the difference between this to dragon. Okay, good. And this dragon is the Asian one in the east. Okay. And peach Mark Juan, do you Good. So this part the you do do so Peach Marquand, The second syllable is lower. The 1st 1 is higher. You do together Do do again. Do we'll practice more about this kind of longer evolves phenomenon in the upcoming video soon. Okay, now the next one beat Peach Mark zero And tell me the pronunciation here. This to here got together has a contracted sound. So it is you here Small. You You cute que Together again? You cute? This is the first suitable. So we have to make our pitch higher from the 2nd 1 and we don't drop our pitch. Tell the end. So you me again! The lowest part is here. You, you ruining together unique, unique, unique Feel the pinch again Unique. It mused Eve in x 1 300 So how to pronounce this toe? And here! Yeah, yeah, yeah! Together! Some jacket again, son Goku! Normal Time sung backup Peach Marquand means we have to lower our pitch after the first edible. So that makes saw. Mm, Yeah, together some got Coop. Good again, Sung. Yeah! Come on, Open your mouth again, son Goku! Good. Okay, the next cobbler here. 600 in Japanese notice first. Hear that peach mark is for So we have to our per hour pitch from the second suitable. And at the same time after the fourth pitch, we have to lower it. Okay? And here noticed there is another small Hida gonna we got here in this lecture. We won't talk too much about this small hill a gun. I just remember it represents the doubling off the next constant. For example, here, the continent off this killer Ghana it is so with this smoked. So here it will be doubled. So together, the way we do this for Calvary should be No, no, one more time. And similarly, there is another smoke again here and it means presentation and announcement. Peach Mark zero again. The continent off This hero Ghana is so with double this continent. And that will make this 12345 The five here are gonna together to be pronounced as hop your hop. You're here P p your pure, pure, pure, pure together Hot pure Hop your one more time Feel the pitch. How pure good. And this leads us to the final couple here. Abbreviation here. There are two ways to do the inclination pitch mark one or pitch mark too. So if we do it as peach Mark won, the second suitable will be lower than the 1st 1 that makes Yakoub that coup. So here the yacht down. Yeah, what would happen if the peach mark here is too? So the 2nd 1 will be higher than the 1st 1 death Could there could one more time? The actual good. Now let's review all of them from the first. Tell the end Corny Cuny sassing Feel the pitch? Sure you she good shorty shooting or tap or choking? Choking on my time talking good And Yakut Xiaoqiu you could okay, the other side, the mule, the mule and do new who together do again do. And here, unique inclination Union again kun kid. Okay, some got could again, some got could song. Doctor, look. No jacket. Look Good. Pure. How pure, pure. And the final one. There are two ways either Peach Monk one or Peach mark too. So that could that could That could good. And here pitch Mark two that to they are too extraordinary In the next lecture, we're gonna talk more about this small hit A gun away got here and I'll see you guys soon 38. Double Consonants – Small “つ”: Hello, everybody. Welcome back in this lecture, we're gonna talk about another small ladder, this one a small version of suit. And remember that the three small hyla gonna We've nerd in the last lecture. They are? Yeah, you And you're the small one. So they are only for contracted sounds. And this small letter here it's used when we transcribe double continents in Japanese. That means when we use it as a small one, we don't pronounce it as suit. We just doubled the continent after it in standard Japanese were also treated as a suitable And here is an example. So we got a small to here, but we don't pronounce this. And the peach mark for this word is zero. In Japanese, it means writer. So first tell me the constant off this hit a Ghana, it's so the continent off this hero Ghana is at the same time. The ball is so with the help of best smote sit, this continent will be doubled and this together makes the pronunciation off all of this three killer gonna together as a word to suck cop one more time. Sakar pitch Mark zero fuel the page Suck cop normal time, sucka. Good. Now let's practice the pronunciation through the word list. Now let's check the wordless we got here and I'll explain in detail about this Aragona again to the 1st 4 Cavalry. So the continent off this hero Ghana is and how to pronounce basically kind of itself is key. So there's two together with this smote suited, this cousin will be doubled. So it will be like this and tell me the pronunciation of this Ghana. It's me. So together with a peach mark zero, it should be me. Que one more time key again, Niki. Good. Now let's move. Teoh that 2nd 1 And here the 1st 1 diary. Okay, The 2nd 1 school again. We got peach Mark zero. So cool. This cousin here is K, so it will be doubled. So got cool. We don't do it as God corps. Who here? We do them together. And we will talk about this in our relax snatcher. And it's called the phenomenon off Long balls again. So let's do it together. God cool for more time. Cool, good. And school in X one tea room were cafe. There are two ways to pronounce this five got together either Peach Mark Zero or Peach Mark Theory. So now let's try the first situation. If it's pitch mark zero. So we have to hear. We have to make our pitch higher from the 2nd 1 and we will never drop our pitch. And here the continent is It will be that boat. So it will be like Kisa. 10 time He sat in, sat in higher key satin. He sat in good and think about the situation off this one. The pitch mark. Three. So one suitable two and three After the 3rd 1 we have to lower our pitch again. 123 after the 3rd 1 will lower our pitch. And since this is speech mark theory, it is not teach mark one. So the second syllable will always be higher than the 1st 1 So it should be like this. And this makes the pronunciation as a whole. As he's Sutton all the time. He's something again. Keys, something. He's good. Two weeks. The 1st 1 He sudden he's sudden Good. The next one magazine Peach mark zero. We do it as thus see, See, Feel the double constant here again. Thus, see see good. Now let's move to the other side. This would post age stamp in Japanese Peach, mark zero. So keep doubling the continent again. Hey, good. The next one. The day after tomorrow. Peach Mark two. So after the second syllable, we have to drop our pitch. This makes this part nowhere. So it should be like Assad Day our sub. They're good. One more time. Assad There feel here this doubling off the continent for more time. Good. Next one failure in Japanese Peach mark zero. So we have to opera our page from here. And this makes this word ship. I see pie. Good. Next one ticket in Japanese Peach mark zero. Keep proof. Keep Putin view that. Keep Putin Good. Now let's review all of them from here till the end. Okay, Mickey. Niki got cool. Make it longer. Got cool. Good. He sat in he satin or pitch mark three k satin. He's something good. I see. See and hear. Keep feel the pinch. Keep good. Assad did good pie. See pie and the final one. Keep Putin keep food wall down 39. Long Vowels: in this lecture, we're gonna talk about long vowels in Japanese. I don't think this is a new thing for you, because the long balls have already been showing to us several times in previous videos. This time, let's learn it in a systematic away. First, let's try to pronounce this word in Japanese. And in Japanese, this work means grandmother. So with a peach mark to the inclination off, this 50 Ghana together should be the second suitable higher. And after it we have to drop our pitch. So here, bob, but slower som faster again or by some, try it or good. Here is the key. We combine this to sound together. We don't do or possum. Instead, we make it faster. Oba from the time field the page one more time or by good. So here, this two together, we call it the phenomenon off long balls just like this, when the symbol is placed one right after the other, the pronunciation off the vault becomes twice as long as the single well, and be sure to hold the sound long in love enough because sometimes the lens off the ball can change one word to another again. Let's use this word as an example. If we don't make this long ball long enough for Japanese native people, it will be sound in this way one more time if we don't make this bow longer. Peach Mark zero There is another word and in Japanese, it means Aunt. So you see, with the longer about the meaning Totally change. So please make sure that you can hold this vault long enough again. The first word here Obasanjo a 2nd 1 well by my son again bar some fuel the long vote again or by some on the 2nd 1 Shorter. Good. And we got five vowels in Japanese and that's nerve, the long bowel phenomenon for each autumn. And here there is a word list and nets. Let's nerd a long balls for the 1st 3 vowels in cojones and they are a e end who vowel. So the 1st 1 here mother and second pitch mark too. So we have to lower our pitch after cop and this after the second suitable. The 3rd 1 is the vowel up and the same the second suitable for the second Aragona is caught , so they share the valves. So we have to combine them together. So it should be Carson again. Car one more time. Fuel the pitch. Pitch mark to again. Or cars some good again car. Be sure that you are holding the the sound long enough. Okay, The next one here So is in Qatar, Kana. And first tell me the pronunciation of this Kata Khanna. It is met and Hubble this one to gather here man Men, men And in Kata Khanna, we Onley use a Harvey's Intell Lion two represents the long ball again We only use a lion so we simple Aegis make this sound longer twice as long as the original one. And with peach Mark one we have to drop our page like this. So we do this word Lamine again. Lonmin Feel the pitch, Lamine Good. Make sure to hold the sound for a while. Lonmin. Good. It means Chinese noodles. So let's go. Let's go to the 2nd 1 So it's the long ball for the valve off. And we caught this word grandfather in Japanese Peach Mark two. So similarly, we have to come by in the sounds from this to here, Gonna together and peach mark too. We have to lower our pitch from here. So it should be or t sound Few the page and the twice. Then off the pronunciation again. Ortiz. Good orgies. Sound normal time orgies. Make sure this is long enough. Do not do it as bawdy song. Then that meaning will be totally changed to another word in Japanese. Okay, now let's move to the next one. So it means elder brother and with a peach mark too. So we have to combine this tube altogether too. Follows So again, Onis, Repeat after me or knees again. Oni Good. And now let's move to the 3rd 1 So this vault is who? Who and this would here means number in Japanese with a peach mark zero. So we have to operate our pitch from here and it never get lower. 30 Good sooty here The pinch sooty again city It means number in Japanese And check this side Interpreter. So peach mark one this to hear Lagana They share the same ball here who sound So we combine this to hear gonna together and make it longer the vowel Make the bowel longer su again. Oh yeah! Drop our page after the first suitable again. Now let's start from the first beginning. Tell the end car, Carson, feel the pinch. And here, dime in. Now I'm in here 40 sound or t sound. And here onis again or needs some And here city E D And the final one we got here again. So yeah, extraordinary. Now let's check the long ball off. So this ball here is a and notice here, this to here I got together even though this hero Ghana is pronounced as sick but actually live, all of it is air sound. So after it, if we put E, we have to combine this two together and away Don't do it separately. We don't do it as, say, e Instead we make it longer se again se So the rule is if we put this vault after develop and we make the air vowel longer. Okay. And with pitch mark three, we have to drop it after the 3rd 1 and the second syllable is always higher. Right? So we have to do it as, say, say again. Sin said Sin said few the long ball and at the same time, few the pitch again sin said Again, Sin said Good. And actually there are two way to make this ball longer. The 1st 1 is the one we've just nerd to add a e sound after a The 2nd 1 is to add another air sound after itself. So that's check this word peach mark to notice here. So similarly, we don't separately pronounce this to hear. Instead, we do them together as may way. Don't do it as a so with peach Mark two or this again feel the pinch or nay son, it means elder sister were sister in Japanese again on this out one more time on their sound Good. Now let's move to the final ball the longer the long ball off this sound So first, check this vocabulary It means law in Japanese and with a pitch mark zero So we have to operate our pitch from here and keep it Tell the end And here we got who sound and also here this he's gonna tell me the vowel off. This here is so this is the first situation. If we put through after all, we won't make the all of our longer. So instead of doing it as a whole route. We do it ho again, whole or so from hole to hole. Few the longer vowel who so pitch mark zero per hour pitch whole. It's again hoard it awarded to feel the pinch again one more time. Who would it? So let's practice another time. Another example. With this, he's gonna here. So the sim, the u sound before the use on, we have the another vow. It is even though the pronunciation of this hit Ghana is tall, but actually the vault off this. So just ask the rule if we put who, after all, we have to longer this fall. So we do it as cool again to do not do it as told you, and we drop our page after this, a considerable, and that's why we need to do it as or tours one more time or tour sound again or tour sound . Make sure to keep the about long enough again or does sound good. It means father in Japanese, and this is the first situation. If after allow their ISS through sound, we make we combined them and make it longer. The 2nd 1 If is the Ghana itself So let's check this 12 here are gonna They are together. So we don't pronounce this to hear gonna separately, we do it. Oh, make a longer who and actually this for Kinnock is a famous city name in Japan. So pitch mark zero. We combine this two together, make it longer or so. Was that again? Warsak up War, Sacha Good. And similarly, we got another vocabulary here. 10 work 10 pieces or 10 years old in Japanese. So this time is peach mark one. So here the vault is and also the previous hyla Ghana. The vault is the same. So we combine this tube altogether, make a longer tool Time toll cold pool. Good. Now let's review all of them again. The 1st 1 since a feel the pitch Sin said and or near sound toward it. Hold it. Or door sound war, Sokka. And the final one tool. Cool. Well, down your gun, buddy. My stuff 40. Katakana: and we are almost there. We've completed 85% off the content of this course and have mentioned Long balls phenomenon several times so far and we are going to talk about the long bows in our next session. But before that, let's stop for a while. It's time to think about Cata Khanna. Remember, we use Cata Khanna, basically with Onley Euston. 1st 2 represents the sound of loan words and the second, the sound off foreigner names. So far, we've been learning the Pronounce the Asian through Hida Ghana system. That doesn't mean that there is no need to know how to write Cata Khanna simply because whenever there is some loan words or say foreign names, we need, um, innocent is the thing is that unto now, with almost cover all the perspectives off Japanese pronunciation system itself as affirmation in initial videos for each hill Adana, there's always a corresponding one kata Ghana. They share the same pronunciation. The only difference between them is the way to write them. And that's why when we try to narcotic Ana now the only issue that we are faced with, if how to write so not like the way we've been doing to hit a Ghana. I won't spend time on explaining each off them for you, for the simple reason that you guys have already acquired the ability to nerd and review them by yourselves. You can find the responding learning materials for Karaganda, the way to ride them, the order off the strokes and some elementary will Calvary. And there is also another video that guys, you guys through practicing the pronunciation of Kata Khanna vocabulary. And now gradually you're getting used to the writing system in Japanese. You can feel that it won't take this much time for you to tell. Reach Kanna is which and how to pronounce them. And after each class, whenever you have time, don't forget to review the content of coverage and practice with our pdf handouts. Remember, practice makes perfect. However, the thing is that how can we know whether we've got a custom enough to this system or not? Is there any criteria that can tell us? OK, now you've totally master cojones and you can move to the further journey. There is no need to spend time anymore on them. Well, we can test ourselves by writing all off the cojones from our memory. Start from the first roll and develop gradually until the end. Don't check the correct chart until you reach your limit. And why should can write this big chart from your memory? We think one minute it's time for you to move on. Sometimes people can finish writing from memory, but it takes more than one minute if you if this happens to you, don't go further and learning simply because you haven't got used enough to this writing system, and you will have a lot of problems in the future when you try to make notes in Japanese or say nerd grammar. But don't worry. Once you finish our course, it only take around four or five days for you to master all of them. And whenever you feel confused, you can always go back to check each video you want. Now let's move to the last core content off our course, the long balls. I'll see you guys in the next lecture 41. Katakana Word List: in this lecture working a practice our pronunciation of Kata Khanna through the wordless Remember, there are two situations in which we use Cata Khanna The 1st 1 we use them to represent the sound off foreign names. The other were used, um to represent the sound off loan words And this aren't the loan words. So normally they are from English or German or French. So let's take a look. The 1st 1 tasked. So here pitch mark is one. So it should be down as paths Poll Okay, Passable pesto again past the adult Castell. So few the similarity off the pronunciation in Japanese and English. Okay, now the 2nd 1 Ham So peach mark is one so hot Mood 100 hammered Hammou Okay, the 3rd 1 app hope here first tell me the pronunciation of this cada Ghana with a dia critical mark. So it is cool. So if I remove this two dots, it should be like cool Cool with that I have critical marks. Go, Go! So pitch mark zero. We offer our page from here. Okay, Lingual again, Limor lingo Good in x one door. So the pronunciation is also really similar. Pitch mark one you are again Doha One more time, Dubois. Good. Next one bus pitch mark is also one bust. It busted. Get the next one Visa pitch Mark one Pizza, pizza. Good pizza. Pay attention to the pronunciation of this Ghana. It is stopped. So and remember how to get the cracked continent off. This kinda Khanna it is from this greasing off the towel. Think about your trying so hard to squeeze that sound. So beeves out pizza good in the next one, Brad Pitt Mark one. So, Pa Pa together Peng poem again. Peng Good. The next one pen pitch markets also one. So pay pen Penn one more time, Penn. Good. So the pronunciation you can see it's really similar. And now let's move to the other side. So penned that pitch Mark one, Paul Pa ponga ponga Feel the inclination again Peng that good. And this one pizza. So pitch mark is one p peeved that one time pizza pita. So if I remove this dia critical mark this small circle the pronunciation of this here are gonna will become he he good And with the smoke circle peace out pizza. Good. And then the first the next one cancellation Peach Mark one. So first tell me the pronunciation of this kata kata is key And we caught a smaller one. Yeah, sound. So together we make the contracted sound together. Chiat Yeah, This part once datable cap and following is this Kattegat Not sound so together. Kyung Kyung So peach Mark one kyung said it one more time. Kyung said it again. Kyung said, fill the pitch. Okay, The next one soccer pitch mark we got here is also one. So Sakhar sakar could hear We got another small version off cada Ghana is remember, the smote silly represents the doubling off the continent off the following constant. So we need to stop for a while. Suck car again. Stop car. And here we use similarly, we use a lion to represent the long ball. So instead of saying, can we make it longer? And the holder sound to be like car again. Car together stuck, Sokka. Good. Next one kink and pitch months. Peach market is one. So Okay, key. Good. So again, we got a long ball here, so make sure that you hold your sound long enough. Okay? Key Good K key time k key Good In the next one bowl. This time the pitch mark is zero. So we need higher our pitch from here and again because of we got a longer ball mark here. We have to make the ball off. This kata can no longer again a so together boarder border border good in X one suit. It means the suit that we were So pitch Mark one Suk's it again Dudes it one more time zit Good suits it. Good The final. Why pure So pitch markets also one. And here we got another contracted sound. So tell me the pronunciation of this small Cata Khanna It is you so together you pube pew! So together Pua pew! Pew! Uh, Julia Good. Now let's review from the first beginning Tell the end, Pascoal Castell Good Hamad Have a little The whole the more So, uh do, uh, busted beefed up again? Pizza Peng Pine pen Penn Good. This side phoned up Ponga and pizza pita. So cancellation Kyung said Kyung said er one more time Kyung sailor, feel the page again. Kyung said a good And here suck are sucka Sucka turkey cakey. Okay, key boarder border and that's it. So is it good pew, are pua Okay? Well done 42. Culture Note: Bowing in Japan: Hello, everyone, this is Elston. Welcome to culture Note session when Osama organ kids got card. Luciano, tow your car so you know Tamerlan Fortuny. This bowing. So here, 14. Again forging Nice Japanese people greet each other by following, which has many other functions to, such as expressing your respect. Gratitude were apologies. There are deep in ways off bowing, ranging from a small not off the hat to a 45 degree bend at the waist. Generally, the longer and deeper you bow, the more formal and respectful it appears to others injured hand. Many people tend to feel uncomfortable with physical contact, although it is said that handshaking is becoming quite common in business situations. Well, according to my personal experience, a work in a traditional trading company here in Japan, and we talk to suppliers and customers frequently. Still, normally we don't shake our hands with each other that often we simply use for Jeannie to show our respect to others in business situations. So in Japan, whenever we want to show our respect, gratitude or apologies, it will be much better if we do forging instead of Onley, use our words to express ourselves for example, if I want to show that respect when introducing myself, it would be like auto stones, almost muscle. One point here is to do according you to bow after you finish your words. Don't speak and bow at the same time. Don't do them together again. It should be like How does the most master euro scared? Only my motion? Good. This is really important because it will create a positive impression of you. Others in Japan and in Japanese language people will praise you as a polite person again laying. And here we got our keyword again, forging, boarding Nice. And this is today's culture note. I'll see you guys in the lap, Tres. 43. Daily Phrases Part 1: Hello. Everybody will come back in this lecture. We're gonna talk about several freezes that air calmly and crack currently used in daily life. Let's take a look. The 1st 1 Good morning. We got a pitch mark. Also here. Zero and there are four hero Ghana for this grace. So we have to upper our pitch here and pay attention to this to here. Ghana, They share the same ball. So instead of saying this to separately your route we combine the vault together and hold that to make a longer So there's part should be you. You're so together or high You faster Ohio again. Oh, how you when you say that If you the emotion you have when you say good morning to people again How you One more time Ohio. Good. Now let's move on to the next one. So the next Greece again Good morning. Let's birds try to pronounce this a little bit longer phrase together. Pay attention to hear the pitch mark Here is eight. That music after the a suitable will have to drop our pitch. So 12345678 That means at this point we need to lower our page. And always the 2nd 1 is higher than the 1st 1 So try it. Oh, hot good Ohio core that you mark here, ma again, Ma Feel the pinch together Ohio goes Are you must again Or how your was a master notice here We also got this too. She Lagana together as a longbow. Make sure that you hold it long enough again, or how you're goes are you must one more time Ohio goes Amos said you may ask the difference between this to good morning. Just keep in mind that the longer one, it's more polite and more respectable. Actually, In Japan daily in daily life, people are always showing ah, higher level of respect to other people around. So actually, the pregnancy off this crease, it's much higher than this one. Okay, Now let's repeat this to again Ohio. Oh, how you the 2nd 1 or higher your goes on. From what time? Ohio cause a message. Good. Now the 3rd 1 Good afternoon. Pitch mark zero. Very simple. So we operate our pitch from here. So this two together Combe Court Kong Corton comb. So it should be like call net you are again Call net. You want feel that, Cornet, you are good. This is good afternoon. So how about good evening again? Peach Mark zero. So they share the same intonation. Mbangwa, Come Mbangwa! You that again? Coun bangla! Good. Now let's move to the next one. So how to say goodbye in Japanese? First let's try Let's try our best to pronounce this five gonna together again. Here we get another pair off Lommel together you you'll so together star you on that up all the time. So you're not up again? Sorry you're not up. Actually, you can find this Greece as goodbye in so many noting material and tax books. But in fact, in our daily life, people don't use this grace CYO Not at that frequently. It's simply because when you say this race this sentence to other people somehow you're suggesting that it will take a relatively long time before you guys meet again in the next time. So if you want to say goodbye to the people that you frequently used in a daily base, we use this sentence. So it means by so normally we used this and this more often instead of this one. Okay, so this Greece, there are two parts. The first part Internation Mark one. So what's the pronunciation of this hero? Gonna It is jump so together, Josh. Okay, ya hear the Jassem and Avo they are the same balls together make a longer job again job here the second part of this grace pitch mark zero. So we need to operate our pitch here. Mata Maada together job Matta job Martha for more time Job. Matta, if you're going to say a really, really long goodbye to your friend star you again, star, You're not up good. And this leads us to this one. The last one in their side. It means good night. So there are two ways to say good night in Japanese. The 1st 1 is the first work it I gotta together Ph mark zero Oh, yes, To me or yeah, Sumi, Faster. We asked me one more time. We asked me and there is another more official and longer way to say this with a pitch mark six. That means we have to drop our pitch after the sixth. Suitable. So 123456 together higher here or yester me. NASA saw you together. We asked. You mean aside, we asked the meaning outside again. We asked the meaning outside. Good. And in this side, let's review a little bit from the beginning till the end. Good morning. Or how you'll Well, how you'll and the more respectable one. Or how you got Ohio goes. I am Master it. Next one. Good afternoon. Call me to up. Call me Teoh and Good evening, Mbangwa Mbangwa! And say goodbye to your friends that you won't meet any time soon. Samuel not up! Saar Yo Nada! And how about in daily base? Job Job Maada in the final wine. Good night. Oh, yes, To me. We asked me or make a longer We asked me in aside. Well, yes, to me not sigh Good. 44. Daily Phrases Part 2: now the other seven freezes. So the 1st 1 thanks with a peach mark too. So we need to drop our pitch after the seconds he'd gotten a The second suitable here and itself is higher than the 1st 1 So and also in the end, this to hell, I gather together they should be pronounced together to make a longer Vaulx. So this two together is cool again. Pull self repeat after me. Ah, Lee got coal. Okay, again, Uh, Lee got toe Think the second syllable is higher. So together Faster Ali Godal again, our motto for more time that'll good. So we got another more polite version off. Thank you. So, first, please let's learn the pronunciation of this longer phrase. So actually, there are two parts for this race. The first part is they're here, and the remaining part is the 2nd 1 So in the first part, the pitch accent is accent to and the 2nd 1 pitch accent is accent for So here we do the same thing. And here from here. So the e masa pitch accent four. So we need to drop our pitch here, and we know where are we make our pitch higher here. So first repeat this part after me. Cool. He must through the page inclination courts Are you mass again? Because I you must time cores. Are you mustard so together again? Have you got was? You must one more time. You must I feel that one more time I got good So the main difference between this two freezes is the level of being polite. So the 2nd 1 with a higher level love being respectful to others. So the 3rd 1 I'm sorry or excuse me Pitch Mark four we got here. So this accent should be like this. Me, my sin! OK, repeat after me Me, my stand here Sick! Say the final here I got not if we combine this to sin Sin Mima san again! Mima san again! Good! So I'm sorry or excuse me and the worth Want a super super important? Police, Make a mark on your pdf, hand out So this Greece itself means you are showing your gratitude before you take something. Where before you receive something when you eat something so we can translate this grease into Thanks for the meal. When you when you have a friend giving you some present. You can say thanks for your present. So whenever you are taking something, we're receiving something. You are showing your gratitude by this crease. Now let's practice this soap. Each mark five 12345 So, after the thief one, we need to drop our pitch. And the 2nd 1 is higher than the 1st 1 he Pataki must here, Ma, you must again. It had a key must. Whenever you're taking something, show your gratitude by saying this brace again. It had aqim us it view that it had a key. Must it one more time it had that came out so good. And the next one. Thank you for the meal. So there are two way to say they're short version or the longer version. So the 1st 1 the short version with a peach mark zero. So we don't drop our page. After the second syllable course she saw Osama Gorgeous Osama Here we got another pair off longer vowel together. Court you so bigger, Longer quotes. You saw Osama again? What? You saw Osama and the second version of saying thank you for the meal. It's with pitch mark seven. So 1234567 So after this, he cannot We need to lower our pitch. That makes all of this knife you're gonna together. Course she saw Osama Day stop. Okay, I will do it slower again. Course she So mama again. Course you saw Osama sheet through the Internation again. Faster courts. You saw Osama dish Stop. Faster. Gorgeous Osama bin. Stop or shorter. What? You saw Osama? Good. So the next one, How do you do it? Just like English Speaker. We say, How do you do to the two people when we first meet them? So peace Mark four. We need to drop our page here. Okay. Repeat up to me. How do you may Must stay hotsy maim a state here. Ma, She Hey again, Ma. She came eyes higher again. Marshy together. How do you may muster Hattie Mae Must stay and this leads us to the final freeze. We're gonna turn today. It means nice to meet you. So also, this great is a little bit long longer than a normal one. There are two parts. The first part is from here to here for him not gonna pitch mark zero first, repeat this court after me. Your does your kid. You're Norse. You could You're secure. Euro secure. Okay, the second parties from here to here and this part is with pitch mark six 123 were 56 After this killer Ghana, we should make our official where And the 2nd 1 is higher than the 1st 1 So may God she must here may together or neck you. She must again or neck you. She must faster when a guy's she must. And here what's the first part? You're no stick it your door secure and it's a little challenging. So let's prove this two part together Your secure warning I use she must OK, do it. Your Dorsey could warning? I used team I said so this time Faster Euro school owning ice. You must put your emotion in that Euro school holding I Whenever there is a possibility that you guys maybe come friend or you guys will work together. You say they're scientists to show your respect again. Euros cure owning I your Oscar owning I seem us that that's not your call. Somebody must stop 45. Conclusion: Welcome back, everybody. This is literally the last video of this course. You guys are really doing an amazing job. Congratulations. Help to say congratulations in Japanese here. Good. Whenever you have any questions, always go back to check the videos and practice with the cores. Or you can just directly leave your comments to us. We seem, believe, read and answer each autumn along the way from the first lecture to the final one The efforts you've been putting have made you totally prepared were the further learning off. Japanese will see each other so soon in the upcoming and by course today somebody must stop .