Italian Travel Course and Language to Help Guide Your Next Trip to Italy | Larry Aiello | Skillshare

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Italian Travel Course and Language to Help Guide Your Next Trip to Italy

teacher avatar Larry Aiello

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

13 Lessons (1h 21m)
    • 1. Italian Travel Intro

    • 2. Italian meal

    • 3. Where to eat

    • 4. Money saving

    • 5. Where to stay 1st

    • 6. Where to stay part two

    • 7. Booking a room

    • 8. Train1

    • 9. Train travel 2

    • 10. Directions

    • 11. Driving

    • 12. Road signs

    • 13. Italian Travel Course Final Wrap

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About This Class

Are you wanting to learn Italian for your next trip to Italy?

The instruction in this course is video-based with audio and onscreen transcripts to provide an effective and efficient learning experience.


* Italian Meal
* Where to Eat in Italy? And some money saving ideas!
* Where to Stay in Italy? And Booking a room
* Directions
* Train Travel in Italy
* Driving around Italy / Road Signs


It is highly recommended that you take my Introductory Italian Course on Skillshare along with the Intermediate Italian Course prior to taking this one. 


I realized at an early age that knowing another language is indeed a gift and I love to share my knowledge of Italian with those that have an interest. 

I am looking forward to helping you on your journey in learning the most beautiful language in the world and guiding you along the way!  

A presto - See you soon !

“Il professore”

Larry Aiello

Meet Your Teacher

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Larry Aiello


Hello, my name is Larry Aiello and I am an accounting professional with 30 years accounting experience and a graduate of the University of Florida.

My experience covers a wide variety of industries including real estate, healthcare, financial services and doing a lot of different tasks related to the business world. And I’m also a big geek in figuring out how the computer can improve our lives.

I really enjoy teaching and sharing my knowledge with others no matter what the subject matter.

I grew up speaking Italian at home and developed a love for the Italian language at a very young age as we would travel back-and-forth every year to visit my family and friends. Early on I realized that knowing another language is indeed a gift. It allows you to have relation... See full profile

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1. Italian Travel Intro: well in Jordan. Want to set a good day or get evening? This is Larry Aiello. Welcome to my course on Italian travel a little bit about myself. I now live in Florida, but I grew up outside of New York City with Italian parents, and that was the first language that I learned growing up. And every year as a boy would travel back and forth to Italy with my parents, and I was lucky enough to have them teach me the language at a very early age. And I love sharing my knowledge about Italy, the language, the culture, travel tips toe, others that also share the same passion. But before I get into what covered in the course, I also have two other courses on skill share that pertained toe learning Italian, and it is highly recommended that you take those two courses prior to taking this one. So go ahead and sign up for those if you have not already done so in this course, we will look at the Italian meal where to eat will look at different various options in Italy, where you can eat and some money saving ideas. We'll also look at where to stay and how to book a room. What type of lodging accommodations you can find or expect. If I will it get directions getting around, we'll look at train travel. Well, look at driving around Italy along with some road signs, so I hope you enjoy the class. If you have any questions or discussions, please post them in the discussion board because others may have that same question. Also, if you're planning a trip or have a memory about a trip, you can also post that in the discussion board as well. So join the class today. I look forward to teaching you about Italian travel to make the best of your Italian vacation coming up. Thanks very much for joining me today. This is Larry Aiello. 2. Italian meal: Hello and welcome back. This is Larry I yellow. This lesson will go over the anatomy of an Italian meal, and I will explain it hopefully in a way that's not Greek Now, with regards to Italian meals, this will not have anything to do with the Italian breakfast, which is called Qala Acciona. Go. Let's Siona because, quite frankly, the Italian breakfast are not that good. They typically consist of coffee, maybe an espresso with the Chris aunt or a piece of toast with some jelly. If they do have any cappuccino with milk, those air generally drunk before 11 a.m. In the morning. But what I'm referring to the meal structure will apply to to lunch, which is known as bronze so or dinner, which is known as Janna Janna. There's the sea before the e, which has that sound, as in church. Janna. Now for a formal dinner, it will pretty much go in this order. Now you don't have to do all of these. You can choose and pick what you want when you go to an Italian restaurant. But all these will be available for you on the menu, and the menus will pretty much go in this order, but for a big family Sunday meal or a holiday meal that will pretty much run through the whole gamut, with the exception perhaps maybe the 1st 1 which is the happy hour, but just a little cultural side note here. As for the difference between Wana Petito versus Saluda, wanna Petitto is pretty much the clue that will let you know that it's okay to eat. It's a way to express Have a good meal versus salute, which means to your health. And that will generally be said when you are toasting with a drink typically and alcoholic drink wine or the mother beverage. Sometimes they will also use chin, chin, chin chin, now the first part of an Italian meal, and this is not always the case, but it could start off with an abetted evil abetted deVeau. This is pretty much a little snack. Could include cheese or appetizers could include a before dinner wine like a Prosecco. It's pretty much a happy hour, and you will typically see it becoming more and more common. After working hours, people will stop for an op ed deVeau prior to having their dinner meal The next item might be an anti Pasto, which literally means before the pasta anti Pasto. It's heavier than an upended evil. It could be cold. It's usually cold, but it can also be a hot meal, and a typically consists of salami, artichokes, peppers and olives. The next item you'll see on the menu or the next component is primi, piatti or primo. Be Otto. These are typically your pasta dishes, your high carbohydrate meals. It could also include risotto or polenta, so all your pasta dishes will be the first plate first dish of the meal, then, after your first plate is the second plate or second deputy. This is plural second deputy or secondo Pia Otto, second plate being singular, and this will typically consist of your meats, chicken or fish. The next item is the Contour Ernie Contour Ernie. Now, these air side dishes that typically are vegetables. They're usually served with second dishes, the meats and the fish or chicken. They're usually served in a separate dish, and they could be either warm or cold. It could be broccoli, spinach, eggplant, etcetera. The next item is the in salata or the salad. Now this will typically include a leafy green lettuce like romaine lettuce, and it will Onley have oil and vinegar, Maybe lemon. You won't find ranch dressing. You won't find French dressing. You won't find Italian dressing that comes out of the bottle, and it's different from the U. S. Noticed that where the salad appears in the meal. It's different where in the US that typically comes first in this in the Italian culture, typically towards the end, then the next item on the menu. Sometimes they will bring out for Ma jo or cheese. It's not as common, but it's typically used during the holiday season, so you'll see it more often for special occasions afterwards, or usually at the same time. Then you might have your fruit or Fruita Fruita. Usually whatever is in season will be served. It could be pears, peaches or grapes, and what they typically do is they'll peel off the skin for any apples or payers or peaches and not eat the skin. For whatever reason, even though there are good health benefits. Teoh eating the skin Most Italians do not eat the skin on those fruits. Have you had enough? Are you ready to throw in the white flag. Well, there can be more. Let's not forget about the desert or the dull TGI. Don't you mean sweet? It could be very regionalist IQ. In the north, you'll have terra Massu, and down in the South and Sicily, you can have Connelly's or cassata. Dessert can also include panna cotta cakes or ice cream, and it can vary tremendously based on the holiday or the time of year than many Italians like the cap off their meal with a coffee or sometimes send buka can be added. Usually it's espresso. They're served in small cups, and as I mentioned previously, the milky coffee drinks like cappuccinos are typically only served in the morning. Now, if you like a cappuccino after dinner, you can ask for one. And sometimes they will accommodate, especially if you are in a restaurant that serves a lot of tourists that will be accustomed to you asking. But if you are in a restaurant with many locals, they may not have it or have it readily available. The next may come the Digest Evil Digest evil. There's a G before the E has that just sound digest Eva Thes air after dinner occurs, they can be limoncello, which is made with lemon on grain, alcohol or sometimes it can include grappa, which is made from grapes. And there are other after dinner liquors that are usually available as well on the menu. And that's it. We've reached the end of the lesson. Thank you very much. I hope you enjoyed. And we'll see you on the next lesson. Judge our 3. Where to eat: Benvenuto or Ben Buta. Welcome back. This is Larry Aiello on another Italian lesson, this one. We will go over where to eat in Italy. So we all know that food as an important part of the Italian culture. It's tied into family gatherings, especially on Sunday, when all the family gets together. Italy is very blessed that it is a country with much fertile land. It is hilly. It has a great climate, which makes it conducive to growing many fruits and vegetables, especially grapes. As we all know, Italy is a fantastic wine producing country, and it's also surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, which supplies it much fish. So, contrary to what people may believe, Italy is not only just a country that where you can get great pasta, but there's many great seafood dishes, especially in the South, And we all may be familiar with the old proverb that Italians don't eat toe live, but Italians live to eat. So in this lesson we will go over what your various options are, where you can eat and we'll discuss the differences between them. Obviously, the best place to eat would be a home cooked meal cooked by your grandmother or and or another local. But if you have to go out, here are some tips on where you can go now. I'll go over the most common ones in this lesson. There are some other ones, but these are the main ones, and the 1st 1 is a bar, even though it is not technically a place to eat per se, there are some food options that you can have in a bar. The 2nd 1 is a ristorante ristorante, and that a restaurant. The 3rd 1 is a trattoria, and this is similar to a restaurant, a stepped down version of a restaurant. 4th 1 will look at is a tabbouleh Skalde da Bola Caldera. In the 5th 1 is a pizzeria pizza T. There are some other places. Number six is a gelato idea, a place that serves ice cream Gelato. Idea number seven is a cross stick area. This is a place that serves roasted chicken and meats, and number eight is an osteria. You might see this sometimes. It's similar to a trattoria. These tend to be more common in the north around Venice. These three right here I will not go into in any detail, so I will just focus on the 1st 5 that we saw. So going back to a bar, we'll start with this 1st 1 So a bar in Italy is not what you might think of a traditional bar that serves alcoholic beverages and is open till the wee hours of the morning. A bar in Italy is more of a coffee shop. Some may have outside seating, which will cost you more, and some bars in Italy will serve ice cream or gelato. But many have food that can be warmed up, particularly pizza, or they'll have small little sandwiches or panini. The coffee that you have is usually served in small little espresso cups like you see in the video, or they may have cappuccinos as well. And it's usually drunk standing up at a counter, and what you typically do first is you pay for what you want first at the cashier, which is known as La casa NASA, and then you take your receipt to the bartender and then he will serve you your item. The second place is a restaurant restore on there, which of course, means restaurant. Now here you will get the highest level of service. The waiters air highly trained to be a waiter or a waitress in Italy is a serious career option, where they do a lot of training and schooling for that, which is a reason why it's not as imperative to tip your waiters or wait staff during your meal, and the tip is already included in the price of your meal. So what's customary is if you were happy with the service, you can leave a few euros on the table, but it's not mandatory or some change. Typically, you may leave the change as a result of paying your bill. So here you will find a full fledged kitchen with expert some of years or wine or individuals that are very expert in wine and you'll have a host or hostess, etcetera. This is a place where you can go to take a client or impressive date. This is usually the most expensive option, and reservations are suggested. The third place will look at is a trattoria, a trattoria. Now, when the U. S. A trattoria can refer to a restaurant. But in Italy it's similar to a restaurant. It tends to be a step down. It's hard to tell the difference a lot of times, but here food is usually available for take out that that he has tend to be a family run and smaller. They're usually off the beaten path and out of the way. Locals will typically prefer attract area, and this is where I like to go as you get the best value for the money. And there tends to be a strong focus on local cuisine, specialty dishes that are popular or peculiar to that particular region. It's very regionalist IQ. The menu is often written on a chalkboard because it's very much changing based on what fruits and vegetables are in season. At that particular time, the next place will look at is a double A caldera and tabbouleh. Cada literally means hot table. It's considered a fast food option in Italy, but it's good for a quick meal. They usually sell pizza hot and cold pasta panini, which your sandwiches sides desserts, etcetera. Many Italians will eat at the counter, standing up at a restaurant or trattoria you. You usually pay for sitting down for sit down service. They also sell to go items where you can heat up at home and finally the last places a pizza t a pizzeria, which, of course, is a pizza place. They obviously specialize in pizza, and the concept originated in Naples. Down in the south, you can eat it there or take it to go. Delivery is not that common in Italy. Although it is getting more common. They often specialize in many different varieties of pizza, topped with many different items. It's usually a wood fired oven. They also have other items on the menu at good prices. Pasta, along with wine and beer. It's cheaper at than eating at a restaurant or trattoria, and it's good value for the money. It's a good place to take the family and kids. They tend to be very family oriented. I went to a place in palette Imo that had a playground with attendance, that we're watching the Children while the parents were able to eat a meal. And this, in my opinion, is the most popular dining option in Italy, and that's it. We've gone through all five. That is the end of the lesson. I want to say, get out to immediately hope that helped you out and look forward to teaching you more Italian. During the next lesson, Chow Chow 4. Money saving: Welcome back. This is Larry Aiello This lesson. I will go over some money saving tips for your dining experience says in Italy. Now, one place that you should become very familiar with in Italy is the grocery store or the supermarket Cotto Super Mercato I found in Italy. For the most part, restaurants cost pretty much the same, or maybe a little bit less than what I pay here in the United States. It may seem like you're paying more because you're eating in them a couple of times a day, more than likely every day. And that could add up quick if you are on a budget like most people. But if you go to a grocery store, you can purchase items that you can take to a park for a picnic. They have obviously many vegan options like artichokes, peppers, zucchini, portabello mushrooms, etcetera. You can purchase items such as ham, salami, wine. Wine can be purchased pretty much for about 1/3 of the price as you pay in the U. S. And every town has a park where you can go and spread out and have a nice picnic. Florence has the bubbly gardens, Rome has Villa, Borg, ASA and Milan has particle sent Bianna and most other cities of any size have a park or even a few where you can go and enjoy a nice Italian picnic for relatively cheap. When you are in the supermarket, make sure to wear disposable gloves to handle the food. When you are purchasing any fruits or vegetables and I'll have him there on the side or, if you are not sure, just ask a store employee to help you as it is a law in Italy that you must have gloves when you are handling food. Another quirk is that it is pretty much self service. When you are bagging the groceries, you'll have to bag him for yourself, and they will also charge you for a plastic bag so you can bring in a tote bag or a cloth bag, which also is beneficial for the environment. And this is something that was just implemented in California, and I believe this will probably be implemented in other states as well in in the near future. And as far as units of measurements, just keep in mind that one kilogram one kilogram is about £2.2. Everything is sold by the kilogram, so if £2.2 is a lot than order 1/2 a kilogram, credit cards are usually accepted at the major grocery stores, but when you're dealing with the outdoor markets, it's going to be cash on Lee. It's also a good idea to carry some change, because many times the shop keepers or the outdoor market vendors will tend to round up if you don't have any change available. And not only should you look for supermarkets, but also look for outdoor markets as well. If you want to cook, there are a ton of fish markets as well that you may be interested in. They'll even clean the fish for you, although they probably will leave the head on the fish. Also, look for a travel a Galba, as they have many take home items that you can just heat up, especially if you are staying in a place that has cooking facilities where you can cook on your own. One nice thing about the Havelock, Valda or other vendors that sell street food like this one, for example, is in Franchino and Don Chino. Now, this is a rice ball. It's common in Sicily. It's pretty much a fried rice ball, where sometimes they have she melt the cheese inside and sometimes even meat and peas. And this is a great option that will only cost you a euro or two, and this will fill you up during the day. So take a look for money saving items like these as you are walking around and that's it. We've reached the end of the lesson. Hope that was helpful. Look forward to teaching him or Italian chow chow. 5. Where to stay 1st: one Don't know. Want to set a good? They're good evening. This is Larry I yellow. This lesson will be actually, this will be one of two parts Siri's that I will go over where to stay in Italy, the various accommodation options go over pricing a little bit and what you can expect for your Italian trip or vacation or business trip. So the 1st 1 we will look at will be staying in a hotel. This is the more traditional option, or these air sometimes called al bad ago. You know, better go. We'll look at bed and breakfast options. The they're sometimes known as Ben Siona. Ben. See, Ana. If you're on a tight budget or more of a student, you may want to consider staying in a hostel or also known as Costello Costello. We look at camping options, also known as campaign G camping. And then there are a few other various options that you may consider for your trip. Now, these air not all the options, but these are the most common ones that you will come across for your trip. Now the first lesson we will look at these top three. These are governed by a star classifications system. And I will go over that in the lesson coming up later. Or the bottom to here are not governed by the star classifications system, and this will be in the next video lesson. So for this lesson will just concern ourselves for these three options. So, as I mentioned, the Italian Hotel Association or Italian Tourism Association, or something to that effect came up with a five star classifications system that each hotel or someone in business of providing accommodation, nights and services they must follow and adhere to if they want to be part of the association. Or there are strict requirements that they must adhere to in order to keep their classifications system intact. And the requirements range from how often the reception desk hours are open, how many languages their staff must speak, whether they have a private bathroom or not, whether they have he and air conditioning and whether they serve breakfast or not. And here are some of the prices on the right, you could see the Rome price per night. Generally, the higher the class of the star classification, the more expensive you can expect to pay Now they, of course, that will vary depending on time of year or season. And, of course, in your smaller cities, the price will be lower Accordingly. There is also a five star deluxe rating. Those are very luxurious, very high end accommodations. The average person is not typically concerned with that because it is way out of their budget. Those are for people that, frankly, do not have a budget, so we won't focus on that one. We will just focus on the five star normal classifications. Now the four and five star tend to be typically what you would be used to in the U. S. They are more of a corporate feel, more of a ah cookie cutter approach. I guess you can say where you're. Holiday Inn, for example, in Jacksonville is the same as your Holiday Inn in Houston vs Los Angeles, etcetera, for the most part, and then you're 12 or three. Stars tend to be basically family run that tend to be more independent. They are not your typical chain hotels, so let's take it. Look at the 1st 1 the hotel or I'll bad ago, so this one is governed by the star classifications system. As I mentioned, they tend to be family, run or chain. We're basically compared to your hotel that you might see in the U. S. Your expectations are typically lower. The rooms tend to be smaller, the bed's tend to be smaller, and the bathrooms tend to be smaller. You don't have your ice machines typically or your laundry services. These are hotels. The hotels in Italy and Europe in general, typically are built in older buildings where they are smaller, and it's very impractical to expand them. So you're going to have small room small beds. They will typically not have queen beds separated by a night stand and then another queen bed. A queen bed in Italy, per se, is basically to twin beds pushed together and a sheet covering them. If you want to sleep with your partner, that is how they link up the beds together. So it's not a queen bed, as you would have with one unison mattress, as you would have typically in the United States. Some sites that you can check out if you want to stay in a hotel is venator dot com, which means Venus or Expedia dot com and trip advisor dot com of had luck with all three. Vanita is pretty much an Italian based site. They also serve other countries, but you can see pictures of many Italian hotels, along with reviews. The price range, the part of town that you may be looking at staying. You can filter down by location, etcetera. I think they are now owned by Expedia or Expedia has a stake in that site. But they typically have different properties than what you would find on Expedia, so I would check them all out and see if you could find something that meets your needs. Now let's take a look at the bed and breakfast option, which is also known as a pencil on a These air, also governed by star classifications system. They mostly our family run, but it's a different experience as a bed, and breakfast is what you would have in the US bed and breakfast in the US The breakfast is a big part of the experience. Well, in Italy, the breakfast are not as robust or hardy, I should say, as Breakfast Inn, the U. S. Back breakfast are not something to write home. About they typically would be, if they are included, would be some espresso, coffee, maybe a Cristante, some toast, perhaps with some jelly. And that's about it. So I do like staying at the three star. They typically tend to be 12 or three stars, the then Siona because they tend to be family run. It's not a chain. You're not getting that corporate feel of a hotel where you are staying and you can get some good value for the money. Now let's look at a hostel option or Costello, and this is a typical hostel accommodation in Europe that these air also governed by the Star Classifications system. But they tend to be one or two star, so obviously it will be less expensive than a hotel, generally for younger, travel oriented folks that tend to be college students or Backpackers. So you meet a lotta interesting people. If you do decide to go this option, if especially if your budget is constrained, this is a better option than staying in a hotel. But on the downside, these are dorm style accommodations, so you will not have privacy. They tend to be bunk beds. If you're staying with a cup. If you're traveling with a couple of people and you will not have a private bathroom, so something to consider for your next trip a sight you could check out for. This is hostile. World dot com hostile world dot com and you can, and you can search for various hostels in Italy. You can also check out the site, as I mentioned earlier vanita dot com and filter by one or two stars. They may have some accommodations for you, and that is the end of the first part of the lesson. Where to stay in Italy, we looked at the accommodations that are governed by the star classifications system, and we will continue this on the next lesson. Judge out. 6. Where to stay part two: Bento Renato or Bent or Nata. Welcome back. This is the second lesson. Lhasa, Kanda Letzion. A last second, a Letzion for where to stay in Italy. We will continue on from where we left off and remember, now the second lesson. We will focus on options that are not governed by the star classifications system from the Italian Trade Association or hotel association, or the governing body that regulates that. So let's continue now. Let's look at the camping option or come Peggy Camping option. They will be less expensive than hotels. Obviously, there are over 1700 officially sanctioned campground where you could stay in Italy. They are located in every region. Some are rustic, some have many amenities such as swimming pools, and some do not. So you have to do your research. They tend to draw a lot of like minded individuals. And if you like to go camping, you probably realize this. But many Europeans, Germans in general like to go camping, so they'd be a good way to meet some of them. If you are of that mindset, or if that's an accommodation option that appeals to you, they tend to have run from Easter through September or October, with July and August being the peak and the more south that you go, especially into Sicily or Calabria, they will stay open through October. Now, what are the costs of camping? Well, it's going to depend on the number of people, obviously, that you go camping with. There is typically a daily charge or site charge for the location. There also could be a price for a tent if you want to rent a tent and a price for a car. If you are keeping a car on the campground now, these two, depending on your situation, may or may not be applicable. But the top two will always apply some sites you can check out now. These are in Italian, but if you click on the British flag, you will get the English version camping dot i t. Or Italy that campeggio dot i t. Now we'll take a look at some other various options that may appeal to you. CouchSurfing is another interesting option. If you are really on a tight budget, you can go to couchsurfing dot or GTA. It is a community based site of individuals that are willing to let you stay in their house for free or apartment or flat for free. And you can stay on their couch or in an extra bedroom or whatever their particular accommodations are, and people rate them. There's a feedback system, and they basically just offer there apartment so they can meet people from other locations or other nationalities. Now the advantage to this is that well, obviously you're going to save money. You'll have a chance to meet some interesting people, people that want to meet travelers or foreigners. Perhaps they have the travel bug themselves, so they use that site when they are going toe other places. And I would give you a unique experience. I mean, you're basically staying with, ah, local or native that, and they could give you tips that you're not going to get from, perhaps staying in a hotel you're gonna get. You're going to stay with a working person or someone that lives in the country, and they, they typically are people that have a lot of get a lot of pleasure out of helping foreigners in their country, showing them around or giving them tips and advice. What to see what not to see etcetera. Of course, there are some cons with this approach. You may be dealing with ex cons or, um, not to scare. You mean that there is a feedback system so you can see other people that have reviewed there that have reviewed their services or accommodations or convinced for the individual that is offering there couch or apartment per se. Obviously, you probably want to stay with the same sex host and check the feedback very, very carefully before you decide on going. This route is also a lack of. There could be a lack of privacy, depending on their accommodations. With this approach, other ideas are you can rent an apartment or villa in Italy, and these could be from a private individual. Now I like a site called Air B and b dot com, Airbnb dot com. You can search for this by location where you are planning to stay, and there is a calendar feature to check for availability. You're basically renting from private individuals that put up there locations on the site, and what I like about this is you consign him with Facebook and you can see riel reviews from other Facebook users for people that have stayed in their accommodations. So this may be something you may want to consider if you are, um, planning, especially a longer stay if you're going to be staying for a month or two. If he could find a private apartment for rent or a private villa for rent, as it will probably be cheaper, it will definitely be cheaper than staying in a hotel for the same amount of time. And that's it. We've reached the end of the lesson. I want to thank you. Say gravity Amelia, for listening to this lesson and we will see you on the next lesson job Chow. 7. Booking a room: Salvator. Hello, this is Larry. I yellow again. Thank you for joining me on another Italian lesson. This one. We will go over booking a room in Italy. And now unless you're staying with family or friends, you will probably be dealing with hotel staff or other staff where this vocabulary will come in handy. So let's start off with the basics. Me, Gamow me Gamow My name is but I know that see on. But I know that Siona, that is simply a reservation. You can look at it like pre notated. Something might be a good way to remember that. So it's a reservation and this also not only for a hotel, but also for a restaurant as well. So this one is 01 a pinot that Siona Oh, when a parental that's yawn. And now this comes from the verb Vera toe. Have you all means I have now you don't have to use the subject, EEO. As a matter of fact, most Italians will not. But I will use it in the beginning of this lesson. Just ah highlight to get the connection for the verb it will help with learning the verb Once you put that together and practice it together. It will form that connection in your mind. So once again, that means I have a reservation. Now, if you want to make this negative meaning I do not have a reservation, then you just simply put n o n or non in front of the verb. No, no Captain. Out at sea on a no, no. When a piano Tatiana and that will turn the statement into a negative. No, no, no, that's Siona. I do not have a reservation. Gonna meta gamma that means room. Also, this can sometimes refer to a photo camera of the most of the times they will say makina photographic A for that instance. But for a room in a hotel or a room in house, it's typically referred to as a kalamata You var ray. Now this means I would like it's different from value, which is a little bit more assertive, which means I want you are a when a car meta I would like a room. He over Ray When a camera or not, I would like a room for one night Be over in a camera. Quatrano t I would like a room for four nights. Overrate when a camera upper quatrano t he over today When a garment up, we're not better. Sauna. I would like a room for one person. He overrate when I come at a better do a persona. I would like a room for two persons You overwrite when I come out up there to do a better Sony He over Ray camera Singla. I would like a single room Ray when a camera Dopita notice here I left off the eel so you get the idea. This is how they would typically speak without using the subject. So I will leave it off for the rest of this lesson. And that means I would like a double room Ray on camera conduit. Letty, I would like a room with two beds. Var a una camera Mottram onyali. I would like a room with a double bed. So this would be with a bed together for husband and wife. You could think of mattress mony when accommodate Mataram Onyali, You are a winner, Tom. A hostile mata. I would like a room by the sea now will come to the important question. Quanta Gosta, How much does it cost Quanta Costa when atomic up one or not? How much is a room for one night? Want Acosta when? A time adopt Pia, How much is a double room? Quanta Costa When a camera Mottram Onyali How much is a room with a double bed? Want Acosta when a camera come back on it. How much is a room with a balcony? Gay order. I get order. At what time? A gay order. A lot, lot Siona At what time is breakfast? And that's it. We've reached the end of this lesson. Hope that helps you look forward to teaching him or Italian during the next lesson Chow. 8. Train1: Benvenuto Benvenuto. Welcome back. This is Larry Aiello. Want to welcome you back to another Italian lesson? This one? I will go over train travel, taking a train in Italy. So if you want to see a lot of Italy and it's your first time there, or perhaps you've been there a few times, I think train travel is the best way to get around the country. It's relatively cheap. They are on time for the most part, and it's comfortable and convenient, and it's a lot better than driving a car and dealing with crazy Italian traffic. So let's look at the types of trains in Italy now. This has changed recently over the years, and this is not every single train, but this will give you a good idea. Good overview. The first types of trains are the high speed trains there. Also, the fresher Siri's fresher means arrow in Italian. The next type of trains are intercity trains, and you'll see them abbreviated with an I C. And the next ones after that are the espresso or the regional. A regional trains. Sometimes a train that you end up taking will be determined on your schedule when you are leaving and where you are going toe what city? So let's take a look at the high speed trains of fresh groceries. There are basically three in the fresher Siri's. It's fresher Rossa, the red Arrow French are Gento, the silver our and the fresher bianche of the white arrow, and you'll see the abbreviations fr f A or F B. Sometimes you might see the old abbreviation Yes for Eurostar, which pertained to the high speed trains before the fetches Siri's was introduced. So the fresher Rossa, Siri's the Red Arrows is the fastest trains, and they travel up to speeds of 225 miles an hour. And the French are gente are in between that speed, with the fresher Bianca being slower and they travel up to speeds of 125 miles an hour or 200 kilometers per hour. On the Frejus series, there is food available refreshments. The cars are air conditioned and reservations are required to take these trains. These trains rarely sell out, so you can often get a reservation the same day you are traveling. But not all the time. Now let's look at the intercity trains or the I C. Abbreviation. These are generally short distance route. There are not as many food and refreshment options available on this type of train, and reservations are required as well. So these might be short John's between Bologna and Milan, Milan and Florence, Rome and Naples, etcetera. The next type will look at the espresso or originally trains, regional trains. These air really direct and local trains. The espresso option will be a A few stops and quicker than the original, which would be slow or many stops. Usually, what's only available is second class for these type of trains, and no reservations are required for this type of service, so these typically serve very small towns. It might start from a big town like Naples or Rome and end up in a smaller interior town or a town along the coast. So buying tickets, what's the best way to get tickets for train travel in Italy? Well, you can go on tran Italia dot com. This is the official state run site of the Italian train system. If you click on the top right, you will see the British flag for the English version of the site. You can also check out rail europe dot com. They are private company, and there are other companies. Other websites to you can also peruse. You can also buy in person at the ticket counter or at an automated kiosk. The automated cost looks similar to this one, and they are in the train station. That could be a real time saver. You just select your language and you can pay with cash or credit card. I'm not sure why these air very under utilized in Italy, I will often see lines and lines of people at the ticket counter waiting to speak with someone in person when there's no one standing at thes automated kiosks, so take advantage of them if you can. What about a Eurail Pass? Does it makes sense to buy a year out past? Well, it's not at advantageous as it used to be if you are under 26th and it might make sense because you can book at second class prices. If you are 26 above, it must be a first class purchased to use a Eurail pass. It's worthwhile for extensive travel if you're going to visit a bunch of countries, Italy being one. But if you're only in Italy, it typically doesn't make a lot of sense unless you're going to be doing a lot of travel. From, let's say, Palermo to Rome one day, Rome to Venice, Venice back to Turin turned back to Rome. They do have a few different options where you can go toe all of Europe. You can visit all of Europe with your path or a single country. Or you can do a few countries at a time. If you know your itinerary a few months in advance, I would do some math on the Trend Italia site and look at buying individual tickets. And usually if you buy a few months in advance, there are some good discounts you can have and then compare that price to the euro pass and see what makes most sense to you. The good thing about a year out past that that it does offer some flexibility, but you still have to reserve the space anyways. So as I mentioned, it's not as advantageous as it used to be, because Italy the prices are pretty reasonable for train travel anyway, and the government even subsidises some of the prices, so I would think long and hard and do some. Do some number crunching between the two sites and see if it makes sense for you. One extremely important item of no is make sure you validate your ticket prior to boarding the train. You will get fined pretty heavily if you do not have your ticket validated, so make sure you validate it prior to boarding the train. The validation machines look like this. It's pretty self explanatory. You just basically slide in the ticket. It will stamp the time and the date and the location of where you stamped it all. Train travel now in Italy is smoke free, so you will see this sign a lot via Tato for Mata or smoking prohibited. And in fact, most other trains in Europe are smoke free as well. And this just recently happened in the last five years or so now, the last time I was there, I would see people smoking outside on the platforms leading to the trains, although that may change soon or may have changed already. Just like an airplane, it's a federal offense if you smoke in the bathrooms on the train. So beware of that. And they've really come a long way in enforcing that. I remember one time I was on a train with three seats on one side and three seats on another side, and all five of the passengers were smoking except for me. So it was really uncomfortable and annoying. And now, if you are a non smoker like myself, you will enjoy that travel a lot better than the old days when it was smoking allowed. And we've reached the end of the lesson. I want to thank you for joining me on this lesson. This is Larry. I yellow Look forward to teaching UME or Italian on the next lesson. Judge how? 9. Train travel 2: on a set up or born daughter. No, this is Larry I yellow. Welcome back to another Italian lesson. This is the second lesson for train travel. 1st 1 went over some trained considerations for traveling in Italy. This lesson will go over some useful phrases that will assist you for traveling by train in Italy. Frazee. We'll delete. And the first word that we should learn for this lesson will be the word for train, which is Tranel Parayno. Okay, so let's learn some more useful phrases and vocabulary for this section. Billy Eto Billy Eto is ticket. There goes that G l combination, which sounds like milion that the double l's and milion Quanta Costa, Quanta Costa How much does it cost? Quanta Costa NBI eto Quanta Costa Phone bill Yet how much does a ticket cost? Quanta Costa own bill yet Roma Quanta Costa on Bill yet O rama How much does a ticket cost to Rome undocked on dot is one way daughter No, but he daughter no is the return So consequently you can put them together to make a round trip which is undoubtedly a retorno on data a retorno Bob Rae var a I would like var a phone bill yet. Oh Vonette CIA var a phone bill yet? Benet CIA. I would like a ticket to Venice. Ray on Billy Eto on data a retorno Very soon. Billy Eto on data A three door No, I would like a round trip ticket. Gwanda Cuando means when Cuando body Cuando body When does it leave? Cuando party will train over Napoli Cuando barta train open Napoli When does the train leave for Naples? Part A is for the third person from the verb partita which means to leave or depart Partita bean Audio is a train track. Being audio is a train track or platform and they'll usually abbreviate it when you see that when you see this on a train schedule or on the bulletin board in the train station, it will be abbreviated simply, just with a B I end dot So, for example, if you c b i n 0.8 means the train is leaving or arriving on track number eight or platform eight Goradze Ristorante Goradze Ristorante is a dining car. Begona Leto Begona letter is a sleeping car going cadenza going Jansa the connection Jeff Han, a coincidence. Upper Rama una Coincidence? A pair Rama. Is there a connection to Rome? Okay, so now remember our review for ticket with Bill yet the word for a ticket counter would be or a ticket window would be similar in that it is bill yet? Diarrhea bill yet? Diarrhea is a ticket office bill yet diarrhea Dover, La Bill Yet area. Where is the ticket office? Dove La Bill yet area. And finally, one other weird abbreviation you may see for cities that have more than one train station like Rome, Naples, Milan, etcetera. You will see a si dot ellie to indicate the central station or the main station as opposed to the secondary station or the one usually on the periphery part of town. So you'll see not believe g l or C l E for the toe indicate Master Tianna, the station Napoli Chen Trolley Gen trolley And that's it. We reached the end of this lesson. I want to say thank you very much. Glad Camilla and I look forward to teaching him or Italian during the next lesson. Joe 10. Directions: on. Don't know, Bwana set a good. They're good evening. This is Larry Aiello. Welcome back to another Italian lesson. This one will help you from getting lost in Italy as this lesson will focus on directions. Or did Etzioni deal? Etzioni, as you can see from this map from map quest dot com or open street map dot org's Getting Lost can be quite the adventure in Italy. There is no logic in the street names, and most cities are typical of this set up. It is not laid out in a grid, so you don't have Seventh Avenue and then to the north you'll have eight Avenue, and then the next one will be Ninth Avenue, so getting lost is pretty much inevitable. So it's best that you just go with the flow and learn as much as you can to help you get out of your predicament. So here are some words that can come in handy me school. See, which is excuse me, me school, see. And this is a formal use of the word you would be Cygnus to strangers or people that you do not know me. Scusa. The ending with an A is an informal use of the word and you would say this to your family and friends. Excuse me. And if you are talking to a group of people, you would say school Satya School Satya in the plural For all practical purposes, you'll be using this 1st 1 me school. See the informal use of the word Since you will more than likely be asking directions of someone that you do not know interrupting them on the street or what have you? It's a more useful phrases aren't Dover, which means where Dover. Now we'll put an accent on the end to make it Dover Dover. Which means Where is Dover? Dover? Sano? Which means Where are Dover? So no, the vet if bon you This is a word that will or a phrase that will come in handy at times. Where is the bathroom? Dover. Ill Banyu Dove Asano Gabby, Nettie, Dove Asano Gabby, Nettie. Which is an alternative phrase you can say which means where are the toilets? Dover last Vaziani Dover last at sea on where is the station? That could be train station or bus stations. That's you on. It could mean both the doorman, the doorman. Where is the church? And some responses could be a lesson ista Allison ista which means to the left Allah Desta , which means to the right other responses could be ill Proxima or la Proxima. And they will use the masculine or feminine use of the word depending on what they are describing. Ill prosimian Orla Proxima means the next la proxima desta, which means the next right ill proximo semaphore. Oh, the next traffic light Lhasa Kanda Cineaste ra The second left Allah Dextre Allah Desta means to the right. This one is an oldie but goodie. But they'll say Sempra, Dorito, Sempra DeRita and they're usually waving their hand or pointing at a direction straight ahead simply that it don't mean straight ahead of the directions could be Nord, which means north sued. Which means south est, which means east all vest which means west. If you get lost, you can say Misano pad Issa Or if you are a woman, you would say Misano Parsa ending in an A which means I'm lost me indicates Soulama popper for Bora me in Dickie Soulama Popper for Bora, which means can you show me on the map, please? Or can you indicate it to me on the map would be a better translation. Perhaps in Dickie comes from the verb in Niigata, which means to indicate, and by the way, a good site to pick up some good street maps of Rome or Florence or any other Italian city is maps dot com maps dot com. And of course, there are always APS and GPS. If you bring, you are smartphone to Italy. You can use that as well to help you get around, and that is the end of our lesson. Hope you enjoyed. Look forward to teaching you more Italian during the next lesson, Chief Idioma presto chow chow. 11. Driving: Welcome back. This is Larry a yellow. I just want to say Go Mesta, How are you? I hope you are. Well, thank you for joining me on another Italian lesson. This lesson. I will go over whether or not you should rent a car or drive a car in Italy. I get this question asked of me many times, and I'll go over some of the advantages and disadvantages of renting a car or driving a car . One of the big advantages of renting a car in Italy or driving or having a car at your disposition is that you can go at your own pace. You don't have to worry about when the train is coming. When the bus is gonna depart, you can enjoy Italy on your own schedule and not anyone else's. It is also easier to get into the center of Italy to see some of the small towns. There are some places that are hard to reach by train or impossible to reach by train or bus. For example, the wine country in Tuscany there are many farm houses, vineyards that are not service by the bus or train. So the only way to get to them would be by car. And if you have a large family or group, let's say four of you are traveling. It could be cheaper than taking the train or bus. Now, what are some of the disadvantages? Well, first of all, in the cities that is not very enjoyable. Rome, Florence, Turin, Milan All those cities have excellent transportation options. And if you were to go to Venice, for example, that you're going to have to leave your car outside of the city limits anyway. Parking is a hassle and expensive. The streets are not grated. They don't follow a logical, normal pattern, as you would expect from Seventh Avenue, for example, and then the next block over his Eighth Avenue than the next bunk over his Ninth Avenue. The cities are usually named after famous Italians, like via Vittorio Emanuele and other people that would be John Doe to you and me that you may never have probably never have heard of. Personal space is a little bit different. You might have two car lanes, but there might be three cars in those two lanes, along with a mope ed. The drivers are definitely more aggressive and it is just not enjoyable at all. Least in my opinion, if you like driving in New York, Boston, D. C. L. A big cities in the US, for example, then you may like driving in some of these Italian towns. Another thing to keep in mind is in some of these towns in the historical centres, there is a Z TL Zone or Donna D. Traffic, a limit Otto, and you are not even able to drive in these zones unless you have a special permit or are a resident. That is to help preserve the historical center of some of these old towns, and I'll go over more of that in the other lesson for road signs. If you do decide to drive in Italy, basically, a big consideration of whether or not you should rent the car or drive in Italy will be based on where you plan on driving or visiting. So I would say if you are visiting the big cities like Rome, Florence, Venice or Naples, then don't even bother renting a car or driving. For the reasons I mentioned earlier, it'll be more of a hassle, and it will not be an enjoyable experience. If you wanted to visit the countryside, such as in Tuscany or Umbria or Sicily or some of these small interior towns, then driving may make sense, but you don't need to rent the car or drive a car. There are private tour groups. For example, if you wanted to see some of the wine region in Tuscany, there are tour groups that leave from Florence all the time. And, of course, you can always hire a private driver. But that will be more expensive. And if you wanted to rent a car, it is pretty expensive. It will run you about 300 U. S. Dollars per week. I recommend auto europe dot com. If you do plan on renting a car in Italy, and not only that, the gasoline will generally run you about 2 to 3 times the price in the United States. So let's take a look at some current gas prices in Italy. On this sign, you'll see diesel at one euro and 68 cents per leader, and diesel is sometimes referred to as Gas Olya and then on the bottom you'll see a one euro and 77 euro cents for the unleaded, which is sense up. You humble Now. Remember, prices are per leader. There are about four liters per one gallon, so 1 77 for the unleaded price is approximately. If you multiply that by four, you're going to get about seven euros per gallon. It takes about a dollar 30 in U. S. Dollars to purchase a euro, so that's going to translate into about $9.20 per gallon. And that's one of the reason why you see many mo peds in Italy because of the gas prices. And luckily, the cars that they do have in Italy are smaller and more efficient with regards to gas mileage. Some other points to keep in mind. Keep in mind your luggage requirements. If you have four people with four large pieces of luggage, it will not be so easy to carry that luggage in the back trunk of this car. You will also need an international driver's license. If you plan on driving in Italy, you can get one at the American Automobile Association of America or Triple A. There's also a similar organization in Canada. I think you can get one for approximately $15 per year. You also need to be 25 years old to rent a car. Typically, you need to be 25 years old. For most car rental agencies, you will also have to make sure that it is insured so you'll have to purchase insurance. Renting an automatic will also cost you more money. So if you don't know how to drive, stick shift or standard car, then expect to pay a little bit more. If you want to rent one with automatic transmission. And if you don't know how to drive standard or a stick shift than Italy, is not a good place to begin learning. Another thing to keep in mind is that seat belts are obligatory, so you must wear seatbelts. You cannot use your cell phone while driving in Italy unless you have a hands free device. Also, there is no turning on red. So if you are in many parts of the U. S, a right on red is permitted unless there is a sign to the contrary. Well, in Italy, it's not permitted anywhere. If you're from New York City, that's not anything different. You're not allowed to do a turn on red anyways. And if you're in the UK, this is not anything different for you either. As a left turn on red is generally prohibited for you as well, and that's it for our lesson. Here is a picture of me in front of a very small Italian car taken a few years ago, and you can see how small some of the cars are to get around in that traffic. Thanks again for listening to me on this Italian lesson and look forward to teaching you more Italian during the next lesson, Jo Jo. 12. Road signs: well in Georgia, a bonus Had a good day. A good evening. This is Larry a yellow Welcome back to another lesson of Italian. This one will be going over road signs. So if you are brave enough to drive in Italy, then these are the signs that you need to look out for. And luckily, there are many universal standards that exist between Europe and the United States that are governed by shape and color. So you want to learn the basics so you can avoid a visit from one of these guys. This is la poulet, CIA, lapolla, etc. Of the police. They are city police and their jurisdiction is basically just a town that they are assigned to, such as Rome, Palermo, Naples, turn. They have the power to issue tickets, make arrests, so on and so forth. The next group of guys you want to avoid are the gotta Binetti gotta been yeti. And these are the state police. They have more power than La bullet CIA because their jurisdiction is all of Italy. And I think there's somehow tied in with the military, so they may have military power as well. Now here is another type of police that you will see in Italy now. If the I. R. S had a police, it would be these guys. These are the guardians of finance. They basically look for tax evaders, money launderers, etcetera which is a big problem in Italy. You can probably speed past these guys and you won't get a ticket. But I wouldn't take a chance as their primary focus is elsewhere. So the type of signs you'll see in Italy are warning signs which will be triangular. And here are a couple This one on the bottom one is a slippery pavement or papiamento. She will also slippery pavement. The top one is alerting you to danger. To be careful. This one is a construction in progress. Sign Labadee in Corso Labadie. Think of it like labour Labadee In Corso, the next type of signs will be prohibition signs which are circular and red. So this one, for example, means do not enter. Do not enter. You'll see a red with a white slash big slash through it. This particular sign means no passing, no passing. You'll see this on the interstate or on roadways where you have multiple lanes. This one is similar to the other one. It is no enter. Do not enter. But it is a zona. A traffic A limit. Tato z tl What this is Normally you will see this in the historical town centres where they do not want you driving because of the pollution that cars can cause That can be detrimental to the many artifacts or art that is located in these historical town centres. And you'll find these in Rome, Florence, Naples, etcetera. On the bottom, you'll see, except for taxis and other authorized vehicles or other authorized vehicles. If you were a resident, you would be given a card or some type of permit that would allow you to drive in these historical centres. But if you were to traverse into one of these centers, not knowing often times there will be cameras and they will mail you a ticket. They can even mail it to your car rental agency. So beware of these type of signs. Now, this type of sign is a speed limit sign, so this will be 50 now. Remember, it's in kilometers per hour kilometers per hour. If you are a math whiz, there is about a 5 to 8 relationship between miles and kilometres, so five miles would be eight kilometers. 10 miles would be 16. So on and so forth. 55 88. So if you can keep that ratio in mind, it may help you if you are good with math. Here is another example Here is another Do not enter on the left circular sign but on the right is a warning sign. This one is warning you that there is a boat ramp and you may end up falling off it. So to be careful, so that would really put a damper on your vacation. So be aware of that one. Now here is one that means no parking on both sides. No parking on both sides of the road. If you were to see the sign with only one slash, it would mean no parking on one side of the street and it would pertain to the side of the street that you see. The sign on the next set of signs would be directional signs, and they tend to be rectangular. And here you could see some directional signs that are pointing to the left, But there can be many different colors used. Many different items or places of interest can be pointed out. As you see the post office hospital police station train station. Here is a one way sign that is pointing to the right. There is also a sign to the Carabinieri, the ones that we saw before the state police. Here is another one way sign. That's when going to the left that Senso unico or unique sense, one way going to the left. You can also have signs like this. This one is basically a fork in the road, telling you you can. You have to go to the left of the right and you'll see other directional signs with one arrow or pointing one way or another telling you which way to go. And here are some other important signs to be aware of. Of course, this is the universal stop sign, the eight sided figure that is universal in most countries. Right below is a directional sign telling you, Teoh either go straight or to the right. Here is the universal sign for yield. A triangular sign is a yield sign. Now this sign is telling us that we are coming to the end of the highway to the end of the highway. If it didn't have a red slash through it, that would indicate that you are coming to the beginning of a highway. For example. Take a look at this sign. This sign tells you that you are leaving the city limits of Palermo and you are entering the city limits of Trapani. Now this sign pertains to parking. This is parking. You'll see a P 13 on the bottom right of the parking sign. This is also telling you that there are meters and forced from eight in the morning to 1400 which would be two PM and then from 1600 to 20 p. M. At night. It is 75 cents per hour and those air when the meters are enforced. And there is also a sign below it, except for author ized vehicles that this is giving you a lot of information. And the sign means we are at the end of the lesson. Rafinha! Dellal Etzioni, I want to thank you for joining me on this lesson and look forward to teaching you more Italian. Jimmy left chow chow and have a great day. Everyone 13. Italian Travel Course Final Wrap: Bongiorno, Bwana. Sad. A good. They're Good evening. This is Larry Aiello. I want to thank you and congratulate you for reaching the end of the course. Really? It is the end, but it is actually only the beginning. Learning a language is a life long journey. I am still learning English. So once you embark on learning a language, you are never done learning it. I encourage you to leave me comments about what you thought of the course or leave a review . I would truly appreciate it. If you have any upcoming travel plans to Italy, please let me know about that as well. In addition to my courses on Italy, I also have other courses on skill share that I invite you to take. I have courses for the small business owner that is starting or needs help with certain aspects of their business. For example, I have a course on CEO search engine optimization. Have a course on insurance considerations. Have a course on building a team. Payroll considerations when you are in business. Of course, I'm purchasing a small business in the United States. I have a course. I'm launching a business. I also have a course on creating a website and social media presence, along with understanding financial statements. I wish you the best of luck in your future endeavors. And please be sure to follow me. Thank you for joining me today. This is Larry Aiello.