Italian Made Easy - Alphabet ¦ Consonants ¦ Stress - Lesson 1 | Clara Di Stefano | Skillshare

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Italian Made Easy - Alphabet ¦ Consonants ¦ Stress - Lesson 1

teacher avatar Clara Di Stefano, Nurse / Italian Teacher

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Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

6 Lessons (23m)
    • 1. 1 - Intro and Table of Contents

    • 2. 2 - Popular expressions and Cognates

    • 3. 3 - Alphabet and Vowels

    • 4. 4 - Consonants and Consonant Exceptions

    • 5. 5 - Consonant Clusters and Double Consonants

    • 6. 6 - Stress -End-

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About This Class

How many times have you heard people trying to teach a new language by simply giving you premade phrases to use in very specific situations

Now how many of those phrases do you remember? I bet It's not many!

I firmly believe in the proverb: "give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime".

With this class I aim to introduce you to the Italian language starting from ZERO! 

We will start with some of the words you may know and you will hear how they are pronounced properly, then I will do my best to explain how to pronounce letters and groups of consonants (usually the most difficult part to get right for non native speakers). 

Once you get used to the sound, reading in italian will come natural!

You may not know the meaning of every word at the beginning but with time and constance, by hearing those words many times in different contexts, understanding simple phrases will become easier and easier!

If you liked this lesson please check out my second lessons Numbers, Dates and Time!

Meet Your Teacher

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Clara Di Stefano

Nurse / Italian Teacher


Hello, I'm Clara.

I'm an Italian native speaker currently in the UK for work. 

I've been in England for a couple of years now and I'm quite confident my skills in both languages can be very helpful for anyone who would like to improve or even start learning Italian from scratch.

I've always been inclined to languages and in Italy I helped other students and friends with English grammar and literature in my free time. Now that I'm here many colleagues have asked me to do the same but this time teaching Italian, as I realised only few teach it, especially online.

So here we go! Check out my lessons and message me if you have any questions.


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1. 1 - Intro and Table of Contents: Hello and welcome everyone. To my series of lessons: Italian Made Easy. My name is Clara, and I am an Italian nurse who came in the UK a couple of years ago. This is introduction of the first lesson. And by the end of this class, you will know more about the foundations of the diner language and this will help you greatly throughout your learning process. We are going to start from scratch. So this first lesson, we'll be perfect for complete beginners, but also some advanced students may find some of this content interesting. So let's finally start with the first lesson. Speaking Italian in everyday settings. These are going to be the contents: things you may know and words that you might already know, cognates, which are words that are basically similar to the English ones, popular expressions, the Italian alphabet, with vowels, consonants and consonant clusters, the stress, and where to pronounce it. 2. 2 - Popular expressions and Cognates: So the first part of the lesson is going to be exploiting pronunciations. And Italian might already know. Can you think of some words that you know? Pizza, pasta, spaghetti, who are going to see how the GH sound is going to sound like good spaghetti. Tortellini. We're going to see how the art is going to be quite marked. Tortellini in Italian language, mozzarella, which is mozzarella because it's novel Zed and double l espresso, cappuccino. And we see how the double C is going to sound like, should cappuccino, funny, non singular, and Bernini, the plural. We have a different agenda and number, four, objectives and nouns. So we see how Bravo, which is only Bravo in English. It's different if the gender is male, which is going to be Bravo. They said, if we are saying bravo to a female who's going to be brava, ending with the a. If we are saying bravo to a group of people that are mixed between females and males is going to be blobby for the plural. And if we have a group of people that is just females, we are going to say Brother. We're going to see now some popular expressions like achieved ND, which is basically Wow. And Biao. That means let's go. Ketchup. Ketchup. It's like what's up? That garden, that cargo. It has this double meaning, which can be like a question. That garden are we okay? Or backorder, which is we are ok. It's like Agreed, agreed. A keychain bought them. You've means who cares keys and named bought them. Some more popular expressions. And loss Desso, which means is the same or it doesn't matter. Fantastic ego, which is just fantastic. Non-finance. It means don't worry about it. And the Urbana, I think you all know that. It's just okay. Non-shared Leica. It's your welcome. Better meso, it means can I come in? And still banjo, which means Wonderful. 3. 3 - Alphabet and Vowels: We're now going to see the ballin alphabet. We have the same letters as the English alphabet, but they have, some of them have different sounds. Also, the Italian vowels have a pure sound that mix sound between more vowels is just a, E, I, or O. So we start from the letter A, which is pronounced b, is the same. B. The c is pronounced CI. The D is pronounced the same. D, e is pronounced. The f is pronounced f and the g is the same. G, D, H, We call it aka cow. The eye. We pronounce it e to the j for us is the Lubanga because it's like, I mean, but long. So it's going to be Lubanga. Vk is pronounced kappa. And then we got the l, which is l. We have the M which is pronounced, and map. The N becomes N, then the o is just all. The p is the same P. The queue is just Cu, is the S is S set. The T is the same as T. The u becomes o. It's just plain sound. Oo. The V is just d. W is a double d, So it becomes DAPI Abu, like double V02. The x becomes x, the y becomes epsilon. And the zed, it's data. We are going now to look at the vowel a. In Italian, the letter a has just one pronounciation. Is this. Just think of the sound of the a in the English word, Father. Father. That is the only pronunciation that we have. So it's Gaza, which means house or albedo, which is tree or solid, which is solved, and so on. We now have a look at the vowel e. Tried to think of the sound of the a in the word day. That is our E, because it's so saw lead is the sun, which means to drink and drive nano, which is train. We now go to see the vowel e, which is the eye of what assets ie, the gajillion i is simply pronounced e, as in the English word C. So C NMR, and it's basically almost the same, but it's cine, MR. The Tao, which is life, and B column, which is small or little. We now have a look at the vowel o. The Diane, always pronounced as the o in the English piano. And the pronunciation appears us, or just plain O. Doumani, which means tomorrow. Or Volcano, which means good. And not the, which is nine. And so on. The vowel u, it's pronounced who? Saw the direct always sound like the English, who, as in the f2 of X2. Luna, which means moon, due, which means you. And the last example is uno, which is one. 4. 4 - Consonants and Consonant Exceptions: We now have a look at the consonants. Italian has the same consonant that English does. Like B, as in Banner, which means well, Lake and men as a mother, which means Mother. We have the B as embodied UCI, which means father. V, as in vino, which means wine. Some consonance don't really exist in Italian, except in some foreign words that happens at the language. So let's say the elongation, which is the J. We use it only for words like jogging or jet, or genes. Decay, which is kappa. We use it only in words like okay or catch up and kiloohm. And the w, which is our dopey abou, it's just on whiskey, wind, surf, and wow. The X, which we call x, we use it only for x words. So good, I've mostly from Greek. So like xenophobia, which is xenophobia for us, for now, which is a xylophone. And the Y that put us is epsilon. We use it only for words like yogurt or a hobby or your. Now we have a look at the consonants. Some about consonants have different sounds depending on which letter will follow them. So we have the exceptions of the sea, which can be harder than salt. And we're going to see the G laser. We start from the hat c, followed by an a and O or U, or any consonant, you will pronounce it as a K, like incarnate. So we have kasa, which means house. And we have called bar, which means guilt, or quarter, which means hot. But to get the k sound before an E or an eye, you must put an H in between, which means that CH e, which is care, which means war, is c h e CH pi, which is key. In Canada, which means church, and CHI in Java, which means key. So when this is followed by a neigh at all, or are you the sound nice in this going to be kasa, causal or quarter. But when the sea is with the E or a y, you have to put the H in between them to have the same sound. Can key or garden. We now have a look at the soft c. That sounds like sure. Followed by a knee or an eye. You pronounce it doesn't church chip. It means that it sounds like CE, it's going to become channel, which is dinner. C and i is going to be key cheapo like food. And C and E is going to be cherished. Don't like certainly. But to get the chip sound before RNA a no or a you, you have to insert an eye in-between. It means that tau is going to be tau only because in between there is an i, which means hello, by the way. Chaco Lada, shock gelato, IT CIO shop and means chocolate. And chew, chew with CIU. Because this double sound should show the basic babies pacifying. It might sound difficult to hear this difference right now. But I assure you with time, you're going to get used to it. We have now the same exception but with the gene. So we have a hard G and a soft G. We start with the hard one, followed by the a, the o, or the EU, or any other continent. You pronounce it as G in good. Good. Which means GAA in gamba, which is leg, GO, GO, gama, which is the rubber. And where, which is war. But same as with the sea. To get the g sound between E and I, You must put an H in between. So to have the good sound before a knee or an I, you have to put an H in between. So it means spaghetti is not spaghetti because there is an h between them. So it's getting GHG or gotcha, which is GHI, Gotcha. And you can see the difference between the GHI and the CIO gap, chop, saw C and hard g, which is ice. Now we have a look at the soft G, followed by any ordered RNAi. You pronounce it does in job. So jerk sound. So we have G and E for Gen dealer, which is kind g and i is Giordano as in day. And GM is Jell-O SEA like jealousy. But to get the J sound before an a or a, you, you have to insert the NIH between them. So it means Joschka, GIA jacket, which is Jacket, GPIO, gioco. In-game. Ngi you ju junior teacher. For judge. We now have a look at the exception q, which is pronounced hu. The Q exists only in connection with the U followed by another vowel. So you will not find any COO before any other vowel except the EU. So when you have the letter Q is pronounced like curve. And when the queue is followed by the EU is pronounced queue. Like in Cuatro, which is poor. Or quest though, which is this, or quadro, which is a painting. 5. 5 - Consonant Clusters and Double Consonants: Now we have a look at the double consonants. Doubling the consonant usually changes the meaning of the word. Also, you have a stronger sound. You have to pronounce each instance of the consonant or lengthen the sound without pose. So we have, for example, nano, which means nine, the nine. But we have nano with the double, which means grandfather. So it's completely Another words. No, no, no, no. Another example is Paola, which is the Shabaab Bala. But with the double. It is pronounced power law, which is boll phyla. We have now the consonant clusters like Gn. The sound is actually the same as in the Spanish words saying your ITA, NEA, that near sound. So we have, for example, gn of Naoki, which is not good, not key is key. And we have G N, O of normal, which is known. Now we have the consonant cluster GL. Gl together is pronounced in the back of the throat, like the English word million, which is sound with a G ALI, Yeah, which is farming. We now take a look at the consonant cluster SC. They can have a double sound. It can be with the heart C or assault c, which means it can be skirt or so with the hat, c is going to be before RNA, you or an age. It's pronounced like in scooter, like in Scala, Scala, SCA. And we have gone door, which is SCO scum though, which means discount, because basically the same pronunciation. Squalor, which means school. It's SCUs or allow. But before I, me and, and I, it is pronounced like share in cash. So we have Shanna, which is seen Michelle, SCE mixture, Michelle or she Mia, which is SCI shinier, which means monkey. So you see this difference. Scala, she Mia. 6. 6 - Stress -End-: And now we have a look at the stress. It is the audible Axin that you put on a syllable as you speak it. One syllable always gets more stress than all the others. Someone's giving you a hint as to where to stress them. They have an accent which can be grave or acute about one of their letters. So in Gf that has coffee, GAS that gets in the last syllable, cheap down. Using the last syllable, cheap, that seeping. Yourname B, which means Monday your Navy or pair, which is why that gap. Or bedrock. Which means, but the last one is only vertices, which means University. Only vowels can have accents and it totally changes the meaning of the word. So for example, the IIT without the accent is pronounced and it's a conjunction, but the E with the accent, which is it is a verb to be. So like, you know, conversation when it's like me and new is going to be mad there. But if I put the accent there is going to be me. Is you met a u, which is wrong. What do we have another example with Papa? And papa? Papa is the bulb. And Papa. It's just that distinguished only by the accent on the vowel. If there is no. And in the world are rough deep is that Italian tends to have the stress on the family estimate, which means next to the last syllable. So for example, in, in glass, that the accent is on the penultimate syllable in lesson. English. Jim dealer, which is gentle, said demand, which is weak. Or stats. Shauna, which is station, starts yawning. Even for longer words like super Mercado. The arcsine this DeLong, the penultimate syllable, which is super Mercado, supermarket. And at the end we have the longest word that we have in Italian, which is bread. She be there would be seen as men. And I don't even know how I just done there. Which means in a hostile way. It's just like very, very, very, very, very fast. I've never had that before. I've never said it and I never heard anyone saying it. But it's there. It's in the, it's in the dictionary case. Exceptions, some words have this stress on a syllable which is neighbor the last northern next to the last. So like in the Fiji, defeat, the accent using the second syllable, numero, it's in the first one, non-metal. Then Gollum is in the first one, Fen BLM, or calm. It's instilling the first one called or a modulo, which is formed module modulo. If you now go always check the dictionary. Thanks for watching. Our second lesson is going to be on numbers, dates, and time. So I'll see you soon, guys. My