Italian Introductory Course, Greetings, Numbers and other Basics | Larry Aiello | Skillshare

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Italian Introductory Course, Greetings, Numbers and other Basics

teacher avatar Larry Aiello

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

17 Lessons (1h 31m)
    • 1. Introduction to Italian, Greetings, Numbers, Pronunciation, etc.

    • 2. Benefits of Learning Italian Lanauge

    • 3. Where is Italian Spoken in the World?

    • 4. Useful Phrases, Greetings, Etiquette

    • 5. Alphabet in Italian

    • 6. Italian Pronunciation - Part 1

    • 7. Italian Pronunciation - Part 2

    • 8. Nouns gender

    • 9. Definite articles singular

    • 10. Definite articles plural

    • 11. Indefinite articles

    • 12. Ordinal numbers

    • 13. Cardinal 1

    • 14. Cardinal 2

    • 15. Cardinal 3

    • 16. Cardinal 4

    • 17. The End La Fine

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About This Class

This course is designed for the beginning Italian language student or a future traveler that wants to get the most out of their trip to Italy and to learn Italian in a simple and logical manner.

This is what you will learn in this course: 

  • Benefits of Learning Italian
  • Where is Italian Spoken?
  • Alphabet in Italian (It differs from English Alphabet)
  • Italian Pronunciation
  • Nouns / Gender   (Masculine / Feminine)
  • Definite Articles and Indefinite Articles
  • Numbers (Ordinal and Cardinal) 

The instruction is video-based with audio and onscreen transcripts to provide an effective and efficient learning experience.

 I realized at an early age that knowing another language is indeed a gift and I love to share my knowledge of Italian with those that have an interest. 

I am looking forward to helping you on your journey in learning the most beautiful language in the world and guiding you along the way!

A presto,

“Il professore”

Larry Aiello


Meet Your Teacher

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Larry Aiello


Hello, my name is Larry Aiello and I am an accounting professional with 30 years accounting experience and a graduate of the University of Florida.

My experience covers a wide variety of industries including real estate, healthcare, financial services and doing a lot of different tasks related to the business world. And I’m also a big geek in figuring out how the computer can improve our lives.

I really enjoy teaching and sharing my knowledge with others no matter what the subject matter.

I grew up speaking Italian at home and developed a love for the Italian language at a very young age as we would travel back-and-forth every year to visit my family and friends. Early on I realized that knowing another language is indeed a gift. It allows you to have relation... See full profile

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1. Introduction to Italian, Greetings, Numbers, Pronunciation, etc.: Bongiorno want to set a good day or good evening. Welcome to the introduction to learning Italian. Welcome to my course. Thank you for stopping by. I want to tell you a little bit about myself. I grew up in outside of New York City. I now live in Florida, but my parents spoke Italian while I was growing up. That was the first language that I learned every year I would get to spend the summer in Italy. Growing up as a boy, I have very fond memories. As you can imagine, my mom is from Sicily, and my dad is from Calabria, both in the southern part of the country, with very distinct dialects. As I got older, I love to travel, and I started to go around the rest of the country, and that's where I learned the proper Italian, which is what you will learn in this course. So here's the outline of the course in the first section or the first video, you will learn about the benefits of learning Italian. There are many benefits to speaking another language, and knowing the benefits will help propel you forward in your quest to learning Italian. Having a good, strong reason. Why will help give you motivation to keep on going and and pressing forward the next video . We'll go over where Italian has spoken. Then we will look at the alphabet in Italian. It differs from the English alphabet. As you can imagine, we'll go over Italian princes, pronunciation. We will look at noun and the gender of noun every now and an Italian is either masculine or feminine. So we'll take a look at that by convention there either masculine or feminine, and we'll look at the definite articles and indefinite articles. And then we will look at some numbers, the orginal and carnival numbers, and that will wrap up this introductory course. I hope you enjoy the class. If you have any questions, please leave them in the group discussion on this platform because others may have the same question and it can benefit them as well. And if you're planning a trip to Italy or if you have a memory of a trip that you'd like to share, please post that on the discussion board as well. I wish you all the best of luck in your Italian learning journey, and I will see inside the class karate middle. Thank you very much 2. Benefits of Learning Italian Lanauge: well in Giordano, Owona said, are good. They're good evening. This is Larry Aiello. I want to thank you for joining me on this lesson. Today. I will go over the benefits of learning Italian, or this could really apply toe knowing another language in general. But it's important to realize and understand the benefits of learning a language like Italian is that will help give you the motivation necessary to keep pushing you forward with your quest. Let's face it, we're all human, and we all get discouraged and down from time to time. So it's important not to beat yourselves up when you're not learning as quickly as you would like. Doing what you can usually will be good enough, but it helps to keep these benefits in mind on your learning Italian journey. So let's take a look at some of them. 1st 1 which is considered the most common or the most popular, is probably travel. Travel. Benefit is that you will get to enjoy Italy a lot more If you know a little bit of Italian will open up a world of seeing tremendous beauty, not just natural beauty, but man made beauty and art history and architecture, so on and so forth. This could be the place where your parents are from, or where your relatives are from. Will open up that world. If you want to explore some of your past heritage, it will help you with communicating with locals with hotel personnel. Meeting of the terrorists. Yes, if you go to Rome, Florence, Venice, etcetera. There are a lot of people there that speak English. You don't technically have to know Italian per se, but knowing a little bit will make your trip a lot more enjoyable. Could also help you when you see some of the famous sites of Rome like Trevi Fountain, the Coliseum, the Sistine Chapel. If you admire the arts and architecture, it will help you in appreciating that even a bit more, just by knowing a little bit of the language can also be beneficial for you in your career . If you work for an American company with Italian interests or vice versa an Italian company with American interests, it will help you in your career. Perhaps you might be interested in interpreting or even teaching in general, knowing another language will increase your marketability on the job front can also help you in the medical field or legal field, as there is a lot of vocabulary that is tied. Two Italian and Latin can also help you with relationships. Yes, that can help you find a romantic partner, particularly if it's a family introduction or through a friend. There are many Italians that want to emigrate from Italy and come to the U. S. Conversely, there are many American. The next pass that want to move abroad to places like Italy that are looking for spouses can also help strengthen your current family relationships. You may have an aunt or a grandmother, uncle or grandfather from Italy that speaks very limited English. You may want toe, strengthen that bond or form a connection. Learn about some of the old traditions and cultures and what they experience as they were growing up. Or perhaps you want to track down some long lost cousins relatives in Italy, etcetera. So knowing a language will be beneficial in that regard can also help with more friendships . More people that more languages you speak, the more people you're obviously able to have a relationship with. And look at this guy once you learned Italian. Look what happened to him. So and undoubtedly is your traveling around If you're traveling in Italy and other places, if you keep open all your possibilities, you could stumble across friendships that last a lifetime. Finally, it can help you with your health. There are tons of health benefits, and knowing another language language will increase your confidence. Knowing another language will increase your self esteem. Studies also show that it helps fend off some of the most dreadful diseases demands such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. In addition to knowing another language, it's also similar to know knowing or learning a musical instrument. So this leads to the why or the better get What is your most important reason? Why do you want to learn Italian? What is your motivation? Was it one of the benefits that I discuss previously, or was it something else? It's going to be different for everybody. But whatever it is, take that most important reason to your computer or to your desk so you could see it every day. I mean, let's face it, learning a language is not easy. If it was, everybody would be Polly Lingual. But having a strong. Why will help you achieve not only this goal, but any other goal that you set forth in your life. So now I just want to say good Nazi meal. Thank you very much. A little. Really. That means 1000. Thank you. I look forward to teaching you more Italian, and I thank you for listening to this lesson. Thanks. And have a great day, Xiaochao. 3. Where is Italian Spoken in the World?: well on Jonah. Wanna set a good? They are. Good evening. This is Larry a yellow. I welcome you back to another lesson. This lesson. We will go over where Italian is spoken. As you know, Italian is considered a romance language derived from the Latin, similar to French, Spanish, Portuguese, etcetera. It was formalized by Dante Allah. Gary In the 13th century, he was born in Florence, Italy. There are also many dialects that exist all throughout Italy. Strong ones are Sicilian, Neopolitan, Roman and Venetian dialects, or even very get down to even the city level as certain words will differ from town to town . Italian spoken around Tuscany and Sienna is considered to be the most proper and pure of the Italian language. Thanks in large part to our friend Dante. Allah, Gary. Even though the dialect for all practical purposes are different languages in and of themselves, Italians will rarely speak dialect. The foreigners. So it's something you don't need to worry about. And at school, all Children are taught Italian, so the dialects are dying. Breed's. You don't need to worry about learning dialect on your trip to Italy. So let's focus on the world It's estimated that 85 to 90 million people in the world speak the Italian language, and it's mostly of course, in Europe, so Italian will be the primary language, the official language of Italy. It's also the official language of Sun Marino and the Vatican City. Those air too little city states embedded within the country of Italy. Of course, the Vatican is outside of Rome. That's the home to the Catholic Church and the pope. And send Marino's another city state that is located a little bit more to the north. They all have their own currency and post office and stamps their separate little countries within the country of Italy. Italian is also a secondary language in Switzerland and Switzerland. It's one of the four official languages. It's also a secondary language of Croatia and Slovenia, which is located just outside of Venice on that eastern coast there. And it's also the secondary language or another official language, along with English and Maltese on the island of Malta, which is a little bit south of Sicily. And, of course, Italian has also spoken in Corsica, which is a French island, the country of France, UK. You'll find some Italian speakers, along with Germany and other parts of Europe as well. Going back to a world view, you can also find Italian speakers in Ethiopia and Libya those air on the continent of Africa. Those were Italian colonies back during the Second World War, when Mussolini a next um, you can also find Italian speakers in Argentina, Venezuela, Brazil and Australia. Those are places where Italians emigrated from during the 18th and 19th centuries, along with in the US places, especially in the Northeast, such as New York, Boston. Philadelphia has a large Italian speaking population. In Canada, you can go to Toronto. There are plenty of people that speak Italian over there, probably half the population in that city. And in California, there's a good Italian speaking population in places like Los Angeles and San Francisco and in Miami, down in the southeast of the U. S. And even in the Dominican Republic there are a fair number of Italian speaking people in that on that island nation. So glad, similar. Thank you for listening to this lesson, and I look forward to teaching you in the next lesson, Jo Jo 4. Useful Phrases, Greetings, Etiquette: Hello. Welcome back. This is Larry Aiello on another Italian lesson, This one. We will go over some useful phrases and greetings in Italian. Now, the 1st 1 is one Georgina one Georgina, and this is the universal greeting. When people encounter each other, it literally means good day. You can pretty much say this to anyone, and you will get a similar response in return. This also serves as a cordial goodbye upon the completion of a business transaction. So you might hear Bongiorno when you enter into a store to conduct business, as they're saying, Hello, good day. And you will also hear it at the end of the transaction when they're pretty much saying, Okay, have a good rest of the day. One. Georgina. So it serves as an initial greeting and also as a closing greeting from early in the morning till about four or five in the afternoon. Now many Italian shops and businesses will close for lunch from about one till about four, so you'll start after four o'clock. You'll start hearing this next phrase, which is one I said, uh, wanna said, uh, and this one means good evening. It's also used the same way as born Georgina. There is a word for afternoon. It's called Matija, and you will rarely hear one committee, Joe, which means good afternoon. They'll typically just say one. I said a instead. The next greeting is one a lot one another, and this means good night. Now you only say good night in the context of a final goodbye. You would never say Wanna said, Uh, for example, if you meet some friends around 11 o'clock for dinner, you would say, Wanna Satya? But if you are finishing up dinner, even if it's at, let's say, 10 p.m. and you are saying goodbye to them for the final time for the evening, you would say one or not. The next greeting is Chow. Now this one is used with family and friends. It's also used with Children and pets. It's a casual greeting used among young people and your close family and friends. Although you will, as a visitor, you probably will not have a chance to use this unless you know people there in Italian of someone uses Child agreed. You first consider it an honor. You may use it and return. Otherwise, it the safe rule would be to use one Georgina, one of Sadah, so chow can be used in summary as hello or goodbye. Now, if you're not familiar with the person in business situations or entering in a store, you may hear this one instead, which is Salva Salva. Now this just means hello, and it's more formal than chow. So Salva is the word that you would hear entering a store much more than the word chow. The next one is May School. See me school. See, now this means Excuse me. Now this is used to gain a person's attention. For example, if you want to interrupt them toe, ask them directions. Or if you haven't been noticed in a store or place of business, you would say me school. See, it's also used two if you are. If you want to excuse yourself for sneezing or coughing, you would say me school see, but it's not used. It doesn't have the same meaning in English as if you were wanting to invade someone's personal space, like to get by them in a tight, narrow space. In that case, you would use better mess, so better mess. So now this. You're asking for someone's permission to pass by their physical or personal space. But however, in essence, the way this is used is it said more often as a fact bed mso But messa, you're saying to someone I need permission to get on by or toe walk on by you. If, for example, if you're in an airplane trying to get out of the ill or move past someone, you would say. But um s O the next one is Medica Medica and this one you may hear from someone a shop owner addressing you literally. This means tell me or in other words, how can I help you? Tell me how I can help you. This is how they indicate to you. Okay, Now you have my undivided attention. How can I help you? Me, deka or you may have You may hear it short and just deka deka instead. Another greeting you may encounter is Gaza the CDA, the Barrera causa See that? That better What would you like? And in this case to drink when you are first sitting down at a restaurant. So the next one is my Lord, my lord And now this for this word serves like a bridge. It's like a warmup phrase that can be used in a variety of situations. It's it's pretty much saying, Okay, now all right. Now, here we go. A waiter might say this to you on first appearance like a lotta like. Okay, now, what are you all going to have? Or a shopkeeper might say it as he's totaling up a bunch of items he might say. I logged on. Now your bill is 10 year olds, for example. The next word is Gratz. CIA, good at CIA. This, of course, means thank you. Or you're saying grace, You're expressing appreciation for the service or kind act that you've been on. The receiving end of this also can be used at the end of a business transaction. As you are about to depart the store, you say thank you. Now, in response to thank you is Tiago Braga, which means you're welcome. And this is also a brand of spaghetti sauce if you live here in the United States. But it means you're welcome in the sense that you would say it after or you would hear it after you said thank you But it also means you are welcome in the sense. When you are walking into a store to purchase something, you might hear someone say ago. You're welcome. You're welcome to shop around. You're welcome to look around or it means in essence, Come on in. You're welcome. Toe enter. It could also be used after you here. After you, for example. You're trying to get through that. I'll on the airplane and you say But MSO permission. I need permission to come on through. Someone may say, but ago you're welcome. You're welcome to pass on by. So this word has a lot of different meanings and uses. The next phrases are out of the evil, dead, itchy or out of even that a lot. Now they both mean until we see each other again. But I don't even that a lot is a little bit more formal and ironically enough, even though it means until I see you again or until next time for all practical purposes, when you use these words, you are in a more non familiar situation. You'd be using these two people that you don't know, like in a shop. So the chances that you really will see these people again are slim. So in the first case, additive identity means until we see each other again. And Areva Deadlock is a little bit more formal meaning until I see you again, so one would be talking to a bunch of the 1st 1 would be talking to a bunch of people and the 2nd 1 if you're just addressing one person on a little bit more formal manner. The Spanish equivalent of this, of course, is hasta la vista. Now, a greeting that is used as a toast or during holiday celebrations when you have alcoholic beverages usually is chin chin, team kin, and that is literally the sound of the glasses clinking against each other. Gene keen or alternatively, you can say Saluda Saluda, which means to your health. Saluda. That's another way you can toast in Italian. And yet even another way you can say it is a chant. Danny at Centanni for 100 years, and this is implying that you may live long and prosper for 100 years, Chen tonic. So it's similar to your health. The way to say Happy Birthday in Italian is one complaint. I know Born complaint. I know now to say Good luck and Italian you can save one of Fortuna. One of Fortuna, although it's not, is commonly used in Italy. It's more of an Italian American saying, although they will understand you if you say that in Italy. But the more common way to say it is in Baqa a lubo in Bocca al Lupo, which literally means in the wolf's mouth, I'm not sure where or why this arose from. There's a lot of different theories on how it a rose, but it's similar to saying Break a leg in English when you wanna wish someone good luck. And that's the end of our Italian lesson in Bocca. Lupo. I wish you all good luck in your Italian language learning journey, and I look forward to teaching him or Italian during the next lesson. Chow Chow 5. Alphabet in Italian: Hello and welcome back. This is Larry I yellow. This lesson will go over the alphabet or love for Beto. Laugh a Beto. Now this is important because it will become the building blocks of pronunciation will be another lesson that continues on the pronunciation and the sound based on various letter combinations for combining two or three letters. But this one will just go over the alphabet and the corresponding pronunciation for each letter and with the following letters that I'll be going over unless I make an exception there pretty much or unless I know tape. Otherwise, they're pretty much pronounced the same way as we do in English. And it's important to realize that every letter is pronounced in Italian except for the letter H. Uh ah, this is like the A and Father be be like bumble bee G like the ch in church ci. Now, this can also sound like Lexi and Cat, depending on the letters that come after it. But that will be explained in another lesson. De de uh uh, as in the e and get f f g g like the G in gender. However, this also can sound like the G in goal, so G will have to sounds depending on what letters come after it. But the letter is pronounced g and that will be explained in a subsequent lesson aka Uh huh . This is the only letter in Italian that is not pronounced, but it serves a purpose with certain letters. It acts like a switch that will be explained in a future lesson E like the English e letter e l l and and and, uh and, uh Oh, Oh, no. Here, open your mouth nice and wide, where your mouth is kind of opening at the end and English amount tends to close At the end of this This is similar to Spanish. Oh, be p cool. Cool. Now this is Aditya Saturday. Now this with the rolling are attends toe confused a lot of English people or trip up a lot of English speaking people. The best way to roll it is to kind of get your tongue close, start with your tongue at your teeth and then bring it back just about half inch right before where the roof of the mouth really starts angling up and practice breathing out on it. Your tongue will be a little bit curved up and below that roof of the mouth and just practice breathing out because it's the the air that makes the tongue trill. That gives it that are sound and practice first with the are in and of itself with the with a vowel after it, for example, like the word Rico Rico, and just practice that similar to the sound of where you would place your mouth when you're pronouncing the word butter, for example, so that just takes a little practice. If you get hung up or it doesn't go as quickly as you would like, don't fret. Just try toe. Do the best you can and you'll do. Okay, but if you practice, you should be able to get it down. Eventually. Essay. That's, UH, T t. Who? Oh, do vu. Sometimes you'll hear Be that that now you may have noticed that some of the letters are missing compared to English. You may feel a little bit ripped off or Egypt at the moment. So here are the letters that are missing. There are five of them that do not exist technically exist in Italian, although they tend to be used for words from or they tend to be used in words of foreign origin. For example, the word taxi in Italian. If you look it up in the dictionary, it exists and it's felt with E X, although technically the letter doesn't exist in Italian and everybody knows what a taxi is . But the Letter X does not exist in Italian because it is a foreign word. More specifically, Ilunga Ilunga is the J Kappa grappa similar to the Kappa. If you were in a Greek fraternity, this is instead got so. One thing about the letter K is that you'll also see it a lot in abbreviations for kilogram or kilometer. They use that a lot in the metric system. I suppose one day they may consider putting these letters in the Italian alphabet, since you know they use them a lot. But for the time being, they are technically not part of the alphabet. Dopey Abu don't be Abu geeks Eakes and finally keeps alone or also sometimes known as E Grecula e Grecula. And that's it. We reached the end of the lesson. We will go over, go over more pronunciation. In a subsequent lesson, Jo Jo 6. Italian Pronunciation - Part 1: Hello and welcome back. This is Larry Aiello. This will be one of a two part series on Italian pronunciation. Now, these lessons are extremely important. You may want to review these a few times. This will go a long way in your speaking Italian language learning journey. So it's important that you study these diligently and really try to get down the concepts in these next couple of lessons. So in this first lesson, we will go over the emphasis or stress or accent where it falls on. Italian words will look at the intonation and rhythm, and we'll also go over vowels. The next one will go over the continents now with regard to the emphasis or stress or accent. Usually it falls on the second to last syllable are also known as they pick up the penultimate syllable, the second to last syllable of a word. For example, let's look at this three syllable word. It's student student. Emphasis is on that second to last syllable or the D. E N student gets that heavy accent or emphasis when you are pronouncing this word. Now there are exceptions, and usually it's indicated with an accent, especially for words where the accent is located on the last syllable, for example, let's look at this five syllable word, honey, Very Sita. When he very see duh. Here you see the A with an accent over it. That's telling you where the emphasis is gonna fall on that word when you've etc dot that last syllable there gets the strong emphasis. When you are pronouncing this word, however, the stressor emphasis can fall anywhere, and there's no accent to help you. In these cases, you just have to practice and memorize them. For example, let's look at this word Magico Magico, which means magic. In this case, the emphasis is on the M. A magical. It's right in the beginning of the word. It's a three syllable word, but it's right on the beginning. A native speakers will know where the emphasis goes on. But there's no accent here to help you in this case, so don't fret too much. If you pronounce it incorrectly, they'll know what you're talking about. This will just come with practice and experience. The more you hear this word, the more you'll remember that the accent falls on the front. In this particular case, now moving on to the second part of this lesson. The intonation and rhythm. Now feelings and intent will basically determine the intonation. But for most practical purposes, the intonation will generally rise with questions. Let's take a look at one for an example. Now, in this case, this is a fact. This is a statement. The intonation is flat to buy a Skoula org to buy a squalor. Org. You're saying you go to school today, but now if we want to turn this into a question, it's written in exactly the same way. The only difference is, of course, the question mark. But the major difference is the intonation of how it's pronounced by the speaker. So in this case, it would be said something like this. Do via Squalus. Org Do via Scuola Auggie. You're asking a question so that intonation goes up towards the end. It's like saying you go to school today That intonation rising at the end turns it into a question. Otherwise, it's written exactly the same way as the fact that we saw in the previous slide. Now we'll move on to the third part of this lesson. Will look at vowels e i or you. Now they are short and crisp and Italian. You don't draw them out. Don't draw out the vowel sound like you tend to do in English and open the mouth nice and wide as you're pronouncing these vowels. So let's take a look at the pronunciation on these. So the A is pronounced as like our A in father. Uh uh. The e is pronounced similar to the e and get, uh, the I is pronounced similar to the double E in T e e. And this one confuses a lot of English speakers in that it is like the letter e. But it's really the letter I and it's pronounced e now the letter o similar to the pronunciation as the O and 40 Oh, but with an Italian Oh, the mouth is kind of opening at the end. Where is an English? Oh, the mouth is closing at the end. So keep that in mind when you're trying to pronounce that vowel. And finally, the letter U is similar to the oo sound and Booth. It's a who Oh, now there are some slight nuances or slight variations for E and O. There's an open and close version those air mostly depending on what part of Italy you are in its very regionalist IQ. It's kind of like tomato or tomato. I wouldn't get too hung up on those in the beginning, but just realize that there are some minor nuances or minor differences. Depending on where you go and that's the end of the first part of pronunciation. The next one will go over some of the continent's and how to pronounce him Jiao Jiao. 7. Italian Pronunciation - Part 2: my lord. All right. Now, this will be the second lesson. Last second, delay, etc. On the second lesson for pronunciation. In the last lesson, we looked at where the emphasis or stress falls, or the accent in Italian, which is usually the second to last syllable. We looked at the intonation and rhythm, and we also looked at the pronunciation of vowels. In this lesson, we will look at continents, the pronunciation of continents in Italian. Now in Italian, it's relatively easy to read. There are few exceptions, practically no exceptions in the way things are pronounced. The only exceptions and pronunciation and Italian are where the syllable is stressed, or where the emphasis or stress falls in the pronunciation of the word in a multi syllable word. So let's review the last lesson. Remember, we were talking about the stress that falls in the an Italian word will be usually on the second toe last syllable. So in the example of Student, which is student data, that emphasis falls on that second to last syllable or on the d E end. So then now sometimes the accent will fall. On the first syllable, Ercan fall on any syllable like in the case of Magic, the emphasis is on the beginning, or magico magic. Oh, and there is no accent indicated to guide you. You just have to know no native speakers. No, of course, where the emphasis falls. That's just something you will have to learn with practice over time. Now let's give a round of applause for the Spanish, and this is something they do better. If you're studying Spanish, you know a lot of that. They use a lot of accents to indicate where the stress should be. Placed button Italian that not the case. Italians arm or, I don't know, stingy or cheap when it comes to placing the accent. Oh, are more than likely. It's really dis laziness that probably was there, and it was dropped because they know where it falls. So they stopped writing it, and that's pretty much just how languages evolve. Over time. I wouldn't be surprised. One day in English. The proper way to spell the word night will be N I t e as opposed to N i g h t. That just the way human nature is now in Italian. When you do see an axe and indicated, like in this case university. That is where the strong emphasis will fall on that last syllable. Like when you better see that. But the good thing about Italian is once you pretty much know the rules of pronunciation. There are no exceptions with way things are pronounced or very few exceptions. I'll show you some later. But for example, this word in English, how would you pronounce it? Well, you could pronounce that goatee. Or it wouldn't be hard to imagine this being pronounced as goatee like what a man wears with beard and a mustache, a goatee. Or you can also think of this like famous mobster John Gotti. That's another way you might come across this word in pronunciation. What if I told you in English that you could also pronounce this like the word fish? Well, how do you get the word fish out of this letter combination where you can get fish by the GH? Sound and rough will give you the F sound. The O sound in women sounds like an it and fish and the T I sounded nation has that sha sound like and fish, so that's how you get fish out of what might appear to be Gadi. Now English has a ton of exceptions like this, but an Italian there are practically none. So that's the good thing about the Italian language. And that's why it's important to memorize or really get down the pronunciation in these two lessons. Because once you get down these rules, you can pretty much read and speak Italian. You won't know what you're saying, but you'll be able to speak it and read it correctly just by knowing these few pronunciation rules. So let's get with the pronunciation with the continent's so the continents and Italian will be pronounced mostly like English. But there are a few special circumstances, and we'll go over those cases. So the letter C when it comes before an A or an O or a U, it's pronounced like the sea and cat examples of this would be condotti, which means to sing, or Buddha, which means a cure. So the letter C, when it comes before an E or an eye and has the same sound as the CH sound in church. One example would be gentle, which means 100 or Chow Chao si i o now, Remember when I said the H acts like a switch? Well, here is a perfect example. Remember, the H and Italian is always silent, but it does have a purpose. So in this case, when you have the h between a c and E or the eight comes between the sea and the I, it changes that see sound to become like the sea sound and cat. An example of this is the famous wine from Italy, the Chianti wine. So that would be a good way for you to remember it. Now, the letter G, when it comes before an A or an O or you has that same sound as the G in gondola. So some examples of these that will help you remember is gondola for geo. But Fergie A is gatto gatto, which means cat or Gusteau, which means flavor. Fergie. You now the G wanna come before an E or an eye has the same sound as the J in joker. So an example of this would be gelato gelato, which means ice cream or for G I. It's similar to the sound and ginger ginger. So those two easy ways you could remember that rule, not a turn to J sound From a j back to the gondola sound. You have to add the eight between the G in the E or the G and the I. Some examples of these to help you remember would be ghetto, ghetto or famous chocolate brand in Italy. Get out of Delhi chocolate. That's an example of the G h I letter combination. Now the G l saw the G l. I sound. Now, this is one of the definite articles for the masculine E. Now this is a tough one to pronounce for many people, but it's similar to the l l sound and 1,000,000. So when the G L. I comes before a vowel like Phileo or Molly, yet it has that double l sound in 1,000,000. Some. Some people say it's similar to the double L sound and Spanish. I think it's not quite the same, but I would just think of more like the double l Sound in 1,000,000 is a little bit closer pronunciation for that, and this is very common, by the way, the G L. I with the vowel. So a lot of times it's just gonna be like that l l sounded 1,000,000. But now here's where the exceptions and pronunciation come in. Usually when you have a G l, I and a continent, it sounds like the G l and negligence. So in this case, negligence an Italian is negligee enza. But basically the exception served to make the pronunciation a little bit easier or a little bit better sounding, and it be impossible to list them all. But just realize that there are some exceptions with this G l letter g l July letter combination and that's pretty much the only exceptions when it comes to Italian pronunciation. And basically, when you have G l with any other vowel, it becomes like the g l and negligence. So So for example, this word would be global or a globe in Italian. Whenever you have GM together like in Siniora, it has a similar sound to the n y in canyon or to the end sound in onion the first end in onion Senora Senora, The qu letter combination is similar to our Qu inquest. So this case, the word is pronounced Cuando which means when Now the letters SC together as C. A S CEO and sc you. It's similar to our rule for C that it's pronounced like the sea and cat, except there's Justin s in front of it. So an example would be scandal Skonto, which is the word for discount. When you are shopping in Italy, take a look for that word, skunk tha That's where you can get some good deals. Now, in this case, the letters S C. When it comes before an E or an eye, it doesn't sound like that The the sea sound in church for the C E and C I In this case, it sounds like the S H sound in our English word for ship. So an example for this would be the word Boesch best yet for fish. And if you want to flip the sound, you have to add in our letter friendly letter H, which acts like a switch, for example, in this case, it flips it back to the cat sound to the to the sea sound and cat. So an example of this would be a scared a scared, uh, which is a card now Double continents and Italian Italian has every letter can have a double continent combination possibility, except for the letters Q and H, and when you do have a double, constant sound gets a little bit extra emphasis. It's only a fraction of a second more, but it's a little bit extra emphasis split second longer it takes to pronounce that double continent combination. So let's take a look at an example. So in this case, we have Gaza, which is a house Gaza. But now let's add a double continent F and it becomes gas. Gus, there's just a slight little difference, and it's going to be tough for the non native. Or it's gonna be tough for beginning students to pick up that subtle difference. But there is a difference. And as your ear gets better trained or better as you get better with the Italian language, you'll be able to pick that up. It's a slight little difference. Gaza versus Cassa, but it is there, and that's it. We've reached the end of the second lesson on pronunciation. I want to say in Boca Lupo, good luck with your studying these two very important lessons, and we will see you at the next lesson. Chow 8. Nouns gender: then told not the This is Larry I yellow. I wanna welcome you back to this Italian lesson, and this lesson will go over announce and gender. Basically, noun will be talking about anything that can be touched. So now will be either masculine or feminine in the Italian language. By tradition, these are traditions and customs that go back centuries, and sometimes it doesn't always make sense. Logic doesn't always prevail. For example, flour, which is Phyllida in Italian, is a masculine noun. Traviata, which is a tie, is a feminine noun, so it doesn't always matter or logic doesn't always prevail in what you think a now might be, whether it's masculine or feminine, it just based on custom and tradition that goes back centuries. Perhaps when the word was invented. It's also important to realize there is no neuter form in the Italian language. Everything is either masculine or feminine. There was also no translation for the word it, and again we are dealing with inanimate objects, which are now owns things or items that you can touch, and the gender is usually determined by the last letter of the word. So the last letter of the word can tell you normally most of the time, whether and word is feminine or masculine. And these rules these type of language, idiosyncrasies or language rules are also prevalent French and Spanish. So if you know those languages, you are ahead of the game. So easy. Way to remember masculine and feminine is, for example, Maria. The word Maria ends in an a so words that end in a are usually feminine noun. And if you think of other names such as Tina or Kristina, that will make perfect sense to you. Let's look at the name marry oh, words that end in O. R. Usually masculine noun. And if you think of other names, for example, Marco or Antonio, they all end in an oh, so they are also masculine words that end in an E could be either masculine or feminine. So you just have to memorize those words that end in i o N E. R. Usually feminine And some examples of those would be, for example, starts Yana destined not Ziana the ketamine at Ziana. Those are all words that end in i o n E and those are feminine, so it will be lot starts you on there. Words that end in O r E are usually masculine. Examples of these might be out daughter No daughter, but office soda, those air masculine noun with some words. The meaning will change just by changing the last letter. For example, boy, an Italian is got So the word for girl all you have to do is change the last letter a change the 02 anay and it becomes got PSA, which means girl. Sometimes two different words will be used to distinguish between the masculine and the feminine. For example, the word from man in Italian is warmer, and the word for woman is done. So why is this all important? Or as they say in Italian, better gay? Why? Well, it's important for using definite articles. For example, the word the is a definite article that indicates what noun you are referring to and in English. We have a one size fits all approach when we use our definite article, the art, the word, the in a sentence in Italian, you'll need to know the gender of the noun you are describing in order to match it up with the proper definite article It's also important for the indefinite article when you're referring to, uh or an and it's also important for adjectives. Adjective described now is that they are referring to. They must agree in number and engender with the Now they are describing. There's a lesson on colors that will go over this and illustrate this point, and we have reached the end of our lesson. I just want to say gratia Mila, thank you very much and I look forward to teaching you more Italian. This is Larry Aiello, Judge. How 9. Definite articles singular: foreign. Giordano want to set a good. They're good evening. This is Larry I yellow. I am here for another Italian. Listen, and I want to thank you for joining me. Today's lesson will be on definite articles. So first of all, what does it mean? What is a definite article? Well, that is the most common word in English the and that is when you know what you are referring to. It refers to something specific. For example, the cat as opposed to a cat, which would be an indefinite article. So in English, there is only one definite article, the but in Italian. The problem is there are many. There are many because they must agree with the noun, whether it's masculine or feminine and how many of them there are, whether they're singular or plural. So you're gonna have four possibilities in the Italian language. You're going to have masculine singular. You're going to have masculine plural. You are going to have feminine, singular, and you are going to have feminine plural. So depending on what you are talking about, if they fall into one of these four categories, then that will determine which definite article that you use, and there are a couple or few that fall into each one of these categories. So let's take a look at some of them. So today or this lesson will just focus on the singular definite articles. The next lesson we will focus on the plural. So here they go for masculine singular. I, L or ill is the most common one. And this is, for most words, masculine words that begin with a continent. You'll need to use ello or low when the masculine word begins with a Z or an s and a continent such as SP, for example, as B. S. T etcetera, or you will need to use l apostrophe when the word that is being referred to the masculine word is a begins with a vowel and once again masculine or feminine is determined by traditions and customs that go back many, many years. So, for example, let's look at the boy, which would be ill. But I got so boy is a masculine noun, and you could tell that most of the time because it ends in an oh, so the definite article when you are referring to the boy would be ill so ill that I got. So now let's take a look at an example when the word starts with Z or an s and a continent in those circumstances, you will need to use love. So the backpack becomes dino loads. I know. So the word for Backpackers Dino begins with the Z. So in those circumstances, you would use low loads. I know refers to the backpack. The car door, which is Sparta. Hello would be referred to as low sport Ella or the car door. Finally, let's look at a case where the masculine word begins with a vowel. And in those cases, you would use L apostrophe. Okay, so in this example will look at the word for a masculine friend which would be amico, which ends in an O. So in this case, it's just l apostrophe amico Lami coat flows together. So it gives it that nice Italian sounding characteristic. So now let's take a look at feminine, singular and in feminine, singular. It will be a lot l A. When the word the feminine word begins with a continent, and this will be in most of the circumstances. And if the word begins with a vowel, Then you need to use l apostrophe Notice. This is exactly the same as in the masculine. Forward begins with a vowel and you want to refer to it. Then you need to use l apostrophe whether it's masculine or feminine. So, for example, let's take a look at the girl, which is a lot. But I gotta And this is a feminine noun. And most of the time the ones that end in a are feminine. So the girl, when you are referring to the girl you would use LA got PSA. And if you are referring to a girl friend, it would be Dhammika l apostrophe Amiga. The l would flow into that next vowel to give it that nice Italian sound. And that is our lesson for today. I want to thank you for listening to this lesson, Timmy Leela. Thank you very much and look forward to seeing you for the next lesson which we will go over the plural of these definite articles. Judge how 10. Definite articles plural: Goldmember. How is it going? Sped. Oh Bana, Hope everything is well. This is Larry a yellow again. I want to thank you for joining me on another Italian lesson. This one will be a continuation of the last lesson. When we were looking at definite articles, the last lesson we looked at the singular cases. This time we will look at the plural. So here they go from masculine Singular. This was a review we would use ill for the masculine singular when that now begins with a continent we looked at low when the now begins with the Z or an s and a continent such as S B S, B S t etcetera and we also looked at l apostrophe when the next word is a vowel. And that's the same also in the feminine case. So now let's take a look at the plural case when it's plural, the i l or ill changes to just an eye or it would be e. The law situation will change to E. And this is a little bit tough to pronounce, but it's basically similar to the l L in milion. But when it's at the beginning of a word or just this word in and of itself. E. It's a little bit tough to pronounce, but those are the cases when the now's begin with a Z or an s and a continent, and then also with the l apostrophe. Those will also change to the in the masculine situation when the word begins with a vowel . So let's take a look at our example again from Boy. This time we will plural, ISAT and use the boys. So in this case, it's e I got see as opposed to ill that I got so so the I l changes to just I for plural and the oh in got So becomes an I to make that plural. So the word for boy the boys would be e I got C. Now let's take a look at the second scenario. When you're using low, we'll use our same example again for the backpacks. So Dina was the word for backpack and in this case the backpacks would be eat zainy. So the dino become zainy and the law becomes ye to become he dining to indicate the backpacks and finally, the situation where there is a vowel the L Apostrophe will also become the So We looked at Friends in the masculine would be e a meaty The friends e a meaty. It's important to realize in the Italian language, if you are talking about mixed company, it would default to the masculine. If you're talking about a group of friends, masculine and feminine, it would default to the masculine case, and thus it would be e amici as well. So now let's review feminine, singular. From last time we had LA when the noun began with a continent and that would be in most scenarios. And then we had l apostrophe when the next word is a vowel, so LA would become let indicate plural that a changes to an E and l apostrophe becomes let so l apostrophe when the now begins with a vowel would become let to indicate the plural. So let's take a look at some example for the girls would be lay. But I got, say, as opposed to LA I got so so let it, I got it for the girls. So the a in both live and I got so both changed to an E to become lay that I got Say, the friends for feminine plural would be Let me gay Les I meet gay So here is a summary. But in the singular side we have illiterate Got so becomes Eat I got C Look, Dino Plural becomes the Zainy La Mico In the masculine side, Singular will become e amici And that could indicate for masculine or a group of masculine and feminine friends. And on the feminine side, we have lot of Gaza becomes lead. I got set for the plural and Lamonica becomes lay a meek. And that is the end. I want to thank you for listening and joining me on this lesson. Cheaver, the ammo A Presto! I will see you soon. For the next lesson, Joe Chow. 11. Indefinite articles: then don't not. They welcome back. I want to welcome you back to another Italian lesson. This lesson will be going over the indefinite articles. So what is an indefinite article? Well, it's basically, uh or an it is whenever you are referring to something non specific or generic or unknown. So it would be a cat as opposed to the cat, the cat being the definite article, a cat being the indefinite article. So in English, we basically have to indefinite articles. And we just referred to them, uh or an But in Italian, there are four indefinite articles in Italian. The indefinite article must agree with the noun that is being referred to, in other words, that must agree with the gender of the now, whether it's masculine or feminine, so that will lead you to two possibilities. A masculine, singular possibility or a feminine, singular possibility. Remember, the indefinite article is always singular. So let's take a look at the possibilities of the masculine side in Italian. You are going to have a moon when the next word or the noun being referred to begins with the continent and vowels. Or you will have you know when the word being referred to start with the Z or an s and a continent such as SP s B S t. So, for example, Ah boy will be June that I got. So now let's take a look at the second scenario When the word begins with the Z or an s and a continent. If you are referring to a backpack, it would be, you know, Zainal, we would use, you know, as opposed to own because backpack the word for backpack Zainal begins with a Z. Let's look at another example This one we will use a car door which is, you know, sport ello. It would be, you know, sport Ella, as opposed to own sport, Ella. And that is consistent with the rule of starting with an S and a continent. Now let's look at a scenario when the word begins with a vowel and in this case we will use Eun Amico. June is used when a masculine noun begins with a vowel. Hoon with an apostrophe would never be used for masculine ounce. So now let's take a look at the feminine circumstances. When the word is a feminine word, we would use una when the word begins with a continent or dune, an apostrophe when the word is a vowel or begins with a vowel and note how this moon apostrophe is different than the masculine side, the masculine one is always U N. Without the apostrophe feminine would be U N apostrophe when the word being referred to begins with a vowel. So let's look at an example for ah girl. In this case, it would be una got PSA. We would use UNA, but I got that to refer to a girl. Let's look at a situation when the word begins with a vowel. We would have Boon Amica in this circumstance, June with the apostrophe to indicate that the word begins with a vowel and that you're in essence, you're cutting off the final A in UNA That would be soon America, and it would flow nicely in the Italian language when you put them together. So here is the final summary on the masculine side Will have got so on the feminine side we have una I got PSA a girl and a boy. We also have, you know, Zainal to refer to a backpack Dino being a backpack. And that would be masculine Onley when you use, you know when the word begins with a Z or an s and a continent. And then when the word begins with a vowel, we have Moon Amico and one Amica moon with the apostrophe. And we've reached the end of this lesson. Levina, I want to say grotty Mila, thank you very much. I look forward to teaching you more Italian in the next lesson. Chow, have a great day. 12. Ordinal numbers: in Jordan. A bona Ceta Good day. A good evening. This is Larry I yellow. We are here for another Italian lesson. This one will go over the orginal numbers now. Orginal numbers define something's position in relationship to another or in a Siri's or in a place or order. For example 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th etcetera. What that means is, they are. They are adjectives. They are describing a noun and relationship to another. And just like all other adjectives in Italian, they must agree in number and engender to the Now that they are describing, that means they can end in either O A I or E, and we'll review are typical Italian rules. The masculine singular will change from O toe I in the plural and the feminine singular will change from a T E In the plural, they are usually abbreviated within oh or an A in superscript. Rarely will you see the eye or the E plural in the superscript, but they're usually just abbreviated with an O or Renee, and I'll show you an example. Here you see a one with a little oh superscript For FEMA, Primo would be the first and this is, of course, masculine, since it ends in O. An example might be prima espresso First expresso coffee that you drink in the morning. It is a masculine, singular now prima espresso, as opposed to prema. Here you see an A superscript next to the one to indicate first for a feminine. Now an example might be Brima makina first car, for example. The first car to cross the finish line would be the prima mackin alla prima maquina feminine, singular. Let's get some plural examples. Creamy espresso See would be the first express owes of the morning, and this would be masculine plural. Perhaps you need two coffees to get you going to start your day. Maybe you were out partying in Rome or re many the night before, so it would be primi s press. See first espressos, prima makina, first cars, first cars. This would indicate feminine plural premium makina first cars, for example, to cross the finish line. Now, often time Roman characters are also used to indicate orginal numbers, especially when it's referring to royalty or Popes or even centuries. For example, here is a tourist sign indicating the 13th century 13th will come after the century. The word for century and Italian is Secolo, Secolo, s E C O L o Secolo and its abbreviated with an S E c dot So in this case, it is referring to an item that was built in the 13th century. Now let's look at the rest of the numbers and we'll look at the masculine case. Only sec Kanda Secondo would be the second that it's so would be the third cuarto would be the fourth Quinto would be the fifth Sesto would be the sixth set. Demo would be the seventh travel would be the eighth Nano will be the ninth dead. Chemo would be the 10th And to make them feminine or plural all you have to do with change the endings from Oto I for masculine and a t e for feminine. Now for numbers one through 10 that we saw, they were all unique So you must memorize them But from them for the numbers that go from 11 and onward, you just have to know the cardinal number that we studied previously. The cardinal number All you do is take the cardinal number and you drop the final vowel Now there are some exceptions. I'll show you and then you add the E s I m o ending. For example, Wound itchy is the cardinal number for 11. Get rid of the final vowel the eye. And then you would add S m o or s Emma or SME or SMS, depending on the gender and the number so wound E t would become the chair c mo Dodie ci for the masculine would become though the chassis mo Now there are exceptions for the number three. In that case, you do not drop the final e. Let's look at some cardinal numbers. Ben Detroit for 23 trend data for 33 chant otra for 103 not to make thes orginal. You would just add the S M O to the ending so venti trade becomes vented to the S e mo rent out that becomes tryingto s Seymour gentle trend becomes gentle. Trey s Imo. Now I've underlined the E to emphasize the point that the east still remains. It's not a new accent. So you will have those two east together, but it doesn't sound too bad. Typically, they dropped the vowels But in this case, Vendetta s M o frente s emo and gentle tra s Imo to represent 23rd 33rd and 103rd. There are also exceptions for sixes. In that case, you do not drop the final I let's review our cardinal numbers for the sixes. For example, Bent de se is 26 Trenta say is 36 gentle say is 106 and in this case, the eyes remain so venti say becomes venti Say S m o Trenta say becomes trend to say s emo and gentle say becomes gentle say s Imo for 26 36 106th. So the threes and the sixes have the exceptions and that's it. We've reached the end of the lesson for orginal numbers. I want to say, gotta tanto, That's another way to say thank you very much for listening to me. And I look forward to teaching you more Italian on the next lesson saying, Judge out, This is Larry. I yellow Hope you have a great day 13. Cardinal 1: born Dona Juana said a good they're good evening. This is Larry. I yellow. This lesson. This will be the first of four lessons on cardinal numbers Now. I purposefully made short little lessons for of, um, because numbers are important to learn and to memorize, because that will open up a whole new world in your Italian language learning journey. It will make your trip a lot more enjoyable because numbers are important because this will help you in telling time, which will be important in reading train schedules or figuring out when trains, planes, buses, automobiles, etcetera leave the part arrive, etcetera will be important in currency and monetary or using money in Italy. And it's also important for weights and measures and sizes, etcetera. So going back to cardinal numbers, they are counting numbers. They basically answer the question. How many as opposed toe ordinance numbers which relate to position or place. For example, 1st 2nd 3rd etcetera, those will be covered in another lesson. Let's get to our cardinal numbers zero Zahra! Oh, no! Oh no. Do away do way today. Today what? Through? Cuatro Jeanne Jean quit se se now. This is not to be confused with do se, which is the second person for the verb esta, which means you are but in which is spelled exactly the same. Butting texting. For example. They will use the number six when they are referring when they want to say Do say, for example, to say Bella Or do say, Bella, if you're referring to a man, they will use the sixth as texting shorthand similar to what we do in English to be used as an abbreviation because they don't want to type out all three letters, S. E I. They will just use six to indicate to say, even though it has nothing to do with the number six. So just a little cultural side note said. That said that Oh, no, go, no that no, that dhe, the H E and those were the numbers 1 to 10. So let's go through them one more time were actually 0 to 10. So let's begin again. Zero. No, do it today. Cuatro Jean quit se said that auto, you know that the edgy and that's the end of our Italian lesson for cardinal numbers zero through 10 next one, we will continue upon what we learned, Joko 14. Cardinal 2: Okay, this is Larry Aiello. This will be the second lesson of cardinal numbers. This one. We will continue from 11 through 2011 through 20 Own DJ owned Itchy dog. Itchy dog. Itchy Tredici Tredici. Quite door and itchy. Quite torrid. Itchy queen DJ Queen did she said itchy, sad, itchy. Remember, there goes the sea before and I which makes it a a sound. Sad, itchy. He just said there he just set there the chota, the jota, the Chernova. Did you know that? Benty Benty. Okay, so let's review these one more time owned Itchy dog. Itchy Tredici Quite or DJ Queen. Did she sad? Itchy? He just said that the judge, you can know of it then the and that's the end of our second Italian lesson on cardinal numbers. And we will continue on during the next lesson. Jo Jo. 15. Cardinal 3: Okay, This is our third lesson. This is Larry a yellow. We will continue on with the cardinal numbers. This one, we will go from 21 through 100. Now, don't worry. We will not be looking at every single number. I will give you some rules or some tips to help you figure out a number. Once you know the stem number that gets used to connect the other numbers, you'll see what I'm talking about. Let's continue on. So for numbers from 20 and above and we'll start again with this one venti, which means 20. All you have to do is add the number that you learned from one through nine to the end of the word venti to come up with the number. Now we will look at these. We'll look at some examples. But there are exceptions for the number one, which, if you recall, is you know, or also for the number eight, which is upto because it begins with the vow. Oh, along with the number one you know, which begins with a vowel in this case you. So for numbers one in eight, you do not add the number onto venti you actually need to get rid of the I and then add the number since its two vowels that will make it float better by getting rid of the I in Venti . So but take a look at these, it'll make more sense. So for 21 is then you know, then you know and noticed there is not an I for venti, but for all the other numbers except for eight. All you have to do is add the number from one through nine to venti. So, for example, 22 becomes 20. Do away. In this case, you have the eye venti. I invent E and you add the number to 20. Do it than Detroit. Venti Tre. Here we have 24 venti Quattro. So now, for all the other numbers, all you have to do is add the number that you learn between one and nine, with the exception for one in eight onto Venti. So for 28 it would be bent then dot Now let's look a 30 Renta Trenta rent to know, train to know. Here we dropped the last letter in Trenta. There's no A because of that are 18 exception So for 34 it would be Trenta Quattro Trenta, Quattro. Here we have the A Because Quattro doesn't begin with a vow. Rent a *** way. Trenta Chinquapin, Trent Auto Trento Outta here We dropped the A and Trenta Quanta Toronto, Jean Quanta for 50 And these rules all work the same. So to make 51 it would be chengguan to know dropped the A. But for 52 would be Chin Quanta Duet Cinquanta three, etcetera, etcetera Jin Quan thought so. When you get to 58 says Santa for 66 Santa said Danta, set Donta or Danta or Don death. No Vonta, no banta and finally gentle Gento for 100. You can almost think of this like a percent percent being a portion of 100. So gentle comes from that word or Gento, and percent are similar word that might help you remember this one. So let's review the concepts again for the numbers 20 and above all you have to do is take the number 20 or 30 or 40. Take your stem word and add the number between one through nine Venti 20. Do a venti Quattro mentee say, for 22 24 26 respectively. And for the times when it's a one or innate since they begin with a vowel, then you just drop the I and you flow into the other number, such as Ventoux No or vent auto. And that's our third lesson on on cardinal numbers, and we will continue on with another lesson, Jo Jo. 16. Cardinal 4: okay. And welcome back. This is Larry I yellow Cuesta, Ella quartile, etc. Iana This is the fourth lesson of our numbers and Italian enormity in Italiano. Or more specifically, the cardinal numbers in new memory card in Ali. And this is also Louima. Let's see on at the last lesson for our number, Siri's this one. We will go from number 101 and onward. So here is a review from the last lesson for the number 100. Gentle Gento means 100. Now when you are when you are saying numbers greater than 100 it's basically like last time . It's a plug and play. You just add the number onto the stem, which in this case is 100 and you do not use any spaces for the previous words that you used or that you learned in previous lessons. And again there are exceptions for the one and the eight. Since those begin with a vowel. So let's take a look at these. Can't do no chance to know. So here we see the exception for the one because one begins with a bowel. So we dropped the O in Gento this Oh gets dropped and we add the you know and it becomes Chandu. No, Jen do know. Can't do away 10 toe do way. Here we have the oh, as is the case in normal situations, because do it begins with a continent gentle do way can talk prayer. Now, If you want to start going into 200 or 300 you'll just add the number before the 100 similar to as we do in English. For example, do a gentle cuatro do a gentle cuatro is what we would say for 204 and again, there are no spaces, so you just plug and play. You just add the words that you learned in the previous lessons to come up with the number that you are intending. Gentle *** way threat gentle *** wear, say chant Auto se Chan Toto. Now here we have an exception for the gutta because upper begins with a vowel, say gen dot This is similar to all the other examples we've seen previously. Now, when we get up to 1000 it's simply me. Let me let remember. The dot is what they use instead of commas to separate numbers in the thousands and again it just becomes plug and play. Milly Nava would represent 1009 million over May 11. Teaching Quest Me 11 Teaching Quit would represent 1000 25. Now if we wanted to say 2000 it would be Duet Mila Do a Mila. Now notice the Millais, as we saw here for 1000 in the plural changes to, quite simply, Mila. So the plural for thousands is Mila, and it's an irregular exception to the rule of plural in Italian. It's just one that you have to memorize. So, for example, 5000 would be Jean Camilla Chengguan Mila. Now for higher numbers, for example, a 1,000,000 would be June Miljan June Mill Yana you could use own for meaning a 1,000,000 or Una would be for one million. So in this case, I'm saying a 1,000,000 moon Miljan there own Miljan not to paralyze the millions, it becomes Miljan e. So in this case, you have do a Miljan e do a Miljan e the e changes to an eye to become poor. Oh, and in this case, you do have words separation. Do a Miljan E now for 1,000,000,000. It's not Biljana. That would be easy and simple, but it becomes miliary dough. So when Millie Ardo is a 1,000,000,000 you know Mill Yard Oh is one billion mill yard Oh, one million Ardo and the paralyze bilion It becomes Millie Adi. So in the case of three billion, it would be tread mill er de three million rd The old changes to an eye for the 1,000,000,000 to become Floro. And that is the end. We've reached the end La fina, Dellal, etc iana the end of the lesson and the end of our lessons on the number syriza cardinal numbers in Italian hope you enjoyed it and look forward to teaching him or Italian in the near future a presto! See you soon, Chow. 17. The End La Fine: when Dona Juana said a good day. A good evening. Welcome to the wrap up of this course. I want to thank you for making it all the way through to the end. That perseverance will serve you well. But really, this is not the end. It is really only the beginning. Learning a language is a lifelong endeavour. It's something that you will never stop learning. I am still learning English. It is something that you will always be a student on for the rest of your life. I will be teaching other Italian courses in the future. You can follow me on this platform and I encourage you to leave comments. I want to know how things are coming along. I want to know if you're planning any trips. Please tell me about them. If you want to find out more information, you can go over to learn Italian with larry dot com for more information about my offerings on learning Italian. And I wish you the very best on your Italian learning journey. Thank you very much. Could I see me in the chow chow