Intuitive InDesign 2: Do More With Images | Peter Bone | Skillshare

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Intuitive InDesign 2: Do More With Images

teacher avatar Peter Bone, Designer, Author, Teacher

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

7 Lessons (35m)
    • 1. Welcome

    • 2. Image Essentials

    • 3. Automatic Image Fitting

    • 4. Using Gridify

    • 5. Creating A More Ragged Grid

    • 6. Creating Asymetric Grids

    • 7. Your Project

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About This Class


Want to work more intuitively with InDesign? Thinking less, creating more? In the second class of this brief series you'll learn some great ways to work intuitively with images: cropping, resizing, using grids, creating montages. Whatever your level of experience with InDesign you'll discover lots here to inspire you. 

Meet Your Teacher

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Peter Bone

Designer, Author, Teacher


Peter Bone has worked in graphic design for 25 years. During that time he has taught thousands of people to use Quark Xpress, Indesign, Illustrator and Photoshop - at every level from complete beginners through to experts in their field. He has taught designers, marketing people, creative directors, writers, editors, illustrators, fashion designers and photographers for companies as varied as the BBC, the British Museum, Cond? Nast, Paul Smith, Price Waterhouse Coopers and The Designers Guild.

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1. Welcome: As with our first intuitive in design class in this class, you learn some great techniques to help you work more intuitively with the program. In this case, specifically with images, you learn some techniques to crop or resize images use grids to create beautiful montages. Let's get started. 2. Image Essentials: So just to start, let's look at a few essential things about images. Some of these you may want no but crucial toe to know these things, to get a solid foundation from which to work. So, firstly, the image of that I've got here, it's not currently selected. It is. If I click on the image there, you can see the blue frame. That means I've selected the frame so far as to move the frame. The frame moves, and, of course, the image moves inside it. However, if I click on the what's called the content grab of that circle in the center, notice now the frame is brown. That means I've got access to the actual image. So if I was to dry ground this time, I've moved the image but the frame of state. Still, they can't see the frame at the same time. If I d select, come back here, you can see the frame is still there. But it's a bit confusing for people, often when they start using in design. And personally, I don't think it's helped by the fact that this content grabber you can accidentally sometimes just click and before you know you moved in image. So for that reason, I prefer to turn it off. So I'm gonna show you how to do that. That's the view Menu extras. And if you choose hide content grabber that disappears to get it back, you choose a show content cropper from the same place. So now I need to really rely on this the blue edge here that tells me that the framers selected to get inside them to work with the image double click on it. That's the other way in. And this shows him here Now, the brown frame, the images kind of slightly offset. So I'm gonna move it back. But I want you to see how I can tell sort of what I'm doing with him. Notice that if I click on, I pause before I move it. Notice now that there's the edge of the images, kind of ghost it out. So that means you you're kind of sending a signal to and designed by pausing to say that I want you toe update the screen. I want you to draw, draw the screen as I'm moving. So that makes it much, much easier toe. See what any mission looks like when you reposition it. Or maybe if you want to scale it. So if I wanted to crop this image, maybe make these, uh, these musicians, but larger again, If I put my mouse that on the the corner handle, click and then pause for a second and then hold down the shift key. Then I can see what's happening as I drag, so that makes a lot of difference. It makes the whole thing much more kind of intuitive if you can really see what you doing whilst you're doing it. So I might choose maybe to crop those two guys out of the right and then to drag it back. Can a what? Click pulls, And then I can sort of see what I'm doing. What I'm doing it. Okay, so that's pausing. We'll see more about that in a second. Okay, uh, next thing is, there's even though manually is one way that you might work with images and could certainly give you a few creative options for most people. That's too commands there with these to work with images pretty quickly, and they're both in the object menu under fitting the 1st 1 is fit, content proportionally, so fit. Content proportionately, as you can see here, shows you the whole image inside the frame. It scales it proportionally so nothing gets stretched. The downside, though, is that unless the frame is exactly the same shape with the image, you'll get gaps here on the right and the left or the top of the bottom, depending on the shape of the image in the shape of the frame. So for that reason, a better option for most people most the time is Phil frame proportionately so that again size it proportionately. But it's, ah, make sure the whole frame is filled. So if you're doing cut out images fit, content proportionately is is great. If you're doing regular images of squared off pictures, then I would suggest Phil frame proportionately is much better. So a quicker way of getting to that is, if you right, click on an image sister something and you can get to fitting that way. But notice there's two keyboard shortcuts here, too. Now that kind of complicated. So on the Mac command shift Ault C or command shift old E on the PC that would be controlled shift all to see any of the way that my brain kind of translates. This is C means crops, so the image will be cropped. E means everything. So show me everything. So I would suggest that if that makes sense to you, then try practicing holding down the three main modify keys. So command or control ault and shift and then e to show everything or C to crop. So I'm gonna just do that here office. You can't see me doing that. But I would suggest that Sir Lisa Me, that's a good way to remember it. Okay, so there's a couple of keyboard shortcuts now. Um, what we're doing here, of course, is with sizing the image but not sizing the frame. And that's perfectly what you want most of the time. But something like this where you've got you might want to make the whole thing smaller. So let's say the frame and the image at the same time. So often with a logo war, a little map or something like that, you might want to do that. I just say, considered but more clearly on religious goatee, display performance and high quality display. So if I wanted to make that a bit smaller. In that context, I would want to make both the frame and the image smaller at the same time. To do that, if you hold down those same three modified case search, that's sort of that's not true. It's the on the PC control or on the Mac command and shifts or control or command and shift , and you click on Pause on one of the corners. And then when you drag, you'll be to see what you're doing and you'll be a to make the image and the frame larger or smaller together at the same time. Just give you one more example of that. So if we had this image here, we want to make that smaller, this logo again. Command or control and shift, I think Click on a corner handle and we can make that smaller or larger. Okay, so there's a few essentials. Andi, we're now gonna move on toe working with lots of images. At the same time, 3. Automatic Image Fitting: in the previous video we talked about in designs, Phil Frame proportionate command. Not a very useful command. So we looked at keyboard shortcut for it, But it because it's so useful, there are actually other ways we can use it. And it's possible to use that command kind of proactively to say that when I bring an image and I will want it to be fitted in that way. So we're going to do that and we're gonna do it as we create a kind of coffee table book of photos. So I'm gonna just to a fairly basic design here. So I'm gonna go for a five facing pages on I go for a dozen pages. I think I'm gonna just make the margins a little bit larger. So if you're doing this field project, it's one of the project options you've got. Maybe spend a bit more time at this point to get this exactly how you want it. But that's fine for me now. So I opened up my pages panel Say, conceive, you got 12 pages now. I'm gonna go onto working on the master page here, So if you not come across master pages before. If I zoom in a bit your latest that'll these pages ago on a on them which means that based on the a master page on the A master pages shown above. So if I double click on the A master page, I get access to that page because we gotta facing pages. Document a document that uses a spine. We have, um, a master page for the right on the left. That's gonna be the same. Well, they're gonna have on them is a regular frame lap for the image to go in. So we're gonna have that on both sides, Which means that the frame is ready for us to just drop the images into. And that would be fine if we stop there. But whatever you want to show you here is how we can go Object fitting. Now, Clearly, these options are all great out because there's no image in there but notice We do have framed fitting options. So choose that. And then we say, content fitting Phil friend proportionally. Then what we're saying is when we bring an image in it will automatically fill the frame proportionally. So that's really handy for this kind of work. So, having done that, I'm gonna just use my selection tool using the Olcay drag a copy across have gone identical frame on the other side. Okay, so let's goto page one by the book, Clicking on it. So your latest that, like all the other pages, this has got the frame there that comes from the master page, which is why we can't select him. And then So that's one thing I want you to learn. And then the other thing is how we can bring in lots of images at once. So if we go far in place so no frame is selected So that means that when we bring in, I'm gonna bring all these images. So several ways to bring them all in I could click on the 1st 1 shift click on the last one . That's one way of doing it where you can click on one of them and then you could do command I or control A to select a more. Either way, selectable and then press open. I'm gonna zoom in a bit here so you can see more clearly. So much is that I've got 20 images attached to my cursor here. If I press the down arrow on my keyboard or the up arrow, I can scroll through them. So I deliberately only had 12 pages in my document. If you're doing this for yourselves than obviously work out how maney images you've gotten , you want to use and create an appropriate number of pages. I've credit too many because I want to show you how you get rid of an image. So as I scroll through these, there's an image I don't particularly want to use. So maybe that one. I simply press the escape key on your noticed that when I do that, I'm doing that. Now it goes down to 19. So it tells me how many images I've got left. So get rid of maybe a couple that I don't think I'm gonna want to use. Okay, so that'll do for now. So I've got 17 images. I got 12 pages, so I'm gonna just choose the ones that I want. So let's say that one there. So that's when I click once here, it automatically goes in and the frame is filled proportionally so clearly when you're doing this yourselves, you'll spend a bit more time, Uh, choose images, You know, we're gonna work well together. Double page spreads. They're gonna work well together. But I'm I'm hoping you get the idea that you can select more than one image at once. Bring them all in a touch them or to your cursor. Use the up and down arrows toe, Um, choose which image you're gonna position in press escape to get rid of it. And then you could go through. And it won't take you very long at all even to put a much ah, quite a long, complex document together. Okay, so that was using object fitting, frame fitting options. But we did that on the master page. So onto the master page. Select the empty frame. And we chose Phil for unfortunate. Now, if you like that and you think actually most the time I will be bringing in images and I want them Teoh work proportionally. One option you've got should just save this concerning compactor. Is that if you close all the files down and you then select direct angle frame till which is the one I would used when I'm gonna bring an image in with that selected and with no other with no documents open if you chose objects fitting frame fitting options and you choose their fill friend proportionately when you create a new document. So I'm gonna do now just a couple of frames. Bring in. Simon. Mitch, bring in that Bring in there. You notice that in both cases it's filled it proportionally. So I've changed the default behavior of the rectangle frontal. So that may be something you want to do it all. Maybe you don't want to do. But if you do want to do it, then make sure that no documents are open, you click on the tool and then apply that behavior. And I'm gonna just switch that off, but get back to number. 4. Using Gridify: if he ever have to work with multiple images in multiple frames, all equally sized, equally spaced a bit like we got going on down here. It used to be pretty tricky before in design invented the physical grid. If I which is what we're going to look at now, so I just select all these and get rid of them. So one way you can do it is by choosing your rectangle frame tool clicking and dragging the whole wits the space you want to fill, keep your mouse button down and press the right arrow on your keyboard as many times as you want to add extra frames. So in my case, I've got six there. I wanted to be square. So before I let go of the mouse, make sure my fingers down on the shift key. So now when I let go, I've got six equally sized, equally spaced frames. Now they're still selected out, really want selected. So with my selection tool, I will de select. They're gonna do file in place on I'm gonna bring in floated before six images. They're attached to my cursor, so I just choose which ones I want to go in which particular place you noticed these images are pretty small than not automatically fitting. To do that, I will select all the frames. Object fitting. We go for fiddle Phil frame Fortunate, Perfect. Just to get the rounded corners there that was object corn options. And then we can just choose around it. Shape that So that's how you do it. If he wanted to create the frames first, if he knew you wanted, you were gonna bring us images in the alternative approach. But again, be to start with nothing and with nothing selected fun in place. Select all the images they're all attached, the cursor simply click and drag, ignoring the shape of the frame. And it only starts to make sense when you do your first click of the right. Ah, arrow, But on you keyboard. So again you can get the size as you want it on. The number of frames is you want to again hold down the shift key, and there they are and again object. Feel from portion it and so. But there's one thing that is a little bit tricky about this, which is theme. The spicing of the frames I just want to say a bit about that, because if I was pretty easy to see if I don't have any images attached to them, so and I suppose I'm very happy with that spacing, that's fine. But if I wanted the spacing to be larger or smaller, it is possible to change it afterwards. But it But it's much easier if you get it right, kind of as you're doing it. So let's suppose I decided I wanted Mawr space between those frames. What I would do is go to the lamp menu margins and columns, and it's the gutter width. So the that's normally used oversee to the describe the gap between columns. But it also effects the gap between in between friends when you choose gratifying. So let's suppose I wanted a six millimeter gotta rather than the 4.233 minute me together. Just delete those. So far it was to do that again, you might be a noticed. There's a larger gap Orkin, maybe just for super clarity. If I made the gutters zero, you can see that I'm gonna end up with no gaps to So that was loud marching columns, much easier to get it right. Using that 5. Creating A More Ragged Grid: if you ever need to combine images and you want to do it by means of kind of making it appear like postcards or Polaroids and haven't kind of overlapping each other, then prettify is useful for that. But you'll need a bit more than just gratify. So this is an example of that kind of idea where they've been, the images have been made to look a little bit like a postcard with a Polaroid something, something like that. So we're gonna do here's use gratify but the thing I want you to point I want to point out before we go here, is is that I'm gonna use gratify and rather, but rather obviously, I'm gonna end up with 12 images. But I'm leaving a gap for what would be an extra three there. So I need to bear that in mind so to a new document, maybe just reduce the margins a little bit. I'm gonna bring in all those images at once before my years gratify we just use the right arrow at columns. Now we're going to use the down arrow on the keyboard to add Rosa's well, 23 by five. We will get rid of, um, one of that go because there's only 12 images. It doesn't bother creating the last three, but they are correctly sized. Which means that in the case of this one here to get that extra gap, I would simply drag or three of those down to the bottom. Okay, so with all the images selected, we can do object fitting Phil for in proportion it I'm gonna just use the keyboard shortcut . So on a Mac command Oh, shift on, then. See for crop. Clearly, if you're doing this for real, you might want to go in and edit the individual images to make sure they work. So, for example, this one here could possibly do with being a bit smaller. I'm not just or effective. Can't make its multiple. I could move it a little bit like that. Okay, so the main difference between this one and this one is that the one that we're in the middle of doing it is very, very uniform, and this is less so, And that's partly because each of these images has got a white stroke around the edge on a drop shadow, but also because they've just been slightly rotated so just briefly because select all images, we can check the stroke color to Piper the size of stroke you saw there. I had nine points. So I'm gonna go with that which you won't really be a c until you do the drop shadow, which you can do under here. You haven't used drop shadows before then. The main thing to be aware of here is the preview switched on so you can see what you're doing. And then you can adjust the distance honest with size. So the capacity all those things weaken reply with. So I'm gonna just reduce that little bit. Okay, so again, it they still look pretty uniform. So toe, make them less uniform, weaken, click on the moon. We can rotate them around. And personally, I would use this area here, click inside there, and then just use the up or down arrow with the keyboard. So this is a general shortcut. Anytime you click in any any what's called field, but but anything where you can type the numbers, just click in there and use your up or down arrow. You get the idea Now there is a cable. Chilcutt you can use to get straight back to the last field that you were in. So, in other words, this one here. So if I wanted to do that from here, the cable Chuck is command ault and then the tilde key, which is the key to the left of the said it's kind of squiggle. So it's that till the case, a command Tilda. But just to show you how I discovered that there's a bit of a throwback to the other intuitive in design course, if we were to go at it keyboard shortcuts. And then we were to look in views and navigation access. Last used field in panel there. Is there Option Command and Tilda. So that's how you would do that. So that just makes it quicker. So I used that shortcut now and then. I don't even need toe. You might be to see that the number is highlighted, so I can just do that so I don't need to move the mouse around too much. Okay, I'm sure you get the idea now, one of the other things that you're gonna start to want to do. Maybe when you're making these images more or less offset. No, I think I'm gonna just not worry about those at the bottom was just very, very quickly At least look a bit more roundem. And they really do that Rightfully so. I just start to move them more manually now, as we discovered early. If you select something ah, and you hold down command and shift. You can scale it in this case because I've got all those images, all those nine images at once they're all selected for hold down command and shift or control shift on the PC for click on, then pause and then drag. I could make more of it smaller or larger so I could do them individually or could do them as a group. So that's one useful thing. But there's another people chalker, which gives you access to something called live distribute, which is great when you got lots of things, one on top of the other or potentially on top of the other. That is, if you against select them all and you click to start, click and pause. But then she just hold down the space bar. I noticed that when you drag now, we don't get the full preview here. But when I let go and they're redrawn with the drop shadows on them, you can see we've kind of scattered these things Now I've kind of taken it a bit too far there. But you get the idea. It's entirely possible to start to manipulate the spacing of these things. So it's called a live distribute, and it's not one I found much use for until I started doing. This kind of thing also works very well with cut out images. So again, that is, click pause and then hold down the spice bar. So in my experience, the combination of using that with the other shortcut, which again was command shift control shift on the PC, click and pause and scale could make it much easier to work with these kind of things. Okay, so back to the finish one. And you can see that by using gratify by using drop shadows and strokes, but particular by once we've rotated them using the two keyboard shortcuts there want to scale on wanted? Adjust the spacing by using a live distribute that can make things are hollow, easier 6. Creating Asymetric Grids: So I've seen already in this in this class how gratify is great for creating very regular greats. But I would suggest that if we compose this grid here with this one, that the 2nd 1 looks a bit better. There's a bit more variants. There's a bit more contrast, and it's far easier for me. Toe kind of suggest the particular images. I might want people to look out. So the regularity of grid, if I you could say, poses a problem. So let's look at a couple of ways around that the first way is still not use Gratified tool , but actually to create a really grid. And that's what's going on here. I didn't really mention it earlier, but when you see something like this, if you're not seen it before, it might look a little bit alarming. But really, all that is is a series of guides placed on the page that I've then used when I've brought images in. So if I moved off, you can see that this page is broken up into these grids. I've just chosen how maney grid squares I'm gonna use, so I've done that with all of those images here. So it gives you a nice uniform gap between the images on if you like, the idea of looking at the proportions of of images on the page. So, for example, this is 1234 1234 rows deep on this is too. So you can see that these a record and this is twice the size of that. For example, if you like that, then you really gonna like this approach. So the way you would create a great if I just do a new document really quickly, you go layout, create guides, and you choose a certain number of rows and columns. So in my case, it was eight rows and five columns, but the gutter would have been smaller side. And then, let's say about three. Many me to something like that. Actually make it to so something like that. No easy to change once you want to put it on. So spend a bit of time. Make sure that's right before you press OK, and then when you bring in your frames, you can snap them to the grid. So that's an old feature, but one for me that I really wouldn't be utterly without. So it's much more manual than gratify. But it gives you a solid structure that you can use quite creatively. Okay, so that's one way around it, which is not. He's gratified at all. But what if you did when he is gratified? So here's one example. So if I just look at that here, you can see. Actually, I haven't used a grid, so I sort of persevere with this and did it using gratify. But I could give you a better example here. So this is the sort of before, as you've seen already and this is the after, So let's take a look at that. So you can see here that on this first row, I've kind of made this a bit wider on this one, a bit narrower, and you can do that by means of a relatively new to call the Gap Tool. You'll notice that as I click and drag between, it makes the whole column wider. That's not what I want, so I'm gonna just do any undue Instead, if I held on the shift key, it looks at the images on between, and it just adjust those that keeps the gap the same, but allows the images to change. You're noticed that whilst I'm moving the frames, the images and moving as well, that's because of a thing called auto Fit, which I'll explain a bit more about in a minute. But you can see that by doing something like that on, then, something like that. Something like that. We start to get something a bit more interesting. So it's entirely possible to use the Gap tour with shift key to create a much less uniform grid. But the only way this is really gonna work is if you use auto fit. So let me explain what I fit does. So I think we just go back heavy guy. So I'm gonna select all those images and go object fitting now where we went earlier. Phil Sorry, frame fitting options. Earlier. We just shows that one, but we didn't turn on auto fit. So if you turn on auto fit, what that means is, as you just frames, they will try and adjust themselves so that they, in this case, will still fill the frame proportionally. Not only that, they will align to the center millimeters, so against that. So I just frames. They will continue toe a line proportionally but they work. They will as they move around that will align to the center. So that means then, with the gap tool for how downshifted move along You could see that it continues toe I line it up, fit it So that's gonna be fine most of time. But if we look at this image here Ah, she that one's probably all right. Um let's say this one here at the bottom now, I was just that. The main interest in the image is no in the centre, but at the bottom. So we can do is select an individual image and choose frame fitting options. And you could say, Yes, I want water fit, but you can click on the appropriate button. So let's say that one. And that means that as I use also fit which what happens this time as I if I make this one taller, can you see how well they're making total smaller. The area of interest that we've kind of flagged up stays in focus. So, having seen those ah Prince, you might be thinking, Oh, yeah, Great. I don't want to use auto fit and gratify, and they really do work very well together. But you might also be thinking this is kind of where I've ended up. Is that actually do a bit more work in the beginning? Create a grid. Andi. If you start from there, you'll probably get Justus good results, if if not better. But they're both really good options again if you are using, um, grid. If I used the Gap tool with the shift key, health down and make use of auto fit so you can select all the images at once. And she was also fit. But you also just were thinking about which are the areas of interest in an image. And it might be good for you to just select individual images that maybe should align much more readily to the top or to the bottom, and do their separately 7. Your Project: So now it's time for you to put what you've learned into practice yourself. So take some of your own images from a particular country or a particular shoot or a particular place on credit montage from them. So it could be is an irregular greed. Or it could be a bit more more of an asymmetrical grid. Or it could be an arrangement of postcards or Polaroid type things. So have fun with it, and then post you works. The project area at the end of the year will pick a winner will receive a copy of my in Design CC creative class from book. I look forward to see what you come up with.