Introduction to Music Theory II | Ilse Lozoya | Skillshare

Introduction to Music Theory II

Ilse Lozoya, Music teacher and Online Educator

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5 Lessons (15m)
    • 1. Introduction

      1:32
    • 2. Measure and Time Signature

      2:56
    • 3. Dynamics

      4:41
    • 4. Tempo

      3:43
    • 5. Major Scale

      2:36

About This Class

In this class you will learn how to understand music symbols and how are related to the way we play. Some of the terms that this class is going to teach you are:

- Tempo, Dynamics, Time Signature, Measure.

In a very easy way to understand each lesson explains this terms and how are seen in written music.

Join this course and keep increasing your musical knowledge today.

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: welcome to this class. This is the second part in the introduction to music theory classes. The purpose off this class is that you can find all this lessons as a tool and you can you can use them as a truth, get familiar with the music net language and understand all the terminology. This is an introductory course. So all the terminology that we are going to learn it's really based. But I really recommend you to go over all the lessons and make sure that you understand everything because sometimes we are familiar with some terminology, but we don't understand everything. So I would recommend you to do this in this second class, we're going to learn what is Temple sample markings? What? Its maternal time signature. What is the measure Dynamics? A major skill. This is part of the introduction to music theory classes. And the purpose is to establish a good base off your in your amusing knowledge. My name is insolence. Or yet I'm going to be your instructor in this class on. Thank you for letting me share my music knowledge with you. Welcome 2. Measure and Time Signature: What is a measure in music? If you take a look off this song or this musical piece, you can see that the notes are separated groups. This lines are separated them. This lines I call bar lines. Each bar line creates a section. That section it's called Measure. It is very common. If you are playing, for example, from another musician, we don't have a decision that you can tell him. Well, let's go back to measure number, tree or that's repeat from measure number five. So it brings order to music. And this is there something that describes better each measure? This is Cole time signature. You guess. You right here close to the cliff. You have this. See this C means four forts right here. You can see you have tree. And eight, what this can tell us and this is a time signature. Is that this not number. Tell us that nowhere off notes that must be in each measure. And this number tells us the type of note. So if I have to, I'm four. I must have two quarterfinals in each measure, or the equivalent in this case is we're half note or fourth eight notes. Right here. I have another example tree, and for so I must have in each measure, three quarter notes or the Cleveland that in this case is 1/4 note and 1/2 note or for eight notes and 1/4. This is another example off. Another time signature six and eight. This is the number, and this is a type of note. In 68 I'm going to separate this notes into groups off 38 notes, each one. This is a characteristic off this type type off time signature. If I right to Cuba, lint have and quarter note and another eight note when I separate them into roofs. I have this. So it is important to understand what time signature is so we can understand how the measures are placed in each musical piece. 3. Dynamics: What are dynamics in music? It is very common to hear that certain musician has very good dynamics or expression. That musician place with so much dynamics or his dynamics are great. Well, dynamics are related to volume, and it's really absolutely related to interpretation and expression. If you can express with music, it is related to volume. How can you increase your volume, what you're playing or decrease your volume? It shows some expression, transmits expression. This is important to understand, and we use Italian warts again. This is something that you can see in Andy peace, and we use this letters. We have piano that means soft sound. If I am playing and I have this indication that I must play piano, it means that I must play soft. No to love to piece. It means pianissimo. Three piece. It means pianists. Easy, more. I really must play. Not to do so. I must decrease the volume off what I'm playing. Then I have MP. That's it's called mezzo piano medium piano, then am if it's mezzo forte, which is medium four thing or medium? No, not too loud, A little bit louder, then we have F that its fourth day, fourth DC more. The whole F and tree s 40 cc more. This is louder, really loud. So we must understand on get familiar with this expression. There's another symbol that shows us dynamics. This is the sound regulator. It's like a narrow. And when the lines are separated, it means that you must try leather if the lines are connected. Dumas Play PM We used award since Italian cold crescendo on Damian Wonder. Yes, you can see right here at the bottom off the image. We have crescendo that we have increased. You must increase volume, and you have diminuendo that you must decrease the volume. This are dynamics indicators, and we must really get familiar with that to understand them. If weekend take a look off this piece, let's try to find dynamics indicators. Maybe you can play, pause and try to find those indicators. I'm going to highlight them Yellow. Right here we have an F That is the fourth day I must start playing this peas forfeit, then I have piano. So now too loud. I must play this part of the peace, not allow that I have this. That says Parrish crescendo So at that point, I must increase the volume. This are dynamics are very important to half a good interpretation. If you're a musician, had you play without dynamics to just play always at the same volume, ignoring all those dynamics markings your enough playing correctly. That's a reality drop going to sound like Robert. So it is very important to understand this and developed a very good technique. It doesn't matter which instruments you're applying. Juma's developed a very good technique in order to control your sound and be able to play with many dynamics. 4. Tempo: Temple. What is Temple Tempo is an Italian war, and there are some markings that we used to indicate. What Temple Iss Let's take a look off this song. This music help Peace has award that give us a clue off of what speed? We must play this song. I just highlighted this and yellow and this ward says Speedy Total. If we associate this with the English language would say it says with spirit. I mean alive with energy. So this musical piece monster play with energy not too slow. So temple indicates us of what speed? You must play something but more importantly, with a natural off the piece he has to do with that. There are temple markets, Italian warts that are used to give the to give to the musician the idea off how fast the composer conceived the musical piece and we used this Italian words and you must be able to just understand through time you will memorize this. But right now, just to give you an idea, if you are reading on your immune really music, maybe Secretaria to have this chart close to you so you can take a look of that if you can associate the other top off the list. Those warts are are associated with a slow speed on at the bottom. Off the list. It means that if you have that temple marking your mosque play faster. But there is another way to understand the water speed. A music Opie's must be. Play it. This is the myth room. Have you gets you right here in this music? Oh, peace. In the song, you have the temple marking and right to the right. You have this number, it says 126 so it's 1/4 note than the equal equals 126. It means beats per minute by this. Imagine that you're clapping. So if you have this indicator that you must be able to wield, you must clap 126 times permit. And that's this beef off this song. So we have temple markets that are kind of subjective. If you have a temper marking its not telling you that you must be most famous, play up 80 or 90 bits for minutes. It's something approximated. Then you have the beach for minutes. That's objective. That's a specific No, I'm giving you an example off the Temple Marquis. No days. It's coming to not only use Italian wards, you can use any war in your own language. For example, freely, it means that Juma's be free to play at any speed. The song that you are playing and on the other example we have water note equals seven. It means that you must play 70 bits for minutes. Imagine that your clubbing 70 times per minute and that's a speed off the song. 5. Major Scale: What is a major is scale in music. There are many structures that are coal scales. If we right on the staff from the C note to the next see note, we are going to have on a structure this structure that goes from seed to the next, see this call major scale and let's understand what this structure it's about. Let's use the piano keyboard to understand this better from see note to the C sharp, we have a distance. The systems is 1/2 step, then, from sea to the we have a whole step this week. Analyze the distances between each note off the C major scale. We are going to find that there is a distance between each note. You can go to your keyboard and analyze what I just placed here. All those numbers means that crown. See two D. We have one Host it from D to E. We have another hold stick. Then we have a house step than hosted, and we continue through that. This is a structure that we must memorize because we can use this structure making in from another note. If C major is a structure, see is going to be the a region off this scale. We can't understand Then, as I just place here in the image, this is the structure from C to D Juan Cole step and you can see that this senses between denotes so we can see that see note is the first great denote is the second grade the note third great f note, fourth grade. Why? Because C is the region off the scale. So major scale ISS important structure We must remember as a structure I understand the distances between each note.