Introduction to Music Theory I | Ilse Lozoya | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (25m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Staff

    • 3. Treble Clef

    • 4. Bass Clef

    • 5. Grand Staff

    • 6. Rhythmical Figures

    • 7. Musical Accidentals

    • 8. Intervals

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About This Class

In this class you will learn the basic terminology to understand music language. This class will be a tool for you in your learning journey.

Even if you are learning music as a hobby, be able to understand every symbol that appears in any piece is going to make you enjoy music much better.

Some of the terms that you will learn are:

- Staff, Clefs, Notes, Rhythmical figures, Tempo signature.

Join this class and start learning step by step in a simple and clear way music language.


Meet Your Teacher

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Ilse Lozoya

Music teacher and Online Educator



Hello Skillshare community!!

My name is Ilse Lozoya I am a pianist and educator, I love to teach online because I can share about music, piano, and education with student around the globe and I think this a wonderful thing in our days.

 My Skillshare classes are dedicated to music students, if you are a beginner or a advanced student I am pretty sure that you will find a class that can help you in your music journey, you will find classes basically about piano, music theory, ear training and education.





Here are the links to my classes:


        Piano Technique 101 #1   - The 7 Min Routine - See full profile

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1. Introduction: Hi. Welcome to Discourse. This course is the first course in the introduction to music theory classes. This is a two part class. This is the 1st 1 before dive. In any definition, let's make a brief reflection. Who needs this? Who needs music theory? You can't wandering. You can be wondering. Well, do everybody needs music? Teary. I mean, maybe drug. You want to learn music justice? A hobby? You don't want to become a professional. What is it necessary to know? Music theory isn't necessary for Children. This is necessary in any general. Maybe you just want to play popular pieces and you don't want to go deeper that maybe you think that only professional musicians need to know music theory. Well, the reality is that it does not matter which type of student you are if you want to become a professional. If you just want to get familiar with the language or do have learned through many years yourself, pop musician well know music theory theory is going to help you to understand better the music language. In this course, Ju are going to use the scores as a tool to get familiar with the musical language to understand the basics off terminology, this sudden introductory course. And I really a bus you to go over all the lessons and take a look. If there's something that you don't know, maybe do you know the general concept, but there are something that you are not sure about. So if you go and take a look of each lesson, you can make sure that you understand everything and this is going to help you to improve your knowledge on, to read better and understand what you are already priced. Plus, playing in K said, you are a self taught musician. In this first part, we're going to understand what is this stuff? What is grand stuff? Travel clinic Basically lift and rhythmical figures, which are the notes on where we can find them at the piano keyboard. My name is insolence. Oye, I'm going to be your instructor. And if you have any comment, you can write on the common section off this class, and I'll be very happy to answer any question that you have. Thank you. Thank you. And welcome 2. Staff: less begin with the stuff music. It's a language. As a language, it requires symbols to express what it want to express. Instead, off letters, we use notes and the stuff. It's a place where the notes must be written. Basically, the staff is a group off five lines on four spaces. We place the notes on the stuff on the lines or you the spaces. But it's stuff itself is nothing if we don't use a place clef disassemble that appears at the beginning off the stuff right to the left. There are three basic clefts in music. We have Trump clef based Cliff and I'll Talk Life. The name off. The note changes depending on which cliff we are using. So the notes Moskvy place over the line or in the spaces. In our musical system. We have 12 sounds, and we divide. This troll sounds on in seven basic notes. We use seven basic notes and we use letters to name those sounds we have. See the E f G A B. If you can see all this letters are written in alphabetical order, beginning from a but see is the first note. It's important, very great yet to have access to a piano keyboard. You can use this with a nap if you don't have the you have. If you don't have to piano there you can use when your moral device you can download an app and use a piano. Keywords. A good idea because it's very visual. I mean will help you to understand this. So let's take a look of the piano keyboard. You can see that there are basically groups off black keys. You have Waikiki's and black keys on. There are groups off to black keys on three black keys. Well, the C note is a wondrous place, right to the left off the true Black Keys group. So in this moment, if you have a keyboard, go and find all the C notes on your keyboard. It's important, and you can go this and go and do the same with the rest of the notes. Try to find all the D nodes, E notes, F notes and the rest of the notes. So so, making a brief overview. All the notes are mafia place on the stuff to name denotes. We use cliffs. You must memorize the name off the notes. Use him letters 3. Treble Clef: Let's begin with travel Cliff This is the most common laugh in music. Many people associate this symbol. Which the trouble Cliff? Actually, this is the same boat off course. Well, we just learned that we get the staff to place a note and right here in this line, the second line off the stuff is where the trouble cliff begins. Right here. The G note. It's place. So if the sickle line is the G note, then we're started going down on. You're going to get to this note. We write an additional line to the stuff right at the bottom a week. Place the note there and guess what? This is the C note. If this is the C note, I hope that you have over a memorized the order and the name off the notes. Well, if this is a C note, then here goes the the note e note. If g a B C, it's quite simple. What it's important is to know the name off the notes, the order off the notes, going up and down and then associating the first lines to the notes. Does it does he note, So a good exercise can be to memorize the name off. The no set are on the lines so you can see See a G B. And if you continue, you will have D. And if so, you can start doing that, just choosing random notes and counting on, say, the notes. That's a good exercise, and this is travel play. 4. Bass Clef: Let's now learn what basic life IHS we have seen. What treble clef is trouble? Cliff is the most popular class music. Well, the next one is a black bass clef. We have the stuff and we placed the base cliff. Right? Um, the fourth line here is where the base cliff begins right here in the middle. Off this two dots, this line is going to be the f note. If this line the fourth line is the F note and we go counting to the top, you're going to find that right here is the C note and this is the middle c. The same C note where we started counting when we learned the trouble, Cliff. So if this right here, this is the C note the middle, See, if we start calling counting down, we're going to see that is a C b a g f e the c. Yes, you can see the next day much right here and the f notes of red because it's right. The line worthy based cliff. It's a region. There are many tricks that you can use to memorize this cliff, for example, you can learn than the first line right here at the bottom off. This stuff is G note the one that it's in the middle is that the U note. You can choose and you can create your own way off memories in this. But it's very recommendable. Which instruments used bass clef well, the piano reads to place bass clef in trouble with, but they're all their instruments that use basically. 5. Grand Staff: Now let's take a look off. What? Grant Staff? ISS. Sometimes you can see that you just don't have to travel. Cliff, you have this stuff with the trouble cliff and then the but bass clef, wheat and other stuff. To understand this, you can see right there that I highlighted in yellow. The C note. This is the middle seat. So from that point in the key war, going to the right ju have trouble with then, from that point to the left, do you have a base cliffs so we can understand that Base Cliff and trouble cliff. It's almost the same off course. We use each cleft separately, but it's an extension off the other place. You can't you right here where the middle seat gifts. We can understand this watching, taking a look off the piano people. It's very useful to associate everything with the piano people because that's so Bischel, that really helps. So right here you can see the sea middle C on. Then, from that point in the key work, we have trouble clipped to the right and based Cliff to the left, and this is school grand stuff 6. Rhythmical Figures: from Mika figures. Each note in music has it some value. We have whole notes. If you have a whole note, you must have a sickle Onley circle. This is a whole note. You must hold a note for beats. Ich whole note, or each vertical figure has its own rest symbol. This symbol right here that it's to the right off the note. It means that if you find this, would you rather play? You must not play anything for four beats. Four beats. No sound if you have the whole note. Juma's calls the note for beats. I got to give you an example. You guess? He read here for notes. You have a C the C D. If I play this, they must hold the notes for beats. I'm going to play this. I'm going to count to four so you can understand this speech. One to dream for to tree for 12341234 Blond to tree flock. And that's a way hold. Most No, which must be played now would have half notes. Do you have that note? It's right here. White, the center, and you must hold the note to beats and I'm going to play this example The same This art C and D notes. I want to count to 412341212 Want two? 12 and those where half knows you can see it right here. The example. Now we have quarter notes. If you have 1/4 note, juror must whole Juan beat the note, and I'm using almost the same example. See, they see the e. I'm going to play this you want to count, afford. You can see the speed 12 tree for just holding each note one bit. Then we have eight notes with eight notes each note last half beat, so you can understand that instead off in each meet, you are going to play two notes so you can see the example. I'm repeating twice each note so you can understand that I'm playing. Tries each note in one beat. I'm going to count to four. 1234 and thats example off eight notes. Then we have 16 notes. When you have 16 2 notes your master play four notes per beat. I want to play this and I'm going to count a slower temple so that you can understand easier, no easier. Wake one to three floor and those where 16 notes. There's another symbol that you must get familiar with. This is the dot dotted notes are regular notes, which a vote, he thought. It's at it a dot at half off the note value. If this is a whole note and I have a doctor instead off four beats this notes going to last six beats and you can add, that's to the rest. So, as you can see in this chart, this is an example off dotted notes. And you guess you can see the dotted notes right here in this piece off music right here the beginning. We have a C note that has about it's called Dr Half Note. So this one last tree beats, then we have a That's 1/4 note. One beat and 1/2. Then we have this a daughter. Eight. Note so three fours beat. This is an example off the rhythmical figures. Jamus. Memorize them so you can understand how when you play mosque count, this is very important, and you always must have a a good temple. I'm play keeping the same speed. If you are playing a musical piece, that is kind of fast. For example, around 100 beats per minutes, you must keep always the same speed. Don't go faster or slower were suddenly because that's going to affect over them. 7. Musical Accidentals: in music that are some important symbols that you must learn before going further in the music theory. This are the accident ALS accidental. Our musical symbols that changed the natural beach off the note. How is this? Well, first lift. Establish that considering the piano keyboard that from one key to the next one you have a distance. This is called house steps from the C note to the next key, which is a Blackie. Do you have the distance that is half step half stick? Then Do you have another case here from E two? If from each left, do you have another house that so health steps? I'm not exactly associative, always with black keys. Some people make this mistake that associate really house steps with black. He's but that's not always the case. Let's go to the first accident off. This is a sharp and what a sharp thus is that it raises a note. Ah, house that So if I have the senal and I want to play C sharp, I'm going to raise the C note. Well, house that, and I'm going to raise it to the right in music when I say that I'm going increasing. It's going to raise a note ghost to the right. So the black he that that is to the right, Right to write off the C note you have. This is a C sharp. Then we have flats. What if that does, is that it lowers a note. I have sex. So if I want it on e flat, I'm going to found that you note. Then I'm going to go down and I'm going to lower the note to the left and the next key, the Blackie. In this case, it's going to be even that. But then are all their exit lentils Maybe. Let's come on. But it's important to know them. This is the double sharp ass. It's understandable is that to understand is a double effect that a sharp pass. So when you found this, if you find this a double sharp, you're going to erase a whole step. Then you have the double flat that is going to know where it holds six. Then you have the natural. What natural does ISS that it cancels any previous accidentally? Even you have stay note and you ask an accidental It's going, for example, I have Ah c Sharp. Then that Sharp is going to last all the measure All the C notes that appear in that measure our must play sharp. But if I add a natural then from that point all the C notes are going to be natural again. So this are the five musical exit sentence that you must memorize. Flat, sharp, double shirt, double flat on the natural. Accidental. Let's take a look off this peace and take a moment. I'm find the accident. ALS Yes, those are the accidental on our natural actually dentals another beginning. There are flats as well. So remember, five accident cells. Very important to understand. Memorize this because through time you're going to go deeper in music theory and you're going to need to know this. 8. Intervals: Let's talk About in Terrible's in terribles is a distance. It's a distance between two notes. Let's say this example. I just have here the C major scale from seat to the next. See, I'm going to choose due to notes from sea to So if I want to know being terrible between C and E, I'm going to count beginning from C 12 tree. There are three notes here, so this is an intolerable off third. Another example from C to G. I'm going to count from the first note. This is their region, so it's important to count this one too. Want to tree for five? So six notes. This is in terrible off 50 now from the to be I'm going to count 12 tree for 566 months here. So this is any terrible off sixth. But there are two types, often terrible's. There are more nick and melodic. The harmonic in Terrible is between two notes that are played at the same time in music one . Do you have notes like this in a vertical way, one on top off the other, it means that you must play all of the same time. For example, if I choose G. M. V and I played this at the same time, I'm going to have an Inter. But this is an interval off third. But this is a harmonic interval in this case from G two b, but playing one after the other. This is a melodic in terrible. So it's the same interval, but one is harmonic and the other one, Milad.