Intermediate Italian Course - Verbs, Colors, Days of the Week, Greeting People, etc | Larry Aiello | Skillshare

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Intermediate Italian Course - Verbs, Colors, Days of the Week, Greeting People, etc

teacher avatar Larry Aiello

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Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

9 Lessons (49m)
    • 1. Intermediate Italian Course - Verbs, Colors, Days of the Week

    • 2. Italian Verb - Essere - To Be

    • 3. Italian Verb - Avere - To Have

    • 4. Days of the Week in Italian

    • 5. Colors in Italian

    • 6. Telling Time in Italian

    • 7. Money - Using the Euro in Italy

    • 8. Meeting and Greeting People in Italian

    • 9. Final Wrap Up for the Intermediate Italian Course

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About This Class

This course is designed for the Italian language student or a future traveler that wants to get the most out of their trip to Italy and to learn Italian in a simple and logical manner.

This is a continuation of my previous course. It is highly recommended that you take that course first as a prerequisite.  

Link to Previous Course:

This is what you will learn in this course: 

  • Italian Verb - Essere - To Be
  • Italian Verb - Avere - To Have
  •  Days of the Week in Italian
  • Colors in Italian
  • Telling Time
  • Days of the Week
  • Meeting and Greeting People

Join today to start your journey on learning the most beautiful of all languages in the world!

The instruction is video-based with audio and onscreen transcripts to provide an effective and efficient learning experience.

 I realized at an early age that knowing another language is indeed a gift and I love to share my knowledge of Italian with those that have an interest. 

I am looking forward to helping you on your journey in learning the most beautiful language in the world and guiding you along the way!

A presto,

“Il professore”

Larry Aiello

Meet Your Teacher

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Larry Aiello


Hello, my name is Larry Aiello and I am an accounting professional with 30 years accounting experience and a graduate of the University of Florida.

My experience covers a wide variety of industries including real estate, healthcare, financial services and doing a lot of different tasks related to the business world. And I’m also a big geek in figuring out how the computer can improve our lives.

I really enjoy teaching and sharing my knowledge with others no matter what the subject matter.

I grew up speaking Italian at home and developed a love for the Italian language at a very young age as we would travel back-and-forth every year to visit my family and friends. Early on I realized that knowing another language is indeed a gift. It allows you to have relation... See full profile

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1. Intermediate Italian Course - Verbs, Colors, Days of the Week: one Jordan up. Want to set a good day or good evening. This is Larry a yellow Thank you for joining me and welcome to my intermediate Italian course. I will be the instructor for this course a little bit about myself. I grew up in New York, but my parents spoke Italian. That was the first language that I learned growing up. My mom was from Sicily and my dad is from Calabria. I love to travel to Italy, and I love to share my knowledge about the Italian language and the Italian culture with other people. So before we get into the outline of the course, keep in mind. I do have another course on skill share and introduction to Italian. So it is highly recommended that you take that course first before you dive into this one's . If you haven't taken that one, please click on that link and take the introductory course first before you dive into this one. But in this course we will go over Italian verbs will look at the verb s Citta and Nevada to be in to have the two most important verbs and Italian to know. Well, look at the days of the week and Italian. We'll have a lesson on the colors and Italian. Well, look at telling time and Italian. There is a lesson in the introductory course that goes over numbers so that one will be important to know for the court the class on telling time. We'll also have a class on using the euro in Italy and a class on meeting and greeting people in Italy. I hope you enjoy the class. If you have any questions or comments, please post them in the discussion board as that will help others, too. They may have the same questions, and if you are also planning a an upcoming trip or have a memory about a previous trip, please feel free to post them in the discussion board as well. Look forward to seeing you in the class. Good luck and learning. Italian could not see me that Thank you very much for joining me today. 2. Italian Verb - Essere - To Be: hello or solve it. This is Larry Aiello. I want to thank you for joining me on another Italian lesson. This lesson will start to look at some of the verbs and the first verb we will look at is the verb s setting. So now we will get into the meat and potatoes of the Italian language. So the verb s it it means to be or to exist. It is probably the most important verb in the Italian language. Well, number one, because it's the most commonly used. Number two, it's an auxiliary verb or a compound verb. So it's a verb that gets combined with other verbs that aids and expressing certain elements. Grammatical points, idiomatic expressions, etcetera. So memorizing this verb will go a long way in your Italian language learning journey. We will be looking at the present tense Onley of this verb, and we will also note that it is an irregular verb and that means it doesn't follow a normal pattern of conjugation. So we'll start off with the singular first person is eel. So no deal. So no, which means I am and noticed the eye for hell is not capitalized in Italian unless it's the first word of a sentence. And this is contrary to what we do in English. The second person will be to say, which means you are to say and this is a familiar form of the the which is used for family , friends, relatives, people that you're close with Children when you're referring to animals, etcetera or when you are, let's say, talking to an animal. Now the third person has several forms. It would be Louis or lay a Louis air or lay a, which would mean he or she is. But lay. It also means you are in the formal sense. So you are would be when you're talking to everyone else, not family and friends. That would be when you're talking to colleagues or wait staff hotel staff. So more than likely, if you are going to Italy and you don't have relatives there, you will be using this form. If you do have family and friends there, you would be using the to form when you are addressing. Then some books will teach you led and eso for he l. A. And s suffer she. But you don't need to bother learning those because those are literary forms that are rarely used in everyday conversation. They were used in the 15th 16th 17th centuries, so it be equivalent to studying Shakespearean English for today. So it's just not useful in normal everyday language, so you can not even bother learning that. Let's look at the first person Plural would be noi CMO. We are noi CMO voi siete that or you all are voi siete, and this would be also familiar form if you're talking to your family and friends, so the best way to think about this would be you plural or you all. Or if you're from the south of the US, you hear y'all a lot. So think of this as you plural being familiar except form or being a familiar circumstance . Now let's look at the third person would be lotto, So no, which means they are low toe. So, no, but it also means you all are in the formal sense. So if you are addressing, let's say your colleagues at work, you're doing a presentation, etcetera. That's where Lotto Sana would be used as a reference speaking to a group of people in a formal setting but most of the time it means they are notice that it is capitalized. Low toe is capitalized when it refers to the formal form, and that would be mostly for that would be, obviously for the written. I also forgot to mention that Lay is capitalized in the formal situation for written purposes. Lay for the third person when you are referring to you formally, so let's look at some examples. So this verb is used extensively, and you can start using this to build building blocks for your Italian. So the first example would be eel. So no americano. I am American eel. So no Americana. Now in the Italian language, you can leave off the pronoun eel because it's implied if in conversation you can say so. No Americano. But I recommend to my students that they use the pronoun so it helps build the bridge for your learning of the Italian language. So you saw no Americana would mean I am American. If you were a woman, you would say Yosano mimetic Ghana. Theo would changed to an A. So know the New York. You can also use this verb to indicate where you are from I am from New York Sauna, D New York Here is another example, and we will turn this into a question just by the way the intonation is to say Lorella de Maria, Are you Maria Sister? Do say last Lorella de Maria. Are you Maria Sister? Here's another example. CMO e Fratelli di Marco. We are Marko's brothers. Como e Fratelli di Marco. We are Marko's brothers Noise American e como Pharmacy parilla Technology A noise American e como pharmacy Bella Technology A. We Americans are famous for technology and that is the end of the lesson. Rafinha, I want to thank you for joining me on this lesson and look forward to seeing you the next time. Cha chow Have a great day. 3. Italian Verb - Avere - To Have: Benvenuto or Benvinda, I want to welcome you back. Thank you for joining me on another lesson. This lesson will go over will continue with verbs. But this time we will look at the verb Bavetta, another important verb in the Italian language. The verb avada means toe have and once again, just like we did with s Today we are going to be looking at the present tense Onley present tense and also like s it it it is an irregular verb. That means it doesn't congregate normally, like most verbs in the Italian language. So let's look at the singular. The first person will be hell all and once again he'll is not capitalized unless it is the first word of a sentence. So e 00 means I have looking at the second person would be Do I This is You have And this would be if you are talking to someone that you know, because do is the familiar form. Now, looking at the third person once again here there are several forms. Louis, uh or lay, uh would mean he or she has and then lay. I also means that you had in the formal person If you are talking to someone that you do not know moving on the first person plural it would be noise. Abbiamo, we have noise. Abbiamo The second person would be voy a veta. You all have familiar Voy a veta you all have. This would be if you're talking to your family or friends continuing on with the third person. It would be low on no which means they have low toe on. No, but it also means you all have. If you are talking formally, toe a formal group like your colleagues or co workers you all have lo toe on and notice it is capitalized. Lota would be capitalized for the written form when you are using it in the formal sense similar to how lay would be capitalized if you are using it in the formal as well for written purposes. So let's look at some examples. In this case, we will look at e 00 Trentadue A and me age is expressed using a Veta. It is not expressed using the verb. I am 32 years old, which is this is what it means, but literally you are saying I have 32 years. So if you want to say I am 32 years old, you would say Hell, Oh, Trentadue and me here will have an example using to the second person. And this is if you are speaking to someone that you are familiar with, You would say Do I want Ghana? And the way we are saying it It is a fact. You have a dog and Ghana comes from the word canine. So that's an easy way to remember that word. Or if we change the intonation a little bit, we could change the fact into a question. So we could say, Do I want Ghana? You have a dog? Do I? In Ghana? With the intonation coming toward the end of the word or end of the phrase? Do I Nkana? So do I. In Ghana is a fact. Do I You in Ghana is a question. You have a dog. Here's another example. He stood nt on No Malta pen. The students have a lot of pens. You stood nt on No Malta pen. There goes that g l I word which has that l l sound similar to milion. So you stood nt I'm no multiple men. Now we're using the third person. Ah, so lay hoon. Manu. This would be if you are speaking to someone at a restaurant, for example, The wait staff, the waiter or the waitress. Do you have a menu? Lay a moon menu? And that is the end. La Fina. I want to thank you for joining me on this Italian lesson for the verb a Betta and I look forward to seeing you during the next lesson A presto. Chief of the Ammo up. Presto! See you soon, Joshua. 4. Days of the Week in Italian: solve it or hello, I want to thank you for joining me back on another Italian lesson. This one will go over the days of the week or an Italian known as E giorni, Della said. Samana. Dorney Della said Samana notice how the words set Yamana is tied in to the number set the S E T T e the number seven because there are seven days of the week. A couple of important points, the days of the week and Italian are not capitalized like they are in English except if it starts a sentence and all of them are masculine, except for Sunday, and we'll see the implications of this later on in the lesson. So let's go over the days of the week. Luna de Luna de is Monday. Notice the accent on the I towards the end that the end of the word indicates that there is strong accent On the end of the word. Luna de Marta di Marta de For Tuesday Medical Adi Medical A D Wednesday Job. Eddie Javadi Thursday. Vendetta de Veneta D for Friday. Sabato Sabato For Saturday. Now, in this case, the accent is on the beginning on the essay Sabato. It's an exception to how normal Italian intonation is on the second to last syllable. In this case, it's on the first. Sabato Dominica. Don't Manica for Sunday. And in this case, the accent is on the m e n domain. Icka is gets that strong emphasis. Now, an easy way to remember these is that they are tied in to the solar system, most of them. So we'll go back and review. So for Monday, the word is Luna de now here you could think of the moon. Luna is the moon in Italian and we get some words from this in English, such as a lunar eclipse. You could think of Monday being tied into the moon, Martha de mind. If the D is tied into Mars Medical I d is tied into Mercury Jova D is tied into Jupiter and just a reminder on our Italian pronunciation. Whenever you have that G before and I it sounds like a job sound Javadi Venit de is related to the planet Venus Sabato. Now this is related to the Sabbath in Hebrew, but if it makes it easier to remember, you could also think of Saturn Planet Saturn. And finally, Dominica is not related to the solar system per se. But it comes from the Latin word Dominus, which means the Lord and Sunday is the day of the Lord. So now remember earlier when I said all of them are masculine, except for Sunday. That is because you can use a definite article before the day of the week to indicate a regular current. For example, Marta de Vado, a la palestra in Marta de Vado, Aleppo. Olestra. So here you see ill Martha de Ill because they are all masculine. Except for Sunday, so would use you would use ill Marta de to indicate an occurrence that happens on Tuesdays regularly. And in this case, this means On Tuesdays I go to the gym. So for the feminine case, for a Sunday, which the only one would be Sunday you would say La Domenica, you would use the definite article laugh for feminine la Domenica Vado a Kiesa, la Domenica Vado. A guess. And hopefully most people can say this. This means on Sundays I go to church and that is the end of our Italian lesson. I want to say Areva, Della, Until next time. This is Larry Aiello. Thank you for joining me on this lesson. Chow Chow 5. Colors in Italian: Hello, this is Larry Aiello. I want to thank you for joining me on this lesson, and I just want to say Salvant or hello. Today's lesson will be on equal authority in Italiano colors in Italian. So it's important to remember that there are three categories of colors in the Italian language, depending on which category of color falls into will determine how you treat it in your conversations. There are special rules and usages that pertain to each of these three categories, and we'll go over him. The 1st 1 is a normal category. 2nd 1 is the neuter category, and the 3rd 1 is the invariable category. Colors that fall into the normal category will be important to realize that the now that it describes whatever it's talking about, whether that object is masculine or feminine, whether it's singular or whether you're talking about two or more in the plural, masculine or feminine. So if the object er describing is masculine singular, you'll have to change the color accordingly to match whatever the object is you are describing. So gender and number are important. The color must agree in number and engender to whatever is being described so that leads you to four possibilities. You'll have a masculine, singular color or a masculine plural color, feminine, singular color or a feminine plural color. And each of those colors will have different endings. And here they go, depending on what you are describing, so the masculine singular will end in an O the plural. We will end in an I feminine, singular will end in an A and a feminine plural. And in an E, let's look at some examples. These are some of the more common colors. It be impossible to list them all but zero would be sky blue. Bianco is white. J. Lo is yellow. Remember that G before, when I has that just sound greed. Joe is gray. Narrow is black. Barroso is red. So So what does that mean? So for the normal colors, you can have four different possibilities for each of those colors that fall in a normal category. Thus the color red, depending on what you are describing, whether it's masculine, singular or plural or feminine, singular or plural. Depending on what you are talking about, we'll have four different possible possibilities, so red could be rushed. So but I'll see LaRossa or it'll say, Now, let's take a look at a practical example of this. So, for example, if you're talking about one glass of wine when vino Derosa or a red wine in this case not a glass we're talking about the wine itself. When vino rossa would be one red wine, two red wines would be Dua Vini Rossi and take a look at how the oh in vino changes to an eye to indicate poor. Oh, but also the O in Russia changes to an eye to indicate plural, and this was all discussed in a previous lesson. Let's look at a feminine noun when a Casa Jolla would change to threat Cassa JAL A in Gaza and the A Angela would change to an E to indicate plural, and here you can see it a little bit more indicated on this slide here, the second type of colors will fall into the neuter category. In this case, you'll just have singular and plural. The gender doesn't matter in these type of colors, and here are a few of them vetted a for green martorana for brown. So, for example, if you're talking about one dog you would say a brown dog, you would say Ghana Martorana. But if you're talking about two brown dogs, you would say Dua Ghani Marani. So the E will change to a NY to indicate plural. In that case, when I fall, yeah, battered that threat for yeah, very DIY. So that vetted a becomes Veta D doesn't matter if it's masculine or feminine. All that matters is singular and plural. In these neuter cases, this one's a little bit tricky, because fall, yeah, changes to fall. Yet the A changes to an E to become plural. But vata dad becomes vetted de with an eye, so it's not exactly rhyming like a lot of Italian sentences will. But in this case, it doesn't. Finally, let's look at the invariable case. So in this case, singular or plural doesn't matter than the The number doesn't matter for these type of colors and gender, whether it's masculine or feminine doesn't matter either. So all you have to memorize is one color. So here are some of the one's in the invariable category at on Jonah Blue Rossa, which are orange, blue and pink, and finally, viola, which is purple. So for example, when a far follow blue would be a blue butterfly. But if you're talking about three of them, you would say Trey far folly blue. So the blue doesn't change. It doesn't matter being that it was feminine or masculine. This case, it's a masculine noun cause for Fala is feminine. I'm sorry. So far, far away. I would have changed from far Fala to indicate the plural. But the blue doesn't change another example when a maquina Rosa a pink car Quattro McKinney Rosa. So again Rosa doesn't change. Doesn't matter how many you are talking about, so there we have it. We looked at the three categories the normal neuter and in variable. And that's the end. I want to thank you for listening to this lesson and I will see you at the next lesson. Xiaochao 6. Telling Time in Italian: Hello and welcome back. This is Larry I yellow. Welcome to another Italian lesson. This lesson will be going over time. Telling time and Italian is tempo. DiNardo. Time is money if tempo DiNardo So times are given in feminine form in Italian. Because lot oughta The hour is a feminine. Now, this will be a good time to review the verb s itta because we use the verb s it it to be for telling time and Italian. So we will use a from the third person when the hour is singular or one o'clock. Or we will use son Oh, for plural for all other hours that are greater than one. Soto asked for the time and Italian. You can use either Gaillot f which is singular or Korso No get what a sauna. So in the first case, you're saying what our is it or in the second case, you are saying what hours are there on the clock and your response can be a luna for it's one o'clock singular. Sona would be used for every other circumstance when it is not one o'clock. Because then the hours would be plural. I e greater than one minutes are expressed as number, either after the hour at which is and or before the hour using Meno, which means minus and the E over here is without the accent. So with different than what we saw before over here, when it has the accent, it is pertaining to the verb yesterday, which means is over here without the accent, it means. And so, at 15 minutes before or after the hour, we use 1/4 similar to what we use in English instead of 15. Or we can also use 15 and we'll look at some examples. Likewise, at 30 minutes after the hour, we use Med za, which means half instead of Trenta, which means 30. So here are some little quirks of the Italian language. Med Za and manner are never used together, so we would never say half minus two o'clock, meaning 1 30 But we typically will say, or we can often alternatively say 1/2 past one, which would mean 1 30 And another quirk is mezuzah and meds oh, are interchangeable. Sometimes you'll hear you can hear either one or the other, and they are both technically correct to ask at what time something happens. You can say I get order, I get order, for example Aorta tourney dot, dot dot At what time are you returning from the doctor? So let's look at some examples here, so no *** way. And here we are using the plural Sano because five is greater than one. So no *** quit, which means it is five oclock. So no like Quattro in cuarto. So here we're saying it's four and 1/4 or 4 15 quarter past four is what we are technically saying. So on a lotto and meds. Or alternatively, like I mentioned before, you can say meds. Oh, so no, the auto and Mezuzah, which means 8 30 or half past eight oclock meds a means half. So know that threat. At 23 it is 3 23 a Luna Trento toe. So here we're using the singular Luna Trento toe. It's one and 38 minutes past one o'clock, and I apologize. This clock is a little bit off scale, so let's pretend it's the hour hand is closer to the to. Alternatively, you can say it's 22 minutes to to or 22 minutes, minus two. Son of their do a man a venti do way Tu minus 22 minutes. So now they do it. Men are meant to do it. So in this case, it's 1/4 to 11. So no lay wounded. Itchy Meno Cuarto. So no. A wounded team, eh? No cuarto quarter to 11 now. How do you distinguish between a M vs PM? Well, there are a few ways. So in the morning you can say Del Mattino. They're Mattino, for example. You can say Sana, Let's set the Del Mattino. It's seven o'clock in the morning. If you want to refer to a time in the afternoon, you can say Del comedy jokes on Electra Delp Committee Joe, it is three o'clock in the afternoon. In the evening, you can say that Losada or D Ceta. So now let's set the d Sadah. It is seven o'clock in the evening, so no set Di Serra and finally, to refer to the night time you can say Della notte del Llano. So no illinova Della Note. It is nine oclock in the night, or you can use military time, which Italians are very much accustomed to 24 hour clock This will come in handy for planes , trains and bus schedules, as they all use 24 hour as they all use the 24 hour clock for official times like that. And the best way to remember is to either add or subtract 12 for example. So unless Adity el Cuarto so analysts a t t l gua. Ditto, it is 16 and 1/4 or quarter past 16. Oclock 16 minus 12 would be four, So they're referring to 4 p.m. In the afternoon. If you wanted to figure out four oclock in the afternoon, what that translates to you just add 12 to 4 o'clock. Anything past 12 would have a you would need to add 12 to it. So one o'clock becomes 13 o'clock. Two o'clock in the afternoon becomes 14 oclock, etcetera, etcetera. So here in the United States will express it like this 16 with a colon 15 meaning for 15 in the afternoon or something. Let's say the G L. Watteau, but in Italy it's a little bit different, and sometimes you'll see time express with the colon, but more often than not, you'll see it with a comma or with a period So using our example from 4 15 for 4 15 again in the afternoon, you can see it expressed as either with a comma or with the period. So here's an example of a time schedule you'll see from the Dallas 9 30 in the morning. Teoh 13 o'clock, which is one o'clock in the afternoon and then they reopen at 16 30 which would be 4 30 in the afternoon. And they go on until 20 oclock at night, which is eight PM in the evening and underneath your CQ. So Illuminati Matina they are closed Monday morning and we've reached the end of our Italian lesson. I want to say thank you for joining me with this lesson and I'll leave you with another Italian proverb is tempo viola ill Temple Bola Time flies Chow chow 7. Money - Using the Euro in Italy: and Venuti. Welcome back. This is Larry I yellow. And here is another lesson of Italian. This one will go over the monetary unit known as the euro, which is the currency that is used in Italy and most other countries of Europe. First, we'll go over a little bit of history about the euro. The old unit was the lira, and you could see an L with a slash or a couple of slashes drew it. It was used from 18 61 through 2000 and two looks very similar to the British pound. The new unit, which is the euro, was born in 1999 and it became the official currency in 2000 and two. However, oddly enough, the UK did not convert over to the euro. They are still using the pound. But if you were to travel to other most other countries in Europe, you'll be able to use a single currency, such as in France or Spain, Portugal etcetera. And here are the denominations. Starting from the far right, you can see the first. The nomination is a five year old note, all the way up to 500 euros. And unlike American money where one size fits all you can notice, or you can see that there are different sizes for each of the denominations. Now, why do you think that might be well, that is, to help the visually impaired, as the different sizes will assist them in determining what value note they have in their hands. Here are the different coins. They also have different textile characteristics, which are also beneficial for the visually impaired. On the bottom, right, you'll see a one euro cent 100 euro sense will equal one euro. And in the top you see the euro coin too, or two euros to the right of it is one. And then you see the different sent combination. There are different denominations, just like everything else in Italian Noun are either masculine or feminine. In this case, the euro is a masculine now, and there is no difference between the singular and plural when you are speaking about the euro. So, for example, one euro would be L'Echo. Two euros would be do it a little three euros would be hello and so on and so forth. Italy also uses the metric system. So when you are shopping for food and clothing. You'll have to keep in mind that food will be sold by the kilo as opposed to the pound. And clothing will come in European sizes as opposed to American sizes. And another peculiar thing that they do is a commas and periods are reversed to express numerical values. And if you're in the UK, this is a little bit different than what you're used to asses. Well, So, for example, this shown with the 3.0 comma 50 is 3000 euros and 50 euro cents. Here's a example of a newspaper that shows prices in Italian here. We'll look at the L C D screen, and this one is 269 euros with zero cents, and that's it. I want to say goodbye to me. Let thank you very much for listening to this lesson, and I look forward to teaching you more Italian during the next lesson. Xiaochao 8. Meeting and Greeting People in Italian: Bento Renato or bent or not a welcome back. I want to welcome you back to another Italian lesson. This one will go over meeting people in Italy. So the first part of the lesson I will go over ideas for meeting people. This not only applies to Italy, but for Europe in general and most other countries. The second part of this lesson, I will go over specific vocabulary that you can use that will help you in greeting people and meeting people for various situations. If you're on your honeymoon or if you are in a tour group and you're not concerned about meeting people in general than the first part of this section won't really apply to you, you can just listen then to the second part. But if otherwise, if you are interested in meeting people or other tourists, then I will go over some ideas that have worked for me in the past. So here are some ideas. Now let's keep in mind that Italians are pretty friendly and they're open and use to foreigners. There are million's over 45 million last I saw on Wikipedia, so they're used to foreigners visiting their country But that being said, Italians tend to be on the clique ish side. They like to hang out with people that they know their family and friends. It's easier to meet Italians through an introduction or through a friend, as they tend to value the relationship mawr than someone that is on familiar or unknown. They realized that most foreigners are there for only a short while, so this lesson will apply basically to meeting Italians and non Italians in general. So here is a universal law. That's probably obvious. But the more Italian that you can speak, or the more Italian that comes out of your mouth that you know, will generally open up more doors for you in the quality of the relationship or the number of people that you can converse with. That's obvious that that's probably a reason why you are taking this course. I mean Italians air helpful and friendly, but you also have to help them to an interesting note. If you know Spanish and I've seen a lot of people try to use their Spanish in Italy. And even though most Italians don't know Spanish per se, there are a lot of similarities with the languages. So if you're stuck on a word, go ahead and use a Spanish one. Sometimes it will be the same as the Italian one. Or sometimes it will be similar enough that they can guess what your intention is. And there are other time, of course, where the words are totally different and they will be looking at you like you have three heads. But that being said, I mean, I think what happens in languages and this all happens in a split millisecond. I know for me I look for if I'm in Spain, for example, and trying to use Spanish. I look for the Spanish word in my head in a conversation, and if I don't have a Spanish word, I'll say the Italian word. The opposite kind of happens, and sometimes I get away with it, and sometimes I don't. So if you know Spanish, you have a little bit of an advantage. So the first thing I would recommend is just keep your eyes and ears open on any tourist activities that you do during your visit. This would include any day trips that would be organized by your hotel or walking tours or when you're visiting any of the museums, parks or monuments or any other any other artistic sites ruins, many of whom will give organize tours and various languages. So if you if you're Italian, is pretty good, go on the Italian language tour that will give you a good chance to learn the language and meet other Italians. Or go on the English tour or what have you, and you will find other people that are visiting the country and open to meeting others. Also, like I kind of mentioned look for non Italians in Italy. This kind of goes with the old song. If you can't be with one you love, then love the one you're with. I've had a lot of luck meeting non Italians like Germans, French Swedes, along with other Americans. The reason, as Italians tend to be busy with their day to day lives. They're not in vacation mode when they're in Italy, but when you are meeting other Germans or Americans or French or Swedes, they tend to be in a vacation mode and they tend to be more open to meeting other people in practising their English or Italian or any other language that you may have in common with them. So don't overlook this fact. This is probably one of the best ways to meet other people in Italy is just by by meeting other travelers other people that are in vacation mode in that same kind of mindset. And there are some online groups or websites that can help you meet similar like minded folks. I like meet up dot com. You can search for ex patriots living in Italy, perhaps, or intercom B O, which means language exchange or just do a language, a language exchange Rome, for example, or Florence wherever you are going to meet. These are language groups where people want to practice their English with you and you could practice your Italian with them. This is a great way to meet other like minded folks that want to learn languages with meat up dot com. You can also search for Let's say you like sushi, for example, and you're in Rome. Do a search for sushi lovers and see what meet up group pops up there any. I'm sure they will probably have some. If you like wine tastings, etcetera, you can just go to meet up dot com type in your interest and the city that you are interested in. You can also try couch surfing that organ, and normally this is for people that want to offer their room or couch or apartment or flat for in exchange for someone travelling through town. It's a community based site with a lot of members, but I would recommend that you just check out there happy hours they offer. They also organized other things in town like Happy Hours, another get together where you would meet people with a traveling mindset that would be open to meeting people from out of town. They can show you. Perhaps you could strike up a friendship with one of them and they can show you around town or introduce you to their friends. So on and so forth. Of course, Don't overlook your friends on Facebook. Remember, we are only six Facebook friends removed from anyone in the world. So ask them if they know of someone in the town or towns that you plan on visiting and you never know they may, so that could be a good way to meet someone. There's also another interesting sight I've come across now. I haven't personally used this and I don't know anyone that has. But I've seen some reviews online. It's rent a friend dot com. So basically, if you're visiting Rome, for example, you can see who is in Rome that offers their services to show you around town for $20 an hour, $25 an hour, $50 an hour. What have you So that may be an option. You can check out as well if you have money to spend. So now let's focus on some specific vocabulary for meeting people. Now we will focus on the familiar form or the third person lay, which means you lay, go, may stop, Go may stop. Which means how are you? Go may by call me by. How is it going? This is from the irregular verb on data, which means to go Camilla Multiple Bana Grazia Multiple Bana Kratz, CIA. Very well, thanks. Moto Ben Ingrassia L a multi Ben Ingrassia L a Very well, thanks. And you Now you are asking them. How are they? I'm doing well. How are you? Make Gamow me Gamow. This comes from the verb Yamada, which means to call So literally You are saying I call myself or my name is so Makame. Oh, Larry a yellow. My name is Larry I Yellow or Makame. Oh, Giovanni, My name is Giovanni or John on one thing where people get mixed up pound is if you are female You would also say me Gamow me Gamow It doesn't change the meat gamma because Gammell is from the verb Yamada So it's not a noun that has to agree in gender. This is a verb multiple Chetta Mult! Oh yeah Cheragh! Literally this means much pleasure. But it is usedto portray or to indicate Pleased to meet you multiple Chetta, The Vienna, the dove it Vienna Or better yet, you can say that Vienna lay. Where do you come from? Les is the third person meaning you formal, which is why it's capitalized. But over Vienna lay. Where do you come from? So no americano. So no americano. I am American. No notice. Nationalities are not capitalized in Italian like they are in English. So no americano. Now, if you are a woman, you would say so. No Americana. So no Americana. Remember the O changes to an A to indicate I am an American woman. So no Americano, the New York or so No Americano. The Chicago on the Los Angeles. In this case, I am an American from New York. And that is the end of our Italian lesson. I hope you enjoyed. I want to say grassy, Amelia, thank you very much and look forward to seeing you during the next Italian lesson. Chow Chow. 9. Final Wrap Up for the Intermediate Italian Course: Bongiorno, Bwana. Sad. A good. They're Good evening. This is Larry Aiello. I want to thank you and congratulate you for reaching the end of the course. Really? It is the end, but it is actually only the beginning. Learning a language is a life long journey. I am still learning English. So once you embark on learning a language, you are never done learning it. I encourage you to leave me comments about what you thought of the course or leave a review . I would truly appreciate it. If you have any upcoming travel plans to Italy, please let me know about that as well. In addition to my courses on Italy, I also have other courses on skill share that I invite you to take. I have courses for the small business owner that is starting or needs help with certain aspects of their business. For example, I have a course on CEO search engine optimization. Have a course on insurance considerations. Have a course on building a team. Payroll considerations when you are in business. Of course, I'm purchasing a small business in the United States. I have a course. I'm launching a business. I also have a course on creating a website and social media presence, along with understanding financial statements. I wish you the best of luck in your future endeavors. And please be sure to follow me. Thank you for joining me today. This is Larry Aiello.