Interior Design Principles: Improve Your Interior Decor and Styling | Arch Ba Saba | Skillshare

Interior Design Principles: Improve Your Interior Decor and Styling

Arch Ba Saba, Interior designer

Interior Design Principles: Improve Your Interior Decor and Styling

Arch Ba Saba, Interior designer

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9 Lessons (16m)
    • 1. Trailer

    • 2. Focal Point

    • 3. Harmony

    • 4. CONTRAST

    • 5. Balance

    • 6. Rhythm and Repetition

    • 7. Scale and Proportion

    • 8. Details

    • 9. Your Project

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About This Class

We all live in homes consist of different elements such as color, light, patterns, textures, forms and shapes. It is necessary for all of us to know some basic design rules so we can use those elements in a way that makes our homes calming, relaxing and generally better places to live.

In this short class, I tried to cover all the seven principles of interior design and home styling in an easy and practical way.

If you are into interior design and décor, or you want to know how to style details in your home like tabletops and bookshelves, please join me in this class, cause this class is for you.

At the end of this class, you will know...

  • What Focal Point is
  • How to create Harmony and Contrast
  • Different types of Balance
  • How to apply Rhythm and Repetition to your interior design
  • Common mistakes in Scale and Proportions + How to prevent them
  • And finally, the importance of Details

And you're gonna' learn them fast and easily.

I hope you enjoy the class. 

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Arch Ba Saba

Interior designer


Hi guys! I’m Saba. I am an interior lover and designer.

Since I also studied architecture engineering, I learnt many of 3D and visual softwares like sketch-up, 3Ds max, Rhino, Archi-CAD, Auto-CAD, V-ray, Adobe Photoshop and Lumion. and, I‘ve been teaching my knowledge in this area for a while. And now, I’m so excited to share it online with you too! (ofcourse with helps of my friends in video and sound editing)

So, If you are a person who loves to learn:

Interior design rules, How to style details in home, How to design your room better, Learn how to work with simple 3D softwares and design with them,

Please join me, follow my Skillshare account and check out my videos! I really look forward to seeing your beautiful projects... See full profile

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1. Trailer: We all live in houses with rooms. Every room consists of lines and shapes. Karen, straight lines create forms in space, and space can be filled by those forms that we call furniture or left empty as negative space. Besides, all these forms have color, texture, and maybe patterns. And obviously they should be lived to be seen better. All these elements can evoke different fields. They can have commun effects for stressful ones on us. So how can you mix them to perfect design? This class teaches you exactly that. The recipe to a perfect design. So you're going to learn the seven essential design principles so you can apply them to your rooms and improve your interior design enormously. Those seven principles are focal point, harmony, contrast, valance, rhythm and repetition, scale and proportion and details. In each lecture, I discussed one of them and tell you how you can use them to have a beautiful, peaceful, eye-catching home. So join me in this crash course to learn them fast and easily. Now without further ado, let's begin. 2. Focal Point: Look at this green layer you exactly looking at, I'm pretty sure you're looking at the black point. You are not looking here or there is because when you see a view, you automatically look at the most interesting, most important, or the most strongly emphasized point. The point that grabs most of your attention. We call that focal point. Well, it's the same for designing rooms. In every room there is 1 that grabs most of the attention, like the star of the show, which is the focal point of the room. Make sure to understand what your focal point is. Because knowing it, enhancing it, and designing around it can really make a huge difference. Your focal point can be an oversized artwork. It can be a collage, bookshelf, a unique piece of furniture, a window with a beautiful view, or a fireplace. Sometimes TV wall, and sometimes I miss your fireplace and TV. But remember, do not use two focal points in one view because they start to compete and it makes your brain kinda tired. Sophia, two focal points, just combine them or try to keep them far from each other in different views. Now, to master designing your focal point, keep watching this glass. 3. Harmony: According to Gestalt psychology, your brain is always trying to make everything easier to understand. So whenever you see several things to understand them easier, your brain tries to categorize them by what they have in common, and then recognizes that group as a whole. And after that, your brain can focus on smaller details. So when you see things that do have harmony with each other is comforting for your brain. On the other hand, many siblings that have no harmony with each other, your brain gets confused and you're going to feel uncomfortable. So whenever you enter a room, your brain starts to work and categorise the stuff that you see. If there is no harmony between elements of that room, like colors and styles. It's gonna take more time for your brain to understand and process it. And it may cause a stress and anxiety in your own consciousness. For example, if this room was real, it would definitely give me a headache. Surely you don't want that to happen. So let's see how we can create harmony. It's easy. You can simply create harmony by using furniture and accessories from one specific style, mood, or color. By repeating one element through your design, you can reach unity. So you can simply assert by one element that you love and then choose the other elements consonant to it. Now that she made the room comfortable for the ice, let's make it exciting by the next principle, which is contrast. 4. CONTRAST: Now that you created harmony by repeating one element, it's time to spice things up by adding a little contrast. Contrast is a sacred rule that makes a room on forgettable. It prevents your home from seeming flat, boring or neutral. Contrast brings charm and ties everything together. So how can you create contrast? There are many different ways you can create contrast. The easiest way is to make it by color. You can do it by complimentary colors. Or simply black and white, like we did here on Ottomans pattern. Or just an axiom color like red. But remember to always use the sharper colors in smaller proportions. Likewise, you can make contrast with different materials. For example, rough on Polish woods can be against smooth metal. Or here we just added some software texture on the pillows. We can also add a care vaccine chair to this living room to create contrast in forms. Be creative in making contrast. Because conscious can be in anything like height, size, transparency, and etcetera. Now you may think contrast and harmony are opposite to each other, so I can use them at the same time. We do not use these two rules 100% everywhere because it can make your room too boring or too cluttered. Make the harmony rule as a base for your design. And then at some contrary, elements to add visual interest, just like we did earlier, the key to a perfect design is balanced between harmony and contrast. 5. Balance: An interior design. When we talk about visual balance, we talk in terms of visual weight. Every object has its own visual weight. Some of them like this big dark brown leather so far heavy. And some like this area so far with the light color and exposed legs are lighter. Or this glass tables for example, they take less space and attention. We can see underneath them. So they're visually lighter. Distributing heavy and light furniture equal in space is called balance. Balance makes the space more comfortable and makes our brains happy. There are three types of balance. Symmetry, asymmetry. And radial. Symmetry is more formal and works better with classic stars like transitional, traditional or French Modern. Like I said before, in harmony lecture, brain loves symmetry because it is easier to understand. The brain has to understand just half of the whole image because the other half is the same. On the other hand, asymmetry is more complicated and it feels more casual. Asymmetry is when there are equal weights on both sides, but not the same objects. Some people find asymmetric, more exciting and engaging. And finally, in a radial balance, objects spread around 1, maybe around the chandelier, around drug, or a circular table. 6. Rhythm and Repetition: I'm sure you've heard about rhythm in music. But what does it have to do in interior design? Well, rhythm and repetition can bring your design to the next level. This principle is a very subtle touch that can make your home sophisticated. Rhythm is the repetition of pattern, colors, shapes, or other elements of design through a space. It can create visual interest and make your eyes move with it. Again, according to Gestalt or brain understands repetition faster. So it finds our declaration aesthetically more pleasing. You can create rhythm by four techniques. Repetition, progression, rhythm and contrast, and transition. Repetition, like the repetition of learning pendants, columns, windows, one accent color through the room. Or just repetition of a fewest small accessories in odd numbers like three or five. This is a pro tip. Odd numbers are usually preferred to even numbers because our brains like odd numbers more since it can find the middle one. The next technique is progression. It means decreasing or increasing one quality, like using differentiates a one-color from bright to dark in one room. Or using objects in three different sizes from a larger to a small one. And sometimes you can make rhythm by using contrast. For example, using different shapes, styles, or colors like black and white chairs in your dining room is both Rhythm and contrasts. The last technique, which is transition, is the hardest one. It's lends some uninterrupted flow. These are eyes in a path like this parametric eye-catching walls. 7. Scale and Proportion: This one is really practical, but it is very common for people to neglect this rule. In this lecture, we want to talk about the size and the relation between the size of a furniture and the size of the room. And also the relation between the size of a furniture and the size of other pieces. So the first thing is if you have a big room, go with larger furniture and patterns. And if you have a small home, stick to visually lighter furniture, it is so easy, but there are many common mistakes that people often do about this rule. So let's check them out. Measure, always measure your empty space and door reads before buying anything. And always keep in mind that you should keep some spaces NT for walkways. By the way, humans shoulder length is about 60 centimeters and 90 centimeters is the minimum space for walkways. 120 is perfect to people can simply walk through it. Too small or too big in any room, no matter how big or small, your furniture should be, a combination of small and big pieces. So if you have a small home, don't fill your home with lots of small pieces because you make sure that everyone things. Yes, your home is actually tiny. So instead by one or two furniture in normal size, like You're so funny, Iraq, certain trig people's brain. This so far on this rock faded Well, so this room is not that small, but goes small. An area with other furniture. Artworks and mirrors always hang artworks in the height of the human eye. It means the center of the artwork should be at 165 centimeters height, or the width of the artwork should be around two-thirds of the furniture below it. Artwork is smaller than that, or is too small in height. Use other artworks or create a collage. When you're creating a collage, always remember to align centers of the artworks or maybe one of their ages. The shape of the mirror or the artwork is better to be the same as the shape of the empty wall you want to hang on. Area rods. It is really common to choose rise. There are small for your room. You can place the rock in many ways. But remember, you always want to put your feet on the rug whenever you are sitting on the sofa, by the dining table or your bed in your bedroom. So in the living room, all of the front legs of the furniture should be on the rock. And in the dining room, all the chairs should be on the rock to even when they are moved back. Because you don't want to be unsteady on your chair while eating in the bedroom. At least two-thirds of the bed is better to be on the rug. And the bigger the better. And finally, always remember to put some empty space around the room, about 20 to 45 centimeters. 8. Details: As Mies van der Rohe once said, God is in the details. They may seem tiny, forgettable, unimportant, but they have a huge impact. Like desert declaration, there is no perfection without details. Don't be lazy in this last step. Details include accessories, curtains, paneling, lights, rugs, railing, partition, and much other stuff like selling your tabletops and bookshelves. Just remember all the seven rules when buying and designing all these elements. As an example, I'm going to quickly show you how to start this super minimal casual console table. I've chosen B's accessories. They are simple and informal as well. They are also in pastel colors or black and white. First, I hang the artwork about 25 centimeters above the console table. The width of it is two-thirds of the table, which is very good. And then I add the lamp on the right side of the table. After that, a group my three bases and put them on opposite side. It really looks nice when they are in three different heights. Right now I want to show them a little bit taller and maybe more cohesive. So I add these books under them. Make sure to put books from the biggest to the smallest one and align them to the left side. Next for creating contrast in heights, I put this cute crack in the middle. And last these little candles in both sides of it, always remember to layer accessories, put them back and forth to add dimension, and it's done. You can see there is asymmetric balance, contrast in colors and heights, and harmony in style and colors. Scale and proportion is also considered. And you see some kinds of rhythm in pastel colors and black and also these three races. And it is all about details. 9. Your Project: Congratulations on finishing this class. Now that you know the rules, you can break them whenever you think it's necessary or you want a specific emotional impact. I thought about two projects for you. So you can choose the one which is more suitable for you. Number one, you can choose a tabletop or a fireplace mantle, bookshelf or console table and style it by applying the design principles. The second project is a little bit harder. Choose one of your rooms in your home or office. Find the focal point and try to enhance it by making balance, harmony and contrast. And don't forget about rhythm, proportions, and details. You may want to replace pieces with other room pieces or do some DIY. For more interior design tips and tricks, please follow my account and share it with anyone who needs this or is in the interior styling. Thank you for joining me and goodbye for now.