Interior Design: Interior Decorate Like a Boss | Rose Sprinkle | Skillshare

Interior Design: Interior Decorate Like a Boss

Rose Sprinkle, Interior designer/children's book author

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51 Lessons (1h 4m)
    • 1. Introduction to Interior Decorate like a Boss

      0:40
    • 2. Course Overview

      0:16
    • 3. Sec 1: Evaluate Your Space

      0:30
    • 4. Function

      1:42
    • 5. Seating

      1:05
    • 6. Storage

      1:35
    • 7. Focal Point

      1:21
    • 8. Special Needs

      0:44
    • 9. Mood

      0:34
    • 10. Sec 1: Conclusion

      0:29
    • 11. Sec 2: The Design Principles

      0:22
    • 12. Contrast

      0:37
    • 13. Repetition

      0:38
    • 14. Movement

      1:07
    • 15. Scale

      1:40
    • 16. Proximity

      1:36
    • 17. Alignment

      0:46
    • 18. Variation

      0:58
    • 19. Balance

      1:04
    • 20. Sec 3: Color Theory

      0:23
    • 21. What's my Mood ?

      0:59
    • 22. Natural Light

      2:21
    • 23. The Three Types of Color

      1:37
    • 24. Intensity, Brightness, and Temperature

      2:16
    • 25. Active Color

      1:57
    • 26. Passive Colors

      2:34
    • 27. Neutrals

      0:39
    • 28. White Rooms

      2:56
    • 29. Dark Rooms

      1:07
    • 30. Undertones

      2:46
    • 31. How to Choose your Colors

      2:32
    • 32. How to Choose your Paint Finish

      1:54
    • 33. Sec 4: How to Light your Space

      0:55
    • 34. Light Temperature

      0:38
    • 35. Lighting with Levels

      1:09
    • 36. Sec 5: Place your Furniture

      2:29
    • 37. Sofa Tables & Benches

      0:51
    • 38. Walkways and Exits

      0:32
    • 39. Choosing your Area Rug

      1:19
    • 40. Sec 6: Introduction to Accessories

      2:10
    • 41. Putting it All Together

      1:30
    • 42. How to Accessorize Shelves

      0:46
    • 43. Window Treatments

      1:40
    • 44. Wall Art

      0:41
    • 45. Galleries

      1:11
    • 46. Mantles

      0:36
    • 47. Mirrors

      1:56
    • 48. Mixing Patterns

      1:22
    • 49. Plants

      0:23
    • 50. Create your Floorplan

      1:30
    • 51. Conclusion

      0:42
382 students are watching this class

About This Class

Learn the fundamentals of interior design and create a great space from start to finish with my step by step process. By the end of this class you'll know exactly how to layout your floor-plan, work with color, accessorize, and much more. You'll be interior decorating like a boss in no time! 

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Transcripts

1. Introduction to Interior Decorate like a Boss: Hi, friend. In this class, I'm going to show you how to create your perfect space from beginning to end with my step-by-step process. It's easy, super fun, and you'll be able to start applying these principles right away. So, if you're someone who has an idea of what you'd like, but you're not really sure how to put it all together, or you just want to learn how to instantly improve your space, then you're in the right place. We'll be learning how to lay out your room, exactly how many pieces of furniture to buy or get rid of, how to properly accessorize, work with color, and so much more. So, if you're ready to rock your space and design like a boss, get your creative thinking on, and I'll see you in a few. 2. Course Overview: Welcome back, friend. I'm Rose, and welcome to Interior Decorate Like A Boss. To make this creative process easy for you, I've created a digital workbook to be used throughout the course. So, if you haven't already, download your workbook attached in the class section below, and let's get started. 3. Sec 1: Evaluate Your Space : The very first step when creating a great space is to create your vision, and you can't create a vision without knowing where you're going, and where you're coming from. So, this next section is all about defining what you want. Once you have an idea in place, I'll teach you all about design principles and best practices, so you're equipped with the right tools to help you bring your dream space to life. So, with that being said, here are the six most important things you need to solve for and think about when evaluating your space. 4. Function: The foundation of every good design begins with function. So, the very first question you need to ask yourself is, what is the space going to be used for? What do I want to actually accomplish in this space? So, for example, if I were to describe my own personal bedroom's function, I would say that it's a place for me to completely unwind, meditate and reflect. That's because I have a daily goal to replenish myself emotionally and spiritually. I like to do that in a relaxed and private environment. So, maybe for you, your place to replenish would actually be your kitchen because you love to cook. But see how that's very different than just saying, ''Well, in my bedroom, I sleep.'' So, start with the end in mind. Another tip is to really picture the most basic thing that you do in that space, and be as detailed as possible. So, for example, as part of my routine to relax at night I journal in my bed, and so knowing this, I intentionally bought nightstands with drawers, and the reason why is because, I know that every night my journal is in the exact same spot waiting for me to tell it all of my secrets. Secondly, because it still keeps my space tidy and neat. So, I don't even need to leave my bed, I just roll over and grab it. It's such a simple detail, but it's those details that really help influence your purchasing decisions. So, maybe you love using beautiful China when you entertain or maybe you have to have naps every day and you want to create an awesome naptime experience. Whatever it is, start thinking of interior design as a means to help you practice your daily intentions, and influence how you feel. If something looks good, but it serves no purpose, then it really has no place in your space. So remember, function is the foundation of any good design. 5. Seating: The next thing you need to ask yourself is, how many people are actually going to be sitting down at one time? You need to have enough seating to accommodate you or your family everyday, and also have a way to quickly add seating when you're entertaining for larger groups. So, if you live in a smaller space, don't worry. My first apartment was literally only 600 square feet, it was tiny and so I had to get creative about dining and entertaining because I didn't have space for a dining table. So, I used my coffee table in my living room and when I needed more seating, I would pull ottomans from my bedroom for people to sit on. So, it worked as storage and seating. So, I think of challenges not as limitations but as an opportunity to get creative and problem solve. So, ask yourself, what does movie night look at your house or dinners? Where do people sit when they're eating? Is it outdoors? Is it indoors or even in the living room. So, maybe you want something formal or something more casual, like a bean bag chair that you can read in. So, think about how you can use seating to your advantage and for different scenarios and what that might look like. 6. Storage: To have a great space, you need to be strategic about where and how you place your belongings. The idea is to have everything close and accessible to you, but it lives and looks like it's naturally part of the space. So, built-ins are a fantastic example of this because you have the option of displaying or hiding stuff. You can use things like covered doors to hide things like DVDs or remotes, whatever it is. You can even consider how are you going to hide your wires and your cords, say, if you're mounting a TV or you have an Nintendo console. So, remember to put things with similar function close to each other so you can more easily remember where you need to go to find something. Also think of how you can do more with less space. Modular furniture has become so much more accessible and popular these days. So, you can have a trunk that stores extra blankets and doubles as a coffee table. You can have a sofa that converts into a bed for extra sleeping if someone comes and spends the night, or maybe you want to use storage as an interesting design element. You can use bright colored totes in your playroom to store toys, but there are so many options. Think of storage as a means of staying organized and really having to do less cleaning because we all want to do less cleaning. So, I actually use my decorative accessories as functional things too. I have this beautiful tin watering can that I love in my living room, but I pull that thing off the shelf every time I need to water my plants. So, same thing with my filing cabinet. I didn't have enough room in my office so, I made sure to buy a filing box that matches the rest of my living room decor so I could just keep it in here instead. So, think about where you can store things if you don't have room in a certain area. 7. Focal Point: Every great space has a focal point or something in the room that yells, "Here I am." So, if a focal point were person, they'd be the person always making a grand entrance. So, keep that in mind. Usually, the focal point has to do with the main function of the space. So, for example in the living room, it's usually the entertainment center, or the fireplace because all of your furniture is centered around that object. But you can totally get creative with your focal point. It doesn't need to be that specific. I had a friend who mounted a windmill to her wall, talk about creating a statement. There is no doubt where I was supposed to be looking, when I entered that room. Not only was it this beautiful piece of art and architecture, but it was also something that piqued my interest. Of course, I wanted to know, why do you have this huge windmill on your wall? Why is it so special to you? It turns out, that there was a very touching story behind it that was very personal to her. So, that focal point became a great conversation starter. That's what they're great for, you can use that to meet strangers and friends. So, they can remind you of what's important to you. Maybe you showcase your artwork or your photography, or maybe you mount a bike to your wall because you love biking. So, whatever it is, the focal point should be obvious, and everything the room should be leading to it. We'll look at different examples throughout the rest of the course, so you can know how to achieve that later. 8. Special Needs: Okay. You should also take into consideration what are your circumstances, things like, do you have kids or pets or people living with you who have disabilities? I have cats, I have two of them, so I know when I'm buying furniture that it needs to be pretty dang durable. So, maybe you need scratch-resistant floors, or if you have kids, you need spill resistant furniture, or walls that you can easily wipe down. Do you need wider pathways for crutches or wheelchairs? Maybe you have weird radiators coming off the wall, or you have a really big swinging door that take up too much space, and you should consider maybe like a pocket door, or a sliding barn door. Whatever it is, identify those things now because it's going to be so much easier later on when you're trying to solve for them. 9. Mood: The last thing is mood. Mood is a really powerful thing. Think of your physical space as an extension of yourself and ask yourself, what do you want it to say. Is it quirky or fun? There is really no right or wrong, but it is all about creating ambience or an atmosphere, and the best way to do this is through lighting and color. So, think about how you want to feel in your space and how you're going to light it. You can create an atmosphere that uplifts or inspires or whatever you choose. So, that is really an important question and it is only one that you can answer. So, go ahead and take the time to think about that. 10. Sec 1: Conclusion: Okay friend, if you've already filled out your answers in your workbook to evaluating your space, then congratulations. You've finished the hard part. I'm sure your heart is happy, dreaming of fancy things getting feasts, and Harry Potter movie marathon, or whatever it is. If you have yet to fill it out, no worries. Take some time to go ahead and dream big and in the next section I'm going to teach you the design principles, so you understand how to put your room together. So, you can put aside your work book aside for now, sit back and just enjoy. 11. Sec 2: The Design Principles: In every great room, you will see these design principles in action. So, for this section, I'm going to use one room as an example to show you how they've applied all eight principles in the same space. As we go throughout the rest of the course, I will always be referring back to these principles. So, if there are some principles that come easier to you or harder, don't worry because the rest of this course will just be review. 12. Contrast: Contrast is a tool you can use to make something in the room stand out. It's all about emphasizing something and bringing attention to it. You can achieve that through size, color, texture or even shape. So, remember when we talked about creating a focal point in a room, contrast is a great way of making that focal points stand out. So in this example, they use color as a way to create a very defined space. This yellow is really intense compared to this white. So, it pops off that wall because of high contrast. So, it goes to show that small spaces aren't a limitation. You can use contrast to really make a space interesting and lively. 13. Repetition: One of the easiest design principles to do well is repetition. Always be thinking about, "How can I take a common element like a shape or a pattern, or a color, and repeat it across the space?" This helps create unity and continuity because objects are relating to one another, and the theme is carried throughout the entire room. So, in this example, they have two shelves installed, not one, which creates these nicely-balanced and parallel lines. They're repeatably using white to balance against this intense yellow, and allow the eye to rest. They're even repeating this black frame that echoes this black line in the computer. So, these are all very intentional decisions that help bring balance at the phase. 14. Movement: Movement is all about how your eye moves across the space and how they're digesting the environment. So, usually your eyes are drawn first to the focal point, and then to the smaller elements in the space. You want to have the movement because it helps keep things exciting. A space should flow like a dance because it helps inform what you should be doing in that space, and what you should pay attention to. So in this example, my eye goes right to this yellow square but even more specifically, this bright white heavy computer that's centered kind of in this lower third. As a general rule of thumb, you want to have heavier items on the bottom because it helps ground the space. Then my eye starts to move upwards, it kind of checks out this frame, and then it moves up to these bright red binders because there's nothing else like it in the entire space. Then my eye notices this blue skateboard in the corner. So, this is actually a really smart design because they're using primary colors to create shapes with your eye. It's this beautiful triangle effect that keeps my eye moving from object to object, and discovering more as I explore in between these objects, and then go back down. 15. Scale: When things are equally proportioned, they feel balanced and equally weighted. Equal proportion, however it does not mean that everything is the same size. So, a visual way to think of this is Pinocchio. Think Proportion Pinocchio. When Pinocchio's nose is short, it's in proportion with the rest of his body. Because it's an equal visual weight to the rest of its features, the nose, the lips, the ears. But when you extend that nose that it's so long, all of a sudden, you start to feel like you're tipping forward to compensate for that weight, because it's so much longer than anything else on his body and it looses off balance. So, you do want to have small medium and large objects in your space to have different scale and variation. However, you need to have these objects scale in proportion to one another. So, it would probably be okay for Pinocchio's nose to grow out about here, but this is too much. So, looking at this example, you have the stack of books, the box, and the binder. These are the medium sized objects in the room. In fact, if I draw an outline around the shapes, you can see that those squares are generally the same size of medium. If I compare these objects to the smallest items in the room, such as the camera and the larger monitor, they are the same percentage smaller than the monitor and the same percentage bigger than the camera. I hope this make sense as I'm explaining it, but this is what gives the space balance. Even the skateboard is about the same height as this desk, and that's not all. Also notice how well these items fit the space of the shelf. They've added items on top to help fill the spaces, so it almost reaches the top. 16. Proximity: The next design principle is proximity. Proximity is how close or apart objects are to one another. So, when things are closer together, it creates relationships and groupings. You want things to be close enough but you also need to have space in between to breathe. So, if you look at this picture, notice how these things are grouped together. Then there's a space and another grouping. So, this space in between is actually called negative space. It's the space in between all of these items and that gives the eye the opportunity to rest from everything that's stimulating it, these objects, the colors, and the shapes. Even this border acts as a negative space to help breathe from this yellow because there's nothing there to grab our attention. This space would be completely different if this entire wall was that intense yellow. So, you need to think about using negative space as much as you do positive space because it's what helps keep a room balanced. You can use proximity as a means to achieve that. I'll give you a tip of what not to do and that is to place things very close without touching because it creates this terrible uncomfortable tension. So, think of when you're watching your favorite romantic movie and they're about to kiss and they're like, you know, lingering right there, and you start getting flustered and angry, and you're like, "Kiss already." That's because you naturally want those things to come together. You want to close that sliver of space because it really helps rest our eye. It's tension if they're too close. So, next time you go to kiss your partner, you can just be like, "Well, I'm just practicing good proximity." 17. Alignment: Okay. So, let's talk about alignment. When you're thinking about placing accessories or hanging frames, you want those things to align and you can do that either centered or with your left or right edges. The reason is because, again, alignment is another way of creating these associations. Our eyes naturally want to line things up because it releases that tension. So, make sure that you use a level to make sure things are hung straight and think about how things are placed in relation to everything around it. So, on this shelf you can see that this paper is center aligned with this box as is the headphones and books. The computer is center aligned with the wall and desk and these plants are center aligned with these pieces of paper. So, all of that helps bring continuity and harmony. 18. Variation: Variation is all about keeping things interesting while still being part of a whole. Same, same, same, is boring, boring, boring, but if you slightly tweaked things, like maybe a different shade of color, or maybe circles instead of squares, then you start to create that visual interest. You can use shape, scale, color, texture, all of these things to help add variation. So, in this space, notice how they use three green plants, but in different sizes and with a different type of foliage. So, this cacti is really rigid. Then you have these triangular falling leaves, and then a plant that curves upward with these really long lines. So, they still feel like a family and they're still associating together, but they're different members. So, the same thing is used in color. Look at these binders. They each have the same material, and the same black circle, but they vary in width, and height, and in color. Not one is exactly the same, and that's the trick to variation. You want to think the same but different. 19. Balance: Finally, we have balance. Balance is known to be one of the most beautiful things in nature and in Brad Pitt. So, when I say that he has one of the most symmetrical faces, so if he's put his face right down the middle, the left side of his face almost mirrors exactly the right side of his face. So, this mirroring effect is also used in interior design all the time. You can have matching nightstands, matching end tables, two lamps that are the same, and so on and so on. So, in this example, you have balanced plants in size and position, one on the right and one on the left, and you also see it in the legs of the desk. These are mirrored triangles. Another form of balance is asymmetrical design. This is when the items are different, but they still feel equal individual weight. I usually think of a right triangle. You have heavier or taller objects on one side, but then something small to balance the other. It creates a diagonal relationship. So, when you're thinking of balance, think of creating shapes with objects, rectangles, triangles, circles, and you're well be on your way to creating a balanced space. 20. Sec 3: Color Theory: Okay class, it's time to talk about color. Color is one of the most powerful ways we can influence our feelings and mood, and it is also one of the hardest things to master. But, don't worry because I'm going to walk you through how to choose your colors, and how to apply them in a way that works for you. So, go ahead, you want to probably reopen your workbook to the section, and let's get started. 21. What's my Mood ?: Begin by reminding yourself how you want to feel in your space. The reason why I'm not asking you what your favorite color is, is because you can have a color that you love, but that doesn't necessarily mean that it will create the mood that you want. I love orange. It's my favorite color, but I would never want to live in an orange room, because I would feel so overwhelmed in that space. So, when you're choosing your colors you need to think long term, and ask yourself, how much of this color can I actually tolerate? You also need to know what colors are already existing in your space, so, you can determine how you're going to make changes. Am I going to add a secondary color, a complimentary color, or maybe you decide to scrap your existing color palette completely and start from scratch. So, the amount of work you want to take on, will be determined by this decision. Later on in this course, I'll show you some tools you can use, and then to help determine what colors pair well together and some different strategies you might use for how you might approach this. 22. Natural Light: The third thing you need to consider is how much natural light comes into your space? Because that can completely the effect how the size of your space feels, as well as the actual colors in your space. If you think about the sun rising and setting each day, the sun is constantly changing its position, and that affects the amount of light that comes into your space as well as the intensity of the light. That's why you can have the same pink color throughout your entire house, and still have two rooms that are really right next to each other but still look different. So, you need to know where is the sun in relation to my space during the day, during sunset and how does that affect my color? So, for example my roommate painted her room this light to creamsicle orange, but when the sun is setting, it sets right next to her window, and then intense light is flooding into that space through that window. So, at five o'clock without fail, there's this neon glow that is just rating from her room. The entire room is cast in this orange light because that color is being amplified from the sun and reflecting onto the walls, the floors, the furniture, everything. So, when you're thinking about paint, always think of it in direct correlation with the placement of the sun. I would always recommend when choosing your paint colors, to paint a big enough square on your wall, like a one foot by one foot sample to really get a good idea of what the color will actually look like. That allows you to experience that color in a 3D space, mix with shadows, and highlights, and light temperature, and it can look very different than when you're just looking at it on a flat one dimensional piece of paper. I'm always shocked when I come home, I try paint color, and I'm like, that's not the right color. I still make that mistake, and it's very common. So, spend a little extra money on samples, because it will save you so much headache in the long run if you end up choosing colors that you don't like. Another reason you need to know how much natural light is in your space, is because that can help you determine how light or dark you want to make it. So, the more natural light there is, the brighter the space tends to be. So, that could be great if you want your space to feel more open, or if you like bright and cheerful. But maybe you want a more intimate or moody setting, in which case you might choose a dark color. So, think about that relationship between light and color as you're painting your space, because it really makes all the difference. 23. The Three Types of Color : So, now that you kind of have some ideas brewing in your head, there are three different types of colors you can choose from; active, passive, and neutral. Active colors are only one third of the color wheel. Those are your reds, oranges, and yellows. Active colors are known for being very energizing and invigorating. So, these are great choices for spaces where you want to let loose and have a good time. So, we know this about active colors because they're reflected in nature, and in sunset. So, think of how you feel when you are bathed in that golden light and seeing that intense fiery ball in the sky. It's almost like awe inspiring. So, remember that active colors are bold, they're energizing, and they're powerful. The other two thirds of the color wheel are the purple, blues, and the greens so these are your more passive and calming colors. It's no wonder that they're most commonly seen in bedrooms or living rooms, because they're more relaxing and peaceful. I'm sure when you take a vacation and you need to get away from it all, you probably find yourself like at the beach or in the mountains. So, these colors are really great, when you're looking to feel calm and more relaxed. Then, you have my personal favorites, neutrals. If you're someone who gets tired of patterns or colors really quickly, or you have no idea where to start, the neutrals might be the best way to go. Neutrals are timeless, because they involve grays, blacks, taupes, and whites. So, they act as a blank backdrop to anything that you want to do, which makes them a really flexible choice. So, you can bring in pops of color with accessories or you can even layer neutrals with other neutrals to create interesting depth and texture. So, there's actually a lot you can do with neutrals. 24. Intensity, Brightness, and Temperature: I wish color was as simple as like choosing a Plato color like, okay you want the blue, so you choose the one blue out of the pile. But the truth is there are thousands of blues and thousands of reds and oranges and so on. So, you need to understand three features of color when you're choosing your palette and those three things are intensity, brightness and temperature. Intensity is how vivid or dull a color is. So, see how vibrant this blue is compared to this one. That's because the more duller a color becomes, the more gray it has in it. So, in essence it becomes more neutral. It's heading towards the middle of the color wheel. So, thinking of the application in real life, if you paint your space a vivid orange, it is going to be very different than a copper penny orange that's much duller and less intense. Remember that example of the wow wow orange wall? That's because of its intensity. So the more intense the color, the more energy and dominance it brings to this phase. Brightness is how dark or light the color is. So maybe you love a color but it's too dark for the space. I just had this happen when I was painting my dining room. I love this color but when I tested it, the entire room felt way too small for me and too dark. So, instead of trying to find another color, I have my paint cover customized. I just have them add more white which lighten the color while still maintaining that same chroma. So, if you love light and airy rooms, then you're probably going to lean more towards pastels and off whites. If you love moody or the dramatic or you have a really sensual flare, then you might prefer darker and richer colors. Finally, you need to understand temperature. Temperature is one of the most important parts about color theory and we're going to talk in more detail about this later, but there is such a thing as warm and cool colors and that applies to the entire color wheel. So, for example, you can have a warm blue or a cool blue. Warm blue would have more yellow in it than a cool blue because it's moving towards the active color portion of the color wheel. So, this literally gives you thousands of variations. So, you don't want to just say I want blue, instead ask yourself what type of blue do you want. Do you want to be bright, happy, sad, blue green, melancholy. So, you want to think about the variation of the color that you want to choose. 25. Active Color: Okay. So let's look at some examples of interior spaces using these different color palettes. Here's an example of our active colors: yellow, orange, and red. Notice how these colors just demand your attention. You can't walk into a space like this without looking up because they're so fun and so lively. So, what I love about these examples is they're really bold, but they're not too overwhelming. This yellow room offsets its color with neutrals and a lot of natural light. It helps bring openness to a very dense area. This is a great example of that contrast we were talking about earlier. Boom, focal point. Here you have repetition of these paddles in varying colors. This blue is a split complementary to this yellow, and that helps balance the entire space. This orange room is an example of a monochromatic color palette because they're using different shades of the same color, and then they're balancing those with black as their main neutral color. So talk about contrast. You have this really vibrant intense orange wall, but I almost don't even see it because my eyes first go right to this dark black painting because of how well it's popping off of that wall. Notice how they leave enough negative space around this frame to let the eyes rest. Then, they even introduced a checkered pattern to help break up these solids. So remember, same but different. Then they repeat that black in the lamps, in the table, and in the rug to ground the entire room and keep it balanced. So what a fun and bold space. Oh, my goodness, this bathroom, this red is like a va-va-voom seductive lipstick red. This would be like Cruella De Ville's bathroom. This red is so intense. In fact, if you look at the ceiling and squint your eyes, it actually looks pink because that light is being reflected off that wall and bouncing into the ceiling. So by leaving everything else a neutral white, your eye is allowed to breathe and helps this space feel more open and balanced. So here you go, three bold intense examples of active color. 26. Passive Colors: And of course we also have our passive colors, blue green and purple. So just from flipping back and forth from these two slides, you can see a very stark difference. That's the fun of working with color. You get to experiment, learn the theory and then decide how you want to use it. So there's no right or wrong. Okay, getting back to business. Notice how light an area this blue room feels, and that's for a couple of reasons. One is because of the lightness of this powder blue, it's very soft and it's a very low contrast to the white that's surrounding it. So this natural light that's coming in is reflecting and bouncing off of the ceiling and off of this wall, so that creates even more light. So notice the varying scales in the picture frames. You have small, medium and large. And notice how closely placed they are to one another. They help build this negative space, so it's not too barren and they reflect the same colors that are in pillows. So now you might say, "but Rose these aren't aligned. This frame isn't match perfectly horizontal with this one." And I would say, "Well, you're right and you're also wrong. So they are aligned because this negative space above this picture frame matches the negative space below the picture frame." So these two frames are actually evenly centered with this larger one. Okay, let's look at the green and purple room. These rooms are not as bright as this first room. They're actually darker colors but they still have a very calming effect because there are more neutral green and are more neutral purple. In other words, they are duller colors because they have more gray in them. So there's other ways you can achieve a relaxing atmosphere other than just choosing a light color. To bring more dimension to this space, they put in pops of color with this intense emerald green and you know the pillow and the throw rug. If you're scared to really go bold, you know colors on your walls, then use your accessories. And then they put it all together by using metallics as their neutrals. They have this beautiful gold chandelier and this silver pillow, which there actually is silver in the chandelier. So these two pair really well together. And why hello antlers. What an interesting way to show a symmetry with taxidermy. But I love it. It's so interesting. And it also brings in an organic element with that fur. So, notice how they position this brown basket, right in the middle of these two heads. This creates a beautiful triangle effect and really helps ground the space and pulls that brow down, so your eye is jumping back and forth. This table is almost really the same intensity of the wall, so it just kind of fades away. So your eyes are left on these interesting frames right in the middle. So this is a beautiful application of color that they've applied here. 27. Neutrals: Now, my favorite color palette neutrals. So, earlier we talked about how neutrals are a great choice for those of you who have no idea what colors you want to choose. So, it's much easier to switch out a throw pillow or a rug than it is to repaint. So, looking at these examples, notice how much color is still in these rooms just from accessorizing. I love this room. They're pulling in different textures and patterns of blue that create this interesting rhythm of color, and if you're really bold, you can buy a colored piece of furniture like this green ottoman. So, this green is then repeated in the painting, the lamp, the throw pillows, and the plants, which brings harmony to the space. 28. White Rooms : Okay. I lied because my personal favorite are actually white rooms. So, look at how large these spaces feel. They're so open. But really the key to pulling off a great white room, is to introduce a little design principle we learned about earlier called variation. So, a great way to achieve variation is to use textures and patterns. So, let's look at the first picture. This room uses four different patterns to create variation. You have the horizontal lines from the wall, the solid cabinetry, the rectangles on this painted door, and then the tiled gray square on the floor. So, this is great design, because they're using a similar color theme to tie everything together, while still using different shapes to slightly differentiate from one another. Then, they also pull in different textures by using different types materials. So, you have a weave rug, and then you're repeating that with the weave baskets. You have the natural wood, and a stainless steel glass that's balanced by these two lights. So, all of these elements are working together to bring personality and interest to the space. It's just very subtle. So, look at the second room, instead of using a lot of patterning, this room uses contrast and color to create drama and interest. So, the colors on this fireplace have become the basis for the entire color scheme in this space. You have the dark woods that matched the heart, the tables, and even the details and the chairs, and these two hanging chandeliers. Then, you have the beige in the carpets, and the furniture. And really in this space the White is the predominant color for all the woodwork, and the trim, and in the ceiling. My favorite part of this room is actually those two chandiliers, because they really help move your eye down the room back to the fireplace. Which if you haven't already figured out, is actually the focal point of the room. This third room is another great example of subtle variation using texture and a great place to use this technique is actually on your bed. So, this entire bed is white. But it's great because they're pulling in different textures in the blanket, in the comforter, and in the pillows. So, maybe you use like lace with fur or satton, but layering keeps it interesting so it's not just solid white on solid white. You want to consider using this technique when you're working with materials like throw pillars, sorry throw pillows, rugs, blankets, curtains or even bedding. So, another way to bring in texture is through different building materials. If you squint at this wall, you'll notice there's actually variations of color in the woods of the slab. So, there's bits of reds, and greens, and even blue. Not one is the same, which is what also makes wood such a great material to use when working with neutrals. Not to mention it's organic, and something natural. Then of course you have this industrial metal and the ceiling looks like really shiny industrial. So, these are three very different spaces in this room. You have this rectangular space as the bed, these vertical lines in the middle, and these triangular trusses and circles in the ceiling that all create interesting variation. 29. Dark Rooms: So, maybe light neutrals aren't your thing, maybe you want the room to feel smaller or more intimate. So, black rooms are a bold, but beautiful way to go, and if black's too scary, then you can always go with a dark navy blue or even a royal purple. Look at how lovely this light is just being swallowed in this space. It's just so calming. Dark colors make walls feel like they're moving in closer to you, and that's why it's also used as a technique to optically lower ceilings in a room. If it was white, this space would feel a million times bigger, but by forcing that ceiling closer to you, it forces you to notice these beautiful exposed beams and chandeliers. So, it makes for a very dramatic effect that actually gives the space a lot of personality. The ceiling with the three beams and three matching chandeliers gives this space great rhythm and movement. I naturally want to walk down this hallway because of the ceiling. So, black is also a great neutral background for bold color. Look at these flowers and beautiful red velvet chairs that are just jumping off the background. It's so moody, and such a great atmosphere if you're looking for something dramatic and kind of like a showstopper. 30. Undertones: Okay, so, now that I have covered all the different types of colors, it's time to talk about undertones. I cannot stress enough the importance of undertones. Undertones can really make or break a space. You want to have your undertones match, otherwise the space will feel completely off, like a Dr. Jekyll or Mr. Hyde kind of off and it won't be pretty, especially if you're designing a white room. So, let's look at some examples. Go ahead and squint your eyes and look at these two rooms. The photo to the left is almost like a taupe or yellow color, while the one on the right is closer to a blue tint. That's because they have different undertones. Now, imagine if you tried to put this tile in this room it would completely clash and it would feel unbalanced. Now, you can have pure whites in both warm rooms and cool rooms, such as like this white counter top and this white toilet, but you cannot mix warm beige's with cool whites and have the room work together. So, let's look at another example. This time let's look at a living room. If you squint your eyes, these three rooms will reflect very different colors. The one on the left is closest to a neutral white or a very, very light gray. The room in the middle is almost like a beige or light pink color and the one on the right is actually closer to purple. These rooms and everyday jargon would probably all be referred to as white rooms, but in reality, these rooms are completely different from one another because of their undertones. Look at how closely they've matched the color of the furniture to the paint on the walls. It's so seamless and harmonious, and then they use the brilliant white of the trim and doors to contrast against the walls. So, they even pulled that white into the accessories with the candles, the flowers, and the lampshades. It's so subtle, so harmonious, that you almost think this is easy but trust me when I say it is not. It takes a lot of practice. So, look at this example on the right. The choice of frame, the picture, even the color of the plant reflect this purple hue in the wall. If I put this beige couch in here, it wouldn't work. It would feel off and that's because the undertones are not matching. So, just keep practicing when you're looking at color to notice that. In fact, I would suggest bringing with you a white piece of paper when you're choosing your paint or furniture, because your eye plays tricks on you. You're going to see a swatch that's labeled white and you're going to think, "okay, yeah, this is totally white." But look at these examples on your screen. All these colors are sampled from paint colors labeled white but they look completely different from one another. In fact, there's over a thousand different variations of the color white. So, trust me when I say, you want to take up the guesswork and bring that piece of paper with you. Use that paper to visualize your trim and your doors against these colors and see how well they work together. 31. How to Choose your Colors: Okay. So, I realized I threw a lot at you if this last section was so overwhelming and you're like, "Holy heck road. I have no idea where to start." No worries. I have some effective tips and tools that you can use to help you on your way. The first tip is to choose your area rug. This is great because it chooses your colors for you. So, in this example I'm pulling the blue as my primary and the orange as my secondary, but if you want you could totally flip that around and maybe use red as your primary, it's totally up to you. I decided to pull that fun blue into my furniture and then I can start to pull these metallics or gold as my neutrals. So, I decided to use that for my coffee table and my side tables and then I can accessorize with fun puffs of oranges and a reflective mirror that matches these tables. So, that's a very simple yet effective approach you can use to figuring out your color palette. Another way to approach it is by using the color wheel. So, here's an example of an analogous color theme or colors that sit next to each other on the color wheel. So, you have your purple, and then your blue violet, and red violet on either side. So, you can do this for any pairing around the color wheel.They usually make for a very lively and super fun space. Here I'm showing an example of a room using the primary colors red, yellow and blue or what's otherwise known as a triad. A triad is any three colors that make up a triangle on the color wheel. A triad color palette is usually very whimsical and fun. So I love how they decided to use softer pastels to create such an adorable space. It feels so balanced but harmonious and I'm sure your first instinct would be like, yeah red, yellow, and blue together would be terrible, but you can't fight science and color is science so all the other colors in the color wheel are made from red, yellow, and blue. So, all of those colors really come from those primary colors. Then there's complimentary colors which are colors across from each other and also split complementary which is basically taking one end of a complimentary color and moving it one color to the right and one to the left. Okay. So, if you're lazy like me and you don't want to remember all of this you can use this color wheel at colorsupply.com. This is a great resource. You can choose your colors on the wheel, you can change the combinations and experiment with different shades, intensities and temperatures on the right hand side. So, they'll even give you hex codes for that particular color so you can use that to match your real paint. I love this tool. It's so simple and easy to use and you're welcome. 32. How to Choose your Paint Finish: Okay. So, now that you've chosen your colors, it's time to choose your paint finish. This is really important because the finish influences the brightness in a room and how color is cast in your space. So, here they're ordered from least reflective and most reflective. So matte paint is the flattest finish. There is literally no reflection, and the more reflected something is, the more attention it brings to itself. So, a matte finish is great for hiding imperfections and covering up flaws. So, maybe you have a really bumpy walls. The walls that are really like even, a matte paint might be a good way to go. An eggshell finish is exactly what it says it is. It's the same slight reflection that you see on an egg. So this is the typical choice for rooms like bedrooms or living rooms, to give you that beautiful soft glow. A satin finish is your typical finish for things like your cabinets, kids rooms, bathrooms, and kitchens. That's because it's easier to wipe off, and clean than a matte finish. Then finally, there's high gloss and semi gloss which are your most reflective surfaces. So this is usually used for your trim, your doors, and your woodwork to help bring out those elements. So, here's an example of those finishes in action. The first picture is a satin mix with the matte finish. So, you can see there's literally no shine on this area, and this satin strip is reflecting the light that creates a really cool visual effects. It's a really beautiful subtle variation I think. The second picture is an example of an eggshell finish. Notice how evenly this light is diffused across this wall. That's the beauty of an eggshell finish. It's just enough to give a little eluminance, without being too overbearing. So, it's a beautiful soft glow. The third example is a high gloss finish. Oh my heavens, I love this space. The light coming in from this window is being reflected back by this beautiful red paint, that's actually making the space even brighter. What a smart way to film that light by using a high gloss finish. 33. Sec 4: How to Light your Space: All right, congrats. You are halfway there. Now it's time to talk about how to properly light your space. There are four different types of lighting. The first is your main lighting, which is usually the biggest light source in your entire room. So, it's things like your recessed lighting or your chandeliers, basically whatever is the largest. Just as a fun good to know, chandeliers are properly hung about 36 inches from your table or your surface. The second type of lighting is your ambient light, which is smaller light sources that help fill the space, so things like candles, lit kitchen cabinets, or entertainment centers, and so on. Then you have task lighting, that's meant for a specific thing. So, these are usually things like floor lamps or table lamps, so you can read or play the piano. Finally, accent lights. These are usually used for highlighting art or uplighting plants, things like that to help bring attention to a specific function in the room. 34. Light Temperature: Just like color, light also has different temperatures, and that temperature is measured in Kelvins. So, you don't, really need to memorize this table as much as you just need to be aware that when you're looking at light bulb packaging you know the difference between warm light and cool light. So, the lower in Kelvins, the warmer the light. The light is more inviting, more calming, and closer to something what candlelight feels like. But there's also a cool light which is closer to a bright neutral light, and then on the farthest and in the higher Kelvins is daylight. So, this is the really intense blue you'll see on a really sunny day in the sky. It is probably the least popular type of lighting. 35. Lighting with Levels: Okay. So now that you've decided what type of lighting you need, then it's all about using different height levels. So, you want to think top to bottom and this approach works really well because your goal is to fill the entire space evenly with light. Doing that at different levels, really helps create interest and balance. If everything was on one plane, it would make for a really boring unilateral lighting but you want to be even and well lit. So, here's an example of a floor plan with great lighting. You have your task lighting over here on the piano to read your music, then you have two floor lamps for reading when sitting on the couch. If you wanted, you can even put one arc lamp instead that would hang over the coffee table, it's totally up to you. Then you have two ambient lights above the fireplace. So, maybe it's highlighting a piece of art. Then, you have another table and floor lamp in your secondary seating area. So, if I really flip this room on its head, you can start to see there's really no space that isn't well lit in this room, there's no dark corners. So, great lighting is what really makes the space inviting and warm and friendly to be in because it's taking into consideration what you're doing in that space and just makes it feel more lively. 36. Sec 5: Place your Furniture: Okay, now it's time to place your furniture. This is the exciting part. The very first rule in placing your furniture is to always place your items from large to small. This is so you establish the fundamentals and then you add in all of your decorative elements to help fill in the space. So for example, you would first start with your rug, then add your couch, your chairs, your piano. Maybe you like a china cabinet, if you're doing a dining room and then you fill in with your smaller furniture like your coffee and your side tables and then you finish with your accessories and lighting. So the next thing to do is place your furniture closer together than apart. Remember the design principle of proximity? So, it's not like you want to be so close that you're breathing on these people, but you want to be able to touch their knee if you need to console them or something. You want to be close enough to be able to interact with them. So, this is an example of what not to do, and is somewhat of a common mistake. I'm sure you've seen this, where people push their furniture up against walls leaving these huge rivers of space in between. In fact, there's a name for this and it is called bandwagoning. That's right. We've gone back to prehistoric times. So look at this, in this picture, everyone is in their own wagon isolated and doing their own thing. They have to walk over to their neighbor to talk to them. So please, the next time you're thinking about pushing your furniture into a circle around your coffee table, think I don't want to be a pioneer. Instead your furniture should look something like this. If your space is you humango, then consider creating different social spaces in the same room. So, I'm bringing up this example again because this is done so well. You have one seating area around the fireplace that focal point and then that same setup is mirrored right next to it. So you can have two games going on at once or two different activities if you have a large group, and it makes for a beautiful symmetrical design. You have the balance flowers, two of the same rugs to separate those spaces and then these chandeliers are placed to act as a main light source for each area. So this room is so well done that it makes me so happy, as just one of my favorite examples. Here's an example of a creative design for a small space with great seating. So notice how these chairs are directly diagonal from this panel. So people have a place to sit and listen. Then, there's also a bench in the window where you can fit at least two more people. So maybe this bench opens up and you have more piano books in here. So, this space is a great example of both storage and function and really thinking about what they're trying to do in that space. 37. Sofa Tables & Benches: Another tip is to never show your backside, and what I mean by that is to always cover the backside of your couches or the end of your bed. So, when you walk into a living room, the backside of a couch is usually one of the first things that you see, and it can be dressed up to look inviting and even become a practical space within the room. So, in this living room they actually use a long sofa table and stools to create extra seating. I mean, how smart is that? This will be a great space to watch a football game, and eat crackers and dip. So, you can use the same technique in your bedroom at the end of your bed. A bench is a great solution because it creates another height level, so you have low medium and high, and you can also dress it up with beautiful throws or pillows. If you have kids they can sit here when you're getting ready instead of jumping into your bed and messing it up. So, it's a beautiful win-win. 38. Walkways and Exits: Another reason why you want to place your furniture first is because you have to figure out how much space you are going to need to walk in between them. So, this kind of goes back to that negative-positive space idea. You need to leave enough room to be able to navigate through a room easily without bumping into people and things. So, best practices are to have at least three feet for your main walkways and you also want to have at least two entrances into a room. So, once they are in a space, they then consume you, but notice how open this feels and how they had easy access to both parts of the room. 39. Choosing your Area Rug: When buying your furniture, you also need to consider the size of your rugs and how that relates to your space. The general rule is that your rug should be large enough that all four of your furniture feet can fit on the rug with some padding on the side. If this can't be done, then at least two of your legs from both of your couch and your chairs should fit. In this dining room, you want to at least 24 to 36 inches of extra space from your chairs, so that way when you pull them back, all four legs are still resting on the rug. Otherwise, then you get into this wildly thing going on because you have two feet on and two feet off, and that's just really uncomfortable for the person sitting in that chair because they start going like this. So, when you're in doubt of what size you get for your rug, always just go bigger. The same principle applies for your bedroom. So, you want to have your rug encompass all of your furniture and some padding. If you can't fit one that big, then pull it til the edge meets your nightstands. You want to have that rug cover as much area as possible to help define the space. So, that's why it's discouraged to pull the rug lower like this. Otherwise, you're optically cutting the bed in half underneath and it looks really awkward. And yes, you can use rugs on carpet. So, one of the functions of a rug is to say, "This is a defined space with a purpose," and really carpet on carpet just creates more texture and interest. 40. Sec 6: Introduction to Accessories: Okay. So, now it's time to make your place shine with the finishing touch. Accessorizing is like putting sprinkles on a cake. It's just that extra something that really brings up that personality and tone of the room. Accessories should really be personal, an object that really reflect you. So, here are some quick tips about accessorizing. First is that odd numbers are more visually appealing than even numbers. So go for sets of three or five. This is a good principle to remember when you're using repetition in your space. So, in this example, there are three different but similar vases. They're using the same color if they vary in height and shape. Second is that you want to show slow graduations of height. So buy things in short medium and tall. It's really a form of layering so that when you push these pieces closer together, it creates depth. So not only are these vases creating a diagonal line that my eye follows from top to bottom, it's also creating a triangle because this vase is pushed further back. Third is to choose a simple color theme for your accessories to help bring unity. So, keeping the color palette simple, helps the accessories to enhance the rest of the color in the room. So look at this beautiful example where they use similar materials, color and texture to create depth and visual interest that complements the rest of the space. Notice also how proportionally items are in scale to the shelf they sit on. This upper shelf has more negative space and so they place actually the larger items on top. So, this is what helps keep this space balanced. Next is to use symmetry. Symmetry is much more formal and predictable while asymmetry is much more casual. So the example on the left is an asymmetrical design. It balances because you have the books in equal proportion to the flowers and diagonally placed next to it but it's not mirrored. It's not the exact same. Whereas in this picture, everything is symmetrical. We have the exact same size pictures, the table lamp is meared, there's two pillows on one side and two pillows on the other. So you don't have to say, "Okay, this room is going to be symmetrical and the other room is going to be asymmetrical." You can actually combine those styles in the same room. It really help create drama and interest. 41. Putting it All Together: Okay. So, here's an example where we put it all together on some built-in shelves. So, notice again how well these accessories fill the space of the shelf that they live on. A good rule of thumb is to place your darker items on the bottom shelves. So, this helps move the eyes from top to bottom where it then rests because the weight is heavier on the bottom. Here's another couple of different shelving examples. Notice again, the simple color palette. Instead of using different colored accessories, they're using the blue and actual cabinet as the backdrop and then layering white plates. Does this sound familiar? Layering white on white to create interest? So, to fill the space, they turned some plates upwards and then also stacked plates on top of each other to then showcase the saucers. So, the idea is to create interest in each shelf. It's simple yet balanced and effective. The second picture uses symmetry to create this interesting narrative between these stories. This forces the eye to really move into the space rather than away because they're facing each other. I feel they're actually talking to each other which makes this really interesting. This third picture is a great example of accessorizing a dark room so it doesn't feel so heavy. It was a completely intentional choice to choose shelving without a backing. So, this is just negative space and openness that allows these accessories to breathe. Notice how meticulously they group these objects. These objects also have a very balanced proportion to one another. So, this is a fantastic example of how you can make a darker room feel a lot more open. 42. How to Accessorize Shelves: Okay. So, here's a step by step process you can use when you accessorize your shelves. So, start with weight, place two visually weighty items at each end of the shelf. Objects look heavy if they're big, colorful, dark, or patterned, or have an unusual shape. So, here I placed a dark book and a big set of vases. Next, would be to add height and color. Tall objects give a sense of movement and now I'm adding a pop of color with this plant. So, really now we're kind of creating this triangle shape that's really balanced and feels grounded. Then, finally we finish with the filler. So, small items help offset the larger objects and they add some color and texture, so you can use some interesting like glass pieces or woven balls, whatever you want. 43. Window Treatments: Window treatments are a great way to add height to the room by making the walls look taller. So, looking at this example on the right, this drapery rod is only a couple of inches lower than the mold trimming, so it adds almost a foot of height to this window. So, this forces your eye to travel from the top of the drapery rod, all the way down to these low dark stalls which creates this beautiful sweeping movement with your eye. This is also a great example of using drapes as a means of texture layering that white on white again. The second image shows how you can show personality with curtains by using patterns. So, this pattern pulls the same colors from the room but it differentiates from the pattern you see in the chandelier. So, you might think that these patterns don't go together but later on I'll show you how to pair different patterns together so you look seamless. So, look how beautifully center the chandelier is hanging over this table. You have these flowers reaching up to create this relationship, and they're framed by these symmetrical windows. So, these ghost chairs were also a clever choice because that plastic acts as a natural reflector to the light spilling into these windows, which makes for a much brighter and airier space. I would eat at this dining table any day, it's so cute, so fun. Then we have the image on the left. This wood beam as used to hide the track, so it adds this organic framing element that really anchors this window and curtain. Even this curtain pulled back, creates a very interesting negative space with this long rectangle that parallels to these three big window panes. This window and curtain makes this room feel ten times bigger, and also the choice of bed because of how low it gets to the ground. So, you have all this negative space above, and then you have the bed to anchor in the room at the bottom. 44. Wall Art: Another great way to bring color and texture into a space is through wall art. So, I chose this example because of how the colors in this painting are reflected in the space. You had the teals, the greens, and the yellows. This painting is really the finishing touch that makes the space look complete. So, wall art should be about two-thirds the width of the furniture that's associating with. So, this frame is perfect. Notice the proximity of how close this painting is hanging from the couch, it's creating this relationship and even more closely associating these colors together. So, it's a common mistake to hang art higher than it needs to be. So, fight the urge to put art high above furniture where it's just floating all by its lonesome. 45. Galleries: Here's some examples of galleries that are successfully balanced. So, the example on the left has the same frame and color motif throughout, white, blacks and gold. While the gallery on the right uses different types of shapes, so you have squares and rectangles and circles and each style gallery works. It's just up to choice. So, this is a great example of alignment and how that plays into hanging your artwork correctly. So, I've drawn a grid to show you how they're using horizontal and vertical lines to line up their edges and proportions. So, in the picture on the left, they line vertically to the inside edge which creates this really fascinating negative space around the cluster of pictures. So, for the horizontal edges, they don't align it straight across but rather break the picture frames into thirds. They make this look easy but it's actually rather difficult. So, a good tip is to use pieces of paper and cut them up, place them on your wall before you actually mount your work. That way you get an idea of you layout. The example on the right shows an example of your horizontal lines. So, sometimes the edges align and sometimes they don't. So, notice also how the negative space in between the pictures is the exact all around in both examples. 46. Mantles: Fireplaces and mantles are often the focal points of the room, so you want to be sure to dress up that space with different accessories and make it interesting. An easy way to do that is by using mirrors, wreaths, or art. So, these first two pictures use circles to fill this rectangular space, then they offset that with matching lanterns. This reef, however, is a little small. There's almost too much negative space here. So when in doubt, you can go larger. I love the third example because the proportion of the frame to the fireplace is perfect. You have this beautiful negative space and this lovely glowing candlelight that really brings a really inviting mood for space. 47. Mirrors: If you want to make a space feel larger, then use mirrors to your advantage. Oh my gosh! I love the space. I love that they're using their actual clothes and shoes as decorative elements. So my eye moves from this large mirror to the medium shirt and then down to the small shoes to create this triangle. So this is a great example of blending function and design, because you understand that they use this space to get dressed in the morning or whenever, actually I don't really know. But this mirror is placed perfectly to reflect the light from the window, and notice how the metallics have the same weight in this image. So you have the gold frame around the mirror itself, this gold drapery rod, and then the gold side table. So they look equally balanced using the same gold thickness. It's just so impeccably done. Even pulling these different shades of paints from the shirt to the pillow and these very small perfume bottles. So, it's just so lovely. The second picture is a great symmetrical design for a double sink. So, typically you'd see a single large rectangular mirror, but by opting to do two vertical and slender mirrors, the room actually looks taller. So these mirrors fill the space so nicely while still having enough negative space and closely relating to the sinks. The size of this third mirror is fantastic. They emphasize how large it is by using contrast with scale. By placing these much smaller accessories just the side of it, they're emphasizing how big this mirror is by developing an asymmetrical relationship. This grouping actually creates a second circle with the eye, if I were to trace these objects. So this is a perfect example when less is more, and I love how they repeat these minimalist slender lines with similar wits. The frame of the mirror, the light, the handles on the dresser, and the arms of the chair. So then they use the throw to pull the colors from the accessories which also creates another asymmetrical relationship. So, I love the space, it's great design, great thinking. 48. Mixing Patterns: The next thing you want to learn is how to mix your patterns. So, mixing your patterns is what creates texture and depth while still looking like they belong together. There's four types of patterns that commonly exist. Your random patterns can be medium or large sized patterns that are usually things like florals or geometric shapes that are printed in no particular order. Solids are textures like fur, cowhide, tweed, anything that is usually one color and minis are not necessarily a mini or small pillow but it's a small and tight texture. So, think of scale. The regulated is something that seamlessly repeats like dots or stripes. So, you can choose to mix some of these patterns together, all of them or only a few. It's totally up to you. So, here are some examples of interesting ways to use textures. Notice how they keep the color palette simple, but then use the patterns to create interesting depth and color. So, here are your solids bearing shades from light to dark, that may even pull that texture into the rug. Then here's the regulated stripes, your mini with its tight pattern, and then your random. So, wallpapers have actually become a more popular means of decorating because they're now easier to install and take down than ever before. So, this couch on the right axis the solid which rests the eye from the background and then you have these super fun stripes. So, you can mix stripes, you just want to have variations. So, maybe choose like thinner and thicker stripes. 49. Plants: The last step of accessorizing is to consider using plants. So, plants really help liven a space because it's bringing something organic and refreshing. So, you can have hanging plants, you could have potted plants. But, they're are great way to also add height to the space. So, you can also use the pots that they're planted in to bring in more color and texture as well. 50. Create your Floorplan: I told you that we would come back to floor plans, but I wanted to teach you the principles first before we went crazy designing, because you could waste a lot of time. It's very easy to fill your room with too much furniture, so don't make that mistake, and the first thing you'll need to do is to measure your space. Here are some examples of what a floor plan looks like and they're very basic. The idea is to get an understanding of what's going to be placed in the room and really where your windows and doors are situated. You also want to take into account which direction your doors swing in because that will also determine how you place your furniture. There's this great website called roomstyler.com. It's totally free and you can create and customize your space so you can get an idea of what it will look like before you make any final commitments. So, you can experiment with different colors, with different materials, and you can even place furniture from Roomstylers' library so you can get an idea of what size of furniture you'll need to buy. What's great is that you can take a photo realistic 3D rendering of the space. It will even render lighting to show you how light or dark your space will be. It's a fairly intuitive tool to use but if it's confusing, you can always check out these help videos that will teach you everything you need to know. If you want to do it old-school, then you can use the graph paper in your workbook that I provided and really you can just print it and draw with the measurements according to the scale I provided. So, happy drawing. Happy sketching. Bring your space alive. Go experiment and see how it looks and how it lays out, and if it's becoming everything that you want it to be. 51. Conclusion: Now that you've learned everything there is to creating a great space from beginning to end, and you have your floor plan, you are ready to go shopping. I've included a page, and your workbook has a shopping list, to help you keep track of the items you need to buy, as well as a resource page with all of the links that we've discussed. It's a great way to budget and keep you on track. Congratulations friend, you're on your way to creating a great space. I would love to seen what you come up with, so please share your pictures and your space in the class link below. Thanks so much for joining me and happy designing. It has been such a pleasure to have you and I hope you have such a blast.