Intensive French Intermediate: Part 1 - The Passé Composé Tense | Kamil Pakula | Skillshare

Intensive French Intermediate: Part 1 - The Passé Composé Tense

Kamil Pakula, Python developer, linguist

Intensive French Intermediate: Part 1 - The Passé Composé Tense

Kamil Pakula, Python developer, linguist

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7 Lessons (35m)
    • 1. Hi

      1:48
    • 2. Introduction

      0:38
    • 3. J’ai appris, est-il venu? – The Meaning and Formation of the Passé Composé

      12:00
    • 4. On a parlé - Passé Composé with avoir

      2:58
    • 5. On est allé - Passé Composé with être

      8:22
    • 6. Hier, d’abord, puis – Time Expressions

      4:20
    • 7. Je l’ai vu - The Passé Composé with Object Pronouns

      4:52
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About This Class

In this section we´ll talk about the Passé Composé Tense.

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Kamil Pakula

Python developer, linguist

Teacher

I studied linguistics and computer science. I have an MA degree in linguistics and I'm also an IT engineer. Since 1999 I've been working as a teacher. I teach languages and programming. For the last couple years I've been working as a Python developer as well. I teach 6-year-olds, high school and university students and adults. I deliver live and online courses. I love this job.

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Transcripts

1. Hi: Hi. Welcome to my front sounds and Sief intensive French intermediate level course for intimate allows students. My name is Camilla Pakula, and I'm gonna be a teacher through all these course. This course is the continuation of my previous course on sentence if intensive French course for beginners. So it have covered the basics of the French language. You ready to go with my second course intensive French course for intimated level students ? In this course, we're going to dive deeper into the structure of the French language. We're going to talk about tenses, past tenses, future tenses. We're going to talk about moods as well. It's passionately the subjunctive mood, which is widely used in French. We're going to talk about condition, ALS and compound sentences. We're going to cover temporal closets, final clauses, conservative clauses, causal closets and so on. We're going to talk about numbers or the numbers, fractions and other types of numerals. We're going to talk about it, simple arithmetic and also date and time. We're also going to dive deeper into adjectives and adverbs. We're going to learn how to compare adverbs and adjectives. We're going to talk about the agreement between adjective and noun. Finally, we're going to talk about more advanced topics like reported speech and passive voice. Now, in this course, just like in the previous one, the begin. Of course, you will have a lot of opportunities to practice, and it's quite important to follow all the exercises and try to do it yourselves. Because practice is much more important than just a theory. I believe you will succeed, and you'll do fine in this course. If you have any questions, just reach out. I'm here to help, and now I was your good luck. So see you in the courts. 2. Introduction: 3. J’ai appris, est-il venu? – The Meaning and Formation of the Passé Composé: in this lecture will see whether a second present, tense looks like and how it is formed. We talk about both regular and irregular verbs. Actually, they work the same way. All you have to know is the irregular past participles. First of all, we talk about the tents itself. When is it used? Before we move on to have to form the passe, compose a tans. Let's talk about the use of the tens. This is one of the two main past tense is used in everyday language. The other one is buffet, and we'll be this cost in nature's action. The Passaic Composite Tam's is used to talk about past advance actions completed in the past. We use it in a lot of cases when present, perfect or past symbol are used in English. So there is no 1 to 1 correspondence between tenses in English and French. If you want to tell someone what happened, you will use pass Econ crazy. Unlike the present perfect tens in English, passe compose, it is used. Even it was pacify when something happened. The pass a composite tans in French is a compound hands. We need to elements to make it. The first is the personal form of the verb aware or enter, and the other one is the past. Participle in the following lectures would talk about when to choose avoir and when to choose app. In the beginning, of course, we talk about past participles. As you remember. They can be used just like adjectives, which means they agree with announed they're referred to. This knowledge will come in handy in this lecture. We one important difference in the past. A composite tens. The participle generally remains uninflected if it's used with Abwehr, but it's always inflected with pepper. Here is the general form of the tents avoir or it, plus past participle and just a short recap on the conjugation patterns off the verbs of wear and apple. Of what J. Teoh. Yeah, I was at home was every in a zoom Ada you three to me. Ely News. Dumb was it? It is soon. Now, if we add the past participle, form toe one of these personal forms of the verbs of wear or add. We get the pass a composite towns well before you go on reading. Let's revise past participles for a while. The regular ones are made by adding innings of this Tam's so the er verbs take the ending. The AR verbs take the ending E and the are a verbs. Take the ending. Who, for example, the past participle off Polly just be Is Palley spoken? The past participle of Femia to finish? Is Fini finished in the past? Participle off, Pal two. News is how do lust We also learned some irregular force. For example, the past participle of fair to do to make is don made, and so on. Regular or not, the past participle follows the personal form of the auxiliary verb avoir or let's have a look at the forms with of wear first, as they are easier and more frequently used. The past participles are not inflected. They're always the masculine singular form. Have leg Patty Jeb Bonnie Well, do you abdu Lovely. A lot of their make news that on me, dear, was already Viva and his own vache vegetate Japan E to do allow air. Does that rule me with everybody? It is only thank you conjugation with Ed. If the Oslo reverb is ever things are a bit different. The past participles are inflected. They agree with the noun in number and gender. A way to go is an example of a verb which forms it's passe. Compose a with the auxiliary verb in examples below where sometimes have to form separated by a slash. The form of the left is masculine. The one on the right is feminine. So a man was, say, just city. Where is a woman you see easily. The pronunciation is the same by the form is different in writing. How they just easily, easily in Italy, in Italy. Newsom's Ellie Was it Zilly, you so clearly and so entirely? Let's repeat, you see easily to easily, literally in Italy. No, Sam Isaly was. It is early you simply and soon telly. And now let's see how it works. Insanity ease in examples below. The first sentence in age pair is in present towns and the other is in present perfect tens . Don't worry it. Body auxiliary groups. For now, we were discussing them Informing lecturers movies, Val, Equal movies Italy. L'Ecole Wahba Could a cafe on that boo boo Could you get Fay Emeril Eva three like tabla Allami, Reliever. Tabla? Yeah, the problem. Yeah, you probably know, let's repaint movies. Val Ical Movie's Italian helical Omoi Aboudi Kathy Oh, Naboo broke with the Catholic inhumanely lleva su that tabla kilometer lleva su like tabla . If you had a problem. Yeah, we do problem. Negative sentences to make it send his negative. All we have to do is negate the oxygen reverb. Have a leak, you see, then you Genesee Avenue news. Never one passes you is a decree in new basically, let's repeat, just leave a new Jeannie Strip Avenue news That was you. Now how about you? A Zone decree and new basically questions. Questions in passe compose a whole the same rules as questions in the present towns so we can have questions made with intonation, the expression as good or inversion. If we use in a version with Invert the auxiliary verb here we have the same question made in each of the bob ways. Mary every said MSM. This is an international question, a school marry of you, said MSM. This is a question with the expression s good, my attention, recent MSM, and this as a question within a version. As you can see the auxiliary verb. Ah, it's inverted with the pronoun l Let's repeat. Marie, Have you said Nasal as Kumari of you said MSM Maria, tell you, you said MSM Adverse! Short one word adverbs usually split the two parts of the passe Compose a form in negative seven seas. They come after pa. How did you You need Asia? Our TV? A souvenir shanty on that You have a do and no Papa Coody. Let's repeat, in Asia TV it lasts devotion t Well not to. You have. I do! No, Papa Coody! 4. On a parlé - Passé Composé with avoir: most verbs use the auxiliary verb avoir in the passe comme present towns. So instead of listing all the cases when we use Abwehr, we suggested some special cases and then, in the next lecture will discuss in detail. When we use the auxiliary verb, Then you will know when to use egg. So in any other case, we will most probably need a via so first of all, both the other reverse may be used as full verbs as well. Then they're both used with Adwar as the auxiliary river. Holly J alone is Don't they say? See of what? You know. You know what to was ever a good question. Let's repeat J. J. Luna, Isn't it the easy allow in what to Luzardo Who fascia verbs with objects Verbs which are followed by objects always take of wear in passe. Compose e Oh, nephew On my view Sophie a me look, you news Every state The boom liaison for OPEC do literally in his uncle knew Asa Lefty, a pre leave here the objects are in blue leads were paid Owner V on of you, Sophie Amelia create you. Was that was that Steve do Boom. These are for apparel. Do publicly. Is Uncle New Tessa lefty up? Really? Eva 5. On est allé - Passé Composé with être: in this lecture will discuss the cases when a second possess is used with the Ogden reverb change our position The main group of verbs whose pass a complete set forms or maybe the auxiliary verb ed contains verbs expressing a change of position. It's something or someone moves from one position to another they will need. Here are some of the most common verbs in these group Ali Italy would drop by. Vinnie you some of the new year 11 e These are forms 11 new i E v. You train a dog TV, don't they? New fees on down three found the he so roundly party quadruple turkey. So Dia and this impasse lt Monty, you see Monty Ana, don't be Do it. Don't be the sound. And as soon this don't do as you can see the forms of the past participles agree with a pronoun. So, for example, in the first sentence we have it. They is the feminine form. Because of the pronoun air, we just also feminine. The same rule applies to all the other examples. Let's repeat Italy with rabbi were some of the new year. There's some form. So every new Newtown it on TV. A feast down three. Use only who qualifies Roberty and his own passivity. You see, moved a on Alba. Do you don't be and soon doesn't do change of state. We also use the answer verb editor with verbs expressing a change of state. Here is some of the most common verbs in these group. I see it's a list it would run away. Do the knee, just like David knew. Bushy. Next it soon it off us. Movie Sophie and Mode Soon measure Pate. It's always stay away. You see, David knew bushy. It's so now Bones, Sophia mode or reflexive and reciprocal verbs. In other words, over misusing the repressive pronounce. Use ETA in a second. Busy here we have the same sentences with reflexive verbs in present hands and in classical busy. It's a lover. A D. C. Lavey Jim. Oh God Don't like glass. Jimmy Savile Yoga. They don't a glass wants to do Boesch. I always say Debbie, she let's repeat ESU lover, and it's a lovey Jim a gamble. Do not less Jimmy. Zero God, they don't log less. Also do Boesch always said that cliche. Reciprocal verbs look very much like reflexive verse. This time, the action is not performed by the subject on itself. By mutually between two more subjects in English we use each other will run another in such cases, so reciprocal verbs may be used in the verb can take. An indirect object was interesting. In such cases, the past participle does not agree in number. Gender with this subject have a look is the ban and it's a super PAC money with genetic Eido. Was it the NATO kado? No, no tell you for No, no, no. Some telephone e Let your paint. It's a ban. It's a super finally move with genetic Eido. Was it the NATO kado? No, no. Tell if we knew, you know, some telephone me reflexive verbs followed by direct objects. If the reflexive verb is followed by a direct object, there is no agreement either. This is usually the case with parts of the body. Well, we have purse of sentences in each bird. The first sentence contains a reflexive verb without a direct object and the other one with a direct object. It's too soon Lavey. It's assumed Marilu now who said Levy with its lavish for no soma as e. You know so much as a job. So as you can see it in the first sentence of age pair, the past participle form agrees with a personal pronoun. But in the second sentence in each pair, there is no agreement because there we have direct objects. Let's repeat, and it's a soon levy. It's a soon level. UMA Ruzich lovey. Was it the level ish for No, someone has e you know, someone has any job. 6. Hier, d’abord, puis – Time Expressions: in this lecture, we'll have a look at some common adverbs and other time expressions used with the past tenses Moments in the past we're going to pacify a time in the past were using an exact date, usually discussing the next section or by using an adverb or global expression. Here's some examples. Yeah, You never knew. Yeah, about Yeah, you can you have? Ah, yeah, Yeah. Well done. Yeah, My tongue is silty. Yes. Why? You see leather? Yes. Where? Yeah, I play meaty. Remove. Yeah. Planea red paint. You never New Year, Johnny Avaya? Yeah, Down with a 70. You see level Yes, we are. You know, you have a plane meeting and some more examples. Let's men down here lleva les men down here landed on year Illini Lenny down here and you. Azure is so revenue. She's over there. Jackie Taylorsville. Julia, assume a manila, You know who will I said, Mama Netzer Pate, Lou Leva as amended and year Illini landed on the air. Azure is so every new, the group will assume a manila transition. And here's some adverbs used to express transition from one moment to another There used when you relate what happened first Next. Finally, as one, some of them may be used interchangeably like pre and on suite or out from And we never Mom Hello, Double the bow is true The only three Greek over relieve Honestly sweet Jialu do bash happily I play Jukic assures Alphen I'm found She found Mileva Fidel. Mom, cinema is a family. Let's repeat that Bow she to them, even Pregent over Really even on sweet JetBlue Do posh I played gave you Kiriakou shows. How far is your family? Cinema family? 7. Je l’ai vu - The Passé Composé with Object Pronouns: in this lecture will take a bar, direct and indirect object pronounce used in Passaic composee. We'll see how the participles agree with the object pronounce would order in Passaic. Um, busy, direct and indirect object pronounce. Go before the auxiliary verb. Have a look, Jehuda Leva. You leave at two. Clearly even like to pre You never Tau Bay. Really? Eva, You knew that. That movie she apparently I Sophie Junior year, Barry. Pleasure paid is a reliever. Is your I to pre lever like to be in about two very lever in Ulan Bator. Japan s a fee, Jimmy Pani agreement with a direct object in relative clauses. If the direct object proceeds the auxiliary herb, The past participle agrees with it in gender and number. This is the case. If the direct object is expressed by a pronoun and in relative clauses, let's have a look in the letter first Luga. So because she couldn't do Luga soon his she couldn't you? Here we can see the agreement. In the first example, we have single masking. And in the second examine, we have plural masculine. Now we have leftie critical new Levi because she couldn't you and again In the first example, we have singular family in And in the second example we have plural famine that's were paid . No, Gasol quit new. They got soon because you couldn't. You life e k she couldn't do no fee cause a canoe. There was also agreement. If the object is expressed by a pronoun, have a lick he lacked verily, you in a factory Here we have the object really evil, which is singer masculine. So if we replace this optic by a pronoun, we have to use the past participle form in single masculine Also Now we have we like to really Eva, use that movie here reliever as in plural. And this is why in the second example, the past participle must be in pool two. You locked away. Luckily, we like to have a here. The object is in single family. We like to really quickly. Is that true? Here in plural feminine measure Pate. We like to have a little Eva in that movie. It actually really Even it is that movie you that you re likely. In fact, they you like to basically, is that movie