Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Brushes, Blends & Transformations | Helen Bradley | Skillshare

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Brushes, Blends & Transformations

Helen Bradley, Graphic Design for Lunch™

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Brushes, Blends & Transformations

Helen Bradley, Graphic Design for Lunch™

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5 Lessons (25m)
    • 1. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Intro

    • 2. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Part 1

    • 3. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Part 2

    • 4. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Part 3

    • 5. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Part 4

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About This Class

Illustrator for Lunch™ is a series of short video courses you can study in bite size pieces such as at lunchtime. In this course you'll learn a range of techniques for making concentric circles including making brushes, rotating shapes, using blends and using the tranform effect. Each of these tools works differently to the other tools leading to different results. Learning these tools will enhance your knowledge of Illustrator and your skills in using it. 


More in this series:

4 Illustrator Shading Techniques - An Illustrator for Lunch™ class - Simple Highlights & Shadows

5 Hexagon Patterns in Illustrator - an Illustrator for Lunch? course

Create Color Schemes in Illustrator for Using, Sharing & Selling - An Illustrator for Lunch? Class

Create Patterns in Adobe Capture for Illustrator & Photoshop

Create Wreaths & Other Floral Designs - An Illustrator for Lunch™ Class

Designing with Spirals - An Illustrator for Lunch™ Class

Doodle Flower Design & Pattern in Illustrator - An Illustrator for Lunch™ Class

Draw a Hot Air Balloon in Illustrator - Fun with 3D! 

Illustrator - Design in Black and White - Create Positive/negative images

Illustrator for Lunch? - 10 Interface and Setup tips too Speed your Workflow

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 in 10 - 10 Align tips in 10 minutes or less 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 in 10 - 10 Type Tips in 10 minutes (or less) 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 in 10 - Ten Top Illustrator Tips in 10 Minutes 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 Layer Tips in 10 minutes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 Pattern tips in 10 Minutes 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 Pen tool and Path Tips in 10 Minutes or Less 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Appearance Panel Tips in 20 minutes or less

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Color tips in 20 Minutes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Gradient tips in 20 minutes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Pathfinder, Crop and Cutout tips in 20 minutes or less

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Recolor Artwork tips in (around) 20 minutes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Reflect and Rotate tips in 20 minutes or less

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Things New Illustrator Users Need to Know

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 3D Extrusion Effects - Text, Shapes, 3D

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 3D Perspective Cube design and Bonus 3D star

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 4 Exotic Patterns - Quatrefoils, Moroccan Trellis, and Layered Diamond 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 4 Handy Patterns - Diagonals, Plaid, Colorful Dots, Chevron

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 5 Cool Text Effects

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Abstract Ombre Background - Color Scheme, Blend, Transform 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - All you need to know about Brushes in Illustrator

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Backgrounds for your projects - Sunbursts, Halftone, Blends & Brushes 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Banner and Award Badges - Appearance Panel, Masks, Warp 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Blends and Gradients - Blends, Blend Modes, Gradients 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Braids, Rick Rack and More

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Circle Based Patterns - Rotate, Blend, Multi-Color Dots

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Clipping Masks, Opacity Masks & Layer Masks

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Complex Block and Half Drop Repeat patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Complex Rotated Repeating Patterns Made Easy - Using MadPattern templates 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Floral Alphabet character

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Nighttime Cityscape Image

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Plaid or Tartan Pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Range of Triangle Patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Retro Landscape Illustration

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Textured Dot Pattern - Transform, Vector Texture, Patterns 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Wave Pattern 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Whimsical Tree

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create an Ikat Inspired Pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create an Isometric Cube Pattern - Shape Builder, Align, Pattern Make

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Complex Art in the Appearance Panel

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Diamond, Harlequin and Argyle Patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Guilloche Effects

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Hi-Tech HUD rings

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Perfectly Overlapped Rotated Shapes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Seasonal Ornaments - Learn new skills while making seasonal art

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Stitches and Sewing Elements

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create with bends and blends - techniques for icons, logos and more

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Creative Half tone Effects

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Custom Corner Tiles for Pattern Brushes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Cute Furry Creatures

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Cutout Text Effects - Photos, Pathfinder & Text

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Designing with Symmetry

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Doodle-Style Heart - DIY Brushes and Nested Shapes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Draw a Retro TV - Shapes, Texture & Sunburst

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Draw a Vintage Birdcage - Shapes, Transform, Texture

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Faux Tissue Paper Collage - Blending, Texture, Transparency 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Flat and Dimensional drawing techniques

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Fun Effects with Graphic Styles - Appearances, Brushes, Styles 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Fun with Scripts - Download, Install, Run

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Get Creative with Blends and Brushes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Get Export File Sizes and Resolution Correct

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Brushes, Blends & Transformations

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Gradient Background Effects - Find, Adapt, Create & Use

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Houndstooth & Rose - Vector Halftone Tracing & Houndstooth Pattern 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Illustrating Cacti with Custom Made Brushes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - I'm Seeing Stars - Fill, Warp, Clip & Crop Shapes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - In the Frame - Shapes, Fills, Strokes & Color

Illustrator for Lunch™ - In the Kitchen - Cartoon Art with Live Paint 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - In Your Face - Pen Tool Practice 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Layered Paper Style Collage - Gradients, Graphic Styles, Transform 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Let's Go Steampunk! - Shapes, Rotation, Textures 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make a 2017 Calendar from Scratch - Grids, Layouts, Text, Patterns & More 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make a 3D Y Shape Pattern - from paper illustration to digital design

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make a Lace Pattern Brush - Stroke, Blends, Pattern Tiles, Rotation 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make an Organic Spiral Pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make Art Brushes - Configure, Color & Scale

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make Art Using Other People's Art 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make Custom Organic Patterns - Transform, Scissors, Align, Pattern Swatch 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make Retro Shapes - Pathfinder, Scripts, Rotation

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make Scrapbook Papers to Sell - Patterns, File Formats, Marketing Materials 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make to Sell Printables - Stripes, Grid, Lines & Isometric Grid

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Mastering Live Trace - Turn Bitmaps to Vectors

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Meandering Hexagon Pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - More fun with Scripts - Text to code, more scripts, more fun (trees too!)

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Multi-Color Faux Pattern - Patterns, Transform, Expand 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Neon Effect - Appearances, Graphic Styles, Fonts

Illustrator for Lunch™ - On (a pattern making) Safari - Repeating Patterns 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - One Design Concept - Many Variations 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pattern in a Pattern - Achieving the Impossible in Illustrator 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pattern in Pattern & Irregular Repeating Patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pattern Know-how - Install, Transform, Recolor

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pattern of Lines and Dots

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pop Art Style Star Pattern 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Real Time Mandala Design

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Real Time Mirror Drawing - Symmetrical drawing

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Road Trip - Custom Brushes and Live Paint

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Roaming Square Pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Seamless Repeating Texture Patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Season's Greetings - Shapes, Brushes, Texture 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Semi Transparent Flowers - Scatter Brushes, Opacity, Blend Modes 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Sharing and archiving files - troubleshooting the pitfalls

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Sketchy Image Effect - Image Trace, Swatches, Sketchy Effect

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Something's Fishy - Appearance Panel Tips & Tricks 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Stipple Texture Effect - Grain, Gradients, Blends 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - String Art Inspired Designs

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Stylish Doodles to Make and Sell

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Type on a Path - Type, Paths, Shapes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Using & Troubleshooting Bounding Boxes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Using Photoshop Objects in Illustrator - Images, Shapes, Patterns and more

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Vector Textures - Vectors, Clipping Masks, Pathfinder

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Warp Shapes & Text - Envelope Distort, Warp, Gradients 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Watercolor Magic - Type, Downloaded Patterns & Brushes 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Watercolor stripe seamless repeating pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Whimsical diagonal line patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Whimsical Scrapbook Paper Designs to Sell or Share

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Whimsical Text Effects

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Whimsical Textured Drawings Using Hand Drawn Brushes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Zentangle® Inspired Pattern Brushes - Shapes, Effects, Brushes

Make Ditsy Patterns in Illustrator

Pattern Design in Illustrator Masterclass

Piping Effect in Illustrator - An Illustrator for Lunch™ Class

Rainbow Gradient Shape & Text Effects in Illustrator - an Illustrator for Lunch™ class

Terrazzo Patterns Without Drawing a Shape! - An Illustrator for Lunch? Class




Meet Your Teacher

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Helen Bradley

Graphic Design for Lunch™

Top Teacher

Helen teaches the popular Graphic Design for Lunch™ courses which focus on teaching Adobe® Photoshop®, Adobe® Illustrator®, Procreate®, and other graphic design and photo editing applications. Each course is short enough to take over a lunch break and is packed with useful and fun techniques. Class projects reinforce what is taught so they too can be easily completed over a lunch hour or two.

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1. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Intro: Hello, I'm Helen Bradley and welcome to this episode of Illustrator for Lunch: Going in Circles. Illustrator for Lunch is a series of illustrator classes, each of which teaches a small range of illustrated techniques and today, we're going to learn five or six of them. You'll also get plenty of opportunity to practice your new skills in the project that you're going to create. Today, we're going to be looking at creating concentric circles of circles. We're going to do things like, create a scatter brush and a pattern brush. We're going to look at blends, we're going to look at strokes, and we're going to look at rotating shapes. I've got a grab bag of tools that you can use, and we're going to explore a solution to the problem of creating concentric circles of circles, and you're going to learn some really interesting things about illustrator in this class, and I really hope that you enjoy it, so let's get started making circles. 2. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Part 1: To look at some ways that we can create circles of circles, we're going to start by creating some brushes. I'm going to click the Ellipse tool here, and I'm going to drag out a small circle. I want it to be filled with black and to have no stroke at all. We'll start by creating a pattern brush. To do this, I'm going to click on the selection tool. I'm going to make sure that my shape is selected. I'll open the brushes panel. If you don't have it visible here, you can open it by choosing Window and then Brushes. I'm going to drag and drop my shape into the brushes panel here. I'm going to select "Pattern Brush" and click "Okay". Earlier versions of Illustrator may not have these corner patterns in place and we don't actually need them. But if you have a later version of Illustrator and you want to make this brush to use it on, for example, squares then you can click here and go down and select "Auto Overlap", and that just completes the corner. But we don't need it for our purposes today. What we do need to do is to select "Tints" from this list because that allows us to then re-color the brush if we want to. I'll click "Okay". Let's see how this brush actually works in practice. I'll click on the Ellipse tool and hold Shift to drag out a circle here. I'm going to fill it with no fill at all and just to make it a black stroke. With it selected, I'm going to apply my brush by clicking here. It looks at the moment as if we have a circle of circles, but looks can be a little deceiving. Let's go here and click on this icon. It's options of selected object. It allows us to adjust the brush as it is applied to this object, but not adjust the original brush. So that's left the way it is. I'm going to increase the size of this brush. Because when I do, the problem with this pattern brush becomes immediately apparent. These aren't circles. In fact, the pattern brush is distorting their shapes. At a small size, they might look as if they're circles but at a larger size, we're seeing very clearly that it is not a circle. At the moment, the shapes, the stretch to fit, but even clicking Add Space to Fit is not going to improve the overall shape of what should have been circles. Let's look and see what happens when we created as a scatter brush. Again, I'll select the selection tool, select over my shape, and drop it into the brushes panel. This time, I'll select "Scatter Brush" and click "Okay". Now there are more options for the scatter brush, but essentially all we need to do is to just select Tints, so we'd be able to recolor the brush if we wanted to later on, I'll click "Okay". Again, I'm going to create a circle to test out this brush. Hold the Shift key as I drag out an ellipse. No fill and a black stroke. With the ellipse selected, I'm going to click here because this is my scatter brush. So far so good. We have a series of dots around our circle. Let's test this out by clicking "Options of Selected Object". I can increase the size of my dots and I'll click "Previous" so we can see what's happening. It's a little difficult to see this right now, but let's increase the spacing. You can see that essentially what we've got is a series of dots. These are actually circles and not misshapen shapes. But there is a problem here. If we want to make these look evenly spaced around the shape, we're going to need to adjust the spacing in a very fine way. There's a very small sweet spot and it's not always particularly apparent when you've got everything lined up and when it's not quite lined up, and you will need to make a very small adjustment to get it looking right. Before we leave these two shapes, let's have a look and see what happens when we try to copy and re-scale the shape. I'm going to select the selection tool and select this shape here, I'll choose Edit Copy, Edit Paste in Place. That place is another one of these shapes with the brush applied to it immediately on top of this shape. I'll hold Shift and Alt, that's Option and Shift on the Mac. I'm just going to re-size it. Well, let's just take it down a little bit further. You can see that we're getting a nice resizing. We're getting less of the same size dots around our shape. Let's see what happens when we do this to this scatter brush. But before I do, I'm just going to add a few more dots. I'm going to do that by reducing the spacing. So again, I'll choose Edit Copy and then Edit Paste in Place. I'll hold Shift and Alt, which is Shift Option on the Mac, and just re-scale this shape. Again, we get something similar but not really quite the results that we got with the pattern brush. We're getting the same sized dots, but we do have our spacing problem. So if we wanted to make this look even we'd need to come in here and select this shape and just sought out our spacing, just a little bit better. There is our attempt to creating a circle of circles first using a pattern brush, and secondly using a scatter brush. Of the two, we are getting a slightly better result with the scatter brush, but we'd really like something a little bit better than this. 3. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Part 2: To continue our exploration of creating a circle of circles, we're going to stroke a shape. For this, I'm going to create an ellipse, so I'm going to click on the Ellipse tool again, hold the Shift key as I create a circle, and I have no fill and I have a black stroke. Now I want to start working with the strokes, so I'm going to click here on this "Stroke" link because it opens up a dialog. I'm going to start increasing the white of my stroke. What I'm looking for here is to create a circle of circles about the size of this circle, so the weight of the stroke here is going to be equivalent to the diameter of this circle. I'm just eyeballing them here and they look pretty equivalent. This is a stroke of 22 points. I'm going to click here on the "Round cap" because that's important for creating a dotted circle around our shape, and I'm going to click "Dashed line". I need my dash value to be zero, and if I want my dots to all be butted up against each other, I'm going to set a gap value that is the same as my weight, so that's going to be 22 points. I'm going to make sure that this option here is selected because this aligns everything neatly. If I have this one selected, things may not be so neatly aligned around this point. So with the weight and the gap exactly the same value, the dash zero and this round cap selected, I have a circle of circles. If I increase the stroke weight, you'll see that they start running into each other. If I want bigger circles but I don't want them to be touching, then I'll need to set the gap to the same as the weight or a little bit larger, so that's 30 right now. If I increase the gap, then the dots are just pushed further away from each other. So I'm going to look for a circle of dots that looks good to me and then just click away from the shape. Let's see how robust this shape is when we duplicate it, so I'll choose "Edit" "Copy", and then "Edit" "Paste in Place". Again, with the Move tool selected, and Shift and Alt, Shift Option on the Mac, I'm just going to move this in here. We're getting a really good representation here. Let's try that again, everything seems to be shrinking up really nicely. "Edit" "Copy" "Edit" "Paste in Place", and then let's just re-size this one down. So this gives us a good range of circles in circles. While we're here, let's look at rotating a shape. If you've completed my Let's Go Steampunk class in my Illustrator for Lunch series, you'll know how to rotate a shape. But if you haven't, here's how to do it. We're going to choose "View" and then "Rulers", and then "Show Rulers". I'm going to drag or click and drag from this ruler over here, and just drop a guide into my document. Now a guide is just a shape, you'll see here in your last palette that you have a guide because it's a shape. Now let's go and get our circle here, and I'm just going to place it up here over my guide. I want them to be centered over each other, so I'm going to select both my circle and my guide. From these alignment options, I'm going to choose Horizontal Align Center. Now just be aware that I had Align to Selection set in here, so that these two shapes are just aligning to each other, not to the art board as they would be if I selected Align to Artboard. Now I'm just going to select my circle because I don't want my guide to rotate, I just want my circle to rotate. I'll click here on the Rotate tool, and before the dialogue appears what I'm going to do is hold my mouse over the guide here, and Alt or Option click. Because that will set the rotation point around which my circle is going to rotate. Now I'll make sure that preview is set on, and now I'll set a rotation value. If for example I want 12 dots around my circle, then I could type 360 divided by 12, and Illustrator will do the calculation required to calculate the angle. I'll click, "Copy." Now if I continue and click Control D, Command D on the Mac, I'm just going to rotate this circle around. You can see in the last palette that what I'm doing is duplicating the shape each time, so each of these dots is a complete shape. I don't need my guide any longer, so I'm just going to locate that here and I'm going to drop it onto the trash can, just to get rid of it. I'm going to select either all of the shapes and for convenience, I'll choose "Object" "Group". Now let's copy and re-size them to create a concentric sets of circles. "Edit" "Copy" "Edit" "Paste in Place". Shift Alt, Shift Option on the Mac. Now we're getting something a little bit different. I'm going to re-select this shape and do it again, "Edit" "Copy" "Edit" "Paste in Place". Again, Shift Alt. In this case, we're getting our sets of concentric circles, but our circles are getting smaller each time. It's an interesting and quite appealing look. Of course it all depends on what you're looking for, but if this is the result you want then this is the way to get it. By using rotate a shape, we're getting the same number of circles on each of these circles but they're diminishing in size as we do it. 4. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Part 3: The next process that we're going to look at for creating concentric circles is to use distort and transform. I have a circle here that I've created. I have it selected and I'll choose Effect, Distort and Transform, Transform. I'm going to click on "Preview". Because I want 12 circles around here, I'm going to ask for 11 copies. I'm also going to set my angle to 360 divided by 12, so that Illustrator will make the calculation of the angle for me. The problem is that right now all of my circles are rotating around this central point. So they're actually all created on top of each other. I can change this by altering the horizontal value. So I'm just going to start walking out the horizontal value. I am taking it in a negative direction, but you could take in a positive direction with exactly the same result. So what I'm looking for here is just a good-looking set of circles. I'll click, "Okay". So far we've got a very similar result to the one that we've had with our previous examples. But here we've got just one circle controlling all of the shape. So I'm going to reselect it and let's see how we would create our concentric circles. We'll go back and choose Effect and again, Distort and Transform, Transform. Now we'll be warned that we already have a transformation effect. Well, the transformation effect that we have is the one that's creating this circle. We're told that if we wanted to alter that effect, we would need to go to the appearance panel and reselect it and alter that. What we're going to do is add a second effect, and that's exactly what we want to do. So click Apply New Effect. So now I'm going to click Preview on. Because I want two sets of concentric circles in here, I'm going to type two as my copies. Now we have to find a way of bringing everything into the middle. Well, we're going to do that by reducing the horizontal and vertical scale of our shape. So I'll type 75 and 75. Now that's not quite enough. So I'll decrease the value a little bit more. Let's try 50 and 50. Well, that's given me my concentric circles, but I've perhaps gone a little bit too far. So I can experiment with different values. I'm going to take it up to 60 percent. I want to use the same values for horizontal and vertical or else I'm going to distort my shapes, but I'll click "Okay". So distort and transform has given me one shape to control my entire circle. But I've been able to create a circular effect that is somewhat similar to rotating a shape. Now with this, as with the others, I'll be able to change the color by selecting this single circle and choosing a different color for it. If we go back to our stroke shape, you'll remember that these dots here were created as a stroke. Here they are here. Well, to change their color, we're going to need to change the stroke color. So I'm going to make them a dark red. For rotating a shape we've actually got a whole series of dots here. Each of these are groups and each of these can be recolored individually should we want to or we could recolor them to the exact same color as well. For our patent brushes, we can change the color, but it's going to be the color for the entire brush. I'll click on my stroke color because that's what's controlling it and let's set it to a color. This second path could be recolored the same color or a different one. I'll change it to a different color and the scatter brush is going to work the same way as the pattern brush. Each of these are paths and the color of the dots on the path is controlled by the stroke color. Because we've got a brush that was set to tint, we can recolor it. So if I change my stroke color here to green, the brush color is going to change. I can change the inside one to the same color or a different color. 5. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Part 4: In Illustrator, there's often more than one way to achieve an effect. Before we finish our look at creating concentric circles, let's have a look at blends and spines. I have one of my circular shapes here. Again, it has a fill but no stroke. I'm going to select it and I'm going to hold the Alt or Option key as I drag another shape away. Now, these can be lined up with each other or not. That's not going to affect the final result. We're going to create a blend. What blends allows us to do is to morph one shape into another. It also morphs color. But in this case, we have two shapes that are identical. The process of morphing is just going to create more shapes identical to these. With the Blend Tool selected, I'm going to click on the first shape and then click on the second. Illustrator creates a whole series of identical shapes. But we can adjust what we get here. I'm going to, with the blend selected, double-click the Blend option here, and this opens a Blend Options dialog. I'll click Preview so I can see what's going on. Now, instead of Smooth Color, what I'm going to choose is Specified Steps. At the moment, we have 23 circles here, but we can vary that number. As we do, you can see that the circles get further spread apart and they're nice and evenly spread apart. I'm going to select 14, that's 14 circles in the middle plus two at either end. Then I'll click "OK". Now, we have a series of circles along a line which is not quite the same as circles around a circle. To create our circles around the circle, we're going to need an ellipse of circle to put them around. I'll hold Shift as I drag out a shape here. Now, it's black-filled. I really want it to be a black stroke. I'm just going to select no fill and a black stroke. Now, what we want to do is we want to take this blend and put it around this circle. Illustrator has a command for that, and to apply that command, you need to first select the blend and the circle. You can do this in any order because the Illustrator recognize the switches of blend and which is a path along which you want to place the blend. With them selected, we'll choose Object, Blend, Replace Spine. What that means is that this spine here, this straight line is going to be replaced by this circular one. I'll click Replace Spine. We've got a series of 16 circles, three-quarters of the way around our circle. The problem is, is we've got a big gap here. The solution to this gap is to cut the line. What we're going to do is just cut this circular path. When we cut it, the circles are all going to line up perfectly. When you go to cut it, you need to determine if you want a dot at a particular point. If I wanted there always to be a dot at this point, then I would cut the path here. If I always wanted a circle at this point, I would cut the path here. I'm going to go and get my scissors, which share a toolbar position with the Eraser Tool. I'm going to say, I want a dot always at this point, so I'm going to hold my mouse pointer over the anchor point here and just click. That's going to cut this shape. When I cut it, the circles all move evenly around it. Now, this is still a blend. If I double-click the Blend Tool, I can re-open the Blend dialog, select Preview. If I wanted more dots, I could increase the number and click "OK". Let's now say how a blend will respond when we copy and re-size it. I'm going to select the Selection Tool, drag over the shape, so I have everything selected here. I'll choose Edit, Copy, Edit, Paste and Place. Again, Alt Shift, Option Shift on the Mac. Well, we're getting our concentric circle and we're getting a smaller set of circles. Again, I'm going to make sure that this shape is selected, Edit, Copy, Edit, Paste and Place, and re-size it. I can do it again. Creating a blend has given us a similar result for our concentric circles as distort and transform, and as using rotate a shape. The difference is going to be in re-coloring these because it's the circles at the beginning and end of the blends that are controlling the color. For this, it might be easier to go to the last palette and to open up the blends. Here inside this blend we've got the two circles that are controlling the blend. I'm going to click and shift click on these two so that I select them. This is going to control the entire inner circle here. I'll go to the color palette. Well, first of all, make sure I select the fill color and then go to my swatches and select a color. You can see then that the entire circle of circles has been recolored. Let's go and get the next one. Go to the last palette, I'm going to open up the blend and I'm going to select these. Now, if for example we only selected one and not both, let's see what happens. I'm going to fill it with this orange color. What happens is what we get a blend from orange to black. You can see that if you want to recolor a circle, you're going to need to go and get both circles that are controlling the blend and color them the same color if that's what you want. Again, let's go and get the next one. In the last palette, I'm making sure that I'm opening the blend. I'm clicking here on one of them to select it and then shift clicking on the second circle to select it. Now, I can select the color to recolor them too. When they're both recovered to the same color, the entire blend is made that color. The process of re-coloring the dots from a blend is just a little different to the processes that we've been using so far. Your project for this class is simply going to be to experiment with these techniques. There are a lot of techniques here, every one of which can be valuable in varying circumstances. Go and make a pattern brush and then apply it to a circle and then do it with a scatter brush. Stroke a shape, so you know how to create a set of dots around a shape, and then create a shape and rotate it. Have a go at using the Distort and Transform Tool. I think you'll really like that one. That's probably one of my favorite tools to use. Then finish off by creating a blend, and then wrap it around a circle, just remembering to cut your circle so that it fills it up. I'm Helen Bradley. Thank you very much for joining me for this episode of Illustrator for Lunch, going in circles. I hope that you've enjoyed this Illustrator class and learning a little bit about some of the techniques that you can use in Illustrator every day. 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