Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create an Ikat Inspired Pattern | Helen Bradley | Skillshare

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create an Ikat Inspired Pattern

Helen Bradley, Graphic Design for Lunch™

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create an Ikat Inspired Pattern

Helen Bradley, Graphic Design for Lunch™

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7 Lessons (31m)
    • 1. Illustrator for Lunch Ikat Pattern Introduction

    • 2. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 1 - What is Ikat

    • 3. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 2 - Understand the Wrinkle Tool Options

    • 4. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 3 - Create the Ikat Shape

    • 5. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 4 - Make the Pattern CS6 and CC

    • 6. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 5 - Make the Pattern CS5 and Earlier

    • 7. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 6 Recolor Fracture Lines and Wrap Up

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About This Class

Illustrator for Lunch™ is a series of short video courses you can study in bite size pieces such as at lunchtime. In this course you'll see how to create an Ikat style pattern (which has its basis in a weaving technique) in Illustrator. The instructions cover all versions of Illustrator. This class was requested by a few of my Skillshare students so I hope you like it!

More in this series:

4 Illustrator Shading Techniques - An Illustrator for Lunch™ class - Simple Highlights & Shadows

5 Hexagon Patterns in Illustrator - an Illustrator for Lunch? course

Create Color Schemes in Illustrator for Using, Sharing & Selling - An Illustrator for Lunch? Class

Create Patterns in Adobe Capture for Illustrator & Photoshop

Create Wreaths & Other Floral Designs - An Illustrator for Lunch™ Class

Designing with Spirals - An Illustrator for Lunch™ Class

Doodle Flower Design & Pattern in Illustrator - An Illustrator for Lunch™ Class

Draw a Hot Air Balloon in Illustrator - Fun with 3D! 

Illustrator - Design in Black and White - Create Positive/negative images

Illustrator for Lunch? - 10 Interface and Setup tips too Speed your Workflow

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 in 10 - 10 Align tips in 10 minutes or less 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 in 10 - 10 Type Tips in 10 minutes (or less) 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 in 10 - Ten Top Illustrator Tips in 10 Minutes 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 Layer Tips in 10 minutes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 Pattern tips in 10 Minutes 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 10 Pen tool and Path Tips in 10 Minutes or Less 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Appearance Panel Tips in 20 minutes or less

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Color tips in 20 Minutes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Gradient tips in 20 minutes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Pathfinder, Crop and Cutout tips in 20 minutes or less

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Recolor Artwork tips in (around) 20 minutes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Reflect and Rotate tips in 20 minutes or less

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 20 Things New Illustrator Users Need to Know

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 3D Extrusion Effects - Text, Shapes, 3D

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 3D Perspective Cube design and Bonus 3D star

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 4 Exotic Patterns - Quatrefoils, Moroccan Trellis, and Layered Diamond 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 4 Handy Patterns - Diagonals, Plaid, Colorful Dots, Chevron

Illustrator for Lunch™ - 5 Cool Text Effects

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Abstract Ombre Background - Color Scheme, Blend, Transform 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - All you need to know about Brushes in Illustrator

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Backgrounds for your projects - Sunbursts, Halftone, Blends & Brushes 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Banner and Award Badges - Appearance Panel, Masks, Warp 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Blends and Gradients - Blends, Blend Modes, Gradients 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Braids, Rick Rack and More

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Circle Based Patterns - Rotate, Blend, Multi-Color Dots

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Clipping Masks, Opacity Masks & Layer Masks

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Complex Block and Half Drop Repeat patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Complex Rotated Repeating Patterns Made Easy - Using MadPattern templates 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Floral Alphabet character

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Nighttime Cityscape Image

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Plaid or Tartan Pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Range of Triangle Patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Retro Landscape Illustration

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Textured Dot Pattern - Transform, Vector Texture, Patterns 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Wave Pattern 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create a Whimsical Tree

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create an Ikat Inspired Pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create an Isometric Cube Pattern - Shape Builder, Align, Pattern Make

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Complex Art in the Appearance Panel

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Diamond, Harlequin and Argyle Patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Guilloche Effects

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Hi-Tech HUD rings

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Perfectly Overlapped Rotated Shapes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Seasonal Ornaments - Learn new skills while making seasonal art

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create Stitches and Sewing Elements

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Create with bends and blends - techniques for icons, logos and more

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Creative Half tone Effects

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Custom Corner Tiles for Pattern Brushes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Cute Furry Creatures

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Cutout Text Effects - Photos, Pathfinder & Text

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Designing with Symmetry

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Doodle-Style Heart - DIY Brushes and Nested Shapes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Draw a Retro TV - Shapes, Texture & Sunburst

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Draw a Vintage Birdcage - Shapes, Transform, Texture

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Faux Tissue Paper Collage - Blending, Texture, Transparency 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Flat and Dimensional drawing techniques

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Fun Effects with Graphic Styles - Appearances, Brushes, Styles 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Fun with Scripts - Download, Install, Run

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Get Creative with Blends and Brushes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Get Export File Sizes and Resolution Correct

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Going in Circles - Brushes, Blends & Transformations

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Gradient Background Effects - Find, Adapt, Create & Use

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Houndstooth & Rose - Vector Halftone Tracing & Houndstooth Pattern 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Illustrating Cacti with Custom Made Brushes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - I'm Seeing Stars - Fill, Warp, Clip & Crop Shapes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - In the Frame - Shapes, Fills, Strokes & Color

Illustrator for Lunch™ - In the Kitchen - Cartoon Art with Live Paint 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - In Your Face - Pen Tool Practice 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Layered Paper Style Collage - Gradients, Graphic Styles, Transform 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Let's Go Steampunk! - Shapes, Rotation, Textures 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make a 2017 Calendar from Scratch - Grids, Layouts, Text, Patterns & More 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make a 3D Y Shape Pattern - from paper illustration to digital design

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make a Lace Pattern Brush - Stroke, Blends, Pattern Tiles, Rotation 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make an Organic Spiral Pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make Art Brushes - Configure, Color & Scale

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make Art Using Other People's Art 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make Custom Organic Patterns - Transform, Scissors, Align, Pattern Swatch 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make Retro Shapes - Pathfinder, Scripts, Rotation

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make Scrapbook Papers to Sell - Patterns, File Formats, Marketing Materials 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Make to Sell Printables - Stripes, Grid, Lines & Isometric Grid

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Mastering Live Trace - Turn Bitmaps to Vectors

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Meandering Hexagon Pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - More fun with Scripts - Text to code, more scripts, more fun (trees too!)

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Multi-Color Faux Pattern - Patterns, Transform, Expand 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Neon Effect - Appearances, Graphic Styles, Fonts

Illustrator for Lunch™ - On (a pattern making) Safari - Repeating Patterns 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - One Design Concept - Many Variations 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pattern in a Pattern - Achieving the Impossible in Illustrator 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pattern in Pattern & Irregular Repeating Patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pattern Know-how - Install, Transform, Recolor

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pattern of Lines and Dots

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pop Art Style Star Pattern 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Real Time Mandala Design

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Real Time Mirror Drawing - Symmetrical drawing

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Road Trip - Custom Brushes and Live Paint

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Roaming Square Pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Seamless Repeating Texture Patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Season's Greetings - Shapes, Brushes, Texture 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Semi Transparent Flowers - Scatter Brushes, Opacity, Blend Modes 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Sharing and archiving files - troubleshooting the pitfalls

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Sketchy Image Effect - Image Trace, Swatches, Sketchy Effect

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Something's Fishy - Appearance Panel Tips & Tricks 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Stipple Texture Effect - Grain, Gradients, Blends 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - String Art Inspired Designs

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Stylish Doodles to Make and Sell

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Type on a Path - Type, Paths, Shapes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Using & Troubleshooting Bounding Boxes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Using Photoshop Objects in Illustrator - Images, Shapes, Patterns and more

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Vector Textures - Vectors, Clipping Masks, Pathfinder

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Warp Shapes & Text - Envelope Distort, Warp, Gradients 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Watercolor Magic - Type, Downloaded Patterns & Brushes 

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Watercolor stripe seamless repeating pattern

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Whimsical diagonal line patterns

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Whimsical Scrapbook Paper Designs to Sell or Share

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Whimsical Text Effects

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Whimsical Textured Drawings Using Hand Drawn Brushes

Illustrator for Lunch™ - Zentangle® Inspired Pattern Brushes - Shapes, Effects, Brushes

Make Ditsy Patterns in Illustrator

Pattern Design in Illustrator Masterclass

Piping Effect in Illustrator - An Illustrator for Lunch™ Class

Rainbow Gradient Shape & Text Effects in Illustrator - an Illustrator for Lunch™ class

Terrazzo Patterns Without Drawing a Shape! - An Illustrator for Lunch? Class



Meet Your Teacher

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Helen Bradley

Graphic Design for Lunch™

Top Teacher

Helen teaches the popular Graphic Design for Lunch™ courses which focus on teaching Adobe® Photoshop®, Adobe® Illustrator®, Procreate®, and other graphic design and photo editing applications. Each course is short enough to take over a lunch break and is packed with useful and fun techniques. Class projects reinforce what is taught so they too can be easily completed over a lunch hour or two.

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1. Illustrator for Lunch Ikat Pattern Introduction: Hello, I'm Helen Bradley. Welcome to this episode of Illustrator for Lunch, create Ikat patterns. Illustrator for Lunch is a series of illustrated classes each of which touches a small range of illustrated techniques. You'll get plenty of opportunity to practice your new skills in the projects you'll create.Today we're going to look at creating Ikat patterns in Illustrator. You're going to learn more of what Ikat is and then learn a technique for creating that kind of pattern in Illustrator. Now we're going to start with the object that's going to be our pattern and we're going to apply the Ikat effect to it and that'll be applicable to all versions of Illustrator.Then we'll take illustrated CS-6 and CC and look at creating a pattern from the object in those applications. And finally, if you're using Illustrator CS-5 or earlier, I have a separate video for you that shows you how you can turn the Ikat element into a pattern pace in earlier versions of Illustrator.Now as you're watching these videos, you will see a prompt which lets you recommend this class to others. Please, if you are enjoying the class, do two things for me. Firstly, give it a thumbs up and secondly, writing just a few words why you are enjoying this class. These recommendations help other students to see that this is a class that they too might enjoy.If you'd like to leave a comment or a question, please do so. I read and I respond to all of your comments and questions and I look at and respond to all of your class projects.So now if you're ready, let's get started creating Ikat patterns in Illustrator. 2. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 1 - What is Ikat: Before we look at creating our own ikat effect, let's just have a look and see what an ikat effect even is. Well, it has its traditions in weaving. This is a piece of ikat woven fabric. Now when you weave, you have some long threads that are permanently attached to the loom. Then you weave in and out of it with these horizontal threads. The long ones here are called warp and the ones across are called the weft. Now in ikat, it's the warp threads that show this movement. You can see that it looks like these threads have been misaligned, if you like, and that's the ikat look. So when we're trying to recreate this in Illustrator, basically what we want is a fairly simple pattern. Then we want to move it in the vertical, but not in the horizontal. So this is a very typical ikat look and this is what we're going to create and it has its history in weaving. 3. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 2 - Understand the Wrinkle Tool Options: When we're creating our Ikat effect, we're going to use a tool in Illustrator called the Wrinkle tool and it will behave as before we go and get the Wrinkle tool to just have a look and see how it's going to behave. I'm just going to create a brand new document here. It doesn't matter how big it is, because all we're doing is to have a look at some of the aspects of the Wrinkle tool that we're going to harness in this tutorial. I've just made a line here, I'm going to alt drag a duplicate of it away, and then I'm going to choose object transform transform again. I'm going to continue to do this using Control or Command D until I create a few lines down my document. I'm going to open up the Layers panel and I'm just going to hide most of these lines, so just going to work with one at the moment. We're looking at this line here. The Wrinkle tool shares a toolbar position with the width tool, and it's down here at the very bottom. You'll want to select it, and then double-click on the tool to open the wrinkle tool options. Now, you don't need to do this, but you'll probably want to watch this just so you can see how the wrinkle tool works. These are its default settings, I've already clicked "Reset", so this is how it operates by default. Just going click "OK" and let's just go and see what it does. I'm just going to click and hold my mouse pointer, and then I'll just let go. That's what we get when we use the wrinkle tool set at its default settings. It's uninspiring to say the least. Going to lock that down and let's display the next line. Now, let's go back to the Wrinkle tool and start working with it. Well, one of the things that's happening with the wrinkle tool right now is that the wrinkles are round, they're not particularly pointy, this one is, but all the others around. Well, if we flip these three settings here to their opposites, we're going to solve that. We're going to disable the two options that are set by default and enable this one. I'll click "OK" and let's try this now. Again, what I'm doing is just holding the mouse pointer and then letting go. Now, you can see that we've got more pointy ends. Again, not a particularly inspiring result, but we are going one step further towards what we want. Let's get another line and let's go back to the wrinkle tool options. We're going to have a look at complexity now. Complexity can be set to one of 15 values. So let's go to about five and see what happens then. Well, we're starting to get more wrinkles, so we're heading in the right direction there with complexity. We're going to take complexity up to about nine, because that's ultimately where we want it to be. Let's click "OK" and let's just see how that goes. It's a little bit better. We're also going to increase detail, I'm going to take that up to about seven. Let's go and get another line, and let's see how are we going with this now. While we're starting to get some really big results, we've had a major transition from this line to this line, and it was all to do with the details setting. Now we could wind that up even further and see how we go. That's a lot of detail, it might be a little bit too much detail. One of the problems with the wrinkle tool is that it's actually creating anchor points. I'm just going to select this line. Let's just knock it down to 0.25 of a pixel line weight. We're getting a lot of action here, very much the action that we saw in that Ikat pattern. This is going to help us along the way, but perhaps too much because we have a risk of bugging down our machine, because each one of these is an anchor point. I'm actually going to dial back detail just a little bit to perhaps about eight. Intensity is another setting that we can play around with and we may not need the intensity to be as high as it is, I'm actually going to take it down to 40 percent. Let's go and find ourselves another line to experiment with. I'm just going to hit the middle of this line. Let's go back and let's also make this point to five points. There's another option for intensity. It might help you to play around with the Wrinkle tool settings to say what variation you can get in your lines before you start attacking an actual pattern pace. Because you can see that the default settings for the Wrinkle tool are really not going to help us at all. This is a much better setting. Now, just be aware that when you're in the wrinkle tool, by default, it's set to only work in the vertical. You can see here that vertical set to a 100 percent. That's going to help us with the Ikat. But just be aware that if you ever need to move in a horizontal direction, you're going to have to change this default value because it only works in the vertical by default. I'm just going to click "OK" because I'm pretty happy with this and we're ready now. Now that we know what we want the Wrinkle tool to be set at to go and create our Ikat pattern. 4. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 3 - Create the Ikat Shape: So far, everything that we've done it can be done with all versions of illustrator and four two can this next step. It's only when we go to actually create the pattern that we're going to need to split up between CS6 and lighter versions and CS5 and earlier. So in all versions you're going to choose File and then New. I'm just creating a document that's 400 pixels by 400 pixels in size. I'm using RGB color mode. I have disabled align new objects to pixel grid. In Illustrator CC 2017, that align new objects to pixel grid option is going to be found up in the top corner here, but it's here in earlier versions or just click "Okay." Now I'm going to create the diamond shape for my Ikat pattern. I'm going to do that with a square. I'm going to a Rectangle Tool and I'm just going to drag out a square. Doesn't matter how big it is. I'm going to fill it with a color. Its going to make this a bluish green. I don't want any strokes on any of these shapes, that's really important. I'm going to rotate this around 45 degrees. I'm just going to hold my mouse pointer here with the selection tool enabled, then add the Shift key so that it rotates around a multiple of 45 degrees, 315 is perfect. Just click away. Now I'm going to the direct selection tool. I'm going to select over these two middle points. There's two points here on either side of the square. Then I'm going to the scale tool, with the direct selection tool selected are now going to just drag inwards, that turns my square from a rotated square into a nice diamond shape. I'm just going to click away from that. Now you can say that when I select this shape, the bounding box doesn't match up the diamond shape where we can get it to do that by choosing object transform and then reset bounding box, now the bounding boxes the way we would expect it to be. I need to make a duplicate of this shape, so I'm going to choose Edit, Copy and then Edit, Paste in Place. I have another copy on top of the original one, and I'm going to color this a different color. Right now I'm not at all concerned about the colors except this, I want every single one of these diamonds to be a different color so that I can multiply my options for recoloring my pattern later on. I'm going to the selection tool and I'm going to drag inwards on this corner, I'm going to add the Shift key and the Alt or Option key, just to size this so that it's going to be sized in from the middle of the shape. We're going to do that again. Edit, Copy, Edit, Paste in Place. Again, recoloring the shape using a different color, so I'm going to use this sort of orange here. Then Shift Option or Shift Alt, just drag in. This is the shape that's going to be the foundation of my Ikat pattern and we're going to have another panel of color around this, but that's going to be built in using the pattern-making process. Now that I've created my basic shape, I'm going to my wrinkle tool. Now, because this is going to be an overhead on your computer, you may want to make sure that you have closed any applications that you don't need, particularly if you don't have a really new computer and a really fast computer. You may also want to restart your computer before you start working with the wrinkle tool just to help your computer be able to cope with the complexity of the design that you're about to make. Now I'm just going to hit this shape with the wrinkle tool. Because I've already got the settings that we said in the last video, we already know this is going to work, we know that it's pretty good because we went to all the trouble of experimenting with the wrinkle tool. The only thing that I may want to change is the width and height of the brush and may want to make it say 50 and 50, if I want to get into little corners in my pattern for example. I'm just looking for a really nice fuzzy effect on my overall shapes. Now, if you go too far, you're going to get an error message like this that the plugin can't continue because the object contains too many points. Well, I've obviously maxed out on a number of points that I can create. So I'm going back now to the selection tool. I'm going to select over all of these shapes and I'm going to group them with object group. I can resize it at this point if I want a smallest starting object for my pattern. Now we have the basic element that's going to be the basis of our pattern. In the next video, I'm going to show you how you can create this as a pattern in Illustrator CS6 and CC in the video. After that, we're going to look at it in Illustrator CS5 and earlier. 5. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 4 - Make the Pattern CS6 and CC: At this point, before I create my pattern, I've gone ahead and saved to my image. That just means that I've got this element saved in case something were to happen and my machine were to crash, for example. I'm going to select over this grouped shape with the selection tool. I'm going to choose Object, Pattern, Make. Now, if you don't have this option on your toolbar, then you're probably using an earlier version of Illustrator so skip ahead to the next video because if you don't have this tool, you can't make the pattern this way and you'll have to make it a different way. But if you do have it available, just select Object, Pattern, Make and click Okay if you see this dialogue. This is a pattern options dialog. Right now this is our default pattern. It's not quite what we want. I'm going to go here to the Tile Type. I'm going to drop this down and choose Brick by Row. Then from the Brick Offset, I'm just going to select half. What that does is it just offsets this pattern paces. In a minute, this diamond shape is going to move down here. Now, I've got dim copies set to 70 percent, which is why this copy in the middle of the working copy is darker than the others, but it doesn't matter. None of these settings here in this area of the dialogue have any effect whatsoever on the pattern you are about to make. They just control the visuals on the screen. Now, what we do want to do is unlock this option here. If it's locked like this, you're going to want to unlock it. What I want to do is I want to decrease the height. If you just start arrowing down here, you'll probably find that your machine's going to slow down quite a bit. My height at the moment is set to about 217 pixels. I'm just going to type in 150 which is a bit less and I'm just going to test that. Well, it's not quite closed up enough for me. I'd like it a little bit more, so I'm going to reduce the height to 140. That's just closing up this vertical distance because I'm working with the height and I'm pretty happy with that, but what I want to do is to now increase the horizontal distance. So I'll set at about a 121 right now. I'm going to type 140 and see what that looks like. Well, that's a little bit too much, so I'm just going to bring it down to 135. Working with absolute values when you've got a pattern as complex as this will probably help your computer to be able to handle the complexity of the pattern that you are creating just simply because there's so many anchor points in this shape. Once you're happy with the pattern that you've designed, you can just click Done. The pattern pace is added to the Swatches Panel. Now, I'm just going to take this out of the way for now and let's test the pattern we've just created. I'm going to create a rectangle the size of the art board. I'm just going to drag this out. I have the fill selected here, it's targeted, so I'm just going to click on my new pattern swatch. There is my pattern, and I can resize it with object transform scale. I'm going to turn transform objects off. I'm going to turn preview on. I want to transform in a uniform amount and at the moment it's set to 78 point something, I'm just going to set down to 75 percent, which is just scaling down that pattern a little bit and giving me a good look at what's going to look like. Now, in the next video, I'm going to show CS5 and earlier uses how to create the pattern. Now, you can do it the same way in later versions of Illustrator. If you want to see how patterns used to be made or a technique for custom making patterns, you can watch the next video. But in the last video, we're going to wrap up with some color changes. I'm going to show you how you can change the color of this white as well, because it's not actually a color and we're going to need to make it a color so we can change it. 6. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 5 - Make the Pattern CS5 and Earlier: We're now going to look at creating this pattern in Illustrator CS5 and earlier, the applications that don't have available pattern make tool. Now I've gone ahead and saved this pattern space just in case something happens to my computer. I'm just going to open up the last pallet and this object is now a group. I grouped it so that all these component spaces would move as one. I'm going to size it down a little bit holding the "Shift" key just to create a slightly smaller version of the pattern space. Now, we're going to need to fill in this space up here and this space and this one and this one. So I'm going to take this shape and I'll drag a duplicate out of the way. I'm going to take this one and I'll drag a duplicate across here. I want to place these two shapes pretty much where I want them to be relative to this space here. I'm going to group the two of them. So I'm going to select over both of them and press "Control" or "Command G". Or you could select object and group and that tool just group these two paces. I'm going to take these to and Alt or Option drag a duplicate away and place that pretty much in position down the bottom here. These are not perfectly positioned, but I have one group here, one group here, and the object in the middle is a separate group of objects. I'm going to select over all of these and I'm going to the Align panel. Now if you don't see the Align panel here, choose window and then align. When you get this little dialogue, you want to click on "Show options" and you want to open up the aligned to, and you want to make sure it says aligned to selection. You don't want to align to art-board here. So we've got align to selection selected. Firstly, I'm going to make sure that this group and this group and this object are all centered. So I'm going to click here on "Horizontal align center". It looks like they were well centered. They didn't seem to move at all. The other thing I wanted to do is make sure that they're evenly spaced so that this space here and this space here are the same. I can do it with this tool here, Vertical Distribute Center. I'm just going to click once on this. Again they didn't move, but that's fine because it looks like I got them in a pretty good position before I started. Now I can move the whole lot down if I want to adjust so that I can get a bit more breathing room on my workspace. Now I've got the shapes that I need for my pattern. What I need to do is to create the actual pattern itself. We do that with what's called a no fill, no stroke rectangle. So we're going to select the Rectangle tool. We're going to set it to no fill and no stroke. I'm going to go here for the center of the shapes. I'm just looking for Illustrator to come up with the word center when I hover over this shape. I'm going to drag across and pick up the center of this shape here and then drag down and pick up the same point in these bottom shapes. Now, that should give me my repeating pattern. If you want to, you can just zoom in here. So just enlarge this so that you can see where you're going and just drag here and just make sure that it's snapping to those places. If you have a look at your view menu, you'll need to make sure that you have smart guides turned on and snap to point. That should make sure that you're going to snap into position here. Just look out for those little smart guides and I'm going to roll this down here, zoom out a little bit and again, just make sure that this vertical line is also in the correct position and then check this one here. Seems to be snapping really well. If I'm happy with this, I need to move this no fill, no stroke rectangle behind everything. So I'm going to the last pallet and I'm going to drag this rectangle below all the other objects because that's the way that you create patterns in earlier versions of Illustrator. You do it by defining the pattern space using a no fill, no stroke rectangle that is positioned behind all the other objects. If it's in front or somewhere in the middle, it's just not going to work. So I'm going to select everything here. I'm going to open up my swatches panel and just going to drag and drop my pattern in here. Now, I'm going to take all of these objects and just move them to one side because I want to test my pattern before I discard these pieces just in case there's a problem with it. I've created a no fill, no stroke rectangle over my art board. I have my fill targeted here. I'm just going to click on my "Pattern pace" and there is my pattern in place and I'm just going to check the places where it would be off if it were often, it's looking just fine to me. We can resize it by choosing object transform scale. You want to disable transform objects and you want to enable preview. Now I've just scaled mine down to 75 percent so I'll select that and click "OK". Therefore I got pattern created in illustrator CS5 and earlier. Of course, the same process still works in Illustrator CS6 and later. It's just that if you've got those later versions, you have an additional pattern making tool that you can use. But this process will work in fact, in any version of Illustrator. In the next video, we're going to have a look at recoloring this pattern, including building white into the patterns so that we can recolor it. We're also going to talk briefly about fracture lines in our patterns and how we can solve the problem. 7. Illustrator for Lunch™ - Pt 6 Recolor Fracture Lines and Wrap Up: We're now going to have a look at recoloring this pattern, and the process is identical in all versions of Illustrator. So the fact that I'm using the pattern that I made for Illustrated CS6 and CC uses is immaterial, you would work this exactly the same way in earlier versions of Illustrator. What you're going to do is start out by selecting your rectangle that is filled with your pattern. Now, the patent itself, we know it only had three colors and the white is not actually white, it's actually just the art board. So if we want to be able to recover this white, we're actually going to have to add white into our pattern, because otherwise white isn't going to be available because this patent isn't really white. You'll see if I move it across over the edge of the art board, the white disappears because it's not really a color. Given that, I'm going to open up the appearance panel. I have my rectangle selected, I have my filled, you can see its pattern fill is here. So here I'm going to add another fill. So I going to click here on "Add new fill", and by default, illustrate our add the exact same fill as we used previously. But we don't want that to be the case, I wanted to fill this with white. So I'm just going to click on white, and you can see that the whole document changes to be white. That's because my white fill is on top of my patent that has some transparency in it, or I can just drag this down and put it underneath the other one. Now this is the pattern with transparency and behind it is a white fill, and this is a true fill. If I drop this over the edge of the art board, you'll say that brings white with it because it's actually got quiet in this shape. That's pretty important because you can't recover transparency, but you can recolor white. Now we have our object that's been recovered. Let's go to our recolored tools. I'm going to click here, "Recolor artwork." We have four colors here. The four colors in our patent. Now, if this one doesn't look like this, if there's just a dash you can turn it into an arrow by just clicking on it. You want all four of these colors to be mapped using an arrow pointing to the exact same color. We're going to click here on "Edit." These are our four colors: white, orange, green, and the blue color. Now we can start dragging around the colors, and we can recover all of the colors in our pattern. When you see a color combination that you like, click here to add a new color group for that color scheme and click "Okay." If you look up here in the swatches panel, you'll find that you still have the original pattern. This was the original patent. Now the pinky color is being inherited from the shape that has the fill behind it, and here's the other pattern with this new coloring. Now, you can continue to recolor this patent as you like. I've got it selected. Again, I'm going to recolor artwork. I'm again going to edit. I'm going to lock my colors this time and then just drag them around, and every point that I drag them to, I'm going to get the same relationship of colors in my patent pace. When I say a color combination, I like if I want to keep the color scheme, I can click here on "Create new color group", and then just click "Okay," and the patterns here in the patent panel. I can switch between any of these patents, but you can see that the re-coloring is affecting the color here, this color fill behind the shape. So if you go to a different patent color, say this one, you may need to come into the appearance panel and change this fill because the color is not actually part of the patent itself. Now, if you've been working with Illustrator for awhile, and particularly making patents in Illustrator, you may be wondering why I don't have any fracture lines in my patent. Well, that's because I looked ahead and realize I was going to probably have fracture lines. So I solved the problem before I began. I chose Edit and then Preferences and General. On a Mac that would be Illustrator Preferences General. I disabled this option, anti-aliased artwork. When you disable anti-aliased artwork, you get a slightly rougher look to your patent, but you'll find that fracture lines pretty much disappear. I'm going to turn this back on, which is the opposite of what I suggest that you do. Just going to click "Okay." Note unsurprisingly, the result is and I have a fracture line through this patent. Now, based fracture lines, if they move around your patent as you re-size it inside the shape, are considered to be a problem with Illustrator's display of the patents. So it's not a fundamental issue with the patent swatch, it's a problem with the Illustrator interface. The difficulty there is that if you see lines through your patent like this, these fracture lines and you save your patent paste, they're also going to appear in that. Turning anti-aliasing off will help you get rid of those lines. You can also get rid of them or try to by choosing object transform scale. Make sure to enable preview, disabled transform objects, but they've transformed patterns set and then you can adjust the scale of your pattern. I'm having a lot of problem with this actually functioning with my screen capture device. But what would happen is typically that the patent would decrease in size because I've scaled it down to 90 percent. Then if this fracture line moved around, I could be sure that it is an illustrator issue. What I'd like to do by reducing the scale of my patent may be one or two percent at a time is to get rid of all the fracture line so that I have a clean element that I could then save. But as I said, it's an issue with Illustrator. It's well-known as an issue with Illustrator and that is a big fracture line through this design. But because this was built in Illustrator CC, it's not actually in the patent swatch. It's Illustrator's display of this patent paste, but we do need to be very concerned about it. I'm actually going to turn that anti-aliasing back off again so I have a much cleaner piece of art here. Your project for this class is going to be to create your own Ikat pattern. Create your patent swatch and use it in a document and post an image of your completed patent in the class project area. I hope that you've enjoyed this class and that you've learned something about creating Ikat style patterns in Illustrator and also about the wrinkle tool. As you are watching these videos, you will have seen a prompt which lets you recommend this class to others. Please if you enjoyed the class do two things for me. Firstly, give it a thumbs up and secondly, write just a few words about why you enjoy the class. These recommendations help other students to say that this is a class that they too might enjoy. If you'd like to leave a comment or a question, please do so. I read and respond to all of your comments and questions, and I look at and respond to all of your class projects. My name is Helen Bradley. Thank you so much for joining me for this episode of Illustrator for Lunch Create an Ikat pattern. I'll look forward to seeing you in an upcoming episode of Illustrator for Lunch soon.