Illustrating Animals with Pen | Linnea Campbell | Skillshare

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Illustrating Animals with Pen

teacher avatar Linnea Campbell, Ceramicist & Illustrator

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (44m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Materials

    • 3. Rough Sketch fast

    • 4. Adding More Detail with Pencil

    • 5. Adding the Pen

    • 6. Detailing the Face

    • 7. Filling in the Body

    • 8. Finishing Touches

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About This Class

This class will go over different techniques for illustrating creatures with pen. Creating depth and value in a drawing help it become more life like, which can be difficult when using pens, especially when differentiating between the fur and the shading of animals. In this class I will teach you to use pointillism and cross hatching to achieve detailed drawings of creatures of your choice. I will be giving tips to get the correct proportions and different techniques to use with the pens so all skill levels are welcome.


Meet Your Teacher

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Linnea Campbell

Ceramicist & Illustrator


Hi I'm Linnea, and I am a Ceramicist and Illustrator living in Cincinnati, Ohio. I created one of a kind ceramic wares, using wheel throwing and hand building methods that I embellish with my illustrations of forest creatures: from microbes in the soil to insects and small mammals. I love the broad array of classes offered on Skillshare, and I am excited to be teaching on this platform! 

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1. Introduction: Hi, everyone. I'm Lana. I'm a ceramicist and illustrator living in Cincinnati, Ohio. Um, and today I'm going to show you guys how to dio illustrations of animals using pens. So in this class, I'm going Teoh show you guys the materials you're going to need, the things you're going to need to think about as you're drawing. You're animals. By the end of the class, you have the tools and skills you need to do your own animal illustration. 2. Materials : so to get started on this project, you didn't need a couple of things. You're gonna need your reference photo. I'm using a book, but you can also I've used my computer to find reference photos many times. So just whatever photo you want to use if you're new if you're a beginner, I recommend not drawing your family pet or an animal that you have an emotional connection . Teoh. I find that it's a little bit more difficult to really get the essence off that creature if you know them. So if you're just starting out, I recommend picking just an animal that you think is a nice picture to draw and then start from there and then you can work up to drawing one that, you know, and adding more about detail in, um, men. You're gonna need paper. I'm gonna use a sketchbook. It has a little bit thicker than computer paper, but you can even use computer paper. That will be fine, Teoh, and you're gonna need a pencil to start with. I like to use a mechanical pencil because it stays sharp the whole time, so I don't have to keep sharpening the pencil as I'm going. So that's that's my choice. But you can use whatever pencil you would like to use. You're gonna need a soft eraser to erase your pencil marks at the end. This is a strathmore eraser, but any kind of one that's, like, soft. You don't want to leave some of them like, kind of leave like a bit of a mark like a dark mark. This'll ones nice and just, you know, with pencil goes right away with this one on, and then you're gonna need your pens. So my favorite brand of pen is this Micron. You can get this any art supply store. I got these at Michael's on and they come usually impact, so you don't even have to use the whole pack. My favorites are this 02 So this is what I usually uses. My finest line. They come even finer, so you can get this 1005 even skin here. Um, I just like the 02 to start with, and then you move up. So I like the 05 to do a little bit thicker Lines like to do that for a little bit. More shading are more emphasis on certain spots on and then they have these different ones . So this one's called graphic. So the whole it's just a thicker piece, so you do a thicker line. But I also like it. If I'm coloring a spot and it just goes a lot faster than those skinny tip ones on, then they have the brush. So I like the brush. If I am doing some kind of like, really furry creature something, you can just kind of get different lines with this. It really just kind of feel like a little bit of a paint brush. Um, and it does kind of like, really like legal around a lot swell if you have all this stuff and you're ready to get started. 3. Rough Sketch fast: So getting started, we're going to start out with just a rough sketch. So we're just gonna use the pencil for this one? Um, we're just gonna look at our reference photo and kind of just map out like this part can be pretty abstract, and we're just kind of mapping out where the things are. So I start super rough, so I'm just kind of getting an idea where everything ISS and I am going really light because this is going to make it easier to use the eraser to get rid of it. In the end, it's just super light. So right now I'm looking at my so just kind of got, like, a super vague idea of what I'm doing here, and I'm gonna kind of look at the proportions so you can't even use my finger. You can do this even if you have it on the laptop. You can just use your fingers or the pencil and just kind of get an idea. So his head is about this long, So I just put my fingers there, so oh, so his head there's like, about 1.5 heads back, so pretty much right on, then. Like for head wise, it just helps you given idea. So can also measure, like, how wide his torso is measuring his head just a little bit wider. Go down. Just getting his legs. Yeah, I'm not really sure. Yes, that's like an elbow. So the album so that pretty much took this Just passed that other little joint there. So in this part does not have to be perfect. You just getting like the super rough. It doesn't even really look like a cow or anything yet. We're just kind of getting an idea of where everything is going to be. 4. Adding More Detail with Pencil: So for this next step, we're gonna add a little bit more detail. But we're still going to just stick with the pencil. So I just like Teoh, get a better idea of what I'm going to be drawing before us are out in the permanent pen. So just kind of start going in and, like finding a few spots getting more. I'm still drawing light with pencil. It's a building up now. Pencil lines. So they are getting a little bit darker. But I'm still much I'm trying not to press too hard with pencil. Um, just to make it easy. Clean up in the end. Okay? All right. Somebody's going on. Just trying to define certain spots more. Doesn't have to be perfect. Still, we still mess around with a lot with pen on. We'll start with thinner pen to give us a little bit. Wait, make some changes. So just like a better road map ahead of So I just kind of like going along. I kind of like to just do the perimeter. So I'm kind of just like going along the edges really seem like is it making sense? Isn't looking in the way that I want it. Okay, so I'm a face. I was kind of saying these last I'm just kind of get a better idea of how the rest of the I'm just going in and making different spots more. The nice thing about doing this a little bit like adding more detail in with the pencil is the then if you get get the public. If you get the drawing kind of put together and then you look at it and you're like, this is totally proportional or something, you can still change it. Then, at this point discount, double drawing, all right, sketched. And I a little bit there. The eyes have so much detail in them that I don't always add the whole thing. You know, I let it it just kind of make sure it's in the right spot. But then I add the most detail with pens. Feel like eyes are hard to get, right with pencil. Okay to you have a good rough sketch, a little bit more detail. He kind of look back at it. I also like if you're sitting, you could kind of lean it up towards yourself. Sometimes when it's flat, you're not seeing everything as well. Um, kind of just see proportions look right. And with a picture like this, the one that I have chosen his head, her head Sorry is closer to us. Eso It is going to be the larger than if she were standing just totally to decide. So that's kind of tricky to if you pick one that has different, like a different perspective. Sometimes it can be tricky to get the right proportions, but this is looking pretty good. I think I'm gonna, sir, adding a little bit of pen to it. So if you have followed me into the next video ads repent drawing. 5. Adding the Pen: All right, so now we're ready to start adding some pen to our drawings. So I'm gonna start with my finest pen. I like to use, So it's zero to, um and I like to use this one, because this way, if I do make a couple of mistakes, I can cover them up. When I'm adding my thicker details later, it's just kind of a nice way. It's nice to have a fine, um, like background layer. Then you can work up from there. So I'm gonna use this pen, and I'm I still like to then kind of do an outline. But when you're drawing animals and you're adding the outline they have little bits of for , so if you just draw a straight line, it's not going to be a realistic. So I like to add a little lines. So as I'm drawing this, I'm gonna started her year on, so I'm just gonna do little lines and it's kind of gonna look like for so I'm kind of Sometimes I even dio just like little dots to just kind of so it's not one harsh line, but it's still getting my outline layer taking care of so her ears outlined. She has this big shadow right here in years. I'm just gonna find myself. That's was there. So her whole body is She's not super hairy, but there is still. It's not just like our skin or something where it's just super smooth. So for her whole thing, I'm going to just kind of add, like, a little bit. So some some lines are a little bit longer, but I'm still not just doing one harsh outline for her just to give her that realistic kind of look. I'm and same thing done right around her horns here, so there's little bits of hair, so that's not just one harsh line right there. So I'm going to start out with little bits of hair and then make Horn come from there. So there's not like a harsh ending, and then for the horn. That is obviously smooth thing, so we can do just one continuous line for that on them for the top of her head. She does not too much for sticking out, but I'm still going to go in and just a little bits of variation, just sure she does have a little bit and then so right now we saw while our pencil and as our guide But the end of this once we get this all outlined like to erase the pencil so that I can really see what needs to be added with pan. What's missing? So here she has these long eyelashes. I'm adding those and right now, just kind of just vaguely adding the I I'm gonna go into I in more detail later. But right now I just kind of want to know where it is. Keep going along, please. Here there's a lot of shadows around her mouth. For now, I'm just gonna kind of do a couple hash marks. Teoh, can I remind myself that's there, that we're gonna be shooting that leader we're using the bigger hands, her nostril here. Once again, it almost looks like her eyelashes air going over her eye a little bit use. And before I start drawing people on Iris, right, and then she's got a lot of shooting around right, too. But we'll come back to that, so I'm just gonna kind of get a little bit so here. I'm just doing, like, some little little lines. Just kind of get an idea, but then I'm gonna go in and erase what I have with my pencils. I can really see what needs to be going on our line here. She's got a lot of folds and stuff. So it was just kind of hinted that for right now, just kind of keep doing outline. - Then again, we're just doing little wines. Nothing is too hard. Okay, so here's for other year than peeking out behind there. Now that is fluffy too. So really handsome. I'm sure that our lives aren't getting here. It looks like she's got a little bit of fluff going on your back. So I just out of just a few little marks there, and then we're really going that later. You hear this big shadow here? You just kind of hinted that make a couple marks here just ermine ourselves. That's their erase. The pencil and then the end of her tail is also a long hairs. So that's a pretty good start. So I'm gonna go ahead and start racing some of my pencil because I feel like it's tricky for me to see what else needs to get done when all of the pencil lines were there. Sometimes it's hard to see if you've already out of that shadow. That's just come. Okay, now I have just kind of the bare bones of what we're gonna add with depends. We really start to go in thicker pen. See what else follow me on to the next video, we'll start adding a little bit more detail. 6. Detailing the Face: So now we're adding more details of this, so we're gonna really make this guy come to life. So I'm going to this. I was using the zero to reach for the 05 So you really start. So I would like to start coming on the base here when I'm really holding it, because that's the part that adds the most emotion. Teoh. So start shooting. Wait a dark shadow. There's really emphasize that. Okay, but it looks like for here is kind of Russian downs. That motion field a little bits isa with pen for shading. You do two things cross hatching, worry, do pointillism. I tend to do both, actually, so I kind of just hands off piece so we'll just continue on head on to the other born. Sometimes I also like to come in with this thicker line, kind of like the airline onto something. So just to give it a little bit more, it's now really add more to the eyes, this eyes differently on the corners. It's hard to see a whole lot. We can have these wrinkles. We're going to the other. I kind of like to go work on both eyes to make sure they're good. So much make sense. This I'm really has a lot different detail and different layers of wrinkles, shading and stuff. You really go into that now, and I'm just adding these little crust hatch lines. So the town, you know, and then sometimes I'm adding a couple dots. I just added some dots under here, so that could be the pointillism part of it. Just getting a little details, making sure we're not adding too much, either, because she's very white. Burger appears we don't wanna and to many different components, that's that's another thing here. So her nose, it's this pinkish color against the white. So it is different. But in the photo, there's no harsh outline around it, so we don't want to either. Out of harsh outlines, I'm just gonna kind of add some shady spots. Yeah, okay, sometimes when I kind of wanna had, like, a little bit of an outline and I'll just do some little dots kind of in that line you more Turk your mouth there This years, it's another fluffy one. Extreme. Now we've got a pretty good idea of her face. So now we can kind of move on to the rest of her body. So if you want to meet me in the next video, kind of go into the rest of the body. 7. Filling in the Body : right now, we're gonna abs more detail to the rest of her body. So I'm going to stick with the syrup five right now, I'm gonna just kind of start going in and adding more details. I'm just doing more of these cross hatching, so I'm just gonna look, she does have this brown for here, so I'm gonna just kind of start me a little bit darker. The's crosshatch is just I skipped this bell so you can do that to you can really make thes use your reference photo, but then really make the drawings whatever you want them to be. So here and skip a couple details. That's no problem going in out in these different shadows. And I like to keep the base kind of the most detailed part. And then I'm kind of just out in the details that I feel like I need to be there for the rest of the body. But the face kind of especially in this photo, where the faces in the forefront, but always I feel like my face. It's just the thing that pops out the most. So I kind of worked the longest on that, and then I come in here just trying to just get especially with for the rest of her body so large, So I'm just kind of trying to get, like some big shading spots kind of quickly mapped in on. Then we can always go back and add a little bit more detail before briefly finalized drawing. Just getting an idea what's going on in the drawing here, and also the amount of detail that you add is totally up to you using pen. This obviously isn't going to be a I really don't have every single thing, right? So you kind of can decide how much detail, How detailed do you want to get what you just we've implied? That's kind of the same thing, even withdrawing the for and stuff. So, like with the cross hatching, it kind of implies for in some spots. And then with it coming, you're seeing will bits of her for along the edge of her body. Um, and she does have for covering her whole body. You don't need to draw each piece for it's a little bit redundant, so you can kind of just hinted different spots and then, you know, let the eye and apply the rest of the for. - Okay . Okay. All right. - Yeah . I've got a good idea where all the shadows are Everything. Um when we can really start finishing, it gets Get all the final details in in the next round. If you wanna meet me in the next video, really finalize this drawing? 8. Finishing Touches: Okay, so we're going. Teoh, finish this drawing up now So way can reach for you can keep using, you know, five. They also have a no way you could use that to. I'm gonna throw in some of this graphic just Teoh darken up some of the spots a little bit . Airlines to different areas. - Right now, we're just kind of really trying to add last little bits, in contrast that we need. - Okay , I'm just kind of looking around trying to see what spots need a little bit extra emphasis woman even you don't have to use the brush like you don't have to have these two. Um, but if you do have it, we can a little bit of fun here. So with her tail having such a long hairs as, um, with nous to it with the brush. But you can also do this with one of the other pens, you know, like the way that we did the year. Just my species fun. It just as such a different feel of a stroke of your pen. Other pens. Do you want to add something kind of fun like that? Yeah, And then just take a look out a couple more spots. I grabbed the five again just for a little bit skinnier of, um, lines and dots just to kind of finish it up. Just kind of take a look at your whole drawing and see on Sometimes during this part, I'm still looking at my reference photo. Um, but sometimes you can also kind of, like, look away from the reference photo, really zone and see, Like, what? Does this drawing need to look finished? If you feel like you just have a couple spots, my 90 be in your reference photo. Exactly, but it just feels like that kind of really hone in that spot. Just go for it. That and also, you know, people. You know, sometimes it takes a little bit, uh, really decide if you're done so you could even decide. This is as much detail as I'm gonna add today. You could always take a step back from this drawing and look at it again tomorrow and see, sometimes I have to, like, take a day away from a drawing and then just look at it with fresh eyes and decide if you need any other little details. Are if you're good to go, so yeah, feel free, Teoh. Step away from it Because you can always have more lines. We can't really take the lines away, so yeah, So then I want you to advocate finishing touches good together when you have your drawing. So I would love to see you guys dio some different drawings. So if you want Teoh, add them to the project tab. If you have any questions along the way, just feel free to message me. But I love to see the animals that you guys decide to drop. I'm supposed him in the projects and thanks for following along with me.