Idioms in Conversation | Andrea Giordano | Skillshare

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Lessons in This Class

10 Lessons (1h 18m)
    • 1. Video #1: Idioms In Conversation: Animals

    • 2. Video #2: Idioms In Conversation: Weather

    • 3. Video #3: Idioms In Conversation: Head, Mind, Emotions

    • 4. Video #4: Idioms In Conversation: Body

    • 5. Video #5: Idioms In Conversation: Feet

    • 6. Video #6: Idioms In Conversation: Ears, Eyes, Nose

    • 7. Video #7: Idioms In Conversation: Mouth

    • 8. Video #8: Idioms In Conversation: Numbers

    • 9. Video #9: Idioms In Conversation: Food and Drink

    • 10. Video #10: Idioms In Conversation: Love

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About This Class

60 English Idioms to Better Understand Native English Speakers

This course is designed to give you a crash course on idioms and highlight commonly used idiomatic expressions in English.

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Andrea Giordano

Speak Clearly. Change Your Life.


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1. Video #1: Idioms In Conversation: Animals: welcome to this section of idioms. In conversation one, this section will focus on animal idioms. This doesn't necessarily mean that you're talking about animals. It just means that these these idioms contain some reference to an animal or a sound that they make. Okay, so this is how this lesson will go. First of all, you will listen to a conversation that has several idioms in there. So listen to it. Try to identify what the idioms are in the conversation. Then afterwards, I'm going to explain all six idioms to you and tell you their meanings. Tell you how to use them. And then at the end, you will listen to the conversation again. And you can identify those idioms and actually understand their meaning. So you'll get some listening experience as well as some direct teaching. And this is how the format will be for this lesson. So are you ready? Go ahead and listen to this conversation with idioms. You're being as quiet as a mouse. What are you doing? Nothing. You must be hiding something. You look suspicious with that smile on your face. I'm not doing anything. I'm happy as a clam just to sit here and pick out on popcorn. Come on. You can let the cat out of the bag. I know you're planning my surprise birthday party. I am not your barking up the wrong tree. I don't think so. You've been running around all day long and came home dog tired. The back of your card is filled with party supplies and balloons. You are planning my surprise party. Well, it's not a surprise any more. Were you able to identify the animal idioms? Okay. I hope you could hear where they were. Now it's time to explain their meaning. Okay, So the first animal idiom that I want to talk about is quiet as a mouse. So this idiom is used a lot when you're talking about when something is extremely quiet. So if I'm listening in the other room and my son isn't making any noise when he's playing, I might say to my husband he is being as quiet as a mouse. It means extremely quiet. Think about times when you have heard someone being as quiet as a mouse. Can you think of a time? It's a great expression. You can use it almost in any situation when something is when someone specifically is being extremely quiet. Okay, The second animal idiom that we will look at is bark up the wrong tree. Okay, this is a really strange one, but I want you to imagine a group of hunters going out with their guns and they have their dogs with them. They're going out to find some kind of animal. So the idea here is that they have tracked an animal, and a dog thinks that the animal is up in a tree. So the dog goes to the bottom of the tree, looks up into the tree and starts barking at it. Right? Or bark bark. That's how we say it in English. Right? So the dog is barking up into the tree. But the animal is not in that tree. The animal is actually in a different tree. Can you imagine a dog barking up the wrong tree? Okay, so that's where that idiom came from. But what does it mean in conversation? We use this a lot. What does it mean? It means to completely misunderstand the situation or to be looking for something in the wrong place. Okay, let me give you an example of what this might look like, you might say, Um oh, if you're looking for a job here, you're barking up the wrong tree because we're not hiring, right? It's telling somebody that they're looking in the wrong place for something. You're barking up the wrong tree. You can try it out. Okay. The third animal idiom that we're looking at is happy as a clam. So a clam is actually a small little, um Well, I'm not an expert on seafood, but it's a little shell that opens up in the sea or in the ocean, and it has a little animal inside of it. Okay, Clam. So when you say somebody is happy as a clam, it means they are extremely happy. Why we use clam? I'm not sure, but if someone's extremely happy, you say to them, Oh, you're happy as a clam or I'm happy as a clam. All of my friends were here today. All right. The fourth idiomatic expression for animals is to pig out. Have you ever seen a pig eat? It's pretty dramatic. Okay, pigs go for the food. They're putting it all in their mouth as fast as they can not using their hands, but they're getting there. There, face down in the food. They are pigging out. Okay. The idea with this idiom related to animals is that you are eating so much food so fast and you're eating really too much food. So I might say, last Thanksgiving, I really pigged out on my mom's pumpkin pie. It says that Excuse me, you've eaten too much. So let's go. You might say, Let's go eat pizza tonight. I'm ready to pig out, pick out. All right. The fifth idiom that we're going to look at is dog tired. Have you ever had a dog? Have you noticed that sometimes they really like to sleep and they don't like to be bothered. Well, that's a great image that you can remember for dog tired. This is when you are extremely fatigued and tired. You would use this to say I have no more energy. I've worked really hard today, and I just am so exhausted. Dog tired. All right. And the last animal idiom that we're going to look at is let the cat out of the bag. Okay. Maybe you've had a cat as a pet before. Imagine putting a cat inside a bag, right? You have a cat in a bag. If you were to open that bag, can you imagine what the cat would do? It would jump out dramatically. It would try to get away, would try to run away because no cat wants to be in a bag. So the idiom here actually means something a little bit different, but the image is good for you. Okay, so the idea is that you have a secret hidden, okay? And if you were to tell that secret, it's like letting a cat out of a bag. The secret just jumps out, and there's no way to put that secret back. There's no way to put a cat back in the bag once it's out, and it won't want to go back. Promise? I promise. So this is when you tell a secret that you're really not supposed to tell. It's something hidden. And now you have said what it is or someone else has Said So for example, I might say, Oh, I ruined Richard Surprise party. I really let the cat out of the bag. When I told him that I would see him at eight o'clock Now he knows there's a party. Alright, so to review, those are our six animal idioms. We had quiet as a mouse bark up the wrong tree. Happy as a clam pig out dog tired and let the cat out of the bag. So listen to this conversation again. And now that you have the meaning, you'll be able to understand the conversation so much better. I hope it helps. And also to practice these animal idioms more. All you have to do is check out these resource is and do some exercises to really help this practice, take it to the next level. 2. Video #2: Idioms In Conversation: Weather: Welcome to this section of idioms and conversation. One. This section is all about weather related idioms. Again, we're not necessarily talking about the weather. Actually, we're not talking about the weather. Instead, we're using references and weather to talk about other things. Are you ready? First listen to the conversation that uses all six weather related idioms and then try to pick out when you're listening to it. Try to pick out what the idioms are. What do you think are the weather related idioms? Then afterwards, I'm going to explain all six idioms and come back and tell you what they're all about. Hi, Jason. How are you doing today? Pretty good, but I'm feeling a bit under the weather. Oh, I'm sorry to hear that. That's okay. Hey, I caught wind of your great news. Is that right? Yeah. You must be on cloud nine after getting engaged. I am. It's not every day that you throw caution to the wind and get engaged to someone you have only known for a month. A month? Yes, a month. When we first met, he broke the ice by asking me what size ring I wear. That's a great story. I think so too. We have gotten off to a great start other than when I told my mom the big news. Oh, no. What did she say? She wasn't too happy that her only daughter was getting married to a man she had only known for a month. But we cleared the air, and now she can see how much we love each other. Well, I wish you all the best. Thanks. Okay. Could you identify the different six weather related idioms? Did you hear words like cloud or wind? Hopefully, you did. All right. Let me explain the meanings of the six weather related idioms. The 1st 1 is break the ice. This is actually a good idiom to start with, because to break the ice means to initiate a conversation or to begin to talk to somebody. So you might use this when or if you're dating somebody. Okay. So the very first time you go up to the way, I would go up to a guy and talk to him. I would want to break the ice. It's how I start the conversation. Right? So I might say I'm a little bit nervous. How do I break the ice or you might use this in a business where you really want to warm up to a client, you really want to start a conversation with them and make them feel comfortable with you. You would need to find ways to break the ice with that person. We also use this expression as a noun. You can say an ice breaker. Okay, Icebreaker. Imagine ice being broken, okay. And it breaks the ice. It allows, um, that hard surface to you'll be able to go under that hard surface now. OK, so that's the image. So an ice breaker would be, You know, the thing that makes you would be able to continue on in a conversation with somebody all right, of the second weather related idiom is to catch wind of something. So in this section, wind is always going to be an image of this invisible thing that's moving and kind of takes things with it. It's something you can't control. Wind brings things to you and wind takes things away. Right? Imagine wind blowing through here. So to catch wind of something, imagine someone whispering a secret and the secret jumps onto the wind and travels down the wind to you and you catch wind of something. It means to hear something that was hidden. It may be like a rumor. It might be kind of a secret. You're not totally sure that it's true, but you hear about something for the first time. That's to catch wind of something you. If you're using it in the past, you need to make sure you say I caught wind of something right past tense would be caught. All right. The third weather related idiom is to clear the air. I want you to imagine being in the smog easiest, most dirty air polluted place in the planet, right? You could be somewhere like Beijing or Mexico City. Los Angeles. There's a lot of smog in the air. OK, imagine that now. Kind of as an image, emotionally or relation, Aly between two people. Imagine that I haven't argument with somebody and between us imagine there being smog or dirty air between us. And that's kind of like a fight, right? You don't feel quite right between somebody. Well, the way you fix it is to clear the air, you remove the pollution right between you and another person. It's a metaphor. It's an idiom. So you went to clear the air, so that means to resolve a conflict with somebody. If you're having a fight, you fix it. Clear the air. All right. The next one, Number four, is to be on cloud nine. This is similar to happy as a clam, but even better, if you're on cloud nine, imagine the highest cloud up there and you're on top of it. It's an image of being so happy that you almost can't control it. Big Ecstatic, being thrilled, elated. You're just so extremely happy, you might say, I'm on Cloud nine. It's my wedding day. It's perfect when they use the next one is Number five is to throw caution to the wind again. Remember, when I said wind in metaphors or idioms is this mysterious thing? It takes things and it brings things to you. Okay, if you throw caution or your reservations to the wind, it means you take something that were normally you would protect yourself and you throw it to the wind and you take a big risk. You willingly take a risk, so you might say, I'm going to throw caution to the wind and just quit my job today so that I can start a new adventure. I'm going to throw caution to the wind. It's when you're taking a big risk. You're being courageous and doing something brand new. And the last weather related idioms that we're going to talk about is one that is no fun. I hate being under the weather, So imagine weather. Really heavy rainy. Bad weather is pressing down on top of you, and you are under it. It's not a good place to be. That's an image of sickness. So if you're sick, you're not feeling well. Ah, polite way to say that instead of saying I'm sick is to say I'm under the weather. It's a way of being polite about it. So if you're at your job and you need to call in to your boss and say, you don't necessarily want to say I'm sick today because I don't know, it kind of has a negative connotation, but if you say I'm sorry, I won't be able to come into work today because I'm feeling under the weather, that's a polite way of saying I'm feeling sick but you're not coming out directly, saying it's an indirect way of saying it. All right, so those are your six weather related idioms. Break the ice, catch windows, clear the air on cloud nine. Throw caution to the wind and under the weather, listen again to the conversation, and you will be able to hear how those idioms are used in conversation. And this time you're gonna understand the meaning. Make sure you also check out the additional resource is so that you can further practice these weather related idioms. 3. Video #3: Idioms In Conversation: Head, Mind, Emotions: welcome to the mind, head and emotions section of idioms in conversation. One In this section, we will look at idioms that relate to the head, the mind and emotions. All right. First, what you'll do is you will listen to a conversation with six idioms in there with mind, head or emotions referenced. Listen for those idioms and see if you can identify them. Then after that, you will hear me explain those six idioms, and then you'll get a chance to listen to it again and see what you've learned with that conversation. All right? Thanks for coming to my office to discuss the advertising campaign. Carly. I wanted to pick your brain about this because you always come up with great ideas. No problem. I'm happy to help off the top of your head. What thoughts do you have about how we should advertise for snackers? Crunchy cookies. Well, can I speak my mind? Absolutely. You are always welcome to give your honest opinion. I have actually been thinking about this for a while, and I have no idea how we could possibly promote these cookies. They taste like a cardboard box. Have you tasted them yet? No, I haven't. Let me try one. Whoa! Those air. Terrible. I know. Well, even if they're terrible, we still have to advertise for them. I don't think I can do that. If I have to go over your head and talk to your boss, I will. But there is no way I can make thes cookies sound delicious and still feel good about myself. Well, I can understand that all the signed Jeff to the account instead, if you change your mind, we would love to have your creativity back on the task. For now, I will give the snap staff at snackers Crunchy cookies. Heads up that we are going to need more time. Okay. Were you able to identify the different head, mind and emotions? Idioms? I hope you could. Let's talk about them. There are six in the section, and the 1st 1 is to change your mind to change your mind. This basically means to change the way you think about something. So your mind, I'm gonna use that term a lot. Your mind is not your physical head butt and not your physical brain. But the way you think about things, okay? So to change your mind doesn't mean that you get a new mind. It means that your mind and your thinking has changed, right of the 2nd 1 that we're looking at is off the top of your head. Okay, this is a fun one. I want you to think about the very top of your head, and I want you to think about not using your whole brain, but only one part of your brain, right? That's kind of the meaning or the inspiration behind this idiom. To think of something off the top of your head means to not use all of your brain powers to reason through something or think about something. But instead, say the first thing that you think. Okay, so we often use this with maybe brainstorming sessions. If you're at work and you're trying to think of an idea together, you might say, Does anyone have any ideas related to this project and someone else could say, Well, off the top of my head, I think we should go with a campaign that supports a unity. Okay. Off the top of my head, it's the first thing you think of. It means you didn't put a lot of thought into it. It's just the first thing you think of. It's a way to say that this is just a recent thought. It's not a fully developed thought off the top of my head. The next one that we're going to talk about is to go over someone's head to go over someone's head, all right, this is used mostly in work situations. So just like you, I also have a boss at a job that I work. And if I were to have any problem, the expectation is that I go to my direct boss and I asked him how we can find a solution to that problem. However, to go over someone's head means that if I went to my boss's boss okay, my boss's boss directly and did not talk to my boss first, then there might be a problem. It's a little bit negative. The expectation is that you should go directly to your boss, the person who is in charge of you or has authority over you if you go over your boss and talk to the person above them. Some people might say you were going over my head when you talk to her, right? So in that situation, it's a little bit negative. So you might say, if someone works for you and they go and ask your boss a question, you might go to that person who works for you and say, You know, I want you to approach me first. Because when you go over my head, I can't help you as much as if you came directly to me. Right? All right. For the 4th 1 Uh, this one is give a heads up. So a heads up means basically to make someone alert. We're aware of a situation. So I might say to my husband, I want to give you a heads up. I have a meeting that is supposed to go late today, so I won't be home until after dinner. I just want to give you a heads up, all right? Making someone aware of something so that they can plan as well. All right, Number five is to pick someone's brain. All right, this is an interesting one here. The imagery is that, you know, we have, we all have brains, and we all have a lot of thoughts that air belong in our brain, but we don't always know what someone else knows, right? They have expert knowledge that we do not have. So if I am going to pick someone's brain to pick someone's brain, it doesn't mean that physically. But the idea is to ask them questions and find out what kind of knowledge they have in order to help inform myself better. So, for example, I might go to someone else who owns who teaches English, right? And I'll go to them and say, You know, I really want to pick your brain about a problem I'm having with a student You know, here's the situation. What would you do? What have you done in the past? I want to pick your brain about this. Pick your brain, find out information from someone and the last head, mind and emotions related idiom is to speak your mind. OK, so all of us know we think things that we don't always say Write some of those things aren't good for saying toe other people, right, But to speak your mind means that you are really honest about what you're thinking, and you say completely what's on your mind or what you're thinking about. So you might say to a friend, You know, I'm I'm going to speak my mind in this situation because I really need to be honest with you Or you might say, You know, she really spoke her mind about that issue. I had no idea how she felt rights. To be completely honest, it's a confident thing. It's an expression that you can use to show your confidence and show that you're willing to be honest. It's a It's a positive way to say I'm being honest with you. I'm speaking my mind All right, listen again to the conversation and see how these idioms can work in conversation and see if you understand them a little bit better. And then for more practice, make sure you check out the exercises and get all the practice you can so that you can confidently use these idiots 4. Video #4: Idioms In Conversation: Body: welcome to the section of body related idioms. Okay, these six idioms are all related to the body, and they mean other things usually been talking about your actual body. Right? Um first of all, you're going to listen to this conversation and listen for any idioms that are related. You hear a word that's related to the body, identify those idioms and then I'll come back after the conversation and explain those for you. Can you give me a hand? If you have time on your hands? I need some help practicing my lines before my big audition tomorrow. I'd be happy to. You're going to do great, though. You have nerves of steel. I don't feel like that right now. I am so nervous. Have butterflies in my stomach and my palms were sweaty. Just thinking about the audition. You're going to do great. Don't worry about it. Last audition I had with that director, he gave me the cold shoulder. I gave an amazing performance and no one ever followed up with me. It just makes me want to keep him at arm's length. Don't ignore the director. He is the only person who can give you the role of your dreams. Okay. Were you able to identify the different body related idioms in the conversation? I hope you could, um Let's go ahead and talk about the six body related idioms. The 1st 1 is time on your hands. Okay. So time on your hands means that you have so much time and you have nothing to do with it. Right? So this is essentially that you have nothing to do. Your have an open schedule. You have no plans whatsoever. You can use this in a situation at work. If someone says, Can you help me on this project? And you say, You know I have some time on my hands. I can help you with that. Sure. Okay. The 2nd 1 is to give a hand and to give a hand means to help. All right? If I give you my hand to help you move into your house, essentially, I'm using my hands toe. Help you. So the expression is Hey, can you give me a hand? I need some help moving this right. Or can you give me a hand on this project? I can't figure out how to work the spreadsheet It's not just physically using your hands, but it can also be to just help in any situation. Give a hand. The 3rd 1 is to keep at arm's length. If I keep someone at arm's length, it doesn't mean that I physically keep them away with my hand. But it means emotionally. Imagine if someone is trying to come in and stand close to me and maybe give me a hug or something like that. But then I pushed him away with my hand, and I keep them at arm's length physically. That would create distance between me and the other person. Think about this emotionally. Let's say that you kind of get in argument with someone, or maybe you just want a little bit of privacy from someone. You You're not a very open person. You don't like sharing all of your emotions and your feelings of that kind of thing. You might say that you keep people at arm's reach or an armed Flink, or, you know, if you have that argument with someone, you might keep someone at arm's length so that you don't have to deal with them. Um, you notice after I said, Keep OK, make sure you notice that I put in the object that I'm keeping an armed Flink. Right? Keep him at arm's length. Keep people at arm's length putting that object after keep. Okay, Um, the next one related to the body is butterflies in the stomach. Now, if I'm not mistaken, this is the same expression that's in Spanish. And I think in other languages as well. But to have butterflies in your stomach is to feel really nervous about something. Um, I often go and speak in front of large groups, and even though I'm pretty comfortable with it, I still have butterflies in my stomach when I go speak in front of someone in front of a group because I just have this little bit of nervousness, right? The idea is butterflies are moving around. They, uh, you know, there Never. Still, and the feeling of nervousness can feel like you have a lot of activity in your stomach. It makes you feel nervous. So next time you're feeling nervous about something you could say, You know, I've got butterflies in my stomach about this. All right. Um, number five is a feeling in your bones. Okay? feeling in your bones means that you have a strong, deep feeling about something that you believe something is true. But you don't have any proof about it. Okay, So you could say, um, maybe, you know, like, you buy a lottery ticket and you tell your friend I have a feeling in my bones that I'm going to win. It's this deep, sensing this deep feeling, some people call it 1/6 sense. Right? Steep feeling, a feeling in my bones. The idea is that your bones are really deep inside your body. So it's it's a feeling that you have all the way through you. Um all right. And the last one that I want to talk related to the body with idioms is to give someone the cold shoulder. All right, so this is the shoulder. This is the part of the body that's the shoulder. And if you're giving someone the cold shoulder, it means to ignore them, right? If you physically turn to your body away from someone, it means you're trying to create distance away from that person. It's not open and warm right? It's turning your shoulder to them when you give someone a cold shoulder. It means that you ignore them. You don't pay attention to them, and it's intentional. You're being mean about it, so it's not a positive thing. But, you know, if someone does that to you, you could say, You know, they gave me the cold shoulder when I went and trying to talk to them. So it's about ignoring somebody, those at the six body related idioms. And now listen again to the audio and see if you can understand the conversation better after learning these body related idioms. 5. Video #5: Idioms In Conversation: Feet: welcome to the section on foot related idioms. The first thing you'll do is listen to a conversation and identify the six idioms related to feet in this conversation. Then we'll come back and I'll explain those idioms so that you can understand them a little better. Hey, Britney, how was your first day at your new job? Well, I put my best foot forward by arriving early and taking notes during orientation. But then I put my foot in my mouth and accidentally called my boss by the wrong name. It was so embarrassing. That sounds terrible. The weirdest part about it all is that he called me by the wrong name the entire day. He thinks my name is Bethany. I was too embarrassed to say anything, so I just answered to that name. What? You have to put your foot down and make sure he calls you buy the right name. I know you're right. This job is really going to keep me on my toes. There's so much to learn and so little time to learn it. I'm exhausted and it's only been one day. Well, at least the salary is worth it, right? I wish I never have high paying jobs. I'm probably going to be on a shoestring budget until the day I kick the bucket. All right, Hopefully you heard all six foot related idioms, and now I'm going to explain those to you. The 1st 1 is kind of sad one, but it's a little bit funny. It's kick the bucket, okay, To kick the bucket means to die. It's kind of a little funny way to say it. Make a light joke of somebody dying. You might use it more. So if you just hear about a random story that's related to someone dying, it's a little bit funny, which is it's kind of funny because you're talking about death. But you would say something like this. Um oh, that old guy heard he kicked the bucket years ago, right? You're not taking it too seriously. You don't want to use that in a situation that's a serious one, right? You would never say that at a funeral. You would never say that to a colleague or Teoh, you know, a family member of the person you're talking about. It's kind of a funny lightweight to say kick the bucket of the 2nd 1 related to feet is to keep you on your toes, right? I use this one a lot because I'm a mother of two small boys and they keep me on my toes. The literal imagery is that I'm on my toes, right. I I have to be, like, up on top of my toes because I have to be ready at any moment to react to a situation. It means I'm alert. I'm ready. I constantly have to be involved. I have to. I can't just sit back and relax. I mean, they keep me on my toes. All right? You're talking about the thing that causes you to react. So in this situation, it's my sons. My son's keep me on my toes because I can never relax. Right? All right. The 3rd 1 is to put your best foot forward. We use this when you're giving your best effort about a situation, right? So your boss may save you. Say to your team. Um, we really need to put our best foot forward in this situation because this is an important client. It means everybody Put your best effort in there and notice that in put your best foot forward. You can change your to be our or his or her. It's any possessive pronoun can go right there. Um put her best foot forward. She really put her best foot forward in that project, right? All right. The next one is to put your foot down. Okay? The imagery here is that, um that you are moving around. You are physically moving, but when you put your foot down, it means you're not moving anymore. My foot is down. I'm not moving. So relation, Aly or socially. How this works is is that when you put your foot down, it means you are no longer going to change your opinion on something. And you are demanding that something be a certain way. So parents might use this a lot with Children. The daughter might come and say, You know, I really want to go to the movies tonight. And the father says, You know, you went to the movies last night. You went to the movies on Saturday. You've been hanging out too much with your friends. I am putting my foot down. You cannot go right. It means there's no more discussion. You have to do what I'm saying. Okay? I'm putting my foot down. It can also be in a situation not just authority to someone who is the subject of that authority. But it can also be in a situation. Maybe you're going to a store, and the clerk will not. Will not take back an item that you believe should be taken back. Because it's not your fault that it's broken. Right? So you go to take back and the person says, No, you can't return it. And you say no, I really need to return it. I have to do this. And the clerk says, No, This is not You can't do this. You would say that. You know, I'm gonna put my foot down on this because I know I did not break this. You sold me something that didn't work. I'm putting my foot down. I need to talk to your manager, right? It's I'm going to stand up for what I believe in. I'm going to take action, and there's nothing you can do to change my mind. That's put your foot down. All right. Um, the number five foot related idiom is to put your foot in your mouth. Okay? This is a really commonly used idiom. And imagine in your brain Ah, foot putting your foot in your mouth. It's not a good image. You don't ever want to do it physically, right? But to put your foot in your mouth means to say something that's embarrassing, Teoh you or to somebody else. So it's like you almost accidentally say something that instantly makes everyone feel awkward. And so we would say, Oh, you really put your foot in your mouth on that one. Didn't you know she got divorced? You know, it's an awkward situation, and you say something that offends another person that's putting your foot in your mouth. And again, you can change that. Your to my or her or his Any possessive pronoun can go in there, all right. The last foot related idiom is a shoe string budget. Okay, A shoestring budget is a really limited budget. It's where you cannot spend a lot of money on on something. Um, you would say this if you really don't have a lot of money. Maybe your job doesn't provide a lot of money for you. And so or maybe you're in college, right? And so you would say I'm on a shoestring budget. I can't do anything luxurious right now, because I really I really can't spend money at all, right? The idea here is that you don't have enough money for the whole shoe. You only have enough money for the shoe string. OK, that's the last foot related idiom. Now listen to the conversation again and see if the meeting is a lot Richard for you. 6. Video #6: Idioms In Conversation: Ears, Eyes, Nose: welcome to the section of ears, eyes and nose related idioms. In this section, you will hear idioms related to hears us and noses, right? So listen to this conversation and see if you can identify the different idioms that are in this conversation. I'm glad we finally saw eye to eye about what movie to watch tonight, but I'm bored to tears. Nothing exciting has happened, and we were already 30 minutes into the movie. I know it's terrible. I kept my ears open all week about what movie to see, and this is the one that everybody was talking about. I know I had my ear to the ground, too, And this is the Onley movie anyone recommended. I say we play it by ear, and if the movie doesn't get any better, we should just leave. That's not a bad idea. Keep an eye on the clock. If nothing changes in the next five minutes, we're out of here. So in that conversation, I hope you heard six different idioms related to ears, eyes and noses, right? The 1st 1 will look at is being bored to tears. So the word board means, you know, you think This is a situation that so dull, un interesting, right? Being bored to tears means it's so incredibly boring, right? It's the images is that I'm so bored. I'm crying because I'm so uninterested, right? It's being really dramatic. But it's an idiom related to the eyes, right? Bored to tears, I was bored to tears at that movie. I even fell asleep. All right. Number two that will look at is keeping your ear to the ground. Imagine putting your ear on the ground. You would be able to hear steps more easily. If someone was walking towards you in the ground, you could hear it. If your ear was touching, the ground could hear it better. So the image there is that you're being sensitive to listening to something right? So some of not used this when they want you to be aware of possible advantages that are coming their way or possible news that's happening, someone might come to you and say, Hey, I'm looking for a job. Could you keep your ear to the ground at work and see if there are any positions for an email marketer? Keeping your ear to the ground means you're trying to be aware, consciously aware of new information. All right, Number three that we're going to look at of years eyes, noses is to keep an eye on. Keep an eye on, right. You're not physically touching your eye to something. Instead, you're watching something for somebody. So someone might say, Ah, friend of yours might say, Hey, can you keep an eye on my purse? I'm just going to go to the restroom and I'll be right back. Keep an eye on, please Watch it for me. It's what they mean. It's a really polite way to say Please watch this. OK, uh, the next one will look at is to keep your ears open. This is kind of like keep your ear to the ground. To keep your ears open means again to be alert and aware of new information. That's going to happen, right? So again, that friend could come to you and say, Hey, will you keep your ears open about a possible job? Keep your ears open. You're not physically going. Open your ears because your ears are already open. But it's a way of saying Please be more aware of what's going on all right. Number five is to play by ear. And, um, we might say to play something by here to play it by ear. We put the object after play to play something by year is imagine that you are a piano player and you don't need any printed music in front of you. You can hear the notes, and you can create music on your own based on what you hear. So that's the image. But the way that transfers and unlit thoroughly is that to play something by here is to be spontaneous in the moment, not plan ahead about a situation. So you might say to your friend, Hey, where do we want to eat tonight? I'm trying to think of a good restaurant to go to, and your friend could say to you, Well, let's play it by ear. We don't need to decide right now. I mean, let's be spontaneous. Let's decide later. Play it by ear, and the last one I want to share with you in this section is to see eye to eye on something to see, eye to eye means to agree with someone. The imagery here is if I have a friend and they're standing next to me and we have our eyes looking right at each other. Then the images is that we're on the same level, right? So it means to be at the same level. It's someone you're agreeing on something. So you could say, um, you know, my colleague and I see eye to eye on almost everything. But there's one thing we disagree about. I root for the Cardinals and she routes for the Cubs. It's, you know, saying I means that you agree on everything that you're talking about in that situation. Okay, now that you know these six idioms, go back and listen to the conversation again and see how much more you understand about. 7. Video #7: Idioms In Conversation: Mouth: in this section, we will look at mouth related idioms, listen to the conversation and see if you can hear any mouth or lip related idioms. Then after the conversation will come back and I'll share their meaning. I don't think I can do it. What are you talking about? You have wanted to go skydiving forever. Just bite the bullet, You conduce. Oh, it I can't bite your tongue. You can. I think I have been off more than I could chew. I thought this was going to be easy. But now they're making me sign a contract that says I could possibly die. I don't want to die. Zip your lips, Steve. You're not going to die. You knew this was a risky activity. That's why you have been talking about this for five years. If you quit now, everyone is going to know that you were just paying us lip service. It's time to put your money where your mouth is and put on that parachute. I think you're right. Okay, I'm doing it. That was a great conversation highlighting mouth related idioms. Were you able to identify the six different idiots? Well, let's go through them one by one and explain their meaning. The 1st 1 is to bite off more than you can, too. So the imagery here is Imagine that you have a huge hamburger and you take a huge bite, but you make too big of a bite, and now you have too much hamburger in your mouth That's biting off more than you can actually physically chew right and still look polite. This imagery is used as an idiom in real life when you take on too much responsibility and too many things to do, and you don't necessarily have the time to do it all. So I might be at work and I might say it might be near five o'clock. I'm supposed to go home and someone says, Hey, aren't you going home soon? And I tell them, You know, I bit off more than I could chew today on this project, I still have some things that I need to finish before I can leave. All right, that's I use that one bite off more than you could chew of the 2nd 1 To bite the bullet is an expression that means that you decide to do something that's either painful or something you don't want to do. Even though you know you will be, it will be difficult. So you still decided to do it anyway, Um, the the image you're here that I once heard is that way, way, way back A long time ago before there waas anesthesiology and ways. When you have surgery, you can that could put you to sleep before all that, people had to find ways to tolerate pain when something really painful happened and this often happened at war. And what doctors would have patients do is to take a bullet from or like, from a gun and put it in their mouth. And they would bite on the bullet so that they could endure the painful thing. It doesn't sound. Fund it all to me. It sounds horrible. OK, but the imagery is is that somebody is biting down really hard. They are enduring something, even though they know it will be difficult. So I might say, you know, I really don't want to exercise today, but I'm gonna bite the bullet and go anyway. It means I'm going to still do it, even though I know it's gonna be difficult or something I don't want to do. Bite the bullet. The 3rd 1 is to bite your tongue. All right, We've had three biting right to bite your tongue means not to physically bite your tongue, but it means to stop yourself from saying something, right? So if somebody is telling a story, and maybe you know that they're lying, But you don't want to correct them because you want to appear polite. But you really want to say something you might say. You know, I'm just gonna bite my tongue and not say anything. I'm just not gonna say anything. I'm gonna bite my tongue. All right. One related to that in idiom related to that is zip your lip. Okay. You guys know what zipper is, right? A zipper that goes up and down on a jacket or coat or something like that. But imagine a zipper across your lips. Can you imagine that zipper across your lips? Some things that would be better. I think when you when you know you're not supposed to say something. If you had a zipper, you could just zip across there. It means to be quiet, right? It would be easier. So does it. Pure lip means to stay quiet. So you can say I you could say it about yourself in kind of a polite way, like I need to zip my lip or I need to be quiet or not share my opinion, or if you're using it in kind of a negative way or kind of, Ah, like maybe you're playing with someone else, you might say You need to zip your lip. It's a little bit negative. It's a little bit demanding, but it means you're basically telling someone to shut up or be quiet, right? Zip. Your lip is kind of a stern way to say Be quiet. Zip your lip. All right. The next one we're going to look at is pay lip service When you pay lip service to someone , it's an idiom. That means that with your math, you are agreeing with them. But in reality you don't agree with them. It's it's some. It's that some of you want to do. It has a negative connotation, So if you say that person is just paying lip service to me, it means they're agree. They're telling me they agree with something, but I know in reality they might be talking bad about me, or they might just not actually do what I want them to do, right? Just paying lip service. Your mouth is saying something that your heart does not believe. Um, and the last one is to put your money where your mouth iss. Okay, so this is another one where action and speaking go hand in hand. They go together. All right, So if this might be, um, they're kind of opposite of each other. That's what they are. They're opposites. If you pay lip service, there will be no action that follows it up. But if you put your money where your mouth is, it means that you will make an action that supports what you've been saying. So I could say something like, um, this year, I'm making a New Year's resolution to exercise every single day, and then my friend would say, Put your money where your masses, Let's go Now. It means, uh, you know, follow it up with action. Actually, do what you say you're going to do. Put your money where your mouth iss. All right. Those are the six math related idioms and I hope that you can go back now and listen to the conversation and understand the meaning, so much better. 8. Video #8: Idioms In Conversation: Numbers: this section is on number idioms and we will be looking at six different idioms that involve numbers. So listen to this conversation and see if you can listen for the idioms that involve numbers. I'm batting 1000 today. This dress is amazing. Do you like this dress on me? I would love it if you put your two cents in. I'm trying to find something to wear to Jenny's wedding. First of all, I wonder why it's so brightly colored. Why does it need pink, red and green? So, do you like it? It's got crazy looking sparkles on it. Yeah, so you should probably put two and two together. Are you saying that you don't like my dress? I take the fifth. There's no right way to answer that question. Well, it looks like I'm back to square one. Did you hear all six number idioms? Let's go through them one by one and explain them. So the 1st 1 I used waas one by one. What does this mean? Well, this is an expression that means to take each individual thing separately. You don't put it all together. You go through it one by one by one by one, you can also say two by two. This is taking two things at a time, two things at a time. The second idiom that we're going to look at that relates to numbers is back to square one . When someone says we're going back to square one, it means throwing away everything that you've already decided on and starting at the beginning again. So this is not something that's a very fun process, but sometimes it's necessary. You could be at work, and your boss could be talking to you about a project and everyone's giving ideas. But none of the ideas work. You've been working on it for a while, and finally your boss says to you, You know what? None of this is working. We're going back to square one. Let's start brainstorming again. So that's back to square one. That's the second number related idiom. Um, the next one is put two and two together. Put two and two together, noticed that when I pronounce it, I don't say it. Put two and two together. If I'm saying it, normally I'll say, put two and two together two and two and turns it didn So what do I mean when I talk about put two and two together? What that means is, is that you logically come to a conclusion by looking at the evidence in front of you. It's like a math equation. If you add to and to you get four, you're looking at the elements and you're putting them together and coming up with the new conclusion. So I might say, um, you know, Stephanie won't return my calls. She's been ignoring me and giving the cold shoulder. I'm going to put two and two together and say that I think she's mad at me. That's how you use that 12 and two together, All right, with the next one. The next idiom is two cents. If you tell someone I'm going to give you my two cents. Um, it means to give them advice, give them opinion. Um, it doesn't necessarily mean that the person is asked, asked for it. It means that you're just giving it to them, and it means that it's also not worth a lot. You are not really really hoping that this person takes your advice. Instead, you're giving them advice that they can either take or not take, but it doesn't matter to you, right? So if someone asks your opinion on something you might say, Well, here's my two cents. I think you should just get a plane ticket and return home, right? You just give them your opinion and see that can either take it or not a cent, as you may or may not know is equivalent of one penny in U. S. Currency ascent. All right. With the next number related idiom we're going to look at take the fifth, take the fifth. Uh, this is an English idiom that is based on one of the amendments to the Constitution of the United States, and it is the Fifth Amendment. That means that you have the right to do not speak if it will make you sound bad. This is used in a courtroom or in law. So if I'm on trial and I'm supposedly in trouble for something and the court asks me a question that I'm afraid that if I answer it, it will make me look bad, I can say I would like to take the fifth, meaning I'll take the Fifth Amendment so I don't have to speak. So we use this beyond the courtroom. We use this in conversation. A friend could say, Hey, why didn't you come to my party last night? I was counting on you being there, and you might say I take the fifth meaning, I don't want to tell you because you'll get mad at me if I actually tell you the real reason and the last number related idiom we're going to look at is bat 1000. All right, this is a sports related idioma as well, and my family loves baseball. And so this is a baseball related idiom that I'm going to share a little bit about so that you can understand it. In baseball, you have a chance every time to come up to that, hit the ball, and every time you hit it, it makes your percentage of hitting more positive. The better hitters have a higher percentage, right? And, um, the best hitting that you could do is 1000. And so if someone says I'm that batter is batting 1000 it means they hit every single pitch that comes to them. So we use this in business. We used this in talking about success with our friends and batting 1000 means that you succeed with every task or every element that comes to you means you're doing really well. So it might be little things that happen. You know, I did this and I did this. Today. It's all working. I'm batting 1000. It's a baseball metaphor, but it means that you're succeeding and everything that you do. Okay, I hope those number related idioms can help you listen to the conversation again and here a little bit more about what it means. Hopefully, you'll understand more when you listen to it again now. 9. Video #9: Idioms In Conversation: Food and Drink: This is the idiom section that relates to food and drink. In this section, we will look at six idioms that relate to food and drink. But first you'll listen to a conversation that has the six idioms in them. Afterwards, I'll explain them to you. Hey, Stephanie, I'm in a real pickle. Oh, no. What happened? Well, I didn't want to spill the beans already, but I got a new job. That's great. Congratulations. You said you were in a pickle, though. What's wrong? When I found out that I got this new job, I thought I would finally be bringing home the bacon. Because of that, I went to my old job and quit. Sure, that makes sense. Well, and my first day at the new job, I found out that it was no piece of cake to work there. They are extremely demanding, and they aren't paying me what we previously agreed upon. I think this new job is not my cup of tea. I don't want to be working for dishonest people. You should go back to your previous employer and ask them if you can have your job back. I would have to eat my words, though I already quit, it's worth it. The bosses at your old job really respected you, and I'm sure they would love to have you back. All right, it's worth trying. Thanks for your advice, Stephanie. No problem. I'm happy to help. Did you catch all of those different food related idioms? I hope you did. The 1st 1 we will look at is bringing home the bacon to bring home the bacon means to make a lot of money to provide for your family. So this means that, you know, we might say that you know, that Dad really brings home the bacon, meaning he makes a lot of money and provides great things for his family. Similar to how many people enjoy bacon as a treat, right? The 2nd 1 that's food related is to eat your words. Eating your words is not a good thing. It means that previously you said something that was negative. Or perhaps you predicted something to happen and it didn't happen. So whatever you said, the opposite was true. And so in that case you have to eat your words. It's the idea that words have a flavor. Words can taste that can sound bad or be good. That could be good or negative, right? And if you have to eat them and you said something negative before, it's not going to be very delicious. So eating your words, I might say something like, Oh, man, I really have to eat my words now because, you know, he ended up getting that job, which I never thought he would. I had to eat my words on that one, all right. And the 3rd 1 will look at is in a pickle. I had to research this one because I wasn't quite sure where this it him came from. What does in a pickle mean? I know it means to be in trouble, but why? Why does it mean in trouble? Well, after some research, I found out that this idiom first came from Shakespeare. So in the Tempest, two characters talked about being in a pickle. Originally, it meant to be drunk. But now use it that it just simply means to be in trouble. I'm in a really pickle. I don't know how I'm going to get to the airport on time. Right in a pickle. It's a great one. try it with some of your friends sometime soon. Uh, the next one will look at is not my cup of tea. If I don't like something, or if I don't enjoy something, I'll say that it's not my cup of tea. It means that I really don't want to do it or I don't enjoy doing it. It basically is that same kind of flavor related idea that some things don't taste good to me. Metaphorically, right? That's not my cup of tea. I don't enjoy skiing. Actually, I do. But you know, some people may not be their cup of tea, right? All right. The 5th 1 look at is piece of cake and piece of cake Were we say piece of cake. It's a piece of cake, a piece of cake. Something is a piece of cake when it's easy, right? So oh, that exam was a piece of cake. I knew every question on there. It's a piece of cake, and the last one will look at that's food. Related is to spill the beans. All right. To spill the beans means to tell a secret before it should have been told. So imagine spilling or dropping a bunch of beans. Beans won't stay in one area. They'll scatter everywhere. It's a huge mess, right? So you don't want to spill the beans on a secret because it means that it creates a mess for other people. Toe have to clean up. So I might say something like, Oh, no, I spilled the beans on the on, Damon losing his job. I didn't know that. He didn't know that. I can't believe I spilled the beans right. It means to tell a secret. All right, those of the six food and drink related idioms. Now listen again to the conversation and see if you can understand a little more about what we're saying. 10. Video #10: Idioms In Conversation: Love: this section includes love related idioms. I love love. So this is gonna be a great lesson. All right, Go ahead and listen to the conversation and try to listen for the idioms that are related to love. And then we'll come back and I'll explain them to you. Hey, Christina, What's new with you? I'm in love. What? Who did you fall in love with? Do I know him? I don't know. Do you know Paul? Paul? My brother Paul. That's the guy I'm in love with. Your brother Paul. I don't even know what to say. Didn't you just dump your ex boyfriend last week? Yes, I did. It broke his heart. That's okay, though. I'm dating Paul now. I just can't believe it. Believe it. If things go well, we may even get hitched. What, Are you kidding me? There's no way Paul will make you his ball and chain. Wasn't that a great conversation about love? All right, let's talk about thes six love related idioms and see what kind of meaning we can get out of them. This is going to be the good and the terrible side of love. The 1st 1 I want to talk about is maybe one of the most common English idioms related to love. And that is to fall in love. Many people believe that love is not a choice. It's an accident, right? And so the image of falling in love means this accident. It's like falling into a hole. You just ended up there, right? So, uh, if you say you're falling in love with someone, it doesn't mean like, complete love. It means you are in that direction. Okay, you are becoming more and more in love with this person, but it's not full, complete love. And this is all romantic love that I'm talking about here. The 2nd 1 I want to talk about is after you fall in love, then you are in love, right? So to be in love is an idiom that means full, complete romantic love. Right? So I am in love with my husband. It means that, uh, we have this love bubble around us, and we are inside of it. And we have full complete love. That's in love. The 3rd 1 I want to talk about is getting hitched. Getting hitched. Um ah. Hitch is an old expression or it's an old idea that were used to put your horse right. So if you used to ride a horse and then you would go to the hitching post and tie your horse to the post, that's called hitching it to the post. The idea is, is that the horse no longer has freedom. It's tied to something right? That is an idiom used for marriage. The idea is that you're no longer free. You're getting hitched to something or tied to something, and you're you're not free anymore. I don't really like this India, but it's really common, You know, we're getting hitched next month, something like that. Um, the next one I want to talk about is ball and chain, ball and chain, ball and chain. This is one that people will use also negatively, but kind of as a joke. It's kind of like getting hitched. We're getting hitched next month, and then, you know, this is my ball and chain. Okay, this refers to a person, and the idea is, is a long, long time ago with prisons. They used to put a chain attached to a prisoner's angle and then, on the end of that chain is a really heavy ball. This made it so that the person who was in jail could not run away. And so the idea is that when you get married, you are now tied to something heavy. You no longer have freedom. It's another theme of getting married, right? And so this refers to a person. A man might say, This is my ball and chain. It's a joke. It's totally a joke. Hopefully, hopefully the man doesn't really mean it, right? All right, now we're going to talk a little bit about the sad side of love. All right? If you were in a dating relationship and the dating relationship ends, that is called a break up, right, it break up. And in that situation, you often find that one person ends the relationship. And what the thing we safer that getting that we use is to dump someone. All right, we dump trash in real life. But if you dump someone, it means like you drop them or you're finished with them. You are the one who chooses to end the relationship. So you might say, say, say something like I dumped him last month. He was no good for me, all right? And then the last one we want to look at is break my heart or heart broken. This is if you have been dumped, someone else dumped you. You are going to be heartbroken. It's a sad, sad thing, right? So you might say something like, Don't break my heart. Please don't ever break up with me because I won't be able to handle it. Don't break my heart. The idea is that your heart doesn't physically break, but emotionally it's broken. And I think this is a common in Yemen, many languages. So those there are six love related idioms. Go ahead and listen to the conversation again and see if you can't attach that meaning to the different idioms in the conversation.