How to draw realistic eyes | Sketch | Emmy Kalia | Skillshare

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How to draw realistic eyes | Sketch

teacher avatar Emmy Kalia, Pencil Artist

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

6 Lessons (29m)
    • 1. Intro

    • 2. Value Scale Graphite

    • 3. Value Scale Charcoal

    • 4. How To Use Value Scale

    • 5. Draw the Outline Part 1

    • 6. Draw the Outline Part2

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About This Class

When you are drawing from a reference photo it's very useful to use a value scale so you can check if you have the right values in your drawing. If your shadows are not dark enough or your highlights not light enough your drawing may look flat and not realistic.

In this Class I will show you how I make a value scale so you can find the right values in your reference and in your drawing. Next I will show you how to use the value scale on your reference photo.

After that I will show you how you can draw an accurate outline from your reference photo using a piece of paper as a guide. It’s very important that your sketch is accurate before you start shading.

This class will be part 1 and in part 2 I will show you how I will shade these eyes to create a realistic look.

So let’s get started! Oh and don't forget to share your work in progress and final drawings in the project gallery for feedback :)


♡ Emmy Kalia

Meet Your Teacher

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Emmy Kalia

Pencil Artist


Creating is my passion and I'm happy to share it with you!

I believe when it comes to drawing, it's not all about talent, it's about having the motivation to become better. I have learned so much through practice alone. If I can do it, you can do it!

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1. Intro: Hi, guys. In this glass, I will show you how I make a value scale so you can find the right values in your reference and in your drawing. Next, I will show you how to use the value scale on your reference photo. And then I will show you how you could draw accurate outline. It's important that your sketches accurate. Before you start shading this class will be part one. And in part two I will show you how I will shave these eyes to create a realistic look. So let's get started. 2. Value Scale Graphite: in this video, I'm going to show you how you could make a value skill so you can find the right values in your reference and in your drawing. I got two pieces from my Bristol paper and these are the measurements I used. You don't have to make that exact same size as mine. Now I divide the length into eight equal pieces, so you will have eight different values. I'm going to shave the 1st 1 with graphite pencils and I'm using five different pencils. I always used to be leads because these are the softer and darker ones and sometimes for very light shades the HB for sketching. I used to age or four h lead, but not for shading. The first value is white, so I shave the next value using the H B. And I shake with light pressure. Now with a soft issue ice much this for a nice move effect. I don't use the blending stump because these are always a bit dirty, and that will only darken the graphite if that is my attention. I used to stumps to blend, but in this case I want to keep this shape so make sure he's much with a clean tissue, so I will do the same for the next shades. - Now , sometimes I create two different shades with one pencil. You can do this with layering. Always make sure you shave with light pressure or you are not able to layer and dark and when you need to. So to create the next shade, I will shave two layers with the five B pencil on. I always smarts in between layers. I will also create this value with two layers. This time I shaved two layers with the 90 pencil with like pressure. You can lay her third layer if you want to darken some more, but you won't able to darken a lot more than this. You can only layer and dark into a certain point, so it won't help to press really hard on your pencils to darken. That will only limit you with layering, and you won't be able to create darker values. So this is my darkest value. I can create with my graphite pencils when you want to draw realistic, you need to have a good contrast from white all the way to black with graphite pencils. I can't create really dark values. So I'm going to create my next value skill with charcoal because I can create really dark values with it. 3. Value Scale Charcoal: This is the charcoal pencil I use, and again, I'm going to divide this into eight equal pieces when I shaved with graphite pencils. I always start from light to dark, but with the charcoal, I start from dark to light because I'm going to create the lighter values with smudging the charcoal. I shake with like pressure, and I'm not going to press hard of the pencil to darken right away, but I will darken the value with layers I smudged in between each layer and with charcoal. I do so much with this stuff because if you smudge charcoal with soft tissue, you will only light in it a bit. So the stump works best for me. You can try this out for yourself. Dry shading with tissue, a soft brush Q tip or lending stumps and find out what works best for you with the extra charcoal that's on the stump, I shape the first mayor of the next value. I repeat the steps until the value is dark enough and I go on to the next value because the charcoal is really dark. I often shave with some extra charcoal that's on the stump. If there is too much charcoal dust. Gently blow this away. You see that I shaved the lightest layers with only the blending stump. When you do this, make sure you don't have too much dark along stuff. You can check this on another piece of paper, to be sure. - Here , I wanted to shave the lightest value, but Stump was too dirty, so I just clean it off on the inside of my hand to make sure I won't dark at my lightest value too much. I use my kneaded eraser to clean any smudges or dirty areas. Now I'm going to laminate this if that's how it's called to protect it from any smudging when I will use it, I have this plastic that's sticky on one side. I'm actually not sure are you Call this in English, but if you can't get this where you live, you can also use a fixative spray and spray this on to protect them from smudging. Uh, - Now I'm going to use this whole bunch er to punch some holes into each value. I'm taking off the back so I can see what I'm doing. 20 holes is optional 4. How To Use Value Scale: now, this is how you will use the value scale. I already have this printed out to use as a reference for my next video, but I normally dropped from my computer screen or phone. So if you don't have your reference photo printed out, you could just hold your value skill in front of your screen or your phone to check the values. This is how you can check your values. Once you find the right value, you can then go to your drawing and check if you have the same value. If it's not dark enough, you could darken it. Or if it's too dark, you can light in a bit. If you look at this reference photo, you see great contrast from white to black. The only way you can recreate this if you can create the same contrast, you see that the graphite pencils can't create those dark values that you see in the reference photo like you see here, the pupil in the reference is really black, and even the darkest value isn't this black, but it's really close to it. So that is when I used the charcoal or like before I used the black pencil. If you don't want to or don't have a charcoal pencil, you could also use a black color pencil. In my next video, I will show you how I draw these eyes and how you can use the values field to find the right values and check this in your drawing. I hope this video was helpful on Thank you so much for watching. 5. Draw the Outline Part 1: in this video. I'm going to show you how I draw the outline. It's important that your sketches accurate. Before you start shaving, I will show you how you can get the right proportions for your outline. I've printed at this reference photo so I can show you on camera. But normally I just dropped for my computer screen tablet or from my phone. So you will need another piece of paper on. This can be some regular copy paper. Now you will place this over your reference on I place this right over the under islets. Not with your pencil. You will start making marks. I start with the end of the tear duct. Shadow of the nose bridge. Now the other I I mark where the eyebrow Start on. Now I mark how why the irises on where the pupil will be. And so, uh, I will do this for both eyes, and you can mark as much as you want or need. - Once you have finished this, you will place the extra piece of paper on your drawing paper. I make sure this is in the middle. The horizontal line of the piece of paper is where the under islands are. So now I will drop the same marks on my drawing paper. Remember to do this lightly because these are the guidelines. I'm using an HP mechanical Bensel. But I'm using like, pressure while sketching. You want to sketch really like handed Because you don't want to see any outlines in your final drawing. - Now I will mark the result. The lines starting from the under island. Make sure you put the right mark where you mark the under I did. And on the same place where you drew the marks from the reference in this case in the middle of the I. And now I did the same for the other I off course. If you are comfortable enough to free hand, you can do that or if you're used to using the grid method or tracing whatever works for you. I just wanted to show you this method because this is helpful to be accurate without having to draw a grid on your reference and on your drawing, - I forgot to mark the iris. So now I'm going back to do this now. Once you have marked your guidelines, you can start to sketch I start with the iris on. Sometimes it helps if you go over the reference like this. I don't draw over it. But I just move my hand over this so I could make the same movement for the sketch. I use these guidelines to draw the sketch. I do this slowly, and I take my time. - Way . I use the kneaded eraser to erase the guidelines. Now, to find the corner of the eye, you could look for other marks. For example, the corner of the eye is on the same line as the underlying of the people. So instead of using the extra paper to make another mark, you could also look at your reference like that, but okay, yeah. 6. Draw the Outline Part2: to be accurate measure whenever you think you need that extra guidance way . So now for the next I I will do the same. - Now I'm making a mistake here because the crease is too low, and I only noticed this later on that. - Now here you can see that eyes are never 100% symmetrical. The left eyebrow is a bit lower on the creeps on this site is a bit higher, too, so you can check this on your sketch. Sometimes I get questions about how to draw the other I exactly the same. Well, first of all, eyes are never exactly the same. It also depends on how the person looks into the camera. Maybe the person is squinting one eye a bit, as long as you make sure the iris and the pupil are the same size. You conjecture us with the extra piece of paper or with a runner. Before you start shaving, make sure you are satisfied with your sketch