How to draw Realistic Eyes | Shading | Emmy Kalia | Skillshare

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How to draw Realistic Eyes | Shading

teacher avatar Emmy Kalia, Pencil Artist

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

14 Lessons (1h 55m)
    • 1. Intro

    • 2. Left Eye Part 1

    • 3. Left Eye Part 2

    • 4. Left Eye Part 3

    • 5. Left Eye Part 4

    • 6. Left Eyebrow Part 1

    • 7. Left Eyebrow Part 2

    • 8. Right Eye Part 1

    • 9. Right Eye Part 2

    • 10. Right Eye Part 3

    • 11. Right Eye Part 4

    • 12. Right Eyebrow Part 1

    • 13. Right Eyebrow Part 2

    • 14. Final Touches

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About This Class

In this Class I will show you how I shade these eyes with graphite pencils to create a realistic look.

This Class is part 2 so make sure you watch Part 1 here first: 

So after you watched part 1 and you are happy with your sketch it’s time to start shading. For me this is the fun part because this will bring your drawing to life. I will show you step by step how I do this and which materials I use.

Material list:
Bristol smooth paper:
Caran d’ache graphite pencils:
CretaColor black pencil:
Eraser Pencil perfection 7056:
Kneaded eraser:

For this drawing I’m using the caran d’ache grafwood pencils. and I will only use the 3b.5b and 9b.
Of course you could also use other graphite pencils. 

So let’s get started! Oh and don't forget to share your work in progress and final drawings in the project gallery for feedback :)

Meet Your Teacher

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Emmy Kalia

Pencil Artist


Creating is my passion and I'm happy to share it with you!

I believe when it comes to drawing, it's not all about talent, it's about having the motivation to become better. I have learned so much through practice alone. If I can do it, you can do it!

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1. Intro: Hi, guys. This is part two of this glass, and in this class I will show you how I will shape his eyes to create a realistic look. If you haven't watched Part one yet, you could go back to my glasses and watch that one first. If you are beginning on, want to practice your shading first? I have a great class for that, too. It's called charcoal and graphite shading techniques. Now let's start shading. 2. Left Eye Part 1: So once you are happy with their sketch, it's time to start shading For me. This is the fun part because this will bring your drawing to life for this drawing. I'm using the Karen dosh graph with pencils, and I've only used the three B five B and nine B, So I start with the lightest pencil and wanted your eyes. I always start with the pupil on the iris with every layer you want to make sure that you use like pressure. Using hard pressure will limit you from layering, and you won't be able to create darker values. Now you could just start with their darkest pencil right away if you think these are too many steps, but that will make it look flat. So I like to build up the layers gradually to create more depth for a realistic look with a blending stump ice much the first layer, I always much after each layer for a smooth effect. Now, with the next pencil, I go over the parts where I wanted to be darker and only would like pressure. - Then I smudge again. I like to use blending stumps, but you could also use your Q tip. Or you could make your own blending stump if you don't have any. I made a video where I explained how to make one. The next layer with the 90 I dark and some more where I need to and, yes, still would like pressure. Try to take your time and build up your layers gradually, because if you rush, you will see this in the end result. This is my pencil eraser with a pencil extender. I use this to erase some of the graphite to bring back the highlights. It's easier to do it this way than to try to leave parts of the Irish wife by shading around it. Make sure to keep it in between. Otherwise, you will be smudging instead of erasing. Now, I wanted to use this charcoal pencil just for the darkest value. But as you can see, this doesn't go over the graphite I'm using. Normally, when I use charcoal in my drawings, I would start with the charcoal and go from there. But with this drawing, I wanted to be more precise, so I only wanted to use a bit of the charcoal for the darkest values and graphite for the rest. Now I'm erasing the graph. I so I could still at the charcoal ice . Match this with the blending stump. Yes, and another lay with the charcoal, now the under eyelid, and I start with three B. Again. If your goal is to draw realistic, you don't want to see any outlines. You will create a three D effect with shading, and you want smooth transitions from one value to another. So it's important to smart. After every layer you see, I have different sizes of the blending stumps. I used to smaller ones for smaller areas because the stumps get a little dirty after smudging, and if I don't want this much the areas around it, I use the smallest ones. Now. Here I'm using the soft tissue to smudge the white of the eye because I don't want it to be too dark. So that's why I use a clean, soft tissue instead of the 30 blending some. When you draw eyes, you will always shade the eyeball because this is never pure wife. The only pure white you will see in your drawing will be the highlight in the iris. Now I will keep adding gratified where I want to darken the value and smudge after each layer. If I want to lighten, I will use the eraser. I used a pencil eraser if I want to erase fully and I used to kneaded eraser if I just want to pull up some of the graphite to light in a bit. The kneaded eraser is perfect for this because you can mold it into any shape. I'm going to start shading this part with the three big and as you can see here, I hope a pencil more to the back. This allows you to shade with the side of the pencil lead and you will keep shading with life pressure. I do this one. I shape bigger areas. I much this with the soft tissue. - Okay , Now I'm smudging with the bigger size stump because I want to darken the value. This darkens a bit because of the extra graphite that's still on my stomach. Now you see that the stump doesn't create a really smooth effect, So I will go over this with the soft tissue 3. Left Eye Part 2: now because I wanted to be precise in this drawing, I decided to use this black pencil instead of the charcoal. The exact brand I use you will be listed below. The video charcoal allows you to create a bit darker value, but it isn't that precise. So I'm going to use this oil based pencil from now on, and also with like pressure. You could also use a black color pencil instead. Keep looking back at your reference and that you're drawing to compare the two. The best way to practice Withdrawing realistic is using reference photos. This way you can study the reference closely and recreate what you see. I'm using this reference, and my goal isn't to recreate this 100% the same. Some artist draw hyper realistically, and they draw on a very large sheet of paper using the grid method. The copy, every single detail and because they're drawing is really big. They can add every single detail to the drawing. I'm drying on an a four size paper. I believe that's close to eight by 11 inches, so I won't be able to create all those tiny details. Recreate the values I see. I pay attention to the shadows and the highlights, and that will give your drawing a realistic look. So remember, the bigger your drawing, the more detail you can add, the smaller. The drawing will limit you from adding small details to your drawing. I usually draw my portrait drawings on a three paper that's close to 11 by 14 inches. If you want to add a lot of detail, you will draw your portrait on the larger sheet of paper. But more details, the more realistic your drawing will look. So it all depends on what your goal is and what you're practicing for. Yeah, keep building up the layers with light shading until I have the right value, and if you smudge in between each layer, you will have smooth transitions. - If I went to dark, I just used the kneaded eraser to pull up some of the graphite in that area. I want to keep that highlight to see right under the eyebrow. It's not pure white, but it's not. But then the shadow you see around it creating those values will make your I look around. Uh, but now I always use this white, a critic market for the brightest highlights in my drawings. Looking at the reference, it looked like the reflection in the eyes are coming from a re mia. I wanted to make a more natural reflection like it's coming from a window, so I drew a small rectangle shape on on the other I will do the same. 4. Left Eye Part 3: you see that small highlight on the under island? I always pay attention to every detail. Of course, you can recreate every single small detail and it's up to you how many detail you want to put in. But usually those are small details that make a difference. - Now I start drawing the eyelashes, and at first I draw them lighter to see where I want them to be. And later on, I will darken some of them with more layers. Drop the lashes with normal pressure at the begin, then reduce pressure at the end. The line should be thinner and lighter. Name the tip of the lash. Professor, you do this, the more natural the result. You see, I keep turning my pencil to make sure the pencil tips days shark, make sure to curve the lashes and some overlap each other. Also, make sure not to draw all these individual lashes, but some together, as you can see in the reference. Okay, Now I go over some of them with the 90 to darken. Now the last layer with black and I don't go over the tip of the lashes. - Now the Irish didn't look quite enough so I'm checking this with the router. So now I'm correcting and making it more round. Make sure you do this with a sharp pencil tip the way the edges with something. - Okay , If you're not sure that you have the right values, you can check this with the Value finder if you have made one yourself. If you want to make one for yourself, you can check out my video where I show you how to make one. If your value isn't dark enough, you can add some light shading. If your value is a little too dark, you could correct this with the nude erasure by gently pulling up some of the graphite. And then you will smudge this with the soft tissue so you don't see any inches from the eraser. - Okay , - Now you see another bright highlight in the tear duct. So I used the white marker again. And for this highlight right under the iris, I used a pencil eraser. And for some highlights in the Irish 5. Left Eye Part 4: for the under eyelashes. I do the same as the upper eyelashes and I start with the five me. I won't use the black because the under eyelashes are lighter. I'm lighting up this area a bit because under the eyelashes you see some highlights. The highlight in the tear duct is too bright, So once it's dry, I gently dab over it with the blending system to make it less bright. Now, with the white marker, I drop these bright highlights you see under the eye. Once this is dry, I will shade over them with the stump to make it less bright. I also use my finger diss much this a bit. You could also use a Q tip. To do that, - you can also use the pencil eraser to create some highlights, maybe around with these different techniques and see what works for you. Uh, with the pencil eraser, I went over some of the areas of the white marker and now you could see these small spots. I will correct that later on. - I went a bit too dark on the artist while correcting the shape, so I'm making this a bit lighter Now. - You see the eraser was still a bit dirty here. Try not to forget to clean the eraser after you use it. - Now I'm covering up these spots with the white marker. - It's easier to add all these small details if the drawing was even bigger. So if you want to add details to your drawing, pay attention to the size. Uh, - I'm such a perfectionist, and I can spend many hours just correcting and adding details, sometimes even overworking area too much and regret this. So there are times I tell myself now, just leave it as it is and move on to the next area. 6. Left Eyebrow Part 1: so onto the eyebrow. I start with the lightest pencil. I start drawing the shape of the eyebrow, and I fill it in with, like, pressure. - Now , the next layer with the five B I do the same would like pressure and make sure to pay attention to the direction of the hair strokes and another name with the 92 dark and some more okay, - ice much after every layer to smooth this out because you don't want to see all these individual hair strokes. And with the extra graphite that's on the stump, I shade around the eyebrow where you see a darker shadow. Shadows in the face will make the face look around. Okay, - now I create some highlights with the pencil eraser. - I blend over this to soften the highlights with the black pencil. I go over the parts where it should be darker the nineties and dark enough for this 7. Left Eyebrow Part 2: I'm using the five begin with light pressure to add some graphite to darken the value. You could check your values in between with the Value Finder to be sure it doesn't have too much exactly. But as long as you are close, because the shadows and highlights will make your drawing look realistic and not flat, I often take pictures in between because on camera you might notice different things. Then, while you're drawing, I look closely at the picture to see if I need to darken, lighten or maybe add details, and a great way to check if the proportions are so correct is to turn the picture upside down. You could notice any mistakes easier this way because instead of looking at the whole I, you will look at the shapes instead. Uh, don't be discouraged if it doesn't work out right away. Remember that it takes practice first if you are a beginner. When I first started, I drew as many eyes as I could. I practiced with the shading first. Then I studied where the shadows and highlights would be. You could watch others draw and learn from them, but then it's up to you and the best way to improve yourself is to just get started. Don't draw full portrait's right away, but draw one my first and as many times as you need until you feel comfortable with the result. Draw practice, learn from your mistakes and draw some more. Have you ever looked at some other artists? Artwork and thought I will never be that good. Well, ask yourself. Why not? Why can't you achieve that same level of skill? Is there something keeping you from reaching that point? Well, remember those artists did not start by creating work at that level right away. It can take years, but if you want to reach that same level, there is no reason at all that you can't because it will take practice. Lots of practice as well as patients and dedication. So now ask yourself, Do I want this or not? Uh, 8. Right Eye Part 1: So now I'm finally moving on to the next. I and I will use the same techniques. I start with the Linus graphite pencil, and I build up the layers gradually way 9. Right Eye Part 2: - but way, - way , uh, - can 10. Right Eye Part 3: the reflection in the eyes on the reference looked like they're coming from a ring Land from the front I'm drawing the reflections in the eye Coming from the right side Yeah, no. 11. Right Eye Part 4: right way. 12. Right Eyebrow Part 1: 13. Right Eyebrow Part 2: way, Yeah. 14. Final Touches: But I really hope this video was helpful. Let me know if you watch the whole video. And if it helped, I would also love to see your final drawings. Thanks so much for watching.