How to Vlog Like a Pro in 90 Minutes | Ryan Garcia | Skillshare

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How to Vlog Like a Pro in 90 Minutes

teacher avatar Ryan Garcia

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

25 Lessons (1h 15m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. 24 Frames Per Second

    • 3. Exposure

    • 4. Composition

    • 5. Recording Video

    • 6. Storytelling

    • 7. Hard vs Soft Light

    • 8. Types of Microphones

    • 9. Recording Audio

    • 10. Shooting in Log

    • 11. White Balance

    • 12. Shalow Depth of Field

    • 13. Shutter Speed

    • 14. ISO

    • 15. Creating Project and Importing

    • 16. Cutting and Trimming

    • 17. Adding B Roll

    • 18. Adding Music

    • 19. Editing Audio

    • 20. Color Correcting

    • 21. Color Correcting Log Video

    • 22. Exporting

    • 23. Finished Vlog

    • 24. Finished Vlog with Commentary

    • 25. Conclusion

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About This Class

In this course, you'll learn lots of little tips and tricks that professionals use, and when they are all used together, they create stunning results. I teach from the very basics of shooting on an iPhone to a higher-end camera. You'll also learn how to edit your videos on an easy yet powerful video editing app.

Here are a few things you'll learn

- The best settings for your camera

- How to compose an image

- How to tell a story that captures and keeps people's attention

- Necessary camera and audio gear

- How to edit your video from beginning to end

Who is the course for?

- Youtube Vloggers

- Social Media Influencers

- Entrepreneurs

Let’s get started!

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Ryan Garcia


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1. Introduction : I'm Ryan Garcia. I'm a professional videographer. My experience ranges from working in Hollywood, movies to phil mean popular YouTubers, to creating content for marketing agencies. Everyone knows how to record video. But how do you take that next step into creating professional video? I'll show you all the little tips and tricks that professionals use that when used all together, create a big difference in how a video looks and sounds. I've purposely made this video course as simple and as short as possible, while still keeping all the most important parts that are really going to make a difference in how your video looks and sounds. So throughout this course, you're gonna see me demonstrate step-by-step how I would shoot a vlog. I start out just with the basics, but as I go through the day, I start making changes to my settings and also to my gear. So you'll progressively see the video get better in quality through the vlog. So let's get started. The first lesson in making your videos better is shooting at 24 frames a second. I'll explain why and I'll show you how it's easy. 2. 24 Frames Per Second : Have you ever noticed that the videos that you make might look different than that of other professional videos. One difference might be that professional videos are always shot at 24 frames per second. What our frames per second video is made up of individual still shots that are played together really fast. So fast you don't even notice That's video. So fast you don't even notice That's video. So for about the last 100 years, all major motion pictures like Hollywood movies are all shot at 24 images a second, 24 frames a second. So we've gotten used to a certain look and movement and professional looking videos. Then camcorders come out like your grandpa's cam quarter that shoots 30 frames a second. And it doesn't sound like a big difference, but there is a slight, noticeable difference. So which one looks more professional to you? A major Hollywood blockbuster or grandpa's cam quarter. You used to have to buy a really expensive camera that would shoot 24 frames a second. But now any smartphone can, and I'll show you how to set that up. So what you do, and I'll demonstrate on an iPhone, is you go into Settings. In the search. At the top, I just type in camera at the camera icon. And let's see. It's, it's like the fourth section down where it says record video. If you click on there, you'll see all the different frames per second that you can record and the resolution. So you'll see the first two ones are 30 frames a second. Then 6060, by the way, is for recording slow motion, which is pretty fun. And then there's four K at 24 frames a second. That's the one you're going to want to use. Unfortunately, it doesn't have ten ADHD at 24 frames a second. So I'm going to select what I usually shoot at is at 24 frames a second. That way, your videos right off the bat are going to have a more professional look than grandpa's camcorder. 3. Exposure : Now that I'm recording in 24 frames a second now I think about exposure. Exposure refers to how light or dark your image is. Having a correct exposure means that your image or your subject, whatever you're filming, is neither too light or too dark. Underexposed means that the image is too dark. Overexposed means that it's too light. So when you start using just the basic camera app, it's on auto exposure. And it usually does pretty good. It's guessing what what's the right exposure. But every once in a while you'll have to adjust to yourself, get a real bright. So it's usually pretty easy. You can just tap the screen on what you want to see. So if you're filming a person, you want to see their face, right? Think about what the subject is that you're filming and tap on it. And then usually there's a slider and you can make it lighter or darker. 4. Composition : So the next thing I think about is composition. So what is my camera angle going to be and how am I going to arrange the people or things that I'm shooting? The first thing to figure out is, am I going to shoot this in landscape or portrait, horizontal or vertical? That depends on what platform I want to show this on or which one. If I want to show this on multiple platforms, which ones might priority? So I'm thinking YouTube is my priority, so I'm going to want to shoot it horizontal or landscape. If I were shooting this for Instagram, I probably wanna go portrait or vertical. Or Tiktok is best like this. So first thing to decide is how you're going to shoot it and then stick with that throughout the shoot. Also, think about what you don't want to see. When you're composing your shot. Look at the shot and ask yourself, is there something I want to cut out? For example, if I'm shooting in my backyard, there's a corner where there's a bunch of junk that I don't like and I'm planning on getting rid of. That's something I don't want to show. Photography and videography is a subtractive art. So if you're having trouble thinking of how to frame things, think about what you don't want to show. So composition is something that often separates the pros from the amateurs. And I have a few examples to show you. The first is the most simple way to compose a shot, which is put the most important part of the image in the center. If you handed a camera to your grandma, this is likely what she would do and that's not a mistake. That's an effective way to compose a good looking image. So I added some red line to the, to these images to show that they're perfectly centered. And the reason this works is because it creates a balance. All sides of the image are equal. And in everything we love balance. Next is the rule of thirds. This is the most common way photographers create images or compose images. We have the image divided up with lines, creating nine squares that are all equal size. The idea is to line up important parts of the image along these lines or along the intersections of these lines. Or think about these different squares as little pictures of themselves. Here's something else, frame within a frame. And this first one is a little on the nose with using the frame. But what it does is it helps people to know what to look at. It draws their eyes to the most important part of the image. It also creates depth. It shows that there's something close and it shows that there's something far away. So that's creating like a three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional plane. Another one is use of negative space or empty space in an image. This can create all kinds of different feelings on the subject. So if you show someone that looks sad and they have lots of empty space around them, it could communicate the idea of loneliness. If someone's happy, but they have a lot of empty space around them, it might convey the thought of creativity or freedom. They have lots of space and space to move, right? Another is leading lines. Look for lines that could lead the eye to your subject. If it's a person, maybe there's bricks, maybe there's a sidewalk, maybe there's a street. And that would lead the person's eye to the part that's most important in the image. But be careful that these leading lines don't lead the eye off or lead the eye to something that's not important. 5. Recording Video : So once you're recording at 24 frames a second, you've properly exposed to your shot. It's not too light or too dark. And you've composed your shot. Now it's time to hit record. But what does an amateur do? What's the mark of an amateur? Once they hit record their weapon, the camera all around, their hands are shaky and they don't stay on any 1 for long enough. So what does a professional do? Professional chooses what to shoot. You keep it there. You hit recording, you count ten seconds. And you just let it record. You don't zoom in, you don't move the camera, you don't do anything. You just keep it there for ten seconds and you stop recording. That is good. B-roll. B-roll is short clips of video that are supportive to the main video. Good, usable B-Roll footage is steady and it's long enough to use ten seconds is plenty, but you really need at least three. So where to start recording B-roll, start wide, start far away. And then your second B-roll clip, move a little bit closer or zoom in a little bit closer. Once you've got steady static B-roll, start adding in variety. So maybe you can do a panning shot or a tilting shot. And how do you properly shoot a panning or a tilting shot? Before you hit record, decide on your starting point and your ending point. So you're a point and your b point. Once you've decided your a and B points go to your point, hit record, and count to 3 before you start moving. Once you hit three, do your slow and steady movement. And then before you in the clip, leave it on your b point for three seconds, then you stop it. So your movement is buffered by three seconds of video on each end. That's really useful later in editing. If you're not real clear on what B-roll is or why it's important. It'll become a lot more clear once we get to the editing stage. 6. Storytelling : So why a story? Why are you making videos at all? Do you want people to watch your videos? Are you trying to teach something or promote something or share something? You know, the average attention span of people today is, is getting really, really short. One study said that the average person loses concentration after eight seconds. So if you want people to watch your videos, how are you first going to get their attention? Get them to click on your video. Second, keep their attention for longer than eight seconds, and then give them something that they like. So they'll actually watch the whole video and hopefully come back and watch more or share your video. If you can somehow format, form your video, your vlog or your tutorial or whatever it might be into a story that will get people to click, to watch and to watch all of it and come back for more. So how do you do that? How do you get your idea of a video and form it into some sort of story. Think about your opening and closing images. So what's the first image that people are going to see, or even like the thumbnail, try to make the first image they see be the opposite of the last image they see that shows that there was a change throughout the video. So let's say with a makeup tutorial, the first image that you'd want to see is maybe someone without any makeup. The last image that you would see is to show the makeup on. If you're showing how to cook something, maybe show the ingredients as the first image and then the final plate as the last. These aren't always rules, but you do want to show that there is change throughout the video. Try to think of your video in three parts, beginning, middle, and end. Or in movies they call them Acts, Acts 1, 2, and 3. So an Act 1 or the beginning of your video introduce your main character and your main character, or whether it, whether it's you or someone else, needs to be someone that your audience likes and identifies with. Your main character also needs to have some sort of desire. Some sort of need, some sort of challenge or a goal that they're going after has to be stated at the very beginning of the video. Then the middle part of the video, the majority of the video, is showing them how they're trying to reach that goal or that desire. Let's say there is no goal or desire. You could try using arguments. Let's say you're going to demonstrate a workout. You can bring up arguments of what are some of the challenges that someone could have while doing this work out or exercising. What are certain challenges that you had in doing it and how did you overcome those? What are some potential arguments someone could bring up that are opposite of what you're saying and answer those arguments. This keeps people, this keeps people's attention and keeps them watching. Then the final part of the video is the resolution. All the arguments have been answered. Your main character has got their goal. They've come to their destination. Or even if they don't arrive at their destination, there should be some sort of lesson learned. Let's say your character or you didn't accomplish what you're setting out to do. Well, what's the lesson learned? Bring that out in the third or final part of the video. In any video you make, try to think of the beginning, the middle, and the end. And try to make sure there's some sort of lesson learned in that that's going to keep people's attention. A good story will always keep people's attention more than a beautiful looking image. 7. Hard vs Soft Light: So all light falls into two different categories. Hard light or soft light. And so we're not talking about intensity. If something is bright or not. We're talking about what types of shadows they produce. A hard light is produced by a light that's really, really small and far away, or at least small in comparison to your subject or person. So if you're outside direct sun without clouds produces hard light. And hard light is rarely attractive on people, especially their faces. If you're outside on a sunny day and there's hard light can be directly on a person's face. It shows every imperfection, especially if you're shooting in for K. So the first thing you wanna do if you're shooting a person or yourself outside is makes sure you don't have hard light coming down directly on your face. So what can you do? You can turn your subject a different way to make sure that there's shade on their face or soft light. Soft light produces shadows that are really, really soft. So there's no hard lines between the shadow and the light area. Soft light is produced by at large light sources. Light sources that are really, really close in comparison to your subject. So a cloudy day is an example of soft light. On a cloudy day, the sun is no longer the source of light, but the entire sky itself is the source of light. The clouds diffuse the light from the sun. And soft light almost always looks better on people's faces. There's a couple of ways to produce soft light or look for it and find it. The first one is diffusion. If you can't put clouds in the sky to make soft light. A lot of times people will use diffusion, which is like white semitransparent fabric that you put in front of a light, that softens light or think about white thin curtains in front of a window that creates a soft flight to or there's bounced light, light bouncing off of a large surface like a white surface, like a white wall or a white piece of foam board will create soft light. You can even move your subject closer to a white wall. You don't even have to show the white wall in the image. But the white wall or will produce soft light that can fall on your subject's face. So just to demonstrate how I've done this inside, I'm using here a soft box as what they call it. And all this soft box does is change my light source. So my light sources no longer one little light bulb inside. Now it makes it into this big rectangle. And the closer I get to this light, the bigger it is in comparison. So the closer I am to my light source, the softer it's going to be on my face. And what else I have? I have this bounce board. It's silvery. So it's going to bounce soft light that's from here. It's going to bounce this light into some of the shadows. So whether you're outside or inside, think about what type of light is hitting your subject. Is it hard light? Is soft light. Do you want it to be softer? If you want your light source to be softer, think about moving to the shade or making your light source bigger. 8. Types of Microphones : Having good quality audio can make the difference between having a great video and a terrible video. And the difference between having a video people will watch or a video people will not watch. And audio is often ignored because we don't see it, but it's half of what the viewer takes in. So let's talk about types of microphones. So if you're just starting off and you're recording your video, where's your audio coming from? It's coming from the on-board microphone. So if you're shooting with a phone, there is a built-in microphone, likely at the bottom of the camera. If you're shooting with a camera like this, I'm not really even sure where the microphone is because it's so small. I think it's somewhere up here in certain situations that can work and be really well. But typically as soon as you walk outside and if there's any type of breeze or any type of other noise happening, it's going to completely ruin your audio. So what are some solutions? What are some types of microphones that you could use? The first go-to for a lot of people is the shotgun microphone. So think about this. Think about it like a flashlight. Whatever this is pointing, that it's recording the audio. And whatever it's not pointing at, it's not recording the audio. So it's cutting out all the sound that would be behind the camera. That can be pretty useful. So the next option is actually the one I would suggest to most people is a lavalier mike, or people call it a lapel mike. I'm sure you've seen these on TV. They're pretty simple. It's a small microphone. And the idea is, you get it really close to the person's mouth or their chest. A lot of the sound that we make comes from person's chest. They can't get tangled up to. So this end of the microphone can be plugged right into your smartphone or into your camera. Note that you have to have a different kind or an adapter to use the smartphone. The end that has three marks, three black marks is for a smartphone, the kind that are four cameras have two black marks, but you can't get an adapter. But the downside of this is that it's only a couple of feet long. So if I plug it into my camera, that keeps me tethered to my camera. And also, you do want to try and hide the line if you can. Some professionals use separate audio recorders, sometimes a smartphone with a dedicated an application for recording audio or audio recording device, because they can record and higher quality formats like WAV files is what you would want to record it rather than MP3s. If you can't, MP3s still work. Good too. So keep in mind whenever you're using a separate device to record audio and it's not plugged into your camera. You're going to have to sync those separate files later. You're going to have to sync your audio file with your video file. And that's why you often see people do the clap before they start a scene. And that's because that helps them line up the audio and the video together. So if that's something you want to avoid and it can be kinda complicated and time-consuming to always be sinking up audio and video. Then you're going to want audio that goes directly into your camera. That's why we use a wireless system. So right now as I'm speaking and throughout the vlog, I actually have a lapel mic that's actually taped to my chess underneath my clothes. Then there's a cable that goes underneath my clothes back here and it connects to a little wireless transmitter that's connected to my belt on the back. This wirelessly sends the audio to a receiver that's mounted to the top of our camera and then goes in. So at all times it's recording good audio. It's real close to my chest and my mouth, but I'm not tethered to the camera. And also later when I go to edit all of this, I don't have to sync all the audio myself. It's actually a pretty cool, simple unit, not too expensive that mofo makes, but there's plenty of other brands out there. 9. Recording Audio : Audio levels. On many cameras you can monitor or that is listened to the audio you were your recording or actually see a visual representation of the audio levels as they go up and down. And you've probably seen these before, they look green and then as they get higher, they get yellow and the red. That's showing you at what levels your audio is. At. Most, cameras and audio recording devices can automatically adjust these and usually they do a pretty good job. But every once in a while, you might want to adjust how you're recording, what levels the recording that you want the levels to get close to 0. But never go above 0. Once they hit the red area, that's called peaking. That's when audio gets damaged and you can't fix that afterwards. So you do want to keep your audio levels loud enough to hear well, but not too loud to where it's a damaging the audio. Also, what's important to do is to listen back to your audio after each recorded video. So bring headphones with you. I can't tell you how many times I've learned the hard way of assuming the audio sounded good. And then when I get back and I put it on my computer night listen to it. And something was wrong with the microphone or the wind picked up and we could have rerecorded right then. So bring headphones with you and check it often. It's so important to always use something to cut down the wind. People call these a wind cut, a window, mf, or a dead cat. And this is the difference between your audio sounding good or sounding like a hurricane. It could be just a slight breeze, but on your video it will sound like gale force winds. But this cuts that out so important and also super, super cheap for lapel mics. There's this little, this little thing. I mean, you can buy a case of these things for like pennies, but they will save your audio, super-important, recording audio indoors. Okay. Have you ever called someone? And by the way, they sound it sounds like they're in the bathroom. And why is that? What is it that makes them sound like they're in the bathroom is because they're obviously in some small room and a sound from their voice is echoing off the walls. Also in bathrooms rarely have carpet, so that's another surface. So they're surrounded by these hard flat walls. So when recording inside, try to put down like a rug. If you have tile or wooden floor, try to have soft furniture around. People will even hang blankets around to make all the surfaces around them soft. That makes it, that cuts down the echo and makes anything you're going to record sounds so much better. 10. Shooting in Log : Do you want to make your videos look even better? We're going to have to switch to a different camera app. A camera app that lets us choose some of the settings manually. And one important one is shooting in log. What is log? What does it stand for? I don't even know what it stands for, but it's not important. Shooting and log mode means that you are shooting an image that's almost gray. There's very little color in it, and there's not too much black or too much white. So why would anyone want to shoot this very gray looking video? Because later, it allows you to dial in the colors and the look exactly the way you want it. It actually covers up some of the errors that you made while shooting it. And it allows you to get the most detail in the bright parts of the image and the dark parts of the image. So to illustrate, this is shooting without log and the sky is mostly white. There's no information there. I even tried to fix it to see if I can darken up the sky and get some more detail on the church and in the clouds behind. But you can't. So the lesson is that when you're shooting in just regular mode without log, you really can't change it later. It's baked in all those colors, all that information. You can't really change later. Now this is shooting in log, so you see way more information. We more detail in the sky. But it looks gray. And that's why we adjust color, correct it. So we add contrast. We have nice colors, and we have lots of detail on this guy. So here's the side-by-side comparison. What's the difference? Without shooting and log? I can't get the sky and Francesca at the same time shooting in log. I can get both of them at the same time. That's the difference. There are a lot of different names for different types of logs. I typically shoot in log 2. Log 3 can be really extreme. Log T2 allows me to get a lot of detail and the brights and the darks without damaging the video. 11. White Balance : One important adjustment that's in other apps is adjusting the white balance or setting the white balance. And what is that? It's telling your camera what is white in the current lighting condition. Almost all cameras have an auto white balance mode, which usually works pretty well most of the time. But have you ever took an image, take a picture or some video and everyone's skin looks kinda blue. Or on the other end, everyone looks super, super orange. That's because a problem with white balance. So choosing white balance, a lot of times there'll be outdoor sunny mode, they'll be cloudy mode. There'll be indoor incandescent lighting, which is kind of orange looking. And then sometimes you can set it manually. So 5600 K is the same color as the sun. 3200 K is the same as indoor like orange type light bulbs. 12. Shalow Depth of Field : Now how do people get those images and video where one part of it is in focus and then the background or the foreground is out of focus. You know which ones I'm talking about. It looks really, really professional, right? They open up the aperture or they open up the iris. It works exactly like your eyes when you walk outside and it's a bright day, your pupils shrink down. And when you walk inside and a dark area, the pupil will open back up. When the aperture is really wide open, it allows you to get that. It's called shallow depth of field. And people are very easily impressed by this. So how can you get that? Well, you're going to have to switch to a camera like this. And you're going to have to have a certain type of lens. They call it a fast lens. A lens that has an f-stop of probably about 2.8 or lower. So how do you get that shallow depth of field? Look where part of it is real sharp and focus. Another part is out of focus. You need to be shooting with a lens that set at f 2.8 or lower. There are also other ways to get that effect by shooting something very, very close. Here's an example in this shot. Everything's in sharp focus. There's no shallow depth of field. In this shot. There is shallow depth of field. The background is soft. So how did I do that? By focusing on something closer to the camera? I moved closer to my subject and that caused the background to go soft. Another way to get a blurry background is to zoom in a lot by actually shooting with a long zoom lens, which you can also put on cameras like this. 13. Shutter Speed : Another adjustment you can do with your camera to really make it look as professional as possible, is setting your shutter speed to the rate. Shutter speed. Shutter speed is the length of time your camera takes each pitcher. Professional film and movies always use this very simple rule. As far as setting their shutter speed. If you're shooting at 24 frames a second, which you should be unless you're shooting in slow motion. That means you should roughly double that. And that should be your shutter speed. So if you're shooting 24 frames a second, if you double 24, what do you get? You get 48. So you should be shooting that 140 eighth of a second. Or my camera doesn't shoot exactly 148th, so I shoot at 150th second. And just to illustrate what the shutter speed is. And I'll show you that's an illustration of what the shutter speed is doing while you're shooting video. So when it set at 150th or a 140 eighth of a second, it actually has a really natural motion blur. When you have a really high speed shutter speed, everything looks kind of stroke b and a little too sharp and crisp. So if we want to imitate really high-end production video, just by setting your camera at 148 or 150th, is already, already going to give it that same sense of soft motion. So let's say you set your cell phone or your camera to all these settings that I've told you. Shooting 24 frames a second. Shooting at 150th or 140 eighth of a shutter speed. If you walk outside, it's going to be way too bright. You're not going to be able to see or record anything. It's going to be pure white. So how do you manage that? This is one tool that is pretty effective. Variable in the filter. Nd stands for neutral density. So basically it's just sunglasses for your camera that is adjustable when you turn it. So you set all the perfect and right settings on your camera. And then after that, you put sunglasses on your camera and you adjusted to the way you like it to get a good exposure. 14. ISO : It's important for you to know your cameras limitations, especially when it comes to shooting in dark situations. That comes down to what size sensor your camera has. So obviously, there's full size sensor cameras. This is kind of in the middle. As far as sensors go. You can see right in there the image sensor that gathers up all the light. And a cell phone would obviously have the smallest sensor of the mall. And that limits how well it can capture images and the dark. There's an adjustment on your, on each camera called ISO. I don't even remember what ISO stands for, but it refers to how sensitive your camera is to light. So at its lowest, setting on a, on a phone, it's like ISO 22 on the camera. That's like ISO a 100. That's used for outside, for bright, bright daylight. Then when you get into a darker situation, you have to bring up the cameras sensitivity and you have to bring up the ISO to higher numbers. And it's important to know what the limitations of your camera are. Because if you don't, if you're not careful, you'll get what's called noise or grain. Maybe you've taken a picture before and like a dark room and skin colors don't look good. And it looks typically, what it is, is the camera is struggling to see light and it's guessing what colors are there. Grain is, digital grain is really, really ugly and you want to avoid it. Can I know my cameras limitations at least what this one, 16, ISO 1600, 3200 are really the highest that I'll go. And it's still acceptable if I go much higher than that, especially if you see it on a big screen TV, It's going to look terrible. Now if you're shooting with a cell phone, cell phones are getting better and better at shooting and darker situations. But it is important to know kind of what the limit is and when you need to change something about how you're shooting in order to add more light. 15. Creating Project and Importing : So now it's time for editing. And I know for a lot that can be pretty intimidating because maybe you've seen what other computer-based editing programs look like. They look, and a lot of them are really, really complicated. But I'm going to show you Adobe Rush. It's really, really simple and actually pretty effective, pretty powerful. And once you get used to Adobe Rush using a timeline, having all your videos in a bin, editing something, exporting that it'll be a lot easier to use something that's more advanced in the future if you want it actually, the free version is pretty, pretty great. And there is a paid version. It's a monthly subscription for dollars a month, which is kind of a bummer, but anyways, it's a good place to start. So what I've done is I took the footage from my Sony camera and from my iPhone. I put them both on my computer. Just in a video, just in a folder that says video. And now I'm going to open it up and start editing. So I've also chosen some music that I want to use on this video. I had licensed music on art list, dot, dot I, O. They have really great music. The reason I go through the trouble of licensing the music is so I know my video won't be blocked on YouTube or any other platform. And you do have to pay a little bit for licensing songs. But it's, it's pretty cheap nowadays. Some, not too long ago, you couldn't even do that. Okay, so pretty simple. Create New Project. All right, so I'm going to title my project. And the title I'm going with is what I have. It's the hardest sock you hope I'm spelling as a succulent to get question mark. Okay, so let's set the settings. And here we go. I'm doing this for YouTube, so I want to do 16 by nine. That is the aspect ratio that's most common. For TVs. For smartphones, 16 by 9 is very common. This would be something for Tiktok. This is really great for Instagram, especially Instagram ads. And obviously this is good for Instagram too. I liked this one better though. I shot everything like this, so there's no need to reframe clips. Okay, so I'm gonna go into my hard drive. I have an external hard drive that I have them on. A hunt for succulents, blog and video footage from both my cell phone and my Sony. And so here I'm going to actually, I'm starting my editing process by going through and selecting the first just go in and chronological order of how I wanted to play. This is the beginning of the day. I'm going to speed some of this up just so you don't have to watch every painful second. Editing is probably the longest process in making videos. It can also be the funnest to each one of these boxes represents when I hit record it and when I stopped recording. And really this is exactly how the program would work if you were editing on a tablet or your phone too. Okay, so there's a few clips here that are like kinda out of order. So I didn't select them in this order, but more or less I have my story there in order. All right, so it's going to be laying everything down in the timeline. So down here I have my timeline. Basically it's kinda roughly there. And I'm going to go over here and zoom in just like you would on the tablet or a phone. And there we go. I have my first clip. 16. Cutting and Trimming : So first of all, we can just watch through it all at once and start trimming. So let me see if I can demonstrate trimming for you. I am going to say what is this? Expand Audio. So now I can see a waveform of the audio. This can be helpful. So I hit Spacebar to start plane and the plane. So I want to cut this part out. So the waveform helps me figure out right where I started talking. So there's two ways I can do this. I can just drag this over. While law, or I can use the scissors. Let's see, where are the scissors that are there. That's why. Okay, So let's say I go back to this point. Another thing I can do is just hey, cut and that I can delete. It's on the cutting room floor now. So spacebar to play. Backyard been here for. So this is our strengths, a little abrupt. Just going to pull this back a little bit, as well as the audio. And actually I can just simplify this. So again, our new backyard, We've been here for long, would you say? Three months. So the landlord spent pretty cool and let us redo the backyard. So we did all this gravel and papers and everything. So we've got this little spot that's open for plants. And we have an idea of what we want. Really cool plants by 2030 minutes south down the coast from here. And they're succulents. They're succulents. Like a white, kinda like light blue. So we're gonna go down there and pick up one of these wild plants and planets. Here's the idea, but the hard thing is, is that they're planet. But you can only get them like on the edge of a cliff when it gets up really steep areas. So we're going to try and find the lowest one, the easiest one to guess. Bring it back here and planted as the mission for today. Alright, that's where I want to cut. I can also use the arrow keys to just come back each frame forward or backwards. You can use the arrow keys. They're pretty handy. Now I want to cut the tail end off of that. That's selected. Delete. 17. Adding B Roll : This would be considered a b B-roll shot. I knew I was going to be talking about my my garden, my backyard. So I took a shot, just the panning shot because I thought I might use it because I'm talking about it. Anything that people talk about. We want to show someone told me like monkey see monkey do whatever you see, or whatever people talk about. We want to see. Let's say I'm going to start from the beginning of this pan. Tell me that at play. And I pan left to reveal the garden. Stop right there. And I don't like the sound in that. So I can go up here to this as audio. And I'm just going to mute it. Just like that. Can hide that away. Plankton. All alright, so where am I talking about? The garden, one of these wild. And let us redo that backyard. So let us redo the backyard. I'm going to go ahead and put this one on top. Now, we're getting advanced. Excited. All right. Watch this play. So we did all this gravel and papers and everything. So we've got this little spot that's open. Yeah. So anything you put on top here is going to show up first. So I don't have to cut down here. I just pile it on top. Anything you put on top is going to cover that time, papers and everything. So we've got this little spot that's open. 18. Adding Music : So I've done my first pass through all the video. When I first started, I had 32 minutes of raw video. Now I've cut it down to 10 minutes, so removed about 20 minutes of video, which is good. Actually, this video, should it be really short in order to keep people's attention? There's not a whole lot of story going on in this video. So now, really all I've done is rearrange the clips in the order I want them. I've removed completely deleted a lot of clips. I've trimmed the edges. Clips if there's errors, mistakes at the beginning or end of the clips. And yeah, just kinda cut in, whittle that down to the parts that I want. And now I'm going to go through and probably start placing music, roughly putting in the music where I want it to be. So whenever you want to add other media to your project, Let's say you're working on your project and you realize you want to add music or an image or other video. Go up here to the plus sign media. Okay. I'm going to make sure it usually it opens up right here. And I'm working off an external hard drive. So I'm just going to find my way to my folder music. And I'm going to look for this song. So I could hit Add and it, or I can just drag, I can drag and drop it right here. I could hit Add and it would add it right here. But I want to kind of choose where it's going to start. And I like this this entrance part. I wanted to start there. So here it's just like your cell phone. If you've edited there and put the edge of this yellow thing right there. That's where it's going to start. Alright, now add alright, and see what it sounds like. What I found online. So this is kind of a sad song. This is a point in the video that I learn something that I didn't like. So sad for me. So I'm going to put it to right kind of where it's going to start right around when I'm, I wouldn't be realizing the bad news. Succulents, modellers, stone succulents, smuggling crisis. 19. Editing Audio : So now I'm at the stage where I got my edit pretty much ready. That's at nine minutes, 38 seconds. So now I'm going to go through from the beginning to the end, fixing up the audio. So I'm looking for parts excuse me, that are too loud, too loud, too low. And then transitions. I want them to the audio to fade from one clip to another clip so you can't tell. It's not an abrupt cut there. This is a pretty cool feature right here. Watch. I'm not even sure what we found was actually okay, so here we have my voice-over and hear the music is too high. So we're gonna do auto, auto duck. And then I can adjust how much I want the music to duck down to lower. So it's guessing, I guess based on my my voice-over, when when it needs the duck and when it needs to come back up. I'm not even sure if what we found was actually one of these plants that they sell to Asia. So wave called, what I would guess is a botanist. And I turned myself in, it's pretty good. I confess my sin. So that starts out kinda loud here. So I'm going to separate the audio and I'm going to add a fade. So let's see Effects. And let's do a dissolve. So it does all of it can be a transition for video to fade from from one video clip to another, or you can add it to audio. See that it now it's a lot softer. Now there's another one. Separate audio. And let's say I just double-click on this. There we go. See that there. It just gave me a fade. It's going to fade from this audio to this audio. All right, cool. So I'm going to go through, add those fades or transitions, or I need to make any other changes I make come across. And there is something pretty cool in the software. And I want to show you right here. You don't want to water directly on top because that okay. So here in the background of this scene, you can hear my neighbors doing construction. You can hear like a tile saw or something like that going. Hybrid effect on the powder. So you can hear that works pretty good. Reduce background noise. And then here you can adjust the intensity. Also hit reduce that go. That's probably something you would use if you're recording inside of a room and it sounds like you're in a small room. I don't know how well it works, but it might work good. This noise reduction works pretty good. 20. Color Correcting : So now I'm pretty much have my edit done. The sound and the music is all in place, everything sounds good. Now one of the last steps is to make sure that it looks as good as it can be. And that's colored correction. So basically what I'm doing now is I'm going through and making sure it's bright enough. The colors look correct. And that's about it. Some people do color grading. Color grading is when you add a certain look, you know, certain movies might look kind of blue or green. Or a movie that takes place in the, in the Old West may look like warm. I'm not really doing that and making sure that grass looks green, that the scale looks blue, and that skin looks natural and healthy. So this is this opening shot is pretty good. It's a little what they say below, lumps. It's a little bit what they say blown out right here, but that's really not a big deal. So this is when I was shooting with all automatic settings. This maybe can be lightened a little bit. So the simplest correction I can do, let's just go to edit as exposure. So let's say it's a little dark. I just want to make it a little bit later. That's home. Maybe the shadows a little bit later. Let's it. So maybe I just want to add a little bit of contrast. People like contrast, but an easy mistake that amateurs make is they go way overboard with contrast and saturation. That is, because they like bright colors. It ends up looking kinda cartoony later. So I just want to enhance what's here. It looks pretty good to me. This looks a little too blue. So temperature, color temperature, I'm just going to warm it up just a little bit. You can get some of the rocks, the red rocks that are in there. Vibrance, Let's say I want to add, make the colors a little bit brighter. Vibrance is a nice way to do that. It's a little bit more gentle than saturation. Okay, here's a good example of an blown out shot. This is completely blown out. There's no information here, but if you were there in person, you'd see there are some patchy clouds. The sun is somewhere around here. You can see the ocean here. But it's a bummer because the camera doesn't see as well as our eyes do. That's the advantage of shooting in log log u would be able to get more detail here while seeing my face at the same time. And let's see highlights. Can I get any more details in the highlights? Now, nothing is really coming back and brighten this up. Not much you can do there really. Usually when I do color correcting itis, listen to some music and just go through, it's kinda relaxin actually. Let's go to Advanced. Not going to sharpen anything. The only thing I would reuse is maybe a vignette. And this helps, just gives a little bit of a darker edges. And that helps draw the eye to the center. So this information right here, that's not really important. The house, the ocean, that's important. So by adding just a little bit of a vignette, See there you can see the difference. It helps to draw the eye to the center. 21. Color Correcting Log Video : Okay, So let's get over to a log. When I started shooting log. Alright, first, exposure looks fine, but the shadows, I would like like these to be a little bit blacker. Area, right? Highlights. All right, this is now starting to pop a bit more contrast. Now, I do want it a little bit brighter. Let's go this and then bring the highlights down. Because I was starting to lose information in here. That looks nice. Vibrance. So nice, blue sky skin looks good. Yeah, that's fine. Let's go to another long shot. Alright, so this is a little dark. So shooting in LA will allow me to lighten it quite a bit without losing information. Without destroying. That looks better. That's the advantage of shooting in a log. 22. Exporting : So that's it. The video is done. We've arrived at the last step, exporting. So how do we export file share or Apple II? So what you see here, you have two exports remaining, upgrade for it. So I've done all this on the free version. A lesson about picking plants in the wild. How exciting, okay, So where do I want to save it? Not documents. Save it to my hard drive. Youtube. Sign in to YouTube to publish directly. I don't need to publish it directly. I will go ahead and do that myself. So this is my first step, advanced settings for K. That's what I'm one, frame rate, automatic 24, stereo. I'm gonna do Mano quality. Let's see. If I do hi, yeah, it'll be a really big file, but actually I think it's worth it since I want this to look really good on a big screen for k TV, I guess, as good as it can. Set current frame. Okay? Okay, custom thumbnail. But I will make that later. Okay, so what have we done? So we're just gonna do it local. Actually, we're just gonna do it local. So I have my title here. As you can see here, I'm still using the free version. My title chose where I wanted to save it. I am going to do for K. That's a preset for YouTube. Frame rate 24. I'm going to choose mono. And let's, let's do this high-quality export. Then you just sit there and wait. No, we got progress. 23. Finished Vlog: So this is our new backyard. We've been here for long, would you say? Three months? Three months. So the landlord spend pretty cool. And let us redo that backyard. So we did all this gravel and papers and everything. So we've got this little spot that's open for plants. And we have an idea of what we want is these really cool plants 30 minutes south down the coast from here. And they're succulents. There's a difference though like white and I like light blue. So we're gonna go down there and pick up one of these wild plants and plant, and here is the idea, but the hard thing is, is that they're planet. But you can only get them like on the edge of a cliff where he gets up really steep areas. So we're going to try and find the lowest one, the easiest one to get, bring it back here and plant it as the mission for today. Okay. So we stopped a look at some stuff on the side of the road. And we're actually finding these succulents sooner than we thought we would. But yeah, they're harder to hard to reach places. Like Salt, not a Dr. Seuss. I've always been curious about this place. Okay. Interesting. I'm right in the middle of it. That looks pretty shading. You think people get in these, I mean, obviously they built steps. Again. That's a long ways down. You can see the flowers now on the side. Yeah, the succulents are down there too. I see a couple of 0, this is 1. But it's like dying for That's an outline. No, that's not what the media was one. So this is our pectoralis expense powdery. So when you touch it, it gives off like an outer coat of that cluster. Then let's go incurring damage. Friend wouldn't actually let me try to get any of the succulents that were near the highway because they were really close to the highway that some traffic or they were hanging over a cliff over the ocean, which is probably a good thing that she didn't stop me from doing that. They eat, we stumbled across the coolest place to eat. If you're over 60. In your American. They had a smooth jazz playing the whole time. And even though we're in Mexico, they charged a dollar magnifier, heme. So after we went for a little walk on the beach, it was back to business. Find one of the succulents. Yeah. Little guys. We found them everywhere. Just nowhere that you could easily get to or safely get to it. So friend found a set of stairs that someone made going up the hill. There's a set of stairs going up to a little altar to Jesus or shrine that Jesus taught tools. Thank you Jesus. That the stairs. It's not a big one there. And I can see the big ones. Ones like It's too big for this part of there, but yeah, I'm just not hardcore enough to get those. Here is the plant we got yesterday. I rang and history. So today we're just going to go in and binding. So later I wanted to find out what this plant was technically called. So I can sound smart to my friends. And what I found online shocked me. Succulents, smugglers to Southern California, stone succulents, hip surgery, center of smuggling, crisis, Mafia. I totally thought going out and getting a plant for the garden was going to be completely innocent. I'm not even sure if what we found was actually one of these plants that they sell to Asia, so called what I would guess as a botanist. And I turned myself in, I confess my sin. And he said, what the responsible thing would be to do is to go back and replant it where I found it. So to clear my conscience, that's what we're gonna do. So we went and we returned. It says that there are two other friends. Say it's not there. It's not there, but we're still that. Now. I've my conscience as queen. We learned our lesson today. One will think twice. Well, look it up before we dig it up. I guess I'll just go to the local nursery them next time. 24. Finished Vlog with Commentary: So this is our new backyard We've been here for. So in this first scene, I make sure to, it's been pretty cool setup the act, act one is introduce your characters and introduce the desire. I introduce who we are and that we want a plant to fill this empty spot. Right there. I also as you just saw him using B-roll. So I have that panning shot to show the whole backyard. Here. I'm also using B-roll, so I'm thinking about what I'm talking about and how I want to show it. So all of this is shot just with my cell phone. We do have lavalier mics on throughout the entire video. And maybe the first scene, we could have gotten away without using any microphones and it would have sounded pretty well, pretty good. But decided to use the mikes anyways. So here we are going to act to it showing the challenges. I want it to have more action. So I'm using sped up music, faster editing this time-lapse as we're getting into act two. So while we're shooting this, I'm making sure to really, I want to bring out the challenges that we're having in trying to get what we want. So here's just shooting on my iPhone 8 with a selfie stick. Just the regular video recording default app that everyone has. You can see the limitations with it. The auto exposure. Also a funny thing I learned on this. And there's this weird shadowy thing that's moving over the video. And that's the stabilization of the long way is down. So pretty shaky. I know watching this later, it gets a little tiring and I've seen how shaky it is, especially shots like this. So using a Gimbal would solve that problem of shaky shots. Boundary. So much it gives off light. The way the camera's moving around in that last shot was not not a very good example or shooting B-roll. I was in a hurry. So it can happen to anybody, any of the succulents that were near the highway because they were really close to the highway traffic or they were hanging over a cliff over the ocean, which is probably a good thing fishy, but it stopped me from doing that. We stumbled across the coolest place to eat. If you're not really sure why. I added in this section, I'm going to the restaurant. I just assume this is what most people do for vlogs, right? Travel blogs. Even though maybe the video would be better if I kinda it out, I don't know. So B-roll and counting the ten on each one of these shots. Here you can see the limitations of the camera too, if you look at the sky on that last shot. So when we get to the beach is when I switch over to the Sony camera and I start shooting and log in here you can see I'm using a gimbal here, so it's a way smoother when I'm walking. So after we went for a little walk on the beach, there wasn't a whole lot of chances to use the gimbal because we're in the car a lot. So this is all the Sony. So I was able to zoom in a little bit more because I had different lenses. So I have shallow depth of field to, because I'm using the different lenses I'm shooting at a f-stop of f, 1.8 or 2.8, depending on what lens I'm using. This is the cell phone. So our switching between the two friend found a set of stairs that someone made going up the hill. There's a set of stairs, but because this helps pretty steep, I didn't bring a camera up with me. I just use my cell phone because one could actually fall pretty easily. Thank you, Jesus. That stairs. But pretty shaky. And making any video, there's lots of things to learn. And you usually learn on afterwards and editing. Ones like almost too big for this part of there, but yeah, I'm just not hardcore enough to get those. Here is the plant we got yesterday or Rang and history. So today we're just going to go in and this is on the gimbal here. Well, some of this has handheld. Tried to keep it steady. Shallow depth of field I'm shooting on the Sony. So later I wanted to find out what this plant with the parts where there's a voiceover. I actually I went to my closet in my bedroom and use the audio recorder there and I put my head in with all my clothes around me. And that's to dampen down the echo. And that's why it actually records a really good audio. If you Wonder, record voice-over and you're having problems with echoey room sound, Put your head recorded in your closet with close. This part was not planned. This was a 100 percent sincere, honest. I didn't know this plant was protected. And so it forced me to have to change the video. Because instead of showing a plant at the end, which would show change, we're going to return the planet. So how do you show change? I had to show the lesson that was learned. And that was brought out in Act 3. This is still act two, I would say that's what we're gonna do. It's kind of the end of Act 2 of going back and replanting the plant. It does make for an interesting twist, I guess. So I took my cell phone up there and I was trying to shoot slow motion. This is 240 frames per second. I didn't realize that it was all out of focus, so that's why it's all soft looking like that. And this is Akt3 is really just explaining the lesson learned. And that usually makes for satisfying complete story. Will think twice. We'll look it up before we dig it up. I guess we'll just go to the local nursery. 25. Conclusion : So that is all folks. Congratulations, you've made it all the way through. You have a well-rounded knowledge of how professional video is made. In the 21st century. Congratulations. Make sure and use it. Go out there and make videos. Stay in touch. Make sure to follow me on Instagram at modus films and check out my website for more contents and Information at modus Thanks.