How to Use a MIDI Keyboard as a Beatmaker in FL Studio | Riley Weller | Skillshare

How to Use a MIDI Keyboard as a Beatmaker in FL Studio

Riley Weller, FL Studio Teacher

How to Use a MIDI Keyboard as a Beatmaker in FL Studio

Riley Weller, FL Studio Teacher

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10 Lessons (1h 22m)
    • 1. [INTRO] - How to Use a MIDI Keyboard as a Beatmaker

    • 2. 1-Installing Drivers For Your Midi Keyboard

    • 3. 2-Purchasing The Right Midi Keyboard For You

    • 4. 3-What Is Midi

    • 5. 4-How To Enable A Midi Keyboard In FL Studio

    • 6. 5-How To Record Midi Notes

    • 7. 6-How To Route Knobs And Sliders

    • 8. 7-Uses Of Your Qwerty Typing Keyboard

    • 9. 8-Entering Midi Commands

    • 10. 9-Using A Midi Keyboard Course Wrap Up

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About This Class


This course was created on request of many students wanting to learn how to make beats with a MIDI Keyboard.

So, this course was created for those who asked!

Learn to create beats with a MIDI Keyboard by learning how to properly set up a MIDI Keyboard (with the latest updated drivers), how to make sure you've purchased the right keyboard that suits you and your workflow, and the ultimate workflow of a MIDI Keyboard inside of FL Studio.

Further, you'll learn how to enable a MIDI Keyboard in FL Studio and applying a pre-created FL Studio Template to it.

Near the end of this course, we create a little beat to show you the best workflow of using a MIDI Keyboard, and how to set up your knobs and sliders if you want that "hands-on" approach to working with music.

If you're wanting to learn how to use a MIDI Keyboard to make beats, this quick course will teach you everything required!

# GratuiTous

Meet Your Teacher

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Riley Weller

FL Studio Teacher


GratuiTous (Riley Weller) is an FL Studio teacher who has used FL Studio since 2009.

He has worked with a GRAMMY nominated artist, and runs the podcast 'Music Production Made Simple'.

He also writes music production books, and has over 25 FL Studio music production courses!

His students tell him that his approach to explaining topics is extremely easy to understand.

His music production courses are based on FL Studio, and can range from beginners to advanced.

Feel free to reach out to GratuiTous with any questions you have about FL Studio.


GratuiTous' Most Popular Courses on Skillshare:

Piano Lessons for Producers FL Studio 20 Beginners Course: Learn How to Make Beats in FL Studio FL Studio ... See full profile

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1. [INTRO] - How to Use a MIDI Keyboard as a Beatmaker: Hey there. I'm gratuitous and welcome to my course called How to Use a Midi Keyboard as a beat maker on my website. I have a little chat box and one of the most common questions I've received is how can I use my midi keyboard to bake beats? So I have found some time I put together this course breaking down how to use a midi keyboard as a beat maker. You're gonna learn, you know how to properly install your keyboard, how to set it up inside of efforts studio on how to actually use it in, you know, a fast, efficient workflow to start making beats. Now I just want to share with you that this course is going to, you know, go to teach you how to use your MIDI keyboard, how to get up and running. But in order to use a midi keyboard, it's like you do have to know what notes without to play because it is a piano, right? So I also have another courses called learned piano for beat makers and producers. That has been my best selling course of all of my courses, and I teach you from a feat maker's perspective how to play the piano. OK, so I just have just like a webcam here. And this is what we do throughout the course. So I haven't the webcam kind of set up in dis different areas on we break down the midi keyboard. So you know, I talked to you. You know what to look for in a midi keyboard? What's important? You know, like you need like, the pads you need you need like the knobs the transport controls. What types of keys do you want? You know, what kind of features do you want out of your meeting keyboard? I bring all this stuff down and then also, you know, we actually make, like, a little beat. And I don't break down my actual workflow of how use the midi keyboard to make a beat and the process. And again, this is one of the most common questions I received on the little chat box on my website. And this is what this course is a boat. So if you want to learn how to use a midi keyboard to make beats instead of FL Studio, this is gonna be an awesome course for you. It's kind of a quicker course, but it's to the point. It's very educational. You guys gonna learn about Mitty? You know what? Maybe is the benefits. Admit E um you know, as a beat maker, Midi has just made beat making so easy. So that sounds interesting to you. You guys can enroll and I'll talk to you more inside the course. 2. 1-Installing Drivers For Your Midi Keyboard: Okay, So the first thing on what you guys to do is to install the drivers for your MIDI keyboard first before anything else. It's really, really important. So that you get like the newest features for your midi keyboard as well as it kind of ah might prevent any bugs. You know, over time, when our product is released, companies come up with new software. You know the new updates for that piece of hardware in our case of Midi keyboard, and it's just to, you know, kind of iron out. Those bugs allow better performance out of your MIDI keyboard. Now you want to do this before you actually plug in your midi keyboard. This goes for any hardware. OK, so as you continue with audio production, whenever you get a new piece of gear, such as like an audio interface or a midi keyboard or type of ah controller, you always want to go to the website. You know that products website, download the driver and then you can plug it in and turn it on. Nowadays, windows. It's a lot better with the drivers. So back in the day, if you were to plug something in Sometimes it wouldn't work and tell you installed like the driver off like the CD they gave you. Or sometimes if you did plug it in, it would automatically install like the oldest driver for that device. I guess sometimes, you know, like a driver can actually come with the hardware. So when you plug it in, it's gonna install that old driver. So this is just why it's important to go to the website, download the newest driver and you guys are good to go. So I'm just gonna give you guys an example here. I actually have an older MIDI keyboard. Okay, so if I just show you So this is like the media keyboard I have is just a m audio axiom. 49. It's a second generation. Okay, so when you when you look at these midi keyboards, there's like 25 49 61. These air Just how many keys you have? Okay, so in this image, you're not able to see that my full midi keyboard is just kind of my camera set up right now, but it just lets you know how many keys you have. I recommend anything from 49 to 61 16 60 ones. Getting pretty big 49 I just find is a nice kind of fit. And then you're also able to kind of go octave up and octave down on your keyboard. You want higher or lower. Okay, so in my case, I'm just gonna go m audio axiom. Axiom. 49 2nd Gen and a driver. Okay, so whatever your brand is, this is what you're gonna do. So I'm just gonna assume maybe that one if not, we could just find on their website. So this one seems okay. Um, I think I'm just gonna go to support. We're gonna go drivers and updates because there is a first generation of the axiom keyboard again, with even your audio interfaces. I have a focus, right, Scarlett to I to there now on the third generation. So if you were, if you were to go to their website, they have to make the first generation driver second generation driver, third generation. So I'm gonna walk you through this. So, in this case of m audio, this is how they have approached it. As you can see here, I'm just gonna go like keyboard controllers I see. Axiom. This is not the axiom I have. This is like a newer generation, so that's not what I want. And as you can see, the axiom isn't there. I also see legacy because it's an older product or click legacy. And as you can see, we have acts in 25 then second Jen K. So 49 Just the keys. I'm gonna click the 49 2nd Gen. And you just select your operating system. Okay, So if you're on a Mac or Windows, uh, gonna come way down here, we're gonna goto Windows 10. So nowadays, most computers or 64 bit it just allows your computer to access more of your ram. Uh, we're gonna Windows 10 64 bit. Okay. And, um, maybe we should select show results. I'm assuming a lot of times we just kind of select it for you. So, as you can see in the accident 49 2nd generation, it's like the version. You know, what the release date. So this is 2019 right now. So I've had this product, like, nine years about and so there you go. You just download it and you got yourself the latest driver. So you just download it, install it, and then you can plug in your midi keyboard, turn it on, and now you're running on the newest driver on, and that's all there is to it. If you are having problems with your MIDI keyword with that driver many times there is an option to kind of go through the driver before I don't see it on here. A lot of times, these companies lists like they actually list all like the updates that they've done over, you know, since the release of the product. That way you can kind of fallback easier. But that's just the process of installing a driver for your meeting keyboard again. Doesn't matter what equipment you're using. Uh, an audio interface Midi keyboard controller. Make sure to install the driver first. Then you can plug it in, turn it on and you guys are good to go. Okay, 3. 2-Purchasing The Right Midi Keyboard For You: Okay, So in this video, we're gonna be talking about what should you be looking for in a midi keyboard? So over my years, I've discovered there's a few main elements that you want in a meeting keyboard. If you already purchased a midi keyboard, you know, um, if you are able to return it, you know that's cool. But maybe you purchased a good one. Now these are just the things that I have found that are essential because the thing is with the media keyboard, it goes from like, you know, the super super cheap Midi keyboards were, you know, they feel really cheap. They're you know, they might not have 20 features, and then it gets to like the medium kind of midi keyboards where you start getting into better feeling keys, a little bit more features, and then you get into the really, really advanced midi keyboards with tons of features. And the thing is, from the medium ones to the advanced ones, there's not too much of a difference. Okay, at the end of the day, this stuff is just midi will cover midi in their next video. Like you know what has many What's the point. Amity. Where does it come from? One of the benefits. Amity. Ah, because the thing is, these Midi keyboards, they don't have sounds in them. Okay? And that's the thing. Like when you're purchasing a midi keyboard? Um, you know, you might be thinking like, Oh, I'm gonna buy the best midi keyboard to get the best sounds. And it's like, no, the sounds air inside your computer. This midi keyboard just plays those sounds. OK, so what I'm trying to say is you you probably are gonna want a midi. I'm like a middle of the road midi keyboard. Okay. It's gonna give you, like, your best bang for Buck. You're going to get good features. You're gonna get decent keys, and that's all you need. Okay, So when purchasing a midi keyboard, this is what I suggest to you. I'm just going to turn on the camera here. Okay, So the first thing I want to talk about is again these midi keyboards they do not come with sounds OK, the sounds air inside your computer and you play the sounds off your midi keyboard. K maybe is a really, really powerful thing. It's come a long way. It's it also Midi is awesome, Okay? It allows anyone to make beats. Nowadays, it allows you to easily edit notes and stuff. The next thing I want to talk about is again the keys. Okay, so these midi keyboards that come in different model size is Okay, So anything from like 25 keys to 49 to 61 I think it's 88 is You know, I think 88 is like a full fledged like riel piano. OK, again, those air really, really big just to give you guys a comparison. So this is like the size of my desk. Okay? And this is like my MIDI keyboard. Okay, this is a 49 so you could see it takes up more than, like, half of my desk. A 61 would take up like my full desk here and in the full size of the 88 1 is in my opinion , is just is just huge. Right? So one question you might have is that well, if you get a 49 you know, how do you play the other keys? And as you can see here, there's something called Ah, the octave button. Okay, so you can just simply press octave up, knocked it down, and I'm gonna press those buttons, k. And if you look right here, you can see when I go ago, Octave one octave to octave three. So this allows me to get to the ah, get to the other octaves. Okay. So again, just come to 25 49 61. I personally suggest a 49 that, you know, that's really, really simple. The next thing to talk about is, like, What features do you need? Do you need, um you know, these sliders, like, you know, there are these sliders worth your time, Like, is it worth the money? Ah, the knobs. Do you need the knobs, the drum pads? Do you need the drum pads? So, in my opinion, I just like a midi keyboard for a midi keyboard again. If you're going to be purchasing more about the middle of the line midi keyboard, you're gonna be getting better keys. Okay. These air quote what you call x emulated. These are a little bit better than like the super super cheap plastic ones. You know, just as you push it down. It just feels a little bit better. Um, but in my opinion, the drum pad. I never use it. I honestly like to use my keys, even if I was gonna be using, like, a drum pad kind of thing. And I say it like that because, you know, right here, I'm restricted to eight sounds. That's a eight sounds. Yeah. You know what? My kind of feel cool in your fingers and, you know, as you press it, you know, if a press lightly so sorry, the lights in the way. Ah, but as you can see, if I touch it kind of harder or if I tap it lightly, you know? So this is just the velocity. So this is the how hard I'm hitting it. And you can get creative within your music program. And you can, You know, if you play lighter, you can play a different sound. If you play it harder, you can play a different sound. Ah, you know, that's kind of more like the creative side of it. But you could do the same thing with, like, notes. You know, if if push really, really lightly, it does the same thing. I'm able to adjust velocity by how you know how hard or how fast I push that note. So in my opinion, what I'm saying is I would just like to use the keys, even for a drum pad, because I'm actually able to use 49 sounds, for example, for talking about sampling where you have slices your 49 slices you can work with as opposed to eight K. So, in my opinion, I never use the drum pads off of this keyboard. I've had it for a boat, you know, 89 10 years ahead. For a long time, it's been a great midi keyboard. I just like, you know, the feel of the keys. So I decided to pay a little bit more for the quality of the keys because, you know, I like to play the piano like composing and stuff like that. So that's kind of my I guess my opinion on that. If you want drum pads, I would say just purchase a drum pad controller. OK, you know, So now the knobs knobs there are awesome. Okay, you know, thes air really, really handy. You know, if you want a control V ST's or you know, different things inside your music program. You know, if you want to kind of turn up and down or whatever you know, those are pretty cool. The sliders. These are pointless on a midi keyboard if they're not motorized. Okay, so what motorized means is that? Let's say, you know, I was in an inside fo studio and I had a slider and I was with my most, and I moved the most up and down in that slider. This slider would actually move automatically when I was actually moving the most is pretty cool. You guys can check out a maki control universal. You know they're expensive $1000 but they're meant to mix. Ah, with Mickey. They're kind of cool is like motorized Vader's. But what I'm trying to say is when these fader czar manual, there's no point because there's there's Ah, there's nine sliders here, Okay? And if I you know, let's say I'm mixing the 1st 9 sounds. It's like, Yeah, well, it's cool because you can mix nine sounds off of that. But if you go to the next bank, which would be from like 10 to 17 or 10 to 18 or whatever. Um, now all these sliders, they're in the position from 1 to 9. And now you've gone to the next bank. And now all these sliders are, you know, from the previous sounds. And in my opinion, it's just issues point less. Okay, So what I've discovered over the years is using a mouse is by far your fastest and easiest approach to using your music program. Your media keyboard is mainly just used for playing your melodies, K. Now, I'm gonna tell you what I personally suggest in a midi keyboard. Okay? It's your choice. If you want to get quality keys or kind of cheaper keys, you know, it might be the difference between, like, $100. So, you know, depending on your budget, that's up to you. Um, for me, I do like the kind of the more quality kind of feeling keys. Okay, Um, these transport buttons thes air. Huge. Okay, Now most midi keyboards come with them. But again, it's just a feature, which is essential Now, what this allows you to do is as you're actually making your beat, you can easily stop. You can easily play it. You can hit record. You're gonna play, you know, Let's say so. You know, let's say I was going to start composing Ah, piano piece, you know. So it hit record. I hit play. I'd wait for to count me in, like 123 And also boom, you start playing whatever. Now let's say I screwed up so it hits stop on my actual typing keyboard. I would hit control and Z to undo, and then I can hit play again and now accounts me in and I can keep playing even as like, I'm mixing my music or anything like that. This is just a really, really handy thing toe have inside a FL studio. This button right here, it allows you to go from pattern to song mode really, really fast. So it's just a workflow thing. I consider like my midi keyboard kind like the main hub off my work flow. You know, imagine that you're kind of like, um, driving like an airplane, like a spaceship or something. You know, they having only 30 like their dashboard and stuff like that, Always their main components, I would consider this is kind of like that So you know I can stop play. I can control my my music program right from here. So that is a necessity. OK, The next thing is, you know, all these keyboards come with an octave. Okay, So, again, if you have you have a 49 you know, keyboard are 49 key midi keyboard. This octave allows you to, um you don't go up and down. Ah, The next thing is, sir is gonna focus here. So it's pitch the one on the left here is pitch the ones here on the right is mod. Okay, so the pitch just allows you to go up or down and pitch on certain notes. You know, I don't use that stuff all the time, but it's kind of a nice feature. And the maude is more for if you want to adjust like vibrato or like a filter, you want to kind of open up a filter or close it. But in my opinion, I typically will do that when I'm mixing with my most okay, So sometimes it's cool just to play around with it, just to get an idea. But again, in my experience over the years, um just using the mouse has is by far the easiest approach to doing this. Um, so now one thing you do want to be careful with these midi keyboards, and this is more of the the expensive Midi keyboards. Okay, so ah, lot of these companies they talk about, like, integration inside, You know, it's instead of music programs. Um, and you also want to be careful if they promise for future things coming out. Okay, You always just want to buy a product, which is going to do what you wanted to do now and never rely on promises that are gonna come later. The reason why I say that is because Ethel studio actually isn't the best music program when it comes to integrating with your hardware. Okay, So when I bought this midi keyboard, it had this software this? No. Yeah, I guess software is a good word for it is, it was called direct link. And the whole idea behind direct link was when you plugged in your mini keep. You know that your medic you board your computer that if you opened up a V S t, it would automatically map all these knobs to the knobs on the V S t and you can automatically start adjusting and stuff like that. And I was like, Oh, so cool. I want to get hands on. But again remember I told you the easiest way to do things inside of music production in general is always with your mouths, K. But in my early stages, I thought, I want, like, that hands on feeling, you know, just like you see in the studios and stuff like that. Um, but fl studio didn't doesn't integrate that well, OK, we're going to get into FL studio here shortly, and I'll show you know how to set up your mini keyboard. They now have, like, templates and stuff that allow you to auto map all this stuff, make it work really, really easy. Um, but what I'm saying is, you know, this keyboard came with a feature called Direct Link. I've tried I've tried toe in like a Bolton, and it was cool. It was like it wrote it everything but inside of fl studio, it didn't. Okay, so it's kind of like it's all music program dependent And how that music program works with Ah, you know, the Midi keyboard and the features it has. And that's the reason why I said that. In my opinion inside fl Studio What? Your warning is your warning? A decent midi keyboard that has decent feeling keys. You want your transport buttons cake in that stopped play record? Um, and that is honestly, pretty much the essentials. OK, quality keys is transport buttons, and that's pretty much it. You know, if you wanna have these knobs, that's cool. A lot of times these midi keyboards, they start coming with these features, the more expensive you start paying, so you know you can't really get rid of them. In my opinion, I would just like to have quality keys from transport buttons and, you know, maybe, ah, but maybe, like the pitch bending mod. And again the octave always comes with ease Midi keyboards so that you can kind of reach the higher and lower octaves. Okay, so that was just kind of a little walk through of, ah, media keyboard. What you want in a meeting key were against what I personally recommend in a midi keyboard , because I've been producing for quite a long time now, and in my experience You know, um, I feel that the money to pay for quality keys is worth it. Now, what is the kind of the price range like, What am I talking about? From low to medium to high. So, like the low end range is probably from, like 82 like, $120 the medium range. You're kind of getting to, like, the 200 to $300. And then once you start going more than that again, you're getting all these features where efforts do you might not even take advantage of them. You know, depending on what music program you use, it might. But I personally I don't think it is worth it, you know, because the thing is these Midi keyboards, they do not have sounds in them. They're just used to play the sounds inside your computer. Therefore, you just want awesome keys, you know, transport buttons and you guys are good to go. Okay, 4. 3-What Is Midi: Okay, So in this video, we're gonna be talking about what is midi. Okay, so if you guys haven't checked up my podcasts, I just recently released an episode about midi and how easy Midi makes, you know, beat making for us. Um, and I talked about, you know, the old midi key cables. And now you know, many nowadays is just USB and stuff like that. OK, so actually have an old midi cable here. Okay, So had, like, five pins. It looks really, really similar to like an XLR cable, but this is it. And so how it would work is like it would leave on the out of your, you know, maybe keyboard, and it would go to lengthy in off a sound module. This is like the same cable as, like, a printer cable. So if you've ever lost your midi keyboard are like your actual midi keeper cable or it doesn't reach sometimes you you know, your printer cable could be a nice substitute for it's kind of a little cool trick. So, anyways, this is the one that goes into your actual computer. No, your typical USB. Nowadays it's USB C. Right? That's the new standard coming out. But this is what it's always been and then this and goes into your midi keyboard. And this is midi. Okay, so you know, the confusing thing for a lot of people when they first start up is they think that, um, you know, they need to get these many cables or something. But no, you want you want us be. It's super, super simple. It provides power to the actual devices. You can see this is on right now. The whole idea behind Midi and why it came out is because these companies they were creating all this different equipment and it wasn't able to integrate with each other. So, for example, imagine you bought, you know, midi keyboard from one company. And then he bought a sound module from another company. Sometimes there could be conflict in a sense of keeping things in sync. Uh, you know, and you also had, like, different channels. Like, for example, Um, you know, if I channel here, you can see the G Channel One and stuff like that. So, back in the day, you actually had to select different channels to go to different outboard gear for you know , if you want to play, let's say a piano on Channel one that on Channel two you would send different notes out to like a guitar. And then let's say you want, like a drum machine going on at the same time. You know, maybe you could do that online. Channel three So you you can control all these different sounds and different modules off of these different channels. And for us as beat makers nowadays, we literally just plug our USB cable into our keyboard into our computer, and it's done. You know, you're able, just as you can see here, if I just hit like some notes, was sick in the top left here. So up here, you'll see that it's rigid. It's read your string it. Okay, so if I hit like a stop, you can see I'm pushing Stop. Or if I hit record Okay, you can see I'm pushing record right there. Um, again, this buttons really, really handy. And fl studio is that the loop feature? And as you can see, it's gonna switch from pattern to song mode. Okay, so I use that one a lot, and if I just open up something like, uh, I'll keep it Like flex is like a new plug in that, um, image line. The makers of definite studio have created uh, Mrs School like seventies bounce. Put my headphones on here and it sounds like this I'll go down in pitch case. So as you can see, like, my octave is changing like this'll Ozzy to play lower. Okay, so midi is actually like a standard. It's a specifications, and you guys can actually go to the MIDI website, create an account and download the specifications for free. You know, you don't have to read it. I'm just saying that that is available to you, and that's what these companies base their products off of. To keep a nice standard. Okay, so, for example, like, let's say we talk about, like, the middle c. You know, it's given a number for example, like 63 or I don't know the actual number. But you know, the thing like the number up would be like the next know and stuff like that. And they even like the knobs these were all given. So, as you can see, see, see 23. So that's this knob this one right here is 27. This one right here is 29. And so when these companies create plug ins or create tools, they can a sign these knobs to their product. And it's just this standard so that it all just integrates really, really easily. Even if I move like this slider, you can see this one's 14. For example, if we come here to FL Studio and if you click the arrow on any plug in instead of FL Studio and if you go browse parameters you're going to see on the left hand side, these are all of the, you know, the available things that you can tweak. Okay, so this is just like flex. For example, if I open up like a compressor, this is just 1/3 party plug in. If I click here and go browse parameters you again, you can see all these different things will go attack. So I'm going to right click on a link to controller and just move, Then all bets up. Okay, so now I can move this knob right here. You can see it's moving on the screen now in addition with midi, so if I just kind of going to like the piano roll here. And if we just click some notes in, you know, it's like this. So this is midi. So we're able to click the notes in. We're able to adjust the length, were able to change the note whenever we want. And if I were to hit record, OK, so as you can see up here, um, record is pressed when I hit play, you know, I could just play like whatever notes, it will record those notes and then you have the ability to change the notes, change the length, um, and even take it further when you press that note, for example, let's say we press like the sea here and you know so again Midi knows that actual number off note, which you know which they assigned to being C five, for example, we're here. In addition to that, it's also going to send like the velocity information. So if I were to, like hit record, so it's just kind of delete this. I'm just gonna hit record hit play. So 123 counts be in. So, like I press it and press it light and press it hard. Okay, so as you can see, it assigned the actual velocity information with it. And this is how we can kind of make our music sound as close to as we actually played it. Okay, so, you know, if you were to play a real piano and you play the notes quieter or loud or whatever, it's like, you hear that it's quieter, louder. And this is how Midi takes the information and assigns it to make it sound realistic and now, even to go further. So when you actually press a note, this tells, you know, in in admitting messages, it's telling, you know, your V s t like your sound module, that that's like no on. Okay. And then when you let go, that's note off telling like the sound module to stop playing that note. Okay, uh, it was pretty is pretty cool. Like once you actually read further into it now even further, you know, like I said, there's like velocity. Um, that's kind of like you know how loud you've played the note. There's also even more things such as like after touch and stuff. So depending on your midi keyboard again, That's kind of getting more insulin. The more advanced Midi keyboards, more expensive ones. If I were to press a note, okay, that plays the sound. Now, if you've been pressed harder after you've pressed it down, this contributor a different, um, you know, assignment, let's say vibrato or tremolo. Okay, so let's do with either like, pitch or to do with, like, volume. So volume going up and down or pitch going up and down. So, you know, you compress the note than press it even harder and it can, you know, modulate even further again. That's just all to do with, like, midi and stuff like that. So I just wanted to talk about you know what is midi okay? Midi allows us to click Notes in allows us to adjust the length transpose from, like one keen scale to another key and scale Super super easy. It allows us to save our notes. Okay, so you know, like when you save a project and reopen it or if you can send it to somebody, that's all to do with MIDI. And that's how easy Midi has become, as you know, for us beat makers. And it's absolutely amazing. Now I just want to talk about velocity a little bit further. Okay? So when you you know when you hear velocity so within midi I'm just gonna tap this note here, okay? And if you look at the number right here, so tap light. So right now, we're only at, like, 9 25 33 Have it harder. So 27 is the max you can get. Okay, so it goes from 0 to 1 27 now, within music production, depending on the V EST here, you're you're using. Ah, good example is like direct wave here in fl studio service. Go insert instruments and I should have direct wave here somewhere. Um, maybe samplers. So this year's direct wave so direct wave is a really, really powerful V S t inside of Ethel studio. Um, but you can assign different velocities to play like different sounds. Say must like the f p c. So if I go insert and if we go drums, here's the f p. C. So, um, as you can see, this is the difference in loudness. So from as you can see in the top left. So from 0 to 65%. That's what they're saying. But really, it's the number from 0 to 1 27 Some companies even go from 1 to 1 28 So again, that's a little discrepancy in like the standard. But regardless, you're only able to have that amount of numbers. And so if we hit, you know are no sound a little bit lighter. So let's just actually click on it, Okay, as you can see from the headphones on just so I can hear with U S. So I'm gonna top it light. I hit hard, so C is able to trigger different sounds depending on how loud you actually press that note . And that's just to do with velocity. Okay, One last thing is maybe stands for musical digital interface, and in simple terms, it just allows you to play your keys on a keyboard like this with no sounds in it. And it just sends the MIDI information into your computer, for example, Note on and note off, uh, the number, you know. So what key are you actually pressing? It sends like the velocity with that key. Um, and it's just been a game changer in the beat making world, you know, to make music. It just makes it so easy. It allows you to collaborate Super, super easy. It allows you to change out sounds So, for example, you know, if you were only able to record a guitar, you know, like I imagine, actually have a good heart here on recording into a microphone. That guitar is that guitar. How you change it up is through effects. You know, if you put like a course effect on a delay a reverb fazer, that's how you kind of ma Julie and tweak that sound. But at the end of the day, it's still a guitar sound with Mickey, You know, we come here to, like, flex and we add in some notes like this, all you have to do is just come back to flex, change the sound. And now you are playing the same notes, the same melody in the exact same way. You know, depending how long or the velocity Even if you're right, click. You gonna just like panning and stuff like that. So you're playing the same melody, just a different sound. And that's what Midi allows us to do. A reminder to you is Ah, USB cable is midi. Okay. In my early years, I was kind of like, Oh, well, do I need those mini cables? Still No, that's the old standard. And many times you needed two of those cables and in and out, depending on what you're wanting to do. There's even also something called a committee through that allows multiple devices to react off of, like, that same kind of output kind of thing. But again, we don't even need to know that stuff nowadays. It's just you have your years be cable plugged into your computer. Um, and you guys are good to go. Okay. In her next video, I'm gonna talk about how to set up this actual midi keyboard instead of efforts studio with the night, the settings. So it would be a quick video. So let's get into that 5. 4-How To Enable A Midi Keyboard In FL Studio: Okay, So in this video, I'm gonna show you how to actually enable your midi keyboard inside of FL Studio. So, you know, you've already installed your driver already plugged it in already turned it on. Now, you come into FL studio, you start hitting keys and stuff, and you're like, Why isn't working? So the short cut in the side of FL Studio is to hit F 10 or you guys uncomfortable options and any of these options are always gonna bring up the same window. It just selects a different tab in that window. So, for example, as you can see, here is the audio general file and stuff like that. So, as you can see, this is all like the MIDI information. Now, I told you that the old devices used to have, like, the end and the out and like they still do. Except now you just need one cable for the end in the out. Whereas back in the day you would actually two cables. So, like the out from this keyboard to go to the input of another device and that you want out of that device to collect it in, You know, so one cable does it all now super simple. So here are the input from our midi keyboard. So we're pressing keys and we want to send that out into FL Studio. So in the case of my keyboard here, I actually have to enable both of these in order for me to get the transport buttons and stuff like that. But depending on your actual, um, keyboard, you should see it here. So once you turn it on, you should see it and efforts do. You has made this really easy. Now, I remember when I first start with FL Studio is a little bit tricky to get like these transport buttons set up in stuff. But they've created these templates now. Okay, so on your midi keyboard, you could just enable all of these cases Just click on it, literally click enable here and you're midi keyboard. You should be able to see it. You know, when you press keys. If you look up here, you can, um, now, depending on your brand. So let's say you had a Nikai or innovation, or in my case, I'm audios. Um, audio oxygen. Now, as you can see are certain this is an audio axiom. So as you can see here, I have an M audio Axiom keyboard. Now I'm going to try and find it in the templates, so we're gonna click here, and as you can see, you know, there's lots of different products that Ethel Studios created these templates. For now, they did not create an M audio axiom template. But what I'm trying to say is FL Studio created this template for pretty much M audio products. So I select the M audio oxygen 49 slash 61 because I have a 49 and that's it. Now I just made sure it just like that for both of them. And that's all it takes to enable your midi keyboard inside of fo studio just a matter of select your actual keyboard, select enable. And then, if you want to, uh, you know, use like your transport buttons many times you're gonna have to select a template, and it will automatically map all that stuff for you. So as you can see it, stop, you can see it's being pressed right here. So I've hit record and again the biggest one is like this pattern is like this loop feature . So as you can see, it's just switching in between for me. Um and you know, now I can just put some keys. Okay? So in our upcoming videos, we're gonna be talking about you know how to record notes, how to kind of route stuff around, like the sliders and stuff if you want. You know, if you want that kind of stuff. In addition, um, I actually used, like by actual typing keyboard back in the day if you don't have a midi keyboard, Uh, this is what I used to kind of learn fl studio. And as I started to advance as I start to realize that you don't want to play more beautiful compositions, it was like I need a keyboard note. In order to do that, you can, You know, if you're able to click stuff in the old, that's cool, but it just takes so long. Whereas the midi keyboard just allows for instant creativity, right? I will also show you later on. You know how to enter in things. Ah, as you can see, um, you can just see it lightly, but there are words appear I'll actually turn the camera around later, and I'll walk you through something like that if you want to do it. So anyways, that's just how you actually enable your mini keyboard. Super Super simple. In our next video on, we'll be talking to you about how to actually record notes and how to kind of get going building like those beats and stuff, okay? 6. 5-How To Record Midi Notes: Okay, So in this video, we're actually going to be talking about how to record your notes, you know, like your many notes. And we're gonna be making just a little bit of a beat here. Okay, so we'll make a quick drum loop, and then we'll get into the keys, will open up another V s t apply another instrument over top of that. And that will give you an insight to my workflow using midi. And hopefully kind of inspires you and kind of gives you kind of get to jump started with a midi keyboard as you're making your beets. Okay, so when I hit my keys Ah, this the actual camera here might look a little bit shaky like this A little bit. And if it does, I'm sorry, but I'm just gonna have to bear with me, Okay? So the first thing I'm gonna do is I typically like to kind of build like, a little drum loop first before I start adding my instruments in. Okay, So to do that, this is going our one shot samples. Um, you know, Theis kit is just buy exclusive audio, so just get like a kick drum here. That kick drum hits pretty nice. So how I do this is there's different patterns, okay? And, um, it's important to have your sounds on different patterns so that as you start to build your song out, start to build your arrangement that you have the flexibility to add or remove these instruments to build, like your intro, your versus you're chorus, your outro. Okay. Whereas if they're all in one pattern, you don't have the flexibility. So for the sake of this course and this video, I'm just gonna build my drum loop all in one pattern. But typically, I would even separate that stuff. So, like my kick drums is one pattern by collapse are just one pattern. My high hat's another pattern again. Dis flexibility for arrangement, but to keep it simple. Let's just add in a kick drum. Let's add in. I clap. Some like that need this snare as well. Okay, just for a layer, Okay. And then we'll get ah, high hat. Maybe too high odds. Yes, that's a good one. And you did this to you. Okay. Okay. So let's just kind of make more like a hip hop ish kind of be so I'm just first thing I'm gonna do is just lower the tempo. Put two like, let's say, 88. Let's increase, um, swing swing adjusts your eighth notes so each one of these is 1/16. Okay, as to what that means is, you need to 16th to create an eighth, which is all of these ones. K. So it might be easier if I just click the men. So all of these are eighth notes K. And this is what swing adjusts. And what it's doing is it's just nudging the notes over just a little bit so that your music doesn't sound so rigid because that is a problem with computer music is your music can sound really, really rigid and really, really robotic. So by applying techniques like that, you know, we think swing or manually note nudging. You can get a little bit more humanistic flavor into your music. Okay, so let's just build a just a quick drum loop. So our collapse, they're gonna go on the two and the four. So I just like those in here. A little shortcut is you can press control and see and in control and v is just gonna copy and paste that cause this is my clap. This is my snare. So maybe the snare will kind of turn down. It's a little bit. It's just a layer just for both. First of more body, uh, are kicking here, do something like this. We'll just hear how it sounds. Uh, but this high hat on every single second step and we'll just kind of play around with this one. Something like this. Okay, now, to get a little more creative, we could go into the piano roll. And again, this is with midi. So if you hold on control and right click, it puts everything you know, full screen. You can adjust in velocities in here, and it just goes a little bit of bounce to your drum loop. OK, case over one, add more in here. Okay, so just gonna leave it like that, Okay? Again, You can get really, really technical really, really intense with this stuff. So the first thing I'm gonna do is I'm going to label that pattern drum loop. OK, so if you click the arrow appear, you can see that you cannot rename and color, but the shortcuts f too. I love the shortcuts. They always speed you up so good. Have to gonna write in capitals on their gold drums and then you can hit have to just to give it a random color, as you can see, Or you can literally just click this and you can select any color you want. Okay, So in this case, let's just put it kind of green. So enter. And what I do is add this drum loop into the playlist, and then I go to a new pattern to create my melodies. Okay. And this will allow you to listen to this drum loop, you know, instead of listening like a metronome. So if I just hit the plus in my number pad, I use the number pad a lot in FL studio. Okay. So, for example, if among the playlist the divide and times signs so that the Ford Slash or the asterisk ah of asterisk goes forward and the divide sign, or like this, Ford's logical is back. Ah, but also the minus. In the plus, if you look in your patterns, it allows you to go forward and back. You can also go from 1 to 9. That's just a little thing that I do. But to go to a new pattern, You guys can also click here. You guys can select any of these. And the nice thing by selecting one of these is you will have a little pop of appear. But the thing is, it's like many times I don't know the instrument I'm gonna be creating. So all this had to escape so many times. It's just like, Okay, I'm just gonna go to a new pattern. We're gonna go to our keys here. In this case, I do know it's a piano, so I'm just gonna have to type in piano Hef to to give it a color. In this case, it's that purple. OK, that's that's right. Just assigned it as so if I have to again. So is that color I'm gonna push with little screw my middle scroll wheel in on the keys and a straight piano. And if you hit F three, it's Z. It remembers the last color you just used. Okay, it brings it up or it's always saves it at the very, very top. The very, very last color. You just enter on So there we go. OK, so now how this works is I You know, my first pattern. I've added it into the playlist. Okay, I hit the plus on my number pad. If you don't have the number pad, you know, just go to a new pattern by their by clicking the plus up here again, any of these. Or you could just use that your scroll wheel on this as well. Okay, so I've added into the playlist. We are in song mode. Okay, this is really, really important. Because if you're in powder mode and he hit play, you'll see that it's playing right. But we're not hearing anything. And that's because we're in the pattern, which doesn't have anything. If I hit the minus, we're gonna go back to drums. And now you know, this is like the drum move, Okay? But it's only playing the pattern. We want to listen to this song as a whole. Okay? Another thing you want to think about is if what you're gonna if what you are going to record is longer than the drums here you are going to want to extend this. So I highlighted that with control and left, click and pressing control and be to duplicate. So you know, if you want to record something this long, you're gonna want to put the patterns at least this long. Otherwise, what's gonna happen is the drums are going to stop, But you're gonna be able to keep recording, and it kind of throws you off. Okay? I want to suppress control and Z to undo that. Ah, and then control Alton Zito, Get rid of it. Okay, so I'm just on a new pattern here. I'm in psalm mode. If I were to hit record and then hit play, it's gonna count me in. Okay, so let me just enable the camera here. Okay? So I just want to walk through, You know how to set yourself up to record. So, you know, again, if you're new to FL Studio, how you can actually add these instruments into the step sequencer is you know, you're like the plug ins. Ah, I just have mine organized this way. He's what you call generators. Okay. So you can just go, like installed. You can go to generators, go fruity. These are all just the different ones, you know, You go, like, three times oscillator, you know? So it's like, right. And if you want, you know, these different you know, presets. If you click, appear in Coach, uh, channel presets three times oscillator. You could just gonna drag these kind of things in, You know, just to get just get different sounds. Ah, accordion. So Okay, so there's just that I'm not going to use three times oscillator, though, of press ault and delete and just hit. Enter. But the easiest way to add instruments in is, um, just by right clicking and going insert, and you can add in, you know your generator. Okay. Your sound module, Your V s t. OK, so you know, just so that you could actually add a generator in so you can kind of start playing. Okay, The next thing that's really, really important is to enable this countdown before recording. So again, look at the top left corner. This is so powerful enough all studio, it's always going to describe to you know what you're doing in this case, this is countdown before recording. So if this is not enabled when you go to hit record, okay, you can see that in FL Studio is now enabled. If I were to hit play, it's gonna count me in, like 123 And so what that does is it gives me time. So hit record hit play. Now I have time to get my hands positioned if it's not enabled. K As soon as I hit play, I'm recording right away, and that makes it really, really annoying because you don't have enough time, Okay? So just make sure to have that enabled and again. So for workflow, that's all it is. It's just a matter of adding in your instrument. Um, having the countdown enabled record Gay. If you press record for the first time, a pop up will appear. Just select everything and what we've done is we've created a drum loop. We've added it into the playlists. I just hit the plus to go to a new pattern. Now that we have our piano here, I can literally hit play with the record on. It's gonna count me in and I can record something right away. Now, many times I don't have the record on and I'm gonna hit play. The song is gonna play, you know it's just like this drum loop. And this allows me to practice. You know, what do I want to create? You know what kind of where my warning to kind of go with the B two. I wanna really kind of have courts that tap. I don't want more like a melody. Um, OK, so it's just all about finding your workflow many times. I just don't record off, you know, Right off the start, I try to find something I like once I'm happy. All recorded. Okay. So, for example, just hit stop and hit Stop. Because that's gonna put the position all the way to the beginning. If you imagine the cursor was here putting it stopped, just reset it. So I know that the song is going to start from the beginning. I'm gonna hit play the drum that is going to go. Okay. And then Aiken just kind of find something that works. So here we go. So way. Okay. You know, just for example, So to keep it simple. Morning. I'm just gonna play just a few chords so I could hit record. Okay, I'm gonna hit play is gonna count me in, and then I'll record. So here we go. Wait. Just like that. Okay, so I hit space Bar to stop the recording. I'm going to turn record off. Okay, I'm gonna double click the piano now. I'm just what you disable of the the piano for a second here. So what I'm gonna do isn't gonna hold on control and right click. It zooms everything in. Now I like to Kwan ties. Things is kind of like to, you know, there's an offense, this people on each side. There's some people who are, like never Kwan ties. And there's some people who qualifies everything I personally like to Kwan ties, and then I will manually note, nudge or, you know, applied these techniques to make it more humanistic flavor. I just find when I kwon ties, it allows editing to be a lot easier. So if you look here, you have all these lines, OK? And up here is your, um your snap. Okay, like the magnet. So if you click this and this a go half beat, you could see I don't have many areas to place my sound, so I don't want to Kwan ties on that quanta izing just snaps to grid To keep everything in sync doesn't mean everything you know is going to sound good. It just means that it's gonna be ah, on time, for the most part, or if it's not, it makes it a lot easier to adjust. Now, the shortcut to Kwan ties is control and Q So click the arrow. You go to tools, you can see quick Kwan ties is control and Q Okay, so I'm gonna press control and right click, and I'm gonna press control and Q again, and you can see that everything is kind of snap to Grid K again with digital music. It can sound really, really robotic. Really, really rigid. Ah, but we can fix that by, um, you know, applying some techniques. I'll show you here in a second, so I can see right away that this note probably right here is off time. So I'm just gonna move it over. Um, But what we're gonna do is we're just gonna hit play. We're gonna listen to it. Since we're in song mode, that means that the drum loop is gonna play. Okay, so this drum loop and the piano gonna play now since, um the piano is only two bars, so each of these is a bar. OK, so like, we have like one bar 23 So we have four bars. K. The piano is only two bars. I'm just going to remove the two of you know, the two bars off the drums because otherwise what's gonna happen is the piano is going to stop playing and the drums are going to keep playing. And it's like, Well, I want to keep listen to that piano because we want to try and edit these notes. So I'm gonna remove that again. You can hold on control and right click make it bigger there to Ah, so let's just hit play again. We're in song mode is gonna play the drums along with the piano. OK, so let's just listen, Okay? So, listening to this, I feel that this note right here is playing too quick. So let's extend the length. Maybe this just kind of keep it consistent. Just for now, this kind of just to kind of keep it consistent. Listen, let's just listen one more time, okay? So right here. Let's add in this note here just for fullness because it sounded full. Then it sounded a little bit weak. All that you listen to, it sounds a bit weak. So, gimmick, you can just click here and stuff to, uh you want to start here? So add this in here. And so now here's how you can kind of make it sound a little more humanistic. Okay, so if you hold on shift and the scroll wheel, you can note nudge case. So, for example, like this one are here holding on shift and scrolling and you could see I could make it late or early, So let's just make it just a little bit late and we will zoom in just a little bit on that , Okay, so it's a little bit late, will make this one is a little bit early, will make this one early and like late. And this is something that you have to play around with. I'm not gonna go too much, you know, too intense with it. But that's how you can kind of make your music sound a little more humanistic. In addition, you could hold on Ault and the scroll wheel, and you can adjust the velocity of just individual notes. Okay, so whereas if I were to actually click it, you're gonna see it's going to adjust all the notes. Um, well, in this case, because I've manually note nudged their no, like, I'm not playing exactly the same time. But if we use this one as an example, you'll see that is just all the no, you know, all of them. And it's like, Well, you don't want that. So if you do want to adjust them, you can hold on Ault and this role wheel, okay. Or you can highlight multiple by holding on control and left clicking. And again you can hold on Ah, alter the scroll wheel and those two will adjust. Okay? Or you can note nudge two of them at a time or so. If you listen to that, so could hit stop and in play. Okay, so now I'm just going to create one more melody with you just to share that process with you. But again, if you guys want to learn how to actually play the piano, how to play these chords and stuff like that, just check out my courses called Learn piano for beat makers and producers and you guys are gonna learn how to actually play chords and melodies and what notes you're allowed to play within, like these keys and scales, and it sounds more intense than what it really is. But in all honesty, it's really, really simple, especially once your eyes have been revealed to it. And then you guys were on your way. You guys will actually know how to play the keyboard K. And then it's just a matter of finding catchy melodies. Whereas if you don't know what notes are allowed to play, well, then you're figuring out, you know, the notes allowed to play in addition to a catchy melody, which is super hard. So in my case, I am actually playing this in the key of skin, the key and scale of C minor. Okay, in these scales, you're actually only allowed to play seven notes. Okay, so it doesn't matter for six c minor or C major. A major, a minor. Whatever. Um, you're only able to play, uh, seven notes, which means that those cords have to have those notes. Okay, again, you guys can check with the course is called Learn Piano for beat makers and producers and you guys will actually learn how to use this piano to make your beats. So the reason why I'm saying that is because when I go to create a new instrument or a new melody over top of this piano, I already know the notes I'm allowed to play. Now it's just a matter of finding a catchy melody. It is honestly, such a difference when you have that knowledge. So I'm just going to right click here and they're gonna go insert, and I'm going to Ah, add in silent one. Okay. So sorry. Are just remove this, So I'm going to right click here. Gonna go insert. We're gonna go instruments and we're going to go silent one. So silence one in serum are pretty popular. Uh, V STS Okay, Marshall. Silence One. And so I have tons of free banks available to you. You guys to check more on YouTube or if you're a part of my membership, you guys can also get them for free in there too. So let's just go. Ah, zip. It s o k. Maybe a little bit loud, somewhere turned down. And ah, now again, The biggest thing is going to a new pattern. Okay, so let's just close out of that for the moment. So right now we are on piano. OK, so so far, we have drums and piano. And if already hit play, we're gonna hear the drums and the piano. Let's just listen to it, okay? And that we just loop forever. Okay, Now, again, I'm telling you that it's nice toe have all of these different sounds in different patterns , so you can add and remove them when you need to to build out your arrangement. So now that I have my new V S t right here, I'm just gonna hit Ault in the down arrow. Now that it's highlighted, I usually like to have my instruments in order. Right. So, you know, right now we're We've already created the piano, so I want that one. Now I'm gonna have the plus in my number pad again. You guys conflict the plus here, or you guys can go to a new pattern by doing it this way. I just hit the plus. It just I just find it really, really fast. Okay, So I'm just gonna hit space bar. The song is gonna play, and I'm gonna try and create a little melody over top off this song. Okay, Now again, make sure you're actually highlighted on the instrument on the generator on the instrument that you want. Okay, this is a piano or drums. Okay. So make sure you're actually on the instrument. I'm not recording right now. I just want to try and find a little catchy loop. So again, I hit. Stop. Put it all the way to the beginning of the song. Even though it is, I just like to do that. Okay. Just like a habit that I'm gonna hit. Play the songs, gonna play We're gonna try and find a little melody. Okay, So now imagine you're sitting here and you played something, and you're just like, oh, so catchy. I wish I could. Could have recorded that. Okay, the things you can. So if you come up here to tools, okay? And you're going to go to a dump score log to selected pattern. Now, I do suggest you go to a new pattern before you do this because it can overwrite what you've previously done. You know, imagine you played some more piano after you recorded. It's gonna overwrite that. So just go to a new pattern. Come to tools, dump, score, log to selected pattern into school. Last two minutes. Okay. So you can see, you know, here's piano. Here's what Those drums when I played that. So I'm gonna press control and x to cut that and then controlling ex to cut this. I'm gonna open this up. Press control and right click. Just assume everything in. And I'm just going to zoom into this area over here, and, um, I'm going to grab maybe from I know I started on like a c Siri here. Okay, so maybe we'll just kind of grabbed this k and I'm just going to cut and I'm gonna press delete, delete it all on press control and V okay. And then press control and right click. It's gonna make it all big screen. Okay, So what I did was I just took what I wanted out of that I deleted the rest and again to delete you. Just press literally delete not backspace, but delete care. And you would delete it to bring it back. Just control and see. So now again, I'm gonna Kwan ties by pressing control. And Q. Okay, I'm just gonna enter. It makes the piano roll smaller. And, um so, because I didn't record it, didn't add it into the playlists. Okay, so for example, I'm gonna go a new pattern by it in the plus. If I were to hit record and hit play again. Since the countdown's on, it's gonna count me in. We're gonna hit play to through K. So So now I hit space bar, and, as you can see, it added it in there. So, for example, let's just go with this one because, you know, I just played it. So, you know, here's pattern three. Here's pattern four that when I just played So I'm gonna push in my middle school. Well, here can again. I typed in capitals in FL Studio. I just I just find it looks cleaner. I'm gonna type lead just, for example, f to just give it a random color. I like to have colors that are different from what's going on. Okay. And I'm gonna enter there. Actually, here's a quick little shortcut. Press control and a to highlight it all press control and see to highlight lead K enter, So this is colors the sound. But as you can see, we're still pattern for we want to actually know label pattern for to be lead, and we want that same color. So again, if you click here, you can see that you have the option to rename and color. So I'm just clicking here heading F two. That's the shortcut. And since I just highlighted lead press control and V, there's lead again. Ethel Studio remembers the last color you just saved, which is kind of like this orangey kind of ish color. So f three or you guys can also click here and again. It stores as the very, very first color. So does enter. And as you can see, you know, we're all organized. Everything looks great. So now let's just go back to our melody here. I'm gonna enter on it again press control and right click, and makes it kind of, you know, bigger. You can also go control, right click and hold, and you can zoom in to suit certain areas to pretty cool. So I press control in Q two quantities that and let's just listen to what it is. So I'm gonna turn off record again. I'm in psalm mode, and I know that the melody is in the playlist. And so I know that it's gonna play all our instruments at all, you know everything. So let's just hit, um, Space bar. Okay, so this one's off beat, okay? Just listen closely. You know, if you're new to this, you're gonna have a train, your ear. But I heard right away that this is off beat because we needed to be here. Not there. Okay, so right here, let's put this on the way. Now, this is the power of Midian. You know, you can delete stuff. You can add stuff in, you know, be something like that. Maybe local s and then work our way down back to the to the D and then we'll try this case , so, you see, kind of a little bit weird there again. This is just where you'll have to kind of, you know, work with it and make it work for your song. But that's kind of just the process of using midi, um, in your productions. So just to walk through how I approach it now to make a be there is to process is, you know, you can either start with the drum loop first, or you can start with the instruments first. You know, it's up to you. There is no right or wrong. It's just whatever you feel at that moment. But in this case, I actually played over a drum loop, you know? So you guys can actually just play over like a Metrodome. Okay, So I'm just gonna go new pattern gold Metrodome, go pattern. And if I does it play so you guys can play, You know, the piano over this, for example, 34 Okay, so you know, if you want something to play over, but I kind of find that a little bit boring. You know, as a beat maker, I find it a lot better to play over a drum loop. You know, if I hit one goes to drums here. And if I play this getting our Children, Metrodome can play some piano. So again, I built the drum look first into a pattern. I gave it a label. I gave it a color. I put it right into the playlist k. I hit the plus in my number pad. You know, I added in the piano. And then it's just a matter of going to song mode because now that that, um and as you can see when I go from pattern and a series of go to song mode look for that cursor, Okay? The cursor appears. Okay, now that I'm in psalm mode is gonna play what's ever on the playlist. So it's gonna play those drums. I record the piano it as it right into the playlist. When I'm done, I open up the piano roll either by right clicking, going piano roll here, left clicking here or you can double click here case there's multiple ways to do something inside of fl Studio And then again, to create a new melody I just opened up a different synth A different V S t A different generator hit the plus and I just, um, created a new melody. And again, the reason why I mentioned about putting things into different patterns is because, you know, if I have, like, this whole in our control and left clicking, okay, impressing control and be a couple of times be isn't Bob got a hold on control and right click Now you can simply just remove stuff, you know? Like, imagine. You know, it's kind one. Do this, you know. And now you can actually build your arrangement. Imagine this is like our intro. Ah, you know, we add our drums in a little bit later. We have our piano drums, goes like the lead. Then this is like, let's say, our course whatever, just just to give you guys a quick example. But that's the reason why it's important to create your melodies and your sounds in different patterns, even the drums here. Okay, you know, all this is is in one. So if you know within a song, many times, it's like you have sections where it's just like the drums and the collapse. Then you add those high hats and because that creates, like, energy and stuff. But right now it's like it's they're all playing, you know? Okay, I can't get away from that unless I start breaking it out into a different pattern. Okay, So hopeful that inspires you, gets you up and running, improves your workflow with your midi keyboard again. These transport controls are awesome. Just a matter of play. Um, you know play records. Stop this feat. This button right here is really powerful for, like you looping in between. So, um, let's get to the next video. 7. 6-How To Route Knobs And Sliders: Okay, So in this video, I'm going to show how to route your knobs and sliders. You only if you wanna just like a slider to do something inside of Silence one. Here, um, there's two approaches you can take to doing this. You can override generic links, which permanently sets up these knobs to, you know. So whenever you open up, silence one, it's always gonna work that way. Or you can set it up just like that current session. So the easiest way to approach it is by clicking multi link to controllers again. If you look in the top left here, the hint panel, I'm just going to select multi link to controllers. Now, how this works is, um let's just say we want to adjust all of these knobs with these knobs right here. Okay? So I'm just gonna do it in order. Should be like, ah, volume, phase de tune stereo, just for example. Okay, so now that I have multi link to controllers enabled, what I do is you just move each knob. So when I move a knob, you're gonna see it registers it right here. Okay, So I'm gonna go phase now. you can see it. Just read. Uh, just added right there, D tune. Okay, we're gonna go stereo, and we're also gonna go pan Now, that's it. Now, all you have to do is yet to move the knobs in order. So in this case, we have 1234 and five. I just want to that in orders, this one's gonna be volume, so just move it. Okay, so now this popped up. Now we're gonna be on the second knob. Okay? So I just move this note, That's all I do. Just move it. We're gonna de tune. I just moving up. Okay. Number on four. Gonna move this. Stop. Okay, now we're gonna be on five, which is their last number here. Boom. Okay, so now if I just follow this. So this one's volume So now you can kind of adjust it. And as you can see as I adjust it, you can see, like, you know, I'm on like your 64. And again it's because the 1 27 So remember I told you that Midi is from zero Difficult zero. You go all the way to 1 27 Okay. And that's just how many works that that's what the minimum and maximum value that you can get. And so that was volume. You know, this one here would be, ah, phase case I turned up This one's like de tune. This one is stereo. Okay, on this one is your penny, You know. So again, if you're doing sound design, you can kind of tweak it, work that way, you know, it's pretty cool. But again, Like I said, in my opinion, over my years of being in music production for quite a while now, I've always just found just your most. In all, honesty is the easiest way to do things. But again, it's all up to you and how you want to do it. Okay, Now you guys can also right click, and you guys can go override generic links. K. But what you want to do is again you just click the multi late two controllers. You're gonna move what knobs you want. So again, it's gonna You're gonna see it right here so they'll move like volume on buffets K. Now, instead of moving a knob right away, you want to actually, right? Click on it. You go override generic links. Now, as you can see, it's popped up this window. Now again, whatever knob I move, it's gonna permanently adjust this silence one so that, you know, if I close a full studio, reopen it, it's all gonna be linked. Okay? The same thing with the slider. Okay, so you just select the knob. Um, this move, which one you want? So, in this case, this one, you know, even if you want, like, the attack. Okay, so we have to do just move a slider. So the 1st 1 is going to volume. I'll just do that a number of the second. And as you can see what I'm moving. These is opposite. So what, I'm going up is bringing it down. So what we're gonna have to do is again this, like this again. Let's adjust the volume. It's also adjust the attack. Okay, Now, I'm just going to right click this. We're gonna go linked to controllers. Okay. Now, inside of the mapping formula, you're gonna click, um, right here and we're going to go inverted. Okay, So what that's going to do is it's gonna tell we want the opposite value toe happen. So I'm gonna go. Um, I'll move a slider now, Okay? And I move again. I have to go inverted, and we're going to move the slider. Okay, so that's just the case of this midi keyboard. Your midi heward might be different, but be better, but in my case, that's what it's doing. But now, if I go down, you can see volumes going down and volumes going up in the attack. The attacks going up and the attack is going down. Okay, so that's just kind of how you wrote these knobs and sliders again. I don't really use them. Tons. I've always just found in my later years, especially the most is just the fastest way to do things. But in case you do want to get their hands on, try it out, have some fun with it. That's how you guys do it. Okay, just a matter of going, um, multi link to controllers, move the knobs you want, and then move the knobs, or if you're having problems with it before you actually move a knob. So, for example, you actually click multi link to controllers. You move whatever you want, then just right click go link to controllers. If you just wanted just to be temporary or if you want to be permanent, you go override generic links and that's it. 8. 7-Uses Of Your Qwerty Typing Keyboard: Okay, so I just want to make a really, really quick video about your actual typing keyboard. So if you don't yet have a midi keyboard or if you do, um, I still even use my typing keyboard sometimes just to test out a sound or if I'm actually mixing so f six year brings up the step sequencer. Um, you know, many times what I'll do is I'll hit Q a lot, and this is C five. OK, so you could see right up here again with Midi. When you press down, I know it's no on. When you let go of that note, it's no off. And again if you look at the top left here on a press Q. It actually shows, Uh, no on and I'm holding it down. So we have no on C five velocities. 100. Okay, but if I press it here, you can see that. Sorry, if ever has it here. You can see that. You know, if I press it quieter, you can see that, you know, right now we're at like, uh, 28. But if pressed harder, you know, like 1 19 and getting 1 27 like the loudest you can get. So this is like defaulted to 100 no matter how hard. Because it isn't velocity sensitive. It's just it's just a note, you know, it's just your keyboard. But anyways, I call this the Quartey keyboard because it's queer T right there. Right? So from Q to why this is Corti. Okay, So many times, You know, if I want to test out a sound of rescue, okay? And in order to make sure that you can play sounds off your actual keyboard here is You just have to come up here into FL Studio and you're gonna select typing keyboard to piano keyboards. If I disable it, you'll see when I press Q. It doesn't work. OK, so you have to make sure this is enabled and you can actually play. This is, you know, you could play tons of notes and stuff. So if I go like the piano, uh, you play chords. Okay. Now, again, it isn't velocity sensitive, So everything is going to sound really, really rigid, really, really static, But this is what I used when I was first learning fl Studio. It helped me out so much you know, just learned the program. I think I used FL Studio for about three or four months, even before getting a MIDI keyboard. And then it came to that point where it was like a I want to be able to start playing beautiful piano pieces. You know, it really didn't know piano too well at that time. But, um, you know, eventually I start to learn the piano started learning about cords, improvisation what's required as a beat maker playing the piano again, Just check out learn piano for beat makers and producers. That's the name of the course. You guys will learn how to improvise on a piano from beat makers perspective. But again, that's just how I would use this keyboard. Even nowadays, with a Midi keyboard, I still use my taping keyboard. I just make sure this is enabled. And then, you know, let's say I'm mixing. So, for example, if I was working on the drums here, for example, many times I hit the cue and you know, if it's been routed like my mixer, you know, for example, if I wrote, it's like, let's say, insert nine and let's say I had a compressor on. Here we go Like dynamics we call like this is 1/3 party compressor. You can also use that The fruity limiter. That's a pretty cool Ah, plug in that comes with Apple studio. So if I wanted to kind of test out a sound many times as I'm actually dialing the sounds many times, Allah compress it. The biggest thing with effects is you want to be making sure you have a fair volume comparison. So, for example, if I press it right now, sounds like that. But if I turn off, isn't that the same volume, uh, pressing que chair back on? So pretty similar. Okay, so again, just a fair volume. Comparisons really, really important. But again, that's just how I use a typing keyboard. It's still I still use it all the time, even with my real piano keyboard. But if you don't have a piano keyboard, you can still use a typing keyboard just to get you going just to kind of be a little bit creative on your melodies and start flowing. Okay, 9. 8-Entering Midi Commands: Okay, So the last video I want to make in this course is how to and it the I guess, different features on your midi keyboards. As you could see above each key here, we have different options. Such as like, uh, you know, data one data to ah meme dump. Ah, we have, like, store curve, draw bar. Um, now, you you guys will have to read the manual to figure out which each of these do. But there is something that I do adjust on my midi keyboard. Um, even still to date, and you only have their just at once. So for example, um, you know, if you plug it in for the first time, I'm not sure it might even be even if you plug in different USB ports. I'm not sure there, but it's just the velocity. So how sensitive your keys are. And I typically don't like my keys being supersensitive. If they're super super sensitive, that means that you have to be a very, very good piano player because you know, when they play very, very well, they even know sensitivity on that, their fingers for emotion, right? And it's just like that's even like the next level, if that's even past advanced. Like that's an expert level classical pianists. So I like to adjust by velocities so that there is some sensitivity going on, but it's not super sensitive. Okay, so you know, like when I press my know, there is some sensitivity, but it's not to the point where it's, like, super quiet if I press it. You know, um and it's just like the threshold of how sensitive it is. So again, you guys will have the reference your own midi keyboard manual. But this is typically the walk through of it just to get you going. Okay, So what you want to do is you're going to see that there is edit here. So you just hit at it, okay? It's gonna public that Then you have all your different options right here. So in this case, it's like control the sign controlled zone channel. Um, you know all these different things Now I'm going to assume that velocity is curved. Actually, it is so good. Ok, so as you can see, it's V curve. So right now it's on C one Now, in order to adjust the number there, you'll see on the right hand side, you have from 0 to 1 to take to nine and stuff like that. And then you also have enter. So after you assign a value, so right now it's like, see one. So again, I don't know if C one is super sensitive or whatever. I would have to check out my manual. But if I were to assign, you know, let's say, like, uh four to it. You know, I just hit this this key right here before and once I'm done, you hit enter, and then it would actually register. Register it into the MIDI keyboard, and it would set it up that way. A lot of these things again is if you're working with, like, outboard gear and you want to do you know it's do different stuff. But for us beat makers, all you need is this Bt keyboard right here. You know this cable, it goes right into your computer. Ah, you turn on your midi keyboard and you're good to go. That's how simple it is. Okay? And before I leave you guys, I just want to share with you the back of a midi keyboard. Okay, so as you can see right here, you know, these are like the old midi ports. You know, this was to connect the old audio gear if you wanted to send it out to the ah sound module . Sound module is just ah, piece of hardware that has different sounds. You don't just like a v s t like silence one or something like that. So you can see you have a cure midi out your Midian thes air. Like if you want. Like a sustained pedal, just like a riel pedal on like a piano right here is like USB. You don't That's you literally just need to play USB for power. You do not need the nine volt DC power, so you literally just plug in your USB cable, Turn it on and you're good to go. Okay, So I just want to show you this just to kind of for completeness of this video. Um, for the most part, this is what many keyboards come with. Ah, but again, USB is now midi. It makes it super, super simple. And that's all there is to 10. 9-Using A Midi Keyboard Course Wrap Up: Okay, so that is our course on MIDI. Hopefully it inspires you a little bit in the sense of understanding what Midi is. Ah, when you have your keyboard, you know, installing that driver, uh, you know, connecting it How Midi Keyboard works in a sense of how it controls your sounds inside your music program through your V s t. How you can edit your notes, how you can just like velocity. Uh, not, you know, note nudge, you know, So Midi is awesome. Okay, maybe has done so much for us. It's absolutely amazing. I'm super, super grateful for midi. Um And as I was starting to read into that specifications again, you don't need to read that at all. If you just want to make beats, I wish is more just kind of reading it just for learning for myself as well as to be more educated as I'm teaching, like a course like this. Um, but yes. So really, it was more just to do with, ah, these companies creating a standard and in all honesty, that's really hard to find in a lot of industries for companies actually become all together create a specifications that they all follow. And then they could all branch off of and be creative off of that specifications. That way, all of their hardware works. All there products work, all the tools work. Ah, we haven't really good as music producers. Um, as I mentioned in my podcast episode is Episode number 22. Um, I mentioned that your audio interface at the moment in music production is probably your bottleneck like your biggest hindrance. And that's just to do with audio. Layton. See, so inside of FL Studio, if you have 10 that's like the settings, or you can go to options and any of these settings. So it is cold here. Now, if you go toe audio, you're going to see you have, ah, your buffer length here. Now it's really important that you select some type of ASIO driver. If you have your audio interface, I personally suggest you use your audio interfaces as your driver typically there quoted, Well, they perform better. Ah, but in the case of me doing these courses, I need to be on efforts to do as you go so that my recording software actually recognizes the audio like the desktop audio like FL Studio Audio. Okay, so you're going to see something here called your buffer length. Okay. Now, depending on how powerful your computer is, you may have to adjust this throughout the process of your song. Nowadays, computers have gotten quite powerful. You don't really need to adjust this too much. And also, depending on your audio interface, for example, I have the focus, right? Scarlett to I two is the second generation compared to the first generation, I'm able to get way better performance. They don't even have the third generation out s o. I don't even know how much better that is now. But so in the early stages of your song. So right now you know, I had, ah, drums the piano and this, like lead here. So our song is you know, there's pretty basic is not much going on. Okay. In that case, in the early stages of production, you can kind of lower your buffer length published like 5 12 and you're midi keyboard is gonna be very, very responsive. Okay, But as your song starts to grow, you may start experience what's called under runs. As you can see, here's under runs And what under run is is your throwing too much information at your CPU in order for it to process. So what, you're what's gonna happen is you're gonna get glitches, pops, and you're kind of stutters, and it just sounds horrible and you'll hear instantly. And you're like, What's going on with my computer? So what you have to do is you have to increase your buffer length, and the problem there is that you're actually introducing Mawr Layton see into your playing . So that's even if you're gonna be recording into a microphone. You know, like, let's say you had a huge composition. You had a singer come and they're going to sing into the microphone. If you have this at, like 2048 I that's gonna be too much later and see if they want to monitor themselves. And typically, you know when you're recording, whether the guitar or singing Ah, you want to be able to hear yourself back on. You might want a process like some reverb on that play back. You know you don't want to record the voice with the river. You just want to be able to, you know, So they can hear themselves with reverb many times that can result in a better performance out of the singer or whatever, or even as you're playing the keys and stuff. So what I'm trying to say is, when you're buffer length is higher, you're gonna have late and see it's gonna make it harder to play your keyboard. This is to do with you know how powerful your computer is the type of audio interface you have. Ah, but what I'm saying is, in the early stages, you can typically get away with, you know, 5 12 I probably wouldn't go less than 5 12 FL Studio kind of says that it's unnecessary strain on your computer. Ah, but 5 12 is very, very responsive. You're gonna get nice a response of keys as you play them sounds, you know, pretty natural. But again, depending on the power of your computer, you may have to increase this buffer length throughout the process of your production. You know, when you start getting into mixing, you're going to be adding on lots of effects. In the mastering stage again, you're gonna be adding more effects. And by the end of that song, you know, depending on the power of your computer, your computer may not be able to handle You know what you're throwing at it. So you may have toe ad. Um, you increase the buffer length, And then in addition, if you've maxed out and you're still getting under runs, you guys can still try even to trip the triple buffer. Um, so that's just all I just wanted to say is like when it comes to actually playing your midi keyboard. Ah, you may have to kind of play around with this. And what I was trying to say is, you don't Maybe where it's at is awesome. Just like the audio interfaces. Ah, the Layton see is probably like, You're probably like your biggest bottleneck as a producer. OK, so some key takeaways I want you guys take away is USB is maybe OK, and then on your actual midi keyboard, you know, the biggest thing is like I would say, transport controls. So again, that's like your play, um, saga like play stop and record on that looping features pretty powerful to again that just allows you to switch between pattern and song mode. Um, and then just like your keys. You know you want quality keys. In my opinion, he just makes it just a little more enjoyable. So quality keys, K. So that's just the overview of this course You know how to use a midi keyboard to make beats. Hopefully, you guys hopefully get you up and running. If you guys have any other questions or if you like me to create a different course, I'm gonna be coming out with somehow to create beats. Types, of course, is your soon I might do one like how to create, like, a hip hop B how to create, like, a dance beat and stuff like that. If you'd like to see anything specific in those courses, just reach out to me. My email is high, so h I at its gratuitous dot com. So thanks. Taking the course Hope that hope it helped you a lot and just yeah, reach out to me any time. You know, I love to create these courses. This is what I'm going to continue to do. Um, and I'll talk to you guys in the next one