How to Use Color Like a Pro | Erikka Fogleman | Skillshare

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How to Use Color Like a Pro

teacher avatar Erikka Fogleman, Interior Designer

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

24 Lessons (2h 2m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Overview of the Course Content

    • 3. 1 Easy Paint Hack to Take Any Room to The Next Level

    • 4. Basic Color Theory

    • 5. Use the color wheel in a very practical and useful way

    • 6. A Case Study of Blue

    • 7. Use the Psychology of Color

    • 8. Activity 2 - Create your Own Color Schemes

    • 9. Popular Color Schemes for North and South Facing Rooms

    • 10. Popular Color Schemes for Different Interior Design Styles

    • 11. Popular Color Schemes for Different Types of Rooms

    • 12. What's in a Color Scheme?

    • 13. Activity #3 - Create a Whole House Color Scheme

    • 14. Use Color to Create a Certain Mood in a Room

    • 15. Use Color to Make a Space Appear Smaller or Larger

    • 16. Use Texture to Change Color and How to Mix Patterns Effectively

    • 17. Activity #4 - 2 Design Dilemnas

    • 18. Pulling it all Together

    • 19. How Many Paint Colors Should You Have in your Home?

    • 20. Narrow Down your Paint Color Choices / Which Paint Sheens to Use

    • 21. Best White Paint Colors

    • 22. Effectively Test out Paint Colors Before you Start

    • 23. Transition Paint Colors in your Home Like a Pro

    • 24. Final Thoughts

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About This Class

Do you find yourself struggling to create a cohesive color scheme in your own home?  Or perhaps you wonder how interior designers use colors to create a certain mood or feeling in a room?  It's no secret that color is one of the most important elements of great interior design.  To that end, this course has been created to help you create fantastic color schemes for your own home.  This course will cover everything you ever wanted to know (and maybe what you didn't know that you wanted/needed to know!) about color in the world of interior design, including:

  • Color theory / color psychology
  • How to use the color wheel in a very practical and useful way
  • How to use color to create different moods in a room
  • How to use color to make your rooms appear larger or smaller than they actually are
  • How to mix patterns like a pro
  • Learn about beautiful color scheme selections for every room in your home based on various factors
  • Learn everything you need to know about paint

We delve deep into the topic of paint, including discussing how many different paint colors you should be using in your home, how to narrow your paint choices, the best white paint colors, how to effectively test out paint colors, and how to transition paint colors from room to room.

Finally, there are exercises in this course as well, to provide you with opportunities to create your own beautiful color schemes. 

This course is a great choice for the novice or aspiring interior designer, or for anyone who is interested in learning more about how to create beautiful interior design color schemes like a pro. 

Join me for a fantastic journey into the world of interior design color schemes!

Important Note:  Please be aware that this course, or any of my courses, is not intended to provide all of the knowledge needed to become a professional interior designer.  As with any professional field, there is a significant amount of education and/or experience that is needed to achieve competency in this field.  My intention with these courses is to provide some solid foundational knowledge to assist either those individuals interested in "DIY" interior design to work on their own projects more effectively, or to provide supplemental education to both interior design students and professionals.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Erikka Fogleman

Interior Designer


While Interior design is my main career and passion, I also absolutely love to teach others, so I am thrilled to have found Skillshare so that I can share that passion and knowledge with others just like you.

Are you a design enthusiast yourself?

Do you wish you could design rooms in your own home that are both beautiful and functional?

Do you wonder how interior designers make it look so effortless?

If you answered yes to any of these questions, then you are my ideal student!

Through my classes, I show you how many areas of interior design can be broken down into simple-to-use processes and formulas. In every class, I share some of my favorite processes and formulas so that you can be successful in creating beautiful and functional rooms all on you... See full profile

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1. Introduction: - Hi , I'm Erica Fogelman, and I want to warmly welcome you to my course. That will cover nearly everything you need to know about how to use color successfully in your interior design. So why am I doing a course just focused on color? I cannot. Nor can any designer likely underscored just how important color is to your home first. As you may know, each color can have a significant psychological effect on how you feel from blues and reds , lavenders and grace. Whether you are consciously aware of it or not, color does impact our mood and even how we feel about ourselves. Color can also be used to fix awkward spaces, make rooms appear larger or smaller and, of course, can completely change the mood of a room by simply changing its color scheme. So in short, your color selections can really make the difference between a boring or just okay room and a beautiful, well pulled together inviting rooms with that said, My goal for you today is to help you become confident in how to use color skillfully in your own rooms so that you can create your ideal space before we jump into the course content. I think it's important to give you some information about myself. I own my own residential interior design business called Erica Don Interiors. Not only do I have a passion for creating beautiful spaces for my clients, but I also love to share my knowledge in a very practical way with others who have an interest in this topic. Whether they are looking to work in this field themselves, perhaps, for they just want some help on how to pull together a room on their own. This specialized course on color is actually a follow up to my first course, called How to Design a Room in 10 Easy Steps. Now, with that said, Thank you so much for joining me and let's go ahead and talk about what you'll specifically learn in this course. 2. Overview of the Course Content: over the next couple of hours. Here are the topics I'll be covering with you in Section two. I will be teaching you about basic color theory and how that theory is translated into practical application through the color wheel. Now you may be familiar with the color wheel, but I am going to show you how to use it skillfully to create beautiful color schemes all on your own. Additionally, I am going to be walking you through an exercise where we examine the color blue and we'll look at how this color changes based on the other colors that we pair it with. Also in this section, we will be talking a lot, and I do mean a lot about the psychology of color and looking at each main color individually to discuss what effect each color has on our mood and actually, how each color can make us feel about ourselves. In Section three, we will be talking about great color scheme for some of the main interior design styles, everything from contemporary to traditional and bohemian toe western, as well as ideal color schemes for the various different types of rooms in your home from your bedrooms and your dining room to your office and your kid's rooms. Finally, I'll show you some beautiful color schemes for north and south facing rooms, which may be an important consideration if you have south facing rooms that get a lot hotter than the rest of your home during the day, or those north facing rooms that may be receiving little light. Now, in Section four, we will talk about how to use color for mood and effect specifically, how to use color to create a certain mood in a room. How to use color to make a space appear smaller or larger than it actually is, and how I use color to balance out those awkwardly sized rooms. Then, before we dive into the final section of the course, which is really developed with very specific topic in the world oven interior design color schemes, I will first be pulling together all of the information that you've learned in the previous four sections toe walk you through how to create your own perfect color scheme, using the tool that I had created specifically for you, which I think you'll find extremely helpful. And then, finally, in Section five, as I mentioned, I will be focusing entirely on one of the main color sources in the room. You guessed it the paint colors on your walls. We will cover how many paint colors should you really have going on in your home? How to narrow down your paint color choices. The best white paint colors as nearly everyone has white somewhere in their home. The color difference between paint chips and the actual paint. How to test out pain colors effectively on your walls before you commit, and then finally had a successfully transition. Paint colors in your home like a pro because we will be covering a lot of technical information in this course. I've also included a blank outline in the resource is section of this lecture that you can print out and use to jot down your notes as we move through the course. I hope you are as excited as I am to get started. Remember, choosing colors for your home should be a fun and exciting experience. So despite all the technical information I'm going to be covering with you today, let's not take ourselves too seriously. 3. 1 Easy Paint Hack to Take Any Room to The Next Level: before we dive into color theory and the psychology of color, I want to first show you how you can use paint in perhaps an unexpected way to dramatically change the way an entire room looks and feels. What I'm going to share with you is a common technique that we designers use all of the time in our room designs. And it has to do with the fifth wall of a room or as people commonly refer to it as the ceiling. Now, unless you're a designer, it's pretty common to not give a second thought to our ceilings. Instead, our ceilings are often left, White says the day that they were installed. But this is such a missed decorating opportunity. Let me show you why. Go ahead and take a look at this formal living room that I've put together in room sketcher . This is definitely a pretty room all on its own. You'll notice that I have left the ceiling white, which, as we now know, is pretty typical. But let's see what happens when we change the ceiling color. My first recommendation is to consider painting the ceiling 2 to 3 shades darker than your walls assuming, Of course, your walls are not white. In this case, the room has light gray walls. So take a look at what happens to the room when we paint the ceiling a dark gray color. I love it. It's definitely more dramatic without it being too dark. Would you agree now? That said, black is also a fantastic ceiling color. Now it's not for every room, but for many rooms, particularly formal living rooms, dining rooms and home libraries as long as you have black somewhere else in the room. Because with black beans such a strong color, you need to make sure the color is repeated throughout the room to properly balance it. Otherwise, it will simply feel jarring and out of place. In this example, you can see that we have black in the coffee table and in the console table. So look at what happens to the room when we paid the ceiling black wow, totally different and definitely dramatic now because it's so dramatic, I would recommend adding, in some additional black elements toe help balance out that strong ceiling so all go ahead , swap out the crystal table lamps for some black lamps and add in some black throw pillows there. Now that works well. So now that you've seen what happens to the room when we paint the ceiling a few shades darker than the walls and also what happens when we use black. Now let's take a look at the room when we paint the ceiling, using an accent color from the room. In this case, blue is a color we see in the painting the pillows, the rug and the bull on the coffee table. So let's look at the room with a similar blue ceiling that is beautiful. I love that blue ceiling. What do you think? More importantly, do you see how simply painting this one element in the room changes the entire look and feel of the room so simple and so underutilized? But now that you know, you can use this fun designer technique as well in your own home. That said, there are a few guidelines I would like to share with you first, as you might intuitively know, I would recommend that you not use a non neutral color like blue, for example, for every ceiling in your home that would be way too much reserve these bright hues for just a certain room or rooms where you really want to make a strong impact. Use some sort of neutral for the majority of your ceilings. Second, if your walls are already a dark or in medium color than I wouldn't recommend using another dark color on the ceiling. But to avoid the standard white, use a color that is 2 to 3 shades lighter than your wall color. This still creates an tastic visual interest. Third, I would keep the ceiling color the same throughout most of the home, and only very the ceiling color in a few rooms at most. Finally, apart from paint, consider using wallpaper on your ceiling in lieu of paint, as this could be equally dramatic and definitely beautiful as well. My hope is that you now never forget about the amazing fifth Wall potential in each of your rooms, and that you use one of these techniques that you just learned toe help. Take your room to the next design level 4. Basic Color Theory: color theory. Now I know that when some of you hear the word theory, you have flashbacks, the high school or college, and not in a good way, and your eyes may start to glaze over. But I promise that this won't be too long or too painful. It's just important for you to get familiar with some basic color terms that all be using throughout this entire course. In addition, by learning these terms, you will feel more comfortable discussing color with anyone now commonplace that people find this color vocabulary helpful is when they visit their local paint store. These terms can help you to explain exactly what kind of pink color you're looking for. Okay, so let's go ahead and start with some basic color vocabulary. You may have heard the word Hugh Hugh is simply another word for color, so these are interchangeable terms. Hugh or color saturation Saturation refers to the intensity, brightness or purity of a hue. So this red is more saturated than this red. For example, value value refers to how light or dark Mayhew is. A darker value means a darker hue, so this you, on the right, has a darker value than this. You on the left temperature temperatures simply refers to whether or not that color is a warm color or a cool color. Warm colors include red, orange and yellow, and you guessed it cool. Colors include green, blue and purple. So you may be wondering, Are neutrals warm or cool? Well, it depends in general whites and grays arm or on the cool side of the spectrum. But of course, there are some warm whites and some warm greys, but in general they read more cool. Brown is generally more warm, but if you use a really dark espresso brown with other cool colors, it would will read more. Cool. Black is nearly always a cool color, no pun intended. Now let's talk about how you can lighten or darken the color to get that perfect shade. You may have guessed that by adding white to a color, it will lighten the color. This is called a tent, for example. Pink is 1/10 of red. Tents are often the colors used in larger amounts throughout a room precisely because they are not so intense and overpowering now, conversely, adding black to a color darkens the color and it's called a shade. The more black you add, the darker the shade becomes. Now most people use darker shades. It's accent colors in a room. When you add greater what color it creates a muted version of that color, and it's called a tone. Another way to new to color is to add that colors complementary color to it. For example, if you add green to red, then it will create a more subdued version of that red. And did you know that if you add equal amounts of red and green to each other, they will essentially cancel each other out, and they will create a muddy brown color. And that is your basic color theory. Not too long, and I promise will be helpful to you throughout this course. 5. Use the color wheel in a very practical and useful way: As many of you know, this is a color wheel. It may seem like a color wheel is all theory, but it's really not. It is hands down, one of the most practical tools you can use when deciding on a full proof color scheme. It's definitely whether tools in an interior designers toolbox. Now let's do a quick review of how to read the color wheel. You might remember from your school days in art class that there are three primary colors. Do you remember what they are? Hopefully, you remember that they are red, blue and yellow and that they are considered primary because you cannot mix any other colors to achieve these colors. Rather, you use these colors or Hughes to make other colors by mixing them together. So do you remember what the main secondary colors are? You've got it right if you said purple, orange and green purple is achieved by mixing red and blue, orange is achieved by mixing reading. Yellow and green is achieved by mixing blue and yellow now for you advanced students out there. You might remember that apart from primary and secondary colors, we also have tertiary colors. Would you achieve by mixing a primary color with a secondary color. These colors include colors like blue, purple, yellow, green and red orange. Now, apart from the main colors on the color wheel, we also have our neutrals, which are primarily white, black, grey, brown and beige. That said, you can use some other dark hues as neutrals. For example, if you look through design magazines, you'll see many designers using navy blue as a neutral, which is softer than black as more complimentary. To me, many people skin tones since it's less harsh. So now that we know how the color wheel is laid out, let's talk about how to use it from a very practical standpoint. While there are many different types of color schemes you can derive from a color wheel. Generally, people choose one of three primary schemes, all the discussing these three main color schemes in detail. But I will also mention some of the other, less often utilized color schemes as well. So first to the main three, the three primary color schemes are a monochromatic color scheme, analogous color scheme and a complimentary color scheme. Whichever color scheme you choose, I recommend always, always choosing one primary or predominant color and then, ideally, to accent colors now for you analytical types out there and you know who you are. You may be wondering if there's an ideal proportion in which these colors should be used, and actually there is. But please know that you do not have to do it this way, but if you do, it will generally create a color scheme as naturally pleasing to the human eye. So here it is for your predominant color. I'm referring to using this color in mawr than 50% of your space, so maybe 50 to 60%. This will generally include your wall color rug or raw eggs, and perhaps a piece of furniture or two for a bedroom. This would include your bedspread as well. Now, your main accent colors should be roughly half that amount, so about 25 to 30% This would likely include a major piece of furniture, some artwork and or perhaps your window coverings. These second accent color should be used in roughly half the amount that you used your primary accent color. So, let's say 10 to 15%. This can be well utilized in your pillows and other accessories in a room and perhaps a small piece of furniture like a side chair. But again, you don't have to use these percentages. Just try. Have one color, be your primary color and then use roughly two accent colors. Let's go ahead and tackle the monochromatic color scheme first. You savvy color students likely know that monochromatic just means that you were using different shades and tints of the same color or hue. So if you have a blue monochromatic color scheme, this means that you would use various light and dark blue colors in your scheme. This is generally pretty easy to do, especially for someone who does not feel comfortable mixing colors now to keep this scheme from feeling flat or boring, which we don't want. Make sure to use at least three different shades or tents of the color and incorporate a lot, a lot of different textures and details into your room. One note about this color scheme is that you need to make sure that you are using lighter and darker values of the same color or hue. For example, let's say you want to use various shades of green with emerald green so pretty as your primary color. Then be sure to stick with the green family and don't introduce colors that have other colors in them like, for example, a blue green. Now you can do this from a design standpoint, meaning it can look good for sure. But then just be aware that you've deviated from a true monochromatic color scheme truthfully, and most people don't choose to do monochromatic color schemes, and I wouldn't recommend doing it in your entire house. You know the whole thing. BMR Kamat color scheme I mean, after all, how boring would that be? But it may be a really cool approach for one or two rooms in your home. Now let's move on to an analogous color scheme. Analogous color scheme refers to the approach where you use colors that sit next to each other on the color wheel for your color scheme. When using this type of color scheme, I recommend just using two or three colors and then use either all the cool colors or all the warm colors for an approach that will work every time. Also, be sure again to pick just one predominant color such as blue for a cool color scheme, and then use green and purple as your accent colors. Conversely, if you want a warm color scheme, you may choose orange as your predominant color and then use bread and yellow as your accent colors. Finally, I find that cool, analogous color schemes, particularly blues and greens, often create more rest ful relaxing feeling than other types of color schemes that I will be discussing. And for the third main type of color scheme, we've arrived at a complementary color scheme. This color scheme refers to color that sit opposite each other on the color wheel. Now, interestingly enough, when you use a complementary color scheme, you will create a mood or temperature that is more neutral because one of the colors is cool in nature and the other one is warm. For example, blue and orange blue is cool and oranges warm. Now let's contrast this with this neutral mood with the mood you get with an analogous color scheme. When you use an analogous color scheme, you end up with either a cool feeling or a warm feeling in your room. Makes sense. OK, now back to complementary color schemes an important note about this color scheme is that because these are such contrast in colors to keep your room from looking way too overdone again, I recommend picking one of the colors as your dominant color. Let's say blue and then using its complement in this case, orange as your accent color. Also, a complementary color scheme works best if both tones are in their muted or less saturated forums as either tints, which he recalls a lighter version of that color, or both as shades, which is a darker version of that color. However, if you love a bright blue and want to use a complementary color scheme, then definitely inshore that you use a muted or a less saturated version of orange. If you just use the two colors and they're fully saturated forms, you run the risk of it looking too much like a kid's room or a playroom. Rather, they sophisticated adult space, which is usually what we're going for. This advice actually holds true any time. Use a bright, bold Hugh. Make sure you use other less saturated colors in your color scheme to ensure that ends up looking sophisticated rather than juvenile. Now apart from the three main ways I want to discuss to other slightly more advanced but often less utilized approaches in interior design color schemes. These include a split complementary color scheme and a triad IQ color scheme. A split complementary colors came occurs when you choose one base color, for example, green, and then you coordinate with the two neighbours of its complementary color. Like this, this is a little less dramatic than a true complementary color scheme, which could be a good choice for some. A triad. A color scheme is when you use colors that are spaced equally apart from each other on the color wheel, like yellow, red and blue. For example, just like with a complimentary color scheme for both a split complementary and a triad IQ color scheme, it's the best. When you choose, you guessed it one color as your main color and then use the other two as your accent colors. So what's great about all these color schemes is that they are tried and true color schemes and will work well nearly every time for you as well. All that said, Let's say you know that you would like to go with a monochromatic color scheme. How do you choose what color you want? Well, there are many approaches which will help you narrow down your choices and which I will be discussing later in this course in detail. But one thing that always keep in mind is that at the end of the day, a color scheme is about your personal preference. One quick tip that I give to my clients is to look at the colors you have of the clothes in your closet, often these other colors that were drawn to instinctively. So using these preferences for your home will result in you being happy with your final color selections. One final note about all of these color schemes is that it's important to recognize that many colors, if not in their purest form, can either be cool or warm, depending upon what other colors they are mixed with. For example, a yellow green color, which contains some blue in it may read, is more cool than warm, as opposed to a true yellow color. Another example would be a neutral like gray Now, while Gray generally does read is cool, it can read as more warm if it has brown or beige in it, like the color gray age. Same goes with white. You may know from experience that there are definitely warm whites, those that have yellow undertones. And then there are cool whites, those that have blue undertones. So if you are trying to create a distinctly warm or a cool mood in a room, be sure to choose the corresponding colors in their purest forms, including the particular tints or shades of that color. 6. A Case Study of Blue: 7. Use the Psychology of Color: welcome to the psychology of color. Honestly, this could probably be a course all on its own, But I'm going to distill the information down for you so that you walk away with having a good understanding of how each color affects us on a psychological level, because make no mistake, whether we are aware of it or not, colored does affect our feelings and our moods. So we need to be thoughtful in which colors we use throughout our homes. First, let me just be clear that the psychology of color refers to mental and the emotional effects that color has on a person. So that said, one of the best ways to decide on a color scheme for a room is decide what type of mood and feeling you want for a room and how you want your homes colors to impact your daily mood and your feelings. As I mentioned at the beginning, each color does have a psychological value and Willis a feeling of emotion, everything from calm and relaxed toe up B and energetic Teoh, even angry and restless for some. So knowing what psychological values each color has will help you to ensure that you pick the right color scheme for your room for your home. For example, if you're looking to warm up a space and create energy in a room, then choose a warm colors such as red, orange or yellow. Red is a fiery color that evokes passion, so it can be a great choices. An accent color for a bedroom. Orange is an upbeat color that is great for conversation. Yellow is a cheerful color. The cool colors, such as green, blue and purple, evoke calmness and serenity. Perhaps because of this, it's not surprising, then, that the majority of people prefer cool colors, particularly blue to the warmer colors. Perhaps because of its universal popularity helps to explain why blue is one of the most enduring colors of all time, making it a very safe bet that if you like blue today, you likely won't tire of it in the future. It's the warmer colors that people tire more quickly of, So if you're going to use warm colors, the safe approach would be to use warm colors as accents on lee on items are easily changed out like pillows, throw blankets, inexpensive curtains or artwork, rugs and of course accessories. You can even use a bright, warm Hugh on an accent wall in paint, because pain is so relatively easy to change up. And as we'll discuss, paint really has a dramatic effect on the overall feel of a room. Now that's just a quick overview. Let's go ahead and dive deep into each of the main colors and their respective psychology read. As many people intuitively know, Red definitely evokes strong, intense emotions, including love, passion, dominance, strength, courage, power and sometimes fierceness and anger. Because red is associate with love and passion, some people think that it would be a good paint color for the bedroom. But actually, too much red in the bedroom can actually disturb your sleep. So if you want to use it in the bedroom, keep it as an accent color on Lee Think throw pillows, basis, flowers, etcetera. Now some interesting facts about red. Because this color is so vibrant, it really catches your attention right, and therefore it makes someone more likely to pay attention to detail. Kind of cool. This. You also is known to stimulate conversation, increase your confidence, increase your heart rate and increase your appetite. Whether that's good or not. The latter is probably why major food chains like McDonald's and KFC use it in their color scheme. So in short, because red has such a strong psychological value, I would recommend using it as an accent color unless all members of your household absolutely love this color. Use this Hugh when you want to evoke feelings of love, strength, power or to increase your appetite orange. Not surprisingly, this Hugh is a lively color that elicits excitement, enthusiasm, activity, innovation, endurance, socialization and could even increase hunger. Clearly oranges an intention getter. And because it is, it's probably the reason why we see orange used in traffic signs. Did you also know that warrant can aid in your decision? Making too much orange, though, can result in feelings of insecurity for even arrogance. Oddly enough, people who love orange are often drawn to it because they have a positive association with it, such as a beautiful sunrise sunset or those warm summer days. To sum it up, use orange when you want to really bring energy to a space or to draw attention to an item or architectural element in your room, yellow as you might guess. Yellow is a cheerful, warm color that is probably considered one of the happiest colors. It definitely brightens a space as associated not only with cheerfulness but also with hope and with wisdom. Did you know that this Hugh can also increase your metabolism and provide a surge of energy ? Very cool, however, on the not so positive side, this bright hue can cause I fatigue, particularly in its most saturated form. Another interesting fact. Yellow is known for making babies cry. Now, given how many nurseries get painted yellow, this seems like an important piece of information that really all parents should be aware of. Gold, a deeper form of yellow, evokes feelings of wealth, success and extravagance. No surprise there, as happy and cheerful, is yellow is. Some people may be inclined to go overboard with it, but I would recommend that you use yellow as an accent, color only meaning do not paint your entire room in bright yellow. Now, if it's a muted yellow, by all means, because remember, yellow does go a long way. So in short, use yellow toe, add cheerfulness and positive energy to a room. But please don't overdo it green Green is known for evoking calmness, balance, clarity and tranquility, which makes it a great choice if you want help, people relax and de stress. This color is also associated with healing and good help, which, I'm sure, is why so many organic and natural food companies use it in their advertising. This color is also associated with rebirth, youthfulness and creativity. Finally, did you know that green can make you enjoy your work out more and make you feel less tired ? Given this, green would make an excellent addition to a home gym color scheme. In summary. Use green to bring about a feeling of calmness, peace and tranquility to your space blue. This color definitely evokes calmness and serenity. Feelings, much like looking at the ocean, typically evokes similar feelings. This helps toe probably explain why oceanfront property is so expensive. Although this color is most preferred by men in many surveys, this is also women's favorite color in the cool color family. In fact, it also happens to be my favorite color. Blue is one of the colors most often used in home offices because of this colors ability to encourage creative thinking and boost performance and given that blue is associate with intelligence, that's becomes another good reason to use it in your home office. Blue is also associate with strong communication skills and telling the truth. Very interesting fact. Also, blue tends to curb people's appetites. So not a great color to use in a dining room well, unless you're looking to eat less than definitely incorporate this color. Also, too much blue may increase sadness for some people, so it's important to be aware of this. And while it may be your favorite color, you may want to see how other people in your home feel about this color as well, in short used blue to create a feeling of serenity in your home and also in areas where you want to encourage creative thinking purple. Historically purple is associated with royalty, and today it creates a feeling of wealth and success. Purple is also often associate with spiritual awareness, creativity, wisdom and self knowledge. For some, purple is a very sensual color. Conversely, for others, it could just be a very calming color. However, for some people, purple can evoke feelings of loneliness and depression, much like blue lavender. This colors tint generally create a calm, tranquil feeling in summary. Depending upon how purple makes you feel, use it either create a feeling of success or to create feelings of wisdom and spiritual awareness. Now, apart from the main colors of the color wheel, let's talk about some other commonly used colors. For example, pink. This color evokes billions of love, both romantic and platonic. Nurturing and femininity with those attributes can also evoke feelings of caring and thoughtfulness. Many people also report having feelings of safety and security, and as a result, Pynchon definitely have a calming effect, particularly in its lighter, more subdued forms pink and also make you feel youthful and carefree. However, it's important to note that pink and most vibrant shades think hot pink often have the same psychological effects is red, meaning an increase in your heart rate and high energy stimulation. So in short, use light pink when you want to create a caring, safe and carefree environment and conversely, use vibrant pink as you would use red lack, while historically black, signified death and mourning. Today, that's color lends an air of sophistication, luxury, quality and elegance in both fashion and an interior design This color also represents formality, power, strength, dignity, mystery and intelligence. Which may be why every man feels the need to have a suit in this color. And every woman wants to have that perfect little black dress. Obviously, too much black can feel incredibly heavy and evoke feelings of depression. So again, most people use black as an accent color. In short, use black when you were looking to evoke feelings of sophistication and power. But be careful on how much you use in a room. Definitely be thoughtful with the application of this color white. This color signifies purity, goodness, integrity and innocence and creates a peaceful, clean feeling in a room which likely explains why hospitals have used this color so abundantly. White is a color of possibility and hope. Just think of a clean, crisp, white piece of paper. So many possibilities that said some people went surrounded by too much white feel the spaces to cold, empty, sterile and even unfriendly. So in short, if white resonates with you, use it in your space is to create billions of peace and purity. Gray. Now traditional color psychology, states that gray creates a feeling of passiveness conservative nous, dreariness and a lack of energy. But I do think it's all in how you use this color. If you create a room that utilises various shades of gray and a ton of texture in detail, then the room will read as calm and sophisticated rather than bland or depressing. I promise. And finally brown this you. The color of wood evokes feelings of stability, peace, strength, sincerity, responsibility and reliability. For many of the color, Brown evokes a variety of positive messages. Think coffee, beans, chocolate and beautiful trees. Brown also raises a practical color, again underscoring the feelings of reliability and responsibility. Like green, Brown also has an association with help. Not surprising, since Brown, like green, is a predominant color found on Earth, however, on the less positive side. For some, brown is a very boring color, lacking sophistication and quality. In short, though, I would use this color in spaces where you want to evoke feelings of calmness, strength, good health and nature. 8. Activity 2 - Create your Own Color Schemes: now giving your newfound knowledge and how to use the color wheel and knowing the psychology of each color, I want you to create your ideal color scheme for a family or living room, a dining room and a bedroom. Here is a color wheel Once again, with the common color schemes and brief descriptions of the psychological effects of each color, I hope you have a great time. 9. Popular Color Schemes for North and South Facing Rooms: one fairly common way that designers decide on a color scheme for a room is to look at the orientation of the room. Meaning are most the windows facing more north or more south if the faint main when those are facing mawr towards the north, which generally means this room will receive less light, then designers will sometimes use a warmer color scheme to help visually warm up the room. Let's look at some examples of this type of approach. A note about warm color schemes. Remember that warm colors go a long way. Specifically, I would likely not paint an entire room in a bright red color. Instead, I would either use a warmer, muted color of that queue on the walls. Or I would use a warm neutral on the walls and then add in the bright, warm colors as accents. Conversely, if the main windows are oriented more towards the south, then a cool color scheme is often utilised. Given that these rooms generally get much more light than other rooms in your home, and as a result, you may want to visually cool it down. Now let's look at some examples of cool color schemes Now let's say that you do have a southern facing room that receives a lot of light, and you want to make it feel more calm and serene. I would recommend using a deep, rich color, like a navy blue or a charcoal gray, as your main color in your color scheme. Now all that said, I believe, more important than which way your room is oriented, you really must. First and foremost, consider the geography of where your entire home is. For example, if you live further north, let's say, like in Sweden, you may still want to use a warm color scheme, even for your south facing rooms, because overall is cooler in this part of the world, and you may want a warm feeling throughout your entire home, which makes sense. Conversely, if you're decorating a home in the Caribbean, you may want a cool color scheme even for your north facing rooms. Given this area's year round warm climate 10. Popular Color Schemes for Different Interior Design Styles: now apart from which direction your room is facing or where your home is located on Earth. Another easy way to choose a color scheme is to consider what interior design style are you using in your particular room or in your home. In this section, I will discuss popular color schemes for some of the main interior design styles today. First, let's start with contemporary. While I think most people associate contemporary rooms with cool color schemes, which is true, I've definitely seen some beautiful, beautiful contemporary rooms that have utilized warmer color schemes as well. The one thing I would say, though, is that often contemporary color schemes predominantly used neutrals for the main colors as well as the accent colors, although some contemporary rooms will incorporate pops of color as well. Some of my favorite color schemes for temporary rooms include gray or toped with a crisp white trim. Chocolate brown with various shades of green and yellow, various shades of brown with white accents, chocolate brown with light gray and white and various shades of gray with minimal white or black accents. And finally, even black, blue, green and fuchsia. Let's look at some examples of color schemes used in contemporary rooms now moving on to traditional color schemes. Some great color schemes for traditional rooms include brown with rose in beige, dark wood with olive green and oil rubbed bronze accessories white with ground with Excuse me with brown and blue, gray, brown and white and brown with peach in a muted red. Traditional rooms almost always incorporates some type of rich patterns, such as floral, the mask or paisley. Let's look at some examples of color schemes used in traditional rooms. Next up on our style, train is transitional. Transitional nearly always uses neutrals as a major component. In its color scheme. Think white cream, beige, gray age, charcoal gray and chocolate brown. Other colors are generally used as accents on lee. Some beautiful transitional color schemes include chocolate brown, beige and white chocolate gray, light gray and blue, mid tone gray, light gray and chocolate brown and beige, white and blue. Now let's look at some examples of transitional color schemes moving on to mid century modern mid century modern, often employees, neutrals, forts based colors but almost always includes bright colors as accents and bold geometric patterns abound as well. Fantastic color schemes for mid century modern include gray, blue and yellow, grey, red and black, green, orange and brown and brown, blue and orange. Here are some lovely examples of mid century modern color schemes. Now let's talk industrial. The industrial style is absolutely, almost always. In fact, I can't even think of an exception. But probably there is is almost always going to use a cool color scheme. I mean, after all, the style is characterized by metal, iron, steel and exposed air ducks. That said, that doesn't mean you don't use warm elements in the room, such as exposed brick, leather seating and reclaimed wood. I just mean that the overall feeling of the room's color scheme well, almost always read on the cool side. Popular color schemes for industrial style rooms include grey, brown and red gray, brown and white, brown, white and blue brown, gration white and gray, black and white. Here are some great depictions of color schemes for your industrial style rooms. Thanks. Following industrial, we move on to its design cousin, urban modern. Now you may have not heard the term urban modern, but let me tell you, it is everywhere, and it is all the rage right now. Just look at some of your major furniture retailers and you will see this style has exploded on the interior design scene. Its goal is to create a uber cool, New York style lost feel with brick walls, concrete floors, graphic patterns and low profile furniture. Common color schemes for the style include grey, brown and white, gray black and wait charcoal gray, beige and white or cream black, white and orange or mustard yellow and brown white and a muted red. Here's some pictures of some nicely done urban modern color schemes. Now let's move in a different direction altogether to coastal chic in the States. If you live on either coast, you have likely seen this beautiful interior design style. Its goal is to bring the outside beach life in with a lot of coastal related to core coastal Sheikh would not be coastal sheikh without incorporating some blue, so nearly every color scheme you see will incorporate this very tranquil color. Here are some of the more popular coastal sheet color schemes we've got beige, white and blue, gray, white and blue, blue, white and green and brown, white and blue So Let's look at some examples of coastal sheikh color schemes together from coastal Sheikh. Our next stop is Scandinavian style, much like coastal sheet color schemes for Scandinavian styles are often more limited. They definitely employees a cool color scheme and nearly always have white or cream in its palette. Common color schemes for this style include white, beige in black, white, beige and gray, gray, white and black, gray, white and yellow and white, brown or beige and red. Here are some nice examples of Scandinavian color schemes moving south on the map from Scandinavia. Let's now move into the French country style. This is a style that typically employs lots of color and its color schemes. Some of the favorite colors for this style include the bright rich Hughes of red, gold, blue, green and lavender. And this style also loves gingham stripes and floral patterns as well. So what are some beautiful color schemes for this style? I would ask you to try cream red and gold, white Beijing green, brown or beige, gray and blue, brown, gold and red or white, blue and lavender. Here are some great examples of French country color schemes. Next up is then, because then is all about achieving a calm, relaxed, meditative feel. You'll see a lot of neutral, such as white Beijing gray in these end interior style. Ah, favorite accent color is green because of its association with nature. Therefore, some great Zen color schemes include brown, beige in white, dark brown, green and white, dark gray, beige in white and grey, green and brown. Let's look at some pictures together of Zen style color schemes. Bohemian is next on our stylist, though he need is hands down one of the most colorful interior design styles out there today. Now on. Lee doesn't style use bright, bold hues like purple red, golden blue, but Bohemian always incorporates colorful pattern prince. Some classic bohemian color schemes include red, purple, golden brown, red, blue, gold and white, blue, green, hot pink and white and black, white, red and pink. Here are some fantastic examples of bohemian style rooms. Now let's move on to the farmhouse style, like French country farmhouses, about creating a casual, relaxed vibe in the home. Typical farmhouse style color schemes include white beige with blue, green and yellow, commonly being used as accent colors. Typical pattern seen in farmhouse includes stripes and checkered patterns. Great choices for a farmhouse color scheme include brown, green and yellow, brown, white and yellow, white, blue and brown, beige, white and blue and beige, white, gray and blue. Here are some great examples of farmhouse style color schemes, and last but not least, we have the western interior design style. While some color schemes air nearly always cool, Western is nearly always a warm color scheme. The Western interior design style incorporates lots of warm wood tones beige, red, orange and turquoise, and, for patterns, look to plat and gingham. Some popular color schemes for Western styles include brown beige in turquoise, brown, beige in red brown with muted oranges and reds and brown, beige, red and turquoise. And, of course, let's look at some examples of classic Western color schemes now. 11. Popular Color Schemes for Different Types of Rooms: the final way that I'd like to discuss on how you can easily pick a color scheme is to consider the function of the room. Because of the psychology of color. There are certain colors that are traditionally better suited to certain rooms and others. So let's go ahead and go through the main types of rooms that you might have in your home and discuss some well suited color schemes for those particular rooms. First, we have the hub of the home. Yes, you guessed it. The kitchen kitchens air generally lively places right where the family likes to gather and because of open floor plans. Often families air eating in the kitchen area as well. So that said, what colors do you think might be best suited for kitchens? Well, from a purely psychological standpoint, you may want to include accent colors like red and orange, as these are lively, conversation inducing colors as well as both of these colors, you might recall, are known to increase your appetite. Now, of course, as we know, a little does go a long way with these particular colors. So if you want to incorporate one of these vibrant hues, think of using in places like the kitchen island base, maybe an accent wall, a back splash, your bar stools, lighting or unique architectural elements if you have them. However, for many neutrals are what I see ruling today's kitchens, particularly white, and that I am sure it's partly because of the popularity of open floor plans. As we want our kitchens to pair nicely with the rooms around them, Neutrals are a great way to do this. So what are the uber popular color schemes and kitchens today? Well, as of 2016 I will tell you that it's all about white white cabinets, along with marble or marble like counters, subway tile for the backsplash and large pendants. This look is elegant but without being too formal with a clean, classic look that fits well with many interior design styles. Other popular color combinations for kitchens today include white gray and rich wood tones . Charcoal gray, white and brass white, gray and espresso white, black and gray and white, gray and blue for finishes such as knobs, faucets, appliances and lighting. While stainless steel still beats out any other colored appliances. By far we are seeing a lot more mixed metal finishes in the kitchen, such as brushed nickel with brass or chrome with bronze. For example, let's look at some great examples of other types of kitchen color schemes now. Now let's move on to the family room again. Starting from a psychology of color standpoint, I would incorporate some orange. If you're looking to up the activity level in that room, yellow, if you want to brighten it up and infuse some cheerfulness into it, or perhaps green, blue or pink if you're looking to create a calm, relaxing vibe. Some popular color schemes for family rooms include beige, blue and orange, white, blue and brown, grey, dark brown and white or charcoal gray, light gray and green. Let's look at some beautiful examples of family room color schemes. Next on our list is the dining room. Dining rooms are one of those rooms that seem to go in and out of vogue. We all know that typically dining rooms are one of the least utilize rooms in our home, often being reserved for large family get togethers and holiday gatherings. So right now I either see clients deciding to get rid of their dying rooms altogether. and using that space for something else. Or perhaps they are making it into a multifunctional room, such as pulling double duty as a library, a crafting area or a kid's homework area. But for those who still love having that formal dining room, some colors I would incorporate from a psychological standpoint include red for its appetite, increasing ways purple to create a luxurious, opulent feeling and gray or black for creating more formal, sophisticated mood. Some beautiful color schemes for dining rooms include white, red and chocolate. Brown, gray, white and red, black, gray and gold. Chocolate brown, white and gray and white, beige and olive green. Let's look at some examples of additional beautiful dining room color schemes moving on to the master bedroom. Great colors to incorporate here include thes soothing colors of green, blue, lavender and gray. Earthy brown can also be a great color from a psychological standpoint. As remember, this color mixes feel grounded, stable and supported. Some fantastic color schemes for your master bedroom includes gray, white and rich wood tones. White, blue and gold, grey, white and black and cream muted red and chocolate brown. Here are some other lovely bedroom color palette examples. Now, while these neutral pallets are great for our master bedrooms, they are definitely not what little girls and little boys urine for in their own rooms. So now I would like to share some fun and exciting color palettes for your kid's rooms. First, let's start with little girls. Pink, of course, is a common color, but a girl's room. I love pumping this color up to fusion instead, which also helps it to feel a bit more mature, so this color should have a longer lasting staying power for our quickly growing kids. So here are some pallets to try out. Fuchsia, orange and white, purple, pink and yellow, fuchsia, blue and white and fuchsia, yellow and green. Here are some other great examples of girls room color palettes. Now for boys, blue is still generally one of the most common colors people want to try. So here's how I try it in one of these pallets. Blue, yellow and light wood tones blue, red and white, blue, green and orange and blue, white and brown. Look at these great boys rooms. Color palettes. Now the last one will be covering This section is office is looking at color psychology. I definitely incorporate blue because, as you might recall, this color encourages creative thinking and boost performance. Or consider orange as this color improves decision making or gold or purple because of these colors. Associations with success and wealth Here are some lovely examples of home office color schemes. 12. What's in a Color Scheme?: 13. Activity #3 - Create a Whole House Color Scheme: 14. Use Color to Create a Certain Mood in a Room: given everything you learned in the psychology of color section, you now know that color is one of your best interior design tools when trying to create a certain feeling or mood in a room. So obviously, deciding on what type of mood you want for a room will greatly impact your color scheme selection, which is a great thing because it will help you to narrow down your color choices, said another way. With just the use of color, you Congrats, Lee. Impact the mood of your room. You could make it feel dramatic or casual, happy or subdued, active or calm. So let's talk about how you can do that. If you want a liven up a space and bring lots of energy and activity into a room, then make sure you incorporate the use of warm colors, which includes all colors on the color wheel, from red violet to yellow. Here are some examples of what I'm talking about. Conversely, if you want to create a calm, relaxing feeling like in a bedroom or a master bathroom, perhaps stick with the cool colors on the color wheel. This includes purple to yellow, green in the neutral family I would use whites black and grace to help create that calm, relaxing feeling that you're looking for. Let's look at some examples of how color is used to create a calm, relaxing feeling. If you're looking to create a dramatic space, then be sure to incorporate some dark hues, such as navy, black and or charcoal grey as your neutrals. Other colors that helped to create drama include red and gold. Let's look at some examples of rooms that have a dramatic feeling because of their skillful use of color. If you want to create a space in your home that helps your family, members of feel focused, creative and productive than I would use white and beige from my neutral, and I would incorporate any of the cool colors of green, blue and purple. Let's look at some examples of what I'm referring to 15. Use Color to Make a Space Appear Smaller or Larger: color is amazing for so many reasons. One of those many reasons is that it can actually trick the eye into making the room appear larger or smaller than actually is. This is extremely helpful when you're trying to right size of room in your home, so let's talk about how to do this. If you want to make a space appear larger than it is, use a lighter, cooler pink color. As this will make the walls appear as if they are receding from you. Another trick you can use is to make a room appear larger. This to paint the walls and trim, including your crown molding, window moldings and floor moldings all the same color. This will keep the space for feeling chopped up and, in effect, smaller. The same concept applies to window treatments to make the room feel larger, matched the pink color to your window treatments. Color. Creating this type of color cohesiveness results in your space feeling larger than it is now. If you want to make a space appear smaller and more intimate, use a darker and or warmer paint color. However, if you don't like dark rooms, but you still want to make a room appear smaller. One technique You can use its to paint the walls in a dark color, but then use a high gloss paint or even a lacquer finish to create a bright, reflective effect. But please remember that using a lacquer finish congrats. We change the way the color reads, which we will talk more about in the next lecture on textures. Also, if you're trying to make a room appear smaller, definitely definitely. Paint the moldings, for example, your crown window moldings and your floor moldings in a contrast in color to your wall color like this. This will help to visually break up the space and make the room appear smaller than it. ISS. Now let's talk window coverings for a minute. If you're trying to make a large room appear smaller, should you go with a darker window treatment color or a lighter window treatment color? You could actually do either. And here's why. Whereas the darker window treatment color will help to advance the walls, a lighter color on darker walls will provide that contrast that helps to break up the walls and make the room feel smaller. Now for flooring, you don't have it feel like it's advancing, so the flooring can either be light or dark. Okay, so now that we've talked about how to make smaller rooms appear larger and larger rooms appear smaller. But what do you do if you have a lopsided room meaning a narrow room? How do you balance it out? You apply the same color principles, of course. For example, I would recommend using a dark pink color or a dark wall treatment like wallpaper on the shorter or end walls to make them feel like they are advancing. Then I would use a lighter paint color or a wall treatment on the longer walls to make them appear as if they are receiving. This will help to balance your room out. Now, another alternative to light paint is to use large mirrors on one of the long walls as this will help to make that wall received 16. Use Texture to Change Color and How to Mix Patterns Effectively: As we know, color and interior design does not exist in a vacuum, meaning colors you allies on things like walls, floors, rugs, furniture, etcetera. And each of these things have a unique texture to them. Texture can actually greatly impact how a color reads, so it's important to be aware how color can change based on the texture it's being used on . So in this lecture, I'll cover what you need to know about how texture and packs color. Also, we spending a good amount of time talking about patterns. Many people shy away from using patterns in their own homes because they are afraid of making a design mistake. For example, can you even mix patterns? And if so, how do you do it? Well, I am here to break it all down for you, so you feel comfortable and confident. Incorporating some great patterns into your own home as patterns can really elevate the overall design of a room from good to great. So with that said, let's go ahead tackle the world of texture first. If you really like having a neutral color scheme than the key to making your room appear warm and inviting rather than cold and flat is to make sure that you introduced many different types of texture. For example, perhaps you have beige tile floors, then be sure to use various colors of wood in your furniture, from light to dark tones. For example, you could have a dark brown coffee table, but you should pair that with light wood and tables. Do not go for that matchy matchy look. The days of us buying everything in a set from one store as the ideal interior design are long gone. Today it's much more about creating a personalized, curated look, so going back to that neutral color scheme with the dark wood coffee table and lighter end tables, you may then choose toe. Have a leather sofa if you do, then at a soft wool throw on the arm to soften the look of the sofa and pair that with fabric covered chairs such as a linen like material. The other tip I have for a neutral color scheme is to add some drama to the space in your light fixtures and or your artwork. So perhaps you could add a beautiful crystal chandelier or a funky bronze light fixture to this room, along with an abstract painting in either vibrant or muted tones, makes us now while having various textures in a room is always a good idea, no matter your color scheme, texture is vital to pulling off a monochromatic or a neutral color scheme. Otherwise your design will likely fall flat and you will notice that something just seems off. Also, as I mentioned at the beginning of this lecture, be aware that texture can very much change the appearance of a color. Let's take red. For example, Red will look different if applied in a lacquer finish on a chair versus how Read will read on cotton drapes just like this. Specifically, any shiny surface like lacquer will result in the color looking mawr intense because is light reflecting. Interestingly enough, it will also read as slightly cooler. The color will read darker and warmer when used on heavy fabrics or textiles. As these types of materials absorb light, OK, moving on now to patterns For all you pattern lovers out there, I am going to share with you how to mix patterns with confidence. There are really two main ways to mix patterns. Well, the first option is to use the same color palette in your patterns so you could mix geometric with floral or floor with abstract. As long as you have the same colors in each of the patterns like this, the second option is to stick with a similar style. For example, go with all geometric or all floral like this. Whichever option you choose, here are some tips to ensure that the room looks well put. Pull together and not chaotic. First, the safest approach is to choose one bold pattern as a focal point, for example, in your rug. But don't use other bold patterns that will compete with that pattern. Instead, introduced more muted or subdued patterns that will complement the main bold pattern in either color or style. Second, limit the use of bold patterns, toe average or large size rooms. Often a really bold pattern will simply overwhelm a small room. So if you'd like to use patterns in a small room, it's a safer design choice to keep your patterns smaller, simpler and more subdued. Third, if you introduce a bold pattern, a rug is a great and a very safe place to do this, but you could also use a bold pattern on your window coverings on the wall in the form of wallpaper or a large piece of art or on a piece of furniture. If you love the idea of having multiple different patterns on your throw pillows, then it will look best if you vary the scales in your pillows. In addition to either having the same color scheme or the same style in your throw pillows , another safe way to use patterns is to use the same pattern, the same one in multiple items in the room. For example, you could have the same pattern used on your drapes and on a side chair or on your drapes in your rug. Here's an example of what I'm talking about. This is a great way to create a cohesive space. A final note about patterns. What I love about using patterns is that this is one of the easiest ways to pick a color scheme for a room. Just go find the pattern you love. They use the colors from that pattern to create your room's color scheme. This is a common interior design approach that you, too, can use easily and confidently 17. Activity #4 - 2 Design Dilemnas: 18. Pulling it all Together: okay, Before we dive into the last section, which is all about paint, you may at this point have a little bit of information overload going on in your head. I totally understand. Four specifically, you may be wondering, How do I pull all of this information together to create color schemes in my own home? Well, that is exactly what this lecture has been designed to address. When I'm going to be doing is sharing with you a tool that I have developed specifically for this course that will help you to easily create your own color schemes by asking you a series of very important questions you can find this two page document in the resource is section of this lecture. So feel free to go ahead and pause. It's lecture to print it out now. Or you could just follow along and printed out at a later time. If you so desire. Now, the best way for me to show you how to use this tool is to walk you through a hypothetical situation for a hypothetical client. Let's call him Mr Craig. Mr. Craig lives in Los Angeles, California, and he is hired me to design a master bedroom for him now, obviously is part of the design process. We need to choose a color scheme, but he has no idea what colors he'd like to use. Now. Normally, through a series of questions, I would be able to recommend a color scheme for him. So what I've done is taking these questions and incorporated them into a tool that you can now use. Let's go ahead and take a look. The first question says, What type of room is this? And secondarily one or good color choices for this type of room? Well, we know that this is a master bedroom, and great colors for a master bedroom include gray, white, brown, blue, yellow, black and red. As a reminder, you can find a printable hand out of the color schemes I covered for different types of rooms back in lecture 10. The second question asks, What interior design style would you like in this room? And what colors work well for this type of style? During my conversation with Mr Craig, he has told me that he really likes the industrial interior design style. We know that the colors that work best in an industrial style room include brown, grey, red, white, blue, black and tope. Again as a reminder, you can find a printable hand out of the color schemes I covered for different types of interior design styles. In Lecture 11 the third question asks, What kind of mood do you want tohave in your home? And how do you want to feel when you are in this room? As you can see, it also asks us that based on the mood you want, would it be better to use cool colors for more of a calm, relaxing vibe or warm colors for a more energetic, exciting feeling? When I asked Mr Craig what type of mood he wants for his bedroom, Not surprisingly, he tells me that this is his retreat from his hectic life, and he wants a very calm, comfortable relaxing space. The next question has to do with the orientation of the room, asking us if the room faces more north or more South. Even though this is a north facing room. Let's remember that Mr Craig's lives in Los Angeles, where it is pretty much warm year round. In addition, he has a number of large windows in his bedroom, so light really is not a problem. Therefore, I've written in an A for not applicable, as this really is no longer a consideration for choosing a color scheme, since it gets plenty of light in this room and it stays fairly warm. Year round. Question five and six have to do with Mr Craig's favorite and least favorite colors. These are questions I always ask my clients, as I'm sure most designers do as well. After all, we want to try to incorporate a client's favorite colors as we know that this will make them feel good and happy about their home. And we definitely want to exclude any colors that they really dislike. In this case, Mr Craig's favorite color is blue, and his least favorite color is pink. The final question Question seven asks us, Are you happy with how large the room feels, or would you like to make it feel larger and more expansive or smaller and more cozy? Mr. Craig tells me that he would like the room to feel a bit smaller, as Mr Craig is a man of means, and he has a very large bedroom and in fact, a very large home. Okay, so that's it for the questions. Now it's time to for some analysis on page to the first question states. Look at Questions number one and number two, above which colors appear in the answers to both questions. The answer to that is gray, brown, red, white, blue and black. These are the only colors that appear in both answers For questions one and two, the next question asks, based on your answer to question Number three, which colors from the ones you listed above in a correspond with the temperature warm or cool that you'd like for your color scheme. This means that of the six colors gray, brown, red, white, blue and black, which ones are cool colors and therefore will help to create a calm, relaxing vibe. Well, read is not a cool color, so that's out and brown is also a warmer color. Therefore, we are left with four colors gray, white, blue and black. The next question questions, see asks based on your answer to number four. If it's relevant. Teoh, which colors that you've listed in B, should be excluded if any now. Luria that note, it says, unless the room is particularly hot during the day or gets very little light. The orientation of the room is probably the least important criteria. So do not feel the need to change your color scheme if you're happy with the color selected based on the type of the room and the style of the room. Okay, so again, I wrote in a since this really isn't a consideration, given the location of the home moving on question D asks. Look at your answer to number six. Does your final color selections and see include your favorite color? If not, can you include it in as an accent? Color? Mr Craig indicated, as favorite color is blue and yes, Fortunately, the colors that we selected and see include the color blue. Fantastic Question E asks reviewer answer to number seven. Does your final color selections and see exclude your least favorite color? If not, remove it and replace if desired, with another accent color that you like. You might recall that Mr Craig's least favorite color is pink, and fortunately, pink is not one of the final colors listed in C. Now. If it had been then yes, I would have either removed the color altogether or replaced it with another cool color that would work well with the other colors selected, such as green, perhaps for TOPE. Question. F now asks you to write down the final color scheme based on the previous answers. In this case, the final color scheme hasn't changed from questions. See, so we'll go ahead and write in again Ray white, blue and black And finally, question G asks, based on your answer to number seven, should you paint your wall a light color to make it feel larger or a dark color to make it feel smaller and more cozy? So Mr Craig told us that he wants to make his room feel a little smaller and cozier. So all recommend that we paint the walls in a darker color to help make the walls feel as if they are advancing. All likely recommend a dark grey or a navy blue color, and that's it. What do you think? Do you feel like this tool will help you to create ideal color schemes in your own home? I sure hope you do as I mentioned these air, basically the questions I go through with my own clients, and it definitely works, so I would recommend that you give it a try 19. How Many Paint Colors Should You Have in your Home?: okay. As an interior designer, a common question I am asked is How may different paint colors can I have in my home? While there's no hard and fast rule on this from experience, I personally try to limit it to 3 to 4 different paint colors for your average size home. This would include both your neutrals as well as your more vibrant hues. However, there are some caveats to this. For example, if you have a small home, I would limit your colors to two, maybe three. Also, if you have a small home with an open floor plan for the main living areas like this, then I would recommend using one color in the main living areas to make the whole area appear larger. You might remember that trick from Lecture 11 on how to make a room appear larger, because if you were to use different colors in those spaces, it would make the area feel more cut up, and there was a result smaller. Conversely, if you have a really large home, you could potentially use more paint colors. But it's still important to make sure that the colors work well with each other and are pleasing when you lay them next to each other because even though you're pink colored are in different rooms. The reality is the home will likely feel disjointed if they don't work well together, as we still have a memory of those colors as we move from room to room, whether we are consciously aware of it or not. So when I have worked with clients and we've developed a whole house paint palette up front , I've never had a client. Second guess their decision. I've only seen clients second guests or repaint when they painted rooms in isolation from each other, not considering the colors that they've used in their other rooms, which is one of the reasons they ends up hiring a designer in the first place so they could rectify the issue. So now you know not to make the same mistake. In short, do you think of your house is one giant paint palette. Ideally, you would create the whole house palate at one time, but if you're like many people, you're probably going to be painting one or two rooms at a time, so it's just important to think about what other colors you already have going on in your home when choosing your new pig colors. I hope that makes sense later in this section. In Lecture 22 I'll give you an easy, nearly full proof way to test out paint colors before you commit. You'll want to use that technique when choosing the rest of your home paint palette. If you already got colors on the walls that you want to keep in your other rooms, one important point about your whole house paint palette is to ensure that you include at least one neutral in the color scheme. Your I always needs a place to rest visually, so incorporate a neutral on to some of your walls, which is one of the bigger color areas in a room is a way to keep your home from feeling too busy or too chaotic. So how do you choose your paint colors for your whole scheme? Well, I'm glad you asked. That's we'll be covering in this next lecture lecture. 20. I will see you there 20. Narrow Down your Paint Color Choices / Which Paint Sheens to Use: So now we're going to be talking about how to choose the perfect paint colors for your home . I'm going to break this down for you in two different ways. The first ways to approach this from a whole house palette perspective. The second way is if you're just interested in painting one room of your home first, the whole house paint palette approach. Let's say that you've decided you want a fresh look for the inside of your home. Maybe you purchased a home that has lots of different colors going on from the previous owner. I actually once saw a house that had bright shades of red, blue, green and purple throughout the entire house. Needless to say, it was pretty overwhelming and likely would not work for most people. Or let's say you just purchase a new construction home, and the builder decided to use a buttery yellow throughout the entire house. You may decide that is not for you, either. So how do you go about choose a palette for your home? Well, first, it depends if you are keeping the majority of the furniture in your home for a long time or not, let's say you're not that you plan on redecorating at some point in the future in most of the rooms, Then I would look solely at the fixed surfaces in your home, such as your flooring, your cabinetry, countertops, etcetera and determine if they have warm undertones or cool undertones. Here are some examples of fixed surfaces with warm undertones, and here are some examples of fixed surfaces with cool undertones. So now let's get into the details. As I mentioned the previous lecture, make sure at least one of your paint colors is a neutral color. A neutral is best fuse in the main areas of your home. Think your foyer, family room, kitchen and you're hallways. A neutral is also a great place to start your color palette. Find a neutral that works well with the fixed surfaces in your home. If you have cool undertones that if you find a neutral with cool undertones, you know that this will likely for actually definitely work well, this could be a cool white gray or a cool tope. For example, Once we've selected that color as one of your main colors, then you have a couple of choices from here first you can choose a color that is on either side of that paint chip color on the pain strip like this, either directly next to the color or even two colors up or down from the initial color. You could easily choose three of these colors on the pain strip, and that becomes your entire house palette. Or you could choose one or two of these neutrals and then choose one or two accent colors in your favorite Hughes, For example, you could go with a light gray and a dark gray and then add in blue as your accent paint color. Or perhaps you can use a medium grey, a charcoal gray, and then add in lavender as your accent color. Now let's say that you want a whole house palette, but plan on keeping most of the furnishings in your home. How, then, do you select the palate? Very similarly, I would find one or two neutrals that work well with the fixed finishes in your home. But then choose an accent pain color that most often appears in your home in your furnishings, but a more muted version of it. So let's say you have a lot of green in your home with your pillows. Maybe your rug etcetera. Then I would choose a muted version of that cream as an accent pink color. This will help your home to feel harmonious and really well pulled together. Now let's talk about the second way to pick paint colors for just one room that you are redecorating because either you don't want to tackle the whole house palette for now, or you already have one neutral going on in your home that you're quite happy with. This is where you really want to rely on what furnishings you have in your room. Remember, always, always choose your paint color last when you are redecorating, it is a much more cost effective and efficient to purchase all of your furnishings for a room first, and then I pick your pink color. Why? Well, first, because to create a really well coordinated room, look to coordinate your paint color with the other colors you have in your room. You don't have to match the paint exactly, but it should be a similar color to one of your colors in your color scheme, and it should also be a similar temperature color the major piece or pieces in your room. So if you have a sofa with a cool undertone, generally a pink color with a cool undertone will look best by just looking at picking a pink color in one of the colors in your room. You already greatly narrowed down your choices from the thousands of paint colors out there . Second, it's much, much easier to match a pink color to your furnishings that you already have in your room than the other way around. Sofas and chairs and flooring and window coverings and other furnishings don't have nearly the selection of colors available as you find with paint, which I'm sure you know. So definitely pick your paint color last. Now that being said, if you're trying to match a paint color to your sofa or in your rug, or some other item that you can't easily take with you to the paint store, which happens then I would consider buying a fan deck like this from the paint store of your choice, such as Sherwin Williams or Dunn Edwards. They're relatively inexpensive, usually between 10 and $20 will allow you to take it home and more easily. Pick some paint colors to try out on your walls. Now one word of caution. If you're trying to match a pink color to a piece of furniture or perhaps your rug, then I recommend choosing a lighter or more muted version of that color. Don't try to match it exactly. First of all, it rarely works, and second of all, the hue will generally be too strong or saturated for a paint color. Okay, a final word on paint selection for a room. Remember, if you are choosing a pink color for a room and you are not repainting the rest of the house, just remember to make sure that this new paint color pairs well with the other paint colors in your home. Finally, it's important that we spend a few minutes talking about paint sheen, as I discussed previously. A lecture. 10. A Paints sheen. Congrats Lee affect how it color reads the higher the sheens, such as gloss. It will reflect light and brighten a room where, as a flat finish, create same or subdued look. In general, I prefer to use high gloss paint on pieces of furniture like built ins, or perhaps side tables rather than for walls for a couple of reasons. First, it definitely creates a very dramatic look, and often people don't want that kind of look in the rooms that they spend a lot of their time in. Also, a high gloss sheen or a lacquer finish will show any imperfections you have in your walls. So if you want to go this route, ensure that your walls are near flawless by sanding and prepping them ahead of time, probably with a professional. Now let's talk about Flat Sheen's. I am personally not a fan of flat paint for walls, as I tend to mark really badly, which is especially problematic if you have Children or pets in your home. But what is great about flat pain is that it is very, very forgiving of flaws in the walls or ceiling, which is life. Flat paint is very commonly used for your ceilings. Send my glass, you may know, is definitely recommended for kitchens and baths, and I completely agree, and you should use semi glass for your baseboards and your moldings as well, given how easy it is to clean. Finally, eggshell or satin are the most commonly used Sheen's for all other areas in your home, as they're not too reflective, that can also be easily cleaned. 21. Best White Paint Colors: it may seem a bit odd that I'm doing a lecture on just white pink colors. But honestly, given how popular this Hugh is right now, particularly in our kitchens and how classic of a color it has always been, it is not uncommon for me to be asked by clients for the perfect white pink color. Generally, they asked for my advice after they have locked into a paint store and have become completely overwhelmed at how many different white paint color choices there are today. And, as you now know, most have a cool or warm undertone to them. So for that reason, I thought you might be interested in hearing about my favorite eight white paint colors available today. All right, let's start with Swiss coffee By Benjamin Moore. It is probably the most requested white paint color for kitchen cabinets right now that I am aware of. It's a great creamy mawr oven off light with no yellow undertones, definitely a lovely choice for your kitchen cabinets. Decorator's White, also by Benjamin Moore, is a beautiful, bright, clean, true white paint color that feels quite modern. It reads a little on the warm side. Aziz has the slightest undertone, but definitely not what I'd consider a more traditional warm white. It's such a great neutral and works with so many different types of lighting. That's a very popular color among interior designers and builders today. Also, because it doesn't fight with any other colors. This is a popular color choice for moldings and trim. Another one of my Benjamin Moore favorites is white dove white, Dove reads, is having a very slight grey undertone to it. But yet it still also reads as a warm white, making it a great choice for any color scheme. Like Decorator's white white Dove generally looks good with nearly any lighting situation. White Dove is also a popular choice for moldings and fur trim. Next on the list is super White, also by Benjamin Moore. Super White is a great choice when you are looking for a high gloss or a lacquer application. Given how clean and crisp this white, it's like freshly fallen snow per the Benjamin Moore website. Super White suggests clarity and simplicity, which I would completely agree with. Okay, now moving off of the Benjamin Maura bandwagon, Another great white is white tie by Farrow and ball. This is a sophisticated, warm, creamy white that works really well in low light areas or northern facing rooms. Pure White by Sherwin Williams is another beautiful, bright, crisp, clean white that reads a bit more on the warm side but plays well with other colors and complements nearly any decor. This is also a great color for cabinets, doors, ceilings, trims and mouldings for a beautiful white that is more on the cool side. Cool December by Dunn Edwards is a great choice. I particularly like it here in California, where it helps the visually cool down rooms in our year round warm weather climate. And finally, I love Chantilly Lace by Benjamin War for about as pure of a white as you can get its crisp and bright and works really well in both traditional and modern settings. Now, apart from his eight white pink colors, there are, of course, many more great white paint colors out there. You may be wondering, with whites being so similar, how do you determine if a white has a warm or cool undertone? It's simple. All I do is hold the paint swatch against a blank white piece of paper and the undertone becomes pretty clear. Make sure that if you have more than one pink color on the swatch that you fold the spot so that only that color is being held up against the white piece of paper. Otherwise, it can distort your perception off the paint color you're trying to assess. 22. Effectively Test out Paint Colors Before you Start: if I had a penny for every time a client or a friend bought a gallon of paint based on just looking at the paint chip alone. Well, you know how the saying goes. Please do not make this mistake. Yes, this is definitely not the way to go. It's very important to recognize that paint chips do not look the same as the paint on your walls for a variety of reasons. First, when you look at paint swatches in a paint store, I can almost guarantee that the lighting is going to be quite different in your home, which will greatly affect how the color looks. Lighting is the reason why you hear some people say that a pink color changes throughout the day. It's based on both the natural and the artificial light you have in your room, so testing out your paints in the actual room you're going to use is imperative. Unless you don't mind repainting your room multiple times just to get it right now, just as in the side, you'll see a paint colors most true color. Under natural sunlight, incandescent lighting will make a color appear warmer than actually is, and fluorescent lighting will cast a cool blue tone on your pink color. Now. L. E. D. Lights, on the other hand, are whiter and more neutral, making it one of the many, many reasons perhaps as to why this type of lighting is becoming so popular in our homes today. Second, it's important to recognize that a pink color on a small chip will almost always look quite different than a large expanse of that color. Also, pink colors can look dramatically different in different rooms of your home. The way the paint appears to our eyes is affected by the lighting in the room. As we know, the architectural elements like cabinets and Florian's also affect the paint color as well as the furnishings in your room. So here's another important point about paint chips. Sometimes it's hard to tell if the paint chips in a strip have cool or warm undertones. The easiest way to tell if the colors are cool or warm is to look at the bottom color of the pain strip like this down here. This is a color in its most saturated form, and you can then pretty easily tell if this color has a cool or warm undertone, for example, you can see that this color on the bottom here, even though this top colors gray, the bottom color has a warm undertone leaning towards brown. Okay, so now that hopefully convinced you to not rely on paint chips alone from selecting a color , I'd like to give you an easy way to effectively test out pink colors before you try them first. You may be wondering how many paint samples should you try? Well, once you've narrowed down the color you want to start with, then I recommend getting 3 to 4 samples in that color range to try out. So, for example, on the strip you might try out these three or four right here. Now, generally, when someone doesn't like the paint color, it's often because it's too light or too dark or too saturated. So getting samples in various intensities of that blue you love will help you choose just the right intensity of that color for your space next by those 3 to 4 samples of that color from your favorite local pin store, and they sell them in small samples and then paint a roughly two foot by two foot square on either a piece of cardboard or a large white piece of paper. Make sure that you do at least two coats so you can get accurate color representation. It's very important to let the paint dry before you make a final decision on a color. So if you don't want to watch paint dry, which is really as boring as it sounds, then use a hair dryer to speed up your process. Then use painter's tape to hang the swatch on your wall. Try around the room throughout the day as a color will change as the day goes on. If you're patient enough, I recommend living with the samples on the walls for 2 to 3 days before you commit to a final color. If you simply don't have that kind of time, for whatever reason, that you should look at the paint samples in the middle of the day under indirect natural sunlight. This will give you the truest read of that color. Morning and evening light tends to darken the color. Often, people may be tempted to paint the samples directly on the wall, but I actually don't recommend doing this as sometimes you will see the outline of the samples under the final coat of paint. Why, it's because pain samples often will come in a different sheen than what you end up choosing. Paint samples air sold in one sheen on Lee, so you don't get to choose the sheen of your samples. Also, this process may take you a couple of days or weeks, and if you're like me and care about how your house looks, then I don't want giant swatches of colors all over my walls for any length of time, particularly when my guests come over. So by using this method, I am confident that you will be able to effectively test out your paint colors so that you end up with the perfect paint for your space. 23. Transition Paint Colors in your Home Like a Pro: a discussion on paint color palettes would not be complete without a discussion on how to effectively and cohesively transition the paint colors in your home. I can tell you that this is an often overlooked detail that really isn't given much thought until you've popped. Open your can of paint and are about to start painting or until your painter arrives and wants to know where you want one color toe end and another to begin. This is an important question that should be given considerable thought before you jump in as your paint transitions will definitely impact the overall look and feel of your home, especially if you're talking about an open floor plan, which are so common today. First, let me address the common approach that I often see. Most people in my experience, often cut the paint at the edge of the opening to another room, such as an archway like this. They will continue doing this from room to room. If you are molding around the arch or doorway, then this isn't a problem as a molding acts as a natural stopping point. But if it's just an open arch than it just doesn't look as good as it could. By using this approach, there is definitely a much cleaner and more elegant way to transition paint colors, and it looks like this transition. Your pick colors instead. At the corners where two walls meet like this, this is a much more natural way to transition to a different color. This means that you are likely wrapping the color around the arch or doorway to the other side of your room, so decide which color you'd rather use in both rooms. Here are some great examples of well transitioned paint colors. Now let's talk about where each color should go, using the colors your selected for your palate. Likely you have three or four colors you want to use in your home, and at least one if not two or more of them are neutrals. As I mentioned in Lecture 20 a neutral color is best use in the main areas of your home, such as your four year family room, kitchen and hallways. For these areas, I generally like to use a lighter, neutral paint color. I like to use a darker color, and that could be a darker, neutral or another color in your dining room and your formal living room. Use your non neutral colors for areas such as your bedrooms, offices, lofts or playrooms and your powder rooms. You can use these non neutral colors for the entire room or as an accent wall in any of these rooms or on the architectural details in your main living areas. Now, once you decide where you want your colors to go, I like using sticky notes to know what paint colors will be going on each wall. So you aren't trying to remember what you decide on when you went through this process. If you're using a professional painter, they will love you for doing this as it should keep them from making any painting mistakes . One important question about painting is, Should you do it yourself as a D i y? Or should you hire a professional? Well, if you have the funds available, I always recommend outsourcing this task unless you really enjoy painting or you just don't have the budget to hire professional. However, that said, here are some other important considerations about whether or not to use a professional or not. If you're using primarily light neutral pink colors. This is generally easier to do on your own, because if you make mistakes like having one color bleed a little bit on to the next, likely nobody will notice. However, if you are using any bold hues on your walls, then I would definitely hire professional because any mistakes will be very obvious, not just from wall to wall if you're using different paint colors in a room, but also from your wall to the ceiling or your wall to the baseboard. 24. Final Thoughts: congratulations and great job on finishing this course. You should now know nearly everything you need to know about how to use color successfully in your own interior. Design projects in summary. You should now have a good grasp as to why color is so important when it comes to interior design. Not only concolor have a significant psychological effect on how you feel, but you learn how use color to fix awkward spaces make rooms appear larger, smaller than they are. And, of course, you learned how color can completely change the mood of a room by simply changing its color scheme. You also now have at your disposal some great color scheme choices for the various rooms in your home, based on a number of different variables that you can use easily. Finally, you should feel quite confident when it comes to making the right eight selections and how to use them in your home to create the best aesthetic effect possible. So in short, don't sell yourself short by not giving your rooms for your home's color scheme. Some significant thought and planning with your newfound knowledge, I hope that you now feel confident using color skillfully in your rooms so that you create your ideal space. If you have any questions at all, please feel free to send me an email. I am more than happy to help answer your follow up questions. Thanks so much and happy decorating.