How to Speak in Public: 7 Easy Steps to Master Public Speaking, Presentations & Speech Storytelling | Caden Burke | Skillshare

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How to Speak in Public: 7 Easy Steps to Master Public Speaking, Presentations & Speech Storytelling

teacher avatar Caden Burke, Leadership Skills Teacher

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

9 Lessons (1h 11m)
    • 1. Introduction - How to Speak in Public

    • 2. Chapter 1 - Step 1: Planning for a Speech

    • 3. Chapter 2 - Step 2: Practicing for Your Speech

    • 4. Chapter 3 - Step 3: Engage the Audience

    • 5. Chapter 4 - Step 4: Reading Body Language

    • 6. Chapter 5 - Step 5: Building Your Confidence

    • 7. Chapter 6 - Step 6: Embracing Your Nerves

    • 8. Chapter 7 - Step 7: Challenging Your Excuses

    • 9. Conclusion - How to Speak in Public

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About This Class

Are you a new in public speaking or looking to up your game as a public speaker? Are you struggling to get your message out, or not sure how to combat the nerves of speaking publicly?

“How to Speak in Public” is a great guide to help you make a move from an average speaker to being someone who people admire and respect as an effective communicator. Mastering the skills of communication can be a complex and daunting task, but with this, those complexities are broken down into 7 easy and actionable steps.

When you are preparing for a speaking engagement, you have so many things to consider and so many levels to assess. You not only need to accomplish the tasks you are personally assigned but also navigate those that your audience expects, all along the way encouraging and motivating them to buy into your message. You have to walk a fine line between being a communicator and influencer.

Within these chapters, you have the autonomy to find out what that looks like for you. The guidance you can gain will allow you to grow personally and help you to take your public speaking to the next level. It is time for you to start recognizing that so much can be gained from looking within and pushing to be the best version of yourself.

• How to formulate a plan for public speaking.
• Techniques for preparing a speech.
• Developing the craft of public speaking.
• How to recognize potential.
• How to engage your audience.
• How to read the body language of your audience.
• How your body language affects your delivery.
• How to build your confidence.
• How to combat your nerves as a public speaker.
• And much more.

Regardless of where you are on your journey as a public speaker or if you’re just thinking about it for the future, this can provide you with a guide for success. It’s time to take the plunge and grow!

Meet Your Teacher

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Caden Burke

Leadership Skills Teacher


Caden Burke is the teacher of the "Leadership Skills" course series. He was formerly a literary agent with Curtis Black Ltd. and writes a popular blog on Leadership Skills. Burke turned to teaching several years ago to fulfil his life dream of educating students on the topic of Leadership & Management. He lives in New York City.

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1. Introduction - How to Speak in Public: How to speak in public? Are you new in public speaking or looking to up your game as a public speaker? Are you struggling to get your message out? We're not sure how to combat the nerves of speaking publicly. Quote, how to speak in public and a quote is a great guide to help you make a move from an average speaker to being someone who people admire and respect as an effective communicator. Mastering the skills of communication can be a complex and dotting task. But with this, those complexities are broken down into seven easy and actionable steps. You will always be able to apply these seven steps and improve your skills. No matter if you are now at a beginner, intermediate, advanced level, when you are preparing for a speaking engagement, you have so many things to consider and so many levels to assess. You not only need to accomplish the task you are personally assigned, but also navigate those that your audience expects all along the way, encouraging and motivating them to buy into your message. You have to walk a fine line between being a communicator and influencer. Within these chapters, you have the autonomy to find out what that looks like for you. The guidance you can gain will allow you to grow personally and help you to take your public speaking to the next level. It is time for you to start recognizing that so much can be gained from looking within and pushing it to the best version of yourself. You will learn how to formulate a plan for public speaking. Techniques for preparing a speech, developing the craft of public speaking. How to recognize potential, how to engage your audience, how to read the body language of your audience. How your body language affects your delivery. How to build your confidence, how to combat your nerves as a public speaker and much more, regardless of where you are on your journey as a public speaker, or if you're just thinking about it for the future. This can provide you with a guide for success. It's time to take the plunge and grow. 2. Chapter 1 - Step 1: Planning for a Speech: Chapter 1, step 1, planning for a speech. Just like everything in the business world, it should all begin with a plan. Public speaking is no different. You may simply believe that you can simply just go wing it and everything will be great. The crowd will shower you with cheers and clap wildly as you deliver your message. If this is your experience, Bravo. However, this is just not the case for the majority of situations. Gathering information. As you begin the planning phase of your speech, you need to gather information. You need to know the who, what, how, when, and where. These will be the basic tools for creating your rough draft, or essentially the outline for your speech. Who? This is your audience. Who are you speaking to? What? This is the subject? What is your speech about? How what is the timeframe? How long do you have for your speech? When, time of day, season, et cetera, where environment, where physically are you? So as you gather this information, you may find that you need to alter things along the way. This is completely okay. Because you are flexible and thinking through the process may spark at different idea here or there. Remember, our gathering phase is simply about getting the information in a rough draft process. One method we suggest for doing this is using brainstorming. This is where you take a simple heading or topic and then quickly write down everything you believe that relates to that topic. The purpose here is not to edit or judge yourself. You need to allow yourself to keep writing until you have no more ideas. There are no wrong or right answers. Through brainstorming, you will find that some of your ideas are brilliant and others will not be useful. That is a process you will do later as you sort your ideas. The use of this technique allows you to get your mind thinking considered as a kickstart to creative thinking. Who the first place to focus on is the who. You need to know as much about your audience. This will prepare you to understand what they want to hear and design your speech in a way that will be most interesting to them. Your notes should include things like the number of people you expect, their age range, ethnicity, Gender, and if appropriate, anything that unites the group. So your notes might look something like this. Group size, 25 to 30 people, a number, age range, the mid to late 30s. Female, gender, Hispanic but English-speaking ethnicity or RBAC humidity, uniting factor, female business owners, uniting factor, mothers, uniting factor, looking to achieve a better balance between professional and home life. Interest. Uniting factor. What? So next, you would consider the what for the speech you are preparing. So now you will apply those notes you took from the WHO section and more specifically, brainstorm another set of words based on factors relating to your topic subject. For the purpose of the example, let's consider this is read as Smith speech, and she's been asked to give a motivational speech to the group. The organizer specifically wants her to share what her life story is and use it as a guide to inspire others. Read his background is similar to the group that she has been asked to speak to. She is a single mother who taught herself English as a second language, raised three children, all while managing her own successful business. She runs a small bakery that specializes in Gore may, deserts and authentic Mexican pastries. 3d believes she has been blessed with good fortune and knows just how lucky she is, but knows that good fortune did not do it alone. It required hard work too. She had a desire to show her children that they can rise from any circumstance and then made that come to be. So read his job now is to shape her story to fit the audience. There are many details that she could include, but she does not want to overwhelm the audience. She wants to ensure that they can see that this is not difficult. That the possibilities that she's experienced are not beyond them. She wants them to listen and be interested, but also identify with her. Redis notes, look like this. Title, winning against the odds. We are not that different. I forget to plan ahead. I focus on the issue that is the loudest. Exhaustion is real before and after what it was like before I started. What it was like after. Use examples. What was hard examples? What I learned about myself, what my family learned, how I push myself, goal-setting, listening, learning, what is yet to come. Look forward. You can see from her notes that it is not quite as speech yet, but it is starting to form. You can see clear ideas and opportunities to expand on those ideas. You can see how the audience can relate and identify with these ideas. How when thinking of the house for the speech, there are two important things to remember, how long and how it relates. So let's first consider how long the speech should be. Often, you will be given a timeframe or limit. For speeches that are short, approximately three to five minutes, you should focus on one major topic with a few examples to illustrate your point. The subject of the speech, along with the audience, will help you make the best choices for that speech. In instances where you are given a longer timeframe to work with, you can more developed the theme into different sections and examples. The next important how is how the speech will be presented? Will you use humor, show, and tell demonstrations? These are only a few options when considering how to present your speech. As you consider how to keep in mind that depending on the audience, you may need to change your method. Different people respond differently to different learning styles. Some are visual learners and understand better through viewing or watching. Others are auditory and can grasp and understand through listening. Yet others need more of a hands-on or kinesthetic approach for learning. As a speaker, you need to work to include each of these learning types in your speech. As you can see, the how part of your speech will determine how you govern this speech and what time you have available. If it is short. Leave out extra examples or demonstrations, but find a way to make sure you reach the different learning styles of your audience. Let's look at Redis notes for this part of her speech. How long? Ten minutes give or take. Be prepared for questions at the end. Presentation style, humor. Bring flyers for bakery and samples for each table. With the amount of time that Rita has for her speech, she was able to decide that humor would be the best method for the delivery of her speech. Since she has ten minutes, she can share some examples from our experiences and cover the highlights of her experiences. She may consider limiting the examples because of a timeframe. The best thing is she's gathered the information and now has the opportunity to prune it, fit what she needs for this speaking event. When it is also important to consider the season and time of day you are giving your speech. They can have an effect on the words you use. If you are giving a speech in the middle of the day, you would not want to greet your audience with a good morning. It is important to think of ways that you can tie in what's currently happening at the moment. So if it is an early conference and you are the first speaker to acknowledge that by welcoming the audience as early bird starters. It may require a bit of thinking, but you can do it. And it will tie you to the moment and help your audience relate to what is happening in the here and now. A bit of caution. If you have a subject that you consider heavy or challenging material, avoid presenting this just before lunch or dinner. Save the heavy challenging content for presenting mid morning or afternoon. If your audience's either hungry or tired, their ability to focus shifts and it makes it much harder for them to concentrate. We just notes to 4000 PM. Thursday, April 4th, rain showers predicted. You can see from Redis notes that she will be presenting her speech in the afternoon. And there is a chance of rain. Since she is using humor as part of her speech. She may want to say something about it being wet outside, something to tie the audience and to the current moment. Or the sun is shining. It is impossible to prepare for everything, but do your best on the front side, then allow yourself a flexibility to shift as needed. Where the last part you should consider when putting together your research is where what is the environment you will be speaking in. The environment can also play a major factor in how you present your speech. It is important to consider these things as they relate to your environment of your speech. How big is the room? Where will I be in relation to the audience? As a microphone available, will I be able to use notes? Is there a screen for PowerPoint or video? Do I need to provide these things or will they be available? There is nothing worse than having the best speech with the most beautiful graphics and things to present. And getting to the location and failing because you do not have the things you need. As you are presenting. You want your audience to be able to hear and see you or your demonstration. It is truly disheartening when you get to a location and are ready to give the speech. And there is nowhere to plug your computer. And for the PowerPoint, you spent hours working on, read his notes. Community Center meeting room size, medium, PowerPoint available. Room is large enough to seat all invite attendees. Tables will be set in a semicircle, putting the plan together. So once you have gathered all the research and now we are ready to prepare an outline for your speech. This is also where you will find out if you need to do any additional research before you start writing the actual speech. Let's take a look at the outline that we created. Speech length, 10 minutes. Speech title, winning against the odds. Introduction, one minute. Welcome. Thanks for coming out this wet afternoon. I'm sure many of us would rather be crawled up with a good book or Netflix. But we all made a choice to come out and grow at this conference today, we have had some amazing speakers. I see many of you have families and businesses, and we need to make the best of it all. Humor about dropping the kids off at the bakery instead of School. Main idea 1, three minutes. Share my first struggle as a single mom, where I found my passion. Main idea to three minutes, how I failed. Show how you have to continue to work hard that even successes have failures. Main idea, 33 minutes, inspire, share how I moved to set goals, learning from others success that everyone can have. Summary. Round up the important points, focus on the future and how the audience can grow. Open up for questions. The objective here is to put all the things together, to build the outline and pull it all the brainstorming ideas that fit together and formulate your speech. Continue to research her speech and develop it. Once you have the outline created, you are ready to start writing your actual speech. Yes, it is suggested that you completely write out your speech. This gives you the opportunity to fully develop each idea and prepare for the next step of the process, which is practicing your speech. As you develop and grow your skills, your speeches will improve over time. Remember, speaking in public is a skill. Some are more skilled than others, but everyone can improve a skill. 3. Chapter 2 - Step 2: Practicing for Your Speech: Chapter 2, step 2, practicing for your speech. One of the best ways to prepare for your speech is to rehearse out loud. This helps you to practice not just the speeches message, but also your delivery process. It is strongly encouraged to never give a speech without first practicing it out loud. You can practice it either by yourself or in front of someone. There are many benefits to rehearsing your speech, specifically out loud. As you speak out loud, you can discover how well your speech holds together and make sense. This is a technique I also use when sending import emails or any type of message. The process of speaking it out loud allows you to hear it as well as think it. When you only review your speech silently or in your mind, it will always make sense. That is because your brain is filling in any gaps that might exist inside your brain is all the background information that you have gained through the researching phases. You already know what the subject is about. So when words are phases might be missing or miss written, your brain automatically corrects them. When you speak the words of your speech aloud, your brain not only focuses on the words, but also becomes aware of content issues, gaps, or even inconsistencies. Another reason to rehearse your speech aloud is to allow yourself to compose it, not just for the ear, but also force visual appeal. As we communicate, the style is very different when using oral communication. This often requires the speaker to simplify their speech based on the audience. The goal is to make your speech immediately comprehensible for the audience. Your speech should begin as written text. As you talk through the speech, you will be able to see how much your speech will need to adjust for spoken contexts. The way your words sound is also an important part of improving your legitimacy as a speaker. Through the process of rehearsing or speech, you can pay attention to words that you may have used when writing your speech, that you may not necessarily say when speaking. If you have a hard time pronouncing a specific word or phrase, then you may not want to use that as part of your speech. Even if it sounds good in writing. If you cannot alliterate the word, it will cost you incredibility. Simplification. As you rehearse your speech, you will find words to remove and ultimately be able to simplify it. As you eliminate unnecessary material, you are removing things that you or your audience will simply forget. Keep in mind. If you can not remember what you have been working to prepare after practicing, then how do you expect your audience to remember it? It is completely normal to have to remove text or just details from your outline at this point. In the end, ensure that your speeches clear and using a simplified structure that you can remember. You should be able to call upon the key points and how the speech flows from point to point. The entire purpose of rehearsing or speech aloud helps you with your delivery. As you master the contents and pacing, you will know when to speed up. Slow down, pause and add emphasis that through volume. It also helps you to learn which body gestures will be natural and the various parts and expressions that work best with your speech. Remember if the speech was important enough to take time to prepare than it is important enough to spend the time to rehearse and work out any kinks, rehearsing techniques. So you have done all the research, you are ready to take the next steps. You know the importance of practicing. So let's look at what our goals for this are. You want to rehearse your speech so you can build your self confidence. You want to remove any errors and adjust as you need. Remember, give yourself grace and be flexible. The purpose of rehearsing is to work out anything that needs to be worked out to get you more comfortable and better prepared with the material so you can provide the best delivery. The next part includes some specific techniques you can use to build yourself up for effective presenting. Mirror technique. Hearing yourself alone is not enough to up your public speaking game. It is also important to see how others will view you. By using the mere technique. You're able to see the gestures you use during your speech. You can then notice how your audience might see them. This will allow you to make adjustments during your body movements. Also, take note of your facial expressions. Do they match the words you are using? You can gain so much from viewing yourself. One thing to keep in mind is it is a good rule of thumb to have the beginning 22nd of your speech memorized. This allows you to maintain eye contact with your audience. This will give you more credibility and can be very impressive to the audience. Voice recording technique. Another great way to review your speech is by recording your voice. This can serve a few purposes. It allows you to hear how your voice will be portrayed to the crowd. It also allows you to timer speech. So you know, if you need to make adjustments based on your allotted time, should you need to make any adjustments? Go back and analyze your speech for each section and make the necessary adjustments. Do not simply just tried to speak faster. However, remember, it is okay to add a pause for emphasis on specific points. Video technique. Another great technique combines both the mere technique and the recording technique. When you use a video to record your speech, you are able to see how you perform the speech and evaluate your time. This call allows you to see just how your speech will be delivered to the audience. It can also boost your confidence as you practice your delivery and ultimately nail your subject. Honest feedback. Sometimes it is great to have another individual provide you feedback for your speech. Especially if this is the first time you're speaking in public, you need to ensure that this person is willing to give you honest feedback. It will not help you to grow in public speaking. If they do not tell you where you have room for improvement as well, it will not help you to grow. If you are not willing to accept their criticism. You could personally and go over your speech a 100 times, yet you might miss something. Having someone else listen and watch your speech can be a great benefit as they will hear it without having all the background information. Group technique. In some instances, it might be possible to give your speech in front of a smaller group before you do in front of a large group. This could be your family or a group of coworkers. Remember that they're constructive and critical feedback will only make you a better public speaker. Additionally, if you have a lot of anxiety about public speaking, this is a great way to combat it and help you to alleviate any fears that you may have about your upcoming speech. On location technique. When possible, it is a great idea to practice your speech at the location you will be presenting. Of course, this is not always possible, but it can be extremely valuable to do. When you practice on site. It helps you to eliminate the surprises you may have on delivery day. It allows you to find spots around the room to focus your attention and gives you the best opportunity for a great delivery, as well as your visual aids. If you have them. One big mistake presenters make, assuming that their verbal delivery is perfect when referring to their visual aids. This can become a problem. If a slide is out of order. You want to know exactly how the slides will fall, when you should reference them throughout your presentation. Background noise of preparation technique. You may not realize that when you are getting ready to give a speech for the first time, that an audience can provide a significant amount of background noise, even when they are attempting to be quiet. One method to help you prepare to combat this is to play some music in the background while you rehearse. This will allow your mind to focus on what it needs to process when the day comes. It is not uncommon for our minds to focus on the distraction. So when you can, you need to work to train your brain to focus where you want the focus. In this instance, it is on delivering your speech. Close technique. Yes, your clothes matter. This sounds crazy at first, but rehearsing your speech and the clothes you plan to wear is an excellent idea. This will allow you to mimic the day as closely as possible. It will allow you to see just how the audience will see you on the big day as well. It also let you check that your clothes have a proper fit. There is nothing worse than standing up on stage and not being able to move your arm because your jacket is too tight. These are things you will be able to notice and feel as you practice your speech. These will be even more evident in instances where you video your speech, preparing the materials. Another important aspect for your rehearsal is working with the materials you will be using. It is important to use these as you practice the previous mentioned techniques to make delivery day have as few mishaps as possible. Many speakers use one of two options when it comes to their speeches, specifically, notecards or a printed version of the full speech. No cards. The use of notecards helps the speaker accomplish a few different goals. They are able to contain the information needed for each other. The main points of the speech, they are easy to use and not obtrusive to the audience. Typically a speaker or use a three by five size no card, which can fit nicely into the jacket pocket. And then you simply pull them out. When you arrive at the podium, the audience may never even noticed the speaker has them. If you are using notecards, it is very important that you number the cards. If you accidentally dropped the cards, which can and has happened to many speakers, you want a quick way to reorganize and get your presentation on track. Each card will have one main point for each section of your speech and any supporting information that you will need to trigger your memory to the full speech. This can also help you make sure that you vary your tone and pace emphasis on different parts of your speech, full text of speech. Another option is to prepare your full speech with you. For very technical or important speeches. It is not uncommon to prepare full speech. When you speak. If you are preparing a speech that is political in nature, it is vitally important that each and every word be planned out. If you're on a very strict time limit, your full speech can help you to keep on track and that deviate or find yourself a sidetracked. The last instance where a full speeches helpful is in situations where you are extremely nervous when you have your full speech in front of you. This can help you to relax because you know that everything you need is right in front of you. Regardless of the method and techniques you use to prepare. Rehearsing your speech can be vital in your success as a public speaker. There is rarely an instance where you should skip or compromised the stub. It is a confidence builder. Many new public speakers need these to grow in the craft. Understanding body language. The words we say are not only the way in which we communicate, we actually communicate in a number of different methods. And body language is one of the most universally understood languages. How you use your body to communicate can help to ensure the success of your message being delivered. But it can also ruin your chances with the audience ever given you a chance. Everything you do once you are in front of the audience plays a role in the delivery of your message. The amount of eye contact, how you move, the motions you make are all important to the delivery of your message. Some experts even believe that your actual words account for less than 40% of a delivery of your message. Everything else is communicated with your body language and through nonverbal communication. This is why it is essential that you take advantage of how you carry yourself and the gestures you use while giving your speech. One of the greatest obstacles that people experience with poor body language is that they are unaware of its importance. Many are not even aware that they are receiving nonverbal communication. However, it regrets a great deal with a thought and allows the receiver to draw conclusions as the speech carries on. It is important to remember that your speech actually begins at the moment the audience sees you. This could be as you're walking to the stage. This first impression is very important for public speakers. This first impression will often set the tone for the presentation. As a speaker, you should walk with energy, be confident and comfortable. Do not be too quick to reach the podium. If you are using the full text version of your speech, hold it and conspicuously, or better yet, haven't already waiting for you at the podium. Hold your head up and make eye contact with the audience as you walk in. Do not look at the floor. As you begin the speech. Take a pause before you start speaking. Allow yourself to breathe, then begin. This type of approach to the stage immediately conveys you are self-confident and the audience will most often see this as a good first impression. Let's dive a bit deeper into somebody's language components that are very important, not just as you arrive at the stage, but throughout your speech. Eye contact. As a public speaker, the more eye contact you make, the greater effect your message will have. As you stand on the stage, select several in the audience. These can be people you know, that supports you were complete strangers and connect with them eye to eye. As you speak. Shift your perspective between the people you have selected throughout the speech. Work to not make too much eye contact with just one individual. As that could cause the attendee to fill uncomfortable. As you connect with your audience during your speech, eye contact will help you to read the audience's body language. If you sense that your message is not clear enough or your audience's restless, it may mean you need to make an adjustment to your tone or speech. Gestures. Speakers who are very nervous when giving a speech are often recommended that they keep their hand on the podium throughout their speech. This is to keep her hands out of sight of the audience. When a person is nervous, they tend to have shaky hands and that's the speaker. You want to avoid the audience seeing this. The same can be said to avoid drinking water as well. When you are nervous. If you are already nervous and you feel the audience is picking up on that, you are more likely to become more nervous. In contrast, if you are comfortable making gestures and using your hands to connect with the audience, it is a great way to empower your communication. There are a few ways to speaker can use gestures. The first being emphatic. These types of gestures are used to emphasize the main point. This could be through the process of delivering a speech. That this motivation and you, the audience to act upon something you can pot to them. And this action is not considered rude, it is considered a call to action. They will feel as if they are actually involved and empowered within the speech. Other gestures are this type would include sweeping hands in the air, making a fist. These types of gestures encourage feelings. Another method for gesturing is finger counting points. If you are ever given a list to pick up from the store, often the person will number the list. The same can be true for your speech. The use of your fingers as numbers within your speech is a very subtle and powerful way to notify the audience that you are enumerating something. The next type of gesture is descriptive. This is saying that a picture is worth a thousand words. As you give your presentation, it is vital to your message to have some sort of visual aid. If you choose not to have visual aids, there is nothing wrong with using your hands to draw a picture or make hand movements to get a visual reference to your audience. Moving on stage. In some instances, as a public speaker, you may not have a podium available to address your audience. In these cases, you should work to keep your movement across the stage to a minimum. As you move back and forth across the stage, you look more amateur. Move as if it feels right within your speech. Not just simply for the sake of the moment. If you are using a chart or PowerPoint, you might consider where it is positioned in relation to you and adjust your movement towards or away from it. When a podium is provided, use it, especially if you are feeling nervous. 4. Chapter 3 - Step 3: Engage the Audience: Chapter 3, step 3, engage the audience. You have a very short time to engage your audience. When you begin your presentation, you have approximately 30 seconds to make this happen. Research shows that within the first minute of the speech, the audience experiences the first lapse of attention. This is why as a speaker, it is very important to grab your attention right from the start. If you do not, there is a good chance that they will move onto looking through their phones, reading material for the rest of the day, or daydreaming to name a few. There are many different techniques that you can use to grab the audience's attention and hold it, or even reset your audience engagement should you need to. The goal is to get your audience's hanging on your every word. In a lot of research has been conducted over the years to find the type of presentations that are most effective and keeping the audience engaged, engrossed and on the edge of their seats. What the researchers found is that the most engaging speeches happen within three elements. The structure of the presentation, the speaker's knowledge of the audience and the delivery of the information. Presentation structure. Structuring your presentation is one of the most crucial parts of engaging the audience. This process happens well before the presentation begins and happens during the writing phase of your speech. The most successful presenters divide their presentation into three specific parts, the beginning, middle, and end. This is the same method that movies, books, and a vast majority of great public speakers use. Think of it as setting your speech up in the same way you would a story. You present the interesting facts at the beginning, and then you build a content with information or examples. Then bring everything home with a conclusion of your speech. Let's look a little closer at each of these sections. Beginning. Think of the beginning of your speech as the call to the adventure. You are bringing your audience into a place where they are going to learn or empathize with. The beginning should be concise and relatable to the audience. Middle, this part of the presentation is the meat of your speech. This is typically longer than the beginning and shows the examples of what your subject is about. It should also build enjoyment or a question that needs to be solved. And as you wrap up your speech, you need to leave your audience with empowerment or the desire to continue to learn or improve. You need to work to transform their perspective once you finish your speech. It should also provide a guide for the possibility of potential future outcomes as well. The ending should also be an opportunity to remind the audience about the crucial points of your speech, guiding points for your audience. So you have your audience engaged, and now you want to keep them that way. One of the biggest things you need to do within your speech is to provide them guidance from point to point. The audience listens for cues to stay on track as you move from point to point. For this process, there are two specific ways in which you can maintain the engagement. Call to adventure or call to action. A call to adventure. A call to adventure should start just after the beginning of your speech. It should transition the audience to the middle or meat of your speech. This is where you will put out the big idea, the caret, if you will, of what you want them to gain from this speech. You do not want just to give it away. You want to dangle it so you can keep them engaged to the point where they want to find the solution. This helps to build up for your conclusion. Call to action. It is similar, yet different, and you use it to move the audience more to the end of the presentation. This is where you will spell out for the audience, what it will take for them to get results. This is your discrete method for bringing the idea or subject to variation, the ending. Then we'll bring your audience to that inspired place previously mentioned, the place where they will get the reward for their continued attention before you present. Regardless of how excellent your speech or presentation is, there is still the chance that you can miss the mark with your audience. This often happens when the audience cannot relate to your speech. To ensure you will have maximum effectiveness and engagement with your audience, you need to look for the common ground. What do you share with the people you are presenting to? This common ground will allow your audience to relate. It creates a sense of empathy between you and them. This also helps to gain their buy-in for your speech. Here are a few ways you can be sure that you are relevant to your audience. Segmentation. One of the best strategies for audience engagement is to use subsegments. You look at the segmentation and choose which of the segments are going to most identify with your perspective and focus on appealing to that group. There are many ways to segment an audience, including geography, age, gender, ethnicity, and more. Hero mentality. This method allows you to focus on the individuals in your audience. Your focus is on the kind of event you are speaking at and why the majority of people are there. You can use questions like these to guide you. What is their day like? What are their pain points? How do they spend their money? What is likable about this group? How do they prioritize? How much do they know about the subject matter? You're going to speak about how do they award respect? Do they have any biases? After you have answered? Some of these questions should have a better sense of what the audience's experiences are and how you might relate to them. Then as you are crafting your speech, you will use these experiences to reflect and relay the information in a way that most resonates with the audience. Ultimately, you should be looking for common ground. This will help you to build your credibility with the audience. As you have greater credibility, it also helps you to maintain their attention. Maximizing delivery. How you deliver your presentation is very important. And we briefly touched on this subject early on in this guide. The best crafted speeches can fall on deaf ears, if not well-delivered. The way in which you focus your presentation. Provide the delivery will ultimately determine if your message is heard by the audience. The following are a few ways that you can maximize your delivery. Interaction at the start. Think of your speech more as a presentation than just a speech. You are not there to simply read the information from a paper or read the slides to your audience. If this was the case, then you could have saved everyone's time and just sent the presentation out in an email. The process of using direct interaction within the first two minutes of your presentation, built a connection with the audience. There are many ways in which you can get them interacting. Here are a few suggestions. Humor, tell a joke, ask a question, get them to stand or raised their hand. Share a story. Has this ever happened to you? Clapping, get them applauding something, tone of voice. One thing that will kill an excellently prepared speech is speaking in a monotone voice. This includes, even when delivering highly technical information. To optimize the engagement of your audience, you need to match your tone to the setting. Think of it as a dress code for your voice. And if the setting is more casual than you might use a more casual tone. If it is more professional than you will want to ensure that your tone matches that in its nature. Movement. Moving around during your speech will often depend on how people can pay attention to you. If you simply stand behind the podium for the majority of the time, some may feel that you are boring. But if you pace back and forth across the stage, others may think you are distracting. It is important to find a happy medium. You need to gauge your audience. If you are in a large stage, you may want to walk across the stage and present it to one side for a given amount of time, then move to the other. This will help you keep the entire room engaged. You need to be in control of your movement. The worst thing you can do is allow yourself to move around too much or your nerve to take hold and you become distracting to the audience. Visual aids. Using visual aids allows your presentation to have a greater amount of depth. When using things like PowerPoint were other visuals, it is essential to allow them to flow with your presentation. The worst thing you can do during your speech is to pause and allow the audience to read the slide. In doing these two things happen, you lose their attention from your words and you have to shift their focus. As a speaker, you should think of your visual aids as to the background or set for your presentation. They should move with you and enhance your message, but not be the message. Public speaking can be a challenge and even be nerve wracking. However, as you grow and learn better to structure your presentation and to his storytelling method, you will find it easier to keep your audience engaged and you will be able to calmly and confidently share the information you have. You will grow in confidence and your audience will see you as a credible and relatable authority on the subject matter. 5. Chapter 4 - Step 4: Reading Body Language: Chapter 4, step 4, reading body language. Reading your audience's body language can open you up to vital clues that will help you better connect with and ultimately persuade your listeners. The best public speakers are able to get the audience totally focused on the task at hand. They are able to command attention to the words and actions. There are a few things that can help you to gain and hold your audience's attention. Over the next few sections, our focus will be on how to read your audience and know when to guide them. Audience mood. Being aware of your mood of your audience is important to ensure that your message is received. Your audience will send out signals to you as a speaker, and it is part of your job to notice them. One example of this would be a closed posture. This happens when the audience members are holding their head, slouching and seats frowning, or sometimes crossing arms. With these postures, you are possibly losing their interests. And this would be a good time to place a question strategically or humor to help energize the room. Another example could include a lack of eye contact. Quite often, maintaining eye contact with a person speaking as a sign of audience engagement and listening. If audience members are failing to maintain eye contact, it could be because you need to re-engage. When you notice this is a great opportunity to pause and allow the audience to stretch or inserted question to regain their attention. The chatter in your audience can be good or bad. It can be a sign that they are engaging and thinking about the subject. However, too much chatter can be distracting for you and other audience members. One way to combat this during your speech is to interject a comment. There seems to be a lot of conversation about this topic. Anyone feel comfortably sharing? This approach signals your audience that you are aware and interested in any feedback they may have. Note-taking, not everything that happens in your audiences negative. Some actions, such as note-taking, can signal that your audience is engaged. This type of feedback from your audience is a cue that they are actively listening to and find value in what you are saying. The process of note-taking is one of the more dramatic ways that an audience can give feedback and boosts your confidence at the same time. This as if they are needed to memorialize your words or thoughts on the subject. When this happens, be sure to make a mental note about it. This is a bit of content you will want to ensure you share again, should you be asked to speak on the same subject? Head movement. Another movement as a speaker that you can tell from your audience that they are resonating with your speech is the heads up, we're nodding movement. This is a very visual cue from the audience that they are engaged and your subject that they are able to grasp the concept or are in agreement. It shows acceptance of your perspective or training. This is another example where you should, as the speaker, make a mental note at this point and be sure to include it on any future speeches about the same subject. Facial expressions. People are very dependent on facial expressions to understand how each other are feeling or reacting to a situation. The same can be said for you as a speaker. You cannot afford not to read your audience's face. This is the window into what they are expressing without saying a word. Blank looks, angry faces, glazed eyes are all cues that you as a speaker need to pick up on and adjust to improve engagement. Uses the expression of the audience to help you gauge how you are doing if they are smiling and watching intently. This is a good sign. Movement or posture. Much easier and the facial expressions to notice or your audience's body languages in terms of their posture or moment at the beginning of your speech, it is normal for the audience to set in to find greater comfort to hear your remarks. This should not be concerning as well. It is understandable that not everyone in your audience will not in agreement or listening intently to you. What you should consider when it comes to posture and movement is how significant is the moment? If the person is sitting up, looking down the aisle to the friend with raised eyebrows, this is significant and you need to evaluate where this is leading you. As you grow as a public speaker, you will begin to be able to know where the audience is. Simply, until then, offer the audience an opportunity to participate and share their thoughts. 6. Chapter 5 - Step 5: Building Your Confidence: Chapter 5, step 5, building your confidence. As a public speaker. It is more about your message than it is about you to your audience. The focus should always be on the audience and their ability to read your message. However, when you are in front of a group, everything you do is amplified. If you as a speaker are confident, it is amplified. If you are not. This is also amplified. Having confidence as a public speaker will allow you to reach your audience in ways that you may not have imagined. This confidence is important because it allows you to do so many different things for your personal well-being. Here are a few things that confidence can do for your speaking. Shift. The focus when you focus on the content and not yourself or if the audience that likes you, you are fostering a healthy mindset towards the audience. This shifts your confidence away from you and on to the material or subject you're speaking about. If you go out on the stage believing that the audience is in your corner and you are no longer wondering if they like you. A shift happens and you increase your confidence right at the start, remove distracting thoughts. There are so many speakers who experience embarrassing mind blank when they go on stage. This happens because they have so many things going on within their mind competing for attention. Often these are their own vulnerabilities and insecurities that are clouding their ability to think. Part of having confidence and exuding it to your audience is thinking straight and management of your thoughts. If you have thoughts that are distracting you, you need to find a way to manage them before you take the stage. If you do not, you will find that you will be managed by those thoughts. Content, design. It is not uncommon for a speaker who was unconfident to lose focus and go off on unrelated tangents or use unnecessarily complex language or jargon to try and make their message more important or meaningful. A confident speaker, in contrast, will tailor the message to the audience, keeping it relevant and honest to the group. This can include drawing upon personal stories that the audience can empathize with. This makes the speech not just what you want to speak about, but it provides value to the audience. Calm and in control. The biggest issue with speakers who lack confidence, they get rattled very easily. There will be unplanned things that happen before and during your speech. These unplanned curve balls can rattle a speaker who is lacking in confidence. The best thing to remember is that things will happen. And you ask the speaker, will need to remain calm and cool. Speakers who can do this find a calming regardless of the challenge that they are faced with while on stage, they can manage it. Some speakers use a paper clip in their pocket to help them maintain this calm and cool persona. Simply by rubbing the paper clip. They bring themselves back to the center when they are faced with things outside their control, credibility. One of the biggest things that are found in speakers who lack confidence is they are insecure about their credibility. These speakers are often guilty of name dropping and boasting about experience or credentials. As a confident speaker, there is no need to boast about who you know or overemphasize any credentials. This is not to say you should not share these things, but that you should weave them in as examples and stories, and they should not be overbearing. You must remember that you are asked to speak on this subject. So at some level, you already have credibility. Your confidence should mirror that which others have seen within you. 7. Chapter 6 - Step 6: Embracing Your Nerves: Chapter Six, Step 6, embracing your nerves. Preparing for a presentation or public speaking event is not always easy. It is not uncommon to feel the pressure and concern for things to go right. This often leads to fear and anxiety. The next part we'll look at ways that you can calm your nerves as you get ready for your speaking opportunity. Observe, acknowledge, reframe. It is completely normal to feel nervous or normal before an opportunity to speak publicly. This is simply your basic instinct of fight or flight kicking it. Rather than allowing these responses to take control and create additional resistance to your situation, you can simply observe those instincts. Acknowledge that they are there and that the discomfort is part of the process. Once you are able to recognize what is happening and you can approach it from a space without judgment. You are better equipped to adjust the situation calmly, to remove some of the dread from your upcoming opportunity. When you reframe the opportunity, you allow yourself to see it in a different light. It no longer becomes an obligation, but an opportunity for growth. While you may not be able to 100% shake your nerves, the way you approach the situation can have an impact on your subconscious. Nervous feelings. Return to present when your nerves get the best of you. One key thing that happens is we lose where we are in the moment. We get hooked into a stream of irrational, critical, and often worrisome thoughts. Awareness is the best way to combat this from taking control of your situation. Things you might notice, our physical sensations like a crack in your voice, sweating, racing, heart are all signals your body ascending. Taking the cues from your body can help you to regain your presence. Sometimes this may just be simply taking a deep breath can help with regaining some sense of the current moment. Another thing you should be aware of is your surroundings. Notice anchor points for you. This could be a table painting on the wall. Anything that you can use to anchor you out of your mind and into the present as well. You can use a physical ways to anchor you back to the moment, pushing your weight into your toes and feet. A big thing to remember is not to take basic things for granted when preparing for your upcoming event. Like a good night sleep, staying hydrated, and watching her caffeine consumption before the event can have a big effect on your heart rate. These all seem very basic, that can play a role in your ability to perform at your optimum level. Another way that researchers have found is through the use of power poses or strong physical poses. And you can feel more confident before you hit the stage for your presentation. Strike a power pose with your hands on hips and feet apart. This process can help you feel grounded and subconsciously give you a boost and power for success. Sometimes it is helpful to shift her gravity to remember that you need to recenter yourself. Standing up and taking a deep breath is helpful when doing this. Think of it like the image of a heavy ball in your stomach. You can feel the weight of it, how solid it is. Now moved the focus from your heart or head down into the ball. This process can allow you to move that nervous tension away from the surface and grounded in a place where you are in control of it. When possible, get to the place you are speaking early. One technique that has great success is when you own the space. Imagine that you own the room. It is just an extension of your own personal space. As you evaluate the room, look at the configuration. Notice the size. Spending time in this space you will be presenting can allow you to feel calmer. You can practice your speech, count the number of steps up to the stage, plan your path, and ultimately build your confidence for success. All of these things can help you calm your nerves. Being aware of the space allows you to gain comfort and the space subconsciously. Warming up and opening. One of the best ways to ease your nerves before public speaking is to have good preparation. As you build your speech. You spent a lot of time organizing your thoughts, determining flow, and many other things. One of the key things you need to practice is you're opening. The opening of your speech will set the tone for how everything else will flow during your speech. As a speaker, you will have about two minutes of just pure adrenaline. But as at this dissipates, you need to provide something positive or something the audience does not expect to set the tone for the rest of your speech. To set this tone, it can be as simple as I am happy to be here. And what we are here for today. This can allow you to relax and ease into your speech. The ability to engage your audience through soliciting the revise, buys you time to get grounded in your presentation. One option is to pull the audience, ask them for a show of hands, or ask a few attendees why they decided to come for this topic. This is a great way to get the audience involved all while allowing you to get grounded in your speaking. Another method might be sharing the agenda for the day. You could say something like, today, we will be covering x, y, and z. This is just a simple way to connect with the audience, to engage them and allow yourself a few moments to ground yourself. Nerve management, acknowledging and calming your nerves before your presentation is a best practice. But what do you do when you find yourself doubting, filling discomfort or uneasy during the presentation. As a speaker, if you have a misstep, the best thing to do is keep going. The audience is expecting you to be good and succeed. Remember, you chose for the event, even when you feel like your insides are shaking. The audience most often is not aware. As a speaker, you are in control. You have the power, and only you can give that power away. You can give it away to your subconscious by allowing it to take control of your thoughts. You can give it to your audience by allowing their body language to affect your confidence and negatively. Keep in mind that throughout your speech you are in control. Another thing speakers are often concerned about is the questions that the audience may ask. The best way to combat this is by preparing a list of potential questions before your speech. Also, it is okay not to have all the answers. If you are not sure about something. Here are a couple of responses you can have in your back pocket. That's an excellent question. Let me follow up with you and get the right answer. My instinct and view on that is x. It is a great question. Let me get my team to dig into that more and I'll send out a more detailed response. Shift the question to the group or audience. Let me turn this back to the audience. Does anyone else have a thought or view they would like to share? As a speaker, you will never know 100% for sure how the event will go. The best thing to do is to find a way to calm your nerves through reframing, accepting, and observing as part of your natural processes as well. Never forget that you can leverage your body to maintain your grounding and be present in the moment. It is equally important to take time after presentations to reflect. You need to evaluate how things went, what worked for you, and what did not. This process allows you to become a better public speaker. It allows you to find out where you are, you're nervous coming from, and what you can do to calm them. You must be honest with yourself, evaluate your preparation, mindset and techniques of what worked, what did not. Then learn from these things on what can you do differently? What routines can you set up for yourself for the next opportunity? Through this process, you can create your own set of best practices and improve your ability to speak publicly. 8. Chapter 7 - Step 7: Challenging Your Excuses: Chapter Seven, Step 7, challenging your excuses. The ability to communicate your ideas and thoughts openly to a group is one of the most challenging experiences that many people face in their careers. Those that can communicate their ideas and public are able to advance their careers, build on their skills, growing business, and develop strong collaboration skills. Public speaking is a great way to promote people into action and effect groups on a large scale. Yet it is a challenge. While the benefits of being able to speak in public can be very rewarding. The honest factor is that there are many excuses people use to reset the opportunity. As an individual looking to grow. You can either make excuses or you can grow. As a speaker, sometimes it is easier to place the blame for a poor presentation. However, you must remember as the speaker and you are responsible for the success or failures. That's a presentation has. Making excuses for the audience or your performance will not lead you to future success. Let's look at some excuses as a speaker, you should avoid. Number one, excuse, touch crowd. Audiences can be a challenge and honestly, sometimes you are never able to connect with them. However, it is your job as the speaker to prepare and have a well-planned and strategize process for presenting thinking. You can transition the same material from the audience to the audience without tweaking, it will ultimately be your downfall. Before you toss your hands up and say, this was a tough crowd, you need to be honest with yourself and think about how you prepared. Did you achieve what you set out to do? Did you manage the expectations of the audience before your presentation? Did you ask the who, what, why? Remember, the more you tailor your presentation to the audience, the greater success you will have. Number 2, excuse what agenda? You will not always have a meeting or conference planner that provides a proper introduction for your presentation or the purpose of it. It happens more than you might think, which is why as the speaker, it is your responsibility, regardless of the setup, to address the agenda of your speech. You do this during your introduction by giving them the takeaway. Provide your audience with a roadmap for where you are headed. And they are much more likely to get in the car with you when they know where it is going. Number 3, excuse. No one cares if I stay to myTime. Wrong, way wrong. Your audience mind if you go over and it can impact the effectiveness of your speech. If you have 45 minutes his speak to them and you are still on the first after 20 minutes, the are going to start tuning you out. They get antsy and your message gets lost. One method that some successful speakers use is to tell the audience just how much time they will spend on each topic and stick to the plan. Being clear and staying to your time given is something the audience will respect you for. Number 4, excuse, the audience does not matter. Also, often speakers forget the importance of their audience. We pushed the focus on the message and that it should alone hold the value. However, this is completely wrong and thinking your audience is essential in your success. If you are thinking of making speaking a priority or part of our business, the audience of word of mouth can make the difference in if you are hired or requested for another subject. Remember, your audience in many instances is spinning valuable time, and in some instances, money. They deserve you to give them the very best you have to offer. Show them you value their time. Number 5, excuse, I'm good, I can win this. So many speakers are guilty of this. They may have given this speech before and know the material inside and out. Winging it is a huge mistake. When you fail to prepare for your presentation, you set yourself up to not put the best version of yourself forward. Every time you practice, you improve your craft, you improve your delivery. You are simply cheating. Not just yourself from growth, but your audience from receiving the best version of you. It is not worth it to cheat yourself from being a good communicator or taking the opportunity to boost your skills. There simply is no such thing as I worked too hard to be successful. I have grown all I can grow. These are simply not true. You can build upon every experience and find ways that with each success, you can even be better. Give yourself grace. Even the best presenters in the world are going to have an off day. Bad speeches and presentations happen. What you learn from them is what makes the difference. When you have a presentation that flops or as poorly received. This is an opportunity to assess and correct the mistakes you made. Your goal is to push, to improve with each experience, to allow the feedback. Not to demoralized you or drag you down, but to build you up, to let you know that this is how you can improve, that this is the way forward. Do not allow yourself to make excuses and hold you back from success. Anyone can become a well-crafted public speaker. And they just have to take the first step and believe, take some time and consider the excuses that have been holding you back. How can you shift them into learning opportunities? 9. Conclusion - How to Speak in Public: Conclusion. You did it. You have successfully made it to the end of how to speak in public. I hope that you found a wealth of valuable information in this guide. One of the greatest fears people have is speaking in public. This is rooted deep in our psyche from an early age, where we are trained to be listeners and not doers. Society wants us to listen to others and not be the professors of knowledge. Yet, when we step outside the classroom and onto the playground of our world, our hearts open or voices rise and you are free to speak. Transforming from a listener to a dewar is something that anyone can do. You need to gain the courage to be yourself, the courage to hear your voice just in your comfort zone, but push yourself beyond that. You are now equipped with tools to improve your skills to assist you in growth a longer path to becoming a better public speaker. Remember, public speaking as a craft. And like with any craft, it takes time to learn and master. The benefits you will find from mastering this craft are enormous. As you grow in confidence and become more comfortable speaking in groups, you will build your ability to take on larger scale projects. You will see the more you look inside yourself or confidence and control the inner fight or flight response, the more successful you're speaking engagements will be. Regardless of what you're given profession is, you are more likely than not to speak in front of others or asked to speak publicly? Yes, some positions are more involved in public speaking than others. However, do not let the thought of having to speak in public hold you back from going forward and making your dreams of having that position come true. Work on your craft, develop your ability to speak. A key part of being a good leader is the ability to communicate and seek well. You need to develop this as a value for your character. Leadership is fundamental to growth and becoming the best version of you. This is not to say that you have to lead a team, but you have to be the leader in your own life. You have to be able to lead. Your ability to lead that comes through in your speech. Those that have mastered this are charismatic, compelling, and exude confidence. The next step is to get practicing your skill and work to become a more effective communicator. Just as children are taught to read more to become a better reader, the same is true for those looking to become a better speaker. Practicing your craft will improve your skills, not just as a public speaker, but also as a communicator. The ways in which you choose to communicate influence the types of messages you are capable of sharing. If you choose not to speak and only send emails or presentations, thinking they are doing the speaking for you. You will miss the opportunity to grow your craft as a public speaker. As you establish yourself as a person who was willing to speak in public, you will begin to open new doors for yourself. This build your reputation and establishes that you are open to new possibilities. Putting yourself in front of a group, identifies that you are approachable and approves your ability to network and build relationships. When you establish yourself as a skilled communicator, others will want to identify with you. You will open yourself to a world of opportunity that could be in business, academic, or personal growth. This is just the beginning of your journey and where it takes you ultimately is up to you. Put the time and effort into your actions. Through your efforts, you can become a great public speaker who not only can share information, but can influence the path of others.