How to Play Music by Ear - From the Basics to Fluency - Part 3 - Harmony/Chords | Michael Emenau | Skillshare

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How to Play Music by Ear - From the Basics to Fluency - Part 3 - Harmony/Chords

teacher avatar Michael Emenau, Music Maker!

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Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

14 Lessons (1h 18m)
    • 1. Harmony #1 What is Harmony

    • 2. Harmony #2 What is a chord

    • 3. Harmony #3 The Function of Chords

    • 4. Harmony #4 Play Twinke with Chords

    • 5. Harmony #5 Mary had a

    • 6. Harmony #6 Where and When to play the chords

    • 7. Harmony #7 same chords different song part 1

    • 8. Harmony #8 same chords different song Part 2

    • 9. Harmony #9 The VI minor chord

    • 10. Harmony #10 breaking down the 4 chord song

    • 11. Harmony #11 4 chord song Medly

    • 12. Harmony #12 Major Minor

    • 13. Harmony #13 test Major and Minor

    • 14. Harmony #14 How to find the Key

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About This Class

In this course I will be taking you through a series of listening exercises and examples of how to listen, and discover how to discern chords and harmony in general. As with the Melody course, we will start with very simple songs to give you the tools and confidence to play music freely while listening and understanding why and what music is. I will also introduce the idea of playing in different keys and the overall function of chords, why we use them, which chords sound good together and how melody and harmony work together.

There is no requirement of previous experience with music or music lessons. This course can also be very effective for music students who have only ever played music by reading sheet music.

What will students learn in your course:

  • The basics of harmony and chords
  • How chords work and enhance a melody
  • Which chords sound "good" together
  • How to play in different keys
  • How to accompany yourself while playing and singing
  • I suggest you first take my course "How to play a song by ear" as it will help with a couple fo the lessons

This course is part of a 4 part series teaching you how to play music by ear. In this course I will be speaking specifically about rhythm, getting your body and mind in synch with rhythm and how to play a couple rhythm instruments.  Parts 2 and 3 will focus on Melody and Harmony.  These courses can be taken without the rhythm component (part 1), but of course the more you know the easier it all becomes. In Part 4 - Song Discovery, we will be using all we have learned in the previous 3 courses (rhythm, melody, harmony) and putting it together to learn songs by ear.

I have included a video which talks about a group of 4 classes which will be available on Skill Share.

click here to watch description of course(s)

Meet Your Teacher

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Michael Emenau

Music Maker!


Hello, I'm Michael Emenau, musician, composer, app developer and overall lover of music. I created these courses based upon my experineces teaching my kids and others about how to play music from a very simple, fun base.  Everyone can play music, we just need the tools.

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1. Harmony #1 What is Harmony: Okay, Welcome to Part Three. Harmony. You've made it. You're a melody master. And now we're going to talk about what poverty is. Harmony is two or more note played at the same time. Generally, this referred to his cords, although there it could also just be to melody. Lines are harmonizing with each other. Let's look at it. Okay, for example, here is a melody is a melody. It's it moves horizontally. It's going to the left to the right, but it's single notes now. If I had a harmony, the most basic way to describe it would be as a cord, and we'll be talking about chords a lot. Here's what it looks like this I think my core, another way you could describe this is that the harmony in this case is a vertical. It kind of stacks on top of each other. To make this case, geek or melody is more of a horizontal, moving to the left and right now, harmony. Generally, we're gonna say it's supports a melody. It it indicates where Kieran, but generally it's to give a fuller, richer sound, too eager. Melody is now Harmony can also, for example, Harvard. He could be a harmonised part. I could be playing a melody. I could be doing a harmonized. So in this case, I wasn't playing a chord with my left hand. But there were two different notes in this case a D and B O going to a CNN A to a B energy organizing here on playing chords. This is the basis of what harmony is. The next lesson we're gonna be looking specifically at cords. 2. Harmony #2 What is a chord: in this lesson, we're gonna be talking about cords. Where the court is now in its simplest form, accord is a combination it. There's a group of notes played at the same time, whether on the piano, whether it's on a guitar or any instrument that is able to play multiple notes, which would be guitar, piano, ukulele, banjo, violin a bit when instruments. It's very challenging to play more than one or two time for obvious technical reasons. Now Cord can have just two notes in it. But for all intrinsic purposes, all the court we're gonna be dealing with having a minimum of three notes, three different notes to make up that court. We're gonna be talking about major and minor chords initially. So how do you make a major chord? Let's take a look. You start with any note on the piano, we're going to start with C. You're gonna count four semi tones up. A semi tone is the closest note to the note. You have already that you already have. So I'm I see they closed. His note is C sharp will be one. The day is too de sharp history four. So that is the second ordered by court. But down three Not gonna count three more One Dio three That's a major chord That is a C major chord If I want to find an f major chord, I'm going to start with it I'm gonna count up four to three You're going to count three more one to But that's how you form an F major chord now inversely to make a minor chord You count three steps than four steps So I'm gonna go back to the sea I'm gonna kind of three semi tones 13 and then four more that seem minor court for the F 31234 Now there's another way to find your minor chords, which you may find simpler. Quicker. Um, if I'm on a C major ally need to do is take the middle note on moving down 1 70 Major major court My record. What's the difference? What's the purpose? Well, one of the ways I guess the most common way that it described as that major court are happy . Minor chords are sad. I think this is kind of simplistic, but it is a one way to describe the different emotional feelings that each type of court could give. But I think, more importantly, is just to consider that if you're in the key of C major, you're going to be wanting to use a C major chord because the harmony the cords are supporting the melody. And, conversely, if it's a C minor melody you're playing, then you're gonna want to use a C minor court. Let me give you some examples. So here's a melody in C minor, and I'm going to use a C minor chord to accompany it. And then I will use a C major and hear the difference. C Minor chords doesn't sound so good. I'll have a major song with minor chords. Way also wanted to touch briefly on playing chords on the guitar because it's not as visually evident how to find chords on the guitar as it is on the piano. And in fact, on the guitar, the best way is really just to memorize the shapes. I will be including a little guitar chord chart book and but when you, for example, if I want to play a d major chord Oh, that's a D major chord not to be mine record. It's much harder to count through and find and find the notes on a guitar. But just be sure that the cords have the same function. That's a D minor. They sound roughly the same. They give the same, uh, functional purpose that's a dream major chord. 3. Harmony #3 The Function of Chords: in this lesson, we're going to go more in depth into how to use court, what chords to use, where do you use them and how to use them? So there are three cords which are the most common core's that are used in popular music. And they are the one chord, the four chord and the five court. Now what that means is when you have a key whatever kier you were in, if you're on the for example, in the key of C, the C s a tonic, the sea is also the one chord. So if you're in the key of C major, the one chord is seat C major. Now the four chord you account up for notes C d E f. You're forecourt is an F major court and the five chord see, the E g g major is the five court. Here's what they look like in here's what they do. Okay, we're in the key of C. And here is the C major court. We've done this before. It looks like this Find the G chord. We're gonna kind of five five chord. It looks like this four core. It looks like this Now the nice thing about playing in the key of C there's no black note on any of your cords, and the shape is identical. So the C chord the F core on the G chord are pretty easy to find. You just got to find the first note of the cord to see the with the and then you base it off that now each of these courts have different functions, and this is going to become more apparent over time. But I'm going to talk about it a bit now and see if this, uh, resonates with you. The Psi Corps is the one chord and again we're talking the key of C major. If I was in a different key, whatever key I was in, for example, I was in a major. The key of a major than the A major record would be the one chord. But just for now we're in the key of C, and we got the one Ford. This cord tends to start and finish ah song and finishes different segments of the melody. Generally speaking, it's a five finality cord. The G chord, the five core what it is it's called a dominant chord. And what the G chord with the five court wants to do the most is to go back to one. So the end of a phrase in music, it'll often go from five back to one. So if I'm in playing very high little lamb, I'm starting one, uh, this court when I'm on this five, it just wants to go back to one. Thats may seem a bit abstract now, but as you listen to cords warm or you really begin to hear the pole of the five Chord wanting to move back to one. Now, the third chord is the four core or the F chord. Functionally, you can think of this as a passive cord. It supports the melody. Um, but it doesn't. It can either move to a five chord or back to a one chord. It doesn't have the tension that five court has now again that say it may be been abstracted this moment by over time, as you claim or more, you begin to really hear how this court functions 4. Harmony #4 Play Twinke with Chords: Okay, We're gonna look at Twinkle Twinkle Little Star again. It has all three chords were going to do it in the key of C So the three chords are going to be C, G and F that will be used in the melody. I'm gonna play once with the cords and I will say the cords allowed as they do it. And after that I want you to try to play back. Twinkle, Twinkle. We're going to start with the C chord court C chord. Keep a secret. I see. See? Okay. A few things to know Before you practice this, you saw that sometimes I was playing the G a pie, sometimes down low. Whether I play a chord here or here or here, the cores shape is there in the notes of the same. So that's not important. I tend to play the chords in different places on the piano, depending on where the melody is. I don't want my hands to get too close together, ignored or I want them to be too far apart. And again you're here will dictate what you like. What sound you like, How you're going to do it. Okay, so I want you to play this melody with the court. Go slow. There is no rush. Don't worry about rhythm. Just try to play it. Listen to what you're doing. Don't be frustrated. It could be a bit overwhelming at first. Trust your years. You can do this. 5. Harmony #5 Mary had a : Okay, We're gonna try another song. We're gonna try. Mary had a little lamb classic. I know you're loving it. We're gonna do it in the key of G. So that's a G major on This son only has two courts. It is G major core, which is the one chord since we're in the key of G. The tonic is G. Therefore, G major is the one chord the other court is going to be the five chord. So we're going to count up. So the other court is going to be a d d major core, and the D major chord has an f sharp in it. It looks like this. Okay, that will be the other court. So your court are so first of all, let's play the melody once. - Okay , so if you can't play that yet, uh, take a break and just practice out of it with the right hand, then come back and we will introduce the court. Okay, here's the course. It's going to start on the G chord, and I'm gonna call it the cords and you just try to recreate this. - What I'd like you to do, if possible, is to play this also in C major in C major. Your two chords are going to be see because it's the one court and the five court. The other court is going to be, uh, that's all you get. It's up to you to see if you can play this by ear. 6. Harmony #6 Where and When to play the chords: in this lesson, I'm gonna be introducing a couple techniques to help you find what chords to play with the melody and where to play the chords. Now, the song we're gonna be doing right right now with old Lang's I and I'm gonna play it once At this point of the lesson is not necessary that you play the song. This lesson is more important is to listen to what is happening and then to use these techniques for whatever song you're playing. Okay, so I'm gonna first start by playing song while counting the rhythm. And what is important is to notice Beat. We want to find Beach one in Beach Three because that is where the cords are going to be. So I'm gonna play the song encounter loud. Well, by the way the song starts and before this is called a pickup, this is very common. A lot of songs don't actually started a big one. So here is Auld Langs. I and we're going to the key of C major and it starts to be four. And we're looking for ones and threes. One to three, 23 41231234123 0 to 3 to three to three four. So the first thing we want to do is look at what chords to play. Generally speaking, your songs start on the tonic court on the one chord just to review we in the key of C major are three chords were going to be using a C major, the one court the four chord F major on the five chord G major. So here's how you find a chord with melody Note and what you want is that the melody note should be located in the court. So right now, wherever we've said one in three that is where we're gonna try to find courts. So I'm gonna start just again for the beginning to give you an idea what I'm talking about . So the song is 123 to so on the beat One is where we want to find the court court. Here's the question. The melody Notice a C. We have 3/4 that we're trying to use to harmonize with this melody. So the first court is a C major court. It has notes. And since the melody is a C, this court, in theory, should work. The f court also, uh, see that. So it is a potential cord as well. The geek or the five chord. Just not have the seat. So we can cross that one over. So I'm gonna try it with both chords and to see which one to me. Sounds better. I was with the C chord, so they both seemed to work. They wrote some nice together. The question is, which one compliments melody more. So I'm gonna play it with C chord and just listen. And to my ears, the sea court sounds better. It's the beginning of the song. You're trying to establish the key and see works. Especially since you get this e chord here. This e note which is part of the Seward. I'm really gonna think this is a C chord that's going on. 234 Now my next being one is a deep Let's look at the cords again. Guardian a C chord. No. Is there see a DNF court? No. Is the one in the G court? Yeah, Let's see how the g chord it sounds on being one of the second from the beginning. 123 That all seems today so far that would be the next melody part. So we have to find what that IHS generally, especially the beginning when you're trying to figure out chords by here. It's kind of good to go back to the beginning each time because you're establishing where the key center is, and it just keeps everything in reference. So again, as I said before, some of this stuff made you redundant. But here we go again. We're trying to find the cords on B one and B three of this song. One, 23 We're back to a seat. So again it could be or it could be enough. So we got years are years. This doesn't really sit right to me as a four chord. So I'm gonna try to a C chord again War. Look at that. A. The A is not in the Psi corps. It's not g kar, but the court. So this one is is obvious as to sorry. I don't mean say it's obvious, but is most likely to be an f court because this a is all of this records the only where it is. So I'm gonna keep playing the beginning. 12 three No, As the next multi purpose, you gotta be one on a G. So is the G part of the C chord or is it part of a G court theory? Either these cords. Good work. We're gonna use a year again. I'm gonna hop up a little bit. Teoh type person g chord. My ears say no. I try with the c chord. It all sounds nice. And look at the melody. That's a C major chord right there. So there's all is making sense. Eyes your next one. It's a d the only those three course has Okay, we're getting close. Go from here. Way Got to figure out this last little bit of the song and there's your B one. So again, is it a C chord? Does this plays in a after it and A is in the f chord, but it's not in the sea court, so it's most likely going to be an f. So excuse me, uh, I have to go from beginning cause I'm getting confused now. - Okay , now, that may have been a bit overwhelming, but I'm just trying to show you the process of how I figure out chords in a song. So I'm gonna play this whole song one more time just so you can hear it and please during the computer off after and try to figure out this song yourself. Here we go. 7. Harmony #7 same chords different song part 1: The purpose of this video is to open your ears up to focusing on listening to the harmony in a song. What I'm gonna do is play very simple Children song again. And this one is interesting because it's actually there's two different songs to use the exact same poverty and the exact same melody. I'm gonna start by playing that and then you tell me where you tell yourself what song it is. Okay, here's the first under Okay. Was it? It's kind of anything this this happens a lot of music where the melody people just write different words over the same melodies. Thea. The classic example is, uh, Twinkle Twinkle song. So in those three songs there are slight variances in the rhythm, but that is really just a fit the lyrics in but the actual contour of the melody and harmony is the same. Most people, when they listen to music, they tend to gravitate primarily towards the melody. The lyrics, that is, while most people when they hear a song Oh, I know that song because they recognize the melody. Sometimes it's the beating. It's a riel, very special or unique beat that may bring it to you with harmony, it's a little more abstract, but the more you listen to music in, the more you focus on the harmony the cord that are going on in a song, you begin to recognize song just by harmonic motion. So I'm gonna go back to that same song again. I'm gonna play just actually different keys and I want you to sing along in your head or allowed while I am playing that song. So you considered here Oh, well, this harmony, who's the same way on different pieces? Because the harmony surprisingly can give you a lot of information that you may not have ever noticed before until you start focusing on So again, we're gonna go back to Baa Baa black sheep. So this course it was a do you scored? It was a one court in a five chord on playing in the key of C. So there's a one chord because it's the key of C. So I'm gonna start on the C note. It's a major key. And then the other quarters of 51234 give you the first notice song to make this easier for you. So when you're ready, I'm gonna start playing this song. Just the courts and you sing along. I count four and then we start. 1234 Okay, that's the song in the key of C. Now I'm gonna played in a different key. I'm gonna go as far as ways possible to F Sharp Major. Don't worry about playing it in this key. Unless it you were up for the challenge. Okay, Sharp Major. My two chords again. If it's f sharp major, it's still going to be an extra major core. There's a track that I go up that show. It's just like just there. Now, since I'm in major, my fifth is going to my core. Don't worry that you don't know these scores. You're not going to be playing this key. I'm just using this as an example. Okay, there is four years. First note. Can you sing the song? Uh, let's find out. I'm gonna play the scores and here we go. What to I'm gonna play in the key of D. And the first note is that correct? That's correct. Here's the first court, Bo. Let's see if you can sing it. 1234 Kill it on the guitar. I am very high little lamb de 8. Harmony #8 same chords different song Part 2: were you two more. But this time I'm not going to give you the first note. This is worth a little more challenging. So here's what we do the key of G. Now what I do is most likely the melody is going to start. This is for any song is going to start one of the nose off the court called core times. I try singing very little lamb on this note, just in case you want to check the top play all three versions because we know that if it's down, down is the motion of the cow. So if I hear it here, I know it's not that obvious what I'm telling you again. It's just a matter of trusting your ears and believing that what you are singing in hearing is correct. It takes a while. You pack around, find things, but eventually it just becomes second nature. I'm gonna try one more time. Here's another harmony will do to the key of B flat. So here's the three notes. See if you can find this without me giving it to you. Eso you just start. Does it sound good with this? Notice the melody so good with this is the melody. Okay? The answer is that's the first note. Play the course single way. Okay, now I'm gonna try a little more complicated song. We're going to go to the triple combo of Twinkle Twinkle Little Star A B C D. Actually, here you go. So this one is a little easier to find the first note, Melody. Okay, you know what I see? So we're gonna play in a different key now. So for this key, the key of F So I'm gonna sing. I'm sorry. So I'm going to play the chords you try singing along. Remember that 1st 1 is a big job way. Go. What to Okay , keep listening. Do it in the key of a major before I played Here's an a major chord. What? No, this No. This is where it begins to be up to you to decide for now. I'm giving you the answer. It is the tonic, twinkle, twinkle way. Okay, when you do this in one more key and just reminding this lesson is not about learning how to play songs in different keys and how to learn all these chords and to do this quickly. What I'm really asking is that you listen to the harmony and who could up with your voice so that you can have a connection again between the Harmony voice melody just to make it exciting for me Well played in the key of a flat major. - Okay , so as an exercise, I would just say Whenever you're listening to music, try not so much block out the melody, But listen to what's going on behind here. Here are the cords move hero things raise here they descend on. Then we'll give you a very different flavor in a whole different aspect of music that you may have missed before. 9. Harmony #9 The VI minor chord: good news. We're gonna learn in court today. It's called That's six minor chord. Here's what it looks like. Okay, let's go to the key of C major. There is one car, which we know. C major major forecourt. 1234 It's a major core now. Six minor eyes, a minor chord. Now we've spoke with that before to make a minor chord kind of three, then four 23 This'll is a minor six core. This is the cord that puts all the other chords in their proper place. The six minor chord is a great little card. It's it's similar to a one chord. It uses two of the same note as you look 1/4 of the same. In fact, if you look at it this way, there's a C major. There's a reminder. There's just a little change, but it just adds It really adds a nice flavor to music, and it is used all the time in pop music. So I'm gonna show you how to find the six mile record in a couple different keys, and then in the next lesson, we're going to use the game. Minor and great news were Finally, we're finally going to not listen to any more Children songs. Sorry about that. Okay, So if I'm in the key of F, I want to go up to the sixth note and, uh, as you know, or may have remembered that there is a B flat. It would be if I'm in the key of that. So six. And I want to make I know that f major six mile record is D minor. How do we make it minor? We go kind of three major in the key of D major. It has two sharps the F sharp on this one here. See shirt. Keep the major. Is that court 46 Notes B B minor. About six minor of the major. Again to make that be minor chord was Just showed you my steak kind of three d o. I'll do one more. Uh, the measure again. You're not probably be playing in the major. It looks like this. We ever after playing the major I want you to. But I'm sure something explained to you where and how to do that just now. What kind of six notes I am at G sharp. So my court is gonna be G sharp. Minor. Same technique for the beginning, the six minor chords will be using a minor in the key of C If you're in the key of G E minor. Very common guitar music. My G Major, do you mind? Just it happened 2000 songs or you mind. Okay, so in the next lesson, I let you wait. You get the next lesson to find, okay? 10. Harmony #10 breaking down the 4 chord song: Okay, you've made it. We're going to not play either Christmas song or Children. So very exciting times. And these are all going to using the minor six chord, which really is the glue court in popular music the last 30 40 years. So what I wanted to do more than anything in this lesson is just to listen. Listen to the changing of harmony and hear how that all these different songs work over these these cords. Now, they're not always in the same order. But I'm going to start. I show you some very classic examples of the identical chord structure. Identical motion with different melodies, sometimes or maybe a little something a little different here and there. But generally is the same chord changes different melodies. Okay, here come the examples. Enjoy. Okay, so we shall go through a number of songs, and I'm gonna do these all of the key of C. So you've been really here of these cores? Just keep moving as the melodies float over top. So one more time are four cores are going to be the C major chord. Now, I'm also going to be doing something else where I'm gonna play this chord. In the other hand, sometimes based reporters. Well, this is a scene. It sounds like this. Um I think that way I don't do that again simply, Just so that you can hear when? Because generally when we play, we like to break things up to make them more fancy. Here's the court. Yeah, there is only but a goody way . Uh, here's the chorus to a very famous Madonna song. Start simple, Get complicated. Then I'll break it down Way, way. Okay, In this tune this is a classic, classic classic. The song is into part that versus really follow exactly the 15 minor 64 core progression in the chorus. It does a shortened version. It does 15 64151 which is C G a minor f c g c. Now my excuse to the million's and million's defense because I'm not gonna play this very well. And the verses, especially every time he seems that he seems a little differently. He half sings half speaks it, so I'm just trying to equate it. But again, these lessons right now are about listening toe harmony and hearing how the harmony moves through melody. So my apologies to all the fans over there. Here it comes 11. Harmony #11 4 chord song Medly: I can tell you to put all the songs together in one pulse, meaning the post is going to say the same. The courts will that change at the same time between the melodies are going to be on a faster floor. But again, this is all just so you can hear the passage. Of course, Through time, I predict I will make some mistakes. Here we go. Uh 12. Harmony #12 Major Minor: in this lesson, we're going to talk about the difference between a minor and a major chord. Now, structurally, we've already talked about it. As we've said, Major chord 123 with minor chord 1231234 The other way is if you have a major Snowden, you bring it down a semi tone of a minor. Same thing here, major. So that's the structure. But how can you hear the difference that somebody displays accord to say, Is this major minor? So the standard definitions are majors Happy? Minor aside, and I've really thought about another way to present this to you because I just find that is a very subjective. But I haven't had much luck. But here's a trick that I actually used to do when I was younger, and I want to see if this works for you. The idea is like this. You make a statement and then you play 1/4 after it. It's a statement, a positive statement, a happy statement. If you play my record, it feels a bit off and vice versa. For example, it's the end of the movie. There's Bean, all the trauma, the hardships, The ups and downs rid of the end. The good guy wins. And so what Chord works for the good guy. Great guy. One. It doesn't really work as a minor chord It We've been looking all week and we can't find her dog. Kind of works were looking all week and we can't find her dog. Major court. Just use a bit odd. I gotta be report solid major chord. It feels right I got today. I'm a report card. That's more like you are. You're failing your report card. I I can't find my dog. I looked everywhere. He seems to have disappeared. I found my dog. He ate everything in the I have a good time here, but seriously or un seriously, it's the idea Pretty a context with accord a major minor to help indicate which one of those two it is. This lesson is going very poorly. My students understood with a major chord. Waas I weigh everything reading test they don't like me is a teacher. Thank you for this lesson. 13. Harmony #13 test Major and Minor: I'm going to play a series of chords. Listen, major a minor. Here we go. Uh uh Um, - uh uh. 14. Harmony #14 How to find the Key: this lesson, we're going to learn how to find the key in a song. So, first of all, what is a key? We've talked about it a bit. It is the center. The key is the center note and scale and cords that all work together to create a piece of music that sounds harmonious. Itis, records, work the melody and it just sounds nice. So most of music we've been doing is in the key of C, which has no sharps or flats. And as we said in the key of C C majors of One Chord, The Fours and F. Jesus five, the a Minor is a six minor chord. Now those that's all information for what isn't a key, but just to find a key. There's some basic techniques that I like to use. Number one. The most important thing. Listen to the song. First old Just listen a couple of bars and then I tried looking for it. Listen to a song the whole way through here how it begins here, and and while that song is playing, try to sing a long, long note with it and sort of get a feel of what the harmony is without knowing the names, the nose. But what sounds right now, The easiest way to find the key, if you're lucky and usually works out is that the last note of the melody generally is the tonic that will spell you out if the last one is an E. And most likely you're in the key of E now questions that e major or a minor. That's when we use the exercises in the previous lesson to help us decide whether this is a major song or a minor song. Now, often the melody is going to help you dictate that to more than more than even the harmony . But first of all, let's just listen to a song. So I'm gonna improvise a little melody here and I want you just hum along home different notes to hear what sounds right. It just sort of see if there's one note that the song really sink into. Okay, Um, - okay , try singing some long notes with that, too. And also, when I get to the end, try to sing The last note played. This is the middle of this. I'm so seizure here. Those last four notes now I'm gonna play this song again and just keep singing this note the whole time, or you can sing it down here. So this is the tonic. So I'm gonna play a few different songs now and what I'd like you to do, just seeing as I'm playing it. And then at the end of the song, I'm gonna play the tonic And, you know, by the way, that last song was in e minor. Because first and last chord waas this My dog ate my home. Okay, see if you can find the key to this one. So the tonic is a dough is a c So I think that, uh, going to do and have the Christmas song way. What was the last note? There's your tonic. Try singing that song. Uh, and this song is the G major. So finding the key can be abstract at times, and it's very hard at the beginning to I believe that what you found is right. So the main thing, as I said, listen to the song sing long notes through the song to see which No, it's really kind of blend and fit through most of the song and listen to the last song of the peace. And most likely you have found the key. That sort of major minor. You're gonna have to figure that out, using your ears and good luck with it.