How to Overland: Travel by Car, Motorcycle, Horse or Bicycle | Travel Tips | Krystal Kelly | Skillshare

How to Overland: Travel by Car, Motorcycle, Horse or Bicycle | Travel Tips

Krystal Kelly, Travel & Equestrian Coach

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26 Lessons (2h 21m)
    • 1. What you will learn in this course - Meet your Trainer, Krystal

      2:38
    • 2. Meet your trainer, Christian

      0:45
    • 3. What kind of car to use on your road trip

      11:04
    • 4. Getting to know your vehicle

      7:05
    • 5. Overland modifications

      7:38
    • 6. Basic car maintenance for dummies

      6:47
    • 7. Overland breakdowns

      4:09
    • 8. Overland packing list

      1:54
    • 9. OVERLANDING planning and preparations

      2:39
    • 10. Overlanding documents : border crossing etiquette

      4:29
    • 11. How to find food & fuel

      2:24
    • 12. How to navigate OFFLINE!

      3:42
    • 13. Budgeting your Trip

      6:46
    • 14. Overland SAFETY

      3:25
    • 15. Dealing with police bribes

      7:23
    • 16. Do I need insurance?

      2:43
    • 17. Overlanding for charity or to get sponsors

      5:07
    • 18. Motorcycle Travel Intro - Pros & Cons

      11:49
    • 19. Motorcycle Travel - Wing it or book an organized tour?

      4:38
    • 20. Motorcycle Travel - Documents & Essentials for the Bike

      10:56
    • 21. Motorcycle Travel - Gear for the Rider & Spares

      17:35
    • 22. Overland scooty bike adventures

      1:55
    • 23. Overlanding by bicycle

      3:02
    • 24. walking and hiking overland on foot!

      4:06
    • 25. Overlanding on horses and camels

      5:37
    • 26. OVERLANDING Final Tips & Conclusion

      0:40

About This Class

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Do you dream of traveling around the world slowly?

Do you have plans to travel overland by car, bicycle, horse, vespa or motorcycle but don't know where to start?

Then this is the course for you!

What You Will Learn in this Course:

  • What kind of car / vehicle to buy

  • What budget / How much will this cost?

  • How to plan your trip

  • How to deal with Police bribes

  • What equipment to pack

  • What car modifications to make?

  • Basic car maintenance for dummies

  • Personal stories / learn from our first hand experiences!

  • Dealing with locals

  • Breakdowns - What to do?

  • Insurance - Do I need any?

  • Road trip advice for Africa, Asia, South America, Central Asia, Europe and North America

  • Where do I stay?

  • How do I find fuel / food etc.

And more!

Benefits:

  • This course will give you the knowledge, confidence and skills to start your overlanding adventure, no matter where in the world you want to go!

  • Enjoy the ultimate road trip solo or with your friends

  • Travel the world!

  • Travel on a budget

  • Travel as a Digital Nomad and have the world as your oyster

  • Meet interesting people!

  • Challenge yourself and learn to master skills you didn't even know you had!

Meet your Trainers:

Krystal Kelly is from the USA and has traveled to over 60+ countries including countries such as Iraq, Bhutan, Yemen, Madagascar and more! She has overlanded from England to Mongolia and back again in a crappy 1L Toyota Yaris and has also overlanded South East Asia on scooty bikes and vespas. She's also recently ridden her two horses overland across Ireland, 600 miles from the south to the north completely unsupported with her husband Christian.

Christian Volger is from Germany and has also driven an old crappy car from England to Mongolia and back again. He's also the expert on motorcycle travel and has done multiple overlanding adventures in Europe on various bikes. He too has overlanded on horseback in countries such as Greenland, Slovenia and Bhutan.  He is an automotive engineer and although he has a technical mind, his teaching style is simple and broken down into easy to follow steps.

Transcripts

1. What you will learn in this course - Meet your Trainer, Krystal: Would you like to travel the world over land and have no idea where to start? Then this is the course for you, because in this course you're gonna learn a whole lot of stuff. Firstly, if you haven't already purchased your car, you're gonna learn what type of vehicle to look for, whether it's a car, motorcycle, whatever. You're also gonna learn what type of paperwork and documents you need. Obviously, for border crossings, you will also learn how to deal with bribes. You'll face a lot of police bribe situations, potentially depending on which countries you're going. You're also gonna learn basic car maintenance, and I'm going to call it the car maintenance for dummies. Because when I started, I knew nothing about cars. I'm going to show you the basics that you need, even if you don't physically do it. But you know how to oversee somebody else doing it so they don't do it wrong. You're also gonna learn what type of equipment you should be bringing with you on this long overland journey. Roughly how much money you need, you're gonna learn a whole lot of step in this course, and by the end of it, you should be able to confidently travel anywhere in the world. Doesn't matter. Africa, South America, Wherever this car went from England, Mongolian back this little mini. I mean, I've traveled around Europe in Italy and we went up the highest one of the highest mountain passes in this little tiny 30 year old car. So we're gonna be covering all kinds of different scenarios and situations and especially my own personal adventures. So if you're wondering, who am I and why should I be talking about this course? I have actually worked internationally in 20 different countries across five different continents. I've over landed, as I said, from England to Mongolia and back again on this vehicle. I have a lot of experience over landing. I think I've actually travelled more overland than the have flying into a country. I even over landed from a lawn into Yemen, and I was wearing a full veil and kneecap and I was driving in Yemen. I've also over landed on my own horses have traveled from the bottom of Ireland to the top with my two horses, so I have a lot of experience in multi cultures and in different places in India wherever. So I'm gonna give you some of my stories because I know that facts and information will only get you so far. But personal stories. You're gonna be in the desert sometime, and you're gonna remember. Oh, yeah, that's how she got out of that situation. And you're gonna be able to pull that card out. So I will be your teacher. And also joining us will be Christian, who is a little bit more about motorcycles. And he's a little bit more vehicle technical than I am. Um, so thank you for joining this course, and I look forward to seeing you inside. 2. Meet your trainer, Christian: you're probably wondering right now. Waas all about cars. What about motorcycles? So that's where I swoop in. I have done quite a bit of motorcycle travelling. I have a bunch of classic motorcycles myself. So I went from Germany to Scotland and back in a 1979 250 cc motorbike. Had a lot of adventures with that one on the road. So a lot of stories to tell how to quick fix some stuff on the road. I will tell you what to pack. What not to pack some handy tips where to store your things to make the border crossings and the ferry crossings a bit more smooth on. Yeah, that's about it. I think we will have fun together. 3. What kind of car to use on your road trip: and this video, I'm gonna be talking about choosing the right vehicle. And it's not gonna be what you think. I think everyone is gonna assume that I'm gonna say, Go and get the super expensive fancy four by four Jeep or whatever you know. And you need one of those little plug in refrigerators and you need roll bars and you need a with this stuff. And actually, that's not what I'm gonna tell you. Um, so in my experience, any frickin car will dio Yeah, and I mean any car. So I actually grow from England to Mongolia and back in a little Toyota Yaris. Um, yeah, that was Miss Car. Wouldn't have changed it for anything. And it was fine. I went through all of the stands. Um, yeah. So you know, as you saw that little car doesn't look like anything special. I didn't have any modifications. It's just an old, crappy car. Cost me £500 it lasted me three years, did 70,000 miles, and it was great. So I think that this, um, there's a misconception that you need this and you need that. So what I'll say about that is Of course, I think you need to determine. Firstly, how long are you gonna be on the road? If you're gonna be for a year over landing, you might consider something different than if you're just going for three months as I did . I've also travelled overland on Scudi bikes, and I'm currently actually writing my two horses across Ireland. And, you know, when I'm over landing on my horses, we have to carry everything that we need on our horses and horses going to carry so much. So, you know, we have very basic supplies. We have a small tent. We have, like, basically nothing. Um, and I think a lot of people are quite surprised. Like What do you mean? You can travel for a couple of months with just a small tent and, like, two pairs of clothes, so, you know, it is possible you're gonna have to actually really think How long am I gonna be gone? And which countries are you gonna be going through? You know, if you're going across Europe, there's hostels and B and B's everywhere. You don't need a 10. Probably unless you choose to do that. In which case that's fine. Or maybe you want to go over landing in the camper van. That's totally doable. If you're planning on driving across Africa or Asia, or I don't know South America or wherever. I think the point I'm trying to make is it doesn't have to be a fancy car. Doesn't have to be a four wheel drive. It doesn't have to be whatever, you know, I've seen people across deserts and a Porsche. I've seen people, uh, you know, crossing Africa top to bottom. I've seen people do all kinds of things. I went across Asia, South America, and you could do it in just a normal car, so decide how long it will be gone. And the next thing that you need to look at is depending on which countries were driving through. You want to find a vehicle where you can easily find spare parts, Let me say it again. You need to be able to easily find spare parts. Seems like common sense, but you'll be surprised how many people try and take a brand new vehicle or brand new G for a brand new Land Rover. Whatever. And a lot of the new cars they're having a lot of electron ICS. They're having a lot of gadgets and fancy things, and they're having a lot of spare parts, which only exists in those Western countries where you have to go to the dealer to find them. Well, the spear points are super hard to find and super expensive. That's not gonna work in the middle of Africa or in the middle of who knows where. You know if you break down in a desert, you need to be able to find some parts quickly and the old cars. So I think the older the car, the better the old cars, like 20 years old. Um, the old cars, you know, the spare parts exist in most of the countries. And again, do you research what kind of cars they the locals were driving? Um, but a lot of them, you know, you can swap parts between cars because a lot of stuff sort of his interchangeable. A lot of stuff could be swapped here and there, and a lot of it can be. It's called your guard in Hindi. It's a word it means when you can create something out of nothing, so and you could fix something with, like, just minimal stuff. So, for example, zip ties, duct tape, um, or gaffer tape. Is the British like to call it? So Yeah, that's what the locals we're gonna be using if they can't fix it with a couple of zip ties and some duct tape. Uh, yeah, Um, but you need to be able to find spare parts in those countries easily. Toyotas, in my opinion, are pretty good because their universal they, like, almost never die. You have to try to break them, I think. Um, yeah. And you wanna plan for finding spare parts? See? So in Russia, for example, Lajas are very common. So, you know, if you broke down in a lot of you're never gonna find out. We're never gonna run out of spare parts for a lot of. And then, of course, in the worst case scenario, you might even just have to scrap that car by another car and continue under journey. I've seen that happen to have seen people have to scrap their little car, swap it for a local motorbike. I traveled a lot of Vietnam with scudi, bikes and things, and yeah, so you know that might be an option as well. So you don't want some super expensive fancy thing, especially as faras burglary and robbery. You don't want to stick out. You want to blend in a little bit and you want. I mean, I had a bright pink car, so I didn't really blend in. But I had a local car which locals could deal with. So I did have an incident in no man's land between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. There's 22 kilometers of no man's land. My car engine actually exploded. There was bank. There's a proper holding the engine and it took me 12 days. I was stuck in Kyrgyzstan for 12 days trying to find a new engine which I somehow managed. I got the only one in the whole country. They actually brought it from Bishkek toosh, which is like eight hours drive and yeah, swap the engine took, drove days. I didn't know if I was gonna be ableto manage it. I thought at some point I would have to scrap the car, tried three different mechanics and we'll blow Anyways, I somehow managed it. So you know you want toe. As I said, be able to find something that you feel if you can't get it fixed, you might have to just scrap it. And again, that causes a lot of importation exportation issues that you need to research in advance. Um, but typical. You want to be able to try and find spare parts because that's what's going to save you. Okay, um, some criteria on how to select your perfect over landing vehicle. 0.1, you have to look at your budget. So yeah, you might not be able to afford the big RV and you go for something smaller. But actually, this more cost are very good formal ending as well. So look at your budget and and make up your mind point to look at cars which are fairly common along the route. So look at the countries where you're going see whether the cars are available. They're a swell because that will secure your supply of spare parts anywhere you go. Also keep in mind the cars might have a different name in the country. Are going, for example, the Toyota Yaris in the stands. It was called, I think to iota this or something. So you have a have a look around. Just check whether their cars available doesn't necessarily have to be the same name. 0.3. Um, really get inside the car. Maybe you have a longer test right and see whether you can make it work for yourself. See whether you have enough space. You will spend a lot, a lot, a lot of time driving that car, so make sure it's comfortable. Check out deceits. Check whether you have enough storage space for your kind of necessities and belongings to need a lot and make sure you have enough lack of space. Or you can recline the seeds and have a quick NEP on the roadside. This is all very useful stuff between OTA actually was very good. In this sense. You can recline the seats and just sleep for 23 hours, and it's barely barely come comfortable. So make sure that all these little things work that it's comfy. Um, and yeah, you're good to go. Number four on your checklist should be ground clearance. There's a lot of city cars and smaller cars which more and more get really useless if you drive out of the city, so make sure your car has some ground clearance here. The Yaris, for example. Very good ground clearance. I think we're talking about a 10 centimeter, so so and that actually is is all right also, and we cover that in another point in the course, you have to adapt your driving to actually accommodate for your collar. But we talk about that later, but without cloud brown clearance, you will have a lot of problems, so make sure your car has some ground clearance. About that. About 10 centimeters would be very good. Our recommendation, and that's gonna be Point number five is get an older car. There's a couple of reasons for that reason one would be, Actually, if you go into countries which are kind of less developed or have ah, slightly lower technical standard, you will have problems dealing with kind of self lay issues or whatever. The motor in college have also an oldest car. Usually they're proven there, like in the second or third kind of technical revision on the market. So there are from factory already very good or the little kind of problems. They had a start of production are gone, so it's a very reliable car from the start 0.2 is the mechanics on the way will be able to deal with it. Fix it. There's not gonna be any special software they need to re program things or whatever. So keep it simple. And, um, 0.3 years. Three oldest cars in a kind of general sense, are in a also, in a mechanical way, easier to fix. Most people think an SUV to get get out of Europe because the roads get bad and it's the only way of travelling is a big SUV. We can tell you that's not necessarily the case we actually recommend. Take a car, which is very common all around the world for its Antel, the Toyota Yaris. You will find spare parts anywhere in the world for this one. Some, like the mini, for example, also very popular car writing. Drive left and drive. You find them all around the world, so actually spare parts are available, and also because it's fairly old. It's easy to fix, so when you get the rights, Bath Heart usually are able to get any mechanic to put it in there. No high tech tools or computers necessary to actually fix it 4. Getting to know your vehicle: okay, if you finally decided on a car, Um, I recommend we recommend that you spent some time with it to get to know it because you have to build a relationship to your car. That might sound silly, but I can tell you cars have personality, and you better get to know that before you head out on your big adventure the time I would spend. I mean, I'm just saying, Try to do a bigger kind of trip in your car before you had to the start line off your big adventure and this little trip, it might be a week. It might be just a couple of days over the weekend, but do a lot of driving, trying to lift like you would live in your big adventure and just tested for for quite for a bit of time. So you get familiar with all the things you're called us, and what do you do so with the many. For example, when we bought it, it was working and wasn't good working condition. But on the first big around, we we found out that there was a slight electrical problem which surprised us a bit. Eso we could. We were ever to fix that. Also, if the car has any little quirks, maybe there's a wheel bearing which were just kind of going slowly. You'll be able to fix that before you go on your big adventure. Also, what's very handy if you do it before you will find out what's missing in the car and what you might want to add. For example, in the mini, we had to kind of build a little travel hack. This is, Ah, a charger, a phone charger. So it's one off those 12 sockets, and the mini usually doesn't have that. So we had to kind of build a little thing and put the socket in there. And now we have the ability to charge our phones during the drive, which is very handy if you use um ah navigation app because they need quite a lot of energy from your phone, so you better make sure you can charge your phone on the way. So that was one of our own travel hex. The other thing, we had to find out the hard way. In the many wars, there's no cup holders. There is no cupholders in the whole car. So yeah, trying to figure out stuff like that because I can tell you life without cup holders on a road trip is not fun. Another thing you might want toe learn. Or you should look at before you go on your big trip, do a lot of driving and see whether you can actually handle it. For example, in the mini, the mini doesn't have power steering. So actually, if it's wind the roads, if you go off the motorway and you go wind the small roads, you are actually working. This is work steering so I can deal with it for quite a while. I know that Crystal had some problems. So after, like, one or two hours, Kristen needs a break to rest her arms because she is working herself off on that steering Leo. And if you don't want to do that, then look into a car which has power steering, for example. So, yeah, consider things like that kind of by a car, which suits your personal of fitness and your personal needs and other very, very, very important tip is shoes a car. You relate to a car you love because you will see that car every single day and every single day you should step out off the tent, the hotel wherever slept. Look at your car and you should start smiling and think, Yep, that's exactly the right one to do it. You should love your car, and I promise you your call will love you back, and it will be as reliable as it can be. But personally in my mind and I am convinced about that. Cars have a personality. Cars have a mind on their own. And if you build a relationship with them and if you love them, then they love you back. That might sound stupid, but I can tell you I'm a engineer and I can explain a lot of stuff what happens in the cost . But there's also a lot of stuff I experienced during my travels, which I can't explain, and they're just down to whether the car likes you or not. So always treat your car like a family member. A word about getting to know your call. I think this is super important. I think you know, when I first started, I wasn't super comfortable driving a stick. Um, so you know, it did take me a few days before. I was a little bit comfortable, and I needed a little bit of time to experiment with my car, had driven a stick and had been taught how to. But when I got my little car for the over landing trip I was going to do, I definitely needed a few days where I was just sort of me and my car. And I was listening to the noises that she made. And I was, you know, experiment. There was a lot of steep hills, and I was practicing my hill starts and all of this kind of stuff, which I just didn't have a whole lot of experience with, and I tried to get all of the quirks out in Europe. So that way, when I was, you know, in Asia or whatever, I was a little bit more comfortable in a little bit more confident, so I wouldn't get stuck in the sand so much. But, you know, don't I think plan for a little bit of time. Cars are the different, you know they make. They do make little noises. They have no personality, especially if you're getting an older car were used vehicle as I recommended. You know, it's gonna be quirky. It's gonna have its own characteristics and characters, and you're gonna learn those quirks on the road as you go. But don't be afraid of them. You know, if your aware that your car needs oil after, I don't know two weeks, your car needs oil after two weeks. I mean, that's just how it is. You know, I had a little pink classic mini as you saw that little car. We basically need to fill it up on many almost every time we use it. And I think the first year we had it, we had to push started every time we wanted to go somewhere. So, you know, it took us forever to figure out how to get it to actually start. So But, you know, a lot of people say, Don't buy many if you don't like fixing minis. So you know the cars are going to be quirky. They're gonna have a little things. That's part of the fun. I think. I think that's part of the fun. It's part of the challenge. You know, if I can drive my little pink mini from here to there. And push started every day. But you know what I made. And I went through one of the highest mountain passes in Europe with that little mini. So, you know, that's part of the fun. And I think the quirkier the better. So don't be afraid to get something quirky to get a little bit of a challenge. Of course. Makes Rose mechanically sound. All of the things that need to be working or working. Um, but don't be too upset or public about little small things here and there. Yeah, just enjoy it. 5. Overland modifications: So let's talk about modifications to your car quickly. Um, I didn't have a something or I didn't have the roll bars. I didn't have fancy seatbelts. I didn't have any of this stuff. Um, I am interested in doing some sort of car rallies and things like that. So, in which case, you know, I might need some of these things later on in the future, depending on which countries of going on what the event is for the normal driving that I was doing. I don't need any of that stuff. And I drove through the Mongolian desert. I drove through Turkmenistan desert. You know, I would flatten the tire, so I had a thing which you plug in a single cigarette lighter, weaken, inflate the tires. That was quite handy. I had a little tow cable. Um, I had, I think, just really basic stuff. Nothing too fancy. I knew that I could find spare parts. The one thing I did definitely have was boil oil for my car. Um, and then you just very simple things for myself, You know, toiletries and whatever it is. Make sure you have plenty of room to plug in your phones and your chargers or your cameras or whatever it is, make sure that you can be a little bit self sufficient. You don't always know if you're gonna get, um ah, hotel or a place with electricity. So, you know, have some backup solar chargers or whatever does that you think that you might need and, as far as again, modifications to the car. Um, I didn't have a sump guard. I didn't have anything fancy. I did meet people that have had those things again. I think it's kind of preference. My philosophy on that was, well, you know, the locals were driving cars in those countries already, and I don't think they have some guards. And yes, there's big potholes in Kazakhstan. But, you know, if they're not having some guards, I guess I don't need some guard. I'm just going to drive around the potholes, you know? So my theory was, if I don't drive like a maniac, I should be fine. And that theory actually worked. So I didn't have any popped tires and didn't bash the Khartoum. I mean, I did bash it up a little bit. I got stuck in the sand, a couple of times, or, you know, I had some things happen, but I didn't. You know, it was sort of man misjudgments. You know, I misjudged the sandbank or whatever it waas. Um, but I didn't really bash up the car too much. In that sense. It was still going strong. Other than the engine. Um, yes. So I didn't need any modifications, but my car also had pretty good ground clearance, so I didn't really need some. I didn't know some people that they put us some, and it made the ground plans even worse. And they were scratching the crap out of the car, and it actually was banging on every pothole and every stone and everything, so yeah, again, it's sort of your preference. Do you need a some guard? Which is the thing which is covering the bottom of the car, Or do you not, you know, personally? Yeah. Again, it's up to you. I didn't use it. I don't think I would, Um, unless I was planning on doing some serious car rallying stuff, in which case I probably would other modifications that other people had made, you know, they think all kinds of weird stories from the local mechanics that they should put, you know, if they have really low ground clearance, that they should raise the car. And I saw teams that were paying hundreds of dollars to raise the car, but like an inch or two, and it actually ruined the car made the suspension even worse because it wasn't designed to do that. And then they actually had problems because they tried to fix the car to not have problems . So the more modifications that you're doing if you don't have any experience and you're not , you know, very knowledgeable mechanic or whatever, why don't fix it if it ain't broke? I think that's the key thing here. If it ain't broke, don't fix it. Don't try and add new fancy shit, you know? The only modifications, I would say, is if you need a bed or if you need ah, whatever you need somewhere to sleep. If you need cabinets for your pots and pans. I don't know those for vans and things, but you know, those are the kind of modifications maybe you would consider. But as far as mechanical stuff again, take advice from people who actually know whether talking about when you're in Kyrgystan, you know, they're just going to try and sell you whatever. A lot of teams were also putting tennis balls in the suspension, which also made the cars worse, not better. And they had serious problems because of it. And then they had a bunch of tennis balls that they couldn't get out. So, you know, don't don't follow all of this nonsense whenever. Just do what you know that you can do as long as the car's going find, You know, don't don't fuss around. Don't first keep it as simple as possible. The other thing that you want to consider is when you were making modifications to the vehicle. You know, um, whether or not you need some guard or whether or not you need ah, roof wreck or bed or a tent which goes on top of the roof, or a trailer which are pulling all of this thing. I think it's all personal preference. Decide again. How long are you gonna be on the road? What is your comfort zone? So, do you actually need a bed? Um, are you find to get hotels when you totally need a bed and camp the rest of the time, are you? I don't know if you're traveling solo as a woman. I probably wouldn't be camping depending on ground going by myself. I'm so I probably would seek hostels and things, but yet sort of your personal preference. So you need to write down. What is it that I actually need to make this journey? And what do I do not need? What's just like luxury conference that actually I probably could live without having said that, I will just briefly share a tiny story about a modification that I made not to the vehicle , but to my trip, which helped a lot in Azerbaijan. I was shopping A said. I was stuck for like a week, and so I happened to see a silk pillowcase. It was traditional pillow and a pretty pattern on it. And as a kind of joke, I bought that as my souvenir. Um, and so for the rest of the trip, I had a silk pillow which everyone made fun of me for. But you know what I said? Like a queen. I slept in the car most of the time, but I had a soaked pillow, and I was heavy, so, you know, little tiny things like that. Um, that was my little luxury comfort to make the car more comfortable. So make sure you have some pillows, don't they? Don't have to be so qualms, but have some pillows have something just like a tiny luxuries. A scarf, a shawl? Definitely. I used to put them on the window in Turkmenistan because I didn't have air conditioning in my car. So, you know, that was sort my air conditioning to block out the sun, and it sort of worked, so I couldn't see when I was driving out the windows. But, you know, I just kind of figured Islam. I could see where I'm going. That's all I need. So those kind of modifications that I would be thinking about were small little luxuries to comfort. And that's kind of stuff that you'll figure out along the way. You're not gonna think of everything, but you'll figure it out that you go. Here are a few modifications to consider a some guard whether or not you need a roof rack or if you want a roof, tent, bed or living quarters. This is for vans or for campers. Ah, hiding place for your valuables. So maybe you're alcohol if you're in a Muslim country or a drone if they're not allowed, However, you definitely don't want to do anything illegal. And you definitely don't want to get caught if you are small luxuries like a pillow heating and air conditioning. If you don't have already, you need to realize if you're American and you're going to a European country to purchase your vehicle, a lot of them do not have air conditioning, a CD player or us be poor in an auxiliary cable so you can jam to some music. You're gonna be driving a lot, and you're gonna want some tunes, A place for your phone to sit away from the sun's. You could navigate some storage space. Be sure you can recline your seat still and swap old parts for new ones if needed. And don't forget the cup holders 6. Basic car maintenance for dummies: in this video, I'm gonna talk about basic vehicle maintenance for dummies. Because I had zero experience. I knew nothing about cars. Um, I actually bought this vehicle blind on E bay. Didn't inspect it or anything. Um turned out it did have a very severe problem with the engine I had learned the hard way ended up exploding somewhere along the way. That's a different story. I'll get into that. But right now for the maintenance. So one of the really great things when I bought this car actually ended up buying it from a mechanic and he was from Poland and he told me, You know what I should pack as Faras maintenance is concerned. And he knew that I was gonna drive it from England to Mongolia. And he also knew because in Poland there's a perfect word for in Hindi. It's called you guard. It's when you sort of create something out of nothing. So when you fix something with, like duct tape and some cross ties, and you invent a way of fixing something so it's not the traditional way of fixing things, but it works just the same. Um, So he told me what I should take. And I'm just going to show you some basic things which anyone will be able to do. Obviously every Korans difference. So yours might not look the same as mine when I pop the hood, but most of it will be the same. And these are the things that I need you when you're either purchasing a car or you're already have a car popular hood, find where these things are and that will get you to the finish wherever it is that your end destination is in mind. So step one, we're gonna pop the hood. Now, inside of this particular car was a lever that I had to pull. So now I'm just gonna find the little lever. It's inside here, and I just lift it and the hood comes up, and then you're gonna find the little stick to keep the hood up in place. Um, so the things that I recommend that you need, no matter what vehicle you're taking, and this is the things that my sort of mechanic guy recommended for me. So one oil take spare thing of oil. Every car takes different oil. There's different types of oil. So I recommend you take a can of oil. There's different types of oil. There's 10 60 or there's 10 40. I think the 60 is the thicker type. You need to check with your mechanic. You buy the car from, or check on Google or whatever. What type of oil used takes? I had a situation where I was driving and somebody mechanic actually recommended of super thick oil for my car, which ended up being like the doom of my car. So do not listen to them. Put in your car the oil that you need, carry it with you an extra one. You will be able to find it along the way. I've never been in a country where you can't find oil for sale. Usually you find them in fuel stations. But make sure you have a spare can of oil, and then you need to know how to check the oil. Um, you usually do it before you've started driving for the day, so you do it in the morning. You find the little, um, stick. It says engine oil. You take it out. Mine is not. As I said, my car engine exploded. So minds a bit of ah Dugard fashion Now, mine, obviously, as I said, is fashioned strangely, this is not the original dipstick. There should be two lines here. Yours will be different than mine. Uh, that's the maximum. That's the minimum. So it should be somewhere in between those two lines. The oil after you've wiped it off, stuck it back in and checked it. And if the oil is lower than the marker line, you would feel in this cat. So you would unscrew this. It's the engine oil. It says it on my car. Unscrew it, feel the oil in here. Screw it back on. Never, ever, ever fill it to the top. That's number one. Just pour some in and then you'll put it back. Check the oil again. It's just sort of Ah, rough guide. You have to sort of estimate, but put the oil in and then make sure you screw the lid on before you close the hood and drive away. Otherwise, it's gonna slaughter all around, so you be able to check the oil. That's number one, and then the other thing is, you should be able to check your air filter. I actually had a river crossing in Mongolia was seven deep rivers. It was past the hood of the car. So when I got to the other side, I needed to check my air filter to make sure it wasn't wet. And it did get a little bit wet. So luckily, I had a spare air filter. I just popped it open. Uh, the Mongolian men were super impressed when I solo Blondie girl checked my own air filter, put the clean one and closed it up, put the other old one away and drove on. So you'll definitely impressing people. So how we check the air filter on my car again, check and see what it's like on your car. But it should be about similar. So this big thing is my air filter, and there's too little hooks here. You just pop them and it comes out like this and this is my air filter. So again, it just pops out super easy. I can put in a new one exactly how I found it. So I had a spare one of these, and then you just put it back on. Don't make this thing, ladies. Okay? Yeah, That's air built? No, I'm filthy. Boy, is why you make boys do it. Usually that's how you check their field to oil, and then the other spare part that you need. So three things oil, air filter. And then the last one is a belt. Bring a spare belt. Um, if the belt breaks, you need another one, and it's just better to have it spare, because that way on the road or whatever, someone could just pop it on. It's something super lightweight doesn't take up any space in the vehicle. There's no reason not to have it. Um, bring a spare built. The belt is down inside there. This is the engine oil where the oil where you pour the oil inside. This is the engine oil dip stick, and then this is the air filter. 7. Overland breakdowns: let's talk a little bit about breakdowns. I think it's a little bit of an inevitable thing. If you have this fantasy of, I'm just gonna travel for miles and miles in my car, over my motorbike or whatever is never gonna have any issues ever. It's just not true. And it doesn't matter if it's a new vehicle. I mean, probably that one's gonna break down more sooner than the older one. So, you know, go ahead and scratch that fantasy out already. Um, it's inevitable that you will have some breakdowns. It will have Something's happening. Um, again, you need to see that is part of the fun you need to enlist the locals in order to help you to fix the breakdowns. You know, whatever be as self sufficient as you can. You know, have a little shovel or whatever. You can dig your car out of the sand or whatever it ISS. Yeah, Like I said, I have a little tire inflatable thing, which I plugged into the cigarette lighter and I could inflate my tires and I could deflate them. And, you know, I had all of that stuff so I could be a little bit self sufficient, had a tow cable. So if some local was driving by, they could to make. And I ended up using all of those things. So don't be afraid of breakdowns. I'm trying. Keep your cool. I know in some places it's going to seem scary. Especially like a Mongolia. For example. I got stuck in the sand and, um so I actually I had a hitchhiker in the car with me at the time. I got buried in the sand and, you know, it's Mongolia. You look around and you don't see any people. There's no one. There's nothing. But I was on a somewhat road, so I knew that somebody would come. So I actually I had my got buried in the sand and asked my hitchhiker, You know, here's the camera. Can you just make a little video? Me? I'm just gonna pretend like I'm digging my car into this and because I knew the two of us couldn't push her out on our own. And so I made that little video, and then I stopped and she was kind of like, Well, now what do we do? And I was like, What? We just wait. And sure enough, after, I don't know, it wasn't even that long was like 10 minutes and a car came by and there was like, seven Mongol and men. They saw me broken down, so they all jumped out, pushed my car free. They decided the bumper was weird. So they started zip tying the bumper and, you know, it was fine. And I was off and again after, like, 20 minutes. So, you know, Ah, lot of times it might seem like Oh, my God, I'm in the middle of nowhere and there's no one. And what about going to do? But actually, you know, you don't need Triple A or a in those countries, and I'm going well because the locals know if they see a vehicle, they're not gonna leave you stranded as part of their culture. It's part of their code. So, you know, if you're stuck, they will get out. They will help you, even if they can't fix it. But they'll, you know, call someone a friend of a friend of a friend who has a truck that can tell you, you know, I mean, they'll they'll manage. They'll they'll do something So you're not gonna be totally on your own, and again, it depends on rare driving. But I'm using this as an example because I think I think a lot of people think Mongolia, you know, you're in the wild and there's nobody, and actually, you're not as alone as you think you are. There's almost always somebody coming by, even if you have to wait for an hour to. But there's almost always gonna be someone. Um, so, yeah, that's just kind of what you have to get used to. And then, of course, in Europe or America, wherever you have a A, you can call and they'll come and they'll fix your car on the roadside service, you know, so it exists in those kind of countries and take advantage of it. You know, if you're going from America, they have it in Europe. If you're in Europe and you're going from, maybe they haven't America, so you know it's something after pay for the service. But it exists. I think the key thing to remember there is there's always a way. There's always a way fixing your car. There's always a way of finding somebody. There's always rent this just always away. So have that in your mind. You know, when I had my engine explode, I didn't know I was gonna find another engine. I didn't know if I was gonna get fixed. I definitely thought I was gonna have to scrap it for a really long time. But in the end, I managed. And there's always a way. And if you're persistent, there's always a way. There's always something. Even if I had to scrap it, I would have, you know, Plan B bought a motorbike and finished on a motorbike. There's always a way. Other people, you know, they're Carlsberg down. And so they got a lot of in Russia all they did, that's what they did that or you know what? There's always a way, so just keep that in mind. 8. Overland packing list: for packing? Definitely. I've already kind of touched on this a little bit. Pack light. I didn't have a whole lot of stuff I had, you know, compares off clothes. I didn't even have a tent. I didn't even have anything. But I knew that I was gonna meet people or find hostels. So, you know, I did. I met up with some people. I convoyed. They had attend. I didn't, so I would sleep in their tent or, you know, whatever. I sort of made it work. Depending on where you're going. If there's not gonna be other travelers, if you order in West Africa or something and you might not meet people, then you know, be a little bit more self sufficient, have a little bit extra gear, but don't overdo it. I think a lot of people overdo it. They think that, you know, they're not gonna find such and such, and this country or whatever, you know, don't overdo it. In my experience, you can find I mean, basic things. You know, basic food supplies basic, you confined toilet paper or whatever it is that you need, you know, So I wouldn't carry too much stuff in the car is just gonna wait down. It's just gonna be taking away from space where you could let your seat back and have a snooze. Um, so do pack light, you know, really have ah, think about what you need, what you don't and don't bring with stuff that you really don't need. Remember that less is more. I think that's the key key thing. He take away lessons more. I'm just gonna name for you a few of my packing list essentials. Tires, spare oil, a spare belt, a tow cable on air filter on electric tire pump, car documents, travel stove and some lighters and matches your passport and visas, original car papers and some copies. You spare clothes, pasta, noodles, board games, decade cards, pens and a notebook. Your GoPro's cameras, your phone phone, chargers spare chargers, power banks, toys for kids to play with tissue paper, hand sanitizer, snacks, a satellite phone, a GPS tracker, which is often optional. But it's kind of cool to track your route along the way. 9. OVERLANDING planning and preparations: Let's talk about planning. So when you're planning your trip, it depends on your personality. How much you need to pre plan things. Personally, I'm kind of a wing it personality. I don't really plan in advance other than the visas for the countries that I need in a rough time frame. So if I know I want to be in a certain country for, I don't know, a couple weeks or a month, I might plan my visas with a little bit of give, cause you can't plan for everything. You know, if your court does break down And like I said, I was stuck in Kurdistan for 12 days. You can't really plan for stuff like that. So you do need some, given some wiggle room in your itinerary. Things just don't work the way it does in the West. And I think you're gonna have to accept that and incorporate it into your planning process a little bit, you know, have some time for disasters. Have some time for embassy papers from things taking longer than it should. Um, I waited, I think, five days to cross from Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan on a ferry boat, and then I got stuck on the boat for two days. So that was a full week. My visa actually ran out and I had to get another one. It was big drama. Um, so, yeah, you can't plan for stuff like that, but just be aware that that kind of stuff might occur and thinks we're gonna take much longer than you probably think they will. Um, and you know, are you just kind of doing the journey just to sort of get a taste for the country? So you're just gonna be out of no. Three or four days in each country because you're driving a lot, Or are you gonna stop and have a week here and have a week there, You know, plan all of that kind of stuff, and I wouldn't research too much personally. Like I said, um, have some wiggle room. Definitely key things to plan in. Advance your visas and your car documents. Spare parts pay as you go sim cards in the countries where you plan to stay longer. Thes you can get upon arrival a car net. Um, if it's required, you need to check the country's requirements as it is required in places like Iran, for example, Offline maps on paper maps. Check your passport pages. Um, do you have enough pages? And is your passport expire at all during your journey? You're rough route vaccines, because depending on the country's requirements, you might need, for example, yellow fever and Africa. And a credit card is actually very useful. In case you know your cash goes missing or you can't find an A T. M. It's always good to have a credit card and especially a credit card hidden somewhere separate from the rest of your money. 10. Overlanding documents : border crossing etiquette: in this video, I'm going to mention the required documents. So firstly, the corn a D passage, which is a customs document. And it identifies theme motor vehicle of the traveler. And it is required in some countries, not in every country. Um, but for example, I ran, I know requires it in a few other places, and it's basically you are paying money, and it's usually very expensive. So thousands and thousands of dollars, but you're gonna have to double check it. Um, but it's sort of a deposit. Let's say, in case you don't remove your vehicle from the country, so it's sort of like paying import fees in advanced. Um, just in case you were to leave your vehicle in the country. So it is the country's way of making sure that you remove your vehicle from their country and you don't imported. He was just a photo of some of the countries which require on those other ones and orange and the ones in yellow. It's recommended that you have the coronet because it depends on the cost of your vehicle evaluation of your vehicle, and, of course, the country's rules. You might want to check in advance. All of the countries which were traveling, which might require the coronet because it might be more expensive or different prices in different places. So do your research. Another thing you might come across is a come PSA or a yellow card, which is a liability insurance valid for a lot of Eastern African countries. And another thing. I have no idea how to pronounce this correctly, but I'm just gonna say it's a feature. Um, it's a piece of paper with details about you and your vehicle, and it's written in French. There's a lot of French speaking countries, especially in western Africa, which it's used to communicate with the police of the different checkpoints. But Morocco and Western Sahara and Marie Tiana are the countries, mostly which you might come across this also. Of course, you need your normal driver's license. However, there's also something called on international driving permit. It depends on which country you're going to. Not every country requires this, Um, I know in Indonesia I've been bribed by police before because I mind was expired or something silly like that. Um, they're pretty easy to get a hold of, I know in America. I did mine through, um, I think through Triple A. I don't think they're very expensive, but they only last a year. They're kind of a flimsy little piece of paper. So, you know, don't be too surprised if it doesn't look that legit. Some border crossing etiquette, which you might need in your journey, have the paperwork and passports ready. Easily accessible. All passengers should leave the car, go to the customs separately on foot. The driver stays with the vehicle unless otherwise directed. There may be many different windows and checkpoints, so be patient and just do what the locals do. The border out of a country and into a country are not always open at the same time. So be sure you check in advance so you don't get trapped in between in no man's land for who knows how long or end up sleeping in the car park because you are, you know, stamped out but not yet stamped into your new country. Always be polite, smile and be friendly with the border officers. Remember, these guys are the ones in charge of whether or not you get to actually enter the country. Officers will inspect your vehicle on inside and out. Sometimes they go underneath your vehicle. Look up inside. Um, they may wash the car and check for different things. Ah, every country is totally different. They may even ask to check the photos on your phone. I've had this happen to me. I think in Tajikistan it's a Muslim country. They don't want people toe, have what they consider to be pornographic photos. Or even, I think, people that had two photos of them kissing their girlfriends, you know, that was considered to be offensive and needed to be deleted. And also, you know, definitely make sure you don't take any pictures of the military or the officers, and especially no videos or photos during the border crossings itself. They Ah, lot of countries are very sensitive about that, and you can go to prison 11. How to find food & fuel: I think one of the other things people are concerned about is Well, what about food I'm not gonna eat. Where am I gonna find food in the middle of the desert? Um, I think, actually, there's, Ah, funny thing. Yeah, You So I lived in India and there was a lot of street food. Let's say it's called Donbas and, you know, once you've seen it over, you can spot a dauber. You know, I think if you haven't been to India and you didn't know what a double look like, you wouldn't really know. But it's basically just like a dark, sketchy room, and they're serving you food. So, you know, all of the locals know that there's food there, but I think if I was to walk by, I wouldn't really know. Um so that also happened when I was traveling all in Asia. You just kind of see these little street food places or, ah, weird little shed. And I would just sort of woke up to because I knew it was a place to stop and perhaps with food. And I think a lot of the other people were quite surprised that I was finding you know, hot, stupid food in just the most random weird places. But my sort of logic was, you know, I'm on a road with its main road. I know it's not the same like it would be in America, So its not obvious haters, McDonald's here. Um, but, you know, we're on. We're on a busy route for that country, and I knew that there would be places to eat and places to fill up on fuel. And you know all of these things. I didn't have any jerry cans or anything like that either. So, you know, talking to the locals is definitely the biggest help. If you see a local, even if they're driving by or whatever and you ask them for directions or you ask them, Hey, where can I get some food or whatever it is? And you don't even have to speak their language. You could mine, you know, food hungry or, you know, whatever. Um and you can mind half of it and they'll be able to help you out. Don't tell you where to go. Um, so interacting with the locals, I would say, is the number one thing and not to worry about finding food and stuff unless you're obviously going for miles and miles in the desert. And, you know, you're driving in Algeria. There's nothing, um, you know, and again asked the guides. Ask the people saying, Hey, you know, I'm going on this road. How much further? Until the next fuel station? You know, whatever it is, do I need to fill up now? Um, so talk to them. Talk to the people. Um, Google translator goes a little way. If you don't speak the language, I definitely would write down a few phrases before and, uh, just small birds. Hi. Are you Thank you. Stuff like that. You know, it makes a world of difference. So talk to the locals. 12. How to navigate OFFLINE!: And now let's talk about navigation. I think this is one unknown scary thing that allowed people are nervous about, Um, how do I navigate when I don't have Internet? And I'm in a new country every three days. And, you know, I don't have time to buy a SIM a local SIM card in all of these countries. So you know, what am I gonna do? So there is a solution to that is called offline maps. Google Maps has that option, But you have to sort of choose a section and then pre download that so you can get off line Google Maps. I've used it a couple times. I didn't like it very much. I don't know. You try. Maybe you like it. The other thing I had, So there's an actual app. It's called naps dot me. So maps me. There's probably some other ones. I don't know the thing you need to know about maps. Me is she kind of has a mind of her own, and she will take you on random adventures. You will eventually get to where you want it to go mostly. Um, but you are gonna have some weird roads to get there. So maps me what she does. Um, she likes to pick a straight line from A to B, so a few program in wherever it is you're trying to go, She's gonna choose straight line. So she doesn't know that there's, you know, a ring road around the city. She's gonna take you through dead straight, every single alleyway that she confined on a straight line to get you to your goal. So, you know, if you're by yourself, I was by myself. So I had a hard time navigating with her in the beginning because she took me to some weird alleyways and some weird roots, and I had to experiment. So it takes you a little bit to figure out maps me. She is gonna, uh, ruin your life. On a couple of occasions, she's gonna take you to some weird places again. This part of the fun That's part of the adventure. It helps if you have a passenger or somebody to actually navigate. So you know, you can choose separate points and maybe go to this point and then that point and then the next point so you can kind of round it a little bit. Um, yeah, maps me. I do recommend using that one again. It's gonna take you on, Avengers, but you're gonna get there. Might be longer. Might be weirder, but you're gonna get there and you'll probably meet some funny people along the way. So offline maps, that's what I used. And then I always had, Ah, a car charger or something so that my phone was plugged in. I had a little thing on the window so I could see my phone. I think that's very important is to have something where you can constantly see your map. Otherwise, you know, if you set it down in the cup holder, you don't have a proper place, for it's gonna be very annoying. You don't want to rely on the voice, you know, turn right here. You don't rely on that cause there's gonna be five rights and you don't know which one is which. So make sure you have ah, way of navigating. Definitely. Paper maps are definitely I think something that the new generation have forgotten about. I didn't realize I didn't know how Toe read paper maps. If you were the hand me a map and say, you know, where are you? I would have no idea. Um, I do think paper maps. It's a really worthwhile skill toe. Have, um So if you can find where you are based on the city and when you're driving, I guess it's a little bit easy, because you can look roughly which director, like I'm going east forever. Um, just look, you know what cities air in the way. And then that way, when you're driving, if there's road signs, obviously, you know, this works better than a europe. Let's say, for example, you can kind of say Okay, well, I'm aiming for Berlin, and then I'm aiming for whatever. And then I'm aiming for whatever, and you can kind of see which cities or towns are along the way where you might see the exit sign for them. And then that way you can kind of know which direction you're going. Um, so, yeah, maps, paper maps are definitely useful to have 13. Budgeting your Trip: in this video. I talk about budgeting, and how much does it actually cost? So if you're planning a grand adventure, like, for example, travelling from Paris to Mongolia, So I know you're probably gonna sit there and say, Well, I want an exact number of How much is this gonna cost? Well, the thing is, I can't actually give you an exact number. It can cost anywhere from thousands of dollars to a few $100 to thousands and thousands and thousands of dollars. It all depends on you. So you need to sit down and write down What is your budget? So basically, how much is in your savings count? How much is in your bank? Are you going to earn money along the way? Are you gonna work as you go? Are you gonna you know, Dr find a pub, work for a month and then save up and then drive again, You know? How are you doing this? Are you going by bicycle or you're going on foot. Are you camping? Are you staying in hotels? Are you staying in hostels? So again, What is your budget now? I personally think that any budget is a good enough budget. So I've done it, you know, traveling on horseback, for example. I've not paid any money for any hotels. I was just knocking on doors, looking for a place to stay and for my horses to have a place to stay. So, you know, other than paying for the farriers and horseshoes and things like that, it was on a shoestring budget. And, you know, that is what I had. That's what I could afford. So that's what I did. Other occasions I might have spent a couple of $1000 on a vehicle or fixing up the car, spare parts or whatever it is. So I think whatever your budget is is the important thing. So look and write down how much it is that you're willing to spend for the time frame that you want to be gone and then work from there. So you're going to sort of work backwards. So you get those numbers and then you decide what kind of vehicle can you afford? Or what kind of you know, if you're going on bicycle, can you afford to stay in a hotel every night, or can you only afford to stay in a hotel once a week. How much money can you spend on these hotels? How much money can you spend a day on food? Because food is gonna add up very quick. Um, you know, So you need to sit down. I know it sounds like homework, and it sounds like I don't want to do that, but it is something very necessary and very important. And no matter what numbers you have, no matter how much money you have, there's always a way to do this. Travel is not as expensive as it has to be or what people make you think it is. It can suit your budget just so you might have to rough it if you're a little bit short on cash. But you know what? It's still possible. So here are my budgeting tips. You're gonna have to carry enough cash to get you where you need to go. Because a lot of places do not take cards. Okay? So look up where you're going. They might not take cards, exchanged your currency in the black market. Of course, this depends on the country, and you might not find it, you know. Don't ask the police. Where is the black market? But you can definitely get better rates than at the border or at the hotels. Plan your route and a rough budget before your trip begins. You don't want a wing it when it comes to money stuff research the costs of living in each place fuel is probably going to be your biggest expense if you're going by vehicle. So you might want to check in advance the different currency rates. Ah, how much the fuel is gonna cost you. As I mentioned, another videos don't pay bribes, have an emergency credit card which is hidden away safely away from your cash. Avoid a TM fees as much as you can and never take money at an ATM Them if it looks a bit sketchy or scam me. Never keep all of your money in the same spot. Keep you cash separated. Spread it out in different hiding places. That way, if somebody is trying to bribe you or whatever, you know you have $2 in your wallet. So they're going to see those $2 when you open your wallet and they're not gonna know that you have a couple $100 bills stashed somewhere else. If you're thinking about over landing long term, consider earning money as you go or get some passive income and earn money online. Started blog's social media accounts to document your adventures. This can also be a stream of passive income, and you can approach sponsors once you've got those media. Social media accounts work as you go, for example, work away dot calm or you can volunteer for room and board. Get your meals covered. Um, it's very easy. There's lots of different websites, but just ask around on Facebook or different places. Maybe expats know of something, but it is possible toe work as you go, even if it's an under the table job, cash only basis or just paying for your food or a place to live while you're there. Timing is very important, and it can influence the prices. So, for example, I met someone who is going to New Zealand and their purchasing a vehicle that traveling around New Zealand, and then they plan to sell the vehicle and go back home after a few months. Well, the thing is, they're not the only one with this idea. Lots of people do that every single year, and they usually do it around the same time. They all want to go in the summer time, obviously. So that drives up the prices because a bunch of shores air coming and doing this. So that means that the prices of the vehicles in the summertime or springtime before the tourist season starts go up and the vehicles all cell gets sold, Um, when people are trying to leave. But because so many people are trying to sell these vehicles, not everyone can. So they're actually just giving the vehicles away for free. Basically. So there's a couple. They went there in the wintertime when the tourists weren't there and they basically got a vehicle for free because the tourists were just leaving the vehicle. And then they were able to travel around and live in New Zealand for a very long time and explore and have ah good time. And they added some new modifications of the vehicle. And then they went to sell the vehicle when the tourist season came at the peak of the tourist season before the tourist season and they actually made a huge profit, So timing is everything. When is the tourists going to be there? When are they're not going to be any tourists? This could be a huge factor in your budget. 14. Overland SAFETY: at the same time when it comes to the locals, I think a lot of people might be nervous. You know, what if they're trying to break into my car or what if they have all my valuables with me? My laptop cameras? Um, I'm a stranger over foreign or I'm a tourist. You know, they might take advantage of me. I do have other courses about travel safety in scams and all of that stuff, so I'm not gonna cover it too much. But I will just say that, you know, use your instincts. And if it feels weird, or if there's a small little red flag somewhere inside of you, that's saying you know this person is, I don't know, going to take advantage of trying toe, get money out of me or whatever, you know, just listen to those instincts. Listen to that red flag and just try the next person and trying to, you know, move along. I think the important thing is there's good and there's bad people that I don't where you go, You know, I can easily meet crazy people in America as I can, you know, in other countries, so it's just one of those things that as long as you follow your intuition, your gut and you're not doing something which is obviously wrong, you know, try not to show up into a new city in the middle of the night at three AM, trying time it so that you get there in the daytime. Or, you know, little things like that will make a big difference to your safety. And, you know, when you park your vehicle some way or ask the local, is it safe for me to park my car here? Or if you're on a motorbike, Can I bring my murder by? I've done that before. I brought my scudi blank inside the hostel because I didn't want the people in Cambodia to steal my bike because that's an actual common scam there. And the hostile owner was like, Yeah, that's fine. And they locked up my school bike. It was fine. So you know, the locals will definitely help you because they know who the scammers are in the corners and they know more about the crime in their area than you do, and they will be able to help you and tell you how you can avoid it. Another thing I would suggest is if you're nervous about going on your own, you know there's plenty of people that would love to do it with you. If you can't find somebody to actually ride in the car with you, reach out on. There's lots of Facebook groups and all kinds of different platforms, forums and things where you might be able to find somebody interested in tagging along with you even part of the way or for the whole journey. Um, or maybe other people are driving similar routes on similar similar ish days. And maybe you can kind of team up for part of the way and convoy together. So I think reaching out and speaking to people online and it fans trying to find people who previously done that row have some information. It does help. It does make a big difference, so definitely use. Take advantage of that. Go on, Fine. Facebook groups find whatever YouTube videos watch them. Um, I have YouTube videos about the horse riding over landing trip are doing here in Ireland, so it's free for anyone to watch if you want to. It's on a question of interest is YouTube channel, and basically, you know, I just put those free videos up there. So that way, other people who might be interested in over landing on the horse can go and watch and see sort of what I'm doing in my experience and whether or not they're interested in it, Um, Or maybe they just want to watch it for entertainment and see me, you know, being miserable and suffering. And so, you know, go out there and find those those free resource is and network with people. You'd be surprised what a simple email to somebody even you've never met them can accomplish. I've met a lot of people that I only had email access with, so, you know, and they turned out to be good friends or valuable help to me. So definitely, definitely take advantage of the social media wave 15. Dealing with police bribes: in this video. I'm just gonna talk briefly about police bribes. I've already mentioned it a little bit. I just want to share you a little story of mine. Um, firstly, don't pay police bribes. Okay, If you can avoid it, don't. I know, in some countries, in some places in Western Africa or whatever, it's a little bit more difficult. Frito, talk your way out of all of them. So, unfortunately, sometimes it is an unnecessary sorry, a necessary evil. Um, so you know, if you just absolutely can to the heavy better against of all. And it's a lifer. Jest. Then, you know, yes, you're gonna have to, but for the most part, you can talk your way out of it. The best thing that you can do, shake their hand A soon as you roll down the window, shake their hands, say, Oh, nice to meet you. You know, as soon as you or their friend or their um, you're a guest to them, it's sort of in their culture and a lot of places in a lot, a lot of places. It's sort of Indyk over that. Your guest and they have to protect ur feed you were shelter, you will keep you from harm. So if you shake their hand, I mean, you can get away with a lot of stuff just just by doing that, um, I'll just give you a little story about me. So I was in, I think Pakistan and I was driving and they got me on a speed camera. Somehow, it was kind of funny. So I had a ah police, you know, wave me, pull over. And he pulled me out of the car and my car is covered in dust. So he starts writing on my dusty window. Uh, 70 Andi. He's kind of pointing at the, um he's sort of pointing like that's what the speed limit should be a 70 kilometers per hour. And then he points at me, and he's, like, 90. And then he's like, you know, very grumpy. He doesn't beginning in mission. So obviously I was doing 90 70 and it was a straight road. It was Yeah, just some middle of nowhere, then a police thing. And, um, anyway, I'm just kind of playing time like, Oh, I don't understand you. You know, I just were playing down, and so he's making this face room, so he sort of raised me into the little building and he brings me inside. And sure enough, they have a little tiny TV and they show my little car driving and they have a little speed thing which says 90. And so I'm looking at this. You know what? Little bit depressed? I'm like, Oh, they're much more coordinated than I thought there would be. And there's a man, there's a desk and he's on the phone and he's obviously the guy in charge. So he's, you know, go all these badges and cant and all this stuff, and he's kind of on the phone. So he's not really he hasn't really seen me come in yet. And you know, this is in the middle of Kyrgystan. It's not likely that they see a blonde girl driving a hot pink car, so, you know, he's on the phone and he kind of hangs up the phone and he looks up at me and I don't know what it is that I'm doing, but I have this look on my face, which is kind of Ah, bring it on. You know, this kind of Ah you're not really going to get any money out of May. You know, it was kind of like you can't mess with me. I'm unshakable. I'm not scared. I'm not panicking. I'm just kind of, like, amused by the situation. And so whatever the look expression is on my face, the guy he looks up, sees my expression and just goes, Just go. I mean, that's literally what he's like. Just go like I can't even deal with it because I'm gonna try and get money out of this girl , and she's just not gonna do it. So he kind of does that and and I least and I get in my car and I and I drive away. So, you know, I think there's something to be said about if you have that vibe, the attitude of like, I got all day. Dude, I'm not gonna fall for this. Whereas if he was to pull me into his office and I'm, like, terrified, and I'm, like, nervous or Mike Bloomberg owed, You know, I'm just gonna throw money to save myself and to solve this situation. Just take everything I have. They're going to take advantage. They're gonna mess with me. They're gonna Whatever money is in my wallet is gonna be the exact amount of the bribe. Like the police, Fine or whatever. So, you know, he knew that I knew, and he just wasn't going to deal with that. So I'm using that as an example. But I had many situations like that. So I know that it's the thing, because it worked. Um, and I didn't pay any bribes. As I said, Um, yeah. So worried about police bribes? Definitely. Don't be afraid. Don't be afraid to try and haggle. You cannot just say, Oh, you're bribing me. Um, you have to be swore off about it. So research in a little bit and see what other people you'll meet. Other people that have gone through that same checkpoint or that same border crossing and you don't talk to them, Talk to the other foreigners that went through and saying, you know, how did you They try and get someone interview? What did you pay? How much did it cost? Um, And again, you're not gonna talk your way out of all of them. Um but the more you practice, I think the better you get at it. And it is better if you don't pay the police bribes. Because that is what stops the police from trying to bribe us foreigners in the first place . If every form when they meet just throws money at them off course, they're gonna ask for money for the next foreigner. Uh, I can't help it. Almost. So you're sort of doing a good thing by not paying the bribes because they don't need that . They're not going to spend it on, you know, school for the kids. They're going to spend it on whiskey and booze. Trust me, they don't need that money. Um, yeah. So that is the police bribes. So the police are notorious and a lot of countries for trying to get bribes, Especially as soon as you know, I'm a white blonde girls. Of course. As soon as they see me, I know I'm a foreigner, whereas someone else, you know, if you kind of I don't know how their ethnic background or something, Maybe you blend in a little bit better, you can get away with it. But I stand out like a store sore thumb. So you do definitely get a little police asking for bribes. I've never paid a bribe before. Um, so you can talk your way out of it. I'll just give you a little mini story. So one of those one of those plug in refrigerators that goes into the, um, cigarette lighter. There was somebody who was traveling across Africa, and he had one of those, and he was getting stopped a lot by police bribes all the time. So he kept in his little fridge aerator cold bottles of coca cola and soda. And when the police would stop him, he would, you know, open one of those, give it to them, and for them, you know, standing in hot sun all day to have a cold bottle of soda was a huge thing for them. So they were usually very friendly. And they let him through without any issues without any bribes. You know, so little small stuff like that, it might actually be benefit. It might actually be worth it to bring something like that. I used to keep a stack of sort of fake papers from embassies and things. I put it all kinds of different languages. That way, if they could read English, You know, I wanted them to, like, be totally thrown off, like, Oh, I don't understand this. I think I had something Welsh. Anyways, I had a stack of fake looking papers, and you know, that way, if they were asking me for papers, I could just kind of keep handing them papers and papers and papers. And oh, they're so, though, is this one? Oh, yeah. I totally have that. And, um, yeah, so there's different things. Extra is a fun game. So, you know, you didn't think of it as something fun. 16. Do I need insurance?: The other thing you need to be aware of is in most of these countries, there's no insurance. There's no core interest, especially when we're driving east after Turkey. There's no insurance, so you know it's not gonna help you. So if you have this big fancy car and you think that if somebody bumps into you in Egypt or wherever, that they're gonna pay for it, they're not. It just doesn't work there in India. Israel, you know, if you bump into somebody, it's cash on the spot so they would pay you some cash or you would pay them to cash or whatever it is. But it's it's dealt with on the spot. There is no such thing of insurance. So, you know, depending on where you going, it's It's kind of like you're going. I don't know into the Wild West. Let's say so. You know you're not gonna have rely on entrance as faras. Your vehicle is concerned. So again, that's why having something which isn't too flash you doesn't stand don't too much. Um, it does. It does help. It does make a difference, especially with the police bribes Just going to share with you a quick story about ah, personal experience of mine along the lines of car insurance. So I actually lived in Egypt for two years and one of the years I was driving this big fancy red truck and I was driving. The roads in Cairo are extremely crowded, very trafficking, very busy. And I was driving, and luckily, at the time I had one of my grooms in the front seat with me. So he didn't speak any English, but he spoke Arabic. And so we're driving, trying to go somewhere other, and we somehow ended up in a really small alleyway. And sure enough, it was so crowded. So traffic e this took took driver comes along from the opposite direction and he tries to squeeze between my car and another car. And although I was completely stopped, he actually scratched the car. Um, completely like slow motion like e scratched car. And so, of course he jumps out, and he is demanding money from me because I'm the white foreigner and he assumes I have money. So my groom in the car with me had to try and calm him down. They were discussing and arguing for a little while and eventually he just handed him some cash. He went on his way. I went on my way, and that was that. So unfortunately, this big red shiny truck was my boss's vehicle that he gave me. And luckily, he just left about it because he knew that it's Egypt, and this is how things work. But it definitely didn't look good on my part that my brand new red truck had this huge scratch marks all over the side of it. So that is a small example about how well insurance doesn't really work in other countries . So, yes, if you're driving in Cairo and you have something I got happened, um, that, you know, you can expect that they are going to try and get some money out of you, even if it's not your fault, so be ready for that. 17. Overlanding for charity or to get sponsors: So in this video, we're gonna just briefly talk about Are you writing for a charity, or are you seeking sponsorship now? Personally, you know, I've done the I've done a car rally, have done a few car rallies, and I sought sponsors to help me to fund the adventure. And that way I could try and raise money for a charity so you can do either or both. So, for example, if you're having a cause, if you're doing this drive for this ride or this bicycle trip or whatever it may be that you are interested in doing if you pick a cause, um, you know, I'm traveling from this country to this country on a bicycle to raise money for such and such, you know, insert your calls here that might actually help you to get sponsors on board because your fundraising and also you'll notice when you're driving around or when you're traveling. If you have stickers on the core on your bike or whatever people are going to stop you, they're gonna ask you, they're going to say, Hey, are you doing this for a cause? Are you doing this for charity? So it's up to you whether or not you want to choose a charity, Um, to do this. And then also, there's various platforms where you can If you decide to raise money for a charity, there's go fund Mies. There's patri ons. There's all kinds of online accounts where you can fundraise. However they all take fees, they will take a commission. So again, it's up to you. If that's something that you're interested in or if the charity itself hasn't a Facebook charity fundraising page or something of the likes, then that might be something for you to check out before you start this journey. And then that way people will be more likely to donate some products to you because you're gonna be raising money for the charity. So you're gonna be posting on social media. They might donate you attend till they might donate you. Uh, I don't know, spare parts or whatever, so that they can get a little bit of advertising and promoting that they helped you because your raising money for charity. So that is definitely something to consider. And then on the realms of sponsorship again, I'm not going to cover it too much because I have another course all about You know how to pitch to sponsors and how to find sponsors and y sponsors are important. Um, so I'm not gonna cover it too much. However, I think it is important for you to realize that this is an opportunity for you to try and make a little bit of money, possibly or, if not, make any money, at least cover some of your costs. So again, maybe if you contact thes car shops, Um, and you're looking for spare parts. They might be willing to sponsor you some spare parts in exchange for Ah, I don't know, Facebook shoutout or YouTube If you're on YouTube or, you know, whatever your social media platform is or if you have a blawg, you know, there's a lot of people that are interested in helping you out in exchange for some free marketing or a shoutout on instagram or something like this. So that is definitely something that you can dio I would suggest if you're interested in finding sponsors, if you have an instagram or if you have YouTube or whatever platform you're the most interested in, um, you don't necessarily have to start Instagram if you don't have an INSTAGRAM unless you know that is something that you want to pursue that you do want sponsorship funding. Um, but browse around on your instagram or whichever account Facebook, whatever. And see what kind of companies or what kind of brands might benefit from you giving them a shout out. So the people who are watching your adventures, maybe you're driving across Africa. So maybe the people who are interested in African travel are your fans. So maybe you're going to reach out to I don't know, different companies which might offer products like clothes or Explorer outfits or whatever it is, you know. So maybe you're wearing the outfit and taking pictures and you're tagging them the company and then your fans are happy and the brand is happy. So find some relevant brands, find some brands, just make a list. I would say Make a list and approach those sponsors again. I have a different course about how to actually get the sponsors, but it might be something worth thinking about if you haven't already considered it. So before you go on your journey, your over landing trip, whatever it is, decide Do I want to raise money for a charity, or do I want to seek sponsorship? Or do I want to do a bit of both? Do I want to raise the money for a good cause and hopefully get some sponsors on board toe also help me fund my adventure or my trip? Um, that is one way of travelling overland on a budget. So that is why I've given you a little bit of information and not too much, but hopefully enough that you can research it a little bit further. Go ahead and take out a pen and paper, write down your 10 top charity pics and also write down 50 potential sponsors that might be interested in teaming up with you. 18. Motorcycle Travel Intro - Pros & Cons: in the next couple of minutes, I'd like to talk to you about over lending my motorcycle. I'm just straight question. Who of you did see long way around with you and McGregor and Charley Bowman so far a long way down? Or the Motorcycle Diaries? If you have seen any of those movies, you probably don't need any explanation why you want to do over lending on a motorbike. If you haven't seen these movies, I just say What shows? Just stick with the video. Go through with it on, get some vital information so that you can do it as well. Because I promise you, if you travel on a motorbike, it will be a completely different experience than any off the experiences you had so far. If it's OK with you, give you a short background about me and how I got into motorbikes and what I did so far and then I give you the information and tips I gained from from my experience just so that you can trek owned and have some amazing time on motorbikes. So my story is that's a very cliche one. I got into motorbikes because actually, my dad had motorbikes as well, so he was very enthusiastic about it. So I got into it very, very quickly. And as soon as it's legal in Germany, I got a little 50 cc mopeds and waas and kind of repairing it and doing things with. But also, of course, they're riding around on it. And when I finished high school, I agreed with a mate of mine that we would do a a proper tour with them. So we took our little 50 cc scooters, packed them up with a lot of bags and tents and things, and we embarked on a journey through Germany, which took us about two weeks with a lot of camping every night. And yeah, very it's been sure is. But it was great fun, just just a that you know, he said. 50 cc scooters, they do about 35 miles an hour, max. So that's what we did a whole day. They also vibrate quite a lot, So basically we were shaken for six hours, eight hours a day, seeing nice landscape in Germany, so it wasn't a great adventure was great fun. Later on, I got a motorbike to 50 cc, two stroke and with that I have to say it. So I have to say it's a classic bike, so it's a bit 1970 nine's quite a bit older than me. But I decided with a friend that we go to Scotland in England from Germany. So we did 1000 miles 1.5 miles. Journey on this classic motorbike to Scotland had an amazing experience in Scotland. It's a beautiful country, Teoh to see and to ride through on. Of course again. That was a bit of camping, and we slept in hostels and stuff. But also that was the first ferry crossings with motorbikes. I did. And then after that, a couple of years later, I got again another motorbike to see the story. You see, there's a theme. So that time I got a 6 50 cc boxer engine BMW, which is a lovely bite to write as well. Pick that up and went to the Lake District in England again, which I had a glance that before, but it's just beautiful landscape. So I had to see you see it again. And as it turned out, I has. When I arrived in late straight, I had, uh, well, a breakdown at my all today to broke and off my 40 day holiday. About half of it became a hiking holiday. Why? Bite was fixed in the workshop. Um, but then I had a couple of days after that to ride the bike through leg distribute. It was wonderful. I come back to later because that there was a couple of good learnings in that experience is well noted. I gave you a tiny little bit off background about me. I just want to give a quick introduction why people would overland on a motorbike. Why they wouldn't some pros and cons I if you're OK with it. I start with the pros with the advantages and really the benefits off. Traveling by motorbike and one of the biggest ones for me is definitely It is a very unique way off traveling. You are somehow and somewhat exposed to the elements. You know, shut away in a car. You actually experience the landscape. You go through little valleys, we go over mountain tops. And all of this happened. You get caught by the wind or you go down in little belly and all of a sudden it gets chill and you straight away feeling you feel the nature changing off course when it's raining. You get miserably west if you are lucky, but at least you are in the rain. You are in the waiting to You are in this know if it comes to that. So you are actually really exposed to the elements and what is happening in the area where you're driving through. And I feel that is a very, very nice sensation. And it gives you a lot of feedback about the place you're actually traveling through traveling on a motorbike alone, at least in places like North America, Europe, the Western countries. Traveling on a motorbike is already something unusual. You don't see that everyday eso actually people get in touch with you. If you if you stop arrest station on a fuel station, it is quite common that someone is approaching. You may be so that you have a fraud for number, plate or anything. It's approaching you about what you're doing, where you're going. Maybe he's saying maybe he likes your bike usually that if you meet people there are also quite enthusiastic about motorbikes. So it is a quiet, nice way to connect and meet some some locals as well. It just opens it up a bit more than a car. There's another good benefit about traveling the motorbike, and that is that it can turn out to be cheaper. At least adds. Varies. Toll roads told bridges and tunnels. And in some places you even get free parking and avoid city tolls. For example, in London. So going by motorbike. And actually we're going quite nicely and you can go to places where you would have quite a hard time getting in with the car, for example, London. But also you get some some benefits in terms off tolls. And last but not least, it's actually quite a lot easier to find parking and crowded places where the bike, then with a car, it's another told you all the good things about it. Off course there's some bad things, and of course I will share them as well. And I hope I don't discourage you off going on the trip anyways. But one of the things is you're wearing a lot of gear and that can he knew you sometimes if you wanted to do something spontaneous so I would very, very much recommend to wear proper safety gear. So you wearing helmet? Of course, because it's a legal requirement, but you also wear boots. You wear clothes and you wear on overall or motorcycle jacket or motorcycle Travels is with appropriate petty, which means that is not the best gear, for example, to go hiking or to go into a museum or restaurant. Because, yeah, it's just not as comfortable. So sometimes it's a bit annoying because you have all that gear and you kind of if you want to go into a museum for a while, if you want to go for hiking, actually to change or you you do it in your clothes. But it's quite heavy or it's quite warm, so you kind of just have to keep in mind. You're you're wearing half of your vehicle on your body, so to speak, So if you're right with the color, you just get out your normal on a motorbike. As I said, you're wearing help of it. You're wearing all of your weather protection and audio safety equipment on your body, and you kind of have to do something with it before you are in the same state like just jeans and assured to get to go somewhere. So just keep that in mind sometimes is it's hindering you a bit. Or you have to at least be prepared to maybe change clothes or something which cost you a bit of time. Um, another thing is you have to be a bad for bad weather because otherwise that might ruin your trip fairly quickly. I remind you that was one of the pros. You are exposed to the elements that also can be negative. Because if you get in bad weather, if you get rained on for six hours straight and you don't have the right gear, you gonna hate it, everything is gonna be wet. And if you're not having the right get motorbike, the close we want to change it might be went as well, and that is kind of a no go. And it was basically broke your trip or delay it for a couple of days. Waas used it in hotel room trying. Teoh, try for your clothes again if you're not used to it. It is a quite physical thing to write a motorbike for a couple of hours a day. I had days when I was driving, like 89 10 hours and it is tiring. So you have to either prepare yourself a bit. Just stretch your trip out, s You can cope with it, but you just have to keep in mind. You can't planet like you plan a road trip is not a quick stop. Quick coffee. And you got one because it just sitting in a car you actually are there. You have to hold on to something. You have to grab your balls. So yet just keep in mind. It's physical activity. Don't put too much. I'm strain on yourself straight away. Just just test yourself. Test how long you can ride a bike each day because the last thing you want just get tired or even sleepy on a motorbike, because that's very dangerous. Start slow, test your limits and then go with it. And last but not least, one of the disadvantages. Of course, there's limited space on your bike. So again you have to bear in mind. You can't bring everything you might want to bring. Sometimes, yeah limits you to the amount of gear you want to bring for a certain activity or the you can't bring all your favorite clothes or you can't bring. If you're into motorbikes already off your total more bikes, you can't bring all the spare parts like to bring, but still all though they're some of the disadvantages. I still recommend traveling the motorbike very much, and you will see it gives you just an amazing experience. 19. Motorcycle Travel - Wing it or book an organized tour?: one off The topics I want to do a tiny little section on is what kind of tour are you doing ? You have a couple of options if you decide to dio trip on a motorbike. So one of the options would be a an organized tour. So most likely you even get the bike, you get a guy, they would take you around, show you everything interesting in the area. Oh, you're kind of overnight stays. Organized your meals over the very over organized. So you just have the nice experience. You go around, you see the country, you experience the country and you have a great time. Um, that's definitely way to go. Is a bit more pricing, of course, because you pay for the kind in all the recommendation, but it's definitely a good experience. You can also try to sort out the whole thing by yourself again. There's two options. You can try to plan the whole route beforehand, pre book accommodation and get a good overview of what's in the area. What's in the country. You want to go to plan out your route, make a proper plan, go to places, see them. I think it's a good idea to do. You will see a lot of stuff you over that obviously researched a lot about country who will see what you wanted to see. You get everything out of that trip you wanted a little. This a bunch of that is, if you book or if you plan out your to too tightly, it might stress you a bit. I recommend in that case, if you if you want to read, watch or if you want to watch a long way down with you and make Reagan Charlie Borman again . They had their toe planned out very tightly, and they were delayed at some point in the beginning. And then they had to catch a ferry somewhere in Egypt, which meant that they basically for a week just drove straight 10 12 hours a day just to catch that ferry. So if you pre book all your stuff, you want to make sure that you leave some space in there, that he leaves some wiggle room to actually get to the places you want to get to without having to rush. And maybe there's a day with bad weather or anything you want be prepared for that. You want to have some space for that? You don't want to push yourself through a whole long period off kind of straight appointments because that will be quite stressful. You might not enjoy the whole trip. So if you pre book stuff, please be aware of that and give yourself a bit of time. And then the last option is you just go places. So if you decide to go to Spain, you will just go to Spain and see what happens there. You get accommodation on the go. You ask locals what to see off the trips. I mentioned the beginning At least 1.5 2 of them. We're that style. So I just went to the place. I just ask people what's nice to see. I asked whether nice the roots are where the scenic route and just went for it on The nice thing about that is you actually all surprised when you go there, so you know already the place you go is is beautiful and there's some sites you already heard of. But then you asked locals they sent you somewhere and you see things you weren't expecting . There's like you go over a mountain pass and you see this this amazing view, you have no clue it would exist in the world. And that actually makes those trips amazing. That's what I appreciate about those strips. And that's why I like to just go places sometimes because it is just a wow moment. You have no clue what's happening, and then you go there like, Wow, I wasn't expecting that. Same can happen if you do a completely people tour the guy. So I recommend. If you do that, don't research too much because that takes the fun out of it. It's like watching all trailers off off a new movie in the cinemas before you actually go to cinema. Then you already know all the good bits out of to train us. So don't do that. Don't over research trips. Put yourself in a position that you can just be amazed by the place on. Off you go 20. Motorcycle Travel - Documents & Essentials for the Bike: Let's get to some some useful advice now about gear and how to send all the things up. First thing I want to talk about talk about would be documents and where to put the so the documents you need. I think Crystal already talked you through the most of them. If you travel by cars the same with motorbikes, it's well dependent on country. You need proof of insurance. You might need dependent on the country. A Connie massage Off course you need your driving Nice ends passport. If you go abroad on and off course, the the car papers itself. So you're ready. Registration numbers. If you go just a long in the country, it's quite unlikely that get into police checkpoints all the time. So if I'm just traveling through the country's not approaching border crossing, I stole my papers in a safe spot that might be either one of the bags or in your most like a gear like in a pocket. But when you approach border crossings, it's quite likely did you have to show them quite a couple of times. So what I found most useful was having a tank back with the top pouch with cease sees through Tell powers they usually have a sipper as well in there. Just put everything in there on you can access it straight away. So anyways, I would recommend having a tank bag all the time if you do small living ride. So if you're going along the trip, the tank backs you put everything which needs to be accessible quickly in there. Put your wallet in there. Put your phone in there. Put your papers in there and you have a right and ready. You don't even have to get off the bike. You just needed. Pull off a glove. Open the super and you get a with your paper straightaway. You can show them to People jumped up. That's documents, and, as I said, put them in a safe spot and put him into a tank back when you need them. I would also recommend Teoh put those in a little plastic pouch. Probably sealable depends on the size of documents, but yeah, I think it's essential to keep them dry. So you should. That's a recommendation. You should put them in a plastic power conceivable plastic pouch. Keep him dry. You will appreciate that that's a put useful before the bike. So what stuff would I recommend you to have on your bike and to use on your bike? What I already mentioned in the last section about documents I would recommend you to have a tank bag with a transparent kind of would know on top because, as I found for small, forceful big tools, that's a very useful thing to have. You can just put order papers, everything you need keys. Whatever you have in there, it's very easy to take off. If you leave your bite somewhere, you can use it as basically hand back with all your important belongings. So I really recommend having a tank bag for whatever size off expedition you're planning. The window they kind of see thru window is a very good thing to have, so make sure you have one of them is because you have a couple of options using that you can actually put a proper paper map in there so you can see why all you can have a map of the area. You can also put a phone in their to use that as a set, So if you don't have a kind of motorcycle set never installed on your handlebars are anywhere already. A very easy work around would be my wife phone, and there's a couple off EPS crystal Mention it already. Well, it's a very good work around. Did that quite a couple of times. So I actually never board a kind of proper setting up because they're also quite expensive . And I mean, you have your phone already, so just make use of it if you're thinking about that. So if you like that tip about the mobile phone, there's another thing I would recommend. It's a 12 bald vehicle socket. It's fairly easy to install and connected to the to the battery of the motorbike on you wired up to the handlebar, and you can put a USB charger in there so you can actually have a charger for your mobile phone. Straight on the handlebars. You can wire that into your little pouch, and so your phone has power all the time and then a 68 hour drive with the setting. There is no problem because they have it on charge all the time. So you have a 10 bank, you have a charge connection for your phone. You also want to store a couple of other things, so I would recommend to have pen ears. You can try to put things in bags and strapped into your motorbike sound how with a lot of bungee cords and ties and whatever, but I really, really recommend tohave proper panniers with proper kind of framework. For that, it's It's a really good investment if you if you go on your own bike and you will find if you go on a tour, they usually will provide bikes with with proper opinions on all, they will take all your language off you anyway, so you don't have to worry about it. All of the bikes I rode out with have special start installations on them in the back, which are connected to the frame. So there's a kind of separate additional metal frame connected to the bike and onto that metal frame. I connect the penny so they actually actually able to take them off. Nowadays, most of the motorcycle manufacturers provides this book solutions for their bikes. So if you by being double year or motor booty or whatever Harley Davidson, you will actually have systems provided by them. You can order them additionally, or they're already installed to put bags on the bike. And I really s a set. Recommend to use those because they will keep your luggage in the same spot. It's solidly connected to the bike and which makes it much safer than strapping it, because if anything gets lose, if anything we goes around, it will affect the balance of the bike, and it might potentially be dangerous if things come off things. It's like to decide in the corner or anyways, on the straight as well. So please consider having problem pain years. Yet they will also be waterproof, so they protect your luggage, get a nice system. There's a lot of systems out there I used for my BMW bike. Are you stuff directly provided by W. Which worked out very well. Of course, they designed it in a way that it all fits together. If you I don't have that opportunity or you don't want to spend that kind of money or you just don't like the design, there is a very good company. It's tour attack. They make also to carry assistance for a lot of bikes actually specialize in touring equipment for motorbikes. And on my older motor, my older motorcycle, I actually have cases from Tour Tech. They called cigar cases. The 1,000,000 cases. They're all worth their weight in gold. Basically, they're really, really solid. They seal not They're not just waterproof. They basically approved. I had days where I went from a warm spot into called the Climate, and I would open my cases and they would suck Erin because they created a little vacuum inside because of the cold. That's how tight they are. They're absolutely brilliant. You can leave them actually on the bike, lock stuff in it, and they will. They will stay on. So I had them on one of the tools that I really don't regret spending the money. They're amazing sage stuff you want to take with you in that Moscow hotel. Most of it your value bills go in the tank bank, and then you just put, um, a little bag off you essentials and take that Another, A really important thing you need on your bike is a center stand, and I'm very passionate about that one. So because I saw so much way things happened if you go on a longer tour if you have panniers. If you load up your bike a lot, you do want to have the center stand nowadays. Amount of most of the motorbikes you just buy in the store at the shop. You wouldn't get a center stand straight away. This sometimes a additional cost extra. But please spend the money on us, understand? And he is the reason why that the springs in the back actually compressed quite a bit when you loaded up on Yes, you can address that to an extent, but they will stand in a different angle on the side stand. Then they would have before. So if your bike was like this beforehand before you put on your leg, John, it now will stand like this. And that means it's kind of in a in a less balanced or less secure state. So if there's a little burst of wind, or if the ground is slightly uneven, it is very, very, very, very likely that the bike will fall over and I have seeing that a couple of times, and I have seen people just about catching before a fault so please don't risk it and it's not worth it. And it actually be really is annoying to try to lift bike off the ground with all the luggage. Don't gamble on your sides. And don't I mean, yes, it might work out. You might have never had problems with it, but whatever, Just have a center stand. Put it on this. I understand old time. It is very useful in any situation where you parked the bike with panniers on with luggage on. It also is, in my mind essential if you go on ferry boats. I usually have to strip the bike down somehow, and it just works so much better with us. Understand, that's just a secure stand. It's a it's a three point stand. It's not wiggling about. It's not unbalance. You can put a strap over the over the seed, strap it down. It's dance secures, not shifting its not sliding. It is just a very safe way off. Parking the motorbike. So here, this again, have this understand 21. Motorcycle Travel - Gear for the Rider & Spares: useful here, Number two. And that is useful here for the writer. So that would be you, my friends. Big big decision in the beginning is what kind of a protective gear do you wanna where there's basically two options, you can have a leather gear and you can have a kind of textile fabric gear. Yes, pros and cons for that. But actually, if you think about over landing, so if you think about doing a longer trip, you are basically living in those states, and you also exposed to a lot of different weather conditions. You're exposed to a lot of different stuff. If you watch movies, for example, a long way around, where down and so on. If you If you look at things, they tend to use the fact break or textile dear. Also, if you watch, or if you look at the forks out with Carly or stuff with extreme stuff like that, they tend to have to text that ones because they're just a bit mawr first title than the leather in the letter of year. If you look if you watch racing, for example, you will see this in the letter. The letter gear in there, so he is basically a summary of about that. If you use leather gear, it is it very good and safe, protective overall in the end. So the pets for your elbows, for your shoulders, for your knees they are actually put in place. Their snack on. They don't shift anywhere. The whole the troubles injected. They're sitting tight. Nothing is shifting about, so you have every little bit off your safety gear exactly in the place you wanted to be. Also, the letter is very, very strong material. So if you if you have a fault, if you slide down the road, it is protecting you and it's very, very strong and protects you from from kind of grinding down to your skin. On the other hand, it's not very good with rains. We have to be very careful with rain. You don't want to get wet. It also gets kind of stiff when it gets wet and you can basically damage it. So if you have a leather, if you have a leather gear, you kind of need a lot of rain gear to put over there. Um on the other hand, the February got textile jackets and travelers. They're more comfortable that give you a bit more room to to move in. You have to be very careful when selecting them, because you need to make sure that the petting, the pants and a shortness elbows knees that they stay there. So make sure you get gear, which has straps in these positions to secure. To adjust to your kind of body dimensions, make sure that it kind of sits probably around your waist. You want to make sure that if you fall and if you, for example, for your elbow that the pad doesn't just shift around your elbow and then you are both on the street, you want to make sure that it actually stays there and protect you. So I would recommend for longer trips. Do the kind of textile jackets and trousers. They're really good there, well, adjustable. But make sure you buy one which is actually adjustable and fitted to yourself appropriately , because we're talking about your safety here and you want to make sure that that is a kind of priority all the time, so make sure you have a good one. It is adjustable in all the areas it needs to be adjustable, so that keeps you safe so you don't have to be in danger if you are afraid of encountering heavy rain for quite a while, and the here to say that the textile Jacobson Travelers Day all waterproof. But if you go in heavy rain for six hours, they might not hold that fully. And if you have a leather objected in trousers, you won't want to be in range anyways at any point of time. So it is advisable to have some some rain gear special right here with you. And what I've used before is three things, and these things are following. Um, I use a rain overall, so it's a one piece suit which goes over my protective motorcycle gear. Um, and it's basically a second skin. It's what proof it's thin, Um, but it keeps the rain out. It kind of puts the second layer in between, and especially if you go and coal the country's or if you go north, um, whatever. And it's cold outside. It's not just brain prove. It also takes some of the wind out, protects you from some of the wind, gives you a second layer, and so it actually keeps you quite warm. It's well, so I used it for both. Actually used it for rain protection, but also just to keep it warm. I keep the windows off myself. Then I used a kind of rain proof glove, which you can wear over your normal motive like a club. And that is because the gloves we went, usually they have a couple of slots in there to actually breathe, because other ways in someone you just die in your hands will just melt away. So they usually have some holds, basically. And then So if you put that other glove over it, that would kind of make it rain proof again, gives you a second later, keeps the wind and rain off. So even if you go just in cold conditions, you can have some protection of the Cold War. And then because I way where motorcycle boots but dependent again on what type of boots stay on, whether they have some some breathing slots or whatever. There is a gators for them as well, which are very helpful again. If if you go through heavy rain for quite a while, just have some Gators as well, and they will protect you from the right. And then we already mentioned the word boots. Which kind of boots would I recommend? Where and again you have a couple of options. So if you look at boots stairs kind of the racing style boots, stairs, some endurance off road style boots, they're usually quite solid. They give you a lot of protection, which is needed in these conditions, but also their very stiff, so they're not very comfortable to actually walk around him. Where s then? There's upper, slightly less almond boots, I would say, but they're actually quite a nice to walk in and in the kind of use case we have when we have to over landing, We actually on a tour want to see the country, so it's quite likely that we stop somewhere. Walk around a bit. We'll see. See, assigned to the museum are whatever. So you want to have something you're comfortable toe walk around or you have a spare set of shoes, which you change into every time, which could be a bit time wasting and annoying. But it's up to you. I just say, if you have boots, which you want to wear for safety reasons, but you don't want go without. And they're very hard to walk and have a spare set of trainers, or whether but with you to change into, I personally have a slightly less all my type of food. It's a nice leather boot. It's it's still protecting my my foot and my ankles very well, but they're soft enough, and they have a softer soul to actually walk eaten. So I used those, and I'm very, very happy with I was. And because that leather I already mentioned I have two gauges for heavy rain over them so that they don't soak through because you don't want to have wet feet. And last but not least when we talk about here, please, in my opinion, never, ever, ever consider wearing a backpack on a bike. It might be OK if you have small water back or something, but you don't want to have any luggage on your back whatsoever in any circumstances, and there's a couple of reasons for that. One of them is just comfort you. It actually wears you out having a backpack. It kind of pulls on your shoulders, you anyway, holding onto the handle balls all the time. So that backpack pulled her shoulders back and actually pulls more your on your hands than it or it needs to be so It's very tiring. You don't want to have that. You will have back pain at some point. It just makes it a miserable experience. And you don't want that. The other thing is a pure safety consideration. If you have to come off at any point in time, for whatever reason, you get cut off by a call. Whatever you want to be quick about it and having an additional of 1234 kilos of luggage on your bag will hinder you to do so. So you might not get away from your bike as quick and as far as you want to. On the other hand, if you land on the ground, the backpack will all toe whatever happened there. Well, you might even get caught into something in my grip. Hold your bag. Roll you on your face rather than exciting back. You don't want a backpack on a motorbike. Please, just believe me. It is not necessary to have a tank bank. If you need essentials with you, have a tank bag. Put him in there. Everything big goes into 10 years, but you have been. That's a please don't let her back back for safety reasons and for comfort reasons, that's what Least what back help back, just a quick one about that. When you pack your motorbike with 10 years, as we already discussed, please make sure that you try to balance our two sides. So don't put all spare parts and metal bars on one side and some clothes on the other side , because that will affect the motorbikes balance. And that mates driving probably quite hard for you. So just you can use scales that would be the best approach. But also just when you, when you lift them both, both pennies, make sure they're about equal white, so that will give you a good writing experience. Take them to, um, put everything whatsoever in plastic bags. That is my approach, and it works very well. So if you have clothing in, put it in. They put your underway on the plastic bag, but your spare Travis's in a plastic bag. Put your spare show. It's in a plastic bag that is very helpful for once, that keeps it definitely try. You want stuff dry point to. It is quite easy to find things that way because you have to take out stuff off your opinion. Depends how they open. You might have to shift around stuff every time you need something. And if if you have stuff in different plastic thing, it's just way quicker and you kind of you can color code them if you want whatsoever. It's just an easy and speeds of things, and if you go in the hotel that night, you can have one bag, which has a one day essential as well. Just grab that one plastic bank of your pennies clocked. The penny has leave him on the bike job if there's ever rain, or if there's a leak or whatever, you have a second and later safety before stuff gets wet. There. That was the tip put stuff in plastic packs. The last thing I want to mention would be spares. What kind of spares do you want to bring? And, um, I mean, on the tours I did, I brought some space on I can tell you most of suspense we bring you won't need and people who are kind of heavy motorbikes, even old motorbike stay tend to bring a lot of spats. And yeah, I can tell you that's a lot of weight you're carrying around. In my experience, I think what is useful is to pair bring a couple of spare spot blocks and and obviously tools to change spark plugs, because that's a fairly easy thing to do. It might be actually necessary if you if you're on a longer tour. So yeah, that that is an easy thing to do. You can do it on the roadside. Um, you don't need special tools. You just need towards you have with you and they're great. Well, if you go really far away and you have a feeling there will be no spare Stephen whatsoever , which I can assure you there's usually something you could do. But I would say bring space what you think of rare and which you actually can change on the roadside. So one thing I would bring, for example, if I would go very far would be an ignition coil because sometimes have a hard to get but also their very, very easy Teoh change, usually with very basic set of tools. Um, and yet you're running again. It's ignition. Caller came kind of kill the motorbike completely, as you know. So if you have one of those, you can change it, you can go on job done. If you feel confident enough to do times, you can bring a tyrant pass that. I do know that it is quite hollered to do it on roadside. And so if you experienced a net off course, bring it if you're a beginner, if you haven't have never done it before, Uh, I can assure you nearly that you won't be able to do it on roadside, and you will call in assistance anyways, so you don't really have to bring it if you call in the assistance. And, yeah, just keep the number of tools you bring down to minimum if them something essential breaks . If there's any sprockets or gears breaking, you have to go in a workshop anyways, and they will have tools there. You don't have to bring old your tools from from your own kind of carriage. Um, it's a waste off space. It's a lot heavier. It will annoy you carrying that stuff around all the time. And you most likely won't give it. I told you before I had an experience with my BMW Women alternate, alternate broke and somewhere in England, and I had no means of changing that there. But I called the assistance. They somehow got me to a workshop and work show found refurbished secondhand ordinators for me. Put it in within five days, six days that was done. I wouldn't have been able to do that on my own in that country. So you just have to rely in certain extent on on the people in the country. I tell you this mechanics everywhere there will sort you out somehow, and you will have to rely on their tools. Anyways, there's no no real reason to bring a whole lot of big spares. For example, I Yeah, people bring in clash catches, so whatever. Well, you won't be able to change it on roads. And anyway, so you have to go through workshop anyways and most likely taking a little bit in as well. So yeah, if you if you break something big, you anyways have to sort something out. So don't Don't mind too much about that. Just Yeah, Go on. What I recommend in that case, have a roadside assistance policy set up for you with the in Britain. It's D A. In Germany is the A C in America as the Triple A. So, yeah, set something up with those guys. They, Some of them have actually internationally. So if you set it up in your home country, you have roadside assistance in in other countries as well. Um, yeah. Set it up and go with that. They will. They will bring your home or sort you out there and and you're safe, and you don't have to carry your whole stuff around with you. So yeah, thanks again for listening about the over landing on a motorbike. I hope you found it. Very interesting. If you have any questions, just leave comments and will start yard 22. Overland scooty bike adventures: in this video, I'm going to share a few stories about my personal scudi bike adventures. Now I have. This is one of my favorite ways of traveling. I actually, in most countries that I go to I would much rather rent Escudie bike than an actual car. So in Greece, for example, I've rented little vest buzz and I drove all around and and Vietnam and in Cambodia and barley in so many countries, it's actually really cheap and easy to do. And a lot of times like, for example, in a certain spot. I think it's from oy in tow. Away in Vietnam, you can even find companies which will carry your bags. Your luggage is suitcases over to the next city for you, so you can enjoy the day and travel around on Scooby bike, and you don't have to worry about having baggage. So I personally would highly recommend. If you don't have any experience with this goodbye, you can definitely learn it very easily. You don't have to have a special license as long as it's less than 50 cc, or sorry if it's 50 cc's, um, anything more than that, Ah, motorcycle or something you will need an actual motorcycle license for that. Um, but yeah, I would definitely recommend to travel the world on a Scudi bike. It's been done before. I've seen people going from, I think, Singapore all the way through India in different countries, and then they ended up in Europe somewhere. So it's definitely possible, and it is a whole heck of a lot of fun. There's even some companies which are traveling some African countries on Scudi bike. So again it's very fun, very easy to do. It's a different and unique way of seeing the country very zippy, very handy. Um, it has a little lock that you can put some small stuff inside of your ah scudi bike in the seat. However, there's obviously not a whole lot of room for equipment, so you're gonna have to pack very light. Um, but again, it's a fun adventure and totally worth it. 23. Overlanding by bicycle: in this video. I talk about bicycling around the world and riding bikes around the world seems to be extremely popular. So you are not gonna be the only one doing this. Um, I have interviewed ladies on my own podcast. I've also listen to plenty of others. I've met some people. Um, for example, I was actually in, I think louse and I'm and a man who had bicycled to Laos all the way from France. So, you know, this is happening all the time. It's more more popular. A lot of people, they have their little saddlebags of the little bicycle pan use. And bicycling is great because it's really cheap. You just need a cheapie bike. You don't even need a fancy expensive. Ah, I don't know. Special flashy bike. Really. Just any bicycle will do. Um, of course, we're going to be spending a lot of time in the saddle, So you're gonna want something with a little bit more comfortable seats? Um, some lady, A lady that I met, she told me that it took her about three months bicycling on the road. She went down along Italy and over into Sicily. And because it was quite mountainous, she said. It took her about three months before she felt like she actually felt physically fit enough to do the bicycling. What she had been doing every day. Um, so you know, in countries like Netherlands, obviously it's very bicycle friendly. It's very easy to do and that sort of the lifestyle of the people there. So, you know, if your Dutch this is probably gonna be, ah, easy to do adventure. But like someone like myself, I'm not very good on bicycles, and I've very easily I've gone to some countries and I've rented bicycles, and I've, you know, travel around a little bit on those bicycles. So bicycling, as I said, it's a very popular option. And again, I would suggest that you you'll find plenty of information free podcasts, YouTube videos about people who are bicycling. Get in touch with them, reach out to them. Um, you'd actually be surprised what an email can accomplish. I've actually met a lot of people arrive a lot of the travels that I've done, you know, I've gone and visited people that I had never actually met in person. It was just a totally random email that they send me or I sent them and they gave me a lot of advice and ended up meeting them later on. Um, so you know, you'd be surprised what you can accomplish with just a random email. Most of the time, people are really excited to give you information. So if you have specific questions, you know, contact the people who are actually doing these adventures and join, I don't know forums or Facebook groups. Check out YouTube podcast. You will get so much of information about people who have done this personally. Um, and as I said, it's cheap. It's easy to do. You can decide whether or not you on a camp or if you want to stay in hostels, depending on which countries you are planning on bicycling, so have fun and good luck. 24. walking and hiking overland on foot!: and this video, I'm going to talk about crossing countries by foot, which not everyone might have thought about or considered. So we're gonna tell you about two people. The 1st 1 I met in Kazakhstan and this man actually walked across China, and I mean, China is no a small country. So he went across deserts, mountains, all kinds of places. And, you know, when I was asking him questions about his adventure and you know, it took him a very long time. I mean, probably like a year or more. And so he was on the road for a really long time, and he said that he had a little cart that he was pulling, so that way he could carry more stuff. It was like a little two wheel cart. I've also met people who have, um, walked great distances and they had, like, a little small donkey. Or they had something that they could help them, um, with carrying more things and what they could carry in a backpack. Um, yes. So he had a little cart and he had to very carefully planned his route because, as I said, he was crossing some desert sands of mountains, and he needed to be sure that he had plenty of food and enough supplies to be somewhat self sufficient. He also learned Chinese. He spoke the language so he could interact with the locals. Um, which was a huge help during his trip. Now the other woman that I met, she actually lived in New Zealand for a little while. I think maybe, um, six months or maybe a bit more, and she was kind of an extreme hiker. So she went with a backpack and was basically hiking in New Zealand and all of the places where the tourists can't go, so she would be gone four weeks at a time, basically surviving in the wild, Um, and hiking around in all of the different nature scenery places. So in this scenario, you know when you're hiking, she could be a little bit self sufficient, but she had toe again carry enough food on her back. She said there was a situation where she ran into a couple other hardcore hikers and there was a little shelter, um, somewhere along the route that they were trying because it's like a week long trek and at some point, they got sort of trapped because of the weather. And then they got ill. And so they were actually stuck in this little shelter for more days than they I thought it would take to do this trick. And so they're running low on food supplies, and she said it was a really horrible situation to be in. So after that, she always carried extra sort of emergency Stashes of food because you never know if something happens and you're gonna be out there a few extra days longer than what you thought and to carry a few extra packets of Rama noodles or something small is not too much weight in a backpack. Um, but she said that she always remembered that. So if you're going to travel country on foot, you know it is definitely something that could be done. There's people hiking across Ireland all the time. There's people hiking all over the world in different places, and going on foot is not as extreme as you might think. So the same guy who I'm in Kazakhstan who walked across China, he actually intends on going from Kazakhstan to Iran. When I had met him that was obviously the beginning of his overland journey across other countries. Um, but obviously it's something that he was working towards. So he was training every day, getting his fitness and making sure that he was in top condition so that he could do this adventure. So here are my over landing on foot five tips. Consider getting a cart or donkey or something just to help you with carrying the bags. Pack light. You can use couchsurfing to network with locals in advance to find places to stay or just get insider information. Plan your route carefully. I think this is more important when you're out in the elements and your own foot and your carrying a backpack. Always carry extra food and emergency equipment with you and plan plan plan. Be prepared for anything. 25. Overlanding on horses and camels: in this video, I'm going to give you a little bit about my personal experiences traveling the world over land on horseback, but also with other animals. So here is a little sample clip of some of my personal adventures on horseback into these up. Soon Christian and I ride the lowest tip of Ireland, the mizzen head peninsula. Our horses discover what mooing animals look like. Up close. We, Philip on fuels. We enjoy some rested relax ation at a lovely holiday home way. Explore the three castle head and we continue request to cover 600 miles from the south to the north of Ireland without any support. Will our horses handle being are only a mode of transportation across Ireland? Stay tuned. I have been traveling, um, a very long time over 10 years now since I was 21 I left America, and I'm mostly traveling on horseback. So I've been working in over 20 countries of horses. I have a lot of experience, so I am a professional horse trainer. That is what I get paid to do. I travel film. YouTube videos for a question of interest is so It's kind of my thing. And as I said, I am an actual professional horse, rider and trainer. So this is not something that I just woke up and said, I'm gonna learn how to ride so that I can overland. So when I came up with the idea to travel across the country on horses, it's something I'm very familiar with. And it's something I always wanted to dio. Now I've written 1000 kilometers across Mongolia, and a lot of people are traveling long distance rides on horseback even overland. It depends which countries you're going because obviously with border crossings and you have to import horses. And some countries like, if you bring a horse from Europe to an African country or nation country, you actually can't bring those horses back. So there is a big and, you know, they might have to be in quarantine for a month or a couple of months. Um, so there is a huge process which is involved with transporting an animal overland across borders, so that is something I'm not really going to be covering very much. I just want to mention that it is something which is an opportunity which is out there there are people which are doing it. You might have to, For example, horses in Mongolia. They can't leave Mongolia. So if you wrote across Mongolia, you might need to sell your horses in Mongolia and then cross the border by some new horses . So travel like this is actually possible. Um, you can carry your stuff in a pack on a pack horse. You can have little saddlebags like what I did when I wrote across Ireland. There is a whole lot of options. You can even walk and have a donkey. There was a woman on a question of interest is podcast, too. Bought a donkey in Jordan and she walked the Jordan Trail. So you know, there's lots of options when you're traveling with animals, it's the same with camels. Camels are usually more as pack animals. He can put your stuff on them or you can ride across the desert. Obviously, I would go with a local because I don't know how to cross the desert by myself. But my point with this video waas traveling with animals is an actual option is a thing. There's people doing it all the time. Even some people are bicycling and they see a stray dog or cat and they rescue that animal . And then they want to bring that animal with them overland across all these countries. So I just wanted to throw that out there, that it is possible and it might require a little bit more research in a little more effort on your part to ensure the immigration and the customs and vaccinations and the horses, passports and all of these documents if you want across ah, the border. But if you just want to travel overland within the country, it's definitely doable. I would recommend that you actually have some familiarity with animals, and you actually know what you're doing before you embark on such a thing, cause you don't want to have an accident. You don't want to get injured and be stranded in the middle of nowhere. So that is my advice to you. And I hope that you, um if you haven't thought about it, you might even be considering Wow, I didn't know that was possible. So I just wanted toe. Yeah, make that a little bit more wear To some people, it's not only about cars. Here is my over landing with animals. Eight tips. Have a passport for the animal. Get all the correct vaccinations done before your trip. Check each country's quarantine procedure in advanced. They might be in quarantine for 30 days. Upon crossing a border. Find out if the animal can be exported. One. Stays once they've entered that country because you don't want them to get stuck and not able to leave the animals. Welfare always comes first. That is the number one. Have an emergency plan in case you get injured or if your animal gets injured. Ask the locals in advance for contact details for local vets, farriers, etcetera and get advice from experts or others who've done similar expeditions with animals . 26. OVERLANDING Final Tips & Conclusion: congratulations. And thank you for completing this course. I hope that you enjoyed 70 more questions. Feel free to contact me. If you want to watch my horse riding over landing adventures, then check out our YouTube channel. A question of interest is and yeah, good luck. The only words I will leave you with is just don't worry about it and just just do it. Just go for it by the car. Booked the ticket, whatever it is you need to do. But just do it on and have fun. So yeah, Good luck and happy trails.