How to Learn And Memorize any Language, Learn Techniques And Strategies to Master any Language | George Hadzic | Skillshare

How to Learn And Memorize any Language, Learn Techniques And Strategies to Master any Language

George Hadzic, SkillShare Little Helper

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15 Lessons (1h 7m)
    • 1. Welcome

      1:27
    • 2. Are You A Part Of Our Huge Group?

      6:40
    • 3. Do You Hear That Sound

      4:24
    • 4. Secret Way To Deal With Pronunciation

      2:28
    • 5. What Is More Simple Than English Spelling ?

      2:23
    • 6. How To Link A New Word To Its Meaning ?

      5:31
    • 7. That Interesting Grammar

      5:16
    • 8. How To Begging With Any Language ?

      4:36
    • 9. Do You Know The Family Members ?

      7:47
    • 10. How To Make Sense Of The Words ?

      7:04
    • 11. How To Find Pattern Of Language

      3:46
    • 12. Still On The Rules

      2:15
    • 13. Before You Continue

      2:03
    • 14. What To Do When You Stop Having Progress

      6:58
    • 15. How To Conquer Any Language

      4:29

About This Class

Do you have difficulty learning a new language

Want to find out how you can learn a new language quickly, without the need for expensive classes or language learning software?

In this course you will learn that all and

  • How to speak your target language today.
  • How to reach fluency and exceed it within a few months.
  • How to pass yourself off as a native speaker.
  • And finally, how to tackle multiple languages to become a “polyglot”—all within a few years, perhaps as little as 1-2.

In the course I will reveal all that I have accumulated over years of my searching and learning process. And I am proud to say that I can speak 9 languages and I have used these exact techniques in my journey to learn them, and I am not going to stop there.

Learning a language is a life experience. A foreign language is a whole new system with distinct rules, etymology, and meaning, culture. Learning a new one puts the brain to task by recognizing this new language structure. As the brain works out meaning and makes full use of this new arsenal to express ideas, it sharpens skills on reading, negotiating, and problem-solving.

Learning a foreign language takes time and dedication. The reasons below may help to convince you to take the plunge, if such persuasion is needed. Some reasons are practical, some inspirational, some intellectual and others sentimental, but whatever your reasons, having a clear idea of why you're learning a language can help to motivate you in your studies.

Not only you are learning new language but your memory improves also in total. The more the brain is used, the better its functions work. Learning a new language structure entails familiarizing with vocabulary and rules, and applying these memorized information into communication. This strengthens memory because the brain has built its ability to associate information with mnemonics and retains information better.

Most people in the world are multilingual, and everybody could be; no one is rigorously excluded from another's language community except through lack of time and effort. Different languages protect and nourish the growth of different cultures, where different pathways of human knowledge can be discovered. They certainly make life richer for those who know more than one of them.

In today's global society, people are well aware of the more obvious advantages of learning a foreign language for college students, young job seekers and world travelers. Educational literature also abounds regarding the advantages of being bilingual from childhood. Learning a foreign language also brings other, less evident but equally beneficial advantages. These advantages can positively influence your health and family relations, bringing benefits to the young and mature foreign language learner alike.

Since a language is a doorway to a particular culture, learning any language enables a person to have a broader understanding of that race or culture. Opening up to a culture allows you to be more flexible and appreciative of other ways of doing and looking at things. As a result, if you are multilingual, you have the advantage of seeing the world from different vantage points.

It’s not only the speaking of a second language that can exercise the brain; the actual learning process is also beneficial. We all have a different aptitude for language learning and you shouldn’t get discouraged if others learn at a faster rate than you. We learn our own language every day so why not spice things up with foreign language.

If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head.

If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.
(Nelson Mandela)

The more you wait the more time you will spent on thinking rather on doing what you want, and that will here be how to efficiently start to learn a foreign language. And you can start doing that by enrolling in the course.

So start to learn any language and make a big difference in your life.

Enroll now!

Transcripts

1. Welcome: hello again here. I like to pass along to you all the tips that it took me years of study in many different languages to learn. And I want to teach you something about what foreign languages are all about, how languages work and how to approach them in a very special learning challenge. As you will see, learning a foreign language any for language will be different from any other kinds off study. You have Abadan, and if you do like four languages, that will be great, because it will make things more easier. Here you will learn the process off learning language with a whole range off different skills that you may never have thought about before. So here in this course, I will describe how toe approach studying a foreign language, and I will outline you the necessary skills. Then I will show you how to use them. Your ability to imitate, mimic and to play a role will come in handy in your goal for learning the language. And don't be shy in trying a new language. Everybody makes some mistakes in speaking. It's apart off the course. Just laugh it off and just keep going forward and apart from everything else, a bit off enthusiasm will make a big difference. So enjoy it and try to have some fun As you go, you'll be pleasantly surprised at how much easier the job will be. 2. Are You A Part Of Our Huge Group?: if you are able to fully understand any course in English, your lucky person, Why is that? Because you're able to speak and read English, the one language that is known and spoken by more people internationally than any other in the world. That means now that you're part of a huge group of people who can talk and communicate with one another. People who live in countries where the English is not native absolutely have to study a foreign language, which is probably English if they are ever going to travel or do anything outside their own country. But you don't have to do that. You have already learned fluently what millions and millions of other people in the world have spent hundreds, probably thousands of hours learning. There may be some pros and cons against learning a new language, but for those of you who want toe concrete reasons for going through the effort to learn a foreign language, some of them are for language is credential. Just as a degree chemistries, it's worth something on your resume. Blowing another language allows you toe operate in a bigger world at one defined by your native language. Off course, When you do meet people from different countries and you know their languages, they will be favourably impressed by your seriousness off purpose in understanding their country and dealing with them, which then allows and opens the door to a foreign culture. It will open your eyes to it outside world. And if you do learn a four language, you will learn a lot about your own language instantly, and you will have a lot of fun along the way. In every country, there is a common language and common culture, but we also have to live and function in the world where a lot of people do things very differently than we do. We still have to live in the same world and to deal whatever we like the way that they do things or not and what it does have to do with the language. Well, if you can learn a foreign language, well, you get a great deal off access to that country. You can, of course, read a newspaper magazines, listen to its television programs and talk to a greater variety of their people and really understand them in firsthand. But more important, even if you're never learn a foreign language where well, you can still learn an amazing amount just from having work in that country for a limited period. Learning language basically is like getting inside off somebody's mind. You start to learn a little bit more about how they think and express themselves. Being able to understand someone who is speaking in his native language gives us the flavor of that person. Have you ever watched the comedian or an actor who uses some kind of rag anal accent to portray the personality by giving the accent and the words and expressions that he used? You get the strong feeling for his personality. We laugh and enjoy his performance because we fell. We understand the personality or the type by hearing it, speaking in his native language, which could be always quite hilarious. If you can learn something about how a foreigner express his thoughts, you're closer to getting into that culture than you ever were before. After all, one's native language is one of the closest and dearest things to a person. You can use this funny test when you're gathering along with some foreigner and ask them to Seoul, a mathematical problem in long divisions out loud. If a person was not a native speaker, he usually had an extreme difficulty in doing math out loud in language other than his own native one. By learning a foreign language, you are, in a way, getting into the mind off that particular person from that particular country you're starting to share with him. The way he dresses his own thoughts and expression in linguistic clothes very different than your own. You suddenly realize that we, the English speakers, have our own odd ways of saying an expression. Things to you start to learn that there is no normal or right way to say things and that our way is no more natural than any other way. This idea is hard to accept, but knowing something about the four languages is also important experience in preparing you for your first trip abroad. Whenever you're just traveling or intends to set up a household, and if you have struggled just a little bit with a foreign language, you're going to be a lot more sensitive to the problems that foreigners have in speaking English to you. And as I said, many foreigners will be grateful for any effort you make to learn their language because they know it, that it represents the hard work on your part and see it as an a compliment to themselves, even if you're learn just enough of language for basic social purposes. But it will be time well invested. Even just small gestures can have their rewards. Language study also helps you learn things about your own language that you never knew before, simply because you start make comparison between your language and the new one. Alas, good reason to study for language is that the whole protest can be fun, and some of that fund can come from a laughing at yourself. You have to shed some of your own self importance and your worries about the dignity. If you really want to make a progress, it will be more easier and more effective. Ubient learned how to think an entirely new way and to learn that there are many different ways to think in this world other than your way. And if you just start consciously thinking off another culture, it will turn and enrich your own life. You start getting more and more interested in that country. You will find out that a trip there takes on a whole new meaning so that every corner off life there becomes interesting to you, not just the monuments and the museums, but like the first trip to Paris. If you have startling French after a while, the language you're studying will itself take on a new personality. You will come to associate it with the whole range off experience you have had a mere sound of the language will bring back a serious of memories and feeling you have experienced. You're getting hooked by language and it has already become a new part of you. In short, you have discovered a new world. 3. Do You Hear That Sound: So you think you know how to talk? Surely do, but only in a limited way, you know. Ah, One way to talk. But there are dozens of different ways to make a sound that you never thought off imitates the sound of trucks, the cars, birth airplanes, every bit of sound that you heard from your environment. These sounds were not English. Sounds in your mouth has to do some pretty strange things. Well, your mouth will have to do some pretty strange things. Now. If you wanted to produce unauthentic foreign sound, you're going to have to set aside your normal sense and pretend like a child to make a strange noises. Start by saying the simple syllables over and over again, like Dada to proof proof or until you get it. You may have to start by standing in front of mirror watching your mouth. As you struggle to make some new sounds, you're going to have to learn how to imitate how to use your mouth, your throat, your entire speech mechanism in a new way, as we all take for granted that we know our alphabet and how each letter is pronounced. But the way we pronounced the letter is our way. There are many other ways as well, and you'll need to learn the one that matches the language you're studying. You know how it sometimes sound when a foreign speaks English. Even when we understand what he says, it may all sound a bit off. That's because he's using our words but is making each sound way he was taught to make it in his own language. In fact, there are many different ways off pronouncing a similar familiar words. The foreign sounds, which seems close to an English one, in fact are rarely the same. They're all slightly different, depending on the language. You got to learn exactly how your new language makes that sound. If you ever want to sound authentic, stick, for example, the actors. They sit down and learn how Russians or Chinese or Indian pronounced various words or sounds in English and go from there. And they also listen a lot and imitate. So as you start learning your foreign language, remember that you're going to have to learn to be something of an actor. To really learn how to pronounce the language. Well, you have to put it up a little to get into the habit off, using your mouth in a whole new way. This can be fun. Just let yourself go and pretend you're starring and foreigner in a movie and you'll be on way to getting it right. It's a little embarrassing at first, of course, but here you are feeling like a child learning to talk all over again, endlessly preaching certain noise until the teacher things. You're starting to get it right. But if you're in a class, you are among friends. You can also take your turn laughing at them. Once you get over the initial shock off the whole experience, you're probably find yourself enjoying the process of learning for English speakers. Some languages are easier than others to learn to pronounce. Remember that few languages are inherently much easier or harder to pronounce than any other. It all depends on the language you were born with and how close the sound of that language are to the new one you're learning. For instance, for English speakers, Spanish and Italian are relatively easy to pronounce because they don't have many sounds sharply different from inch. But French will probably be a bit harder. French is quite fussy about the way things must be pronounced and probably takes more effort to acquire. Then there languages with a sound that are rarely found in any other language like Arabic. It has a lot of deep, guttural sounds. And then there are some African language, such as saucer spoken in South Africa have strange clicks that sounds more like a wood blocking being struck. Then a human voice and Chinese, Vietnamese and Thai have tones or musical pitch that help distinguish one word from another . 4. Secret Way To Deal With Pronunciation: Now we're going to expand on a previous lesson. So basically, be prepared for new sounds. Take them as a challenge. Don't forget to step it up and to exaggerate the key to success in pronunciation. Don't hang back and do the minimum with your mouth. Let it all hang out and do the maximum. That just makes it more fun and can on. Lee contributed to your having them or off that think accent. The tune is also important over the long run. If you want to develop a convincing accent, every other language has its own special intonation patterns. When you don't put any effort to learn a particular pronunciation off someone else's language, you're going to sound a bit old. So first try to imitate and then along with it, try to focus and try to learn how to speak correctly. Sometimes when you are struggling to express yourself in a four language, you can see people straining to understand what you're saying, So that will be the sign that you need to start putting more effort into your pronunciation . Remember the only one who has to have the long suffering and to be experienced enough to be able to understand almost anything that you say, regardless of how much you butcher, the language will be the language teacher. Unless you're lucky enough to believing in a foreign country already or to have a tutor available to you for many hours a day, you're going to record yourself. Why? Because there is no substitution for hearing the language and listening and listening and listening over and over again. So whenever you can start releasing your recordings and in learning languages, time is your friend. The kind of sounds that you will be embraced or self conscious about making in the beginning will gradually grow more familiar to you over time and step by step, you'll start to sound more authentic, but you'll have to keep working on it. The good thing is, when you recorded yourself, you can compare your pronunciation with a native speaker. Sometimes it's discouraging because it seems that no matter how hard you try, you'll still have the same accent. Don't worry about it. Just keep on trying and your accent will improve With time. Your gore basically is for people to be able to understand you, and they will understand you if you make a consistent effort to replace your English sounds with sounds off their language. 5. What Is More Simple Than English Spelling ?: in the previous lecture. We have talked about using our mouth in a different way. That was all about the sounds of language in this, like you were going to talk about the new waste. Look at our alphabet. Quite frankly, English is an awful language to learn how to spell because the basic spelling often English words, was established hundreds of years ago and has changed only slightly since then were forced to write words today the way they were pronounced several centrists earlier. Basically, there is nothing logical about the way we spell in English. Off course, you may be starting the language that uses a completely different alphabets, such as Russian, Greek, Arabic, Hindu or Korean. In one way, that's almost easier, because then you don't have to learn new ways to pronounce old form. Ealier. Letters don't even trust for Miller letters to sound like they think they should sound like . For instance, dozens of foreign languages use the same alphabet as we do in English, but to do so in a very different way. So your first task is to forget about our alphabet as we use it in English spelling and start to learn how foreigners uses to represent the sounds of their language. It can be rather confusing, but remember that you will only have to learn one new set of rules in your new language. And the chances are good that your new language will spell words in a much more logical and consistent fanatic system, then English. If you're going to study Spanish, well, I have very good news for you. Spanish uses one of the most regular and simple spelling systems anywhere, so that's Turkish. Germany's also quite logical. French spelling is a little bit harder but still simpler than English. And don't forget that we learned in the last lecture the sounds of letters. And, of course, when learning a new world, please take it easy. Try sounding out to yourself slowly letter by letter so that you can get it right. A lot of us have a tendency just toe eyeball the new word and then blurred the nearest sting that comes to our mind. So watch out, take your time and don't let your eyes treat you. Say what is written and not what you think is written 6. How To Link A New Word To Its Meaning ?: before we have talked about using your mouth in a new way, and we have also described how you are likely to encounter a familiar letters of the alphabet using in a quite new ways. And now we're going to talk about thinking in a new way. This process is almost like going back to the childhood, once again learning to associate sound with objects the way you did when you worry area. For instance, when you were a kid, you didn't know that was a tree. When you saw it first, somebody had to tell you. Chances are your parents took you outside, pointed to a tree and said, This is a tree. There aren't much of a good chance that you have learned the world right way immediately, but your parents were probably had to repeat the world to you on a several different occasions before you finally got to the hang of it. You have to learn to associate the sound of the world tree with the big green leafy thing that you saw in front of you. Now that you must learn to do it again on this time since you grow up, you will be able to get in hang of it much faster. You will now know why. If somebody is pointing to a tree or to a picture of a tree and saying a strange world, but you'll still have to learn the new work. You may even have to relearn it many times before before you finally actually learned. Now here is the important idea. Everybody in the world knows what the big, green leafy thing is, and we have all seen them hundreds and thousands of times. Every language has their own word for the world tree, and these variation words are not themselves. Trees there just some off many hundreds of different sounds used in the world to represent the great big green leafy thing. To learn a foreign language, you must get away from the idea off, translating the words translating takes too much time and mental energy. You will never learn to really speak and understand the four language. If you have to translate everything instead of translating, learned to associate the new sound directly with the image in your mind. When we hear the sound tree in English, we immediately associate with the big green leafy thing So when you heard the sound different in another language and it represents tree, you immediately think that sounds mean that big, green leafy think you need to establish a new thought patterns by linking over and over again a serious of sounds with mental image or on idea, often action after wild, once meaningless sounds become the new reality and image in your mind. And do not think that the challenge off new thinking will be limited merrily to the area off new words. It is going to go much deeper than that. You'll be learning the new pass. You can pretty well say in any other language, anything you might want to say in English. It's just the way off. Putting It will be different, depending on the ledge. And remember, each language in the world has its own time honored, secular, way off putting things that has Bean worked out independently over hundreds of years, or maybe longer. What you're trying to do here is to think in four language not to translate it. If you do not learn to think in a four language, the chances are that you never really be very good at it. learn the thing in a foreign language isn't all that hard. You learn to think in language simply by using the language over and over again, asking and answering simple questions that even the simplest level until you feel comfortable enough with the process. After when you gain a safe zone there, then you add some new words and a few more new situations and practice, using them together with all the words you learned in the previous lessons. And here I am not suggesting that you should never translate in your life. The point of this is to make sure that you really understand what the sentence means and that grammar is clear to you. Sometimes when you meet in a special complicated sentences, you may want to translate it to yourself just to work it all out. But in the end that you will want to go back and to ensure that you can understand what men simply by hearing it. And once you really get into the language, you will understand all this a good deal better. Somebody will say something quite fast and you'll suddenly realize that you understood it all, and that will be a very great moment, really satisfying for you. And you're probably wouldn't be able to repeat the words or even know how it was that you understood it all. But it is a sign that the language is starting to sink in your mind and your beginning toe understand? Without translating. And as you know, the serious professional translating is a very different art from speaking or understanding the language. And as you may encounter this problem before, some people are very good at speaking, but have trouble translating it. Well, for somebody else. Don't worry about this. You're trying to learn the language, not to become a translator. 7. That Interesting Grammar: we come to a point when we have to talk about the grammar and can grammar be fun? Ah, at least it can be a bit interesting. We all remember sitting throughout tedious seasons off English grammar in school and seems almost impossible for that to be interesting, right? But learning the grammar off foreign language is different. The grammar is really the skeleton off the language. A language, after all, consists of basically two things. One is words, and the other is grammar, which is the bones of the language, which holds it all together, and words is the flesh and the clothing of the language. Basically, you never really needed to study English grammar to learn how to talk. And you already knew the grammar when you're started talking. But how did you learn grammar? Not out off any book? That's sure, but your parents probably never really taught you much, but actual grammar, either. So you learn the grammar by hearing it and use it all around and all day long. Let's quickly talk about how small Children learn their own language. It's important because it tells us something about how everyone of us learn our first language that will give you a few ideas. How about we go learning a foreign language? Basically, the child has heard enough sentences in his short life to have figured out a few grammar lures on his own and way a child learned his first language is a fairly good method. In fact, if you're a small child, there is a probably no better way to learn a language than that way, and it's virtually painless. It's not so practical for us to learn the language that way now, because it takes about four or five years off around the clock study for a child to Rome to speak the grammar correctly, and you don't have this time for yourself. We all got much better things to do with our time. Second, for an adult, it's rather a pain to learn a language by listening £2000 thousands of sentences and then trying to figure out the grammar rules by example. As grown ups, we can take advantage off our brains and our power off logic. We can learn the grammar in more organized way than the child us. So when a child is learning, its first language is by listening to its parents. It is akin equivalent for you listening to some recordings off, being a child and listening toe. Adults chattering around you old a long and it puts the patterns of language into your head in an organized way so that they become second nature. So when these batters are in your mind, you can learn how to play around with them and to make variations on the pattern. Learning the grammar is a bit like driving a car or learning how to use any other complex machine. It might be fine for you to know how to steal a car down the road in 1/3 gator if somebody shows you how. But nobody can really consider that he knows how to drive a car until he has learned to manipulate all parts of the car. You will want to know how to use the brakes and the other gears and a lot of other important things before you really feel comfortable in the car. So it is the same with language. You can learn a lot of words and sentences, but until you know how to use these words in a lot of different ways and change them all around. You can't really consider that. You know the language were, well, you don't really know how to drive the language. Yet. Grammar rules are not basically designed to make people speak correctly. They're designed to help people get their meaning across accurately and clearly they're meant to be short cuts or operating rules that help you put together the words. The fact is that a huge list of words is not much good. If you don't know how all the words go together, you might be able to blurt out enough words income, crude way that will get across your basic needs. But your goal here is not to sound like a cave man. You hope, actually, to be able to talk like a really reasonable, educated person. That means Norman, how the words go together or what we call the grammar. And when you're learning grammar, you're getting inside language. You're starting to figure out how people off that country actually use their mental process to express themselves. The grammar is really the key to this new world you're entering. Pay close attention to this part of process. You'll be surprised at distinctions the other language take great care to spell out which in English we don't care so much about. And you cannot spend really much time arguing about different grammars and different sounding and intonation in the words. That's just the way things are. But it is interesting to see how tothe process differ from language to language and country to country. That's what languages are all about. And that's why language study teaches us so much about foreign cultures and about our own language as well. Things that we take for granted as natural turn out to be not so natural at all, but simply the way that we do things. So to conclude each language makes its own sharp distinctions, you need to be ready to learn new distinctions that we don't make in English and to ignore the distinctions we make in English that are not there in the foreign language 8. How To Begging With Any Language ?: the most popular way to start to learn any language is through dialogue. You learn a simple dialogue, usually representing yourself talking to a really life foreigner just after you have arrived in his country. But when you memorize these dialogues, you're learning grammar without being aware of it. The foreign grammar patterns are being unconsciously imprinted in your mind. Once you have some of these can sentences memorized so that you can't say them in your sleep, you can easily substitute them some off the other new vocabulary to make new synthesis. The dialogues at this very early state should be useful and simple, the kinds of conversations you're likely to get into often. At first it's going to be limited mostly by talking about your name, how you where you from and how to get to a station hotel, etcetera. You'll have to wait till later to get into a conversation about various topics that you want to talk about at the Cyril stage of your language, that you should also be ready to learn the lots of polite phrases everyone likes a polite phrases. These kind of polite phrases are great fillers, which you can throw in whenever you can't think off anything else to say or you can stick them into your conversation and sound like you know more than you do. And remember at the beginning you won't be likely making up to money off your own senses. This is the small talk stage. Welcome. How are you on? Fine. How is your family? How do you like here and etcetera? So you're going through first stage off you becoming the actor I told you about in the previous lessons you should take to repeating these dialogues. F is your Academy Award nominee is the Pentagon. It will actually be fun trying to play the foreigner in the way that I talked about earlier . You want to try to exaggerate all the new sounds and to take your new foreign personality. And the point off this drill is to drive these dialogues into your memory until they have become a second nature. You want to be able to repeat the phrases and the patterns of conversation without even having to think about. The most useful thing to do is after you have repeating this sentences pattern many times with another person and you're start asking questions and giving appropriate answers in a foreign language, you're already start to think in a foreign language. And remember when I said that you have to start to dream in foreign language. So what do you think? What time is it need for you to get toe? Do that, Whatever you do or not partly depends on you and your recordings or the amount of hours you spend each day on language study. If you really listen a lot and repeat and repeat your sentences, you'll find them swimming around in your head. When you go to sleep at night, you'll find yourself repeating them over an hour, even in your sleep, and that is a great sign. It is a sign the language is really getting to you and into you and you want toe. Exercise the material as often as you can. That is, you want to practice the new words by using them in sentences, patterns you already know, and the point is that you're hearing a question in the language and understanding it and then answering it, and that is what thinking in the language is all about. So as the time goes by, you will become more comfortable with the whole process of hearing, understanding and now generating your own sentences. So whenever you are recording yourself speaking in a foreign language or you have some material that is in four language, you have to repeat them and listen to them over and over again. At first, listen toe a lesson. Several times I'll fill you Think you can general follow what it says next is to listen to sentences and push the polls button and repeat out loud. The sentence you just heard you have trouble saying it all. Then listen to the same sentence again and try to repeat and go throughout the whole lesson out loud several times until you're really pretty comfortable at doing this. The reason why this works is that when you are listening your lesson, your training, your ear, your mind is beginning to understand the foreign words without taking out Time to translate them and do whatever you can to find some of the lessons that you may have to listen to and again the most important exercise of all that you have to listen to understand and to repeat and to speak in a foreign language 9. Do You Know The Family Members ?: the first thing you will probably her from your friends and family when you announce them that you're about to learn some new language is that chosen language is easy or hard. In fact, no comment about which language is easy or hard is entirely accurate. The most important factor. Determine whatever languages is. Your heart for you is not so much the language itself as the matter off where you are coming from. For instance, Arabic is not very hard. If you happen to be a Hebrew. Ice landing is pretty easy if you speak Dan ish and Russian is a Creech. If you are a Bulgarian languages that are close to our own 10 Toby and sound easier and more familiar, both the grammar as well as the vocabulary. And what does this close mean? I'm speaking that that language that you want to learn is a part off your familiar language family, an important part off understanding what languages are all about. Now, in this lecture, we're going to talk about some off the main language families of the world and what they meant to you in terms off learning words and grammar. You're going to end up learning a lot of words in whatever language you're tanking up. As you will understand the language families, you're going to make your process off learning the new language easier. It may even tell you some things about the language that we're communicating right now. The English, all languages in the world, all related to some other language or languages. And they can all be divided up into a large groups or families. Most European languages derive from a common heritage from a very large language group or family called the Indo European. You may heard of it. It's called The Sounds Crete, which was written many thousands of years ago in India. And why would you need this information? Well, there is a good chance that you're learning a language from the Indo European language family. And like all families, this one is divided into several distinct branches. So the Indo European languages are subdivided into the main sub families, and here they are Roman, Germanic, Slavic, Indyk, Iranian and Celtic, and few others, such as Greek and Albanian. The first group called the Roman or the Romance. It has nothing to do with the romantic interest by the way it comes for the word Roman, simply because these languages are developed from Latin. The language off the ancient Roman Empire and the main modern language in this group are French, Italian, Romanian, Spanish and Portuguese. These are the languages that have been developed when the Latin speakers off the Roman Empire became isolated in their own areas after the empire fall apart, the Latin off. Those isolated groups were eventually being corrupted or evolved into these variation modern forms off Latin. So basically, people once speaking a common language, gradually grew apart over hundreds of years, until Vader language began to be rather distinct from one another. This is not the history lesson, but I want to make sure and clear why there are close relationships among all these languages. And if you're familiar with one off the Roman languages group, then you will find it relatively easy to learn another run from this group. The grammars are not very different, and there is a high proportion of words that you will be recognized in each of these languages. This basically means that with a minimum amount off work, you can speak and read very quickly. The language from these group now on to the second group, which is called the Germanic. These language are delivered from the common Germanic ancestors branching off from the early Indo European prototype, and the languages are the German, the English, Dutch, Icelandic, Norwegian, Dan ish African, a form off Dutch and Swedish. And again, as with the previous group of languages, if you know one of the Germanic languages, it makes a lot of easier to learn the others. There will be big similarities in grammar and vocabulary, and some will be closer to each other than others. As you may have now noticed, the languages in the same family are located geographically near one another, for instance, in the region, and Swedish are much closer than the German and English. The next group is Slavic and also same principles with this group as with the previous one . So for the Slavic countries we have first Russian. We have Baltic and Balkan countries, and we have Ukrainian, Czech, Slovakian and Polish, and we're going to scheme the other groups. The Indyk languages are large groups off languages in the area off Indian Pakistan. Iranian languages mainly cover Iran and Afghanistan, and the Celtic languages are mainly refer toa Irish, Scottish, Gaelic and Welsh. Now let's have a glimpse into English language, and where does it fits? As I already have mentioned, the English belongs to the German language family, so English grammar is unmistakably a Germanic in characters. But the vocabulary off English has a lot off romance language, words in it and a little bit of more history wise that because the Normans from the France invaded and occupied England in the 10 66 and they imposed thousands of French words upon the very Germanic English of the day. Even more, they imposed the basic French system off, creating new words the more intellectual, philosophic cultural, scientific and abstract words from Latin and Greek roots. So as a result, the English language, starting in about the 14th century, began to reflect not on Lee the old Germanic vocabulary, but also heavily influenced with the new elements of French, which, as we saw the ride from the Latin and the Germanic grammar of English had also grown vastly simpler. So now the English language has a huge vocabulary, with words from both romance and Germanic sources, and one of the biggest advantages off having English as your native language or that you have already learned it, is that you have a head start in learning either Germanic or Romans language. You will recognize a lot of the basic Germanic vocabulary and feel somewhat comfortable with the grammar off Germanic languages, and you will recognize the roots off thousands words in romance language as well. In the next lecture, I'm going to give you a list off concrete examples and what the similarities mean in practice. So now you have some basic information off what experts are talking about when they say that this or that languages related when the language you are learning is related, toe one, you already know your task is much easier. You can also begin to understand why people have already learned a number of languages generally find it reasonably easy to go on and learn several more. I have to mention it always involves work, but it becomes easier when you have experience and friends among several different language families. The more languages your learned, the better you get at spotting connections in your mind to help you remember, and anything that helps you remember a word is a fair game 10. How To Make Sense Of The Words ?: here is a great thing. There are only through things that you really need to learn when you study a foreign language, its words and how to put them together. You just can't learn a language without learning words and the loss of them memorizing. Will cabin literalist and grammar rules, which determine how you use these words, can be the rial pain of the language study. Now, in this election, we're going to learn how the vocabulary can be easy and painless as much as possible. There aren't really an answer on how many words do you have to learn when you study a language, it will really depend on what you want to say and to understand a couple of 100 words might do if you want to get around the country and to meet your very basic needs. But to carry on a simple conversation on general topics, you'll need about 2000 words. Toe hold a fairly serious conversation with people, and to read the newspapers, you'll need the minimum off 5000 words. But don't worry about the numbers now at any stage. The most important thing is to use all the words you know the traditional ways to start a vocabulary is to use a word list on the left, there is a word that you don't know, And on the right, the list off that same translation words on the language that you do know. You sometimes remember what a word on the list means. Not because you actually remembered the world, but because you remember which word came after, which on the list. So you remember order or you remember which word it was that came near the top of the list . So put the words in a different place on the list, and suddenly you don't remember what it means anymore. Now, here's the point. Instead of the list, I recommend you use word cards to learn vocabulary. Work cards are variation on the idea of the word list, but they don't have the drawbacks off the list. In fact, they have many ex friend Vantage is. You can mix the order of the cards around, which means you won't remember the meaning of the card just from its place on the list. And as you go through the vocabulary cards off a new lesson, you learn some words very, very quickly, and when you're certain that you have learned them, you can just wipe them out and keep in the pile on lead words that you haven't mastered yet . This permits you to concentrate your effort on the smaller numbers off harder words you can keep together. Those words from all the lessons that you are particularly have a headache. Quit the walls you just can't seem to remember, and this will be a pile to pick up after. And the best thing is that you can grab this pile of cars that you don't know and take them somewhere. If you think you may have to wait a while for sometimes, so you have a spare time to practice them. The best way to memorize vocabulary is to have some association with that work, association or similarity. You may notice a similarity with some word that you have already learned in your new language, or the word may remind you off something possibly unrelated, which helps let the word stick in your mind. However you do it, get a handle off that word, and as you go through your word cards, always say each word out loud or at least whisper to yourself. You have to hear the sound off that word. Remember your training several parts of your head at once, your mind by thinking about the whole process your eye by seeing and recognizing the word your mouth by saying the words as you studied and your ear by hearing what you're saying to yourself. Saying the words and hearing it are as important as seeing it and use your best harmed up foreign pronunciation. You may feel self conscious at first about talking to yourself, but you'll soon get over that. The faster you stop being shy, the faster you'll hammer that language quickly and go over the word list or the pile of the world cards until you can run them through very fast. It isn't really good enough if you have to puzzle over each word before you remember the meaning. But remember that you're trying to reach the stage where you don't have to think. You want to get to the point where you can almost go automatically from the foreign words toe in English. This is not an intellectual exercise. You're just learning toe build on automatically language, reflexes, true repetition and the easiest part of the learning process is always start with a foreign language side of the world. Card face up first, All you have to do is to remember what the foreign word means. And here is where your memory tricks are most important. They help you to recognize the foreign word and learn its meaning. You don't really need the memory tricks anymore after you start recognizing the word you want to get, where you don't have to think about it anymore and then just turn the process backwards. First, go with the English word and then go with the foreign words, because it is harder now you have to remember precisely what the foreign word ISS, but at least you're already seen it and said it several times when you're looking at it earlier and trying to remember in the English. So always do the card both ways. First, the foreign word and and the English and then the opposite. Just going one way is not good enough. For some reason, the mind sees these as a different processes. Doing it one way is no guaranteed that you can do it in other going from English toe foreign language is an active process where your training your mind to think in a foreign language and don't use these cards exclusively for single words. You should also make up cards with phrases or expressions that you especially wanted to learn and by all means. Put additional information on the cards about the words you need to remember such a special forms or illegalities or anything else. As you learn the words, it really helps to try to make up sentences out of the new words. This makes the new words more riel, and at the same time you'll be able to use other words that you're already learned. So you will be reinforcing sentences, structures as well. And here is the last step. Go back and review the words you learned earlier. You may found you have for one, some of them because you haven't used them very often. You may also found that you can flip through those old cards a lot faster that you ever were able to do that before. That is a sure sign that you're making a progress even when you thought you weren't. And of course, remember that making these cards and studying them is all part of the process of repetition , an essential part off the language process you're trying toe implant. Ah, whole new language into your mind. So as with house, it wasn't built in a day. So you have to put one brick at the time until you get the whole And don't be passive again . Make up a little sentences to yourself, using the new words, and do the maximum with the newer cavalry, not the minimum. 11. How To Find Pattern Of Language: in a previous checked, where we spend a good bit of time talking about the language, families and the kinds of similarities to look for among them. And even before we have talked about using the imagination toe help, you make the connections between the English words and their foreign counterparts. Now we're going to talk about yet another fundamental fact about the languages that were greatly simplify your memory task every language build its complex work from the simple, basic Ford roots off that language. This means the difficulty off learning strange and unrelated words will come mainly at the beginning when everything is new tree. But as you begin toe get hundreds or even thousands words under your belt, you will start noticing that an increasing proportion off the subsequent new words you learn are based on the routes off the basic words you have already learned. When you now think about it, it actually makes sense. Primitive human beings gradually created new sounds new words as the need arose. They needed clearly distinguishable words for every new object, basic things like firewater, rude food, etcetera. But as people needed to expand their language and create more sophisticated concept. They drew on many off the existing groups of the language as their basis for creating new words. Every language doesn't as these new words were created. Each language develop certain rough patterns for the creation off new vocabulary. In other words, each language has its own distinctive characteristics for generating new words. Your job is to figure out how the language you're studying actually works and how it generates a new word you need. Onley Toby, aware that there is a system and pattern on your language uses to lend new words. It is irregular and not fully predictable pattern. But still it is some kind of pattern. So once you learn the basic word, you can spot how more complex words are created from it. Off course, you'll still have to study the word to learn. No system is fully predictable, and each has lots of irregularities. But the learning process become much easier when you have something to hang your memory and most Indo European languages employ this system off, combining basic roots and prefixes to create more complex concepts. Say that five times fast and remember that every language that we're using, such as English is a living language. This means that a lot of our words have evolved over time, so they don't all have quite the same literal meaning that they started out. It's the point is that words are not just a complicated set off. Meaningless syllables that have a certain arbitrary remaining language grows organically like a tree, so it's natural for words to be related to one another and built from each other. We don't make up some meaningless new sound and give it meaning. We almost always work from existing words to create new ones. So remember, every language will have some sort off word building systems. Look for it. After all, if there weren't some kind of a system, you wouldn't be able to learn another system or even when you were a child. You won't be able to earn your own native language, either. Eventually, the vast proportion off new vocabulary in your new language will be based on the routes you already know 12. Still On The Rules: grammar is essential because it tells us precisely what the relationship is. Among the word and many languages, unlike the English Express, grammatical relationships amongst the word by means of words ending, for example, something on the end of the world changes to let us know whatever the word is the subject or the object often action. An additional endings may be used. Announce toe, indicate possessions or locations or motion towards or from the now many languages in the world prefer to use signals or codes or endings, or where there you want to call them at the end of the world to signal to you about who is doing what to whom. So I must repeat myself. The grammar has nothing to do with the correct speech. It has to do with getting the meaning right. If you use a wrong grammatical ending, you're not in elegant. You're just plain not to understand. The grammar rules are designed to make the relationships among the world's clear. That's why we have to pay close attention to the grammar rules off the foreign language we study. So be prepared for everything and try to appreciate why it is so important to get them right. All of this may be interesting, but it also makes for a lot of more work in the learning these language. In the next lectures, I'm going to give you additional examples off. How does the ending off the words are really differ from one language to another, so drill repetition of sentences using material. All of these exercises will make a tremendous difference. It's not good just to learn a list. You just have to hear these endings practice them. Use them yourself in men in different senses and context. They got to start feeling natural to you almost a second nature. So if you don't really understand them and feel comfortable with them, it's best not to go on until you do. It's like not digesting the meal properly. It only makes things worse if you go on to ETM or on the top of the undigested hunk of grammar. So using the wrong ending is bad grammar. It's simply confusing you because it makes the relationships among the world unclear, or it gives you un intending meaning 13. Before You Continue: before we move along, I have to tell you something else about the importance off the grammar. The problem is that you can't really talk about learning language without tangling with the grammar problem, and it's important that we really get a firm idea what, what we're going to encounter before we're sailing off into uncharted waters of foreign language without a map and some explanations off all for some reason, almost every European language, including French, German, Spanish, Italian and even Arabic, Hebrew. There is a curious feature that, to our way of thinking, is hard to explain. Speakers off these language starting way back in early history and somehow ended up categorizing every single noun in the language into a class off either masculine, feminine or sometimes neutral the gender off the word often effects the grammatical endings off. Other related words. And that's not all. When you use an adjective with words, you have to put a masculine or feminine ending on the adjective to agree with the noun. Even worse, some languages US, German or Russian, for example, use all three categories masculine, feminine and nurturing. So with each word, you have to memorize its grammatical gender, so you can't guess from what the word means asked whatever it is masculine or feminine, unless it is a word like father or mother, a boy or girl. And even here there is no guarantee. And don't let all of this to discourage you. It may seem strange at first, but you'll get used to it pretty fast. The good news is that there are even rules in most of these languages, which let you guess a good percentage of the time. With that gender, a word would be depending on the letters that it ends in. The only way to overcome this problem is by memorization always learned the gender off each word. As you learn the word. Perhaps you can put some notes on your word card along with now. 14. What To Do When You Stop Having Progress: When you first start your language course, you'll feel that you're making a tremendous progress rapidly. After all, when you know five words and then learn more five, you have doubled your vocabulary. This sense of rapid progress doesn't last forever. There were be loopholes along the way that we can call the stations. The first station comes when you have passed through the opening phase of language and the novelty off learning has begun to wear off. This is when you are able to hold simple but real conversation. Still, there are many more things that you want to say but can't. Don't be discouraged. No one ever makes constant, consistent progress. We all reach some certain stations from time to time when we learn new language, or when we learn anything else for that matter. Moreover, time spent on the station is really time when your brain is unconsciously consolidating what it has already learned, and sometimes even if you haven't been, study your language for a short while, it continues to sink into your brain, so in fact you're making progress even though you're not wear it and still you want to get off from that station as quickly as you can, and here are some things to do that will get you moving forward again. When you don't know the word for something, find a way to get on without it. If you're really stuck getting your meaning or point across, be imaginative and use your vocabulary as much as possible. In imaginative and a descriptive way, Learn to set your phrases and expressions. This is an easy way to expand your repertoire and to help your conversation sound much more fluent. Off course. You don't want to overdo those phrases, but they'll give you an idea off how you can stall for time while you're thinking and always and I repeat, always go back to some of your earlier lessons and books and the even the soundtracks. Listen to them and see how easy it is to repeat them. Now This by itself won't get you off the station, but it will give you a sense off how far you'll come. And you'll be surprised by another textbook on the same language, and you'll be pleased to see that you already know a lot of the stuff. You will also find some different beginners material that your book didn't have in the earlier lessons. You can learn some of this extra material easy now, and it will probably seem more fun because it comes more easily. And here's a fun tip by some kids book or even comic books in that particular language. You won't understand everything, of course, but that's not really important Now. Off course. The comic books are not necessarily easy, but they often contain a lot of slang and idiomatic expressions, and you can learn few of them from them. Goto a language bookstore and buy a dictionary and the travel phrasebook off the language. Just having a nice dictionary will help through calm across the barriers that you have. Look up some words that you found in your comic book, for instance. You don't have to learn them all now, but again, it helps in making the language feel more real to you. Also, it's nice feeling if you have learned some of words and expressions ahead of time off the class on on your own, when you finally come to them in your own textbook, you're ahead of again. And don't be tied up on the textbook that you're reading or the lessons that you are hearing. Have some fun. Turn on the radio. See if you get broadcasts in that language again. Don't expect too much. And don't be disappointed. Did you find out you don't understand or that you understand very little off what you hear . It often comes in a rush later on anyway, when suddenly lots of things start falling in place. At least listening to the radio and catching even few words helps make the language seem more real and immediate to you. And, of course, if you're in a position to go, go somewhere else. When you can hear that particular language like a foreign grocery store, try to pick up some words and phrases that sound familiar to you and don't expect to be able to understand too much off, the native speaker are saying to one another, but really, comprehension of this kind organization will come much later. These is way toe comprehend with this is to go to see a movie in the language that you're studying, make sure that the movie is in the original version, not duct in English. If it has subtitles in English, that won't hurt again be prepared for the fact that you won't understand very much at this point. It is actually very hard to understand a foreign movie, sometimes just because the soundtrack isn't clear. And moreover, movies have a lot Ofs Lang's in them, and this doesn't mean that you won't get a lot of effort. If you look at the subtitles and then try to catch the same thing from the soundtrack, you can learn a lot. But remember, subtitles don't translate everything that's been said on screen. They give you only the guest off the dialogue. Even watching the action and the gestures and listening to the sound will give you the field for the culture off the language, your study television program. Why not? If you can find any, are often the battered and movies. Usually people speak more directly into television camera than they do on film, and the material tends to be more straightforward. And if you go to a foreign restaurant, try to say hello and thank you. That particular language. Don't worry about making mistakes. They will probably help you and be delighted at your effort. You can even have some special service after your effort in a good way to have a new material is to buy a foreign newspaper, look at the headlines and see if you can figure out what the word means. Turn to the section of the paper that interests you the most. Sport, fashion, business or whatever. Read as much as you can and see if you can at least get the guest of it. Use a dictionary if necessary. The new words you learn our bomb toe come in handy sooner or later. The best way to overcome your station problem is to grab every occasion that you can to use your language with a foreigner. Using the right language with the right native will help you a lot. They will really appreciate your colorization and your effort, even if you can. On Lee, tell them a few simple things. The effort is important above all. When you reach your station, take every opportunity you can to practice. When a native speaker aren't around you, you should try talking to yourself in your new language. Whenever you have the chance, you can tell yourself some stories or repeat your dialogues or invent a conversation with yourself. This is all part of the drill off spending so many hours functioning in the language that really starts to sink in and become second nature. Remember again, that time is your friend. If you keep plugging away, you will surely make the progress, even if it doesn't feel like it. 15. How To Conquer Any Language: we all known that language is a living thing. How far does you go with it? It depends on your own goals. To be honest, it takes years of study to become totally fluent and proficient in a foreign language. The good news is that you don't have to become fluent to start making yourself understood in a foreign language. Even if you're going to take just one course in school or spending two weeks reading through a language handbook before travelling overseas, on holidays or on business, you'll be surprised at how far you can really get off course. Some types of situation in language are much harder than the others, as you will find out firsthand if you're speaking toe only one person in a foreign language . That is much easier situation than talking in a group conversation, because you have much greater control over the conversation when it's just you and the other person. So be prepared to have to do a good bit of guessing in conversation with foreigners. You get quite good at guessing after while sometimes you might not even catch more than one or two words in a question. If either comes too fast or they're too many words to still know how to do with them. And in such cases, you have the choice off admitting that you did not understand the question and ask for a person to repeat it again or simply fake it and guess what the question was about. And of course, you'll be more comfortable when you know the topic under discussion. But when the speaker suddenly changes subject, you might have to listen quite hard to be sure that you will follow the transition to the new talk. As soon as you know the topic, you can anticipate Ah, lot of what might be coming up. So first, set yourself too realistic goals. Don't expect to be able to express yourself like in a native language. An 80 speaker is someone who has grown up speaking the language. You'll know almost all facts of the language. This lang baby words jokes that pounds the rhymes, formal language, the famous literal quotation, everything simply on Lee. When you lived in a country for years and years, will you start approximating what a real native speaker can do? And the good news is that you don't have to be a native speaker. You're not trying to sound like you're grown up and lived in the country all your life. You're interested only into practical ability to communicate in the language on everyday basis and on those special topics that relate to your personal or professional interest. And again, first thing first, you must decide what your goal will be on how you want to be proficient in that language so that you know how much time you can devote to that effort you may found as you get into the language that you enjoy the experience so much that you're willing to devote even more time to it. And that is a great news. And if you're living in that particular country, you will have even more chance to here and practice your language in the end, practices the single and most important rule for making progress. And if you're going to practice your language broad, be prepared for the fact that not everybody is going to talk like your language teacher or like a radio announcer that you heard. You will run across all kinds off expressions and slang is and accents in that particular country. It's tough at first, but which time? It will get better as your ears learn to tune in a little more closely and grow accustom toe variety of regional accents. You also may not realize it, but we depend a lot on our eyes. When we listen to people talk, we actually read to some extent, especially as restrained to follow someone speaking foreign language. So not only does the spice from the movies read from the lips, you do it, too. If you have fairly good experience luring your first foreign language, you might be tempted to try another. If so, you'll find that each new language gets easier to learn. You become more familiar with the way language work. You will notice similarities. Among the words that help you remember them better. You will know the tricks off the language study and remember to be enthusiastic at much as possible when learning a new language. In effect, when you learn the new language, you become a new person with a new culture and even a new way of looking at things. Your whole perspective on the outside rolled will change, so why not having a good fun while doing it?