How to Edit Podcasts with Audacity for Podcasters and Virtual Assistants | Fei Wu | Skillshare

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How to Edit Podcasts with Audacity for Podcasters and Virtual Assistants

teacher avatar Fei Wu, Creative Entrepreneur

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

13 Lessons (1h 12m)
    • 1. Introduction

      5:10
    • 2. Download Audacity & Start Playing With Basic Features

      4:31
    • 3. The Most Frequently Used Features in Audacity

      15:02
    • 4. Creating Your Podcast Template

      2:56
    • 5. Understand and Manage Audacity Data Files (Dos and Don'ts)

      3:17
    • 6. More Useful Features, Shortcuts and Best Practices

      5:44
    • 7. Noise Profiling and Reduction

      7:14
    • 8. Envelope Tool: Control Points to Determine Volume Changes Over Time

      4:28
    • 9. Normalization vs. Amplification

      2:07
    • 10. Compressor - How to Amplify Audio Further (without clipping)

      6:00
    • 11. File Organization System That Works for The Long-Haul

      7:00
    • 12. Understanding Music Licensing and Rights for Podcast

      3:10
    • 13. Music Resources

      5:39
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About This Class

A thoughtful and progressive course designed to help ANYONE learn how to edit a podcast.

You'll learn the basics and advanced features inside Audacity, how to build your own podcast template, how music licensing works, plus ready-to-use templates and resources. This is a complete guide with everything you need to produce a podcast show using Audacity! 

More details:

We start with the first step, download and install Audacity! Then I'll be introducing you to the most frequently used features, followed by creating your own podcast template (this lesson alone will save you dozens of hours during production).

Next, I begin to teach you intermediate and advanced features in Audacity, best practices, and shortcuts you can use right away. Don't be intimidated by noise profiling and reduction, envelope tool, normalization, amplification, and compression, I'm confident that you'll be mastering these features with practice.

Given the intricacy of podcast editing (intro, outro, transitions, audio tracks and sometimes music), you want an optimal file organization system from the start. Therefore, I then explain and share a simple folder structure that's going to work for you (and your clients) for years to come, which I developed after spending 6 years podcasting and 4 years making videos.  

Finally, I walk you through the dos and don'ts associated with music licensing. Things don't have to be complicated if you know how to play by the rules. I demystify music licensing for your audio and video projects while providing you with plenty of forever-free and high-quality music resources you can access, plus affordable subscription services to consider too.

You can find the resources mentioned in the lessons in the Project section. 


Once you've produced your podcasts it will be time to promote it. I recently created courses about podcast marketing and promotion for Podcasters and Virtual Assistants here on Skillshare - check it out! :)

About Me

I'm a bilingual podcaster (English and Mandarin Chinese), the creator and host of Feisworld Media. Feisworld Media helps independent creators celebrate their creative and financial freedom. 

I left my job in marketing and advertising to build a company with the mission to help small businesses and people tell better stories, find more customers and create new revenue streams. I'm leading an international mastermind group and create courses for podcasters. 

- YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/FeisworldMedia
- Podcast: https://anchor.fm/feisworld
- Documentary: https://www.feisworld.com/documentary

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Fei Wu

Creative Entrepreneur

Teacher

Fei Wu is a bilingual podcaster (English and Mandarin Chinese), the creator and host of Feisworld Media.

Feisworld Media helps independent creators celebrate their creative and financial freedom.

- YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/c/FeisworldMedia

- Podcast: https://anchor.fm/feisworld

- Documentary: https://www.feisworld.com/documentary

 

Fei left her job in marketing and advertising to build a company with the mission to help small businesses and people tell better stories, find more customers and create new revenue streams. She leads an international mastermind group and creates courses for podcasters. Her stories have been featured by Dorie Clark in her best-selling book called &ldqu... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hey guys, this is say, Well I am super excited to be introducing this course to you, which is called learn to edit your podcasts in Audacity. Now, this course is designed for you if you're a podcaster or if you're a VA, working for a podcast clients. Now why this course, there are plenty of tutorials on YouTube and elsewhere on audacity, but I find them to be all very incomplete. Instead of doing a 20 minute video on quickly editing and audacity, or a video going after each and every icon within Audacity. And a very boring way, I want to make this course as hands-on and as realistic as possible. Again, I'm Fay and I've been running my podcast called phase world for nearly six years as I'm recording this, I've learned a lot along the way. This course isn't designed for an audio engineer. And I know most of you who are watching this aren't going to be expert in audio editing. And there are things you care about, but most importantly, you want to get it done quick and you want to get it done, right. And this is the ray place and the right course for you to do just that. You may be thinking as a podcaster, well, I want to get it done, but should I be hiring somebody else to do this? The answer is yeah, sure. But as someone who didn't come from an audio editing background, it was hugely helpful for me to understand the ins and outs using Audacity before I hand it off as task to someone who could help me and do it even better. Now, if you're a VA taking those cores good for you because now you have just separated yourself from most of the VAs who do not know how to edit in Audacity, therefore cannot really put that as a skill set on their resume. The question is why all Udacity, there's so many different software out there in the market. Well, audacity has a huge benefit, which is number one, it's free and number 2, it's available and free on both Mac OS and Windows as well as Linux actually. So for the purpose of my course, I'm going to make sure I list the hotkeys in both Windows and Mac. And to keep in mind, I currently use a Mac and machine, but I find audacity to be really easy to adapt on both operating systems. So what can you expect from this course? There is a short video I recorded and put up front to talk about the most frequently used features within Audacity that is so important. Features in gleaming how to record import, export audios, how to use the selection tool. Move the things around, mute, unmute, adding notes, you name it. Then progressively, we introduce you to more features you might need in the near future. I don't believe in incremental learning and more practice experiments you can run, the more comfortable you will be in Audacity and no time next, what I'm really excited about is the template. I haven't really seen those a lot in the market today because as a podcaster, you basically go through the same motions to record an interview and then you drop that interview in between things such as a voice intro, voice outro and some of the transitions, right? So instead of recreating that over and over again, a template without audacity is going to be a game changer. So I've created a template for face world, which I'm going to share with you as part of this lesson. And I'm showing you step-by-step how you can create one for yourself. This is before we move on to more advanced tools such as how to create a noise, understanding noise profile, and how to create that and remove the background noise when you get a piece of audio that is challenging to edit. We talk about the anatomy of an Udacity project file and data folder and what to do if you accidentally see a crash and how to recover a project will show you how to use the envelope tool so that you can fine tune within an audio file. And then we talk about the concepts of compression and normalization along with amplification. Now, there's one area related to music and sound I really wanted to address. We'll teach you and help you understand the importance of music licensing. But more importantly, how to find free royalty music as well as creative common music you can use right away. And the sources for you to find those free music. And also very affordable options for you to get subscription services for you to choose music and sound effects you can use every single day. Last but not least, file organization. Now, if you're new to podcasts editing, this part is really important and it gets incrementally more important if you're going to work with somebody else, whether it's a VA or an editor of your choice. So you want to know what each other is doing. I'm showing you a current and maybe a future state of what your Dropbox or Google Drive folder my look like because I can anticipate the things that you will need as a podcaster or podcasts editor. So I hope you find this course helpful. We're creating a community. Please share this resource with your family, friends, and colleague. We're here to help other people and I'm so glad that you've decided to take this course. I can't wait to hear from you. 2. Download Audacity & Start Playing With Basic Features: All right, We're all in for a treat. As I'm designing this course, I found out that Audacity, the latest version, I believe it was to 33, was incompatible with the latest Mac iOS system, which was Catalina. And as of today, May 16th, 2020, posted by one of the developers are all Udacity James Cook, who confirmed 2.4 has been released. It is now caught up and compatible with Catalina. So let's get started. I can't weigh the download bus. So on Audacity, simply go to download and then choose Mac. Now we'll take you to this website. Honestly, I only started seeing recently and I did double-check to make sure that it's safe. So here you can choose your operating system. There are many to choose from, even including Windows, Mac OS, and Linux. So I'm going to choose Mac. The file itself is quite smallest, only 38 megabytes. So you're gonna open that up and follow the steps to install that. Simply by dragging you're on a Mac, just drag the app over to the Applications folder. Then to confirm that it's in my application folder, it's right there. And I'm going to drag and drop that into my doc and open it up for the first time. And make sure that for the first time you downloaded from the internet, you choose open on Mac, iOS to open it up. As you can see right here, it has, open it up. If you're using this for the first time, it definitely is a good idea to check out some of the quick help guide. You can view it online as well. Their manuals available there are wikis for tips because audacity has existed for a long time. People have been using those for many, many years. You are good to go. So if you're like me who uses an audio interface and have an external microphone, you will see that in this field. So this, by the way, audacity is a pretty straightforward program. When you look at it for the first time, it might feel intimidating, but trust me, it is a lot less a handle compared to even GarageBand. And certainly compared to some of the more advanced applications such as logic x, and we're Adobe Audition. So if you have a microphone UNO plug-in just for practice purposes, then to this field, simply select your mic that can be seen here. Now it has to be plugged in. If it's not here, you might have to restart on Udacity. We wanna do is, here is the speaker. Where are you going to hear the information from to require something just as a test so you'll learn how to practice editing and all that. Click the red record button. So first you're going to see for the first time I'll Udacity would like to access your microphone. You have to allow that to happen. Click on okay. Hello testis. This is faithful recording right into my scarlet F6 I6 USB audio interface. Now, whenever you've finished recording, you can do the easiest thing is just simply hit the spacebar. The moment you hit the spacebar, It's going to pause and stop. As you can see right here. If you want to start recording again, put your cursor there, right. Click it once and you can record again. This is Fe, and I'm recording again just to demonstrate that Spacebar and it stops. Now you will see that there is a divider between your first second recording. Now you may be noticing that how come a, What's going on here? It seems like two tracks and only one is recording. What's happening, or you want to do is, as you can see, to the right of this microphone is says, you're currently selected to stereo. And look at that next to stereo, you have two channels, the number two. But when it comes to podcasting and recording voices, all you need is mono. So what you need is just one over here. But by switching over, you notice it doesn't really change anything. There is a way for you to break a stereo track down to a mono track. How do you do that? Click on this arrow right here, audio track and simply split stereo tomorrow. You see that? So now there are two tracks you can tell by there is a faded for fainted yellow outline here. And you can just simply click on this cross sign here to get rid of one track, okay, now, what if you want to add another track? What you can do is go to the menu item at the top tracks and click on add new. When you add a new track, it's going to ask you, do you want mono, stereo label or time track? You want to choose mono. 3. The Most Frequently Used Features in Audacity: Hi guys, this is Fe, and in this video, what I wanna do is get you pumped up all the basic information 101 and techniques you will learn and get a jumpstart to write in Audacity. When I edit a POC is episode, I don't end up using all the features. So instead of taking you through every single icon and feature and especially some of the advanced ones. I want to get you started editing a piece of audio right away. So all the basics coming up next, a couple of modules and lessons. Some of the more advanced features you'll need, step 0, if you're going to record something right inside of audacity, you want to make sure that you're using the right microphone to the right of this microphone icon, you have a drop-down. If you do not have an external microphone, you want to choose built-in microphone. However, if you do such as myself, using Scarlet six I6 USB, an audio interface plugged right into this microphone, Newman Mike, well then you have to choose Scarlet. Now you also want to verify that you're recording in the right format. If you're like me doing something on my own wall, that's a single audio track called mono. You also need an output source. When I play back the audio I just recorded, I want to hear what I've just done. In this case. I do not have an external speaker of any kind, so I choose built-in output to get started recording. All you have to hit is this big red button right here. Hi there. This is Fei Wu and I'm recording this audio sample. I hope to share with this community because I want to teach people how to edit. Okay, I just recorded a 22 seconds or audio piece. Let me just go ahead and demonstrate what it looks like when an import another piece of audio. In this case, you can import either MP3 or WAV file depending on what it is. I do recommend if you're recording your original voice or interview formats, I recommend a higher quality audio. In this case, wave is higher quality than MP3, so you have a weight file, go ahead and choose that. Just to showcase. I'm importing a piece of music file. There you go. When you import a piece of music is simply as an additional track. In this case, as you can see, there are two tracks parallel to each other. This is called a stereo track, whereas what I recorded at the beginning of the video is a mono track, let's say for whatever reason you want to create a new track, maybe there's a second interviewer, there's another person you want to include. We'll hold the mike and record something to add a brand new track we have to do is go to the tracks menu and click on Tracks, Add New, and you can choose to add either a mono stereo label or time track. Most of the time you got to find yourself either using mono or stereo. If you're choosing somebody who is just recording voice, once again, that's modeled track. To get rid of a track that you no longer need, simply click on this little cross button right here. Let's talk briefly about how to convert mono track into sterile drags and sterile drugs into mono tracks. Let's use this music piece here as an example. We want to do is cook them as little drop-down menu and then choose Blood stereo track to mono. Check it out. Once I do that, you can see the yellow outline here is hovering around both of the tracks now they're independent from each other. So by deleting one is not going to delete the other. So let me demonstrate that. Close this and now you have a model drag for the piece of audio you just imported. Because I imported this track just to demonstrate for the next couple of segments, I really don't need it, so I'm going to clear those out as well. Now let's go back to this track looking at here. But what happened is just got a lot shorter. Why? Because this new piece of audio was imported and to make sure that you can visualize everything on this panel. And what Audacity automatically does is to shrink and make the tracks relative to each other. So as a result of it, now the first track I just recorded becomes much shorter on the screen. What you then need to do is to zoom out of it so that you can edit more easily. Why? Because no matter where I put the selection tool is going to be really hard for me to see, to be able to see the details of a particular audio track we wanna do is zoom in. So to do that, you want to click on this button right here. Every time you click on it, you're able to see more of this track and you can use your mouse cursor. Or if you have a touchpad of some sort, you can definitely move the track around. You see, now it's very much a zoomed in. If it's to zoom in, you can also choose to zoom out by hitting this button right here. Let's talk about the Selection Tool. What I mean by that, I mean, there are selection tools for everything you ever use, right? To make sure that you select the tool. Right here. This is the icon that demonstrate selection tool F1 is a shortcut. You're going to be using these tools quite a bit. I would say the most frequently used is definitely the selection tool. Once it's selected, you can click on see anywhere in this audio track to select the segment you want to edit. To select the whole thing we wanna do is double-click like so. Now you highlight the entire audio track. So whatever changes you make next to apply to everything. Now if you remember, within the 11 and 12 seconds, I had a couple of cough to clear my throat. And you may be thinking, we really want to get rid of that. So to get rid of that, well, you can do is simply highlight this segment. And there's a trick here is if they're saying something before and after, you wanna make sure you don't touch any of these elements where you want to keep simply the flat line, as you can see here. And this is a pretty wanna get rid of to delete. It, simply hit the Delete button. Just like that, you see not only that segment has gone as also bring the rest of the tracks together. There is a much you need to do to kinda combine them. So it's already done. If you want to begin moving attracts around, what you can do is highlight the tracks you want to move like this and then cut the track. Now the shortcut on Mac is Command X. Like that. All the commands for copying, pasting and cutting still apply. If you're not sure how to do that. You could also highlight the segment and then use a scissors icon right here to cut it. Now if you want to move that to the end of the track, you can put your cursor right here and just hit Paste. As I mentioned before, all the shortcuts on your keyboard, it will still work if you're not sure. Scissor the scissors icon for cut. The second icon immediately after that for copy, and the final one for a paste. Another feature if I myself using a lot is amplification. Now when recording a piece of audio, well, you don't want to do is to speak into a really hot and Mike, what we mean by that in the industry is that your mikes volume is turned up too high. Sometimes as a listener, what it sounds like are these clipping sounds, sounds like static noises can be very annoying. So it's actually a good idea for you to record audio just like this. It's a little bit flatter and very clean. And as a result, because your mic isn't super hot, the volume isn't turned all the way up. You're able to also eliminate the background noises as well. So to amplify the entire track, again, you want to make sure the entire track is selected. Let's double-click again. Now the truck is highlighted and we want to go up to Effect, go to the Effect menu and then choose the first option called amplify. This part, you may be wondering 10.402 who decides We'll Audacity does, which is super convenient. This is a built-in calculation to let you know in order to reach the new peak amplitude over 0, that's as high as it goes in audacity in audio engineering. Now, you can amplify the source by about 10 times as loud as it currently stands. As mentioned before, you don't want to allow clipping, uh, you don't want to exceed the peak amplitude. So keep all the setting exactly as is. And click Okay, Look at how much bigger these waveforms look. And it will guarantee that's a lot louder. Let's check it out. Hello there. This is a fail from phase where all the media, and I'm recording this much louder. And it's still very clear. And you can see that these waveforms are not touching the top or the bottom is not going overboard. And there is no retina that are no red lines or warnings on this track. So you're good to go. Now, imagine if this is a piece of music. Of course it's not. But I want to demonstrate to you, if you have combined tracks and you want to use fade in and out sort of features. So for example, you're going to hear me kind of fading in with my voice. That'd be kinda cool. We wanna do is select the segment where you want to fade in and go to the Effect menu option again and choose fade in. Look at how that wave form will change. You see that the beginning become a lot smaller. I'm going to select a longer piece of weight form. So you can see with the more drawn out fading option looks like You see that. So this is more clear. At the beginning, the audio now becomes way more faded. And it looks like a cone flipped on its side rates or the beginning of the voice is going to be quiet and it's going to get louder and louder and louder. Imagine that if you're doing this for a music and I will make a really smooth transition between tracks. You see that my voice just gets louder and louder. Now the same thing applies to fading out. If you want to create a fade-out effect, let me select this segment right here. Same thing. I'm going to go to the Effect menu and then choose fade out. Now it's just the opposite. You see, the sound goes normal and become less and less and less until it completely fades out. The next thing I wanna talk about is adding notes. I actually found this feature to be really useful as I'm editing these audio files, especially if it's interview based, then there's just a lot to remember. Maybe their sound bites or you want to go back to, there may be things you just want to remember. Maybe you are producing show notes for the episode whenever that maybe you want to be able to add notes. The shortcut for adding a piece of node anywhere in your track is Command B. I don't know why they chose B. It does is, so I'm going to say note one. And if you want to leave something else, simply put your cursor there. Command B again. I'm going to call it another note. So this is what's called a label track. You may remember that from the Tracks menu. Remember add new mono stereo and you can add a label track. There's something called the time track as well. I don't use it as much because I can easily see that timeline right above it. So typically I don't use that, but I do find the label track to be very useful if you have a ton of notes, you can also resize these tracks just like this by dragging them up and down. So before we conclude, the most frequently used features here within Audacity, the last thing I must show you is how to export. To export the track that you have done editing. Again, double-click to select the track. Now is all about exporting. You've done the hard work. Make sure you hit save a bunch of times. Sometimes when I edit a really big file, I even begin to export the file before I complete all the editing process. Just to make sure you know that I have some backups. That's one thing you have to keep in mind. All Udacity doesn't automatically save your tracks and your edits. You don't want to lose them. So to export the file to a format of your choice, simply go to the File menu and then click on Export. With an export, you have a whole bunch of options. Again, depending on how you want your finished product to be. Typically, for us, we've always use either mp3. We're wave again, MP3 is more compressed version of the final audio file, whereas wave definitely has higher quality. There are other options as well, such as choosing export audio. Right here you're going to see additional presets and bid raid a quality. But again, you know, I don't think you need to go through this level of options for pockets editing. So let's say we are choosing to export as wave. That's it from here. Oh, you have to do is to choose a destination where you want to save the file. And that's a whole other conversation. Organizing POC has episodes are really important. We were going to show a folder structure within our Dropbox, a location on how we manage the editing process, how we keep music, how we keep track of other libraries of all sorts. Okay, but for right now, all you have to remember is to keep all the presets as is and save your file podcast export tests. Now after you hit on okay, readier, you can take this opportunity and edit the metadata and tags. This part is important, even though depending on the podcast, the export destination, you might hear different things. Again, it doesn't really take that long, so it's a good idea for the audio file to be associated, to be tagged and have metadata appropriately set. So art his name. Just as an example, I'm going to call it Fei Wu and the track title, let's say this is episode one with BJ Miller. Album name, going to call it phase world podcasts, track number, some of these I just leave as is and genre I'm going to call it podcasts. No comments. That's it. And now I click on OK, it's going to export that wav file. Let's take a look. Now in my Download folder you can see that you have a waveform audio. Hello there. This is a fail from phasor old media, and I'm recording this voice. So as you can see, I am using currently Apple music to play this track, but there are many other applications that you can use as well. I'll take a look at what you have as default, you can use the music which is the default one. You can use QuickTime even though you don't have a video, simply audio. I'll show you real quick. So this is the QuickTime Player. Hello there. This is a fable from phase where all the media and I'm recording the end, you may be wondering, okay, remember we edit it all the metadata and the tags. Where did that information go? So do double-check on that. You can right-click on this file and choose get info. Let me move this window over just a little bit so you can see, you can see the kind of size when it was recorded, created a modified in down here. Take a look at that more info. Title, duration, author, audio channels, sample rate, musical genre. So there you go. Hope you find this video helpful. Next, we're going to dive into some of the more advanced features and others you might need down the road. 4. Creating Your Podcast Template: Hey guys, In this video I want to talk to you about one of my favorite things of podcasting. Believe or not. It's called a podcast template. So now depending on the podcast show that you have or your client may have, you'll want to pay attention to those because instead of doing this work over and over again, having a podcast template is great. Now, the anatomy of a podcast often comes with what's called a pockets intro. As you can see in the first track. That's a voice entro, usually with some background music. Then it comes with the episode intro. That's my favorite thing, which is I record the episode intro after I record the interview, so I know exactly what to focus on. And T Zelda content that I think are most compelling to my listeners. The third part is a transition between my episode, my voice intro, and when the interview actually starts, I like to just play a bit of music. Then is the episode body is the entire interview. Last but not least, is what you see here as pi cows altro. So let me play a bit of everything so you can see it what they sound like. Here's the intro. Hey, hello, how are you? This is a show for everyone else. Instead of going after top 1%, you can hear the music fades out and here's my voice. Hi there, This is Fei Wu from phase world. Hey, if you're new, welcome. So now between my episode intro and then the body of this interview, this is what it sounds like. I'm going to zoom in so you can hear a little bit better and see a better as well. So, all right, let's go, heroes and self-made artists. Hi there. This is Fei Wu from phase world. Hey, if you're new, so that's me interviewing Lawrence Chow and great guy, so that the interview is fairly long and ends around one hour mark. That's really a lot actually. So we had a great time. And here's the end of it, back on our show again. So you see the music fades in high. There is me again. I want to thank you very much for listening to this episode. That's me concluding the show. So this is fairly standard, especially for an interview show. Now if you don't have an interview, but typically you have your monologue, it's just you recording. Then you simply look at this template and just get rid of the Secondary Transition perhaps in the body of the interview. That's it. So I'm going to make this file available including the audacity project file as well as the data file. And sometime it is easier to get your hands dirty on some of the actual files on watch hollow podcasts or works in a very authentic and real environment. Hope you find themselves evil and good luck editing. I can't wait to hear your show. 5. Understand and Manage Audacity Data Files (Dos and Don'ts): Hey guys. So in this video, I want to talk to you about the output of an Audacity file. So what we're gonna do is right now inside of our Udacity, we have multiple tracks. Some are mutism or not. By the way, if you want all attracts to be included all the sound files to make sure that they're not muted. Now everything's in blue in case you are worried that there may be some segments are now seeing simply zoom out of the entire file. This is what I always do just to make sure, okay. I see everything in place. And what I also like to do, even though it's not entirely necessary is I do a Command a or Control a to make sure I have everything selected before I go to file and I click on Save Project. Now, it's going to give you a warning. Save Project is an Audacity project, not an audio file. So if you want the output to be an audio files such as MP3 or a wave, you have to use export. Okay, Got it. So click on okay. Remember that this is going to be your native file, right? This is your a working project file. Let me go ahead and save it under Download. And I just created a folder called Interview 1. So let me save it right there. Now, the name actually matters. So I'm going to call it interview one. You should save it to something that you remember in a future video, we're going to walk you through how we create folders, how we manage the folders, and make sure everything has a great place for it and you stay organized from the very beginning. Now once I click on Save, well, let's see what happened. I'm going to go to my download folder. This is the file, check it out. So it's a little bit more involved, right? You have your project file, but then there's an associated data folder as well. That's a mistake a lot of these early editors of Audacity would make because it's not entirely clear that there are basically two sets of files associated with a single project. Make sure that you don't accidentally delete the project file or the data file, you really want to stay organized. Hence, for every single project we wanna do is have a folder associated. And then what I also do is I want to make sure I organize all the exported file such as WAV or MP3 in my deliverable folder. Now another question that has come up a lot is what happens if there is a crash with Audacity that certainly has happened in the past multiple times. So the good news is there is such a thing as automatic crash recovery within Audacity. I'm going to include this link as part of this lesson right here. And you can learn a ton. Now I'll crash can happen for a variety of reasons. And when that happens, what you wanna do is re-open Audacity and you'll be presented with three options. You can quit discard were recover projects. And the obvious option is you want to recover a project. Now, another really important issue is once a recovery has taken place, the data is still in unsaved state, which means once the recover is successful and appears to be correct, what you wanna do immediately is go to File Save Project. Okay, I hope you're good to go and I'll see you in the next video. 6. More Useful Features, Shortcuts and Best Practices: All right, now you have seen a beginner's one-to-one video and you know, all the basic editing tools moving things around well, in this video, let's get right into some of the features you might need in the near future. Now what you're looking at is the same soundtrack I recorded from the previous video. Now what I want to show you is importing intro and outro to your soundtrack. And in a future video, I'm going to show you how to create your own template as well. Most likely, a podcaster will have an intro and outro as part of the podcast recording. So what you do is you record and produce those two segments separately and you keep reusing them. Now, all you love to do is after either you record a new episode on your own or maybe you just got back from an interview and begin to edit like an interview episode. You want to make sure that you put into an altro before and after the recording. Let me show you how to do that. The easiest way is to find your WAV file, find your intro and outro, and simply drag them right inside of audacity. Okay, There's my intro and there is my outro right here. Now my algebra was a little bit longer because we have music we want to keep playing. After you drag your files into Audacity, the good news is the name of the file is already recorded. So when you have a lot of different tracks and waveforms can get pretty busy and messy inside of audacity. So in case you don't remember what you're doing, what you can do is simply rename this track. I like how it's currently being named, so I'm pretty good there. What I can do is kinda shrink or expand these tracks as well. For now, I don't really need the labeled track anymore. I can click on the little cross to get rid of it in. Let's say this is the audio track to rename it, simply click on name, and I'm going to call this a recorded interview. Next I'm going to introduce you to a tool called the time shift. It looks like this called the Time Shift tool or F5. Once I click on that, you see I can drag the entire track back and forth. So for example, knowing that this interview recorded fake interview and needs to be in the middle after the intro, but before the altro. Now I can use this tool just like this to drag them. Now the moment is, the moment he kind of aligns with the track, there's a little yellow line showing up and that indicator is very helpful without eyeballing how close you are to the other track. This yellow line helps you identify that boundary. Now you can go back to the selection tool once again over here, and let's have a listen, hello there. This is a fail from phase where all the media and I'm recording the seat. And now let's see how the ending goes. Enjoy the learning process. Seat just like that. So it's pretty easy. Now you have just literally created a template. A template can actually be more complicated than this as well, because you can include additional transitions and have music fade in and out. Look, I have three tracks going on right now. But if I only want to focus on this recorded interview, what I can do is COCOMO Solo button right here. You see, now it doesn't hide the other tracks, but it's simply graze it out so you won't hear any sound. When I play over here only once I reach the segment. So that can come in pretty handy. You'll also notice that the moment you click on solo, the mute button is automatically enabled for the other tracks. Now you, these are like solo all the tracks while come back up again. You can do the same thing if you simply want to mute the interview track and only listen to the intro and outro. You can click on those mute button, check it out. Now it only mutes the interview track. So I'm going to zoom in on this track just a bit. There is a feature called creating silence. And that's kind of interesting because what happened is when you edit to soundbites together and they're really close. If they're really close together and you feel like you want to just add a little bit air and distance between the two tracks, then you can also do that. So for example, here's part of the soundtrack. I'm highlighting between 43 seconds and 45 seconds. Then let's have a listen. Welcome. And what I wanna do is just silence a little segment, right? So to do that, there is something called the silence tool. So that will looks just like this is called the silence audio selection. Once I click on that, you see it. It kind of just flattened the wave form completely and remove the sound. Now there's another really useful tool, which is called the split tool for a variety of reasons. If you want to move this segments around or you feel like, for example, right here in between 43 and 44 seconds, I feel like these two segments are no longer related. I want to take a chunk out of this audio and just move it somewhere else. See you when I double-click is a single audio track, I'm going to split this into two tracks. So to do that, you put your cursor or selection tool right here. Then you're going to go to the Edit menu and go to clip boundaries and split. You see the hockey here is Command I on Mac or Control I on a PC. The moon I do that. You can see there is a dark and black line in between the two tracks. And if I go ahead and select a time shift tool, look, I can just separate the two tracks like so. If you happen to have made that mistake, instead, you want to bring the tool tracks together as those are very easy to do. Either you can use Control Z to undo the split, or you can use a trick which has to go back to the selection tool and put your cursor and click again will actually remove the split. So I hope you find this video helpful. Just adding a few more tools to your toolbox. Good luck and I'll see you in the next video. 7. Noise Profiling and Reduction: Hey guys, In this video, I want to show you something rather important, especially if you interview people or have recordings that tend to have background noises. Whether it's something such as the refrigerator is running or maybe your Gartner is cleaning outside where maybe there's vacuum running in the background, whatever it may be. But for the purpose of this video, you can see me in a lower right-hand corner. I'm going to use simply a piece of paper towel to manipulate a steady background noise. So what I wanna do is number one, I want to create a separate track so you can see exactly how that's produced. And what you wanna do is make sure that whenever you record a new audio track, you want to put your cursor naturally at the top or at the very beginning of this track, right? So here I go. Make sure that when you experienced background noise, especially when you arrive on a premise and that becomes really clear. What you want to do is record that sound for at least a few seconds. I would recommend if you're not sure about that, at least five to ten seconds just to get a profile of the noise. If you are interviewing someone, it's absolutely okay to tell your interviewee and to get a give them a heads up that you're not going to just start throwing a question right away because there's background noise. Even if the background noise is barely audible through human ears. You want to record a sample of that regardless, just in case during post-production, that issue becomes more obvious. Let's say in the middle of an interview, if all of a sudden something you sends that is coming in, then just pause the interview for five to ten seconds. Get a profile of that. Write down where note we're taking mental notes so you know where to get that sound profile from. So let's get started. Here's me with my paper towel faking the background noise. And then I'm going to start talking while still creating the sound. I'll show you very quick how to remedy that in post-production. So as you can see, I have not stopped with a background noise. And I'm just going to keep talking because in this video, I'm gonna to show people and demonstrate how you can remove background noise easily using Audacity. I'm really excited. Okay. I just hit the space bar and I am done with my recording. And can you see the difference you see when there's absolutely no background noise? You can more or less see a flat line, right? But then again, don't just rely on always, always record a noise profile no matter where you are, whether you're at a cafe, we're sitting at home or an office. The moment I start rubbing this paper towel right here, you can see that there are tiny little bit like still very detectable wave profile right here. Now if I just play that real quick, you probably can barely hear it, right? If you listen to it carefully, you'll be able to hear that it just kind of in the background and it's constant as I was producing this artificial sound. Now let me show you exactly how to detect this noise profile and use it to clean up this track. It's not only here, you can actually see as I'm speaking, when I'm speaking more loudly, it's covering the noise profile, right, is nothing to traumatic, however, doing those short pauses, you can see that it's still there. So step one we wanna do is grab a few seconds of the noise profile using your cursor. Then you're going to go to the Effect menu, go to noise reduction. That's step 1. Again. Grab a few seconds, go to noise reduction. Step 1, you're going to do Get Noise Profile with this button right here. Alerting takes a second. It looks like nothing happened. I I think they should probably just notify you as like a I already did this, but Audacity doesn't tell you. Now what you need to do is this is very important. You cannot have the noise profile highlighted only anymore because what you wanna do is double-click and make sure the entire audio track is selected. Now you go back to Effect. Choose noise reduction again, just by clicking on OK, it's going to automatically remove that noise in the background. There are few things I just want to point out in case you want to get a little bit more sophisticated with your editing process. What are these things? Will start to select all the audio you filter. The good news is there are some minimal instructions here, but there are a couple of options, noise reduction, sensitivity and frequency smoothing. So I'm going to include a dot udacity, detailed explanation and manual on what these things are. To be honest, I do trust this standard setup you can use right away. You can use the preview button that to get a sense for what the output will sound like, I personally trust the standard setup. However, if you ever hear any sort of a distortion and that's what you're trying to avoid, is you don't want to over reduce the background of a noise and as a result, to stored the voice and, or the core of the audio. So let me go ahead and just show you what it looks like. What I want you to pay attention to these little fine wavelength and see how that's going to more or less getting smooth out or flatten out. You see what happened just now, right here. It went from those tiny little waves to almost flat. You don't want to remove the noise significantly so that in a way that makes the output audio less natural, unusable. So let's go ahead and listen to this. As you can see, I have not stopped with a background noise. And I'm just going to keep talking because in this video, I'm gonna, I can still detect the background noise a bit. And because I was also doing something that's a little unusual, right? In order to artificially produced that the noise, I literally had my paper towel right in front of the mike where in reality the background noise going to be farther removed from the recorder itself. So what you might want to try out with noise reduction is number 1, do your best. They're going to be sound that you're unable to remove sound that is so dramatic that my result in removing that segment of the audio along with the interviewer with the interviewee, which is very sad. I understand. But, you know, if something heavy gets dropped, the glasses are broken on the ground, things like that. I mean, there's only so much you can do. So what I want you to do and take away from this lesson is to experiment and see what you learn. And over time you're going to learn a lot more about maybe yourself or your client as the podcaster and the general environment that they're in, right? You're going to gain a lot of knowledge. Then think of it as only when people traveled to an unfamiliar space during recording, then you might have to revisit the noise reduction profile again. Otherwise, you pretty much have this ready to go. So again, focus on the content. Remember that there was only so far you can go with editing and do not over edit. There is such a thing. I'll see you in the next video. Thanks for watching. 8. Envelope Tool: Control Points to Determine Volume Changes Over Time: Hey, welcome back. In this video, I want to show you how to use a very popular tool called the Envelope Tool has a very weird name, which I'm going to explain in a second why that is. Now in the Tool Menu bar. It looks like this. I'm going to hover over. And the shortcut is F2. Why is it called an envelope tool? In Audacity, every track has an amplitude envelope which is controlled with the Envelope Tool when do you need it? So for the purpose of this video, what I've done is recorded a very brief intro. This is my voice right here. And as you can see, the track below called altro, this is not my voice is a music track and it's quite loud. Let me play it for you. So it's pretty loud. You can tell just by looking at the amplitude of the wave forms. So what I can do is to show you why it's really overpowering my voice from phasor old media and right, you can barely hear me. That's kinda the problem. So when you introduce a piece of music, well, you can do when the music is really loud are two-fold. One is you can simply use amplify, right? So again, we learned this in a previous video. Go to the Effect menu, click on amplify. And here I can just reduce it down to say, negative nine dB. And as you can see, it's now a lot quieter. So let me replay that again. Hello there. This is favorable from phaser all the media. And so there you go, Okay, works a lot better. However, I'm going to reduce it because there are times maybe that you want the music to play regularly. And then only when I'm speaking, you want the music to calm down right now. That's a little bit tricky when you think about it. What the tool does is that helps you fine tuning different segments of the audio files. Not just in one place, but you can do it in 15 different places. I'm not showing this tool to ask you to go crazy and overproduce and over edit. But there may be moments where you go, Aha, this is exactly what I'm going after. Now let's pretend that we want the music to play at pretty full volume. But when I'm speaking, we want it to be quiet. Let's click on the Envelope Tool. The mona, a click. You will see that there is a little dot created right here. And if I do that again, you'll notice that this Don gives me the ability to expand certain part of the audio in this case before I started speaking. And then it's giving me the opportunity to shrink it really little to a lot less. Once I started speaking, right like this. Now, I can have the music just keep going low, or I can do it again and kind of the reverse effect, right? It's like I'm creating this little tunnel and the music is only quieter when I'm speaking. Well, let's play and hear what it sounds like. So music star fairly loud. There. This is a fail from phaser all the media. And I'm recording this voice sample and I want to welcome you to join my course to learn how to market your app. So you can see that the music went from full volume two in the middle, a lot quieter. And what you can do is if you're not happy with the result, because again, a lot of these editing takes time because it takes a number of trials and errors. We can do is go back to this envelope tool and you can reduce the sound here even further. And the moment you do that you see it's adding these additional dots, making the waveforms in the middle having different volumes. So let's play that again. And since I'm kind of reducing at the beginning, there's not a lot of me talking. So I'm going to just reduce that, making it easier for you to listen to. There. This is favorable from phaser all the media. And I'm recording this voice sample and I want to welcome you to so you see it can be really helpful. And I don't know how you feel about this, but to see these little tunnel vision and kinda of different waveforms, it does, it kind of looks like fancy editing. And you can do so much with this type of tool, for example, that if you want to introduce your cray, different transitions, intros and outros. And it's just so beautiful to listen to. So enjoy the art of podcasts editing, and I'll see you in the next video. 9. Normalization vs. Amplification: Hey guys. So I took some time to really study and understand the difference between amplify versus normalized. I will include this link as well. Clearly within Audacity, amplification and normalization is a question has come up a lot. So personally, what I find as helpful explanation is advantages and disadvantages were when to use versus when not to use. So at a high level, as you're reading those, amplification gives you a universal increase of multiple tracks and it will increase either tracks or channels. Amplification, what basically amplify one or more tracks by the same amount, preserving the balance between them. Now normalization basically adjust a multiple audio tracks or channels to the same peak level. So for example, if you have to interview 0s and one is very quiet and the other is very loud. Then what is trying to do is bring up the quiet person and to kind of match and peek at the very loud a person's level. And I think that is a good idea for interview content. However, to summarize, when not to use normalized is check it out when multiple tracks contain intentional differences in peak levels. If you're using, for example, in NPR, are some of the podcasts that I can think of. You know, have a speaker whose voice is very dominant and it's a storyteller, right? And sometimes you have ocean sounds or certain audio sound that are meant to be in the background. Or even conversations or B roll or other sort of assets in the background. Street noises that are supposed to be more minimum, you can hear them, but it shouldn't be operating at the same level as the main speaker. Then definitely do not use normalization because they're not treated differently. You have different tracks, have different peak levels intentionally then do not use normalized. So I hope you find this helpful and I'll see you in the next video. 10. Compressor - How to Amplify Audio Further (without clipping): All right guys, now we're getting into the nitty-gritty territory of audio editing. You may or may not need to know everything about these two options. But I didn't want to make you aware that they exist and a high-level what they mean and what they do. At times, what you can do is start to experiment with these options because at times it might be able to help you a great deal. The two topics I wanted to cover in the single video, our compression versus normalization over here. So first let's talk about compression. Audacity. You have this manual and on, I wanted to give you the official definition, the compressor effect. It reduces the dynamic range of audio. One of the main purpose of reducing dynamic range as to permit the audio to be amplified further without clipping. Okay, that sounds like a mouthful, right? In case you're wondering what is the dynamic range? Well, there's a glossary which we have also included as part of this lesson. In particular, dynamic range is the difference between the loudest and the softest part in an audio recording. So before we keep getting nerdy or nerdy or would have really has helped me in my podcasting journey is when I interview someone. And if we happen to be recording that audio as part of the same track, a mistake. So always recorded in separate tracks, which we talked about a separate video, but it so happens that a meeting recordings and special situations that, you know, your voices are combined into the same track. It could also be the case that you don't know. You could be recording something where there are four of you sharing microphones and there are people holding some other Mike's really far away from their mouth. And some people are just naturally very loud. So all of a sudden, well, you end up with our files that are drastically different in terms of the waveforms. And sometimes it, you know, these people so well during editing you can even go right there into say, Yeah, that was definitely Fe O, that was Adam talking without even hearing the sound that you know, who's talking in a particular time just based on their waveforms. So what I wanna do, first of all, is to show you how to use compression so that in an audio file, what it can do magically is that it reduces the loudest point, but then a boost of volume and the sound of the quieter point. So as you can see right now, I have this file is actually fairly even, but I can make it more so to be really quiet. So let's start with a file that looks like this. At the beginning, that it gets louder. So let's start with a file that looks like this, almost like a little fish, right? So you have a tiny head and you have the fins, the body, and then you have the little tail. So in a recording, this might happen pretty regularly. People who are allowed or even the same person could produce sound that are allowed are much louder. For example, like this person could laugh really hard, who knows or a giggles and has those peak moments. So we can do is double-click to select the entire audio track. Then again, you're going to go to the Effect menu and go to a compressor. Once you click on that, I mean, this is such an artwork right here and I will, I'll leave you to explore the manual to give official definitions for these options. Again, I more or less trust the standard setup here. As always, with every single option. Under effect for Audacity, they have implemented this feature called preview. So you won't be surprised. But if you trust that you want to give this a shot or you liked what you heard during preview, simply click on Okay. You see it. What happened? Was it kind of really a boost, the volume or the wave form. It's very similar to amplification. But at the same time, you can see that it didn't go all the way because it has learned that without clipping, you can bring the volume only so much when the maximum volume has already reached the peak. So if I play that right now, hello there, this is a fail from phasor old media, and I'm recording this voice sample and I want to welcome you to join my course. So that would just me recording. And now the track is actually a lot louder. At some point I read an article about using compressor followed by normalization. So that's, it's something we're, we're gonna talk about next. Next is normalization. What does that mean? Use the normalized effect to set the peak amplitude of a single track. Make multiple tracks have the same peak amplitude and equalize a balance of left and right channels of a stereo tracks. So I remember in early days I was recording my interviews using stereo tracks, which was not very necessary. If you want to learn more about the technicality behind normalization, how it works, when you should use it. Feel free to explore not only the manual within Audacity. Also check out things such as how normalization works or how compression works generally on YouTube, render Google. And there were a lot of tutorials way outside of Audacity that you find easier to kind of comprehend and learn from. So let me demonstrate real quick what normalization does. Typically it, it kinda just fine tunes the track and evens it out even more. Let me show you by double-click on this track. I go to the Effect menu. I go to the Effect menu and I go to normalize. So as you can see, what it's doing now is removed DC offset two, which is only explained in the manual that I showed you just now and normalize peak amplitude to negative one. You can also choose here normalized, sterile, normalized aerial channels independently. But since I am editing a mono track, that is not necessary. So click on okay, and, uh, kinda brings everything back down a bit. So started experimenting and learn more about these concepts. And good luck, I'll see you in the next video. 11. File Organization System That Works for The Long-Haul: Alright, in this video I want to talk about file organization. I use to edit podcasts episodes by myself. It was a lot of work and to be honest, I knew other people will be better at it. So when you involve more than one person in the editing and production process, it's even more important to keep the folders and the files as organized as possible. And trust me, even if you're doing this on your own, we've all been there, right? Having a very busy and messy desktop, never being able to find our files is very frustrating. So in this video, I want to walk you through exactly what I have set up for a podcast editing from raw files, which are my recordings all the way to post-production and the deliverables, a folder or I can grab that finished and polished MP3 for me to upload to the hosting service and be done with. So I'm going to show you inside phase world folder. As you can see, I have more than just Pi CAS because my producer and I also work on a documentary, video production and other things. So let's take a look at podcast. Now there are multiple folders and perhaps for you, you don't need everything just yet. But knowing that these things could exist and happen down the road, it's really, really important. In the previous video, we just talked about Audacity templates. With a template just like everything else. For editing purposes, I will copy the two things. I'll copy everything here and then just create a new folder and number the interviews. Okay, so I wanna show you what my raw assets look like by real assets, I mean, my recordings within raw assets. If you have more than one show, you wanna make sure that you have subfolders creative for each Josiah. Well, we have done right here. We have regular full episodes for phase world, but we also have many episodes and we have other shows as well such as called a circus podcasts. We have mini documentary series and things like that. You want to say ultra organized. Let's take a look at full episodes. Once I record something, for example, 1923 with Doris 40, I have the original files recorded using Zoom because it's a remote interview. Speaking of Zoom, we have a lesson within those course to show you very quickly and easily how to separate the recording tracks for Zoom. In other words, there are a lot of remote interviews happening these days and you want to make sure the output separates the host versus the interview eat. So I have my raw files, which are the exact recording output from Zoom. As you can see, zooms recording comes with audio recording. And with these two audio files, I made sure that I have a separate video to show you guys exactly how to separate the audio recordings when you report using Zoom, it's very easy to do and not enough podcasters are doing that, which makes post editing very challenging. I have the video version as well. Now, with everything else I need to provide for my producer, for example, or for you to request from your client. And what you want to make sure is you have what you need for the episode. I have something called soundbites, which we insert to these longer interviews. So instead of having people listened to the whole thing, we have 15, 20 seconds segments, re-introduce the guest and remind listeners what they're listening to. I also have what's called a voice intro. I record after the show to introduce in this case, Darian, you know who he is, why the story is insignificant. You know what we have as show notes and resources and things like bat. So that's what I include. Now coming back out one level, everything here is organized. Now if you look at this main folder right here, what you also see is what's called a deliverables folder. This is where my editor will work in. After he's done his work, then he exports all the files in here. So let's take a look. These are all the MP3 files optimize and ready to be uploaded to these hosting services. And as you can see, we have everything starts with phase world podcasts. And we have 1910, 1911. What they means. You certainly can have your own organization principle for us. We use the year, for example, 2019, we use 19, and we start numbering all the episodes that we edit that year. So 0, 1, 0, 2, and for 2020, same thing we have 2001, 2002, etc. Whatever structure you create should make sense, should be simple and you should communicate with each other. Now I'm going to skip over the intro and outro files because where he talked about the audacity templates and includes all of that. I think it's really smart that my producer, her mom and I had these local folders as well that we work locally that each other can still see. But we understand where to get the source, sources of the information from logic. This is definitely Herman's folder, musical resources. We go after music we love already we have selected, so we don't have to do this over and over again. So as you can see, the best practices here is that we have music already organized for main podcast or mini-series with the circus. Podcasts were generally inspiring music, but we also have other backup music in case we get a little bit bored or we need a bit more of variety. I really love how her mom can organize all that music here that in case I need it later on. And even when I find myself recording YouTube videos, I just want some light background music. This is where I come as well. Real assets we just talked about. And lastly, stats. I have the tendency and kind of preferred to backup my stats every once and awhile. And that's especially the case when I switch hosting providers, like I did recently going from Lipson to anchor. So I made sure to kinda take a few screenshots. And these are just the resources that we take a look at every once and awhile. So I hope you find this helpful. Be young organization. Well, we're currently using Dropbox as you can see on the screen here. Why Dropbox will I find transferring, saving, and downloading really large files from Dropbox just works better and faster compared to Google Drive. I have a Google Drive or in business, the benefits of using Google Drive is that we love Google Drive for creating other documentations for the teams. So we kind of use both. So definitely figure out where you're saving your files and make it as easy as possible. Last but not least, Back blaze is what we use to backup everything permanently, hopefully. So Back blaze is the additional service that we have invested in. And as you can see, this is the icon and I won't elaborate too much on Back blaze. It's a service that we've been using for years of backup the documentary to backup the podcast. So if you don't trust yourself, and I always think it's very important to have an additional backup service to places such as Dropbox. When you have multiple people, multiple hands working inside an environment is quite easy to lose things. Have an additional backup option is definitely key. So I hope you find this helpful and I will see you next time. 12. Understanding Music Licensing and Rights for Podcast: Hey guys, this is Fe, and in this video I want to talk to you about a fun yet very serious topic, which is the use of music, music licensing, music rights. It gets complicated. In this video, I want to show you and walk you through some of the resources that you can use to get completely free music, Creative Commons Zero, fair use, and also royalty-free music. And I'll also show you some of the sites where you pay a very reasonable subscription and get a even bigger variety, sometimes high-quality music you can choose from, not as music, some sound effects as well. So first of all, I want to talk about some of the myths and truth related to music licensing. You may have heard some people say, I use it less than ten seconds or I turned down the volume to a certain degree where I didn't really intended to be copyright infringement. Or this is a good one. I still have a made money from my podcast. Therefore, I have access to the music and should be okay. Unfortunately, none of that is okay. Unless a piece of music is Creative Commons Zero on what it means is basically a group of artists. These artists have chosen to share the music, their work with a world completely for free, out of the kindness of their hearts. You can use their music, otherwise, you simply just can't. In fact, I want to just add this comment earlier on because in case down the road, you want to share your music, repurpose it for YouTube. You know, you've got to sort these things out early on, whether it's on YouTube or it's simply in plain sight on Google's somewhere. It's very easy to detect music no matter how shore, how quiet that is, it will be attached to the file that you're sharing out. So much better to know now than to be sorry later. Another question that has come up over and over again is, hey, does my POC as even need music? The short answer is no. You don't always need music. Over the years. Now, for nearly six years of us developing phase world podcasts, we have used music on okay, lesions. For example, I have on episodes where I am the monologue and I am sharing my own stories or reading some of my own writings. Then my producer hormone and I decided to use it quiet but pleasant background sound to complement the story. And there are other times where we record voice intros and outros and transitions for interview episodes. And we use music as well, but we never used the music just for the sake of using music. In fact, I've done some research on NPR and the answer, what the trick is, less is more. And a couple of producers even share that at MPR. And I'm sure many other famous podcast production houses people say that we wanna do is you want to write the story first, okay, plan your story, write it recorded, and then figure out the music situation where you don't want to do is figure out the music first or fall in love with a piece of music. And then your content, what your story becomes secondary. With that said, let's take a look at some of the resources that I have used over the years and I absolutely love. 13. Music Resources: Here are some of the websites I use the most over the years of producing phase world podcasts. And to be honest, I still like them a lot. Number one, this is one of the older resources called f and a, which stands for Free Music Archive. They have revamped their website a few times. As you can see, this is the homepage. Now, you are introduced to the landing page and there is no results found immediately. And what you can do is you can go to charts, you can go to curators at, as a podcaster, I find myself going directly to genre the most. So once you've got a genre, you can, for example, click on blues. And all of a sudden you're presented with tracks that are under this category and you can change it back. And for music that I find myself using the most are more of the low key and we're abstract and experimental music. Some of the blues my work as well, and also instrumental music such as pleasant piano music, light guitar music. So definitely explore. And for example, ones I selected instrumental, there may be subcategories as well. I personally like a lot of the ambient music for a podcasting purposes because I want my story to be the main scene. And what you can do is you can play as sample of it like this Egan pause and go to another one, or go to another one. And here you can see how these pieces of music are being tagged. Some are just NBN, some are classical soundtrack. And you can also click on these hyperlinks and basically jump yourself to another category altogether, if you like, you have heard so far and just click on this Download button like this, and you'll be taken to this page. And there's a little and click on the three dots and just simply download the music and you own this piece of music, whichever website that you go to, make sure you understand attribution and read the fine print just to make sure you understand what's involved. Most of these artists do not need attribution, meaning crediting them for using their music and which we have done for many years on our blog posts, for example. That's just something to be aware of. Now, let's go to another really good resource, I must say is the YouTube audio library. And I was kinda surprised because years ago, I mean, like 2013 or 2015, I didn't find their user interface to be very friendly and I didn't see a whole lot of music I could choose from. Maybe I just, maybe I just look close enough. But today, as you can see, when you come to the library immediately, your presented with a lot of music. And I really loved these categories. There are deliberate different than MFA write genre over here. Mood, I like mood because it helped me for podcasting. I typically just go through calm. But obviously if your podcast is investigative or it's a different mood, you can certainly choose the appropriate music for that. Like these additional categories and subcategories that give me ideas of what I need to click on what I can explore. I must say the duration is a huge plus for podcasters as well as YouTubers. And that's what YouTube is originally intended for video content. But for podcasters, as you know, instead of repeating or needing to find another piece of music. Since podcasting tend to run longer than some of the video content. So it's helpful to know that there are pieces of music that are longer than five minutes, and I can just use it instead of just copying pasting repeating. So that's, that's really cool. Attribution, they made it easy right here. You can search for attribution required or not required. If you know the type of music or a particular piece you're looking for, or an artist, perhaps you can search music right here. Now if you're ready to preview a piece of music, click on the play button. You can fast-forward. Very mysterious. You can pause it if you like what you've heard. Click on the Download button and the piece of music is yours. Now the last thing I will say is Epidemic Sound. Now, this is an example on my YouTube library and MFA, this is a paid subscription. It is quite reasonable, I must say, and a lot of YouTubers and content creators absolutely love them. I find that they do have a lot of categories and types of music that just suits us really well. So personal license, as you can see here, is $15. I mean, I wish it were for free, but it's really not that bad. And what you'll find when you go right into Browse is you can choose between genres and moves, which again, I love in dreamy, epic and laid back, quirky. So you choose it relaxing maybe. And from here, I love these subcategories and also like these indicators of how many pieces music do I expect in their right to a 122 versus 27, very different. And you can preview by hitting the play button. Like that, you can fast forward. There are a number of options here available as well. If you want to create, say, a collection of music you really love for a podcast recording purposes, you can actually use this plus sign to create a playlist. If you're ready to download the piece of music, then you can just hit the down arrow and you're all set. So I hope you find this helpful and I'll see you in an upcoming video very soon.