How to Draw in Perspective | Vincent Noot | Skillshare

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How to Draw in Perspective

teacher avatar Vincent Noot

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

9 Lessons (1h 50m)
    • 1. How to Draw in Perspective sped up

    • 2. Overview

    • 3. Introduction to perspective

    • 4. 1 Point Frog Perspective

    • 5. 1 Point Bird Perspective

    • 6. 2 Point Frog Perspective

    • 7. 2 Point Bird Perspective

    • 8. 3 Point Frog Perspective

    • 9. 3 Point Bird Perspective

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About This Class

Have you ever looked at drawings of buildings in 3D and wondered how they do it? What are the laws of drawing in perspective? Why did people get it all wrong in medieval times? And what is the role of vanishing points and horizons in this context? This course will touch on all those things and more. Learn to master the laws of perspective drawing and never be confused again about three-dimensional drawings. Once you see the logic in these highly technical drawings, you can apply them to computer drawings, animation, architecture, comic book drawings, concept art, backgrounds, and much more.

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Vincent Noot


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1. How to Draw in Perspective sped up: way. 2. Overview: welcome in this video course about drawing in perspective. And so before we start, I'm going to go over it. The overview with you a little bit. Eso first, we're gonna talk about the introduction to perspective. What is? Perspective isn't everywhere around us. Is it real? Is it Justin drawings that people always understand perspective. It's gonna be a few minutes. It's not gonna be very long, but then you at least get some idea of what it is and how it works. And then, uh, number one is going to be the basics of perspective, which is, uh uh, the four things you need. Teoh draw in perspective. The first perspective can be ah, could be divided up into two perspective points. One is gonna be have a very high horizon and one a very low horizon. So we got the perspective from a frog or a mouse or some somebody who's looking up at something. And then we also have the one from a bird's or somebody who's at the top of a skyscraper looking down on everything. And the same thing is true for the two point perspective and the three point perspective. So as you can see right here it lies. Dollop, We're gonna do the frog. One points the bird one point the frog to point to the bird. Two points the frog three point and then the bird three points. Perspective. It's very simple. There's always there's three different perspectives and you could argue there is a four point perspective. You know, there's people that mess with that. We're not gonna do that in this video course. We're just going to talk about these three, cause they're the most most important ones. And, uh, yeah, always two different horizon so you can see like Oh, yeah, This is what it looks like when you look down on something. This is when it looks like when something looks really big. So that's what we're gonna talk about. Thanks for watching CEO in the first video introduction to perspective so you can get a better understanding of it. 3. Introduction to perspective: Hey, so we're gonna talk about perspective and what is perspective? Perspective is a point of view, right? So we see something from certain angle, and as you can see what? This picture in the medieval centuries, they didn't really understand perspective. They got it wrong. They didn't know the rules of perspective. There are certain drawing rules. And if you follow those and you stick to the rules, you don't. You start doing stuff, whatever you think is best. But you actually stick to the rules. You know, it's kind of like math. It's an absolute science, right? So in architecture, they need Teoh. See that perspective? In the medieval centuries, they didn't really know what they were doing all the time. So look, uh, this doesn't look right. See, all these things are leading up to that. And then this son is going this way, and And this this doesn't look right, either. I mean, unless this is angled like that. But if this is a regular bed, this shouldn't go up like this because all these other points of going over here And so you see that a lot of times they they didn't know where they were doing. See all these? All these lines are going t here and and so you kind of looking up down on it. So and then this lines going over here, which doesn't really make sense either. So, yeah, the knowledge of how to draw in perspective has evolved. As you can see this, this is completely wrong on the look of that, unless this is a weird stool and these books should be falling off like this is absolutely wrong. And so people didn't understand the rules of drawing in perspective. Eso here is another example. As you can see this one, this line is going this way and these lines going that way, and it's just weird. Look, look, this is going all over the place, and then this This thing is going over there, and it just doesn't make any sense, Guy. So obviously these people didn't Notables of perspective. Also, these people are in the front, are way smaller than the ones that back Now that may be symbolic. I don't know everything about this painting, but it's ah, it's not. It's not a good thing. This is not a good painting. To the perspective, is just off. Look at this one. It just doesn't make since now. In the Renaissance period, they became a little smarter. Okay, They started to discover, like, Look, if I have a point here and everything leads up to that and then we have a horizon. So things like that, they started to see it and they came up with the mathematical rules about it. And as you can see, these air Renaissance or, um, or post Renaissance paintings, that and don't give me on the art history. Okay, we can have a different course about that. But this was around that time that they started seeing like, Okay, everything leads to the distance over here, and they were starting to get the perspective writes even the size of the people here and later here. This one is a little blurry, Er, but it's ah, it's a great example that shows us how people became more savvy about how perspective works , like, look, all these lines, it's just correct. And when it comes to drawing and creativity, there's a lot of things that leave room for improvisation and whatever you want to do with it and no absolute rules, right you have to be free to express yourself. But when you draw perspective, it is all about correctness. Because it is, it is. It is a math thing. So you have to calculate. You have to draw the lines correctly that it looks like it's not off. It's not weird. Two shapes are squares and everything, you know what I mean? And so here's another one. You know, the Renaissance painting that everything's leading to one point. See these things all one point perspectives, which has a certain no style and flair to it. But yeah, that that's what they used to do. So let's talk about where perspective can be found, because perspective is all around us, whether we realized or not. It's not just a drawing if you go over because it's a drawing of reality. So perspective is in reality. And so we've discovered that by abiding by certain rules, reality becomes realistic if you keep the rules than the reality will become as it is, and uh, and then you won't draw something weird. So as you can see, this is perspective. This is a photograph on. All these lines are leading up to that these aerial horizontal. And so this is a one point perspective. Very interesting. Ah, typical place to see a one point perspective to a dock near a beach. And this is another one point perspective. See how not just the bottom lines, but even the top lines. All like this. Is this one point this one point in the distance. So this is a typical one point perspective. Now this one is more like a three point perspective. So everything leads up to that. But then these lines go over there too. So we'll cover that in some of the other lesson. So this this one's a bit more complicated. See, this here becomes bigger and here become smaller in the distance, but then also leans to this place. So and then this one is interesting too. Because this is perspective. You can see that it becomes smaller here in the distance floods the point that they all lead. Teoh is not on in the photograph. It's it's somewhere outside the photograph. And so you can't only do that too. If you're drawing in perspective, it doesn't mean your your distance. Your real point, your the point where everything leads to uh doesn't have to be in their drawing and doesn't have to be on the piece of paper as long assisted air. And as long as the lines lineup tours that point, here's another example. This is totally in perspective that leads up to this point. See even these lines over there. It's a bit more complicated, but yeah, it's just another example, and this is another one point perspective. As you can see, these points is somewhere over here, so it's not where the floor ends and the door or the wall starts. That doesn't always have to be that way. It could be hanging in the air somewhere over there. See, thes points lead up to this point right there, and all these other ones lead up to there, too. So it's in the middle of that door, that wall or whatever it is. And so that's another thing. You gotta keep in mind that they don't always have Teoh B that the whole rising does not always work floor or the ground ends. Okay, 4. 1 Point Frog Perspective: so you can draw these things and Photoshopped. Or you can draw them an illustrator or you can just draw them by hand. I am lot, have a lot of times draw them by hand or pencils. And then I erased the pencil and it went over some of the lines and did them with a marker , so you can do it in a lot of different ways. But we're going to start out with a one point perspective from a frog and a frog has a low horizon because he doesn't you can't see that much, so he doesn't see very far. So is one point perspective. That means there's one vanishing point and, ah, as I did this drawing and I sped it up for you so it doesn't have to take forever. We're just gonna talk along and I'm gonna tell you what's happening and why I did what I did and how to los perspective work. So ah, horizontal line is always going to be the the horizon. That's always the horizon is always horizontal. Okay, so and then we're gonna draw it road. So as you can see all the lines here, go to that vanishing points because they vanish there. So you need to have one very avenging point on the horizontal horizon. And then all the lines go to that benching point Now, the other in lines, as you can see, they're going straight. So they're not going anywhere in particular because there's only one vanishing point. They can't possibly go to that vanishing point. So as you can see now, I'm erasing these things, Teoh to show you that, um, you can you can have a road, these air, sides of the road And here you have Ah, what's ah, you know the lines on the road to the dotted lines on the road So obviously they're bigger in front and they are in the back and they all go to that vanishing point. So this is going to be the curb. As you can see, they again go to the vanishing point and ah, yeah, Then we have a curbs. Now we're gonna draw houses, so any line has to either go to the avenging points or they have to go straight vertically up or horizontally left to right. So, um, this is going to be the house, so it's okay to have these things go above the horizon so anything could be above or below the horizon. But what's important is to notice that anything that's above the horizon, you can't look down on it. So, for example, we can't see the top of the roof of these of these houses because they're going to be above this horizon. And as you can see here, the straight line is the straight lines are gonna be vertical. They're not going to a vanishing point. But that's OK. They don't need Teoh. So this is gonna be a wall seeing first. Just just follow the steps if you're if you're doing it and pause the video if you're going to draw along. Ah, and as you can see now we have some walls. And if we draw this line here, then this already is a Walt one side of the house. And then this is another wall and the other side of the house. See, it already looks like a bunch of cubes. And yeah, houses are the shape of a cube, so except for the roof, but we'll draw that later. So then we can see that the this horizontal line is behind these houses, so you don't really need it anymore. And, Prince, you're like in the in the middle of farmland or something. But these houses are blocking that view. Now we're gonna draw the middle, so we're gonna determine what the middle of the house is so we can draw the roof to that middle point. So to do that and where the middle is, you don't just go in the middle. But you draw across because obviously the middle is farther away from from this. So here you draw a crop, and then from that cross, you go straight up. So that's what a middle is. Because the middle you see, this would be the middle if you measure it. But you can't measure it because it's in perspective. This points farther away and smaller than this point, right? So then you Ah, you have some diagonal lines that go to that middle. And it doesn't matter how high they go here it just manage that. They go to one point and they come together at one point over here in the middle. It depends on how high the roof is. So how high they go, right But in this case, I thought this was a good height. Eso We're going to more lines to determine the roof, and then we erase the lines that we don't need. So I spent that up a little bit, so you just erase all that. It's probably easier to raise that with, uh, with an eraser and pencil and all that stuff. Actually, this took me a lot longer on the computer than it would have taken the ah, when I did it with pencil and ah, marker. So now we're going to draw the windows. And, of course, the windows. They're smaller over here than over here. I mean, they're not smaller, but they appear to be smaller. So this to these point of these lines, they go to this one vanishing point will be the bottom or the top of the windows. And here in here is the roof again. Okay, so yeah, yeah. Then we're gonna draw museum here. I'm testing things out. I'm like, uh, maybe I don't want it that way, and it's okay to miss around with the height, but as long as they go to this vanishing point, see here, made a little mistake. I'm like now I want them lower because I'm going to draw the doors first. So now come the doors and the doors. Obviously, you can just create them by drawing two Ah, the vertical lines and that they don't go to a vanishing point. But because of this line to the venting point, you can see they are in perspective. And this door appears to be smaller than that door and the same on the other side. So these are very almost semantical houses. This one's a little closer to us in that one. If you want to line them up, you can also draw them here. The same line. It's the same horizontal line. Ah, and then here I created some door knobs, spent that up a little bit, and we're gonna take this line and we're gonna create a window halfway. So it's gonna go to the vanishing points, as you can see, and that will form the bottom of this window right here. The window Next Teoh the door and see it's in perspective because it goes to defending points. It can also be, ah, straight vertical horizontal. But then it's still going to that vanishing point, right? So, yeah, it needs to go there. And then two vertical lines on each side will create another window. And actually, you don't need these lines around it anymore. Always paid close attention to which lines you can erase and which ones you can't see. They don't go through the door. That's just a help line, right? So and you want to just erase all those things, uh, early in early stages so that they don't confuse you. I have some google notifications here, kind of annoying. Turned those off later. So yeah, so erase all those lines. And now these doors and windows are in perspective. We're gonna do saying with the upper windows, it's gonna go to to vanishing points. So you just gonna have to estimate how far you want it away from the roof and then another line that does the same thing and needs to be above this. Ah, nice distance. And so this one, too. It needs to go to defending points, you know, as long as they go to the venture point. And as long distance here is a good estimate that you can draw those other windows in there see this line playing around with that one. And there it is. And now this on well adjusted. So now we draw these lines, and now we have more windows. And of course, you can keep draw this line all the way through. So that lines up exactly with the other one. But in this case, I didn't think that was very important. So here we're going to erase all those little lines that we don't need. We just need these windows, and that's it's gonna draw another line that goes to avenging points and it's gonna be in the window. So it's like drawing the window seal, and then this one goes above that. So now we have lines that can help us draw the window seals and then ah, yeah, on the other other side, we're gonna do the exact same thing when he raised these lines because they're kind of in a way, they're annoying. See, we used them to get that perspective, but then we don't need him everywhere. Of course, we're gonna drop bricks here and stuff. Then you might want to keep them, because then you can light him up with that. And here you can see we're doing the exact same thing on the other side. See, you were doing a window shell. You can measure all that Teoh like measure this compared to that. But I don't think that is very important in this case. So we're raising the lines that we don't need, and then we're drawing these vertical lines to finish it up. See? And I'm lining him up. Exactly. Just ah, kind of estimating here, making a few mistakes because I wanna get it pretty exact. And ah, you had same over here. This 1 may be a little bit too far to the top of the window, but yeah, you get the point. So yeah, vertical lines, vertical lines. So you kind of, Of course, this part of the window seal should be in appeared to be bigger than this part. That's why I didn't measure exactly. I just made this one bigger than this so farther from there. And I did the same thing here. See, here is really close. But here it's wider and you need toe. You really keep that into account when you're doing that, because otherwise it looks like they're one in the front. If you do the same size, it's gonna be bigger than the other ones now. It doesn't appear to be bigger. It just appears that it's closer to you. And so we can use that same sense of perspective too loosely without any strictness but on any real lines, just to kind of estimate how big the trees air going to be. If they're approximately the same size trees than you know, you could just kind of draw them all vanishing into that vanishing point. You can even draw little tree over here, and then it appears, you know, it just adds to the perspective. It appears as if, uh, as if these trees are also in perspective, even though they're not all the exact same size. So you were finishing up the roof. I'm the kind of basing that on this line, so it doesn't really matter as much as long as they don't go to the vanishing points. And as long as they're not like weird vertical or something like that, because then you get a whole different roof. So that was the 1st 1 As you can see, we have a nice one point perspective from someone who's low to the ground could be a frog or a mouse or someone who's couching or just someone who's not very tall. And they look up to these houses they appear very big on, and that's the one point perspective, from with a low horizon like a frog. 5. 1 Point Bird Perspective: okay, We're not going to use that same one point perspective, but the difference is going to be that it's going to start with a high horizon. So it's a bird or helicopter or someone's looking down on the scenery. And so you're gonna be able Teoh, see the rooftops and see it from whole different view. Things are gonna appear below the horizon. This is a rising here's of one vanishing points. And so that same road that we thought of it's gonna be a lot bigger. You know, we're gonna see a lot more of it because it doesn't stop very low. So here's the two lines for the road, and here's two lines for the sidewalk and then we're gonna draw the houses. So here's another line, and ah, that's gonna line up another messiness. This is gonna go over there and, ah, it's gonna help us determine the roofs of these houses so you can same thing as before. Just vertical lines and horizontal lines will determine how to cubes will look, see and then another one, and then another one and so thes, already starting to look like cubes. I used these lines. Teoh lined them up exactly across from each other. Of course, you don't have to do that. It just depends on how symmetrical the street is. And then, uh and then we're gonna draw the middle. The small lines that divide the street into two lanes, the dotted lines say tip Cosi and almost every street. And of course, you got to make sure that in the distance So at the top there, closer together see these air a lot bigger. They're farther parts because these should appear to be bigger. So because they're closer, my incident, that shouldn't appear to be bigger but closer. They are bigger in our view that you get the points s Oh, yeah, you raise just amid the lines between them and it already looks like a dollar line. And so you can just go all the way over there if you okay, so what are we gonna do now? We're gonna determine the middle of these houses again. See? So we're gonna make across and just like we learned in the previous lesson and are gonna line these crosses up and that terms the middle, don't don't take the middle, take this cost and then that will determine what the middle is. And so we're gonna do same thing, this left side hair here, I forgot a little thing. And so the same is gonna happen with houses that here, closer to us, determine the middle. And here we don't really see the middle, but we can estimate or estimated. Or you could just trough something off the paper or something around it in the race It later eso here I decided to make this the house the side wall, and we're gonna erase Erase this line Eso It appears that this house is more over there. So the distance between these houses is s'more and over here it's smaller. So from this point, we can determine the middle right above it. We can use those middles, Teoh, determine where the rooftop goes. So two lines going to the middle. We can raise all that stuff. We just needed these lines to determine where the middle was. That's all it is. And you can estimate that too. If you want. You can. You could try to do that without driving all these crosses and all that stuff. But if you want it really accurate, then this is the way to do it. So obviously you need two lines that go to the middle. One's gonna come from here. It's gonna go all the way up there. And this is the top of the roof, topsy. And now we have a move topic and raise this because you can't see it. Really? Unless it's a see through house. Then you could see it, right? So we're gonna do the same thing over here Did Ah, I haven't said to die yet in this video. Siri's okay, And we're not using the exact same on the other side seeing enamel around all this rooftop . And we're gonna use this, um, this angle as as a base Azaz. Ah, guideline for how? Ah, how this is angled to soc now. Now it's very much the same. It's not weird slanted roof or something. So you use this angle. It's not going to a vanishing point, C, but because it's the same kind of angle, see, kind of adjusted that, then it looks natural, and it looks correct. So same thing we're gonna do over here. I see. Now it's gonna end up at this middle point here and we can embrace this afterwards, and then we have to front of thes rooftops. And then we could use that with a horizontal line to draw the rooftop. And we need these things at the same angle, so it doesn't appear weird. And here we're getting raise all of that, and, uh, there we go. Now we have some nice cubicles or his houses. Small homes, obviously. You know, if they get more complicated, like some of the expensive American homes here, then it gets more complicated with shapes. But this is the simplistic version, as you can see here, where, um, taking the same vanishing points. This perspective points or ever everything goes, except for the horizontal and vertical lines were using that to create the top of a door on all four of these houses seen. So now we could draw doors that, uh, and those could be drawn with just, um, vertical lines. Right. So this door appears to be a lot narrower than this one, but you get the point. You can measure this all out, and, uh, we just talked to a nice little houses right now, so we're using the same points to draw another in line in perspective and another one here so we can start drawing windows next to these houses due to these to these doors, and it already looks really complicated right now, but it really isn't. As you can see, it's either a vertical line or and it all starts with a line of ghost vanishing point. And once you erase these lines that you don't need anymore, so you just got to take a careful look at them. It's really not that complicated anymore. You can see that these windows and doors are just in perspective and, ah, it all makes sense. And same thing we could do for two windows above. So to, ah, windows in the first floor. See here we're in the draws from windows on either side. So as you can see, we're gonna end up drawing two and two and two just vertical lines that go from from one line, Teoh another. And these lines all lead back to that one vanishing point. It's very simple. If you think about it now, we go, yeah, and that we raise everything and I will make sense. So now we can draw even more homes if we want to see and they appear really small to be really small. But you know that their justice big just the point is that they just are farther away from us. So we see them and we think they're smaller, right? Of course, we're smart enough to know that that's not really how it is. Yeah, and so this woman disappears behind that rooftop ce looks all very complicated because there so many lines. But it's really simple. Just need toe line, these vertical lines up with these lines that go to that vanishing point. That's all of this. So I'm gonna use these two roofs to create a roof. That kind of lines up with them You don't need to do to cross anymore. You don't need a determine the middle because this is gonna line up with that one. So if this line goes to the advancing point on this roof, is justice high as this roof? Does that make sense? This line, that's what That's a line that goes to the Vanishing 0.2. So this line is a certain height, and that's why if you line them up with that one, these rules will be exactly the same height as this Aziz ones. And as you can see, I used that same angle here. Teoh, determine the back of the roof. And of course, you can be erased. This line it was just to help me out, determine where the roof needed to be. Now some houses are higher than others. Then that doesn't really matter, of course. But here it's a very, uh, common. Maybe he European street with a lot of community homes on the the on line up there, the same heights that they're similar houses. And, yeah, we could keep going and going and draws many homes. And so we want here. I'm doing it really fast now, but it really isn't that hard as you can see. So, yeah, I'm using this the same to rooftops to determine where the next one's going to be. And, Ah, yeah, this one's a little off, but it's, you know, you get the point, it's approximately right there, and ah, and you can use that same angle here to determine how the angles could be of that roof. And you can use the same lines here to do all these windows and all these doors the same height. So there that they appear to be all very similar. And then, yeah, When you're all done with all those vertical lines and they all line up to each other, then, yeah, you can start erasing all the little lines in between, and that's gonna be some work. But if you do it with pencil and you go over it with the marker like only Teoh, once that you need, it's gonna be really simple. See, for me a photo shop, it was There's a lot of work. I spent it up a lot, but it's ah, a slugs. You get the concept, you have to follow the rules, the laws of perspective, that everything goes to that one vanishing point and all the other things just go vertical , horizontal or at the same angle and at the same angle is only when you have rooftops like this. I mean, if it's just something else, most times that doesn't even apply. So here will be racing all these little lines that we don't need takes a few minutes, and so that here is the other house could finish that up very loosely. If it's farther away. Maybe you could be a little sloppier with it. But if you want to completely accurate than, uh, you gonna measure everything and do it that way, right? So just depends on if you're drawing for for leisure, for just for something, for fun Or if you're actually making something that makes you money or company wants to see some architectural skills. See, racing all these little lines Took me a few minutes to you, raisel that and then we're finishing up these little holes in the back. Who? The smaller, smaller pencil thinner pencil. And of course, if you're gonna use dinner alliance, that's better for distance anyway, right? So if you doing calling books or something Oh, or something else that the lines appear thicker in front. Like if you're gonna emphasizes lines, then it's better to have the ones in the front be thicker and the ones in the back me thinner. That makes absolute sense. I hope so. Yeah. Um, almost done with this kind of struggling with this sidewalk what to do with it and see And , uh and you could see its own was done soon. Kind of correcting all this, The door knobs air in there. You could put more detail into the door knobs, but I didn't do that right now. I just wanted to show you how everything everything works when you're drawing something in perspective. So here's a house here. Another horizontal line. It was lacking this way. You just touch up everything. That line could be there to determine some yard or something. But then this Linus crossing that boundary, Uh, so it doesn't matter. The most important point is that it all lines up, and then it goes to that van. She points and, uh, yeah, get beautiful drawing here. 6. 2 Point Frog Perspective: Okay, We're gonna look at a two points perspective and that from the standpoint of frogs, so it's gonna have a very low horizon. And it's also going Teoh tohave to vanishing points, which is way different, right than just having one vanishing point. But that's because we're in the middle of an angle and we can see into two different roads . So we're going to start drawing. We're gonna start with the vanishing point and a horizontal line. That's the horizon. And so we're gonna put two of these vanity you could put him somewhere else, but it's better to put him somewhere on the outside. Okay, so close to the end of the page. So everything goes to these two vanishing points. As you can see, we can determine to walls by just having two of these lines and then having to other ones so we can draw a straight vertical lines as well. And so from this vertical line, it's going to this other events report. So everything writes from this line because this is kind of our looking and doesn't have to be in the exact middle, as you can see everything right of this line is kind of going Teoh this just this vanishing points. But I guess that's not the full truth of it. It also Yeah. Things can go to this one to, um, you'll get it. As you see. It's so as you can see, uh, we kind of have this cube going on. So if we don't just draw two more lines here two vertical lines than we have the cube, see? And ah. And so if you want to determine the the middle of this wall of this side of the Cuban, the left side all we have to dio, just like we learned before, is to form a cross and that we have the middle and from the middle, we can draw a line straight up. It's a horizontal line and that will determine the roof. And so we're gonna go a little higher because otherwise this week in the race, everything else right, we just needed the middle. This goes to the vanishing point over here, and and this one will go to that other vanishing point. Okay, so my mistake This disgusts the anger of the corner of the roof, of course. But then the rest of the top of the roof goes to this vanishing point so you can barely see it. See, because the horizon is so low. So you can only see a little bit of that rooftop. Now, if the If the house is lower, then of course, you could see a lot more of this side of the roof. That makes sense. So here you got this triangle thing that goes to the middle to the corners of this roof. And then here it goes to the avenging point. And this is just an angle that we use from the same way this angle. Then we're going to draw Maurin lines, vertical lines that we can use to put two houses next to this house. See? So this is going to be a cube. And this goes to this vanishing point because it's that right wall. See, this is a right wall, and so these ones go to the vanishing point on the right. So we don't need this because this house is in front of it on this side, the same thing. So, uh, this this one goes this vanishing point, See? Uh, not over here. Over there. Yeah. Thank you. I do this myself and I'm telling you about it. So to glory recordings to do all this. So, uh, yeah, then we're racing this and then this one goes to this vanishing point as well. So then you have the left side of that wall. But of course you can't see the whole wall because it's disappearing behind this house here in the middle. Okay. And of course, we can raise these two, that least this horizontal line. We don't really need that anymore. And as you can see now, we already have some of these cubes that could turn into houses if we start putting a details into it, See, here we can also a determined middle. You can also use that other line and that the airway at the top. And use that to go to this vantage point where you could use this and then draw a line straight up. Then you draw a vertical line over here. It can make the same cross over here. Always make sure it goes from one angle to another. And of course you're not gonna do it on this side edible unless it's going facing this way . But this roof can and see him kind of estimating in here. So these lines, I guess it could have left them here. They come together, and so here should be the middle because it disappears behind this wall of this front house . But yet this this one goes over. There goes from this angle to this vertical line And this one, um, on the way. That s so she can lined them up here on. And then it has the same size. So it's the same height as the other one. And this this one, goes from this top to the advancing point. Does that make sense is not over. It's not horizontal anymore because we got another advantage. Ing points. Nothing is horizontal anymore, okay, unless it's exactly on this horizon. But everything has to go to one of these two avenging points and Onley thing that you can do that you could avoid these venture points is the vertical lines or the angle lines with this triangle of a roof that makes sense. So no more horizontal lines, like in the first point perspective. But they all go to these vanishing points now. This doesn't go to avenge point because it's a corner of the roof that goes to you know, this middle point of the top of the roof. But all the other ones do so from this point, if you want to draw the roof, it goes to this vanishing point. See, it goes very straight down. And, uh, as you can see, this really is from the frogs or mouse's perspective. Because you're kind of looking up to these gigantic houses, uh, towering above you there, way above the horizon And ah, yeah, that you appear to be really small compared to these houses. So, yeah, here's the same angle. Use the same angle line. Is this to finish off the roof and then you can erase these lines that I really don't make any sense anymore. You just used them to determine the middle, and you just used them. Teoh, draw the roof. So, uh, when we got into an hour going to determine where there the windows air going to be the windows and the doors and as the doors all on one side, Then you don't have to draw him on the other house. I will leave that up to you, but I'll just show you what I did here and see they'll go to this vantage point because they're on this wall, right? So they nothing on this wall goes to that advancing point when this wall does. Because, you know, it's angled that way within this wall that were playing around with hair and this one, See, so you can use the same lines for it for two different houses. It only goes to this one, and the opposite happens here. So these two walls or both, uh, helped you could use thes two lines to the term of the windows on both of these walls. And here you can see that I put another in line here to determine the bottom of the bottom window. See, So the door is gonna go straight through it because the door goes all the way to the bottom that goes to the ground. And then I'm using these lines to line them up perfectly in this one to see that should have just drawn that in the first place. I don't know. I didn't think of it. So these lines to you can just actually draw all the way to the top and I'm not sure why I'm not doing that in beginning. Probably just forgot, but yeah, another exactly correctly lined up. And it looks a little complicated this way. But once you raise all those lines, is gonna look pretty simple. Everything of these two walls go through this vanishing point, and everything on these two walls goes here. And if there was something off hair like a window, it would go to this vanishing point because this corner is divine ing this house up into two different walls, That code to one vanishing point or another. Does that make sense? So here were you racing everything seemed not out of that. I spent it up really fast, and all those little lines are gone. So we're almost done. We're gonna create a little bit extra. Of course you can do the window seal. So I'm doing that. Uh, right now? No, I'm not doing that right now. I'm a doing a skyscraper, making the frog look even smaller. She told frog off here, and so you can just tower this thing above everything else. He's so it's gonna be There's this apartment building, And as long as there's a vertical line and two lines go into each vanishing points. Uh, you know, we could even have one that's even higher. If it goes above the paper right above the this file, they don't have to do that. And so here, too, you can just line up these windows. Seen this, use this line and this line Teoh to create these two ah diagonal lines and then this one. You can use that 1 to 10 and then draw a bunch of vertical lines to create windows in this apartment building. And there you go. And then here's a distance between the windows, and then you can just draw a few vertical lines. Were racing this first because they're kind of in a way, As you can see, you took a lot of work to do this. Like I said, it went faster when I did this stuff, a pencil and marker because they just raised the pencil lines. It's really simple. So here are making sure that this roof is behind this. This is behind this roof, and it's it's towering above it, but it's still behind it, right? So you're drawing the windows and make sure that the windows are smaller on this in. That's very important. Make sure that these windows uh, so I think I did this pretty good. Pretty well. Uh, see, this one's of this, what could have been a little narrower, but so now you raised everything in between it. Unless there's like being between and then, you know I have to do that, but yeah, you could see here's a beautiful apartment building right behind it. Um, we could do all the window seals, too, but you get the point, and you just put these two lines that go to this vanishing point And now we're doing this street. So this curb is going around it. See, these two lines created curb very simple. And then the street could goes. Why does this cause? Remember, it's all in perspective, you know? It's not even that big. This road stories is twice as sub y Does this house kind of like, see? And so what we could do, too, is we can kind of estimate I'm gonna show you a little bit more how you can determine the exact, uh, middle of that, but here I just kind of estimated it based on this Ah, and, uh, until you can do about those, uh, there's dotted lines in the middle of almost every road and then make sure that the lines in in the fronts appear to be bigger in the for the report, then in the back. And then instead of having wars, all the lines, because remember, we don't do a horizontal lines unless there exactly lined up with unless they're over here on the horizon. So even these lines, even these little ones, uh, you have to line them up with the other perspective, the other vanishing point. See that? So these lines are not horizontal. I've seen people make that mistake a lot of times, but they are still in perspective. See that? And when you look at it, it just makes it beautiful. This total correctness of this, this viewpoint here, when you see everything appear bigger in the front and smaller in the back like look, the distance between these and it's ah, makes a lot of sense this way. Maybe here I could have drawn a smaller one. But see, these are all in perspective. Everything here is exactly in perspective. And then, like in the other drawings. And we can also use a little trees to increase that sense of perspective by drawing them slightly bigger in the front, Uh, in a little smaller in the back. And it doesn't have to be all exact because trees are never exactly the same height, but and that's the benefit of it. So then you could just do it without really measuring everything. But yeah, it increases that sense of perspective. See, that makes everything look even more like it's in three D like like everything is vanishing into these Teoh vanishing points. So now I decided to not be lazy and, uh, had some window seals to these windows. Probably not gonna do that in the next two videos and three videos, But on this one, I will still do it. I hope this is really simple and that this just totally makes sense to you. You know, you draw this line underneath the top of the window, one above the bottom of the window, and you raised these little lines and between them and they draw some for tickle lines to connect them. And you you try to make sure that the ones that are farther are smaller there, closer together. And same thing on this side could do that on this side as well. Here we go. So we're using this line that goes to this vanishing point to create all these window seals , all four windows. You kind of estimating how far in the distance should be between the top of the window and there were no seal. And then just all these vertical lines and thank you basically done so we could do the same with the bottom windows. Very simple can use it. You can draw the vertical lines first if you want. Uh, it's longs date match up, and it looks, Oh, decent like that. So that is it. Here's a drawing of a frog or something, Someone small looking up at these houses. And then this skyscraper appears above it because it's so high. But it's still it's kind of hiding here, but it's still towering over it. Really Nice. Strong, huh? 7. 2 Point Bird Perspective: Congratulations on the moving to the next lesson. We're gonna talk about a two point perspective with a high horizon from the perspective of a bird, someone who looks down on all the houses. But remember, there's gonna be two vanishing points. Okay, so we're gonna start with this high horizon aside for horizontal line, and we're gonna have to lines that go to these two vanishing points now. I didn't draw the points yet, but I will in a little bit. And so they don't have to cross exactly in the middle. I mean, they could cost setting where you like. It just depends on where you want to place your item. But from that point on, you need to make sure that everything follows the laws of trolling and perspective. So here we can draw a vertical line down, and then we can draw another line underneath. It goes thes vanishing points on both sides. So one over here and I'm kind of struggling to get it to the point. And then one Exactly from this point, Teoh, that vanishing points And then, as you can see, it's already starting to have two walls. Now we need two more of vertical lines to create those walls. But that's all there is. Do it. See, now there's two of all walls, and there's no roof yet, but we will have that to this could be another wall, and then these ones could go to that advancing point. C eso Let's estimate how big they should be according to this. And then Ah, yeah, basically, you can erase the annoying lines in between them. And then I raised this part because it's not exactly lined up with this. It's a lined up with the top of this. So that this that's why I didn't do that. So this this corner here at the bottom needs to go to that exact vanishing point. So you raise everything else and could see that this wall is hiding behind this house. See? So now we got two walls in this house we got. We're gonna have to walls in this house. Yep. They face everything else. Now we have three cubicles with walls. They just don't have rooftops yet, But we know how to draw from talks. Don't We may. We learned that in the previous lessons. So first we're gonna use this line Teoh to create a road, and I kind of it doesn't matter where it ends up. It just depends on how. Why do you want the road to be so here? I'm creating a curb. See here. Nice curb appeal. This is coming over there. And this coming over there. And this This is a curb and this is a road. And this going to be rowed over here too once I draw that other line, See, it doesn't matter how vertical or horizontal this It just determines how wide the road is. And I think this road, maybe a little bit white owned this one. Now, if you want to calculate the middle of the road so you have those lines still started lines exactly in the middle. You have to measure this. You have to just gonna see. You know, we could have a ruler here, and then you determine the middle and then you draw exactly around that. So here, finding my ruler seeing there we have the measure months. They can see that this is approximately four C 0 to 4. So it should be ants too. So here. So it goes to the vanishing point, right? Was this? Let's see, Maybe it's five. It's morning for in a 55 Right. So, uh, so this goes to 2.5. See, this is exactly two. Well, it's pretty close being 2.5, and then you draw those lines around it. So then you're gonna have three lines, and then you want of the exact middle. This is the middle, right? Because this is exactly between this side and that side. You measure that. And then you draw those two lines of D exact same distance around that, and you could do the same thing over here, so you can measure it. You can look. Oh, this is approximately seven or something. And then three and 13. This is about 13. So it's ah, it's a distance of six. And then So you put it out here at three. On, then and then you draw these two lines around it. Does that make sense? So you have to measure it, determine the middle of it, and then draw these two lines around that middle if you want it very exactly. Couldn't estimated to. But, you know, as long as they go to that vanishing point. It's just going to determine, you know, the size of the road. Okay, so now that we have to string lines, we have these cubicles. He's going to be houses we're gonna determine, and I know that's a lot of work, but I feel like, Wow, who cares? You know, you can estimate it to You can kind of, like, draw this, and then it just kind of put your hand here that you pretend to draw the line all the way over there. But remember, these cannot be horizontal. These lines have to go to that vanishing points because this is a two point perspective. It's not one point. We could just draw them horizontally anywhere. The only horizontal lines you could draw are the ones that are exactly on the horizon. So we're gonna get rid of the rest. So that's gonna be, uh, less distracting. And now we got this this road done. So I spent that up a lot, and here we go are doing in the middle of these houses over there. We can determine where the roof is going to be. See, this one's kind of not cooperating, So, uh, yes, here is the middle of that one. And then we're gonna draw the line straight up vertical line on that one, too. We're gonna use this one, Teoh to make sure that they're both lined up and they're the same height. So we're gonna take that through there, So this one's gonna go over there. And as you can see, this just doesn't add up there yet. But it will, you know? Don't worry about it. See, now we have the front of the roof and same thing with this. This one's gonna go all the way to the middle seats right above that. Finished my incorrect little details and see, there it is. You get rid of all these other lines because you don't really need him anymore. You just needed those to determine the center of it, and then you can use no the line. Now that you have this gonna make this is all in the same height, you can use that one to determine whether was gonna be for that one. See this one? It's gonna go there. And you know, these are gonna be the rooftops. And this one goes all the way from here. over there. See, It's all in perspective. They all go to those vanishing points. And you can use this angle of this roof to determine the angle of this roof seen so you don't turn it. You just uses the exact same thing. I did a little trick with copying and pasting here, but she has the same angle, and now it makes sense. And there you go. I'm gonna use this line, Teoh, like this one up this house too, to the other vanishing points. See, now I got my cubicle on That's Cube. Maybe I don't know the difference. Cubicle Cube. So see, I kind of estimated this. You can draw this all out if you want, but I'm like, OK, you know what effect? All cost approximately Here. Here is gonna be the middle. That's this is where it's gonna be. And so then we can use a line like that. Teoh, determine where it arose gonna be for this house. See? And that's the exact same angle. And then years another one gonna finish that rooftop at the exact same angle. Maybe a little difference, because we want it. Sees the exact angle. See? Then I underestimated this. So this is needs to be, you know, So I d difference, but no, a lot, right? It's although having been also having in line up the other one. So now we're gonna erase everything we don't need. It's it looks kind of perfect, I guess. And then, ah, I'm gonna draw something else. So we're gonna use this line seeing t determine this rooftop here. That makes sense just like these ones, right? And you can raise this too. But I didn't do that yet. I'll do later. So, as you can see, we're gonna have another skyscraper tower over it, see? And all you need is a vertical line and two lines to two different avenging points. Right? And so you can see this is already becoming too different. Won't see now. We got a wall here and then we get another ball over here. It's very simple. So you know, I have a an apartment building that's bigger than now says That's why were able to see it if it was just a house, I would just go over here, right? If it was right behind it, and then we could draw more little houses that disappear into the distance if you want. See? Kind of estimating how big? Uh, the walls should be. Maybe this one's a little beginning that one, but no, that's come down to, like a millimeter. If if it's just ah, for fun drawing, right. So then we're just gonna use the same lines that we did before, just like this one. Just like that, when they all go to the advancing point. And this one same thing goes that Vinci Point, you raise this and you have a wall. Now, of course, this one's not completely correct. But we're gonna use this corner here, Teoh to go to that advancing points and that will determine this. And then we can embrace that little bit over here. See, now we got these walls. They were gonna do same thing on the right side, and it could have sped it up a little bit more over here. But you get the points. Can't go too fast. Otherwise she might go get lost or get confused. But I hope this all makes perfect sense. It's not that hard. Once you understand that everything needs to go to a vanishing points. And if it goes this way, then, yeah, it needs to go to that vanishing point. And if it goes the other way to the other one Seems so. Now we're gonna use that and then this one. So now we have all these walls. Now we determine the top of these walls, right? So do the exact same thing over here. Yeah. So it's gonna be approximately over there, See, because it lines up with this line. See this line? It goes all the way over here that determines where all those roof talks they're gonna be. And then you might not even have to draw across to get the middle anymore. Because you just gonna put them Teoh, You're gonna make him go to that point where it lines up with that alliance. See? So I'm here, see? And be all becomes a bit more horizontal when she hit that horizontal right. And here it goes all the way in such a The agonal. Almost. See this? This is almost Ah, a vertical line, right? Yeah, I'm or the farther you go into the distance, the more becomes flat because you can't, you know, it's it's it's entering your horizon. area where you can't really see the top anymore. You can't You don't really look down on it that much anymore. So too bad, Birdie. Gonna have Teoh. You're gonna have to fly higher sea. So these these things are all heading up here. I spent the so up I hope it's not too fast or too slow. And here again, you can just draw this. It goes to that angle air consume in a little bit if you're a photo shop like I was and, uh ah, they got all these little rooftops. You can you imagine how longest took me cause I'm speaking so up really fast. But I don't want to bore you by just going to the whole process that the regular speed that because the whole points that you get the concept the whole point is that you understand all this, that everything goes to those vanishing points, right? Even if it's above the horizon. Does man, if it's above or below the revising, everything needs to go to these vanishing points. Except for these vertical lines that determine the walls and these angled lines that determine the rooftops to go to the middle, they go to a certain point, they don't go to your vanishing point. And so if we want to draw these windows for for these for these homes and the doors is the exact same principle as what we learned before In other lessons, you just draw these lines. You estimate how far apart they need to be from the top or from the bottom. And, ah, here's gonna have three windows because made more sense in a big side window for delivery room or whatever on. And so, yeah, basically, you just draw this one. There's this one only has to because I couldn't really fit it in there. And these girls are gonna have Teoh too. And there you go. Yeah. Then we can erase all these other lines in between it perfect. See, we need to raise is still and then you got all these windows and they all line up. You know, they make they make that sense of perspective of depth three D effects even greater just because of all these little details that all go straight to those vanishing points. That's what it's all about. Now, if you wanna make sure that they're about the same. You know, the same height. You should look at where this this line is ending up over here in the middle and then make those lines go over here. So that's what I did seeing this sounds like the exact same height as that window. You know, you could say, like knows below it, but, you know, this point is going over there, See? So then we draw these little windows, they just have to win those inside, and then we can erase everything in between them. It's like we always dio and it's all gone. And, uh, and then we have windows and doors. Nice. Oh, you can draw some door knobs. See, I just use indoor Nam's. We can, uh, create a little skyline thing you like with bushes and trees and stuff in the distance. And then if we want to make this look even even better, we can draw windows in this, But it doesn't have to be like these windows that are far apart from each other. Instead, it could just be some squared, you know, some squared shapes that you're gonna create with all these vanishing point. See, it doesn't matter if they're above or below to arise, and they need to go to the advancing point. Right? So above the horizon, we're gonna go down, and the below the horizon, they're gonna go up. And so you need to line him up with each other here in the middle C that they go to the same point, and then you create these little squares and that's what some office buildings have, right? They have just these modern ah reflective mirror windows. And, uh, yeah, that looks like an apartment building or looking office building right now, See? And now I'm saving it. So yeah, this is the bird perspective with to advancing points. Thanks watching and make sure you watch the next video as well. 8. 3 Point Frog Perspective: Okay, We're gonna do a three point perspective. First from the frog and then from the bird. The bird will be in the next video to frog is going to be in this video. So we're gonna start with Low Horizon. And instead of having all these lines go up vertically just really stiff and really, uh, simple. We're gonna make it a bit more complicated by having to vanishing points on the horizon and one at the top. Because this is a low horizon. We're gonna make it at the topic. A little support at the bottom. But that's what we're gonna do in the next video. See? So we're gonna start with a vanishing point over here and then one over here, but we're not done yet. We're gonna have avenging point somewhere at the top, and I advise you could put it anywhere, but I advise you to put it at least somewhat in the middle. You can also have it here, but then it's at a weird angle. So as you can see, it's not exactly in the middle, and that's okay, but addax actually makes a bit more interesting is if it's slightly off so we're gonna have all these lines, these vertical lines that determine the walls. Because remember the this. This is the middle of these two walls. Uh, they're gonna go to this venting point instead of straight up vertically. And these vanishing points need diesel. These lines go to these vanishing points as well, so they don't go straight that don't go horizontal. They don't go, you know, somewhere weird that you just need to make sure that they go Teoh these vanishing points. And as you can see, I'm a little mistake here. This needs to be corrected, but yeah, you can erase the rest of this and see, I corrected here, and this looks like a towering skyscraper. It looks even taller than if it was two point perspective. See, you're looking up and it's the top looks so far away that it's disappearing into this into this point here. And we're gonna actually have a set of skyscrapers here because that's the most impressive , especially with these three point perspectives. It's really nice have this New York Tokyo kind of skyline. You know, eso see as you can see these air lining up exactly, but we don't want that right? So we want the top to be above this top. So this is going to be a roof right here, and it's so small because it's so far away and the frog can really look up there. And so we erase everything that's not applicable. And then from this point, of course, it goes on Lee, over here. So it's see, we have the same two walls every time. But instead of going straight up, they go to this point here. Now this one needs another one that goes over here, see, because otherwise the wall is not complete. Its it's missing something. It's a gap. So this from this corner here it goes all the way to this vanishing point and raised the line. And as you can see, we have two of these cubes here. He's weird skyscraper looking things that appear so majestic we're gonna draw another one that touches the bottom here. Okay. And then from this point could put another one line right next to it. But it needs to go to this vanishing point. Okay? Always have something go to add vanishing points in this context, cause there's three of them that it's gonna go somewhere, right? So you always going to think a little bit like, where does this line go? You know? Okay, so way have one mole here. But since then, creating granting a little house here, I think the house is being overpowered by these these big skyscraper things. And see this Good Teoh, cute little couple houses or something. And so here we have these walls and we just need a few more lines that term the top of these buildings houses or see. And so I put it over here. They say, Okay, it's going to be a house. And this is the top see in this house doing as a top of hair and it becomes more horizontally aligned in this sense, because it's closer to the horizon makes sense, So these ones are going to go all the way down. But these ones are pretty there almost horizontal because they're like, right there. See? So here you have another cube, and that could be a little house. Yeah, we can draw more skyscrapers on Duh. It's actually a lot of things are the same basic principles that we talked before. You know, they need to go to one of these two vans. He points to the terminal walls and then the top. You know that the for tickle lines aren't vertical anymore. They all go over here. See, now we raising a fuel details and then we're going to use that line. Teoh, determine the middle because these houses, no matter how cute and insignificance they are compared to the skyscrapers, still have amore Interesting roof. So take that skyscraper, See? So these cross in terms the middle of this wall, we could do the same thing for this wall. See, this house appears to be a little wider, but, uh, you might argue that fact anyway, because it's farther away. And then it's such an angled perspective, almost like you're looking at this round mirror, right? That shows the angle of ST Okay. And then this is the middle C. We have this cross, we have this line. It doesn't go vertically up. Remember, nothing goes up vertically unless it's exactly underneath this vanishing points. But these lines go all to this vantage point. So that is where the middle it's not straight up, OK, does that make sense? Nothing goes straight up except for here. You could almost draw like horizon here, but then it wouldn't be arising. That would be a a vertical verte rising. Or that's not even a word. I think so, Yeah. By determining the middle over here with these lines that go to that top vanishing point, you can draw these lines that go at an angle from one corner of the roof to the middle of the roof. And as you can see, they're very different shapes. But it makes sense when you look at it. It makes sense. It's correct. It's just in perspective. And it's beautiful how some of these things appear closer to than the others. And then the houses air done. So we're gonna erase these lines that we don't need. I'm gonna go for another building. Ha ha. It's gonna be this stack of skyscrapers, these houses stent, no chance whatsoever. And by drawing these little houses and actually makes the skyscrapers look higher, it's always like that. If you draw something angel, something really small at the bottom, then it looks like everything's bigger. If I draw a guy here, it looks like a regular guy. But if I draw a little guy here. Then it looks like this giant monster on something that could squash the little guy at the bottom. So I know I'm just rambling, but you can see the point, right? So I take one of these lines. I do draw one line to this vanishing 10.1 to the other. And then you got a wall then. And if I used all these lines, then, uh, I have, ah, skyscraper, our apartment building that I could just draw these thes of office building kind of windows on. And you got to make sure that, of course, the closer it is to this corner, the bigger they are. So this is not really correct. Yet this needs another one. But as you can see, easy the you gotta try to make them appear as if they're squares, because then it makes more sense if they're off than people. Just think it's a mistake. Even if some buildings in, you know, in the world do look that way like one window is bigger than the other. Which a doubt does not that many out there. Usually they like the with symmetry and all that. So the sameness so see, now it looks like this building is really good. So you need a little line because thes ones need to be smaller than the ones closer to this corner and that we have a beautiful, uh, office building. Make a suit into the same with this building, you know, doing exactly the same thing. And you can see it's barely visible over here at the top. But that's okay, you know, because the frog won't see it that way. It will be so little to that frog looking up at this gigantic building. And so now we have these lines. And now you know this doesn't they don't have to go to this middle line, and then you just have to go like, OK, this this is approximately a square. Now you can measure all that stuff, too. I mean, there's there's ways to do that, but I'm not gonna go into that in this video course. It's all about getting a decent sense of perspective. And as you can see now, I copied these lines and they appear a lot thicker because I'm angling them in this way. But on the race that in a little bit but yeah, they're all on seeing here. And here they get closer together, almost not even visible. What the difference is anymore. Eso We're gonna make sure that these lines are a little smaller because actually, that wants the bottom should be the ones that are thicker, right? Because they're closer to the frog. The fraud, it's looking up. And so now we have one side of the building that has that Sena, maybe its top. It's still a little bit thick, but you get the point. So we're gonna do the exact same thing on the other end on the other side of this, this wall off the other ball, This building C So one goes, they all go to this vanishing point C one the all these lines go over here. All these lines going here. The vertical lines aren't vertical. They go to the top. Fancy point. So see, you gonna try to find that Noah corner here every time. And then, uh, line it up exactly there and with that vanishing point c on this one and then that one and so forth. See, every time you draw it and then you erase it, you don't raise everything off. You raced everything that's hiding behind these other buildings, right? And then here, one more line and we don't. Now we're gonna draw the windows and the doors for this. So remember, they don't go up vertically. They go to this venture points, right? So you're gonna have to kind of estimate Maybe I'll have to zoom in a little bit and just kind of see how far they are from the side of the wall. But they all have to go over here. If they don't, it's not correct. And it doesn't look like you're doing your rights. Okay, so So these were lined up, See a little window, Uh, and I'll go straight to the invention point. So it's a little tricky, especially if you're zooming in like I am. And they have these things here with which you can determine now where the windows are going to me in the door. So I used those lines. It's just copied them. It's really simple that way. I guess that's one of the only benefits of photo shop, and that's the door. Seeing is gonna be a door on in here. You can have windows, but It has to be two lines because those windows have some distance from the from the roof and from the door, of course. And then there one more line for the bottom window. See, that's kind of lined up so that we erase everything in between and it looks really complicated, but it really isn't you see you do you know what I mean? It looks like it's really called kids because all these little lines But once you raised these lines that you don't need any more once you just think like, OK, I have to windows here a door and one window next to it and then communities all this other stuff because those were just there to help you those lines just to make sure that everything's going to those van sheet points. See. So now everything's there erased, and I even he raised terrorizing over all that again. So I mean, look at that. Now we have to do is get the windows for this apartment building and maybe a little bit of the street. See, so in a line these up, But we're gonna do this on the whole bit differently. They're gonna be actual windows, not just squares. So we're gonna kind of estimate that there are a little bit away from from this wall here and from the other. Well, seat. Now, you got these. He's kind of squared up, uh, long lines. You can call it that, and then you do the same thing. So you line everything up with this vanishing point c everything is gonna be lined up with this, and you're just gonna have to estimate she has to become smaller and smaller. The morning gets at the top, and every time you leave a little bit of space between one window and another scene now it's perfect. And now you just have to race just because it's gonna be annoying toe work around. So he just have to erase all this little in between the lines just to make it look better And like, Okay, now you know what? You're working with C. Donna today, and now we have a bunch of almost perfect windows. And then if you use this, this could be a window. This could be a door on we have to do is raise these little bottom parts and Ted on a doors door knob. Now we're gonna draw the street. I see No, known as a curb goes to this vanishing point. This will go So this vanishing point, Nothing goes over here because I don't think I'll vote advancing points. This one goes there, and that's this is interesting, too, because you can't go beyond this vanishing point C So a ziff as if there's another. You can have another drawing here on the side and have that go every year or two, this vanishing point. In that way you can have, like a drawing next to a drawing and endlessly, you know. So here I just estimated at the middle this estimate might be a little off made That should be angled a little bit more. But, uh, yeah, and then these lines go to you. These vanishing points, remember, Don't make him horizontal. I know extending. But they all have to go over there and the same thing over here, you know, just copied and pasted it. In this case, if you want a Photoshopped course, I have video course about photo shopping, but we're not doing that here just talking about how to draw these things. And so again, if you add a little few trees, as in perspective on don't after the exact then, uh, it makes that sense of perspective asses, perspective and depth a bit better, you know? And And these, as you can see, these arms vertical thes are going kind of two words that hi thirds point avenging point over here. See, you just delete this in avenging point. And then it doesn't even look like you ever used Eventually point, even though you did see so So even these trees go up there because everything is at an angle. So this is it. Now, in the next video, we're gonna discuss to do ah, three point perspective again. But then, from the bird's point of view, that looks down on all these skyscrapers as a little bit more complicated. But you know it. We could do that. You could do it 9. 3 Point Bird Perspective: welcome in the last video, which is the birds. Three point perspective. So we're gonna have a high horizon to avenging points on the horizon and one all the way down there. It's gonna be interesting. No vertical lines. All the lines are gonna go to that third point of perspective or to the other ones, depending on what you're drawing. So high, high horizontal. You know, Horizon, have another third point right here. Doesn't have to be exactly in the middle. And, uh, we're gonna draw some lines. So here's the first line My daughter over here has to go to this vanishing point. Can't just have a line anywhere, right? Has to go to a least one of these three venting points. It's in order to make sense. So you go and then, instead of war zone vertical lines, everything is gonna go over here. See? So from this point, we're gonna draw some kind of ice ice cream cone. That's the kind of looks like No, but you can see there's already the appears as a skyscraper, but we're going to see it from above. So we're gonna draw their roof. Seeing this, this one goes over here, and this one goes over there, and I messed it up a little bit. And you can see, because it needs to go to the corner of this building. Seeing so gonna miss that up. So this one, those over there and now it makes sense. See? See, Now I make them this. I'm still not right. Okay, Zita. So? So there has to be these. These points, they have to go over there and there, and they have to line up creating this the square thing. And then we can determine the bottom of the skyscraper by drawing a line. Teoh this vanishing point and the other side toc goes with advancing point. And then we can raise this, actually, and it doesn't matter. Like it's not like there floating above the air because we can draw street afterwards. You know what I mean? But we're gonna draw another one, draw another skyscraper behind this skyscraper, but higher than this skyscraper. So there's these three lines. They go, I will go to this vanishing point. They determine these walls, and then from this this is going to that point in this kind of that point. So now we got these two walls, see? And then the roof goes from this vantage point to the corner over there. See? Over here? Yes. No one's a little messed up, but yes, he and then from here, it goes all the way over there. So we So we have this nice square rooftop, and it's gonna make total sense. See, now, if we erase the lines that we don't need, it's always have to kind of see that kind of thing after carefully pay attention. Okay, These lines I needs of these lines I don't need. If you don't need him, get rid of them. Because they're just gonna be in the way that they're just gonna confuse you there. It's going to be so many lines. So, um, this is gonna be the bottom of that. And there's gonna be another skyscraper right there. See this one coming away, I it's gonna be on this left side. In this case, it didn't draw that three lines first just to make it easier. But I do. I do this thes two lines above the horizon that goes to these two vanishing points. And then I drew these three lines that go to the bottom vanishing point of third to the third vanishing point. And then see this when this skyscraper, you cannot see the rooftop because even though those birds flying so high, this is above his or hers horizon. See? But these ones are a blow it so it can see the roof that makes sense. Hope it does. Okay, so we're gonna draw another skyscraper, and the roof is going to be, uh, also above the horizon. So it's gonna be huge, so big very won't be able to see it. So, uh, it takes a little bit of practice candle that right, And this one is gonna be even wider than the other one. So it's gonna be next this dis lines next to it. It could be behind it, but in this case, I didn't do that. So look at that. And so this one, this is the roof. It's gonna go. It's almost horizontal because it's so close to that horizon. See that? Then from this point, it goes all the way over there. And then from this point, it goes all the way over there, and then we have that roof see, almost yet name gay. And then once we raise those other lines, it makes perfect sense. You know, we have this other skyscraper that's hiding behind this one. I guess it's below the horizon. That Sorry I said that, but yeah. Now we have four skyscrapers. What? Above the horizon. Three below it. And the bird is so high in the sky that he's looking straight down to this vanishing point . It just disappears at the bottom of the street. Okay, so this is going to be the bottom of the skyscraper next to this one that we're going to draw. So you get these two angles one at this vantage point and one to the other one that determined the bottom two walls of that skyscraper. See that? I'm sorry. I said skyscraper because it appears to be house. Almost don't remember what I drew, but I didn't draw it on myself. And it's on now, putting the commentary here s Oh, yeah, this is a little house, and it's very little because, uh, the bird can barely see it. You know, it's getting barely, like, popping out of that skyscraper that's in the way. Uh, here we can You can draw a cross again. See, from this angle to the that corner to that corner and that will determine the middle. And now, be careful. Don't throw horizontal a vertical line. Gonna make sure that the middle goes that this lying through through that cross goes to this bottom avenging points. And then from this corner in this corner, you can draw the lines that go to the middle of the rooftop. And then from here, of course, the rooftop. It goes all the way to this vanishing point c And because I assumed out too much, I messed it up a little bit. But now we have a beautiful little home. We can he raise this cross? It's not very important anymore because we don't need the middle of the home anymore. No, What's up next? Does he raise a few lines? Because just in a way may use them Anyway, Maybe later we will make that mistake sometimes. Okay, so I use this line and we're going to line it up there so you can draw another building right next to the house that houses just being beaten up by a bunch of bullies. What's your skyscraper? Bullies. So we got. You need three lines to this vanishing point. Remember, that one goes to the top. See, this is above the horizon, so we don't need to draw their this old roof. But this is a roof determined by these two lines to go to this and this van. She point Look how big this skyscrapers is. Huge. But because it's behind these, it's, you know, it's it's towering above that. You could see if they can not see the parts that are behind it. Does that make sense to see? So he can he raise this line to come on? And almost so, yeah, that makes it out there ago. So yeah, and it's lined up and, uh, goes over there. So now hold on a sec. Now that you raised these lines, Okay, so we're gonna use this same benching point and we're going to draw hold on a sec. See, it all makes perfect sins to draw another skyscraper. I mean, this is like downtown Dallas. Down, down. Well, you know these skyscrapers, Los Angeles. I was going to say San Antonio because we were just there. But see, so we have another skyscraper. They're all the same principles. It looks more complicated, but it really isn't. It's the same principle in that These three lines that go to this vanishing 30.1 goes over there longer is over there. You got another skyscraper? They could even draw more over here or it could draws on behind it. So here's another one. It all makes a lot of sense once you get the main rules are the main law of Of, uh, How to draw in perspective. Because I'm Johnson drawing so many of them like I know you get the basic concept of it, but I'm still showing you I'm making I'm slowing this down a little bit more of this video just because I wanted toe not get you confused like, Oh, you just get five steps rights. Even so, we're just going one skyscraper after another. These point thes two rooftop lines go to the vanishing points on the sides and these three lines go all the way down here. And now we're drawing a road seeing were darling road. Well, we're drawing a curb, right? So this disc herb is conveniently going to hear carefully racing some of these lines and then this curb also goes to this fancy point season. Now we have sign walk. Of course you can raise only. So as you can see now, they don't appear to be floating in the air anymore. See, this is the bottom. And this is the sidewalk. And, uh, and here's the street. So here's the street. You know, Now you might think, like, what's on the left and right side of the street to hear We're doing a little, um, bushes and trees and online stuff. We're doing little satellite just to make these things look bigger. See, uh, maybe a billboard or something. Uh, one in three D little Well, uh, square thing. He may be used to air conditioning on a uh And so you're gonna add all these details as pleases you. You're you find the middle, Then you, uh, draw these lines. Eso you can have these little, uh, Donald lines that separate road into two lanes. Gonna miss you with this. And of course, these all need to go to this vanishing point. Remember? Noted horizontal lines the zone go over here, and the more they go over here, the smaller they should become the closer together. They should be right. And here I just kind of estimated it. I didn't draw all these lines exactly, but I just kind of went like that, and that's one way you can do it. And here same thing just kind of lined him up. That just depends how accurate you want to be with this. How long it's gonna take. Right something. Can you raise all that? And then you have a beautiful road? Maybe these things were a little too pig in reality, you know that they're using not that big, but it doesn't matter. You get the point. That's what matters is that you understand this stuff. Then if you have to make little size corrections or something, then no big deal. You could do that any time you want. And but if you don't understand the principles behind it, then it wont make sense. So all these lines, all diesel office windows that we're gonna draw are gonna go to these vanishing points. See? So this one is a little off. I'm gonna correct that in a minute. But yeah, this on goes to the advancing point. And this one, too he could use the same line for multiple buildings. If you want, as long as you make sure you raised the lines on these walls and see the walls that face that way need to be gone. But the walls that faced this way, that's the ones that you can use on then takes a little less work. Use Utkan. Let them lean off each other, and so, if that's that's how you say it. So this was a little off. See, this isn't it's not really at the invite angle, but other than that, uh, and that will stand out, too. So make sure you Nichols correct as possible, because people will notice these mistakes immediately. They see if you put all the work into it and and say, like, Look, you spend hours doing this they will immediately see the one in a line that's not perfectly in perspective, not aligned the right way. Usually people are really good at seeing that because it stands out. It doesn't make sense to them and a lot of people that don't know how to do it in perspective. They don't know why. It doesn't why it's not correct. They just see it and They're like, Yeah, there's something wrong about this, right? And then you like. Yeah, well, that's just how that window was in reality. Yeah. Come on. So here, as you can see, I corrected a little bit, even though these two should be a little farther apart, but yeah. See, I'm using the same line for multiple buildings, and that's just minimizing the time that you spend on it. You know me amazing that this one is still there. So So, yeah, everything goes to this vanishing point because these are all the walls air facing the rights inside. We're all facing the angle of that benching point. And here I'm just slow plea, adding a few when those indoors, of course, you can line those up up exactly two. That's actually that's what you should do. I just thought it was so small that in this case it is Didn't do it. Seeing the same with this building, trying to make him be closer together. The more you get to the bottom of this, they were gonna use these lines. Teoh, line them up on this side, which is also a lot of work. As you can see, even when it sped up this much Still a lot of work still takes a few minutes. See that? But like I said, it was It was way faster when I did it with just a pencil. And, uh, any racer and a marker to go of the lines that should stay. See you soon. This whole lines up over there, they all go to this advancing point here on the left. And of course, you have to make sure they all hit that same other line that goes to the right at this angle. You know, in the middle of that building, you know where that would a two walls meet the corner? No, he's gotta do these walls, see, But unfortunately, this is not as much work because these air kind of hiding behind this one. So there goes another one, and as you can see, one by one, all these lines fall into place, and then we don't even have the lines that go way down yet the ones that almost vertically go to that vanishing point in the depth of this drawing. Seeing this song goes all the way over there. So it's almost horizontal. But early not, This one might be slightly off. Dio needs to be angled a bit more down on this end. But you get the point. So yeah, you can easily like even I make mistakes. Uh, but it just matters that you know what you're doing. See this? This one's probably bit more over there now, and they're all going to that one fan. She points. It takes a lot of work. Hope is all Micks says even this, You know, you could angle this billboard to this vanishing points, right? So now we're gonna So a few more lines and they're all gonna disappear at the bottom to that advancing point because yeah, otherwise we may only have these zebra striped lines, right? So, as you can see, it's it's a very simple way to do it, but it all just has to make sense, You know what I mean? So this side doesn't have any windows I left out on purpose? Yeah. Then we're lining. Wallop were racing what we don't need and making sure the ones in the far distance compared to these smaller see him struggling a little bit with that one. But, uh, yeah, there you go. Just have all these lines go to this vanishing point at the bottom. That's what it's all about and that we're done with all the skyscrapers. We're gonna see what's home the left side of this, right? And so on the left side, we have another curb. Maybe, Uh, no, this one's a little wider. And on this side, too. He and then what if there were houses over a year or skyscrapers? Right where these lines go? Well, they all go to this vanishing point so and see that this is the wall of that that house, because the bird is like dangling in the air above this vanishing point. So everything else is going to that middle points. You could even finish the drawing here and have it mirror at the bottom, right, because he's, like, right above it. So all these lines are going to that fancy points, and they're they're crossing these lines over here. You know, I'm using a little shortcut to do the exact same thing on the other side, and you can see everything looks very beautifully, as if it is in that perfect depth perspective. See, And then here is that Well, this one goes over there, so you don't just random leads to start adding them thes lines. Go over there, see the race the once you don't need seats of the zones. This goes off there. Everything goes to a vanishing points. Nothing just goes randomly flying away. You can't do that. You have to stick to the rules. All these lines have to stick to the rules. So here are the office windows of this building, and you could possibly draw door here, but it would be upside down. It doesn't matter, because that's how the bird sees it. All right, so this one was in the year, but this one goes over there, See that same thing over here? It all goes to a vanishing points. See over here, too, because all the way there, you raisel, that you don't need that. And then you've got these two buildings, you know, lining up in their, uh, their at an angle. See? And it's weird. It's almost like this round mirror thing because it's a three point perspective, but yeah, if you want to draw door here on, of course, the door could have been It could be a lot smaller because and look at the size of this building and then this, you know, it's it's a lot bigger here, Uh, so you'd have to draw these lines close together, allow that stuff, but, you know, this could be a gigantic, but you get the concept. Everything has to go to some kind of point. See? So thanks for watching this video. This was the last video. Thanks for watching this video course. If you, uh, if you have to refresh your memory, you don't understand something. Just go over the lessons again, paused them If you need to draw the lines, practice and just try to apply all the all the laws of drawing in perspective. Thank you.