How to Draw Perspectives | John Anderson | Skillshare

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How to Draw Perspectives

teacher avatar John Anderson, Artist / Adventurer

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

10 Lessons (28m)
    • 1. Introduction To Drawing Perspectives

    • 2. Basic Shapes

    • 3. Simple Perspective Objects

    • 4. Perspective Horizon Part 1

    • 5. Perspective Horizon Part 2

    • 6. Drawing Objects with Perspective

    • 7. Big City Drawing

    • 8. Drawing a Stone Bridge

    • 9. Drawing a Home

    • 10. Perspective Drawing Project

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About This Class

Have you ever wanted to make a 3d drawing appear on a flat surface? If you are wanting to step up your drawing skills and make more detailed drawings that appear off the page or look more realistic. If you are learning how to draw skylines, distance, or perspectives this class will show you how step by step!

If you are just getting into drawing or want to learn a new skill, line drawings are a great way to start! This class will show you how to draw perspectives in varying styles.

These drawings are fun and simple and vary in levels of complexity for young and old alike. If you are an artist, (or wannabe artist!) it is a great way to explore your creativity and try something new. It also can be a way to teach to children or grand kids, keeping them busy but still learning! Drawing is a great way to expand your creativity.

Here's what others are saying!
"I really liked this class, and all your classes! I like the simplicity of it, easy to follow with fun ideas."
“Great class! Clear and straight forward, gave me a feel good sense of accomplishment.”
"He has a fun way of explaining his drawing process."
"So much fun!"

Drawing in perspective will make your illustration appear to have depth or dimension. Perspectives are particularly great for architecture and landscapes.

You will learn:

  • What tools I like to use for drawing
  • Drawing basic perspective objects
  • How to sketch your drawing out before putting the pen to the paper
  • Creating landscape and architecture drawings with perspective

John likes to draw, he’s been drawing since he could hold any drawing utensil! He has filled many sketchbooks ranging from simple drawings to detailed outdoor scenes and fun castle drawings. His favorite type of drawings to create are the fun little knights and castles that you can learn to draw in his class How To Draw A Simple Medieval Castle. These simple line drawings can be quick and easy or be made into just about any size and complexity you want. And they look great framed too!

Even if you’re new to drawing, you’ll find this class quick and simple to get you creating.

If you liked this class be sure to check out these:
How to Draw Mountains:
How to Draw a Cabin in the Pines:
How to Draw a Simple Medieval Castle:
How to Draw Broadway Tower:
How to Draw a Medieval Scene:
How to Draw Simple Trees:
How to Draw Pine Trees:
How to Draw a Fairytale Castle:
Get Started Drawing with Simple Art:
Getting Started with Stippling & Dotwork:
Coloring Line Drawings with Colored Pencils:
How to Draw Bridges:
Getting Started Drawing Snowflakes in 10 Minutes:

Meet Your Teacher

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John Anderson

Artist / Adventurer


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1. Introduction To Drawing Perspectives: Hello everybody and welcome back to another drawing class. In this class we're going to learn how to draw perspectives. And this is a great way to make your drawings turn into more of a 3D drawing, as opposed to just a 2D drawing, which is just a flat drawing. 3d drawings are great for drawing perspective, and this will hope you go to the next level in your drawing, from drawing just flat objects to making them show up as if they appear off the page. I'm John. I'd like to draw anything from detailed outdoor scenes to fund castle joins with those little nights up on the walls. You can find one and my joins in my other skill share classes as well as at Penn burst studios. So we're gonna get started here. First thing you need is a sturdy drawing surface. This can be a desk or any place that you'd like to draw. The next is a sketchbook or a piece of paper. I like to use this big sketchbook when I am here at my desk. And then we will need drawing utensils. I like to use fine liners for my joints. And we're also going to need a pencil, a ruler, and an eraser for these perspective joins art to get into our perspective drawings, we're going to start out with some basics. So grab your pencil. You can draw along as you watch, or you can wait till the end. And then we'll have some projects for you later on. 2. Basic Shapes: All right, in our first section here we're going to start out with some basic shapes. And we will begin with a square. Now with a square, you can make a cube. So a cube is just a 3D drawing of the square. And it looks something like this. You know, all your lines are all perpendicular to each other. Another thing with the box shape is a pyramid. So you will have a point up here at the top where all your lines go up too. You can also make a cone. Cone like so. And then with each of these drawings, normally you would shade in the back side of that shape. So then that will give you the perspective of a 3D drawing, right? That Chrome will kinda just go down the middle of it here. And then darken in the back. And let's make our circle. And that is another basic shape. And then again, just shading it so it looks like a ball getting darker on the edges of it. But those are our basic shapes and those are the perspectives of them. Now you would just have a circle, I square, and a triangle if you were to just draw these flat in the 2D dementia, alright, by using these basic shapes, we can then go on from there to create our 3D drawings of different things. 3. Simple Perspective Objects: All right, so let's do one of these with a box. We will draw a cardboard box. So it's just going to be a simple cardboard box, sort of a rectangular shape box going off into the distance. Then we'll have the flaps of the box sticking up here. In the front flap here that is nearest to us, will be closest and larger. And then we can just erase those box edge lines there. When we fill this in with our pen later. And then you'll have the inside of the box. And there it's dark inside the box. Obviously, you would shade it in back there. Who will also she'd under there. Then you can come back with your pen and fill it in. So it is a more definite drawing. And this is where it's helpful to use a ruler. So you can get straight lines. And there you have a box. Another drawing we can make here using that square is a chair or a stool. So we're going to draw a horizon line up here. And then we're also going to draw our point of reference for our dual like so. And then using that for our basis to go off of, we can make our stool. Right, like this. Will make the bottom legs down here. Obviously, this front one is going to be lower. About as far as the top is here will be the bottom one there. We have about the same distance there for our legs to come down and the back of the leg in there. And then keeping our lines here parallel, that is the base of the legs. And we can shade in underneath the stool. So let's fill in our chair here, which is just a quick sketch drawing of a chair. We can erase our reference lines. Then you have a 3D drawing of a stool or a chair. And there is a simple way to make one. Let's move on to the next section, which is going to be using different horizon lines and perspective points to make your 3D drawing. 4. Perspective Horizon Part 1: Alright, in this section, we're going to learn how to draw perspective lines and using different points on the horizon to draw a 3D drawing. Alright, we're gonna make a horizon line right here. So I'm going to use 1 there on the horizon. And then all of my leading lines are gonna go up to that. So let's start with a drawing here of a road going off into the distance. Our lines are gonna go up to here. So I'm going to draw a road. And then we have the center line down the road. Next we have some trees. They're going to be closer up here in the foreground, and then they will get smaller as they get farther out into the horizon. Next, we can add some mountains up here on top of the horizon. Sure, to check out my other class on how to draw mountains. So we'll put mountains back here in the back and a few over here on the other side. And then of course, our little pine trees. So you can see they are pretty small out in the distance. And then of course there will be much larger here. All right, then finally we just draw our horizon line and remember to draw all your things. So anything that is crossing that line like this pine tree, make sure you draw that in the foreground. So you don't draw over the horizon line with that. If I had made a horizon line through that tree, it would look kind of silly. All right, there we have some mountains and pine trees. If you haven't drawn pine trees, you can go check out my class on how to draw pine trees. So that is using 1. Here in the middle. You kind of draw your attention to, let's draw another one down here. 5. Perspective Horizon Part 2: We're going to draw a, another horizon here. And we're going to use that 1 of reference right there in the middle, again, going to draw some mountains in the background. A little bit of a mountain range back here. And then we have a railroad line. So essentially you're kind of making a triangle here to draw our perspective lines, the railroad track itself. So those are lines for the timbers. Keeping our horizon level there, we can just draw our timbres that will go straight across. So if we drew a fence line right over here next to the railroad, all these lines would be straight up and down. So if we have all our fence posts going off into the distance, they're all going to be straight up and down, but they're going to be all in-between those two lines there. And then there will get smaller and smaller as they go off into the distance and closer together as well. So that is how you would draw a fence line that would be going off into the distance. So then drawing our railroad ties. And here, I'll shade in the sides of the timbers. Give it some detail. Now the same thing with this fence over their power line that went along the track over here. 300 draw a tall power pole here. Of course, they're going to get shorter. So we'll take our tallest one here and line it up to the point off in the distance. And make a reference line there. And then all our other polls are gonna go up to that height. So then you can add some texture. So that is how to draw a railroad perspective. So then you can just fill in your lines. All right, there we have a railroad going off into the distance. We also have a fence line, mountains back there, a little bit of texture. Let's go onto the next section on using two different points of reference for a 3D drawing. 6. Drawing Objects with Perspective: Alright, in this section we are going to learn how to draw a perspective, drawing, a 3D drawing. Now this is a great way to draw perspective 3D drawing of a box using two different points. Try not horizon here we have two points here of perspective for your line of your box was here. Your box lines will go down to the perspective points there on the horizon. So all your lines go down to that line. So from this point here, it goes down to that point there. And then all the box lines are going to be straight up and down. Then the other side of the box down here. It's going to be the same way. We're going to make this line end up going to that point there. And this line here is going to go down to that point. So then we have our box up here. Now if we draw our box down here in the middle, all of our lines here from this center point, again, are going to go to that point on this side, that point on that side. And then all the ones over here will be going to this point. Now this one, you probably won't be able to see the top or the bottom of it because it is right on the horizon line. Now if our box is down here below, again, making our lines go to that point. And now cross over each other. And that's where the corner will be. Soft boxes of high, you will do it like this. And the center here you won't see the top or the bottom. And then here on the bottom, you will just see the top of the box. We can go ahead and shade in side of the box. Another way to do this is to go ahead and draw a square here. And then I'm going to divide the square into thirds. And then if you were to draw a cross line between the square here, you can see that square going off into the distance that way. This one here, if we drew this line here to the middle, go through their same as the bottom one there that are all going to go to that center line there. If you can imagine all of these nine squares or a tunnel, they are all going down. That tunnel. Shade them darker on the inside and let them get lighter and the layout. So this is another good exercise to do to practice perspective drawings. So if you were to draw these in, I'll just pick a few of these. So you can see as they go in deeper, that tunnel is going to get darker. And then this one here in the middle is looking straight down a tunnel through and can't see the other side because it's so far away. It just goes into one single point here. But this is the other perspective of looking straight through a tunnel. So that is a good exercise for drawing perspectives of tunnels. And this one over here being a good exercise for drawing different perspectives of boxes. 7. Big City Drawing: Down here I'm going to show you how to draw big city. So we're going to draw our horizon line and we're going to put those two points on either side. And then right down here in the middle, I'm going to start with a building. And there's just going to be a vertical line going perpendicular to our horizon. And then that will give us the start of our city. And then if this is how tall this building is going to be, we'll just go ahead and draw that perspective line going down there. And this one going down the other side. Building their match them up to the other side. So there we have a building here in the center. And then all our buildings along the side over here will be getting smaller as they go away. They can also be varying heights. So again, using our front point of the building, the very closest point will use that to go to the perspective points that we've drawn on either side. So the bottom point here is going to go to that point over there. Since I don't have to draw through this other boning and we'll just stop right there. And then the top one will go down there too. And then using our perpendicular line, that will be the back of the building there. We would draw a taller building back here in the back. Maybe a little bit smaller. So every time you draw a building and we'll use that front point, the top ones are gonna go down and the bottom ones are gonna go up. So just add a bunch of them in here, make them all varying sizes. So then you can just come back with your pen and you can fill in each of these boxes or buildings. Just going to the bottom. Just making sure you just draw a building that you were drawing. Make sure to keep all your lines in the foreground over the lines in the background. All right, then you can add a road down either side if you want to. All right, so it doesn't just finishing your windows. Again using those 2's perspective lines like we did on our first building here. And the tall one up here. And you can finish out these other buildings that way. Let's get on to the next section with a perspective through us stone bridge. 8. Drawing a Stone Bridge: Once you've learned how to do some basic 3D drawings like I showed in the last couple of sections. Then you can use this to draw everyday things. And one of these I'm going to show you here is a stone bridge. Just right through here. We're going to draw a bridge right here. And I'll make a tunnel. And then of course down here in the tunnel, it will be going off into the distance there and out the other side. And we're just gonna make the same sort of square that is over here, down here, but a lot smaller. Because it is often the distance. Then we will just connect the corners. And then we can of course shade in like we did in that practice piece with the nine squares. Just shading in from the back. And of course, putting in some stone lines in here. You can add these perspective lines out here for the stone walkway. And they will just get closer together as they go out further, as if our light source is coming up here from the top, I will shade it in opposite sides of the light source. So there we have a stone bridge way. We can go ahead and fill this in with our pin. I'm going to make a wooden beam that goes across the top here. Add some wood texture onto that. So that is going to be our tunnel right there. Alright, so there you can see that you can use this in everyday drones as well and use those perspectives to give your drawings a 3D look. 9. Drawing a Home: And we will draw one more here. A little bit of architecture. I'm going to use that to points on the horizon method and kind of make a little house right here. So I'm going to use all these straight up and down lines and draw my house with that, making sure I am going to those horizon points. And then we'll have the roof here, which will go down to either side. So let's put some windows in here. We'll finish this out with our pen. So I'm gonna start at the base and work my way up. Anything in the foreground. I'm going to draw first. So I have some little bushes here, going to be a tree over here at this corner. I'm going to draw all the other straight lines. Then you can just go back through and add any more details you want to. All right, there we go. And that's hard to do prospective drawings with real life things like houses and bridges, as well as many other things. Just using these basics here with the horizon and these tunnels and stuff like that, we can draw anything with perspective in any drawing we do. 10. Perspective Drawing Project: Alright, so that's about it for this class. Thanks for watching. I hope you'll check out some of my other classes on fundamental things to draw with line drawings for the class project, practice those simple shapes using shading to make them a 3D object, instead of just a 2D object that you draw on a piece of paper and then go on to drawing one perspective point where you have a horizon line and you just have 1. So drawing all your lean lines going into that 1. This is a good practice piece right here with the nine squares. Just make a big square and divide it into thirds. And then practice shading with leading mine. And that will give you perspectives of going through tunnels. And then you can also practice using two perspective points like we did with these boxes. And then you can vary where you are looking from. If you were looking from above the box, you would draw it down here. If you were underneath the box or if you were at ground level, like we drew our house here. If you're at the ground level looking at this box shape here, we would draw all these lines going upwards. And then another thing you could practice is making a big city like this. Using those two points to draw all your lines two, and then using perpendicular lines making all the buildings. So I hope you enjoyed this class. Be sure to check out some of my other joins. Thanks for watching. I'll see you next time.