How to Create Animations for Youtube with Keynote | Martin Lehmann | Skillshare

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How to Create Animations for Youtube with Keynote

teacher avatar Martin Lehmann, Product Owner in Media Production

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (1h)
    • 1. Intro

      1:43
    • 2. The Course Project

      2:24
    • 3. Intro to Keynote Animation 1

      5:29
    • 4. Intro to Keynote Animation 2

      10:12
    • 5. How to Animate a Text Mask

      6:25
    • 6. Create a "Stomp" Intro with Music

      4:37
    • 7. Create a Cinematic Look

      2:01
    • 8. Ideas for Typography Animations in less than 5 Minutes

      3:17
    • 9. Animate a Lower Third

      1:33
    • 10. Animate a "Subscribe" Button

      9:19
    • 11. Exporting Your Animations

      13:52
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About This Class

Most Mac users know that you can create good looking presentations with Apple Keynote, which comes pre-installed on every Mac. But only a few know that animations made with Keynote can also be exported in various video formats.

In fact the export options that Apple added to Keynote will let you create videos you can upload directly to Youtube or other platforms in the web. 

You can also export them in formats that are usually only found in professional video applications like After Effects, Final Cut Pro, or Premiere Pro.

That is why it's a great idea to learn how to create animations in Keynote. It is easy to get started and you can master the program in a much shorter time than you could with animation tools like Adobe After Effects.

We'll start this course with an introduction to animation in Keynote. And with these new skills we then move on to create a number of animations you can use in your videos and presentations.

Finally we will look at how to export animations for video platforms and social media. Video codecs, frame rate, resolution, alpha transparency? This course has got you covered.

Meet Your Teacher

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Martin Lehmann

Product Owner in Media Production

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Transcripts

1. Intro: Welcome to this course on animation with Apple Keynote. My name is Martin and I work as a media producer, both for large companies and small agencies over the years. Whenever I was creating animations, I was using tools like Adobe aftereffects and Apple Motion. Over the past couple of months, I've come to enjoy working with Apple Keynote for my animation work, Adobe After Effects is a very steep learning curve. So if you're not a professional full-time motion graphics artist, but you do want to make your content more engaging and look more professional than Apple Keynote might just be the perfect tool for you as well. In this course, we will create a number of different types of animations that you can use to spice up your content. Will start this course with an introduction to animation in keynote. Will do that with a simple example that will teach you the basics. Then we apply these new skills for some more real-world animations. Will do intro sequences, will work with typography and will create assets you can use for social media. And then we'll wrap it all up with a look at how you can export your animations either directly to a platform on the web, like YouTube or Facebook, or use your animations in your video editing software. Whether that's Final Cut Pro, iMovie, Adobe Premiere Pro, or others. By the end of this course, you will have the skills to create a variety of animations that you can use to make your videos or presentations more interesting. 2. The Course Project: Let's talk about the course project for a moment. The idea of this course is to create animations in Keynote in order to enhance an existing project, either a video or a presentation, you may already have a project or you want to create one. As far as video is concerned, this could be a food blog and traveling log or daily vlog, business presentation, a product review, or a new show. All of these things can benefit from adding animated content to them. For instance, this is an iMovie project. Would you see here is footage for a travel video. Now the question is, how can this be improved by adding animation? And there's basically two ways to approach this. The first one is very strategic. It's where I look at the timeline of the project and then ask, Where could animations make this better for the viewer? For example, what about an animated intro sequence such as the stamp animation we're talking about in this course? Or do I want to show my social media and follows? I could also look at the different sections of that video and then ask, do i1 animated section titles or what it helped the viewer if I created a table of contents at the very beginning, so they can jump to a certain section right away. Now, what I will do more often, to be honest, is watch the entire rock cut of the video first and then try and get a feel for which part would benefit from animated content. Sometimes you have sections where there's a lot of talking going on, but very little is happening visually. And this could obviously benefit from animations. For instance, in this course, there is a video that explains keynotes export to video process. At the center of this process is the export dialogue. Now, if I want to talk for ten minutes and all the viewers saw during this entire time was this dialogue. They probably wouldn't like it very much. So I hope that gives you some ideas on how you can plan where to add animations to your video or your presentations. And by the way, if you look in for footage to use on your course project, you can check out pixels.com and unspliced.com. You'll find a lot of video and photo content there that can be used for free most of the time, even without having to mention the author. And here's one last tip. You can always download the keynote files provided in this course and use whatever animation is in there and change the text, maybe changed the colors, replace some shapes, replace some photos. But when you do that, you can get going really fast. So I wish you lots of fun with it, and I'm happy to seeing what you will create. 3. Intro to Keynote Animation 1: First I want to show you how to customize keynote so you can work a little faster with complex animations. We do this by right-clicking on the toolbar and selecting customize toolbar. Now we can drag buttons out of the toolbar to remove them from there. I will do that with our common button and the Collaborate button. Next, I drag a few items onto the toolbar. Number one is the object list, one of the best kept secrets of keynote indispensable for creating complex animations. The same goes for the four buttons related to moving objects behind or in front of other objects. Also, I'm going to bring the instant alpha button to the toolbar. Not something I use very often, but it is part of one of the probe workflows I will show you later in the course. And finally, I'd like to have the button for showing or hiding guides. Okay, we're already done with setup. Now let's have a quick look at the different types of media we can work with in Keynote. Let's start with a one will work with the most the shapes. If you click on this icon, you get a large selection of different shapes that come with Keynote. And Apple has just added a large number of new ones in their September 20-20 update. At the top, you'll find the basic ones like rectangles and circles, arrows and so on. Those are the ones I use all the time. In the other categories we have the more complex shapes. What is nice about them is that you can easily change their appearance, like color, border, and their shape. When you right-click on a shape and select make editable, you have access to its curve points. You can also apply more complex shape operations that you will know from programs like Adobe Illustrator. And we can break them apart. That way. We can animate all the individual elements that make up the shape. We can change sizes, rotation, and move them, change colors, and then animate all of that. Last but not least, shapes can be used to mask images. But the best thing is all of these operations are very easy to do. You find an example keynote file for download in the resources area. Next up in the toolbar we have tables, charts, and text. For now, I want to bring your attention to the media button. Here we find a few more options. The first is photos, which lets you select images from the Mac photo app. Then there is a simple image gallery feature only useful for giving life presentations. In my opinion, we have movies which I never use because while keynote is a powerful tool for making animations and exporting them to video. It's not the tool of choice for editing existing video. And since I'm going to finish my movies in a dedicated video editor like iMovie Final Cut Pro, Premier Pro. Anyway, it makes more sense to add any additional video in those tools. Then we have wept video, which is interesting for when you're giving a presentation because you can embed YouTube videos in your slideshow in have them playing even though you go from one slide to the next. But again, nothing we need for the purposes of this course, which brings us to the audio capabilities. So we can import audio files, which are then represented by these icons. This can be useful if you want to synchronize and audio effect with something that's happening in your animation. And for that reason we will work with an example in just a moment. But pretty much just like with videos, are usually prefer adding audio in my video software because I have more options. They're now generally you can always drag objects from finder windows right onto a slide. But we can also import PDF files this way. Or Adobe Illustrator files, which gives us the option to import vector shapes, which can be resized in any way we want without losing quality. So to recap, you can import video, but I don't do it. You can import audio, which I usually don't do either because both of these two are better handled in video editing tools. You can import pictures and you can import vector shapes, either in the form of PDF files or Illustrator files, or by just copying them from within the vector drawing tool. And then pasting them in Keynote. 4. Intro to Keynote Animation 2: Let's move on with the basics of animation. Animation in Keynote is organized in four stages. Let me show you what I mean by that. Let's first bring in something that can be animated. I go to the Shapes menu and search for a person. Let's pick this guy here and resize them. Now when I select him and go to the animation tab on the raid, I see three subtypes built in action and build out. The way this works is pretty simple. We use the built in animations when we want to animate an element from not visible to visible. For example, if I assigned a skid animation to this guy, he will come in from outside of the slide. I can't define whether that happens from the left or from the right. And I can set the duration for the animation and then preview the result. Let's move on to the second sub tab called action. The effects in this category will animate an object that is already visible on the slide. So for instance, I can make this guy bounce up and down a few times if I want to. The third category is labeled build out and is the direct opposite to the built-in animations. With the effects on here, we can remove objects from the slide, for instance, blurring them or dissolving them. By the way, the further down you go in this list, the crazier, the animations tend to be, particularly in the last section here labeled special effects. For now, let's use the smooth animation to make him look like a superhero. Okay, let's repeat this real quick. I go to the Shapes menu one more time and bring in this shape. Let's give her a built in animation. I'll go with the simple move in effect. Then I go to the action tab and give her the wiggle of fact. And finally, I want her to look as though she flies off into the skies together with him. So she gets a swoosh effect as well. So now it's time to have a look at what is probably the most important panel and q naught for animators, the build order panel. What we have here is every animation we have created thus far. By default, all of them are started by either a mouse click or a key press when keynote is running in presentation mode. Now since we're exporting those two video later on, keynote will play all these animations one after the other with a certain delay between them. And we can set that delay in the export dialogue. We'll have a look at that later. But when it comes to storytelling purposes, we want more fine-grained control, which we find in the build order panel. So let's create a story. Let's say the woman comes in first. So we drag her to the top of the panel. Then the mail comes in on position two, but we want him to appear right after her. So we set the star parameter to after build one, which is her, and set the delay to 0. Next we want him to do the jumping up and down 2.5th later. And then we want her to show her appreciation for his excitement by jiggling, which is right after built three. And then we want them to take off into the skies together. Therefore, we said this whoosh To start after 0.30. Start her smooshed together with him. And let's have a look at the full animation by hitting the Preview button. If we want to make it look a little more realistic, we can add a small delay in between effects that are set to happen at the same time. So I said her star delay to 0.2 seconds. And let's have another look. I think this looks a little more organic because in nature things really start happening at exactly the same time. Now, earlier I said there are four animation stages and keynote. We have now used the first three of them, built in action and build out. The fourth one is four transitions that happen between slides when we go from one to the next. In order to look at what we can do, we first need to create another slide. So I go to add slight and choose blank one. Then I go back to the first slide and make sure that no object itself is selected, because only then the animations tab will show me the transitions for slides. Here you'll find your typical candidates for slideshow presentations. But there's basically just one that is interesting for creating animations for video. And that's the one labeled magic move. If you've worked with animation software before, you're probably familiar with the concept of key frames. You can think of Magic Move animation as an animation between two key frames, where the first one is on the one slide in the second one is on the following slide. But never mind, even if you're not familiar with keyframes, you will see that magic move is very powerful, yet very easy to use. So in order to have magic move, animate anything for us, we need to have at least one element that exists on both slides. And since we're letting our two main characters fly away before the transition is even happening, we will have to bring in another element for this, I have prepared this image here. If you want to follow along, you can just use any image or shape. Now let's say this is a photo that they have hung on the wall. So we want to give it a nice picture frame just because we can't. So I select the image and go to Format and then to border, where I select the picture frame. And I picked the one that I like best. Now this looks good. In order to animate the picture with the Magic Move animation, I need to make sure it is available on both slides. So I copy it. Go to the next slide and pasted. If I now preview the transition, I get nothing because the picture looks exactly the same on both slides. What magic MOOC will do is animate everything that is different between one slide and the next. So I moved the picture to another position, make a bigger and de animation now looks like this. Like I said earlier, you can animate an object's position and size. And if it's a keynote shape, you can also animate its color. Now, there's one last thing I said I was going to show you, and that is how to synchronize a sound effect to an existing animation. For instance, we could give a little more life tour a couple here, I've created a collection of sounds that would fit their movements nicely. So I drag a sound onto the slide, which is then represented by the loudspeaker. And I can set up your properties and the formatting options. Like changing the volume, creaming and defining whether I wanted to keep playing across slides. For this to work though the sound needs to be placed on all slides. Otherwise, it will start playing after the transition. Now in order to synchronize it to any existing animations, I go to the build order panel once more. And there is my sound. I can simply drag it before or after any of those animations. The only thing that is different with sounds compared to other animation types is that anything that comes after a sound will start playing immediately once the sound has started playing. So the duration of a sound is not taken into account. Let's see what that looks like. As you can see, it's pretty easy to do just for the fun of it. Let me add all the sounds I have and see where we can go with it. Oh, I'm sorry. I guess I got carried away thereby the music. Anyways, as always in this course, you'll find the entire example in the keynote file that you can download if you want to have a closer look at it. In the next videos, we'll apply our new animation skills to some more real-world examples. 5. How to Animate a Text Mask: If you're familiar with creating basic animation in Keynote, for example, if you have seen the introductory video in this course, then you don't really need a tutorial that shows you how to use the standard text animations simply because they're really easy to use. The question is rather one of taste, what do you like? What I want to show you here in this video is how to create one of the most iconic tax animations in film and TV ever that is not part of keynotes dog, in effect. And that is a moving taxed mask. I start by creating some text. For this particular effect, it makes sense to use a bold font that is wide enough to allow a lot of the background, image or video to show through. And since in this course I'm using the avenue or next font-family, the widest style that comes with that is heavy. To make the effect even stronger, I can go to the advanced text options and decrease the character spacing by 4%. Now that I have the text, I create a color background by simply inserting a square shape and extending it so it covers the entire slide. Then I change the color to this orange, yellow color from the theme pellet. Then I pulled a background under the text in the object list. Finally, I also make it wider both on the left and on the right side because I need some extra background space for the animation, as we'll see in a moment. Now comes the masking part. I basically want to punch out the background with the text. If you're familiar with apps like Photoshop, you might expect to be able to just define taxed as a mask in Keynote, you can't do it that way, at least not yet. Keynote can do mass, just not for text, but we can achieve the same effect in another way. Let me show you how. I select both the rectangle, enter text and copy them to the clipboard. Then our launch, the preview App that comes with every Mac, that's the one that usually opens automatically when you double-click on an image file. Now, what do we need preview for? What he is a thing. Whenever you copy text and shapes and Keynote and paste them into Preview, they will automatically be merged into one vector image. Let me show you the way I like to open apps in general is by hitting Command Spacebar and then typing in the app there. I think that's the fastest way. And at the default language for you, Mac operating system is not English. The abbess probably not called preview, but whatever preview translates to a new language. Once I've opened preview, I go to the File menu and select New from clipboard. And here they are. Looks exactly the same way as what I have in Keynote. But like I said, it's actually merged into one single image. Now, in order to use this in Keynote, I just copy it here and preview. I don't need to touch it or do anything else. I'm just copying it. Back and keynote, I create a new empty slide. And now I paste the image from Preview. Again, this looks like what is on the previous slide, but it's actually not. It's a vector image. And that gives us two advantages. Number one, I can't scale both the shape and the text together. This is something I cannot do in Keynote. As you can see here. In this tutorial though, I will make use of the second advantage that images give me in keynote, and that is a tool called instant alpha. I use it by first making sure the image is selected. And then I go to Format Image instant alpha. If you know Photoshop, you probably know the magic one tool. Instant alpha works in a similar way. It selects an area based on color similarity. I just click on one of the letters and drag the mouse. When I do that, you'll notice a show called appearing. This indicates how many of the adjacent colors are included in the selection. Then are repeaters with all the letters in my text. Finish the operation by hitting the done button down here. As you will see, what this does is actually more than what the magic one tool in Photoshop does. It does not only select the area of the image, it also deletes the pixels in this area from the image so that now the text is fully transparent, and that is my text mask. Alright, let's animate this. First, I import a background image and drag it under the text mask. Now, for the animation itself, I have two options. The move effect for objects or the Magic Move effect for transitions between slides. I'll pick the Magic move just because it is faster to implement. I set the duration to six seconds and disable the ease in and ease out for this one because it doesn't really add anything here. Then I move the text mass to the right side of the slide until the text is just outside of the view area, and the yellow background covers the whole slide. Then I duplicate this slide and in this new slide, I move the text mask all the way to the left until again, the text is outside of the visible area. Now let's preview the result. Because we're exporting this for further use in a video editor. We could also leave out the background image here and add a background image or a background video clip in the editor later. In that case, we would tell keynote that we want to export the video with background transparency. You'll learn exactly how to do this in the video on exporting later on in this course. 6. Create a "Stomp" Intro with Music: In this video, I want to show you three types of animations that can make your videos look more pro and more interesting. And that all have one thing in common. They're so easy to do. It only takes five minutes or less to make them. The first one is what you might call a stamp animation. It's basically just a sequence of slides playing in quick succession. Speed is definitely one of the factors that makes this work. The other one is how they are synchronized to the beat of the music. And to start with a new project, I will use the theme called feature story. As always, I don't need any of the elements that come with it, but I do like the color palette that the designers that Apple provided for this theme. First, I create a new blank slide, after which I can remove the previous one. Pretty much all I need for my stamp animation is text. So I click on the text button in the menu bar, which inserts a TextField already centered in the middle of the slide. I increase the font size to about a 150, set the font type to heavy, and then I changed the text. And lastly, a change the background color for the slide. And then I select the slide in the navigator column on the left. I can then create a few duplicates by repeatedly typing Command D. Since the topic from my video here is the five boroughs of New York, I only need five slides in total. Now, I go to the first duplicate and change the background to another color from the color palette. And I also change the text. And then I repeat that with the remaining slides. That already is all I do in keynote. I'm not going to assign any effect here as the animation will basically be made in the video editor. In contrast to all other examples in this course, I will export these slides is images and NADH video, because images make it easier for me to arrange them in the video editor. I go to File, Export to images and select P and G from the Format drop down. The next step, I'm asked for a name. This will be the name of the folder that keynote will store the images in. Next, I move over to Final Cut Pro. This is my video editor of choice for this tutorial, but you can just use iMovie or Premiere Pro or any other video editor, as long as it has an audio wave form display, drag the slides from the folder to the timeline. And I also add a music file. Let's hear what it sounds like. In order to make my life easier, I go to Final Cut Pro is display setting and enlarge the audio wave form because that's what I would be looking at in the next step. The idea is to find a part in a song that has a strong and consistent downbeat. As you can see, the peaks on the wave form show me exactly what the downbeats are. All I have to do is move the transitions between the slides so that they line up with these peaks. And that's also why it makes sense to export the slides as images and not as video because you can stretch or shorten them as much as you want. Whereas with video clips, you have to work with freeze-frame or similar techniques if you want to stretch them. Okay, let's preview. Since these slides only give me a very short animation sequence, I can extend that by adding pictures and sinking them in the same way. You get the idea will come back to this project in the chapter about exporting later on. 7. Create a Cinematic Look: In this video, I will show you how to create a letterbox effect in how to animate it, letter boxing is the technical term for video that has black bars at the top and at the bottom. Traditionally, this happens when the film is shot in a wider format, then the one that is displayed in later on. But unless you are using very expensive Hollywood style cinema cameras, you're unlikely to run into the situation. But letterbox and can also be used as an effect because it instantly gives your video a cinematic look. I created a new slide and inserted a background image. Next I add two rectangles from these shapes menu, one at the top and one at the bottom. When I set the color to black or already have a finished letterbox effect. And if that's all you want, you can stop right here. But since we are in Keynote, let's use these to create an animated transition. I enlarge both rectangles so they meet roughly in the middle of the screen. Then I duplicate this slide and reduce the height of the rectangles. So they turn into my bars at the top and at the bottom. To finalize the animation, all I have to do is add the Magic Move effect to the previous slide and change the duration to two seconds. And that's it. But we don't have to stop here either. The Magic Move effect can also animate color. So let's set the color of the rectangle to orange on the second slide. And this is what we get. 8. Ideas for Typography Animations in less than 5 Minutes : In this video, we will look at another powerful text animation technique that requires almost no work because it uses one of the pre-built affects that works particularly well with videos. I duplicate one of the slides from the previous example. Then I copy the text and paste it a few times and change the text. And when I'm done with that, I select all of them. And go to the Arrange menu and choose a line object's center. In a line objects middle. While there is still selected, I assign an animation effect to all of that this time it's Drift and scale, which looks very nice out of the box. But what's more together with a drift affect those two are the only ones in keynote where objects are animated in and out at the same time. And that makes it especially useful for video. Now, I could leave it like that, but I want to show you two interesting variations. The first one is a change of direction from up to down. The other one is how we can use timing to create a sense of energy or urgency. I opened the build order panel, select all animations except the first one, and set the start action to with previous built. If I run this now it doesn't make much sense. But as soon as I set the delay to something like 2.5 seconds, which is 2.5th less than the duration of the effect. I get a very interesting log. In. In order to speed up the entire animation, I set the duration for all elements to 1.5 seconds and the delay to 1.25 seconds. You get the idea. Before we wrap up this chapter, let me show you another use of this effect with the texts are distributed across the screen. I resize some of them. And also in a second color for some more contrast. Now that the texts are no longer overlapping each other, I can also reduce the delay. 9. Animate a Lower Third: Here's one of our last examples in a simple but powerful texter fact series. This is the drift effect. As its name implies. This is similar to the drift and scale effect that we were just using, but it animate objects horizontally, which makes it especially useful for lower thirds or section titles. I duplicate this slide so that I can show you how the effect looks on top of a background image. Of course it will look very similar on top of a video clip. I create two texts. One will serve as a title and the other one as a subtitle. Like so. Now the trick is to assign a drift effect to both of them but with opposite directions. This one will go from left to right in three seconds. And this one will go from right to left in three seconds. In the build order panel, I make sure that both start at the same time with no delay. And this is the result. I hope these examples gave you some inspirations for how you can use simple techniques such as these to give you video or more polished look. 10. Animate a "Subscribe" Button: If you post videos on YouTube, you know, it can help to remind your viewers to Like subscribe and hit the bell so they get notified whenever you upload new content. And what better way is there to remind them with some animated our work? Of course, this can be done very easily in Keynote. Let's have a look at a few examples. We will be building One of them together and you find the other one in the keynote file in the download section. Once you know how to make one, you can pretty quickly figure out how the other one was made simply by looking at the keynote project. I started with a simple YouTube button shape. The rounded rectangle works perfectly for that. Since I want to make this one look like the real YouTube subscribe button, I'm going to cheat a little bit and import a screenshot that shows me the real YouTube button. In order to match this original one, I adjust a corner radius, the height, and the width. That looks about right. Then I simply use the color picker to get the color from the original. Like so, pretty easy. And I happen to know that the font they use is robots, which is not pre-installed on MacOS, but you can download it from the Google Finance website. Now, obviously you don't have to make it look like the real one, like I'm doing here. But it can be a good starting point. That's the button now onto the hand pointer. Interestingly, although there are so many shapes that come with the latest version of keynote, there is no hand pointer there, hands. And there are pointers, but no hand pointer. So I created this one in Affinity Designer. You also find it in the keynote file. You can use it if you like. The good thing about creating this inifinity designer or Adobe Illustrator for that matter, is that it's vector-based so I can resize it and it will always look nice and sharp. For the click event, I draw a few strokes that move away in waves from the point where the click happens and create the first line in place it at a right angle to the finger. Then a create for duplicates of aligned by holding down the option key and dragging away from it. I position them evenly around the fingertip. Holding down the command key, lets me position them without snapping to the grid. With that, let's move on to the animation. The idea here is to make something that looks a little bit more realistic in order to get a better understanding of what needs to happen when let's use the help of a flowchart shall wait. Now, I know this is a little bit overkill for a simple button animation. So just for the fun of it, let's try this. This is the flow chart showing the steps of the animation going from top to bottom. Let's put that in perspective and bring in the button here on the right side. The arrow will show us where we are. At the beginning of the sequence. The button is already there. The first animation is the appearance of the hand Pointer. Once the hand is over the button, we simulate the click. If you have experience with user interface animation, you know that button clicks requires something going down, either the button itself or as in our case, the finger and going down can be simulated by a scaling effect. It's rather subtle. Lo, Take a look. When this scaling animation is completed, there are two things happening at the same time. The lines come in and the hand goes beggar. Right after the line half come in, they need to be animated out. Again, a very subtle effect. And now that the click itself is done, the button changes its color and text, just like the real Subscribe button on youtube does. Finally, the hand moves away from the bud. There you go. Now that we know the order of events, it is easier to configure the animations accordingly. So let's jump right back to keynote. I started with Veda move from the built-in effects for the hand pointer, this could come from any direction, but from the top looks just fine. I also reduce the travel distance by a bit. I then move over to the action tab and pick the scale effect. We set the scale to 85% and the duration to 0.1%. I'd like it to be very subtle. Also, I set the acceleration to ease in only like we don't consciously slow down our fingers Before we touched something. So I wanted to look more like an abrupt stop. Then I select all the lines and assign that draw effect to them. With a duration of 0.20 seconds. I just have to make sure for every one of those lines that the direction is outwards. If not, I can just change it in this dropdown. Now, I want to connect these effects in the build order panel so that the image scale comes after the fader move with a short delay between them. And all of the line drawings come after the scaling with no delay between them. Next comes the button up effect, which is simply a reversal of the scale we did earlier. So I set it back to 100% and change the acceleration to ease out. And like we defined in the flowchart, this happens together with the drawing of the lines. After that I make the lines disappear by setting they're built out of fact to draw. Set the duration to 0.10 seconds. And I make sure that the direction is the same as before. And I make sure they all start at the same time. For the changing of the button color, I simply use the Magic Move effect because it's the fastest way to do it. I duplicate this slide and change the color from red to gray into labeled from subscribe to subscribe. Of course, I need to remove all the animations from the previous slide and the lines as well, since there are now being used on this one anymore. That's the color change. The only thing left to do is taking care of the hand, which is yet another fade and move a fact from the builds outlets. You still have to set the Magic Move transition though, in the first slide with a very short duration of 0.20 seconds and an automatic starred ones. All object animations are complete. And this is the result. For me. User interface animations really don't have to be any fancier than this. The goal is not to have the viewer think, wow, what a great animation, but rather give some movement to whatever is happening on screen that looks natural. Now, while we'll add the topic of social media elements, you can also use Kino too bold a card with your social media handles like the ones you are seeing here. You find them in the downloadable keynote file. Use them at the starting point or use them for inspiration. 11. Exporting Your Animations: In this chapter, we're going to look at the export options. What they do is turn keynote into a professional animation software, lightweight compared to some of the other options out there, but still professional. Without any further ado, let's get right to it and see how we can use them. So I go to the File menu, export to, and then select movie that will open up the export to movie dialogue. And I would like to go through these options with you and give you a best practice recommendations based upon my own experience. So let's start with the first option which is called playback. The one that you would choose pretty much all of the time as self playing, the other one being slideshow recording. What that will do is take a screen recording and an audio recording of your voice while you are giving the presentation in real time. But since we haven't done that in this course, we're going to stay with self playing. The slides option. This is where you tell keen or whether you want to include all of your slides in the video or just a subset of those. Then we have go to next slide after five seconds and go to next built after two seconds. Now, the idea behind those two numbers are since we're exporting to movie, there is no way that we can interact with Keynote and tell it when to go to the next slide or when to go to the next animation on a slide. Keynote will assume these default numbers that are put here. And those defaults are actually 52, which I find too long for when I further edit my video in another video software. So I tend to set them to 11 each. Now keynote also reminds us here that timings apply only to click events. Now if you remember when we created animations, oftentimes we would set the start parameter for those animations. By default. This is unclick. But we changed that to after transition or after previous build or with previous built. And whenever you make those changes, the numbers that are put here have no effect. And that brings us to the topic of resolution. Now in this drop-down list, there's two default numbers, 720 P and ten ADP. I never use them because when you do that, keynote will automatically pick the compression type and the frame rate for a video. And those defaults are not necessarily the best option for what you intend to do. So I always make sure I get all these additional options and choose Custom from this list. When you do choose custom though, you have to enter the resolution yourself in here. So for those of you who are not that familiar with video resolutions, let's cover some of the basics so that you can really make a good decision when you choose a number here. It all starts with the aspect ratio, which is really just the ratio of the width of your video and its height. And a very popular aspect ratio is 16 to nine. You would find this on YouTube, but it's also a popular aspect ratio on Facebook, Instagram, and many other platforms on the web. And then let's have a look at some of the resolutions that are based on this aspect ratio. Those numbers are actually just multiples of 16 to 93 of the most commonly used ones nowadays are HD, full HD, 4K. Oftentimes there are also referred to by the value for the height, which for HD 724, full HD as 1080. And if you remember, those are also the numbers for the defaults that keynote gives you here. So the question then, which one would you choose for exporting your video? And that really depends on what you intend to do with it. If you're uploading your animation straight to YouTube, then the best recommendation was probably full HD because that's kind of like the de facto standard on that platform. You can also upload. And for Kate, YouTube will automatically make full HD and HD versions available to its users. Now the story changes a little bit when you intend to export for further editing in another software. The rule of damped then would be to export in this same resolution as the one that you are using in that other software. So let's say I'm working on an iMovie project and the resolution of my timeline in iMovie as full HD because I want to export and full HD N1 uploaded to YouTube, then it would make sense to also export from keynote in full HD. Another option though, is to export in a higher resolution than the one you're working with in let's say iMovie or Final Cut Pro, because that makes it possible to scale up your content in the video editor. As you can see here, this is an animation I built in Keynote and it's rather small, doesn't take up much space of the slide. Now I export that and use it in iMovie by export twice. The first one is with a resolution of full HD. The second one is with a 4K resolution. And the thing is if I now decide to scale it up to make it bigger than, I'm really running into quality issues with the full HD export is you can see here, if you look at the edges there a Jagger, they don't really look nice. Whereas with a 4K resolution, I have so much more headroom and I can't scale it up, up to a factor of two and it will still look very good. Now let's have a quick look at two other aspect ratios that you might find useful, particularly if you are using your content on social media. This is nine to 16, which is really just 16 to nine on the side. And this one doesn't make much sense for YouTube. But you might find this useful for Facebook or Instagram, just like this one, which is one to one aspect ratio. Again, you find that on Facebook and particularly Instagram, and one common resolution that goes along with it is 600 by 600. Now there's a lot more aspect ratios that you may find out there on the web. I was showing you two of them because if you do intend to export in those aspect ratios that differ from the default 16 to nine, you have to take care of one extra step. And that I'm going to show you real quick. There's a project in our 16 to nine aspect ratio, let say one, export that to Instagram in a one-to-one aspect ratio, 600 by 600. What we need to do, we need to change the aspect ratio in Keynote first. Before we do that though, I create a duplicate of my presentation. So I go to File duplicate. Let's call the 600 by 600. And we'll see you in a moment why I did that. And now I can go to the top rate where it says document and then come down. Custom slide size and enter 600 by 600 right here. No watch out what happens to the slide underneath. I now have a one to one aspect ratio, which is what I want. But since the content was laid out perfectly for a 16 to nine aspect ratio, it doesn't work anymore. We have this whitespace on top and at the bottom. That's not what we want obviously. So before we export, as you see, it takes some extra work. But now that we have changed the aspect ratio, we can go to export to movie and change the resolution, in this case 600 by 600. And by now exported, it will work. Moving onto the frame rate. As you can see, Keynote gives us quite an extensive list of different frame rates. I would like to keep this really simple and just give you two best practice recommendations here. The first one being match the frame rate of your video timeline. That means if you're exporting to and other software, makes sure that in those export options, you choose the same frame rate as the one you are working with any other software. The second one being, if your video is going to be animation only, then the rule of thumb is pick the highest frame rate that the target platform allows. Now the reasoning behind that one is that if you mixing your animation with footage of real people than a very high frame rate may not be what you want because of aesthetic reasons, we're used to watching content of people in particular shot at lower frame rates. For example, in Hollywood up to this day, most movies are shot in somewhere around 24 frames per second. Tv oftentimes is somewhere around 30 frames per second. And that gives us a certain look. If you only have animations in your video, then generally, the higher the frame rate, the better those animations will look. So if you intend to upload your animation to YouTube, there's actually no reason not to go for the highest possible frame rate, which is 60 frames per second. Facebook and Instagram, I believe it's 30 at this time, but that may change in the future. Last but not least, let's talk about compression types. You could also refer to them as video codecs. Now, Apple gives us a very extensive list here of different codecs, and I'm not gonna go through each and every one of those individually. I will just give you my best practice recommendations so that you can make a good choice without having to know all the ins and outs of them. Now, when you look at this list, it really makes sense to put them into two separate boxes. H.264 is probably the most ubiquitous video codec out there. H.265 is sort of an updated version of H.264. It is better in that it creates smaller file size while maintaining the same visual quality. And because those two codecs create relatively small files, those are really the best candidates for export directly to a platform on the web. For example, YouTube and Vimeo, except H.264 and H.265, Facebook and Instagram as of right now only except H.264. Now moving on to the Apple progress Kodak's, those are best for exporting to a video editor, such as for example, iMovie, Final Cut Pro, the eventual result Premier Pro and many, many other, particularly if you're on the Mac platform. So one significant difference between all of these codecs is the file size they are produced. Now the numbers that you see here resulted from an example project that consists of two slides and keynote with a few animations on them. And then I export it that in all of these various codecs. And as you can see, H.265 really created the smallest file, somewhere around 300 kilobytes, H.264, little bit larger but not much. And then all the bromegrass Kodak's create much larger files. Now, obviously the advantage of them is that the quality that they retain as much better, which is pretty much the idea behind APA progress in that you want to use a strong compression such as with H.264 at the very end of your workflow. Now with that having said which one of the five should you choose? An electromagnet is really easy for you and narrow it down to just two. And a choice between these two is based only on whether you want to export your animation with or without a transparent background. Let's have a look at what we need to do to export with or without a transparent background. As you can see, we have five slides here containing different animations. On the first slide we obviously have a picture as a background. Now, that tells us that we probably don't want this to be transparent in the first place. So we'll leave it as is going to the next one. We have a black background. And if we look here on a format, it says we have color filter and on with a color black could change the color to red if we wanted to, but that's not what we want. Instead, we change the color fill to know Fill. Now it's still black, but during export, this will be treated as having no background. Now, The same goes for the three next slides. They all have a white background. Let's select all of them. Go to background and select No phil. And that's it. Now let's make this work. Go to export movie. And I'm going to change the go to next slide after 21 second and go to next built after 1 second as well. As you can see here, I have entered the values for 4K, which means I can later scale this up if I wanted to. I have 30 frames per second and I choose Apple progress for, for, for, for, which is the one that allows us to export with a transparent background. And we also need to check this checkbox export with transparent backgrounds. And then we're good to go. Here. We're in Final Cut Pro and are imported the movie that we've just export it in Keynote. And I'm using two parts of that. You can see here. I'm using the logo and as you can see, it has a beautiful transparent background. In order to make this stand out a little bit better from the video playing underneath, I've added a black shape and final cut with a reduced Transparency. And then we have the Subscribe button that I put here, which I felt works without the semitransparent black shape underneath. Let's see what this looks like. That concludes the export options. I hope you found this useful. I know there's a lot of technical information behind all of these options and we could go on talking about this for much longer. But if you have any further questions, please don't hesitate to ask them in the discussion section. Thank you.