How To Create Easy Templates For Symmetrical Motifs and Mandalas | Katia Galante | Skillshare

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How To Create Easy Templates For Symmetrical Motifs and Mandalas

teacher avatar Katia Galante, Surface Pattern Designer and Illustrator

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

10 Lessons (1h 27m)
    • 1. Class Introduction

    • 2. Class Project

    • 3. The Quadrant Template

    • 4. The Radial Template 8 Sections

    • 5. The Radial Template 12 Sections

    • 6. The Radial Tempate 24 Sections

    • 7. Refining Your Template

    • 8. Make the pattern

    • 9. Fluorishes

    • 10. Final Thoughts

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About This Class

Adobe Illustrator is a powerful program however, very often, we don't use it to it's full potential.

Did you know, for example, that you can build templates to draw symmetrical motifs and mandalas and you can see them develop in real time, under your eyes?

This is the beauty of the Live Transform Effect. This effect lets you manipulate the appearance of one or more objects, whilst keeping it editable from the Appearance Panel.

The best part is that you can use any of the tools to draw on your templates (Blob Brush, Pen, Pencil, etc.) or you can even use imported motifs and images to create intricate designs.

First of all I will teach you how to set up a simple quadrant template, then I will show you how to set up  radial templates with 8, 12 and 24 segments.

Afterwards, I'll show you how to refine your template, how to create a pattern from your designs (and export it for PODs such a Spoonflower) and I'll also show you how to download and use ready made flourishes for your motifs and mandalas.

By the end of this class you will have not only acquired the knowledge of how to create these templates, but you will have 4 templates you will be able to use over and over again!

PLUS I have added a bonus template you can use to draw tile-style motifs!

If you'd like to simply download and play with the templates instead of making them, or if you find it easier to follow the class by opening the template I created, you can download them HERE (the password is shown at the beginning of the class)

Once you have the templates why not use them to design mandalas for a coloring book? You can find step by step instruction on How To Create and Publish Your First Coloring Book by clicking HERE.

This class is for intermediate students who know how to use Adobe Illustrator already and have a knowledge of the basics of pattern making because, although I will guide you step by step to make the templates, if you've never used Illustrator you might have some difficulties in following the instructions.

For this class you will only need Adobe Illustrator and a good dose of creativity :-)

If you'd like to download the flourishes from Vecteezy the link is:


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Meet Your Teacher

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Katia Galante

Surface Pattern Designer and Illustrator


Hello, I'm Katia, an artist, Illustrator, Surface Pattern Designer and a free spirit! 

I was born in sunny Sicily and I grew up in my grandfather’s farm, surrounded by all sorts of animals and with a vast expanse of luscious fields as my playground. No wonder I love nature and all it’s creatures!

This love is reflected in my designs which often display floral themes, animals, and insects.

If you'd like to learn more about me or see more of my work or just would like to say hi the best place to find me is on my Facebook page or on Instagram or you can visit my website if you really want to know more about me :-)

I graduated in 2008 in Microbiology but my real passion, painting and being creative, kept coming back in waves until  I di... See full profile

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1. Class Introduction: Adobe Illustrator is a powerful program. However, they often we don't use it to its full potential. Me included. Did you know, for example, that we can build templates to draw symmetrical motifs and Mandela's. And you can see them develop in real-time under your eyes. That's the beauty of the life transform effect, which lets you manipulate one or more objects in real time and it keeps it editable from the appearance panel. The best part is that you can use any tool to draw on these templates. You progress to pen to pencil tool. And you can even use ready-made objects that you join somewhere else and create really intricate. For example, Mandela's Hi, I'm kinda, I'm a surface pattern designer and illustrator and I'm based in Sydney season. In this class I will show you first of all how to make a simple quadrant template just to get the hang of it, see how they transform tool works. And then I'll show you a little bit more complicated templates, which would be radio. And you will have 8, 12, and 24 segments. So you will be able to draw more complicated motifs, for example. And then I will show you how to refine your template and maybe add more circles so you will have more reference when you join and more lines for example. And then I will show you how to make a pattern with your motifs. Because that's what it's all about. Isn't it? Make a lovely pattern? And then I will show you how to export your pattern so you can upload it to sites like Spoonflower, for example, or the print-on-demand websites. And also, if you want, you can make Mondelez to make, for example, a coloring book instead of a pattern. And I have another class where I teach you how to make coloring books. So you can refer to that if you don't know how to do it yet. By the end of the class, you will have acquired not only the knowledge of how to build these templates, but you will have four templates that you can use over and over again. Because we will say that they must templates and you can build thousands of different motifs. And I added a bonus template for you to make a tile style patterns. If you prefer to simply download the template and play with them, or if you prefer to have them. And open way you follow in the class if it makes it more sense for you to look at them well, following my sections, then you can download that template from the link I gave you in the class description. And the password for it is this class is for intermediate students who know how to use Adobe Illustrator a little bit, at least already, and have a basic knowledge of pattern-making. Because although give you step-by-step instructions, if you've never used Adobe Illustrator before, you might have some difficulties in keeping along with the class. For the class, or you need His, your Adobe Illustrator. I'm using the latest version of Adobe, which is I think 2021. I'm British show a few previous patients will be more or less the same. And of course, you need a very good dose of creativity. So if you're ready, let's get started. 2. Class Project: Your project for this class is to make one or better still all of the templates I'll show you. And then make some fun motifs and patterns and upload them in the project section. I can't wait to see what you create. 3. The Quadrant Template: Hey there. So in this lesson, I'm going to show you how to make this template, which okay, it doesn't look like much, but it's the easiest template we're going to make. And when you finish, you will be able to have this quadrant template a bit like you have in Procreate. So you can drop it off and it will be reflected in the other three quadrant. And you can do different petals, but also you can use it for a four petaled flower, like a rosette for example. And of course you can try and make a better circle. And then you can do like a petal like this and decorated with thoughts and things and Doolittle, extra petals, their cycles. So I wanted to show you how to do this template. All right, so the first thing we want to do is to create a new document. So we've got to create new. I already have here a document 100 by 100 pixel. This is the sides I like to work with. And I quite like that is a square. So to do this sort of transformations is best to our squares. And you can, I have here RGB, 72 ppi doesn't really matter at this point when you put it in here because this is just a template. We're going to use the motifs made with this template in another document. So you can just change it as you like, but I leave it as it is. And then here we have the artwork. And the first thing we need to do is to do a guide. So I'm going to take this segment tool and draw a line. If you hold down the Shift key, it will be vertical, line and horizontal. And then what I'm going to do is in the align panel, make sure it's aligned to art board and center it horizontally and vertically. And same thing here. If you don't have this Align panel, you can go to Window and Align. And then we need to open the Layers panel. And I'm going to call this guide. And I'm going to make these icons actually a bit larger if you want to do that as well. In case you go to Panel Options and you go in here, you can choose the size of your little icons here. So if I put large, you will be able to see it a bit better. So this here, I'm going to go to view guides and make guides. So now the light blue and these are our guides. I'm going to lock them. And I will make a new layer. And I will repeat again two lines, one horizontal and one vertical and horizontal in that order. So Case center these as well. And these lines would be useful to us when we do the transformation. So illustrator will know what we're talking about, where we tell him to rotate and reflect our object to that. We're going to draw here. This one, I'm going to rename it to work. So while we're on this layer, I'm going to do a little object here. Somebody like a petal, for example, doesn't have to be perfect. So if I open this, we have this type of structure. So we have our little object there. And the two lines, we need to select the entire layer. And we go to Effect, distort and Transform, Transform. And the first thing we need to do is to reflect this. And we need to make a copy as well, because otherwise it will just reflect it and you won't have anything here. So we have one copy and is reflected and we hit Okay? And now we need to fill these other two quadrants here. So we go back to Effect, distort and transform. Everything is still selected. We go to transform and it will say that we're about to apply another effect to something that was already an effect, but it's okay, That's what we want to do. And now we need to reflect it. So we do a 180 degrees. And if you hit the tab key, it will show you the preview. And as you can see, it will reflect it here. And we need another copy. Okay, So basically that's it. We've done the template. So now whatever we draw here in, be repeated in the rest of the template, what I'd like to do is to look these two lines as well. And let's try it and get the Blob Brush 2. And here we go. So as you can see here, there's one more thing we need to do. Because if we draw something like that, it will. If you have a look here, it will show you the overlap. So you have to be careful, more careful the media. But whatever you draw like this, he will show you the overlap. So what I like to do, unless you want to have an overlap, that it's an effect that you might want. If you don't want that to happen, we can add a clipping mask and don't worry, don't run away. It's easy. I show you. So what we need to do, it say, get rid of this. We need to do is in the layer just below where it says artwork. So in this layer here where it says line, we're going to draw a circle which will be touching the sides of the output. So I'm going to the Ellipse tool. I'm going to put it in the center here. And it will say intersect. And then I start drawing the circle. And don't do this. So we need no fill and no stroke. Let's go back. So we're back here in the intersect. Start drawing the circle and then press Alt, Control and Shift. And it will keep the circle in the middle of the artboard and endure it all the way up to the sides of your artboard. And then let go of the mouse and then the keys. Now we have the circle. The next step is to go into the Properties panel. If you don't have a here, always go to Windows and properties. And we just need one wedge of the circle. So we need to basically cut the circle to have just one. Whereas here, what we need to do then is go to the More Options, this little dots here. And there is this PI start angle icon here where we write 90 degrees. And in the end we write a 180 degrees. Okay, So as you can see now, we only have this section of the circle here. The rest is disappeared. However, we need to expand it. So first of all, expanded from this panel, the properties panel. So where it says expand shape, expanded there. Then we go to Object, Expand. And now it's a no fill and no stroke line world, which is now we can use this as our clipping mask. So it's, it's here. We need to deselect everything, so just click somewhere in there for nothing needs to be selected. Don't select anything like this year, the dots. So it needs to be, the layer needs to be targeted as just to make it different from selected. Otherwise it might be confusing. So we target the layer, don't select it like that. Just tag it. And then we go to this hamburger menu, this little lines here. And we say Make Clipping Mask. And thus that is made a clipping mask. And you can see here it's underlined. So that means it's a Clipping Mask. Alright, and you can see it or highlight or show it. And now if we go back to our blob brush tool, hopefully should be working. Let's try it. So we do our petal and we'll go over, as you can see, is clipped it. So if I hide the clipping mask, oops, not that one. This one, you can see there is a little bit of a ranking this side. If we show it, then that a little bit will be removed and you won't see it. Now of course, you might want that sort of effect because let's hide this for a while. And we can do something like that. And you have this effect. So with a clipping mask that weren't sure, of course. So it depends on where you want to do, but it's nice to have it there as an option. And as you can see, it's not difficult. And of course, if you have any questions, you can always ask me. So now the next thing to do, I'm going to actually look at that as well. And I'm going to delete everything. So now your document should look like this. You have your artwork layer. This, you have your clipping mask, you two lines and your guide. We need to save this as a template because we don't want to do this every single time, right? So let's save it as a template and you can go back time and time again and reuse it. And you don't have to do this again ever unless you lose the file, but don't do that. So let's go to Save as Template. So I'm not going to try and save it in the Illustrator templates folder because it will ask you for permission and you will have to do you will have to fiddle with a few things, settings and things that I don't really like to do that because by chance you might mess up something and then your illustrator doesn't work anymore. And I don't want to be blamed for it. So, and I don't want to mess up my template, so I won't do that. So here I already have. So to save it, I just create a folder in my computer with a title, my templates for example. And you can save them. They're already saved this one, but I'm just going to show you anyway. So if you write quarter template and it will give you this extension a IT. So that's the template. You save it. And then when you want to use the template, you go to File New from template. And you go to your firewall, you saved it, you choose the template. And then at this point it will come up as untitled, know as template. So you go to the layer artwork, you do your drawing. So let's see. Oops, we're not showing the clipping mask layer ago. Actually, I wanted to do something more like make sure you are in the artwork layer when you drawing. Otherwise it might not work. Let's pretend this is a circle. I tried to do better. You can use, of course, the pen tool, the pencil to you. You don't have to use the brush tool For center things. You can mix them. For certain things. It might be easier to do, like if you want to do a circle, but this is not too bad actually. And then I will do Plato. You go one k. So we can leave it like that for now, I think. Okay? And you can do your declarations, all sorts of things. Then when you have your motif, what I like to do is actually make a copy of this layer. So if you want to go back, change something here, because this is not very complicated, but you might have done something a bit more complicated and you don't want to lose it. Because what we're going to do now will basically give me, get rid of all the possibility of making any change that is symmetrical IDs. So I'm going to show you anyway, just in case I'm not making any sense. So we click and drag this layer where the plus sign is, and as you can see, makes a copy. So we can look and make this invisible. And we can work with this layer. Might just put it at the bottom here. The rest we need to unlock everything and just select everything properly they guide could misstate loved. And then we go to object, expand appearance. So this gets rid of basically most of the players. And what we need to do next with everything still selected. We go to the Pathfinder menu here, and we go to marriage. And this basically gives you a motif that you can use in another document. So let's say we want to make a pattern with this. So we create a new document. We created CMYK 300 dpi. So we go back to this one. We copy it, control C and control V. And now we can color it. For example, if we take the packet through hoops and I'm going to use a color palette. I have, because these colors that have been too exuberant for me. So let's just think this and then something green. And when we do the cycles, I think the cold and maybe an orange for the center. And then of course we need to expand every time you use the bucket tool. So Object Expand. And then if you want, you can, of course have added it will a bit of, you know, not, not going to care for a bit just to show you, but you can be more precise. And I'm just double-clicking. So I got to the black layer. And at this point you can do select same fill and stroke. So it will select all the black and you can delete it. And you can have this sort of effect, or you can give the black stroke, add another color if you want. And you have a little flower the UK use for your pattern. And of course you can do different flowers. You can go back to your template, for example. You can open a new one, of course. You can. Let's get rid of that one. Go back to this one and I think it's probably best to open a new one, but you can modify this or you can delete it and make a new, a new flower. But I do like to start afresh. You don't need these anymore is to show you the one to use it anymore, then you can just deleted, close the file and that's it. If you want to keep it for the future, then you can do that as well. So this was the quadrant template. And then in the next lesson, I'm going to show you how to make a different type of templates a little bit more. I don't want to say it difficult for a little bit more complex, but still is not going to be that bad to do. Once you've done this one, you will understand how to do the other ones, and I'll show you anyway. Okay, I see you in the next lesson. 4. The Radial Template 8 Sections: Welcome to this new lesson. So in this lesson I'm going to show you how to set up this template, which is a little different from what we did before. It's got more sections. So it has eight sections. And you can use it again to do a different type of motifs. And they will replicate what you do in one section, in the other ones. So it's quite nice to make your flowers some declarations. All right, so I will show you how to do this. And actually if I delete this here, you can see that the setup is slightly different from the previous one, but not so much is mostly the guides and the clipping mask. Alright, so to do this, we need a new file. So again, 100 by 100 is my favorite. And it's quite good to have the square for this type of templates. And we need the line again. So segment and I took her a long line, hold down the Shift. And then I'm going to center it. So we go to Effect, distort and Transform, Transform. And we need 45 degrees. And we need three copies. So here I just scrolled with my mouse up and down and it makes, it changes the number basically. And it shows you with the preview what it will look like. All right, so that's OK here. And now we want to first of all expand the appearance. So we have all the lines. And then because before it was just a transformation. And then we go to View Guides and make date. So we have the guides and this one we can call guide. And I will actually lock it so we'll move anything by mistake. So let's make another layer and call it the artwork. And in this layer, I'm going to do the other gates that we need to tell Illustrator where it needs to do the transformations. So we center this center one and the other. So they are perfectly in the middle. And then in here, we're going to do a little petal again. We go and we need to select everything like we did before. So we go to effect, distort and transform, transform. First thing to do is to reflect the object and create one coffee. And we say, Okay, then with everything still selected, we go to distort and Transform. Transform, apply new effect. Because he will ask every time unless you say don't show this again. And then here we need a 90 degree angle because before we had 45, so 45, 45, 90. And we need, Let's see how many cookies we need to treat obese. And it will reflected in every section. And we say for k. So we have set up the template. And actually I will show you in the appearance panel. I'm not sure. I I don't think I showed you this before. So if you want to see why you do, you're just formations were what you have done. You need to have your objects selected. Because if it's not selected, it will show you here. It's selected. If it is like this, just go to the fx and it will show you the transformations. And if you click on the transform here, this is the first thing we did reflect a one copy. And then this is the second thing we did, 90 degrees and three copies. So from here, if you make a mistake, you can go back and change it. You're going to have to redo the whole thing, which is quite useful. All right, so if we go back to the layers now we can set up the clipping mask. Some going to actually give you that for now. And again in the layer, underneath the artwork layer, we do. The ellipse, make sure there's no fill, no stroke. I mean, you can change it just afterwards. You do day to day lives for the sake of time. So start to click and drag, hold down the Alt Control and Shift key or command Control and Shift key. And just go up to the size of the artboard. And then release. And then we go to the Properties panel. And here we go to the little dots again and to the Feist data Angolan by NDA angles. So in the start we use 90 degrees. And then in the end we use under 35. And as you can see, yeah, slice there. So click away from this window, so it will close it. And we need to expand the shape and Object Expand. So now we have simple no fill and no stroke segment. So click away. We don't want anything selected. We just want their artwork layer highlighted. And then we can go. So before I showed you from this menu, you can go to make clipping mask. But you can also go from this little icon here which says make Release Clipping Mask and just keep it. Click it and click that. And you will see there you have a clipping mask here. I'm going to make this bigger again because every time you have to do it. So there you go. So at this point you should have this set up. So you have your artwork layer, and inside that layer you have your clipping mask, few lines. And then there's the guide in a different layer. So I'm going to lock all of these cues are the 12, move anything by chance. And then let's try it. Okay, so it's working. So we have our template here working. And then you can just experiment, do your thing. And at the end, you can expand this the way I'm showing you before. I will show you again. But first of all, I wanted to save this as a template. So we'll go to File, Save as Template. And we can save it as a radio eight segments or whatever. It makes sense to you. And hit Save. And then we go to File New from template. We open this one. And now we can do whatever we like to do our flower. And then of course if we don't want to use the clipping mask, then we can just not show it for your sample. You just have to be careful because I wasn't very careful before because there was the clipping mask. So you can see this little overlapping there. So I might just do this. And let's see, Sunday liver. So when, when you're ready, again, would make a copy of this. So click and drag it to the plus sign and make it invisible and rocket. So you have something to go back to if you want. And then this one here, I will unlock everything. Because if you have things logged and you select everything and you go to object, it won't let you expand the appearance. So this won't work. So it needs to be everything unlocked. You select from here, from the little dots here. So you select everything on the layer, object, expand appearance. And then we go to the Pathfinder and manage. And now we are our motif. And you can crop it invested in do your, your button. All right, so in the next lesson I'm going to show you how to do one of these with more sections. So you can still use it to make your motifs or you can use it even to make a Mandela, for example. And I will also show you how to do a template with even more section where you can do even more complicated motifs and even different types of Mandela for gear. See you in the next lesson. 5. The Radial Template 12 Sections: Hello, welcome back. In this lesson I'm going to show you how to do this template, which is a third section template. And again, you can use it for motifs like flowers, for example. Copd. This one is already with just a couple of strokes. And again, it has a clipping mask so you can use it or not use it. For example, let's see. If we don't use the clipping mask. We can do the usual sort of squiggly line. And we get different effects, which are quite nice too. So it depends, again where you want to do. And for this one, we just need a few more lines. The principle is the same as I showed you before, but I want to show you how to do this one as well. So we're going to again make a new file. 100 by 100 is the one I always use. And for this one, again, we need the line. So let's get the segment two. And just do a line, quality 0 line. And I will center it. Make sure it's always aligned to the art board. And now we go to Effect, distort and Transform, Transform. And we need to rotate it 30 degrees. And we need, I think it's five copies. Let's check. Yes, five copies. Alright, so we want to make a guide with this, but of course we have to expand it first. So Expand Appearance from object. And then we go to View. Guides, Make Guides, and now has become light blue. And we can lock this so we can't do anything to it by mistake. So I make a new layer. And again, our goal, this torque and sink on small again. Let's make it large so you can see it. So in this layer artwork, we do again the two lines. So the vertical. Don't forget to keep the Shift key pressed when you do this. So we align these two, the outward again so they are centered. And now we have this setup. So we have artwork, the lines, and the guide. Forget to tame it. So gate, user after name it, of course for I find it easier to just recognize them straight away where they are. So in the artwork layer, we'll do our usual petal and then select everything. And we go to effect, distort and transform. Transform. First thing we need to do is to reflect our motif here. And that's all for now. And if we go to the appearance, we can see the first transformation. So with everything still selected, we go to Effect, distort and Transform. Transform. Yes, won't apply new effect. And now we need to rotate it 60 degrees because it's 30 plus 30. And we need, I think is five cookies is faculties. Again, if you're not sure, just try and then it will show you as long as you have the preview, every time you hit the tab key, then they will share the preview. Or you can just click and click preview and it will show you the period. All right, so thus the template set up. Now we can set up the clipping mask as well. So do you have about to do that? So in the layer just underneath the artwork layer, we go to the ellipse tool where you can just type L on your keyboard. And this time I'm going to put no fill and a stroke before. Let's see, make it a bit bigger. So if we go in the middle, click and drag and then hold down the Alt Control and Shift game and make the circle. And I think if you're on a Mac, it's Command, Control and Shift, you need to hold down. All right, so again we go to Properties, we go to the three dots for the more options. We start always with 90. And here in this case is Andrea and plenty. And you can see we have this section here. All right, so just click to somewhere to close. When this is open, if you click somewhere here, it will close this little window and you can go to expand shape. Because if you click directly on expand shape like that, I wouldn't do it. It would just close that, close that little window here. So expand shape and then Object, Expand. And now we have that little section, no fill and no stroke. And in here, nothing selected. We have this layer highlighted. We go into the little squares here, make Release Clipping Mask and click it. And now we have the clipping mask, which we can look. I look everything. Make sure you are in the artwork layer. And let's try it. So I get this broke brush through two with the Shift B. Or you can go in here and the little menu here on the side, and et cetera. Okay, So the clipping mask is working and we can do nice flower like that. Or if we turned it off, we can do something like this. So depending on how you like to do your motif, you can switch it on and off. I quite like this to make flowers because with just a few strokes, strokes you have lovely flower details here. And you can do different lines and different things. That's quite nice. And then again, you need to expand it and then go to the Pathfinder and use this one here, the major one. It's just the same procedure when you want to save this as a motif to use in your pattern. Of course, don't forget to delete this. Don't forget to save this as a template. So we can say this, save as template. We can save it as radio. 12 segments, for example, or whatever name you like. And then you can just open. So New from Template and then Taiwan there. And then you can do your designs. If it's, sometimes if it's selected, you will see the ghost image here. So it's basically where you put on this side. And if you use the clipping mask, you won't see it. But of course it's still there. And this for now until you expand it. All right, so in the next lesson I'm going to show you how to do one of these templates with more, even more sections. And thus really good for a Mandela. Because as I mentioned before, you can use this for Mandela's. So you can do little shapes and then build it up. Do a little, I don't know, ovals and things and little decorations. And if you build it up like this, you can make Mondelez with it. So you can just, you know, the limit is your imagination. You can just do anything. You can do little dots. You can vary the size of your brush and do different type or things like that. And of course, don't forget that you can use the pen tool if you like. So oh, this is actually with a fill and look at that. It's really incredible what effects you can get. But if we take loops, simply this. So if I put a stroke and no fill, then let's see what comes out. And then of course you can make the stroke a bit. If you selected, of course, a bit thicker. For example, I don't know. You can do all sorts of things with these templates. You just need to have lots of imagination and just play with it and see what comes out. You see just by not even meaning it. I made these funky shapes. So that could be already a motif for a pattern. Maybe you can do something else since I hear some dots or lines doesn't really thick. Can, you can play with the width of the lines. So there you go. This is, if you do a bit, just a little bit slightly more precise, you can have some that are already. So it's of entertainment. All right, so I will see you in the next lesson. 6. The Radial Tempate 24 Sections: Hello, welcome back. So in this lesson I'm going to show you how to do this template here, which is a little bit more complicated, but it's just a matter of adding more guides, more lines really. If you see the setup is similar to what we've done before, and it makes more complex design. So let's see. Again here I have a clipping mask so you can do different things and you can go over it in one shop. For, Let's see, if we take we switch off the clipping mask. We can do or use your squiggly lines and you can see the different effects that you can achieve. For example. But you have to be careful when you get to the line there. Because otherwise we go over and you can see it. Unless of course you want to do some delay that, for example. So let's see. Please just come play and as you can see, you get a more complex, more complicated design with this template. So I'm going to show you again step-by-step how to do this one. And then in the next lesson I will show you how to add, for example, circles and other guides to this template. So you will have more guides to place your strokes, for example, but one thing at a time. So let's make a new a new document. 1 ten hundred, ten hundred, you know the drill by now. And we have our blank document. So again, we need to do a line segment and make it a bit longer. Okay, So I will center it. And again, Effect, distort and Transform, Transform. You will not use this with your eyes closed by the end of this class. And we need here 15 degrees. And then if you click here and you scroll your mouse, you can see how many copies you need. It's 11 copies. You can just type 11 if you know already or you can just go slowly when you mouseY, you will see that this forms. So, okay. So again, we need to expand it and make the guide with this. So view guides, make guides. And then we have, and then just got a locket. New layer. Again, this one is their work layer. In this layer, I will place another couple of lines. So horizontal and vertical, and make sure they are aligned. You go. So we can switch this off for now, but we'll leave them on so you can see better. So again, we need to do a little something here. So little object. What trustee pedal? More or less and we select everything we'd go to Effect, distort and Transform, Transform. And we need to reflect it first of all and make one copy. And okay. So in our appearance panel we are that first transformation. And then with everything still selected, we go to Effect 3D. Now. Okay, I was only joking, distort and Transform, Transform and apply new effect. And in here we need an angle of 30 degrees because we had 15 plus 15. And let's see how many copies we need. I think we need 11. Yes. We need 11 copies. And Okay, and that's done. So now we can already draw on our template. Of course, we don't have the clipping mask yet, so we can do that. So we go to the layer where it says line the one underneath the artwork. We select our ellipse 2. We don't want the fields, so no fill, no stroke. Tried to put it in the middle where it says intersect. They go. And then Alt Shift and Control 0. Command, Shift and Control, and drag the circle out. And would it selected? We go to Properties, the three little dots. 90 again, and here is 105. There you go. We have that little section now in here. So again, click somewhere here to close that and expand the shape and object. Expand. And we are done. No fill, no stroke shapes that when he did. So click somewhere so we deselect everything. Again. This layer targeted the artwork and as I showed you before, we go to make Release Clipping Mask. So now this has become a clipping mask and we can lock everything and making sure we are on this layer, the artwork layer. We can try the template, test it. Let's see, really will give me the these. And so with a clipping mask, of course we have this effect without we are this effect. And can do our usual flower. And you can just play for hours and hours with this. So then we have another template. We want to again see this as a template. Don't forget to do that. So File Save as Template. And this is a 24, yes, 24 segments extension AAT for template. And then File New from Template. And we open these and we can play, and you can use either these or the other, the previous template for Mandela's because dab more sections so you can do more things and you can play with it different ways. So try different shapes or this and this one. And you can do little decorations. You cannot even an ellipse, for example. So a little circle. And you can put it here and you can make it the biggest stroke. So it will repeat everything you put in there in sections. So you can even use motifs that you add. Don't be for reading made motifs. I will show you actually how to use some flourishes that you can find for free on the Internet. So you can use those flourishes to make really amazing. Mandela says well, or motifs. If you don't want to make a Mandela. And I show you that in another lesson. Okay? So I see you in the next lesson. 7. Refining Your Template: Hey there, welcome back. So in this lesson I'm going to show you how to add additional seconds to your template. So you will be a bit easier for you to draw. Let's see, let me show you what I mean. So New from Template. And of course you can't change your actual template by saving it again. Or you can just do it once and then don't, don't keep it in your template. So I'm going to unlock this momentarily. So these are the guides. And if I am in this layer, I'm going to click on the Ellipse tool. And for now I'll just leave the stroke so I can go into the center and then all down the old controlling shift key and then make it another circle. So I can make one here, for example. And of course you can just make sure that it's aligned LIDAR. And then I can go again in the center here. Say center when you have your guides on. And you can make another circle, maybe around here. And of course he's got a fill so you won't see the older one. Let's get rid of the field and this one as well. So you have this extra two seconds here, which you can, of course. Let's see if we can change the color to a light gray and not that one, this one to a light gray or maybe you can use a light blue. I'm not just something that you can see. So let's see, maybe gray. Okay. And then you can lock it. And then you have an extra section for you basically to, to help you to make different sections. So make sure you are in the artwork. And then you can sort of use this new section. Or it says paid gray. So it doesn't matter. So you can use this new section to help yourself. Help you see exactly where you need to go. And of course you can make more of these circles. So let's give these, Let's see if they are looking at and go here. Let's go to the synthetic gain. It can make us more than one here for to some bone and make it gray again. So once we don't kid, then we can go back to that torque. And then they say, I want to do, as I always do this as small petal here. And then another one here. And otherness something else here. So as you can see, it makes it easier for you to see where everything is. And you can do the sections. And of course you can use the pen tool for example, or this is called Curvature tool, I think is in the more recent versions of illustrator. But it's quite useful too. I like him more than the pen tool, to be honest. And of course you can always adjust these lines before you expand them. So this is just the direct selection tool. So the line was a bit off there and it just adjusted it. And you can do the same thing here. So this is done with the blob brush tool, but again, you can do a little adjustments. And maybe I can add a circle here. And just do that. Make this stroke a bit thicker. So as you can see, those lines can help you. Also. You can add another segment there to help you father. So let's see, let's make a line with a segment tool. And we go make a line here. And let's make sure it's in the middle, and it's right in the center here. Maybe we do it, the thing. Okay? And then with the rotate tool, we can press R on the keyboard. It's makes sure we set the rotation right there. And then if we press Alt and click, this little panel will appear. And we can rotate it. Let's see, 15 degrees and think. Yes, 15 degrees, this case. It's spelled good. And this line again, we can do it sort of gray and we can locate. It, didn't change it, of course. Like that. And then we can lock everything. And so you have an extra line there. So if we go to the artwork layer, Let's say for example, you want to have something that it's kinda, every time. It's sort of pointy here, for example. So something like that. It's not the best, but you see what I mean? So if you use the pen tool for somebody who can do something like this, just an example. So if you wanted to have something that points there or if you want to have an extra sort of guide there that tells you where the middle of that section is. Then you can use this extra line. And you can use this section as a center of a petal for some both. So you can add more sections as you like, more cycles just to make your life easier basically. And in the next lesson I should, I'm going to show you how to make a pattern with a motif that you have created like this. So I will see you in the next lesson. 8. Make the pattern: Hello, welcome back. So in this lesson, as I mentioned before, I'm going to show you how to do a little motif, how to make a pattern with it. So I do like flowers, so I always tend to do shapes that includes flowers. Let's see. Just one little thing I want to mention here. If you see my lines, they tend to smooth when I do them. And this is because if you double-click here, you can choose how smooth you want your line. So how did fidelity to your mark is set? So if you have a very accurate setting here, whatever I do, it will stay as it is. So if my hand is troubling them, mike will be the same. If you double-click again and you put it in the middle, is more or less like add here. And if you pull a smooth, it will tend to smooth the lines. You see that make them nice and smooth. So sometimes it might be too much. So I tend to do either leave it here or in the middle. Maybe here it's okay for what we need at the moment. So I'm going to get rid of these and see something it up a little bit higher. And you can do flourishes like this. Maybe. Let's see if I can do a little center. And then like I did before, I'm going to make a copy of this and make it invisible and locate this one. I will unlock everything and then select it and Object, Expand Appearance. Go to my pathfinder and marriage. So now we have our motif. Just going to make a new document. So 1 thousand. And in this case, if you want to make a pattern for printing, then you need a CMYK color and high resolution. If it's for the web, then you will need RGB. So create books, still at the previous one. Okay, so Control C, Control V. And we can color this. So if we get the paint bucket tool, which is either here or the letter K. And I do love shortcuts. So I'm just going to get my color palette because I read the lake illustrators colors. And in fact, I'm going to give me though these because they just confusing me. Okay? So if we have this selected, then we can choose a color and start trying out the colors. Of course, this is something quick, just to show you how this works. So it's not going to be anything fancy. Let's see that. And we shall we put an amino, same color, okay? And we can do maybe the black lines as well. Okay? So once we have our colors chosen, then we need to expand because we don't want this object and not responded to make a pattern. You might mess up your pattern. So expand. And then if you want, might make these a little bit smaller. You can do this manually so you can make copies and arrange it the way you like. Or you can go to Object, Pattern and Make. And it gives you straight away and or chin. Then you can change for somebody can do brick by row, you can do brick by column. Exactly know. Something like that. I quite like this one. So it's like a half-drop more or less. And you can change if you're highlighted, scroll your mouse, you can see it will change. The distance, both the width and height. So you can make them a little bit, give them a little bit more breathing space. It when we make the same, the same numbers. And then when you're happy with it, you just click Done. And let's see, let's make a square and your pattern will be here. And there it is. So that's the button. If you want to add the background, which I strongly recommend. What I normally do is because at the moment is say there's no back-end. I will drag this out from the swatches panel. Just click. Good. All right, so I tend not to use this tool because see it does weird things to your button. But if you want to use it, feel free to do it this way. If it saves time and if it's something simple I that is done in like how long did we take two minutes, not even anyway, back to the background. So we need to ungroup this hip. You can right-click and Ungroup. And then if you hover here, you can see there is a rectangle here. So this here, if you do Control C and Control B, you've created another one behind. Then this selected and then go back to select the one on the top. And if you want to have a look at the layers, you will see the new one. Now. You have, the one you have selected is at the top. And this one is no fill and no stroke. That's important if you know how to make buttons. And then yeah, you can give it a background, so a color. So we have the rectangle with a color at the top, the other one, no fill and a stroke and the back. And what we do is we take it as it is, don't change anything else. And we drag it back here in his watches panel. And now let's try it. And now we have a background. So see there was quite easy and you can do this with any button you make with a pattern-making tool. So just make sure that your ungroup it and you make another copy, but then you select the rectangle that is at the top to do the, to use it as your background. And if you want to use these to upload on, for example, Spoonflower, then you would need to have a, an artboard that this is actually the same size as your background here. So what I do usually is select the background rectangle, Control C and Control B for the back. So it's now it's best that the back. As you can see, we have another one here. But this one here, it doesn't really matter where it is because at the end of the day we're going to do Object. Artboards, Convert to AdWords. Now we have an output that is exactly the same size as our background. And if we look at the artboard here, if you don't have it, always go to Windows and you will find it. There. There's two, there are two artboards and this is Article 3. And show ways gone from one to three. But there you go. That's illustrated for you. Okay, So, and then of course, when you upload something on Spoonflower, I always recommend you go into your background color, a new selected, and you pull it out slightly. And if you hold down the Alt Control Shift, it will pull it out in all directions the same time. And it can be just a few pixels like this. It doesn't have to be a huge amount. And then where you want to do is go to File, Export, Export As, and you use the nodess. Flower. I don't know, very creative, but make sure it's a JPEG. And make sure you click. Use Artboards. And of course, select the artboard, which I think here it just gives you the option of 12. So export. And then you choose for Spoonflower is RGB. And it will be a 150 PPA. And of course, at optimize and okay. And if we go to the folder, I just saved it in the template. You will see that it saved it like that, like a tire and you can upload it on Spoonflower. For other PhDs like red Barbosa said six, you don't need to do this little trick here, but sometimes with Spoonflower, you will get a white line. Even if you pattern works perfectly in Illustrator, then you might get the white line anyway. So I always advise to do this. And of course, if you want, you can also save it exported, I mean, for web. And it will give you the same thing. So we save the tile. So you just have to choose JPEG. If it's not there. Sometimes it comes out as a PNG or JPEG, and that's it. You can just save it and you will save the tile as well. So I always do export. Different people like to do, do this in different ways. And you can always do different motifs. We'll template. So just come back to your template. You can use different templates as well. For example, you can use the the way you say it, 12 segment this time. And just make sure you here and make a different flower. Delight up it. Again. Otherness, something quick. So let's make a copy. Okay. Locate and then this one we're looking at expand. Mitch. It's giving you these things. So you have two motifs to play with. And you can make copies, of course, you make your pattern. And then you can add the three for all different motifs. And then you can make your pattern that way, which is also fun. So you can really use so much, so many different options for you. You can use all of the templates and showed you to make different motifs and then put them all on the same pattern, for example. All right, there's one more thing I wanted to show you, and that is how to use the flourishes you find online. So I will do that in the next lesson. So I'll see you there. 9. Fluorishes: Hey, welcome back. All right, so in this lesson I wanted to show you how to use ready-made flourishes. For example, you can find online, there is a website called vect easy, where you can find free vectors, v vector design. So here for example, some of them. And you can search for some vectors or just put like flourish. And you can find these sorts of things and then it will soon you all different sorts of designs. And you can see some of them say free, some of them don't. So of course these ones you will have to pay. It doesn't say free to download them, but these ones are all free to use. Maybe sometimes you have to reference the person that made them, but otherwise they are free to use. So you can go on this website, you can then click, Choose your design you want to download and then Free Download. I think you have to register, but it's free anyway. So when you have them saved on your computer, you can just so you will need to unzip the file because they would come in to download as zipped files. But then you can just go File Open. And so I downloaded three for example. So let's see, open this file. Just listed the ones you, and then you will have here the motifs that you can use. Sometimes I like to have a look on the layer to see what's going on. These are all different paths grouped together. So if I copy one of these and go to my template, I opened the 12th segment template. And wait a minute, let's see where we are. So artwork. And if I put this here, as you can see, as soon as you put it in the red segment, you will have your design here and you will repeat for the entire around the entire template, the same as if you would enjoy yourself. And this is quite nice because it forms this shape is closed shape. And then of course you can add as many of these as you want. You can make them smaller. You can play with this as much as you like, so it will put it somewhere in your document. Let's see if I can make this model where you don't see a straight away probably. But you can always, of course, move it like I did, make it smaller, I just did. And then there you go. You can make your own sort of flourish Mandela type of thing or a motif. So there's loads and loads of different flourishes that you can use. I can open another one. Let's go back. Let's open this one. Yes. Okay. And you can see this decimal classical ones. I'm not sure this would work. Let's see. Somewhere like this. Okay. That's unexpected. So, yeah, as you can see, you can have some unexpected results from the things use. But then again, you can make them smaller. You can adjust it, you can move them, you can rotate them. So lots of space to play really with this. So there's another option. This is another way to use your templates with something already made. Of course, you can use something that you have designed somewhere else. For example, if you'd like to draw on the iPad, you can draw things on your iPad, send it to yourself, image, trace them, and then use that in here and this type of template. So it's just fantastic the way you can use these things. And I'd like to show you something else just quickly. So let's make a new document. So let's align straight line, a couple of points. Then I will draw an ellipse, something like that, and I give it no stroke and black field. Then if you select the anchor point tool, which is usually underneath the Pen tool, you can make this a bit more pointy. And we made just this, make it a bit more like a leaf. Okay? And then if I select these two and select Align to Selection, they should align. Maybe not quite, but just make sure they're sort of aligned like that and they're going to move them down. So the line does it showed the bottom. And I'm going to maybe make it a bit smaller and make a copy of this. So hold down the Alt key and drag it afterwards with the Shift key. Hold down as well. And then select these. We actually need to turn this. So with the Shift key to turn the honest site. Okay, so now we can make the brush. So we go to the, to this menu and we do click new brush, pattern brush. Okay? And we select thins. And for now on touching thing is we can change it afterwards. And I select tins so we can change the color of the stroke afterwards. So let's try it. Okay, That's our brush. So it's like a little leaves going up and it looks okay. But other lake, how it ends. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to make another leaf and put it here somewhere there. We're going to make it smaller. Like that. Okay. Let's see how it looks like. So once you've done your other leaf, you can click hold and drag it to this square here, which is the start of your, of your stroke. And it looks huge, but don't worry, he's not going to look like that when we actually use it. I hope. So. Let's try it. So we have our brush stroke. And there you go. So what we can do now is we click on this option of selected object and we can change, for example, the sides. You can make it smaller like that. And you can also change the spacing. But I think in this case, it's not going to do it. It depends where you have here actually as well when you use as your design for the brush. Okay, let's try the sites. And then let me see. It was 51 percent. So if we want to change the actual brush and we can double-click here. And in the sites there, we can put 51%. And it will ask you if you want to modify your strokes. So yes, we can modify the strokes. And then of course, you need to save this if you want to use somewhere else. So my gave me do these other brushes. And what you do is you go to your menu and Save Brush Library. And you give it a name and leaf brush. And then let's go back to our design here. And we go to this little icon here, and we go to user-defined. And we click on the name that we gave it. And there it is. And then we can use it here. So if we click on B, and let's try, it might be too big, of course it is, but we know how to change that. So we click on it, on the stroke and we go to options of selected object. And we make it smaller. And then we can, we can move it. We can adjust it like that. For example, with the anchor points, we can make it straighter. So there's different things. Of course there we can we can do and you can do all sorts of pressures like dads, you can use different things. You can use a little hearts. Oh, flower. So whatever you like. There's no limits to the imaginations, right? So I think this is also for this class, and I hope you liked it. And if there is anything you want to ask me, Just don't hesitate to reach out. Happy creating. 10. Final Thoughts: Well done in completing the class. I hope you had fun and you didn't find it too difficult to make the templates. And now you have all those new motifs you can use to make lots of different patterns. And why not maybe Mandela coloring book. If you'd like to keep in touch, you can follow me on Instagram at category and the art. Or if you want to know more about me and my work, you can check out categorically attitude come. And of course, if you want to keep up to date with new classes coming up, then please hit the Follow button, just appear and you'll be notified straight away as soon as you know new class comes out. If you have any questions about the course, then just drop me a line in the discussion section and I'll keep an eye on it and it will try to respond to you as soon as I can. Thank you again for joining me and I hope to see you soon in my next class. And fun, Bye.