Hollow Lentil Beads | Joanne Tinley | Skillshare
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16 Lessons (2h 11m)
    • 1. Hollow Lentil Beads

      3:04
    • 2. Hollow Lentil Beads - materials

      3:41
    • 3. Hollow Lentil Beads - equipment

      4:10
    • 4. Hollow Lentil Beads - soldering equipment

      4:32
    • 5. Hollow Lentil Beads - texturing

      12:26
    • 6. Hollow Lentil Beads - cutting the discs

      6:20
    • 7. Hollow Lentil Beads - annealing

      4:58
    • 8. Hollow Lentil Beads - doming the discs

      12:01
    • 9. Hollow Lentil Beads - preparing for soldering

      11:46
    • 10. Hollow Lentil Beads - safety and soldering with pallions

      24:37
    • 11. Hollow Lentil Beads - soldering with paste

      8:56
    • 12. Hollow Lentil Beads - drilling the holes

      14:32
    • 13. Hollow Lentil Beads - tidying the edges

      3:10
    • 14. Hollow Lentil Beads - polishing

      6:58
    • 15. Hollow Lentil Beads - final thoughts

      1:49
    • 16. Bonus - how metal width affects rolled textures

      8:29

About This Class

Learn how to turn simple silver sheet into beautiful tactile beads! These hollow lentil beads are addictive to make, and have so many uses. I've used the two in this project to make two very different pendants (have a look in the projects section of the class to see the second pendant!), but you could use them for bracelets, earrings or even make a whole string of them for a stunning necklace!

I have packed a lot into this class. Not only will you learn how easy it is to form these beads but I will teach you two different methods for soldering them together, and discuss a third method as well. I've also added in some great tips for texturing thin metal sheet with a rolling mill too. You don't have to use a rolling mill to decorate these beads though - hammers and texture stamps also give beautiful results!

One of the great advantages of all hollow forms is that they allow you to produce larger pieces without spending out on large amounts of silver. You will use relatively thin metal sheet to produce these beads, but the beads will remain strong because of their shape.

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The Hollow Lentil Beads class is part of a series on Intermediate Silversmithing. As you progress through the series I will help you build on the skills covered in the Silversmithing for Beginners series, encouraging you to create more complex projects. I will always take you through everything you need step by step, and include troubleshooting sections where appropriate too. We will be covering soldering, various methods of stone setting, etching and more. This class will add more advanced soldering techniques to your list of skills as well as teaching you more about texturing with a rolling mill.

Transcripts

1. Hollow Lentil Beads: Hello. My name's join Tinley. I'm a jewelry designer on shooter from the South Case, UK. Welcome to Holland. Forming hollow beats is a great way of creating a larger piece of jewelry, easy to use on his own or to use with other beads. That doesn't use a great deal of silver, because we're going to be using it to see in a later section class we're going to be using quite thing silver sheet. We can get away with that because the shape gives the beats a lot of strength. These physical eventual beats after shape with lentil seeds, the slightly flattened round by convex seeds. Because they obviously mimic the shape, they're essentially formed from two discs that are doled on, then sold it together. Cutting informing the discs is actually quite quick and easy, but it is the soldering of the two together that requires with patients on some previous experience. And that's what makes this part of the intermediate silversmith ing Syria's classes. I'm going to demonstrate to you two different methods for soldering these beans together while using solder paste on one using solder, Palin's on I'm also going to discuss 1/3 message with you so you can get out of this for us as an extra for you in the class. I'm also going to be showing you some tips for getting a really lovely rolling mill texture out of relatively thin sheet, usually in classes. On the instructions, I sent out my text sheets. I said that you need thicker sheet. I d know Reston 0.8 millimeters or 28 sheet to get a really nice crisp texture because you need that amount of material very one sheet to be pushed into the recesses of whatever you are, rolling it through the mill with thing sheet doesn't have enough material present to push into those areas to create the boss texture. But I'm gonna show you a couple of chips to get around that problems. You can get a really beautiful rolled texture on to the bees. Of course, if you prefer to hammer the texture in or choose texture punches or even just to leave the bees completely screwed on a plane, you could do that as well. But one thing I'm going to keep coming back to mention several times is that if you want to put detection thes beats is important to do so before full, you cut the discs out. So if you're ready to start lonely all that, that's have a look at the materials on the equipment that you're going to need to make beats. 2. Hollow Lentil Beads - materials: Theo. Only material you need to make thes eventual shaped hollow beads is so metal sheet, and you can get away with using much thing a sheet than you might expect for quite large beads. So this be, for example, that some examples out, so that must make life easier when I'm talking about them. These beads, this one is about 20 millimeters in diameter. On it was made using sheet about, you know, 200.6 millimeters thick. So let me see. That must be a 22 gauge, maybe a little bit a little bit less than that which, if you were making a flat piece of that size, you need really no 220.8 millimeters. That's 20 gauge. I do know that. OK, remember that one? Um, just for this the strength but the shape that you're putting into the beats, the dome ing that, due to a decidedly does make it nice and strong. Thes smaller beats think these middle ones, which about 16 millimeters and diamond to these about of 30 and 40 millimeters diameter these ones that were made using not 400.5 millimeters sheet in these, either not quite five or you could even go down to your 50.4 for this size if if that is what you had. So they said this is a project where you can make quite a large piece for relatively out of a relatively thin sheet. Eso It doesn't actually cost you as much as you might think for a live beach like this, so I've got some no points. This is no went seven sheets. This is some no 70.4. Um, this was this started out as no 0.7, but maybe had deceived them about the light, but more. It's already got a rolled texture, and it's been to the rolling mill from my text cheats that's picked up a nice tactile texture, which means that it's now a little bit less than 0.7. It's about no point eso it's about 0.0.66 millimeter thick. This against you can see this what was on the passenger little bit obvious on this one. Um, they started out as again, but such as about 0.6. I think of your being rolled through, and it's gone down to just above no 0.5 millimeters in sickness. So this one is, uh, wide enough music app to cut out a couple of small destination. A small bead. I might do that. I might use this for a couple of beads, but it's actually thicker than it needs to be for very small beads. But because its really textured, I could still use it being nice to you Sat texture. This is a really good project for using up small pieces, using up little bits of scrap like this You might have left over from other projects and for the beats. As I'm going to show you here, I'm actually going to use some no 0.5 millimeter sheet on. I'm going to roll it a little bit. Singer whilst I'm putting a text, you in it just like a raise, show you that you don't need very thick sheet to make these beats. 3. Hollow Lentil Beads - equipment: thing is the main equipment that you need to make these rental beads there. Some piece of equipment that you might use for texture ring on all that show goes to separately. That's that These are the main hand tools, so these beads start off as two discs, so we've got a disk. Attar to cut out those disks makes life a lot easier on Duthie Old Hammer. That you can see here is the one that I used to hammer the punches that has cutter through the hold through the sheet to form those disks whilst it is performed, it's time to shape thumb on, going to be using a domain block to do that. I've got both metal on wooden punches here, and I'll talk to you about when it's suitable to use a different types. And then the old hammer will be used to hit those punches. I was put another cushion underneath to was like a disc attar or drumming block or the steel block that you can see here is, well, the time you could use so support work for text during just to support the tools on door, so to keep the noise down yet. I've got a six inch flat file that's going to be used to prepare the don't disks ready for soldering together in pairs. I've got or so couple things here that will help me drill the holes in the beads with a Sharpie to mark where the holes need to bay a trying to the needle file to help me to prepare where the holes need to be. Of course, something to draw the house with. So here's my bench gel on. I find this the easiest thing to do holds with. I taught you a little bit more about possible alternatives when we get to that stage moving on to the text string tools. Now, one thing I'm going to keep coming back to in this class it is that it is very important to texture the metal before you cut the discs out. Any texture mustard you use would distort the desks on. Therefore, they wouldn't fit nicely together. So second annual here we say more times, you Nichols texture the metal before you cut the discs out. So two of the options may be the cheapest options are to use Hamas to be a beautiful textures into your silver or two metal you're using and certainly the cross being hammer. I've talked before in different classes. Metal moves at right angles to the head of the hammer. So for cross being hammer you. If you were to hammer the disk, it would become oval certainly would not fit nicely together, but even use just using a sore born paying hammer. The other hammer that you can see here. You don't up distorting the edges, so hammer the sheet, then cut discs out. The other option again. You still using a hammer is using texting punches and some of the examples here with stars and flowers and dots and different shapes on them. You get a whole massive variety of different texture punches nowadays, and you could use him to texture, either with the way across the piece of silver that you want to use or just put a few here on there. I'm sharing the old hammer again because that's what I use to hit the texture punches with the wood used on my text during hammers because it would damage those hammers on when you're hammering to get the best results. Whether you're using a hammer or a texture punch. He went to support your work on steel block with a leather cushion underneath, again to keep the noise down. Protect your desk from it. 4. Hollow Lentil Beads - soldering equipment: thing is the soldier equipment that I use for all of my small projects, such as earrings and sore pendants, everything sitting on a couple of slate tiles, a heatproof surface to help protect my desk on my work sits on a couple of soldering bricks or soldering blocks, while some heating it up. One of these soldering bricks is made of a softer material than the others. Because it's softer, it's picked up some dips and some cracks in it. It's being used over the years, and these could be very useful for supporting work that isn't completely flat. The charcoal block is there because I melt small piece of scrap on top of that on. Do they form nice of my balls as I am used to decorate my projects when I need to pick up my work or to support it whilst I'm soldering? I used reverse action tweezers that you can see here, and I've also got a pair on a stand through 1/3 hand, and it's there when I need 12 on extra hands to help me out. The blue handled stick is a soldier pick on and that I used to push soldier move it about to make sure it it's exactly where I want it to be. Soldier usually comes in strips or sticks. Andi, I've got three different melting temperatures here that I using combination for different projects. The soldier gets cut into small pieces or Palin's you ting. The red handles snips as I keep those little pieces in the labeled boxes that you can see do. Make sure that you label your boxes because once a soldier is cut up, you won't be hard to tell which is which. Melting temperature. My curl over the ends off the sticks of solder start. I can't tell which melting temperature they are. The more cold over they are, they're higher. The mountain temperature, bright yellow liquid is a flux. Solder won't actually flow out through the joining unless you use of flux with it. Andi, the paintbrushes. What I used to apply the flux to the joints in my work. Small projects like hearings only need a small blowtorch, and I've got two different makes of those here. Both of them are easy to refill with the gas that comes in aerosol cans. Since the same type of gas, butane gas that you use to refill cigarette lighter, bigger projects such as Bangles and our dependence, you're going to need a bigger torch. Otherwise, you're not going to be able to get the metal up to the soldier in temperature that you need showing the big torch on this small torch next to each other. For comparison, you can buy specialist doers torture's with separate gas canisters. But for beginners, a D. I. Y plumber's torch is using more affordable on dfars more easily found Justin. Anything I Y store do. Make sure, though, that you get yourself igniting torch. It's a lot safer. The torch itself is the black section with the handle and the red ignition button that screwed onto the gas canister. Once gas canisters empty and you will be able to tell because your flame will start to get very graceful. Then it's time to screw in a new gas canister, and in some areas you can recycle the old ones. At the back of the picture, you can see a slow cooker that Scots a very mild acid solution, go to safety pickle in it. When you heat silver up, the surface becomes not darker and dirtier looking that some of the capo in the study silver reacting with the heat and auction flame to four cause copper oxides on the safety pickle clean. Citicorp oxides up. Before you put your work in the safety pickle, it needs to be cooled down or quenched in a pot of water. Andi, you need to put your work in and out of the safety pickle with brass or plastic tweezers. Not the stainless steel ones that I showed you before and last, but definitely not least our home safety glasses. You've only got one pair of eyes. Look after them carefully. 5. Hollow Lentil Beads - texturing: mill texture both of them I'm going to use to different patterns from my late and great texture sheets. And the reason I'm using a rolling mill love than a hammer texture or texture punches is I want to take the opportunity to give you an extra tip to help you get the best texture possible when rolling thing sheet. Normally, I recommend that the finish you use for this is about not 0.82 millimeter or 20 gauge sheet . And that's because when you go thinner than this, there isn't enough metal available to push into the texture. There isn't enough to move about, and that's actually true. No matter what you are using to text your sheet, whether it's a piece of lace or a skeleton, leave not just with my Texas sheets. If your cheat is too thin, you will not get a good impression because there's not enough metal available to move about and to take the impression off material that you're using. Unless you use this tip, I've really texted one of the pieces off metal that amusing Andi Amusing. It's scattered daisies design. You can see the flowers and the leaves. There also see the piece of texture sheets I used you might be able to see is I moved about so you can see I think, there that that is a line. I put the top there. It's it's a bit more uses I What is it that kind of angle? Onda or second see online? They're my finger that's catching it. So the heat of sheet actually fitted into, um, that section off the card on. I cannot bear to get another texture from this other pattern, actually sending the silver through on maybe a tighter setting, yet another pattern out of that bit and serving. I cut this often. We use that section there, but this sheet was about no 0.5 millimeters thick. It's a piece of already started out as no 0.7. I rolled it down to thin it out on dive, made certain that it is our big enough to cut two discs of the size I want out of it, so that's ready to go. But other said it's no 0.5. Normally, that would be too thin to get such a good impression. That's a really good impression. But what I did was add a little bit extra material behind the silver. I created a still the sandwich with another piece account. And again, you can see the area that that piece of silver fitted into signals to see that both pizzas a sheet a curved because that section I was stretched out the section around. It wasn't so much. And that's cool is the sheet curve is going through the rolling mill. But the silver was sandwiched like so between look and see there so in a cardboard, and that's given a really good impression. You might actually also got to see on the camera that I can get the right light. But, um, my have to come in for a closer look on that we'll see. Um, but it's actually the card. Here is the same type of cards that I used to later and gave in to is enough cutting of that, um, that cards actually picked up. But have you boss texture from this as well? Andi, also a sheet on the back where the card has helped to push the silver into that texture. That back is a little bit recess. Can you see it there? Very subtle texture on about that. I give. Think of a really lovely look. Now, of course, we won't see that have been hidden inside the bead, but I want to point that out to you. So adding another piece of hot girls Shim, another piece of material backing behind the piece of silver gives some extra materials, allows this piece of sheets of the silver to be pushed in to the texture to give you a better pattern on thinner sheet. So quite simple to do on. I know when to do the same with this piece. Actually, at this point will also show you that reminder that sending the material through the rolling mill obviously stretched it out, and I sent it through that way. Not that way, because the wider the piece of silver, the piece of any metal that you send through the rollers to tell you one time, the tighter the rollers need to be because the pressure from the road is spread out across a wider distance so that before more pressure needs to go through that way than to go through that way to make my video for yourself and send it through the neural weight whenever possible. So I'm going to cut a piece of this card off certain. I've got another piece to make a sandwich with of the Barcelona beads pattern on that piece of silver. Andi, I'm going to put another texture into the silver with the royal mail. I just wanted to show you a quick shot of the top of my rolling mill. My destined mill has got ah, gauge up at the top that you can't actually use a c gospel truth for the, um the distance markings without for the millimeters and the inches it a run here because as sometimes you need to do but a maintenance, just the role is a little bit. Those are not always going to be 100% accurate, but they are a really good indicator to help you set up your rolling mill on what our particular and show you is that there are marks up at the top here. Different college Sharpie marks. I've put to indicate where I set the rollers for different projects. I do. I've also got a table notebook with are drawn up that says, but this gauge or sheet at this whips with this particular type of in Boston material. This is the rolling mill setting that I need. It is really worth taking the time with your rolling mill to do the same. Bending a bit of time, maybe, with some copper sheet, different thicknesses and different wits with some of the materials that you know you like to send for the rolling mill on due to a bit of experimenting to get think of things I've got here to get some indicators set up, so it's a lot quicker and easier if you setting up your rolling mill each time you want to use it for this type of job. And if you use my texture sheets, I help you by sending out a protest of peace of card of textured card that you could use to help you to do this. So I set up my rolling mill. Already, Teoh takes a second piece of sheet. It's the same setting sail for the 1st 1 so I know it's good to go, but a good way of starting to set up the rolling mill of not certain where to start. It's to put your layer of material, your boss material, the metal sheet using and maybe the extra piece of car boys I'm using this time. Put it between the rollers, tighten up the rollers so it's really nice and snuck. Make a note off the setting on the gauge or if you haven't got a gauge, you've just got ah, cock up here. Maybe put a mark or sticker on the cock of the front senior, which set it back up to open up the rollers, take out your metal sandwich, tighten up the rules back to that mark on then another. I use you another half turn of the wheel again, and that is usually a pretty good setting on to start with that you can and a just a little bit, a little bit tight a little bit, Lee said, to get the perfect setting that you need. But I said I just wanted to show you this is the mind of have set up the rolling Well, I'm going to move the camera so you can see the rollers on was sent to the second piece of silver, which is actually what we need to do for the project. Right then, I've got a piece of sofa the piece off the texture she each Andi, remember have cut this longer than the piece of silver because this is for Stretch the college would try to put won't really stretch out. So it needs to be longer to compensate. To cover the whole of this holding silver on Got an extra piece, that card to put over the top. So send it through I despite the Moti mill moving, do you see it lift a couple times moving a little bit? It's actually putting. Look at that beautiful texture. Show you a closer view in a moment of both the sheets. But the texture on their has come out absolutely beautifully. Head is put a little bit of attacks you on that that piece of card as well That is enough. I love texture. Left it in a that piece of sheet for me to give another use it as well. And I didn't realize sitting may inch of how a so so hard to host down here, you see, that has recovered at least just show you this is this is the life class. So you need to set that up. I in the future want to set this up on a much, much sturdier table so it doesn't move an inch. While I rode it through what you would actually make, things are not easy to roll through. And that's how you we should have a rolling of setups. Us or there's Something is really sturdy, so whatever it set on doesn't to move. However, the teaching room that I use might be classes is at the other end of the building that my studio is in, which means I have to move this for my classes. At the moment it's on. Something is no, quite a sturdy would eventually like it to be. But when I eventually in my dream, get a big studio, a much bigger room, it's gonna go something. Study such. Why having her again, You'll see it move a little bit as I'm loading something food. Burton shouldn't lifted. When you sort out that vote anyway, I show you a close up off to pieces texture sheet Onda. We get the discs cut for the next stage of the project 6. Hollow Lentil Beads - cutting the discs: Here we go, then two beautifully textured pieces of silver sheet and see the textures, but clearer as I moved the sheet about a like That's a good shot. You see, the pattern has come out beautifully, so that tip of adding an extra piece of card so that it can push the silver into the text Joe into the Texas sheet really does work. And you can see on the back of thumb where that card has pushed the silver from the back. That wouldn't happen on a thicker piece that didn't have a next piece material behind it. It wouldn't be needed, but so you wouldn't get the same result. But that has come out absolutely beautifully and, by the way, because I didn't wrench before both pieces of sheet were kneeled before I sentence for the rolling Well, just to help get the best impression possible. So now I need to, um, cut out two discs. Andi, this is the punch the sun using it's 22.2 millimeters in diameter or seven eights of an inch in diameter. Andi, it's the second largest thistles cutter in my sets that goes in that one there by see, this has actually been a masking tape that I have just recently put around, Um, the bush of, uh, before ages of my disk. Attar. Because this is, um, issue cuts absolutely beautifully, but it iss it's had a lot of use, both for me and students in workshops as well. And I had noticed that there were just a couple of marks around the edge that were starting to leave marks on the under peace over the underneath, the sum of sheets aside cutting multiple disks out off, which meant that every now and again I get disc with Mark on the back on the masking tapers has have prevented that so. But my old home already work is sitting on the other cushion. So the mind of how I get the best use us the piece of sheet. If you've watched any other classes with the discussion, you'll see me do this before. But if you look down the hole there, I've got this sheet. I can just see the edges, and I moved the sheet until they are just out of view on, because a really good quality discuss Attar. It cuts really close up to the edges of peace sheet. That's two things in particular. Make it a really good. This cutter is cutting faces sloping, so it starts to cut out at one point. And then the constant spreads its way around the disk, rather trying to punch out whole disk at the same time. And because the two halves of the cutter sit tight up against a beater, silver or the copper, whatever it is you're cutting out, um, says he doesn't move about so. But it would actually help, wouldn't it? If I put it in the right home? Let's try again se The best part A bigger hole means you get a sight better beauty, repositioning everything. Very good. That specter always best to check. You have got the right and very technical. This bit you hits the punch. So one Thanks for the next room. She's going to turn this round, so I've got more silver to hold on to. That's our positioning. The second second, this inspector choose well, one do exactly the same. So this one as well, - I . So that's the 1st 2 stages, big making done without protection sheet on bond. A pair of this cut out for each beat. So that's saying that I need to do is to shape those disks 7. Hollow Lentil Beads - annealing: Now, these poor disks or silver have had a lot of work done. Tooth, um, both sending for the rolling mill. Andi cutting the discs out. And that means that the silver has become work hardened. The organized structure. The molecules have broken out to buy disorganized structure, which means that they do not slip slide past each other nicely. It's not so easy to work the metal. So what I'm going to do is Neil them. And in case anyone needed a quick reminder of how to a Neil Matter, I thought inclusive together. So, um Well, wait a critter. A shopping mark on each of these I go because what we need to do is get the silver up to a temperature is not as high a soldier. Intemperate shot. Which means you can't Aneel work that does have soldering joints in them. Um, Andi, it can be when you're starting out. Doing this can be a little bitch. Tricky to make sure to be confident that you got to the right temperature. There are things even account for you could look out for an ice cream of oxen ization on the silver. That's a good indicator that you watch like temperature. But this silver has bean heated up. Well, it was a piece of sheet for another project that I thinned out in the rolling mill to get it down to the fitness I needed. So this being needled a couple of times that then at least so this is either the third or fourth time that is being heated up. So it's gonna be very, very little oxide patients we can't use. That's a clue. Another indicator that you can use is a, uh, deep red tinge to the silver as you heat it up. But that's not so easy to see on camera. So certainly to make it easier on camera. And also so do you know that you can do this? Is your building up your confidence, this type of thing when the shopping markets will but won't off? And that's just the ghost of it remaining. You've reached the right temperature. So I'm sure Sharpie did not device the chemical makeup off their black ink for this abuzz way. So you went to the blank with the Blackfoot. Haven't happened. They ever changes because it's very, very useful. So what I'm gonna do is heat these up until that shocked markets or burnt off. I'm then going to quench because quenching finishes process. Andi, I've got a plastic steps sitting in the water here. You just don't see it there. Sangria drop disc into the city so I can put the whole sieve with the disks in my safety pickle and my So cook wins. That's got a safety pickle in it to clean up for a monetization. There is just my keep everything safe means that you can get in and out. You don't need to fish it out for things. So that's it started with a shop you don't pick up with tweezers before. More useful. Now it's gonna concentrate too much time or the ones around you better beat mops gone. I could see that Reddick change doesn't come out so well on camera. Exactly. One, the next one just a little bit better on that 16 on the next to you. What shouts. But that reddish change to the silver. Now that same time, the lock disappears. Okay, so if I said quenching finishes off, the process comes. Want to point out to you that what little ox ization that is on the disk is actually around the edges because that's where the fresh silver is has never been heated before. The surfaces have been heated, but what was in the mill hadn't bean that's are showing at the edges. So that's why I still need to put them in your tickle to clean up before I can go into next step. 8. Hollow Lentil Beads - doming the discs: right then I've got four nice clean discs on, and they're going to be a lot easier toe work without easier to shape now that they've Bina kneeled on and they're going to be shaping them with the dumbing block. And I've got wouldn't punches never wouldn't punches because I don't want to damage the texture that we've put on with. The rolling male texture would be flattened out quite a bit if I have to use the metal punches I've got Box. Here are some more medical so more wouldn't practice of different sizes if we need them. Everything sitting on the leather cushion just to support the work and also protect my desk complete noise down a bit. Andi got my trusty old timer hit the punches with, but before I actually get started it I just want to run through a couple of technical things with you that are important. Um, the 1st 1 is that because the beach is going to be made off a pair off disks, that's a Copt and put back to back. I want to make sure that whatever I do to one disk, I do exactly saying to the other, so they end up exactly the same shape. So I'm going to don't one during the 2nd 1 in the same dish before then moving on to the next one. So they both end up exactly the same. Andi. Actually, it doesn't matter which dishes I use until I get to percent moment would say that one the very last one. So sometimes what I'll do seem appear to see their darker patch is a a pen mark that I put next to that one. So obviously that was a size of a dish that formed a beach that I particularly liked the look off site. To remind myself, I put a mark there so that next time I made UNSA beats for the same project for sort of Peter, the same project I finished off from the same dish. So doesn't matter so much, which dishes you pick on your journey to that dish. If you end up in that dish, then you'd end up with beets that are close as possible, the same size a series in one that you made, you finish him off in the same place. I'm actually going to make the two beats slightly different sizes. I'm gonna finish them off in different dishes just to show you that you can do that. You can make. So we're slightly puffed out, beat or once that are a bit more puffed out, so that was the first thing I would tell you. 2nd 1 might seem rather obvious, but on the rare occasions where I haven't said, there's every now and again I have had to remind someone not to do it some place safe and tell. You need to make sure that you put the dish so the disc in the dish with the texture down you want the texture to end up on the outside of the bead, not on the inside as that might seem really obvious. But I don't It's worth me West me mentioning it on The last thing is General for any project way. Using the domain block on that is not to go straight for a dish that you think is going to give you the shapes that you want, because if you try and move the metal too far too quickly, you're not going to have as much control over what you're doing. The disc might slip about a little bit more because it's not so much in contact with the bottom of the dish. Might sip about it a bit more trying to hammer the punch in on. Also, because you're trying to move the metal quite away relative to that metal size quite away at one time, it's not going to be a smooth curve. You're going to be quite night. You end up with creases and disk that you're not going to be able to put right. So, having said all of that, let's get started to go start off in quite a big dish, put a gentle curve to both of them on, then move onto the next one. So so then you start off in that one. What she may be. All right, use that one and my biggest punch. So what? The dish Central in the bottom there on and this punch that's not right. Make sure I have got having said that the text of the right way be a bit embarrassing. If I hadn't learnt it. That's ever so slight curve to it. So whatever I do to one, I'm going to do to the other one and then going to move on to a smaller dish. You see, it doesn't take much effort 22 during them because they're quite sing metal on door. So because I've been kneeled, it just show you the state they're in at the moment. Good. Just do that. One of the same in the same dish, He about the same. So you can see that's definitely taking on distinct her. You might want to ho tum back to back next to each other, but closer seeking, see? And you can see the bead starting to take shape. You really want to go just by the depths of that? Just one of them, Because remember, that's going to be doubled when you put the Children together. So I'm going to keep dough being that that would make a lovely beat that's quite shallow. I'm going to go just one more dish deeper, by the way, if you do a lot of shaping to the disks, if you make the discs really quite puffed out, so the discovery very, very puffed out they copped. You will probably find you need to a Neil part way through this to get the best results. Okay, so I'm going to leave that one how it is. I'm just going to put a Sharpie mark next to that. I see to remind me where that first be finished. Because I want to finish this one in a different place so that you can see to be to start off with it, Zack, using materials, but ended up in different shapes. So what I'm going to do now is hammer those in the same way that I've done this pair. But I'm going to finish off in a different cup and then you'll see the results of the end. I fished Domingo four discs now, Andi, I've put the two pairs together, so we're going to move about its orbit. Um, as I moved another cushion to show you these in more detail. Um, but you should be able to see, even from this angle, that this one the first the one that you saw be dumbing is shower in this one. Also, look what it is a little bit wider in diameter because obviously, the more you cup a desk, the more the sides drawn in. And so it's the smaller its diameter becomes. But if I carefully lift the other cushions so you can see it from over Hettel angle. Then you should be able to save it more clearly. But this one is so told you about. But this one is a deeper beat on defy Hold the two discs, like so destructions of those ones behind it can see this once. I've got a slightly bigger diameter. So the beach now already halfway there so I need to do now is to prepare thes four, um soldering, which is going to take a little bit of filing. Andi. I will show you the reason why now, because everything's set up come set up at the right angle. The reason that we're going to file is that the edges at the moment do not fit flush together the edges of the disc where have straight like that. They've bean brought in, but they owe at sitting at an angle. As the metal has curved around. They are sitting at that kind of angle the angle that my nail is going in. We want them to be at that angle. At the moment I hold the two discs together. That soldier join is not neat. He has sear lying of it there. And I think now can get court in between two because they are not meeting flush. You could soldier it like that. I would make a strong soldier joined because there's enough metal all the way around forming a strong soldier joint, but it would not be particularly neat. What do you need to do to get the best soldier join is to file across or sound of crossing a share a couple different methods during it, to be up, to make them to sit nice and flush together. So that is what we're going to be doing in the next stage. 9. Hollow Lentil Beads - preparing for soldering: starting off this section of the class with a close up view of two pairs of domed disks. Because I have already done the preparations. I need to do this path hair with the beads on the other side of the past on the other side so that I could show you the contrast between the two. So help you understand better what I was talking about about the the edges. Now can see the light catching the ages of these two on the lights bouncing off in this section. The edges have bean brought over. They were with the flat. There were the diction flat. They were like that and they brought brought over. So they are sitting in kind of a funny angle at the moment, so that separate for the beats do not sit completely flush next to each other. But on this pair, we're seeing how the light catches completely differently on this path. Uh, all nice and smooth going across. So I have to get back into focus. I have used my six inch file too far away across those supers. There's two discs so that when I hold thes together, let's get those up away so I can get get this into their ago. Listen to focus fully thes sit together. Really, really flush. That's see if I can get both pairs and focus for you, but this parlous still, I'm not sitting quite so nicely together. I said, if I just feel very different to me, this, uh, really sitting isil flush. So they're going to have a really good strong soldier joint on a really, really nicely finished seem. So I need to show you how I did this on day, I'm going to show you two different mess. It's one using a sense in file one. Using every paper. We're going to start out with the methods with using a six inch file. Andi, I've got the file sitting on top of the Christian. You could just have it on the bench if you wanted to, but this way I can have the handle hanging off the edge of the file is nice. Flat on bond. We're going to do sure this down towards the handle. Remember, the file only works going in one direction so the silver needs to move towards the handle. It doesn't matter whether you move the file to be able to do that, whether you heat fire still on with the silver, as in this case, I'm using a silver. It's so cut my fingers, I told you. No, I'm not really, really pushing. Accepted it that then it stopped far as much. Put marks in guiding on, then turn it around a bit more right again, your speech until you see actually the edges catching a light a little bit better. But it's not such a white area as on the one property done, it's It's not far the whole of the edges of the disc flats. Things do some more work there. The reason force turning that this ground is to make sure that I am filings nice and evenly , Um, and also because this disc I was a slightly overhangs the edges of the files by turning it round is making sure I am finding across the whole of the area. Andi, I am finding it really now, if you find it difficult to hold onto the disk to leave it like this, or actually the disc becomes too warm for you to hold on to because it will heat up, then you can use a bit of masking tape to help you. If I could find the end of this. Some guys terrible tomorrow, take off. And what I'm going to do is okay. Its focus ever go on what's invented Do just pinch the middle together So you end up with T shapes according to handle there, sticky here. Good like that. A sick. It's the base. Ever handle you can use that you go for. I actually don't prefer it. I prefer to get this way. But trying that out because everyone is different that way might be a lot more comfortable for you. So try to house and see which works best for you. A little bit frightening until this one is ready. I will tell you how to use the Emily Piper way like a bit more. What I'm looking at is the area just beside where the file has marched the silver on. Just seeing if there's if I need to go to orbit further into the disk to get with the last little bit of the edge. I think also good looking from that side as well, it just seemed, does it look as if it's really nice and smooth across it nice and sharp here. Or is a Silbert of the edge at a funny angle. What that is now looking really good. He should saying to this one so that they sit together properly. Hand going to use the Emery paper. This is course the course of semi paper. I've got much going to put a still Brooke underneath because if you have a nice hard surface underneath, where you're sending it makes a sounding more efficient. And on this one, this time I'm using the Emery paper. I do find the handle is easier way again. Hotel around. I'm holding it differently. If you're probably if your fingers are going to put pressure more one side than the other, maybe, or front is of the back. Everyone says the city is different, but you're going to hold things not quite as evenly as you might be thinking. So I turning it around a little bit. You compensating for that? I'm just going round in circles now you, like, go around the other way. Is the silver dust building up in the Emory place Remember, even rolling out to memory place for end up in my pots, you can see it's so site different than with the file. It doesn't look a shiny, but you can still see that it's producing a nice rim. So continue that until it much that one. You get close, you doing each a check or frequently on, and you're so want to hold the pair up against each other because once he gets the point where it's just right, if you file or sund much first in that you're actually going further further into the desk and you are reaching up the rim of the disk and therefore making the cup discuss a type that solar. So if you take it too far, you could hand up if they're intact. Quite a weight if I would be obvious, but you end up with two different sizes. So once you think you've got there, which the onion have, check the beach and just make sure that they are definitely still the same size, so you do a little bit more good, and that is now done. So I've got both pairs of beads prepared for soldering, so the next states the class is going to show you two different message off. Soldering the beads, coast 10. Hollow Lentil Beads - safety and soldering with pallions: I bought the first pair of beads over to soldering station so that I can show you how stolen together. Obviously, on the first methods. I'm going to show you this using separate flux on Italians sold us so traditional form of solder and then after it, I'll show you how to use solder paste to do this. However, I want to talk to you for a bit about safety while soldering before we get started. And this is all to do with the fact that as you heat up, it expands. So if you are soldering a high form on, this is a hollow form than the air inside the beach. US. It has been so expression, soldier. It being position like so. Andi us. It's being heated up. The air inside is expanding. If you stop with the heating a soon as you can see a rim of solder around the beach, then there's no issue. I've never found any issue, but as always, need to make sure that your weapon heatproof surface and you are protecting your eyes with a pair of goggles because you've only got one pair of eyes. Now I keep saying it and you want to make sure that you're being safe is possible, but you need to make sure that you are already familiar with how the silver looks. Have soda reax. Flame Andi You need to be experienced with soldier. You need to be a tow. Watch out for the signs so that you can take the heat away as soon as the soldier have flowing out all around the scene to make sure that you don't overheat it with. Whilst the soldier is still flowing around, the hot of inside can still escape, and it's it's nice and safe is the only thing I've ever had any issue with. The only time when there's an issue, it is when you continue to heat after that, seem has bean soldered after it's being formed on the air can no longer escape. So if you overheat it, then it could. They were just lift up a little bit. Just kind of was like the lid of a parent. Just let out of a bit heat or you can pop off, so make sure that to you. Keep an eye out. You make your you This is do this. If you already experience with how the soldering looks as the solder flows to make sure that you don't overheat. Once a soldier joint has being formed, you never, ever reheat Ah, high form. Unless there's a hole for the air to escape. Never ever, because if you do, the air will not be us able to escape. It will try and look for the easiest way out on that is most like to be the soldier. Join Andi as it forces its way to the soldier. Join it could jump off. It could get you the worst case scenario, Um, but even the best case scenario is a great Sue that joining it's going to distort the metal so you never, ever reheat the hollow form after it's been soldered together. Unless you have put a hole in it to allow the gust to escape the air hot air to escape and you only solder Ah ho form like this together without already having put a hole in it. If you are experience for soldering and you know what to watch out for if you want to soldier one of thes and it's one of the first bits of soldiering you've done, is not impossible. You just want to prepare a little hole for it escape. But I'm going to show you that now. So this is a needle file around needle file, and I'm going to do is this is going to be where one of the holes is going to be. This beat is going to have holes go like so cycles threat ahead, pin through or maybe string it on. Uh, it's called Maybe so. What I'm going to do is just like sir starting looks sergeant, as he couldn't quite see my fingers in the way being half told the file perpendicular to that inch of the beach. That's a batch of you. It was easy for me to file, but it's a better big and you can see catching the light. I started a file Wonderful groove in the So that Has smoked in effect had nice, smooth room that I produce. Once you start to form a grave, you can a little bit faster with your file. Andi, he said a bit of silver dust is being produced. Lost my fingernails catching interest. So now, as I put these two together groups, that is a tiny he might not even be out to see it. But I promise you there's a time hole, just their matches where three acting escape. So if you are still building up your experience with your soldering, use this method five little groove in there that's actually going to be the start of the whole the first hole years I'm going to file properly into the beach s so that you can escape only if you are already experienced with Soviet and no repeat myself. But this is important. Its safety only if you're already confidence with your soldering is when you don't have to put that Holden, if you really comfortable that so so I'm going to do now is show you how to set up four. So he actually has to use the same ones I heat track. That's one I've got Holy. But I like to know whether hold is I want soda. So to pick rather the files point with I want solder all the way around the inside edge off that hollow beach that what more eventually be the Holland Beach? Andi, I wanted to stay there while some soldering awesome heating up and then to draw through the same two former nice, strong joy. However, if I would just push ups influx puts us off Italians around the edge have it later like that. As I heat both Italians are quite likely to go down into the middle and be down here on being nowhere near ever seen. No way new. I need them for them to do their job. So what I'm going to do is half 1/2 the beat up like so I'm going to apply bit flux A with the way around, actually. Okay, But then I'm only going to put the soldier initially Doan at this bottom quarter, and I'm going to use my church two part melt that's solder so that it is in place on the silver and doesn't move. That's the theory, anyway. Don't want it to move. So small blowtorches sort of strangers each up a little bit away from the silver, passable to see me do before. So I'm not going in there blasting or not drying up trucks to quickly. I'm not making a proper that make those Italians moved. Do you feel about a little bit? But I still want to be If you see that happening. Just retreat with the flame of which is done. Make your way back again. Start to go on the silver. Now we see the flaps Got that dried off the white powdery appearance only to keep going and chill. Go. A soldier has melted into little bubbles Publicizing Turn the half speed round so I can repeat down here I'm going to add a little bit more flux. You hear it sizzle because I'm pretty weight paintbrush onto the dry the hot metal But just that little bit of extra flux just helps these Palin's to temporary stick in place. Now, you might think this on using quite a bit of solder, Um, for, um for that's just that wet paintbrush trashing of the hot disk you might think I'm using quite a bit of soldier for what is not me. That because seem on. Don't you be right, Um but I want to make absolutely certain that I have got enough soldier because it is not impossible. Two aren't extra soldier. If you to look at your beat and go, uh, I haven't got enough. I can see a gap in the scene. The then it's going to be nigh on Impossible two aren't more soldier, so I find it better to do to put more soldier. And then I think I'm really need because after all, it's on the insight with the beach. Who's the excess isn't going to be seen. There we go. So the same again. The flaps is already pretty much dried, so this will be a little bit quicker. But because be careful, though, is not to re melt those that section too much. Okay, I should be able to do that bit with one last go with this. I think I probably got enough flux on there, but I'm just dumpling the paint brush a little bit more so that I can pick up a soldier OECS member. I like to pick up soldiers don't paintbrush. You can also see Ustreas is if you find out easier. Okay, A little sizzle of that. Don't paintbrush saying scraping the stay at flux study. Other bits of soldiers have stopped the boat for Michael box. I get the match. Okay. And that did move for say so. I don't want that because that could mean that I don't know with with the cap. I just place that she has an extra bitter soldier. Still my paintbrush. So I'm afraid our fashion as well, - right , Then consent His first beat set up soldering. What I'm going to do now is swap over to this old beast, not break that chair you have seen before in other classes because it's got dips in it so I can get that bottom half to be. To sit in one of the dips on that just makes life a little bit easier for me. I'm going to do now is very carefully pop that on the top there. If you haven't got as much control with this whole situation as I have, then you might want to leave the bottom to cool down before you put finger. They went in it. My preference is not to cool it down by quenching because the quenching would remove most of the flux. I might have to put more flux on there on. This was unnecessary. Secondly, as the flux dries up, which fresh flux would have to drive again, it would bubble up a bit, and it could make the two halfs of being to move about. So what have just done that is true tools just to just the beads so that they are lined up nicely. So I tend to hold but one side and push another tool that the other sort about something to brace up against. Just get everything lined up properly. So that is now ready to soldier. Whilst I'm soldering, I'm going to heat up around the beat. I'm then going to start brushing across. My friends are going to go Silver gonna start brushing across because solder flows to the hottest apart off your work. And at the moment was a soldier is on the bottom disk all. I wanted to come up and meet the top and come out to the edge. So I want to make absolutely certain that top half the bead is nice and hot. And then what I do if start going around the edge like so angling my torch over light. So said he's going like that. No, like that. So make the edge the hottest part to encourage the soldier to follow around the edge. And what I'm hoping you will be out to sea on film is a nice big happen not to move the beat here, a nice lying of solder forming around and computer reaction will draw the soldier around the bead on What I would do is when I can start to see that, and I know that the two hearts are fixed together, even if it's not perfect. Join yet is used the pick just to move the bead around so I can see section here and here that I can't actually see properly at the moment. So that's good when you see a so so team should change just subtly. I'm teaching up top now as well. Then I'm going to school to be a kiss if we can get that solder to Oh, look, there's a night flash their cash liquid soldier, but it's usually flame sold a close the Boches parts and refusing the flame through that. So there again. Brilliant. Sometimes it's not so obvious. Sometimes more obvious. Um, sometimes it's actually worth turning your talk. You'll be over. I'm looking for the other side as well. There's the whole day you might not be, you know, to sit with a straight for change, a brush claim over making certain, so the way I'm really happy with that. Not quite without the chalk Johnson. I'm really happy with that. I start a nice, good scene, haven't overheated it. While the signs it overheated, it was that much soldier might flow out a little bit too far. Um, that's a really nice shape. Now I'm going to leave it on the brick to cool down. I am not going to, Quinn checked on. The reason for that is that if I quenched it, the air inside wood contract very quickly on this beat is only made off. Thin sheet for a mango is point about just under 0.0.5 millimeter. When I rolled it through the rolling mill, it's gone down. I checked with the calipers off camera, but if I checked and it's actually about 4.42 point 43 now, said brace in sheet. So in combination with racing sheet on the air, contracting very quickly quenching the bead could distort the metal reader. Will that happen? So it is best to just that air corps. If you want it to cool off a lot quicker, then you could put it on a steel block own because the steel draw the heat out of it, but some it doesn't take too long just to be a bit patient. Andi, when I do pick it up If I wanted to picked up and put it on the block or when I do picked up on just quite shit, just a double check. I've actually use it in right place. It actually use the tweeters like a forklift truck lifted up lights. So not like that, Just in case the I was still cooling, contracting, and I didn't extortionate going to leave that to Air corps whilst I do so I just want to briefly mentioned to you another method for using Italians are not actually going to solder this speed closed with that message Because personally, I find it doesn't work for me, but I want to mention it in case it does work for you. The method I'm referring to is bouncing pieces of soldier along the rim. So applying flux, applying for bits of solder, and they're in putting the bead on top. Andi, the reason I've not find it works for me, is I? Because that the to heart and not sitting flush what happens is as the solder flows. Um the two halves of the beat second down when the big with soldier in between them there held a part of a little bit. But when the soldier melts, it starts to flow. The top half settles down a bit and I found every now and again it shifts its not quite perfectly in place. And I don't like that. So although that message is a lot quickly to set up because you don't have to melt the soldier in place, I found it doesn't give me such good results. But I wanted to mention that to you, in case you wanted to give it a try. Because we are all different and different things work for different people. So I'm going to let that be cool down. Andi, I'm going to When that is cool down. I've moved. Examine. Need this book again. I'm going to show you how to use solder paste to soldier. You speak together 11. Hollow Lentil Beads - soldering with paste: Now it's the turn off the soldier paste on. Do this. This is a fabric quicker to search ups and using the Palins. But the flip side that is sold replaced is more expensive than parents. So show you both means you can You can take your preference. By the way, I'm a using easy soldier because, um, there's anyone so to join in these. If you wanted to do some more sobering on, uh, onto one of the beads, Um, after it's actually or soldier together, then you need to adjust which much which temperature was melting temperatures. So you using. But I'm just using one so I can go with the medium soldier. However, I want to show you something in particular to do with this passion before my soldier together. And that's to do with the fact that this person has got a distinct direction. The other part in the Scatter Daisies Passion. I didn't and that's actually why I've chosen those two particular patterns so that I remember show your tip for thes because I want to make sure that when I put them together when I sold them together, the patterns are aligned in the same way just for need to finish Ralph being pretty property like match, which was really want them. He could ability like that, but it's not Look that I'm going for. So what I'm going to do is use my trustee, um, shall pay on and hold the beach and just put a mark top in Brockton. They're here, and the same own this one. It's quite cheated, Stuart, this pattern because it is straight lines. So that means that when I when I get to a stage where I'm putting, actually make it a little bit clearer because this has done so much. Just transfer those marks onto inside. This one says I can have that one on the bottom printed on the Sharpie on and line that one out. Right, So on, because I'm not using heat to apartment the soldier in place In this method, I will be out to pick up both halfs of bead on just so So I'm going to do with this is century just ice? Almost a very untidy who, hein off solder around the inside the room you needed around like that all you can scrape it off like so completely up to you. She won half respect off like that 1/2 wits resigned just so you can see, she makes no difference. So I said, That's set up setting it up. He's not quicker, but so the pace is more expensive. What I can do now is put nuts. I hope only then do I pick it up in just double checks. It's lined up nicely because I find if I try and pick it up beforehand, I end up with solder paste all over my fingers, which is not what I want. Let me go. So that is not lined up nicely. Carefully put it back in that dick. Now you have noticed that I did not promise occasion used the needle file to fire a groove escape hole for that B, which means that I do need to be very careful with this one to make joy. Don't overheat it because there's no escape hole. Andi only do this if you are very confident with your soldering but still wear safety goggles as always, keep yourself safe. I know I repeat myself with safety information, but that's because it's important. The reason that I haven't put that little escape hole is that I want to put a different type of hole in their speed. I want to put a hole coming from they're going all the way through and then put it jump ring through that beach so that it hangs in a different way and so I can show you again a little bit more of another technique, but the same again. I'm going to heat around and then brush across on one thing that I do like with the solder paste. Is that the chemicals that that the flux sources flows up the side a little bit just before the solder flows? Andi, um, that I find is a really good indicator soldier is about to flow, but I do need to make sure that I heat from the top here. I don't just focus around the edge. If I was just focused around the edge, then you have notices for you solder paste. If you focus the heat on the paste too soon, it can crisp up, and then it's very difficult to get it to flow out. Um, it doesn't like the heat went too quickly. What it likes is to that the heat buildup through heating up the silver. So that's what I'm gonna make sure I do. See the binder in the pain started to burn off brain. There have been about, like, usual. It's actually a good indicator that some soldiers doing what I wanted to. No, you can stare something, maybe flux flowing upside. So that stage I start going about to see some soldier throwing so much this round so I can ship to see that solder his phone with the way round your house. So since I searched her that had flown all the way around, I stopped flame to heat away. But I didn't want to overheat it, So that is now ready. She don't worry about that was just a bit of time ago. There were far, but there was sticking to its solving break because the chopper this year's bit flaky. So that needs to be cool down in the same way as the other one undergoes. Going to go in the pickle to clean up 12. Hollow Lentil Beads - drilling the holes: the Scattered Daisies Beat has nothing while they both may have been click cleaned up in the pickle. But I'm going to show you two different ways that holds could be drilled from Start with Daisies one, um, that groove that I filed in my to find it again because it is quite subtle electric put a Sharpie marked to indicate where that is because I'm going to file. I went to drill. The first hole in that place is no point having extra, um, imperfections around the outside. But I'm not going to go straight to drilling. I'm going to prepare a little seat for the drill bit to sitting first on. The reason for that is that I'm going to be firing on them with a knife edge. So if not find drilling for the rest of my fetch Andi. It would be so easy for that drill bit to select one side or the other. So even though this is going to be the best way of getting control because it's a bench feel like so I'm not having to hold a drill in one hand, Um, so what I'm going to do is use a trying to the needle file to just file a little extra obvious groove at that point. So what? She starting the whole just dont files. I cannot feel the file catching in there, So it's going to fall over just to why didn't the top of the whole on and try and bring us closer well, still secure Peter Focus. So we can even see what shiny at the top. It's catching the light. Well, I can catch my one nail in there reading really, really firmly said that is now prepared for drilling. Because when I now bring the droop it down, it's got something a lot better to sit in. However, Um, drilling like this in a very tight area does need care. First, you've got to make sure that you're holding the beat. Nice on and straight on. There's actually a bit of a groove in the wood that's develops the time sitting my bead in . You can also get clamp specious camps for think progress on do one. Um, hey, Proctor, to make my drill, they do one for doing this kind of thing, but I find I get more control when I'm holding it personally because I can feel the vibrations in the beeves. I'm holding my fingers, but it does make compartment my finger thing. Do you need to be extra careful taking slowly if you don't have one of these bench drills or if you are not, um, confidences study with using a pendant drill. Then I suggest that you get a drill bit and you sit it in the hold little groove. It's just being filed Andranik through my hand. It doesn't actually take that long, and that is a good alternative to do. What I'm going to do now, though, is trying it. Things lined up some holding everything safely and so that I can get a good look, but also so that you can get a good look with the camera. So just checking it that's in like place. Don't you turn it around. I think you're going to get a bit of a better view like that. Make sure everything doesn't safe, so we're change along. I'm going to feed the drilling very, very safely. You might see me starting strong, but then lifting up the drill bit just a little bit, Um, just to make sure that it is sitting in the right place. And then once I find that it's, it's got its seat, I'm then going to guide it all the way through. Well, no. One way through the beach job, it isn't long enough. But through the first site, - uh , so you see the hole there, That dark area that's the whole said that's come through that's going through nicely. So what we need to do now is the same on the other side. Andi, I prefer to drill the first hole and then prepare the other side rather have both because on And this has happened in this case, which is perfect because it means that I can really show you what I mean. There is the pen mark just there for where the started the whole waas. But the holes actually drilled slightly to one side. So chances are that if you prepare both sides of the bead, then they're not going to be perfectly lined up during one site on, then allowing that to be the guide for where the second hole should be, I find, gets you better. Neater results So march, whether or not the second hole to be well, I'm going to file again to prepare that seat. I can. Just chipping a file over a little bit, just toe white. And that found area at the top. I can you can see file Derek that groove catching in the light again. It sucks the same thing, but he sure that I'm using care. Andi, I am wearing my safety glasses. Theo, that woman really nicely. You have to do any of the going backwards and forwards that I usually do. So that was a perfect example of a hole being drilled. Nicely said that beat just needs a little bit tidying up around the edge. But what you will do before then this is another important point is that, um there are quite often the teen years tires pinprick holes in the soldier join that you don't know to see you've never seen by the naked eye. But this happens often enough to know that it is. It is a far from uncommon thing, which means that when you put your beads in the quench pot, Andi in the pickle, you quite like to get a little bit of liquid inside on that liquid starts to come out as you drill, so every now and again you might find you drill, and then a couple drips come out. So what I know in the habit of doing is after I fill the holes setting the beads on a piece of tissue, I'm just leaving it to to drain out for a few minutes just to make sure there's no liquid inside. So I'm going to do that. And whilst it's training, I'm going to dual the whole for the second week. Now the daisy beat one of the daisy pattern has got two holes in it so that wire or stream material can be threaded all the way through. But this speed is going to end up a more dependent, with one hole going all the way through both sites at the point where I've put the mark. So it's not too close to the rim. Um, so it's I think it doesn't leave too thin section of metals there, Um, but how do you expect there are a couple of pointers I need to give to you before we actually start drilling? The first is to do the position that I'm going to hold the bead Must I'm drilling will be held like so, um, again, I've got into a dip on the rest of the metal. I am not going to hold it tipped over like that. You might think that you want the bit where you are drilling to be in contact with and supported by the woods, and normally that would be true. But if you hold it up that angle winking drill, it's going to produce holes that are in different positions on the front and the back on. That's not what you want, so you need to make sure that it's during through nice and level to make nice, evenly position holes. The other thing to mention is that this is a no 0.9 millimeter job it, But I'm going to need a whole that is bigger than not. 0.9 millimeters on that is true. Even if I use the North 0.8 millimeter wire, that's I quite often use for jump rings because no 0.8 millimeters usually go soon your 0.9 millimeter holes brilliantly, however they jump, Fring has got to curve through quite a ah, wide space. Um, so it is like human need, her chapter, maybe one millimeters wire anyway, because it's going to get a bigger jump ring to compensate for that curve on the bigger jump ring when we need well on the bigger jump ring would need to be made of thick a wire to make sure it's strong enough. But also, the curvature means whole will actually be slightly, um, it's actually small. If it was no 0.9 millimeters, it was, like so small from not 0.8 millimeter while because why isn't going to go through the jumping isn't going to go through at the angle at which we've drilled is going to go through more crap. That's curved angle, which makes the whole feel smaller. So, however, you can't don't want to drill straight way with a big drill bits. This is 1.5 millimeters. You want to do with song first to create a pilot hole on, then move up to the big one. So let's check the position of everything I get started quite smooth, always turned the drill bit off before you move. You think your hands and something like this, um so that you don't you don't accidentally catch your finger and drove it you can see the no hope sent at the mark. But this is close enough. So I wanted to pay. If he can see the whole has gone all the way through. So what I need to do now? Yes. Remove that through bitch and put in the 1.5 and in large hole. So again making sure that everything's lined up where I wanted to pay. And there we go. So hold on. Both sides are right to eat to see on this psychosis of the of hand mark but that it's not going to make a lovely pendant. I'm going to let this one drain for a little bit and same way that it for the flower beach and then talk to you about finishing everything up. 13. Hollow Lentil Beads - tidying the edges: e just need to do a little bit of finishing to the beads before I put a jumping through for bail or before I my sooner ahead ping through this speech. Andi, that's finish off, touched up the edges on door, so give them a nice polish. I've already tied it up the edges off. This beach is the one that will be made into the pendant because of the reason had to do that was that filing and sanding means that they were quite often bors around the edges. And as you put your fingers around the edge, they can feel quite rough. I'm not particularly pleasant on this speech. They've gone, and that feels really nice and smooth, but should be pleased to know it's nice and easy to do and what you need. A couple pieces of Emery paper. I've got 240 grit on 500. I'm not really going to need a decided the two others that I quite often use the 203,000 and even though they're old, put patches on this bit now because it's being used to outfit. It's still not enough life in it, so I'm going to do is just let the memory Piper, you're just a bead on being careful to make sure I don't go onto the top or the bottom because I don't want to damage that. You can either photo everything how I am or you can have the paper go around breath. Would you? The job Absolutely fine. That is already feeling a lot better. Maybe look a bit rule down here. Shit. But the whole self when he's a bit more fitting with birds from that was true. So that's all that's needed for 240. Do the same for 500 just to make sure that things very nice. Smooth. That's something. So that's such off done. Next thing. Nothing I need to do for the bees actually use is to give me a nice Polish 14. Hollow Lentil Beads - polishing: Now that I've made sure that the moisture has drained out of the beads, I want to polish thumb on Daz. She may notice that the whole in this speed is a little bit bigger than when you sort in the last section. I decided to drill it a bit bigger with a 2.5 millimeter Drillbit on. And I actually did it by hand from either side. Um, just to make sure that I didn't, uh, didn't go off the whole Just keep it tidy as possible because I make a little bit bigger because I went to threaten some chords through it. I think instead of a jump ring, um, to give it a site, different look. But before I can do that before I I do whatever I decide to do to this to tennis independent. I need to polish the beads. Now. One thing you must not do is put these beads in a tumble polisher. And that is because the short from a publisher can get into the tiniest places you can imagine. And unless you want to end up with a rattle, you don't want to put it in there because the shot will get inside and you won't be out his tool back out again. Believe me, I've tried. So I've got a couple of different options here to show you. And also third option to mention that I haven't got out here. See, with third option first, it's not pictured on. That was just a simple polishing cloth. The types that you pick up from any high street jewelers take a bit of elbow grease, special robbing. But actually we do is rob at the bead with a polishing cloth, and that would give you a nice finish Theme. Other option use is that you can get these polishing cloths here polishing mesh, um on and the different greats you work through from the course is great. Down to the finest grade starts off at 600 grit and go some 2 to 4000 pieces of your friend can you sent to me, but working away to those who give a really nice place on both of these. But the option that I'm actually going to use because I haven't shown it to you in a video class before is using a radio disc. In fact, I don't think I have shown you my pendant will before. So this is dependent section of sister two of section over my pendant drill, um, or Korda. A flexi shaft in the state's so called because this section hangs like a pendant from the motor from the section or called a flexi shaft. Because the shaft is flexible. He also different attachments to go inside. Andi, sickly like thes thes are radio disks. They come in different colors and different colors relate to different grits. This is a blue medium grit, as you can see it. Flexible rubber rush is on there. This air actually impregnated with substance to give some different grits on the site. Abrasive, But they also give a really lovely place. So the blue I like because it doesn't have a very high polish because slightly slightly much finished brush finished, which I think highlights textures like these really well. So I'm going to use this quite alot speak white journey. So they want to be flying. Um, get her a nice finish texture on both of these beats. - It's just on one side for the moment so that I can go like that and she difference. So quite simply and quickly think is a really nice finish. So can we were tool out of the way that this is operating on. Have you? It will be a bit quiet now, Onda, um I'm going to carry on finishing that on pushing the flower one as well. - He said, I don't want to let it go fly Interested? By the way, I am a good time to tell you I am wearing my safety goggles whilst I'm doing this Because so as you saw, you never know. - I agree. E m. I stopped that 12 parties because I'm maybe no holding the one tooth, um, in such a covered manner as I would do normally I'm holding on to buy the edge is seeking to get a better view What I'm doing so too beautifully polished beats there. So what I need to do next is a sight whether I want to add and not put beat maybe to that to touch into a pendant and to threats in court threw that one to turn that into a pendant as well 15. Hollow Lentil Beads - final thoughts: I'm hoping that you can now see how adaptable these essentially very simple little beads can be because from the same shape of disk textured in the same way, but different textures protection in the same way. We've created two different types of bees, one with the whole bangle. Way through that, I'm going to team with a lovely lump. Work beats found. I'll show you that in the project section the class on one with a larger hold at the top that you can see here. I've threaded a piece of leather cord through on Tired Deluxe had not to take it into a simple pendant Onda. Also, we've got two slightly different sizes of beads as well. Created from the same size of discs. A scattered daisies bead is shallower onda a little bit bigger in diameter than the other bead. So there's a lot to take away from this class in terms of tips for using your rolling mill on, also in terms of different soldering techniques. But the beauty of video class is he can't go back sections again to make sure they haven't missed anything to getting clarification that you need to do. Make sure that you do that if you need to. I hope that you've enjoyed the class. It will be great if you could leave a review to help our students on. I would love to see the work that you create and to see what you decided to use. Your mental hollow beats four. Thank you for watching. 16. Bonus - how metal width affects rolled textures: Ah, a quick bonus section class for you now because as well as giving you some hints as to how you can roll thinner sheet through the rolling mill ticket. A lovely texture. I also want to show you the effect of having, ah, wider piece of sheet on why it is important to set the rollers closer together when you were sending through a wider piece of sheet to be texted. So here, two pieces of copper and two pieces off my texture sheet on my tax cheat persons. This is the small scattered seeds pattern, which is actually one of my favorites. So these are both pieces off no 10.7 millimeter sheet copper sheets and they really kneeled . And just to prove to you 0.7, it was a little variance, so the both her close we can get it. Same on this one is sociology. One you can see is double the wits off. The centerpieces is four centimeters by four centimeters. This is a two centimeter by four centimeters. The links doesn't matter. It's the wits that is important. I just society and four centimeters because it doesn't use up too much copper. But it still is a whiten off area, large enough area rather to be able to show you a decent effect. I've also I said, cut off two piece of card. I made sure that the card is a little bit longer than piece of metal because the metal is going to stretch, the card isn't. And if you wanting to texture a whole piece of card, you need to make sure that you've got some extra. So I hope he's of of copper or silver. Whatever it is, the battle, your texture. You need to make sure that the card has some extra to account for this stretch in the metal . Now, I'm just gonna don't check. I have thes rollers set up. How I like some, um, up check? Yeah, up at the top here I have the most. In other videos. I've got some marks, a permanent marker marks on the dial. That indicates to me what settings I want to use for different gauges of wire, different wits of why you find out why that's important shortly and also different tiers from sending it through. My house is fairly sick just to show you they are 1.77 So I need have the rollers. But further apart to texture with this, then I would if I was texting, say, with a statin, the which is obviously a great deal thinner. So so I'm going to do. I set the rollers to the settings I knows about right for getting a really good impression for this gauge on this wits off material. Andi COPPER By the way, a kneeled copper is ideal for practicing with before you use silver. There is a little bit of difference, but when? When you? Because copper is a harder metal but copper, Neel's really quite soft. So for testing textures and their own email copies really good. So were sent through the two pieces in tongue. I'm never going to compare them the first piece. And, uh, I need to oil my It's a time for my morning meal. Ticket is monthly. Couple of drops of oil. This is the wider peace. Exactly same setting. I haven't changed this a tall, exactly the same setting. So those are my two piece of copper. So I'm going to do is coming a lot closer with the camera so that you can see them a lot more detail, so you can compare the texture image. So we've got our two pieces of copper, other two pieces of texture sheets as well. You can see everything's got a slight curve to it. The tightness off the rollers can sometimes mean quite often mean that you get a bit of a curved, the metal that frequently I will keep in the piece of muscle that I've textured and keep his part of the designs. Actually, if I said it so you say a simple rectangle to make a pendant are keep dependence like Kurtz . I think that gives her a nice look to it. But these are two pieces that have been sent through with different s. I sent through the same lecture sheet. These were pieces that were cut right. Next street shelter from the texture sheet. Um, Andi, Exactly the same. Excuse my phone. That exactly the same setting on the rolling mill here as well. But I get these and focus for you. I think being a trick you're saying you can see my hope that the impression has come out clearer on deeper own this thing a one than this Sekar I'll show you much closer up, shot in different light in a moment to helpfully catch. The passions are not more. But the impression on this is definitely a lot deeper. Now the technical sign spit. The reason for this is that no matter what you send through the rolling mill at this particular setting, it's going to have the same amount of pressure created by the rollers. But when you send something through, this is wider. That same amount of pressure is diluted its separate across this wide area. So instead of having all of the force acted on two centimeters, the same amount of force is spread across the four centimeters. So same setting that, yes, that's quite a nice. Shocked to see the difference between the two on the same setting. The two sent to me to peace is receiving a greater amount of pressure per centimeter. Then the force center me to pieces. Therefore, the texture has come out better on the centerpiece than it has on the wider peace. So to get the same texture on this piece, the same depth of texture Mrs and bad, it's certainly usable. But to get the same amount of texture on this one. As this, I would need to tighten the rollers on. That is why on the gauge on the top of my own email, I have so many marks that relate to notes on the table that I have in a notebook. This is basically saying at this particular gauge of sheet, but this wits, then this is the setting the Eden, the rolling mill. But thank you for watching. I hope you have lots of fun with your rolling melt. I know. I certainly do with mine.