High Intensity Learning: How to Learn Faster and Remember Everything Better | Manik Madaan | Skillshare

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High Intensity Learning: How to Learn Faster and Remember Everything Better

teacher avatar Manik Madaan, Doctor, YouTuber and a Super Learner

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

40 Lessons (3h 19m)
    • 1. Welcome

      4:21
    • 2. Class Project

      1:35
    • 3. Hyper Focus

      2:33
    • 4. Environmental Design for Focus

      9:36
    • 5. Generating Motivation for Focus

      5:17
    • 6. Pleasure and Pain for Motivation

      2:43
    • 7. The Focus Meditation

      5:54
    • 8. Overcoming Activation Energy

      3:42
    • 9. Understanding

      2:14
    • 10. Feynman Technique

      5:55
    • 11. First Principles

      2:41
    • 12. Categorization for Understanding

      3:07
    • 13. How Our Memory Works

      10:58
    • 14. The Format of Our Memory

      8:53
    • 15. High Intensity Learning

      2:45
    • 16. High Intensity Encoding

      2:31
    • 17. The Long Term Memory Equation

      0:50
    • 18. Generating Motivation for Learning

      5:16
    • 19. Creative Visualization

      8:05
    • 20. Basic Association

      4:30
    • 21. Word Substitution

      4:37
    • 22. Chain Linking

      4:52
    • 23. Applying Chain Linking #1

      3:01
    • 24. Applying Chain Linking #2

      2:50
    • 25. Improving Vocabulary and Learning New Languages

      4:42
    • 26. Spatial Learning

      6:46
    • 27. Learning Essays with Spatial Learning

      4:03
    • 28. Memory Palace

      8:50
    • 29. The Peg System

      12:21
    • 30. Creating Your Visual Pegs

      2:09
    • 31. Creating Your Auditory Pegs

      1:35
    • 32. The Reverse Peg System

      5:21
    • 33. The Major System

      8:56
    • 34. Categorization for Remembering

      3:05
    • 35. Primacy, Recency and Pomodoro

      4:04
    • 36. 2X Active Recall

      8:26
    • 37. Hyper Reading

      5:51
    • 38. How to Speed Read Without Losing Comprehension

      7:14
    • 39. How to Take Spatial Notes

      4:36
    • 40. Conclusion

      2:14
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About This Class

Learning how to learn and study is the most crucial skill in this fast-changing world of information. It is truly a game-changing skill. The truth is most people don't even know that learning is a skill and can be improved. Yet, we are never taught how to learn even though we use it in almost everything and everywhere in life. If we master this skill, we will not only learn super fast; we will retain almost everything permanently with minimum time and effort. This style of learning is called High-Intensity Learning (HIL). Like High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) in exercise, which gives the maximum benefit of exercise in the least time possible, HIL gives you the ultimate advantage of learning, including rapid speed and permanent retention in the minimum time.

I learned about the science of HIL when I was a second-year medical student. I was just an average student. My learning skills were terrible at that time. I used to learn basic stuff and then forget repeatedly despite multiple repetitions, which prevented me from advancing in medicine. My process of learning at that time wasn't just slow; it was so inefficient. Because of this, I started reading tons of books on how to memorize and learn stuff in just one go, and the crazy thing was when I applied it, it worked. This would skyrocket my life to where it is today, and you can do the same. I have read almost every book and attended every course about learning, memory, and productivity, including the bestselling authors Jim Kwik, Scott Young, Jonathan Levi, Anthony Metivier, Joshua Foer, and Kevin Horsley.

Having the power to Super Learn allows me to maximize my results in the least amount of time possible. In addition, this frees up my time to follow my other passions and dreams like being a YouTuber, developing classes for medical students, and writing my book, and just like me, Learning how to learn will free a lot of your time which will allow you to achieve all your goals and dreams. 

This class is divided into three sections

1. Focus 

We will learn how to Hyper Focus, design our environment to make it effortless, and meditations for increasing the intensity of focus. 

2. Understanding 

We will take a deep dive into what it means to understand, the principles behind understanding, and how we can use it to maximize retention.

3. Remembering 

We will understand how our memory works and how we can use the format of our memory to retain information better.

I will break down the most effective techniques for memorization like Creative visualization, 2X Active Recall, The Major System, The Peg System, Spatial Learning, Speed Reading, Skimming, and Spatial Notes, which will help you retain information forever by reading it once or twice. We will forget the forgetting curve, and there will be no need for revisions for this. 

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Manik Madaan

Doctor, YouTuber and a Super Learner

Teacher

Hello, I'm Manik. I am a Doctor currently working in India. I love practicing medicine and I have aced the most competitive exams in medicine and I want to help you do the same in your domain using Super Learning, a form of High Intensity Learning (HIL). I am also a YouTuber and I absolutely love to make videos in my free time. I also tutor medical students worldwide for USMLE, the most competitive medical school exam in the world. 

 

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Transcripts

1. Welcome : If there is one skill that can completely transform our lives in school, college, or job, or pharmacy, anywhere else. It is learning fast effectively and not forgetting what we learned. Most people don't even know that learning is a skill and it can be mastered, which can make their lives super easy. Yet we are never, ever taught about how to learn, even though we use it in almost everything. If you can master the skill of learning, we will not only learn super-fast, we will retain everything we learned with a minimum time and effort. So in this course, we will learn about how to maximize learning speed and achieve permanent retention while taking the least amount of time possible by using the latest most effective evidence-based techniques and systems backed by the most advanced research. Hello and welcome. My name is Monica Medan. I am a full-time doctor in India. I have ranked in the top 1% of all medical students in the world in the most comprehensive exams there is for medical students called the USMLE. Not only that, I tutor medical students worldwide and I manage a big YouTube channel with that, the reason I'm telling you this is not to brag, but the reality of the macro. I used to be a very average medical student a few years back. My learning was super tedious. It wasn't good at all. I was super ineffective. I use to forget stuff all the time. And then I had to repeat what I started multiple times. I had to do multiple revisions and even then I used to forget stuff. So I always was like, Hey, I'm missing something, I'm missing something, maybe I'm not doing it properly. So what I did was I started reading all these books about how to maximize retention, how to study effectively, how to memorize almost everything. And a lot of books about productivity can, when I applied all these things to my life, my life just skyrocketed. I soldered scoring best scores in my medical school. I started erasing my medical school tests. I started to ranking first in my medical school exams. And I cleared so many competitive medical exams with the most amazing ranks. So I have read almost about every book there has been made for memorization, learning, or productivity. This allowed me to maximize my results in the least amount of time possible. Not only that, this freed up my time could do a lot of things like YouTube tutoring and, you know, making this Skillshare class and a lot of other things. And you can do the same. Learning How to Learn will free up so much of your time and you will be able to achieve all your dreams and goals in the time that your freedom. In this class we're going to master how to learn, remember, port permanent retention using the least amount of time and effort using a process called as high-intensity learning. High-intensity learning is just like high-intensity interval training in exercise, where you do a very high density of exercise in a very short time. In this, we do the same. We learn a lot of information in a very short amount of time using intensity as a driver, this will help you maximize the amount of information you will learn in the least amount of time, dan, you will remember it forever. This class is divided into three sections. Focus on understanding and remembering. In the first section that is focus, we will learn how we can hyperfocus. That is, take all of our attention and put a 100 percent of it on just studying and how we can absorb a 100 percent of anything in just one go. There are multiple techniques we are going to be learning for this, like environmental design, setting up our environment for maximizing focus and medications for focus. The second thing we're going to learn is understanding how we can understand the Feynman Technique, Technique flowcharts. The third thing we are going to learn is remembering this will have a lot of techniques like spatially learning the major system to X active recall, creative visualization and so on, which will teach us how we can remember and retain almost anything and not forget it at all. Now you just have to read stuff once or twice. We will forget the forgetting curve and there will be no reason to do revisions ever again. So forget revisions. I hope I had a class like this back in my school and my colleagues live would have been just so easy. So I hope you'll learn a lot from this class. Thank you for watching, and I hope I'll see you on the other side. 2. Class Project: All right, This class is divided into three sections. Focus, understanding and remembering. A lot of the videos in each of these sections have like in the end and actionable step where you can apply all the information that you learn to something in your life. And I would really, really encourage you to do this, is, is because we have to be very active about what we learned. So there is this old Chinese saying that says, what I hear, I forget, what I see, I remember and what I do. I understand. So it's all in there doing that, you will get the benefit. So the more you will engage with this class, the more you will get out of it. It is very easy to get carried along and be passive, just watching the whole course and not doing anything about it. But thing is that wouldn't really help you a lot and you wouldn't get much out of it. And I don't think that that's a good choice. So it tried to be very active about it, do all the actionable steps in the videos wherever you get them. So when we reach the end of the class, I encourage you to share how you took these actionable steps, how it helped you in your life, like in your studying so that we can all learn, like how we can utilize these techniques. And then that encourages a sense that we are all in the same boat and we really are. And I would love to see you grow. So definitely in the end, share how you use all these techniques in the actionable steps in your real life. So it just, it just nice to see that. I'm definitely waiting to see how you use all these techniques in your own life. 3. Hyper Focus : So let's talk about focus at hank. Focus is the most important superpower that humanity has ever had because it is what allows us to Pune out everything else and just put all of our attention on just one single thing. And that is so powerful because then you can get into the depth of that thing. And what you would see is as a species, as like humanity, we are the only ones that can focus so much sewing pensively. And that is what has allowed us to build such great knowledge, to get concepts and get to such a high level of technology. And you know, to, to this level, we as a civilization would never be here if we could not focus. And we must do everything possible to make sure we can even focus more and prevent our focus from drifting away, from going away and make sure that we can even hyperfocus. So what I would recommend is you best check out this book, hyperfocus and absolute read for anybody who wants to learn how to focus. So the time when I found out about how power who focus was, was when I got like a magnifying glass. And I remember I had this magnifying glass in the school and I was showing off my friends like, you know, you can use this and you can take the sun rays and you can put it on a paper and the sun rays can actually burn the paper. I mean, that is so powerful. So that is how your focus is to when you take all of your attention and put it just on one thing, we can get into the depth top things. And when we can get into the depth of things, that is when we can make the most progress. Because superficial learning isn't efficient, what we must have a depth of knowledge and focused allows us to do that. Focus allows us even learn more because when you focus there is this thing called as depth of processing effect. You can search that up. It's going to stop processing effect. And this allows us to actually learn even more memories, even more so, the more you process information, the more the chances that you will remember it in the future, because the more of the synaptic connections will be. So the more in-depth we can go in subjects that we are reading about, the more we will remember all of these objects and all of the things we are reading. So absolutely, absolutely important to make sure we garner focus. 4. Environmental Design for Focus: Welcome back. Now let's talk about designing an environment that helps us focus. So before we jump into that topic, and that topic is really Environmental Design, about designing our environment, we need to talk about this concept of the path of least resistance. So every force in nature follows this path of least resistance. And so does our mind just think about it is easier to do. Is it easier to watch on Netflix movie that is so funny? Or is it easier to read a book? What is more easier to do? Is it easier to watch like a YouTube video, or is it easier to just start studying about a certain topic? Now, why is watching a Netflix movie or a YouTube video so, so easy? And why is studying and reading a book so, so hard? It is because your mind just likes to follow the path of least resistance. The reason for that is our basic, like one of the basic desires in our life is survival for our mind. And if we are already surviving, okay, you don't need to do anything extra. We need to preserve energy. Okay. And because we need to preserve energy, we just are my industry is you just take the path of least resistance and this requires the least amount of energy. And so let's just do this because we as a human species, don't want to waste energy because of evolution. That, that was how we were designed. Our ancestors who wasted the least amount of energy, survived them more spec, our ancestors never had a lot of food. And because they never had like a lot of food and there were things like starvation towards a 100 thousand years back, people who conserve energy survived the most pins we are the sons and daughters of those ancestors. We are also designed to save energy. That's why we are so lazy sometimes every single day and we can start tasks because we're already surviving. Why not save energy? But at this stage of life, like in this modern world, we really have to figure out ways because we have to sometimes get things done right. So the way we can do that is through environmental design. So the concept behind environmental design is we make things that we need to do super, super easy to do, right? We eliminate all kinds of friction in that. So we tried to take out all the focus friction that is preventing us from focusing and all the distractions that come by. We just take them out. So what we're going to try to do with environmental design is we're going to make things that we need to do, super, super easy to do. And things that we feel are distracting us. We are going to make them super, super hard to do. So your mind automatically will take the path of least resistance and it will do the thing that you have to do and get done with that is focused. So the first thing we can do is we can set up an environment that promotes focusing, promotes studying, right? The first thing we need to get is a totally clean room that has no distractions. Because imagine, you know, seeing dust on the table or dust on your Chairs or dust, any aware on the floor that is kind of distracting and answer, imagine seeing a lot of things that are just carried on their desk that just takes your mind out of the study zone or the focusing zone and mix it, focus on other things. So that's what we don't want. So the first thing and the post for IoT you should have is get a clean room. Like that's why I see my desk is like so so clean and it just helps me focus more. So that's the first thing. The second thing to do is to, number one, take out your mobile phone. Either like one of the best ways is because, you know, mobile-phone is one of the biggest instructions. My, my phone actually is one of the biggest instructors in the world with social media and all on it. So what I asked especially do is so that I can't access it. I actually turn it off. I placed it in another room and violence starting. So that doesn't distract me at all. It is awesome and it has been playing out very well. And I like that a lot. And so it is very hard for me, you know, while I'm studying to reach out for my phone. So I don't mind, doesn't end up focusing on social media a lot. And I wrong get distracted a lot and so I can focus. You can't part ways with your phone. What I would recommend you do is, you know, get some ad blocker. So what I uses Android and I have this application called ad blocker, and it blocks about every single thing that can distract me like Instagram, Facebook, all of those things are blogged for a certain period of the day. And when it is 11 o'clock, 11:00 PM in the night, that block lifts off. So it is all automatic and I'm only allowed to look and browse on those apps for about an hour. And after that, the phone automatically blocks all the apps that are distracting me. I guess for iPhone, there, there must be other softwares that you can look up, just do a quick research. But this is so, so easy because now I don't have to spend any willpower, right? I don't have to spend any willpower because the thing is, the reason, one of the reasons we want to design our environment this way is because we only have a limited amount of willpower and it is very hard to, you know, take the path of high resistance. And that requires a lot of willpower and we only have so much of it. So it is wise that you don't waste that willpower and make those decisions automated. You don't even have to make those decisions. But if you can get apps are good systems in place that made those decisions already for you. You will never end up getting distracted in the first place and you don't have to use your willpower at all, and that's the beauty of it. Another thing I used to do in the past was I actually used to delete Instagram, Facebook, any other apps that are distracting me like discoid. Okay. And I just use our Snapchat. I used to just like deleted off once I was not using it and I only used to install it at a certain period of time in the day. And this kind of made the whole getting to the app super, super hard because I had to then install it, then I had to put my e-mail and password in it and it was super hard to access it. So that's one thing you can do. You can delete it off or you can use an ad blocker. But the best way I recommend is just take your phone and place it in another room so that it is super hard to access it. And your mind automatically will take the path of least resistance that is focusing. The other thing I would recommend is, you know, take all other distractions like your TV or things like a Playstation or an Xbox out of the room that you are going to study in. So your mind doesn't wander off to playing games or watching TV and just get a room that just doesn't have those things. So you're automatically, like all you see is a book or whatever you're going to focus on. And I think that works pretty well. The other thing I also recommend is putting in triggers. So triggers that trigger you to study or trigger you to focus. And the way I do it is I have a book all the time here and I can show you the book. So this is the Davidson books. So this is for medicine and I have it here. So when I used to study, I always used to have this book because it had been me like, you know, you just use to trigger that like when I used to see it. Oh my God, I have to study, I have to focus. I have to study, I have to focus. And that just kind of put me in this mood of focusing and studying all the time. So you can put any triggers like you can put in books or maybe you can put motivational posters that triggered you to work and trigger you to focus, and I find it very, very helpful. The other thing I would recommend is planning the night before. What are you going to focus on tomorrow? The reason I'm saying that is because when you get up in the morning, it's kinda really hard to first make a plan and then follow that plan versus when you're just about to sleep in the night, it can just make a plan that is already made out for you. It is very easy to execute that in the morning, but like when you get up, your mind wanders off. The thing is it is an added step in the morning to make a plan and then execute it. Versus if you make that plan in the night, it is very easy to just execute it in the morning because it's just one step. So that is something I would recommend and something that I personally do. I actually use a checklist. So I make a checklist. I have a checklist on my phone. I think it's from Microsoft. It's Microsoft's to-do checklist and it's on the home screen. And what I do is I put on put in all the things that I have to do in it like the night before. And then all I have to do is like, when I get up, I have to complete that task and just, you know, take that task. And it's so, so, so rewarding, I would encourage you to do the same. It's very useful. The actionable step for this video is to just set up your environment, just look up everything in your environment and trying to planet and in a way that doesn't distract you taking out all the distractions, cleaning that environment and answer adding focus triggers like a motivational poster, adding books, maybe on the table or on shelves that just kind of trigger you to study. Also getting a check off your phone, meaning, you know, placing it in another room is also something I will ask you to consider because it is so, so, so effective and you will be surprised about how effective that is. So see you in the next video, guys. 5. Generating Motivation for Focus: So let's talk about motivation and how we can use motivation to focus and study and how we can generate motivation every single day so we can tackle the problems of every day because he knew his motivation tends to run out pretty soon and you would have noticed, you would have noticed one of those days when you were not that motivated, you are wasting time and then you may be opened up a YouTube video, saw some motivation stuff there. And then you were like, Oh my God, I'm so motivated. And then you are motivated for like a day or two, and then you're back to your routine of not being motivated. Again, the reason that is actually happening is because that motivation isn't really yours. It is external motivation. And it nevertheless, the only way to build a motivation that loss and that is unless is to get something that is personal and it's to make it super personal. And that is called as internal motivation, your own motivation. Why are you doing this? What is your why for studying and focusing on this particular matter of subject, how is this going to help you? How is this going to benefit you? So let me just give you an example. My name is Monica Medan and you have to remember my name now. And I tell you, Okay, In one scenario that you get nothing for remembering my name versus in another scenario you get a million dollars. I'm not promising a million dollars where you get a million dollars for remembering my name. In what scenario would you remember my name more and what you're focused on many more. Well, the one in which you are getting a $1 million price. And the thing is, our motivation is one of those internal drivers for focusing. And it is so, so powerful. And if we can use it every single day, we can generate it every single day. Focusing would be so easy. So the way I do it is I make this thing called a purpose list. So a purpose list is something in which you write about why are you focusing on a certain topic or a certain subject? And the way I do it is whenever I'm reading a book, let's say for medicine, I actually make a purpose list for that particular subject lesson, medicine. Why am I studying medicine? And let's say for medicine, one of the things that always brought in motivation for studying medicine is the fact that one day, whatever I'm studying, okay, that knowledge with me is going to be the only thing that stands between the patient and his or her death. And that's why I study it because, you know, as a doctor, I am going to be standing some Sunday between a patient and his death and I can only save him. So that brings me on or a motivation for learning medicine. Also, other drivers that make me motivated to learn medicine is I can help the world by learning everything in medicine. I don't think I'll be able to learn everything, but whatever is possible, I definitely do that. And the reason I love learning medicine is because I get repeats that medicine for future doctors. And like it's one of the dreams of my in-group each future doctors. And it would be so awesome, like if I could give my knowledge to other doctors and they will end up saving more lives. So it's even more enjoyable. And that is so awesome at 100 reason, I love reading medicine because Madison just makes me a better person by learning about the body. I'm just like marveling, Oh my God, our bodies so special and that just makes me have gratitude for who I really am and who we really are, because we are so special, we have like miracles happening all over in our body that actually make us, and it is crazy that we are functioning right now. And we have these systems that are making this function, function. The fourth reason I loved medicine is because I get to do research in medicine. And if I get to do research in medicine, I can take medicine even further. And maybe i ae with other people, we can end up saving the world. We can end up changing the world. That will be social awesome. And so this is my motivation lists for learning medicine. You should definitely make your list. Why are you learning with particular subject? How is this going to help you? This is my list. You can answer, right? Like, you know how it can reward you monetarily, it is absolutely fine. How it can reward you, let's say financially, or how it can reward you in, in terms of status or anything, like it is absolutely fine, okay, but just make a motivation list because it absolutely tremendously helps. Because then your minds like all my god, I'm going to benefit from this. Oh my God. All right, That is so awesome. Then definitely look into a motivation list. So the actionable step this time is to first make a purpose list. Make a purpose list of why you are doing a certain topic. What drives you and how is that going to benefit you in the future? How is that gonna benefit anyone like it has to be just your own motivation list. Do not copy anybody's manipulation list gets your own. Okay, make that purpose list. 6. Pleasure and Pain for Motivation: Let's talk about how we can use pleasure and pain to drive motivation because these are very powerful triggers of motivation. The number one thing that I liked the most and out of, out of the pleasure and pain is the pain aspect because you can use it. And the way you can use it is let me give you an example. So let's say you have a friend, you can maybe give him a $100 or something, 10.100, whatever works for you and tell them if I don't do a certain topic by today, you can keep the a $100. And this works so, so well because your mind will always follow the path that has the least pain. Okay. And what is more painful sometimes for me is like having my friend had a $100 that have worked so hard for okay. And so my mind is like no, no, no, no focus, focus, focus, finish the topic. And you could do the same and I'm, I've used this previously now. I don't use it as much, but this is if you want to get started, this is one of the best ways to get started. Head. I know it's a bit hard core. But if you really, really, really, really want to do something about yourself, like you want to start and like you're not able to. This is so tremendously helpful. And I know it's hard, but if you want to do something, you should definitely try this out. And by the way, like, this doesn't always have to be like always something Financial. You could say like you let's say you have a friend, okay? You have to do a certain chore of theirs, and like that makes their life easy, that you really got 12 and they don't want to. And that could be a source of pain and you could use it to drive motivation, like you have to do to their dishes, you have to clean the bathroom or you have to clean whatever they want. But yes, you can definitely do that. The other thing is using pleasure. And pleasure is by like let's say you finish a certain task, you get a certain moment of pleasure maybe by eating dark chocolate, strawberry. I use dr. Dr. Me because if I finish a certain piece of task, I give myself a dark chocolate sometimes, and it is very rewarding. You're going to use that. But according to Me, pane is much better driver of motivation then pleasure. So the actionable step this time is to try to use the concept of pleasure and pain. It is an optional choice, but I definitely think it is super helpful. 7. The Focus Meditation: So welcome back. Now let's talk about observation. So observation is your art to pay attention, okay? You're hard to pay attention to a certain thing. The reason we're talking about this in the Focus module is what happens to us. A lot of the times is when we're trying to focus, there are a lot of things that are running in our head. Like for me, it used to be what happened. So when I used to go to college, it used to be what happened in the medical class. Okay. What methanes talked about. If something dramatic has happened and things from lectures, all of those things were literally crawling inside my head. And I sometimes good nor focus because there was a voice inside my head And they weren't Norton, there was just not a wise there are multiple voices in my head and I couldn't get my mind to shut down. And this is what happens with a lot of us that we have so many things in our mind, so much of clutter and so much of garbage that we can't all the time focus properly. We can't pay attention. And, you know, like hazard ever happened to you, like you're talking to somebody and there's something running in your head and then they start noticing that like where are you mentally and they call you out on that. That happens to a lot of us. Like even when that happens to me, still to this date when I'm studying. Okay. And the way you can really, really tackle this, his understanding that, that our mind is just like a PC. It has RAM. So we have this RAM that led, say, accommodates a lot of things. And the problem is when you put too much into this PC, that is our mind, and you put too much into that RAM, that PC starts to slow down and so does our mind. So because of that, our mind starts to slow down and we can't be efficient in any task, okay? Because since so many things are running in our main and we can't pay attention, we are not effective. Okay? And because if you've ever opened up a computer and open to many applications on it, maybe your mobile open to many applications on it. You would have noticed that that phone or the computer slows down. And the reason is because the Ram cannot handle that. And so we also have the same kind of RAM and we need to make sure that we can take all that garbage out. So like even on a PCB is sometimes used like a RAM cleaner. Not all of that in the PC becomes fast and it is able to execute. Does we also need to clean up the garbage in our minds that later in our mind so that we can focus on things that matter to us. And we are in the moment we are present, we are with the content that we are learning, because that is what markers, and that is what generates intensity or focus. The more you are in the moment, the more you are present, the more you're paying attention, the more you can focus and the more that is going into your mind. So, and the more you are learning and with more intensity and you're going into a greater depth and you would also processing it more. So that's so-so helpful if you can just pay attention. But money. How do I do that for this to a Reagan use is the thing goin, focused meditation. So what happens with a focused meditation is we focus on our bread. So what we do is we count our breath cycles, we close our eyes like this, and we count our breath cycles. Okay, so let's say I inspire and then I expire. So this was the first of that cycle. Now let's see the second red cycle. This is the second red cycle. This is a third red cycle. So what we are doing is we are crown counting your breath cycles till we hit 20. So you have to just close your eyes and count till you reach 20 breaths cycles and reset to one again. So we've each funny. Then we start with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20. And then we go back to one again. The way this works is what a lot of masters or meditation say. He's like the breadth is like the umbilical cord of the universe. So because the breath is so automatic when you focus on breath and me, when we start counting the breath, we are kind of pulled into the present moment and we are paying attention to the present moment. We are not thinking about a lot of things. They might come up, but like let's say something might come up when you're doing the focus meditation. But since you are counting the breads, you have to come back to the present to count the breaths because you can only do one thing at a time. So that is why focused meditation is so effective. And this is something that has been in my morning routine since about 40 years, and I use it every single day. So I do it for ten minutes and I keep going from one to 20. And then one could Wendy blinded to any, it is superhydrophobic. So the actionable step for this video is trying out the focused meditation. Try it out just now because I don't want you to forget about it. Just close your eyes for ten minutes and keep counting your breath until you hit 2ND and then reset and then hit Tilde to any, I know it'll be a bit hybrid. You'll have a lot of realizations that what is happening in your mind and your mind is running, like running towards a different kind of dark thoughts. It's not always in the present, but it is an amazing experience. And try putting it into your morning routine. You know, it just takes ten minutes and it is massively, massively helpful for safe staying present and make it trains you to stay present in the moment. Absolutely, absolutely. Enemies and exercise. 8. Overcoming Activation Energy: So one of the hardest tasks to focus is getting started with whatever you wanted to focus on Lake. Let's say you get up in the morning and you get done with your morning routine, break fast. It is very hard to start that first step of doing what you wanna do. But the thing is what you would have noticed. There are other times is once you get your start doing the task that you want to start studying, it actually becomes easier once you start doing it. And the reason for that is Newton's law of motion that states that things that like to stay in rest, they stain rest and things that are in motion stays in motion when you when you go to study, especially with me, the hardest thing is to sit down and open that book. That is the hardest step after that. It all just become so easy. So the middle part is so easy. And the thing that I've realized from this, the way we can do hard things is by breaking stuff down. Because when we like, let's say I want to study, okay. I wouldn't write it down, Michelle, you that I have to study, just that I would break that down into certain tasks. So the first step of studying is what? It is sitting on this chair, right? That's the first task. If I sit on this year, I pat myself on the back. The second thing is to just move here and start studying. Okay. Just put my hands here, okay. And then open. I study on I-bar because that's how I do open my I-bar. Just open GoodNotes and start studying. That's it. Okay, So this is something you can do if that first task is really hard to do and it is very hard to overcome that activation energy. You just have to break that task down into super, super simple small steps that you can just easily execute. And what I did in my several other times is all I could do is just set okay. If I don't want to study after five minutes, it is absolutely or gave I don't wanna study after five minutes. Just said now. Okay, Just open the book. If I don't want to study after five minutes, it's absolutely fine, I'll leave study. But what tends to happen because of that is break down the task that you want to do into super small and simple steps and just get with it. It's very easy if you can do that because it's hard to do broad thing lakes turning bus object because it's so long and it is very easy to break it down into super small and simple steps. And it is very easy to sit on a chair. And Euro turn your chair towards her desk and just open up your iPad or your computer, or maybe a book that you are studying. It is super simple to do that. So do that first. So break down whatever you want to do in consumers wanted simple steps and then execute on it. The actionable step for this video is use the breaked down technique and break down something that you'll find super hard to build into super small and simple steps. And then you don't try to execute on that small step. And once you execute on the nuts one step, definitely pat yourself on the back because it helps a lot, you know, doing that small step and getting a pat on the back. And it helps us overcome that activation energy because now that task that loops over hard is no longer so hard. It is easy because it is, though I didn't do so many small steps and we can take action on those small steps. So see you in the next video. 9. Understanding: So why is understanding so, so important? Okay, So the number one reason understanding is so important is because once we get really, really understand something, we don't really have to memorize it. We can build that at once concept from basic fundamentals. And it kind of gives us a really permanent memory of that thing. And it is just easier than memorization generally. Okay, so that's why I like understanding way, way, way more than memorization. Because if I've understood something, I can build it up from the basic fundamentals and come to the advanced concept whenever I want. Okay, The second reason I like understanding way more than memorization is because understanding helps us make conclusions. We otherwise wouldn't if you just memorize content. So let's take an example of two people. One is Adam, the other person is Eve. Adam just knows about apples falling from trees and he's just memorized, okay, apple, apples come from trees. He doesn't understand the mechanism about how apples are generated from crease. And then there's, there is Eve who understands that apples come from trees which have roots. And those roots deriving new creation from a special kind of soil, just for apple trees. And that is what brings out the apples. Now, if he ask both of them to grow apple trees, who will be better at it? It would be IV, because Eve understands that there is a special kind of soil and she needs to plan the apple seeds in that soil, grow that apple tree while Adam wouldn't, because Adams's memorized, Apple's just grow from trees. That's what he knows, but Eve understands the whole mechanism of it. And because of that, she knows the relations of things through things. And she knows like he or she can derive conclusions out of it and even grew up in trees and that applies to everything we learned. So that is why I love understanding. So in the next few videos, we'll dive into what it really means to understand something and how can we understand stuff way better than we understand it right now. 10. Feynman Technique: Let's talk about understanding stuff with Feynman technique. So Feynman Technique is named after this famous physicist Richard Feynman. He was very well known to explain very, very complex physics ideas in a very, very simple layman language. And this is where it comes from. And the purpose of Amun technique is to explain complex things in very simple language. That is, that can we understand by literally anyone? And the reason this technique works in making us understand stuff more is because here we kind of tanker Baker responsibility for stuff. Imagine learning somebody's else's words. What is this? Creating your own? The reason Feynman technique works really well is when we have to explain at once concepts in our own language. In very simple language, it is easier because it's like building it. It's like making your own stuff, right? And what do we remember more? What do we understand more? Our own language, the language that somebody else who was, that is one of the reason Feynman technique works. So the way you can use this technique is by asking yourself, how can I explain this at once concept to anybody who doesn't have a background in this particular subjects. So let's say, How can I explain this to a 10-year or how can explain it to my parents? How can I explain it to my friends, my best friends? Let, let me give you an example. So let's say I'm reading medicine and I read something about pulmonary embolism again. And I have to explain it to my ten year old nephew. And the way I start is I start about telling him that, Hey, pulmonary embolism is when you have this clot in your lung vessels, that is your ordinary vessels, and that clot blocks of the blood supply to the lungs and that causes infection of the lungs because it's not getting blood that supplies nutrition to it. And because of their infarction blurred, this starts leaking out from these other arteries called bronchial arteries into the lung and also from the pulmonary artery is some of the blood backs up and starts flowing into the lung. And this causes hemoptysis. That is, it causes the person to cough out blurred. The second thing this would cause is it causes the person to become a bit breathless because their lungs aren't working properly. And the third thing that causes pain here, pain in the chest because we like the lungs just got infected and there is a problem of perfusion to the lungs. Now, he would ask me now and I tell him that they would ask me back, is where does this clot come from? And let's say I don't really know where the clot comes from. I go back to my book okay. And try to explore, okay, where does a clot come from? And when I go into the deep into that, I would understand that it actually comes from clots in the veins. So sometimes when you don't move, there is stasis of blood in the veins when you don't move for a very long time, let's say somebody has a fracture. They they won't move for 10 days because they are resting right on the bed. And because of that, the blood will clot in the leg veins. And when the blood clots in the leg veins, some of the clot can break off. And when it breaks off, the veins actually do what? Veins carry blood from different organs, different parts of the body to the heart. And so the clot will go to the heart. And once it goes to the heart, the right heart, that clot will go into the lungs because the right heart supplies the lungs, right? Because of that. We have that Claude go into the lungs and cause the pulmonary embolism. And now it makes sense. And this, as you can see, this kind of give me a better understanding of how pulmonary embolism works. Now, that person like to whom I'm explaining could even ask me, okay, what makes up a cloud? I don't understand why is that clot happening? What what makes up a clot? Now, if I don't understand it, I would go back to the book and try to understand what makes up a clot, then I would understand that o'clock when I go back to the book, I will understand that a clade is actually made of platelets, these, these cells in our body that are made to clot and fibrinogen, that is from the clotting cascade. And these all connect together to make that clot and I could explain it to my nephew. So as you can see here, the reason Feynman technique also works is number one, it gives us this responsibility and makes us use our own words, which helps in memorization, and which helps us in understanding stuff better. The second way it works is because now you don't make any assumptions that you would before, okay? The thing is you might be making assumptions in certain topic, but when you explain it to a 10 year old or you explain it to a friend, they would always ask why is this happening? And you might not ask that. And because of that, why you will start to understand your gaps in your own knowledge. And because of that, you'll go back and fill in those gaps. And this helps us to understand stuff even better than the thing is, you don't have to always explain it to somebody. You can pretend to explain it to a 10-year-old. I sometimes do it in isolation. And I know it's weird because it seems like you're talking to yourself, but it definitely helps when you pretend to explain it to somebody. So okay guy is the actionable step for this video is to number one driver of the Feynman technique with any of the topics you are studying. And either explain it to somebody you know, okay. Or you can pretend to explain it to somebody just in isolation. Both of them workout. 11. First Principles: So one of the best test to understand, if you really, really understand something, is to try building a very, very advanced concept from basic fundamentals. And these basic fundamentals are also called as first principles. That is, the basic building blocks of something. So the way you can do this is by using flowcharts. I use a flowchart and you can see it here. I have used a flowchart to explain pulmonary embolism from basic, from the basic fundamentals that is clots. And we can break down the basic fundamentals even more by going into, okay, what forms that lot. But just for the sake of understanding, I made it like this. But what you can see here is the magic of first principles. You can, you can really, really understand something only if you can build very, very advanced concepts from its basics like pulmonary embolism, if you can understand that how a clot forms, that when a person is static for a very long time, that causes the blood to be static. And because of that, there's a clot. And if you understand the anatomy of the body okay. That the veins drain into the heart because of that, a piece of the clot breaks off into the veins and that goes to the right heart and write out supply is the lungs. And this causes the clot to reach the lungs and block off the blood supply to the lungs, causing infarction and causing pulmonary embolism, which will cause what? It will cause hemoptysis, that is, the patient will start coughing or blurred. The second thing that it will cause his pain in the chest because there is infection of the lungs. Third thing it will cause is the patient will start having breathlessness because this will block a blood supply to the lungs which Sub, which give you oxygen. And because the person is not able to oxygenate blood, that will cause breathlessness because the patient does not have enough oxygen because of blockage to the lungs. You can see that our bed and the ones concept like pulmonary embolism, from its basic fundamentals or first-principle coil, a clot. So this is one of the best as if you can do this with any concept, go from basics to the advanced. You know, you have under-served something. The actionable step for this video is to really try using the first principles are getting to the first principles and explaining and very advanced concept through those first principles by using a flowchart. Just like I did. This is very, very helpful. 12. Categorization for Understanding: Now let's talk about one of the most important ways to understand stuff and that is categorization or organization. So what this really means is we have like building a mental model where we have a tree, we have its branches and we have the leaps. So just to explain this, I'm going to show you this thing I made for anemias. To understand anemias, we divided into three types according to the size of the RBCs. If the size of the RBC is small, we call it macrocytic. If it is normal, we call it normocytic. If it is large, we call it macrocytic. And I'm going to do these kinds of things. You can see that there are so many kinds of anemias, microcytic, there's iron deficiency, anemia of chronic disease, thalassemia syndrome, plastic anemia. And for Mac, for normocytic we have things like hemolytic anemia, blood loss anemia, and in hemolytic anemia we are multiple types of G6PD deficiency and heritage with spherocytosis and in things like macrocytic anemia via D2L deficiency, folate deficiency anemia. The thing is, when we are understanding, let's say I read about high-end deficiency anemia. It is very important for me to understand the leaf that is, the iron deficiency anemia have to understand that, but at the same time, have a bird's eye view of what it falls under. And if you know what it falls under, it is very easy to relate it to different kinds of anemia. Because if you look at this, I can easily connect that. Okay. Iron deficiency anemia should have. That is very, very much similar to thalassemia. It is very, very similar to sit robotic anemia. It is very, very similar to anemia of chronic disease because in all of them are busy size, are small. So I have to find ways to differentiate it from these anemias. Versus now you can see that iron deficiency anemia is so very different from macrocytic anemia where the RBC size is so big. So Menu Categories, stuff in this manner, it really helps you do connect things relating to each other and differentiate things. And when you put it on one page, it just makes it so easy. So what I would recommend all of you is whenever you are trying to understand a topic, like even subjects try to categorize it into different things. Like if I'm starting hematology, I would categorize it into anemias. Right. That's what we discussed about. Okay. Then I would categorize it into leukemia, leukemias, lymphomas, that is that humors of the blood and hypercoagulability or hypoglycemic hyperosmolarity means that the blood is clotting too much. Hypogonadism means the blood is clotting and that causes bleeding. So you can see that like to have even greater understanding. We have to know the three its branches and the leaves. We can't just know the leaves because then we can't connect different kinds of leaves and we can't understand how the leaves are related to the branches and the tree is dry. Categorizing stuff, organizing stuff. 13. How Our Memory Works: Let's talk about memory and how memory works, because it is a beautiful thing. So we have mainly two kinds of memories. The first one that we need to talk about is the short-term memory, and the second one is the long-term memory. Short-term memory is memory that is a lot of the times temporary. And what happens is, is just stored for about a few days or weeks and then it just fades away. A good example of this would be when you're reading a topic or you're reading a certain subject. When you read it, you're like, hey, I know this, I know this so well. But after a few weeks when I ask you about a few questions about that subject, you seem to have forgotten that subject or the topic that is short-term memory because it didn't stay for a long term. And that is why it is short-term memory. And that is short-term memory is then we have something called as long-term memory. And long-term memory is that memory that is not temporary. It is most of the times permanent that it stays with us. Longer memories are kind of memory that is very resilient to fading away. That it is more permanent and temporary and it stays with us for a very, very long period of time, let's say ears and ears, or 10 to 20 to 30 years, and it doesn't fade away that easily. That is long-term memory. An example of long-term memory would be, let's say your best friend's name. So let's say if you had to go to a different country and you have to stay there for the next ten years. What is the chance that you would remember your best friend's name? Like after those 10 years, Even if you guys don't talk, I would say if somebody height john's because we don't tend to forget our best friend's name, people who are very close to us. And the reason for that is it stays in a long-term memory. It even happens like when we read subjects that are very dear to us, read topics that are very dear to us. We tend to remember those things for very, very long periods of time because that goes into a long-term memory. So the model of memory and how it works is whenever v start reading or topic, it first goes into our short-term memory, okay? And then there are a few things that you can do to make it go into the long-term memory. So it always works like that first and goes into the short-term memory, whatever you're reading, then it goes into the long-term memory, provided certain conditions are met and understand that not all short-term memory becomes long-term memory. And the thing that decides what goes from short-term memory to the long-term memory is something called as the hippocampus. Hippocampus is this seahorse like structure, and it's about here and here we have two hippocampus is, and the thing about hippocampus is, it is also called as the gateway to memory. And it is the thing, it is the brain structure that decides what goes from our short-term memory to the long-term memory. And what is hippocampus looking for? Hippocampus is looking for relevance, relevance to our survival. What that means is if we want to survive in this world, we should only only remember what is relevant to us, our own survival, and that is what hippocampus is looking for. So whatever you are reading about, whatever you're learning and whatever goes into that short-term memory, if that is relevant to your survival in any way that goes to the long-term memory. And hippocampus relies on three criteria for that. The first one is frequency. So we've all had that like when we open up, book up or a topic up and we, we, we tend to read it multiple times and have multiple repetitions of that subject or topic. And then it seems that we kind of have a good grasp and we remember it for a longer period of time. The reason for that is your hippocampus acknowledges, Hey, I'm seeing this thing multiple times. It's coming into the short-term memory multiple times. So it is very probable that in the future, I'm going to see this again. And this might be very important for survival. So that's why a lot of the times, that's why that short-term memory becomes long-term memory. The second reason might be duration. So duration has in how much time you spend on a certain topic. So have you ever had that like you spend like two to three days to four days or five days on just one certain topic. And then like after even years, you tend to remember that the reason for that is because you spent such a long period of time on that certain topic, your hippocampus kind of guessed that this might be really, really irrelevant. And Nick, for my survival. And because of that, like that short-term memory became long-term memory because of the amount of duration you spend. Another example I could give is if you go to a party, okay? And you spend a lot of period of time with a certain someone, it is more probable that you'll remember that certain someone then the person you spent very little time with, this is because of the duration of time spent on something just leads to more relevance of that. And this is why we remember our parents name, our best friend's name is because we spent a lot of time with them. The third thing you need to know and that is not known by a lot of people, is the intensity. Intensity, meaning emotions and visuals. So the thing that happens a lot of the times is emotion tends to stimulate hippocampus. And because emotion tends to stimulate hippocampus, this allows a lot of the short-term memory to become long-term memory. And example of this is certain moments in which we were so, so happy and we still like, I have so many moments with mine grand mom. And she's not here right now with me. But I still remember that like from my childhood because I was so, so happy in that moment, I never had to revise it. But the intensity of the happiness of that moment kind of made that short-term memory to become long-term memory, and that's how it happened. Other moments, we tend to remember that having motion in them are moments with intense fear and any intense emotion. An example of this would be a onetime I actually had like a Coke bottle. And in India you have Coke bottles that are made of glass. So I was just like shaking that when I was a kid and that thing blasted off and it left. One of the glass pieces left a scar on my left knee here. Okay. And because of that, there was an intense pain. I had stitches up and I still have the exactly the whole memory of the whole situation because of the intense pain and intense the intensity of that emotion of that pain that I felt. And because of that and the fear that, Oh my God, I might die or something. So because of that, I still remember this. So intensity can also help us learn a lot and, and a lot of people don't know about intensity. And in this course we'll be going deeper into how can we make things more intense. And through this, we can decrease the frequency and duration of learning because we have three things, okay? Like I just told you, frequency, duration, and intensity. Either we could learn things in more repetitions, or either we could spend more time on topics or we could make topics so many social intense by eliciting emotions, by putting visuals into things. We'll get into this later that we are okay with not using frequency and duration. We can just use the intensity and through that, we can save time. This is what is called as minimum effective dose learning. Just like you when you exercise, there is this thing called high-intensity training. The purpose of high-intensity training is to increase the intensity of exercise to such a level that we can decrease the duration of exercise and get the same benefits. So this is the same kind of, same kind of concept, even in memory. If we can increase the intensity or memory, we can decrease the frequency and duration of learning. And that is what this course will dive in further. And it is very interesting how we can do that. The second thing I want to address is our memory doesn't have a limit, okay? A lot of people think that their memory has a limit. And the way I found out about this was, I was watching this Sherlock episode. And in that Sherlock episode, what had happened was shared. Lock was solving our case AS and Watson was with him. And what Watson realized was shallow, did not know exactly how Earth rotated around its own orbit. It was something about space and it was to solve a case. And what happened was like Watson who was very surprised because Sherlock a lot of the times like He has, like this perfect memory and he remembers a lot and he has a lot of knowledge. And what Shylock says is, I read about the earth, orbits like in a book and have totally like I have had that knowledge, but I chose to forget it because it was not irrelevant. Okay, so that I can get more knowledge. So there is this consensus with some people that memory is limited, that you need to forget something, to remember something. And that is how it goes. It is absolutely not true. There has been multiple researchers on this topic and there seems to be no limit to how much you can memorize. And it seems that our memory is limitless. There is no limit to it, and there is a whole lot of science behind it. But really there is no limit to your memory. If you ever think that there is a limit, that is not the case. There is no limit. You don't need to forget things to remember you things. In fact, the opposite is actually more true. The more you remember things that you have previously learned, the more likely are you to remember new things, because memory really is a synaptic connection. So the more synaptic connections you have had before to hang, the more you can link new stuff to those synaptic connections and the more you can remember. So remember that lake, the more you'll remember, the more information you remember from the past, the more you can remember even the present, and the more you'll remember in the future, because memory is all synapses. And the more synapses you have, the more you will remember even in the future. I hope that makes it fear. So guys, the actionable step for this video is to reflect on how memory books, you don't go back and kind of relate things to your short-term memory, what you have in your long-term memory, and how you made that short-term memory go into long-term memory and reflect all intensity, especially like emotion. How emotion made short-term memory become long-term memory. That is very important because that is literally the base of this course and how we like this coursework. So reflect on that. And the second thing is reflect that your memory is limitless. There is no limit to it. If you ever had a limiting belief that I need to forget something, to remember something more, forget that you have no limit. And it has been proven by research. 14. The Format of Our Memory: So now let's talk about the format of our memory. So the thing is, human memory is pretty, pretty amazing. It is so amazing. And the thing is, it is amazing, but for a certain format, it is not amazing for different formats. And in this video we'll explore the format of our memory. So for us Really good three exercises, okay, in the first exercise is we are going to look at words either just like port random words here. And so what you have to do is look at these random words. Try to memorize these random words. And there'll be 20 random words, like once you hit the way, indeed, you have to pause the video and then you have to write all those that are numWords down like how many ever are possible to do that. So let's start. So one, 23456789, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20. So pause the video and try to write down the words that you just saw and, you know, it's fine. How many ever again is? Absolutely. Okay. So if I do write them down. So now that you have written all of them down, like how many of you do you get? Correct. Okay. So northern that. Now I'm going to show you a few numbers on the screen, so we're going to see numbers. And just like what we did previously, these are going to be 20 numbers. And once we, once I show you those 20 numbers, you have to again pause the video and try to write all of those numbers and numbers down on a sheet of paper. So let's do that. Now. Let's start. Okay. 123456789, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20. So now that you have seen the numbers, pause the video and try to write them on a piece of paper and see how many Gagnon yet correct. How many near a member? Out of 20. Now that we're done with that, I'm going to show you pictures. Okay. We're going to see pictures. And again, these, it will be 20 pictures. So this excess will be a bit different. I'm going to show you any pictures. You don't have to draw them or whatever. Just look at the pictures. That's all you do. I want to show you any pictures. So let's start 123456789, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20. So now that we have seen those 20 pictures, what we're going to do is I'm going to show you two pictures right now, one on the left and the other on the right. And one of these pictures will be formed like the picture that I showed you. And what you have to recognize is which one is the old picture and which one is the new picture. So, let's try to forget. So one. Could you recognize that still recognize that. 3456789, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20. So how many of you could get good at what you would have seen right now, for most of you, the case would be you would ever, ever going to use a lot of those images, most of those images, and this whole experiment was just to prove to you that the format of our memory is visual. We are not met, we are not designed to remember words or numbers. We are designed by evolution. Remember pictures that have emotions, right? That is what we are designed for the picture exercise that we just did, the one in which I showed you the new picture and the old picture. And this experiment has been done tons and tons of times. And what? This has shown that people have near about a 100 percent retention of pictures like when they are showed the pictures immediately. Okay. Even when they were just ten or 20 pictures or 30 pictures or 40 pictures, people also have like near about a 100 percent retention even after a week. Okay, That is crazy. They're Alto has been an experiment in which people were shown 3000 different pictures, like 3 thousand pictures in one go. And the next week, they were asked to do the same exercise as we did with the 300 pictures. And turns out they had like a 92 percent accuracy in in in telling which one was the old picture and which one was the new picture. So we have a really powerful visual memory that is amazing. And if we can use that visual memory, there is no limit. The weight is explained by, is by evolutionary psychology. So what evolutionary psychology says is our species originated 200 thousand years back. And when it originated two hundred and ten hundred years back, survival was the mean priority, like we were cavemen and our ancestors were cavemen. And survival was the biggest priority at that time. And the thing that happened was when we used to go gather food, it was very important that we kind of remember the location and the picture of that location where we got our food because, you know, that meant survival. Because if we could remember like the space, the location, and the picture on that location where we got the food, we could go back and get more and more and more food. And that's amazing. And people who could do that survived more. And by natural selection. We are the sons and daughters of the same people also are same ancestors to 100 thousand years back and wanted to survive. And there were a lot of natural threats. There were lions, there were tigers, there were a lot of wild animals that could kill us. And the thing is, we had to have like a very good memory for these kind of dangerous things. So we had to have a good memory to store the location and the picture of the location where the lion was, like maybe behind the bush and like where all the lions are. So if we could remember the visual locations of things where, you know, there was danger, we could survive. And the thing is people who could do that by natural selection. We heard the sons and daughters of those people. And so this whole thing is natural selection. So we have been evolved to remember pictures. The thing is now, you would say money, but the books we read, they all have a lot of words and numbers. Like the whole world is for you with words and numbers. And the thing is language itself, or Israel incurred 6000 years back and humanity, it's an originated 200 thousand years back. So on such a big scale like of 200 thousand years, 6 thousand years is nothing. So we haven't never avoid to remember words and numbers and that's why it is not the format of her memory. The format of our memory is visual-spatial. We have very, very good at remembering vivid visuals. Like if you think about your past experiences, most of them that you remember, like for a very long period of time are very, very visual and emotional. And also, we also tend to remember spaces very well. I'll go into the desktop this later. So we have a very spatial memory. We tend to remember locations pretty well, and we can use this to our advantage. So now I hope you kind of get the format of your memory and how it works. 15. High Intensity Learning: Now a big question all of you would have is wired. We are discussing here the whole world is words and numbers. So why are we talking about pictures like visual stuff, location stuff? The thing is if your design Boolean, visuals and pictures and we are altered design-build, learn partial information. And we are designed to remember things that have emotion, do them in density. Remember, so what we can get out of all of this is how we can increase the intensity of unlearning. We could increase the intensity up on learning by converting those words and numbers, can go pictures, adding emotion to them, maybe adding location to them. And this will increase the intensity of learning. And by increasing the intensity of our learning, we only need to learn stuff once or twice, maximum once or twice. Because once we increase in density of our learning, the frequency and duration decrease naturally. Because remember the Fed model frequency or duration or intensity to convert the short-term memory to long-term memory, we can use emotional degree is the frequency and duration. That way. Another thing I wanted to get in here, or as we talked about the hippocampus rate were dogged about how hippocampus was a gateway to memory and incongruent short-term memory to long-term memory. And there is science behind this, like how intensity, emotion and everything with the hippocampus works. And then your hippocampus is part of this system called the limbic system. And limbic system is part of a more standard brain. And we have a logical brain, that is our cerebral cortex, and then we have our emotional brain. And this is very primitive and hippocampus is a part of it. So it makes sense that if we can stimulate the hippocampus through emotion, that can cause stuff to go from short-term memory to long-term memory. So all we need to add is emotion somehow. And the second thing hippocampus is designed for is sparse should information. So there had been multiple studies where there are these neurons called location neurons in our hippocampus, the way they react is according to your spatial organization in a room. So let's say in your walk a bit, beauty, walk forward or backward. These neurons are stimulated in different ways. So your hippocampus is also important for spatial information like how will you are in relation to the world. And it also makes sense that if it can add those visual spatial retails, do whatever we are learning, this really can ward the short-term memory to long-term memory. And this is what the whole intensively thing is about is weekend increasing density using emulsion, we use washer data. And once we do that, we begin to learn stuff in one go forever. And that is amazing. 16. High Intensity Encoding: So now that we know we are meant to store memory formats with lots of visuals, emotions, and locations. We kind of understand like do you know how we need to learn? But the Gaussian is every book has a lot of words, it has a lot of numbers. How do we membrane is not? Well, what we could do is we could convert the words and numbers are liquid and Gore DIC, we'll get into pictures. Okay, we can, and there are multiple techniques for that. And in the next few videos we'll get into those techniques in Lake. Four words. There are techniques like the board substitution technique we'll go into detail about. And then four numbers. There are techniques like the peg system, and then there is the meter system, border incredible systems or remembering numbers. And what we'll do is convert the words and numbers into pictures, add emotions through them, and try to use locations is like location methods. I'll get into the metal of this in a later video. But that's what we're gonna do is we're going to intensify the pictures that we make out of the words and numbers. And that will help us retain whatever we learn for a very long video of dying. And this is amazing. Another thing I wanted to get into detail is comparing, you know, up memories are visual memory of something versus just a memory of words and numbers. What do you need to understand is visual memories stay for a longer period of time and thereby reduce resistance through degradation. They, they don't just erode like that, but words or numbers can erode like that. And that's why when we get a phone number of a friend, and even though we can remember it in the moment, like we're looking at it. And if you look at it for a very long period of time, remember it for a day but then we forget it after a week. Okay. That doesn't happen with visual memories because this day for a very long period of time, even ears, decades, and then never erode as fast as memory for numbers and words. The second thing is the visual memory I'm talking about is super-fast. So memory for pictures is way faster to recoil then memory for words and numbers. And it doesn't require a lot of thinking. And that's why I'm, visual memory is far superior to memory for words and numbers. And that is what I use really in all of my studying, is I can ward words and numbers into visual memory. And this helps me a lot. 17. The Long Term Memory Equation: The long-term memory equation. The long-term memory equation is this way of coordinate anything in your short-term memory into long-term memory, and taking the least amount of time for dark. So we're taking our frequency or duration and we're just using intensity so that we can learn it in one or two words that say, okay, so the way it works is remember long-term memory to short-term memory, plus emotion and visuals. And if we can add locations, so if you can, just like us, we use any motions with your short-term memory that will automatically become long-term memory. So don't worry about that location. There's something can add in extra is definitely helpful. 18. Generating Motivation for Learning: So remember the motivation list we made for focusing for a lot of subjects. The same motivation we talked about, like that increases focus, can also help person embraces vector. Because what motivation does is it increases the relevance for a certain thing. And whenever you increase the elements for survival or relevance for your life, that actually helps us can ward the short-term memory to long-term memory. Because one of the basic purposes of the hippocampus is satisfiable. How can we just have things in our mind that can help our survival and get help us. That's where you want to increase that relevance. And the thing is, we can use more dimension for that. So whenever you are struggling or topic, I wanted to ask yourself, how can it benefit me or how can we benefit the people around me? Okay, That is one caution. You have to ask yourself. And the second Bush and you have to ask yourself, is Why am I doing it? Why am I doing this? And how will this benefit me or the boil in the long term and how, how can I use it in the future? Okay, So an example of that is let's say I'm reading biochemistry, right? I'm reading biochemistry and medicine. Let's say I am reading gluconeogenesis. So the question I'm asking myself is, why am I reading gluconeogenesis and how can it help me or people around me and in the future. And the thing is, when you read gluconeogenesis, you will understand the whole process of gluconeogenesis is upregulated in diabetes mellitus. So if I want to do medicine in the future and I'm going to dab it is when I just mentioned if I understand gluconeogenesis, That would be so massively helpful. Okay. Because then I would understand how diabetes is happening at the molecular level. Not only that, if I understand that gluconeogenesis is the thing that is a Breckenridge upregulated in diabetes so we make more glucose. I can answer understand pharmacology that we sometimes can use things like metformin, which inhibit gluconeogenesis. And so metformin is a drug that inhibits gluconeogenesis and we can decrease the level of glucose. And that is so, so helpful. So here I have created a motivation for me to remember gluconeogenesis. And it is very probable that I will remember gluconeogenesis after ears because I have given it a purpose. Another example is anatomy. Let's say in first year I'm reading anatomy. So we're reading the part of radial. We're reading about how the radial nerve comes from the brachial plexus travels through the quadrangular space and then it's laterally, it's lateral here, and then it goes posteriorly and then hit comes in the front and then divides into two nerves, posterior interosseous nerve and the superficial radial nerve. If I ignore this whole pathway when I go like practice surgery in my fourth year or let's say I become an intern, I can already know how radian often get damaged because if I if a person gets a fracture here on the shaft of humorous, I already know because of anatomy and I can guess what No, we'll get damaged. That is the radial nerve. So that is the purpose of reading radial laments whole part because then I can already guess when and where will the radial of get damaged. And that can be so helpful in surgery. And as a doctor, I can help my patients more. And that example is the location of the spleen. So location on the screen Is it through Panther intercostal space here. Okay. On the left side. And the thing is, let's say patient gets shot and I'm a doctor, okay? And they get short and between the eighth and glucose is split the space. The most common organ damage there will be spleen. And if I naught and my hand Acme, where did I put that patient weigh more and I could save his life faster and I could put him at risk. So that is another motivation, like for me for starting an Acme is why am I even reading the locations of different arguments? That reason I'm doing this because people can get short they are people and getting good drama they are. And if you know the location, you can help them even more. The way motivation answer works is motivation does create relevance. It also creates emotion because, you know, when you have like a porpoise or doing something that does kind of seem a bit emotional lot of the time. So let's say blunder purposes collect motivation for me in my life is to save a lot of people's lives because I am studying to become a doctor and that emotion creates relevance also. So motivation also can create emotion. And that, as you know, can order a short-term memory to long-term memory. And so that is also important. So the actionable step for this video is whatever you're reading, whatever you're studying, ask yourself the question, how am I going to use this in the future? And how can this help me or people around me in the future? And why am I even reading this? So the two questions to ask are why and how. And I want you to ask these cautions for each and every topic you are doing because these are super modern cautions and this, this will even help you memorize more. 19. Creative Visualization: So let's talk about creative visualization. And how can we use creative visualization to remember stuff that is non-technical? So by non-technical meaning that we can imagine it very easily like a mango. Okay, so what is create a visualisation be individualization is the art of visualizing stuff that you're reading about, struggling about the thing you need to normal creative visualization is it's best done, like when you close your eyes and you try to construct a mental model of that thing. So let's say we were talking about an apple. So the way we can creatively visualize that Apple is like losing our eyes, building that happened in our mind and seeing the red color or that Apple. So you can try this out, close your eyes and just imagine an apple, okay, that is red in color. Imagine the whitish shade of that apple. Imagine you're on the stock of that apple, can imagine how it looks like. So this is how creative visualization works out. The way you can make your creative visualization more intense, okay, is by adding the formula a, E, I, O, U. So the balls, so a stands for Action. Action meaning, let's say we're talking about an apple. How can we make the image of that apple intense so it is memorable. We can make that intense by taking that apple In your dot Apple, erasing that happen, moving around. So if that Apple is moving around, it becomes more memorable because we remember moving things more than static things. The other thing is exaggeration. So E, So E stands for exaggeration. Now what are you likely to remember more stuff that is normal in size on the stuff that is super larger in size. So what we can do is we can think about that Apple and make it super large. We can make it even as large as out-of-home. So make it as large as your home disclosure eyes and think about an apple as large as your home and just place it next year on. You can see what, what's happening here. It's more, more like it's more memorable. And now we can add an I and II stands for a logical. Now, imagine that Apple has eyes and a mouth, and it's talking to you. That is so weird. But imagine that, isn't that even more memorable? Now, let's use 0. 0 stands for outstanding. Now, what if, what if this apple was extra shiny? Like what if you could imagine stardust on this Apple? Does that Apple become a little bit more exciting and more memory will? Yes, it does, right? And the last one is you use stands for unusual. Now let's say that Apple is of purple color and an apple that is purpley colors, so unusual, but if you can make it purple color or a violet color, it just becomes so unusual and it is more memorable for some reason because out of all the apples, you would probably remember an apple that is violet or purple in color. And this is like the whole AEIOU and you can use it to intensify any picture. You have definitely tried to use at least two or three out of the whole AEIOU formula. Hi, definitely try to exaggerate stuff and I tried to make stock outstanding because I remember the stuff more. So now let's talk about it. Stuff like we read or let's say pulmonary embolism because remember we discussed for maybe embolism in the Understanding section. And the thing about pulmonary embolism is weekend. Kind of imagine an embolus. So the way we start from is a clot in the leg, like we talked about. So if you think about a clot in the leg, what happens is, let's imagine that clot has action. So let's imagine action with the Cloud. So the clot is moving around in the lake. Okay, now, not only that, let's exaggerate it. It's a super big clade. It's a very big clot in the leg. And because of that clotting leg, now, we can even make an illogical that clot has eyes and we can even make it outstanding that clot is for some reason white in color. Okay, So that is unusual. So we can also make an outstanding by thinking about that clot, having a lot of breaks in it. So you remember that now we imagine like an embolus that is very large going from that clot into our legs. And then you can feel that clot also tried to feel that clot and going in your legs, coming up towards your right heart, then going from the right heart to the lungs and blocking the lungs off and feel that a very big clade going into the lungs. And if you imagine a very big clot in the, in your lung vessels, you would kind of start coughing because you don't you can feel that and that's what pulmonary embolism causes. It causes breathlessness. We can also imagine that if it blocks the vessels, It's going to answer cause some kind of bleeding because it's going to infarct the tissue and through that blood will leak. And so there can also be hemoptysis and you can think massive blood coming the person coughing out, loss and loss of blood. And not only that, we can imagine the person having a lot of pain. So imagine of the person crying out in pain. So you can see what I'm doing here. So you can use any of those aspects in a IOU. You can use all of them, whatever suits you. But we can use this creative visualization to help make the picture more and more and more intense. And now you kind of remember the symptoms of pulmonary embolism, you know, pain in the chest, person coughing out blood and breathlessness. So these are the threes and DMS and you can see how I visualize stuff and I recommend you as a relay stuff and whatever you're reading. Also, another thing I want to do is applied to feel the picture. I know like not everything can be faked, but if you try to use your senses, you know, use the power of your touch, feel that lat, or feel the apple like we talked about, you know, through your hangs. Not because we also have this memory B's are our senses. And if you can feel stuff, not only just feel stuff, smell stuff, you can even smell like how the Apple is or how the blood clot is, blood clot in the more dean smell. So that kind of also makes the picture more intense. And how can we make the picture more instances by maybe tasting the apple on any tasting the Cloud. I don't want to know how the chloride tastes like, but you can definitely guess and we can answer, you know, try to hear stuff. I know you can't hear a clot, but we can hear a clot going in your leg veins making a noise and coming up. So you can probably imagine hearing it. So you can use all your senses like your site that we're already using in visualization. You can use the power of touch. You can feel stuff up, you can use the power of your smell. It's a very powerful, powerful thing. Remember, because what do we tend to remember a lot of wisdom. We tend to remember a lot of our smell like, you know, the smell of Pisa or the smell of a certain restaurant. Try to use the power of your test. I know these smell and taste can be used every member Dre, try to answer, use your auditory senses because it just helps to make the whole thing more real and more visual and more intense. And we tend to remember stuff that is visual and intense, so that's what we do. So the actual script for this video is to use creative visualization to visualize like some object that you've seen. Like it can be anything like an apple, a mango, banana, or it can be like an, like a cardboard, or it can be your bed or anything you want to visualize, type, or use the AEIOU technique to intensify your visualization and try to give colors to it. Use all your senses in that visualization. Also use creative visualization in visualizing anything you are studying because it helps tremendously. Our whole memory is very visual. We haven't built your spatial memory. And the more intense those visuals are, the more we will remember them. So use it in your studying. It'll help a lot. 20. Basic Association: Welcome back. So we talked about how we can visualize things in vivid detail. Stuff like mangoes, clots, apples. And the thing is, you can visualize these things pretty easily, because when you close your eyes is just very easy to visualize them because we have seen them in real life. But what about stuff that is technically, let's say you're on the periodic table. So in periodic table, the first element is hydrogen, then there's helium, then there's lithium, then there's boron. How do we visualize these things? The thing is, when I close my eyes, it is just not possible to visualize hydrogen. I mean, how, how individual is hydrogen or helium only theme? I mean, it just doesn't seem possible, but it is. And the way we can do that is through this technique called basic association. What basic association means is we find out, let's say for hydrogen, we find out what in our memory is associated with the hydrogen. And if we can find that thing that is associated with the hydrogen, and you have to find the thing that is visualizable. That is, we can think of a picture for that. And if we can visualize that, then we can link it back to hydrogen. And this is how we can visualize stuff that is technical. So let me give you an example. So if you look at the periodic table, can we look at hydrogen, which is the first element instead of hydrogen, what we can visualize is like a water bottle. Because what does a water, water half it has water. And what does water have? Water, it has H2O, so hydrogen, right? So you can visualize like a water bottle or maybe you can visualize a leak, or maybe you can visualize like an ocean. Or maybe if you want to visualize, you can visualize a spaceship that has bluish flame burning under it and it's just going up. So we can visualize that because that is hydrogen as a fuel. So and maybe we can even visualize like a fire hydrant, because a fire hydrant also has water and it has the word a hydrant, so hydrogen. So as you can see, this is how we can visualize hydrogen. How do we visualize stuff like helium? Well, for helium, we can visualize like a balloon because what does balloon have? A balloon has helium. So you can visualize like a balloon that is like a big balloon. And this can link us back, and this can take us back to helium. So let's talk about lithium. How can we visualize stuff like lithium? Well, you know about batteries, right? All the batteries like we use in our remote controls, we use in cars, even in Tesla cars is lithium. And the thing about lithium is we can just visualize that those kind of batteries because you would have seen a battery in real life. So now you can visualize lithium. And the way you do it is through a battery. And we can go over it over and over again like per beryllium, we can visualize a spaceship because spaceships have a lot of beryllium in them. For boron instead of boron, we can visualize it washing powder, because washing powder has boron. And for the sixth element, which is carbon, we can visualize our diamond. And then for the seventh element that is nitrogen, we can visualize like that nitro boost. If you ever played need for speed or games like race car games, you would have seen there's this nitrogen boost which just speeds up the car. So I visualize that. So for the eighth element like oxygen, what we can visualize is that oxygen mask. Because that kind of reminds me of oxygen for the ninth one that is fluorine. You can just imagine your toothpaste because your toothpaste has fluorine in it. And we're like the tenth element that is neon. We can just imagine Google neon lights. If you remember, like neon lights are sometimes you can see it on YouTube in some people's channel, or you can see it upon bars. They used neon lights so we can visualize that. So the thing that I want to just get across with all of this is things that you think cannot be visualized, can be visualized, but what we have to use something that is related to the technical information. And then we can, that can be visualized and we can visualize that instead of that. And this thing will link, will take us back to the technical stuff that we could not visualize first, but now we can. So this is basic association. The actionable step in this video is to visualize and imagine words that you cannot visualize and imagine using basic association. Have lots of fun with it. 21. Word Substitution: So we just talked about how we can visualize technical information like the periodic table through basic association. But you would have noticed that sometimes basic association kinda gets weird because not everybody knows that boron is used in washing powder or detergent and on everybody knows that beryllium is used in aerospace industries like any airplanes and rockets, and ships and spaceships, right? So not, not everybody knows that. So what do we do there? Well, another technique that can be used to visualize technical information is something called as a reward substitution. So what we do in words of this substitution is we take words like hydrogen from the periodic table or like any kind of technical information. And what do we try to do in word substitution is we think of a word that is phonetically similar sounding to that word that we cannot imagine. And this phonetically similar sounding word is imaginable, it is visualizable. Let me give you an example. So if you think about hydrogen and other similar word to hydrogen that is easily visualizable is fire hydrant because it has the word hydrogen and hydrogen, hydrogen. So what we have done here is you can visualize fire hydrant now because and that can take you back to hydrogen, thinking of hydrogen. So the main premise of words recitation is picking things that are not imaginable and finding words like substituting it with words that was fanatically similar to that word and then imagining that. So just for practice in this exercise, we again do the same exercise with the periodic table. We'll use words substitution to visualize everything in the periodic table. And let's start. So if you think about hydrogen, we can substitute the word hydrogen with fire hydrant. And we can imagine fighter hydrogen. And now you have a picture of a fire hurricane in your mind that takes you back to hydrogen for the second element that is helium, we can imagine kills, you know, high heels. And we can imagine that. So that takes us back to helium. Now if, if you think about the third thing that is lithium. With lithium, we can imagine lightsabers like in Star Wars. So that thing, lightsabers can take us back to lithium for the leg. The fourth element, that is beryllium. We can think about strawberries, strawberries, because strawberries in that very sound like beryllium. So we can imagine strawberries. Now, for the fifth element that is boron, they can imagine like a surfboard, like a soundboard that takes us back to boron. Now, for carbon, we can imagine like a cardboard box. Just imagine that the Amazon cardboard box like you all, I think in order Lord, from Amazon even I do. So let's just imagine like Amazon box. So that is made of cardboard. So cardboard box. So Carmen, if you think about the seventh element that is nitrogen, we can think about a night, those nights that used to like write in those kingdoms. So we can think about those nights for nitrogen, for the eighth element that is oxygen, we can imagine like an ox, because ox that animal. So we can imagine an ox for the ninth element that is fluorine. We can imagine weight floor, the floor we make out of wheat. We can make regs and Japan, he's out of that. So we can imagine VDD floor. Or maybe we can imagine the state of Florida if you can imagine that. But for me, read floor is a better one. And for the tenth element that is neon, we can imagine Neo from the matrix. If you have seen the matrix or maybe you can imagine like a bird nest because that enabled take you back to neon. So you can see we can use word substitution here, and it is so helpful when basic installation kind of gets weird. So you can use word substitution is very, very helpful. Now all of you must be thinking like, why are we even talking about this? All this basic education and words institution. We are going to connect all these techniques. We're going to use all these techniques and connect it with storytelling in chain linking so that we can memorize even list of things. And it is going to get very, very interesting after that. And with this, you can then memorize like the whole periodic table and everything. So see you in the next video. So the actionable step in this video is to visualize and imagine words that you cannot visualize and imagine using words substitution and getting creative with it, having fun. 22. Chain Linking: So welcome to chain linking. Till now we have learned how to visualize stuff vividly and stuff we cannot visualize. We can use techniques like basic association and word substitution to visualize that. And the thing is, this is helpful in visualizing stuff. I get that. But what if you have to learn like entire who lists of things like whatever you have to learn that the first ten elements of the periodic table. But if you have to memorize points, uh, you know, but, but if you have to memorize less openings, have a list of groceries or less in an essay or different kinds of lists. Well, what we can do right now is we can take the pictures that we have made through the techniques and stuffy have imagine. And we can connect all those pictures through storytelling. And this is called list chain linking. We can link all the pictures we generate like we did in the periodic table. And we can tell a story that tells us in sequence what element in the periodic table is the first element and what element is the tenth element and the last element in the periodic table. Let me explain. So let me get a story about the first ten elements of the periodic table and you'll see how this works out. Let's just imagine of fire hydrant. Fire hydrant stands for hydrogen, okay, tied to the fire hydrant, our balloons like big colorful balloons that are very, very big. And those balloons represent helium, the second element, okay, now the balloons or so, so big that they pick the fire hydrant up with them and the 500 and breaks off the ground and it's flying up. And the thing is down there on Earth is a kid who wants to be a firefighter in the future and use fire higher-end isn't going away. What he does is he takes the batteries out, office Cars, his remote control cars, and then if he throws those batteries at the balloons. Okay, and this is backwards that we presented what they represent really the'm, now the batteries, these, they have these electricity in them. They have like they convert into lightning and the basilar balloons, once the birthday balloons, what comes out of the balloons is berries, strawberries. So strawberries represent what beryllium and what we now have is a shower of berries, strawberries. Just imagine a shower of berries. Now that we have like a shower of berries, what will happen is those berries will fall on the Earth. And what will happen is, there is a surfboard. Imagine a surfboard on a beach. And what happens is berries start falling on the surfboard. So the surfboard represents boron, okay? And that's a board also has a diamond on it, like a big, big diamond. That diamond represents carbon. Okay? Now what happens is when the berries fall on the surfboard, okay? And the the diamond jumps off into the sky and it start it falls onto or night. That night represents nitrogen. Okay, the night becomes unconscious. He falls on the ground. And what happens is now we have to get the night of the thing is the knight is now unconscious. So now we have to give the night oxygen. So we give B put an oxygen mask on him, and that oxygen mask represents oxygen. And now that that has happened, what happens is in the problem when we're trying to give them oxygen. Apparently his breath smells really bad. So we kind of have to like brushes teeth and the allele after use toothpaste. The toothpaste has fluorine unit. So now that took place represents fluorine. Okay? And what happens is since we have reached the end of the story, what you now see is the end in neon lights. So that is neon. So what you saw, this is like now we can, now me remember the whole periodic table when we remember like every element from one to ten through pictures and storytelling. So we remember the first element, that is hydrogen, the second element, helium, third element, lithium for the element beryllium, fifth element, boron, and if element carbon, seventh element, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, tenth element p on. So what you solvers, how we can remember entire list of things through these techniques like using chain linking. And we'll definitely use a lot of these techniques in the, in the coming videos. And these things are super-helpful role at remembering lists and a lot of things. So this was just like a view of how you can use these techniques to remember stuff. So guys, the actionable step for this video is to try to memorize the next 10 elements in the periodic table from 11 to 20 using chain linking words substitution, basically Association, all of these techniques. I want you to do that and share it with the community in the end, like when we reach the end and answer if you want to memorize like a sequence of things, definitely uses techniques and show me the results. 23. Applying Chain Linking #1: Now let's use chain linking to learn, let's say of bacteria like staph. Aureus. So this is just an example and I hope you'll learn from this. So staph aureus is a gram-positive bacteria. Again, number one, number two is Staph, aureus is the Cauchy. Number three, it is mannose for main thing. Number four, it has yellow colonise. Number five, it is catalase positive catalyst isn't, is an enzyme. And number 6, it is coagulase positive coagulates enzyme. And also it causes lots of symptoms like symptoms like it causes arthritis. It causes that is, infection on the joint. It causes osteomyelitis, infection of the bone, and it causes pneumonia. So it causes these three and also causes sepsis. So how can we remember all of this using all the techniques we discussed? Let's start to do that. So using chain linking, let's just make a story about this. So what I want you to think about is a very old man. So an old man. So what you would think about is mannose, right? And that man, old man cannot walk properly, so he's using a staff. Okay. A staff to walk. So that is staph aureus staph aureus rate. And that staff is golden yellow in color because staph, aureus has golden yellow colonies. Also. What happens right now is this man has his phone and he's checking his Instagram. And Instagram is pretty happy. You can imagine, I guess looking at are very happy face. So that is positivity. So Instagram, positivity and gram-positive. And what happens is He's walking, He's walking and he sees a cat. So cat comes off, bites his staff and takes it off. So it is catalase positive. And because now he does not have a staff, he falls down and then he falls down, he starts building. But what happens is when he like enterprise to get up, the bleeding goes away because the clot like it has clotted, coagulated. So coagulase positive. Okay. Now what happens is when he tries to get up, his knee joint is very painful. So like the thing that happens is it's very painful. It is infected arthritis, his heart, his leg, so osteomyelitis. Okay. And answer what happens is this takes him to a hospital. When he goes to the hospital, he learns that he has like a whole body infection and like he's in a bag like inner coma. So it causes what? It causes sepsis and E and what also happens is the doctor then does like a like an x-ray to see if is fine. So any fines allow lung infection. So that is pneumonia. So imagine his lungs. So what we're really done in this whole exercise is we have used all the techniques that we learned to remember the bacteria Staph aureus. You can do it for a variety of things, but this is just one example. And there are multiple examples coming in the next videos. 24. Applying Chain Linking #2: So now let's use all those techniques that we learned like war to the solution. We're saying Association and chain linking, Boulogne, a random list of words. You can use it to learn anything, but I just generated a random list of stuff. And we will learn all of this in a sequence in one goal and you will see how, so the war is over engineered. I've already loaded them to tell you how I did it. So you will see the sequence of words. So the first word, the second word, third or fourth or fifth ward six ward 7 toward it, toward ninth word, Word. So now that you have seen all the words, now let's just try to come up with a method to learn that through storytelling. So the first thing I imagine is, is a lab in front of me, like a lab like, you know, one of those things with a lot of chemicals in it and what is happening in that lab is a marriage. Okay. And when I let go into the lab, there is a managed happening and the emic turns out that marriage is happening in Spanish are different language, so you'll get it. So the third word you saw was language here. So what happens then is I am in the manage and it's happening in Spanish, so I'm not getting anything. So what I have with me is a magical controller like, and when I use and magical controller, I somehow switch to the channels and Oprah comes in front of me. Operation, right? So when Oprah comes in front of me, What happens is 0 prize lake. Where is the mic? She's searching for the mike and she can't find the mike. And then what happens is she's like, she's warning that I'm leaving this show if I don't get them, mike. Okay, And I'm like, Well, they've got orbiters going to leave it. I want to hear her sing and then I can get information from somebody sitting near me that, you know what, the mike is actually in the garbage can somehow because like somebody actually through it. I I think I saw it in the garbage can. And when I go out to a like, you know, I look for the garbage can and it turns out it's not inside. And so I have to go outside. And what I see is I find the mike in the garbage can and when I come back, there is media everywhere. So there are media reporters everywhere and I can't get in into that lab. So what you saw was we just memorize the entire list. Like we we remember like you're in the lab. Then we remember a marriage. Then we remember language, we remember controller, then we remember Oprah like operation. Then we remembered mike. You remember the warning, and then we remember information, garbage, and media. So this is how you can use chain linking to memorize a random words. And unless we will even get to less in the next video. 25. Improving Vocabulary and Learning New Languages: We've gone aboard word substitution, basic association, okay, But collagen me use techniques like word substitution to improve our vocabulary or maybe even learn a new language. Here is, I think how we can do it. So let's say you want to learn complex words, you know, you want to learn new words in the English vocabulary, you will increase your vocabulary. Let's say like I want to learn the word adulation. So the meaning of the word abolition is admired. Pagani memories easily that are like the meaning of angulation is admired in one go. So let's just think about it. So when I look at angulation and I use a word substitution, what comes out is Adolphe Hitler, okay? And I know that Adolf Hitler's nation, so angulation, Adolf Hitler's nations. So this is word substitution. And if I think about it, I can look at like his mission, cellular eating him and admiring him. And so you kind of remember now the Adolf Hitler's nation admired him. So abolition means admire. So you can see that we use words of the solution and kind of like chain linking, stuff like we told a story here. And we can memorize angulation through that. Now the other thing week we can look at is like water, like voracious. I chose the word ratios. And what voracious means is to devote a food or a certain resource. So people who or what issues eat a lot of food. And it's especially true for teenagers who are like who go to buffets and eat a lot. So that just means devoting a lot of food. And the baby can remember this is like when we look at ratios, Let's use word substitution. When I think about voracious, I think about volcanoes having a race. So two volcanoes, one-on-one on here, one on here, that having a race. And this race is not about who injects the most lava. It is about who, who takes in the most food. So I wanted to imagine 22 volcanoes. And there is different types of food like ice cream and every kind of like big quantities of food. And they are both eating that food. It's not coming out, It's going in and try to make a very vivid picture. And this picture, you can see it so beard a logical, but your brain seems to remember what is a logical. So these two things, these two volcanoes are having a race. So while volcano race, volcano areas, and this kind of makes me think like they are both devoting food. They are so both hungry. Like, why are you just devoting food? So voracious means devoting food. So volcano race and they are having a race of who divorce the most food. So that's how we can improve our vocabulary. You should definitely use this. The second thing we can use this for is learning new languages. So let's say we want to learn Spanish. And in Spanish there's a word called Como. And como means how, how did this happen? Como, like coma means how? So? The way we can remember that is Como, like when I think about Como, the word substitution for that is coma. Okay? And imagine having an imaginary best friend who went into a coma for some reason. And when you arrive at the hospital, you ask his parents, how did you get into a coma? How, how, how, you know, and so you kind of get that may be used storytelling to remember Como, that is how, so? Let's look at the word Dante. Dante means we're, so if we want a number that Dante means where the way we can do this is use word substitution and think about Dani Azerbaijan of Denmark. And when I think about Dawn or Denmark or something, I think about the Godfather from that movie, the famous movie. And he's one of the main characters in Godfather. And imagine you are driving a car, okay? And there's a car behind you, okay. And in that car is the godfather. And when you look back, it's like oh, shared, this is the Godfather. He is the dawn. And so what happens now is as you're driving, you have to look in front, right? Because you're driving. And when you look in front because there was a car coming from the front, you have to be very careful. Okay. And once that car passes, you look back. There's no car. So like the dawn just like you don't know where he went. Like he was just behind you. And you ask yourself, where is the dawn? Where is the dawn? So Dante means where. So this is just one example of, these are just a few examples of how you can use these techniques like word substitution, basic as Association, and challenging to remember language, and this is how you do it. The actionable step for this video is try to learn a few new words and increase your vocabulary through the techniques like board substitution and chain linking. And try to learn a new language through these techniques. And that's it. 26. Spatial Learning: So guys, welcome back. And in this video we are going to learn this breakthrough method of learning and that learning less, we are going to learn a method to learn less like super fast. And this is through something or less by sheer learning. But before we jump into that, I'm going to show you about 10 random words. And I wanted to learn these oil like in a list of width Jane linking that we'll discuss. So you know the deal like you have to convert everything into a picture and then link them into a story and try that again. Let's start. I'm gonna show you ten words. So guys, now that you have looked at all the words, I want you to just write down the words that you can remember and see how much do you remember, like good gene linking war combat or like direct in art. So you can either do it, it is absolutely okay. Again, pause the video and write or write everything down. Now that you have done that, what you would have noticed is that gene LinkedIn takes a bit of time for you to create a story around a certain list. You have to use your creativity a lot and it takes a little bit of time to do that. And so this gene linking method cannot always be used when you are just being bombarded with information. How can we learn stuff rapidly, forever? Wild stuff is being bombarded. It does Adam edited upward speed. And for that, there is a method called spatial learning. What really is partial ordering implies is we use a locations to store information, as you would have seen in the previous videos. And I've explained that our brains are made and avoid to remember locations. And we can use that ability. We can build locations for us and they can store information in it. That's how we can rapidly, you're not storing information and we can rapidly pull it out using locations as a memory to let start. The most basic technique, and the most basic technique is the body location method. So in the body location method, we use the locations in our body to store information and then pull it out. Let's start with that. So let's say we want to memorize about 10 objects, so we have to find Daniel allegations in our body. So the force location is the head. So looking at by hand, this is the force location. The secondary location is the North. So remember the north is the second location. The total location is the mouth, the lips, and the mouth again, the fourth location are the ears so that your ears they are the fourth location. The fifth location is the larynx or the throat. So this is the fifth location. The sixth location on our shoulders. So a shoulder, just touch your shoulders. So the seven locations are the ARRA collarbones or touch your collarbones. They are the seventh location. The location are our hands. So these two harder the air to location, the ninth location is hoc dummy, so just not your tummy and the link. Yeah, so that's the ninth location. So and there are 10 to location is our feet. So I'm going to show you my feet, but just feel your feet if you want to do that is going to be a translocation. So now that we have created the locations, let's remember all of the words I mentioned in the starting of the video. Through the body location method. So I want to store the canon here. So imagine at cannon on your head, just imagine like a big canon and that's throwing off a ball into the sky. It's on your head. Just imagine that canon field that can earn your head. The second object was received. So the received just, I want you to imagine like you are going to a fashion store and getting yourself a cool jacket or something, and then you get the receipt for it and just put it in your nose. Just put that received in your nose and feel that received the third word as you remember what stage. So I wanted to imagine that there's a stage on your tongue. So there's a stage in your mouth and people are dancing in your MTT and there's disco going in your mouth. Okay, so that's stage. The fourth word was backs. So I want you to imagine bags coming out of your ear. It's so funny, I know, but bats are coming out of your ears. Just hear those bats coming out of the year. The fifth word, as you remember, is gone. Okay? So imagine a necklace of cones is made of conscious melded guns omega or like they're sweet corns. Okay, The smell, the cons, and there's a necklace of cones here on your throat. The sixth word was a RAX. So I want you to imagine racks with their tails like a big rats do big racks with their tails like a running on your shoulders. So imagine that to the seventh word was Fork. Okay, So I wanna do, imagine like a big fork. It's like it's stuck here. So you have, you have two forks, they're stuck here on your collarbone. So four is done. The eighth location, as in the hands him remember, okay, what we're going to store here is spider. So imagine lots of spiders running. I know it's scary. Lots of spiders running on your hands and fingers. Okay. The ninth object was box. So I want you to imagine a box on your stomach. So imagine a box on your belly. I mean, how does it feel to like, feel to have a cardboard box on your belly? I mean, it's pretty funny. And then the tenth, as you remember, was drums. So I want you to imagine somebody playing the drums on your feet. Somebody is going to play the drums on your future. Imagine that. Now I want you to do what it is, is, you know, pause the video and I want you to do pause the video and just take out your pen and paper and write how much you remember or with after out of those 10 words using the body location method. So how many did you get correct? Good. You get like significantly more number of words correct compared to the chain linking method. And I hope that did happen because you can see how powerful this method is. You can remember literally any less you can use your body and remember anything you want by using your body locations and just putting stuff in those locations by using pictures. So this is an amazing method and always seems to help me out and try it out. So guys, the actionable step for this video is to use the body location method to remember ten more random objects. Ask your friends or ask your parents, were just right to obtain random stock things and show them the power of the body location method. And even daily surprise that you can do this like you have a super memory, which is crazy. So do that. 27. Learning Essays with Spatial Learning: So again is another use of the body location method can be used to like remember points in an essay or let's say a list. And the way we can do this is weekend big. Let's say there are five sentences and you have to remember those five segments is, what we can do is we can pick keywords out of IIT same pencil, like the first sentence. We take our keyword, the second sentence where they go lucky word and the Toward the end afforded and the Fed. So we'll have five keywords. And what we're going to do is convert those five key words into images. And once we do that, we can use the body location method to store all the images, and then we can use the same, remember all of it. So they've been given example. I was watching the seminar by Naveen Jan, who's like really is a billionaire and he was telling about the five, and it's of a scarcity mindset. So the fourth stenotic was a view that your life is permanent and it cannot change. Okay, that was the first one. The second one was, you have scarcity based thinking. The third one was that you are always jealous of other people. The fourth one was that you are not generous with other people. The fifth one was that you are always hoarding, like Duff and your legs, always boarding stuff. So these are the five tenets and the way I remember this. So the first was having a permanent set of you that things cannot change. So I imagine like glue stuck to my leg, all my head. And this head is stuck to the blue on my head and my head is stuck to the wall like there and I can't get it off. So that's permanent. So this is Bowman and blue like superglue. So that helps you remember permanent. Okay. And the second thing was scars as PBS thinking. So I imagine like a scar on my nose and I imagine how bad that scar looks. And I'm going to my college and people are like, Oh my God monic, you have a scar on your nose and me feeling embed it. So that helps me stores causes fee-based thinking. The third word, as you remember was jealousy. Okay. And the way I remember that is I imagine a jail. Okay. A jail in my mouth like and the jail bars have replaced my teeth. So when a smile, there's like jail bars. And it's funny to like remember that. It is it's so funny. But yeah, so that's jealousy. So jail for jealousy. And the fourth word, as you remember, was a generous that you are not generous. So the way I remember this is I imagine like a general from an army and he's grabbing on to my ears and he's like monic behave. Monic behave. So there's a general her and is like grabbing my year and like he's setting me straight. So general converts into generosity. And the fifth tenant, as you remember, was holding. So hoarding kind of makes me think about a board. So goading, like a boarding pass on an airplane. And the way I remember this is I just remember like a boarding pass like my year to get boarding pass around my throat or like on my neck or my larynx as I told you. So you can now see that how we can remember even less soft things. And again, use the body location MC method to remember points from certain speeches and remember stuff if we want to write Ss and this is so, so helpful, it helps me a lot and I use the body location method to store information all the time. What appears to be is this thing is about as good as permanent. I wasn't seminar by the way, about a month back and I never revise any of this and I still remember this. So if you can visualize stuff like this and then store it in your body locations, it's a really amazing, dry it out. So the actionable step for this video is just take some list that you want to remember. Maybe it's from an essay, maybe it's from a lecture. And use the body location method to remember that lists via generating keywords and turning those keywords into pictures, and then storing the pictures in your body to the body location method. 28. Memory Palace: I hope you had fun with the body location method and your founded handful to memorize a lot of things. And I use it often like that is one of the best methods that are found to learn stuff very fast and remember stuff like for a very, very long time. However, the thing is there is a certain limit to the number of things you can remember with that, like, and that seems to be about 10 whatever we want to remember it, more than ten number of items. How do we do that with spatial learning? Well, there's a method called memory palaces. So what happens in memory palaces is just like we did in body location method. Here would be just like we don't use our body. Here we use the locations that are very familiar to us. Let me give an example. Let's say your house, your house has like so many rooms. It has a bedroom, it has a living room, it has a kitchen, it has a washroom, it has a roof again. And what we can do is we can utilize all these rooms to store information. So if you'll look at my room, let me show you my room. So I'll show you this clip off my room. Have a look at it. And I'll show you about 10 locations in modal that I use to store information. So let's start. Today's Welcome to my room. And in this room, as you see when we are done clockwise, the first thing we can see is the bed. I don't know. It's like a big messy but this is my bad. So this is the location. This you can see is the unmade also this is a secondary location. And what you can see is like dessert DVI dash the third location. And now there's another amino, this is the fourth location. Okay? Now we are moving here since there's nothing on this one and so this is nothing. This is the Elmina. This is the fifth location. And now we did see the door. Okay. So this do it is the sixth location and now this ac is the seventh location, okay. This bending is the ETA location. My desk is like the ninth location and the chair is the tenth location. Okay. So now they're displayed. You looked at all of my room, what you would have found or is like about ten spaces. So your room might have ten spaces. You can even use five spaces in your room. And the thing is you can use as many as rooms you wanted. This is my workroom, like my study room. The next room is like my main room, where I can use that to store more information. So ten items here and then images in my bedroom. And through that, I can remember not to any items. So you can see how powerful this is and we can keep adding the number of rooms up and we can store a limited number of items in these little bumps. And that is the power of memory palaces. So right now I'm gonna show you a list, and this is a list of all the grocery items. And you can see it now and use the memory palace technique. I'll show you my room again, regulatory him and his family made on. And we'll use that technique that is memory palaces to learn all of that list in one go. And we won't need any paper in anything for this. So let's start. But remember, the way we have to do this. We go clockwise. So whenever we enter a room, we need a system. A good system I've found is I always go clockwise, like rotating around the room. And this kind of orders gives me that systemic approach so that I don't get confused. Number 1 and number 2 tried to use objects rather than just walls because the walls are so common and that we use objects that are big. And you would have seen that I use a lot of objects like the AC and the bed. So use objects. These are two main rules that you need to apply to the memory palace technique. The third rule I think is you should kind of standardize the number of locations you're going to use in each room because then you don't want to get confused because are there five locations or 10 locations Up to you and apply your creativity if you want to use this five items in the room, it's fine. If you want to use standard items, go ahead. And whatever works for you, just use either five locations or 10 locations. Whatever works for you in the room. And let's start with this. So the first thing we see then we enter my room as we go clockwise. On the left is my bed. And on the bed, I want you to imagine lots of carrots, lots of carrots and you can smell the carrots. You can see the carrots and they're orange. And Omega just stays like addicts on the bed are in the tasty. The second place as you can see, is the Almeida, that is the dark brown and a meter. And what we're going to store it in this is peanut butter. I want you to imagine all that Peter butter like there's tons and tons and tons of peanut butter in that Alameda and we're gonna place it inside or like a lot of brands of peanut butter insight, and that is the peanut butter earlier on. So after that, we're going to look at the top shelf. And on the top shelf, I want you to imagine lots of rice. Rice with your favorite vegetable or your favorite rice meal. So my favorite rise, we rise with doll. So imagine like your favorite rice meal on the top. Share it. So now that you did that, the fourth item, let's look at the other Almeida. And in this Alameda, let's store all the tomatoes weekend, just imagine those fresh tomatoes, smell those tomatoes and put them in the Elmina in your imagination. So now that we have put all at a magazine, Let's move on to the other other Almeida with the Spider-Man on it. And what we are going to store in this, as you already know, is lots of pancake mix. So we're going to store lots of pancake mix inside. Just imagine all those amazing pancakes with, you know, the maple syrup in this Almeida. Let's just store it here. Okay, Now that we have done that, now let's look at their door. So this is my door and this goes to my washroom. And the thing we need to imagine is just throw some eggs on the door. Just imagine like you're taking some eggs and throw them on the door. So throw those eggs on the door and smell like and you know, the smell like that comes when you throw the eggs on a door. The smell those eggs like, I know it's Studios, but I want you to use all your senses. Now, let's go to the AC. And what I want you to imagine is the pisa coming out of the AC. So it's frozen pizza by the way. So you like, so this is the AC. So frozen pizza is coming out of the AC and it's coming towards us and it's going into your mouth. Oh my God, that frozen pizza isn't that awesome? And now let's look at the painting. So when we look at the painting, Let's store strawberries in the painting. So just imagine fresh strawberries in that painting. Just imagine that now that we have used the painting, now, let's look at my desk. And what I want you to imagine on my desk is that jab, like your favorite kind of jam? My favorite jam is strawberry jam. I loved strawberry jam. So the last thing that is the tenth item is let you use, and I want you to imagine the lead us on the chair. So there's lots of rare to use on that chair. And then you sit on that. How does it feel to sit on that all that electives. So now that we have looked at everything, I want you to pause the video and write how many things are out of the grocery list. Can you remember through the memory palace method? So how many did you get correct? I hope a lot and I hope you saw the power of this technique and you can use multiple rooms for that. You can make a system where that like the first room you want to take is, let's say your study rooms. Second room you want to take is your bedroom. In the third room you want to take maybe is kitchen and you can store as many as things you want. The second thing is you can even memorize essays through that like we did in the previous video. And the way you can do that, as you know, is just take key words out of the paragraphs or sentences that you want to remember, and just convert those keywords into pictures and then store those pictures in different locations. And then you can memorize all of that just in one go. And like you can see how powerful that is, how awesome this is. So the actionable step for this video is to create your own memory palace like peg your favorite room. And you don't find those 10 sports or five spots where you want to store information and then ask, you, don't maybe use a random word generator on the Internet and generate random words on. You don't just go and awesome friend or your mom, like for random words or maybe use your book like you're trying to learn an essay, generate keywords out of that, and use this memory palace method to learn those things. And I hope that is very helpful and try to generate as many as memory palaces as you want. If you want to remember for things, just kind of find four rooms with 10 items or eight rooms with five items. And this is how we go about this. So I hope you have fun. 29. The Peg System: Welcome back. Now let's talk about the peg system. And the thing about the bank system is, it's one of those techniques that is used by memory champions in Lake championships of memory and blue laments and staff. And this is what allows them to even remember the whole deck of cards from the forest to the last guide. And that doing a sequence, like even if you ask them like what is the 14th guide or is it 18 guard, they can tell you and this is how they do, Where do this technique or the PET technique to what is a bank? So if we think about it, bag Israelis us like a hanger where you can put your pillow. It's you know, that it's one of the bags where you can put your fluids. Similarly, we begin do is if we think about numbers from one to 10 or a wind Telugu, any, what we can do is we can use basic association to generate pictures related to the numbers. And once we generate pictures a little bit with numbers like that said, wrong one. There you go. Any, what we can do is we can use those pictures to memorize things in sequences. So there is no limit for this. You're going to memorize any list through the bank system and let me show you how. So the first thing we'll cover is let me just show you a list. So here's a list of Wendy things. So look at the list, so 120, and we have to memorize the whole 20 words in this list. And I'll show you how we can do this. So, but before we jump into that, Let's create pegs. Again. Let me show you. So this thing is called the Sun list. And I learned this from Jim quick. And this is an amazing, amazing technique. Let's explore the sun list. So when we think about one, if I have to picture it, I think about the sun because we only have one son. Okay, then if you have to think about too, we can think about socks because we only have like a pair of socks are two socks, right? So if you have to think about three, we can think about a traffic light, because the traffic light has three lights. Again, the red one, the yellow one, and the green one. Again, if you have to think about for or get the number 4, we can think about car, a guy, because a god has how many wheels? Four wheels. So if we have to think about the number five, we can think about a star because a star has five legs. So A-star is five. If you want to think about 6, we can think about a six pack of soda, that's six. You have to think about the number seven. We can think about the rainbow because a rainbow has seven colors. If you have to think about the number eight, we can think about the octopus because October bus has eight integrals. We have to think about the number nine. We can think about a cat because the cat has nine lives. Then comes through 10, it becomes your toes because you're you have how many toes? You have 10 toes. So when it comes to 11, we can think about skis big because when you think about two keys, they look like 11, okay, if you have to think about 12, we can think about our dozen roses. So just think about a dozen roses because 12, then 13. So 413, we can think about a witch because which is seemed to indicate like bad luck. So that's witches. So that's 13. Okay, just think about a which 443, we think about gold because 14 is like 14 karat gold. For a 15, we can think about dollar or like a dollar bill because 15th of July is like the tax day in USA. So 15 is like, like the dollar. Okay? So imagine a dollar in place of 5416. We can think about The Sweet 16, but they're so sweet 16 bird there. So we can think about a girl who was like blowing her candles and there's a cake. So that's sweet. 16, about there. For 17, we can think about the 17 magazine. So there's a magazine going 17. So think about that magazine. You can look that up for 18. We'll think about truck because there are truck has how many wheels? It has 18 meals. That's amazing. Know like 18 using Earth. It has 18 wheel. So for 19, we'll think about the 19th hole in golf. So think about golf because of the 19th hole in the Gulf. And for 20, we think about 20th Century Fox, the video making company. So now we have created like a peg thing like from wind 220 and now we can use this begs to memorize less. So now that you see the list, like see the list. And we will memorize the whole, entire list of these two AND words using the peg system that we just created. So the first one was Sun. So if you remember son, and like the first word we have to remember here is birds. So I want you to think about birds. They're chomping on the sun, like it's so, so funny. We're just imagine birds, colorful birds like different colors jumping on the sun. So that's birds. Okay, the second one, if you remember, in the peg system, was socks. So if we imagine socks, what I wanted to imagine is COPD socks because talks archived, right? So imagine that the socks are super, super gov. They have this sort of go up to them. So calm socks. Okay, so that's the second one. So far, the third one, if you remember, is traffic lights. And the list item that we have to remember here is eyes. Traffic lights have ice. So just imagine that traffic lights. Imagine visualize traffic lights and imagine eyes on the traffic lights. So there are three eyes on that and they're looking at you. I mean it's Soviet with just imagine that. So for four, we use car. And what I wanted to imagine is just imagine like you're drinking a drink in a car like bool. So just imagine a car like bool and you're drinking a drink through this broad for that. So now we remember straw, that is the fourth one. So four or five, what we use, if you remember, is start and I want you to sign the startup. Let's sign the star, sign the start, so that is designed. So now we have remember design and that is the fifth word. And for 61, remember a pack of soda. So six packs of soda. So a six pack of soda. And I wonder, remember like look at this order. And this order is named religion because, you know, soda is a religion, it's a new religion. Soda. So that's six or seven. We use rainbow. So the way we remember the seventh word that is rest is just imagine a resting on the rainbow. You know, you're just resting on the rainbow. So yeah, now let's look at it more at the, so what eight, what we're using is octopus and I want to do it, just think about that the optimist is calculating its number of. Tiger's because it's like, Oh my God, I have 810 tickles ends count counting. It's surprised like, Oh my God, I never thought I had eight tentacles, so it's counting all of them. So that's number. So we have ever met number so far 9th, we use cats. So now I want you to think about a cat who is in an observer tellurium and it's looking into the telescope, in the observer creep. It's just looking at the stars. So observation for nine. So for tenth, what we imagine is your toe was so you have 10 toes. So what I want you to imagine here is your grandfather standing on your toes and it's hurting like anything is all I got grandfather. And now if you remember that the tenth word was grandfather for 11 to use keys. So I want you to imagine that you're skiing in like the Himalayas. And what happens is there's a lot of pollution in the malleus, all the city pollution all is coming up and you're, you're having fun skiing, but there's so much pollution, even the snow itself is like it is dark because of the pollution and the smell the pollution, you know how pollution smells like. So it's bag. So yeah. So part 2, well, we use a dozen roses. So just imagine that we put a stamp on each of the roses. So on every rows put a stamp. So now you remember stamp for today. We use a witch. So just think about that which having a throat infection and her throat has become so big. And she now has like a throat infection and she can't even put her spells on anyone. So she has a throat infection for 14, we use 14 karat gold. So I wanted to imagine like taking that 14 karat gold and profiting. So you are taking the 14 karat gold and that is your profit, okay, 14 karat gold, you make profit, you get that go. That makes sense. $15. Remember a dollar bill? I want you to just think about that. The dollar bill now is a marble. So dollar bill is not made of paper, it is made of marble, and it is like your home, like your flow floor marble. So now feel that, okay. So that's 15 marble. For 16, what we use is a good who's blowing the Canvas. Okay, so the 16, what we have to remember is that baby. So just imagine like heartburn singing her birthday song, Happy Birthday Baby. And it's written like there's a baby image on the cake. And like it's written happy but the baby, so now it's memorable. Okay, and just imagine the goal as a baby, like she's 16, but she looks like a baby. That's so weird. Yeah. It's memorable for 17th, if you remember, is the magazine for 17, we use magazine, The Seventeen magazine and the 17th, what we have to remember these boots. So imagine the Seventeen magazine and there's a big boot on that and it's like the most stylish boot ever. So that's why it's featured in the magazine. Now, what 18 what we use is the truck, because the truck has 18 wheels and the word we have to remember here is mask. So I just wanted to imagine like the truck driver wearing a big mosque and it looks like he's going to commit a robbery. So he's worn a big mosque and driving a truck, and there's lots of loot item in the backpack like diamonds and stuff for 19th, what we used was the 19th hole in golf. But we have to remember here is a hive, okay? And I just want you to imagine a person who is playing golf and then the ball hits a HIV and all the bees come out and they're after him. That is so memorable. So 19 is height, but 20th, we use 20th Century Fox. And the way you begin, remember the item here is a pump. So imagine you are going into a cinema and you're watching a movie by 20th Century Fox and it is on a pump. That is all. It is a documentary and is super boring. And you select w like, Oh my God, it's about a pump that's pumping water. That's it. So guys, what I want you to do right now is pause the video and write down as many as things possible as you remember from the list. How many did you remember out of the list? I hope a lot and I hope you found the peg system very helpful. It is amazing for remembering list of items. And again, if you want to memorize essays, you can just take keywords from certain paragraphs and just associate them with eggs and create a sequence out of that. And this is even so powerful because now if I asked you what was the eighth item, would remember it was numbers because the octopus was calculating the number of tentacles it has. If I asked you what was the tenth one? So the tenth one, if you remember, is grandfather because he's standing on our toes. Now you can see like how powerful this is. So you can remember things in any sequence you want and you can pick out any item from any number in the list. And that is so powerful. What you saw before is like we just made tags still two and deep, but you can even go further if you want to do that. So like let's say for 21, what you would think about is the person drinking alcohol. Because in a lot of countries, t2 and t1 is like the legal drinking age. If you want to think about 22, you can think about swans, two strands together. And you can go on to like even a 100 if you want. And there is no limit to the number of eggs you can create. So it is unlimited space you can use for memorization. So guys, the actionable step for this video is to use the peg system that we just learned, the subtlest. And to use this list to memorize either an essay part, a certain list of items and you know, show it off. Showed off, like show off your super memory to your parents or your friends. Definitely do that, guys and take care. 30. Creating Your Visual Pegs: Okay, so I wanted to show you the number of bags you can create is infinite. So let's say if we want to again create tags from one to ten, what we can do is we can make bags out of how the numbers look. So this is called as the visual list. So I'll just show it to you how this works out. So let's say we want to think about one as a picture and how does it look like? It looks like a pencil. Okay. Just imagine a pencil, which is the word tickets. So that's a one. If you want to think about too as a picture, what it looks like, it is like a swam forget because this plan looks like do if you want to think about three as a picture, I think about our com, which has just three of those sticks in it. Okay. And if I want to think about four, it looks like a sailboat. If you think about for, if you think about 5, it looks like a hook, like for fishing. The hook is 546. It looks like an elephant's trunk because that's how it looks like. If you imagine that, if you think about 7, that looks like a hockey stick that we play hockey with. And if you think about it, that looks like a snowman because there's no man has like a face and its body. So that's eight. So if you want to think about nine, that either looks like a yo-yo, if you're playing yo-yo or it looks like a balloon tied to a string. If we think about 10, that looks like just like a back and a boil that span. So you can see that we just created pegs out of how the numbers look. And you can even do that if this is your preference and you want to create tags like this, but you definitely can create your own list, like using how the numbers look. So the actual misstep for this video is to create your own visual peg list. You can even use mine if you want. Use it to remember a sequence of random words. You can generate a random words by going on the internet and just using a random word generator. Or you can use the visual list flu remember paragraphs or sentences by generating keywords out of them. And this can help you remember stuff in a sequence. 31. Creating Your Auditory Pegs: In this video, we'll learn how we can create tags of numbers from how they sound like. So let's start from one group, Dave Dan, I'll only go from one gluten. So when we think about one way, I think about bun. So I hear been so many. When I hear one, I hear been. So imagine like one and that's been, okay. So do is shoe. So imagine shoe there. So three is, the four is born, five is HIV, six is specs, okay. Brahms takes seven is heaven. Okay? It is indeed, nine is vying, sort of bringing way. And Ben is Ben. So lion's den. So you can go on for infinite numbers if you want to create it out of the auditory list and again, use it in a similar way, but the sign list to memorize things just like we use this unlist and we can even go further if you want, like, they can't even remember like 11 as else or something. And you can remember 12 as like a shelf. So that's what comes to mind, but you can go on till like even handling actionable step of this video is to create your own auditory list and use that ordered three list to memorize either or list or words. Or ligand user to remember sentences in our essay in sequence or paragraphs in an essay RNA sequence. And you don't show people how great your memory is. 32. The Reverse Peg System: Now that we have discussed, like the whole peg system and you now know how will we can learn a list of items in just like one goal using the PEC system. There is another user, the peg system you must know. So what we did in the PEC system is reused basic association and we converted numbers into picture so we can remember other pictures through those pictures right, in a sequence. But what we can do now is since we have generated pictures from numbers, what we can now do is we can remember numbers through the pictures. So let me give you an example. So let's say you wanted to remember a certain date. Let's say you wanted to remember the date 26th July, right? You wanna you wanna do remember the day 26 July. 26th July is the date of my girlfriends, both them. And the way I remember 26 July as her birthday is so let's just think about it. 2006, 7, right, because it utilized so 26, 7. And now we have to just convert the numbers into picture. So let's just use the Sun list. So if we take the sunless what was due on the Sun list, it was socks. So if you remember socks, that was 26 was six pack of drinks and seven was what? Seven was a rainbow because rainbow has seven colors. So now I can remember my girlfriends, but there is, I would imagine my girlfriend in like in a visualization. And I go from left to right just to keep the number straight. So let's say I have to start from to 67. I have to go like to 67. So I would go in that order from left to right, e2 67. So I remember the order of that. So two, as we discuss was socks. So I would imagine my girlfriend taking out her socks. And then what she does is she she just takes her one sock and puts like a six pack of soda into that. And now what happens is once she does that, actually a rainbow comes out of the sock. I know this is weird, but now we have remember like her birthday, so that's 26, 7, so that is 46 July. And the way we did it was medical coding the pictures into numbers. And you can see now we remember my girlfriend's birthday. So, yeah, the second way you can use it is suppose you want to remember some kind of time. Let's say you want to remember 530 PM for a certain task, let's say make tea at 530. So if you want to remember that, we can take the numbers 53 and we can again convert that into like five is a star and three is traffic light. So imagine you're driving and you're looking up at the sky and you can see a star. Suddenly you see a traffic light. And what happens is that star hits, like go and hit search traffic light. So now you can remember like 530 PM and he easily because you just have to imagine that scene and you would just like think about the star and the traffic light and 520 would just come jumping back to you. Another thing I would do is I would somehow associate an activity. I will, I will be doing like Net say on 530 at 50 DBM with the image of this. So let's say I had to like make p. So I would think about that. There's a traffic light, infrared doping and the star heads the traffic light. And certainly P comes out of the traffic light. I know it's weird, but we remember weird a lot more. That's how I would do it. If you want to just use the peg system to remember numbers, use it to remember small numbers. Because if you think about like remembering a mobile number, it's going to be pretty tough because a mobile number is going to be like nine digits and it's super hard to like, use corrode each digit into an image and then make a story out of that. Instead, how are we going to remember them awhile number and big numbers is through something called as the major system that is coming up next. But the way I think Peg system can be used very efficiently is with small numbers like we did, like birthdays. Or if you're not remember time, if you want to remember past codes, if you want to remember your CVs or the credit card or pins of the grade card. That's where the peg system can be super helpful to remember numbers. So another question you might have is we never made like a peg 4 0. So for that, like you're going to need it here for like remembering numbers. And the PEG 400 is either an egg. So you can imagine like 0 looks like an egg. So you can use that, or like when we did the auditory list, you can use like Zorro if you know, like who's Zorro is as the PEG 400 because that is an ordinary peg. And the first one, like the egg itself, is like a visual Peng. So you can use any of them for 0 because you only needed to remember 0 here. And we did not talk about this when we made the list because 0 is really not needed. When you want to remember a list of items, kit is however needed when you are using the PEC system to remember numbers dies. The actionable step for this video is to use the peg system to remember numbers. So you can use any number like it's, it should be a short number and convert that number into pictures. And then remember the picture back to go back to the number. So that's how we use the PEC system and try it out. 33. The Major System: Welcome back. And right now we'll talk about the major system. And the thing is, major system is one of those amazing systems to remember numbers. And it can be even you're still a member big numbers, like even for numbers, like really big numbers. Unlike the bag system in which it was really hard to remember big numbers like nine digits long. But here it's quite easy. And the way the major system really works is meter system can words, numbers into words. And then what happens is once you can work numbers into words, we'd convert those words into pictures. And then we remember the pictures. And let me show you how this works. So for each number, there is a letter associated with that number so we can convert it into a word. So for 0, we have S and Z. Again. For one, we have DAW and 12 and 4. Do we have N? For three, we have M for four, we have our 45, we have L for six, we have DJ, show. And jaw. For seven. We have K, G, c, and kill for it. We have V and F. For nine, we have p and d, and that's about it. And what you were reared up notices. All of these are concerns, they are involved. So there's no AEIOU in this and there's a reason for that. So what we're going to do is like we are going to convert numbers into these letters right now. And with these letters, we're trying to do make words using balls. So AEIOU, which will be fillers, walls really have no value in the system, is just they, they are like in the middle. So let's say you want to remember 1, 12th. So you want to remember the number 12. So the way we do that is one is p and two itself is n. Okay? So in PIN, So I-I here, like that is a wall, has no value. So p and n You can see like a, T stands for one and N stands for two. So by 10, we can remember to LF, Okay, if we want to remember numbers like let's say 18, the way we can do is imagine like we can work one to t or d and you can what? A2, V and F. So we can think about toffee. So imagine tophi, that is very tasty. We can convert that to this. The other thing to remember is that if the consonants mentioned in the major system happened twice, let me give an example. So if you see the word tall, TEA, double L, that becomes one-in-five, it doesn't become one, 55, 150, but it becomes 15. Okay? So when you have consonants two times from the major system, govern them as one is, just makes everything easier because then you can use it more. And like that's one thing to know about it. Continents other than the ones mentioned in the major system do not count. Let's say you like find w somewhere in inner world, so that doesn't really count. So letting me an example like lawn, LA, Wn. So L stands for five and n stands for two. So that's 52. 52, okay, w doesn't have any value because it is not included in the mirror system. So what really the major system is, is we use these numbers to create letters and then we make words out of it. And the thing is, let's try to put it to use. Let's say we have to memorize this phone number and that you can see in front of you, 5281476558. So like when you look at this, you might remember it for like a bit of time, but then you will forget it. So how can we remember it for a very long time is by using the major system. So let's look at the whole thing. So let's look at the first two numbers. And another thing to remember is for the major system, we only use two numbers that are tying. We never, ever like so you look at the thing like we converted 10 to 12, right? So we use 12, like so we remember 12 through 10. So in all of the major system, we always, always use two numbers that like data together. So we can make like a board out of it. So when we look at the number that we just talked about like again, so the phi, so 52 are the first number. So these like former payer and we will remember this by converting 52 L and two to n. And the word that comes out of this is like a fill in some consonants and some balls, and the water comes out as lawn. Okay, so imagine a lawn, okay, 52. So we remember the first two numbers, just imagine a lawn. And then 8 and 1, eight becomes F and one becomes p.stance, so feet, so, and the next ones is 474 becomes r and seven becomes C. So that's, I think a rice. We can make that word out of that. And then is 605. So six becomes j, 5 becomes L. So J, J i l. Okay? And the last words are 58. So the last numbers are 58. And the way we get a member, this is five becomes L and eight becomes F. So that becomes a leaf. Okay, so now we can make a story out of this. So there was a big lawn in which a person with very big feet came and destroyed all the plants. And turns out all the plants were actually rice plants. And what happens is because he crushed all the rice plants. He now has to go to jail. Like now he goes to the jail. In jail, what he gets to eat is leaves because he doesn't deserve rise. So in the end, just imagine eating leaves. So now we have remembered like the whole number by creating a story out of the words we have generated. So lawn becomes 52, Okay? And then feet becomes 81, and then Rice becomes 47, and then jail, jail becomes 65. And in the end relief, Okay, leaf becomes 58. Okay? So this is how you can remember even big numbers like nine lettered numbers using the whole major system. And there is that you can apply it anywhere if you want to remember big dates. Let's say you want to remember the date 15th December 1965. So 15 to somebody 1906 event becomes 15, 12, and 65. So you have, we have to remember the number 15, 12, 65. And the way we can do is, is 15 becomes so one is D and five is n. So that's all, okay. And then if you want to remember 12, okay, 12 becomes, so we have p or d and toe becomes n, so 1 and 2 becomes been, okay, I think bean is a good one. And the last 165, so six becomes th, so six becomes CH, and five becomes L. So Chile, okay, So chilly. So what has happened right now is we have generated three images out of this. The first one is offered doll, The second one is offered dean, and the third one is of Chile. Okay. So I would imagine like a girl with her daughter. She has a big dipole, so this girl has a very big doll. And she was partly because she brought such a big door to the school, she wasn't allowed to. So he was called into the dean's office. So their mean is like, oh my god, how do you have such a big doll? And the dean is like being nice to her. She asked the dean to kiss the oil on the forehead and the bean cases, the dollar and the forehead, and then shouts out, oh my God, it is so Chile, chile on this because sheriff chili on the doll because she's a, she is a mysterious girl. So now, like we have done got it. A story where we can generate the whole number back. So Doyle brings us back to 15 and being brings us back to 12. So 1512. And in the last one, chilly brings us back to 65, that is 1965. So 15 December 1965. You can remember dates and anything with a major system is quite a remarkable system. Guys, we actually will step for this video is to remember your best friend's number or anybody's mobile number and use it to remember dates of people close to you. And then like the wonder of this is you will never forget it and you will always be calling them on the bird there and they'll feel special about it. So definitely do that and use them ecosystem. 34. Categorization for Remembering: Welcome back to categorization organization. So we have talked about this in understanding, and we've talked about how important it is to categorize and organize things because our brain literally lovesick. I showed you in a darkened the example of anemia. So everybody again according to the size into microcytic, normocytic and microsurgery. And then we classify different kinds of anemia in that lake. Iron deficiency in microcytic normocytic had hemolytic anemias and the last one had like an a macrocytic anemia is what? B2 I went for a deficiency. And there is inherent value in this, okay, because our brain loves structure and it loves remembering things in this way. Let me prove this to you. So now look at these words. So the first is green, second is Apple, third is watch. Fourth is yellow, fifth is buried. Six is bracelet, seventh is orange, it is had. Ninth is white, tent is spinach, and then 11th is peer bang and capsicum. Now let's compare this to if we were to categorize all of this, you know, into, let's say, vegetables. So vegetables were what? They were capsicum and they were spinach, Okay? And then like there were fruits, and those fruits were apples, remember, orange. Remember. And now if you look at the accessory, So we had accessories. So we had watch, then we had belt, then we had bracelet, then we had hat, and then we had a headband. Okay. So we had like those accessories. So if we could put that in accessories, and then we had colors. We had colors lake a, green, yellow, and white. So what again C is now we have categorized this into like fruits, vegetables, accessories like in fashion. And the fourth one is colors. So if you can categorize stuff, see how easier it becomes to remember things. But if things are random and uncategorized and you have no way of organizing stuff. Learning can become jumbled and not easy. The thing is because our brain loves structure, it loves organization. So the more organized you can make her information, the better would that be? And definitely tried to use that categorization and organization to learn about everything. Like it's great for giving you the bird's eye view. It's great for telling you, like the tree from the branches, from the leaves. And it's great to tell like the relationships and similarities and differences of different things to each other, like in the leaves category. So the actionable step for this video is during this week, try to categorize something tied to organize something that you are learning. Definitely do that and do it as much as possible. So try to categorize something. You learn. 35. Primacy, Recency and Pomodoro: Now let's talk about two important phenomenon of memory that is primacy and recency. So what the research has told us is whenever we are studying something, okay, during that study session, what we remember them more staff is the thing that we started first and the thing that we started in the end. So I'll give you an example. So let's say you go to a party. Who are you going to remember the most off in that party? And I bet it'll be people who you meet first, like when you go to the party and the last people you meet when you leave like the party. And that is primacy and recency. Primacy means we tend to remember things like that we did first during a study session. And recency means we tend to remember things that we did last in this recession. And the way we can take advantage of primacy and recency is wire. Pomodoro. So Pomodoro Technique is this technique in which you study for 25 minutes, Okay? And then you'll take a five-minute break, then you yesterday for 25 minutes, then you would take a five-minute break. And there are two main advantages to it. The first one is a primacy recency effect because you are increasing the number of times, like you're seeing things for the first time because you have multiple sessions now and you're not when you didn't all one go. You are creating those Pomodoro sessions or 30, 30 minutes, 3030 minutes. Because of that, you're going to see things like over and over again. Because when you restart, your wanna see things for the first time again. And then you restart, you want to see things for the first time again. And you're also going to increase the recency because when your session ends like a forceful with our session ends and that's 25 minutes and then you'll take a five-minute break that adds up to recency and then your first session eggs, then you have your second session that ends and you have with your toward session that eggs. So what we have created right now is multiples or primacy and recency. And this leg really boost our learning. A second wave or mulatto works, is like the human attention span. Starting is about 25 minutes after that, are focusing efficiency and abstracting efficiency goes down. It is recommended according to research. And this is where the data has shown, is if he can speak, are studying sessions into these intervals or 25 minutes and five minutes or less, 45 minutes and five minutes rest. It can help us a lot because then like in those five minutes, we are regenerating ourselves. We are relaxing. Art. Like you definitely should not play, Go on the screen like or do like play video games. Or you should object that you shouldn't check up your mobile or Lego to social media anywhere. Like the things you should be doing in those five minutes is just relaxing. Maybe take a five minute nap, close your eyes and relax. Or maybe meditate, or maybe you don't go out for a walk, okay, this is what you should do. You should definitely try to get on your computer screen or your mobile screen. You shouldn't do that. So when we do like Pomodoro in this way, it actually increases, are studying efficiency because our focus doesn't go down. So after 25 minutes our focus goes down. But if you keep on doing Pomodoro, like we actually break the cycle when our attention starts to go down. And because of that, like in those five minutes, are attention and focus. A region where it's we like when we relax and then we go to the next session, we can study with better focus. Again, because of this, we have overall macro focus and what all better shredding efficacy and that's very, very powerful. So guys, the actionable step for today is to divide your study session into like Pomodoro sessions of 25 minutes and five minutes or 25 minutes of studying and five minutes of rest. And repeat the cycle as many as number of times you want to do it, at least like for a cycle of seven, you can do it like as many as you want, okay? So take care. 36. 2X Active Recall: Welcome back. So let's start on the topic of active recall. What is active recall is recalling information that we have just learned and being active about it. So it is supposed to be a bit hard, right? It isn't passive, it is active, so we have to work for it. And there's a lot of science behind this are active recall. Like the way learning works is there are two schools of thought. The first school of thought says, you know, keep putting the information that you're learning over and over again into your mind. I keep reading it again and again. And the more the number of times you read that or you know, you do your revisions, the more you will remember of that certain topic. And the other school of thought says, It is not about the number of times we put that information. Insiders, like the number of repetitions we do. It is more about pulling the information out of our head and using the information that we just learned. The thing is, there have been multiple studies done on this. And what research says is the second school of thought that is the process of active recall, pulling out the information from the head and using it seems to be way, way, way better and more efficient for us to learn something. I know it might sound weird, but learning is more about pulling out information, then putting it in over and over again. So that is counter-intuitive, but it definitely works. If you think about evolutionary psychology, it definitely makes sense. Because if you are using the information that you just learned, that gives the signal to your hippocampus in your mind that this is critical for survival because you are applying it and so it is relevant to you and to your survival, does make sense that our brain then primes on that information that we use and doesn't prime on the information that we don't use. Active recall has some serious science behind it. The other science behind active recall is something called as a depth of processing effect. So depth of processing effect really means that the more we can process information like in-depth, the more likely is that we will remember it. So there was a study done in which there were three different study groups. So they were given like lists of words. All of the groups were given different things to do with the list of those words. So the first group was asked to separate the words according to which was uppercase, which is lowercase. And they were asked to do it multiple times. The second group was asked to like use the same list, but choose the rhyming words that were there and just connect the rhyming words and write down all the rhyming words and take out all the words that did not rhyme. And then they did it multiple times. The third group was asked to take the same list of words, and then they were asked to use those words in multiple sentences over and over again. So they were applying the information that they just saw. And it turns out that after a period of one week when they all were tested, group three, that is the one that applied information. The group that made sentences out of the words that is used, the words Multiple sentences turned to be the one that had the most retention. Like they remembered the words the most like the list the most compared to Group 2 and 1. Group 2 came in second because they like we're trying to find rhyming words which is a bit more hard. And group one came out in the last, which was just finding the uppercase letters and isolating them from the lowercase letters. So Group 3 had the most retention. And this goes to say that the harder we work to pull out that information, the harder we work to use that information, the more we will remember that information. It is just like you're going to the gym. In gym, like what really matters is the intensity of the training. If you lift things that challenge you, if you do exercises that challenge you, your muscles will grow way faster than like if you do things that do not challenge you. And learning is a process. Like the harder we work to learn something, the harder we work to pull out the information in our head, the more we learn that and the more we remember that. So it is good if it is hard and it is probably not good if it isn't hard. So you have to work hard and you're learning, you have to work hard and pulling out the information from your head. So how do we achieve active recall, how do I achieve active recall? Here's how I do it. I divided it into two parts. The first part is when I'm reading a certain topic, let's say I'm reading anemia. So the first thing I do when I'm reading anemia is like I'm reading that topic. I'm asking myself in the real time, the five W's and the one edge. So five W stands for what, where, when, why, and ET stands for house. So I'm asking myself what kind of anemias and my learning, what does anemia mean? I am asking multiple questions with what's in them. Then I'm asking like who does anemia affect more like it affects women more than men? Definitely because women have the menstrual cycles, so it affects them. And then I'm asking things like, when does anemia happens? Because different kinds of anemia happen in different ages. And then I'm asking myself the question, where will I see anemia cases a lot. I would probably see it in OB GYN Obstetrics and Gynecology and I would see it like medicine boards a lot. Okay. And these two ones are the main ones where I see anemia cases and where can this information come in handy? And then the last question I'm asking is, why does anemia happen? What are the causes of it? Because that is the whole categorization I showed you. So there are multiple causes of it. And why is it happening in that age group or a why is it happening only during that time? These are the bushes. I'm always asking myself actively. I'm asking myself like also be how like how does anemia happen? How do different kinds of anemia happen? I'm asking myself the pathogenesis and I'm trying to pull out the information from my head like whatever I do know and what I'm learning right now, okay, that's 1 that you should try. And another thing I do is when it like let's say I finished the whole topic of anemias. 17 is the whole topic of anemias. What I do is like I close my book and I close my eyes and then I kind of reconstruct the whole model of anemias like what I learned in the anemias thing and what I can generate from my mind, like from what I learned in the whole chapter of anemia. So this is the process of synthesis when you close your eyes and you have to synthesize the information, like synthesize everything you just learned. And this is so, so powerful because you're doing it just after you learn. So you would never have to time it. You just do it just after you learn so you wouldn't never miss this process. And I would highly recommend it. And like I do it with almost everything I do is close my eyes once I'm done with the topic and I tried to reconstruct the whole topic in my head like the mental model of that. Like anemias, like I showed you, microcytic, macrocytic, normocytic and then, uh, categorize things in my head. That is something I do. The second thing I do is after about five or seven days have passed like so after about a week, I would usually do a quotient map, let's say on the topic, topic of anemias are, I like try to participate in a quiz like we guys, like me and my friends, we'll try to quiz each other on the topic of anemias and maybe I'll ask my friends to ask me questions. So the point here is like when I do a quotient man, I'm using the information that I just learned. And because I have a space that interval, like it's, it's like after a week, I have to work very hard to pull that information out because it's very easy to pull that information out When I'm learning that certain topic like at that certain time. But it becomes harder. Like as time passes by. It should be hard because the harder we work to recall the information that we have learned, Let's say a week back, the better it is. Definitely, you know, you should do those two processes, like use active recall when you're learning a certain topic and also use active recall after some time, let's say a week. And you can do it. Why apportionment for that topic? Ask your friends to quiz you on that. And it definitely, definitely is a game changer. The actionable step for this video is to use active recall, you know, ask yourselves the five W's and the one edge and then like, try to like when you're done with the topic, close your eyes and reconstruct the whole mental model of the topic. And after about a week, definitely quiz yourself or do a Caution bank about the topic. 37. Hyper Reading: So how to read? The thing is, nobody ever has taught us properly how to read a fast and how to read properly. And there is a definite science behind how we can increase our retention by reading everything in a different way. The way that research has shown, like the reading to be most effective is when reading is divided into two phases. The first phase of reading is something called a skimming. And a second phase of reading is like proper reading, like when you're reading it in detail. So skimming is when we are reading the topic, just to look at the keywords, we are looking at the lines. We're moving so fast. We're just looking at a few key words to get the general idea of what the whole paragraph or the whole page is about. And we're reading it fast enough so that we don't understand everything. The point of skimming is just to get general ideas and keywords, okay? And the point is not to read everything in detail. So the first is to generate keywords, general ideas about that topic, those keywords, okay, the second thing that's skimming does is it creates massive confusion because you're reading stuff very, very fast. You can't make connections right now. And your brain's like, Hey, I read that word. I read atrial fibrillation. Okay. And I read something about drug called beta-blockers. How are they related to each other? Is it used for treatment or is it used for prevention? So your brain starts asking these questions and you start opening these open-loop. So you start creating these open loops in your mind. And the thing is like, when do we learn the best? When we are confused about that topic, when we are curious about that topic. So skimming is so very powerful for generating that confusion and the open loops. Because your brain is then asking questions, Hey, like how is this relative to this? Because you are reading it at such a fast pace, like in skimming, you're skipping like most of things. Like you're just looking at the general idea. Your brain is also creating open loops and that's increasing your curiosity, which is one of the best drivers of learning. Because what things do we learn? The most things we are most curious about. So scheming definitely creates that curiosity and is amazingly helpful. The second phase is reading it in detail. So in skimming, we generated like a lot of questions, a lot of open loops. But when you read it in detail, like you're on the second time, we do, we read the whole topic. We're reading it at a bits like slower pace than skimming. And we're trying to answer the portions that formed in our head while skimming because you will have a lot of courses like what does that word mean? What did that word mean? And this caution and answer phases, like the first phases of the oceans where you generate cautions. Second phase is where you answer those questions. So powerful in reading and it's so powerful in like increasing your retention because you're literally converting the whole thing in a quotient answer format. And even studies have shown that this is more effective than repeating the reading phase 2 times. So it is even more effective then reading it twice properly. So skimming and reading is way more effective. And another thing is like how do we do skimming? The technique that I use for skimming is something more or less S and Z forms. So let's talk about z forms. What is the Z form? Many are doing a Z form. What we're doing is, let's say there are three lines, okay, in a paragraph, the way we go about it is we go from left to right on the first line, okay, So we read it like this, left to right. And then because it is a Z form, we go from right to left on the second line, okay, you get, get that. And then on the third line, we go from left to right. So you saw that we made a Z, okay, like this. So we go from the first line, we go from left to right. For the second line, we go from right to left. For the third line, we go from left to right. So what this does is like you'd be asking me like money hallmarks, flexible also read even the second lane because we naturally read from left to right. The thing is, the point is to create powerful confusion and just to look at the keywords and the z bomb really helps with that, because then you're not reading stuff in detail. You are like pushing yourself to read just the keywords and create confusion. And that is so helpful in the face of skimming. The second way to go about it is something called as the S form. So as far as literally the opposite of the Z form, because if you look at the letters S and Z, they are the opposite. So here, how we go about it is we have the first, second, third line, okay? So we go from right to left on the first line, and then we go from left to right on the second line. And then we go from right to left on the third line. What we really have done here is like the opposite of the Z form. But here you saw that the first and the third line, we're reading it from right to left. And because of that again, we are creating powerful confusion because we can't really make meaning out of stuff if we're reading it from right to left, right, that's not how English is meant to be read, but this creates a very powerful confusion. Lot, lots of open loops and helps you just look at the keywords and then you keep repeating the S and Z form. So you're like did the S1 electron, 1, 2, 3. So you did the S form or the, or the z from on the line 1, 2, and 3. And then on the line 456, you again repeat the S and Z forms and you go like that. So use the S and Z forms. Now, like the actionable step for this video is to get any book out there like any novel you have or any textbook and use the S and Z forms. Like for the phase one that is skimming and try to come up with cautions and keywords. And you know, you will see the power of open loops because they'll open up. Your brain will be asking stuff because it wouldn't be able to connect things because you're just looking at keywords and that's why it'll be like, what is the connection between this and this? And the second phase is when we read the whole thing in detail, we go back from the start and read everything in detail at our own pace. So definitely give it a try. 38. How to Speed Read Without Losing Comprehension: Let's talk about how can we read faster without losing comprehension? But before it's dumping into that topic, the thing we need to understand is why we need to read faster. The number one reason we need to read faster is because our brain thrives on excitement. If it thrives on information, I'm just like I want more, I want more. I want more. When you're reading stuff slowly, things are going slowly inside your brain and your mind. And the thing is, when we're reading slowly, you are actually boring out your mind. Because imagine you are reading it super slow and then you get bored and you're like, I don't wanna do this. But imagine if you were reading it's super fast. Mind wouldn't have time to get bored because you're just bombarding it with so much information that it cannot get bored. Research says when we read faster, are focused stays, it doesn't go away because you're exciting your brain with more and more and more information very fast. You're not boring it by giving it information in a slow manner. So that's 1. We increase our focus by reading faster. The second is, we increase our comprehension by reading faster. But you will like monic, I thought, like when you read fast, you lose comprehension. Well, that is true to a certain extent. But imagine a person who takes at least a month to read a book, okay? Versus a person who takes a day to read a book. The person who takes a day to read the entire book, we'll be reading it super fast. So this is the same book. So the person who's reading it super fast, T has like comprehension, doesn't have as good as comprehension as the first-person, but he does have good comprehension. That's a 70 to 80 percent. This person who's reading it's fast, will actually come out with more and more connections because he read it all in one go because this person read it like all in one day, he will, can make like so many connections. The first person cannot because that person has spread out the same work like a long period of time, he would not be able to make those connections. But when you're reading stuff fast, everything just comes together in front of you because done it or enter day, it just comes out together and you can figure out relations between things, how things are connected, because you read it fast versus the first person who did not. And he would lose out on that connections because he took so much of time to read it. So the faster we can read, the more our comprehension a lot of the times. Now I'll go into the depth of breathing techniques that have helped me tremendously without losing any comprehension. Because most techniques that are out there make you lose comprehension, which is bad. And these two techniques are very easy to apply. You can literally apply them right now and increase your reading speed at least by 50%. The first technique that you must use is get a pacer and updates or just means like you can use your finger or, or something like your pen or your pencil. And you can use this pacer to go from left to right when you're reading. So a pacer really guides your eyes. So the main use of pacer used to guide your eyes for aiding thing is when we don't use a pacer and we're just reading without using our fingers or a pencil. Or a pen. What happens is our eyes have these things called saccades. And the moment like if you look at my eyes and when I go from left to right, you will see that the moment is not smooth. Like look at my eyes, the movement itself is shaky and it isn't smooth. But when I use a pacer and I'm looking at a pacer, look at the moment, at how smooth it is. So whenever you are using a pacer, the movement is super smooth and the goals of that, we lose less time. So when we have smooth eye movement, we lose less time and we can read faster. And studies have shown that if you use a pacer like you can use your finger or your pencil or pen. You go from left to right, like while reading, at least you'll increase your speed by 50 percent. I'm just like by using a pacer, okay? If you want to increase it even further, you can use this technique I call this indentation. And what we're doing indentation is let's say we take a book, like let me show you the book. So when we're doing like spacing will just like going from left to right and we're reading it like using a pen or we can use our finger, okay, and this will help out a lot. And the second technique is indentation. And what we're doing in an invitation is like we draw these two lines. If you look at these. So we draw two lines, this line and this line. And what we tried to do is like we draw these two lines and this helps to activate our peripheral vision. Normally what people do is when they're reading, they're going from like the whole like extreme left side to the extreme right side. And this waste a lot of time because the thing is you have to, one's a vision. You have central and peripheral. So if you just use your central vision like while you're reading, that's going to take a lot of time because you have to go from left like extreme left to the extreme right. But if you can, like use this imaginary line, so this is just for practice and you can use this for practice to begin just make imaginary lines or rail lines if you want to. And we can just go from left to right because when you look at this, can you read this part? A lot of people, gans, when you look at a word like try this out, get, getter textbook, okay? And when you get a textbook or a novel and look at a word, when you look at the word just considered on the word, can you see the word to the left and the war to the right? Even when you're looking at that one single word. So you can see like when you're looking at this word, you can see this word and this word when, even when you're looking at this word, this is because of your peripheral vision. So whenever we're reading, we can use our peripheral vision like that we're gifted with, but we don't, we always go from the extreme left to the extreme right like this. So whenever you are reading, we're always going from extreme left to the extreme right. And this takes a lot of time. But what we can do is we can draw imaginary lines like this. You can draw your lines for practice also. Go, we can go from left here, not the extreme left. The lines, the line from this line to this line, this line to this line. The line on the left of the line on the right, line on the left, to the line on the right. And this will help you a lot because you're decreasing your time overeating parallel line, like you're not doing from the extreme left, the extreme right, you're using your peripheral vision because whenever you're looking at the left line, you can look at the word to the left of that, even when you are on the left line and when you're on the right line, like when you go to the right line and stop there, you can see in the extreme right answer, even when you're on the right line. And this is how we go about it. This is called as indentation, and this is an extremely powerful technique because now you're using your peripheral vision. The actionable step for this video is to use pacing, get a pacer, or use your finger and like, you know, read stuff while you use your pacer and go from left to right and be very fast about it and you'll see the difference. The second technique is indentation. You can draw two lines or imagine two lines. But if you're starting out with this like what you are is draw two lines in a, like in a book that you are okay with. And draw a line on the left and on the right. Make sure you can use your peripheral vision and go from that line, like the line on the left to the right, do not go from the extreme left to the extreme right because that will be out of time. So this is very, very helpful. So take care guys. 39. How to Take Spatial Notes: Let's talk about taking notes. The first thing is, do I advocate making notes? I think yes, like noughts are a very good way to learn because they help us organize the information. When we're making nodes, we are literally organising information in our own way. Like we're creating our own thing. And we remember what we create more than like somebody else's information. That's very important for this process to be very, very personally. I think going with handwritten notes rather than loads that are typed out is better because studies have shown that people who handwrite their nodes have overall better retention. I think this might be related to the muscle memory because you are using your hands like that muscle memory. And second thing is when we are handwriting something, we are forced to write only the keywords like the most important information like say we are in a lecture where we're only going to write the most important information because our handwriting isn't that super fast, that we can record the whole lecture by just typing it out. Because typing you can type out the whole lecture very fast because whatever you are hearing, type it in the other person's word. But when you are handwriting it since your handwriting isn't super fast and typing, can you supervise? You are forced to choose only the information that matters and that is important. And that's why handwriting is far superior to typing out nodes in your laptop. So how do we make notes? So we have come to take notes is I use partial learning. So what have done is like IA. I'll show it to you right now. Make a quadrants. I make four coordinates by drying drawing lines like inner plus format. So you can see it right now. I draw lines and this creates about four quadrants. So let's say I'm going to learn hidden itis super active up. So I'm going to make my notes for a header, header nighters separate EVA, but you can see is a head-on antiseptic device like in the middle. So that's amazing. And on the left side, like on the top left, what you can see is I write the risk factors for disease and I also write the pathogenesis for the disease. I write how this like the mechanism, how it comes to b. Then on the top right, what you'll see is 40. Conclusion: All right, congratulations on reaching the end of the class. I really want you to pat yourself on the back for finishing this class because not everybody can finish a class like this. It takes a real commitment to improve yourself and your learning process. And not everybody can do that. So really pat yourself on the back, deserve it. I'm proud of you. So the main points I really wanted to get across this course was first, learning and remembering are much more about creativity than rote memorization. It's about using like these techniques like the peg system, the major system, spatial memory. And this can just make this so, so, so easy for you. Second thing I wanted to get across was that you have a limitless potential. You are learning your memory has limitless potential. And the only thing that can stop you from achieving greatness is you. So do not limit yourself. And I hope this course showed you that really you don't have limits. And you can just learned about anything you want and use it in your, in your life. The third thing I hope I could get across was learning and remembering can be super easy and fun using all these techniques. And it, life can be super fun, like learning can be super fun. It doesn't have to be hard. It is super fun. So guys, thank you for watching. I hope you learned something from this. Please consider leaving a review. It helps me get feedback and improve my teaching skills. If you have any questions, please leave them down in the discussion section or the projects and resources section. So please, if you've taken any actionable steps, please submit them in the projects and resources section, I definitely want to see click how you use all of what was taught in the course in your real life. And, you know, if it'd be a lot of fun watching you grow up. So please follow my profile so that you'll get future notifications when I upload like a future course which will be coming soon. So by the way, thanks again for watching and I wish you all the best are the Earth's see you soon.