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Health, Hobbies & Family | English Language Pro

teacher avatar For Your English, English Made Easy

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

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Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

21 Lessons (1h 19m)
    • 1. About this class!

      0:40
    • 2. 1. Describe how you feel in English

      5:22
    • 3. Assignment 1: Share how you feel

      0:17
    • 4. 2. Nutrition, diet & exercise language

      2:27
    • 5. 3. Exercise vocabulary

      2:11
    • 6. Assignment 2: Your health habits

      0:17
    • 7. 4. Health & fitness idioms

      5:43
    • 8. Assignment 3: Let's talk about health!

      0:33
    • 9. 5. Describe likes and dislikes

      5:23
    • 10. 6. Idioms for things you do

      6:09
    • 11. Assignment 4: Lifestyle idioms practice!

      0:21
    • 12. LIVE: Hobbies vocabulary

      16:51
    • 13. LIVE: How to talk about the news

      5:40
    • 14. 7. Types of relationships (family, dating)

      3:41
    • 15. LIVE: Family tree (family relationships)

      8:24
    • 16. 8. Sexual orientation

      2:30
    • 17. 9. Race and ethnicity

      2:48
    • 18. 10. Dating idioms and expressions

      4:48
    • 19. Assignment 5: Practice dating idioms

      0:35
    • 20. 11. Family idioms and expressions

      4:19
    • 21. Assignment 6: Practice family idioms!

      0:28
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About This Class

Everything to talk about health, hobbies and family with this English language course!

  • Only the best expressions, vocabulary, greetings and cultural knowledge

  • English language fluency for any academic situation (formal & informal)

  • Be comfortable in the English language

  • Understand American culture

  • And more...! 

Can't wait to see you in the course!

Meet Your Teacher

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For Your English

English Made Easy

Teacher

 

I'm Kallan from For Your English 

and I'm here to help you get fluent in English!

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Improve your English grammar, speaking and conversation, listening, pronunciation, vocabulary, business English, American slang, idioms, phrasal verbs +  any other English language skills you need!

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Talk to you soon and message me with any English questions!

Kallan

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Transcripts

1. About this class!: health, hobbies and family. Those are the three main topics in this spoken English conversation. Class health is the first section. You'll learn how to describe how you feel and discuss diet, nutrition and exercise while also learning some important idioms. Hobbies is next and teaches you to discuss your likes and dislikes. Talk about things you enjoy doing and learn some useful expressions related to your interests. And finally, family and relationships get vocabulary for explaining your family. How native speakers talk about relationships, dating knowledge and more idioms and expressions to bring you closer to fluency. 2. 1. Describe how you feel in English: health and fitness, Health and fitness are important topics to describe how you feel and discuss diet, nutrition and exercise. Let's start with describing how you feel both mentally and physically feeling sad. The opposite of feeling happy is feeling sad. We can also say to feel or be blue, but that's really not so common. Instead, say you're feeling down or depressed notice. We mostly use the verb feel with emotion, and it can be in the continuous or simple tents when continuous. The focus is more on the exact moment in which you are talking. The present simple is saying that you feel that way. Generally, it's a characteristic of who you are less temporary, more permanent, feeling good. If you're feeling good, you feel unhappy. Maybe even chipper Chipper means you feel very happy and it's noticeable toe other people. We can also say you're in a good mood if you're in a bad mood, it can mean sad or angry feeling in between. If you're not sad but also not happy, that is closer to feeling melancholy. But we use that word rarely, and spoken English will often say we feel alright or feel met. I feel mad men is closer to sad or not Good. If you want to ask a friend or acquaintance about how they feel emotionally, we have a few options. Usually will ask this type of question because we assume we think something is wrong. If you just want to say hello, say that, How do you feel or how are you feeling? We asked these two because it appears that the other person is sad or upset. We think that they might be experiencing some difficulty in their life in the United States . When these questions are asked, It's an invitation to talk about your emotions. If you don't want to talk about it, just say I don't feel like talking about it. It's a polite way to say you're not in the mood. Don't want to describing how your body feels with our bodies. We typically describe soreness in pain. If you have none of those, you can just say you feel good or that a specific part of your body feels good to ask a question. We say. How does your blank and then the body part and the verb feel in spoken English? It's also common to ask, How's your blank by itself? Or how is your blank feel? How is your arm feel? Does it still hurt? No, it feels good. How does your head feel? It still hurts, So I took some medicine. If a part of your body hurts, it is in pain so we can say your leg hurts. Your arm hurts, your back hurts or your leg is in pain. Your arm is in pain. Your back is in pain. So with each part of your body you have two options. You can say that part of your body is in pain or that it hurts. A less severe type of pain is soreness. We often feel sore because we didn't stretch slept in an uncomfortable position or because we recently exercised again. If you feel sore, it is not an intense pain is quite mild. If you say that you are in pain or something is hurting, that is more intense and more urgent. And we can say acute or strong pain to mean a lot of it. I have a strong pain in my arm after working out this morning. Uh, maybe you're just sore from the workout. No, it's is very acute. I'm going to go to the walk in clinic. A walk in clinic is a small hospital or clinic where you don't need to schedule an appointment in advance after you workout or of a part of your body feels sore or is sore. You should ice it toe ice. Something is to take eyes or anything cold that you have and apply it. Put it on the part of your body that is sore, hurting or in pain. Sometimes because we're exercising or because we fall or slip on something, we break a bone. A broken bone causes a lot of pain. The medical term for this, but still common in spoken English, is a fracture. The verb is to fracture a bone. When you fracture or break a bone, you will most likely where a cast a protective covering for that part of your body until the bone is healed. Another injury that is often group together with breaks and fractures is a sprain, A sprain and very similarly a strain is stretching muscles and tissues too far and causing them to bruise. Swell and tear sprains and strains are usually not seen as being as painful as a break, but it depends on the circumstance. What happened to your arm? I broke it when I fell off my skateboard, so I have to wear a cast for two months. It looks like your legs and pain. Are you all right? Yeah, it's not too bad I sprained my ankle playing basketball. That's why it looks so swollen and puffy. If you have pain in your head, we call it a headache. If it is a very serious headache that causes you severe discomfort, an inability to focus or act normally that is a migrant for a headache, we say to have a headache or to have got a headache. Some people also say their head hurts for a migraine. We say to have a migrant, if it's something you have quite often, we can say to suffer from migraines to mean. It's a habit, something happening regularly to you. I'm going to lay down for a while. My head hurts. You have a headache. Make sure to take some medicine. We take medicine. We also say to take a pill or take pills we take a medication to, but a medication is something you have to take regularly over a longer period of time to treat or cure an illness 3. Assignment 1: Share how you feel: I want you to do some practice now. So here are a few options you can write about one. Tell me how you feel both emotionally and physically at this moment, or even better, try and prepare a response for when people ask you how you feel, because it's a common question when saying hello to friends. 4. 2. Nutrition, diet & exercise language: nutrition and diet Nutrition is a signs that focuses on eating and drinking for good health and growth. Your diet is what you commonly eat, the foods you most frequently consume when we talk about nutrition in general English. We're talking about the nutrients that every food has for example, how much fat, sugar, cholesterol, carbohydrates and other food characteristics there are. So in a less scientific way, nutrition is focused more on the qualities of a food or ingredient. A diet is what foods you allow yourself to eat. A vegetarian is someone who does not include any animals in their diet. They only consume vegetables, fruits and plants. Some vegetarians do eat fish, so technically that means they are a pesca Terry in. Other vegetarians still eat dairy products, honey and eggs. Ah, vegan is someone who does not consume any animal products in there. Diet and more actively avoids animal byproducts in their daily life than a vegetarian typically does. For example, avoiding any soap with animal fat, no animal clothing or other accessories and often characterizes being more vocal about their dietary choices. To go on a diet or to follow a diet means to restrict what you eat. Two specific kinds of food with the goal of losing weight or eating healthier, we say, to lose weight and the now in his weight loss, for example, the Atkins diet is famous for avoiding all foods with carbohydrates, also known as carbs. Many athletes do the opposite and try to get as many carbs as they can in a short time before an athletic event. This is called carb loading. The verb is to carb load. Some newer diets are the paleo diet and the key toe diet. Each of them severely restrict your food options with the goal of living a healthier life by abstaining from avoiding what are characterized as bad foods according to that diet. So if you want to do one of these diets, we say to start a diet. After you start, you are on a diet or following a diet. Then you end a diet or get off a diet when you want to change the foods that you consume. Do you want some of this pasta? No, thanks. I'm on the key toe diet and I can't eat that. I thought you were following the paleo diet. No, I had to get off the paleo diet because it was making me feel sick. I just started taquito diet and I feel great. So these are the most common ways we express how we feel mentally and physically. Let's continue now and focus on exercise. 5. 3. Exercise vocabulary: exercise Exercise exercise is important if you want to live a healthy life. So let's get started and find out how to talk about fitness in English. First of all, we say to exercise this means to do any type of activity that is good for your body and overall fitness. We never say to place for it. That expression does not exist in English, but I keep hearing English learners say it. We do say to play sports or to play a sport. But that mused to participate in a specific team activity like basketball, soccer or cricket to exercise or work out is any physical activity like running, swimming, biking, walking, yoga or lifting weights. These activities can be outside at home or at a gym. In spoken English. A gym is usually the same thing as a fitness center or fitness studio. Here are some other popular forms of exercise. There are four categories. Aerobics, strength, balance and flexibility. Aerobic exercise is any exercise that increases your breathing and heart rate. They make your heart beat fast and probably cause you to sweat. This includes walking, jogging, running, swimming, dancing and many other everyday activities that you can do outside of the gym by yourself. Strength exercise focuses on building stronger muscles, and some other terms for this are strength training or resistance training. The most common type of strength training is lifting weights, where you lift heavy objects into the air to build bigger and stronger muscles. A very informal idiom for this is to pump iron because most weight lifting equipment is made from metal, but it's still more common to say toe lift weights. Some people have a home gym with their own equipment, but most people need a gym membership, since weight lifting equipment can be quite expensive. Balance exercises include those like Thai Sheet, we say to do Tai she. This type of exercise is focused on improving your balance, which is especially important for older individuals. And finally, there are flexibility exercises with the most popular being yoga. A person who really likes yoga is a yogi. A lot of people also just stretched their bodies regularly in order to improve their flexibility 6. Assignment 2: Your health habits: I have some homework for you Now. We've talked about nutrition and exercise as well as describing how your body feels. Tell me, do you exercise or try to eat healthy? Tell me what you do and how you feel because of it or what you hope to do in the future and how you want to feel. 7. 4. Health & fitness idioms: it. He owns Buff. If your buff you are in very good physical shape and have nice muscles, you are not buff if you are just skinny or slim. If you are very skinny with no muscle at all, or feel like you have no muscle, you are scrawny or puny. These are mildly insulting. Buff means that you have noticeable muscles, so you must do weight lifting or pump iron quite a bit. If you just run or do other cardio and aerobic exercise, you are not buff because you're not building new muscle. To be buff especially means muscle by your arms. Look how buff the players are. They must be required toe workout every single day. We are so scrawny compared to them. If you are trying to get buff, you have to do more than just yoga. You need to start doing some resistance training too fast. Food. Fast food is the food you specifically order from fast food restaurants like McDonald's, Burger King, KFC and ah, lot more. Most of the food at these fast food restaurants is junk food. Junk food is a type of food that is either high in fats, sugars or other unhealthy nutrients or has way too many of them. So fast. Food is any food that is prepared very fast at a fast food restaurant. Ah, lot. But not all types of fast foods are junk foods. Popular junk foods are soda chips or crisps. If you're in the UK and very sweet snacks. Cheeseburgers and french fries, when made by a fast food restaurant, are also a type of junk food. I have a craving for some fast food. Let's go to McDonald's. No, we shouldn't. We had a ton of junk food for lunch. Those chips are not agreeing with my stomach. When something doesn't agree with your stomach or doesn't sit well in your stomach, it means your stomach is not feeling good because of it. Okay, family. We are not eating any fast food this week. So no Burger King and no junk food, either. So no soda in shape. Someone is in shape. When they are generally taking good care off their body. It typically means that they exercise at least a little bit. But even more important than that is eating a healthy diet. We say to be on a diet or to follow a diet when the purpose is to lose weight. Like the paleo and Keto diet, however, toe have a healthy diet just means to eat healthy foods and generally avoid the bad ones. The opposite is toe have a bad diet, which means you probably eat too much junk food and fast food. If you have a really bad diet, you're probably out of shape or in bad shape. These are the opposite of being in shape. If you're out of shape, you probably way more than you usually do, or way more than you want to. If you are in shape, your body looks healthy and you act healthy. But it doesn't mean you are buff or anything like that. Just a generally healthy person. I didn't notice how good shape you're in. Have you been exercising? No. I noticed I was really out of shape a few months ago and just started eating house here. It helped me lose a lot of weight runs in the family. If something runs in the family, it means that it is common in the family. It is shared among the people in that family because of biology. That's specifically when We're talking about health, and it can be for good or bad things. So in one family, cancer might be common, so that's really bad. But it runs in. The family is common, But maybe everyone in a different family is really healthy and fast. We can say these healthy characteristics also run in the family. There's a second use that we used to talk about personality. So if your father is very loud and you are also very loud, we can say that being loud runs in the family. It means that you are like the other people in your family, not based on your biology, but based on your personality. I'm nervous because both my parents suffered from dementia, so there's a bigger chance I will to. Since it runs in the family, you are too funny. Does it run in the family, or are you the only one that likes to joke around? To joke around is to tell jokes to be funny. Quit cold turkey related to health. We often have bad habits, things that we do that are bad for us and that we continue to do even though we know they're harming our bodies. and minds. Some bad habits are smoking cigarettes, drinking too much or not. Eating healthy, usually in the more successful strategy, is to more gradually over time. Quit doing these bad things, but if you decide to quit a bad thing immediately, that is to quit cold turkey. You can quit smoking cold turkey. Quit eating fast food, cold turkey. Quit binge drinking cold turkey to quit. Doing something called Turkey is to stop doing it immediately. Not gradually. When did you stop smoking? You know, I just woke up and decided it was bad. So I threw my cigarettes in the garbage and quit cold turkey. I tried to stop eating junk food cold turkey, but it was too difficult. So I tried again. And instead of stopping completely, I only allow myself to eat a small amount of chips with my lunch under the weather. It's not good to be or feel under the weather. It means you don't feel good. It's more common to mean that you feel sick, so with a cold headache, fever or some minor physical ailment. But it can also be used fairly commonly to mean that you feel sad or a bit depressed. If you're under the weather, it's used to describe what should be a temporary illness. We say we are under the weather when it's describing a temporary feeling of being sick or depressed, So the idea is that you will feel better later. If you're always sick, that's more serious. That's a chronic illness and is more severe. Why weren't you at school yesterday? I was feeling a bit under the weather and my mom let me stay home in sleep. You haven't been returning my calls. Is everything all right? Yeah, I've just been feeling under the weather. It's hard to explain. Just a little depressed, I guess. And I haven't felt like doing anything. 8. Assignment 3: Let's talk about health!: homework. You've got some great new idioms to discuss health and fitness like a native speaker. So I have a task for you to remember the vocab better. Here are your options. Tell me what you think about fast food and junk food. Do you eat it? Do you avoid it? Can you be in shape and eat junk food? And what role does it play in your diet? Or describe a bad habit that you quit before or want to quit in the future? What is it? And is your strategy to quit cold turkey or, more gradually, look forward to reading your response. 9. 5. Describe likes and dislikes: describing her lifestyle is very important in English conversation because it's something we talk about. Ah, lot, especially with people were meeting for the first time. Or still getting to know your lifestyle is mostly the things you enjoy doing in your interests, the stuff you find interesting. If you have a healthy lifestyle, it means you get enough sleep, eat well enough, take care of your body and don't have really bad habits like drug addiction or unsafe sex. Those two are popular characteristics of an unhealthy lifestyle. But let's start with the basics talking and asking about hobbies and interests, the stuff you enjoy doing and find fulfilling. How to talk about your likes and dislikes. The two most important verbs here are like and enjoy. We have three options with the verb like you can say toe like something toe, like doing something or toe like to do something. I like wine. That something is wine. I like it. I like drinking wine. Drinking is the Jeron, the I N g. Form of the verb. I like doing it. I like to drink wine. If you put two after like you must use the infinitive. The base form of the verb un conjugated. I like to do it so with, like, we can say toe like to do something or to like doing something he likes running or he likes to run. They like watching movies. Or they like toe watch movies to form a question with, like, just put the correct form of the question word do at the beginning. Did he like running? Does he like to run? Do they like watching TV? Did they like watching TV? Remember, do and does for the present did for the past. The other verb we used to talk about hobbies and interests is enjoy. But we can only say to enjoy something or to enjoy doing something. This is different than the verb like, because it can be used to say, like to do something. This form, that to do form does not exist with enjoy, enjoy can only be followed by a noun or the gerund form of a noun. I enjoy wine that something is wine. I enjoy it. I enjoyed drinking wine. Drinking is the general, and I enjoy doing it. He enjoys running. They enjoy watching movies. We enjoyed playing basketball with you she enjoyed talking to her mom during lunch to form a question with Enjoy. Just put the correct form of the question word do at the beginning. Does he enjoy running? Do they enjoy watching TV? Did we enjoy playing basketball? Did she enjoy talking to her mom again? Do and does for the present did for the past enjoy and like, are the most general verbs to say. If you like a type of activity, for example, if you enjoy or like watching TV as you get more specific, you will hear some questions like this. Are you a fan of blank? To be a fan of something? Means you like something. It can be a more general question, meaning Do you like something, but is typically a more specific question. So if you say I like watching TV shows, a person might ask a more specific question by saying, Are you a fan of the show? Friends You can respond simply with yes or no, but it's also common to say yes, I'm a fan of blank or no, I'm not a fan of Blank to return the question. You can simply ask, and you, are you a fan, Or what about you? Another way to make a question related to interests more specific is to ask, What do you think about blank? So if you tell me you enjoy bike racing, I can assume that I can ask you more specific questions about this interest. As an American, I might ask, What do you think about Lance Armstrong? It means, what is your opinion? If you say you like going to the beach, I could ask, What do you think about the beaches in Goa to respond? Just say, I think. And then your opinion. That is what you think. For example, I think Lance Armstrong was a cheater, but so were most cyclists of his time. I think Goa has the most beautiful beaches, and you should visit it. Some simple ways to return a question and continue the conversation are. And you? What about you or what do you think? You can also change the subject slightly by saying, What do you think about? And then adding a different topic to change a topic completely. It's common to say, Let's change the topic, or can we change the topic? This is a polite way to show. You really don't want to discuss something or find the topic annoying. Like if someone is trying to discuss politics and you don't want to. Here's an example. Do you like to talk about politics? No, not so much. What about you? Yes, I love it. Let's talk about the election next year. No, let's change the topic. It's not something I enjoy. What about that news about life on Mars? So you can see that I didn't want to discuss politics, but I still wanted to talk to that person. So I offered a different topic that we could discuss with this lecture. You've now got an advanced understanding of how to talk about and ask about people's interests and hobbies. Go to the next lecture to do it even better, by understanding idioms we use to replace verbs such as like and enjoy 10. 6. Idioms for things you do : idioms into something. We talked a lot about the verbs like and enjoy. You hear them atone in spoken English, but we have to expressions that are even more popular. One is more popular in the US and the other is more popular in the UK In the US, we often say to be into something it means toe like or enjoy something to be interested in it. I'm into sports. I'm really into Chelsea FC. I'm not into the Spanish soccer Lee, and as an American, I'm really into the World Cup in anything the national team does. An English person would more likely use a cup of tea for what I just said like this. Sports are my cup of tea. Watching the Spanish Football League is not my cup of tea, and the World Cup is also my cup of tea because I like anything that English national team does. You don't want to repeat vocabulary as much as I just did. It becomes annoying when someone keeps using the same words. So he was both used both cup of tea and to be into something. In fact, as Americans and Brits, we do this all the time. Notice also that in the US we say soccer and everywhere else in the world. They say football and to review the positive forms are to be into something. And for something to be your cup of tea, the negative is to not be into something or for something to not be your cup of tea. Make the following examples. Negative action movies are my cup of tea. Action movies are not my cup of tea. I'm into traveling abroad. I'm not into traveling abroad. A life hack. Ah, life hack is any trick tip or piece of advice that is supposed to make your life easier in some way. Sometimes life hacks can be very helpful. A lot of the time life hacks are idiotic, and only to get people to visit websites and buy stuff. But if you ever find an easier way to do something, we call it a life hack. Another term we can use his shortcut. A short cut is an easier, shorter way to do something or to arrive to a place. Ah, life hack is just a way to do something easier. I read about this life hack to make your phone work faster, but it didn't work at all. You don't need to do it that way. There's a much easier shortcut. If you just press command, see to copy it in command V to paste it. If you're driving to Chicago, take this highway instead. It's a really nice shortcut. You'll get there about one hour faster. The good life, the expression of the good life has a few different meetings. Let's start with the most common in conversation. If you're relaxing or having a good time, you can say this is the good life. You most often hear it when someone is doing something very relaxing and enjoying their leisure time in a lazy way. Think of someone sitting on the beach not worrying about school or work, drinking a cocktail and saying This is the good life or just laying in bed, not going anywhere. That's the good life, too. There's another expression toe. Live a good life. We all want to live a good life, but this expression is most common. When someone dies, you say it to express that they lived happily and without pain or regret. So this is to live a good life when we say the good life. It means the ideal, perfect relaxing life. We all want to live right now. He died young, but he lived a good life. I just want to retire and live on a beach and live the good life. You shouldn't feel so sad about your dog dying. He lived a good life. Thanks to you, turn a blind eye. Sometimes we pretend not to see bad actions that other people commit. Maybe it's because you don't want the person to get in trouble or you don't want them to realize that you know about their bad actions. For whatever reason, when you ignore the bad behavior of other people, this is to turn a blind eye and we say to turn a blind eye to an action. For example, if you have a friend that steals, you probably don't want them to get in trouble. You won't tell the police, therefore, so you turn a blind eye. You pretend not to notice may be the same. If someone you know is taking serious drugs, they're addicted to them. Maybe you're afraid to confront them to address their problem. So you turn a blind eye. Oftentimes we shouldn't turn a blind eye. But we can't think of any better actions that we could do. Or don't think it's our responsibility to intervene. I tried turning a blind eye to your grades in school. But you are going to fail if you don't start doing a better job. I know we all drink a bit too much sometimes, but I can't turn a blind eye to your alcohol problem. You need to do something. I saw you cheat on the test. I'll turn a blind eye this time. But next time you won't be so lucky to be set. There are quite a few idioms with set in them. First when talking about being ready to go somewhere we can say I'm all set or all set. It means I'm ready. Ready to go. Okay. I'm ready to go to the store. What about you? I'm all set. Let's go. When buying things at a store, we use this expression to most often. You are asked this when you are paying for your items or maybe even earlier. If someone working there wants to know if you are ready to purchase your items, okay. All set to pay. Yep. I got everything I need finally and most relevant to this section to be set. Talking about your life and especially talking about your future means that you are prepared for anything. For example, if a child is born into a very wealthy family, he is set for life. We're saying that no matter what happens, money should not be something that this kid worries about. So in this context, to be set means prepared. But to be set for life means that your life will be much easier or better because of something. If I get this job, I'll be making 10 times more each year. I'll be set for life. If you win the lottery, your Children are set for life. Hey, after I shower, I'm all set to go, so be ready. 11. Assignment 4: Lifestyle idioms practice!: homework. It's time to practice what you learned right about your interests and hobbies, the stuff you enjoy doing and especially try using cup of tea and to be into something to express your likes and dislikes. Writing is a great way to remember vocabulary, and I'm really, really, really looking forward to learning more about this stuff you're into. 12. LIVE: Hobbies vocabulary: what we're talking about right now is your hobbies and interest, the vocabulary, verbs, expressions and just a vocabulary for all of these very different but very cool hobbies and interests that you have and that we can ask other people about. This is especially good for small talk when you meet someone and you have these kind of small light conversations to get to know them. It's really good to ask about thes because people love talking about themselves, right? That's something we like, even if maybe you don't love it. But it's very easy to do. You have all the information, you know yourself pretty well. So let's look at this. First of all, the vocabulary we want to use, we other use most the time, uh, hopes, like or enjoy Now with like we can say to like something. And when I say something, that's the now, so running isn't out painting, swimming, fishing. Ah, these are all now owns, but we can also use the verb so we can also say to like to do something. So now it's I like to run. I like to swim. I like to fish. I like to paint so It's like we can use the now we can use the verb and we can also say to like doing something. The doing is the Jerron I N g present participle form off the verb. That's actually, um like that, Just like the now that we just mentioned. So we can say I like running or she has the same thing. So it says is the now and here it's also the activity. Okay, so I like running. I like to run. I like swimming. I like t swift Must example, right. I like to climb. I like to exercise. I like climbing. I like exercising now with enjoy. It's a little different. We can use one of the same forms here to enjoy something. So that's the same as to like something. So I like swimming. I enjoy swimming. I like fishing. I enjoy fishing. I don't know why I keep using these examples I like. So I don't have any other examples reading Bouldering. I like reading. I'd like or I'm sorry. I enjoy reading. I I enjoy reading. I like polled confusing myself. But we cannot say to enjoy to do something that construction does not exist at all. We can't say that. So I like to run. I like to climb, but we can't say that. Enjoy. It's just the gerund or the participle We cannot. So I enjoy doing something or I like doing something. But we cannot say I enjoy to do. Does not exist. Sounds bad. Just sounds bad. So don't say it. So I like going to the store if you like shop. I like going to the mall. I enjoy going to the mall. So with enjoy and like we can use with both the i n g Jeron present participle with like we have a second option, which is to like to do something. And let's look at Aton of examples now, starting with outdoor hobbies, outdoor interest. That means the things you do outside of the house and parks could be Just, you know, in your yard, uh, anywhere outside of the house. And let's start with biking. So we say, biking with all of these, I'm going to start with the now and then after that, the verb and other expressions that we can use. So biking, that's, Ah, a pedal bike, not a motorcycle, not a moped head, not a vestibule or anything like that. This is talking about you getting exercise. Then we have to bike and to go for a bike, right to go for a bike ride. Sounds more like leisure for fun. Not not so much activity when you want to talk about getting a lot of exercise, that's more like to cycle or or cycling, and that's a lot more time or exercise. A lot more stresses, like Lance Armstrong in the Tour de France. Then we have boating. If you like to go on a boat, boating Zanoun to boat and to go boating, bouldering and to go bouldering. Bouldering is a type of climbing where you climb, Ah, short height. You don't have a harness, no protection, and you fall on a padded area. It can also be done outside and again. It's not high. It's pretty popular today. Canoeing a canoe is a type of water. Craft is pretty small, often for 23 even, maybe even four people. If it's a big canoe and you have paddles, so it's a canoeing to canoe to go canoeing. So I like canoeing. I enjoy canoeing. I like to canoe. I like to go canoeing our options there. Oh, I actually forgot. Let's go back a little bit because I wanted to mention a few other expressions we can use in the United States. We used to be into something quite a bit. It just means you enjoy something. You like something. So I'm into sports. I'm into reading. I'm into bouldering. I'm into canoeing means the same thing in this case is kind of like I like or I enjoy. What we also use, which is maybe a little bit more common in the UK, is for something usually in the negative. For something to not be. Your cup of tea means you don't like it. We also use it in questions in the positive you know is running your cup of tea is reading your cup of tea is is cinema your cup of tea so we can use it in questions in the pasta form and otherwise is going to be negative. It's almost always negative, as at least that's how we use it in the U. S. Like running is not my cup of tea and you see there that the now comes first running is not my cup of tea readings. Not my cup of tea learning English. Maybe it's not your cup of tea, but you're doing it anyways, so let's continue here. We had climbing, climbing to climb, so climbing is just general climbing is any type of activity where you climb could be rock climbing, mountain climbing and we say to go climbing so personally I like or actually, I plan to start climbing so we can also start a hobby. And if you already started in the past and continue it is to have a hobby is something you do. Then we have fishing to fish to go fishing. So you have your fishing rod and you try to catch fish by using bait, and you have have also tackle tackle are the little tools that you have to help you connect your bait to your fishing line on your fishing line is connected to your fishing rod. We have gardening to garden to work in the garden. That's to do things outside, uh, to plant. Little plants have to make them grow going to the park to go to the park. I love going to the park. I love to go to the park. Love is stronger than like or enjoy, so if you love something, it means you really like it. Really enjoy horse riding to ride, a worse to go horse riding. Maybe you guys have those hobbies. Ice skating to ice skate to go ice skating. That's when you have a little boots. A rod. It has to be Wintory, actually, a lot of indoor ice skating facilities to jogging to jog, to go for a jog. Jogging is a type of slow run kayaking, two kayak and to go kayaking. A kayak is very similar to a canoe, but it can also be covered. A kayak can turn upside down in the water and is more often used for more extreme sports. The Kightly also have a paddle and the verb Larry uses to paddle. It's how you move in a boat with no motor, and then we have, ah, very general expression here, playing sports or to play sports. So these are really any type of group activity group. Generally, outdoor activity like to play basketball, to play soccer or football, to play badminton. To play cricket. We play a sport. We never do sports. That's a very common mistake, I hear learners say, and usually when people say they do sports, what they're trying to say is they exercise and that's coming up suit. Ah, so we're playing outside. This is very generalised is doing any type of activity outside. Playing outside is usually kids that play outside and often in a park or in your yard. Awesome to play outside. To go and play outside is another expression. We use roller blading to roller blade to go rollerblading that's we have a little boots and those wheels attached. But in a row like this, because the next one, we have his roller skating, and that's when you have them side by side. So roller skates each, but then roller blades very similar, but the wheels are in a different pattern. Then we have running how we started to run, to go for a run, sailing to sail, to go sailing. That's when your boat has Ah, I think, What's it called, like a mast? I don't remember, but that this a sailboat moves because of the wind, or I guess this is called a sale. That's the sale. The thing that catches the wind and propels you forward or backward left and right skiing to go skiing to ski skiing. You have two poles on your feet there separate. Then we have sledding. Sledding is when you usually skiing and snowboarding are on mountains, huge mountains. Sledding can be on a mountain, but it's usually on a hill. It's shorter, and it's on, like just some some random piece of plastic snowboarding to snowboard to go snowboarding like skiing. But you only you only stand on one thing, then we have sunbathing to sunbathe, to go sunbathing. That's when you just sit in the sun and try to get tan, to get bronzed, swimming to swim, to go swimming, to go for a swim, in a more informal expression to take a dip. All right, so for swim, too, if you want to do it really for exercise, I would say to swim laps or cause usually to go swimming. It can actually can be for leisure, I would say is mostly used for leisure and fun when you, like, have a little ball that you're hitting or something like that, Uh, and to take a swim can also be for leisure or more physical activity. If you want to focus on really getting exercise, say, to swim laps at a pool, then we have traveling. Everyone likes to travel, to travel somewhere, or to take a trip somewhere. To take a trip just means to travel. I took a trip to Japan. I traveled to Japan. Trekking. Checking is a longer, more exhausting version of hiking, so hiking is just when you go outside, usually like mountains or somewhere in nature and you just walk, you have your hiking boots on. Trekking is similar but is usually ah, lot longer. Bigger distances may be more difficult, terrain more difficult mountains, we say to go for, to go for a track to trek, and we just have walking. Ah, if you do walking for leisure, like if I just walk around my neighborhood, that is to go for a walk. If you really try to those actually fairly popular sports called Speed Walking, so maybe you speed walk, and then if you have a pet, especially a dog, we can say toe walk your dog than walking your dog or to take your dog for a walk. If your dog needs to use the bathroom to take your dog out. So that is almost all of the outdoor hobbies. Now, the indoor hobbies. Let's focus on some of these. Um, we don't need this Partly change that. So if you're indoor, if you like to be in the kitchen, if you make things in the oven the part that you actually have toe open remember the stove is the top part. The oven is the middle part. They get super hot, if you like making things like cakes, pastries, that kind of stuff that is to bake. The noun is baking is you enjoy. You like baking. Maybe you like to play games like monopoly. Um, what other? I can't think of any other examples, but monopolies. A very famous board game. So we say toe play, board games, chess. Chess is supporting. Yeah. Anything that has a board is up. Board game. Chess Checkers? Um, yeah, these airborne cames, the cinema If you enjoy or like this in a while. I love the cinema and to go to the cinema. If you say I love cinema, it just means you like movies. But to go to the cinema Mrs to specifically go to the place to watch a movie with other people cooking to cook. So cooking is usually on the stove with a frying pan, boiling water in a pot with pots, frying pans. All of that together, we usually just co pots and pans, and then we had dancing to dance. A lot of people dancing is fun, I think drawing two troughs. That means with a pencil, charcoal markers, crayons, and we have exercising to exercise or to go exercise. Or, yeah, I would say, That's it. Remember, Ah lot of you, I think, say, to do sports when what you mean is, you exercise, you enjoy exercising. Do sports does not exist in English. It doesn't make sense. You will confuse people when you say that. So exercising is any type of physical activity. Could be aerobic, like running. It could be lifting weights any any type of exercise. Then we have fashion. Maybe you like fashion. Uh, so we say toe like fashion. To be interested in fashion is another one. If you really love fashion because I'm fascinated by, we also say fascinated by something the gym. We can also say a fitness studio and to go to the gym or toe workout. When you say to go to the gym, it could be to run toe lift weights with a more formal expression. Pump iron. Ah, or whatever else you can do at a gym. A lot of a lot of activities, depending on the size of the gym, to knit. We could also say Ah to to so to crow. Shea knitting, sewing, crashing. I don't remember. I think Crow Shang has one needle. Knitting, I think has to Sewing has a machine. I think sewing is usually like like the real machine. I think I'm not positive their languages. Some people love languages, learning languages to learn languages or just languages, lifting weights to lift weights to go lift weights. That's things where you have actual like this is resistance training, where you have usually made out of iron or some heavy metal. You lift it up. That's lifting weights. A lot of different methods or ways are different exercises for weight lifting. All right, then we have the movies to go to the movies, toe watch movies, so this all means going to a cinema, a movie theater. If you say toe watch movies, you're going to a place. But if you just say to watch a movie that could be at the cinema or at home, we have music to listen to. Music. Maybe you play music or probably more common is a to play an instrument. Whenever someone says they play an instrument, it's a musical instrument. Saxophone, drums, guitar, trombone, the bongos who knows the repainting to paint? So now we have a brush. If you paint, you have ah brush and you're probably on a canvas. So that's painting. That's how painting is different because you use a brush with paint photography to take photos or to go and take photos. If you go and take photos, it sounds like it's outside or going to a different location. Maybe have a pet playing with a pet to play with a pet. And then we have puzzles to do puzzles, toe put puzzles together. That's where there's little puzzle pieces, and you connect them all to make a bigger image of something that we reading to read like books singing to sing. I cannot sing at all video games. We also say, to play video games or just to game someone says they like to game talking about video games or maybe on there computer writing to write. A lot of people like to write. We can also say also say, to journal. But to journal or also to keep a diary sounds more like your personal life, so to journal, to keep a diary and then yoga and to do yoga. 13. LIVE: How to talk about the news: our main topic today. We are talking about expressions and idioms to talk about the news, maybe to tell someone about something toe, ask questions and just some stuff that you will hear a lot on TV regarding the news. So here we go. If something is old news, it means it's not new, right? It's pretty obvious, but we also as an expression as an expression. It's like, That's that's passing. Ah, it's not for today. It's out dated. It's hot in Azerbaijan and it's hot today. Zayed, where are use I uh So if something is old news, it could be like it's not important today. It doesn't matter. It's passe, old fashioned, out of date. Let me also say old fashion, exactly outdated news to me. So, for example, if I let's give you an example, I say, Did you know that? Ah, he is being investigated for corruption and you could say, Oh, that's old news. Everybody knows that that doesn't matter at all. That's that's kind of how we use old news. But we can also use it for real news. Like we were just reading about saying that you know that old news I heard about that yesterday oak. And then we have news to me. This is kind of the opposite. We say that something is news to you when you didn't hear about it before or know about it about it. So if it's news to you, it is brand new information is breaking news, which is our next one? So I did you hear, but was happening? Actually, no, that's news to me. Or I could say, uh, Jim got in trouble. Oh, that's news to me. I did. I didn't know about it. Advanced level in three years. Of course, consistent study is the key. Ah, breaking news is really good. Breaking news is pretty much what we what? What would make us say news to me? So breaking news means very new news. Brand new and you hear this a lot when you're watching TV. If you're also looking at the news online, you will probably see an image that says breaking news. It's the newest, basically newest and most important news at at the moment, like right now. But that was old news for me. Good. Try a B shake. I like that on. Then we could say Justin, we can use just in a few different ways. First on the news if you hear just in it means we are just receiving this news. It's it's breaking news. But we also uses as an expression to be more sarcastic, kind of a bit bit rudely, often times. And we say this this just in, you know, And then we put something that happened and is usually to highlight how someone didn't realize something. For example, this just in Ah, Mark is in the idiot hasn't example. So you should say this just in to announce something and is usually something sarcastic to maybe insult someone or just to kind of joke around to be playful from a friend about something that just happened exactly. And about now, some really good vocabulary and expressions toe ask about events that are happening, and usually first will say, Did you hear about and then with the thing? So, for example, did you hear about what happened yesterday? Uh, this is a really good way to start a conversation. If you want to talk about a specific thing that happened very recently. So did you hear about Theo event in China? Did you hear about that big storm? It's a really good way to ask about someone knowing about something. It was breaking news when the Indian, the Indian government, signed a new gun deal with us. Maybe an arms deal. We don't have gun deals. That sounds like you're talking about a specific firearm. Ah, And then, if you did not hear about that story, if it is news to you, if it's basically breaking news, we can say no. What happened? No. What happened? And then the person will explain exactly what happened the story. So I could say, Did you hear about something? And you say no. What happened? It's almost exactly what you hear in these situations. So there was a breaking news story yesterday. You can ask, you know, did you hear about that story? And then you could say no what happened? And that's pretty much it. Those are probably the two most important things. If you want to talk about a story with someone who have old news, which could mean that some things just kind of out of date passe, old fashioned or old news can just mean that was a story that is not current news anymore. It's just happened too long ago, and then we have news to me. If something is news to you, you didn't know about it. It's new information. So that's news to me, and I just learned about it. We have breaking news, which means the most recent and probably most important news we have just in. If something is just in talking about the news, it's brand new information. If you use this more sarcastically, it's more joking about something or someone. If you hear about something, it needs to know about it. And if you didn't weaken, say what happened. It's a really good way to find out, to get more information about something, and that was today's main topic. 14. 7. Types of relationships (family, dating): dating and relationships in this section, we're talking about romantic and non romantic relationships as well as more descriptions to describe yourself. Well, look at types of relationships at different dating expressions, idioms and terms for a race and sexual preference. This lecture is going to focus on types of romantic relationships and relationship. Status is I'm going to discuss some important slaying in this lecture. But if you feel like you understand this vocabulary pretty well already, skip ahead to the next one. Single. If you're single, you are not in a relationship. You have no boyfriend or girlfriend or anything else. It's just you. Maybe you like it that way. It's a good opportunity to find yourself. To find yourself means to have the opportunity to understand yourself better before getting in a relationship. But if you're ready to start dating, you are single and looking. So what types of relationships might you be looking for? Types of relationships. A less serious type of relationship is friends with benefits often abbreviated to F. W. B. In writing the benefits part in friends with benefits means sex. Ah, more vulgar term for friends with benefits is a fuck, buddy But to sum up both of these are just casual sex, no real relationship. And if you are online dating, you might see someone say they are looking for fun. That means they want nothing serious, just sex. I met a cool girl, but she just wanted something on the side like a friends with benefit kind of thing. But I don't want to be the side dude. I would message this guy back, but it just says looking for fun. And we all know what that means. Talking about relationships. Something on the side means a non serious relationship focused on casual sex. If you cheat on your partner, meaning you are not faithful by having something on the side that's an affair. And in informal English, the person you're having the affair with is your side chick or side dude. The opposite of these is a long term relationship online. You will often see this written lt are a long term relationship is a committed relationship , usually with a focus on eventually getting married, having one partner and not having any side chicks or side guys. Not all committed relationships focus on having only one partner, and this has become more publicly spoken about in recent years. An open relationship is a relationship where you have one main partner, but each of you has casual, not committal, sex. With people outside of your relationship, you can say toe, have an open relationship with someone, or to be in an open relationship with someone to summarize. In an open relationship, you are generally allowed toe fool around, meaning toe. Have sex with other people, but you still have one main partner who should be given the overwhelming majority of your attention. If you are polyamorous, you have multiple main partners who possibly interact and live with each other. So if you are in a polyamorous relationship or have a polyamorous friendship, you have committed romantic relationships with multiple people. Sounds like a lot of work. If you are in a committed relationship with someone and decide to get engaged, that person becomes your fiance until you finally marry them. We can say to marry someone or to get married to someone. Then you are married to that person. Not all marriages last. If you decide to legally end your marriage, that's a divorce. To get divorced or to get a divorce, but a lot of people will first separate before getting divorced to decide if they want to continue being married or not. If you meet someone who is separated in person or online, it's a good idea to avoid them as they are basically still in a relationship. 15. LIVE: Family tree (family relationships): I hope you are ready. It's time to look at your genealogy, meaning how to describe everyone in your family. And we're going to start first with your immediate I'm sorry we're going to start first with your nuclear family than immediate family and the distant family. So first of all your relatives, that's that's your family. Your relatives are the people you are related to that can be through things like marriage. So, for example, if you have a brother and he marries someone, you are now related to his wife through marriage. But also your relatives can be your blood relatives meaning related to you through this This chart, like your parents. So let's start with your parents. So first we have your parents, your parents give birth to you, right? So you are their son or daughter on. Then if you have a child now, you are their parents. Okay, so this is your child and now you are their parents. Then if your if your Children if your son or daughter has a child, their child is your grandchild. Now, if it's a boy, it's your grandson. If it's a girl, it is your grand daughter. and you are now their grandfather or grandmother. More, more conversationally will say Grandma or Grandpa. Grandpa is your grandfather. Grandma is your grand mother. Okay, Now let's go back to you and your parents. Now, if your parents have another child, then that is your brother or sister. Okay, so now you have a brother or sister. Now, if they have Children, that child is your niece. If it's a girl and your nephew, if it's a boy, if they have a child that is now your grand niece or your grand nephew grannies for a girl , grand nephew for a boy and so that's it. This is and hear your parents and you and your brothers or sisters. This is typically what we consider your nuclear family. Your nuclear family is generally just parents and their Children. For some people, if you have a very close family, it can also be your grandparent's. But that's about as big as we will get for a nuclear families. It's your closest family because you usually live together. So that's why sometimes your grand parents could be that. And this is from an American cultural perspective. Most commonly. Okay, now your parents have their own parents, right? Your parents parents are your grandparent's. So that would be your grandma and your grandpa. So those are your grandparent's. Now your grandparents obviously at least had one child, your mom or dad. And if they have other Children, those are your aunts and uncles. So your aunt is the sister of your mom or dad. And your uncle is the brother of your mama Death. Now, if they, your aunt or uncle, has a child that is your first cousin Now we usually don't say first cousin, but just remember it because right now we're describing your immediate family. Your immediate family is you, your brothers and sisters, Your parents, your grandparents, your aunts and uncles and your first cousins usually will just say our cousins. If you have a huge family, you might have to say your first cousin. But for me personally, the only cousins that I really know and talk to our my first cousin. So I just call them my cousins. That's it. So your first cousins will usually just say our cousins, we usually Onley describe this in more detail. If we're talking about our second or third cousins or once we get, like, removed to this part. But we really don't talk about this family very much. Uh, this basically everything out here, This is our distant family. It's the relatives that we don't talk to a lot and are not as closely related to So this is basically our immediate family very close to us. This is our distant family. Everyone over here is distant, not is closely related to us. So our nuclear family was your parents. You and your brother or sister. Um And then we have our immediate family, which is your grandparent's through grandma and grandpa, aunts and uncles and your cousins, All right. And I guess your nieces and nephews can also be part of your immediate family. Uh, now the brothers and sisters of your mom technically are your maternal aunts and uncles. It means from your mother's side of the family and spoken English. We usually just say from your mother's side, my my uncle on my mother's side, on or from aside. Ah, And then, if it is your your dad's brothers and sisters, then they are technically your paternal paternal aunts and uncles, or or more commonly, in in spoken English, just your aunts and uncles on or from your father's side off the family. But you can also say paternal or maternal. It's a little shorter, but actually less common. All right, so then after that, now, if your first cousin has a child, their child in relation to you, is your first cousin once removed. Now again, pretty much everything I'm saying now. We don't really use and spoken English. And even for native speakers, this vocabulary is very difficult, very misunderstood, just too complicated to really care about. So technically, your cousin has a child. It's your first cousin once removed. If they have a child, it's your first cousin twice removed because we're going from generation to generation. So when we say once removed, it just means it's It's there. Child twice removed. It means the child off their child. It is complicated. I would just focus on the immediate family. That's the most important stuff. Okay, then we have going back, actually to your grandparent's. Now, your grand parents had Paris. Those are your great great grandparents, right? Yes, I'm sorry. No, you're You're so your grand parents. Their parents are your great grandparents, and now they might have more Children. So if they do your grand parents, if they have siblings, brothers or sisters, then we have your great aunt's or great uncles. Now, if they have Children, they are your what we have here. Your first cousin once removed. Which is interesting, right? Because we have first cousin once removed here. And we have first cousin once removed here. So very lucky. Huge differences in age. But it doesn't matter. We use the same expression so it can be confusing. And you? This is why describing your genealogy and your family can be very, very complicated. Okay, So where were we, your first cousin? Once removed. And then if they have a kid, it's your second cousin and then your second cousin once removed. And then your second cousin twice removed again. This is all your distant family. We don't talk about this a lot unless if you have a very big family Now, let's say you're great grand parents. Off course they do. They definitely have parents. And those are your great great grand parents. Now, if they had more kids, the sibling of your great grand parents would be your great grand aunt or your great Grand Hung Go. We're going very far back in time now. Now, if they had kids, that would be your first cousin twice removed because look, we're going over again. That's why it's twice removed now. Then, if they have a kid, is your second cousin once removed, and then your third cousin and then your third cousin once removed and then your third cousin twice removed. And it just keeps going and getting more and more complicated. Just focus on these ones. We have your nuclear family, which is your parents, and then you and your brothers and sisters. That's the American definition. Your immediate family is your grandparent's grandma, grandpa, aunts and uncles, your parents, you brothers, sisters, cousins and probably niece and nephew. If you have any as well as your in laws, meaning if you get married, the mom and dad of your husband or wife, those are your in laws. All right, so that is your immediate family. All of this is your distant family. Don't worry about that. It's super complicated, even for me. 16. 8. Sexual orientation: sexual orientation. Now that you can talk about the type of relationship you're in or looking for, here's how to discuss the gender you are attracted to. This is called your sexual orientation. It's also important because in the United States, even some government documents require your sexual orientation. Sapio Sexual Sapio Sexual is not a real sexual orientation but has become quite popular recently, is most popular with online dating APS, Not a way to describe yourself in person. It just means that you are attracted to intelligent people. It's also used mostly by women. Heterosexual. If you are hetero, you are attracted to people of the opposite sex that is a man attracted to a woman and vice versa. But in spoken English, we don't say hetero or heterosexual. We say straight to be straight. If you are straight, you are saying that as a man you are only attracted to women. If you are woman Onley attracted to men bisexual. If someone is bisexual, they are both attracted to men and women in spoken English. It's more common to say bye to be by two very informal, slightly inappropriate expressions to describe a by person are to say that they go both ways or play for both teams. If you go both ways or play for both teams, it means you have romantic relationships with men and women. Gay. If you are gay, you are attracted to Onley people of the same sex. So a man attracted to a man and a woman attracted to a woman we use gay for both men and women. Lesbian can also be used, but only for women. So a man is gay. A woman is lesbian or gay. I want to give you some more advice, because small changes when using the word gay can make you sound like an average fluent speaker or someone who really dislikes gay people and cause some very uncomfortable situations. It's to be gay, same as to be straight and to be by, however, it's to be a lesbian. He's gay, she's straight. He's by. She's a lesbian. Never say someone is a gay. You don't want to say, for example, she's a gay. It just sounds bad. You can say he's a gay guy. She's a gay woman, but a gay by itself sounds terrible. Or just say he's gay or she's gay. That's fine. If you are not gay, another word you want to avoid is queer. In the past, Queer was the appropriate word to describe someone as gay, but not anymore. In fact, nowadays it is very often offensive and should not be used. 17. 9. Race and ethnicity: race for most people, race and ethnicity is not important when dating, but online dating APS and even the American government require it for many documents. So now I will explain race as it's most commonly understood in the US and what people probably mean when they talk about it, because it can be quite confusing. Pacific Islander If you are Pacific Islander, your ancestry is from Hawaii, Guam, Samoa and other Pacific islands. Some people include the Philippines in this category and other people categorise Filipinos as Asian. Asian Asia is a huge part of the world, made up of many different countries with very different people and cultures. But in the US, we still use it as one general category to describe race. For example, we categorized Chinese, sometimes Filipinos, Indians, Vietnamese, Koreans and Japanese, all under the ethnicity Asian as well as many other countries in Asia, Black in the US and the UK, we have, ah, very simple definition of black that is very different from countries like Brazil and South America. Here, black means any African heritage or ancestry. That means black can be anything from slightly tanner than me to the darkest skin. The reason we have this definition of black is because of our history of slavery and how the government defined what a black person and a white person waas. So we still basically have that understanding of black and white racial identity today as a society, Hispanic and Latino. If you come from Latin America or Spain, you are commonly understood to be Hispanic or Latin American. In the US, the common understanding is even simpler. If you speak Spanish, you are Hispanic or Latino. Actually, many Americans think that Hispanic or Latino means you're from Mexico. Obviously, this creates confusion because Brazilians don't speak Spanish. Latin Americans come in many different colors. Spaniards are often considered white, and Mexico is not a country, not the definition of Hispanic or Latino white. If you are white, you probably look pretty similar to me. At least, that is how we understand white in the United States and the UK. I know, for example, that the understanding of white can be very different in countries like Brazil and Egypt. But in the US and the UK, White means pale pink skin and probably a family history that comes from Germany, France, the UK and most often Italy in Spain, I say, most often Italy in Spain, because 50 years ago, Spanish and Italian people were not considered white in the US, but now most often are interesting and confusing, huh? As well. In the US, Caucasian means the same as white. So even though people from Europe, North Africa, Central and South Asia are technically Caucasian, that is a different meaning when used in the United States. 18. 10. Dating idioms and expressions: dating idioms. There's some really good idioms about dating and relationships that will be super helpful in a conversation. Here are some of the best as well as some common expressions. You just need to know a blind date. A date has a few meanings when you first meet someone, a date is some type of activity to see if you are compatible as romantic partners, we say to go on a date if you decide to continue seeing each other, meaning dating and in a relationship, a date is just something fun you do together. So to go on a date means a specific event or moment you spend with someone. To be dating someone means to be in a relationship, to be seeing someone can have both meanings. If I say I'm seeing him on Thursday on Thursday shows us it's for a specific date, but you don't know if were dating. You can also use this when making plans to spend time with friends and family and making appointments like to see the doctor. I'm seeing my parents on Sunday. I'll see the therapist on Wednesday, but if I just say I'm seeing Mark, it means we're dating. We are a couple. I met this guy at the cafe yesterday. We're going on a date tomorrow. I'll tell you how it goes. I'm not sure I'm ready to start seeing anyone long term, though. Me and Lisa have been dating for several years now. We try to go on a date at least once a week to spend some time together. We've been going out so long, I can't remember what we did on our first date. A blind date is when you are meeting someone for the first time and have never met before and don't know what the other person looks like because of modern technology. Blind dates don't really exist anymore because it's so easy today to get at least a picture or something like that. Break up with someone. If you're dating someone, you're in a relationship. Like I said, we can also say seeing someone however many relationships fail and come to an end. If you decide to end your romantic relationship with someone we can say to break up with Ah person. Then down for this is a break up. Another informal expression is to dump someone. Ah, break up. Can be mutual, meaning both people agreed to it. But when you dump someone, its never mutual and it's often done in a rude way, another unrelated expression is to be in the dumps or down in the dumps. If you're down in the dumps, you feel sad. So if your boyfriend or girlfriend dumps you, there's a good chance you'll feel like you're down in the dumps to dump someone to be dumped by someone to feel down in the DMZ. I'm just going to stay home tonight. Lisa dumped me, and I'm just feeling down in the dumps right now. Let's do something tomorrow. Catfish. If you don't have serious proof that someone is actually the person they claim to be in their photos, you might be being catfish. Two catfish. Someone is to pretend to be someone else by using fake photos or photos they stole. If you're the victim, your cat fished. If you are the liar, the verb we use is to catfish someone I hate online dating APs because I'm always worried that I'll be cat fished. That's why I don't talk to anyone unless we have a video chat early on Chemistry. Chemistry is important in a relationship. Chemistry means that there is a connection between two people, some special connection that you don't find with everyone we can say to have chemistry with someone, or for there to be chemistry between two people and for there to be chemistry in a relationship. You and Mark are a nice couple. There's obviously great chemistry between the two of you. The date didn't go. Whoa! We had no chemistry. Also in cinema, actors can have chemistry. This is called on screen chemistry. When talking about this type of chemistry, it's only for actors who are portraying a romantic relationship. Not if they are acting as friends or family out of your league when talking about dating or wanting to date a person. If someone is out of your league, it means they are too good for you. Usually it means they are much more attractive than you, but it could also mean much more successful, intelligent or whatever positive characteristics you don't have. Like for most of us, supermodels are out of our league because they are supposed to be the most beautiful people on the planet, and we're just normal people to settle. If you are trying to date people that are above your standards, meaning out of your league or probably won't be interested in you, someone might tell you to settle. To settle is toe lower your standards, lower the requirements you have for a partner. So if you decide to settle, you might go on a date with a person a little less attractive or a little less wealthy or something like that. Do you really think you're going to marry a person that attractive? That type of person is out of your league. You need to settle and be more realistic or you will be single forever. 19. Assignment 5: Practice dating idioms: homework time again. If you are single or just for fun, create a dating profile for yourself using vocabulary from this course, and try to describe your personality, interests and passions as well. If you are married or in a relationship, describe yourself, your partner and things you enjoy doing together by using vocab and idioms you've learned so far. A different homework option is to write about the cultural differences you notice between your country and the United States related to dating and relationships, because I'm sure there are, ah lot look forward to seeing your homework and answering any questions. 20. 11. Family idioms and expressions: friends and family idioms with friends and family. We have some great idioms we used to describe our relationships or a lack of a relationship . Here are some of the most important ones. If you have any questions or suggestions, send me a message so I can make a new video to explain it. Better to get along with someone. If you get along with someone, it means that you are able to interact with another person and a friendly, peaceful and enjoyable way. So you get along with your friends. But if you don't like someone, you don't get along. Ah, British expression is to get on with someone. This has the exact same meeting but is not as popular in the U. S. So I can say I get on well with my girlfriend's parents or I get along well with my girlfriend's parents. Same meaning. Why don't you and Dave hang out more? I just don't get on well with him. For some reason, he just irritates me. Also remember, to hang out with someone means to spend time with someone in a friendly, casual way. Bad blood. If there is bad blood in a relationship, it means there is ill feeling bad feelings towards each other. For some reason, there is hostility, anger or distrust. Basically, toe have a bad relationship with someone because of something that happened previously. Ah, very informal expression for this is to have a beef with someone means you don't get along because of some past experience. I used to hang out with Mark a lot, but then he lied to me about a few things, and it really made me upset. So there's some bad blood between us. That's why we don't talk anymore. There's some bad blood between the two sides of my family. That's why one part of the family started hosting a different family re union in the summer . The black sheep. In a family, there is often someone who is different than the rest. They act differently and have very different interests compared to everyone else in the family. Weaken described this person as the black sheep or the black sheep in the family. If you're the black sheep in the family, you don't feel like you belong. You feel different and a little bit like a social outcast, in some cases being the black sheep just means you are a little different but still get along really well with your family. In other cases, being a black sheep means you don't enjoy spending time with your family. And don't get on well with any of your family members. I moved out of the house right when I turned 18 as the black sheep in the family. I never felt like I belonged. I rarely talk to my family since leaving the house. My family always calls me the black sheep because they all support Barcelona FC. But I support Rael Madrid. We always joke about it. Chip off the old black talking about your parents. If you are a chip off the old block, you resemble one or both of your parents related to physical appearance or personality. This is the same as to take after someone. But chip off the old block is more commonly used to talk about shared characteristics of a son or daughter and their father. But it can be used to talk about your mother if you want. Though less commonly, your daughter really likes working on computers just like you. She's really a chip off the old block is your son playing football this year. He loves sports A chip off the old block, huh? Ah, falling out. Sometimes relationships, especially friendships, come to an end in a negative way that creates bad blood, an expression we use to describe. This is a falling out. You usually have a falling out with someone, or we can say to be, Ah, falling out. Basically, it means you are once healthy. Relationship is ended because of something bad, maybe an argument, a betrayal or whatever. In the royal family, there was a falling out when the prince decided to marry a commoner. Now there's some serious bad blood between the family members because of it, me and my friend had a falling out because we were both attracted to the same person. I don't know if we'll ever talk again. The spitting image to be the spitting image of someone means toe look exactly like them. This is the same meaning as to take after someone and to be a chip off the old block. However, with spitting image, we are only talking about physical appearance. There is no meaning of similar personalities, just looking similar to someone especially apparent or other relative. Look at you. You are really the spitting image of your father. You look identical to how he looked when he was your age. People say I'm the spitting image of my uncle, but I really don't see the resemblance. 21. Assignment 6: Practice family idioms!: homework. It's time for another assignment because you are now super capable of describing relationships with friends and relatives to help you use this vocab. Describe your relationship to a family member and a relationship with a friend. Describe how your related or how you became friends and use some of the idioms and vocabulary from the section and to practice asking questions. Asked me a few questions about my friends and family. If you want. I can't wait to check with you a little bit more.