Harmony and theory for intermediate guitar players | Gabriel Felix | Skillshare

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Harmony and theory for intermediate guitar players

teacher avatar Gabriel Felix, Music Teacher

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
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Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

31 Lessons (1h 45m)
    • 1. Things you should know before Harmony and Theory

      2:01
    • 2. Understand my methodology

      0:37
    • 3. Major and Minor Scales

      4:04
    • 4. Major and Minor Chords

      4:58
    • 5. Why are there both sharps and flats

      5:41
    • 6. The relative majorminor scale concept

      1:32
    • 7. Relative Scales Examples in Music

      2:29
    • 8. Altered Chords

      2:35
    • 9. Slash chords Examples in music

      1:29
    • 10. Seventh chords Best shortcut to memorize

      1:47
    • 11. How to play all seventh chords in string number 5

      4:22
    • 12. How to play all seventh chords in string number 6

      3:46
    • 13. How to play scales in several keys

      4:10
    • 14. Most common chord progressions

      2:50
    • 15. The Chord Scale System

      2:22
    • 16. Music Intervals

      1:07
    • 17. Music intervals Practice

      5:39
    • 18. How to play music intervals on the fretboard

      5:39
    • 19. Dominant Chords

      1:51
    • 20. Dominant Chords in music

      2:15
    • 21. The most important chord progression (2 5 1)

      3:02
    • 22. What is a Diminished and Half Diminished

      1:29
    • 23. 9th chords

      2:09
    • 24. 11th chords

      1:02
    • 25. 13th chords

      0:57
    • 26. Music analysis Red Hot Chili Peppers

      9:09
    • 27. Music analysis Pearl Jam Bob Dylan Nirvana

      7:32
    • 28. Music analysis Elton John Your Song

      3:33
    • 29. How to write strong chord progressions for your guitar songs

      7:09
    • 30. How to turn a chord progression into an arrangement

      7:48
    • 31. Final Notes and How to Improve Even More!

      0:24
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About This Class

WARNING: This course was developed to beginners/intermediate musicians. You will learn Harmony, theory, chords and techniques to develop your skills in music.

The more you practice the better you will get. With the Right Practice style you will be able to witness fast results!

Lessons About:

*Major, minor, seventh and altered chords:

*Major and Minor Scales:

*Dominant chords:

*Relative Chords:

*What is a Diminished and Half Diminished:

*Music analysis - Red Hot Chili Peppers, Nirvana, Bob Dylan and More:

*How to turn a chord progression into an arrangement:

*How to compose chord progressions with seventh chords:

*How to play scales in several keys:

And more...


Meet the teacher

Gabriel Felix

*Music degree at California College of Music;

*Teaching since 2010;

*More than 1 million views on youtube;

Questions
Feel free to send me any questions you might have on this course. I want to make your learning experience the best that it can be.

Thanks
Thanks for taking the time to look at this course. I look forward to seeing you on the inside and teaching you the beginner steps on how to become a better guitar player.

Take action now. Every moment you delay enrolling is valuable time and lot`s of joy with the guitar lost - enrol today - click top right!

WARNING: This course is NOT for the person who thinks by purchasing this course it will then magically give them all your guitar skills to you without you having to put the time, effort and practice. It does take practice if you want to see results. :)

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Gabriel Felix

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Transcripts

1. Things you should know before Harmony and Theory: Hi guys, My name is Gabe reflux and welcome to my new course. I'm a professional musician since 2013 in today, I want to talk to you about my new course about Armani empiric for intermediate amusing shoes. Nowadays, I have my own music school here in Brazil, annotates Music Online around a word. I have students from United States, UK, Portugal, India, Japan, Colombia and several other countries. All my methodologies that said and approve it from this. I'm sure you are going to learn very, very fast, right? So in this, of course, I'm going to teach you how to play seventh courts, alternate courts, ninth, 11th, 13th courts, how to compose core progressions with all of the type of guards around in different keys, relative keys to 51. That is a chord progression very common in bossa nova in jazz. In, of course, we are going to analyze several type of songs or I, it's very important to understand how the composer's, how to songwriting, compose the song and arrangement of the song. So we're going to talk about everything, every details about Armani, okay? Just a heads up. This course is not for beginners. If you don't know how to play major and minor chords, do not start, the scores are right. This is a very visit courts for you. So this course was developed for intermediate and muse issues, alright? And of course, if you have any kind of doubts, just send me a message through the platform shack in for you begin my course. Check all the lessons down below K hash, other classes, all the titles of MyClass. And probably you going to find the information that you want to develop your music, your composition, your arrangement bar. So see you at my course. Bye bye. 2. Understand my methodology: Most of our class are dividing two parts. Part number one, period, part number 2. Brett, I understand you wanted to play music as soon as possible, but it's very important to learn fury, innominate before. With this knowledge, you'll be able to memorize music and play by your very quickly. You can download all the complementarity material in class number 1, chapter 1 centimeter outer dots you may have through the platform share and do not forget to give a grade to this course. It's very important for marketing my course at the platform. Thank you so much. 3. Major and Minor Scales: Learn Measure to minus kx. Do you need to follow a few steps? Step number 1, write number one to 7123456. Second part is the formula. So 0, 0, 0, 0 and 1 more home stack. Now you have formula of mayors kale. So I start with 10. Let's see if I want to do a C major scale. I'm going to start we see in load number one, okay? But giver, I want to do an F major scale, okay, so you start number 1, f, I'll give you wanna do like a D major scale. So start with these simple like that. Let's start with a good note. Does the number one. Now we need to discover their other notes, right? You are indeed, right now. We need to check one whole step. So don't play D sharp goes to E. Next one is a whole step as well. So downplay F, F sharp. All right, next one is a half-step. We are in F sharp, so next step is much more easy. G, OK? Now we have one more homes stamps. So g goes to a Walmart. And the last one is C sharp. This is D-major scale. Okay? When you think about measures, KU, the first thing you need to do is Buddhist seven numbers and fall. Always write down right on this. We need to follow the formula. Okay? It's really simple. Just do this. Choose that if m1 miners K, Oh, I need to change my formula, right? So it's going to be like this. Alright, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step or again, half-step and holds that. Okay, so let's try to do D Meyers Cato. Another one. Let's see. Let's go with E minor scale. First one is EPA, right? And I have a whole statute, so F-sharp. Now we have a whole step and a half-step right now, right? So F-sharp goes to G. One more whole step, Jeju, a whole step again, HIV. Beat nouns are half-steps, so we are indeed half step. You just played the next note, C. And the last one is, oh, statute. Now you have a minor scale. Minor scale. 4. Major and Minor Chords: First of all, I'm going to teach you how to understand all this chord parts in FY20 and exports going to be practicing, okay, so first of all, we have an E major scale, a F-sharp, G-sharp, sorry, E, F sharp, G sharp, a, B, C-sharp, D-sharp. However, if I want to do a E-major chord, I'm going to take notes number 135, jurors want tree and five, okay? 135. And now you have the tree nodes of E major chord. Next example. Let's think about autoscale. Let me see a major. So any Azure, a, B, C sharp, D, E, F sharp, and G sharps. The same thing. Take notes number one, tree and five, and you're going to have your Major chord, simple like that. Let's do some Smiley face and simple like that. Okay, my, how to do, how to do a minor, a minor chord. It's the same thing. Let me see. If we do a minor, E minor scale. I'm going to have a minor chord, want 35, however, now you're going to have a C and E, okay? Just measure. Going to be a C sharp, E and minor. A, C and E, right? People like that. 5. Why are there both sharps and flats: Now it's time to, to understand the difference between sharps and flats, okay? Sometimes we write a as a music chord and a node if a flat. And sometimes we write with a sharp. How can we understand when we are going to use a flat or a sharp? The first thing here is think about your scale. For example, we are playing music. Your tongue is in G major scale. We don't have, we have all the different nodes, k. But Gabriel, What do you mean with different nodes? I don't want to stand. Check this out. If you write down and you see a G minor scale. And I need to follow the formula. The formula is first one. The second one is a whole step, okay? The first one should the second word, tree is a half-step, so it's going to be a sharp, okay? The next one is going to be a whole step. We're going to have a C major chord. The next one, D, a whole step again. The next one, whole step. Half step, sorry, half-step. So D sharp in the last one, the whole step, F. Okay. As you can see, I have my, my note repeated two times right here. According to the rules in harmony and Fury, we cannot have the same node right here. Okay? So the idea here is like changed this last note to some Note that a is the same thing. However, we flats according to our 12 nodes. The node a is right here. And if you want to A-sharp, we're going to a sharp. However, if you want a slat, we're going to come back to the last note, so G sharp, okay? In this case, I went to a sharp right here. So it's going to be what? B flags going to be the same thing. Okay, So B flat, okay, so now my case is write G, a, B, and C. I don't repeat notes. However, we have another problem is about D. D sharp. If you are in D, Let me see. Oh, sorry, I forgot to put one right here. Okay. Two are indeed if you want a sharp, they're going to D-sharp. However she went to flat, you are going to C sharp or D flat. That's the same thing. However, we need a D-sharp in, so let's inhere any E. If we add a sharp right here, you're going to F. But if you add a flat here, we are going to come back to this D sharp. So this is idea, I'm sure is this, and write down E flat, so I don't have repeated note. So G, a, B, C, D, E, and F. Okay? This is the idea. If you see a music in the key of G minor with a sharp or D sharp, It's completely wrong. Okay, be careful. Let's choose another example in this case in the major key example. So if you write down F major scale, we are going to use the same formula we learned before. So f, one whole step, G, One more whole step, a half step, a sharp, a whole step. And again, that's going to be c. Holds the apple again, D and warmer whole step E. Okay? We have another problem right here. Let me see. Here is okay, but we have the same nodes. Again, the same a, a, again, we need to find another nodes that, that sounds like a sharp and put here with a flag. Okay? So let's think hmm, b. If I add sharpening be, I'm going to play C. However, if I'm being again and I had a flat, so it's going to sound like a sharp. Okay? So we're going to erase here B flat, okay? If you see a music, you're playing music in the tones F major. Somebody tells you that is a, a sharp cord is wrong, completely wrong. My exercise for you guys is take a piece of paper and start to write every single scale, major, air minor, okay? And if you see any kind of situation like this, you need to erase the last note, okay, in this case, this one, and try to find a flat nodes. That is sounds the same. 6. The relative majorminor scale concept: Average single scale has a relative minor beauty on its 16th note, the relative minor of C major is E minor. Starring on a different node means the gaps between skeletons and the roots and those are shuffled, giving that choose k different moods. The natural minor scale sounds moodier, then its relative major scale, but then use the same notes so you can switch between there at same time to change the mood. In the music you play. Front is I can apply a hat melody in a major key, or apply your relative key should play a sad malate. 7. Relative Scales Examples in Music: Now it's time to give you a few examples about relative SKUs. I choose ordinary manned by Ozzy Osbourne and his music is in the key of E major. It changed the keen depart. He sings, Don't forget me as the callers Fe, this part, he plays in C sharp minor. So E major and C-sharp Minor is orality key. Alright, let's play, should get there. So C-sharp minor, D major, a. C-sharp minor. D major is a completely different key and works really well. Usually you play verse wonky, and a break card is on a Caro's you. Another key. My second example is Red Hot Chili Peppers, California cation. The entire music is in a minor. However, in the cars, he changed the key. So C major, let's play together at the beginning of the song is a minor and F major seven. And a chorus, C, G, D minor, and a minor. In this song is a great example because he changes a key once and again. In the solid part. Solid part is completely different. Barked he plays F sharp minor. So F sharp minor, D major seven. F sharp minor. And again, D major seven. B minor. D major. A major. Any vision? Is number 5 means power chord. You can play with power cards or measure courts as well. 8. Altered Chords: Chords of this type are called alterative Bayes courts. By adding a known coordinate and his base, you would create a different court with a different structure slash courts are using a line Jess and other contemporary music and also seeing substituted popular music and SH2 domains that you pronounce. These chord is D is less than F sharp. Or D, We feel at sharpen the base that ATR to the left of the slash is the name of the chord. So this is a D chord. That lateral you see to the right of this flesh is the bass note, or lowest sound note of the chord. Normally in a D chord, the lowest sound notice D, but indeed slash F sharp, corn, the lowest sound note is F sharp. Did Chu most altered based courts are first inversion and second inversion. For example, in C major chord, the first versions written C slash E. You take notes number of tree off to I tried an act as a base load to your card. Another example, a C major chord in second inversion is written C slash G. You'll take note number 5 of your tried and add as a base load, your core. 9. Slash chords Examples in music: Now the lecture give you a few examples about slash chords and how you can apply these neurone. As example, I choose Elton John and your sum. So this is in E major, E major, the first core, second chord, a major 7. And now we have our first slashes, chord, B slash D sharp. So it's B first inversion. And G-sharp minor seventh chord. D-sharp minor seventh chord. In the same core, however, with the base in B. This is a third version. When you put the seventh note on your base, a sharp half diminish any major 7. In this last part, he applied this technique as adding sanding base. So the basis, C sharp, B, a sharp, MA, as you can see, it's one or 1.5 step between the courts. The second part is a slash b. So second inversion, B major. 10. Seventh chords Best shortcut to memorize: It's time to learning, great shortcut to memorize and medial cord with major seven. Minor 7. First of all, we have huge dark shapes. We need to learn, memorize. Now it's time to analyze the devil's. To build a major seventh chord, you need to take notes number 1357 from your major scale. However, to build a major chord, minor seven, you need to take exactly the same notes in, add a flat in the seventh node. Plate scored more easily, I will change my fingers. That's why G major seven looks like GQ measure. On the audit, tar shapes. 11. How to play all seventh chords in string number 5: Now it's time to learn how to move from your whole fretboard guitar, apply major seventh chords. So we have a C major chord, major seven, right here. You're already learning how to play the score. The idea here is really simple. If you want to go a half step ahead, you can apply the same guitar shape. So I'm going to have a C-sharp major chord with major seven. The same idea is if you play the opposite side. So C, C major seven chord, the opposite side, 1.5 step, a major seventh chord. All right, so let's try to practice. Try to find your fretboard guitar at major seventh chord. If you really learn this concept, I'm going to play right here in Fred number seven. So let's count C. C-sharp, D-sharp, any. Let's try another example, F sharp major 7. If you really learn this concept, we are going to play it right here. Number nine. So let's go. C, C sharp, D sharp, F, and F sharp. This exercise is very important to understand how to walk around your fretboard guitar, a major seventh chord. Let's do this with a different type of corn and dominant chord. The idea is exactly the same. So if we play, done at court, C dominant chord, I have step ahead. C-sharp dominant chord. You can play the opposite side as well. So C dominant chord, the dominant chord. Right? So trach, find the sharp dominant chord. You shall play exactly the right nodes we are going to play right here in fret number six. So let's cut C dominant Chord, C-sharp, dominant chord. Dominant chord, D-sharp dot net Core type of chord is a major chord with a minor seventh. You can apply this with a minor seventh chord as well. So C minor 7.5 step ahead. C-sharp minor 7, 1.5 step ahead. D minor seven, and so on. Same idea with a half-diminished chord. So we are going to play R here. Tried to find a half-diminished chord. For me. You should play exactly the right note. You're going to play right here. In fret number seven. This is a great exercise to memorize the notes or in your fret bar gray. So let's go see have diminish. C sharp half diminished. And the last chord, diminish chord, a full diminished chord. Same. I tried to find a D diminished chord. You can find the diminished chord right here. Infrared number 5. So C sharp, diminished chord. 12. How to play all seventh chords in string number 6: Now it's time to learn every type of major seventh chord in a string number six. So the idea here is to think in G major seven, a very common core. You already know how to play this chord. If I play a half-step a hat, you wanna play G-sharp major seven chord, 1.5 step ahead. A major seventh chord can keep doing this. All right, the same thing, simply the opposite. So half-step, F-sharp major salmon. After you understand this concept, we will find a few chords on the fret board. Pause this video and try to find B major seventh core. If you really understood this concept, we are going to play right here. Fred number seven. So let's count G. G sharp, a sharp. Let's play another example, a sharp major seven. We'll be right here. Number 6. So G-sharp, A-sharp, Major seven. You need you repeat the same guitar shape every single time. You can play a dominant chord as well. So just repeat that for x and tried to find C dominant chord would be exactly right here. Fret number 8. Let's count G-sharp. A-sharp. Same thing with minor sounds courts. So you can play like this or like this. It's the same thing. Let's find a minor seventh chord. Will be right here. Threat number five. G-sharp, ME. A minor seventh chord. With these, you can find easily every kind of major set of court for your whole fretboard. You can also play the same idea with half-diminished chord as well. So she has diminished chord. Let's find G-sharp, half-diminished chord. It's really close to g, is infrared number four. So we have diminished, G-sharp, diminished. Same idea with full diminished chord. So he, fully diminished corn, you could be like this or like this. I think this type is a little bit difficult because of the fingers. It's the same core. We're going to find a sharp diminished core. Fred number six, yeah. Let's get a sharp. Try to practice this concept and developing your knowledge. Very nice exercise to memorize notes. 13. How to play scales in several keys: How's play scales on a fret board? You already learned the patterns, for example, in a pentatonic scale. Refreshing in a, the first pattern is going to be right here is string number six and number five. So the first pattern. Then you need to think, if I have my bid up on a scale, who's going to be the second note of this pentatonic? It's going to be c. So you need to look for C, string number six, a, a sharp, B, C. So my second button to go to school and began in scenes. If you're played a second pattern here, and keep everything, every nodes in a minor pentatonic scale. Okay? All right, so first pattern is here, a, the second one is here and see that my pattern number 3. So think who's going to be the third node of your scale? So in this case, D, a, a sharp, B, C, C sharp, and D. My pattern number 3 is going to be here in D, so I am play exactly the same notes as the first battery. However, apply the star-shaped number three. Okay, for thinking another example, if I want to play our Greek modes are the patterns of my major modes, my measure talk. The first one is the Ionians. So let's do the same thing, E EAR anion. So I start in the thread number five. The second part are in each of thing, the second node. So in this case, B. So a, a sharp B can play the Dorian pattern right here. Alright, So I play the same notes, the same sound as the first one. However, I use a second pattern to work in another part of my fret board. Let's thinking pattern number 3. So node number three, a, B, C-sharp. Pattern number 3 is going to be like this. You can keep doing this every single scaling, every single time. But Gabriel, I don't want to play everything NEA, I want to play, for example, in B. So you do the same thing beginning in B. This case, Fred number seven. So Ionian mode, frat number seven. It's a D major scale. Okay, but I want to apply the second pattern. You need Fink, the second note of B major scale. So here's the first one. The second one is C sharp, so Dian, beginning in fret number 9. Nice, but I want to pattern number 3. So B, C-sharp, D-sharp to sharps. My node number three of my beam major scale. So batter, Friesian, and so on. 14. Most common chord progressions: Your practice session after you have learned your chord shapes in how to play them are made up of chord progressions. There chord progressions, most including the notes of the song's melody and harmony as they move along for sure. But they also have to sound good all by themselves. By far, the most common core progression for folk, Glasgow, jazz standards, country and pop songs is 145 N1. That is on the first, fourth and the fifth courts in each key, major or minor. However, I can suggest one or two very common chord progression as well. Check this out. Okay. 15. The Chord Scale System: It is very important to distinguish between the interval partitioning and scale in the series, of course, Buttes in each of those intervals. For example, this C major chord, its forms from the root sharp, C major scale, is made up of the notes C, E, and G, the first, third, and a 50 nodes of the key of C major. If you were to use every chord in the key of C major, you will find. But Gabriel, why are the D, E, N, a and chords minor? Because the measures K0 and the core and the second, third, and the sixth position of the key are minor. It's a kind of rule, okay, and why is the B diminished chord? Because the key of C major, it sits in the seventh place and in the major keys of savage place chords are diminish. His jersey roll. You need to memorize this too complicated things, Alito, not only are the sequence of the tons different in minor keys, each chords are major in my results so different than a pattern and using the measure kids in minor keys, you are going to have a new sequence. For example, the C minor chord. Each forms the root of C minor scale is made up of nodes, C, E-flat, G. The first, third, fifth nodes of the key of C minor. Why does this chord sounds so different from C major core? The only difference is one string. In the C minor chord, the E becomes E-flat and tear dissolve. It's takes to turn a cheerful C major chord into a melancholic C minor chord. Okay? 16. Music Intervals: Music intervals are very important for music. Even more important is understanding and being able to apply braze. I need to explain this table to you. Note that we have several numbers. These numbers are the formulas. Let's take an example. Major second is from number one to number two, major turn pro number one to number 3. Terrible off fourth PRO number one and number four. And so one, very easy right? Now, the minor intervals with this, you will find a flat minor second from one to two. But following the formula, let's set a flat, though we have from one to the second flat. Let's check another example. Monitored. Run one in number 3 flat, diminished fifth, from number one to flat five, and so on. Always following this logic. 17. Music intervals Practice: Now we are going to apply the music intervals or the fret board. Okay? We already learned the formula, okay? And we're going to apply this musical intervals in the fretboard. So I'm going to choose string N5, a string, okay? So a string, a major scale, right? So let's start with the major intervals. First is the number one. And you say want to go to the second major interval, I'm going to play B. So B is right here. So a, number one, be number two. Okay? This is the sound of a major second interval. If you play Happy Birthday, you're going to use this interval. This is, this just simulates this kind of intervals on the fretboard is very important. Because in the future we are going to start to learn a few solos and improvise. And this is really important. You disbarred, Okay? So measured term a to C sharp. Check the cell. And seeing sharp. You can play Harry Potter song is a major third interval. So I play a and C sharp is the same intervals here. Kate sounds the same thing, but here's a kind of low fourth interval. A to D. Okay? Turnover number five, a to E with the cemetery of Star Wars. So here I play in C. This, the original town of Star Wars is in C. Okay? But you can play in age like this. Let me see. Here. Sounds very nice. So measure Sx a to F sharp. All right, so a, an F sharp, major 7, a to G sharp is very simple and just plain in one strain, but you can apply this technique in your group of strings as well. Okay? So minor to have array. Now, it's, you need to add A-flat in the formula, okay? So a and B. So a and B flat, there is a movie in the eighties. Very famous movie, college jaw. They did a song with this interval is like this. And the shark, cuz digger her I. The second music interval is minor term a and C. The interval number 4. We don't have a minor fourth, okay? But we haven't tried time. That is born too sharp. Four, so four is D. So D sharp. Okay? However, we have diminish a fifth, diminish, It's like 18, in this case, array to flat. That is the same as a tritone. Okay? If you listen the music, Black Sabbath for the band black cell, you can listen this interval so they play another a chord and the D sharp, E sharp, sorry. Okay. E-flat, sorry. Or you can think as a D-sharp as route. But I think that the original tone is in G, so it's like this. It's a fairly nice some minor 6 is 1, a 2. My, my major six is F sharp. But if I put a flat, F sharp is becoming f, Okay? So a F, and the last one is one that is a shoe. The same thing. Major seven is G-sharp. And if you put a flat, it's going to be like sheep. Okay? So try to practice this kind of intervals in every string of your guitar. So string E, G, and B. Alright, it's a very nice exercise. 18. How to play music intervals on the fretboard: Now we are going to apply the music intervals or the fret board. Okay? We already learned the formula, okay? And we're going to apply this musical intervals in the fretboard. So I'm going to choose string N5, a string, okay? So a string, a major scale, right? So let's start with the major intervals. First is the number one. And you say want to go to the second major interval, I'm going to play B. So B is right here. So a, number one, be number two. Okay? This is the sound of a major second interval. If you play Happy Birthday, you're going to use this interval. This is, this just simulates this kind of intervals on the fretboard is very important. Because in the future we are going to start to learn a few solos and improvise. And this is really important. You disbarred, Okay? So measured term a to C sharp. Check the cell. And seeing sharp. You can play Harry Potter song is a major third interval. So I play a and C sharp is the same intervals here. Kate sounds the same thing, but here's a kind of low fourth interval. A to D. Okay? Turnover number five, a to E with the cemetery of Star Wars. So here I play in C. This, the original town of Star Wars is in C. Okay? But you can play in age like this. Let me see. Here. Sounds very nice. So measure Sx a to F sharp. All right, so a, an F sharp, major 7, a to G sharp is very simple and just plain in one strain, but you can apply this technique in your group of strings as well. Okay? So minor to have array. Now, it's, you need to add A-flat in the formula, okay? So a and B. So a and B flat, there is a movie in the eighties. Very famous movie, college jaw. They did a song with this interval is like this. And the shark, cuz digger her I. The second music interval is minor term a and C. The interval number 4. We don't have a minor fourth, okay? But we haven't tried time. That is born too sharp. Four, so four is D. So D sharp. Okay? However, we have diminish a fifth, diminish, It's like 18, in this case, array to flat. That is the same as a tritone. Okay? If you listen the music, Black Sabbath for the band black cell, you can listen this interval so they play another a chord and the D sharp, E sharp, sorry. Okay. E-flat, sorry. Or you can think as a D-sharp as route. But I think that the original tone is in G, so it's like this. It's a fairly nice some minor 6 is 1, a 2. My, my major six is F sharp. But if I put a flat, F sharp is becoming f, Okay? So a F, and the last one is one that is a shoe. The same thing. Major seven is G-sharp. And if you put a flat, it's going to be like sheep. Okay? So try to practice this kind of intervals in every string of your guitar. So string E, G, and B. Alright, it's a very nice exercise. 19. Dominant Chords: Dominant chord is a chord. Third, you're going to use when you want to prepare some chew, some Honor Court, I have my target is a major seven chord. And now I'm going to use a dominant core, preparing to finish in this cord. Okay, So what do you need to do? Just count 55 knows, for example, E, F, G, a, and b. So b, seven card, it's a dominant chord to my image. You're always going to be a major chord with minor seven. Let's do another example. Now my dominant chord is let me see my targets. It's a, our scale is a major way, so it's a major, major, major seven chord. Okay, So let's count. And 2, 5, a, B, C, D, E. Alright? So E, Evan, dominant coil to a, you can have just a major chord or a minor chord is not a problem, okay? But you need to keep a major chord, a minor seven. 20. Dominant Chords in music: Now I would like to give you a few examples of dominant chords. As you can see you we can find in your song by Elton John, the song is in E major. So Dan of the progression, you have B major chord. This is a dominant core. To come back to the key core. These example, E major, E major, F-sharp minor. And come back to the beginning. The great example is Rocket Man by Elton John. So music, his sayings and I think's going to be a long, long time picking music using C. So C, C, engine, issue warping band or something. And you don't know what play. Choose 15 in any kind of key, really works very well. Can save your life several times. And the last song is time of her life by Green Day. As you can see the end of the verse, he's sings it something unpredictable, burning dan is right. I hope you had a time of your life. This song is in G-Major. However, he begins this part in mine, or his relative minor. Okay, So in the end of the section, he plays D and come back to G major. So in this example is a dominant chord key card, the first card. So E minor major minor, major minor. And come back to you. 21. The most important chord progression (2 5 1): So now it's time to give you a few examples of 25 1. First example, flam to the moon, grades to 51 is 25 one of your key. In this example, we can find a 25, one of C major, C major chord to the minor and G major, the fifth corn. So 2, 5, 1. In this example, he play with seventh chords. So D minor seven, G chord, G7. And another example is exactly like you, you probably are I listened, his son is a very famous standard. In this example, you can find here 251. This music. The key is C major, so chew, D minor seven, G, seven, N1, c. Okay? So it's like this. But gave her don't want to jazz standards anymore. Give me another example of 25 one. Okay, you can find an ordinary man by Ozzy Osbourne. It's a very nice song. You can finding the beginning of the song. So no more lonely night. It's all for you. This music is in E major, is going to play the Armani in, in the end of the song, is 2, 5. It's F-sharp minor and B major, and come back to remeasure. So let's play to get major emitters less D-sharp. C minor sharp, C sharp minor, B major. A major. A major again, June 5. So F-sharp minor, envy. You can't buy 25. Every single style works really well. It's kind of shortcut issued. Don't know how to play. It's a very nice shortcut. If you are a songwriter me and don't know what to play, what kind of course to play. 22. What is a Diminished and Half Diminished: The difference between a diminished chord that is the same as a fully diminished chord in a half-diminished core lies in the seventh note. Both are based on a diminished triad. One, flat, three, flat five intervals. The half-diminished chord has a minor seventh. Eat some minor seven chord with a flat five. The diminished chord has a diminished seventh. The minor seventh is again decrease it by a semitone in hands is equivalent to 60. All of the typical approaches different. Now it's time to learn a few guitar shapes. 23. 9th chords: Manage core. First thing you should do it ran down a meter scale trace. It was example, a meter scale, as you know, typically a medial cord, you need to play one tree, M5. So leisure or 1, 3, and 5 minus ct is 1357. And number 9. He's frequently using styles like fun, jazz and blues. 24. 11th chords: 11th courts, same thing as ninth chords. First thing you should do it ran down a meter scale. Trice is example. A meter scale. As you know, to play a major core you need 135, and that of course, is 135711. 25. 13th chords: 13 is the same thing as nine and 11 scored. And he's, you know, interplay and meet her car, you need 13513, score is 1357. And number 13. 26. Music analysis Red Hot Chili Peppers: So guys, the next step is to understand how Red Hot Chili Peppers compose other side in California cation. This is a very important step of our course because we are going to apply everything learning in Armani and fewer read, analyze it as songs, okay? And it's going to be much more easier when you want to see and disbarred to compose a song, to create a core, a core progression, guitar solo or improvisation. So the first thing we need to do is write down the scale of the first chord, a minor core. You can take these shortcuts and applying every single, single music, right? So a minor, a minor KO. So a, one whole step, half step, C we are and learning how you should do a minor scales, right? So if you don't remember, try to follow this formula. Whole step, half step, whole step, whole step again, half-steps and whole-steps. Alright. So core number 3, two, core number four is a whole step. So D, One more whole step, half step right now, F, and one more whole step, G. Okay? So we have 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, end 7, seven notes, perfect. Now the next step is to choose terrain down the minor, major and diminished chords we have in a minor scale, the first core, the core number for N5, the 0, 0 is going to be a minor chord. The second chord is a diminished chord. In the core number 3, 6, and 7 is going to be major chord, or the scale is you are going to run down, going to have this minor, diminished major, minor, minor, major, major. Okay. I don't care if it's a, B, D minor scale or C, Myers gayo, whatever. It's going to be like this. Obvious. Okay, So a Myers, Good. The next step is try to find, to check all the chords of your music in C should the fit near escape. So the first one is a minor, so a minor is core number one. Okay. Second one, F major. C. F major, yes, score number 6. The next one is C major. Core number. Her tree perfect. In the last one, G major core number seven array. So let me see if you have another new chord. Yeah, we have here E minor chord. So we have here E minor chord. So let me see. Yes, we have core number five, E minor chord. Check again and you have a new chord. No, no. Five courts. Yes. The, the, the play with others, other side we have five chords, okay, so we can conclude here. Roasted peppers. They choose the key of a minor G composed this music, and why it's important to choose a key before you compose a music, chord progression, a guitar solo, or improvisation. When you choose a keep, everything, can easily try to play random courts right now. Every singleton K, lack of C-sharp, E minor, F minor, refer G-sharp major. Tragedy should play this kind of thing, your urine guitar or acoustic guitar, it's going to sound terrible. Why you are not playing a scale? You are not, you don't have a ton to your kind of music or playing right now. Okay, so the first step to compose a music, a solar composition or a chord progression is choose a scale. Everything turns down very easily. Okay? The next sum is California cations, very famous onto He's the same album confrontation in other side. Okay, let me see. The first chord is a minor. My shortcut for you guys was right down the scale of the first chord. So in this case, a minor, we already have a minor scale right here. Okay? Perfect. E minor, F major. Let me check here. A minor is the first one. F-measure is the core number 6, RI works very well. So the next step, they play C major chord. C, C major k, or number 3. G major chord. Last core, perfect. And F-Major chord in D minor chord. So let me see F major chord number six, D minor chord number four, perfect. The first part. We can say that is in a minor. The second part is the same thing for number trees, a minor and F major seven, right? Now they use a major seven chord. Nice. This part, the mix. Try it. That is a major chord or a minor chord with a tetrad core, which is a chord with seven. Okay? So you can mix this. You are compositions, no problem. However, you need to use this type of technique right here. It's not a technique, it's a formula. Okay? The first one, it's going to be minor chord is a minor seven. The second one, you're going to be a half-diminished chord. The third one is going to be a major seven core. The core number flights on minor seven. Chord number 6, a minor seventh. The core number, oh, sorry. Core number five is a minor seventh. The core number 6, it's a major seven. And the last one is a measure car with minor seven. Okay, so it's an NADH formula you need to memorize when we think about seventh chords, okay? We need to run down this type formula and add narrower scale. Perfect. So as you can see, the, the, Choose a F major seven chord. We have the same phenotype, scale and Yara music. Okay? You can write down like this or like this. No problem is the same thing. Okay? The next part, c, we have another new cord, knows everything the same. So I think this was six courts, right? We are composing the music is not necessarily shoe to use every single chord, like seven chords not necessary. You can play, you can compose music and we've two chords or four chord, five chords, whatever. Okay? Yeah, most of the songs you can play with for courts. So, but do you have seven options? As you can see, a great homework for you guys is that chooses K of, choose a ton and tried to compose a music progression, a chord progression. Thinking in this town you choose, okay, It's a very nice way to put your, the knowledge that you're learning fury and Armani in turn, this enemy asic. 27. Music analysis Pearl Jam Bob Dylan Nirvana: Okay guys, so now it's time to analyze a few songs. This is very important to understand how we can apply everything we're learning fury, an Armani in a music. So my first son is going to be purging. Last key is the very nice Koreans are very simple music as well. Alright, so my first shortcut for you guys is check the first core gene major. Why discord is important? Because we are going to do the scale of the first chord, okay? And check if every cord, every single core, India's music, G measure KU. We are already learning how to do a major scale, right? So she's the first one. Holds that a one more whole step. Half step. Whole step again, D, One more whole step, E, N, one more whole step, F sharp. Okay? So I have 1234567 nodes. However, when we are going to analyze the music we need to do is QIO. Oh, sorry. And we need to put out the major, minor and diminished chords in our scale. Okay? So the formula here is D is one deserves the same formula, the second, the third, and the core number six. And they are going to be minor chords. And the core number 154, it's going to be measure. And the last one is going to be a diminished chord. So we're going to put this symbol right here. Now we have the major scale and the chords of the meter scale. The next step is check if all the chords of the song, we can find ray here. So the first one's G major. We can check the intro or the, or the, the, the listening part. You measure, you measure CEC. Second one, E minor. E minor is the core number 6, perfect. Accord number of tree, C major. C major, right here, corn over four. And the last one, D major, core number phi. So the conclusion here is per gene, the composer's music less kids in the key of G-Major, because we are going to use every single chord in the key of G-Major K. From this, they decompose the music, apply the things that they learning fury scale of G-Major. But gave her Why didn't use this kind of scale? It's not going to be so difficult to compose a song when you are going to, when you choose a skew and found escape, okay? The combinations between the cords make everything works very easily. If we compare shuffling random chords every single bar j. So the first step is to choose a scale, major or minor scale. Most of the songs from rock, Bob have metal. Gospels cannot stay AS they use one single scale. We're going to analyze other songs to understand is even better. The next song is knocking on his door by BCG Gielen. The first part is diverse. In the play, G major, D, sorry, D major and a minor, okay, So G major, RK perfect, D-major, perfect. And the last one's a minor, C, a minor, the second chord. So this first part is in G-Major. No problem. Let's check the second part, g of k. The next one is D. In the last one is C major. We can find summation ER escaped you, right? So it's here for number 4. And every single part of the sun, we are going to repeat this same, this same progression. We can say Bob Dylan compose this great song in G major scale. Let me see another one's liver by Nirvana is Vanessa. Hello, this is not going to use major, minor or diminished chords, okay? P is going to play everything. With power chords. We are rarely learning how to play power chords, right? Some kind of grunge and rock and roll songs. They are going to use every single war power chords. Okay? So this is important when you are going to analyze them using, the first step is to check the courts tried to do this K of the first chord, C chord. So let's do, sees the first one called step D. Whole step again, IV, half-step, f, one whole step again, G. One more whole step a, and then one more whole step B. So 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7. Okay? You need to practice this kind of thing. This is very important. I said a few minutes ago, we are not going to use minor, major or diminished chord. So everything's power cord, so everything you need to put a five. All right, Okay, so let's check the music. The first chord is C power chord, but he didn't put f bar chord or not even. See again power cord or a parkour. But the right thing should be five in each courts. Okay. So see, we have CRA here, refresh. The next one is F. We have F right here, num for perfect. The next one is C. Again, we're ready. We note we have C, okay? And the last one, so a core number six. Okay, so we check the first part, let's check the second part. The chorus is a and C. We know a and C. A and C is our scale. So we can say nirvana. In this music scholars lever, Kurt Cobain, it apply everything he learning Armenian fury, thinking in C major scale. And instead of playing major and minor chords, endeavor thing with power courts, all right. 28. Music analysis Elton John Your Song: It's time to understand some more advanced and fury concepts. From this, we are going to analyze a few songs. Produce one, Elton John, your song, press F9 we need to do is the scale from the first core. Usually does k. You will give to you every single core of the sun. As you can see in the verse. D, is an first corn off the scale. She major seven chord number for a major. Score, number 5 is an F sharp minor score number 3. In this part, we begin with a new interesting part of our analysis. It's a base64 disabling progression, interconnection between B minor in G major seven. So we're going to add a few chords out of our scale. Checkout the base of each card. As you can see, it's almost a descending scale. This is a very common technique in pop music. First thing you need to do is find a target. G major seven. Play the same chord over and over again, all-terrain your base until your target. That's why we have several different b minor chord in this section. Next part is d, first quarter, where again, a corner five F-sharp major is not in the key of D major array should be an F sharp minor. However, this chord is a dominant chord. Dominant chords prepares to another core from these unique to play the fifth core of your target. My target is B minor. Let's count to five, F sharp minor. However, this dominant core needs to be a major chord or a major chord with a minor 7. That's why Elton John place F sharp major. The last part of our verse is de corps number 1, E minor 7, quarter number 2k, G chord number four, and a quarter number 5, a major, It's a dominant chord of the, can find dominant chords in every single style. If you count five, D, E, F sharp, G, a, U, say that a is a dominant chord. The second part of the verse is the same thing in the chorus, a little bit different, we begin changing our key. So Mauer, new key is a major. This first chord is a major first inversion. If you don't remember inverted courts, you have four options. Natural position, first inversion, second inversion, and third inversion. We already learned how to play inverted chord. So try to remember this. The second one is B minor. That is my car. Number 2 of my aim is riskier. And the two last chords cannot finding a major scale. However, we can fighting e minus k o is not so common to apply this technique, but works really well with this music. We begin Spark in a major scale and turnouts in a minor scale. And the rest of the song is the same thing over and over again. 29. How to write strong chord progressions for your guitar songs: So the first step to songwriting our arrangement is choose a scale which is a Tong, a key to your music. Okay, let's use the key of E major. Very concrete. Alright? First team is, if the key is E, Let's begin with the chord E. So my first chord is going to be imager. My first shortcut for you guys. The second chord, usually if you play the chord number 4 or 5, going to work very well, okay, soap forward 85 would be B. Alright, so for our first example, let's play according to Oracle position, we have E major and a major. Third chord. We can choose one of the cores of our SKU, But I'm not a shortcut here is avoid last chord, the half-diminished chord. Why discord is very stable? It's not calming hoc, poppy and have Manto and gospel as well. Alright, so avoid the last court. From this less choose, let me see. F-sharp minor. The second chord would be nice. The last one is the fifth chord. So B, B major. I got to play this chord part. And after it is, I'm going to explain some little tricks that I did. Okay, so looks like music array. It's fairly, pretty, pretty good. Sounds really good. But then off my, my progression, I did a technique called chew 51. What is Chou 51? When you use a chuh core, a second core of your scale. So if we are in E major, I choose F sharp minor, five member, five-years, be all right, and come back to number one, right, so to 51. But gave her this arrangement. This chord is too simple. Let's make, let's put some spice on that. Okay, No problem. So the first thing we aren't going to do is add a dominant chord. Dominant chord works really well. Okay, so let's think a dominant we already learn about dominant chords was previous class. All right, so the idea here is to take everything we learned in fury and booting our music, Okay? So dominant chords and chord to prepare to another court. Go into prepare to a chord, the second chord, so dominant chord, you need to count into five. So a, B, C, D, E, E chord is the same as the first one. However, dominant chord is a major chord, a minor seven, so much bad array. So let's play the whole, the whole song. Alright, so first chord, the dominant, this, the E-major, flat seven, eight, and the next, the next following card works really well. Okay, so we can put another dominant chord the day enough, our regression, right? So we have mean, we can't put it a beat. Major, flat seven, minor seven red dominance, corn right here. Why? Discord? Repairs to difference one. Okay, so let's check this out. Really good. All right, so 50k with me when you are composing music or tried to grade our range, man, don't know if you are summarized or not, that there are two things. The first thing you need to use is your creativity. I think 50 percent these are critiqued and the other 50 percent is that the article bards and the technical part we learn in this course, right? So both parts are very important. Gabriel, I agreeing geoids is chord progression, but I want something, something new. Something that a part, okay? How can we get some FIM score, gray hair? I'm thinking several options. Music intervals, dominant chord and we already have right? So Minsky intervals, guitar lakes at the tonics, major scales. Said I'm not a core, a SUS chord, or a suspended chord. So a says For works very well. So check this out right away. All right, so when I'm playing, sounds really nice. Okay, So pay attention. We had the first progression, really simple. And we add a few techniques in terms form does programming and very musical and advanced in progression to your composition, to your bands. So you have some writing bards and things like that. All right, so try to use this example and create another one. 30. How to turn a chord progression into an arrangement: Do you know a song called flam tomb is a standards one, right, is very famous song. From this I choose, does music shoe our class about arrangement and some correctly, okay, so if I play this song, I have the chords in E, right? E minor. If you look on the internet, you can find in a mine or D minor, E minor. But in this example we are learning play. We are going to play in e. All right, so if I play, lacking in simple weight is going to be like this. And so on. Sorry about my C bar. It's, my voice is not good. So the idea here is to create arrangement Judy's courts. So the first thing we need to think is 50 percent is your creativity, right? So if things came from your brain, so that's why it's very important. Nucleus and other music styles like rock 5k are Embry blues, hip hop had met though tragedies, average fee and opening your mind to music. Alright, so the second part is about the Armani, the fury, the technical parts that skews you developing during this course, okay, Now you are going UI will reach you should good DZ DR. Music. So the first thing we can do is play the first score. Okay, let's do this. I'm going to play the whole arrangement that I prepared and I will explain step-by-step, right? So 234. So radian, nice array. And the first part, I to E minor seven chord is the same as the first one, right? So the second card, I transform in minor chord like a triad. A minor triad, we had the first sharp, good, my first device for you guys. Sometimes in music, you can play the melody and works really well. So. Flute melody. You're going to see, again. Can you see works really well. So I was in a minor chord, all right, the second guard, I didn't play the dominant chord. And I play the melody and to G major chord, right? So works really well. The second sheet that is very important, these, at least I enjoy a lot to use walking bass, okay, So I was in G, G major seven, and I need to go to C major seven. I did then play the dominant chord and G. I didn't play. And I did it like a walking bass. So I played it a, B, and C. Okay, and to my C major seventh chord. So it's going to sound like this. All right, So works really well. So we use two techniques, right? The first one is blade, I'm Alan. Alright, play the melody of the song. And a second one, wall kin-based. Okay, next part is n. Sorry. And I need, I should play E minor 7 and E7, you dominant chord. But it didn't nod their huge walking bass. And see my next card, that is was a minor seven. So I did like this. Welcome based. Welcome again. Now, right? Or it's really well. Okay, at this part, I add dominant chord D seven. I play D sub flat nine, like this to create this cuz sound in the melody. And, and we've my G major chord. And this farce, I did a little lick. I use a pentatonic scale with and blues nodes, right? So is g pentatonic scale, I add a blues note is D C-sharp. Instead of play, B minor seven. And E dominate. So it's going to sound like this. And start on NADH or walking how he's walking Bayesian, right? So my after mine, Utah Lake, I, I was a minor seven. Alright, so the dominant chord, so I ended up walking bass. Cease my E minor 7 unto my dominant chord. But it, but it didn't stop. In my D7 chord. I keep my walking bass and DUE unto G chord again. And I finishing this to last courts. And some minor 25 of the first chord. So as you can see, it's really complex, is really difficult. You create the a very nice arrangement. There are so many details. That's why you need to start in breadth a lot. All right? If you have any doubt, just send me a message. All right. 31. Final Notes and How to Improve Even More!: So guys, this is the last lesson of my course, and I hope you enjoy article S. And please let me know if you have any kind of doubts or you can just sending a message through the blood or from a check. And remember, you can watch this class over and over again. All right, so it's a great opportunity to learn a lot. Thanks so much and see you next course. Bye bye.