Happy House Plants The Complete Guide | Shellie Cleaver | Skillshare

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Happy House Plants The Complete Guide

teacher avatar Shellie Cleaver, Visual art + academic writing classes

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

24 Lessons (1h 2m)
    • 1. Introduction Happy House Plants the Complete Guide

    • 2. What Are Plants?

    • 3. What Do They Need?

    • 4. Indoor Plants Definition

    • 5. The Benefits of Indoor Plants

    • 6. Indoor Environments

    • 7. Light and Plant Selection

    • 8. Types of Indoor Plants

    • 9. Caring for Indoor Plants

    • 10. Soil

    • 11. Pots

    • 12. Light and Location

    • 13. Nutrition

    • 14. Watering

    • 15. Pests

    • 16. Pruning

    • 17. Repotting

    • 18. Explore Plant Selection

    • 19. Suggested Plants

    • 20. Plants and Interior Design Pots and Plants

    • 21. Grouping Plants

    • 22. Troubleshooting

    • 23. Your Project

    • 24. Thanks Happy House Plants The Complete Guide

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About This Class

Join teacher Shellie on this comprehensive class that will take you from an indoor plant novice to the point where you have all the basic knowledge you need to plan, select, pot and nurture indoor plants so they thrive.

We will dive deep into what plants are and what they need; plant selection; caring for indoor plants including: soil, pots, light, and watering; using plants in interior design; which plants to consider; and trouble shooting.

This class is suitable for those with no knowledge of plant care and for those with some knowledge who are looking to build upon what they know and to improve their confidence.

I am proud to present this class and look forward to starting this journey into the world of indoor plants with you.

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Shellie Cleaver

Visual art + academic writing classes


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1. Introduction Happy House Plants the Complete Guide: Hello and welcome to happy house plants. The Complete Guide. My name is Shelley and I'm really happy to be here today to bring you this class where we're going to dive deep into all aspects of indoor plant care. This is such a popular topic at the moment. People are loving the greenery indoors and having some basic information can set you up so well for having your orange, green oasis at home. We're going to look into what and indoor environment is. What indoor plants are. What did they need to thrive? Different types of plants to consider. And then we're going to go through things like pots, soil types of plans, how to report them, pruning pests and the signs that show you that there are planets might not be very happy. And what to do about those. I'm proud to present this comprehensive class on heavy house plants, to share my knowledge on how to care for indoor plants and tips on how to get the most out of them. Let's begin our journey into the world of indoor plants. 2. What Are Plants?: So what are plants? Plants are living organisms that make their own food through the process of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis allows plants to make their energy from sunlight. This is why light is such a key factor to consider for all indoor plants. There are many types of plants and the two main groups include vascular and non-vascular. Today we will be mainly focusing on vascular plants. Vascular plants have three main parts, the stem, the root, and the leaf. It is the leaf that performs photosynthesis. And the stem that moves the nutrients and water through the plant to the leaves. And the roots are in the ground where they draw water and minerals from the soil. 3. What Do They Need?: So what do plants need? For plants to thrive? They need water, nutrients, fresh, healthy soil, light to facilitate energy production through photosynthesis. They need a suitable environment and temperature. They need enough space for the roots to grow. Let's consider what is an indoor plants. An indoor plant is simply any plants that can grow indoors. 4. Indoor Plants Definition: Let's consider what is an indoor plant? An indoor plant is simply any plant that can grow indoors. 5. The Benefits of Indoor Plants: So what are the benefits of indoor plants? One of the first benefits is the aesthetic appeal that they provide for an indoor space. Because they bring color, texture, shape to an indoor environment. And within indoor plants is such a vast variety. Not all the leaves are green. They can get beautiful plants with red leaves, some with green and red, oranges, pinks, white, beautiful. So there's a lot to choose from and can really use it to enhance your indoor space. Studies have also found that indoor plants can improve your mood. They can increase creativity. They can reduce stress and fatigue. They improve the air quality because they purify the air. They can reduce noise levels. They can add privacy. And they seem to bring a lot of joy to people who care for them. That's a lot of reasons to promote having indoor plants in your environment. 6. Indoor Environments: So what indoor environments can you have a plant? There is no limit except for their requirement for lives. So you could have an indoor plant in your home, in your office on a boat. The key feature that makes an indoor environment suitable for indoor plants is that it is indoors, it's enclosed. It's protected from the outdoor elements. But for your plants to thrive, you really need to be aware of the light. Need to ensure that the plants have access to quite bright indirect sunlight. Some plants can cope with darker environments. Generally, they will do better when they have access to more light though. A consideration when you're assessing the light that is available is the strength of the light and how many hours a day that particular spot has that light pouring in. And that will help you to assess which plants to put in the brighter spots and which plants might be able to withstand fewer hours of the indirect sunlight each day. 7. Light and Plant Selection: As light is such a vital factor for plants for their growth and their health. It's important to think about the light levels and the duration of that light in the areas of your home or in indoor environment where you would like to place a plant. This stage of consideration takes a little bit of planning, and this is a key factor to the success of your indoor plants. 8. Types of Indoor Plants: So when we consider all available plants, can they all be grown indoors? There's no harm in trying, particularly if you do have areas that are very well lit and have long periods of sunlight and indirect light, but quite bright. However, some clients really need full sun all day long, like a citrus planets, for example. I'm not saying it's impossible to grow them indoors, but they're likely to thrive outdoors because of the requirement for that intense bright direct sunlight. I've been experimenting by having a small Japanese maple tree inside my harm. And so far it's doing well. So if there's a particular plant that you'd like to try and doors, why not try it? If you find the plant looks unhappy and isn't coping, then move it outdoors. There's no harm in trying. 9. Caring for Indoor Plants: Caring for indoor plants. The mere fact that you're here taking this class suggests to me that you would like to have happy, healthy indoor plants. To achieve these still need to know how to care for your plants. We're going to now look at some specific Foundation information that will help you give your plants the best chance for success. 10. Soil: Soil. Soil is a fundamental aspect of your plant's health. If you think about an indoor plant, the soil that they have access to as limited to what is within the container in which they see it, the pot. Outdoors plants can spread their roots out far and wide to search for the nutrients that they require. Indoor plants don't have that luxury. So it really matters that each use a potting mix that is high-quality. By is good a quality potting mix, as you possibly can afford. Some plans require a specific potting mix, such as a succulent or an orchid. If you're trying to grow those types of plans, ensure that you do by the correct specific soil that's been created for those plans. Otherwise, your generic soil will be fine. For generic potting mix. You may be wondering why should I pay more for one potting mix over another? The more that you pay, you're going to be receiving a higher quality mix, which means that we'll have more fertilizer, more nutrients, better quality components. And this is going to give your plant more to work with, to grow and thrive. In Australia, there is a standard system, which on the front of the packet of the potting mix you'll see some red ticks. So you can use this as a guide. Certainly choose a soil that does have the standard approval with the ticks on it. And then look for a potting mix that's named premium. Premium potting mix will be giving you higher quality components. These higher-quality potting mixes, they require replacement less often than the cheaper ones. They also have better qualities in terms of their capacity to retain moisture, their capacity to drain excess water out. And all of these qualities are real bonus to the plants. Pearlite is a small white grain, I guess, which appears to look like a piece of styrofoam. It's actually made of volcanic glass. Now you can buy this from your hardware store or gardening Center. And I'd like to add a handful of this into the soil because it actually promotes the water retention and the draining and creates more air within the soil. And this is a real bonus for the roots because the roots need access to the oxygen and water. And the pearlite just gives that extra lightness to the potting mix. 11. Pots: Pots. There are about as many pots to choose from as there are plans. So how do you know which to choose? When choosing a part? There are several factors to consider. The pot size, the material that the pot is made from, the pots design, and how it functions, and the aesthetic qualities. Some of the common materials that pots are made from include terracotta, glazed terracotta, and plastic. Terracotta pots offers several benefits. Due to their poorest nature. They can breathe, which cools the roots, draws the moisture out of the soil. This can benefit plants, but it can also lay them dry. In contrast, a glazed ceramic pot or a glazed terracotta pot holds the water more effectively. It isn't as porous. These parts can be susceptible to cracking when they're outdoors in the frost, but this isn't a problem for indoor plants. The other popular material before pots is plastic. Plastic pots are more affordable. They retain water well. And the other option is concrete. These are very heavy and would be suitable more for outdoor plants. When choosing a pot, you need to think about how big does the pot named B. Now to make that choice, you actually need to have the plant in mind. You need to know how big the plant is, how bead that route masses. If you buy a pot too large for a plant, it has the risk of falling over because the roots aren't being supported enough by the port and the soil around it. And if it's too small, the plant is going to become root bound very quickly and it will need to be upgraded to a new pot. The best approach for managing pots is to progressively, over time, report your plant into larger pots. As it grows. Every time you move up a pot size, you're looking for it to be one to two inches bigger in diameter across the top of the pot as 2.5 to five centimeters. A plant that is left in a pot that is too small for it is going to become root bound and this will lead to slow growth. So if you notice an indoor plant that isn't doing very well, you might need to actually take the plane out of the pot and check what's happening with the roots. In contrast, if a plant is pointing to a pot that's too large, you actually risk root rot because that extra soil around the roots has the capacity to hold more moisture than that plant needs or can handle. So that's why the size of pot selection is very important. Pot function is another really important aspect to consider. Thus the pot have a hole at the bottom of the pot to drain the water out. Generally, plants don't like seeking in puddles of water. So the drainage is a very important aspect. If you choose a pot that has a hole in the bottom, it will need to sit in a source to collect that water that drains out. If your part does not have a hole at the bottom, then you can create a drainage system by placing in the base of the pot, some pebbles or stones to lift the plant up off the base and to create a space where the water can drain and be away from the plant. In that case. So after watering, it is a good idea just to lift the pot up. So I would generally use a internal plastic pot to sit into that pot that lets you just lift up the plant and just check how high that level water is at the base of the poem. Because as I said, the roots can rot and you don't want them sitting in water. You can buy self watering parts which have a reservoir at the base of the pot. These are effective for keeping the roots out of the water. And the theory is that the root sort of foil will draw out the water from the base into the pot as needed. I tend to not go for those types of pots. I found that the area of the base where the water collects can sometimes be a breeding ground for nats, those little flying fruit flies that can be very annoying with indoor plants. So I prefer to have salsa and a pot that drains onto it or the enclosed part with the pebbles at the base. So I can actually look and check how the water level's going, where. The final aspect of pots selection is, how does it look? What kind of style do you like? Something to consider is what planter you putting into the pot. There's some stores now in Australia where they specialize on selling indoor plants in particularly design on pots. And the trick to that is combining the foliage shape and size and color with a part that either contrasts that or which compliments in. So if you consider for a moment mother-in-laws tongue, which is tall and sparky with its slaves. You can place it in a very squashed pot, which would contrast the shape of the foliage. Or you can place it in a tall, slim pot. And that would enhance that aspect of the leaves, which are tall and slim. So you can have a lot of fun playing around with the aesthetic choices that you make, combining the pot and the plants. As part of this, you're looking at color. So you might choose a very colorful part, or you might choose very neutral part. You might choose a pot that has a patent painted on it. Well, that actually has texture embedded into the surface of the pot. There are so many combinations and so many choices. And this can be a really fun aspect, particularly for indoor plants because it is becoming part of your interior design. 12. Light and Location: Light and location. This is a vital part of health and care for your indoor plants. As a general rule, plants like to have access to many hours of indirect sunlight. This means that the sun does not shine directly on the plant, but at the plant is just to the side of the sunlight and is therefore exposed to high level of light. Some plants can tolerate lower light levels. But as a general rule, most plants prefer and do better in well-lit bright spots that provide the sunlight for several hours a day. When assessing your indoor space for the placement of indoor plants as much as possible. Select spots that don't have access to that bright sunlight every day. If there's a particular spot where you would like to have a plant, but there's limited light. Then you'll need to carefully select a plant that can tolerate that lower light level. An example of that might be the Zanzibar gem. 13. Nutrition: And just like you and I, plants require good nutrition. The key nutrients that plants need include carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Plants draw carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen from the water. And the remaining three nutrients, however, need to be provided by u to the plants through fertilizer. Nitrogen is important because it facilitates the development of the proteins that the plant uses to grow its leaves. However, too much can install flowering and fruiting as it causes the plant to focus on leaf growth alone. For read health and growth, phosphorus is essential and helps the plant to flower. Finally, potassium aids the plant's overall strength and hill, giving it better stress tolerance and it improves root growth. When selecting a fertilizer. Wherever possible, choose an organic fertilizer. Slow-release non liquid fertilizers helped prevent over fertilizing and give plants more steady access to the nutrients that they need. You can add additional nutrients to the soil by including some compost into the potting mix when you plant them. You can also simply put some on top of the plant over the top layer of soil so that those nutrients will then move through that potting mix in the pot. Aside from the top six nutrients that the plant needs, they also require small amounts of sulphur, magnesium, and calcium, which can be delivered through the use of organic fertilizers. They also require micronutrients, including zinc and copper. And these can be delivered through the addition of organic matters such as compost. It's best not to fertilize a plant when it's struggling. You might look at a plant in the, oh, it doesn't look very happy off fertilizer. But the plant actually needs to be in a well state to actually process the fertilizer. So let's say you just reported a plant and it's looking at bit wilted and not very happy. Don't fertilize it, then give it some time and read. Potted plants can take months to recover and, and thriving in. But then when the plant is looking well, then fertilized them. If you have an indoor plant that is going to fruit or flower, when that occurs, it's indicating the perfect time to fertilize that plants. This will give it a boost during one of its most productive times. 14. Watering: Watering water, he is one of the key aspects of plant care. But it can be tricky to get it right. It's very common to over water indoor plants. And this really hinders them and doesn't help. The key though is not how much you order them, but more help often. As an example, in Australia during winter I would not water my plants more than once away, possibly once a fortnight. And in summer that increases a bit because the temperature is warmer. So I might want them once a week or a little more often if the plant looks like it needs it. I can't imagine any circumstance. I'm where you would be watering a plant daily or every few days. So watering really needs to be regular. But space down. Some plants like to remain evenly moist, where others prefer to dry out almost completely before they have the next watering. One way to determine this is to think about where that plant would be in its natural environment. A cactus, for example, in a desert, could only receive natural rain every few months. So the soil would be very dry before it was actually receiving more water. In this case, your best to really hold back on watering and only water it when the soil looks really dry. When you do water, your plants, make sure you pour enough water that hot and through the soil to saturate the entire pot and all of the roots. If you just give a tiny little drip at the top, you actually only putting water into that top surface of the soil. And as a result, the written thing going to have to grow upwards towards the surface to access that water. This is not good for the plant, so you really need the water to go right down through the soil so that the roots are continuing to grow down. A good indicator that you've actually achieved this is when you say water draining out into the saucer of hot. This is why I prefer pot to the hole in the bottom and then sitting into a sources so I can actually see what's happening with the water. Some plant enthusiasts suggests actually taking your, your plans, popping them in the sink or even above and giving them a good watering. And that allows the water to drain away down the bath. And once it, they've drained, putting them back into their ports or back into their locations. This is good for small planets or if that is easy for you. But as you've planned collection grows that might become a bit more difficult. And if you have large planets like a fiddle, a fiqh, it might be too heavy to be lifting into a bath. Every weight to give it a Walter. Say find a system that works for you. As a rough guide of water quantity, one cup of water per four inch or ten centimeter diameter pot. This means an eight inch or 20 centimeter diameter pot would require two cups of water? I generally am not that precise. You do develop an intuition as you get to know your plans and as you see them thrive and do well. Something to consider is that root bound. Another aspect to remember is that root bound plants in a pot hold the moisture for shorter periods of time than a plant that has been very important and has soil around it because the soil actually helps to retain that moisture. The temperature of the indoor environment also impacts the watering requirements. Imagine if you had a plant that sat ne, a heater or a fire that hate from that heat source is going to dry the soil out much more quickly than a plant that is further away from that heat source. So it consider the environment implant is sitting in and living in the general air temperature. So consider the environment that your plant is sitting in, what the general temperature is indoors, and any heat sources that they might be near and being affected by. The other thing that over watering does for a plant, it actually restricts the oxygen within the soil because where the water is, there is not oxygen. And the roots of a plant require oxygen to thrive. So be very careful with over watering and try to avoid it because long-term The plan is likely to not survive. The seasons also impact watering. In summer, I would water more often in winter, less often. Consider the climate in which you live and where your plants are, and how that's affecting their need for water. It's also recommended to use room temperature water to water your plants because cold water can shock the roots. Some also suggests using filtered or distilled water for plants. If this is easy for you to access, then that's great. If not, I've always use tap water and it's been fine. Consistency is really one of the key aspects of watering. If things go wrong, just change them, correct them. For example, if a plant completely dries out and is not looking very happy, The first thing to do is to saturate that soil. I will take that particular plant into a think. You did a very thorough watering, let the water drain away. And then a week later, see if the plant requires another water and integrated back into your general watering system or process. Another aspect of watering plants is missing. Plants generally loved to have misspelled on their leaves. That improves the humanity of their environments and can help to keep the leaves clean and use the plants. A taste of what it would be like to be outside where they would have access to rain falling and during the mornings. So some plants prefer missing over others. But generally I found it doesn't hurt to go around and give you plants a little mixed with water. 15. Pests: Pests. Just as you can get pests in outdoor gardens, you can also have indoor plant pests. The one that I've encountered the most is called fungus snaps. And these are little flying, almost like a fruit fly. There, really irritating indoors because they fly around your face. They're attracted to the air that you expel. And they can become quite rampant. They live in the soil and they lay eggs down where the roots are. And the problem with this is it does over time damage your plants. The little eggs hatch into maggots, which then eat at the roots. So there are several ways to approach dealing with fungus gnats. They thriving moist soil. So it's good to let the soil really dry out before watering again. However, I've found that I've had to actually use a priory thrum spray. I found a long life permethrin spray which I sprayed on the surface of the soil. And actually sometimes spraying it underneath at the base of the pod can also help. And doing that consistently. Spring, maybe once a day for four days can really help. I have had some very bad in, infestations of them in a particular plant. And in that case, I actually took the plant out of the pot, disposed to the soil, rinsed the root's, got new soil and recorded the plant. They can actually come with plants when you buy them from a nursery. And I've actually found sometimes as the potting mix that I have is rife with them. So it's really not worth using soil like bed indoors because you're starting off with a massive problem and it's going to be difficult to resolve. In that case, uses foil outside and buy some other polemics and try again. A fence is another pest she could encounter indoors. These are soft-bodied, translucent Bogues, the size of a flea that eats the juice from the plant stems and leaves, they leave a sticky residue behind. And you treat these by removing the affected areas of the plant and spraying them with a host to remove any remaining bugs. Once you've removed the affected parts of the plant sprayed with name oil or an insecticide spray. And then monitor the health of the plant each week to see if it needs further treatment. Mealy bugs is a type of bug that you could encounter and they cluster together and appear very and white. Wipe them off with a cotton swab that has rubbing alcohol on it, spraying the plant lightly with an insecticide and check it weekly for the signs of the bugs. Spider mites is another pest. They build webs on the underside of leaves, and these pests can multiply very quickly. They prefer dry conditions, so if you're missing, your plans will reduce the likelihood of getting spider mites. To treat spider mites, remove the parts of the plant that are infected with them, and spray the plant lightly with an insecticide. Then check the plant every few days to see whether there are any spider mites remaining. The final pests you could encounter is funny. Which usually you only appears in really high humidity environments. If you do discover funky, it's important to isolate the plan to prevent further spread. An example of a funky is powdery mildew, which has a white powdered appearance. It will eventually kill the plant, so treat it with name oil to smother the spores, removed that heavily affected leaves and don't composters throwing them in the bean bag separate from everything else. 16. Pruning: Pruning. Pruning is an important part of plant care. Printing your plants occasionally can improve their health. You can use it to also shaped the foliage. When pruning, it's important to use sharp corners to prevent infection and ensure that they are clean. It's best to prune just above the leaf node on a plant. This is where the branch and leaf intersect. You would really only need to prune every year. So perhaps set a calendar reminder in your phone so that you do actually do this important step. When you are printing, remove any dead leaves or branches. But you can do that during the year as well. If you notice any thin out the interior branches to allow light and air to circulate throughout the plant. Then prune the longest branches. This will then focus the planet's energy on the core part of the plant. 17. Repotting: Reporting. Reporting is a central part of plant care, and this happens progressively over time as your plants continue to grow. One Keith sign that the plant needs reporting is if you see the roots growing out the draining troll at the base of the pot. Other signs that a plant might need to be reported include if the plant appease, top heavy and unbalanced, if it appears to be wilting or if it seems to require more water than usual. The ideal to report a plant is actually in spring, because at this time the plant has lot of energy and new growth that will, it will handle the destruction of being reported more easily. It is quite traumatic for a plant to be reported. So when you're doing this, expect that the plant will take some recovery time. I found when I reported a piece, Lily and I divided it into three other plants, it took about six months before the plan stopped looking like it was wilted and it actually started to put up new growth. And once it did that though, it throughout New, new growth, new little platelets and flowers. So you do need to be patient with plants. I can take a very long time to recover, to choose which pot to report into, measure the diameter of the plants or the pot, and increase the pot size by 25%. Choosing a pot that's too big for a plant may cause the roots to drown because there's too much soil around them holding onto moisture. Ensure that the port has a drainage hole and a source of for the water to drain into. Otherwise ensure that you feel the base of a sealed pot with pebbles to create a space for the water to drain away from the roots of the plant. So when you're actually read potting, put down something over your work area. Because this is going to be quite a messy process that could be newspaper or a piece of plastic. Gently ease the plant out of the pot. If it is quiet root bound, this really might take a little bit of patients and just gently maneuvering the plan to actually get it out of the pot. When you're doing this, don't hold the plant by the stem and pool because you're going to damage the plant. So you really need to treat the plant with a lot of care and be very gentle. Once the plant is out, gently loosen up the root ball. It's likely to be formed into the shape of the pot. So you want to tease it out and gently move the roots so that they actually can, instead of going around and around, start to move downwards, which is more natural. You can trim the roots if you would like to. The next step is to get your new pot and just place the plant into the pot so you can get a sense of how much soil you need to put in first. And then you can build up the soil and the bottom of the pot and then sit the plant on that soil and then fill the soil around the roots. You wanna make sure that you're not leaving any air pockets in the large spaces which don't have soil. But you don't want to compact the soil heavily at all because the roots do need access to those tiny air pockets within the potting mix. It's best to kick the potting mix below the lip of the pot. This means that when you water, that the water isn't gonna spill right over the edge, you need a bit of space for the water to go in and sit on top of the soil and then for it to slowly soak down. Once the plant is in its new pot with its new soil. The final thing you need to do is water it, so give it a good soaking. At this point, you may find the slow compact so much that you might want to add some more soil on top that's fine. Allow the water to drain right away and then place the plant on it saucer or bring it inside into its regular spot. 18. Explore Plant Selection: Before you start considering which indoor plants you'd like to have in your indoor space. It's important to thoroughly, he says, Your indoor space in terms of light. So you want to make a note of how much light they receive, how intensities, and to how many hours. If you have a floor plan of the indoor space, you can use it to walk around the space and mark the locations where you might like to have a plant. With this information in the can, begin observing how much light that spot receives in a day, how bright that light is. And this will give you invaluable information when making your plant selections. When doing these assessments, it's also a good idea to take a tape measure with you to measure the available space for the plant. Because plants size varies so vastly from just tiny little plants to ones that can grow taller than you and I. So you want to consider the width and the height and the depth of the space. This will help prevent you from making a mistake in plant selection. Let's say you chose a plant that was just going to grow and become too big for the space. The planet itself is going to suffer and it's not going to look at aesthetically pleasing because there might be enough room around the plant. Additionally, plants actually need enough space around them for their leaves to comfortably grow and to grow height-wise as well. Making decisions about the size of plant for a spot in your home can also be aesthetic. You might have a lot of space, but there may be particular race and they'd like to have a small plant in that area. You don't necessarily have to fill up all of the available space with a plant. Another aesthetic consideration when you're making a plant selection is the foliage. What shape is the foliage? This can differ so vastly. The tall, pointy, quite spiky looking leaves of a mother-in-law tongue compared to the soft, rounded leaves of a maiden, her firm. These plants provide such different looks and they would appeal to different people and different interior designs. Choosing plants based on a foliage can also be used if you're going to group some plants together, you may like to have some variety. So you may like to have a softer leaf plant combined with one which has quite pointed or jagged edges. This creates visual interests and can be quite dramatic and effective in your home. Another consideration for foliage is does the foliage grow up or does it grow down? You may like to consider having some hanging baskets with plants with a foliage hangs down. Examples of Bayes might include the spider plant, chain of hearts, or a string of pearls. These plants all have the foliage which cascades downwards. This can be a lovely focused in a home and a lovely way to elevate plants higher up in the, from your eye level up to the ceiling and have them coming down. With so many options available, you'll definitely be able to make selections that create the type of look and appeal that you are after. Light requirements. Now that you're armed with your floor plan, which has notes about where you'd like a plant, the type of light conditions in those areas. You can use this to begin researching which plants would best suit those areas and your other requirements. There's no point wasting your money, buying plants simply weren't thrive in the positions that you want to put them in. So it is worth taking this little bit of time to look into which plants you'd like to look off and to check out what they require in terms of light. And this will help you to have a successful indoor green space. Another consideration when choosing an indoor plant is the ease of care. Some plants appear to be more robust than others, and some are quite sensitive. As an example, the peace lilies, quite a robust plant. 19. Suggested Plants: One of the types of planets that is great for beginners is cactus and succulents. These plants have very robust coming from the desert. They have low water requirements and they're a good starting point for people who are new to having indoor plants. They are hardy. They use specialized captor soil, so make sure that you do use the right soil for them. Otherwise, the roots will be too wet. Generally that only wanna be watered monthly. So it's quite low, easy care. They do enjoy direct sun. So you'd want to choose a position that is on a window sill where the sun's coming in for quite a few hours per day. And when they're growing, that's a good time to fertilize and feed them. Peace Lily is another plant that I recommend for beginners. It has beautiful leaves. It puts up lovely white flowers when it's happy and it's quite robust. This indoor plant really enjoys a warm spot. So you want some way where the sunlight is coming in. And you don't want it to be in front of an air conditioner. It's good for beginners, enjoys indirect son. Need to water regularly to Kate the soil moist. Faded occasionally with a slow-release fertilizer. And I would often it could be every few days missed the leaves because this plant enjoys a humid atmosphere. Fiddly figs have had a resurgence in the last ten years or so. I remember my grandparents had these plants and they were huge. They went right up to the ceiling. I've got a couple in my home and they're really great to have as indoor plants and I would recommend them. They enjoy warmth and the morning sun. You need to water them regularly when the soil is dry, but avoid having them sitting in pools of water. This is another plant that really enjoys having its leaves misted. And in the warmer months fertilize this plant when you're watering it. Another bonus with fiddly fingers that it can be a real, real statement plant. It can grow quite large. Some have larger leaves and others. So when you're choosing yours, consider the leaf size. And they can also be propagated by cutting off a leaf and putting it in soil. It won't always work. But sometimes you might be lucky and you get roots growing up from the bottom of that leaf stem and that will become a whole new plant. Spider plants are quite beautiful plants to have. They have a beautiful spraying fountain of white and green leaves. And when they really happy, they put out baby plants which can, which are called Spider it, and she can plant those and get whole new plants from them as well. It took a couple of years for my plant to do that. But it is at the moment, which is really nice to say. These plants like bright light, you need to water them regularly. But try not to over water them or underwater them. They also enjoy having their leaves misted and they should be fed or fertilize twice a year. Snake plant or mother-in-laws tongue is one of the most robust plants that you could buy. They tolerate all sorts of light conditions, though I have seen them really flourish when I do have enough light. They like medium light generally. What are the win their soil is dry. The soil needs to be well drained so that they're not sitting in wet soil constantly. Fade them occasionally once or twice a year. And they really are very hardy plant. This plant would have to be very unwell for it to actually look like it was Seek and assign that it's actually happy is it's putting up new shoots and new growth. And I've even seen them flower. So this is a good one to start with. If you're really nervous about having indoor plants. The Zanzibar Jim is another interesting plant that I would recommend you try. I have mine sitting in a stairwell which has limited light. There's no actual actual direct window that brings light onto the plant. And it's actually doing quite well. Often the information cards that come with this plant soda only water it once a month. Now I did this for probably a year or so. And then I tried watering it weekly with my other plants. And the extra watering actually resulted in the plant putting up new shoots. So in my experience, you can water it more often than they recommend, but you can try that out and see what happens with yours. Zanzibar gems like indirect light and they will tolerate most blight conditions. You should water them when the soil is dry and avoid over watering. Rubber plants make lovely indoor features. They have glossy green leaves with a reddish brown under color. They are quiet, large and sculptural and beautiful to look at. I bought mine is a tiny little plant and it's now grown to quite a size, that it has a lot more growing still left in it. They enjoy bright light. You should keep the soil moist but avoid them sitting in puddles of water. Feed them regularly in the warmer months, and only feed monthly when the weather is cooler. This is another plant where you can miss the leaves. In my experience, the Rubber plant has been quite robust and it has taken time for that small plant to grow into a larger one. But I haven't encountered any problems with it growing or any diseases or pests is simply Bain and very reliable and robust plant earn, say give this one to go. If you're not confident with indoor plants. 20. Plants and Interior Design Pots and Plants: Plants and pot design selections. We not only choose our plants based on the light requirements, but also on the Look we're trying to achieve within our home. Once you've made a decision about the type of foliage that you'd like, rounded or pointy, green, or maybe having reds in the leaf color. You'll then be thinking about what type of pot to go with that plant. And you want to consider the visual aspects of the plant leaf and that platform and how that's going to look with a pot of different sizes. You can have a squat pot, a toll part, black part or white part, textured colored, patterned. The choices are endless. And how you choose to combine your plants and pots can create a very different look indoors. So some questions to ask yourself include, will depart, match or contrasts with the plants. Consider the plant scale in shape and how that will combine with a pot. For example, you may like the look of a tall sculptural plant in a squat, rounded pot. Or you might like a plant with very detailed leaf designed to be in a plot that is plane without pattern. You may like a tall pot to accentuate the long tall leaves of a mother-in-laws tongue, for example. Another consideration is whether the pot will sit on the ground or on a stand. This will inform your pot selection and choices. Color is a consideration. However, most plants would only have flowers for brief periods of time. So the real consideration should be in the color of the leaves and the foliage. You can get striking greens, yellows, reds, oranges and pinks. 21. Grouping Plants: Grouping plants. When you're setting your indoor space for what plants are required. Don't just think about one plant. Some spaces might be ideal for having a collection of plants. These could be plants that look similar or plants that are contrasting look quite different. The thing that they would all need to have in common is that they have similar light requirements. To create a dynamic and visually interesting grouping of plants, you would probably want to choose plants that had contrasting foliage shapes and colors that are different heights and have different colors. Choosing pots that are of different heights, colors, shapes and textures will also add to the visual interest of a group of plants. 22. Troubleshooting: Troubleshooting. Yellow leaves. Leaves can actually turn yellow as they age, and this can be a normal part of a plant's growth cycle. For example, on a pace Lily, some leaves will turn yellow and it doesn't mean the plant is unhappy. It's just that those leaves have died off and need to be pruned off the plant. However, it's usually only a couple of leaves at a time that would do this. You're noticing leaves across the whole plant are turning yellow. This can be an indication that the plant may be receiving too much light. To remedy this problem, try moving the plant to a place where it receives a little less light and see if over time the leaves become less the alone. This problem might disappear overnight. So you just need to leave the plant in its new position for a month or two and see if you can observe any improvements. Another problem you can encounter with plants is leaf drop. If you notice that the leaves are dropping off of your plant, this is an important warning sign to pay attention to. It usually relates to water and it could indicate over watering or it could indicate underwater. So to determine what the problem is, investigate the soil, the top layer of the soil, and determine whether it is wet or dry. If the first five centimeters or two inches of the soil is very dry, then I recommend watering the plants a little more often. Another warning sign to keep an eye out for that tells us that a plant is not happy is if the edges of the leaf are turning brown. This usually indicates underwater wearing. Or it may indicate that the plant is in a braise or near an air conditioner in is getting too much. Movement of air across the leaf surface. Over fertilizing can also lead to leave edges turning brown. So that's another consideration when trying to work out what has happened to a plant who is showing these signs. A common mistake is to fertilize a plant with a solution that's too strong if you're using a liquid fertilizer. So that might be summing to only use a much weaker dilution if you're fertilizing your plants. Another warning sign for planets is if they're slow-growing. If they're not putting up new shoots and new leaves. Occasionally, there might be stunted. And this is generally due to a lack of light. So I would recommend in this case to move the plant to a brighter area, in a well-lit area. And you're likely to see the plant really take off and start pulling out new growth. If a plant begins to look lopsided, which can happen quite commonly, it's because the plant is growing toward the light source. So an easy remedy for this issue is to simply rotate the plant radially. Does still have a small turn of the plants every now and then we'll help to correct the lopsidedness and will encourage the plant to grow in a more upright fashion. If you happen to see roots growing out of the base of the pot, is a very strong indicator that your plant is root bound and it needs to be reported. Choose a pot that is 25% larger than its current pot by measuring the diameter of the part, this will ensure that you're not going to end up with a pot that is way too big, that holds too much water and could risk root rot. Then report the plant in its new part. And you will no longer be saying the roots growing out of the base apart. And it means the plant has enough soil and enough space to grow happily for another period of time. 23. Your Project: Thank you so much for joining me for this class on Happy house plants. The complete guide. Your project for this class is to put into practice the things we've learned about indoor plants. They like requirement's choices about the type of plant, the foliage and the pots. And to do some research, purchase a new part and a new plant, put them together, put them up and take a photo of the plant in its new indoor environment. Then please share this image with us and tell us about the choices you made and how you feel about this new plant. I can't wait to see what you do. If you have any questions or are unsure about anything, please get in touch the discussion pages there so I can help you as much as I can. 24. Thanks Happy House Plants The Complete Guide: Thank you so much for joining me for this class on Happy house plants. The Complete Guide. We've looked in detail into what an indoor plant is. What an indoor environment is, what plants need to grow and thrive. Some important considerations for locating plants in an indoor environment. We've considered some suggestion plants for people who are new to indoor plants. And we've covered some core things like soil, pots, watering, read potting, pruning, fertilizing. We've also looked at some warning signs that your plant might give you about, showing you that they're not so happy and what to do about those. Now that you're armed with all this information, you can go out and do some research. Look at your indoor space, make an assessment about where you would like some plants, what the light conditions are. And in research supplant that might be suitable. You'll be able to look forward to the front of combining different plants with different pots. Thinking about what aesthetic effect you're hoping to achieve. Do you want something nice, modern and contrasting? Do you want something decorative and colorful? It all comes down to your own personal taste. If you have any questions or are unsure about anything, please get in touch the discussion pages there so I can help you as much as I can. Thank you for taking this class. Please review it, please tell your friends about it, and I look forward to seeing you in the next class. Bye.