Handmade Journals: Transitions Journal | Linda Matthews | Skillshare

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Handmade Journals: Transitions Journal

teacher avatar Linda Matthews, Digital & Mixed Media Textile Artist

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (1h 28m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Dyeing Fabrics & Fibers Using Herbal Tea Bags

    • 3. Gathering Inspiration

    • 4. Preparing the Pages

    • 5. Painting the Pages

    • 6. Embellishing the Story

    • 7. Making the Cover

    • 8. Sewing the Signatures

    • 9. Finishing the Journal

    • 10. Modifying the Cover

    • 11. Journal Flip Through

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About This Class


Learn how to develop a visual language using stitched mixed media techniques to tell your personal stories on the pages of this journal. In the transitions journal you can learn how to visually express yourself as you embrace and celebrate the things that you want more of in your life, as well as let go of the things that aren’t working or things that you want to change.

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If you enjoyed this class, check out my other classes

And make sure to visit my website for more free creative journaling tutorials and resources

Meet Your Teacher

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Linda Matthews

Digital & Mixed Media Textile Artist


I’m a full time digital and mixed media textile artist, designer and teacher and I love nothing more than sharing what I’ve learned as a way to encourage and inspire the creative spark in others. If you love to tell your story using images and words, visit me at www.www.CreativeArtnSoul.com

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1. Introduction: Hi, I'm Linda Matthews and in this class I'll be sharing techniques and processes for making a transitions journal. This channel is designed to help you let go of the things that aren't working in your life and embrace and celebrate the things that you want to see more of. Through the process of making a not based visual journal, we can gain insight and a better understanding of ourselves and the stories we tell ourselves in a way that can become transformative. Although we normally use the New Year as marking post of time for making new significant and now life using New Year's resolutions. This journal can be used at any time. The point of change, it's always in the present moment. So we can pick any time to let go of the tired old ways of doing things and embrace new and exciting dreams and visions. We can take the negative energy of those unwanted situations and transform them into a more positive energy through the creative power of making artful journal pages. As well as this process, I'll be sharing my techniques for making an embellishing your journal pages and showing you how to develop a language for visual storytelling. This process is intended to not only be thoughtful and meaningful, but also fun and creative. So I hope you'll enjoy exploring your stories in a unique and artful way. 2. Dyeing Fabrics & Fibers Using Herbal Tea Bags: Dyeing fabric using tea bags is a quick, easy, and safe way to add soft colored fabrics and fibers that can be used in your mixed media channels. You can use ordinary black tea bags to produce soft CPA colors. However, it's also fun to experiment with different types of herbal and thirties. Some herbal teas won't die very successfully at all. There's a bit of trial and error involved. And be sure to check the ingredients also, as you'll find that perhaps they may be ingredients included that you already have on your spice rack, which are used for cooking. If a spice or Herb stains or colors food, it's more than likely that it will also stain in color fabric. I'm going to experiment with a set of fabrics and fibers using this sample pack of fruit teas. I can see from the ingredients on the pack that they owe contains similar ingredients except for the peach tea. So I expect that they will die in a similar color range. However, it will be fun to see how they turn out. I've cut up some small pieces of cotton fabric and some ray on and silk ribbons of US, small pieces just to see how things turn out. And then if I launched the colors, I can die larger pieces. Even the smaller pieces are perfect for embellishing journal pages, so nothing will go to waste. I'm first going to soak the fabric in hot water. This step isn't really necessary. However, hot water will open the fibers and make them more receptive to soaking up the camera. You don't need to soak them for long. About ten minutes should do. It's worth noting that fabrics will take die better if they first scoured. This means that they should be pretty washed using a mild detergent with no edited so bleach in order to remove any dirt or chemicals that may be on the fabric. You'll want to use natural fibers, such as cotton, silk, Ryan, or linen. As synthetic fabrics and fibers aren't suitable for this type of dying. While the fabric is soaking of prepared a launch cup for each of the different teabags and labeled them. I've used one teabag pickup to begin with, just to see how much color will produce. I can always add another teabag if the color looks two-week or pale. I'm filling the cup, whips boiling water about three-quarters full. So there's room for the February. I let the T state for a few minutes until it produce some colour. Then I put a set of fabrics and ribbons into each come. After about half an hour, I check the collar. And all fabrics had a lovely soft tele, except the Peach didn't seem to be staining very well at all. I decided to add an extra tea bag into the peach cup to see if that would help deepen the column. I let the cup sit for a couple of hours, then we were instant drive fabrics. And so I suspected four of the sample sets were a similar color range, each with a slightly different shade. And the peach tea didn't die very well at all, producing only a slight tint. It appears that the ribbons soaked up most of the collar and the fabrics came out only slightly tinted. In order to get a deeper color on the fabric. I put a fabric strip in a pot on the stove top together with some water and a couple of tea bags, boiled it for ten minutes, then let it cool. This produced a deeper color on the fabric and the cheese cloth. So now I have a lovely range of fabric and ribbons, scraps in soft colors. A slightly different shade, but all coordinating beautifully. This was a really quick and easy way to color some Fabric scraps. So I hope this encourages you to try out your own natural dying using herbal teas. It's worth noting that I didn't use a MOD End, which is a color fixative for these particular fabrics. Because I plan to use them only in my journals and fabric collages. So these fabrics will never be washed and the color weren't wrong, nor will they be subjected to sunlight where they might fade. However, I didn't give them a quick rinse when I remove them from the t bath and didn't see any noticeable color run. So I'm assuming that the color is more or less fixed. If you want to fix the Kahlo's to ensure they weren't run all fade. A good general purpose mod N is aluminium sulfate or alum. Alum can be purchased for many fabric di supplier or on Amazon. Morton may also help to deepen the color and the amount to use as calculated by the weight of the fabric. For every 3.5 ounces of fabric and fibers, use a quarter of an ounce of alum dissolved in the water before you die. 3. Gathering Inspiration: Before you begin any new project, The fifth step should always be to gather together some of the supplies and inspiration that you might use along the way. This gathering and collecting process is a ritual that I always use Before I begin a new project. And it acts as a signal of sorts that sets in motion my creative process. I'd like to begin by gathering a selection of words, images, fabrics, pipe is an embellishments such as buttons and charms. I collect them all and place them in a special tray that I used for this purpose. For every new journal or creative project that I start. I always begin in this way. The words that you use can be urine words and phrases. That can be found words, which are words that are cut from magazines and bolts. You can even use purchased with snippets and phrases. I like to cut them out and keep them in a small box so that I've always got a good supply on hand. And when I start a new journal, I've got plenty to choose from. And find that using found words are good way to get started. And they act as inspiration for eventually developing words and phrases that come from my own heart and soul. A locked to cut words and phrases from a variety of different types of magazines, but generally ones that have positive and uplifting content. And when I cut them out, I don't try the magazines away because I find that certain words and phrases have different meaning for me at different times. Words that I choose today might not hold the same meaningful me tomorrow. So each time I look at a page that I've previously browse through, I always seem to find something new and relevant. As with words and phrases, I also keep several small boxes of pictures and images that are taken from old magazines will that I printed out and don't use up the time. If I don't have a good range of photos and my stash that relate to my theme. I also solves them online from free photo websites. And sometimes I also purchase them. Before it begin a new journal. I usually choose a color scheme that I'll use throughout the pages to give more or less cohesive look. So a cheese arrange of fabrics primarily in those colors. And I mix and match different shades and patterns and textures to make things look more interesting. I also like using handmade papers from journals such as those that are made in India and Nepal. When choosing fabrics, I like to lay a things, so I make sure to use lots of different fabrics and contrasting colors and textures. This makes a journal pages much more interesting to look at than when simply using only one or two different fabrics. 4. Preparing the Pages: The best talk of paper to make pages for mixed media journals is mixed, maybe a paper. This type of paper is suitable for use with pencils, pins, molecules, light washes, acrylic paint and watercolour and collage. I also find this pipe is suitable for sewing on by machine or hand, and also for gluing on fabric collages and embellishments. These mixed media pads are not that expensive to buy and the page is large enough to make good sides folder General pages. To get started, you first need to decide on the size of your journal pages. Marginal pages, or five inches wide by 70 inches high. So I'm cutting them ten inches wide by 70 inches high. So when I fold them in half, then the right size for a double page. You can cut the pages stride. However, I like the edges of my journal pages to be distressed. And you can do this in several ways. My favorite method of distressing the edges of journal pages is to first make creases on the mixed media paper that are the same size as the cut pages. So for these pages, the sizes ten inches wide by seven inches high. Use a creasing tool under ruler to make straight creases. And then Ben the edges of the pipe or backward and forward to make sure that the crease is well-defined. Then using a water brush pen, run a lot of water along each of the creases. Water brush pen is a handy tool to have. It has a brunch on one end and you can fill it with water. It's perfect to use when traveling and painting with watercolors or even other types of paints. If you don't have a water brush pin, you can also apply the water using a small paint brush. Make sure you apply a good line of water and then allow it to soak into the paper for several minutes. Once the water is soaked through the paper, terror Y the edges but gently pulling the paper or Wien's small sections. So don't tear the paper in a forward motion, pull it away in a horizontal motion. The paper should easily, because the water helps to weaken the fibers. This causes the edges to favor and it creates a softly distress stage along the journal pages. To finish fault the page in half and using a bone folder, microgrids crease down the center. An alternative way to distress the edges of paper is to use the paper distressing tool. This tool has a circular blade which is set deep inside the casing. So when you run the edge of the paper across the blade, it slightly shreds it and distresses it. Instead of using a distressing tool, you can easily do the same type of thing by running the blade of a small pair of scissors across the edges of the pipeline. 5. Painting the Pages: Painting the journal pages should be approached with a sense of fun and creativity. At this stage, the pages don't need to look to pretty that just need to have some paint on them. Once they've dried, the painted pages will become the canvas for your story. And each page will offer a spark of inspiration, which you can then expand upon using additional painting techniques and mark making. Fabric can stitch, as well as collages and embellishments. You might want to paint a few extra pages so you can pick and choose which pages you want to use. When choosing a color theme for your journal. Select 102 main colors that you like or meaningful to you. Then select another four to six colors in neutral shades that will help to add depth and interests to your pages. Using only one or two colours. Believe you pages looking a bit flattened, lifeless. For the pages of my channel, I plan to use colors and shades of golden purple, along with some additional neutral colors in shades of Brown's workers and Queen's. Golden purple, or one of my favorite color combinations and a rule set colors that represent creativity. For painting the pages, you'll only Jesu some acrylic paints and a small paint brush about one inch diameter. You don't need to use expensive paints. My favorite paints have golden fluid acrylic paints, which can be a bit expensive, but they have a very strong pigments, so you only need to use a little paint to get a very strong color. However, I also use cheap craft paint and water them down a little to make them spread better on the page. Sometimes staring at a white page can be daunting, not knowing what to do or where to start. So by first adding some color and paint strokes, it helps to open the door to your creative process. To get started. First paint a lot code of jest. So on each side of all the pages, I found that occurred of Jesu helps to strengthen the paper, which makes it stronger when adding stitching directly to the pages and more supportive when gluing fabric and PIPA collages. It also helps the paint to flow better. Painting the pages should be a fun and intuitive process. So approach it with a playful attitude. It's not necessary to paint the pages perfectly, or even to paint the entire page. Simply add a bit of paint here and there, and then leave it alone. If you don't feel confident at first about applying paint to your pages, warm up by first painting on some scrap paper. A mixed media Piper pad is perfect for this because these painted pages won't be wasted as they can be recycled for use as pages for other journals. So first, have a play with the different colors without having to worry about messing up a journal page. Once you feel comfortable with the paints, now get started painting your pages. I like to pay an interesting shapes and marts using different colors. And I try to make each page different. I tried to work spontaneously and intuitively and not to over think things too much. I like to water down the acrylic paint so that it becomes much like watercolour paint. And when painted on the page, creates shades of dark and light with watercolor like visual texture. You can paint wet on wet by painting one color on top of another, which then blends both colors together to create a new color. This helps to add depth and shading to your painted areas, which makes it more interesting to look at. Instead of painting with just one color, you can pick up two colors at once. But dipping one end of the paintbrush into one color and the other end of the brush into a different color. Which then creates a sort of striped effect which can look quite interesting. A cream color can be used to blend hard edges so that the color looks like it's fading into the background. If you allow the paint to dry, you can then paint over the top of a color, which will prevent blending of the colors and instead create a two tone effect. You can build up color by first applying a color lightly, then adding different colors on top to blend and create a strong color on the page that has lots of shades and depth. One stride, the painted pages will become the canvas for a story. And each page will offer a spark of inspiration which you can expand upon using fabric, can stitch, and collages and embellishments. I've included my complete session of page painting. So if you're new to painting, you may wanna watch to the end to see how I do things. If you're more comfortable with painting pages, then feel free to skip ahead to the next video and get started with your storytelling. Right? Okay. Okay. Right. Yes. Right? Yeah. Yes. Right. Right? Yes. So right. Okay. Okay. Yeah. 6. Embellishing the Story: The best way to get started with this process is to get out a writing journal or notebook and make a list or do a written review and identify the things in your life that you want to change or late goals, as well as the things that you want more OK in the future. Very often, the things that we want more of in our life directly relates to the things that we want to let go walls. We often want to replace one with the other. Developing a visual language is not as difficult as it sounds. And it can be easily achieved by applying your own personal meaning to things such as images, mocks and symbols, and even fabrics and papers and stitch. Although my stories will be different than your own, you can use the processes and techniques that are used as a guide and then apply them to your own journal pages in a way that is reflective of urine stories. The easiest way to get started is to pick one of the journal pages that you painted and let the design be the spark that ignites you creative process and bringing your story to the surface. This gets easier the more you practice and the more you trust your intuition. On this channel page, the paint knocks appear to have a light area in the center. And this brings to mind the shape of a window. And oddly enough, there is also a window like shape on the upper side. One of the reasons I like to paint my pages first is because it can cause a creative spark that helps you develop a story. The story that this page has sparked is about one of the things that I want to change moving forward, which is my attitude toward my health. I've always been blessed with good health, which are saint and pretty much for granted. Until this year when I had to deal with some health issues which have been recurring right throughout the year. Although not life-threatening. These healthy shoes were a wake-up call to start looking after myself little bit on. Particularly as I get older, I find any gene a little uncomfortable and inconvenient and I prefer to ignore it if I can. So I need to change that attitude moving forward to one where am I taking time for wrist and self-care? The windows shape on this page Spock the memory of this line from Leonard cone. There was a crack in everything and that's where the light gets in. In a similar way, my comfortable reality now has a crack in it. We're a lot shines through showing me a better and more healthy way to live going forward. Before getting started with your page design, it's always a good idea to lay out the elements so you know how things will look once it's finished. I'm going to add a strip of fabric down the centerfold because I locked the texture dads to the page. I printed the words from Leonard Cohen onto copy paper and cut them out. And alkali these on lost. To represent a crack. I'm going to cut a small section out of the page and then add some stitches to keep the page from falling apart. You could cut any shape hole in your pages. And then I had stitches in a similar way. You could use it as part of your story was simply as embellishment. Yeah. Tutorial for naught when sewing on your pages. Loopless thread around the needle Louis slay point of the needle in the last stitch hall. Then gently pull the thread until the not taught runs down the shaft of the needle. With the sewing dumb, I'm going to temporarily glue the fabric strip down the center, and then glue the woods down the left side using a crop strength glue stick. So this story is told in an abstract way. Even though an observer might not fully understand the meaning, it's easy to get a sense of it. And sometimes having only a sense of things makes it appear more mysterious. And the observer can then apply their own meaning to it. Recognizing in your story a part of their own story as well. The abstract nature of the design on the journal page also aligns with the essence of Wahhabi savvy. Or you get a sense that although not always perfect in this picture, there is something about the story that you respond to at an emotional level. To Hallmark the words and make them stand out more. From using a black pencil to outline. For a final touch, I'm going to add some splatter onto the page, also symbolic of the light shining through. To add paint splatter. Like sure, you paint is very runny by adding some order tort. Then pick it up on your paintbrush and tap the paintbrush over your finger to cause the paint to splatter on the page. On the other side of the page, the stitches remind me of a staircase leading up toward Norway. And it's a reminder that our goals and plans and dreams happen one step at a time. Moving forward into a new year where all things are possible. This becomes a gentle reminder to take time to enjoy the journey. I wrote the words one step at a time on the page using a Sharpie. I don't particularly like the painted design on this page, and it doesn't create a spark of interests for me. So I'm going to remove it and replace it with another page. To smoke the pages, simply pay the page down the center fold. So you have two pieces, rearrange though, then type them back together using a few pieces of masking tape by attach the sentence strips temporarily and then sew them in place. Once I have all the pages designed and assembled, just in case I need to change things along the way. Just like this. I like to use images in my journals and I like to add Fabric scraps and stitches to them because it makes them look more interesting. However, sewing on the general page can be a challenge if you don't want the stitches to show through on the other side. The easiest way around this is to first so everything together onto a piece of terawatts stabilizer. Then glue the assemblage to the General page. First, layout your design on the page so you know where everything is going to be positioned. Once you're happy with the layout, cut a piece of terawatts stabilizer, then positioned and glue the image and the Fabric scraps onto it. Glue will hold the pieces in place while you so I print my photos and images onto photo paper or fabric, or use old images that I have in my stash. And our reuse the same images in different journals just because they hold a special memory, will speak to me in a special way of centered around the edge of the photo on my sewing machine. And I'm going to Hence to Fabric scraps along the right side. I like to combine machine stitching with hands because it makes things look more interesting. Once the sewing is complete. Carefully or cutaway the stabilizer up from around the edges on the back. Now you can position and glue the image onto the page. I'm gluing this close to the center fabric strip. So when I saw the strip on, it will come with the edge of the photo. This image is a reminder to me of how my daily meditation practice helps me to stay focused and balanced. It's an important part of my daily routine. So this is not something I want to let go off, but something I wanted to carry with me into the coming year, uh, glued the word breathe above the image as a reminder to just stop every now and then to breathe and just be present. I'm also adding a small fabric collage at the top, attaching it using the same process as for the image. I'm going to lay a two pieces of fabric, stitched them together using a running stitch and then attach about nontheless side. I add small collages, sometimes for embellishment, and sometimes because they represent part of the story in a symbolic way. For me, running stitch can symbolize steps or pathway. And the circular shape of buttons can mean a lot of different things. In this case, it represents focus, which is one of the benefits of my daily meditation practice. Using stitches than embellishments to symbols becomes easy when you look at the shape or color or context, and then apply your own personal meaning. In this way, you can develop a personal language that only you can interoperate. You can add some embellishment tool page and then use it as a holding page for future story. On this page, I'm adding some side tabs that are small pieces of fabric that are have machines sewn onto some Tear Away stabilizer. These can be glued along the edge of a page and folded over or even extended out to use as a tab divider. I'm going to sum up button on the end of each tab and then fold them over the edge of the page so they visible on the other side. This just adds some additional embellishment that makes the page look more interesting. I ended up sewing around the edge of the page on my sewing machine just to make sure the tabs didn't come loose. And I also added a bit of free motion sewing to the bottom of the page. If you plan to do some free motion sewing on your paper pages, you may want to do a test first. You only get one shot at this as holes and PayPal account be removed. And if you make a mistake, there's no going back. The design on this page reminded me of stepping stones on a pathway. And it appears to me as symbolic of a journey. To embellish this page, I'm going to attach small squares of fabric scraps to each of the stepping stones with a cross stitch on each piece. I've glued the fabric TO piece of terror whites stabilizer, and then so in the cross stitch before gluing each section onto the page. By then. So the stepping stones to the page on my sewing machine using a single row of stitching. Symbolically, this connects the stepping stones on the pathway. Finally, I added a quote by Walt Disney. Curiosity keeps leading us down new paths. I credit curiosity with being one of the driving forces behind my creativity. So this is something that I want to carry with me as I move into the new year. On this page are really liked paint effects along the edge of the circle. However, when I put a fabric strip down the middle, it completely covers them. You could either leave the fabric strip off. We'll swap the pages around as I did previously. Now it's possible to position the fabric strip down the center without covering up the bits of pages that you particularly like. Before we're gonna attach the center strip, I want to add some detail to the circular shape by painting on some white highlights and some golden shading. Your pages are always a work in progress. You can add more paints and marks at any time. Even wants to journalists assembled the painting on the pages is there simply to act as a spark for your creativity? So when you look at a page, you'll see something in the Painted shape that sparks a memory or feeling will spark something that makes you want to explore deeper. It's a starting point for the story that you want to tell or a placeholder for a story yet to be told. And if you don't like the way something looks, simply change it or touch it up using paint, will cover it with fabric and stitch. If you're worried about spoiling this shape that you particularly like by adding more paint. Build up the Calla little by little until you're happy with it. The circular shape with the empty space in the middle reminds me that it's important to make space for dreaming. When you let go of things, whether it's physical or mental, it creates a space which then becomes an invitation for new things come into your life. Because I haven't been feeling a 100% well this year, I noticed that I've been complaining a lot about the state of my health. I don't usually have much to complain about. So even I noticed that I had somehow gotten into the habit of looking at and speaking about my life in a negative way. A truly believed that the way we speak to ourselves and others impacts our lives. So having a positive attitude is better why to live? This image is a reminder to me to keep a positive attitude and be thankful and contented for the good things in my life. Rather than focus on the not-so-good. I made this little collage by summing the image and fabric scripts to a piece of terawatts stabilizer and then gluing it to the page with the words contented spirit. To embellish this page, I made a fabric wrap that wraps around the bottom of this page and the next to make the rep, kinda piece of fabric for the base, about two to three inches high, depending on the size of your page and twice the width of the page. Then cut HOTAIR strips of fabric, ribbon about one to 1.5 inches wide by twice the width of the page. Some fabric such as silks and she is what best for this technique. I'm using some of the fabrics and ribbons that IT died using Barry t's. Manipulate the fist fabric strip by scrunching it and folding it along the top section of the base fabric and pin and place as you go on your sewing machine, some of the fabric strip to the base fabric down the middle using a straight stitch. Then continue adding fabric strips by overlapping and manipulating them in rows until the base fabric is competent. The fabric wrap is attached to the page, but positioning and gluing it onto the page. Shockingly in some to the sentence strips. Not only your pages have to contain a story. I'm a big believer in having breathing room spice to just sit and rest and contemplate. And so you can do this with your journal pages also. Leave the page blank or embellish it with little fabric collages that are just lovely Toolkit without necessarily having any meaning. In a day or two, or even a month or two from now. You might land on this page and see something that sparks a story. I've made this little collage embellishment using Fabric scraps and a metal finding sewn onto a piece of terawatts stabilizer and then gluten stitch to the page. I find no meaning here now. But there's room on the page to come back at a later time and write a few words or journal nodes. Pages can hold a story told entirely in your own visual language. Something beautiful for others to look at, but with a personal story that no one can interpret except Ju. You can stitch and weave the story of your hopes and plans and dreams for the coming year into the cloth. The path to where dreams isn't always straightforward. This always twists and turns. Just as the cloth is twisted and frayed. Stitching takes on new meaning. We're running stitch becomes the steps you might take to bring your dreams into reality. Cross stitches become your planned accomplishments and fringe nots, the celebrations you might have once your dreams come true. And as you stitch and think about your story, the energy of your thoughts and feelings become imbedded into every stitch. You can just make things up as you go along. No one will ever know unless you tell them. I've glued this length of hands stitch fabric directly onto the page and edit a little embellishment on the bottom corner. When designing your pages, think about how flexible fabric is and how you can manipulate it. You can tie it in knots, tear it to make voyages twisted. So it included glue as you best friend when making these types of journals, because the fabric doesn't necessarily have to be stitched. It can just as easily be glued. Use only a little glue to temporarily hold things in place until you show that you're happy with the design. On these pages are used fabric manipulation to make several fabric strips with knots. And then we played around with things until he came up with a design that I was happy with. When tied loosely, fabric knots tend to form a sort of triangular node with three points. And the number three is symbolic for many different things. Mind, body, spirit, past, present, future, beginning, middle, end. So these types of knots can be symbolic for a variety of different things. Once you get into the habit of looking at things in a more symbolic way, you'll be surprised at what you can see. Shapes and kalos and ordinary things like buttons, beads, charms and stitches. And on the tops of embellishments can take on new meaning and be used as elements to tell you a visual stories in a symbolic compass and all way. Once you have some design elements on your page, you can come back at any time and add additional paint marks if needed. Sometimes the page looks a little bit. So adding more paint is a good way to fill out the design. I'd like to add at least a little splatter on each page as I think it makes the page look more interesting. When making additional marks on the page, be sure to protect other pages where you don't want the marks to appeal. I'm going to add some splatter to this page using coffee. I like the color of the coffee Stein's. So I've made a strong and split it, some random mocks using around paintbrush. Makes sure the slider, it's dry before doing any more work on the page. Max can be made with all sorts of different things that you may have lying around. For a couple of my favorite tools is this plastic mock making comb, and sometimes a piece of corrugated cardboard which I like to use to make lines. Monks don't have to have any meaning unless you intend them to have meaning that can simply be used as design elements. There's no right or wrong way to add marks. Just trust your intuition. If you're not sure about how a mock will look. Do a test first on a piece of scrap paper. If things don't turn out the way you expect, you can always pined over them with some white paddle just so if the background is white, otherwise you'll have to leave things. But because we work in with the concept of finding beauty in things that are not perfect. Troy, leaving things the way they turn out. When your page set so complete. So the center fabric strips on your sewing machine to finish them off. 7. Making the Cover: To make the cover first cut to pieces of chip board or thick cardboard sign sizes you journal pages. Cut to pieces of Kraft felt the same size as the cardboard covers and glued them to the top. This will help to make the cover a little softer. You can use liquid glue. However, I like to use spray glue as its less messy thing. Cut to pieces of fabric an inch and a half longer and an inch and a half wider than you couple pieces. It's easier to work with pieces of fabric that are slightly larger because it gives you a bit of wiggle worm and the excess fabric will be trimmed away at the end. You can use a piece of favorite fabric for the outside covers. We can create a collage design using images and fabric, using a creasing tool or an erasable fabric pencil and a ruler mount the size of the actual cover on the fabric pieces. This makes it easier to see what you're doing if you're designing a collage and also for placement, when it's time to sew the pieces together. If you're making a collage for the cover, assemble all the pieces on top of the cup of fabric and playing around with them until you are happy with the design. Has made a cover arrangement using an image printed onto fabric, and then replay it strips of fabric and lights around the outside you frame it. The fabric is Roy edges, so I don't have to worry about sewing seems to make designing ESEA cut out of frame from a piece of card stock with a hole the same size as your cover. Using a frame makes it really easy to see how the design will look once it's completed. Once you're happy with everything, decide how things will be sewn together. Either on your sewing machine or by hand. My first social fabric pieces or my sewing machine. I used a piece of terawatts stabilizer underneath to make it easy to so this can be torn away. When I'm finished. I'm not going to embellish the back cover of this channel because I have a lovely piece of fabric with a design on it that are really like, and I don't want to cover it up. For the spine, the symbol and stack you'll signatures and measure across the width. I'm using two sets of double pages to make one signature. I have six pages. So this makes three signatures. You moral essentially like I'm going to allow 1.5 inches for my spine width. Once you have the spine with calculated tada piece of interfacing the width plus one inch, which will give you a half-inch similar amounts on the sides. Then cut the length, the same length as the fabric for the cover. This will be for the outer spine section, which will be glued over the spine area once everything is assembled. I'm making my out of spine section using a base fabric covered with horizontal strips of fabric. However, you can use a plain piece of fabric if you like. If you're making a spine made of fabric strips, vary the colors and width of the fabric pieces. And I also like to scrunch up soft fabrics to create visual texture. Once the fabric strips are all positioned, then you can sew them together. In the end, I decided to, so the strips using words of vertical stitches on my sewing machine. But you could also sell them horizontally. Once the spine is assembled, trim the edges to size to make the Union's spine section, which is attached to the front and back covers, cut a piece of fabric, the width of your spine plus one H, and the same length as the fabric for your cover. This gives you a half inch seam allowance down each side. Because we originally allowed a three-quarter inch seam allowance on the fabric for the front and back cover. Trim away a quarter-inch from the inside edge of both pieces, which will give you a half-inch seam allowance. Then pin the fabric for the inside spine to the front and back cover pieces. And so half inch seam allowance when you assign machine. Then press the sames toward the spine. Once the journalists assembled, the outer spine will be glued over the top. Cut a piece of fabric for the lining the same size as the cover. Cut a piece of Kraft felt the same size as the lining and take off 1.5 inches from the width, 1.5 inches from the hide. Apply some glue to the felt. Are you spray glue? Centered the felt on the inside of the lining February. Apply some glue to the felt on the chip board cover pieces. And again, I use spray glue and person place on the inside of the front and back Taba. Use a ruler to butt up against the top and bottom edges of the chip board to make sure that the pieces are aligned correctly and adjust if necessary. Please, aligning with the felt side down on top of the inside of the outer cover. And pin around the edges. Position the signatures inside the caval and make sure that everything fits correctly. If any adjustments need to be made, make them Now. Once you are sure that covers the right fit, when you're sewing machine, somewhere around the outer edges of the cover, close to the edge of the chip board. I like to use a stitch in the ditch machine foot, which helps to God the stitches. But you can still so quite easily with a normal machine fought so slowly so you don't break a needle. And so two or three rows around the average to ensure that the Kappa doesn't come apart during use. Once the sewing and stone trim away the excess seam allowance ruler and a rotary cutter is more accurate, but you can also cut it away with the sharp pair of scissors. I usually like to lead a better quarter-inch all the way around. If you fabric phrase easily, apply some frame check to the inches. Frank check is a liquid glue that will prevent your fabric from frame. Once you apply it, let it dry and it will dry clear. 8. Sewing the Signatures: We're going to attach the signatures to the cover using a simple three whole pamphlet stitch. Before you attach the signatures, you first need to make a template to ensure that all the holes align. Kinda piece of copy paper two inches wide, but the length of your pages and fold in half and make a crease down the middle. Using a pencil. Marks along the fold. One in the middle and one at each end, one end chain. Using a bookbinding all or a large embroidery natal punch holes through each of the mocks. Because we made the cover of the same size as the pages. We only need one template. Depending on how many signatures you have, you will need to calculate exactly where to position the whole markings along the spine. I have three signatures, so I'll be sewing one in the middle and then one on either side. If you were using more than three, then you'll need to space them evenly across the spine. You could use a Sharpie to make the maths on the fabric. But because my fabric is stock, I'm using a white gel pen so I can see the mocks using a bookbinding all or a lot embroidery needle punch holes through all the mouths. The punched holes were difficult to see on the inside. So I mount them with my gentle PIN. Code lengths of thread about twice the length of the page and turned it through a lodge embroidery needle. Starting with the middle hole on the inside. Push the needle through the signatures and the cargo to the outside. Lincoln about a four to five inch thread tail on the inside. Push the natal backs for the next Hall to the inside. Back through the middle hall to the outside, then through the loss toll to the inside. To finish targets right often is secure or not. Then continue sewing the remaining signatures in the same way. 9. Finishing the Journal: To finish the journal, you now need to attach the outer spine section. Trimming the top and bottom edges so that it's the same size as the journal cover. I decided to finish the edges on the spine section using a zig zag stitch on my sewing machine. However, you could also leave them or if you prefer, or finish them with some lice or other embellishment. To glue this section, you'll later liquid fabric glue or tacky glue. These strong types of clothes and will ensure that the spine doesn't come apart. Apply a good amount of glue to the underside of the spine section, then spread it evenly using an old credit card or something where the flat level edge place the spine section over the spine area on the journal. Like show that it's centered and press into position. Once you're happy with the placement, stick pins along the edges to hold the spawn section in place while it draw is, I usually leave it to dry overnight. Once the glue is dry, removes the pins and enjoy your beautiful channel. Once the journalists made, as you move toward the end of the year and discover new things such won't let go of one of your blank journal pages and transform the stable energy of that old story by creating a journal page that tells a new and better story. One that you want to carry with you interesting new year. And in the same way, you can create journal pages that actors reminders of the things that you want to embrace in the coming year. As we go back to our busy lives, it's easy to forget these things. So comeback to mature and often and use it as a reminder and a creative tool that will help you keep those hopes and dreams alive. 10. Modifying the Cover: After I had completely assembled the channel, I decided I wasn't quite happy with the cover. It just seemed a little flat and boring. So before the glue completely dried, I quickly removed the spine section. Then I played around with some different ways to alter the front cover and ended up adding a strip of fabric with a knot tied in the middle along the bottom section. This fabric strip has a deeper and more saturated color, so it stands out in contrast to the abbot fabrics. Even with this one change, the cover looks a lot better. It kinda piece of February can a similar deep color to cover the spine section. I cut the fabric just slightly larger than the spine section, so it completely covered it. And like looted on using some strong tacky glue. The easiest way to apply liquid glue to fabric is by using a credit card to spread it evenly over the surface. I'm going to add some visual texts, the spine section, by adding strips of fabric horizontally across the width and then summing the money individually, which is what I should have done in the first place. I'm using some of the fabrics and ribbons that are dyed using for tea bags. And they make a noise contrast against the dark colored background. I sowed each set of fabric strips on individually or my sewing machine to make sure that there was enough textures showing through. Before assembling everything, I made one final change, which was to couple the white lies strip on the front with a piece of ribbon. Instead of cutting the ribbon to length erupted around the cover and added some hands touching. Now I'm ready to assemble. The first thing I need to do is to launch. We glue the ribbon lambda naught fabric strip in place. So along the outer edge on my sewing machine to ensure that the fabric didn't come loose. And also to make it look like it was an intended part of the design. The final step is to glue the spine section on using a strongly could glue. Position the spine section on the cover, then pin it around the edges to help hold the shape and ensure that the glue sets correctly, then allowed to dry overnight. Once the glue has dried, renews the pins. Unlike the cover much better with these few modifications. And I particularly liked the texture and the Fisher will interests that the fabric strips have added to the journal. 11. Journal Flip Through: The structure is okay.