Hand Lettering the Alphabet | Lisa Chang | Skillshare

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Hand Lettering the Alphabet

teacher avatar Lisa Chang, Hand Letterer, Illustrator

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

8 Lessons (52m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Supplies

    • 3. Sans Serif Letters

    • 4. Serif

    • 5. 3D

    • 6. Alternative Styles

    • 7. Tips and Tricks

    • 8. Class Project

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About This Class

Ever wanted to create beautiful lettering-based works of art, whether for your wedding invitation/decoration, house decor, bullet journals or just for fun but didn't know where to start?

Seeing all those beautiful lettering pieces floating around the Internet may seem daunting, but lettering can easily be broken down into simple steps that anyone can learn. In this class, we will learn three basic lettering styles, including sans serif letters, serif letters, and 3-D letters. The goal is to learn the basics in order to develop your own lettering style, which is what you will then do in the class project.

There is no previous knowledge or experience required for taking this class. It is open to anyone and everyone who’s ever wanted to start lettering!

(Just in case you can't find it, the lettering PDF is under the class Project & Resource tab!)

Meet Your Teacher

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Lisa Chang

Hand Letterer, Illustrator


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1. Introduction: everyone. My name's Lisa and I run the lettering over on Instagram. I am a self taught hand letter, and I have been lettering for the last two or three years. I started off learning brush calligraphy and pointed pen calligraphy and decided that I wanted branch out a little bit more and learn more styles in order to incorporate all into my lettering pieces. So I had followers asked me, How did I get started or how they go about developing their own style. And so that's what this class is going to be about in this class. We'll start by learning three basic lettering styles, which is the Sarah style stand center style and three letters, and using that as your basic starting point. You can then develop your own lettering style. It's not hard if you can write the alphabet. Even if you have terrible handwriting, it doesn't matter as long as you can write the alphabet. You are well on your way to becoming a letter, and that the class very class project just everything that you've learned into making one word using multiple styles. So I'm really excited to see all that you guys can come up with if you're a beginner and you've never touched hand lettering and you just one of the basics And this is a great class for you. But also, have you been learning for a while and I just need some inspiration or some refresher courses that this would work for you as well? So I look for is the all in the next lesson. 2. Supplies: for this video. We're gonna talk briefly about the materials you'll need to hand letter. The great thing about hand lettering is you don't have to start off with any expensive new material. He can probably use whatever is long around your house, but mainly what you want is a piece of paper, pencil and an eraser. So these three things are really all that you need to get started. Now, if you want to use a blank piece of paper, it's perfectly fine. But I would recommend you draw these guidelines like I did here. That way you can make her lines a lot straighter, and you're spacing will be a lot easier to figure out. So draw this red line. But if you're like me and very, very lazy, you can also use graphing paper, which has already drawn grids for you. Or I like to use the's dot grade notebooks like this one, where they have dots within the each page, and then you can just use that as your guideline, and it's a lot easier if you ever want to take a photo of it and digitize it to later on. Get rid of the dots much easier than if you use graphing paper. If you do want to ink your drawings later on or your lettering later on, when you want to make sure your paper is of good quality, you want to ensure that when you draw on your paper that it's smooth, that there is no feathering so that that means there's no like your line is is very smooth and clean and crisp when there's no like extra ink going out the sides of your lines. Um, and also you want to make sure that it doesn't go through. Oh, well, this one does. So this is not very good with Sharpie. But if you use a different pen like, let's say, the Tom both soft tip, which I'll talk about later. How you doing, kid across that it should not go to the other side right, so it doesn't transferred to the next page. There slight ghosting, but it's now two terrible that you can't continue to use this page when you go to do your next piece, so paper can be important. It's important that it's thick. This one's about 120 GSM, also that it's smooth so that it doesn't destroy any brush chips that you intend to use because these are pretty fragile. If you use rough paper, it will tear up your brush tips. So the smooth and heavy and I always have to know not to use a Sharpie with this notebook from now on, so for pens. If you do intend to anchor the lettering pieces, then you want to consider what kind of pensive use you can use basic um, ballpoint pen or just the regular good old pen that this is just dependent I bought from CBS for pretty cheap. You can use that to ink. You can also use thes ink pens. They are like their fate, proof and, um, smudge proof. So the great thing about these is if you have. If you make a beautiful pizza, you want to keep around for a long time that you don't have to worry about your art fading . This is by Secura, and it's called Micron Pig MMA, and they come in different sizes and by sizes, I mean tips of the pen. So, for example, this is the 01 and as you can see, it's a very, very thin. I mean demonstrate this line is No one. It also comes an 02 which I don't have. But I do have a next level up, which is the 03 and it's just thicker as you can see. And then the next level lovely have, 04 They actually have a wide variety of sizes with either the ones that I currently have. So 04 is even thicker, and you can see the lines are getting bigger and darker. And finally, the last one that I do have is their graphic ones, which are the thick black lines. So it just depends on your style on what you're looking for. I like to start with the thinnest and use that first because it's easier to fix anything mistakes. And if you go immediately into the thick, bold lines, also, the other option is to use brush pence. So I've heard. I'm sure many of you have heard of Tom Bo if their hearts hip brush pen and I love this because you can just do You can use one pen to make a thin line and a thick line, and it just depends on the amount of pressure you put on the pen. So the great thing about the hearts it is that it takes a little bit more pressure to make a thick lines. So if you're like me and you have a pretty heavy hand when it comes to drawing, then having a harder to push down brush pen is good. But they also make the soft tip, which means less pressure required to make six lines. And so it's hard to make very, very thin lines. But it's much easier to make very, very thick lines. And so I love these brush pens for coloring because, as you can see, it's much faster to color this section with a brush pen, then say with 03 micron pig, that would take me forever. So that's what I like to brush pens. And there's hardship is right because you can do both thin and thick lines. The last thing is probably ruler. You don't have to use a ruler, but sometimes if you want your lines to be very, very straight and very, very clean, then you want to use a ruler. Then this is just some cheap ruler ago Amazon. So that's it for the materials that you need for this class? Really? It's just the pencil eraser on paper. Um, but in the next class will start learning how to let her. So I'll see you then. 3. Sans Serif Letters: for this class, we're gonna learn how to letters from San Serif letters. Sarah's are those little lines that you can see but are regularly attached to the larger strokes in a letter. So, for example, at the end of a on the two legs, you might see a small horizontal line. Those are scarabs, so sands means without in French. So Sand Saref is without those extra strokes. So we're going to start off by just writing out the alphabet. I'm gonna focus on capital letters because most of my lettering is done with capital letters. Um, so right out your alphabet from A to Z and I sped up the video a little bit here, so you don't have to watch you write my letters for five minutes. But just some things to keep in mind. There's no right or wrong way to write the alphabet. Make sure just make sure it's big and legible and try to keep your lines as straight as possible and your curves as curved as possible. Um, it will make her life a lot easier. You can follow the little dots with guidelines that you drew on your piece of paper or your notebook. Um, and it will make life a lot easier. So next we're going to just basically write the letter next to your original letter. So, for example, here in a I wrote to the right of the original A of my original A And then I'm just connecting the ends of the letters. Uh, for B, I kind of messed up here in my original letter. What you want to try to do is to not touch that inside corner of the B to the left line. You want to leave this little gap here, So all you have to do is draw 2/2 circles in the middle of each circle. So let me try this again. So as you can see, my inner corner didn't touch my left line. And then I just like to draw a line down. And then 2/2 circles that are the same distance away from my original line. And there you have it much easier than the way I did it originally. So, for see it, you just have to draw a small C inside your original C and then connect the lines. Day is a small d inside your D. He is a small e inside your original biggie. If your lines aren't straight, it's no big deal. I mean, look at my lines. They're really not straight. You can edit it later. When you go to thank your letters, you can just use a ruler instead and they'll make her line straight, Um, or you can gravity racer and eraser lines and try to make a traitor. That's the great thing about working with pencil is that it's erase. Herbal is not permanent. So, like I messed up my spacing from my G. So it is going to raise a little bit and then re draw my lines on. There you go. Then we have a church, which is pretty easy again. You just draw. You can draw in the lines inside or outside doesn't matter. But he does draw like another age and then connect the lines on. Try to make a straight Okay, I am trying to do, um, for I. You want to draw your vertical lines on either side of your original vertical lines For that, your that middle, not middle line remains in the middle of your letter, as opposed to being stuck on one side or the other for J. Um, it's another small J with a very tangle at the top. Fairly simple for K. Well, you just, um, drawn another small K. But when you do slanted lines, they do look optically. They looked thinner than your vertical lines, So what you can do is make them thicker, um, than one square or one dark distance so that it balances your vertical line. L is very simple. Just another small tell for em. You want to write another M to the right of it, one dot over and again. The vertical lines seem a little bit narrower, so you can make him thicker if you want, um, and then just connect all the ends, middle top and the bottom for the end. It's the same. Draw another end to the right of your original end and then connect the ends. My lines are terrible. Okay, so for the oh, it's another oh, inside the Big O or the original. Oh, make sure the distance between the two lines are the same all around for pay. It's a small P inside your original P, and then just connect the bottom and all right. And then Q Same ideas. Oh, circle inside. Followed by an extra line to the right. Just follow the original. Your original alphabet and you are good. Are has the same idea as Pete except an extra leg to the right s s gives people some trouble, and it's really hard to explain vocally how to do it, so Okay, well, here, let me show you a trick. If you have a hard time drawing a symmetrical s, draw two circles and then draw like you would an eight, but don't connect the two ends. So, like a ness, and then to make a bubble letter, you draw small circle inside and connected to the original line that you draw a small circle inside on the bottom and kind of connected to the original line of your s. And then there you have it. When you raise your circle guidelines, Um, you have a somewhat symmetrical s to the naked eye anyway, are and then so moving on to t. It's pretty easy. The same ideas I, though, to make sure your vertical Linus in the middle of your letter, just make sure you draw your vertical lines to either side of your original tea. A down stroke. You is a small you inside and connect the ends and then the you can do it this way, Drama Small V inside and then kind of the edges. Or when we show you another way, you can do it like you do with the EMS and the ends, and you just draw another V to the right of it and then connect the ends. That way you have a flat base, Same with the W. You can do a small w inside, connect the ends, or you can do it this way. Draw another W to the right and then connecting ends. Um, and I like this way better because it actually feels like more spacious for the letters. Otherwise, if you just draw small and a small w on the inside, it kind of seems more squishy and roll about space. So X is just very simple. Why again, like like V and w draw your letter to the right and the connect the ends. So for a Z, you want to again draw smaller Z. But I kind of mess that my original disease and we're draw vertical line up. Um, and the reason for this is because we want both corners of the sea to match. So the topsy, the top corner is a vertical line. And so we want the bottom corner to also be a vertical line rather than a point. Make sure your edges all line up. My top is a little bit short. Someone extend it. And there you have received. Now you can finally your race, the extra lines that are inside your letters and voila. You have your san serif letters. I love just rate. Sometimes I just love your racing and seeing my letters come together. But also, if you don't want to erase that, you don't have to. You can give it in there as a kind of decoration for your letters. That's really up to you. And it's okay if you accidentally erase your outside lines because you can always just draw them in. So once you get two little letters, E uh, then you have your fully completed Sand Saref alphabet. And then, for the next class, we're gonna use this base of the Sand Saref alphabet to learn how to do serif alphabets. Um, it's pretty simple once you have this base down and fast. So I look forward to seeing you all in the nice class. 4. Serif: everyone. Today's class we're gonna look at Sarah flutters and had a letter them. And remember, stairs for those extra little lines the end of each letter. So the easiest way to do this is to draw rectangles at the end of every letter, every stroke of the letter. So if we're a gonna have one of the top and two at the bottom for me, you have one on the bottom one top. And because you want, um, the letters to be or the width of these rectangles to be the same as the words of your letters, it's easier if you just extend these curved strokes out for see, you draw a rectangle at the top and at the bottom so that these rectangles are gonna be vertical. You can also make them horizontal, but I think they look better. Vertical. I'm just trying to make it more distinctive so that the directing the Sarah doesn't blend into the main body of the letter for D is the same as B. You extend out the strokes and then e um, you drive a rectangle at the end of the top horizontal line middle and then bottom, and also you want to extend out the bottom horizontal stroke, you can do the middle if you want that I normally don't also, and then the top for F. It's the same as E. You can have the rectangle, um, extend past the top of the letter F, if that's what you want. And so it's a stylistic choice for G is the same a C H. Again, it's more tangles at the two on the two vertical lines, and it's happened bottom. So for I, um, I consider this letter already having Sarah ifs, but you can't extend out and draw too little rectangles on the vertical lines of the eye. But without a serif, it would just little letter. I would just be a right angle like this for J. The top to me is already a serif, so you can add it rectangle at the bottom or the curve ends. Or you can do it this way, just different styles and different ways of lettering. This is when you start developing your own style of your own choice. This four k simple, very tangled in the tub and at the bottom. Just where were the strokes for the letters, and you want to have a rectangle for your Sarah for l rectangle of the bottom and top and also extended out. You don't have to extend it out if you don't want Teoh again. These are all stylistic choices. Unless you're a professional font topography person, maybe there is rules to follow, but I'm not. I m looks that would be the wrong direction. So you want to make sure all your edges lineup I'm not the best that doing this, but to make sure it looks clean and neat. You want to try to do that since there's no ends for Oh, there's no need for a serif. And for P, it's kind of like D and B. Q. So I want to add a serif at the end of its with this line. But as you can see, it's now extending way below the circular body of Q. So I got extend that down, so it's fine. If you want to edit, you can add it and change your height of your letters. Just when you go to put words together, you want to make sure all the heights of the same across all your letters for our against the same as P and B s. It's like, See, it's draw bar tingles at the two ends and T. It's kind of like I I messed up the spacing there so extended out a little bit more. You want to make sure that its balance and that it's symmetrical and even you just the two right angles at the top and the you have a tip to articles at the top and one on the bottom w was the Samos be You can't have a right angle in the middle of you want, but generally I don't. I consider it like an upside down, and so I'm trying to keep it consistent. X is pretty simple, except I think I made the bottoms a little bit too long. So I'm gonna erase and make a shorter We're and we're now at why wise just like V and w rectangles of the top one bottom and the I just have the two rectangles of the ends. And since we have the bees here, I'm just gonna extend it so you can extend the middle out. I didn't do that originally. All right, so now I get to erase all the mark that are inside the letter and you can see your Sarah flutters come to light. The other way is, if you don't feel like you're racing a lot, you can just color everything in. I normally use black, So here I'm using a black marker to clear the inside of my letter. Not always the best that color inside the lines, so it's a little bit wonky, but I can come back after using the inside of the Tom bow. Still, brush pen to just make sure my edges air somewhat cleaner than they look right now. Also, the great thing about using markers to claret in as you can make sure maker lines a little bit straighter and make your gas a little bit more even. Or you can just outline your letters with a marker or a pen and then just erase all your pencil works. All right, So, like I said, my lines are the straightest. So if I'm looking for really straight, angular lines now, bust out my ruler. Oh, well, I must up there, but it's salvageable. I'm just gonna follow my ruler. Lonely straight lines to make my lines looks trader. So even if you make mistakes, it's not the end of the world. You can either redo it, which might take a little bit more time. Or you could just consider how you can fix it to make it look like it was part of the plan . So let's see when we finished outlining the E. All right, So I am going to since my mistake line is vertical down the Sarah Yeah, I was gonna draw a straight line down all the serifis and then the stem, and it looks like it was intentional. My mistake was intentional when it really wasn't so obviously erased. The rest of these letters and their extra lines show you how what it looks like. One. That's all I raised. So, yeah, I I don't really like having those extra Sarah's. I don't think it's necessary, but that's a stylistic choice that you could make for yourself. Remember to just try to keep everything in line with each other. That way it looks neat and clean, so, like not one serif isn't longer than the other or extending past the bottom. Sarah, just use your guideline to make sure your lines are somewhat straight or curved as it needs to be, and space is even and again. If you're raised accidentally, erase your main lines. It's fine. Let's go back in with your pencil or marker. Race, race, race. You can imagine how many your race must like it with you a lot. But I I always feel more comfortable starting off with a pencil, drawing out the skepticism, drawing up my letters and compositions with the pencil on, going back in, erasing it. That's it for Sarah flutters. Next lesson. We'll learn about three D letters, so I'll see you in the next class. 5. 3D: everyone for the next class, we're gonna look at three dimensional lettering or three D lettering and a Z. You can see I've already drawn out the alphabet, so you don't have to watch me to redraw them. And this is just the same basic san serif lettering that we did earlier on in the first lesson. And so, Well, let's get started. Basically, the idea behind 30 lettering is kind of like shading or shadow. So if you just think of there being a light source over here, um and so that means the shadow will fall to the left of your letters. So, for example, for a just draw a line down because the sunlight is coming from this direction, that means this part is also going to be in the shadow. And then to make it into three d, just have to connect your edges. So here, here and here and look, you have one leg for hey. And so then for this next leg again, the light is coming from this direction. So it will be this way and then because it's gonna be the bottom. I mean, it's here and then connect the edges of the corners and the edges. And there you have your A same with the B. It's gonna go down this way and also the bottom. Andi, curve it because it's a curve rather than a straight line and then the same here and here. So again, the sun is coming from this direction. So your shadows, they're gonna be over here and then also slightly over here because it's blocking all right , so you don't have to always think the sun's this way. Maybe the sun is over here and wish case for C. Who would be like this? Because it's going in this direction. So the shadows falling to the right this time, but still to the bottom, Um, and the side like that. So see it that way, or this thing could be over here or your light source. And so then D. But just there would be no bottom. It would just be to the right, directly like that. But in essence, when you're doing three D lettering, that's more shading. When you're doing through you lettering, I would always consider the lights were coming from one of the angles that it could be from the bottom left, right. So for E, it would be like this because the sun is pointing this way. You have your e. Her lines aren't straight like morning or not straight at all. That's okay, because you can always go back and fix it with your racer. And then let's say office down here, so that means he goes this way. Oops, that's and there you have it. So those are four different ways to draw, um, three d letters. So let's I'll continue with the rest of the letters. Son is coming from the upper right hand corner. I generally do it in this direction. We can just go to the right bottom and because you are going the bottom for this top lines . But there we go again. The same idea here, Uh, h and the corners and e. I mean, if you can't remember where to connect, you can just dryer lines. And then, you know, the corner connects to the corner like so you don't even have to draw those lines. If you intend to just color in your three d sections than those lines aren't really necessary because they'll just be covered in by our black ink or whatever color you choose . So I would be like, okay. And so the easiest way. If you're using a dock grid or like you draw your own guidelines, then you know it's gonna be about one and that you to make it straight, it's gonna be about one don to the left or whichever direction you choose. But so then you're spacing will be consistent. All right, So for K, it's a little bit harder because the light is directly this way. Um, so I would just say it's on the bottom and then like that, and then l so one square one dot to the left to the bottom and then connect your corners. There's your, um, same idea, one corn, one square to the race. And so, as you can see here, I'm not drawing those corner lines, and it still looks like a three. But you can draw. It doesn't matter. That's up to you and is the same was the same. But right, just make sure it's curved. Also, just make sure your distances are equal. Fish, more or less mine are very equal, but visually they're equal. All right, Pete, bottom. So sometimes for P when you draw because I purposefully made it this like elongated oval. But sometimes you just want to do like this. So then your three d Maybe this will be the same and then go down here and then you have a small in here. So then that is your three letter for the small. All right, que same ideas. The oh, go this way because its bottom. So that's kind of the light source is coming in this direction. Our Samos piece and like, in this case, slight, uh, slight three d part on the bottom of the round a corner? Yes, me. So here's a trip. So my hand is I'm drawing a notebook and this this site is much higher than my table. So sometimes it's hard to balance your hand properly. So what you do is it's grab a notebook. That's roughly the same height put to the right and now you have a hand breast perfect for your hand. Alright. Continuing on with you w to the left and bought The X is just like this. May we come toe y and Z wise similar to X and B like this and there you have received. So sometimes drying those corners are make life a lot easier. Let's say I'm doing a again, Okay? So if I don't can just first directly drop all the corners, though, that they're the same angle which you want to try to do. I am not very good at doing that, but this is the case of do as I say, not as I do. So I just draw those corner lines first, tell you, then you just connect him there, there and there. And it's perfect. Those through a Sarah flutter this time. Um, let me think maybe we could do a deep. He's not very good, but here's my deal with the Sarah, and then again, it's the same. Destroy your corners and your ends in the direction that you want your three letter to go. Just connect reporters connecting lines so you still have to know where your line should be . But trying those corners first can make it more even and more. Even this based and your angles all the same. Let's just do one more. Sara was doing E because these are complicated, sometimes with all those nooks and crannies. Alright, Tillis drop the corners at a 45 degree slant connected there. You ever eat? You've been shaded in Look like a three D, like, All right, so that's it for now. Um, the knife class. I'll show you some alternative ways. You can make letters using the Sarah style of the same Sarah Stiles, so I'll see you in the next class. 6. Alternative Styles: everyone in this lesson. We're gonna look at alternative ways to do those sand Saref stare 30 letters, and it's not too hard to come up with new styles for new ideas. Basically changing one little thing about a letter can completely change the look of it. So, as you gonna say, have drawn our usual san serif letter A, um and if we want to change it up a little bit, we could instead of making the corners Kurt eso sharp, we could make it more round. So, for example, can do this. The top is curved bottom curved and then destroying the crossbar. And this knows a little bit different from this one. Also, instead of making the legs wide, you can make him straight, so it's too on angular one. This is also a but it looks very, very different from these two. All you did was make it straight rather than, um, open like that. Or you can play with the crossbars or the location of the crossbars for these letters. So, for example, let's do another regular A. You can make the crossbars very high up like that, or you can make a very low all the way to the bottom. You can make the weight of your lines much thicker. So, for example, do another's curved A. This looks more like a bubble A so you can just do a little shine right here and then it color it in. It looks like kind of a bubbly A. All right, if you do a better job coloring it in that I have something like that or you can do it very , very thin, like this one or even thinner. So, for example, wants to know the curved A with straight legs. This time you just do this, you can choose to keep occur or your cross bar in the middle. You don't do it very top getting to the very bottom. All these will change the look of your letters. So just by doing small little changes, you come up with six new ways of making the letter a look at some serif examples. So originally, our Sara hey look like this. Who's at a right angle at each end. So one of the easiest ways to change up the look is to make again a curved rather than so rectangular and square. Uh, and sharp corners. So it's draw on a again. So then you're Kurt. Your stairs are can be curved like that. Erase your guidelines. Oops. And then this looks a little bit different from that. And again, if you just change the location of your crossbars, that will even further make it look different from the usual original way we've been doing it. Or you can make this Arabs sharp but more triangular than rectangular. So, for example, another A. This time they just make it curve it sharp corners. And there you have another version of a Sarah, literally just color thes ins. You can see the difference butter without all those annoying lines. All right, so this is three different ways of during the Sarah phase. You don't even have to stick to like geometric shapes. If you want to be even crazier, you can do circles for your serves. It looks kind of wonky, but it's a different kind of look could fit in well with specific styles of watering that you're working on, or you can make the edges look. I see a different shape. It doesn't have to be geometric shapes. It can be this open toed shape. So there, you know, just by changing up the shapes of your Sarris, you've come up with four different ways, and you can combine it with all these sans serif letters that were done it. So here, if you just make it, make your ends was Sarah, then this will also change the look of your letter. Now let's look at some three D letters it's keep doing with a So when I taught you three D letters, I mentioned thinking about a light source and then using that as a guide for drawing or three D letters. So, for example, my light sources upper right hand corner again. So my three d section will be here, so normally we connect the edges to make it three D. But an alternative way of doing it is to just make it into an actual shadow. So you just follow the lines, so you're now you've got your shadow nous that ever three dealers, he is a sense of dimension still, but it's not the same as a three d letter or you can do the same. But this time, instead of going all the way, touching the original letter. You leave us like that between your shadow and your original letter. Then if you could and it's gonna be this little light gap emphasizing you let your urgent letter you more. This is also good. If you want to color, you know your main letter in as well. And if you do, different colors will pop even more. Also the way you fill in your shadows when your three D letter sections can affect the way it looks as well. So let's do a curved A. This time we'll do it three D and because it's curved, make sure you're lying your shadow, where 30 lines are curved as well to be consistent. So normally I would call her in the shadow. But in this case, you can also choose to straight line diagonal lines. Or you can do you do a narrow one horizontal lines. These are just a few ways that you can play around with letters and specific parts of the letters. In order to form a different look for your service cancer and your three D letters, I have attached a pdf of different lettering styles in the class description so you can use that for some inspiration. If you want, that's it for this class, and I'll see you in the next lesson. 7. Tips and Tricks: So they're up My years of lettering, I've picked up some little tips and tricks, and the most important one is probably going to be spacing. If the spacing between your letters or between your words are not consistent or they're weird, then it's gonna detract from the overall look of your word. So, for example, let's look at the word bulls. I mean, letter it out. This spacing is pretty consistent, so it looks like the word apple, and it doesn't really detract when the words appearance. But what if I purposefully? I mean, my spacing a little bit weird. This is obviously very exaggerated, but then now it just looks not very good. It doesn't look like the word apple, and it was varied, distracting. So you want to make sure that you're spacing is always consistent, and also you can play around with spacing. So, for example, there's this big gap right here, and sometimes I don't really like having that big gap or there's a gap right here. So what I could do is make my A look like this straight on. One side is fancy on the other, and then now there's no gap here in this one and then for the O. I can extend my base and then for my e over here and now there's no gap here so personally , really, like trying to figure out how to put letter so that there's not all these extra spaces when there doesn't need to be. So let's give another example. Let's say I want to write the word Kant's It's a weird word, but do you like this? And now there's a space between below this curve of the P. I can put the A here, but in the end, because and a straight it goes very well there and t I have is I have this big crossbar, which means I would have space over here. So what I can do instead is to make the second like this leg of the T shorter. Move the crossbar over and then draw the tea this way, then to make it balance, because I like my tears to be someone symmetrical. I can extend the cross bar to the right as well, and it is with this oops down here. And so now you've utilized all the spaces, and it brings a different visual look to your word. This is just some ways that I making my words or my composition look different and stand out even more before you can just extend strokes of your letters. So, for example, let's say I want to write, um, roller Derby. Two words are is always a great word to do that with, because you can extend this leg down and then oh, and doesn't always have to be the same height. You can play around with it. Whatever looks good, you can also extend the top of your, um, and then Derby. Let's see, you can extend it the top and then curve the bottom. When they give you a new letter deep and then e again. You can play with the that stroke of the arm to add a little different, and then why can't just follow the art? And these are all different ways that you can use to spice up your lettering and make your composition look a little, um, more unique and fun. But you don't have to. You can just stick to the good old Santa of letters of all equal height and weight. There is no right or Ryan Sveriges depends on what you want to do. And you could just change it up much. Mean, Jane, the proportions of your letters, the angles of your letters. Um, this is a different way of writing. He like writing a reverse three, and I will change it from the boring E. But you can also make the bar lower, make milk for higher, and these will always change it as well. So there's plenty of ways to play with letters and words than writing them out. So you just gotta experiment and see what tickles your fancy. So, yeah, I hope these tips and tricks and alternative ways of writing these letters have helped you . And this will be the last class. Next video will be about the class projects. So I'll see you that 8. Class Project: everyone congratulations you made to the class. So let's talk about the class project project. The word it could be any word. It could be a long word, a short word in whatever language that uses the alphabet. And for each letter of the word, you're going to use a different style to letter it, and it can be any style that you choose. You can use the ones that I've taught in class or shown as examples in class, or you can come up with your own. This is your chance to be creative. If you do it in color, you can do in black and white ink. Or you could just stick to pencil. Don't forget to post it in the class Project gallery for all your peers to see. And also, if you plan to post it on social media, don't forget to tag me at the lettering on Instagram, Twitter or Facebook because I would love to see what you'll come up with. Thanks for taking the class, and I'll see you next time